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—idyllically, adv. /uy dil"ik/, adj. 1. suitable for or suggestive of an idyll; charmingly simple or rustic: his idyllic life in Tahiti. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic ...
See idyllic. * * *
/uyd"l ist/, n. a writer of idylls. Also, idylist. [1790-1800; IDYLL + -IST] * * *
Idylls of the King
a series of 12 poems by Lord Tennyson, published between 1842 and 1885. They tell the story of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, and were very popular with ...
Idylls of the King, The
a series of poems by Tennyson, based on Arthurian legend. * * *
Indo-European. * * *
IEEE abbr. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. * * *
Ienaga, Saburo
▪ 2003       Japanese historian (b. Sept. 3, 1913, Nagoya, Japan—d. Nov. 29, 2002, Tokyo, Japan), waged a long-running battle with the Japanese Ministry of Education ...
Individualized Educational Program. * * *
Flemish. /ee"peuhrdd/, n. Ypres. * * *
/ee"ye yah"sooh/, n. Iyeyasu. * * *
/if/, conj. 1. in case that; granting or supposing that; on condition that: Sing if you want to. Stay indoors if it rains. I'll go if you do. 2. even though: an enthusiastic if ...
if-come bet
/if"kum"/. See pyramid bet. * * *
Med. See immunofluorescence assay. * * *
International Federation of Air Line Pilots Associations. * * *
(1285–1415) Muslim state, central Ethiopia. Flourishing in the fertile uplands, it was established through the conquests of a 13th-century ruler known as Walashma. It served ...
1. International Finance Corporation. 2. International Fisheries Commission (U.S. and Canada). 3. International Freighting Corporation. * * *
/ee"fay/, n. 1. a town in SW Nigeria. 176,000. 2. a male or female given name: from a Yoruba word meaning "love." * * *
Mil. Identification, Friend or Foe: a system of transmitters and transponders that uses coded signals to distinguish between friendly and hostile aircraft. * * *
Math. if and only if. * * *
/if"euhn/, conj. Dial. if. [1930-35; IF + -en, of uncert. orig., perh. AN2 (hence a var. of archaic an if) or in' (see -ING2), extracted from conjunctional uses of considering, ...
See iffy. * * *
Iffland, August Wilhelm
▪ German theatrical manager born April 19, 1759, Hannover, Hanover [Germany] died Sept. 22, 1814, Berlin, Prussia  German actor, dramatist, and manager, a major influence on ...
—iffiness, n. /if"ee/, adj., iffier, iffiest. Informal. 1. full of unresolved points or questions: an iffy situation. 2. doubtful; questionable: An early decision on this is ...
/eef"nee/, n. a former Spanish enclave on the W coast of Morocco, ceded to Morocco 1969. * * * Region, southwestern Morocco. Located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, it has ...
IFO abbr. identified flying object. * * *
I formation n. Football An offensive formation in which the running backs line up in single file behind the center and the quarterback. * * *
IFR abbrev. Instrument Flight Rules * * * IFR abbr. instrument flight rules. * * *
▪ Morocco       town, north-central Morocco. Ifrane was founded in 1929 and is situated in the Middle Atlas (Moyen Atlas) mountains; it includes in its immediate ...
▪ Islamic mythology also spelled  afreet,  afrit,  afrite , or  efreet , Arabic (male)  ʿifrīt , or (female)  ʿifrītah        in Islāmic mythology, a ...
/ee'fooh gow"/, n., pl. Ifugaos, (esp. collectively) Ifugao. a member of an agricultural people who inhabit Luzon, in the Philippines. * * * ▪ people       group of ...
Ifukube, Akira
▪ 2007       Japanese composer (b. May 31, 1914, Kushiro, Japan—d. Feb. 8, 2006, Tokyo, Japan), created the tribal theme music for the film Godzilla (1954), as well as ...
immunoglobulin. * * *
IG Farben
World's largest chemical cartel from its founding in Germany until its dissolution by the Allies after World War II. It grew out of a complex merger of German manufacturers of ...
Immunol. immunoglobulin A: a class of antibodies predominant in respiratory and alimentary tract secretions and in saliva and tears, functioning as the body's first line of ...
▪ people also spelled  Igara         a largely Muslim people of Nigeria, living on the left bank of the Niger River below its junction with the Benue River. Their ...
Igarashi Family
▪ Japanese artists flourished 17th century       Japanese lacquerware artists who specialized in the maki-e technique, wherein a design is made by sprinkling minute ...
▪ Russia       city, Krasnoyarsk kray (territory), central Russia. It is 60 miles (100 km) north of the Arctic Circle and lies along the Yenisey River, 418 miles (673 ...
▪ people also spelled  Igbirra  or  Ebira        inhabitants of the areas northeast and southwest of the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers in central ...
/ig"boh/, n., pl. Igbos, (esp. collectively) Igbo. Ibo. * * * or Ibo People of southeastern Nigeria. The Igbo speak dialects of Igbo, a Benue-Congo language of the Niger-Congo ...
Igboid languages
      a language cluster that constitutes a subbranch of the Benue-Congo branch (Benue-Congo languages) of the Niger-Congo language family. There are nearly 20 million ...
Immunol. immunoglobulin D: a class of antibodies present as an antigen receptor on most cell surfaces and predominant on human B cells. [1960-65] * * *
Igdrasil [ig′drə sil΄] n. YGDRASIL * * *
Immunol. immunoglobulin E: a class of antibodies most abundant in tissue spaces, involved in the expulsion of intestinal parasites and causing allergic reactions by activating ...
Immunol. immunoglobulin G: a class of circulating antibodies predominant in serum, produced by plasma cells and memory cells in response to pathogens and other foreign ...
Iggy and the Stooges
▪ American rock group       American band of the late 1960s and early 1970s that helped define punk music. Both with the Stooges and in his subsequent solo career, Iggy ...
Ger. /ee"glow/ n. Jihlava. * * *
Iglesia ni Kristo
▪ Filipino church (Tagalog: “Church of Christ”), Kristo also spelled  Cristo,         the largest entirely indigenous Christian church in the Philippines. Its ...
▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, southwestern Sardinia, Italy. It lies west-northwest of Cagliari city. The town's cathedral dates from 1288, and the 15th-century ...
Iglesias, Pablo
▪ Spanish politician born October 18, 1850, El Ferrol, Spain died December 9, 1925, Madrid       political leader who played a significant role in the development of ...
/ig"looh/, n., pl. igloos. 1. an Eskimo house, being a dome-shaped hut usually built of blocks of hard snow. 2. Informal. any dome-shaped construction thought to resemble an ...
➡ Inuits * * *
Immunol. immunoglobulin M: a class of short-term circulating and secretory antibodies existing as an aggregate of five antibody molecules, having a high affinity for ...
ign abbrev. 1. ignition 2. 〚L ignotus, pp. of ignoscere < i- (for in-), not + gnoscere, KNOW〛 unknown * * *
1. ignition. 2. unknown. [(def. 2) < L ignotus] * * *
Ignarro, Louis J(oseph)
born May 31, 1941, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. pharmacologist. He earned a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. Along with Robert F. Furchgott and Ferid Murad, Ignarro was ...
Ignarro, Louis J.
▪ American scientist in full  Louis Joseph Ignarro  born May 31, 1941, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.       American pharmacologist who, along with Robert F. Furchgott ...
/ig nay"sheuhs/, n. 1. Saint (Ignatius Theophorus), A.D. c40-107?, bishop of Antioch and Apostolic Father. 2. Saint (Nicetas), A.D. 799?-878, patriarch of Constantinople 846-858, ...
Ignatius (of) Loyola
Ignatius (of) Loyola Saint (born Iñigo López de Recalde) (1491-1556); Sp. priest: founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit order): his day is July 31 * * *
Ignatius of Antioch, Saint
died с 110, Rome; Western feast day October 17; Eastern feast day December 20 Early Christian martyr. Probably of Syrian origin, he may have been a pagan who persecuted ...
Ignatius of Loyola, Saint.
See Loyola, Saint Ignatius. * * *
Ignatius of Loyola,Saint
Ignatius of Loy·o·la (loi-ōʹlə), Saint. 1491-1556. Spanish ecclesiastic who founded the Jesuits and was a leader of the Counter Reformation. * * *
Ig·na·tius (ĭg-nāʹshəs), Saint. Died c. A.D. 110. Bishop of Antioch noted especially for his epistles. He was martyred during the reign of the Roman emperor Trajan. * * *
Ignatow, David
▪ American poet born Feb. 7, 1914, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 17, 1997, East Hampton, N.Y.       American poet whose works address social as well as personal issues ...
Ignatyev, Nikolay (Pavlovich), Count
born , Jan. 29, 1832, St. Petersburg, Russia died July 3, 1908, Krupodernitsy estate, Kiev province Russian politician and diplomat under Tsar Alexander II. A career diplomat, ...
Ignatyev, Nikolay Pavlovich, Graf
▪ Russian statesman (Count), Ignatyev also spelled  Ignatiev   born , Jan. 17 [Jan. 29, New Style], 1832, St. Petersburg, Russia died June 20 [July 3], 1908, Krupodernitsy ...
/ig"nee euhs/, adj. 1. Geol. produced under conditions involving intense heat, as rocks of volcanic origin or rocks crystallized from molten magma. 2. of, pertaining to, or ...
igneous rock
Any of various crystalline or glassy, noncrystalline rocks formed by the cooling and solidification of molten earth material (magma). Igneous rocks comprise one of the three ...
/ig nes"euhnt/, adj. 1. emitting sparks of fire, as certain stones when struck with steel. 2. bursting into flame. n. 3. an ignescent substance. [1820-30; < L ignescent- (s. of ...
/ig"nim bruyt'/, n. Petrol. a fine-grained volcanic rock consisting mainly of welded shards of feldspar and quartz. Also called welded tuff. [1932; < L ign(is) fire + imbr-, s. ...
ignis fatuus
/ig"nis fach"ooh euhs/, pl. ignes fatui /ig"neez fach"ooh uy'/. 1. Also called friar's lantern, will-o'-the-wisp. a flitting phosphorescent light seen at night, chiefly over ...
ig·nis fat·u·us (ĭgʹnĭs făchʹo͞o-əs) n. pl. ig·nes fat·u·i (ĭgʹnēz făchʹo͞o-ī') 1. A phosphorescent light that hovers or flits over swampy ground at night, ...
See ignite. * * *
—ignitable, ignitible, adj. —ignitability, ignitibility, n. /ig nuyt"/, v., ignited, igniting. v.t. 1. to set on fire; kindle. 2. Chem. to heat intensely; roast. v.i. 3. to ...
/ig nuy"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that ignites. 2. Electronics. the carborundum rod used to initiate the discharge in an ignitron tube. [1880-85; IGNITE + -ER1] * * *
See ignitable. * * *
/ig nish"euhn/, n. 1. the act or fact of igniting; state of being ignited. 2. a means or device for igniting. 3. (in an internal-combustion engine) the process that ignites the ...
ignition coil
(in an automotive ignition system) a transformer consisting of two wire windings or coils in which low-voltage direct current is fed through the primary winding to generate ...
ignition interlock
Auto. interlock (def. 10). * * *
ignition point
Chem. See autoignition point. Also called ignition temperature. [1885-90] * * *
ignition system
the system in an internal-combustion engine that produces the spark to ignite the mixture of fuel and air: includes the battery, ignition coil, distributor, spark plugs, and ...
ignition point n. The minimum temperature at which a substance will continue to burn without additional application of external heat. Also called kindling point. * * *
See ignitable. * * *
/ig nuy"tron, ig"ni tron/, n. Electronics. a cathode-arc vacuum tube with an auxiliary electrode projecting into a pool of mercury: it conducts current when the anode is ...
See ignoble. * * *
—ignobility, ignobleness, n. —ignobly, adv. /ig noh"beuhl/, adj. 1. of low character, aims, etc.; mean; base: his ignoble purposes. 2. of low grade or quality; inferior. 3. ...
See ignobility. * * *
See ignobility. * * *
—ignominiously, adv. —ignominiousness, n. /ig'neuh min"ee euhs/, adj. 1. marked by or attended with ignominy; discreditable; humiliating: an ignominious retreat. 2. bearing ...
See ignominious. * * *
See ignominiously. * * *
/ig"neuh min'ee, ig nom"euh nee/, n., pl. ignominies for 2. 1. disgrace; dishonor; public contempt. 2. shameful or dishonorable quality or conduct or an instance of ...
See ignore. * * *
/ig'neuh ray"meuhs, -ram"euhs/, n., pl. ignoramuses. an extremely ignorant person. [1570-80; < L ignoramus we ignore (1st pers. pl. pres. indic. of ignorare to be ignorant of, ...
/ig"neuhr euhns/, n. the state or fact of being ignorant; lack of knowledge, learning, information, etc. [1175-1225; ME < L ignorantia. See IGNORE, -ANCE] * * *
—ignorantly, adv. —ignorantness, n. /ig"neuhr euhnt/, adj. 1. lacking in knowledge or training; unlearned: an ignorant man. 2. lacking knowledge or information as to a ...
See ignorant. * * *
ignoratio elenchi
/ig'neuh ray"shee oh' i leng"kuy, -kee/, Logic. the fallacy of offering proof irrelevant to the proposition in question. [1580-90; < L ignoratio elenchi lit., ignorance of the ...
—ignorable, adj. —ignorer, n. /ig nawr", -nohr"/, v.t., ignored, ignoring. 1. to refrain from noticing or recognizing: to ignore insulting remarks. 2. Law. (of a grand jury) ...
See ignorable. * * *
(as used in expressions) Moiseyev Igor Aleksandrovich Michael Igor Peschkowsky Sikorsky Igor Ivan Stravinsky Igor Fyodorovich * * * ▪ Russian prince also called ...
Igor Stravinsky
➡ Stravinsky * * *
Igor Svyatoslavich
▪ Russian prince born 1150 died 1202       prince of the Russian lands of Novgorod-Seversky (modern Novhorod-Siverskyy, Ukraine) after 1178 and of Chernigovsky ...
Igor's Campaign, The Song of
▪ Russian literature also translated  Lay of Igor's Campaign , Russian  Slovo o polku Igoreve        masterpiece of Old Russian literature, an account of the ...
/ig'euh roht", ee'geuh-/, n., pl. Igorots, (esp. collectively) Igorot. a member of a people of the Malay stock in northern Luzon in the Philippines, comprising various tribes, ...
/i grayn"/, n. Arthurian Romance. the mother of King Arthur. * * *
Iguaçú [ē΄gwä so͞o′] river in S Brazil, flowing into the Paraná River on the border of NE Argentina: c. 800 mi (1,287 km): contains Iguaçú Falls, c. 2.5 mi (4 km) ...
Iguaçu Falls
▪ waterfall, Argentina-Brazil also spelled  Iguassú,  Spanish  Cataratas del Iguazú,  Portuguese  Cataratas do Iguaçu,  or  Saltos do Iguaçu     series of ...
Iguaçu River
▪ river, Brazil also spelled  Iguassú , Portuguese  Rio Iguaçu , Spanish  Río Iguazú   river flowing through Santa Catarina and Paraná states in southern Brazil. ...
▪ Mexico in full  Iguala de la Independencia         city, north-central Guerrero estado (state), south-central Mexico. It was settled in 1750 and was named in honour ...
Iguala Plan
▪ Mexican history Spanish  Plan de Iguala         (Feb. 24, 1821), appeal issued by Agustín de Iturbide (Iturbide, Agustín de), a creole landowner and a former ...
/i gwah"neuh/, n. 1. a large, arboreal lizard, Iguana iguana, native to Central and South America, having stout legs and a crest of spines from neck to tail. 2. any of various ...
/i gwah"nid/, n. 1. any of numerous lizards of the family Iguanidae, of the New World, Madagascar, and several islands of the South Pacific, comprising terrestrial, semiaquatic, ...
/i gwah"neuh don', i gwan"euh-/, n. a plant-eating dinosaur of the genus Iguanodon that lived in Europe early in the Cretaceous Period and grew to a length of from 15 to 30 ft. ...
/ee'gwah sooh"/, n. a river in S Brazil, flowing W to the Paraná River. 380 mi. (610 km) long. Also, Iguaçu. * * *
Iguassú Falls
a waterfall on the Iguassú River, on the boundary between Brazil and Argentina. 210 ft. (64 m) high. Also, Iguaçu Falls. Formerly, Victoria Falls. * * *
I·gua·zú (ē'gwə-zo͞oʹ) or I·gua·çú (-so͞oʹ) A river, about 1,199 km (745 mi) long, of southern Brazil flowing west to the Paraná River at the ...
Iguazú Falls
or Iguaçu Falls formerly Victoria Falls Cataract on the Iguazú River near the border between Argentina and Brazil. The horseshoe-shaped falls were discovered by Álvar ...
Iguazú River
or Iguaçu River River, southern Brazil and northeastern Argentina. It winds westward for 820 mi (1,320 km) before joining the Paraná River at the point where Argentina, ...
Iguvine Tables
Set of seven inscribed bronze tables written in the Umbrian language and found in 1444 at Iguvium (modern Gubbio, Italy). Some are written in the Umbrian script and others in ...
International Geophysical Year. * * *
IH abbrev. Indo-Hittite * * *
Ihara Saikaku
or Ibara Saikaku known as Saikaku orig. Hirayama Togo born 1642, Ōsaka, Japan died Sept. 9, 1693, Ōsaka Japanese poet and novelist. He first won fame for his speed in ...
Iharos, Sandor
▪ 1997       Hungarian middle-distance runner who during 14 months in 1955-56 set world records for seven distances (b. March 10, 1930—d. Jan. 24, 1996). * * *
Ihimaera, Witi
▪ New Zealander author in full  Witi Tame Ihimaera   born Feb. 7, 1944, Gisborne, New Zealand        Maori author whose novels and short stories explore the clash ...
International Hockey League. * * *
See indicated horsepower. Also, IHP. * * *
/ee rahm"/, n. the dress worn by male Muslims on their pilgrimage to Mecca, consisting of two white cotton cloths, one worn round the waist, the other over the left ...
1. Jesus. [ < LL < Gk: partial transliteration of the first three letters of Iesoûs Jesus] 2. Jesus Savior of Men. [ < ML Iesus Hominum Salvator] 3. in this sign (the cross) ...
➡ International Herald Tribune. * * *
(as used in expressions) Abdülhamid II Agesilaus II Alamgir II Aziz al Din Alamgir II Alexander II Amalric II Amenhotep II Anacletus II Andrew II Andronicus II ...
Ii blood group system
▪ biology       classification of human blood based on the presence of antigens (antigen) I and i on the surface of red blood cells (erythrocyte). The Ii blood group ...
Ii Naosuke
born Nov. 29, 1815, Hikone, Japan died March 24, 1860, Edo [now Tokyo] Japanese daimyo and statesman who made the last attempt to reassert the traditional political role of the ...
(as used in expressions) Abd al Rahman III Afonso III Alexander III Amenhotep III Andronicus III Palaeologus Antiochus III Augustus III Cabell Calloway III Casimir III Charles ...
Iio Sōgi
or Sōgi born 1421, Japan died Sept. 1, 1502, Hakone Japanese poet. Sōgi was a Zen monk in Kyōto before becoming, in his 30s, a professional renga (linked-verse) poet. He is ...
/ee ee"wee/, n. a Hawaiian honeycreeper, Vestiaria coccinea, having a red body, black wings, and a deeply curved pinkish-red bill. [1885-90; < Hawaiian 'i'iwi, deriv. of 'iwi ...
▪ Japan       city, Fukuoka ken (prefecture), Kyushu, Japan, on the upper Onga River. The city developed as a mining centre with the opening of the Chikuhō Coalfield ...
/uy/, n. an inland arm of the Ijsselmeer in the Netherlands: Amsterdam located on its S side. Also, Ij. * * *
/ee"jaw/, n., pl. Ijaws, (esp. collectively) Ijaw. Ijo. * * *
▪ Nigeria       town, Ogun state, southwestern Nigeria. It is situated along the highway between Shagamu and Benin City. Ijebu-Ode was by the 16th century established ...
/ij mah"/, n. Islam. the consensus of all believers on the rightness of a belief or practice. [ < Ar ijma'] * * *
▪ Islam       (Arabic: “agreeing upon,” or “consensus”), the universal and infallible agreement of the Muslim community, especially of Muslim scholars on any ...
▪ The Netherlands  port of Amsterdam and part of the gemeente (municipality) of Velsen, western Netherlands. The port is situated at the western end of the North Sea ...
/ee"joh/, n., pl. Ijos, (esp. collectively) Ijo for 1. 1. a member of an indigenous people of the Niger delta in southern Nigeria. 2. the Niger-Congo language of the Ijo. Also, ...
Ijoid languages
The smallest branch of the huge Niger-Congo language family. The Ijoid languages are found in the relatively narrow coastal Niger River delta region of Nigeria. They consist of ...
▪ rock       intrusive igneous rock that is composed essentially of nepheline and an alkali pyroxene, usually aegirine-augite. It is the plutonic equivalent of the ...
/uy"seuhl/, n. a river in the central Netherlands, flowing N to the IJsselmeer: a branch of the Rhine River. 70 mi. (110 km) long. Also, Ijssel. * * *
IJssel River
River, in The Netherlands. An important distributary of the Rhine River, it leaves the Lower Rhine (Neder Rijn) just southeast of Arnhem and flows northeastward for 70 mi (110 ...
/uy"seuhl mayrdd'/, n. a lake in the NW Netherlands: created by the diking of the Zuider Zee. 465 sq. mi. (1204 sq. km). Also, Ijsselmeer. * * * English Lake Ijssel Shallow ...
IJsselmeer Polders
▪ region, The Netherlands Dutch  IJsselmeerpolders,         group of four polders, central Netherlands, that were reclaimed from the IJsselmeer, a lake that used to ...
/ij'ti hahd"/, n. (in Islamic law) the use of reason to arrive at a knowledge of truth in religious matters. [ < Ar] * * * In Islamic law, the analysis of problems not covered ...
▪ Nigeria also called  Ikare-Akoko        town, Ondo state, southwestern Nigeria. It lies in the Yoruba Hills, at the intersection of roads from Owo, Okene, Kabba, ...
/i kair"ee euh, uy kair"-/; Gk. /ee'kah rddee"ah/, n. Icaria. * * *
/ik"euhr euhs, -euh ros'/, n. Class. Myth. Icarus. * * *
/ee"kaht/, n. 1. a method of printing woven fabric by tie-dyeing the warp yarns (warp ikat), the weft yarns (weft ikat), or both (double ikat) before weaving. 2. a fabric made by ...
/uyk/, n. See Eisenhower, Dwight David. * * *
Ike jacket
Informal. Eisenhower jacket. * * *
Ike Taiga
orig. Matajirō born June 6, 1723, Kyōto, Japan died May 30, 1776, Kyōto Japanese painter. From an early age he was taught calligraphy and the Chinese classics. He helped ...
a Swedish company started in 1943 by Ingvar Kampard (1926– ) which makes and sells simple, well-designed furniture and other things for the home at low prices. It opened its ...
/ik'euh bah"neuh/; Japn. /ee"ke bah"nah/, n. the Japanese art of arranging flowers. [1900-05; < Japn, equiv. to ike(y) to make live, causative of ik- live ( < *ika-i) + -bana ...
/ee ke"dah/, n. Hayato /hah yah"taw/, 1899-1965, Japanese statesman: prime minister 1960-64. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Ōsaka fu (urban prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It ...
Ikeda Hayato
▪ prime minister of Japan born Dec. 3, 1899, Hiroshima prefecture, Japan died Aug. 13, 1965, Tokyo  prime minister of Japan from July 1960 until October 1964, who was ...
▪ Nigeria       town and capital of Lagos state, 10.5 miles (17 km) northwest of Lagos, southwestern Nigeria. Originally settled by the Yoruba people, the locality was ...
▪ Japanese floral art school       oldest school of floral art in Japan; the term Ikenobō later came to be used loosely to describe any classical Japanese flower ...
▪ Nigeria also called  Ikere , or  Ikerre        town, Ekiti state, southwestern Nigeria, on the road from Akure to Ado-Ekiti. A major collecting point for cocoa, ...
Ikeya-Seki, Comet
▪ astronomy  long-period comet that is one of a group of Sun-grazing comets having similar orbits and including the great comet known as 1882 II. Comet Ikeya-Seki was ...
/ik naht"n/, n. See Amenhotep IV. Also, Akhnaton. * * *
Ikhshīdids Dynasty
▪ Muslim Turkish dynasty       Muslim Turkish dynasty from Fergana in Central Asia that ruled Egypt and Syria from 935 to 969. The founder, Muḥammad ibn Ṭughj, ...
▪ Islamic concept       (Arabic: “disagreement”), in Islām, differences of opinion on religious matters. Such diversity is permissible as long as the basic ...
(Arabic; "Brethren") Religious and military brotherhood that helped Ibn Saūd unite the Arabian Peninsula. First organized in 1912, its members were settled in colonies around ...
Ikhwān al-Ṣafāʾ
Secret Arab brotherhood founded in Basra, Iraq, in the 10th century. The beliefs of the group diverged sharply from orthodox Islam, incorporating elements of Neoplatonism, ...
Ikhwān aṣ-Ṣafāʾ
▪ Arab organization       (Arabic: Brethren of Purity), a secret Arab confraternity, founded at Basra, Iraq, that produced a philosophical and religious encyclopaedia, ...
▪ island, Japan  island, north-central Nagasaki ken (prefecture), western Kyushu, Japan. It lies in the Eastern Channel, about 10 miles (16 km) off the coast of Kyushu, and ...
▪ Nigeria       town, Osun state, southwestern Nigeria. The town lies along the road from Ibadan to Ile-Ife. A collecting point for local cash crops (cacao, palm oil ...
▪ Nigeria       town, Osun state, southwestern Nigeria. It lies along the railroad from Lagos and at the intersection of roads from Oshogbo, Inisha (Inisa), Igbajo, and ...
Peasant uprisings in Japan beginning in the Kamakura period (1192–1333) and continuing through the Tokugawa period (1603–1867). Though the welfare of the city dweller ...
/uy"kon/, n. icon (defs. 1, 2). * * *
▪ Nigeria       town, Lagos state, southwestern Nigeria. It lies near the Lagos Lagoon, on the Bight of Benin, 14 miles (23 km) northwest of Lagos. A traditional ...
Ikot Abasi
▪ Nigeria also called  Opobo,  formerly  Egwanga,         port town, Akwa Ibom state, southern Nigeria. The town lies near the mouth of the Imo (Opobo) River. ...
Ikot Ekpene
▪ Nigeria       town, Akwa Ibom state, southern Nigeria. The town lies along the coastal highway between Calabar and Aba. It is the chief trade centre (yams, cassava ...
Illinois (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * * (as used in expressions) Bronzino Il Guercino Il Kim Il sung Kim Jong Il Kim Chong Il Aldo Manuzio il Vecchio Il Duce Il ...
Symbol, Chem. illinium. * * * (as used in expressions) Bronzino Il Guercino Il Kim Il sung Kim Jong Il Kim Chong Il Aldo Manuzio il Vecchio Il Duce Il Rosso * * *
il Duce
/eel dooh"chay/; It. /eel dooh"che/ duce (def. 2). * * *
Il Penseroso
/il pen'seuh roh"soh/; It. /eel pen"se rddaw"saw/ a poem (1632) by John Milton. Cf. L'Allegro. * * *
Il Trovatore
/il troh'veuh tawr"ee/; It. /eel trddaw'vah taw"rdde/ an opera (1853) by Giuseppe Verdi. * * *
il-1 var. of in-2 (by assimilation) before l: illation. il-2 var. of in-3 (by assimilation) before l: illogical. * * *
Immunol. See interleukin 1. * * *
Immunol, Pharm. See interleukin 2. * * *
Immunol. See interleukin 3. * * *
Il-Khanid Dynasty
▪ Mongol dynasty also spelled  Īl-khān        (1256–1353), Mongol dynasty that ruled in Iran. Il-khan is Persian for “subordinate khan.”        ...
1. illustrated. 2. illustration. * * *
/ee"leuh/, n. a town in SW Nigeria. 155,000. * * * ▪ Nigeria also spelled  Illa , also called  Ila Orangun        town, Osun state, southwestern Nigeria. The town ...
1. International Law Association. 2. International Longshoremen's Association. Also, I.L.A. * * * ▪ Nigeria also spelled  Illa , also called  Ila ...
▪ Iran       city, western Iran. The city is rural in appearance and is located near the Iraq-Iran border. A number of roads emanate from Īlām, linking it with the ...
/ee"lahng ee"lahng/, n. ylang-ylang. * * *
▪ Nigeria       town, western Ogun state, southwestern Nigeria. Located on the former trade route from the towns of the empire of Oyo to the port of Porto-Novo (now the ...
Ilbert Bill
▪ 1884, India       in the history of India, a controversial measure proposed in 1883 that sought to allow senior Indian magistrates to preside over cases involving ...
▪ England, United Kingdom  town (“parish”), South Somerset district, administrative and historic county of Somerset, England. It lies along the River Yeo. Ilchester was ...
Biochem. isoleucine. * * *
Île de France
/eel deuh frddahonns"/ 1. a former province in N France, including Paris and the region around it. 2. former name of Mauritius. * * *
Île du Diable
/eel dyuu dyann"bleu/ French name of Devil's Island. * * *
var. of ileo- before a vowel: ileac. * * *
Île-de-France [ēl də fräns′] 1. historical region of NC France, surrounding Paris 2. metropolitan region of modern France, in the same general area: 4,638 sq mi (12,012 sq ...
▪ Nigeria also called  Ife, or Ife-Lodun,        town, Osun state, southwestern Nigeria. The town lies at the intersection of roads from Ibadan (40 miles [64 km] ...
il·e·a (ĭlʹē-ə) n. Plural of ileum. * * *
ileac1 /il"ee ak'/, adj. of or pertaining to the ileum. [ILE- + -AC, on model of iliac] ileac2 /il"ee ak'/, adj. of or pertaining to ileus. [1815-25; ILE(US) + -AC, on model of ...
See ileum. * * *
▪ Democratic Republic of the Congo formerly  Port-Francqui         town, south-central Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo). The town lies along the Kasai River ...
/il'ee uy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the ileum. [1850-55; ILE- + -ITIS] * * * Chronic inflammation of part of the small intestine or large intestine (strictly, of the ...
a combining form representing ileum in compound words: ileostomy. Also, esp. before a vowel, ile-. [ < NL] * * *
/il'ee oh see"keuhl/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or involving the ileum and cecum. [1840-50; ILEO- + CECAL] * * *
/il'ee oh keuh luy"tis, -koh-/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the mucous membrane of the ileum and colon. [1885-90; ILEO- + COLITIS] * * *
/il'ee oh keuh los"teuh mee/, n., pl. ileocolostomies. the surgical formation of an artificial opening between the ileum and the colon. [1885-90; ILEO- + COLOSTOMY] * * *
/il'ee os"teuh mee/, n., pl. ileostomies. Surg. 1. the construction of an artificial opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall, permitting drainage of the contents of the ...
Ilerda, Campaign of
▪ Spanish history       (49 BC), the campaign leading to the victory of Julius Caesar (Caesar, Julius) over Pompey's forces in Spain. In the spring of 49 BC, Caesar sent ...
/i lay"sheuh/, n. a town in SW Nigeria. 224,000. * * * ▪ Nigeria       town, Osun state, southwestern Nigeria. It lies in the Yoruba Hills and at the intersection of ...
/il"i tin/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of insulin (def. 2). * * *
—ileal, adj. /il"ee euhm/, n., pl. ilea /il"ee euh/. 1. Anat. the third and lowest division of the small intestine, extending from the jejunum to the cecum. See diag. under ...
/il"ee euhs/, n. Pathol. intestinal obstruction characterized by lack of peristalsis and leading to severe colicky pain and vomiting. [1700-10; < L ileus colic < Gk eileós, ...
ilex1 /uy"leks/, n. See holm oak. [1350-1400; ME < L] ilex2 /uy"leks/, n. 1. any tree or shrub of the genus Ilex. 2. a holly. [1555-65; < NL, L ilex ILEX1] * * ...
Ilf and Petrov
▪ Soviet humorists       Soviet humorists active at the end of the 1920s and in the '30s. The intimate literary collaboration of Ilya Ilf (pseudonym of Ilya Arnoldovich ...
/il"feuhrd/, n. a former borough in SE England, now part of Redbridge, Greater London. * * *
ILGWU abbrev. International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union * * * ILGWU abbr. International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. * * *
/ee lye"oohs/, n. a seaport in E Brazil. 100,687. * * * ▪ Brazil  city, southeastern Bahia estado (state), northeastern Brazil. It is situated just east of Itabuna near the ...
I·li (ēʹlēʹ) A river, about 1,287 km (800 mi) long, of northwest China and southeast Kazakhstan flowing west into Lake Balkhash. * * *
Ili River
▪ river, Central Asia Chinese (Pinyin)  Yili He  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  I-li Ho , Kazakh  Ile        river in western Uygur Autonomous Region of ...
il·i·a (ĭlʹē-ə) n. Plural of ilium. * * *
/il"ee ak'/, adj. of, pertaining to, or situated near the ilium. [1510-20; ILI(UM) + -AC] * * *
iliac artery
Anat. 1. Also called common iliac artery. either of two large arteries that conduct blood to the pelvis and the legs. 2. Also called external iliac artery. the outer branch of an ...
—Iliadic /il'ee ad"ik/, adj. /il"ee euhd/, n. 1. (italics) a Greek epic poem describing the siege of Troy, ascribed to Homer. 2. (sometimes l.c.) any similar poem; a long ...
Iliamna [il΄ē am′nə] 〚< Esk: named for a mythical great fish of the lake〛 lake in SW Alas., at the base of the Alaska Peninsula: 1,000 sq mi (2,590 sq km) * * *
Iliamna Lake
Lake, Alaska, U.S. The largest lake in Alaska and the second largest freshwater lake entirely within the U.S., it is 80 mi (129 km) long and 25 mi (40 km) wide and covers an area ...
Il·i·am·na Lake (ĭl'ē-ămʹnə) A lake of southwest Alaska at the base of the Alaska Peninsula. Noted for sport fishing, it is the largest lake in the state. Nearby is ...
(as used in expressions) Brezhnev Leonid Ilich Lenin Vladimir Ilich Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov Ilya Ilich Mechnikov * * *
/il'ee es"kooh/, n. Ion, /yawn/, born 1930, Rumanian political leader: president 1989-96. * * *
Iliescu, Ion
▪ president of Romania born March 3, 1930, Oltenita, Romania       Romanian politician who twice served as president of Romania (1990–96; ...
▪ Philippines       city, northern Mindanao, southern Philippines. On the southeastern shore of Iligan Bay, it is the island's major industrial city and an important ...
Ilinsky, Igor
▪ Russian actor born July 11 [July 24, New Style], 1901, Moscow, Russia died January 13, 1987, Moscow       Russian actor of stage and screen, especially well known for ...
a combining form representing ilium in compound words: iliofemoral. * * *
iliocostalis muscle
▪ anatomy       any of the deep muscles of the back that, as part of the erector spinae (sacrospinalis) muscle group, aid in extension (bending backward), lateral ...
/il"ee euhn, -on'/, n. Greek name of ancient Troy. * * * ▪ New York, United States       village, Herkimer county, central New York, U.S. It lies on the Mohawk River ...
Ilipa, Battle of
▪ Roman history       (206 BC), victory of the Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio (later called Scipio Africanus (Scipio Africanus the Elder)) over Carthaginian ...
/il"ee euhm/, n., pl. ilia /il"ee euh/. Anat. the broad, upper portion of either hipbone. See diag. under pelvis. [1705-1710; < NL, special use of ML ilium, as sing. of L ilia; ...
/il"ee euhm/, n. Latin name of ancient Troy. * * *
ilk1 /ilk/, n. 1. family, class, or kind: he and all his ilk. 2. of that ilk, a. (in Scotland) of the same family name or place: Ross of that ilk, i.e., Ross of Ross. b. of the ...
/il"keuh/, adj., Chiefly Scot. every; each. [1150-1200; ME; orig. phrase ilk a each one. See ILK2, A1] * * *
a town in West Yorkshire, England. It is known mainly for Ilkley Moor, which appears in the popular folk song On Ilkley Moor baht ‘at (a local way of saying ‘On Ilkley Moor ...
Ilkley Moor
➡ Ilkley * * *
/il/, adj., worse, worst, n., adv. adj. 1. of unsound physical or mental health; unwell; sick: She felt ill, so her teacher sent her to the nurse. 2. objectionable; ...
ill fame
—ill-famed, adj. bad reputation, esp. in sexual matters. * * *
ill humor
—ill-humored, adj. —ill-humoredly, adv. —ill-humoredness, n. a disagreeable or surly mood. [1560-70] * * *
ill nature
unkindly or unpleasant disposition. [1685-95] * * *
ill temper
—ill-tempered, adj. —ill-temperedly, adv. —ill-temperedness, n. bad or irritable disposition. [1595-1605] * * *
ill will
—ill-willed /il"wild"/, adj. hostile feeling; malevolence; enmity: to harbor ill will against someone. [1250-1300; ME] Syn. hatred, hostility, animosity, antipathy, ...
—ill-advisedly /il'euhd vuy"zid lee/, adv. /il"euhd vuyzd"/, adj. acting or done without due consideration; imprudent: an ill-advised remark. [1585-95] Syn. unwise, ...
See ill-advised. * * *
/il"bee"ing/, n. state or condition of lacking health, solvency, etc. [1830-40; modeled on WELL-BEING] * * *
/il"boh"ding/, adj. foreboding evil; inauspicious; unlucky: ill-boding stars. [1585-95] * * *
/il"bred"/, adj. showing lack of good social breeding; unmannerly; rude. [1615-25] * * *
/il"keuhn seevd"/, adj. badly conceived or planned: an ill-conceived project. * * *
—ill-conditionedness, n. /il"keuhn dish"euhnd/, adj. 1. in a surly or bad mood, state, etc. 2. not in a good or peak condition. [1605-15] * * *
/il"keuhn sid"euhrd/, adj. lacking thorough consideration; ill-suited; unwise. [1825-35] * * *
/il"di fuynd"/, adj. badly or inadequately defined; vague: He confuses the reader with ill-defined terms and concepts. [1865-70] * * *
ill-dis·guised (ĭlʹdĭs-gīzdʹ) adj. Poorly hidden or concealed: ill-disguised animosity. * * *
—ill-disposedness /il"di spoh"zid nis, -spohzd"-/, n. /il"di spohzd"/, adj. 1. unfriendly, unsympathetic, or having a negative attitude, as toward another person or an idea. 2. ...

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