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jam nut.
See lock nut (def. 2). [1860-65] * * *
jam session
1. a meeting of a group of musicians, esp. jazz musicians, to play for their own enjoyment. 2. an impromptu jazz performance or special performance by jazz musicians who do not ...
Jam, the
▪ British rock group       British rock group that emerged at the height of the punk rock (punk) movement but whose sound and image were greatly influenced by the ...
/jam"pak"/, v.t. to fill or pack as tightly or fully as possible: We jam-packed the basket with all kinds of fruit. [1920-25] * * *
/jam"up'/, n. a stoppage or slowing of motion, work, or the like, due to obstruction, overloading, malfunction, or inefficiency; jam: Your letters didn't go out yesterday because ...
Jamaica. * * *
▪ Nigeria also spelled  Jamaari,         town and traditional emirate, Bauchi state, northern Nigeria. The town is situated along the Jamaari River, which is a ...
▪ Somalia also spelled  Jamame, or Giamame, former  Italian  Margherita,        town, southern Somalia, eastern Africa. Jamaame is situated on the eastern bank of ...
/jeuh may"keuh/, n. 1. an island in the West Indies, S of Cuba. 4413 sq. mi. (11,430 sq. km). 2. a republic coextensive with this island: formerly a British colony; became ...
Jamaica Bay
Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean. It occupies about 20 sq mi (50 sq km) along the southwestern shore of Long Island, in southeastern New York, U.S. Part of the Port of New York, it ...
Jamaica ginger
1. an alcoholic extract of ginger used as a flavoring. 2. powdered ginger root used for medicinal purposes. [1810-20] * * *
Jamaica honeysuckle.
See yellow granadilla. * * *
Jamaica rum
a heavy, pungent, slowly fermented rum made in Jamaica. [1765-75] * * *
Jamaica shorts
shorts extending to the middle of the thigh. [1955-60] * * *
Jamaica, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag with two green and two black triangles separated by a yellow saltire (diagonal cross). The width-to-length ratio of the flag is 1 to ...
/jeuh may"keuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the island of Jamaica or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Jamaica. [1685-95; JAMAIC(A) + -AN] * * *
Jamaican fruit bat
▪ mammal also called  Mexican fruit bat        a common and widespread bat of Central and South America with a fleshy nose leaf resembling a third ear positioned on ...
/jeuh mahl"/, n. a male given name: from an Arabic word meaning "beauty." Also, Jamaal. * * *
Jamāl ad-Dīn al-Afghānī
▪ Muslim journalist and politician in full  Jamāl Ad-dīn Al-afghānī As-sayyid Muḥammad Ibn Ṣafdar Al-ḥusayn   born 1838, Asadābād, Persia [now Iran] died March ...
Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī
born 1838, Asadābād, Persia died March 9, 1897, Istanbul Muslim politician and journalist. He is thought to have adopted the name Afghānī to conceal the fact that he was of ...
Jamal ud-Din
/ja mahl" oohd deen", ood-/, (Jamal ud-Din al-Afghani) 1838-97, Muslim educator and political leader, born in Persia: founder of modern Pan-Islamism. * * *
Jamali, Muhammad Fadhil al-
▪ 1998       , Iraqi statesman who was the last survivor of the signatories to the UN Charter, was prime minister of Iraq twice, and—following the overthrow of the ...
/jeuh mahl"poor/, n. a city in N Bangladesh. 60,000. * * * ▪ Bangladesh       city, north-central Bangladesh, on the west bank of the Old Brahmaputra River. An ...
Jamalzadah, Muhammad ʿAli
▪ Iranian author Jamalzadah also spelled  Jamāl-zādeh  or  Jamālzāda  born Jan. 13, 1892, Eṣfahān, Iran died Nov. 8, 1997, Geneva, Switz.       Iranian prose ...
jamb1 /jam/, n. 1. Archit., Building Trades. a. either of the vertical sides of a doorway, arch, window, or other opening. b. either of two stones, timbers, etc., forming the ...
/jum'beuh luy"euh/, n. a dish of Creole origin, consisting of rice cooked with ham, sausage, chicken, or shellfish, herbs, spices, and vegetables, esp. tomatoes, onions, and ...
/jam"boh/, n., pl. jambeaux /-bohz/. 1. Armor. greave. 2. a spikefish, Parahollardia lineata, found in the deep waters of the Atlantic Ocean. [1350-1400; ME < AF, equiv. to jambe ...
/jahm"bee/, n. 1. a province on SE Sumatra, in W Indonesia. 2. Formerly, Telanaipura. a river port in and the capital of this province. 158,559. Also, Djambi. * * * ▪ ...
/jam bee"yeuh/, n. an Arabian knife having a curved, double-edged blade, usually with a central rib. [ < Ar janbiyah] * * *
/jam'beuh ree"/, n. 1. a carousal; any noisy merrymaking. 2. a large gathering, as of a political party or the teams of a sporting league, often including a program of speeches ...
/jam"bos, -bohs/, n. See rose apple. [ < NL, var. of jambosa < E jamb(o) rose apple ( < Hindi jambu, jambu < Skt) + L (r)osa ROSE1] * * *
/jam"stohn'/, n. Masonry. a stone, or one of the stones, forming one jamb of an opening. [1815-25; JAMB1 + STONE] * * *
▪ Indian textile art  type of figured muslin that is one of the greatest accomplishments of the Indian weaver. The origins of figured muslin are not clear; it is mentioned in ...
/jaymz/, n. 1. Also called James the Great. one of the 12 apostles, the son of Zebedee and brother of the apostle John. Matt. 4:21. 2. the person identified in Gal. 1:19 as a ...
James A Garfield
➡ Garfield (II) * * *
James A. Garfield: Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Friday, March 4, 1881       We stand to-day upon an eminence which overlooks a hundred years of national life—a century crowded with ...
James Abram Garfield
➡ Garfield (II) * * *
James Baldwin
➡ Baldwin (I) * * *
James Bay
the S arm of Hudson Bay, in E Canada between Ontario and Quebec provinces. 300 mi. (483 km) long; 160 mi. (258 km) wide. * * * Extension of Hudson Bay, located between northern ...
James Beard
➡ Beard * * *
James Bond
➡ Bond (II) * * * ▪ fictional character  British literary and film character, a peerless spy, notorious womanizer, and masculine icon.  James Bond, designated Agent 007 ...
James Boswell
➡ Boswell * * *
James Bowie
➡ Bowie (II) * * *
James Brown
➡ Brown (VII) * * *
James Brudenell
➡ Cardigan * * *
James Buchanan: Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Wednesday, March 4, 1857       I appear before you this day to take the solemn oath "that I will faithfully execute the office of President ...
James Buchanan: The Impending Disruption of the Union
▪ Primary Source       During the critical four months that intervened between Abraham Lincoln's election in November 1860 and his inauguration in March 1861, President ...
James Bulger
➡ Bulger * * *
James Cagney
➡ Cagney * * *
James Callaghan
➡ Callaghan * * *
James Clerk Maxwell
➡ Maxwell (I) * * *
James Cook
➡ Cook (II) * * *
James D Watson
➡ Watson (II) * * *
James Dean
➡ Dean (III) * * *
James Dewey Watson
➡ Watson (II) * * *
James Edward
James Edward see STUART2 James Francis Edward * * *
James Edward, the Old Pretender
orig. James Francis Edward Stuart born June 10, 1688, London, Eng. died Jan. 1, 1766, Rome, Papal States Claimant to the English and Scottish thrones. Son of the exiled James ...
James Edward.
See Stuart, James Francis Edward. * * *
James Fenimore Cooper
➡ Cooper (IV) * * *
James Frazer
➡ Frazer * * *
James Galway
➡ Galway * * *
James Gillray
➡ Gillray * * *
James Graham Ballard
➡ Ballard * * *
James Hargreaves
➡ Hargreaves * * *
James Herbert
➡ Herbert (III) * * *
James Herriot
➡ Herriot * * *
James I
1566-1625, king of England and Ireland 1603-25; as James VI, king of Scotland 1567-1625 (son of Mary Stuart). * * * I born 1394 died Feb. 20/21, 1437, Perth, Perth, Scot. King ...
James II
1633-1701, king of England, Ireland, and Scotland 1685-88 (son of Charles I of England). * * * I born Oct. 14, 1633, London, Eng. died Sept. 16/17, 1701, Saint-Germain, ...
James III
born May 1452 died June 11, 1488, near Stirling, Stirling, Scot. King of Scotland (1460–88). He succeeded his father, James II. Unlike the latter, he was unable to restore ...
James III.
See Stuart, James Francis Edward. * * *
James IV
born March 17, 1473 died Sept. 9, 1513, near Branxton, Northumberland, Eng. King of Scotland (1488–1513). He unified his country, gaining control over all northern and ...
James Ivory
➡ Ivory * * *
James Joyce
➡ Joyce * * *
James K Polk
➡ Polk * * *
James K. Polk: Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Tuesday, March 4, 1845       Without solicitation on my part, I have been chosen by the free and voluntary suffrages of my countrymen to ...
James K. Polk: Reaffirmation of the Monroe Doctrine
▪ Primary Source       In his message to Congress of December 2, 1845, President Polk reinterpreted the Monroe Doctrine in terms of the prevailing spirit of Manifest ...
James Kelman
➡ Kelman * * *
James Knox Polk
➡ Polk * * *
James Levine
➡ Levine * * *
James Madison
➡ Madison * * *
James Madison: A Plurality of Interests and a Balance of Powers
▪ Primary Source              In the federal Convention of 1787, James Madison was the acknowledged leader of the group favoring a strong central government. The ...
James Madison: Concerning Public Opinion
▪ Primary Source              James Madison wrote a number of short political essays reflecting his concern for the new government he had helped to create and for ...
James Madison: First Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Saturday, March 4, 1809       Unwilling to depart from examples of the most revered authority, I avail myself of the occasion now presented ...
James Madison: Second Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Thursday, March 4, 1813       About to add the solemnity of an oath to the obligations imposed by a second call to the station in which my ...
James Madison: The Civil and Religious Functions of Government
▪ Primary Source              Throughout his life, James Madison was deeply concerned with the relationship between religious establishments and civil government. ...
James Matthew Barrie
➡ Barrie * * *
James McNeill Whistler
➡ Whistler * * *
James Michener
➡ Michener * * *
James Monroe
➡ Monroe (I) * * *
James Monroe: First Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Tuesday, March 4, 1817       I should be destitute of feeling if I was not deeply affected by the strong proof which my fellow-citizens ...
James Monroe: Second Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Monday, March 5, 1821       I shall not attempt to describe the grateful emotions which the new and very distinguished proof of the ...
James Monroe: The Monroe Doctrine
▪ Primary Source        The Monroe Doctrine, in Monroe's handwriting, 1823 The Granger Collection, New York City       The Monroe Doctrine comprised some general ...
James Murray
➡ Murray (II) * * *
James Range
a mountain range in central Australia. * * *
James River
I River, Virginia, U.S. Formed by the junction of the Jackson and Cowpasture rivers, it flows east across the Blue Ridge and past Richmond, then southeast to enter Chesapeake Bay ...
James Stewart
➡ Stewart (II) * * *
James Stirling
➡ Stirling (II) * * *
James Strom Thurmond
➡ Thurmond * * *
James Stuart
➡ Stuart (III) * * *
James T Farrell
➡ Farrell * * *
James Thomas Farrell
➡ Farrell * * *
James Thurber
➡ Thurber * * *
James V
▪ king of Scotland born April 10, 1512, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scot. died Dec. 14, 1542, Falkland, Fife  king of Scotland from 1513 to 1542.       During the ...
James VI.
See James I. * * *
James Watt
➡ Watt * * *
James Woodforde
➡ Woodforde * * *
James, C(yril) L(ionel) R(obert)
James, C(yril) L(ionel) R(obert). 1901-1989. Trinidadian author and historian noted for his Marxist writings and his novel Minty Alley (1936). * * * born Jan. 4, 1901, Tunapuna, ...
James, C.L.R.
▪ British writer and activist in full  Cyril Lionel Robert James  born Jan. 4, 1901, Tunapuna, Trinidad died May 31, 1989, London, Eng.       West Indian-born ...
James, Dennis
▪ 1998       American television personality who for nearly 60 years worked as game show and variety show host, sports commentator, actor, commercial spokesman, and ...
James, Elmore
▪ American musician original name  Elmore Brooks  born Jan. 27, 1918, Richland, Miss., U.S. died May 24, 1963, Chicago, Ill.  American blues singer-guitarist noted for the ...
James, Etta
▪ American singer original name  Jamesetta Hawkins   born Jan. 25, 1938, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.       popular American rhythm-and-blues (rhythm and blues) ...
James, Harry
▪ American musician in full  Harry Haag James  born March 15, 1916, Albany, Ga., U.S. died July 5, 1983, Las Vegas, Nev.  American jazz musician and bandleader, and one of ...
James, Harry (Haag)
born March 15, 1916, Albany, Ga., U.S. died July 5, 1983, Las Vegas, Nev. U.S. trumpeter and leader of one of the most popular big bands of the swing era. He joined Benny ...
James, Henry
born April 15, 1843, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 28, 1916, London, Eng. U.S.-British novelist. Born to a distinguished family, the brother of William James, he was privately ...
James, Jesse and James, Frank
in full Jesse Woodson James and Alexander Franklin James born Sept. 5, 1847, near Centerville, Mo., U.S. died April 3, 1882, St. Joseph, Mo. born Jan. 10, 1843, near ...
James, Jesse; and James, Frank
▪ American outlaws in full, respectively,  Jesse Woodson James  and  Alexander Franklin James   Respectively,   born Sept. 5, 1847, near Centerville [now Kearney], Mo., ...
James, Liturgy of Saint
      a eucharistic service based on the Antiochene Liturgy, said to be the most ancient Christian liturgy. Modified forms of the Liturgy of St. James are used by Catholic ...
James, P.D.
▪ British novelist byname of  Phyllis Dorothy James, Baroness James , married name  White  born Aug. 3, 1920, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng.       British mystery ...
James, Rick
▪ 2005 James Ambrose Johnson        American musician and singer (b. Feb. 1, 1948, Buffalo, N.Y.—d. Aug. 6, 2004, Los Angeles, Calif.), wrote such classic funk hits as ...
James, Saint
or James the Great born Galilee, Palestine died AD 44, Jerusalem; feast day July 25 One of the 12 Apostles of Jesus. He and his brother John (see St. John the Apostle) were ...
James, Sidney Lorraine
▪ 2005       American journalist (b. Aug. 6, 1906, St. Louis, Mo.—d. March 11, 2004, Alameda, Calif.), succeeded in establishing Sports Illustrated as a viable ...
James, The Letter of
▪ New Testament also called  The Epistle Of St. James The Apostle,         New Testament writing addressed to the early Christian churches (“to the twelve tribes in ...
James, William
born Jan. 11, 1842, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 26, 1910, Chocorua, N.H. U.S. philosopher and psychologist. Son of the philosophical writer Henry James (1811–82) and ...
James, Henry. 1843-1916. American writer and critic whose works generally concern the confrontation of American and European culture. A pioneer in psychologically realistic ...
James, Jesse. 1847-1882. American outlaw. After fighting in the Civil War as a Confederate guerrilla, he led a group of armed brigands that for 15 years robbed banks and trains ...
I. James1, Saint Known as “the Great.” Died A.D. 44. One of the 12 Apostles. The son of Zebedee and brother of John, he preached in Spain and was martyred on his return to ...
James, William. 1842-1910. American psychologist and philosopher. A founder of pragmatism and functionalism, he developed an approach to intellectual issues that greatly ...
James Bay The southern arm of Hudson Bay, in east-central Canada between northeast Ontario and western Quebec. It was sighted by Henry Hudson in 1610 but named for the English ...
James I, 1566-1625. King of England (1603-1625) and of Scotland as James VI (1567-1625). The son of Mary Queen of Scots, he succeeded the heirless Elizabeth I as the first Stuart ...
/jaym"zee euhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the novelist Henry James or his writings. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of William James or his ...
James II, 1633-1701. King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1685-1688). The last Stuart king to rule both England and Scotland, he was overthrown by his son-in-law William of ...
/jaym"seuhn/, n. Sir Leander Starr /stahr/ ("Doctor Jameson"), 1853-1917, Scottish physician and statesman: colonial administrator in South Africa. * * *
Jameson, Sir Leander Starr
born Feb. 9, 1853, Edinburgh, Scot. died Nov. 26, 1917, London, Eng. British administrator in southern Africa. As Cecil Rhodes's representative, Jameson successfully negotiated ...
Jameson, Sir Leander Starr, Baronet
▪ prime minister of the Cape Colony born Feb. 9, 1853, Edinburgh died Nov. 26, 1917, London       southern African statesman who, as friend and collaborator of Cecil ...
/jaym"seuh nuyt'/, n. a metallic, dark-gray mineral, lead and iron antimony sulfide: formerly mined for lead. [1815-25; named after Robert Jameson (1774-1854), Scottish ...
James River 1. A river rising in central North Dakota and flowing about 1,142 km (710 mi) generally south across South Dakota to the Missouri River. 2. A river, about 547 km (340 ...
/jaymz"town'/, n. 1. a village in E Virginia: first permanent English settlement in North America 1607; restored 1957. 2. a city in SW New York. 35,775. 3. a city in central ...
Jamestown Colony
▪ English colony, North America Introduction  first permanent English settlement in North America, located near present-day Williamsburg, Virginia. Established on May 14, ...
Jamhuri Day
▪ Kenyan holiday also called  Independence Day        one of the most important national holidays in Kenya, observed on December 12. The holiday formally marks the ...
orig. Mawlānā Nūr al-Dīn ʽAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Aḥmad born Nov. 7, 1414, district of Jām died Nov. 9, 1492, Herāt, Timurid Afghanistan Persian scholar, mystic, and ...
/jay"mee/, n. 1. a male given name, form of James. 2. a female given name. * * *
/jah mee"leuh/, n. a female given name: from a Swahili word meaning "beautiful." * * *
Jamison, Judith
born May 10, 1943, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. U.S. dancer and choreographer. In 1965 she joined Alvin Ailey's American Dance Theater; she became celebrated for her energetic grace ...
Ja·mi·son (jāʹmĭ-sən), Judith. Born 1944. American dancer and choreographer. She became director of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater in 1989. * * *
See jam1. * * *
See jammable. * * *
Jammes, Francis
▪ French author born Dec. 2, 1868, Tournay, Fr. died Nov. 1, 1938, Hasparren, near Bayonne       French poet and novelist whose simple rustic themes were a contrast to ...
/jam"eez/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Baby Talk. pajamas. [jam- (by aphesis and shortening from PAJAMA) + -Y2 + -S3] * * *
jam·min' (jămʹən) adj. Slang Excellent; first-rate.   [From jam1.] * * *
▪ electronics       in electronics, broadcasting a strong signal that overrides or obscures a target signal. Jamming of radio and television stations broadcasting from ...
/jum"ooh/, n. a city in and the capital of Jammu and Kashmir, in the SW part, in N India. 155,249. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 378,431) and winter capital of Jammu and ...
Jammu and Kashmir
/jum"ooh/ official name of Kashmir (def. 2). * * * State (pop., 2001: 10,143,700), northern India. With an area of 39,146 sq mi (101,387 sq km), it occupies the southern ...
Jammuand Kashmir
Jammu and Kash·mir (kăshʹmîr', kăsh-mîrʹ) Popularly known as Kashmir. A former princely state of northern India and Pakistan. Part of the Mogul Empire after 1587, it was ...
/jam"ee/, adj., jammier, jammiest. Brit. Informal. 1. very lucky. 2. pleasant; easy; desirable: He has a jammy job. [1850-55; appar. JAM2 + -Y1; cf. the idioms to have jam on it ...
/jahm nug"euhr/, n. a city in W Gujarat, in W central India. 227,640. * * * ▪ India  city, southwestern Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India. Jamnagar is situated ...
/jeuh mohk"/, n. Slang. coffee; a cup of coffee. [1910-15, Amer.; prob. JA(VA) + MOCH(A), respelled] * * *
☆ jampacked [jam′pakt′ ] adj. Informal tightly packed; crammed * * *
/jam"proohf'/, adj. built so as to prevent jamming: a jamproof copying machine. [JAM1 + -PROOF] * * *
▪ Pakistan       town in the Khyber Agency of Peshāwar Division, North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan, lying 1,512 ft (461 m) above sea level at the entrance to the ...
/jamz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. Informal. pajamas. 2. brightly patterned, knee-length drawstring swim trunks. [1965-70; by shortening] * * *
/jamz/, (used with a pl. v.) Trademark. a brand of baggy, brightly patterned, knee-length swim trunks. * * *
jam session n. 1. An informal gathering of musicians to play improvised or unrehearsed music. 2. Informal. An impromptu discussion. * * *
/jahm"shed poor'/, n. a city in SE Bihar, in NE India. 465,200. * * * ▪ India  city, Jharkhand state, northeastern India, at the junction of the Subarnarekha (Subarnarekha ...
/jam sheed"/, n. Persian Myth. the king of the peris who, given a human form as punishment for his boast of immortality, became a powerful and wonder-working Persian king. Also, ...
▪ county, Sweden       län (county) of western Sweden, on the Norwegian border. It takes in the traditional landskap (provinces) of Jämtland and Härjedalen. The land ...
/jan/; for 1 also Du., Ger. /yahn/, n. 1. a male given name, form of John. 2. a female given name, form of Janet. * * * (as used in expressions) Brueghel Jan the Elder Jan Amos ...
Jan Mayen
/yahn" muy"euhn/ a volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean between Greenland and Norway: a possession of Norway. 144 sq. mi. (373 sq. km). * * * Jan Mayen Introduction Jan ...
January. * * *
/yah"nah chek'/, n. Leoš /le"awsh/ 1854-1928, Czech composer. * * *
Janácek, Leos
Ja·ná·ček (yäʹnə-chĕk'), Leoš. 1854-1928. Czech composer whose works, such as the operas Jenůfa (1904) and Katya Kabanová (1921), draw themes from his homeland's folk ...
Janáček, Leoš
Ja·ná·ček (yäʹnə-chĕk'), Leoš. 1854-1928. Czech composer whose works, such as the operas Jenůfa (1904) and Katya Kabanová (1921), draw themes from his homeland's folk ...
Janáček, Leoš (Eugen)
born July 3, 1854, Hukvaldy, Moravia, Austrian Empire died Aug. 12, 1928, Ostrava, Czech. Czech (Moravian) composer. Son of a church musician, he worked as a teacher and choral ...
Jandl, Ernst
▪ 2001       Austrian poet (b. Aug. 1, 1925, Vienna, Austria—d. June 9, 2000, Vienna), crafted “sound poetry” that relied on linguistic experimentation, word ...
/jayn/, n. Slang. a girl or woman. [1905-10, Amer.; generic use of the proper name] * * * (as used in expressions) Addams Jane Austen Jane Bethune Mary Jane McLeod Mary Jane ...
/jayn/, n. a female given name: derived from John. * * * (as used in expressions) Addams Jane Austen Jane Bethune Mary Jane McLeod Mary Jane McLeod Calamity Jane Martha Jane ...
Jane Addams
➡ Addams * * *
Jane Austen
➡ Austen * * *
Jane Doe
/doh/ a fictitious name used in legal proceedings for a female party whose true name is not known. [1935-40; fem. of JOHN DOE] * * *
Jane Eyre
/jayn" air"/ a novel (1847) by Charlotte Brontë. * * *
Jane Fonda
➡ Fonda (II) * * *
Jane Goodall
➡ Goodall * * *
Jane Russell
➡ Russell (II) * * *
Jane Seymour
➡ Seymour * * * born 1509?, England died Oct. 24, 1537, Hampton Court, London Third wife of Henry VIII of England. A lady-in-waiting to Henry's wives Catherine of Aragon and ...
Jane Doe (jānʹ dōʹ) n. 1. Used as a name in legal proceedings to designate an unknown or unidentified woman or girl. 2. An average or ordinary woman. * * *
Janequin, Clément
▪ French composer also spelled  Jannequin   born c. 1485, Châtellerault, Fr. died 1558, Paris       a leading 16th-century French composer of chansons (chanson), ...
/jaynz"vil/, n. a city in S Wisconsin. 51,071. * * * ▪ Wisconsin, United States       city, seat (1839) of Rock county, southern Wisconsin, U.S. It lies on the Rock ...
/zhann ne"/ for 1; /jan"it/ for 2, n. 1. Pierre Marie Félix /pyerdd mann rddee" fay leeks"/, 1859-1947, French psychologist and neurologist. 2. Also, Janetta /jeuh net"euh/. a ...
Janet Baker
➡ Baker * * *
Janet Jackson
➡ Jackson (III) * * *
Janet Reno
➡ Reno (II) * * *
Janet Street-Porter
➡ Street-Porter * * *
Janet, Pierre
▪ French neurologist and psychologist in full  Pierre-Marie-Félix Janet  born May 30, 1859, Paris, France died February 24, 1947, Paris       French psychologist and ...
/jayn"way'/, n. Elizabeth (Hall), born 1913, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. * * *
Janeway, Eliot
▪ 1994       U.S. economist and writer (b. Jan. 1, 1913, New York, N.Y.—d. Feb. 8, 1993, New York), proposed the controversial and thought-provoking theory that ...
Janeway, Elizabeth
▪ 2006 Elizabeth Ames Hall        American writer (b. Oct. 7, 1913, New York, N.Y.—d. Jan. 15, 2005, Rye, N.Y.), was a best-selling novelist in the 1940s who ...
—jangler, n. —jangly, adj. /jang"geuhl/, v., jangled, jangling, n. v.i. 1. to produce a harsh, discordant sound, as two comparatively small, thin, or hollow pieces of metal ...
See jangle. * * *
/jan"is/, n. a female given name, form of Jane. Also, Janis. * * *
—Janiculan, adj. /jeuh nik"yeuh leuhm/, n. a ridge near the Tiber in Rome, Italy. * * *
/jay"nee/, n. a female given name, form of Jane. Also, Janey. * * *
/jan"euh fawrm'/, adj. Janus-faced. [1805-15; JAN(US) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
▪ town in the West Bank also spelled  Jenīn   town in the West Bank. Originally administered as part of the British mandate of Palestine (1920–48), Janīn was in the ...
/yah"nee nah/, n. Serbian name of Ioannina. * * *
/jeuh neen"/, n. a female given name. * * *
Janis Joplin
➡ Joplin (I) * * *
/jan"euh ser'ee/, n., pl. janissaries. 1. (often cap.) a member of an elite military unit of the Turkish army organized in the 14th century and abolished in 1826 after it ...
Janissary music
music characteristic of or imitative of that played by a Turkish military band, typically employing cymbals, triangles, bass drum, and Turkish crescents. [1885-90] * * * also ...
—janitorial /jan'i tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, adj. /jan"i teuhr/, n. 1. a person employed in an apartment house, office building, school, etc., to clean the public areas, remove ...
See janitor. * * *
/jan"i tris/, n. a woman who is a janitor. [1885-90, Amer.; JANIT(O)R + -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
jan·i·zar·y (jănʹĭ-zĕr'ē) n. Variant of janissary. * * *
▪ Hindu festival       Hindu festival celebrating the birth (janma) of the god Krishna (Kṛṣṇa) on the eighth (aṣṭamī) day of the dark fortnight of the month ...
JanMayen Island
Jan May·en Island (yän mīʹən) An island of Norway in the Greenland Sea between northern Norway and Greenland. Discovered by Henry Hudson in 1607, it was annexed by Norway ...
/jan"ingz/; Ger. /yahn"ings/, n. Emil (Theodor Emil Janenz), 1886-1950, German film actor. * * *
Jannings, Emil
▪ German actor original name  Theodor Friedrich Emil Janenz  born July 23, 1884, Rorschach, Switzerland died January 2, 1950, Strobl, near Salzburg, ...
/jan"euhk/, adj. Brit., Australian Informal. honest; fair; straightforward. Also, jonnick. [1810-20; orig. uncert.] * * *
(as used in expressions) Arany János Hunyadi János Kádár János Czermanik János * * *
Janowitz, Morris
▪ American sociologist born October 22, 1919, Paterson, New Jersey, U.S. died November 7, 1988, Chicago, Illinois       innovative American sociologist and political ...
Jansch, Bert
▪ British singer, songwriter, and musician born Nov. 3, 1943, Glasgow, Scot.       British guitarist, singer, and songwriter whose innovative and influential guitar ...
/jan"seuhn/; Du. /yahn"seuhn/, n. Cornelis Otto /kawrdd nay"lis ot"oh/, (Cornelius Jansenius), 1585-1638, Dutch Roman Catholic theologian. * * *
Jansen, Cornelius Otto
born Oct. 28, 1585, Acquoi, near Leerdam, Holland died May 6, 1638, Ypres, Flanders, Spanish Neth. Flemish leader of the Roman Catholic reform movement known as Jansenism. He ...
Jansen, Daniel
▪ American speed skater born June 17, 1965 , West Allis, Wisconsin, U.S.    American speed skater whose dominance in the sprint races of his sport was overshadowed by his ...
Jan·sen (jănʹsən, yänʹ-), Cornelis. 1585-1638. Dutch theologian and founder of the Jansenist movement, whose adherents included Antoine Arnauld, Blaise Pascal, and Jean ...
—Jansenist, n. —Jansenistic, Jansenistical, adj. /jan"seuh niz'euhm/, n. the doctrinal system of Cornelis Jansen and his followers, denying free will and maintaining that ...
See Jansenism. * * *
See Jansenist. * * *
/jan"skee/, n., pl. janskies. a unit of flux density for electromagnetic radiation, used chiefly in radio astronomy. Abbr.: Jy [after K. JANSKY] * * *
/jan"skee/, n. Karl Guthe, 1905-50, U.S. engineer: pioneer in radio astronomy. * * *
Jansky, Karl
▪ American engineer born Oct. 22, 1905, Norman, Okla., U.S. died Feb. 14, 1950, Red Bank, N.J.       American engineer whose discovery of radio waves from an ...
Jansky, Karl (Guthe)
born Oct. 22, 1905, Norman, Okla., U.S. died Feb. 14, 1950, Red Bank, N.J. U.S. engineer. He graduated from the University of Wisconsin and went to work for Bell Telephone ...
Jansons, Mariss
▪ 2004       In February 2003 Mariss Jansons was treated to a birthday party thrown by his cohorts at the Pittsburgh (Pa.) Symphony Orchestra to celebrate his 60th ...
Janssen, Johannes
▪ German historian born April 10, 1829, Xanten, Prussia [Germany] died Dec. 24, 1891, Frankfurt am Main, Ger.       Roman Catholic German historian who wrote a highly ...
Janssen, Pierre
▪ French astronomer born Feb. 22, 1824, Paris, Fr. died Dec. 23, 1907, Meudon  French astronomer who in 1868 discovered how to observe solar prominences without an eclipse. ...
Janssens, Abraham
▪ Flemish painter also called  Abraham Janssens Van Nuyssen   born c. 1573, , Antwerp died Jan. 25, 1632, Antwerp       Flemish painter who was the leading exponent ...
Jansson, Tove
▪ Finnish author and artist in full  Tove Marika Jansson  born August 9, 1914, Helsinki, Finland, Russian Empire died June 27, 2001, Helsinki, Finland       Finnish ...
Jansson, Tove Marika
▪ 2002       Finnish author and artist (b. Aug. 9, 1914, Helsinki, Fin., Russian Empire—d. June 27, 2001, Helsinki, Fin.), was the author-illustrator of the popular ...
/jan'yooh air"ee euhs/, n. Saint, A.D. 272?-305?, Italian ecclesiastic and martyr: patron saint of Naples. Italian, San Gennaro. * * *
Januarius, Saint
▪ Italian bishop Italian  San Gennaro   died 305?, Pozzuoli, Italy; feast day September 19       bishop of Benevento and patron saint of Naples. He is believed to ...
/jan"yooh er'ee/, n., pl. Januaries. the first month of the year, containing 31 days. Abbr.: Jan. [bef. 1000; ME < L, n. use of Januarius, equiv. to Janu(s) JANUS + -arius -ARY; ...
January Insurrection
▪ Polish history       (1863–64), Polish rebellion against Russian rule in Poland; the insurrection was unsuccessful and resulted in the imposition of tighter Russian ...
Janūb Sīnāʾ
▪ governorate, Egypt formerly  Sīnāʾ al-Janūbīyah        (Arabic: “Southern Sinai”), muḥāfaẓah (governorate), southern part of Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. ...
/jay"neuhs/, n. 1. an ancient Roman god of doorways, of beginnings, and of the rising and setting of the sun, usually represented as having one head with two bearded faces back ...
Janus cloth
a worsted fabric, each side of which has a different color. [1875-80] * * *
/jay"neuhs fayst'/, adj. 1. having two faces, one looking forward, one looking backward, as the Roman deity Janus. 2. having two contrasting aspects, as the alternation of mood ...
Janus word n. A word having opposite or contradictory meanings, as sanction or cleave. * * *
/jap/, adj., n. Slang (disparaging and offensive). Japanese. [1885-90; shortened form] * * *
/jap/, n. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a pampered young Jewish woman, esp. one who takes material advantages for granted. [J(ewish) A(merican) P(rincess)] * * *
1. Japan. 2. Japanese. * * *
—japanner, n. /jeuh pan"/, n., adj., v., japanned, japanning. n. 1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other ...
/jeuh pan"/, n. 1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 125,716,637; 141,529 sq. mi. ...
Japan Airlines
▪ Japanese airline Japanese  Nihon Kōkū        Japanese airline that is one of the largest air carriers in the world. The airline was founded in 1951. It was ...
Japan cedar
an evergreen tree, Cryptomeria japonica, of Japan, characterized by the pyramidal manner of growth of its branches. Also called Japanese cedar, sugi. [1850-55] * * *
Japan clover
a drought-resistant bush clover, Lespedeza striata, of the legume family, introduced to the southern Atlantic states from Asia, having numerous tiny trifoliate leaves valued for ...
Japan Communist Party
▪ political party, Japan Japanese  Nihon (or Nippon) Kyōsantō        leftist Japanese political party founded in 1922. Initially, the party was outlawed, and it ...
Japan Current
a warm ocean current in the Pacific, flowing N along the E coast of Taiwan, NE along the E coast of Japan, and continuing in an easterly direction into the open Pacific. Also ...
Japan Railways Group
▪ Japanese organization Japanese  Nihon (or Nippon) Tetsudō Gurūpu , byname  JR Group , formerly  Japanese National Railways        principal rail network of ...
Japan Series
▪ baseball Japanese  Nihon Shirīzu  or  Nippon Shirīzu        in baseball, a seven-game playoff between champions of the two professional Japanese baseball ...
Japan Series Table
▪ Table Japan Series* year winning team losing team results 1950 Mainichi Orions (PL) Shochiku Robins (CL) 4–2 1951 Yomiuri Giants (CL) Nankai Hawks ...
Japan Stream
Oceanog. See Japan Current. * * *
Japan Trench
▪ submarine trench, Pacific Ocean       deep submarine trench lying east of the Japanese islands, in the floor of the western North Pacific Ocean. It is one of a series ...
Japan wax
a pale-yellow, waxy, water-insoluble solid obtained from the fruit of certain sumacs, esp. Rhus succedanea, native to Japan and China: used chiefly in the manufacture of candles, ...
Japan, flag of
▪ Flag History Japanese  Hinomaru  or  Hino Maru  (“Sun Disk”)        national flag consisting of a white field bearing a central red disk (a stylized sun). ...
Japan, Sea of
or East Sea Branch of the western Pacific Ocean, bounded by Japan, by Sakhalin Island, and by Russia and Korea on the Asian mainland. It has a surface area of about 377,600 sq ...
Japan,Sea of
Japan, Sea of or East Sea An enclosed arm of the western Pacific Ocean between Japan and the Asian mainland. Several straits connect it with the East China Sea, the Pacific ...
Japanese. * * *

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