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Initial Teaching Alphabet
a writing system based on an expanded English alphabet, consisting of 43 characters representing different phonemes of spoken English, used for teaching beginners to read. Abbr.: ...
initialism
/i nish"euh liz'euhm/, n. 1. a name or term formed from the initial letters of a group of words and pronounced as a separate word, as NATO for North Atlantic Treaty Organization; ...
initialization
See initialize. * * *
initialize
/i nish"euh luyz'/, v.t., initialized, initializing. Computers. 1. to set (variables, counters, switches, etc.) to their starting values at the beginning of a program or ...
initializer
See initialization. * * *
initially
initially [i nish′əl ē] adv. at the beginning; at first * * * See initial. * * *
initialness
See initially. * * *
initialrhyme
initial rhyme n. See beginning rhyme. * * *
initialteaching alphabet
initial teaching alphabet n. An alphabet with 44 symbols, each of which represents a single sound, that is used to teach beginning reading of English. * * *
initiate
—initiator, n. v. /i nish"ee ayt'/; adj., n. /i nish"ee it, -ayt'/, v., initiated, initiating, adj., n. v.t. 1. to begin, set going, or originate: to initiate major social ...
initiation
/i nish'ee ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. formal admission or acceptance into an organization or club, adult status in one's community or society, etc. 2. the ceremonies or rites of ...
initiative
—initiatively, adv. /i nish"ee euh tiv, i nish"euh-/, n. 1. an introductory act or step; leading action: to take the initiative in making friends. 2. readiness and ability in ...
initiatively
See initiative. * * *
initiator
See initiate. * * * ▪ polymerization       a source of any chemical species that reacts with a monomer (single molecule that can form chemical bonds) to form an ...
initiatory
—initiatorily /i nish'ee euh tawr"euh lee, -tohr"-; i nish"ee euh tawr'euh lee, -tohr'-/, adv. /i nish"ee euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. 1. introductory; initial: an initiatory ...
inject
/in jekt"/, v.t. 1. to force (a fluid) into a passage, cavity, or tissue: to inject a medicine into the veins. 2. to introduce (something new or different): to inject humor into ...
inject.
(in prescriptions) an injection. [ < L injectio] * * *
injectable
/in jek"teuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being injected. n. 2. a pharmaceutical preparation that can be injected. [1965-70; INJECT + -ABLE] * * *
injectant
/in jek"teuhnt/, n. a substance injected through the skin, as bee-sting venom or penicillin administered by injection, that causes an allergic reaction. [1945-50; INJECT + ...
injection
/in jek"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of injecting. 2. something that is injected. 3. a liquid injected into the body, esp. for medicinal purposes, as a hypodermic or an enema. 4. state ...
injection molding
a method of forming thermoplastic or thermoset plastic, metal, or ceramic material by injection into a closed mold. [1935-40] * * *
injectionmolding
injection molding n. A manufacturing process for forming objects, as of plastic or metal, by heating the molding material to a fluid state and injecting it into a mold. * * *
injectionwell
injection well n. A deep well into which water or pressurized gas is pumped in order to push petroleum resources out of underground reservoirs toward production wells, so as to ...
injector
/in jek"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that injects. 2. Mach. a. a device for injecting feedwater into a boiler against high pressure by means of a jet of steam. b. Also called ...
injudicious
—injudiciously, adv. —injudiciousness, n. /in'jooh dish"euhs/, adj. not judicious; showing lack of judgment; unwise; imprudent; indiscreet: an injudicious decision. [1640-50; ...
injudiciously
See injudicious. * * *
injudiciousness
See injudiciously. * * *
Injun
/in"jeuhn/, n. Often Offensive. an American Indian. [1805-15; var. of INDIAN, with assibilated d; cf. CAJUN] * * *
injunction
—injunctive, adj. —injunctively, adv. /in jungk"sheuhn/ n. 1. Law. a judicial process or order requiring the person or persons to whom it is directed to do a particular act ...
injunctive
See injunction. * * *
injure
—injurable, adj. —injurer, n. /in"jeuhr/, v.t., injured, injuring. 1. to do or cause harm of any kind to; damage; hurt; impair: to injure one's hand. 2. to do wrong or ...
injurer
See injure. * * *
injurious
—injuriously, adv. —injuriousness, n. /in joor"ee euhs/, adj. 1. harmful, hurtful, or detrimental, as in effect: injurious eating habits. 2. doing or involving injury or ...
injuriously
See injurious. * * *
injuriousness
See injuriously. * * *
injury
/in"jeuh ree/, n., pl. injuries. 1. harm or damage that is done or sustained: to escape without injury. 2. a particular form or instance of harm: an injury to one's shoulder; an ...
injustice
/in jus"tis/, n. 1. the quality or fact of being unjust; inequity. 2. violation of the rights of others; unjust or unfair action or treatment. 3. an unjust or unfair act; ...
ink
—inker, n. —inkless, adj. —inklike, adj. /ingk/, n. 1. a fluid or viscous substance used for writing or printing. 2. a dark, protective fluid ejected by the cuttlefish and ...
ink ball
Print. one of a pair of heavy pads of horsehair and cotton covered with sheepskin or buckskin and equipped with a handle, used before the invention of the ink roller for dabbing ...
ink fountain
the part of a printing press that stores ink and feeds it to the rollers. [1870-75] * * *
Ink Spots, the
▪ American music group  American vocal group prominent in the late 1930s and '40s. One of the first African-American groups, along with the Mills Brothers, to reach both ...
ink-jet printing
—ink-jet printer. /ingk"jet'/ a high-speed typing or printing process in which charged droplets of ink issuing from nozzles are directed onto paper under computer control. Also ...
ink-jetprinter
ink-jet printer (ĭngkʹjĕt') n. A printer that forms an image by using electromagnetic fields to guide electrically charged ink streams onto the page. * * *
Inka
In·ka (ĭngʹkə) n. Variant of Inca. * * *
Inkan
In·kan (ĭngʹkən) adj. & n. Variant of Incan. * * *
Inkatha Freedom Party
Political party in South Africa consisting largely of the Zulu. It originated in 1924 as a cultural movement under King Dinizulu. His grandson, Mangosuthu G. Buthelezi, revived ...
inkberry
/ingk"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. inkberries. 1. Also called gallberry. a shrub, Ilex glabra, having leathery, evergreen leaves and black berries. 2. the pokeweed. 3. the berry ...
inkblot
inkblot [iŋk′blät΄] n. any of a group of irregular patterns made by blots of ink and used in psychological testing: see RORSCHACH TEST * * * ink·blot ...
inkblot test
/ingk"blot'/ any of various psychological tests in which varied patterns formed by blotted ink are interpreted by the subject. Cf. Rorschach test. [1925-30; INK + BLOT1] * * ...
inkblottest
inkblot test n. A psychological test in which a subject's interpretation of inkblots is analyzed. * * *
inker
inker [iŋ′kər] n. 1. a person or thing that inks 2. Printing a roller for spreading ink on type * * * See ink. * * *
Inkerman
/ing"keuhr mahn'/, n. a town in S Crimea, in S Ukraine: Russian defeat by the English and French 1854. * * *
inkhorn
/ingk"hawrn'/, n. a small container of horn or other material, formerly used to hold writing ink. [1350-1400; ME; see INK, HORN] * * *
inkhorn term
an obscure, affectedly or ostentatiously erudite borrowing from another language, esp. Latin or Greek. [1535-45] * * *
inkiness
See inker. * * *
inkjet
inkjet [iŋk′jet΄] adj. designating or of a high-speed printing process in which jets of ink are broken up into electrostatically charged drops, which are guided by a computer ...
inkle
/ing"keuhl/, n. 1. a linen tape used for trimmings. 2. the linen thread or yarn from which this tape is made. [1535-45; orig. uncert.] * * *
inkle loom
a simple narrow loom used for weaving long decorative tapes and bands. [1840-50] * * *
inkling
/ingk"ling/, n. 1. a slight suggestion or indication; hint; intimation: They hadn't given us an inkling of what was going to happen. 2. a vague idea or notion; slight ...
inksac
ink sac n. An ink-containing organ located near the rectum in most cephalopods, including the octopus, squid, and cuttlefish. * * *
inkstand
/ingk"stand'/, n. 1. a small stand, usually on a desk, for holding ink, pens, etc. 2. a small container for ink. [1765-75; INK + STAND] * * *       receptacle for a pen, ...
Inkster
/ingk"steuhr/, n. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 35,190. * * *
Inkster, Juli
▪ 2000       On Sept. 26, 1999, American golfer Juli Inkster became the 17th member of the Ladies' Professional Golf Association Hall of Fame when she won the Safeway ...
inkstone
ink·stone (ĭngkʹstōn') n. A stone used in Chinese calligraphy and painting for grinding dry ink and mixing it with water. * * *
inkwell
/ingk"wel'/, n. a small container for ink. Also called, esp. Brit., inkpot /ingk"pot'/. [1870-75; INK + WELL2] * * *
inkwood
/ingk"wood'/, n. a tropical tree, Exothea paniculata, of the soapberry family, yielding a hard, reddish-brown wood. [1885-90; INK + WOOD1] * * *
inky
—inkiness, n. /ing"kee/, adj., inkier, inkiest. 1. black as ink: inky shadows. 2. resembling ink: The solution was an inky liquid. 3. stained with ink: inky fingers. 4. of or ...
inky cap
any mushroom of the genus Coprinus, esp. C. atramentarius, characterized by gills that disintegrate into blackish liquid after the spores mature. [1920-25] * * * ▪ mushroom ...
inkycap
inky cap n. Any of various mushrooms of the genus Coprinus, having gills that dissolve into a dark liquid after maturation of the spores. * * *
INLA
➡ Irish National Liberation Army. * * *
inlace
/in lays"/, v.t., inlaced, inlacing. enlace. * * *
inlaid
/in"layd', in layd"/, adj. 1. set into the surface of something: an inlaid design on a chest. 2. decorated or made with a design set into the surface: an inlaid ...
inland
adj. /in"leuhnd/; adv., n. /in"land', -leuhnd/, adj. 1. pertaining to or situated in the interior part of a country or region: inland cities. 2. Brit. domestic or internal: ...
inland bill
a bill of exchange drawn and payable, actually or on its face, in the same jurisdiction, as in the same country or state. Cf. foreign bill. [1675-85] * * *
inland marine insurance
insurance chiefly covering risks to goods and means of transportation involved in the transporting of goods overland or by inland waterways. Cf. ocean marine insurance. * * *
Inland Passage
☆ Inland Passage INSIDE PASSAGE * * *
Inland Revenue
the government department in charge of the tax system in Britain. It collects income tax, as well as other taxes including capital gains tax, corporation tax, inheritance tax and ...
Inland Sea
a sea in SW Japan, enclosed by the islands of Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. 240 mi. (385 km) long. * * * ▪ sea, Japan Japanese  Seto-naikai,         the body of water ...
inland water ecosystem
▪ biology Introduction       complex of living organisms in free water on continental landmasses.       Inland waters represent parts of the biosphere within ...
InlandEmpire
In·land Empire (ĭnʹlənd, -lănd') A region of the northwest United States between the Cascade Range and the Rocky Mountains, comprising eastern Washington, eastern Oregon, ...
inlander
/in"leuhn deuhr/, n. a person living inland. [1600-10; INLAND + -ER1] * * *
InlandPassage
Inland Passage See Inside Passage. * * *
InlandSea
Inland Sea An arm of the Pacific Ocean in southern Japan between Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Linked to the Sea of Japan by a narrow channel, the sea is famous for its scenic ...
inlaut
/in"lowt'/, n., pl. inlaute /-low'teuh/, inlauts. Ling. 1. medial position in a word, esp. as a conditioning environment in sound change. 2. a sound in this position. Cf. anlaut, ...
inlaw
—inlawry, n. /in law", in"law'/, v.t. Law. to restore (an outlaw) to the benefits and protection of the law. [bef. 1000; ME inlawen, OE inlagian. See IN-1, LAW] * * *
inlay
—inlayer, n. v. /in"lay', in'lay"/; n. /in"lay'/, v., inlaid, inlaying, n. v.t. 1. to decorate (an object) with layers of fine materials set in its surface: to inlay a chest ...
inlay graft
Hort. a graft in which the scion is matched into a place in the stock from which a piece of corresponding bark has been removed. Also called inlay. * * *
inlayer
See inlay. * * *
inlet
n. /in"let, -lit/; v. /in"let', in let"/, n., v., inlet, inletting. n. 1. an indentation of a shoreline, usually long and narrow; small bay or arm. 2. a narrow passage between ...
inlier
/in"luy'euhr/, n. Geol. an outcrop of a formation completely surrounded by rocks of younger age. Cf. outlier. [1855-60; IN + (OUT)LIER] * * *
inline
/in"luyn'/, n. Print. an ornamented type with a line of white or of a contrasting color running just inside the edge and following the contour of each letter. [1920-25; IN + ...
inloco parentis
in lo·co pa·ren·tis (ĭn lō'kō pə-rĕnʹtĭs) adv. In the position or place of a parent.   [Latin in locō parentis: in, in + locō, ablative of locus, place + parentis, ...
inly
/in"lee/, adv. 1. inwardly. 2. intimately; deeply. [bef. 900; ME inliche, OE inlice. See IN, -LY] * * *
inlying
in·ly·ing (ĭnʹlī'ĭng) adj. Located farther in: navigated the river and its inlying tributaries. * * *
Inman, (Frederick) John
▪ 2008  British actor and comedian born June 28, 1935 , Preston, Lancashire, Eng. died March 8, 2007 , London, Eng. delighted audiences on three continents with his campy ...
Inman, Henry
▪ American painter born October 28, 1801, Utica, New York, U.S. died January 17, 1846, New York City       the leading American portraitist of his ...
inmate
/in"mayt'/, n. 1. a person who is confined in a prison, hospital, etc. 2. Archaic. a person who dwells with others in the same house. [1580-90; IN-1 + MATE1] * * *
inmates
➡ prisons * * *
inmedias res
in me·di·as res (ĭn mē'dē-əs rāsʹ) adv. In or into the middle of a sequence of events, as in a literary narrative.   [Latin in mediās rēs: in, into + mediās, ...
inmemoriam
in me·mo·ri·am (ĭn' mə-môrʹē-əm, -mōrʹ-) prep. In memory of; as a memorial to. Used especially in epitaphs.   [From Latin in memoriam, to the memory (of) : in, in, ...
inmesh
/in mesh"/, v.t. enmesh. * * *
inmost
/in"mohst'/ or, esp. Brit., /-meuhst/, adj. 1. situated farthest within: the inmost recesses of the forest. 2. most intimate or secret: one's inmost thoughts. [bef. 900; ME (see ...
inn
—innless, adj. /in/, n. 1. a commercial establishment that provides lodging, food, etc., for the public, esp. travelers; small hotel. 2. a tavern. 3. (cap.) Brit. a. any of ...
Inn
/in/, n. a river in central Europe, flowing from S Switzerland through Austria and Germany into the Danube. 320 mi. (515 km) long. * * *       building that affords ...
Inn River
Major tributary of the Danube River. It rises in Switzerland and flows 317 mi (510 km) northeast across western Austria and southern Germany. Its Swiss section is called the ...
innage
/in"ij/, n. 1. the quantity of goods remaining in a container when received after shipment. Cf. outage (def. 4). 2. Aeron. the amount of fuel remaining in the fuel tanks of an ...
innards
/in"euhrdz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. the internal parts of the body; entrails or viscera. 2. the internal mechanism, parts, structure, etc., of something; the interior of ...
innate
—innately, adv. —innateness, n. /i nayt", in"ayt/, adj. 1. existing in one from birth; inborn; native: innate musical talent. 2. inherent in the essential character of ...
innate idea
▪ philosophy       in philosophy, an idea allegedly inborn in the human mind, as contrasted with those received or compiled from experience. The doctrine that at least ...
innately
See innate. * * *
innateness
See innately. * * *
innateness hypothesis
Psycholinguistics. the theory that humans are biologically equipped with a knowledge of certain universal elements of language structure that is brought into play in the course ...
inner
—innerly, adv., adj. —innerness, n. /in"euhr/, adj. 1. situated within or farther within; interior: an inner door. 2. more intimate, private, or secret: the inner workings of ...
inner automorphism
Math. an automorphism that maps an element x into an element of the form axa-1 where a-1 is the inverse of a. Cf. outer automorphism. * * *
inner bar
Eng. Law. a body of the King's Counsel or Queen's Counsel who sit and plead inside the dividing bar in the court, ranking above the junior counsel. Cf. outer bar. * * *
inner barrister
Eng. Law. a barrister belonging to the inner bar. Cf. outer barrister. * * *
inner child
the childlike aspect of a person's psyche, esp. when viewed as an independent entity. * * *
inner circle
a small, intimate, and often influential group of people. [1870-75] * * *
inner city
an older part of a city, densely populated and usually deteriorating, inhabited mainly by poor, often minority, groups. Cf. central city. [1960-65] * * *
inner ear
inner ear n. the part of the ear in the temporal bone consisting of the semicircular canals, vestibule, and cochlea: see EAR1 * * * or labyrinth of the ear Part of the ear ...
inner ear.
See internal ear. [1920-25] * * *
Inner Hebrides
Inner Hebrides see HEBRIDES * * * ▪ islands, Scotland, United Kingdom  islands off the Atlantic (western) coast of Scotland. As their name suggests, the Inner Hebrides lie ...
Inner Hebrides.
See under Hebrides. * * *
inner jib
Naut. a headsail immediately forward of a forestaysail or fore-topmast staysail. * * *
Inner Light
(in Quakerism) the light of Christ in the soul of every person, considered as a guiding force. Also called Inner Word, Inward Light, Christ Within. [1855-60] * * * ▪ ...
inner man
1. a person's spiritual or intellectual being. 2. the stomach or appetite: a hearty meal to satisfy the inner man. * * *
inner mission
a movement, originating in the early 19th century within the evangelical churches of Germany and later spreading through Europe and America, that ministered chiefly to the ...
Inner Mongolia
an administrative division in NE China, adjoining the Mongolian People's Republic. 8,500,000; 174,000 sq. mi. (450,660 sq. km). Cap.: Hohhot. Also called Neimenggu, Nei Mongol. ...
inner planet
Astron. any of the four planets closest to the sun: Mercury, Venus, the earth, or Mars. Also called terrestrial planet. Cf. outer planet. [1950-55] * * *
inner product
Math. 1. Also called dot product, scalar product. the quantity obtained by multiplying the corresponding coordinates of each of two vectors and adding the products, equal to the ...
inner product space
In mathematics, a vector space or function space in which an operation for combining two vectors or functions (whose result is called an inner product) is defined and has certain ...
inner sanctum
sanctum (def. 2). * * *
inner space
☆ inner space n. any space deep within, as contrasted with outer space; specif., a) the spiritual world within a person b) the sea or depths of the sea * * *
Inner Temple
1. See under Inns of Court (def. 1). 2. See under temple1 (def. 10). * * *
inner tube
a doughnut-shaped, flexible rubber tube inflated inside a tire to bear the weight of a vehicle. Also called tube. [1890-95] * * *
Inner Word.
See Inner Light. * * *
inner-city
See inner city. * * *
inner-directed
—inner-direction, n. /in"euhr di rek"tid, -duy-/, adj. guided by internalized values rather than external pressures. Cf. other-directed. [1945-50] * * *
inner-tuber
/in"euhr tooh"beuhr, -tyooh"-/, n. tuber2 (def. 2). * * *
inner-tubing
/in"euhr tooh"bing, -tyooh"-/, n. tubing (def. 4). * * *
innercity
inner city n. The usually older, central part of a city, especially when characterized by crowded neighborhoods in which low-income, often minority groups ...
innerear
inner ear n. The portion of the ear located within the temporal bone that is involved in both hearing and balance and includes the semicircular canals, vestibule, and cochlea. ...
InnerHebrides
In·ner Hebrides (ĭnʹər) See Hebrides. * * *
InnerLight
Inner Light n. In Quaker doctrine, a divine presence in the human soul believed to be an enlightening and guiding force. * * *
innerly
See inner. * * *
InnerMongolia
Inner Mongolia See Nei Monggol. * * *
innermost
/in"euhr mohst'/ or, esp. Brit., /-meuhst/, adj. 1. farthest inward; inmost. 2. most intimate or secret: one's innermost beliefs. n. 3. the innermost part. [1375-1425; late ME; ...
innerness
See innerly. * * *
innerplanet
inner planet n. Any of the four planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars, whose orbits are closest to the sun. * * *
innerproduct
inner product n. See scalar product. * * *
innersole
/in"euhr sohl'/, n. insole. [1890-95; INNER + SOLE2] * * *
innerspring
/in"euhr spring'/, adj. having or characterized by a large number of enclosed coil springs within an overall padding: innerspring construction. [1925-30; INNER + SPRING] * * *
innerspring mattress
innerspring mattress [in′ər spriŋ΄] n. a mattress with built-in coil springs * * *
innertube
inner tube n. A flexible, airtight hollow ring, usually made of rubber, that is inserted into the casing of a pneumatic tire for holding compressed air. * * *
innervate
/i nerr"vayt, in"euhr vayt'/, v.t., innervated, innervating. 1. to communicate nervous energy to; stimulate through nerves. 2. to furnish with nerves; grow nerves into. [1865-70; ...
innervation
—innervational, adj. /in'euhr vay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of innervating; state of being innervated. 2. Anat. the distribution of nerves to a part. [1825-35; INNERVATE + -ION] * ...
innervational
See innervation. * * *
innerve
/i nerrv"/, v.t., innerved, innerving. to supply with nervous energy; invigorate; animate. [1820-30; IN-2 + NERVE] * * *
innerwear
in·ner·wear (ĭnʹər-wâr') n. Clothing, such as lingerie, designed to be worn next to the skin. * * *
Innes, Hammond
▪ 1999       British writer (b. July 15, 1913, Horsham, Sussex, Eng.—d. June 10, 1998, Kersey, Suffolk, Eng.), cultivated his thrill for adventure and travel while ...
Inness
/in"is/, n. George, 1825-94, and his son George, 1854-1926, U.S. painters. * * *
Inness, George
born May 1, 1825, Newburgh, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 3, 1894, Bridge of Allen, Stirling, Scot. U.S. landscape painter. He was largely self-taught. His early paintings were ...
Inness,George
In·ness (ĭnʹĭs), George. 1825-1894. American landscape painter whose principal works include Rainbow after a Storm (1869) and The Afterglow (1878). * * *
innholder
/in"hohl'deuhr/, n. innkeeper. [1425-75; late ME; see INN, HOLDER] * * *
innie
/in"ee/, n. Informal. 1. a person who belongs to an in-group, esp. a fashionable or select one. 2. a concave or nonprotruding navel. 3. a person who has such a navel. [IN + ...
inning
/in"ing/, n. 1. Baseball. a division of a game during which each team has an opportunity to score until three outs have been made against it. 2. a similar opportunity to score in ...
innings
➡ baseball * * *
Innisfail
▪ Queensland, Australia       town, northeastern Queensland, Australia, at the confluence of the North and South Johnstone rivers, between the coast and Mt. Bartle ...
Innitzer, Theodor
▪ Austrian cardinal born Dec. 25, 1875, Weipert, Bohemia died Oct. 9, 1955, Vienna       cardinal and primate of Austria who withdrew his original support of the Nazi ...
innkeeper
/in"kee'peuhr/, n. a person who owns or manages an inn or, sometimes, a hotel. [1540-50; INN + KEEPER] * * *
innocence
/in"euh seuhns/, n. 1. the quality or state of being innocent; freedom from sin or moral wrong. 2. freedom from legal or specific wrong; guiltlessness: The prisoner proved his ...
innocency
/in"euh seuhn see/, n., pl. innocencies. innocence (defs. 1-6). [1325-75; ME; var. of INNOCENCE; see -ENCY] * * *
innocent
—innocently, adv. /in"euh seuhnt/, adj. 1. free from moral wrong; without sin; pure: innocent children. 2. free from legal or specific wrong; guiltless: innocent of the ...
Innocent (III)
▪ antipope original name  Lando Di Sezze   born , Sezze, Papal States died , La Cava, Apulia       last of four antipopes (1179–80) during the pontificate of ...
Innocent I
/in"euh seuhnt/, Saint died A.D. 417, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 401-417. * * *
Innocent I, Saint
▪ pope born , Albano, Campania died March 12, 417, Rome; feast day July 28       pope from 401 to 417, who condemned Pelagianism, a heresy concerning the role of grace ...
Innocent II
(Gregorio Papareschi) died 1143, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1130-43. * * * ▪ pope original name  Gregorio Papareschi   born , Rome died Sept. 24, 1143, Rome  pope from ...
Innocent III
(Giovanni Lotario de' Conti) 1161?-1216, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1198-1216. * * * orig. Lothar of Segni born 1160/61, Gavignano Castle, Campagna di Roma, Papal States died ...
Innocent IV
(Sinbaldo de Fieschi) c1180-1254, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1243-54. * * * orig. Sinibaldo Fieschi born 12th century, Genoa died Dec. 7, 1254, Naples Pope (1243–54). His ...
Innocent IX
(Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti) 1519-91, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1591. * * * ▪ pope original name  Giovanni Antonio Fachinetti   born July 20, 1519, Bologna, Papal ...
innocent until proven guilty
➡ legal system * * *
Innocent V
(Pierre de Tarentaise) c1225-76, French ecclesiastic: pope 1276. * * *
Innocent V Blessed
▪ pope original name  Pierre De Tarentaise   born c. 1224, Tarentaise, Savoy (France) died June 22, 1276, Rome; beatified March 13, 1898; feast day June 22       pope ...
Innocent Veniaminov, Saint
▪ Russian Orthodox priest Russian  Innokenty Veniaminov,  original name  Ivan Yevseyevich Veniaminov  born Sept. 6 [Aug. 26, old style], 1797, Anginskoye, Irkutsk ...
Innocent VI
(Étienne Aubert) died 1362, French jurist and ecclesiastic: pope 1352-62. * * * ▪ pope original name  Étienne Aubert   born , Monts, Fr. died Sept. 12, 1362, Avignon, ...
Innocent VII
(Cosimo de' Migliorati) 1336-1406, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1404-06. * * * ▪ pope original name  Cosimo de' Migliorati  born 1336, Sulmona, Kingdom of Sicily died Nov. 6, ...
Innocent VIII
(Giovanni Battista Cibò) 1432-92, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1484-92. * * * ▪ pope original name  Giovanni Battista Cibo   born 1432, Genoa died July 25/26, 1492, ...
Innocent X
(Giambattista Pamfili) 1574-1655, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1644-55. * * * ▪ pope original name  Giambattista Pamfili   born May 7, 1574, Rome died Jan. 7, 1655, ...
Innocent XI
(Benedetto Odescalchi) 1611-89, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1676-89. * * *
Innocent XI Blessed
▪ pope original name  Benedetto Odescalchi  born May 19, 1611, Como, Duchy of Milan died Aug. 12, 1689, Rome; beatified Oct. 7, 1956; feast day August 13       pope ...
Innocent XII
(Antonio Pignatelli) 1615-1700, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1691-1700. * * * ▪ pope original name Antonio Pignatelli born March 13, 1615, Spinazzola, Kingdom of Naples died ...
Innocent XIII
(Michelangelo Conti) 1655-1724, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1721-24. * * * ▪ pope original name Michelangiolo, or Michelangelo, Dei Conti born May 13, 1655, Poli, near ...
InnocentIII
In·no·cent III (ĭnʹə-sənt), Originally Lotario di Segni. 1161-1216. Pope (1198-1216) whose reign was marked by the Fourth Crusade and papal intervention in European ...
innocently
See innocent. * * *
Innocents' Day.
See Holy Innocents' Day. * * *
innocuous
—innocuously, adv. —innocuousness, innocuity /in'euh kyooh"i tee/, n. /i nok"yooh euhs/, adj. 1. not harmful or injurious; harmless: an innocuous home remedy. 2. not likely ...
innocuously
See innocuous. * * *
innocuousness
See innocuously. * * *
Innogy
one of the largest of the companies that make the electricity used in Britain. In 1991 the Central Electricity Generating Board, which was owned by the State, was sold to private ...
Innoko River
▪ river, Alaska, United States       river, west-central Alaska, U.S. It is the westernmost major tributary of the Yukon River. The Innoko rises in the Kuskokwim ...
innominate
/i nom"euh nit/, adj. having no name; nameless; anonymous. [1630-40; < LL innominatus unnamed. See IN-3, NOMINATE] * * *
innominate artery
Anat. See brachiocephalic artery. [1865-70] * * *
innominate bone
Anat. either of the two bones forming the sides of the pelvis, each consisting of three consolidated bones, the ilium, ischium, and pubis. See diag. under pelvis. [1700-10] * * *
innominate vein
Anat. See brachiocephalic vein. [1875-80] * * *
innominateartery
innominate artery n. An artery that arises from the arch of the aorta and divides into the right subclavian and right carotid arteries. Also called brachiocephalic artery, ...
innominatebone
innominate bone n. See hipbone. * * *
innominatevein
innominate vein n. Either of a pair of veins in the neck, each formed by the union of the internal jugular and subclavian veins, that join to form the superior vena cava. Also ...
innomine
/in nom"euh nay', -nee', -noh"meuh nay'/, n. Music. any of various English polyphonic instrumental compositions of the 16th and 17th centuries using an antiphon for Trinity ...
Innoshima
▪ Japan       city, eastern Hiroshima ken (prefecture), western Honshu, Japan. Innoshima is coextensive with a small offshore island in the Inland Sea, originally ...
innovate
—innovator, n. —innovatory, adj. /in"euh vayt'/, v., innovated, innovating. v.i. 1. to introduce something new; make changes in anything established. v.t. 2. to introduce ...
innovation
—innovational, adj. /in'euh vay"sheuhn/, n. 1. something new or different introduced: numerous innovations in the high-school curriculum. 2. the act of innovating; introduction ...
innovational
See innovation. * * *
innovative
—innovatively, adv. —innovativeness, n. /in"euh vay'tiv/, adj. tending to innovate or characterized by innovation. [1600-10; INNOVATE + -IVE] * * *
innovativeness
See innovative. * * *
innovator
See innovate. * * *
innovatory
See innovator. * * *
innoxious
—innoxiously, adv. —innoxiousness, n. /i nok"sheuhs/, adj. harmless; innocuous. [1615-25; < L innoxius. See IN-3, NOXIOUS] * * *
Inns of Court
1. the four voluntary legal societies in England (Lincoln's Inn, the Inner Temple, the Middle Temple, and Gray's Inn) that have the exclusive privilege of calling candidates to ...
Innsbruck
/inz"brook/; Ger. /ins"brddook/, n. a city in W Austria, on the Inn river. 116,100. * * * City (pop., 2001: 113,392), on the Inn River in western Austria, southwest of ...
Innsof Court
Inns of Court (ĭnz) pl.n. 1. The four legal societies in England founded about the beginning of the 14th century and having the exclusive right to confer the title of barrister ...
Innu
In·nu (ĭnʹo͞o) n. pl. Innu, also In·nus A member of an Algonquian people comprising the Montagnais and Naskapi.   [Montagnais, and Naskapi, people.] * * * ▪ ...
innuendo
/in'yooh en"doh/, n., pl. innuendos, innuendoes. 1. an indirect intimation about a person or thing, esp. of a disparaging or a derogatory nature. 2. Law. a. a parenthetic ...
Innuit
/in"ooh it, -yooh-/, n., pl. Innuits, (esp. collectively) Innuit. Inuit. * * *
innumerable
—innumerableness, innumerability, n. —innumerably, adv. /i nooh"meuhr euh beuhl, i nyooh"-/, adj. 1. very numerous. 2. incapable of being counted; countless. Also, ...
innumerableness
See innumerable. * * *
innumerably
See innumerableness. * * *
innumeracy
See innumerate. * * *
innumerate
—innumeracy, n. /i nooh"meuhr it, i nyooh"-/, adj. 1. unfamiliar with mathematical concepts and methods; unable to use mathematics; not numerate. n. 2. an innumerate ...
innumerous
in·nu·mer·ous (ĭ-no͞oʹmər-əs) adj. Innumerable.   [From Latin innumerus: in-, not; see in-1 + numerus, number; see number.] * * *
innutrition
—innutritious, adj. /in'nooh trish"euhn, -nyooh-/, n. lack of nutrition. [1790-1800; IN-3 + NUTRITION] * * *
Ino
/uy"noh, ee"noh/, n. Class. Myth. a sea goddess who rescued Odysseus from drowning by giving him a magic veil. * * *
inobservance
—inobservant, adj. —inobservantly, adv. /in'euhb zerr"veuhns/, n. 1. lack of attention; inattention; heedlessness: drowsy inobservance. 2. failure to observe a custom, rule, ...
inobservant
See inobservance. * * *
inobtrusive
/in'euhb trooh"siv/, adj. unobtrusive. [1790-1800; IN-3 + OBTRUSIVE] * * *
Inoceramus
▪ paleontology  genus of extinct pelecypods (clams) found as fossils in Jurassic to Cretaceous rocks (laid down between 208 and 66.4 million years ago). Especially important ...
inoculability
See inoculable. * * *
inoculable
—inoculability, n. /i nok"yeuh leuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being inoculated. [1840-50; INOCUL(ATE) + -ABLE] * * *
inoculant
/i nok"yeuh leuhnt/, n. inoculum. [1910-15; INOCUL(ATE) + -ANT] * * *
inoculate
—inoculative /i nok"yeuh lay'tiv, -yeuh leuh-/, adj. —inoculator, n. /i nok"yeuh layt'/, v., inoculated, inoculating. v.t. 1. to implant (a disease agent or antigen) in a ...
inoculation
/i nok'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of inoculating. 2. an instance of inoculating. [1400-50; late ME < L inoculation- (s. of inoculatio) an engrafting. See ...
inoculative
See inoculate. * * *
inoculator
See inoculative. * * *
inoculum
/i nok"yeuh leuhm/, n., pl. inocula /-leuh/. the substance used to make an inoculation. [1900-05; < NL, equiv. to inocul(are) to INOCULATE + -um n. suffix] * * *
inodorous
—inodorously, adv. —inodorousness, n. /in oh"deuhr euhs/, adj. not odorous; odorless. [1660-70; < L inodorus. See IN-3, ODOROUS] * * *
inoffensive
—inoffensively, adv. —inoffensiveness, n. /in'euh fen"siv/, adj. 1. causing no harm, trouble, or annoyance: a mild, inoffensive man. 2. not objectionable, as to the senses: ...
inoffensively
See inoffensive. * * *
inoffensiveness
See inoffensively. * * *
inofficious
—inofficiousness, inofficiosity /in'euh fish'ee os"i tee/, n. /in'euh fish"euhs/, adj. Law. being inconsistent with moral duty and natural affection. [1595-1605; < L ...
inofficious will
Law. a will inconsistent with the moral duty and natural affection of the testator, esp. one denying the legitimate heirs the portions of the estate to which they are legally ...
Inönü
/i nue nyuu"/, n. Ismet /is met"/, (Ismet Pasa), 1884-1973, president of Turkey 1938-50; prime minister 1923-24, 1925-37, 1961-65. * * *
İnönü, İsmet
born Sept. 24, 1884, Smyrna, Ottoman Empire died Dec. 25, 1973, Ankara, Tur. Turkish army officer and statesman. On the surrender of the Ottoman Empire in World War I (1918), ...
Inönü,Ismet
I·nö·nü (ĭn'ə-no͞oʹ, ĭ-nœ-nüʹ), Ismet. 1884-1973. Turkish army officer and politician who served as president (1938-1950) and kept Turkey neutral during World War ...
inoperability
See inoperable. * * *
inoperable
/in op"euhr euh beuhl, -op"reuh beuhl/, adj. 1. not operable or practicable. 2. Med. not admitting of a surgical operation because the pathological condition is not amenable to ...
inoperably
See inoperability. * * *
inoperative
—inoperativeness, n. /in op"euhr euh tiv, -op"reuh tiv, -op"euh ray'tiv/, adj. 1. not operative; not in operation. 2. without effect: inoperative remedies. 3. no longer in ...
inoperativeness
See inoperative. * * *
inoperculate
/in'oh perr"kyeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. Zool., Bot. having no operculum. [1825-35; IN-3 + OPERCULATE] * * *
inopportune
—inopportunely, adv. —inopportuneness, inopportunity, n. /in op'euhr toohn", -tyoohn"/, adj. not opportune; inappropriate; inconvenient; untimely or unseasonable: an ...
inopportunely
See inopportune. * * *
inopportuneness
See inopportunely. * * *
inordinacy
See inordinate. * * *
inordinate
—inordinately, adv. —inordinateness, n. /in awr"dn it/, adj. 1. not within proper or reasonable limits; immoderate; excessive: He drank an inordinate amount of wine. 2. ...
inordinately
See inordinacy. * * *
inordinateness
See inordinacy. * * *


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