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isogeny
See isogenous. * * *
isogeotherm
—isogeothermal, isogeothermic, adj. /uy'seuh jee"euh therrm'/, n. an imaginary line connecting all points within the earth having the same mean temperature. Also called ...
isogloss
—isoglossal, adj. /uy"seuh glos', -glaws'/, n. (in the study of the geographical distribution of dialects) a line on a map marking the limits of an area within which a feature ...
isoglossal
See isogloss. * * *
isogon
/uy"seuh gon'/, n. a polygon having all angles equal. [1690-1700; ISO- + -GON] * * *
isogonal
—isogonality /uy'soh geuh nal"i tee/, n. —isogonally, adv. /uy sog"euh nl/, adj. 1. equiangular; isogonic. n. 2. See isogonal line. [1855-60; < Gk isogón(ios) equiangular ...
isogonal line
an imaginary line, or one drawn on a map, connecting all points of equal magnetic declination. Also called isoganal, isogone /uy"seuh gohn'/, isogonic. * * *
isogonic
/uy'seuh gon"ik/, adj. 1. having or pertaining to equal angles. 2. noting or pertaining to an isogonal line. n. 3. See isogonal line. [ < Gk isogón(ios) having equal angles (see ...
isogonicline
isogonic line n. A line on a map connecting points of equal magnetic declination. * * *
isogony
isogony [ī säg′ə nē] n. 〚 ISO- + -GONY〛 equivalent growth of parts of an organism so that size remains proportionate to the whole * * *
isogradient
/uy'seuh gray"dee euhnt/, n. Meteorol. a line on a weather map or chart connecting points having the same horizontal gradient of a meteorological quantity, as temperature, ...
isograft
/uy"seuh graft', -grahft'/, n. Surg. syngraft. [1905-10; ISO- + GRAFT1] * * *
isogram
/uy"seuh gram'/, n. Meteorol., Geog. a line representing equality with respect to a given variable, used to relate points on maps, charts, etc. Also called isoline. [1885-90; ...
isograph
—isographic /uy'seuh graf"ik/, isographical, adj. —isographically, adv. /uy"seuh graf', -grahf'/, n. (in the study of the geographical distribution of a dialect) a line drawn ...
isogriv
/uy"seuh griv/, n. a line on a map or chart connecting points of uniform grid variation. [ISO- + GRIV(ATION)] * * *
isohaline
/uy'seuh hay"leen, -luyn, -hal"een, -uyn/, n. a line on a map of the ocean connecting all points of equal salinity. Also, isohalsine /uy'seuh hal"seen, -suyn/. [1900-05; ISO- + ...
isohel
/uy"seuh hel'/, n. Meteorol. a line on a weather map connecting points that receive equal amounts of sunshine. [1900-05; ISO- + -hel < Gk hélios sun] * * *
isohume
/uy"seuh hyoohm'/, n. Meteorol. a line on a weather map or chart connecting points of equal relative humidity. [ISO- + -hume, extracted from HUMIDITY] * * *
isohyet
—isohyetal, adj. /uy'seuh huy"euht/, n. Meteorol. a line drawn on a map connecting points having equal rainfall at a certain time or for a stated period. [1895-1900; ISO- + ...
isoionic point
/uy"soh uy on"ik, uy'soh-/, Chem. the hydrogen ion concentration at which the concentration of the dipolar ion is at a maximum. [1930-35; ISO- + IONIC] * * *
isokeraunic
/uy'soh ki raw"nik/, adj. isoceraunic. * * *
isokinetic exercise
/uy'soh ki net"ik, -kuy-/ 1. exercise or a program of exercises to increase muscular strength, power, and endurance based on lifting, pulling, or pushing variable weight or ...
isokineticexercise
i·so·ki·net·ic exercise (ī'sō-kə-nĕtʹĭk, -kī-) n. Exercise performed with a specialized apparatus that provides variable resistance to a movement, so that no matter ...
Isoko
▪ people       people of the northwestern part of the Niger Delta in Nigeria, speaking a language of the Kwa branch of the Niger-Congo family. The term Sobo is used by ...
isolable
—isolability, n. /uy"seuh leuh beuhl, is"euh-/, adj. capable of being isolated. [1850-55; ISOL(ATE) + -ABLE] * * *
isolatable
/uy"seuh lay'teuh beuhl, is"euh-/, adj. isolable. [ISOLATE + -ABLE] * * *
isolate
—isolator, n. v. /uy"seuh layt', is"euh-/; n., adj. /uy"seuh lit, -layt', is"euh-/, v., isolated, isolating, n., adj. v.t. 1. to set or place apart; detach or separate so as to ...
isolated
—isolatedly, adv. /uy"seuh lay'tid, is"euh-/, adj. separated from other persons or things; alone; solitary. [1755-65; < F isolé isolated ( < It; see ISOLATO); see -ATE, ...
isolated camera
a television camera used to isolate a subject, part of a sports play, etc., for instant replay. [1965-70] * * *
isolated point
Math. a point in a set such that the neighborhood of the point is devoid of any other points belonging to the set. * * *
isolated set
Math. a set containing none of its accumulation points, consisting, therefore, of only isolated points. * * *
isolating
/uy"seuh lay'ting, is"euh-/, adj. Ling. pertaining to or noting a language, as Vietnamese, that uses few or no bound forms and in which grammatical relationships are indicated ...
isolating language
      a language in which each word form consists typically of a single morpheme. Examples are Classical Chinese (to a far greater extent than the modern Chinese ...
isolation
/uy'seuh lay"sheuhn, is'euh-/, n. 1. an act or instance of isolating. 2. the state of being isolated. 3. the complete separation from others of a person suffering from contagious ...
isolation booth
a soundproof booth located within a television studio, used to prevent the occupant, usually a contestant in a game show, from hearing certain parts of the show. * * *
isolationism
/uy'seuh lay"sheuh niz'euhm, is'euh-/, n. the policy or doctrine of isolating one's country from the affairs of other nations by declining to enter into alliances, foreign ...
isolationist
/uy'seuh lay"sheuh nist, is'euh-/, n. 1. a person who favors or works for isolationism. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of isolationists or isolationism: to be ...
isolative
/uy"seuh lay'tiv, is"euh-/, adj. noting a change in part of the sound of a word made independently of the phonetic environment of that part. [1885-90; ISOLATE + -IVE] * * *
isolato
/uy'seuh lay"toh/, n., pl. isolatoes. a person who is spiritually isolated from or out of sympathy with his or her times or society. [1850-55; < It < L insulatus. See INSULATE] * ...
isolator
See isolate. * * *
Isolda
/i zohl"deuh, i sohl"-/, n. a female given name, form of Iseult. * * *
Isolde
/i sohld", i sohl"deuh/; Ger. /ee zawl"deuh/, n. German name of Iseult. * * *
isolecithal
/uy'seuh les"euh theuhl/, adj. Embryol. homolecithal. [1925-30; ISO- + LECITHAL] * * *
Isolette
/uy'seuh let"/, Trademark. a brand of incubator for premature or other newborn infants, providing controlled temperature, humidity, and oxygen levels and having armholes through ...
isoleucine
/uy'seuh looh"seen, -sin/, n. Biochem. a crystalline amino acid, C6H13O2, occurring in proteins, that is essential to the nutrition of humans and animals. Abbr.: Ile; Symbol: ...
isoline
/uy"seuh luyn'/, n. Meteorol., Geog. isogram. [1940-45; ISO- + LINE1] * * *
isologous
/uy sol"euh geuhs/, adj. Chem. (of two or more organic compounds) chemically related but differing in composition other than by nCH2. [1855-60; ISO- + (HOMO)LOGOUS] * * *
isologue
/uy"seuh lawg', -log'/, n. Chem. one of two or more isologous compounds. Also, isolog. [1885-90; back formation from ISOLOGOUS, on the model of homologue: homologous] * * *
isomagnetic
/uy'soh mag net"ik/, adj. 1. noting or pertaining to points of equal magnetic force. n. 2. a line connecting such points. [1895-1900; ISO- + MAGNETIC] * * *
isomer
/uy"seuh meuhr/, n. 1. Chem. a compound displaying isomerism with one or more other compounds. 2. Also called nuclear isomer. Physics. a nuclide that exhibits isomerism with one ...
isomerase
/uy som"euh rays', -rayz'/, n. Biochem. any of a class of enzymes that catalyze reactions involving intramolecular rearrangements. [1940-45; ISOMER + -ASE] * * * ▪ ...
isomeric
—isomerically, adv. /uy'seuh mer"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or displaying isomerism. [1830-40; < Gk isomer(és) having equal parts (see ISO-, -MERE) + -IC] * * *
isomerically
See isomeric. * * *
isomerism
/uy som"euh riz'euhm/, n. 1. Chem. the relation of two or more compounds, radicals, or ions that are composed of the same kinds and numbers of atoms but differ from each other in ...
isomerization
See isomerize. * * * ▪ chemical reaction       the chemical process by which a compound is transformed into any of its isomeric forms, i.e., forms with the same ...
isomerize
—isomerization, n. /uy som"euh ruyz'/, v.i., v.t., isomerized, isomerizing. Chem. to convert into an isomer. Also, esp. Brit., isomerise. [1890-95; ISOMER + -IZE] * * *
isomerous
/uy som"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. having an equal number of parts, markings, etc. 2. Bot. (of a flower) having the same number of members in each whorl. [1855-60; ISO- + -MERE + ...
isometric
—isometrically, adv. /uy'seuh me"trik/, adj. Also, isometrical. 1. of, pertaining to, or having equality of measure. 2. of or pertaining to isometric exercise. 3. Crystall. ...
isometric drawing
also called  isometric projection        method of graphic representation of three-dimensional objects, used by engineers, technical illustrators, and, occasionally, ...
isometric exercise
1. exercise or a program of exercises to strengthen specific muscles or shape the figure by pitting one muscle or part of the body against another or against an immovable object ...
isometric projection
isometric projection n. a type of AXONOMETRIC PROJECTION in which the object is shown with its three principal axes all equally tilted from the plane of viewing, with two of them ...
isometric system
▪ crystallography also called  Cubic System,         one of the crystal systems to which a given crystalline solid can be assigned. Crystals in this system are ...
isometrically
See isometric. * * *
isometrics
i·so·met·rics (ī'sə-mĕtʹrĭks) n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) Exercise or a system of exercises in which isometric muscular contraction is used to strengthen and ...
isometropia
/uy'soh mi troh"pee euh/, n. Ophthalm. equality of refraction in the two eyes of an individual. [ < Gk isómetr(os) of equal measure (see ISO-, -METER) + -OPIA] * * *
isometry
/uy som"i tree/, n. 1. equality of measure. 2. Biol. equal growth rates in two parts of a developing organism. 3. Geog. equality with respect to height above sea level. 4. Math. ...
isomorph
/uy"seuh mawrf'/, n. 1. an organism that is isomorphic with another or others. 2. an isomorphous substance. [1860-65; back formation from ISOMORPHOUS] * * *
isomorphic
/uy'seuh mawr"fik/, adj. 1. Biol. different in ancestry, but having the same form or appearance. 2. Chem., Crystall. isomorphous. 3. Math. pertaining to two sets related by an ...
isomorphism
/uy'seuh mawr"fiz euhm/, n. 1. the state or property of being isomorphous or isomorphic. 2. Math. a one-to-one relation onto the map between two sets, which preserves the ...
isomorphous
/uy'seuh mawr"feuhs/, adj. Chem., Crystall. (of a compound or mineral) capable of crystallizing in a form similar to that of another compound or mineral, used esp. of substances ...
isoneph
—isonephelic /uy'soh neuh fel"ik/, adj. /uy"seuh nef'/, n. Meteorol. a line on a weather map or chart connecting points having the same amount of cloudiness. [1840-50; ISO- + ...
isoniazid
/uy'seuh nuy"euh zid/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C6H7N3O, used in the treatment of tuberculosis. [1950-55; short for ISONICOTINIC ACID HYDRAZIDE] * * ...
isonicotinic acid hydrazide
/uy"seuh nik'euh tin"ik; huy"dreuh zuyd', -zid/, Pharm. isoniazid. [1950-55; ISO- + NICOTINIC ACID; HYDRAZ(INE) + -IDE] * * *
isonomy
—isonomic /uy'seuh nom"ik/, isonomous, adj. /uy son"euh mee/, n. equality of political rights. [1590-1600; < Gk isonomía. See ISO-, -NOMY] * * *
Isonzo
/ee zawn"tsaw/, n. a river in S Europe, flowing S from the Julian Alps in Yugoslavia to the Gulf of Trieste in Italy. 75 mi. (120 km) long. * * *
Isonzo, Battles of the
(1915–17) Twelve battles along the Isonzo River on the eastern sector of the Italian front in World War I. The Isonzo River, running just inside Austria, is flanked by rugged ...
isooctane
/uy'soh ok"tayn/, n. Chem. the octane C8H18, used as one of the standards in establishing the octane number of a fuel. Cf. octane number. [1905-10; ISO- + OCTANE] * * *
isopach
/uy"seuh pak'/, n. Geol. a line drawn on a map connecting all points of equal thickness of a particular geologic formation. [1915-20; ISO- + -pach < Gk páchos thickness] * * *
isopachous
/uy'seuh pak"euhs, uy sop"euh keuhs/, adj. Geol. 1. having the same thickness. 2. of or pertaining to an isopach. [1915-20; ISOPACH + -OUS] * * *
isopag
/uy"seuh pag'/, n. a line drawn on a map connecting all points where ice exists at approximately the same period during winter. [ISO- + -pag < Gk págos frost] * * *
isopectic
/uy'seuh pek"tik/, n. a line drawn on a map connecting all points where ice starts to form at approximately the same period at the onset of winter. [ISO- + -pectic < Gk pektikós ...
isopedin
/uy sop"i din, uy'seuh peed"n/, n. Ichthyol. the underlying layer of a ganoid scale, composed of connective tissue embedded with bone. Also, isopedine /uy sop"i din, -deen', ...
isopentyl
/uy'seuh pen"til/, adj. Chem. isoamyl. [1875-80; ISO- + PENT(A)- + -YL] * * *
isoperimeter
/uy'soh peuh rim"i teuhr/, n. Geom. a figure whose perimeter is equal to that of another. Also called isoperimetric figure. [1665-75; ISO- + PERIMETER] * * *
isoperimetric problem
▪ mathematics       in mathematics, the determination of the shape of the closed plane curve having a given length and enclosing the maximum area. (In the absence of any ...
isoperimetry
—isoperimetric /uy'seuh per'euh me"trik/, isoperimetrical, adj. /uy'soh peuh rim"i tree/, n. Geom. the study of isoperimeters. [1805-15; ISOPERIMET(E)R + -Y3] * * *
isophthalic acid
/uy"seuh thal"ik, uy'seuh-/, Chem. a colorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid, C8H6O2, the meta isomer of phthalic acid: used chiefly in the manufacture of resins and ...
isopiestic
—isopiestically, adv. /uy'soh puy es"tik/, adj. of or noting equal pressure; isobaric. [1870-75; ISO- + Gk piest(ós) compressible (verbid of piézein to press) + -IC] * * *
isoplastic graft
/uy"seuh plas"tik, uy'seuh-/, Surg. syngraft. [ISO- + PLASTIC] * * *
isopleth
/uy"seuh pleth'/, n. a line drawn on a map through all points having the same numerical value, as of a population figure or geographic measurement. Also called ...
isopod
—isopodan /uy sop"euh dn/, adj., n. —isopodous, adj. /uy"seuh pod'/, n. 1. any freshwater, marine, or terrestrial crustacean of the order or suborder Isopoda, having seven ...
isopolity
—isopolitical /uy'soh peuh lit"i keuhl/, adj. /uy'seuh pol"i tee/, n. equal rights of citizenship, as in different communities; mutual political rights. [1830-40; ISO- + ...
isopor
—isoporic, adj. /uy"seuh pawr'/, n. an imaginary line on the earth's surface connecting points of equal annual change in the declination, inclination, or other components of ...
isoprene
/uy"seuh preen'/, n. Chem. a colorless, volatile, water-insoluble liquid, C5H8, of the terpene class, usually obtained from rubber or from oil of turpentine by pyrolysis: used ...
isoprenoid
/uy'seuh pree"noyd/, adj. Chem. pertaining to, derived from, or similar to isoprene. [1955-60; ISOPRENE + -OID] * * * or terpene Class of organic compounds made up of two or ...
isopropanol
/uy'seuh proh"peuh nawl', -nol'/, n. Chem. See isopropyl alcohol. [1940-45; ISO- + PROPANE + -OL1] * * *
isopropyl
/uy'seuh proh"pil/, adj. Chem. containing the isopropyl group. [1865-70; ISO- + PROPYL] * * *
isopropyl alcohol
Chem. a colorless, flammable, water-soluble liquid, C3H8O, produced from propylene by the action of sulfuric acid and hydrolysis: used chiefly in the manufacture of antifreeze ...
isopropyl ether
Chem. a colorless, volatile, flammable, slightly water-soluble liquid, C6H14O, used chiefly as a solvent for waxes, fats, and resins. * * *
isopropyl group
Chem. the univalent group C3H7, an isomer of the propyl group. Also called isopropyl radical. [1950-55] * * *
isopropyl meprobamate
Pharm. carisoprodol. * * *
isopropylalcohol
i·so·pro·pyl alcohol (ī'sə-prōʹpəl) n. A clear, colorless, flammable, mobile liquid, (CH3)2CHOH, used in antifreeze compounds, in lotions and cosmetics, and as a solvent ...
isopropylbenzene
/uy'seuh proh'pil ben"zeen, -ben zeen"/, n. Chem. cumene. [ISOPROPYL + BENZENE] * * *
isopropylideneacetone
/uy'seuh proh pil'i deen as"i tohn'/, n. Chem. See mesityl oxide. [ISOPROPYL + -ID3 + -ENE + ACETONE] * * *
isoproterenol
/uy'seuh proh ter"euh nawl', -nol'/, n. Pharm. a beta-adrenergic receptor agonist, C11H17NO3, used as a bronchodilator. [1955-60; ISOPRO(PYL) + (Ar)terenol trade name for a ...
isopterous
/uy sop"teuhr euhs/, adj. belonging or pertaining to social insects of the order Isoptera, comprising the termites. [ < NL Isopter(a) + -OUS; see ISO-, -PTEROUS] * * *
isopycnic
/uy'seuh pik"nik/, adj. 1. Also, isopycnal /uy'seuh pik"nl/. having the same density. n. 2. a line drawn on a map connecting all points having the same density, as of water or ...
isopyre
/uy"seuh puyeur'/, n. Mineral. an impure variety of opal, containing alumina, lime, and iron sesquioxide. [1820-30; ISO- + Gk pyr fire] * * *
isorhythm
—isorhythmic, adj. —isorhythmically, adv. /uy"seuh ridh'euhm/, n. Music. a structural feature characteristic of the Ars Nova motet, consisting of a single rhythmic phrase ...
isosceles
/uy sos"euh leez'/, adj. (of a straight-sided plane figure) having two sides equal: an isosceles triangle; an isosceles trapezoid. See diag. under triangle. [1545-55; < LL < Gk ...
isoseismal
isoseismal [ī΄sō sīz′məl, ī΄sōsīs′məl] adj. 〚
isoseismic
/uy'seuh suyz"mik, -suys"-/, adj. Geol. 1. noting or pertaining to equal intensity of earthquake shock. 2. noting or pertaining to an imaginary line on the earth's surface ...
isosmotic
/uy'soz mot"ik, -sos-/, adj. Physical Chem. isotonic (def. 1). [1890-95; IS- + OSMOTIC] * * *
isosorbide dinitrate
/uy'seuh sawr"buyd duy nuy"trayt, -sohr"-/, Pharm. a coronary vasodilator, C6H8N2O8, used in the prophylaxis and treatment of angina. [ISO- + SORB(ITOL) + -IDE; DI-1 + NITRATE] * ...
isospin
/uy"seuh spin'/, n. Physics. See isotopic spin. [by shortening] * * * or isobaric spin or isotopic spin Property characteristic of families of related subatomic particles ...
Isospora
▪ protozoan       genus of parasitic protozoans of the sporozoan subclass Coccidia. Isospora causes the disease known as coccidiosis (q.v.) in humans, dogs, and cats. ...
isostasy
/uy sos"teuh see/, n. 1. Geol. the equilibrium of the earth's crust, a condition in which the forces tending to elevate balance those tending to depress. 2. the state in which ...
isostatic
—isostatically, adv. /uy'seuh stat"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characterized by isostasy. [1885-90; ISO- + STATIC] * * *
isostatically
See isostatic. * * *
isostemonous
—isostemony, n. /uy'seuh stee"meuh neuhs, -stem"euh-/, adj. Bot. having stamens equal in number to the sepals or petals. [1825-35; ISO- + Gk stémon thread + -OUS] * * *
isostere
/uy"seuh stear'/, n. 1. Chem. a compound isosteric with one or more other compounds. 2. Meteorol. a line on a map or chart connecting points of equal atmospheric ...
isosteric
/uy'seuh ster"ik/, adj. 1. Chem. having the same number of valence electrons in the same configuration but differing in the kinds and numbers of atoms. 2. Meteorol. having or ...
isosterism
/uy sos"teuh riz'euhm/, n. 1. Chem. the quality or state of being isosteric. 2. Pharm. the theory that isosteric compounds have identical or similar pharmacological ...
isostructural
/uy'seuh struk"cheuhr euhl/, adj. Crystall. (of two substances) having the same crystal structure but not necessarily a similar chemical composition. [1905-10; ISO- + ...
isotac
/uy"seuh tak'/, n. a line drawn on a map connecting all points where ice starts to melt at approximately the same period in spring. [ISO- + -tac < Gk takênai to melt or takerós ...
isotach
/uy"seuh tak'/, n. Meteorol. a line on a weather map or chart connecting points where winds of equal speeds have been recorded. [1945-50; ISO- + -tach < Gk tachýs swift; see ...
isotactic
—isotacticity /uy'soh tak tis"i tee/, n. /uy'seuh tak"tik/, adj. Chem. (of a polymer) having the same configuration at successive, regularly spaced positions along the chain. ...
Isotelus
▪ paleontology  genus of trilobites (extinct arthropods) restricted to Europe and North America during the Ordovician Period (505 to 438 million years ago). Isotelus was ...
isothere
—isotheral /uy soth"euhr euhl/, adj. /uy"seuh thear'/, n. Climatol. a line on a weather map or chart connecting points that have the same mean summer temperature. [1850-55; ...
isotherm
/uy"seuh therrm'/, n. 1. Meteorol. a line on a weather map or chart connecting points having equal temperature. 2. Also called isothermal line. Physics. a curve on which every ...
isothermal
—isothermally, adv. /uy'seuh therr"meuhl/, adj. 1. occurring at constant temperature. 2. pertaining to an isotherm. n. 3. Meteorol. an isotherm. Also, isothermic. [1820-30; < F ...
isothermal process
Thermodynam. a process that takes place without change in temperature. * * *
isothermobath
—isothermobathic, adj. /uy'seuh therr"meuh bath'/, n. a line drawn on a diagram of a vertical section of the ocean connecting all points having equal temperature. [ISOTHERM + ...
isothiocyanate
/uy'seuh thuy'oh suy"euh nayt'/, n. a chemical compound containing the univalent radical -NCS. [ISO- + THIOCYANATE] * * *
isotimic
/uy'seuh tim"ik/, adj. Meteorol. (of a line or surface in space) having an equal value of some quantity at a given time. [ISO- + TIME + -IC] * * *
isotone
/uy"seuh tohn'/, n. Physics. one of two or more atoms having an equal number of neutrons but different atomic numbers. [1930-35; ISO- + TONE] * * * ▪ ...
isotonic
—isotonicity /uy'seuh teuh nis"i tee/, n. /uy'seuh ton"ik/, adj. 1. Also, isosmotic. Physical Chem. noting or pertaining to solutions characterized by equal osmotic pressure. ...
isotonic exercise
1. exercise or a program of exercises to increase muscular strength, power, and endurance based on lifting a constant amount of weight at variable speeds through a range of ...
isotonic sodium chloride solution
Pharm. an aqueous solution of 0.9 percent sodium chloride, isotonic with the blood and tissue fluid, used in medicine chiefly for bathing tissue and, in sterile form, as a ...
isotonically
See isotonic. * * *
isotonicexercise
isotonic exercise n. Exercise in which isotonic muscular contraction is used to strengthen muscles and improve joint mobility. * * *
isotonicity
See isotonically. * * *
isotope
—isotopic /uy'seuh top"ik/, adj. —isotopically, adv. /uy"seuh tohp'/, n. Chem. any of two or more forms of a chemical element, having the same number of protons in the ...
isotope dilution
▪ chemistry       radiochemical method of analysis for measuring the mass and quantity of an element in a substance. The procedure involves adding to a substance a known ...
Isotopes of the Group Vla elements
▪ Table Isotopes of the Group Vla elements stable isotopes         unstable ...
isotopic
See isotope. * * *
isotopic fractionation
▪ chemistry       enrichment of one isotope relative to another in a chemical or physical process. Two isotopes of an element are different in weight but not in gross ...
isotopic number
Physics. the number of neutrons minus the number of protons in an atomic nucleus. * * *
isotopic spin
Physics. a quantum number that is related to the number of different values of electric charge that a given kind of baryon or meson may have. Symbol: I Also called isospin, ...
isotopic tracer
▪ chemistry       any radioactive atom detectable in a material in a chemical, biological, or physical system and used to mark that material for study, to observe its ...
isotopically
See isotopic. * * *
isotopicspin
isotopic spin n. An isospin. * * *
isotopy
/uy sot"euh pee, uy"seuh toh'pee/, n. Chem. the quality or condition of being isotopic; isotopic character. [1915-20; ISOTOPE + -Y3] * * *
isotretinoin
/uy'soh tri tin"oh in, -oyn/, n. Pharm. a yellowish-orange to orange crystalline powder, C20H28O2, used in the treatment of cystic acne. [ISO- + tretinoin a name for retinoic or ...
isotropic
—isotropy, n. /uy'seuh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. 1. Physics. of equal physical properties along all axes. Cf. anisotropic (def. 1). 2. Zool. lacking axes that are ...
isotropism
See isotropy. * * *
isotropy
See isotropic. * * *
isotype
/uy"seuh tuyp'/, n. 1. a drawing, diagram, or other symbol that represents a specific quantity of or other fact about the thing depicted: Every isotype of a house on that chart ...
isotypic
/uy'seuh tip"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to an isotype. 2. Crystall. (of two substances) isostructural and of similar chemical composition. Also, isotypical. [1925-30; ISOTYPE ...
isoxsuprine
/uy sok"seuh preen'/, n. Pharm. a sympathomimetic vasodilator, C18H23NO3, used in certain types of peripheral vascular disease. [perh. IS- + OX- + Supr(ilent) a trade name for ...
Isozaki Arata
born July 23, 1931, Ōita, Kyushu, Japan Japanese avant-garde architect. He studied at the University of Tokyo and opened his own studio in 1963. His first notable building is ...
isozyme
/uy"seuh zuym'/, n. Biochem. any of the genetically variant forms of certain enzymes that catalyze the same reaction but that may differ in activity, composition, or physical ...
isozymic
See isozyme. * * *
ISP
Internet Service Provider: a company that offers access to the Internet and to e-mail, usually for a monthly fee. * * *
Ispahan
/is"peuh hahn', is'peuh hahn"/, n. 1. Isfahan. 2. a Persian rug characterized by hand-tied knots and ornamented with floral and animal patterns, usually on a deep red, blue, or ...
Isparta
▪ Turkey also spelled  İsparta,  formerly  Hamid-Abad,  or  Hamideli         city, western Turkey. Known as Baris under the Byzantine Empire, it was taken by ...
Isr
Isr abbrev. 1. Israel 2. Israeli * * *
Isr.
1. Israel. 2. Israeli. * * *
Isra'
/iz"reuh/, n. Islam. Muhammad's Night Journey from the Ka'ba at Mecca to Jerusalem. Cf. Mi'raj. [ < Ar isra' night journey] * * *
Israel
/iz"ree euhl, -ray-/, n. 1. a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean: formed as a Jewish state May 1948. 5,534,672; 7984 sq. mi. (20,679 sq. km). Cap.: Jerusalem. 2. the ...
Israel ben Eliezer
/ben el'ee ez"euhr, -ay"zeuhr/. See Baal Shem-Tov. * * *
Israel Labour Party
Israeli political party founded in 1968 as the union of three socialist-labour parties. The Israel Labour Party and its predecessors led governing coalitions uninterruptedly ...
Israel Museum
▪ museum, Jerusalem Hebrew  Museʾon Yisraʾel   museum in Jerusalem opened in 1965 and consisting of the Bezalel National Art Museum, the Samuel Bronfman Biblical and ...
Israel's Impact on the Middle East, 1948-98
▪ 1999 by Richard B. Parker       Whereas the Western world regarded the creation of Israel in May 1948 as a triumph for humanity—the righting for Jews of the terrible ...
Israel, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a white field bearing two horizontal blue stripes and a central Shield of David (David, Star of) (Hebrew: “Magen ...
Israel, tribes of
In the Bible, the 12 clans of the ancient Hebrew people, which were named for the sons of Jacob (Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, Benjamin, Gad, Asher, ...
Israeli
/iz ray"lee/, n., pl. Israelis, (esp. collectively) Israeli, adj. n. 1. a native or inhabitant of modern Israel. adj. 2. of or pertaining to modern Israel or its ...
Israeli law
Legal practices and institutions of modern Israel. The ancient people of Israel created the law of the Torah and the Mishna (the latter was later incorporated into the Talmud). ...
Israeli, Isaac ben Solomon
or Isaac the Elder born 832/855, Egypt died 932/955, Al-Qayrawān, Tun. Egyptian Jewish physician and philosopher. He began his medical career as an oculist in Cairo and later ...
Israelite
/iz"ree euh luyt', -ray-/, n. 1. a descendant of Jacob, esp. a member of the Hebrew people who inhabited the ancient kingdom of Israel. 2. one of a group considered by its ...
Israelitish
/iz"ree euh luy'tish, -ray-/, adj. of or pertaining to the Israelites; Hebrew. Also, Israelitic /iz'ree euh lit"ik, -ray-/. [1525-35; ISRAELITE + -ISH1] * * *
Israëls, Jozef
▪ Dutch painter born January 27, 1824, Groningen, Netherlands died August 12, 1911, The Hague       painter and etcher, often called the “Dutch Millet” (see ...
Israfil
/iz"reuh feel'/, n. Islamic Myth. the angel who will sound the trumpet announcing the end of the world. * * * ▪ Islamic mythology  in Islam, the archangel who will blow the ...
Isrāʾ
▪ Islam       in Islām, the Prophet Muḥammad's (Muhammad) night journey from Mecca to Jerusalem. As alluded to in the Qurʾān (17:1), a journey was made by a servant ...
Issa
▪ Japanese poet pseudonym of  Kobayashi Issa , also called  Kobayashi Yatarō , original name  Kobayashi Nobuyuki  born June 15, 1763, Kashiwabara, Shinano province, ...
Issachar
/is"euh kahr'/, n. 1. a son of Jacob and Leah. Gen. 30:18. 2. one of the 12 tribes of Israel. * * * ▪ Hebrew tribe       one of the 12 tribes of Israel that in biblical ...
Issacharite
/is"euh keuh ruyt'/, n. a member of the tribe of Issachar. [ISSACHAR + -ITE1] * * *
Issei
/ees"say"/, n., pl. Issei. 1. a Japanese who immigrated to the U.S. or Canada after 1907 and was not eligible until 1952 for citizenship. 2. any Japanese immigrant to the ...
Isserles, Moses ben Israel
▪ Jewish scholar acronym  Rema   born c. 1525, Kraków, Pol. died May 1, 1572, Kraków       Polish-Jewish rabbi and codifier who, by adding notes on Ashkenazic ...
Issigonis
(1906–88) a British car designer, born in Turkey. His two most successful designs were the Morris Minor (1948) and the Mini (1959). He was made a knight in 1969. * * *
Issigonis, Sir Alec
▪ British automobile designer in full  Sir Alexander Arnold Constantine Issigonis   born Nov. 18, 1906, Smyrna [now İzmir], Tur. died Oct. 2, 1988, Birmingham, ...
ISSN
International Standard Serial Number. * * *
issuable
—issuably, adv. /ish"ooh euh beuhl/, adj. 1. able to be issued or to issue. 2. forthcoming; receivable. 3. Law. admitting of issue being taken. [1560-70; ISSUE + -ABLE] * * *
issuably
See issuable. * * *
issuance
/ish"ooh euhns/, n. 1. the act of issuing. 2. issue. [1860-65, Amer.; ISSUE + -ANCE] * * *
issuant
/ish"ooh euhnt/, adj. Heraldry. (of a beast) represented with the body erect and only the forepart visible: a lion issuant. [1600-10; ISSUE + -ANT] * * *
issue
—issueless, adj. —issuer, n. /ish"ooh/ or, esp. Brit., /is"yooh/, n., v., issued, issuing. n. 1. the act of sending out or putting forth; promulgation; distribution: the ...
issue par
Finance. See under par1 (def. 4b). * * *
issueless
See issuer. * * *
issuer
See issue. * * *
Issus
/is"euhs/, n. an ancient town in Asia Minor, in Cilicia: victory of Alexander the Great over Darius III 333 B.C. * * *
Issus, Battle of
(333 BC) Battle on the Issus plain near the Gulf of Iskenderun (in present-day southern Turkey) in which Alexander the Great, on the offensive, defeated Darius III, last king of ...
Issy-les-Moulineaux
▪ France       town, suburb of Paris, in Hauts-de-Seine département, Île-de-France région, north-central France. It is bounded to the northeast by the city limits of ...
Issyk Kul
Issyk Kul [is′ik kool′] mountain lake in E Kyrgyzstan: c. 2,400 sq mi (6,216 sq km): also Issyk-Kul * * *
Issyk-Kul
/is"ik kool"/; Russ. /ee sik"koohl"/, n. a mountain lake in NE Kirghizia (Kyrgyzstan). 2250 sq. mi. (5830 sq. km). * * * ▪ Kyrgyzstan formerly  Rybachye,         town, ...
IST
IST abbr. insulin shock therapy. * * *
Istambuli
/is'tam booh"lee, -bool"ee, -tahm-/, n. a native or inhabitant of Istanbul. [Istambul (resp. of ISTANBUL to reflect the assimilation of n) + -i < Ar -i adj. suffix of ...
Istanbul
/is'tahn boohl", -tan-; is"tahn bool', -tan-/; Turk. /is tahm"bool/, n. a port in NW Turkey, on both sides of the Bosporus: built by Constantine I on the site of ancient ...
istesso tempo, l'
/li stes"oh tem"poh/; It. /lee stes"saw tem"paw/, Music. See l'istesso tempo. * * *
isth
isth abbrev. isthmus * * *
Isth.
isthmus. Also, isth. * * *
isthmi
isth·mi (ĭsʹmī') n. A plural of isthmus. * * *
isthmian
/is"mee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to an isthmus. 2. (cap.) of or pertaining to the Isthmus of Corinth or the Isthmus of Panama. n. 3. a native or inhabitant of an ...
Isthmian Games
one of the great national festivals of ancient Greece, held every two years on the Isthmus of Corinth. [1595-1605] * * * In ancient Greece, a festival of athletic and musical ...
isthmus
—isthmoid, adj. /is"meuhs/, n., pl. isthmuses, isthmi /-muy/. 1. a narrow strip of land, bordered on both sides by water, connecting two larger bodies of land. 2. Anat., Zool. ...
istiḥsān
▪ Islamic theology       (Arabic: “to approve,” or “to sanction”), among Muslim theologians, the use of one's own judgment to determine the best solution to a ...
istiṣlāḥ
▪ Islām       (Arabic: “to deem proper”), a norm employed by Muslim jurists to solve perplexing problems that find no clear answer in sacred religious texts. In ...
Istiwāʾīyah, Al-
▪ region, The Sudan English  Equatoria        the southernmost region of The Sudan (Sudan, The). It is bounded by Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda ...
istle
/ist"lee/, n. a fiber from any of several tropical American plants of the genus Agave or Yucca, used in making bagging, carpets, etc. Also, ixtle. [1880-85; < MexSp istle, ixtle ...
Istomin
/is"teuh min/, n. Eugene, born 1925, U.S. concert pianist. * * *
Istomin, Eugene George
▪ 2004       American classical pianist (b. Nov. 26, 1925, New York, N.Y.—d. Oct. 10, 2003, Washington, D.C.), debuted at age 17 with the Philadelphia Orchestra and ...
istoriato style
▪ pottery decoration  style of pottery decoration, originating about 1500 in Faenza, Italy, and popular throughout the 16th century, in which paintings comparable in ...
Istria
—Istrian, adj., n. /is"tree euh/; It. /ees"trddyah/, n. a peninsula at the N end of the Adriatic, in SW Slovenia and W Croatia. Also called Istrian Peninsula. * * * Peninsula, ...
Istrian
See Istria. * * *
István
(as used in expressions) István Báthory Széchenyi István Count Tisza István Count * * *
ISV
International Scientific Vocabulary. * * *
it
it1 /it/, pron., nom. it, poss. its or (Obs. or Dial.) it, obj. it; pl. nom. they, poss. their or theirs, obj. them; n. pron. 1. (used to represent an inanimate thing understood, ...
It
Italian (def. 3). * * *
It Happened One Night
a US film (1934) which was the first comedy to win an Oscar for Best Picture. Other Oscars went to Frank Capra, who directed it, and to the actors Clark Gable and Claudette ...
it'd
/it"euhd/ 1. contraction of it would. 2. contraction of it had. Usage. See contraction. * * *
it'll
/it"l/ contraction of it will. Usage. See contraction. * * *
it's
/its/ 1. contraction of it is: It's starting to rain. 2. contraction of it has: It's been a long time. Usage. See contraction. * * *
It.
1. Italian. 2. Italy. * * *
ITA
ita or ITA abbrev. initial teaching alphabet * * * ITA abbr. initial teaching alphabet. * * * ▪ town, Paraguay       town, southern Paraguay. It was founded in 1539 ...
Itabuna
/ee'teuh booh"neuh/, n. a city in E Brazil. 87,561. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, southeastern Bahia estado (state), northeastern Brazil. It lies just west of Ilhéus on ...
Itacoatiara
▪ Brazil       city and river port, northeastern Amazonas estado (state), northwestern Brazil. Formerly known as Serpa, the settlement lies on the left (north) bank of ...
itacolumite
/it'euh kol"yeuh muyt'/, n. a sandstone consisting of interlocking quartz grains and mica scales, found principally in Brazil and North Carolina, and noted for its flexibility in ...
itaconic acid
/it'euh kon"ik/, Chem. a colorless crystalline compound, C5H6O4, obtained by fermentation, soluble in water, alcohol, and acetone: used as an intermediate in the formation of ...
Itagaki Taisuke
born April 17, 1837, Kōchi, Japan died July 11, 1919, Tokyo Founder of Japan's first political party, the Liberal Party (Jiyūtō). In the 1860s he became military leader of ...
Itagaki Taisuke, Hakushaku
▪ Japanese politician born April 17, 1837, Kōchi, Japan died July 11, 1919, Tokyo  founder of Japan's first political party, the Liberal Party, or ...
Itagüí
/ee'tah gwee"/, n. a city in W central Colombia. 123,600. * * * ▪ Colombia       city, Antioquia departamento, northern Colombia. It lies along the Porce River between ...
itai-itai disease
itai-itai disease [ē′tī′ē′tī′] n. a painful, degenerative bone disease caused by industrial cadmium pollution of the food and water supply * * *
Itaipú Dam
▪ dam, Brazil-Paraguay   hollow gravity dam on the Alto (Upper) Paraná River at the Brazil-Paraguay border, north of the town of Ciudad del Este, Paraguay. In terms of ...
Itajaí
/ee'teuh zheuh ee"/, n. a seaport in S Brazil. 50,669. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, eastern Santa Catarina estado (state), southern Brazil. It lies at the mouth of the ...
ital
ital abbrev. italic(s) * * *
Ital
Ital abbrev. 1. Italian 2. Italy * * *
Ital.
1. Italian. 2. Italic. 3. Italy. * * *
ital.
1. italic; italics. 2. italicized. * * *
Italia
/ee tah"lyah/, n. Italian name of Italy. * * *
Italia irredenta
It. /eerdd'rddee den"tah/. See under irredentist (def. 1). * * *
Italian
—Italianesque, adj. /i tal"yeuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Italy, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Italy, or a person of Italian descent. 3. a ...
Italian aster
a composite plant, Aster amellus, of Eurasia, having clustered, purple flower heads. * * *
Italian bread
a crusty, yeast-raised bread made without shortening and unsweetened, usually baked in long, thick loaves with tapered ends. * * *
Italian clover.
See crimson clover. [1830-40] * * *
Italian Confederation of Workers' Unions
▪ Italian labour union Italian  Confederazione Italiana dei Sindacati Lavoratori  (CISL),         Italy's second largest trade union federation. The CISL was formed ...
Italian corn salad
a southern European plant, Valerianella eriocarpa, of the valerian family, having edible, spoon-shaped, hairy leaves and dense clusters of pale-blue flowers. * * *
Italian Democratic Socialist Party
▪ political party, Italy Italian  Partito Socialista Democratico Italiano (PSDI)        anticommunist reform party advocating the nationalization of some industries. ...
Italian dressing
Italian dressing n. a strongly flavored vinaigrette for salads, containing garlic, oregano, red peppers, etc. * * *
Italian East Africa
a former Italian territory in E Africa, formed in 1936 by the merging of Eritrea and Italian Somaliland with newly conquered Ethiopia: taken by the British Imperial forces ...
Italian greyhound
one of an Italian breed of toy dogs resembling a greyhound. [1735-45] * * *
Italian hand
1. a medieval script, used in early printing and later considered a standard of fine handwriting. 2. subtlety, or craftiness: I sense his fine Italian hand in this matter. * * *
Italian jasmine
an evergreen shrub, Jasminum humile, of the olive family, having fragrant, golden-yellow flowers. * * *
Italian Labour Union
▪ Italian labour organization Italian  Unione Italiana Del Lavoro (UIL)        Italian trade union federation with more than a million and a half members. The UIL was ...
Italian language
Romance language spoken in Italy (including Sicily and Sardinia) and in parts of Switzerland and France (including Corsica). Its 66 million speakers worldwide include many ...
Italian Liberal Party
▪ political party, Italy Italian  Partito Liberale Italiano (PLI)        moderately conservative Italian political party that dominated Italian political life in the ...


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