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informant
/in fawr"meuhnt/, n. 1. a person who informs or gives information; informer. 2. a person who supplies social or cultural data in answer to the questions of an investigator. 3. ...
informatics
/in'feuhr mat"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of information processing; computer science. [trans. of Russ informátika (1966); see INFORMATION, -ICS] * * *
information
—informational, adj. /in'feuhr may"sheuhn/, n. 1. knowledge communicated or received concerning a particular fact or circumstance; news: information concerning a crime. 2. ...
information overload
Psychol. an excess of incoming information, as might confront a pedestrian on a crowded city street, that forces one to be selective in the information received and retained. * * ...
information processing
Acquisition, recording, organization, retrieval, display, and dissemination of information. Today the term usually refers to computer-based operations. Information processing ...
Information Processing and Information Systems
▪ 1995       Sweeping change marked the U.S. computer industry in 1994 as longtime players exited the stage and rival systems struggled to dominate the next generation ...
information processing.
See data processing. * * *
information retrieval
the systematic storage and recovery of data, as from a file, card catalog, or the memory bank of a computer. Abbr.: IR [1945-50] * * * Recovery of information, especially in a ...
information science
the study of the nature, collection, and management of information and of its uses, esp. involving computer storage and retrievals. * * * Discipline that deals with the ...
information superhighway
a large-scale communications network providing a variety of often interactive services, such as text databases, electronic mail, and audio and video materials, accessed through ...
information system
Introduction       an integrated set of components for collecting, storing, processing, and communicating information (information science). Business firms, other ...
information technology
the development, implementation, and maintenance of computer hardware and software systems to organize and communicate information electronically. * * *
information theory
the mathematical theory concerned with the content, transmission, storage, and retrieval of information, usually in the form of messages or data, and esp. by means of ...
informationage
information age n. The period beginning around 1970 and noted for the abundant publication, consumption, and manipulation of information, especially by computers and computer ...
informational
See information. * * *
informationscience
information science n. The science that is concerned with the gathering, manipulation, classification, storage, and retrieval of recorded knowledge. * * *
informationsuperhighway
information superhighway n. The global information and communications network that includes the Internet and other networks and switching systems such as telephone networks, ...
informationtechnology
information technology n. Abbr. IT The development, installation, and implementation of computer systems and applications. * * *
informationtheory
information theory n. The theory of the probability of transmission of messages with specified accuracy when the bits of information constituting the messages are subject, with ...
informative
—informatively, adv. —informativeness, n. /in fawr"meuh tiv/, adj. giving information; instructive: an informative book. Also, informatory /in fawr"meuh tawr'ee, ...
informatively
See informative. * * *
informativeness
See informatively. * * *
informatory
in·for·ma·to·ry (ĭn-fôrʹmə-tôr'ē, -tōr'ē) adj. Informative. * * *
informatory double
Bridge. a double intended to inform one's partner that one has a strong hand and to urge a bid regardless of the strength of his or her hand. Also called takeout double. Cf. ...
informed
—informedly /in fawr"mid lee/, adv. /in fawrmd"/, adj. having or prepared with information or knowledge; apprised: an informed audience that asked intelligent ...
informed consent
a patient's consent to a medical or surgical procedure or to participation in a clinical study after being properly advised of the relevant medical facts and the risks ...
informedconsent
informed consent n. Consent by a patient to a surgical or medical procedure or participation in a clinical study after achieving an understanding of the relevant medical facts ...
informer
/in fawr"meuhr/, n. 1. a person who informs against another, esp. for money or other reward. 2. a person who informs or communicates information or news; informant. [1350-1400; ...
informercial
/in'feuhr mur"sheuhl, -feuh-/, n. infomercial. * * *
informing gun
a gun fired by a warship to signal its intention to search a merchant vessel. Also called affirming gun. * * *
infortunate
—infortunately, adv. —infortunateness, n. /in fawr"cheuh nit/, adj. Obs. of or pertaining to infortune. [1350-1400; ME < L infortunatus, equiv. to in- IN-3 + fortunatus ...
infortune
/in fawr"cheuhn/, n. 1. Astrol. a planet or aspect of evil influence, esp. Saturn or Mars. 2. Obs. misfortune. [1325-75; ME (see IN-3, FORTUNE), trans. of L infortunium] * * *
infotain
See infotainment. * * *
infotainment
/in'feuh tayn"meuhnt/, n. edutainment. [INFO(RMATION) + (ENTER)TAINMENT] * * *
infra
/in"freuh/, adv. below, esp. when used in referring to parts of a text. Cf. supra. [1730-40; < L infra; cf. UNDER] * * *
infra dig
/in"freuh dig"/ beneath one's dignity. [1815-25; < L infra dignitatem] * * *
infra-
a prefix meaning "below," used, with second elements of any origin, in the formation of compound words: infrasonic; infrared. [ < L, repr. infra, adv. or prep.] * * *
infraclass
in·fra·class (ĭnʹfrə-klăs') n. A taxonomic category of related organisms ranking below a subclass and above an order. * * *
infract
—infractor, n. /in frakt"/, v.t. to break, violate, or infringe (a law, commitment, etc.). [1790-1800; < L infractus ptp. of infringere to BREAK, bend, weaken (see INFRINGE), ...
infraction
/in frak"sheuhn/, n. 1. breach; violation; infringement: an infraction of the rules. 2. Med. an incomplete fracture of a bone. [1615-25; < L infraction- (s. of infractio). See ...
infractor
See infract. * * *
infradig
in·fra dig (ĭn'frə dĭgʹ) adj. Beneath one's dignity.   [Short for Latin īnfrā dignitātem: īnfrā, below + dignitātem, accusative of dignitās, dignity.] * * *
infrahuman
/in'freuh hyooh"meuhn/ or, often, /-yooh"-/, adj. less than human; subhuman. [1870-75; INFRA- + HUMAN] * * *
infralapsarian
/in'freuh lap sair"ee euhn/, n. 1. a person who believes in infralapsarianism. adj. 2. of or pertaining to infralapsarians or infralapsarianism. [1725-35; INFRA- + L laps(us) a ...
infralapsarianism
/in'freuh lap sair"ee euh niz'euhm/, n. Theol. the doctrine, held by Augustinians and by many Calvinists, that God planned the Creation, permitted the Fall, elected a chosen ...
inframarginal
/in'freuh mahr"jeuh nl/, adj. below the margin; submarginal. [1855-60; INFRA- + MARGINAL] * * *
infrangibility
See infrangible. * * *
infrangible
—infrangibility, infrangibleness, n. —infrangibly, adv. /in fran"jeuh beuhl/, adj. 1. that cannot be broken or separated; unbreakable: infrangible moral strength. 2. that ...
infrangibly
See infrangibility. * * *
infrared
/in'freuh red"/, n. 1. the part of the invisible spectrum that is contiguous to the red end of the visible spectrum and that comprises electromagnetic radiation of wavelengths ...
Infrared Astronomical Satellite
▪ astronomy  U.S.-U.K.-Netherlands satellite launched in 1983 that was the first space observatory to map the entire sky at infrared wavelengths.       After a series ...
infrared astronomy
the study of infrared radiation emitted by celestial objects. [1960-65] * * * Study of astronomical objects by observing the infrared radiation they emit. Its techniques enable ...
infrared galaxy
Astron. a galaxy that radiates strongly in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. [1965-70] * * *
infrared radiation
Portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that extends from the microwave range to the red end of the visible light range. Its wavelengths vary from about 0.7 to 1,000 ...
infrared source
▪ astronomy       in astronomy, any of various celestial objects that radiate measurable quantities of energy in the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. ...
Infrared Space Observatory
▪ satellite   European Space Agency (ESA) satellite that observed astronomical sources of infrared radiation from 1995 to 1998.       After the spectacular success in ...
infrared star
Astron. a star radiating strongly in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. * * *
infrasonic
/in'freuh son"ik/, adj. noting or pertaining to a sound wave with a frequency below the audio-frequency range. [1925-30; INFRA- + SONIC] * * *
infrasonics
/in'freuh son"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of science that deals with infrasonic phenomena. [1965-70; see INFRASONIC, -ICS] * * * ▪ ...
infrasound
/in"freuh sownd'/, n. sound with frequencies below the audible range. [1925-30; INFRA- + SOUND1] * * *
infraspecific
/in'freuh spi sif"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to a subdivision of a species, as a subspecies, variety, or cultivar. [1935-40; INFRA- + SPECIFIC] * * *
infrastructural
See infrastructure. * * *
infrastructure
—infrastructural, adj. /in"freuh struk'cheuhr/, n. 1. the basic, underlying framework or features of a system or organization. 2. the fundamental facilities and systems serving ...
infrequence
See infrequent. * * *
infrequency
/in free"kweuhn see/, n. state of being infrequent. Also, infrequence. [1590-1600; < L infrequentia fewness. See INFREQUENT, -ENCY] * * *
infrequent
—infrequently, adv. /in free"kweuhnt/, adj. 1. happening or occurring at long intervals or rarely: infrequent visits. 2. not constant, habitual, or regular: an infrequent ...
infrequently
See infrequence. * * *
infringe
—infringer, n. /in frinj"/, v., infringed, infringing. v.t. 1. to commit a breach or infraction of; violate or transgress: to infringe a copyright; to infringe a rule. v.i. 2. ...
infringement
/in frinj"meuhnt/, n. 1. a breach or infraction, as of a law, right, or obligation; violation; transgression. 2. an act of infringing. [1585-95; INFRINGE + -MENT] * * *
infringer
See infringe. * * *
infructescence
in·fruc·tes·cence (ĭn'frŭk-tĕsʹəns) n. The fruiting stage of an inflorescence.   [French : Latin in-, in; see in-2 + Latin frūctus, fruit; see fruit.] * * *
infula
/in"fyeuh leuh/, n., pl. infulae /-lee'/. one of the two embroidered lappets of the miter of a bishop. [1600-10; < ML, L: band, priest's headband] * * *
infundibula
in·fun·dib·u·la (ĭn'fən-dĭbʹyə-lə) n. Plural of infundibulum. * * *
infundibular
infundibular [in΄fun dib′yo͞o lətin΄fun dib′yo͞o lər] adj. 1. shaped like a funnel 2. of or having an infundibulum: Also infundibulate [in΄fun dib′yo͞o lət] * * ...
infundibulate
See infundibular. * * *
infundibuliform
/in'fun dib"yeuh leuh fawrm'/, adj. Bot. funnel-shaped. [1745-55; INFUNDIBUL(UM) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
infundibulum
—infundibular, infundibulate /in'fun dib"yeuh layt'/, adj. /in'fun dib"yeuh leuhm/, n., pl. infundibula /-leuh/. Anat. 1. a funnel-shaped organ or part. 2. a funnel-shaped ...
infuriate
—infuriately, adv. —infuriation, n. v. /in fyoor"ee ayt'/; adj. /in fyoor"ee it/, v., infuriated, infuriating, adj. v.t. 1. to make furious; enrage. adj. 2. Archaic. ...
infuriating
—infuriatingly, adv. /in fyoor"ee ay'ting/, adj. causing or tending to cause anger or outrage; maddening: His delay is infuriating. [1880-85; INFURIATE + -ING2] * * *
infuriatingly
See infuriate. * * *
infuriation
See infuriatingly. * * *
infuscate
/in fus"kayt, -kit/, adj. Entomol. darkened with a fuscous or brownish tinge. Also, infuscated. [1640-50; < L infuscatus ptp. of infuscare to darken, discolor. See IN-2, FUSCOUS, ...
infuse
—infuser, n. /in fyoohz"/, v., infused, infusing. v.t. 1. to introduce, as if by pouring; cause to penetrate; instill (usually fol. by into): The energetic new principal ...
infuser
See infuse. * * *
infusibility
See infusible. * * *
infusible
infusible1 —infusibility, infusibleness, n. /in fyooh"zeuh beuhl/, adj. not fusible; incapable of being fused or melted. [1545-55; IN-3 + FUSIBLE] infusible2 /in fyooh"zeuh ...
infusibleness
See infusibility. * * *
infusion
/in fyooh"zheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of infusing. 2. something that is infused. 3. a liquid extract, as tea, prepared by steeping or soaking. 4. Pharm. a. the steeping or ...
infusionism
—infusionist, n. /in fyooh"zheuh niz'euhm/, n. Theol. the doctrine that the soul existed in a previous state and is infused into the body at conception or birth. [1880-85; ...
infusive
/in fyooh"siv/, adj. capable of infusing; inspiring. [1620-30; INFUSE + -IVE] * * *
Infusoria
/in'fyoo sawr"ee euh, -sohr"-/, n.pl. 1. protozoans of the phylum Ciliophora (or class Ciliata). 2. (formerly) any of various microscopic organisms found in infusions of decaying ...
infusorial
/in'fyoo sawr"ee euhl, -sohr"-/, adj. pertaining to, containing, or consisting of infusorians: infusorial earth. [1840-50; INFUSORI(A) + -AL1] * * *
infusorian
/in'fyoo sawr"ee euhn, -sohr"-/, n. 1. any of the Infusoria. adj. 2. infusorial. [1855-60; INFUSORI(A) + -AN] * * *
Inga Falls
▪ rapids, Democratic Republic of the Congo  rapids on the lower Congo River and site of one of the world's largest hydroelectric-dam (hydroelectric power) projects, in ...
ingate
/in"gayt'/, n. Metall. gate1 (def. 15). [1855-60; IN + GATE1] * * *
ingather
—ingatherer, n. /in"gadh euhr, in gadh"euhr/, v.t. 1. to gather or bring in, as a harvest. v.i. 2. to collect; assemble. [1565-75; IN-1 + GATHER] * * *
ingathering
/in"gadh'euhr ing/, n. 1. a gathering in, esp. of farm products; harvest. 2. a gathering together, as of persons; assembly. [1525-35; IN-1 + GATHERING] * * *
Inge
/inj/ for 1; /ing/ for 2, n. 1. William (Motter) /mot"euhr/, 1913-73, U.S. playwright. 2. William Ralph, 1860-1954, Anglican clergyman, scholar, and author: dean of St. Paul's ...
Inge I Haraldsson
▪ king of Norway Inge also spelled  Ingi,  byname  Inge The Hunchback,  Norwegian  Inge Krokrygg  born 1135, Norway died Feb. 1, 1161, Norway       king of ...
Inge, William
▪ American playwright in full  William Motter Inge  born May 3, 1913, Independence, Kan., U.S. died June 10, 1973, Hollywood Hills, Calif.       American playwright ...
Inge, William (Motter)
born May 3, 1913, Independence, Kan., U.S. died June 10, 1973, Hollywood Hills, Calif. U.S. playwright and screenwriter. He worked as a schoolteacher (1937–49) and ...
Inge, William Ralph
▪ British theologian born June 6, 1860, Crayke, Yorkshire, Eng. died Feb. 26, 1954, Wallingford, Berkshire  British divine, Christian Platonist, and dean of St. Paul's ...
Inge,William
Inge (ĭnj), William. 1913-1973. American playwright whose dramas explored the hopes and fears of small-town Midwesterners. His play Picnic (1953) won a Pulitzer Prize. * * *
Ingelow
/in"jeuh loh'/, n. Jean, 1820-97, English poet and novelist. * * *
Ingelow, Jean
▪ British poet and novelist born March 17, 1820, Boston, Lincolnshire, Eng. died July 20, 1897, London       English poet and novelist popular in her own day and ...
Ingemann, Bernhard Severin
▪ Danish author born May 28, 1789, Torkildstrup, Denmark died February 24, 1862, Sorø  historical novelist and poet whose works glorifying Denmark's medieval past were ...
Ingemar
/ing"geuh mahr'/, n. a male given name. * * *
ingeminate
—ingemination, n. /in jem"euh nayt'/, v.t., ingeminated, ingeminating. to repeat; reiterate. [1585-95; < L ingeminatus ptp. of ingeminare to repeat, redouble. See IN-2, ...
ingenerate
ingenerate1 /in jen"euhr it/, adj. not generated; self-existent. [1650-60; < LL ingeneratus not begotten. See IN-3, GENERATE] ingenerate2 —ingenerately, adv. —ingeneration, ...
Ingenhousz, Jan
▪ Dutch scientist born Dec. 8, 1730, Breda, Neth. died Sept. 7, 1799, Bowood, Wiltshire, Eng.  Dutch-born British physician and scientist who is best known for his discovery ...
ingenious
—ingeniously, adv. —ingeniousness, n. /in jeen"yeuhs/, adj. 1. characterized by cleverness or originality of invention or construction: an ingenious machine. 2. cleverly ...
ingeniously
See ingenious. * * *
ingeniousness
See ingeniously. * * *
ingénue
/an"zheuh nooh', -nyooh'/; Fr. /aonn zhay nyuu"/, n., pl. ingénues /-noohz', -nyoohz'/; Fr. /-nyuu"/. 1. the part of an artless, innocent, unworldly girl or young woman, esp. as ...
ingenuity
/in'jeuh nooh"i tee, -nyooh"-/, n., pl. ingenuities for 3. 1. the quality of being cleverly inventive or resourceful; inventiveness: a designer of great ingenuity. 2. cleverness ...
ingenuous
—ingenuously, adv. —ingenuousness, n. /in jen"yooh euhs/, adj. 1. free from reserve, restraint, or dissimulation; candid; sincere. 2. artless; innocent; naive. 3. Obs. ...
ingenuously
See ingenuous. * * *
ingenuousness
See ingenuously. * * *
Ingersoll
/ing"geuhr sawl', -sol', -seuhl/, n. Robert Green, 1833-99, U.S. lawyer, political leader, and orator. * * *
Ingersoll, Robert G(reen)
▪ American politician born Aug. 11, 1833, Dresden, N.Y., U.S. died July 21, 1899, Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.  American politician and orator known as “the great agnostic” who ...
ingest
—ingestible, adj. —ingestion, n. —ingestive, adj. /in jest"/, v.t. 1. to take, as food, into the body (opposed to egest). 2. Aeron. to draw (foreign matter) into the inlet ...
ingesta
/in jes"teuh/, n.pl. substances ingested. [1720-30; < NL, neut. pl. of L ingestus. See INGEST] * * *
ingestant
/in jes"teuhnt/, n. something that is ingested, esp. a substance that may be associated with an allergic reaction. [INGEST + -ANT] * * *
ingestible
See ingest. * * *
ingestion
See ingestible. * * *
ingestive
See ingestible. * * *
Ingham
▪ Queensland, Australia       town, northeastern Queensland, Australia, 19 miles (31 km) upstream from the mouth of the Herbert River. Founded in 1864, it was gazetted ...
ingle
/ing"geuhl/, n. Chiefly Brit. Dial. 1. a fire burning in a hearth. 2. a fireplace; hearth. [1500-10; < ScotGael aingeal fire] * * *
inglenook
/ing"geuhl nook'/, n. a corner or nook near a fireplace; chimney corner. [1765-75; INGLE + NOOK] * * * ▪ furniture       wooden seat or settle built into the space on ...
ingleside
/ing"geuhl suyd'/, n. Chiefly Brit. Dial. a fireside. [1740-50; INGLE + SIDE1] * * *
Inglewood
/ing"geuhl wood'/, n. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 94,245. * * * City (pop., 2000: 112,580), southwestern California, U.S., situated southwest of Los ...
Inglin, Meinrad
▪ Swiss author born July 28, 1893, Schwyz, Switz. died Dec. 4, 1971, Schwyz       Swiss novelist and short-story writer who powerfully portrayed rural and small town ...
Inglis, Charles
▪ Canadian bishop born 1734, Glencolumbkille, County Donegal, Ire. died Feb. 24, 1816, near Halifax, Nova Scotia, Can.  Canadian clergyman and educator who became the first ...
Inglis, Esther
▪ Scottish calligrapher also called  Esther Kello  born 1571, London, Eng.? died 1624, Edinburgh, Scot.       Scottish calligrapher (calligraphy) born in London to ...
inglorious
—ingloriously, adv. —ingloriousness, n. /in glawr"ee euhs, -glohr"-/, adj. 1. shameful; disgraceful: inglorious retreat. 2. not famous or honored. [1565-75; < L inglorius. ...
ingloriously
See inglorious. * * *
ingloriousness
See ingloriously. * * *
Ingmar
/ing"mahr/, n. a male given name. * * *
ingoing
/in"goh'ing/, adj. going in; entering. [1300-50; ME; see IN-1, GOING] * * *
Ingolstadt
In·gol·stadt (ĭngʹgəl-shtät', -gôl-) A city of southeast Germany on the Danube River north of Munich. Population: 109,666. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Bavaria ...
ingot
/ing"geuht/, n. 1. a mass of metal cast in a convenient form for shaping, remelting, or refining. v.t. 2. to make ingots of; shape into ingots. [1350-1400; ME: lit., (something) ...
ingot iron
an iron of high purity made by a basic open-hearth process. [1875-80] * * *
ingotiron
ingot iron n. A bar of iron that contains small quantities of other elements. * * *
ingraft
—ingraftment, ingraftation, n. /in graft", -grahft"/, v.t. engraft. * * *
Ingraham, Hubert
▪ prime minister of The Bahamas in full,  Hubert Alexander Ingraham  born Aug. 4, 1947, Pine Ridge, Grand Bahama Island, The Bahamas       Bahamian political leader ...
ingrain
v. /in grayn"/; adj., n. /in"grayn'/, v.t. 1. to implant or fix deeply and firmly, as in the nature or mind. adj. 2. ingrained; firmly fixed. 3. (of fiber or yarn) dyed in a raw ...
ingrained
—ingrainedly /in gray"nid lee, -graynd"-/, adv. —ingrainedness, n. /in graynd", in"graynd'/, adj. 1. firmly fixed; deep-rooted; inveterate: ingrained superstition. 2. wrought ...
Ingraj Bazar
▪ India formerly  English Bazar , also called  Angrezabad        city, north-central West Bengal state, northeastern India, just west of the Mahananda River. The ...
Ingram
/ing"greuhm/, n. a male given name. * * *
Ingram, John Kells
▪ Irish economist born July 7, 1823, Temple Carne, County Donegal, Ireland died May 1, 1907, Dublin       Irish economic historian who also achieved fame as a scholar ...
Ingram, Vernon Martin
▪ 2007 Werner Adolf Martin Immerwahr        American biochemist (b. May 19, 1924, Breslau, Ger. [now Wroclaw, Pol.]—d. Aug. 17, 2006, Boston, Mass.), was hailed as the ...
ingrate
—ingrately, adv. /in"grayt/, n. 1. an ungrateful person. adj. 2. Archaic. ungrateful. [1350-1400; ME ingrat < L ingratus ungrateful. See IN-3, GRATEFUL] * * *
ingratiate
—ingratiation, n. —ingratiatory /in gray"shee euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /in gray"shee ayt'/, v.t., ingratiated, ingratiating. to establish (oneself) in the favor or good ...
ingratiating
—ingratiatingly, adv. /in gray"shee ay'ting/, adj. 1. charming; agreeable; pleasing. 2. deliberately meant to gain favor: an ingratiating manner. [1635-45; INGRATIATE + ...
ingratiatingly
See ingratiating. * * *
ingratiation
See ingratiate. * * *
ingratiatory
See ingratiation. * * *
ingratitude
/in grat"i toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. the state of being ungrateful; unthankfulness. [1175-1225; ME < ML ingratitudo. See IN-3, GRATITUDE] * * *
ingravescent
ingravescent [in΄grə ves′ənt] adj. 〚L ingravescens, prp. of ingravescere, to become heavier, grow worse < in-, IN-1 + gravis, heavy, severe, GRAVE1〛 Now Rare becoming ...
ingredient
/in gree"dee euhnt/, n. 1. something that enters as an element into a mixture: Flour, eggs, and sugar are the main ingredients in the cake. 2. a constituent element of anything; ...
Ingres
/aonn"grddeu/, n. Jean Auguste Dominique /zhahonn oh gyuust" daw mee neek"/, 1780-1867, French painter. * * *
Ingres, J.-A.-D
▪ French painter Introduction in full  Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres  born August 29, 1780, Montauban, France died January 14, 1867, Paris  painter and icon of cultural ...
Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique
born Aug. 29, 1780, Montauban, France died Jan. 14, 1867, Paris French painter. He studied with Jacques-Louis David in Paris before attending the École des Beaux-Arts ...
Ingres,Jean Auguste Dominique
In·gres (ăɴʹgrə), Jean Auguste Dominique. 1780-1867. French painter and leader of the French classical school who is remembered for his historical and mythological works. * ...
ingress
—ingression /in gresh"euhn/, n. /in"gres/, n. 1. the act of going in or entering. 2. the right to enter. 3. a means or place of entering; entryway. 4. Astron. immersion (def. ...
ingressive
—ingressively, adv. —ingressiveness, n. /in gres"iv/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or involving ingress. 2. Phonet. (of a speech sound) produced with air being taken into the ...
ingressiveness
See ingressive. * * *
Ingrid
/ing"grid/, n. a female given name. * * * ▪ 2001 Princess Ingrid Victoria Sofia Louise Margareta        Swedish-born Danish royal (b. March 28, 1910, Stockholm, ...
Ingrid Bergman
➡ Bergman * * *
ingrowing
/in"groh'ing/, adj. 1. growing into the flesh: an ingrowing nail. 2. growing within or inward. [1865-70; IN-1 + GROWING] * * *
ingrown
/in"grohn'/, adj. 1. having grown into the flesh: an ingrown toenail. 2. grown within or inward. [1660-70; IN-1 + GROWN] * * *
ingrowth
/in"grohth'/, n. 1. growth inward. 2. something formed by growth inward. [1865-70; IN-1 + GROWTH] * * *
Ingstad, Helge Marcus
▪ 2002       Norwegian writer and adventurer (b. Dec. 30, 1899, Meraaker, Nor.—d. March 29, 2001, Oslo, Nor.), proved the long-debated theory that Vikings established ...
inguinal
/ing"gweuh nl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or situated in the groin. [1675-85; < L inguinalis of the groin, equiv. to inguin- (s. of inguen) swelling in the groin, groin (c. Gk ...
inguinal hernia
Pathol. a common type of hernia in which a loop of the intestine protrudes directly through a weak area of the abdominal wall in the groin region. * * *
inguino-
inguino- [iŋ′gwi nō΄, iŋ′gwinə] combining form inguinal and: also, before a vowel, inguin- * * *
ingulf
/in gulf"/, v.t. engulf. * * *
ingurgitate
—ingurgitation, n. /in gerr"ji tayt'/, v., ingurgitated, ingurgitating. v.t. 1. to swallow greedily or in great quantity, as food. 2. to engulf; swallow up: The floodwaters ...
ingurgitation
See ingurgitate. * * *
Inguri Dam
▪ dam, Georgia       world's highest arch dam (completed 1980), located on the Inguri River in western Georgia near the point at which the river leaves the Caucasus ...
Ingush
/in goohsh"/, n., pl. Ingushes, (esp. collectively) Ingush for 1. 1. a member of a Sunni Muslim people living north of the Caucasus Mountains, closely related to the Chechen. 2. ...
Ingushetia
In·gu·she·ti·a (ĭnʹgo͞o-shē'tē-ə, ĭngʹ-) An autonomous republic of southwest Russia in the northern Caucasus west of Chechnya. Conquered by Russia in the 19th ...
Ingveonic
/ing'vee on"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to Old English, Old Frisian, and Old Saxon, taken collectively. Also, Ingvaeonic, Ingwaeonic, Ingweonic /ing'wee on"ik/. [1930-35; after L ...
INH
Pharm. See isonicotinic acid hydrazide. * * *
inhabit
—inhabitable, adj. —inhabitability, n. —inhabitation, n. /in hab"it/, v.t. 1. to live or dwell in (a place), as people or animals: Small animals inhabited the woods. 2. to ...
inhabitability
See inhabit. * * *
inhabitable
inhabitable inhabitable1 [in hab′it ə bəl] adj. that can be inhabited; fit to live in; habitable inhabitability n. inhabitable2 [in hab′it ə bəl] adj. Obs. not ...
inhabitancy
/in hab"i tn see/, n., pl. inhabitancies. 1. place of residence; habitation. 2. residency; occupancy. Also, inhabitance. [1675-85; INHABIT(ANT) + -ANCY] * * *
inhabitant
/in hab"i teuhnt/, n. a person or animal that inhabits a place, esp. as a permanent resident. [1400-50; late ME < L inhabitant- (s. of inhabitans) dwelling in. See INHABIT, ...
inhabitation
inhabitation [in hab΄i tā′shən] n. 〚ME inhabitacioun < LL inhabitatio〛 an inhabiting or being inhabited * * * See inhabitability. * * *
inhabited
—inhabitedness, n. /in hab"i tid/, adj. having inhabitants; occupied; lived in or on: an inhabited island. [1490-1500; INHABIT + -ED2] * * *
inhabiter
/in hab"i teuhr/, n. Archaic. inhabitant. [1400-50; late ME; see INHABIT, -ER1] * * *
inhalant
/in hay"leuhnt/, n. 1. a medicine, allergen, or other substance that is inhaled. 2. any volatile substance, as nitrous oxide, butyl nitrite, toluene, gasoline, or paint thinner, ...
inhalation
/in'heuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of inhaling. 2. an inhalant. [1615-25; INHALE + -ATION] * * *
inhalator
/in"heuh lay'teuhr/, n. an apparatus designed to mix carbon dioxide and oxygen, esp. for use in artificial respiration. [1925-30, Amer.; INHALE + -ATOR] * * *
inhale
/in hayl"/, v., inhaled, inhaling. v.t. 1. to breathe in; draw in by breathing: to inhale the polluted air. v.i. 2. to breathe in, esp. the smoke of cigarettes, cigars, etc.: Do ...
inhaler
/in hay"leuhr/, n. 1. an apparatus or device used in inhaling medicinal vapors, anesthetics, etc. 2. a respirator. 3. a person who inhales. [1770-80; INHALE + -ER1] * * *
Inhambane
/in'yeuhm bah"neuh/, n. a seaport in SE Mozambique. 70,000. * * * ▪ Mozambique       town, southeastern Mozambique. The town is a commercial seaport on Inhambane Bay, ...
inharmonic
—inharmony /in hahr"meuh nee/, n. /in'hahr mon"ik/, adj. not harmonic; dissonant. [1820-30; IN-3 + HARMONIC] * * *
inharmonious
—inharmoniously, adv. —inharmoniousness, n. /in'hahr moh"nee euhs/, adj. 1. not harmonious; discordant; unmelodious. 2. not congenial or compatible; discordant; disagreeing: ...
inharmoniously
See inharmonious. * * *
inharmoniousness
See inharmoniously. * * *
inharmony
inharmony [in här′mə nē] n. lack of harmony; discord; conflict * * * in·har·mo·ny (ĭn-härʹmə-nē) n. pl. in·har·mo·nies 1. Lack of harmony; discord. 2. An ...
inhaul
/in"hawl'/, n. Naut. any of various lines for hauling a sail, spar, etc., inward or inboard in order to stow it after use. Also, inhauler. [1855-60; IN-1 + HAUL] * * *
inher.
inheritance. * * *
inhere
/in hear"/, v.i., inhered, inhering. to exist permanently and inseparably in, as a quality, attribute, or element; belong intrinsically; be inherent: the advantages that inhere ...
inherence
/in hear"euhns, -her"-/, n. 1. the state or fact of inhering or being inherent. 2. Philos. the relation of an attribute to its subject. [1570-80; < ML inhaerentia. See INHERENT, ...
inherency
/in hear"euhn see, -her"-/, n., pl. inherencies for 2. 1. inherence. 2. something inherent. [1595-1605; < ML inhaerentia. See INHERENT, -ENCY] * * *
inherent
—inherently, adv. /in hear"euhnt, -her"-/, adj. 1. existing in someone or something as a permanent and inseparable element, quality, or attribute: an inherent distrust of ...
inherently
See inherent. * * *
inherit
/in her"it/, v.t. 1. to take or receive (property, a right, a title, etc.) by succession or will, as an heir: to inherit the family business. 2. to receive as if by succession ...
inheritability
See inheritable. * * *
inheritable
—inheritability, inheritableness, n. —inheritably, adv. /in her"i teuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being inherited. 2. capable of inheriting; qualified to inherit. [1375-1425; ...
inheritance
/in her"i teuhns/, n. 1. something that is or may be inherited; property passing at the owner's death to the heir or those entitled to succeed; legacy. 2. the genetic characters ...
inheritance tax
a tax levied on the right of an heir to receive a decedent's property, the rate being a percentage of the value of the property. Also called death tax; Brit., death duty. Cf. ...
inheritancetax
inheritance tax n. A tax imposed on the privilege of receiving property by inheritance or legal succession and assessed on the value of the property received. Also called death ...
inheriteddisorder
in·her·it·ed disorder (ĭn-hĕrʹĭ-tĭd) n. See genetic disorder. * * *
inheritor
/in her"i teuhr/, n. a person who inherits; heir. [1400-50; late ME enheritour, -er. See INHERIT, -OR2] * * *
inheritrix
/in her"i triks/, n., pl. inheritrices /in her'i truy"seez/. Law a woman who inherits; heiress. Also, inheritress /in her"i tris/. [1475-85; INHERI(TOR) + -TRIX] Usage. See ...
inhesion
/in hee"zheuhn/, n. the state or fact of inhering; inherence. [1625-35; < LL inhaesion- (s. of inhaesio), equiv. to L inhaes(us) ptp. of inhaerere to INHERE + -ion- -ION] * * *
inhibin
/in hib"in/, Biochem. a hormone, found in semen, that acts on the pituitary gland to decrease FSH. [1980-85; INHIB(IT) + -IN2] * * *
inhibit
—inhibitable, adj. —inhibitory /in hib"i tawr"ee, -tohr'ee/, inhibitive, adj. /in hib"it/, v.t. 1. to restrain, hinder, arrest, or check (an action, impulse, etc.). 2. to ...
inhibitable
See inhibit. * * *
inhibited
/in hib"i tid/, adj. 1. overly restrained. 2. Psychol. suffering from inhibition. [1960-65; INHIBIT + ED2] * * *
inhibiter
in·hib·it·er (ĭn-hĭbʹĭ-tər) n. Variant of inhibitor. * * *
inhibition
/in'i bish"euhn, in'hi-/, n. 1. the act of inhibiting. 2. the state of being inhibited. 3. something that inhibits; constraint. 4. Psychol. a. the blocking or holding back of one ...
inhibitive
See inhibitable. * * *
inhibitor
/in hib"i teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that inhibits. 2. Chem. a substance that decreases the rate of or stops completely a chemical reaction. 3. any impurity in a mineral ...
inhibitory
See inhibitable. * * *
inholder
See inholding. * * *
inholding
—inholder, n. /in"hohl'ding/, n. a tract of land under private ownership within a national park. [IN-1 + HOLDING] * * *
inhomogeneity
—inhomogeneous /in'hoh meuh jee"nee euhs, -hom euh-/, adj. —inhomogeneously, adv. /in hoh'meuh jeuh nee"i tee, -hom'euh-/, n. 1. lack of homogeneity. 2. something that is not ...
inhomogeneous
inhomogeneous [in΄hō΄mō jē′nē əs, in΄hō΄məjē′nē əs] adj. not homogeneous * * *
inhospitable
—inhospitableness, n. —inhospitably, adv. /in hos"pi teuh beuhl, in'ho spit"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. not inclined to, or characterized by, hospitality, as persons or actions; ...
inhospitableness
See inhospitable. * * *
inhospitably
See inhospitableness. * * *
inhospitality
/in'hos pi tal"i tee, in hos'-/, n. lack of hospitality; inhospitable attitude toward or treatment of visitors, guests, etc. [1560-70; < L inhospitalitas. See IN-3, ...
inhuman
—inhumanly, adv. —inhumanness, n. /in hyooh"meuhn/ or, often, /-yooh"-/, adj. 1. lacking qualities of sympathy, pity, warmth, compassion, or the like; cruel; brutal: an ...
inhumane
—inhumanely, adv. /in'hyooh mayn"/ or, often, /-yooh-/, adj. not humane; lacking humanity, kindness, compassion, etc. [1590-1600; var. of INHUMAN; see IN-3, HUMANE] * * *
inhumanely
See inhumane. * * *
inhumanity
/in'hyooh man"i tee/ or, often, /-yooh-/, n., pl. inhumanities for 2. 1. the state or quality of being inhuman or inhumane; cruelty. 2. an inhuman or inhumane act. [1470-80; ...
inhumanly
See inhuman. * * *
inhumanness
See inhumanly. * * *
inhumation
See inhume. * * *
inhume
—inhumation, n. —inhumer, n. /in hyoohm"/ or, often, /-yoohm"/, v.t., inhumed, inhuming. to bury; inter. [1610-20; < ML inhumare, equiv. to L in- IN-2 + -humare, deriv. of ...
inhumer
See inhumation. * * *
Inigo Jones
➡ Jones (IV) * * *
inimical
—inimically, adv. —inimicalness, inimicality, n. /i nim"i keuhl/, adj. 1. adverse in tendency or effect; unfavorable; harmful: a climate inimical to health. 2. unfriendly; ...
inimically
See inimical. * * *
inimitability
See inimitable. * * *
inimitable
—inimitability, inimitableness, n. —inimitably, adv. /i nim"i teuh beuhl/, adj. incapable of being imitated or copied; surpassing imitation; matchless. [1525-35; < L ...
inimitableness
See inimitability. * * *
inimitably
See inimitability. * * *
inion
/in"ee euhn/, n. Craniom. a point at the external occipital protuberance of the skull. [1805-15; < NL < Gk iníon nape of the neck, equiv. to in- (s. of ís) fiber, sinew + -ion ...
iniquitous
—iniquitously, adv. —iniquitousness, n. /i nik"wi teuhs/, adj. characterized by injustice or wickedness; wicked; sinful. [1720-30; INIQUIT(Y) + -OUS] Syn. flagitious, ...
iniquitously
See iniquitous. * * *
iniquitousness
See iniquitously. * * *
iniquity
/i nik"wi tee/, n., pl. iniquities. 1. gross injustice or wickedness. 2. a violation of right or duty; wicked act; sin. [1300-50; ME < L iniquitas unevenness, unfairness, equiv. ...
Inisa
▪ Nigeria       town, Oyo state, southwestern Nigeria, near a station on the railroad from Lagos, some 135 miles (215 km) to the southwest. Situated on the road from ...
init
init abbrev. initial * * *
init.
initial. * * *
initial
—initialer, n. —initially, adv. /i nish"euhl/, adj., n., v., initialed, initialing or (esp. Brit.) initialled, initialling. adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or occurring at the ...
initial code.
See under zip code. * * *
initial rhyme.
See beginning rhyme. [1830-40] * * *


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