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▪ Turkey historically  Nicaea        town, northwestern Turkey. It lies on the eastern shore of Lake İznik. Founded in the 4th century BC by the Macedonian king ...
İznik ware
▪ pottery  in Islāmic (Islamic arts) ceramics, a school of Turkish pottery making that flowered throughout the 16th and on into the 17th century. There may have been ...
▪ Islam       in Islām, the angel of death who separates souls from their bodies; he is one of the four archangels (with Jibrīl, Mīkāl, and Isrāfīl). ʿIzrāʾīl ...
▪ delegation, Mexico also spelled  Ixtacalco,        municipio (“municipality”), northeastern Federal District, central Mexico. It is situated at an elevation of ...
/ees'tahk see"waht'l/, n. an extinct volcano in S central Mexico, SE of Mexico City. 17,342 ft. Also, Ixtaccihuatl, Ixtacihuatl. [ < Nahuatl Iztaccihuatl, equiv. to iztac white + ...
▪ delegation, Mexico also spelled  Ixtapalapa,         municipio (“municipality”), northeastern Federal District, central Mexico. It is situated at 7,480 feet ...
Izu Islands
▪ archipelago, Japan Japanese  Izu-shichitō   (“Seven Islands of Izu”), archipelago off Honshu, Japan, stretching southward into the Pacific Ocean for about 190 miles ...
Izu Peninsula
Peninsula, central Honshu, Japan. It extends 37 mi (60 km) into the Pacific Ocean and consists largely of volcanic rock and highly eroded volcanoes. It is part of the ...
Izumi Kyōka
▪ Japanese author pseudonym of  Izumi Kyōtarō  born Nov. 4, 1873, Kanazawa, Japan died Sept. 7, 1939, Tokyo  prolific Japanese writer who created a distinctive, often ...
▪ Japan       city, Ōsaka fu (urban prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It is situated facing Ōsaka Bay. An important port since the 8th century, it became a centre of cotton ...
▪ Japan       city, Ōsaka fu (urban prefecture), Honshu, Japan. The city faces Ōsaka Bay. An important transportation centre during the Heian period (794–1185), the ...
▪ Japan  city, Shimane ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. First formed as a market town, it has been a commercial centre for the surrounding agricultural and stock-raising ...
Izumo shrine
Oldest Shintō shrine in Japan (the present building is said to date from 1346), located northwest of Izumo on the island of Honshu. The temple complex covers 40 acres (16 ...
/iz ves"tee euh/, Russ. /iz vyes"tyi yeuh/, n. (formerly) the official newspaper of the Soviet government. Cf. Pravda. * * *
formerly in full Izvestiya Sovetov Deputatov Trudyashchikhsya SSSR (Russian: "News of the Councils of Working People's Deputies of the U.S.S.R.") Russian daily newspaper ...
Izvolsky, Aleksandr (Petrovich), Count
born March 18, 1856, Moscow, Russia died Aug. 16, 1919, Paris, France Russian diplomat. He became minister of foreign affairs in 1906. In 1908 he secured Austria's support for ...
Izvolsky, Aleksandr, Count
▪ foreign minister of Russia (Graf),in full  Count Aleksandr Petrovich Izvolsky   born March 6 [March 18, New Style], 1856, Moscow, Russia died Aug. 16, 1919, Paris, ...
▪ Ukraine also spelled  Izium        city, eastern Ukraine. Izyum is located 75 miles (120 km) southeast of Kharkiv on the Donets River. The earliest historical ...
/uy"zeuhk/, n. a male given name, form of Isaac. * * *
/iz"euhrd/, n. Chiefly Dial. the letter Z. [1730-40; var. of ZED] * * *
/iz"euht/, n. Anglo-Indian. 1. personal dignity or honor. 2. personal prestige. [1855-60; < Urdu 'izzat < Pers < Ar 'izzah] * * *
1. Jewish. 2. Also, j Physics. joule; joules. Symbol. 1. the tenth in order or in a series, or, when I is omitted, the ninth. 2. (sometimes l.c.) the medieval Roman numeral for ...
Symbol. 1. Math. a unit vector on the y-axis of a coordinate system. 2. Engin. the imaginary number sqrt(-1). * * *
J Arthur Rank
➡ Rank * * *
J B Priestley
➡ Priestley (I) * * *
J C Penney
any of a large group of US department stores known for their low prices. The shops/stores were begun in 1902 by James Cash Penney (1875–1971), who called them ‘chain ...
J Crew{™}
any of a group of fashionable US clothes shops. The company began in 1983 by selling clothes through its catalogues (= books sent to people’s homes that show items they can buy ...
J D Salinger
➡ Salinger * * *
J Edgar Hoover
➡ Hoover (II) * * *
J G Ballard
➡ Ballard * * *
J J Thomson
➡ Thomson (I) * * *
J K Rowling
➡ Rowling * * *
J Lo
➡ Lopez * * *
J M Barrie
➡ Barrie * * *
J M Synge
➡ Synge * * *
J M W Turner
➡ Turner (II) * * *
J P R Williams
➡ Williams (IV) * * *
J particle
Physics. an early name for the J/psi particle. [1970-75; named by S.C.C. Ting, allegedly from the resemblance of the letter J to the Chinese character for Ting] * * *
J Paul Getty
➡ Getty * * *
J Pierpoint Morgan
➡ Morgan (III) * * *
J R R Tolkien
➡ Tolkien * * *
J Robert Oppenheimer
➡ Oppenheimer * * *
J Strom Thurmond
➡ Thurmond * * *
j'accuse [zhȧ küz′] n. 〚Fr, I accuse: phrase made famous by Émile Zola in a public letter attacking irregularities in the trial of Dreyfus〛 any strong denunciation: ...
J, j
/jay/, n., pl. J's or Js, j's or js. 1. the tenth letter of the English alphabet, a consonant. 2. any spoken sound represented by the letter J or j, as in just, major, or ...
J-bar [jā′bär΄] n. a J-shaped hook suspended from the moving cable of a ski lift, used to pull a skier uphill * * * J-bar (jāʹbär') n. A J-shaped bar, suspended from a ...
J-bar lift
/jay"bahr'/ a ski lift having a J-shaped bar against which a skier leans in an upright position while being pulled up the slope. Also called J-bar. [1950-55] * * *
J-curve [jā′kʉrv΄] n. 〚descriptive of its shape on a graph〛 a curve which, in some economic theories, indicates that a decline in the value of a nation's currency ...
/jay"strohk'/, n. (in canoeing) a stroke, made in the shape of the letter J, used to alter the course of the canoe, usually to compensate for drifting sideways. * * *
1. Cards. Jack. 2. Journal. 3. Judge. 4. Justice. * * *
J. Walter Thompson Co.
▪ American advertising company       American advertising agency that was long one of the largest such enterprises in the world. In 1980 it became a subsidiary of JWT ...
Junior Association of Commerce. * * *
Judge Advocate General. Also, JAG. * * *
1. Jesus Christ. 2. Julius Caesar. 3. jurisconsult. [ < L juris consultus] * * *
J.C. Penney Corporation, Inc.
▪ American company       American retail company founded in 1902 by James Cash Penney and today engaged in marketing apparel, home furnishings, jewelry, cosmetics, and ...
1. Bachelor of Canon Law. [ < NL Juris Canonici Baccalaureus] 2. Bachelor of Civil Law. [ < NL Juris Civilis Baccalaureus] * * *
Junior Chamber of Commerce. * * *
1. Doctor of Canon Law. [ < NL Juris Canonici Doctor] 2. Doctor of Civil Law. [ < L Juris Civilis Doctor] * * *
Licentiate in Canon Law. [ < L Juris Canonici Licentiatus] * * *
Joint Chiefs of Staff. Also, JCS. * * *
1. See Julian Day. 2. Doctor of Jurisprudence; Doctor of Law. [ < NL Juris Doctor] 3. Doctor of Laws. [ < NL Jurum Doctor] 4. Justice Department. 5. Informal. a. juvenile ...
junior high school. * * *
Justice of the Peace. Also, j.p. * * *
J.S. Pennell: The History of Rome Hanks
▪ Primary Source       Starkly realistic in its portrayal of Pickett's Charge, this excerpt from Joseph Pennell's novel The History of Rome Hanks and Kindred Matters is ...
Doctor of the Science of Law; Doctor of Juristic Science. * * *
Jewish War Veterans. * * *
J/A or j/a abbrev. joint account * * *
J/psi particle
/jay"suy", -psuy"/, Physics. the lightest of the psi particles, the first particle to be discovered that contains a charmed quark. [1975-80; see J PARTICLE, PSI PARTICLE] * * ...
J/psi particle (jāʹsīʹ, -psīʹ) n. An electrically neutral meson having a mass 7,213 times that of the electron and a mean lifetime of approximately 1 × 10-20 seconds. ...
/yah/, adv. German. yes. * * *
1. joint account. 2. Joint Agent. 3. Judge Advocate. 4. Junior Achievement. Also, J.A. * * *
January. * * *
Jaafari, Ibrahim al-
▪ 2006       Ibrahim al-Jaafari, a physician who had spent more than 20 years outside Iraq during the reign of Saddam Hussein, became the country's new prime minister in ...
—jabbingly, adv. /jab/, v., jabbed, jabbing, n. v.t., v.i. 1. to poke, or thrust abruptly or sharply, as with the end or point of a stick. 2. to punch, esp. with a short, quick ...
/jay"beuhl/, n. a son of Lamech, and the progenitor of nomadic shepherds. Gen. 4:20. * * * (as used in expressions) Jabal al Shaykh Jabal River Bahr al Jabal Jabal Lubnan * * *
Jabal River
or Baḥr al-Jabal River, south-central Sudan. The river flows northward 594 mi (956 km) over the Fula Rapids, past Juba (the head of navigation), and through a vast swampy ...
Jabal Shammar
▪ region, Saudi Arabia  mountainous area, northwestern Saudi Arabia, bounded by the regions of Hejaz on the west and Ash-Sharqīyah on the east. The principal features of the ...
/jub"euhl poor'/, n. a city in central Madhya Pradesh, in central India. 533,751. Also, Jubbulpore. * * * ▪ India also spelled  Jubbulpore        city, central ...
/jah bahr"ee/, n. a male given name: from a Swahili word meaning "brave." * * *
Jabavu, Davidson Don Tengo
▪ South African politician born Oct. 20, 1885, King William's Town, Cape Colony [now in Cape Province, S.Af.] died Aug. 3, 1959, East London, S.Af.       black educator ...
—jabberer, n. —jabberingly, adv. /jab"euhr/, v.t., v.i. 1. to talk or utter rapidly, indistinctly, incoherently, or nonsensically; chatter. n. 2. rapid, indistinct, or ...
See jabber. * * *
/jab"euhr wok'ee/, n., pl. Jabberwockies, adj. n. 1. a playful imitation of language consisting of invented, meaningless words; nonsense; gibberish. 2. an example of writing or ...
Arab. /jah"birdd/, n. Geber. * * *
Jābir ibn Ḥayyān, Abū Mūsā
▪ Arabian alchemist Introduction born c. 721, Ṭūs, Iran died c. 815, Al' Kūfah, Iraq       alchemist (alchemy) known as the father of Arab chemistry. He ...
/jab"euh rooh', jab'euh rooh"/, n. a large stork, Jabiru mycteria, of the warmer regions of the New World. [1640-50; < Pg < Tupi jabirú] * * * ▪ Jabiru ...
Jablonec nad Nisou
▪ Czech Republic German  Gablonz an der Neisse        city, northwestern Czech Republic. It lies about 1,600 feet (500 m) above sea level in the upper valley of the ...
Jablonski, Daniel Ernst
▪ German theologian original name  (until 1685) Daniel Ernst Figulus   born Nov. 20, 1660, Nassenhuben, near Danzig [now Gdańsk], Pol. died May 25, 1741, Berlin, Prussia ...
▪ ancient city, Palestine Hebrew“God Builds”Greek  Jamnia , modern  Yibna , also called  Yavne        ancient city of Palestine (now Israel) lying about 15 ...
/zhah'bwah towonn"/, n. a city in E Brazil, W of Recife. 114,360. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, eastern Pernambuco estado (state), northeastern Brazil. It is located on ...
/jab'euh ran"dee, -ran dee"/, n., pl. jaborandis. 1. any of several South American shrubs belonging to the genus Pilocarpus, of the rue family. 2. the dried leaflets of certain ...
/zha boh", ja-/ or, esp. Brit., /zhab"oh, jab"oh/, n. a decorative ruffle or other arrangement of lace or cloth attached at the neckline and extending down the front of a woman's ...
/zheuh booh'ti kah"beuh/, n. an evergreen tree, Myrciaria cauliflora, of the Myrtle family, native to southern Brazil, bearing on the trunk small clusters of edible, grapelike ...
/yab'euh tin"skee, yah'beuh-/, n. Vladimir, 1880-1940, Russian Zionist leader in Palestine. * * *
Jabotinsky, Vladimir
born 1880, Odessa, Russian Empire died Aug. 3, 1940, near Hunter, N.Y., U.S. Russian Zionist leader and founder of the Zionist Revisionist movement. He became a popular ...
/jab"rood/, n. Archaeol. a Paleolithic site in SW Syria, in the Anti-Lebanon mountain range. * * *
/jak/, n. Informal. jacket. [by shortening] * * *
▪ Spain       city, Huesca provincia (province), in the communidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Aragon, northeastern Spain, on the plateau on the southern bank ...
/heuh kahl", hah-/, n., pl. jacales /-kah"lays, -layz/, jacals. (in the southwestern U.S. and Mexico) a hut with a thatched roof and walls consisting of thin stakes driven into ...
/jak"euh lin/, n. a female given name. * * *
/jak"euh mahr'/, n. any tropical American bird of the family Galbulidae, having a long bill and usually metallic green plumage above. [1640-50; < F < Tupi jacamáciri] * * ...
/zhah'seuh nah", jah'-/, n. any of several tropical, ploverlike, aquatic birds of the family Jacanidae, most of them having extremely long toes and claws for walking on floating ...
/jak'euh ran"deuh, -ran dah"/, n. 1. any of various tropical trees belonging to the genus Jacaranda, of the catalpa family, having showy clusters of usually purplish flowers. 2. ...
Ja·ca·re·í (zhä'kä-rĭ-ēʹ) A city of southeast Brazil, a textile-manufacturing suburb of São Paulo. Population: 163,843. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, eastern ...
/jeuh kahr"teuh/, n. Jakarta. * * *
▪ Czech Republic       spa town, western Czech Republic. It lies at the foot of Mount Klínovec, the highest summit in the Ore Mountains (Krušné hory), just north of ...
/jay"sinth, jas"inth/, n. Mineral. hyacinth (def. 4). [1200-50; < ML jacinthus, L hyacinthus HYACINTH; r. ME jacinct < OF jacincte < ML jacinctus, var. of jacinthus] * * *
/jay"sinth, jas"inth/, n. a female given name, form of Hyacinth. * * *
(as used in expressions) Benavente y Martínez Jacinto Dalí y Domenech Salvador Felipe Jacinto San Jacinto Mountains * * *
Jacinto, António
▪ Angolan poet byname  of António Jacinto Do Amaral Martins,  pseudonym  Orlando Tavora  born Sept. 28, 1924, São Paulo de Luanda, Portuguese West Africa [now Luanda, ...
jack1 /jak/, n. 1. any of various portable devices for raising or lifting heavy objects short heights, using various mechanical, pneumatic, or hydraulic methods. 2. Also called ...
/jak/, n. a male given name, form of Jacob or John. * * * I Any of more than 150 species of fishes (family Carangidae, order Perciformes) found in temperate and tropical ...
Jack and Jill
a traditional nursery rhyme. The first verse is: Jack and Jill went up the hill To fetch a pail of water. Jack fell down and broke his crown And Jill came tumbling after. * * *
Jack and the Beanstalk
a traditional story often told to children and used as a pantomime. Jack is a boy who sells a cow for three magic beans. He plants these and they grow into a very tall beanstalk ...
jack arch
Archit. See flat arch. [1880-85] * * *
Jack Bauer
▪ fictional character       American television character, the troubled protagonist at the centre of suspense-thriller series 24.       A special agent with the ...
jack bean
1. a bushy tropical plant, Canavalia ensiformis, of the legume family, grown esp. for forage. 2. the white seeds of this plant. [1880-85] * * *
jack block
Naut. a block used in raising or lowering a topgallant yard. [1785-95] * * *
Jack Cade
➡ Cade * * *
jack chain
a chain having open links in the form of a figure 8, with one loop at right angles to the other. [1630-40] * * *
Jack Charlton
➡ Charlton (II) * * *
jack cheese
jack cheese n. [occas.J- c-] MONTEREY JACK * * *
jack cheese.
See Monterey Jack. * * *
jack crevalle.
See under jack1 (def. 6). [1945-50] * * *
jack crosstree
Naut. jack1 (def. 8b). [1830-40] * * *
Jack Daniels{™}
a US ‘bourbon’ whisky (= made from maize/corn and rye) which is sold all over the world. It has been produced since 1866 at the Jack Daniels Distillery in Lynchburg, ...
Jack Dempsey
➡ Dempsey * * *
Jack Frost
frost or freezing cold personified. [1815-25] * * *
Jack Higgins
➡ Higgins (II) * * *
Jack Johnson
➡ Johnson (III) * * *
Jack Kerouac
➡ Kerouac * * *
Jack Ketch
/kech/, Brit. Slang. a public hangman. [1665-75; named after John Ketch (1663?-86), English executioner noted for his brutality] * * *
Jack Kevorkian
➡ Kevorkian * * *
jack ladder
1. Naut. See Jacob's ladder (def. 2a). 2. Lumbering. See bull chain. [1885-90] * * *
Jack Lemmon
➡ Lemmon * * *
Jack London
➡ London (I) * * *
jack mackerel
a mackerellike food fish, Trachurus symmetricus, of Pacific coastal waters of the U.S. Also called horse mackerel. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
Jack McConnell
➡ McConnell * * *
jack Mormon
1. a non-Mormon living amicably among Mormons. 2. a Mormon not active in the church or adhering strictly to Mormon principles. Also, Jack Mormon. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
Jack Nicholson
➡ Nicholson (II) * * *
Jack Nicklaus
➡ Nicklaus * * *
jack oak
the blackjack, Quercus marilandica. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
Jack of Diamonds
▪ group of artists also called  Knave Of Diamonds,  Russian  Bubnovy Valet,    group of artists founded in Moscow in 1909, whose members were for the next few years the ...
jack pine
a scrubby pine, Pinus banksiana, growing on tracts of poor, rocky land in Canada and the northern U.S., bearing short needles and curved cones. Also called gray pine. [1880-85] * ...
jack plane
Carpentry. a plane for rough surfacing. See illus. under plane2. [1805-15] * * *
jack post
a post for supporting a floor beam, having two telescoping sections, adjustable to any height. * * *
jack rabbit
any of various large hares of western North America, having very long hind legs and long ears. [1860-65; JACK(ASS) + RABBIT; so named from the size of its ears] * * *
jack rafter
a rafter having less than the full length of the roof slope, as one meeting a hip or a valley. [1750-60] * * *
jack rod
Naut. a horizontal metal rod or tube to which an awning or other cloth may be seized to support it. Also called jackstay. * * *
jack rope
Naut. 1. a rope for bending the foot of a sail to a boom. 2. a line that is rove through grommets on the reef band of a square sail, and to which lanyards from the jackstay on ...
Jack Rose
a cocktail made with apple brandy, lime or lemon juice, and grenadine. [short for jacqueminot rose, named after J. M. Jacqueminot (1787-1865), French nobleman and general] * * *
Jack Ruby
➡ Ruby * * *
Jack Russell
n a breed of small lively terrier dog, named after the man who first developed the breed in the 19th century. * * *
Jack Russell terrier
any of a breed of small, compact terriers having large, erect ears and a short white coat with brown or black markings. Also called Jack Russell. * * * ▪ breed of dog also ...
jack salmon
1. walleye (def. 1). 2. See coho salmon. [1970-75, Amer.] * * *
Jack Sprat
a traditional nursery rhyme. The words are: Jack Sprat would eat no fat, His wife would eat no lean. And so between the two of them They licked the platter clean. * * *
jack staff
a flagstaff at the bow of a vessel, on which a jack is flown. [1685-95] * * *
Jack Straw
➡ Straw * * *
Jack the Giant Killer
➡ Jack and the Beanstalk. * * *
Jack the Ripper
Jack the Ripper name given to the unidentified murderer of at least six London prostitutes in 1888 * * * the name given to an unknown man who murdered and cut up several ...
jack towel
a long towel with the ends sewed together, for hanging on a roller. [1810-20] * * *
jack truss
any of a number of trapezoidal trusses for supporting those areas of a hip roof not beneath the peak or ridge, parallel to the truss or trusses that meet at the peak or ridge. * ...
Jack Vettriano
➡ Vettriano * * *
Jack Warner
➡ Warner Brothers * * *
Jack Welch
➡ Welch * * *
Jack ‘Legs’ Diamond
➡ Diamond * * *
Jack, Beau
▪ 2001 Sidney Walker        American boxer (b. April 1, 1921, Augusta, Ga.—d. Feb. 9, 2000, Miami, Fla.), was twice world lightweight champion (1942, 1943) and was one ...
jack- [jak] 〚see JACK〛 combining form 1. male [jackass] 2. large or strong [jackboot] 3. boy; fellow: used in hyphenated compounds [jack-in-the-box] * * *
—jack-a-dandyism, n. /jak'euh dan"dee/, n., pl. jack-a-dandies. Older Use. dandy (def. 1). [1625-35; JACK- + -a- ( < ?) + DANDY] * * *
/jak"in dheuh boks'/, n., pl. jack-in-the-boxes. a toy consisting of a box from which an enclosed figure springs up when the lid is opened. Also, jack-in-a-box. [1545-55] * * *
/jak"in dheuh pool"pit, -pul"-/, n., pl. jack-in-the-pulpits. A North American plant, Arisaema triphyllum, of the arum family, having an upright spadix arched over by a green or ...
/jak"euh lan'teuhrn/, n. 1. a hollowed pumpkin with openings cut to represent human eyes, nose, and mouth and in which a candle or other light may be placed, traditionally made ...
/jak'euhv awl"traydz", jak"-/, n., pl. jacks-of-all-trades. a person who is adept at many different kinds of work. [1610-20] * * *
/jak"tahr"/, n. a sailor. Also, Jack Tar. [1775-85] * * *
/jak"up'/, n. Informal. an increase or rise: a recent jack-up in prices. [1900-05, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase jack up] * * *
jack-up rig
an offshore drill rig or platform having a floating hull fitted with retractable legs that can be lowered to the seabed to elevate the hull above wave level. Cf. ...
/jak"euhl, -awl/, n. 1. any of several nocturnal wild dogs of the genus Canis, esp. C. aureus, of Asia and Africa, that scavenge or hunt in packs. 2. a person who performs ...
/jak"euh nayps'/, n. 1. an impertinent, presumptuous person, esp. a young man; whippersnapper. 2. an impudent, mischievous child. 3. Archaic. an ape or monkey. [1400-50; late ME ...
/jak'euh rooh"/, n., pl. jackaroos, v.i., jackarooed, jackarooing. Australian. jackeroo. * * *
—jackassery, n. /jak"as'/, n. 1. a male donkey. 2. a contemptibly foolish or stupid person; dolt; blockhead; ass. [1720-30; JACK1 + ASS1] * * *
jackass bark
Naut. 1. a barkentine square-rigged on the mainmast above a gaff mainsail. 2. Also called four-masted brig. a sailing ship having four or more masts, the foremast and mainmast ...
jackass brig
Naut. a two-masted sailing vessel square-rigged on the foremast with a fore-and-aft mainsail; brigantine. [1880-85] * * *
jackass gunter
Naut. a gunter having a wire rope with a traveler in place of the usual upper iron. * * *
jackass penguin
any of several boldly marked black and white penguins of the genus Spheniscus, esp. S. demersus, of southern Africa, with a call resembling a donkey's bray. [1860-65] * * *
jackass rig
Naut. a rig of sails not conforming to a recognized type. [1880-85] * * *
jackass rig n. A nonstandard combination of square rig and fore-and-aft rig on a sailing ship that has two or more masts. Also called hermaphrodite rig. * * *
/jak"euh tahr'/, n. Newfoundland. a Newfoundland native of mixed French and Amerindian descent. Also, jackie tar, jacky tar. [1855-60; perh. JACK-TAR (with -a- repr. release of ...
jack bean n. A tropical American annual plant (Canavalia ensiformis) having clusters of purple flowers and long pods with edible seeds. * * *
/jak"booht'/, n. 1. a sturdy leather boot reaching up over the knee, worn esp. by soldiers. 2. Also called jackboot tactics. brutally bullying, militaristic, or authoritarian ...
/jak"booh'tid/, adj. 1. wearing jackboots. 2. brutally and oppressively bullying: a jackbooted militarism. [1840-50; JACKBOOT + -ED3] * * *
jack cheese n. Monterey jack.   [After DavidJacks, 19th-century California landowner.] * * *
jack crevalle n. See crevalle jack. * * *
/jak"daw'/, n. 1. a glossy, black, European bird, Corvus monedula, of the crow family, that nests in towers, ruins, etc. 2. See boat-tailed grackle. [1535-45; JACK1 + DAW] * * ...
jacked (jăkt) adj. Slang Very excited or agitated, especially from taking a stimulant. * * *
/jak"euh lin/, n. a female given name. * * *
See jack. * * *
/jak'euh rooh"/, n., pl. jackeroos, v., jackerooed, jackerooing. Australian. n. 1. an inexperienced person working as an apprentice on a sheep ranch. v.i. 2. to work as an ...
—jacketed, adj. —jacketless, adj. —jacketlike, adj. /jak"it/, n. 1. a short coat, in any of various forms, usually opening down the front. 2. something designed to be ...
jacket crown
jacket crown n. a type of artificial, tooth-colored dental crown made of acrylic or porcelain * * *
See jacket. * * *
/jak"ee/, n. Brit. Slang. gin1. Also, jacky. [1790-1800; prob. jack quarter of a pint (perh. development of JACK3) + -EY2] * * *
/jak"fish'/, n., pl., (esp. collectively) jackfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) jackfishes. 1. any of several pikes, esp. the northern pike. 2. the ...
Jack Frost n. Frost or cold weather personified. * * *
/jak"frooht'/, n. 1. a large, tropical, milky-juiced tree, Artocarpus heterophyllus, of the mulberry family, having stiff and glossy green leaves, cultivated for its very large, ...
/jak"ham'euhr/, n. a portable drill operated by compressed air and used to drill rock, break up pavement, etc. [1925-30, Amer.; JACK1 + HAMMER] * * *
/jak"ee/, n. 1. a female given name, form of Jacqueline. 2. a male given name, form of Jack. * * * (as used in expressions) Gleason Jackie Joyner Kersee Jackie Robinson Jackie * ...
Jackie Collins
➡ Collins (I) * * *
Jackie Joyner-Kersee
➡ Joyner-Kersee * * *
Jackie Kennedy
➡ Kennedy (IV) * * *
Jackie Onassis
➡ Onassis * * *
Jackie Robinson
➡ Robinson (IV) * * *
Jackie Robinson: A 50th Anniversary Remembrance
▪ 1998       Nearly 54,000 people—among them U.S. Pres. Bill Clinton—jammed New York City's Shea Stadium on April 15, 1997. Although the Los Angeles Dodgers and New ...
Jackie Stewart
➡ Stewart (I) * * *
jackie tar
/jak"ee/, Newfoundland. jackatar. * * *
jacking engine
an engine for moving an idle reciprocating engine or turbine to permit inspection and repairs. * * *
/jak"nuyf'/, n., pl. jackknives, v., jackknifed, jackknifing, adj. n. 1. a large pocketknife. 2. Fancy Diving. a dive in which the diver bends in midair to touch the toes, ...
jackknife clam.
See razor clam. * * *
/jak"nuyf'fish'/, n., pl. jackknife-fishes, (esp. collectively) jackknife-fish. Ichthyol. a black and white, American drum, Equetus lanceolatus, found in tropical areas of the ...
/jak"leg'/, Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S. adj. 1. unskilled or untrained for one's work; amateur: a jackleg electrician. 2. unscrupulous or without the accepted ...
/jak"luyt'/, n., v., jacklighted or jacklit, jacklighting. n. 1. a portable cresset, oil-burning lantern, or electric light used as a lure in hunting or fishing at night. v.t. 2. ...
/jak"luy'teuhr/, n. 1. a person who hunts or fishes at night with the aid of a jacklight. 2. a person who illegally hunts deer at night using a jacklight. [1960-65; JACKLIGHT + ...
Jackling, Daniel Cowan
▪ American engineer born Aug. 14, 1869, Appleton City, Mo., U.S. died March 13, 1956, San Francisco, Calif.  American mining engineer and metallurgist who developed methods ...
jack mackerel or jack·mack·er·el (jăkʹmăk'ər-əl, -măk'rəl) n. A common food and game fish (Trachurus symmetricus) of Pacific coastal waters. Also called saurel. * * *
jack pine n. An evergreen tree (Pinus banksiana) of northern North America, having soft wood and short twisted needles grouped in fascicles of two. Also called scrub pine. * * *
jack·plane (jăkʹplān') n. A bench plane for rough surfacing, usually slightly over one foot in length. * * *
/jak"pot'/, n. 1. the chief prize or the cumulative stakes in a game or contest, as in bingo, a quiz contest, or a slot machine. 2. Poker. a pot that accumulates until a player ...
/jak"rab'it/, adj. 1. resembling a jack rabbit, as in suddenness or rapidity of movement: The car made a jackrabbit start when the traffic light turned green. v.i. 2. to go or ...
☆ jackroll [jak′rōl΄ ] vt. Slang ROLL (vt. 14) jackroller n. * * *
JackRussell terrier
Jack Russell terrier n. A terrier originating in England, having a small sturdy body, straight legs, and a smooth, mostly white coat that has brown or black markings.   [After ...
jacks [jaks] n. 〚
/jak"skrooh'/, n. a jack for lifting consisting of a screw steadied by a threaded support and carrying a plate or other part bearing the load. Also called screw jack. [1760-70; ...
/jak"shaft', -shahft'/, n. Mach. 1. Also called countershaft. a short shaft, connected by belting, gears, etc., that transmits motion from a motor or engine to a machine or ...
jack shit n. Vulgar Slang A small or worthless amount: Those guys can't do jack shit. * * *
/jak"smelt'/, n., pl. jacksmelts, (esp. collectively) jacksmelt. a large silversides, Atherinopsis californiensis, found along the coast of California, that grows to a length of ...
/jak"snuyp'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) jacksnipe, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) jacksnipes. 1. Also called half snipe. a small, short-billed snipe, ...
/jak"seuhn/, n. 1. Andrew ("Old Hickory"), 1767-1845, U.S. general: 7th president of the U.S. 1829-37. 2. Lady Barbara. See Ward, Barbara. 3. Helen Hunt (Helen Maria Fiske), ...
Jackson Day
January 8, a holiday commemorating Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815: a legal holiday in Louisiana. * * *
Jackson Hole
a valley in NW Wyoming, near the Teton Range: wildlife preserve. * * *
Jackson Hole National Monument
      fertile mountain valley and wildlife reserve mostly in Grand Teton National Park (q.v.), northwestern Wyoming, U.S. * * *
Jackson Pollock
➡ Pollock * * *
Jackson, A(lexander) Y(oung)
born Oct. 3, 1882, Montreal, Que., Can. died April 5, 1974, Kleinburg, Ont. Canadian landscape painter. He traveled to every region of Canada, including the Arctic; from 1921 ...
Jackson, A.V. Williams
▪ American scholar in full  Abraham Valentine Williams Jackson   born Feb. 9, 1862, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 8, 1937, New York       American scholar of the ...
Jackson, Alan
▪ 2004       By 2003 many in the music industry were touting country singer and songwriter Alan Jackson as one of country music's all-time best artists. He had responded ...
Jackson, Andrew
born March 15, 1767, Waxhaws region, S.C. died June 8, 1845, the Hermitage, near Nashville, Tenn., U.S. Seventh president of the U.S. (1829–37). He fought briefly in the ...
Jackson, Charles Thomas
born June 21, 1805, Plymouth, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 28, 1880, Somerville, Mass. U.S. physician, chemist, geologist, and mineralogist. He graduated from Harvard Medical School ...
Jackson, Glenda
born May 9, 1936, Birkenhead, Cheshire, Eng. British stage and film actress. Discovered by Peter Brook, she was cast in his Theatre of Cruelty revue and soon appeared as the ...
Jackson, Helen (Maria Fiske)Hunt
Jackson, Helen (Maria Fiske) Hunt. 1830-1885. American writer known for Ramona (1884), a romantic novel concerning the injustices suffered by Native Americans. * * *
Jackson, Helen Hunt
▪ American author in full  Helen Maria Hunt Jackson , née  Fiske  born Oct. 15, 1830, Amherst, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 12, 1885, San Francisco, Calif.  American poet and ...
Jackson, Howell E.
▪ United States jurist in full  Howell Edmunds Jackson   born April 8, 1832, Paris, Tenn., U.S. died Aug. 8, 1895, near Nashville, Tenn.       American lawyer and ...
Jackson, Janet
▪ American entertainer in full  Janet Damita Jo Jackson  born May 16, 1966, Gary, Indiana, U.S.       American singer and actress whose increasingly mature version of ...
Jackson, Jesse
▪ American minister and activist original name  Jesse Louis Burns  born October 8, 1941, Greenville, South Carolina, U.S.    American civil rights leader, Baptist ...
Jackson, Jesse (Louis)
orig. Jesse Louis Burns born Oct. 8, 1941, Greenville, S.C., U.S. U.S. civil rights leader. He became involved with the civil rights movement as a college student. In 1965 he ...
Jackson, Joe
in full Joseph Jefferson Jackson known as Shoeless Joe Jackson born July 16, 1888, Greenville, S.C., U.S. died Dec. 6, 1951, Greenville U.S. baseball player. Jackson started ...
Jackson, John
▪ 2003       American blues guitarist (b. Feb. 25, 1924, Woodville, Va.—d. Jan. 20, 2002, Fairfax, Va.), was considered a master of the Piedmont blues tradition. While ...
Jackson, John Hughlings
born April 4, 1835, Green Hammerton, Yorkshire, Eng. died Oct. 7, 1911, London British neurologist. He showed that most right-handed persons with aphasia had disease on the ...
Jackson, Lisa P.
▪ American public official in full  Lisa Perez Jackson  born Feb. 8, 1962, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       American public official who served as commissioner of New ...
Jackson, Mahalia
born Oct. 26, 1911, New Orleans, La., U.S. died Jan. 27, 1972, Evergreen Park, Ill. U.S. gospel music singer. As a child, Jackson sang in the choir of the New Orleans church ...
Jackson, Marjorie
▪ Australian athlete married name  Marjorie Jackson Nelson  born Sept. 13, 1931, Coffs Harbour, N.S.W., Austl.    Australian athlete who won two Olympic gold medals and ...
Jackson, Maynard
▪ mayor of Atlanta in full  Maynard Holbrook Jackson, Jr.   born March 23, 1938, Dallas, Texas, U.S. died June 23, 2003, Arlington, Virginia       American lawyer and ...
Jackson, Maynard Holbrook, Jr.
▪ 2004       American politician and lawyer (b. March 23, 1938, Dallas, Texas—d. June 23, 2003, Arlington, Va.), was the first African American to head a major ...
Jackson, Mercy Ruggles Bisbe
▪ American physician and educator née  Mercy Ruggles  born Sept. 17, 1802, Hardwick, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 13, 1877, Boston, Mass.       American physician and ...
Jackson, Michael
▪ 2008       British journalist and beer aficionado born March 27, 1942, Wetherby, Yorks., Eng. died Aug. 30, 2007, London, Eng. became the world's best-known ...
Jackson, Michael (Joseph)
born Aug. 29, 1958, Gary, Ind., U.S. U.S. singer and songwriter. The nine-year-old Jackson became the lead singer of The Jackson Five, a family group formed by his father. ...
Jackson, Milt
▪ American musician byname of  Milton Jackson , also called  Bags  born Jan. 1, 1923, Detroit, Mich., U.S. died Oct. 9, 1999, New York, N.Y.  African-American jazz ...
Jackson, Milton
▪ 2000 “Bags”        American jazz musician (b. Jan. 1, 1923, Detroit, Mich.—d. Oct. 9, 1999, New York, N.Y.), introduced a range of expression and melody to a ...

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