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/ik"euhr/, n. Scot. the fruit-bearing spike of any cereal plant, esp. an ear of corn. [1505-15; Scots form of EAR2, continuing OE aehher, eher (Northumbrian dial.)] * * *
/ik"eez/, n. Harold (Le Claire) /leuh klair/, 1874-1952, U.S. lawyer and statesman. * * *
Ickes, Harold L
▪ United States government official born March 15, 1874, Frankstown Township, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 3, 1952, Washington, D.C.  U.S. social activist who became a prominent ...
Ickes,Harold LeClair
Ick·es (ĭkʹēz, -əs), Harold LeClair. 1874-1952. American politician who served as secretary of the interior (1933-1946) under presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. ...
See icky. * * *
See ickily. * * *
Icknield Way
an ancient British path first used many thousands of years ago. It leads south-west from the Wash to Berkshire, often along the tops of hills. Modern roads now follow parts of it ...
—ickiness, n. /ik"ee/, adj., ickier, ickiest. Informal. 1. repulsive or distasteful. 2. excessively sweet or sentimental. 3. unsophisticated or old-fashioned. 4. sticky; ...
ICMP abbr. Internet Control Message Protocol. * * *
/uy"kon/, n. 1. a picture, image, or other representation. 2. Eastern Ch. a representation of some sacred personage, as Christ or a saint or angel, painted usually on a wood ...
icon- [ī′kän΄] combining form ICONO-: used before a vowel * * * icon- pref. Variant of icono-. * * *
—iconically, adv. —iconicity /uy'keuh nis"i tee/, n. /uy kon"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an icon. 2. Art. (of statues, portraits, etc.) executed ...
See iconic. * * *
/uy koh"nee euhm/, n. ancient name of Konya. * * *
a combining form meaning "image," "likeness," used in the formation of compound words: iconology. Also, esp. before a vowel, icon-. [ < L < Gk eikono-, comb. form of eikón ...
/uy kon"euh klaz'euhm/, n. the action or spirit of iconoclasts. [1790-1800; ICONOCL(AST) + -asm on model of such pairs as enthusiast: enthusiasm] * * * Destruction of religious ...
—iconoclastic, adj. —iconoclastically, adv. /uy kon"euh klast'/, n. 1. a breaker or destroyer of images, esp. those set up for religious veneration. 2. a person who attacks ...
See iconoclast. * * *
Iconoclastic Controversy
▪ Byzantine history       a dispute over the use of religious images (icons) in the Byzantine Empire in the 8th and 9th centuries. The Iconoclasts (those who rejected ...
See iconoclastic. * * *
See iconography. * * *
/uy kon'euh graf"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to iconography. Also, iconographical. [1850-55; ICONO- + -GRAPHIC] * * *
See iconographer. * * *
—iconograph /uy kon"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. —iconographer, n. /uy'keuh nog"reuh fee/, n., pl. iconographies. 1. symbolic representation, esp. the conventional meanings ...
See iconolatry. * * *
See iconolater. * * *
—iconolater, n. —iconolatrous, adj. /uy'keuh nol"euh tree/, n. the worship or adoration of icons. [1615-25; ICONO- + -LATRY] * * *
See iconology. * * *
See iconological. * * *
—iconological /uy kon'l oj"i keuhl, uy'keuh nl-/, adj. —iconologist, n. /uy'keuh nol"euh jee/, n. 1. the historical analysis and interpretive study of symbols or images and ...
—iconophilism /uy'keuh nof"euh liz'euhm/, n. /uy kon"euh fuyl'/, n. a connoisseur of icons or images. [1880-85; ICONO- + -PHILE] * * *
/uy kon"euh skohp'/, n. a television camera tube in which a beam of high-velocity electrons scans a photoemissive mosaic. Cf. orthicon. [1930-35; formerly trademark; see ICONO-, ...
/uy'keuh nos"teuh sis/, n., pl. iconostases /-seez'/. Eastern Ch. a partition or screen on which icons are placed, separating the sanctuary from the main part of the ...
See icosahedron. * * *
—icosahedral, adj. /uy koh'seuh hee"dreuhn, uy kos'euh-/, n., pl. icosahedrons, icosahedra /-dreuh/. a solid figure having 20 faces. [1560-70; < Gk eikosáedron, equiv. to ...
icosi- [ī′kō sē, ī′kōsə] 〚Gr eikosi- < eikosi, twenty < IE * wikmti, twenty < wi-, two + * dl̑eṃt- < base * dek̑ṃ, TEN〛 combining form twenty: also icosa- ...
/uy koh'si te'treuh hee"dreuhn, uy kos'euh-/, n., pl. icositetrahedrons, icositetrahedra /-dreuh/. a solid figure having 24 faces. [1825-35; < Gk eikosi- (comb. form of eíkosi ...
▪ Internet instant messaging software        Internet instant messaging software.       ICQ was created in 1996 by Mirabilis, an Israeli software company, which ...
ICRC abbr. International Committee of the Red Cross. * * *
International College of Surgeons. * * *
1. interstitial-cell stimulating hormone: a hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that, in the male, stimulates the interstitial cells of the testes to ...
▪ fish       any fish of the family Ictaluridae, which includes about 50 species of North and Central American freshwater catfishes. Ictalurids are “typical” ...
/ik ter"ik/, adj. Pathol. pertaining to or affected with icterus; jaundiced. Also, icterical. [1590-1600; < L ictericus < Gk ikterikós, equiv. to íkter(os) jaundice + -ikos ...
▪ bird family       songbird family, order Passeriformes, consisting of 88 species of great diversity in size, habits, and diet, found throughout the ...
/ik"teuhr euhs/, n. Pathol. jaundice (def. 1). [1700-10; < L < Gk íkteros jaundice, a yellow bird said to cure jaundice when seen] * * *
/ik tuy"neuhs/, n. fl. mid-5th century B.C., Greek architect, a designer of the Parthenon. * * * ▪ Greek architect also spelled  Iktinos   flourished 5th century ...
—ictic, adj. /ik"teuhs/, n., pl. ictuses, ictus. 1. Pros. rhythmical or metrical stress. 2. Pathol. a. an epileptic seizure. b. a stroke, esp. a cerebrovascular ...
See intensive care unit. * * *
/uy"see/, adj., icier, iciest. 1. made of, full of, or covered with ice: icy roads. 2. resembling ice. 3. cold: icy winds. 4. without warmth of feeling; coldly unfriendly; ...
/id/, n. Psychoanal. the part of the psyche, residing in the unconscious, that is the source of instinctive impulses that seek satisfaction in accordance with the pleasure ...
/uy"dee"/ 1. a means of identification, as a card or bracelet containing official or approved identification information. v.t. ID'd or IDed or ID'ed, ID'ing or IDing. 2. to ...
Īd al-Aḍḥāʿ
▪ Islamic festival ArabicFestival of Sacrifice also spelled  Eid al-Adha , also called  ʿĪd al-Qurbān  or  al-ʿĪd al-Kabīr (Major Festival) , Turkish  Kurban ...
Īd al-Fiṭrʿ
▪ Islamic festival ArabicFestival of Breaking Fast also spelled  Eid al-Fitr , also called  al-ʿĪd al-Ṣaghīr , Turkish  Küƈük Bayram (Minor ...
ID bracelet.
See identification bracelet. * * *
ID card.
See identification card. [1960-65] * * *
id est
/id est"/, Latin. See i.e. * * *
(in Iraq) dinar; dinars. * * *
Idaho. * * *
idem. * * *
/uy"deuh/, n. 1. Mount, a mountain in W Turkey, in NW Asia Minor, SE of ancient Troy. 5810 ft. (1771 m). Turkish, Kazdag. 2. Modern, Mount Psiloriti. the highest mountain in ...
International Development Association. * * * (as used in expressions) Ida Kaufman Ida Mount Tarbell Ida Minerva Wells Ida Bell Ida Bell Wells Barnett * * * ▪ king of ...
Ida B. Wells-Barnett: Lynching and the Excuse for It (1901)
▪ Primary Source       In the twenty years after 1885 there were more lynchings in the United States than legal executions. The great majority of victims were African ...
Ida, Mount
Name of two separate mountains, one in Anatolia and the other on the island of Crete. The Anatolian mountain is located near the site of ancient Troy and once held a Classical ...
I·da (īʹdə), Mount A peak, 2,457.7 m (8,058 ft) high, of central Crete. It is the highest elevation on the island and in ancient times was closely associated with the ...
Idaho. * * *
/uy dee"euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, associated with, or inhabiting Mount Ida in Asia Minor or Crete. [1580-90; < L Idae(us) ( < Gk Idaîos Idaean) + -AN] * * *
▪ Nigeria       town, Kogi state, south-central Nigeria. It lies on a sandstone cliff on the east bank of the Niger River. The traditional capital of the Igala ...
—Idahoan /uy"deuh hoh'euhn, uy'deuh hoh"-/, adj., n. /uy"deuh hoh'/, n. a state in the NW United States. 943,935; 83,557 sq. mi. (216,415 sq. km). Cap.: Boise. Abbr.: ID (for ...
Idaho City
▪ Idaho, United States       city, seat (1864) of Boise county, southwestern Idaho, U.S., above the confluence of Elk and Mores creeks. It lies in a mountainous area of ...
Idaho Falls
a city in E Idaho. 39,590. * * * ▪ Idaho, United States       city, seat (1911) of Bonneville county, southeastern Idaho, U.S., on the upper Snake River. Originally ...
Idaho State University
▪ university, Pocatello, Idaho       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Pocatello, Idaho, U.S. It comprises colleges of arts and sciences, ...
Idaho, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) bearing the name of the state and its official seal.       On March 5, 1866, ...
Idaho, University of
▪ university, Moscow, Idaho, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Moscow, Idaho, U.S. It is a land-grant (land-grant college) ...
Idahoan [ī΄də hō′ən] adj. of Idaho n. a person born or living in Idaho * * * See Idaho1. * * *
Idaho Falls A city of southeast Idaho north-northeast of Pocatello. The site was originally developed as one of the few good fording points over the Snake River. Population: ...
▪ ancient city, Cyrpus also called  Idalion,    ancient city in southern Cyprus, near modern Dali. Of pre-Greek origin, Idalium was one of 10 Cypriot kingdoms listed on the ...
industrial development bond. * * *
ID card n. A card, often bearing a photograph, that gives identifying data, such as name, age, or organizational membership, about a person. * * *
▪ Islam       a specified period of time that must elapse before a Muslim widow or divorcee may legitimately remarry. The Qurʾān (2:228) prescribes that a menstruating ...
IDDD abbr. international direct distance dialing. * * *
/id"dee/, n. Pali. siddhi. * * *
Iddings, Joseph Paxson
▪ American geologist born Jan. 21, 1857, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Sept. 8, 1920, Brinklow, Md.       American geologist who demonstrated the genetic relationships of ...
intact dilatation and extraction. * * * ▪ fish also called  orfe (species Idus idus)        common sport and food fish of the carp family, Cyprinidae, widely ...
—idealess, adj. /uy dee"euh, uy deeeu"/, n. 1. any conception existing in the mind as a result of mental understanding, awareness, or activity. 2. a thought, conception, or ...
idea man
a person who is capable of and responsible for providing original ideas. [1935-40] * * *
idea of pure reason
Kantianism. any of the three undemonstrable entities (a personal soul, a cosmos, and a supreme being) implicit in the fact of a subject and an object of knowledge, and in the ...
/uy dee'euh is"tik, uy'dee euh-, uy'dee is"-/, adj. of ideas, esp. in their abstract or symbolic character. [IDEA + -ISTIC] * * *
—idealness, n. /uy dee"euhl, uy deel"/, n. 1. a conception of something in its perfection. 2. a standard of perfection or excellence. 3. a person or thing conceived as ...
ideal gas
Physics. a gas composed of molecules on which no forces act except upon collision with one another and with the walls of the container in which the gas is enclosed; a gas that ...
ideal gas law
Physics. the law that the product of the pressure and the volume of one gram molecule of an ideal gas is equal to the product of the absolute temperature of the gas and the ...
Ideal Home
a British magazine published every month for people who want to decorate or improve their homes. * * *
Ideal Home Exhibition
a popular exhibition of furniture and other products for the home, held every year in Earl’s Court, London, England. It was first held in 1908. * * *
ideal language
      in analytic philosophy, a language that is precise, free of ambiguity, and clear in structure, on the model of symbolic logic, as contrasted with ordinary language, ...
ideal of pure reason
Kantianism. God, seen as an idea of pure reason unifying the personal soul with the cosmos. * * *
ideal point
Math. the point at infinity in projective geometry at which parallel lines intersect. [1875-80] * * *
ideal solution
▪ chemistry       homogeneous mixture of substances that has physical properties linearly related to the properties of the pure components. The classic statement of this ...
ideal type
a construct abstracted from experience in which individual elements are combined to form a whole that is conceptually independent of empirical factors or variables, but against ...
See idea. * * *
ideal gas n. A gas that, when kept at a constant temperature, would obey the gas laws exactly. No known gas is an ideal gas. * * *
/uy dee"euh liz'euhm/, n. 1. the cherishing or pursuit of high or noble principles, purposes, goals, etc. 2. the practice of idealizing. 3. something idealized; an ideal ...
/uy dee"euh list/, n. 1. a person who cherishes or pursues high or noble principles, purposes, goals, etc. 2. a visionary or impractical person. 3. a person who represents things ...
—idealistically, adv. /uy dee'euh lis"tik, uy'dee euh-/, adj. of or pertaining to idealism or idealists. Also, idealistical. [1820-30; IDEALIST + -IC] * * *
See idealistic. * * *
/uy'dee al"i tee/, n., pl. idealities. 1. ideal quality or character. 2. capacity to idealize. 3. Philos. existence only in idea and not in reality. [1695-1705; IDEAL + -ITY] * * ...
/uy dee'euh leuh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of idealizing something. 2. Psychoanal. a mental mechanism, operating consciously or unconsciously, in which one person ...
—idealizer, n. /uy dee"euh luyz'/, v., idealized, idealizing. v.t. 1. to make ideal; represent in an ideal form or character; exalt to an ideal perfection or ...
idealized image
Psychol. 1. a personal standard of perfection against which one's actual thinking, behavior, and appearance are compared. 2. an exaggerated and unrealistic view of one's virtues ...
See idealization. * * *
/uy dee"euh lee/, adv. 1. in accordance with an ideal; perfectly. 2. in theory or principle. 3. in idea, thought, or imagination. [1590-1600; IDEAL + -LY] * * *
/uy dee"euh mung'geuhr, -mong'-/, n. a person who originates and promotes or deals in ideas. [1830-40; IDEA + MONGER] * * *
—ideative /uy dee"euh tiv, uy"dee ay'-/, adj. v. /uy"dee ayt', uy dee"ayt/; n. /uy"dee ayt', uy dee"it/, v., ideated, ideating, n. v.t. 1. to form an idea, thought, or image ...
/uy'dee ay"sheuhn/, n. the process of forming ideas or images. [1820-30; IDEATE + -ION] * * *
—ideationally, adv. /uy'dee ay"sheuh nl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or involving ideas or concepts. [1850-55; IDEATION + -AL1] * * *
/uy'dee ay"teuhm, ee'dee-/, n., pl. ideata /-teuh/. (in epistemology) the object of knowledge as known by the mind. Cf. datum (def. 3). [1700-10; < NL ideatum, equiv. to L ide(a) ...
idée fixe
/ee day feeks"/, pl. idées fixes /ee day feeks"/, French. See fixed idea. * * *
idée reçue
idée reçue [ē dā rə sü′] n. 〚Fr, lit., received idea〛 a generally accepted idea; convention; commonplace * * * French:“received idea”       an idea that ...
i·dée fixe (ē-dā fēksʹ) n. pl. i·dées fixes (ē-dā fēksʹ) A fixed idea; an obsession.   [French : idée, idea + fixe, fixed.] * * *
Idei, Nobuyuki
▪ 2004       In 2003 Nobuyuki Idei, chairman and CEO of Japanese electronics giant Sony Corp., was in the midst of taking his company through a dramatic transformation. ...
Idelsohn, Abraham (Zevi)
born July 14, 1882, Felixberg, Latvia, Russian Empire died Aug. 14, 1938, Johannesburg, S.Af. Latvian musicologist. After studies in Germany he served as a synagogue cantor ...
Idelsohn, Abraham Zevi
▪ Russian composer born July 14, 1882, Felixberg, Latvia, Russian Empire died Aug. 14, 1938, Johannesburg       Jewish cantor, composer, founder of the modern study of ...
/uy"dem, id"em/, pron., adj. the same as previously given or mentioned. [1350-1400; ME < L idem] * * *
Idemitsu Kōsan Co., Ltd.
▪ Japanese company       Japanese petrochemical corporation founded in 1911 as Idemitsu Shōkai and reorganized and incorporated under its current name in 1940. Its ...
/uy"deuhm poht"nt, id"euhm-/, Math. adj. 1. unchanged when multiplied by itself. n. 2. an idempotent element. [1865-70; IDEM + POTENT1] * * *
/uy den"ti kit', i den"-/ Trademark. a brand name for a kit containing drawings of hairlines, eyes, noses, chins, etc., in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, used by ...
/uy den"tik, i den"-/, adj. 1. identical. 2. Diplomacy. (of action, notes, etc.) identical in form, as when two or more governments deal simultaneously with another ...
—identically, adv. —identicalness, n. /uy den"ti keuhl, i den"-/, adj. 1. similar or alike in every way: The two cars are identical except for their license plates. 2. being ...
identical proposition
Logic. a proposition in which the subject and predicate have the same meaning, as, "That which is mortal is not immortal." [1635-45] * * *
identical rhyme
Pros. 1. rhyme created by the repetition of a word. 2. See rime riche. * * *
identical twin
one of a pair of twins who develop from a single fertilized ovum and therefore have the same genotype, are of the same sex, and usually resemble each other closely. Cf. fraternal ...
See identical. * * *
See identically. * * *
identical rhyme n. 1. Repetition of the same word in the rhyme position. 2. See rime riche. * * *
See identify. * * *
See identifiable. * * *
/uy den'teuh fi kay"sheuhn, i den'-/, n. 1. an act or instance of identifying; the state of being identified. 2. something that identifies a person, animal, or thing: He carries ...
identification bracelet
a bracelet, usually of metal links, having an identification plate for the name of the wearer. Also called ID bracelet. [1965-70] * * *
identification card
a card giving identifying data about a person, as full name, address, age, and color of hair and eyes, and often containing a photograph: for use as identification at a place of ...
identification tag
either of two oblong metal tags, issued to armed forces personnel, on which are impressed the serial number, name, etc., of the person to whom it is issued, and carried on or ...
identification thread.
See rogue's yarn. * * *
identification card n. An ID card. * * *
See identifiable. * * *
—identifiable, adj. —identifiability, identifiableness, n. —identifier, n. /uy den"teuh fuy', i den"-/, v., identified, identifying. v.t. 1. to recognize or establish as ...
identikit [ī den′tə kit΄] adj. 〚< Identi-Kit, trademark for a set of transparencies depicting types of noses, eyes, etc. that can be combined variously to form a composite ...
/uy den"ti tee, i den"-/, n., pl. identities. 1. the state or fact of remaining the same one or ones, as under varying aspects or conditions: The identity of the fingerprints on ...
identity card
a card for identifying the bearer, giving name, address, and other personal data. [1895-1900] * * *
Identity Christianity
North American Christian movement that identifies Anglo-Saxon and other European peoples with the lost tribes of Israel. Anti-Semitic and racist, Identity Christianity posits ...
identity crisis
1. a period or episode of psychological distress, often occurring in adolescence but sometimes in adulthood, when a person seeks a clearer sense of self and an acceptable role in ...
identity element
Math. identity (def. 9b). [1900-05] * * *
identity matrix
Math. a matrix that has 1 in each position on the main diagonal and 0 in all other positions. [1940-45] * * *
identity of indiscernibles
Principle enunciated by G.W. Leibniz that denies the possibility of two objects being numerically distinct while sharing all their non-relational properties in common, where a ...
identity politics
identity politics n. political activity, views, etc. based on identification with an interest group, esp. one organized around racial, gender, or ethnic identity * * *
identity theft
the fraudulent appropriation and use of another person's identifying data or documents, as a credit card. [1995-2000] * * *
identity theory
In the philosophy of mind, the doctrine that mental events are identical to physico-chemical events in the brain. So-called "type" identity theory asserts that each type of ...
identity crisis n. 1. A psychosocial state or condition of disorientation and role confusion occurring especially in adolescents as a result of conflicting internal and external ...
identity element n. The element of a set of numbers that when combined with another number in a particular operation leaves that number unchanged. For example, 0 is the identity ...
identity function n. Mathematics The function whose output is identical to its input. * * *
identity matrix Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. A square matrix with 1's along the diagonal from upper left to lower right and 0's in all other positions. * * *
identity politics n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) Political attitudes or positions that focus on the concerns of social groups identified mainly on the basis of gender, race, ...
identity sign n. The symbol (≡), used to designate identity rather than equality. * * *
a combining form representing idea in compound words: ideology. [IDE(A) + -O-] * * *
/id"ee euh gram', uy"dee-/, n. 1. a written symbol that represents an idea or object directly rather than a particular word or speech sound, as a Chinese character. 2. a written ...
See ideogram. * * *
See ideogrammatic. * * *
—ideographic /id'ee euh graf"ik, uy'dee-/, ideographical, adj. —ideographically, adv. /id"ee euh graf', -grahf', uy"dee-/, n. an ideogram. [1825-35; IDEO- + -GRAPH] * * *
ideographic [id΄ē ō graf′ik, id΄ē əgraf′ik; ī΄dēō graf′ik, ī΄dēə graf′ik] adj. of, or having the nature of, an ideogram or ideography: also ideographical * ...
See ideographic. * * *
/id'ee og"reuh fee, uy'dee-/, n. the use of ideograms. [1830-40; IDEO- + -GRAPHY] * * *
—ideologically, adv. /uy'dee euh loj"ik, id'ee-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to ideology. 2. speculative; visionary. Also, ideological. [1855-60; IDEOLOG(Y) + -IC] * * *
i·de·o·log·i·cal (ī'dē-ə-lŏjʹĭ-kəl, ĭd'ē-) also i·de·o·log·ic (-lŏjʹĭk) adj. 1. Of or relating to ideology. 2. Of or concerned with ideas. * * *
/uy'dee ol"euh jist, id'ee-/, n. 1. an expert in ideology. 2. a person who deals with systems of ideas. 3. a person advocating a particular ideology. 4. a visionary. [1790-1800; ...
/uy'dee ol"euh juyz', id'ee-/, v.t., ideologized, ideologizing. 1. to explain or express ideologically: to ideologize a political opinion. 2. to cause to comply with or yield to ...
/uy"dee euh lawg', -log', id"ee-, uy dee"-/, n. a person who zealously advocates an ideology. [1805-15; < F idéologue; see IDEO-, -LOGUE] * * *
/uy'dee ol"euh jee, id'ee-/, n., pl. ideologies. 1. the body of doctrine, myth, belief, etc., that guides an individual, social movement, institution, class, or large group. 2. ...
—ideomotion, n. /uy'dee euh moh"teuhr, id'ee euh-/, adj. Psychol. of or pertaining to involuntary motor activity caused by an idea. Cf. sensorimotor (def. 1). [1865-70; IDEO- + ...
ideophone [id′ē ō fōn΄, id′ēē əfōn΄; ī′dēō fōn΄, ī′dēə fōn΄] n. 〚 IDEO- + PHONE1〛 Linguis. a form that conveys an idea or impression, as in certain ...
/uydz/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) (in the ancient Roman calendar) the fifteenth day of March, May, July, or October, and the thirteenth day of the other months. [1300-50; ...
▪ Egypt also called  Edfu, or Behdet,  Egyptian  Djeba,  Greek  Apollinopolis,  Coptic  Atbo,    town on the west bank of the Nile in Aswān muḥāfaẓah ...
▪ mountain, Crete also spelled  Idi, Ida, or Idha (Doric Greek: “Timber Tree”),  Modern Greek  Psiloritis,         mountain riddled with caves, west-central ...
a combining form meaning "proper to one," "peculiar," used in the formation of compound words: idiomorphic. [ < Gk, comb. form of ídios (one's) own, personal, private, separate, ...
—idioblastic, adj. /id"ee euh blast'/, n. Bot. a cell that differs greatly from the surrounding cells or tissue. [1880-85; IDIO- + -BLAST] * * *
See idioblast. * * *
/id'ee euh kroh mat"ik, -oh kreuh-/, adj. (of a mineral) deriving a characteristic color from its capacity to absorb certain light rays. Cf. allochromatic. [IDIO- + CHROMATIC] * ...
—idiocratic /id'ee euh krat"ik/, idiocratical, adj. —idiocratically, adv. /id'ee ok"reuh see/, n., pl. idiocrasies. idiosyncrasy. [1675-85; < Gk idiokrasía, equiv. to idio- ...
/id"ee euh see/, n., pl. idiocies. 1. utterly senseless or foolish behavior; a stupid or foolish act, statement, etc. 2. Psychol. the state of being an idiot. [1520-30; IDIO(T) + ...
/id'ee oh duy nam"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or conforming to the theories of idiodynamics. [IDIO- + DYNAMIC] * * *
/id'ee oh duy nam"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) a system of beliefs in psychology emphasizing the role of the personality in choosing stimuli and in organizing ...
—idioglottic /id'ee euh glot"ik/, adj. /id'ee euh glos"ee euh, -glaw"see euh/, n. 1. a private form of speech invented by one child or by children who are in close contact, as ...
/id"ee euh graf', -grahf'/, n. a mark or signature characteristic of a particular person, organization, etc.; trademark. Cf. logotype (def. 2). [1615-25; < LGk idiógraphon, n. ...
/id'ee euh graf"ik/, adj. Psychol. pertaining to or involving the study or explication of individual cases or events (opposed to nomothetic). [1905-10; IDIO- + -GRAPHIC] * * *
/id"ee euh lekt'/, n. Ling. a person's individual speech pattern. Cf. dialect (def. 1). [1945-50; IDIO- + -lect, as in DIALECT] * * *
See idiolect. * * *
See idiolectal. * * *
/id"ee euhm/, n. 1. an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of its constituent elements, as kick the bucket or hang one's head, or from the general ...
—idiomatically, adv. —idiomaticalness, idiomaticity /id'ee oh meuh tis"i tee/, n. /id'ee euh mat"ik/, adj. 1. peculiar to or characteristic of a particular language or ...
See idiomatic. * * *
—idiomorphically, adv. —idiomorphism, n. /id'ee euh mawr"fik/, adj. 1. Also, euhedral. (in a rock) noting or pertaining to a mineral constituent having its own characteristic ...
—idiopathically, adv. /id'ee euh path"ik/, adj. Pathol. of unknown cause, as a disease. [1660-70; IDIO- + -PATHIC] * * *
See idiopathic. * * *
/id'ee op"euh thee/, n., pl. idiopathies. a disease not preceded or occasioned by any known morbid condition. [1630-40; < NL idiopathia < Gk idiopátheia disease or affection of ...
▪ musical instrument       class of musical instruments in which a resonant solid material—such as wood, metal, or stone—vibrates to produce the initial sound. The ...
—idioplasmic, idioplasmatic /id'ee oh plaz mat"ik/, adj. /id"ee euh plaz'euhm/, n. Biol. See germ plasm. [1885-90; IDIO- + -PLASM] * * *
idiorrhythmic monasticism
▪ Christianity also called  eremitic monasticism (from Greek eremos, “desert”)        the original form of monastic life in Christianity, as exemplified by St. ...
—idiosyncratic /id'ee oh sin krat"ik, -sing-/, adj. —idiosyncratically, adv. /id'ee euh sing"kreuh see, -sin"-/, n., pl. idiosyncrasies. 1. a characteristic, habit, ...
See idiosyncrasy. * * *
See idiosyncratic. * * *
/id"ee euht/, n. 1. an utterly foolish or senseless person. 2. Psychol. a person of the lowest order in a former classification of mental retardation, having a mental age of less ...
idiot board
Television Slang. a mechanical apparatus, as a projector or a continuous roll of paper, for prompting a performer during a program. [1950-55] * * *
idiot box
Slang. a television set; television. [1955-60] * * *
idiot card
Television Slang. See cue card. [1955-60] * * *
idiot light
idiot light n. Informal any of various lights on an instrument panel or dashboard that remind or warn the operator or driver of something * * *
idiot savant
/id"ee euht sa vahnt", seuh vant", sav"euhnt/; Fr. /ee dyoh sann vahonn"/, pl. idiot savants, Fr. idiots savants /ee dyoh sann vahonn"/. Psychiatry. a mentally defective person ...
idiot's delight
Slang. any variety of the card game solitaire. * * *
/id"ee euht proohf'/, adj. built, organized, written, etc., in such a way as to be usable by or understandable to any person of average intelligence or skill: an idiot-proof ...
idiot box n. Slang A television. * * *
—idiotically, adv. —idioticalness, n. /id'ee ot"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an idiot. 2. senselessly foolish or stupid: an idiotic remark. Also, ...
See idiotic. * * *
idiotism1 /id"ee euh tiz'euhm/, n. 1. idiotic conduct or action. 2. idiocy. [1585-95; IDIOT + -ISM] idiotism2 /id"ee euh tiz'euhm/, n. Obs. an idiom. [1580-90; < L idiotismus < ...
/id"ee euh tuyz'/, v.t., idiotized, idiotizing. to make a fool of; make idiotic. Also, esp. Brit., idiotise. [1710-20; IDIOT + -IZE] * * *
idiot light n. Slang A light on the instrument panel of a motor vehicle that gives forewarning, as of an overheated engine. * * *
/id'ee euh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. Psychiatry. of or characterized by introspection; introspective. [ < Gk idiótrop(os) turned or turning to one's own (see IDIO-, -TROPE) + ...
idiot savant n. pl. idiot savants An intellectually disabled person who exhibits extraordinary ability in a highly specialized area, such as mathematics or music.   [French : ...
—idiotypic /id'ee euh tip"ik/, adj. —idiotypy /id"ee euh tuy'pee/, n. /id"ee euh tuyp'/, n. Immunol. the molecular arrangement of amino acids unique to the antigen-binding ...
Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race
U.S. dogsled race. It is held each March and run over a route between Anchorage and Nome, Alaska. It originated in 1967 as a race 56 mi (90 km) long, but by 1973 it had evolved ...
▪ Egypt also spelled  Edkou,         town, northern Al-Buḥayrah (Buḥayrah, Al-) muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Lower Egypt. It lies on a sandy strip behind Abū ...
—idleness, n. —idly, adv. /uyd"l/, adj., idler, idlest, v. idled, idling, n. adj. 1. not working or active; unemployed; doing nothing: idle workers. 2. not spent or filled ...
idle gear
a gear placed between a driving and a driven gear to transmit motion between them. Also, idler gear. * * *
idle pulley
Mach. a loose pulley made to press or rest on a belt in order to tighten or guide it. Also, idler pulley. Also called idle wheel. [1885-1890] * * *
idle wheel
Mach. 1. a wheel for transmitting power and motion between a driving and a driven part, either by friction or by means of teeth. 2. See idle pulley. [1795-1805] * * *
idle character n. An alphanumeric or digital character that is transmitted over a communications line but does not appear in the output of the receiving terminal. * * *
See idle. * * *
idle pulley also idler pulley n. A pulley on a shaft that rests on or presses against a drive belt to guide it or take up slack. Also called idle wheel. * * *
/uyd"leuhr/, n. 1. a person who passes time in a lazy or unproductive way. 2. Mach. an idle gear, wheel, or pulley. 3. Railroads. an empty freight car placed under the projecting ...
/uyd"les/, n. idleness. [1590-1600; IDLE + -esse, as in finesse, etc.] * * *
idle wheel Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. 1. A gear, wheel, or roller interposed between two similar parts to convey motion from one to the other without change in speed or ...
/uyd"l wuyld'/, n. former name of John F. Kennedy International Airport. * * *
▪ Syria       town, northwestern Syria. It is situated in a fertile basin midway between Aleppo and Latakia and is an important textile centre and a market for one of ...
See idleness. * * *
—Idoism, n. —Idoist, n. —Idoistic, adj. /ee"doh/, n. a revised and simplified form of Esperanto, introduced in 1907. [ < Esperanto: lit., offspring, equiv. to id- ( < Gk; ...
/uy"deuh krays', id"euh-/, n. Mineral. vesuvianite. [1795-1805; < F < Gk eîdo(s) form + krâsis mixture] * * *
/uyd"l/, n. 1. an image or other material object representing a deity to which religious worship is addressed. 2. Bible. a. an image of a deity other than God. b. the deity ...
/uy dol"euh teuhr/, n. 1. Also, idolist /uyd"l ist/. a worshiper of idols. 2. a person who is an immoderate admirer; devotee. [1350-1400; ME idolatrer, equiv. to idolatr(ie) ...
idolatrize [ī däl′ə trīz΄] vt., vi. idolatrized, idolatrizing to worship as an idolater * * *
—idolatrously, adv. —idolatrousness, n. /uy dol"euh treuhs/, adj. 1. worshiping idols. 2. blindly adoring. 3. of or pertaining to idolatry. [1540-50; IDOLATR(Y) + -OUS] * * *
See idolatrous. * * *
See idolatrously. * * *
/uy dol"euh tree/, n., pl. idolatries. 1. the religious worship of idols. 2. excessive or blind adoration, reverence, devotion, etc. [1200-50; ME idolatrie < ML idolatria, by ...
/uyd"l iz'euhm/, n. 1. idolatry. 2. idolizing. [1600-10; IDOL + -ISM] * * *
See idolize. * * *
—idolization, n. —idolizer, n. /uyd"l uyz'/, v., idolized, idolizing. v.t. 1. to regard with blind adoration, devotion, etc. 2. to worship as a god. v.i. 3. to practice ...
See idolization. * * *
▪ people       inhabitants of the region east of the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers in southern Nigeria. A number of peoples, including the Agala, Iyala, ...
Idomeneus [ī däm′i no͞os΄, ī däm′inyo͞os΄] n. Gr. Legend a king of Crete and leader of his subjects against Troy in the Trojan War * * * ▪ Greek ...
—idoneity /uyd'n ee"i tee/, idoneousness, n. /uy doh"nee euhs/, adj. appropriate; fit; suitable; apt. [1605-15; < L idoneus; see -OUS] * * *
/uy'doks yoor"i deen'/, n. Pharm. a thymidine analogue, C9H11IN2O5, used topically for the ocular treatment of herpes simplex keratitis. [contr. and rearrangement of ...
1. integrated data processing: the processing of information by systematic techniques that reduce human intervention to a minimum and that employ a language common to all the ...
(as used in expressions) Idris I Sidi Muhammad Idris al Mahdi al Sanusi Shafii Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Idris al * * * ▪ Islamic mythology       an immortal figure in ...
Idris I
/uy"dris, uy drees"/, (Mohammed Idris Senussi) 1890-1983, king of Libya 1951-69. * * * in full Sīdī Muḥammad Idrīs al-Mahdī al-Sanūsī born March 13, 1890, Jarabub, ...
Idris ibn Raja Iskandar, Sultan
▪ sultan of Perak born 1849, Perak, Malaya died Jan. 14, 1916, Kuala Kangsar, Federated Malay States       sultan of Perak, 1887–1916.       Idris succeeded to ...
Idrīs, Yūsuf
▪ Egyptian writer born May 19, 1927, Al-Bayrum, Egypt died Aug. 1, 1991, London, Eng.       Egyptian playwright and novelist who broke with traditional Arabic ...
Idrīsī, ash-Sharīf al-
▪ Arab geographer byname  of Abū ʿabd Allāh Muḥammad Ibn Muḥammad Ibn ʿabd Allāh Ibn Idrīs Al-ḥammūdī Al-ḥasanī Al-idrīsī   born 1100, Sabtah, Mor. died ...
Idrīsid dynasty
Arab Muslim dynasty that ruled Berber areas of Morocco (789–921). The founder, Idrīs I (r. 789–791), established the sharifian tradition in Morocco, by which the claim to ...
▪ India also spelled  Idikki        town, southeastern Kerala state, southwestern India. It lies about 80 miles (130 km) southeast of Kochi (Cochin) and 79 miles ...
—Idumaean, Idumean, adj., n. /id'yoo mee"euh/, n. Greek name of Edom. Also, Idumea. * * *
/ee"dhoon/, n. Scand. Myth. a goddess, keeper of the apples of youth and wife of Bragi; abducted by the giant Thjazi, from whom she was rescued. Also, Ithun, Ithunn. [ < ON ...
/uyd"l/, n. 1. a poem or prose composition, usually describing pastoral scenes or events or any charmingly simple episode, appealing incident, or the like. 2. a simple ...

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