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involvedly
See involved. * * *
involvement
See involve. * * *
involver
See involvement. * * *
invt.
inventory. * * *
invulnerability
See invulnerable. * * *
invulnerable
—invulnerability, invulnerableness, n. —invulnerably, adv. /in vul"neuhr euh beuhl/, adj. 1. incapable of being wounded, hurt, or damaged. 2. proof against or immune to ...
invulnerableness
See invulnerability. * * *
invulnerably
See invulnerability. * * *
inwale
/in"wayl'/, n. Naut. 1. (in an open boat) a horizontal timber binding together the frames along the top strake. 2. a strip of reinforcing material within a gunwale. [1870-75; IN ...
inwall
v. /in wawl"/; n. /in"wawl'/, v.t. 1. to enclose with a wall. n. 2. an inner wall. 3. Metall. an inwardly sloping wall above the bosh of a blast furnace. [1605-15; IN-1 + WALL] * ...
inward
/in"weuhrd/, adv. Also, inwards. 1. toward the inside, interior, or center, as of a place, space, or body. 2. into or toward the mind or soul: He turned his thoughts inward. 3. ...
Inward Light.
See Inner Light. [1700-10] * * *
inwarddive
inward dive n. A dive in which the diver, standing on the end of the board or platform with the back to the water, leaps up and rotates forward. * * *
inwardly
/in"weuhrd lee/, adv. 1. in or on, or with reference to, the inside or inner part; internally. 2. privately; secretly: Inwardly, he disliked his guest. 3. within the self; ...
inwardness
/in"weuhrd nis/, n. 1. the state of being inward or internal: the inwardness of the body's organs. 2. depth of thought or feeling; concern with one's own affairs and oneself; ...
inwards
inwards [in′wərdz] adv. INWARD * * *
inweave
/in weev"/, v.t., inwove or inweaved, inwoven or inwove or inweaved, inweaving. 1. to weave in or together. 2. to introduce into or as into a fabric in weaving. 3. to combine or ...
inwind
/in wuynd"/, v.t., inwound, inwinding. enwind. * * *
inwrap
/in rap"/, v.t., inwrapped, inwrapping. enwrap. * * *
inwreathe
/in reedh"/, v.t., inwreathed, inwreathing. enwreathe. * * *
inwrought
/in rawt"/, adj. 1. worked in or closely combined with something. 2. wrought or worked with something by way of decoration. 3. Archaic. wrought or worked in, as a decorative ...
inyoite
▪ mineral       a colourless and transparent borate mineral (CaB3O3(OH)5·4H2O) that occurs as massive granular or sperulitic aggregates in borate deposits. The ...
io
/ee"oh/, n., pl. ios. a small hawk, Buteo solitarius, having two plumage phases and occurring only on the island of Hawaii, where it is a rare species and the only living ...
Io
/uy"oh, ee"oh/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a woman who, being loved by Zeus, was transformed into a white heifer and was, at the wish of Hera, first guarded by Argus and later pursued ...
Io moth
a showy, yellow moth, Automeris io, of North America, having a prominent pink and bluish eyespot on each hind wing. [1865-70; named after Io] * * *
Io.
Iowa. * * *
Ioann
▪ 1996       (IVAN MATVEYEVICH SNYCHEV), Russian Orthodox archbishop and metropolitan of St. Petersburg and Ladoga, 1990-95, whose extreme nationalist statements were ...
Ioanna, Queen
▪ 2001 Giovanna Elisabetta Antonia Romana Maria        Bulgarian royal (b. Nov. 13, 1907, Rome, Italy—d. Feb. 26, 2000, Estoril, Port.), as the daughter of the last ...
Ioannina
/yaw ah"nee nah, yah"nee nah/, n. a city in NW Greece. 39,814. Also, Ioánnina, Yanina, Yannina. Serbian, Janina. * * * ▪ Greece also spelled  Yannina , or ...
Iobates
/uy ob"euh teez', ee ob"-/, n. Class. Myth. a Lycian king commissioned by his son-in-law, Proetus, to kill Bellerophon: after surviving ordeals designed to destroy him, ...
IOC
International Olympic Committee. Also, I.O.C. * * *
iod-
var. of iodo- before a vowel: iodic. * * *
iodate
—iodation, n. /uy"euh dayt'/, n., v., iodated, iodating. n. 1. Chem. a salt of iodic acid, as sodium iodate, NaIO3. v.t. 2. Also, iodinate. to iodize. [1830-40; IOD(IC ACID) + ...
iodation
See iodate. * * *
iodic
/uy od"ik/, adj. Chem. containing iodine, esp. in the pentavalent state. [1820-30; IOD- + -IC] * * *
iodic acid
Chem. a colorless or white, crystalline, water-soluble solid, HIO3, used chiefly as a reagent. [1820-30] * * *
iodicacid
i·od·ic acid (ī-ŏdʹĭk) n. A colorless or white crystalline powder, HIO3, used as an astringent and disinfectant.   [French iodique, from iode, iodine. See iodine.] * * *
iodide
/uy"euh duyd', -did/, n. Chem. 1. a salt of hydriotic acid consisting of two elements, one of which is iodine, as sodium iodide, NaI. 2. a compound containing iodine, as methyl ...
iodimetry
—iodimetric /uy'oh deuh me"trik/, adj. /uy'euh dim"i tree/, n. Chem. iodometry. [1895-1900] * * *
iodinate
—iodination, n. /uy"euh dn ayt'/, v.t., iodinated, iodinating. Chem. to iodize. [IODINE + -ATE1] * * *
iodine
/uy"euh duyn', -din/; in Chem. also /uy"euh deen'/, n. Chem. a nonmetallic halogen element occurring at ordinary temperatures as a grayish-black crystalline solid that sublimes ...
iodine 131
Chem. a radioactive isotope of iodine having a mass number 131 and a half-life of 8.6 days, used in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the thyroid gland. Cf. ...
iodine deficiency
Inadequate intake or metabolism of iodine. It directly affects thyroid secretions, which influence heart action, nerve response, growth rate, and metabolism. Simple goitre, the ...
iodine value
▪ chemistry also called  Iodine Number,         in analytical chemistry, measure of the degree of unsaturation of an oil, fat, or wax; the amount of iodine, in grams, ...
iodism
/uy"euh diz'euhm/, n. Pathol. poisoning caused by sensitivity to or overuse of iodine or its compounds. [1825-35; IOD- + -ISM] * * *
iodization
See iodize. * * *
iodize
—iodization, n. —iodizer, n. /uy"euh duyz'/, v.t., iodized, iodizing. to treat, impregnate, or affect with iodine or an iodide. Also, esp. Brit., iodise. [1835-45; IOD- + ...
iodized salt
iodized salt n. common table salt to which a small amount of sodium iodide or potassium iodide has been added * * * ▪ food       table salt with small amounts of iodine ...
iodo-
a combining form representing iodine in compound words: iodometry. Also, esp. before a vowel, iod-. [comb. form repr. NL iodum IODINE] * * *
iodoform
/uy oh"deuh fawrm', uy od"euh-/, n. Chem. a yellowish, crystalline, water-insoluble solid, CHI3, analogous to chloroform, and having a penetrating odor: used chiefly as an ...
iodometry
—iodometric /uy'oh deuh me"trik/, adj. —iodometrically, adv. /uy'euh dom"i tree/, n. Chem. a volumetric analytical procedure for determining iodine or materials that will ...
iodophor
/uy oh"deuh fawr', -fohr'/, n. Pharm. a complex of iodine and a surfactant that releases free iodine in solution, used as an antiseptic and disinfectant. [1950-55; IODO- + -phor, ...
iodoprotein
iodoprotein [ī΄ō də prō′tēn΄] n. a protein that contains iodine * * *
iodopsin
/uy'euh dop"sin/, n. Biochem. a photosensitive violet pigment that occurs in the cones of the retina and is transformed by light into retinal and an opsin protein. Cf. ...
iodous
/uy oh"deuhs, uy od"euhs/, adj. Chem. 1. containing iodine, esp. in the trivalent state. 2. pertaining to or resembling iodine. [1820-30; IOD- + -OUS] * * *
Iol
▪ ancient city, Algeria modern  Cherchell , or  Sharshal        ancient seaport of Mauretania, located west of what is now Algiers in Algeria. Iol was originally ...
Iolanthe
/uy'euh lan"thee/, n. an operetta (1882) by Sir William S. Gilbert and Sir Arthur Sullivan. * * *
Iolaus
▪ Greek mythology       ancient Greek hero, the nephew, charioteer, and assistant of Heracles. He was the son of Iphicles, himself mortal half brother of Heracles by ...
iolite
/uy"euh luyt'/, n. Mineral. cordierite. [1750-60; < Gk ío(n) the violet + -LITE] * * *
IOM
➡ Isle of Man. * * *
iomoth
i·o moth (īʹō,ēʹō) n. A large yellowish North American moth (Automeris io) having a prominent eyelike spot on each hind wing.   [After Io, who was tormented by gadflies ...
ion
/uy"euhn, uy"on/, n. Physics, Chem. 1. an electrically charged atom or group of atoms formed by the loss or gain of one or more electrons, as a cation (positive ion), which is ...
Ion
/uy"on/, n. 1. Class. Myth. the eponymous ancestor of the Ionians: a son of Apollo and Creusa who is abandoned by his mother but returns to become an attendant in Apollo's temple ...
ion chamber
Physics. See ionization chamber. * * *
ion engine
☆ ion engine n. a reaction engine, as for space vehicles, that uses for propulsion a stream of ionized atoms or molecules, accelerated by an electrostatic field * * *
ion exchange
the process of reciprocal transfer of ions between a solution and a resin or other suitable solid. [1920-25] * * *
ion generator
a device for creating negatively charged particles in immediately surrounding air, promoted as a cure for various ills. * * *
ion implantation
Electronics. a method of implanting impurities below the surface of a solid, usually a semiconductor, by bombarding the solid with a beam of ions of the impurity. [1960-65] * * *
ion pair
▪ chemistry and physics       in physics and chemistry, a duplex of charged particles (ordinarily charged atoms or molecules), one positive, the other negative. An ion ...
ion propulsion
Rocketry. a projected type of propulsion for vehicles in outer space, the exhaust consisting of positive ions and negative electrons repelled from the vehicle by electrostatic ...
ion-exchange capacity
▪ chemistry       measure of the ability of an insoluble material to undergo displacement of ions previously attached and loosely incorporated into its structure by ...
ion-exchange reaction
▪ chemical reaction Introduction       any of a class of chemical reactions between two substances (each consisting of positively and negatively charged species called ...
ion-exchange resin
Any of a wide variety of synthetic polymers containing positively or negatively charged sites that can interact with or bind to an ion of opposite charge from a surrounding ...
Ion.
Ionic. * * *
Iona
/uy oh"neuh/, n. an island in the Hebrides, off the W coast of Scotland: center of early Celtic Christianity. * * * ▪ island, Inner Hebrides, Scotland, United ...
Iona Community
▪ religious community, Scotland       missionary group of clergy and laymen within the Church of Scotland. It was founded in 1938 by George MacLeod, a parish minister in ...
Ionamin
I·on·a·min (ī-ŏnʹə-mĭn, -ônʹ-) A trademark used for the therapeutic drug phentermine. * * *
ionengine
ion engine n. A rocket engine that develops thrust by expelling ions rather than gaseous combustion products. Also called ion rocket. * * *
Ionesco
/yeuh nes"koh, ee euh-/, n. Eugène Fr. /ue zhen"/; Eng. /yooh jeen", yooh"jeen/, 1912-94, French playwright, born in Romania. * * *
Ionesco, Eugène
Io·nes·co (ē'ə-nĕsʹkō, yə-), Eugène. 1912-1994. Romanian-born French dramatist whose plays The Bald Soprano (1956) and Rhinoceros (1959) are classics of the Theater of ...
ionexchange
ion exchange n. A reversible chemical reaction between an insoluble solid and a solution during which ions may be interchanged, used in water softening and in the separation of ...
Ionia
/uy oh"nee euh/, n. an ancient region on the W coast of Asia Minor and on adjacent islands in the Aegean: colonized by the ancient Greeks. * * * Ancient region, western coast of ...
Ionian
/uy oh"nee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Ionia. 2. of or pertaining to the branch of the Greek people named from Ion, their legendary founder. n. 3. a member of one of the ...
Ionian Islands
a group of Greek islands including Corfu, Levkas, Ithaca, Cephalonia, Paxos, and Zante off the W coast of Greece, and Cerigo off the S coast. * * * ancient Heptanesos Group of ...
Ionian mode
Music. an authentic church mode represented on the white keys of a keyboard instrument by an ascending scale from C to C. [1835-45] * * *
Ionian revolt
Uprising (499–494 BC) of some of the Ionian cities of Asia Minor against their Persian overlords. The cities deposed their own tyrants and, with help from Athens, tried ...
Ionian school
School of Greek philosophers of the 6th–5th century BC, including Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Heracleitus, Anaxagoras, Diogenes of Apollonia, Archelaus, and ...
Ionian Sea
an arm of the Mediterranean between S Italy, E Sicily, and Greece. * * * Part of the Mediterranean Sea lying between Greece, Sicily, and Italy. Though once considered part of ...
IonianIslands
Ionian Islands A chain of islands of western Greece in the Ionian Sea. Colonized by the ancient Greeks, the islands subsequently came under the rule of Rome, Byzantium, Venice, ...
IonianSea
Ionian Sea An arm of the Mediterranean Sea between western Greece and southern Italy. It is linked with the Adriatic Sea by the Strait of Otranto. * * *
ionic
/uy on"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to ions. 2. pertaining to or occurring in the form of ions. [1885-90; ION + -IC] * * *
Ionic
/uy on"ik/, adj. 1. Archit. noting or pertaining to one of the five classical orders that in ancient Greece consisted of a fluted column with a molded base and a capital composed ...
Ionic alphabet
 most important variety of the eastern form of the ancient Greek alphabet, developed late in the 5th century BC. In 403 the Ionic alphabet used in the Anatolian city of Miletus ...
ionic bond
Chem. the electrostatic bond between two ions formed through the transfer of one or more electrons. Also called electrovalence, electrovalent bond. [1935-40] * * * Electrostatic ...
Ionic dialect
▪ dialect       any of several Ancient Greek dialects spoken in Euboea, in the Northern Cyclades, and from approximately 1000 BC in Asiatic Ionia, where Ionian ...
ionic foot
▪ prosody       in prosody, a foot of verse that consists of either two long and two short syllables (also called major ionic or a maiore) or two short and two long ...
Ionic order
      one of the orders of classical architecture. Its distinguishing feature is the twin volutes, or spiral scrolls, of its capital. See order. * * *
ionicbond
ionic bond n. A chemical bond between two ions with opposite charges, characteristic of salts. Also called electrovalent bond. * * *
Ionicorder
Ionic order Ionic order capital Alan Witschonke n. One of the three main orders of classical Greek architecture, characterized by two opposed volutes in the capital. * * *
ionicpropulsion
ionic propulsion n. Propulsion by the reactive thrust of a high-speed beam of similarly charged ions ejected by an ion engine. Also called ion propulsion. * * *
ionium
/uy oh"nee euhm/, n. Chem. a naturally occurring radioactive isotope of thorium. Symbol: Io; at. no.: 90; at. wt.: 230. [1905-10; ION + -IUM] * * *
ionium-thorium dating
▪ physics       method of establishing the time of origin of marine sediments according to the amount of ionium and thorium they contain.       Because uranium ...
ionization
i·on·i·za·tion (ī'ə-nĭ-zāʹshən) n. 1. The formation of or separation into ions by heat, electrical discharge, radiation, or chemical reaction. 2. The state of being ...
ionization chamber
Physics. an apparatus for detecting and analyzing ionizing radiation, consisting of a vessel filled with a gas at normal or lower than normal pressure and fitted with two ...
ionization energy
▪ chemistry also called  ionization potential,    in chemistry, the amount of energy required to remove an electron from an isolated atom or molecule. There is an ...
ionization potential
Physics. the energy required to remove an electron from an atom. [1910-15] * * * or ionization energy Amount of energy required to remove an electron from an isolated atom or ...
ionizationchamber
ionization chamber n. A gas-filled enclosure containing positive and negative electrodes that measures the amount of radiation passing through the enclosure according to the ...
ionizationpotential
ionization potential n. The energy required to remove completely an electron from its atom. * * *
ionize
—ionizable, adj. —ionization, n. —ionizer, n. /uy"euh nuyz'/, v., ionized, ionizing. v.t. 1. to separate or change into ions. 2. to produce ions in. v.i. 3. to become ...
ionizer
See ionize. * * *
ionizing radiation
Physics. any radiation, as a stream of alpha particles or x-rays, that produces ionization as it passes through a medium. [1900-05] * * *
ionizing radiation injury
also called  radiation sickness          tissue destruction or changes caused by deeply penetrating electromagnetic waves of high frequency or subatomic particles ...
ionizingradiation
i·on·iz·ing radiation (īʹə-nī'zĭng) n. High-energy radiation capable of producing ionization in substances through which it passes. It includes nonparticulate radiation, ...
ionmicroscope
ion microscope n. A field-ion microscope. * * *
iono-
a combining form with the meanings "ion," "ionized," "ionosphere," used in the formation of compound words: ionophore. [ION + -O-] * * *
ionogen
—ionogenic /uy on'euh jen"ik/, adj. /uy on"euh jin, -jen'/, n. Physics, Chem. any substance capable of producing ions, as an electrolyte. [1905-10; ION + -O- + -GEN] * * *
ionomer
/uy on"euh meuhr/, n. Chem. any of a class of plastics that because of its ionic bonding action is capable of conducting electric current. [1960-65; IONO- + -MER] * * *
ionone
/uy"euh nohn'/, n. Chem. a light-yellow to colorless, slightly water-soluble liquid that is either one or a mixture of two unsaturated ketones having the formula C13H20O, used ...
ionopause
/uy on"euh pawz'/, n. the transitional zone between the ionosphere and the mesosphere. [IONO- + PAUSE] * * *
ionophore
/uy on"euh fawr', -fohr'/, n. Biochem. a lipid-soluble substance capable of transporting specific ions through cellular membranes. [1950-55; IONO- + -PHORE] * * *
ionosonde
/uy on"euh sond'/, n. a pulsed radar device used to measure the height of ionospheric layers. [1950-55; IONO- + SONDE] * * *
ionosphere
—ionospheric /uy on'euh sfer"ik/, adj. /uy on"euh sfear'/, n. the region of the earth's atmosphere between the stratosphere and the exosphere, consisting of several ionized ...
ionosphere and magnetosphere
▪ atmospheric science Introduction       regions of Earth's (Earth) atmosphere in which the number of electrically charged particles—ions (ion) and electrons ...
ionospheric
See ionosphere. * * *
ionpropulsion
ion propulsion n. See ionic propulsion. * * *
ionrocket
ion rocket n. 1. A rocket using ionic propulsion. 2. See ion engine. * * *
iontophoresis
—iontophoretic /uy on'teuh feuh ret"ik/, adj. /uy on'teuh feuh ree"sis/, n. a painless alternative to drug injection in which a weak electrical current is used to stimulate ...
iontrap
ion trap n. A device, such as a magnet, used to prevent ions in an electron beam from striking other apparatus. * * *
IOOF
IOOF abbrev. Independent Order of Odd Fellows * * * IOOF abbr. Independent Order of Odd Fellows. * * *
iora
      smallest of the fairy bluebird species. See fairy bluebird. * * *
Iorga, Nicolae
▪ prime minister of Romania born June 18, 1871, Botoşani, Rom. died Nov. 28, 1940, Strejnicu       scholar and statesman, Romania's greatest national historian, who ...
Ioshkar-Ola
/yu shkahrdd"u lah"/, n. a city in and the capital of the Mari Autonomous Republic, in the Russian Federation in Europe, NW of Kazan. 227,000. Also, Yoshkar-Ola. * * *
iota
/uy oh"teuh/, n. 1. a very small quantity; jot; whit. 2. the ninth letter of the Greek alphabet (I). 3. the vowel sound represented by this letter. [1600-10; < L iota < Gk iôta ...
iotacism
/uy oh"teuh siz'euhm/, n. the conversion of other vowel sounds, esp. in Modern Greek, into /ee/, the sound of iota. [1650-60; < LL iotacismus < Gk iotakismós. See IOTA, -AC, ...
IOU
a written acknowledgment of a debt, esp. an informal one consisting only of the letters IOU, the sum owed, and the debtor's signature. Also, I.O.U. [1610-20; repr. I owe you] * * ...
IOW
➡ Isle of Wight. * * *
Iowa
/uy"euh weuh/; sometimes /uy"euh way'/, n., pl. Iowas, (esp. collectively) Iowa for 3. 1. a state in the central United States: a part of the Midwest. 2,913,387; 56,290 sq. mi. ...
Iowa City
a city in SE Iowa. 50,508. * * * ▪ Iowa, United States       city, seat (1839) of Johnson county, east-central Iowa, U.S., on the Iowa River, 27 miles (43 km) south ...
Iowa Great Lakes
▪ resort area, Iowa, United States  popular resort area in Dickinson county, northwestern Iowa, U.S., just south of the Minnesota border. Included are Spirit (or Big ...
Iowa River
▪ river, Iowa, United States       river flowing through the centre of Iowa, U.S. It rises as two headstreams, the East Branch Iowa and West Branch Iowa rivers, in the ...
Iowa State University
▪ university, Ames, Iowa, United States in full  Iowa State University of Science and Technology,         public, coeducational institution of higher learning in ...
Iowa, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of vertical blue, white, and red stripes bearing a flying bald eagle and a blue ribbon above the name of the ...
Iowa, University of
▪ university, Iowa City, Iowa, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Iowa City, Iowa, U.S. It comprises colleges of business ...
IowaCity
Iowa City A city of eastern Iowa on the Iowa River south-southeast of Cedar Rapids. It is the seat of the University of Iowa (established 1847). Population: 59,738. * * *
Iowan
/uy"euh weuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Iowa. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Iowa. [1840-50; IOW(A) + -AN] * * *
IowaRiver
Iowa River A river rising in northern Iowa and flowing about 529 km (329 mi) southeast to the Mississippi River in the southeast part of the state. * * *
IP
ip or IP abbrev. Baseball innings pitched * * * IP abbr. Internet Protocol. * * *
IP address
in full Internet Protocol address Number that uniquely identifies each computer on the Internet. A computer's IP address may be permanently assigned or supplied each time that ...
IPA
1. See International Phonetic Alphabet. 2. International Phonetic Association. 3. International Press Association. Also, I.P.A. * * *
Ipameri
▪ Brazil       city, southeastern Goiás estado (state), south central Brazil. Lying in rolling uplands between the Veríssimo and Corumbá rivers, tributaries of the ...
Ipatieff, Vladimir Nikolayevich
▪ Russian-American chemist Ipatieff also spelled  Ipatyev   born Nov. 21 [Nov. 9, old style], 1867, Moscow died Nov. 29, 1952, Chicago       Russian-born U.S. ...
ipecac
/ip"i kak'/, n. 1. the dried root of a shrubby South American plant, Cephaelis ipecacuanha, of the madder family. 2. the plant itself. 3. a drug consisting of the dried roots of ...
ipecac spurge
a spurge, Euphorbia ipecacuanhae, of the eastern U.S. * * *
ipecac syrup
Pharm. a preparation containing ipecac in a syrupy medium, used as an emetic. Also called syrup of ipecac. * * *
Iphianassa
/if'ee euh nas"euh/, n. 1. (in the Iliad) a daughter of Agamemnon, offered to Achilles as a wife if he would return to battle against the Trojans. 2. a daughter of Proetus and ...
Iphicles
/if"i kleez', uy"fi-/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Alcmene and Amphitryon, the brother of Hercules. * * *
Iphicrates
▪ Greek general born c. 418 BC died c. 353       Athenian general known chiefly for his use of lightly armed troops (peltasts); he increased the length of their ...
Iphigeneia
In Greek mythology, the eldest daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra and sister of Electra and Orestes. When the Achaean fleet was becalmed at Aulis, Iphigeneia's father ...
Iphigenia
/if'i jeuh nuy"euh, -nee"euh/, n. 1. Class. Myth. the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra and sister of Orestes and Electra: when she was about to be sacrificed to ensure a ...
Iphigenia in Aulis
/aw"lis/ 1. a tragedy (408? B.C.) by Euripides. 2. an opera (1774) by Christoph Willibald von Gluck. * * *
Iphigenia in Tauris
/tawr"is/ 1. a drama (413? B.C.) by Euripides. 2. an opera (1779) by Christoph Willibald von Gluck. * * *
Iphinoë
/i fin"oh ee'/, n. Class. Myth. 1. a daughter of Antia and Proetus who was inflicted with madness for her irreverence toward the gods. Cf. Iphianassa (def. 2). 2. the woman who ...
Iphition
/i fish"ee on'/, n. (in the Iliad) a Trojan warrior slain by Achilles. * * *
Iphitus
/if"i teuhs, uy"fi-/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Eurytus, thrown to his death off the walls of Tiryns by Hercules. Also, Iphitos. * * *
iPhone
▪ electronic device  a multipurpose handheld computing device combining mobile telephone, digital camera, music player, and personal computing technologies. After more than ...
Ipiales
/ee pyah"les/, n. a city in SW Colombia. 42,152. * * * ▪ Colombia       city, southwestern Colombia. It is located in the Andes Mountains on the banks of the Guáitara ...
ipil-ipil
/ee"peuhl ee"peuhl/, n. a fast-growing tropical tree, Leucaena leucocephala, of the legume family, that is a source of fertilizer, animal feed, and timber. [ < Tagalog ípil] * * ...
Ipin
/ee"bin"/, n. Wade-Giles. Yibin. * * *
Ipiutak
/ip'ee yooh"tak/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an Eskimo culture of Alaska lasting from A.D. 100 to 600. [1948; after the type site, on the Point Hope peninsula, ...
Ipiutak culture
▪ Eskimo culture  Eskimo culture of northwestern Alaska, probably dating from the 2nd to the 6th century AD. A Siberian origin has been suggested, based on similarities in ...
IPM
integrated pest management. * * *
ipm
inches per minute. Also, i.p.m. * * *
IPO
initial public offering: a company's first stock offering to the public. * * *
iPod
a small, portable, digital music player which can store thousands of pieces of music, made by Apple. * * * ▪ electronic device  portable media player developed by Apple ...
Ipoh
/ee"poh/, n. a city in and the capital of Perak state, in W Malaysia. 247,969. * * * City (pop., 2000 prelim.: 566,211), western Malaysia. Its name comes from a local tree, ...
ipomoea
/ip'euh mee"euh, uy'pay-/, n. 1. any plant belonging to the genus Ipomoea, of the morning glory family, certain species of which are cultivated for their large, showy flowers. 2. ...
Ippitsusai Bunchō
▪ Japanese artist died 1791       Japanese artist in the ukiyo-e school, which depicted subjects drawn from everyday life.       Ippitsusai studied with ...
Ippolitov-Ivanov
/ip'euh lee"tawf ee vah"nawf, -nof, -tof-/; Russ. /ee pu lyee"teuhf ee vah"neuhf/, n. Mikhail Mikhailovich /mi kah eel" mi kuy"leuh vich/; Russ. /myi khu yeel" myi khuy"leuh ...
Ippolitov-Ivanov, Mikhail
▪ Russian composer in full  Mikhail Mikhaylovich Ippolitov-Ivanov  born Nov. 7 [Nov. 19, New Style], 1859, Gatchina, Russia died Jan. 28, 1935, Moscow  Russian composer of ...
ipr
inches per revolution. Also, i.p.r. * * *
ipratropium bromide
/ip'reuh troh"pee euhm/, Pharm. an anticholinergic bronchodilator, C20H30BrNO3, used in the treatment of chronic bronchitis and in airway obstruction ...
iproniazid
/uy'preuh nuy"euh zid/, n. Pharm. a compound, C9H13N3O, used in the treatment of mental depression and tuberculosis. [1950-55; I(SO)PRO(PYL) + NI(COTINE) + AZ- + -ID4] * * ...
ips
inches per second. Also, i.p.s. * * *
Ipsambul
/ip'sam boohl"/, n. See Abu Simbel. * * *
ipse dixit
/ip"se dik"sit/; Eng. /ip"see dik"sit/, Latin. 1. he himself said it. 2. an assertion without proof. * * *
ipsedixit
ip·se dix·it (ĭpʹsē dĭkʹsĭt) n. An unsupported assertion, usually by a person of standing; a dictum.   [From Latin ipse dīxit, he himself said (it) : ipse, he himself ...
Ipsen, Bodil
▪ Danish actress original name  Bodil Louise Jensen   born Aug. 30, 1889, Copenhagen, Den. died Nov. 1964, Copenhagen       Danish actress who, with her frequent ...
ipsilateral
—ipsilaterally, adv. /ip'seuh lat"euhr euhl/, adj. Anat. pertaining to, situated on, or affecting the same side of the body: ipsilateral paralysis. Cf. contralateral. [1905-10; ...
ipsilaterally
See ipsilateral. * * *
ipsissima verba
/ip sis"si mah' werdd"bah/; Eng. /ip sis"euh meuh verr"beuh/, Latin. the very words; verbatim. * * *
ipsissimaverba
ip·sis·si·ma ver·ba (ĭp-sĭsʹə-mə vûrʹbə) pl.n. The very words, as of a quote.   [New Latin : Latin ipsissima, the very, neuter pl. superlative of ipse, self + Latin ...
ipso facto
/ip"soh fak"toh/ by the fact itself; by the very nature of the deed: to be condemned ipso facto. [1540-50; < L ipso facto] * * *
ipso jure
/ip"soh yooh"rdde/; Eng. /ip"soh joor"ee/, Latin. by the law itself; by operation of law. * * *
ipsofacto
ip·so fac·to (ĭpʹsō făkʹtō) adv. By the fact itself; by that very fact: An alien, ipso facto, has no right to a U.S. passport.   [New Latin ipsō factō: Latin ipsō, ...
ipsojure
ipso ju·re (jo͝orʹē) adv. By the law itself.   [New Latin ipsō iūre: Latin ipsō, ablative of ipse, itself + Latin iūre, ablative of iūs, law.] * * *
Ipsus
/ip"seuhs/, n. an ancient village in central Asia Minor, in Phrygia: the scene of a battle (301 B.C.) between the successors of Alexander the Great. * * *
Ipsus, Battle of
(301 BC) Battle marking the defeat at Ipsus, Phrygia, of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and his son Demetrius I Poliorcetes at the hands of Lysimachus of Thrace, Seleucus I Nicator of ...
Ipswich
/ip"swich/, n. 1. a city in SE Suffolk, in E England. 122,600. 2. a town in NE Massachusetts. 11,158. * * * Town and borough (pop., 2001: 117,074), administrative and historic ...
Ipuwer
▪ Egyptian sage       ancient Egyptian sage who is known because of the discovery of one poorly preserved manuscript relating his speech to the king and the royal court. ...
IQ
Psychol. See intelligence quotient. [1960-65] * * * in full intelligence quotient Number intended to represent a measure of relative intelligence as determined by the subject's ...
Iqaluit
Iqaluit [ē kä′lo͞o ēt΄] capital of Nunavut, Canada, in the E part: pop. 4,200 * * * I·qal·u·it (ĭ-kălʹo͞o-ĭt, ē-käʹlo͞o-ēt) The capital and largest ...
īqāʿāt
▪ Islamic music singular  īqāʿ         in Islamic music, rhythmic modes—i.e., patterns of strong, intermediate, and weak beats, separated by pauses of various ...
Iqbal
/ik bahl"/, n. Muhammad, 1873-1938, Pakistani poet. * * *
Iqbal, Javed
▪ Pakistani serial killer born 1961?, Pakistan died Oct. 9, 2001, Lahore       Pakistani serial killer who murdered some 100 boys. His case attracted international ...
Iqbal, Sir Muhammad
born Nov. 9, 1877, Si lkot, Punjab, India died April 21, 1938, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan) Indian poet and philosopher. He first won fame for his poetry, which was written in the ...
iqṭā{ʽ}
Type of land tenure system practiced in early Islamic societies. Under the iqṭāʽ system, which began in the 9th century, political leaders awarded the right of usufruct over ...
iqṭāʿ
▪ Islamic land grant       in the Islāmic empire of the Caliphate, land granted to army officials for limited periods in lieu of a regular wage. It has sometimes been ...
Iquique
/ee kee"ke/, n. a seaport in N Chile. 64,900. * * * ▪ Chile       city, northern Chile. It is located on a rocky peninsula in the rainless Atacama Desert, overlooking ...
Iquitos
/ee kee"taws/, n. a city in NE Peru, on the upper Amazon. 110,242. * * * ▪ Peru  Amazon River port, northeastern Peru. It is located about 2,300 miles (3,700 km) upstream ...
IR
1. infrared. 2. intelligence ratio. 3. information retrieval. * * *
Ir
Irish (def. 4). Symbol, Chem. iridium. * * *
Ir gene
/uy"ahr"/, Immunol. a gene controlling the magnitude of the immune response to a particular antigen. [1970-75; i(mmune) r(esponse)] * * *
ir-
ir-1 var. of in-2 (by assimilation) before r: irradiate. ir-2 var. of in-3 (by assimilation) before r: irreducible. * * *
Ir.
1. Ireland. 2. Irish. * * *
Ira
/uy"reuh/, n. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "watchful." * * *
IRA
1. See individual retirement account. 2. See Irish Republican Army. Also, I.R.A. * * *
iracund
—iracundity, n. /uy"reuh kund'/, adj. prone to anger; irascible. [1815-25; < L iracundus, equiv. to ira- (see IRATE) + -cundus inclined to (adj. suffix)] * * *
irade
Turk. /i rddah"de/, n. a decree of a Muslim ruler. [1880-85; < Turk < Ar iradah will, wish] * * *
Irak
/i rak", i rahk"/, n. Iraq. * * *
Iraki
/i rak"ee, i rah"kee/, n., pl. Irakis, adj. Iraqi. * * *
Iráklion
Iraklion [ē räk′lē ō̂n΄] seaport & capital of Crete, on the N coast: pop. 115,000 * * * I·rá·kli·on (ĭ-räʹklē-ôn') also Can·di·a (kănʹdē-ə) A city of ...
Iran
/i ran", i rahn", uy ran"/, n. a republic in SW Asia. 67,540,002; ab. 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). Cap.: Teheran. Formerly (until 1935), Persia. * * * Iran ...
Iran hostage crisis
(1979–81) Political crisis involving Iran's detention of U.S. diplomats. Anti-American sentiment in Iran fueled in part by close ties between the U.S. and the unpopular leader ...
Iran's Power Dilemma
▪ 2007 by Keith S. McLachlan       Since the early 1990s but especially in the past two years, Iran's policies of opposition to the Western powers had paid off handsomely ...
Iran, ancient
Introduction also known as  Persia        historic region of southwestern Asia that is only roughly coterminous with modern Iran. The term Persia was used for ...
Iran, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped green-white-red national flag with a red design (a stylized coat of arms (arms, coat of)) in the centre and Arabic ...
Iran-Contra affair
the name given to a series of secret and illegal actions by US government officials under President Ronald Reagan. In 1985, officials in the National Security Council sold ...
Iran-Iraq War
(1980–90) Protracted and indecisive conflict prompted by Iraq's invasion of its eastern neighbour. Following the 1979 Iranian revolution, the Iraqi leadership sought to ...
Iran.
Iranian. * * *
Irangate
I·ran·gate (ĭ-rănʹgāt', ĭ-ränʹ-, ī-rănʹ-) n. A scandal occurring during the Reagan administration in which members of the executive branch sold weapons to Iran and ...
Irani
Irani [ē rä′nē, irä′nē] adj. Rare IRANIAN * * *
Iranian
/i ray"nee euhn, i rah"-, uy ray"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Iran, its inhabitants, or their language. 2. of or pertaining to the Iranian languages. n. 3. a subbranch of the ...
Iranian languages
Major subgroup of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. Iranian languages are probably spoken by more than 80 million people in southwestern and southern ...
Iranian literature
      body of writings in the Iranian languages produced in an area encompassing eastern Anatolia, Iran, and parts of western Central Asia as well as Afghanistan and the ...
Iranian Plateau
a plateau in SW Asia, mostly in Iran, extending from the Tigris to the Indus rivers. 1,000,000 sq. mi. (2,590,000 sq. km). * * *
Iranian religion
Introduction       diverse beliefs and practices of the culturally and linguistically related group of ancient peoples who inhabited the Iranian Plateau and its ...
Iranian religions
Ancient religions of the peoples of the Iranian plateau. The Medes and Persians were dominated by a powerful priestly tribe, the magi. The magi were responsible for chanting ...
Irapuato
/ee'rddah pwah"taw/, n. a city in Guanajuato, in central Mexico. 140,342. * * * ▪ Mexico       city, west-central Guanajuato estado (state), north-central Mexico. ...
Iraq
/i rak", i rahk"/, n. a republic in SW Asia, N of Saudi Arabia and W of Iran, centering in the Tigris-Euphrates basin of Mesopotamia. 22,219,289; 172,000 sq. mi. (445,480 sq. ...
Iraq War
▪ 2003 Introduction also called  Second Persian Gulf War   conflict in Iraq beginning in 2003 and consisting of two phases. The first of these was a brief, conventionally ...
Iraq, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of three equal horizontal stripes of (from top to bottom) red, white, and black with the inscription in Kufic script ...
Iraqi
/i rak"ee, i rah"kee/, n., pl. Iraqis, adj. n. 1. a native of Iraq. 2. Also, Iraqi Arabic. the dialect of Arabic spoken in Iraq. adj. 3. of or pertaining to Iraq, its ...
Irāqīʿ
▪ Persian poet in full  Fakhr al-Dīn Ibrāhīm ʿIrāqī Hamadānī   born c. 1211, near Hamadan, Iran died November 1289, Damascus, Syria       one of the most ...
irascibility
See irascible. * * *
irascible
—irascibility, irascibleness, n. —irascibly, adv. /i ras"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. easily provoked to anger; very irritable: an irascible old man. 2. characterized or produced by ...
irascibleness
See irascibility. * * *
irascibly
See irascibility. * * *
irate
—irately, adv. —irateness, n. /uy rayt", uy"rayt/, adj. 1. angry; enraged: an irate customer. 2. arising from or characterized by anger: an irate letter to the ...
irately
See irate. * * *
irateness
See irately. * * *
Irazu
/ee'rddah sooh"/, n. Mount, a volcano in central Costa Rica. 11,200 ft. (3414 m). * * *
Irazú Volcano
▪ volcano, Costa Rica Spanish  Volcán Irazú         active volcano, in the Cordillera Central, east-central Costa Rica. Its name originates from the indigenous ...
IRB
industrial revenue bond. * * *
Irbid
/ir bid"/, n. a town in NW Jordan. 125,000. * * * Town (pop., 1994: 208,329), northern Jordan. Built on Early Bronze Age settlements, it may have been the biblical city of Beth ...
Irbil
Irbil [ʉr′bil] city in N Iraq, on the site of ancient ARBELA: pop. 486,000 * * * Ir·bil (îrʹbĭl) See Arbil. * * * ▪ ancient city, Iraq also spelled  Arbil  or ...
IRBM
See intermediate range ballistic missile. Also, I.R.B.M. [1955-60] * * *
IRC
Internal Revenue Code. * * *
ire
—ireless, adj. /uyeur/, n. intense anger; wrath. [1250-1300; ME < OF < L ira anger] Syn. fury, rage, choler, spleen. * * *
Ire.
Ireland. * * *
Iredell
/uyeur"del/, n. James, 1751-99, associate justice of U.S. Supreme Court, 1790-99. * * *
Iredell, James
born Oct. 5, 1751, Lewes, Sussex, Eng. died Oct. 20, 1799, Edenton, N.C., U.S. U.S. jurist. His family immigrated to North Carolina, where he was appointed comptroller of the ...
ireful
—irefully, adv. —irefulness, n. /uyeur"feuhl/, adj. 1. full of intense anger; wrathful. 2. easily roused to anger; irascible. [1250-1300; ME; see IRE, -FUL] * * *
irefully
See ireful. * * *
Ireland
—Irelander, n. /uyeur"leuhnd/, n. 1. John, 1838-1918, U.S. Roman Catholic clergyman and social reformer, born in Ireland: archbishop of St. Paul, Minn., 1888-1918. 2. Also ...
Ireland, Church of
▪ Irish Anglican denomination       independent Anglican church within both Ireland and Northern Ireland. It traces its episcopal succession from the pre-Reformation ...


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