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isentropic
/uy'seuhn trop"ik, -troh"pik, uy'zeuhn-/, adj. Thermodynam. 1. having a constant entropy. 2. of or pertaining to an isentrope. [1870-75; IS- + ENTROPIC] * * *
isentropic chart
▪ meteorology       meteorological map that shows the moisture distribution and flow of air along a surface of constant entropy, which is also a surface of constant ...
isentropically
See isentropic. * * *
Iseo, Lake
Lake, northern Italy. Situated at the southern foot of the Alps, it is fed by the Oglio River, which enters the northern end near Lovere and leaves the southern end at Sarnico. ...
Isère
/ee zair"/, n. 1. a river in SE France, flowing from the Alps to the Rhone River. 150 mi. (240 km) long. 2. a department in SE France. 860,378; 3180 sq. mi. (8235 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Isère River
River, southwestern France. Originating in the Savoy Alps on the Italian frontier, it flows 180 mi (290 km) southwest to its confluence with the Rhône River above Valence. It ...
Iserlohn
I·ser·lohn (ē'zər-lōnʹ, ēʹzər-lōn') A city of west-central Germany northeast of Cologne. Founded in the 13th century, it is a manufacturing center. Population: ...
Isernia
▪ Italy       town, Molise region, south central Italy, between the Carpino and Sordo rivers, west of Campobasso. It originated as Aesernia, a town of the Samnites (an ...
Isesaki
▪ Japan       city, Gumma ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the Ryomo Line (railway) between Takasaki and Ōyama. Isesaki prospered as a market town around a castle ...
Iseult
/i soohlt"/, n. 1. Also, Yseult. German, Isolde. Arthurian Romance. a. the daughter of a king of Ireland who became the wife of King Mark of Cornwall: she was the beloved of ...
Iseyin
▪ Nigeria       town, Oyo state, southwestern Nigeria, at the intersection of roads from Oyo to Iwere and from Abeokuta to Okaka. In the early 1860s, the Yoruba Mission ...
Isfahan
/is'feuh hahn"/, n. a city in central Iran: the capital of Persia from the 16th into the 18th century. 424,045. Also, Ispahan. * * *
Ish-bosheth
/ish boh"shith/, n. a son and successor of Saul. II Sam. 2-4. * * *
Isham, John
▪ English composer Isham also spelled  Isum   born c. 1680 died June 1726, London, Eng.       English composer and organist.       Educated at Merton College, ...
Isham, Ralph Heyward
▪ American collector born July 2, 1890, New York City died June 13, 1955, New York City       American collector of rare manuscripts who discovered the long-missing ...
Ishanavarman
▪ king of Maukhari kingdom born 554 CE       chief of the Maukhari family of northern India. Originally, he was a feudatory of the Gupta empire (Gupta dynasty), and by ...
Ishaq
(as used in expressions) Ibn Ishaq Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Yasar ibn Khiyar Yakub ibn Ishaq al Sabah al Kindi * * *
Ishbosheth
▪ king of Israel also spelled  Isboseth , also called  Ishbaal , or  Eshbaal  flourished 11th century BC       in the Old Testament (II Samuel 2:8–4:12), fourth ...
Isherwood
/ish"euhr wood'/, n. Christopher (William Bradshaw) /brad"shaw/, 1904-86, English poet, novelist, and playwright; in the U.S. since 1938. * * *
Isherwood framing
Naval Archit. a system for framing steel vessels in which light, closely spaced, longitudinal frames are connected by heavy, widely spaced transverse frames with deep webs. Also ...
Isherwood, B(enjamin) F(ranklin)
▪ United States naval engineer born Oct. 6, 1822, New York City died June 19, 1915, New York City  U.S. naval engineer who, during the American Civil War, greatly augmented ...
Isherwood, Christopher
orig. Christopher William Bradshaw born Aug. 26, 1904, High Lane, Cheshire, Eng. died Jan. 4, 1986, Santa Monica, Calif., U.S. British-born U.S. writer. Educated at Cambridge ...
Isherwood,Christopher William Bradshaw
Ish·er·wood (ĭshʹər-wo͝od'), Christopher William Bradshaw. 1904-1986. British-born American writer best known for his portrayals of Berlin in the early 1930s in works such ...
Ishibashi Tanzan
▪ prime minister of Japan born Sept. 25, 1884, Tokyo died April 25, 1973, Tokyo       politician, economist, and journalist who was prime minister of Japan from ...
Ishida Baigan
▪ Japanese scholar born Oct. 12, 1685, Tamba Province, Japan died Oct. 29, 1744, Kyōto       Japanese scholar who originated the moral-education movement called ...
Ishida Mitsunari
▪ Japanese warrior born 1563, Ōmi Province, Japan died Nov. 6, 1600, Kyōto       Japanese warrior whose defeat in the famous Battle of Sekigahara (1600) allowed the ...
Ishiguro
/ish'ee goor"oh/, n. Kazuo /kah"zooh oh', kaz"ooh oh'/, born 1954, English novelist, born in Japan. * * *
Ishiguro, Kazuo
▪ Japanese-British author born Nov. 8, 1954, Nagasaki, Japan       Japanese-born novelist known for his lyrical tales of regret fused with subtle ...
Ishihara test
/ish'ee hahr"euh/, Ophthalm. a test for determining color blindness by means of a series of cards each having colored dots that form one pattern to the normal eye and a different ...
Ishihara, Shintaro
▪ 2000       On March 10, 1999, controversial Japanese author and politician Shintaro Ishihara announced that he would join the already crowded race for governor of ...
Ishihara, Takashi
▪ 2004       Japanese business executive (b. March 3, 1912, Tokyo, Japan—d. Dec. 31, 2003, Tokyo), served as president of the Nissan Motor Co. from 1977 to 1985 and ...
Ishii Kikujirō, Shishaku
▪ Japanese politician (Viscount) born March 10, 1866, Awa Province, Japan died May 25, 1945, Tokyo  Japanese statesman and diplomat who effectively championed a cautious ...
Ishikari River
River, Hokkaido, Japan. Rising near the centre of the Kitami Mountains, it flows southwest to empty into Ishikari Bay of the Sea of Japan (East Sea). It is 275 mi (442 km) long, ...
Ishikari-gawa
▪ river, Japan       (Japanese: Ishikari River), river, in Hokkaido, Japan, rising near the centre of the Kitami-sammyaku (Kitami Mountains). It flows for 120 mi (200 ...
IshikariBay
I·shi·ka·ri Bay (ĭsh'ĭ-kärʹē) An inlet of the Sea of Japan on the western coast of Hokkaido, Japan. The Ishikari River, about 443 km (275 mi) long, flows generally ...
Ishikawa
▪ prefecture, Japan       prefecture (ken), western Honshu, Japan, facing the Sea of Japan. Its area of 1,620 sq mi (4,196 sq km) includes the western stretch of the ...
Ishikawa Takuboku
▪ Japanese poet pseudonym of  Ishikawa Hajime   born Oct. 28, 1886, Hinoto, Iwate prefecture, Japan died April 13, 1912, Tokyo       Japanese poet, a master of ...
Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Company, Ltd.
▪ Japanese company Japanese  Ishikawajima–Harima Jūkōgyō KK        major Japanese manufacturer of heavy machinery and oceangoing ships. Headquarters are in ...
Ishim
I·shim (ĭ-shĭmʹ) A river, about 1,818 km (1,130 mi) long, rising in the steppe region of Kazakhstan and flowing generally northwest then northeast to the Irtysh River in ...
Ishim River
Kazakh Esil River, north-central Kazakhstan and the Tyumen and Omsk provinces of south-central Russia. A tributary of the Irtysh River, it rises in the Niyaz Hills in the north ...
Ishimbay
▪ Russia also spelled  Išimbaj, or Ishimbai        city, Bashkortostan republic, western Russia. Ishimbay lies along the Belaya (White) River. It was the earliest ...
Ishinomaki
▪ Japan       city, Miyagi ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the estuary of the Kitakami-gawa (Kitakami River). The city was founded in the 4th century and was a ...
Ishkur
▪ Mesopotamian god       in Mesopotamian religion, Sumerian god of the rain and thunderstorms of spring. He was the city god of Bit Khakhuru (perhaps to be identified ...
Ishmael
/ish"mee euhl, -may-/, n. 1. the son of Abraham and Hagar: both he and Hagar were cast out of Abraham's family by Sarah. Gen. 16:11, 12. 2. any outcast. 3. an Arab. [ < Heb ...
Ishmael ben Elisha
flourished 2nd century AD Jewish scholar. Born into a wealthy priestly family, he was taken captive by the Roman legions that sacked Jerusalem in AD 70, but he was ransomed by ...
Ishmaelite
—Ishmaelitish, adj. /ish"mee euh luyt', -may euh-, -meuh-/, n. 1. a descendant of Ishmael, the traditional ancestor of the Arab peoples. 2. a wanderer or outcast. [1570-80; ...
Ishmaelitism
See Ishmaelite. * * *
Ishpeming
▪ Michigan, United States       city, Marquette county, northwestern Upper Peninsula of Michigan, U.S. It is located in the Marquette Iron Range, about 12 miles (20 km) ...
Ishtar
/ish"tahr/, n. the Assyrian and Babylonian goddess of love and war, identified with the Phoenician Astarte, the Semitic Ashtoreth, and the Sumerian Inanna. Also called Mylitta. * ...
Ishtar Gate
Enormous burnt-brick double entryway built in the ancient city of Babylon с 575 BC. The gate was more than 38 ft (12 m) high and was decorated with glazed brick reliefs. ...
Ishtar Terra
/ter"euh/, Astron. a plateau region in the northern hemisphere of Venus. * * * ▪ Venusian surface feature       the smaller of two continent-sized highland areas ...
Ishum
/ee"sheuhm/, n. the Akkadian god of fire and the companion of Irra. * * *
Ishvara
/eesh"weuhr euh/, n. Hinduism. a personal and supreme god, supposed in dvaita Vedantism to be included with the world and Atman within Brahman. * * * ▪ ...
Isiac
/is"ee ak', iz"-, uy"see-/, adj. of or pertaining to Isis or the worship of Isis. Also, Isiacal /i suy"euh keuhl, uy suy"-/. [1700-10; < L Isiacus < Gk Isiakós. See ISIS, -AC] * ...
isidioid
/uy sid"ee oyd'/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling an isidium. [1920-25; ISIDI(UM) + -OID] * * *
isidium
/uy sid"ee euhm/, n., pl. isidia /uy sid"ee euh/. Bot. a coralloid outgrowth from the thallus in certain lichens. [1865-70; < NL, deriv. of Isid- (s. of Isis) ISIS (from the ...
Isidor
/iz"i dawr', -dohr'/, n. a male given name. Also, Isidore. * * * (as used in expressions) Isidor Caesar Rabi Isidor Isaac Stone Isidor Feinstein Isidor Feinstein * * *
Isidora
/iz'i dawr"euh, -dohr"euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Isidore
Isidore or Isidor [iz′ə dôr΄] n. 〚< Ger Isdor or Fr Isidore, both < L Isidorus < Gr Isidōros < Isis + dōron, gift; hence, lit., gift of Isis〛 a masculine name: dim. ...
Isidore Of Kiev
▪ Greek Orthodox patriarch born c. 1385, , southern Greece died April 27, 1463, Rome       Greek Orthodox patriarch of Russia, Roman cardinal, Humanist, and theologian ...
Isidore of Sevilla, Saint
born с 560, Cartagena or Sevilla, Spain died April 4, 636, Sevilla; canonized 1598; feast day April 4 Spanish prelate and scholar, last of the Western Fathers of the ...
Isidore of Seville
—Isidorian, Isidorean, adj. Saint (Isidorus Hispalensis), A.D. c570-636, Spanish archbishop, historian, and encyclopedist. * * *
Isidore of Seville,Saint
Is·i·dore of Seville (ĭzʹĭ-dôr', -dōr'), Saint. 560?-636. Spanish scholar and ecclesiastic. He wrote the encyclopedia Etymologiae, an important reference work throughout ...
Isidorusof Miletus
Is·i·dor·us of Miletus (ĭz'ĭ-dôrʹəs, -dōrʹ-), fl.sixth century A.D. Byzantine engineer who, with Anthemius of Tralles, designed Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. * * *
Isin
/is"in/, n. an ancient Sumerian city in S Iraq: archaeological site. * * * ▪ ancient city, Mesopotamia, Asia       ancient Mesopotamian city, probably the origin of a ...
Isinbayeva, Yelena
▪ 2006  Russian pole vaulter Yelena Isinbayeva lifted herself to a position of unchallenged mastery in her event in 2005, raising the women's outdoor world record five times ...
isinglass
/uy"zeuhn glas', -glahs', uy"zing-/, n. 1. a pure, transparent or translucent form of gelatin, obtained from the air bladders of certain fish, esp. the sturgeon: used in glue and ...
Isis
/uy"sis/, n. Egyptian Relig. a goddess of fertility, the sister and wife of Osiris and mother of Horus, and usually represented as a woman with a cow's horns with the solar disk ...
Iskandar Muda
▪ sultan of Acheh born 1590 died Dec. 27, 1636       sultan of Acheh (Aceh) (Atjeh) in northern Sumatra, under whom the region achieved its greatest territorial ...
Iskandarīyah, Al-
▪ governorate, Egypt       muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Lower Egypt. The muḥāfaẓah is densely settled in the north in and around its capital, Alexandria ...
Iskander Bey
/is kan"deuhr bay"/ Scanderbeg. * * *
Iskander, Fazil
▪ Abkhazian author in full  Fazil Abdulovich Iskander  born March 6, 1929, Sokhumi, Abkhazia, Georgia, U.S.S.R. [now Abkhazia, Georgia]       Abkhazian author who ...
Iskenderun
/is ken"deuh roohn'/, n. 1. Formerly, Alexandretta. a seaport in S Turkey, on the Gulf of Iskenderun. 79,291. 2. Gulf of, an inlet of the Mediterranean, off the S coast of ...
Iskur
Is·kŭr also Is·kar (ĭsʹkər) A river of western Bulgaria rising in the Rhodope Mountains and flowing about 402 km (250 mi) generally north and northeast to the Danube ...
Iskŭr
Is·kŭr also Is·kar (ĭsʹkər) A river of western Bulgaria rising in the Rhodope Mountains and flowing about 402 km (250 mi) generally north and northeast to the Danube ...
Iskŭr River
▪ river, Bulgaria also spelled  Isker, or Iskar,  Latin  Oescus,         longest (after the Danube) river in Bulgaria, formed south of Samokov in the Rila ...
isl
isl abbrev. 1. island 2. isle * * *
isl.
1. island. 2. isle. Also, Isl. * * *
Isla de Pascua
/eez"lah dhe pahs"kwah/ Spanish name of Easter Island. * * *
Isla, José Francisco de
▪ Spanish author in full  José Francisco De Isla De La Torre Y Rojo,  byname  El Padre Isla  born March 24, 1703, Vidanes, Spain died Nov. 2, 1781, Bologna, Papal ...
Islade la Juventud
Is·la de la Ju·ven·tud (ēsʹlä dĕ lä ho͞o-vĕn-to͞odʹ) See Youth, Isle of. * * *
Islam
—Islamic /is lam"ik, -lah"mik, iz-/, Islamitic /is'leuh mit"ik, iz'-/, adj. /is lahm", iz-, is"leuhm, iz"-/, n. 1. the religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and ...
Islam, Pillars of
Five duties incumbent on every Muslim. The first is the profession of faith in the one God and in Muhammad as his Prophet. The others are prayer five times a day, the giving of ...
Islamabad
/is lah"meuh bahd', -bad', -lam"euh bad'/, n. the capital of Pakistan, in the N part, near Rawalpindi. 77,318. * * * Capital (pop., 1998: 524,500) of Pakistan, located northeast ...
Islāmbūlī, Khālid al-
or Khaled Islambouli born 1958, near Al-Minyā, Egypt died April 15, 1982, Egypt Egyptian radical, assassin of Anwar el-Sādāt. Born into a family of rural notables, he ...
Islamic
See Islam. * * * (as used in expressions) Islamic State of Afghanistan Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros Islamic Republic of Iran Islamic Republic of Mauritania Islamic ...
Islamic Art, Museum of
▪ museum, Doha, Qatar       offshore museum in Doha, Qatar, located on the southern end of Doha Bay. It is noted for its vast collection of Islamic art (Islamic arts) ...
Islamic arts
Visual, literary, and performing arts of the populations that adopted Islam from the 7th century. Islamic visual arts are decorative, colourful, and, in religious art, ...
Islāmic bath
▪ bathing establishment Arabic  Ḥammān,         public bathing establishment developed in countries under Islāmic rule that reflects the fusion of a primitive ...
Islamic calendar
a calendar of 12 lunar months, each beginning with the new moon. See Muslim Calendar. * * *
Islamic caste
Any one of several units of social stratification among Muslims in India and Pakistan. Their development can be traced to the caste system of Hinduism and the tendency of Muslim ...
Islamic Conference, Organization of the
▪ Islamic organization Arabic  Munaẓamat al-Mūʾtamir al-Islāmī        an Islamic organization established in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, in May 1971, following ...
Islāmic Development Bank
▪ Muslim bank Arabic  Al-bank Al-islāmī Lil-istithmār,         Muslim bank directed toward financing the economic and social development of members in accordance ...
Islamic Republic of Mauritania
official name of Mauritania. * * *
Islamic Salvation Front
French Front Islamique du Salut (FIS) Algerian Islamist political party. Known best by its French acronym, the organization was founded in 1989 by Ali Belhadj and Abbasi ...
Islāmic world
Introduction  prehistory and history of the Islamic community.       Adherence to Islām is a global phenomenon: Muslims predominate in some 30 to 40 countries, from the ...
Islamiccalendar
Islamic calendar n. The lunar calendar used by Muslims, reckoned from the year of the Hegira in A.D. 622. See table at calendar. * * *
Islamicist
Is·la·mi·cist (ĭs-läʹmĭ-sĭst, ĭz-) n. 1. A specialist in the study of Islam. 2. A member or supporter of an Islamic revivalist movement; an Islamist. * * *
Islamism
/is lah"miz euhm, iz-, is"leuh miz'-, iz"-/, n. the religion or culture of Islam. [1740-50; ISLAM + -ISM] * * *
Islamist
Islamist [iz lämə sist, iz lam′ə sist, iz′ləmə sistiz läm′ist, isläm′ist; iz lam′ist, islam′ist; iz′ləm ist] n. an advocate or supporter of Islamic, esp. ...
Islamite
/is lah"muyt, iz-, is"leuh muyt', iz"-/, n. a Muslim. [1790-1800; ISLAM + -ITE1] * * *
Islamization
See Islamize. * * *
Islamize
—Islamization, n. —Islamizer, n. /is"leuh muyz', iz"-, is lah"muyz, iz-/, v.t., Islamized, Islamizing. 1. to convert to Islam. 2. to bring into a state of harmony or ...
island
—islandish, islandlike, adj. —islandless, adj. /uy"leuhnd/, n. 1. a tract of land completely surrounded by water, and not large enough to be called a continent. 2. something ...
island arc
a curved chain of islands, as the Aleutians or Antilles, usually convex toward the ocean and enclosing a deep-sea basin. [1905-10] * * * Long, curved chain of oceanic islands ...
island of Reil
/ruyl/, Anat. insula. [named after J. C. Reil (d. 1813), German physician] * * *
Island of the Sun
Class. Myth. Sicily: the island where Helius kept his oxen. * * *
island universe
an external galaxy. [1865-70] * * *
island-hop
/uy"leuhnd hop'/, v.i., island-hopped, island-hopping. to travel from island to island, esp. to visit a series of islands in the same chain or area. [1940-45] * * *
islander
/uy"leuhn deuhr/, n. a native or inhabitant of an island. [1540-50; ISLAND + -ER1] * * *
islands of Langerhans
islands of Langerhans [läŋ′ər hänz΄] see ISLETS OF LANGERHANS * * *
Islands of the Blessed
Class. Myth. islands in the ocean at the remotest western end of the world, to which the souls of heroes and worthy persons were said to be transported after death. Also called ...
Islands, Bay of
Inlet, South Pacific Ocean, on the northeastern coast of North Island, New Zealand. The bay was formed when the sea flooded an old river valley system. It has a 500-mi (800-km) ...
islandsof Langerhans
is·lands of Lang·er·hans (īʹləndz; längʹər-häns') pl.n. See islets of Langerhans. * * *
Islas
(as used in expressions) Islas Baleares Islas Canarias Islas del Maíz Islas Malvinas * * *
Islas de la Bahía
/eez"lahz dhe lah vah ee"ah/ Spanish name of Bay Islands. * * *
Islas Malvinas
/eez"lahz mahl vee"nahs/. See Falkland Islands. * * *
IslasCanarias
Is·las Ca·na·ri·as (ēsʹläs kä-nä-rēʹäs) See Canary Islands. * * *
IslasMalvinas
Islas Mal·vi·nas (mäl-vēʹnäs) See Falkland Islands. * * *
Islay
Is·lay (īʹlā, īʹlə) An island of the southern Inner Hebrides of western Scotland. Farming, fishing, and distilling are important to its economy. * * * ▪ island, ...
isle
—isleless, adj. /uyl/, n., v., isled, isling. n. 1. a small island. 2. any island. v.t. 3. to make into or as if into an isle. 4. to place on or as if on an isle. [1250-1300; ...
Isle of Capri
Literary. Capri (def. 1). * * *
Isle of Dogs
an area of London’s Docklands opposite Greenwich, where the River Thames surrounds the north bank on three sides. Canary Wharf tower is in the northern half of the Isle of ...
Isle of Ely
➡ Ely * * *
Isle of France
Isle of France ÎLE-DE-FRANCE * * *
Isle of Man
(abbr IOM) a large island in the Irish Sea which is a possession of the British crown but has its own parliament, the Tynwald. The ancient language of the island is Manx and the ...
Isle of Man, flag of the
▪ Flag History       flag of a British crown possession, flown subordinate to the Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the), that consists of a red field (background) ...
Isle of Man.
See Man, Isle of. * * *
Isle of Pines.
See Pines, Isle of. * * *
Isle of Shoals boat
a sailing boat formerly used in Ipswich Bay, Massachusetts, rigged with two spritsails or gaff sails. * * *
Isle of Wight
(abbr IOW) a large island off the coast of Hampshire, in southern England. It has a warm climate which attracts tourists and people who enjoy sailing. It is governed by a unitary ...
Isle of Wight.
See Wight, Isle of. * * *
Isle Royale
/roy"euhl/ an island in Lake Superior: a part of Michigan; a national park. 208 sq. mi. (540 sq. km). * * * ▪ island, Michigan, United States       centre of a ...
Isle Royale National Park
Island national park located in northwestern Lake Superior, northwestern Michigan, U.S. Established in 1931, it has an area of 571,790 acres (231,575 hectares) and includes Isle ...
Isleau Haut
Isle au Haut (ī'lə-hōʹ, ē'lə-) An island of south-central Maine at the entrance to Penobscot Bay. * * *
Isleof
Isle of (īl) For names of actual isles, see the specific element of the name; for example, Wight, Isle of. * * *
IsleRoyale
Isle Roy·ale (roiʹəl) An island of northern Michigan in Lake Superior near the coast of Ontario. French fur traders named the island in 1671. Native Americans mined the ...
Isles
(as used in expressions) Western Isles Scilly Isles of Scilly Isles * * *
Isles of Scilly
➡ Scilly Isles * * *
islet
—isleted, adj. /uy"lit/, n. 1. a very small island. adj. 2. Anat. situated in or pertaining to the islet of Langerhans: islet cells. [1530-40; < MF islette. See ISLE, -ET] * * *
islet cell adenoma
insulinoma. * * *
islet of Langerhans
/lahng"euhr hahns', -hahnz', lahng"geuhr-/, Anat. any of several masses of endocrine cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin, somatostatin, and glucagon. Also called island of ...
islets of Langerhans
islets of Langerhans or islands of Langerhans [läŋ′ər hänz΄] n. 〚after P. Langerhans (1847-88), Ger histologist〛 irregular groups of endocrine cells in the pancreas ...
isletsof Langerhans
is·lets of Lang·er·hans (īʹlĭts; längʹər-häns') pl.n. Irregular clusters of endocrine cells scattered throughout the tissue of the pancreas that secrete insulin and ...
Isley Brothers, the
▪ American music group  American rhythm-and-blues (rhythm and blues) and rock band that began recording in the late 1950s and continued to have hit records in the '60s and ...
Islington
/iz"ling teuhn/, n. a borough of N London, England. 174,000. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom  inner borough of London, part of the historic county of Middlesex, ...
Islip
/uy"slip/, n. a town on the S shore of Long Island, in SE New York. 13,438. * * *
isls.
islands. * * *
ism
/iz"euhm/, n. a distinctive doctrine, theory, system, or practice: This is the age of isms. [extracted from words with the suffix -ISM] * * *
Isma'ilian
/is'may il"ee euhn/, n. Islam. a member of the Isma'iliya sect. Also, Isma'ili /is'may il"ee/. Also called Sevener. [1830-40; < Ar isma'ili (equiv. to Isma'il (died A.D. 760), ...
Isma'iliya
/is'may euh lee"euh, -muy euh-/, n. Islam. 1. a branch of Shi'ism, including in its number the Assassins and the Druses, having an esoteric philosophy and asserting Isma'il to be ...
Ismael
/is"mee euhl, -may-/, n. Douay Bible. Ishmael (def. 1). * * *
Ismail
(as used in expressions) Bukhari Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Ismail al Gasprinski Ismail Imeni Ismail Samani Peak Ismail I Ismail Pasha Kadare Ismail * * *
Ismail bin Datoʿ Abdul Rahman, Tun
▪ Malay politician born November 4, 1915, Johor Bahru, Straits Settlements died August 2, 1973, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia       Malay politician who held several ...
Ismail Merchant
➡ Merchant * * *
Ismail Pasha
/is mah"eel pah"shah/ 1830-95, viceroy and khedive of Egypt 1863-79. * * *
Ismaili
Is·ma·i·li (ĭs'mä-ēʹlē) also Is·ma·i·li·an (-ēʹlē-ən) n. pl. Is·ma·i·lis also Is·ma·i·li·ans A member of a branch of Shiism that follows a living imam and ...
Ismailia
/is'may euh lee"euh, -muy euh-/, n. a city and seaport at the midpoint of the Suez Canal, in NE Egypt. 189,700. Also, Isma'iliya. * * * ▪ Egypt also transliterated ...
Ismailian
Ismailian [is΄mā ē′lēənis΄mā il′ē ən] n. any member of a Shiite sect of Muslims holding that the office of imam should have gone to the descendant of Jafar's elder ...
IsmailPasha
Is·ma·il Pa·sha (ĭs-mäʹēl päʹshə), 1830-1895. Egyptian viceroy (1863-1879). The Suez Canal was completed during his reign (1869). * * *
Ismay (of Wormington), Hastings Lionel Ismay, Baron
born June 21, 1887, Naini Tal, India died Dec. 17, 1965, Broadway, Worcestershire, Eng. British soldier. A career army officer, he served in India and Africa. As Winston ...
Ismay, Hastings Lionel Ismay, Baron
▪ British soldier born June 21, 1887, Naini Tāl, India died December 17, 1965, Broadway, Worcestershire, England  British soldier who became Prime Minister Winston ...
Ismā{ʽ}īl I
born July 17, 1487, Ardabīl, Azer. died May 23, 1524, Ardabīl, Ṣafavid Iran Shah of Iran (1501–24) and founder of the Safavid dynasty. Born into a Shīʽite family with ...
Ismā{ʽ}īl Pasha
born Dec. 31, 1830, Cairo, Egypt died March 2, 1895, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire Viceroy of Egypt (1863–79) under the Ottoman Empire. After an education in Paris and ...
Ismā{ʽ}īlī
Member of a sect of the Shīite branch of Islam. It came into existence after the death of the sixth imam, Jafar ibn Muhammad, in 765. His son Ismāʽīl was accepted as ...
Ismāʿīl
▪ ʿAlawī ruler of Morocco in full  Ismāʿīl ibn Sharīf  born 1645/46 died March 1727, Meknès, Mor.       second ruler of the ʿAlawī dynasty of Morocco; his ...
Ismāʿīl I
▪ shah of Iran also spelled  Esmāʿīl I   born July 17, 1487, Ardabīl?, Azerbaijan died May 23, 1524, Ardabīl, Ṣafavid Iran       shah of Iran (1501–24) and ...
Ismāʿīl I ibn Aḥmad
▪ Sāmānid ruler also spelled  Esmāʿīl Ebn Aḥmad        (reigned 892–907), one of the Persian Sāmānid dynasty's most famous sovereigns, who was generous, ...
Ismāʿīl Pasha
▪ Ottoman viceroy of Egypt born Dec. 31, 1830, Cairo died March 2, 1895, Istanbul       viceroy of Egypt under Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) suzerainty, 1863–79, whose ...
Ismāʿīl Shahīd, Muḥammad
▪ Indian religious reformer born April 29, 1779, Phulat, India died May 6, 1831, Balakote       Indian Muslim reformer who attempted to purge Indian Islam from idolatry ...
Ismāʿīl, Aḥmad
▪ Egyptian defense minister born 1917, Cairo, Egypt died December 25, 1974, London, England       Egyptian field marshal who was Egypt's defense minister and commander ...
Ismāʿīlīte
▪ Islamic sect       a sect of the Shīʿites (one of the major branches of Islām) that was most active as a religio-political movement in the 9th–13th century ...
Ismāʿīliyyah, Al-
▪ governorate, Egypt       muḥāfaẓah (governorate), northeastern Nile delta, Lower Egypt. It is a square-shaped territory with a long, narrow extension northward ...
Ismene
/is mee"nee, -may"-, iz-/, n. Class. Myth. a daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta who did not join Antigone in her forbidden burial of their brother Polynices. * * *
isn't
/iz"euhnt/ contraction of is not. Usage. See contraction. Pronunciation. ISN'T is often pronounced /id"nt/ in the South Midland and Southern U.S., with /d/, a stop consonant, ...
isnad
/is nahd"/, n. Islam. the chain of testimony by which a hadith is transmitted. [ < Ar isnad] * * * In Islam, a list of authorities who have transmitted accounts of the teachings ...
iso
/uy"soh/, n., pl. isos. Television Slang. See isolated camera. [by shortening; cf. -O] * * *
ISO
1. incentive stock option. 2. International Standardization Organization. 3. the numerical exposure index of a photographic film under the system adopted by the International ...
iso-
a combining form meaning "equal," used in the formation of compound words: isochromatic; in chemistry, used in the names of substances which are isomeric with the substance ...
Iso-Hollo, Volmari
▪ Finnish athlete born May 1, 1907, Ylöjärvi, Fin. died June 23, 1969, Heinola       Finnish runner, who won two successive gold medals in the Olympic Games (1932, ...
iso-osmotic
/uy'soh oz mot"ik, -os-/, adj. Physical Chem. isotonic (def. 1). [1905-10] * * *
iso-reel
/uy"soh reel'/, n. Television. the exposed film of one or more isolated cameras that is ready for editing. * * *
isoabnormal
/uy'soh ab nawr"meuhl/, n. Meteorol. isabnormal. * * *
isoagglutination
—isoagglutinative /uy'soh euh glooht"n ay'tiv, -neuh-/, adj. /uy'soh euh glooht'n ay"sheuhn/, n. Med. the clumping of the red blood cells by a transfusion of the blood or serum ...
isoagglutinin
/uy'soh euh glooht"n in/, n. an agglutinin that can effect isoagglutination. [1900-05; ISO- + AGGLUTININ] * * *
isoagglutinogen
i·so·ag·glu·tin·o·gen (ī'sō-ăg'lo͞o-tĭnʹə-jən) n. An isoantigen that on exposure to its corresponding isoantibody causes agglutination of the red blood cells to ...
isoalloxazine
isoalloxazine [ī΄sōə läks′ə zēn΄] n. 〚 ISO- + alloxazine < Ger alloxan (< all(antoin) + ox(alsäure) + -an, -ANE) + AZINE〛 FLAVIN (sense 1) * * *
isoamyl
/uy'soh am"il/, adj. Chem. containing the isoamyl group; isopentyl. [ISO- + AMYL] * * *
isoamyl acetate
Chem. a colorless liquid, C7H14O2, used in flavorings, perfumery, and as a solvent. Cf. banana oil (def. 1). * * *
isoamyl benzoate
Chem. a colorless liquid, C11H15O2, having a sharp, fruitlike odor: used in cosmetics. * * *
isoamyl benzyl ether
Chem. a colorless liquid, C12H18O, used in soap perfumes. Also called benzyl isoamyl ether. * * *
isoamyl group
Chem. the univalent group C5H11. Also called isoamyl radical. Cf. amyl group, pentyl group. * * *
isoamyl nitrite
Pharm. See amyl nitrite. * * *
isoamyl salicylate
Chem. a colorless, sometimes slightly yellow, synthetic oil, C12H16O3, having an orchidlike odor: used in perfumery. * * *
isoantibody
/uy'soh an"ti bod'ee, -an"tee-/, n., pl. isoantibodies. (formerly) an alloantibody. [1915-20; ISO- + ANTIBODY] * * *
isoantigen
/uy'soh an"ti jeuhn, -jen'/, n. (formerly) an alloantigen. [1935-40; ISO- + ANTIGEN] * * *
isoantigenic
See isoantigen. * * *
isoantigenicity
See isoantigenic. * * *
isobar
—isobarism, n. /uy"seuh bahr'/, n. 1. Meteorol. a line drawn on a weather map or chart that connects points at which the barometric pressure is the same. 2. Also, isobare ...
isobaric
/uy'seuh bar"ik/, adj. 1. Meteorol. having or showing equal barometric pressure. 2. Physics, Chem. of or pertaining to isobars. [1875-80; ISOBAR + -IC] * * *
isobath
/uy"seuh bath'/, n. 1. an imaginary line or one drawn on a map connecting all points of equal depth below the surface of a body of water. 2. a similar line for indicating the ...
isobathic
/uy'seuh bath"ik/, adj. 1. having the same depth. 2. of or pertaining to an isobath. [1890-95; ISOBATH- + -IC] * * *
isobathytherm
—isobathythermal, isobathythermic, adj. /uy'seuh bath"euh therrm'/, n. a line on a chart or diagram of a body of water, connecting depths having the same temperature. [1875-80; ...
isobront
/uy"seuh bront'/, n. Meteorol. a line on a weather map or chart connecting various points where a given phase of thunderstorm activity occurred simultaneously. [1885-90; ISO- + ...
isobutane
/uy'seuh byooh"tayn, -byooh tayn"/, n. Chem. a colorless, flammable gas, C4H10, used as a fuel, as a refrigerant, and in the manufacture of gasoline by alkylation. [1875-80; ISO- ...
isobutyl
isobutyl [ībyo͞ot′'l] n. see BUTYL * * *
isobutyl nitrite.
See butyl nitrite. [1975-80; ISO- + BUTYL] * * *
isobutyl propionate
/uy"seuh byooh"til, -byooht"l, uy'seuh-/, Chem. a colorless liquid, C7H14O2, used chiefly as a paint, varnish, and lacquer solvent. [ISO- + BUTYL] * * *
isobutylene
/uy'seuh byooht"l een'/, n. Chem. a colorless, very volatile liquid or flammable gas, C4H8, used chiefly in the manufacture of butyl rubber. Also, isobutene /uy'seuh ...
isocarboxazid
/uy'soh kahr bok"seuh zid/, n. Pharm. a potent monoamine oxidase inhibitor, C12H13N3O2, used to treat severe depression. [1955-60; isocarbox- contr. and rearrangement of ...
isocarpic
/uy'seuh kahr"pik/, adj. Bot. having carpels equal in number to the other floral parts. [ISO- + -CARPIC] * * *
isocephalic
—isocephaly /uy'seuh sef"euh lee/, n. /uy'soh seuh fal"ik/, adj. Fine Arts. (of a composition) having the heads of all figures on approximately the same level. Also, ...
isoceraunic
/uy'soh si raw"nik/, adj. Meteorol. representing, having, or indicating equality in the frequency or intensity of thunderstorms: isoceraunic line; isoceraunic map. Also, ...
isochasm
—isochasmic, adj. /uy"seuh kaz'euhm/, n. Meteorol. a line on a map or chart connecting points where auroras are observed with equal frequency. [1880-85; ISO- + CHASM] * * *
isocheim
—isocheimal, isocheimenal /uy'seuh kuy"meuh nl/, isocheimic, isochimal, adj. /uy"seuh kuym'/, n. Climatol. a line on a map connecting points that have the same mean winter ...
isochor
—isochoric /uy'seuh kawr"ik, -kor"-/, adj. /uy"seuh kawr'/, n. Physics. for a given substance, a curve graphing temperature against pressure, when the volume of the substance ...
isochromatic
/uy'seuh kroh mat"ik, uy'soh kreuh-/, adj. 1. Optics. having the same color or tint. 2. Photog. orthochromatic. [1820-30; ISO- + CHROMATIC] * * *
isochronal
—isochronally, adv. /uy sok"reuh nl/, adj. 1. equal or uniform in time. 2. performed in equal intervals of time. 3. characterized by motions or vibrations of equal ...
isochronally
See isochronal. * * *
isochrone
/uy"seuh krohn'/, n. a line, as on a map, connecting all points having some property simultaneously, as in having the same delay in receiving a radio signal from a given source ...
isochronism
/uy sok"reuh niz'euhm/, n. an isochronal character or action. [1760-70; ISOCHRONE + -ISM] * * *
isochronize
/uy sok"reuh nuyz'/, v.t., isochronized, isochronizing. to make isochronal. Also, esp. Brit., isochronise. [ISOCHRONE + -IZE] * * *
isochronous
—isochronously, adv. /uy sok"reuh neuhs/, adj. isochronal. [1700-10; < NL isochronus. See ISOCHRONAL, -OUS] * * *
isochronously
See isochronous. * * *
isochrony
/uy sok"reuh nee/, n. the fact or state of occurrence at the same time; contemporaneity. [1950-55; ISOCHRONE + -Y3] * * *
isochroous
/uy sok"roh euhs/, adj. having the same color throughout. [1700-10; ISO- + -CHROOUS] * * *
isocitric acid
/uy"seuh si"trik, uy'seuh-/, Biochem. a major intermediate in the Krebs cycle, having the formula C6H8O7. [1865-70; ISO- + CITRIC ACID] * * *
isoclinal
/uy'seuh kluyn"l, uy'soh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to equal direction of inclination; inclining or dipping in the same direction. 2. noting or pertaining to an isoclinic ...
isoclinally
See isoclinal. * * *
isocline
/uy"seuh kluyn'/, n. Geol. a fold of strata so tightly compressed that both limbs dip in the same direction. [1885-90; back formation from ISOCLINAL] * * *
isoclinic
i·so·clin·ic (ī'sə-klĭnʹĭk) adj. & n. Variant of isoclinal.   i'so·clinʹi·cal·ly adv. * * *
isoclinic line
an imaginary line connecting points on the earth's surface having equal magnetic dip. Also called isoclinic, isoclinal. [1890-95] * * *
isoclinically
See isoclinic. * * *
isoclinicline
isoclinic line n. A line on a map connecting points of equal dips in the earth's magnetic field. Also called isoclinal. * * *
isocracy
—isocrat /uy"seuh krat'/, n. —isocratic, adj. /uy sok"reuh see/, n., pl. isocracies. a government in which all individuals have equal political power. [1645-55; < Gk ...
Isocrates
/uy sok"reuh teez'/, n. 436-338 B.C., Athenian orator. * * * born 436, Athens died 338 BC, Athens Athenian author, rhetorician, and teacher. His school, unlike Plato's more ...
isocyanate
/uy'seuh suy"euh nayt'/, n. Chem. 1. a salt or ester of isocyanic acid. 2. any compound containing the univalent group -NCO. [1870-75; ISOCYAN(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
isocyanic acid
/uy"soh suy an"ik, uy'soh-/, Chem. an unstable acid, CHNO, tautomeric with cyanic acid, known only in the form of its salts. [1890-95; ISO- + CYANIC ACID] * * *
isocyanide
/uy'seuh suy"euh nuyd', -nid/, n. Chem. a compound containing an isocyano group. Also called carbylamine. [1875-80; ISO- + CYANIDE] * * * ▪ chemical compound also called ...
isocyanine
/uy'seuh suy"euh neen', -nin/, n. Chem. a member of the group of cyanine dyes. [ISO- + CYANINE] * * *
isocyano
/uy'seuh suy"euh noh'/, adj. Chem. containing an isocyano group. [ISO- + CYANO] * * *
isocyano group
Chem. the univalent group -NC. Also called isocyano radical. * * *
isocyclic
/uy'seuh suy"klik, -sik"lik/, adj. Chem. homocyclic. [1895-1900; ISO- + CYCLIC] * * *
isodef
/uy"seuh def'/, n. uniform deficiency, esp. a line connecting points of equal deviation from a mean, as on a chart or graph. [ISO- + DEF(ICIENCY)] * * *
isodiametric
/uy'seuh duy'euh me"trik/, adj. 1. having equal diameters or axes. 2. having the diameter similar throughout, as a cell. 3. (of crystals) having two, or three, equal horizontal ...
isodimorphism
—isodimorphous, isodimorphic, adj. /uy'soh duy mawr"fiz euhm/, n. Crystall. isomorphism between the forms of two dimorphous substances. [ISO- + DIMORPHISM] * * *
isodomic
/uy'seuh dom"ik/, adj. Archit. (of ashlar) composed of stones of uniform size. [ < Gk isódom(os) built in equal courses (see ISO-, DOME) + -IC] * * *
isodose
/uy"seuh dohs'/, adj. of or pertaining to points of equal intensity of radiation in a contaminated region: isodose map; isodose lines. [1920-25; ISO- + DOSE] * * *
isodrin
      chlorine-containing organic compound used as an insecticide; see aldrin. * * *
isodrosotherm
/uy'seuh dros"euh therrm'/, n. Meteorol. a line on a weather map or chart connecting points having an equal dew point. [ISO- + Gk dróso(s) dew + -THERM] * * *
isodynamic
/uy'soh duy nam"ik, -di-/, adj. 1. pertaining to or characterized by equality of force, intensity, or the like. 2. noting or pertaining to an imaginary line on the earth's ...
isodynamicline
isodynamic line n. A line on a map connecting points of equal strength of the earth's magnetic field. * * *
isoelastic
/uy'soh i las"tik/, adj. Physics. noting or pertaining to a substance or system exhibiting uniform elasticity throughout. [ISO- + ELASTIC] * * *
isoelectric
/uy'soh i lek"trik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or having the same electric potential. [1875-80; ISO- + ELECTRIC] * * *
isoelectric point
Chem. the pH at which a substance is electrically neutral or at which it is at its minimum ionization. [1895-1900] * * *
isoelectronic
/uy'soh i lek tron"ik, -ee'lek-/, adj. Physics, Chem. 1. noting or pertaining to atoms and ions having an equal number of electrons. 2. noting or pertaining to atoms, radicals, ...
isoenzyme
/uy'soh en"zuym/, n. Biochem. isozyme. [1955-60; ISO- + ENZYME] * * *
isoenzymic
See isoenzyme. * * *
isoflavone
isoflavone [ī΄sō flā′vōn΄] n. an estrogen-like compound, an isomer of flavone, found in soybeans and used to reduce cholesterol levels, maintain bone health, etc. * * ...
isoflurane
/uy'soh floor"ayn/, n. Pharm. a volatile, halogenated ether, C3H2ClF5O, used as a general anesthetic in surgery. [ISO- + FLU(O)R- + -ANE] * * *
isogamete
—isogametic /uy'soh geuh met"ik/, adj. /uy'seuh gam"eet, uy'soh geuh meet"/, n. Cell Biol. one of a pair of conjugating gametes, exhibiting no differences in form, size, ...
isogametic
See isogamete. * * *
isogamous
/uy sog"euh meuhs/, adj. Biol. having two similar gametes in which no differentiation can be distinguished, or reproducing by the union of such gametes (opposed to ...
isogamy
/uy sog"euh mee/, n. Biol. the fusion of two gametes of similar form, as in certain algae. [1890-95; ISO- + -GAMY] * * *
isogenous
—isogeny, n. /uy soj"euh neuhs/, adj. Biol. of the same or similar origin, as parts derived from the same or corresponding tissues of the embryo. [1880-85; ISO- + -GENOUS] * * *


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