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Jenkins, Leroy
▪ 2008       American musician born March 11, 1932 , Chicago, Ill. died Feb. 24, 2007 , New York, N.Y. became the leading free-jazz violinist by improvising long ...
Jenkins, Roy Harris
▪ 2004 Baron Jenkins of Hillhead        British politician and author (b. Nov. 11, 1920, Abersychan, Monmouthshire, Eng.—d. Jan. 5, 2003, East Hendred, Oxfordshire, ...
Jenkins, Roy, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead
▪ British politician in full  Roy Harris Jenkins   born November 11, 1920, Abersychan, Monmouthshire, England died January 5, 2003, East Hendred, Oxfordshire  British ...
Jenkinson
/jeng"kin seuhn/, n. Robert Banks, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, 1770-1828, British statesman: prime minister 1812-27. * * *
Jenner
/jen"euhr/, n. 1. Edward, 1749-1823, English physician: discoverer of smallpox vaccine. 2. Sir William, 1815-98, English physician and pathologist. * * *
Jenner, Bruce
▪ American athlete born October 28, 1949, Mount Kisco, New York, U.S.    American decathlete who won a gold medal at the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal with a record score ...
Jenner, Edward
born May 17, 1749, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Jan. 26, 1823, Berkeley English surgeon, discoverer of the smallpox vaccine. He was apprenticed to a surgeon at 13, and ...
Jenner, Sir William, 1st Baronet
▪ British physician born Jan. 30, 1815, Chatham, Kent, Eng. died Dec. 11, 1898, Bishop's Waltham, Hampshire       physician and anatomist best known for his ...
Jenner,Edward
Jen·ner (jĕnʹər), Edward. 1749-1823. British physician and vaccination pioneer. He found that smallpox could be prevented by inoculation with the substance from cowpox ...
jennet
/jen"it/, n. 1. a female donkey. 2. a small Spanish horse. Also, genet. [1425-75; late ME < MF genet < Catalan, var. of ginet horse of the Zenete kind < SpAr zineti, dial. var. ...
Jenney
/jen"ee/, n. William Le Baron /leuh bar"euhn/, 1832-1907, U.S. engineer and architect: pioneer in skyscraper construction. * * *
Jenney, William Le Baron
▪ American engineer and architect born Sept. 25, 1832, Fairhaven, Mass., U.S. died June 15, 1907, Los Angeles, Calif.  American civil engineer and architect whose technical ...
Jennie
/jen"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Jennifer. Also, Jenny. * * *
Jennifer
/jen"euh feuhr/, n. a female given name, form of Guinevere. * * *
Jennifer Capriati
➡ Capriati * * *
Jennifer Johnston
➡ Johnston * * *
Jennifer Lopez
➡ Lopez * * *
Jennifer Saunders
➡ Saunders * * *
Jennings
/jen"ingz/, n. 1. a city in E Missouri, near St. Louis. 17,026. 2. a city in SW Louisiana. 12,401. * * * (as used in expressions) Bryan William Jennings Ernest ...
Jennings, Elizabeth
▪ English poet in full  Elizabeth Joan Jennings   born July 18, 1926, Boston, Lincolnshire, England died October 26, 2001, Bampton, Oxfordshire       English poet ...
Jennings, Elizabeth Joan
▪ 2002       British poet (b. July 18, 1926, Boston, Lincolnshire, Eng.—d. Oct. 26, 2001, Bampton, Oxfordshire, Eng.), wrote traditional verse that was both intensely ...
Jennings, Herbert Spencer
▪ American zoologist born April 8, 1868, Tonica, Ill., U.S. died April 14, 1947, Santa Monica, Calif.       U.S. zoologist, one of the first scientists to study the ...
Jennings, Peter Charles
▪ 2006  Canadian-born American television journalist (b. July 29, 1938, Toronto, Ont.—d. Aug. 7, 2005, New York, N.Y.), had an easygoing, detached manner that provided the ...
Jennings, Sir Robert Yewdall
▪ 2005       British lawyer and jurist (b. Oct. 19, 1913, Idle, West Yorkshire, Eng.—d. Aug. 4, 2004, Cambridge, Eng.), served as Whewell Professor of International ...
Jennings, Waylon
▪ 2003       American country music singer and songwriter (b. June 15, 1937, Littlefield, Texas—d. Feb. 13, 2002, Chandler, Ariz.), recorded some 60 albums and 16 ...
jenny
jenny1 /jen"ee/, n., pl. jennies. 1. See spinning jenny. 2. the female of certain animals, esp. a female donkey or a female bird: a jenny wren. [1590-1600; generic use of Jenny, ...
Jenolan Caves
▪ caves, New South Wales, Australia       series of caves constituting one of Australia's best known tourist attractions, in east central New South Wales, 70 mi (113 km) ...
Jensen
/yen"zeuhn/ for 1; /yen"seuhn/ for 2, n. 1. J. Hans D. /hahns/, 1907-73, German physicist: Nobel prize 1963. 2. Johannes Vilhelm /yaw hah"neuhs vil"helm/, 1873-1950, Danish poet ...
Jensen, Georg
born Aug. 31, 1866, Raadvad, Den. died Oct. 2, 1935, Copenhagen Danish silversmith and designer. At age 14 he was apprenticed to a goldsmith, and in 1904 he opened his own ...
Jensen, Gerrit
▪ British artist English  Gerrard Johnson  flourished 1680–1715, Low Countries? died Dec. 2, 1715, London, Eng.       royal cabinetmaker of Louis XIV-style ...
Jensen, J. Hans D.
▪ German physicist in full  Johannes Hans Daniel Jensen  born June 25, 1907, Hamburg, Ger. died Feb. 11, 1973, Heidelberg, W.Ger.  German physicist who shared half of the ...
Jensen, Jens
▪ American landscape architect born Sept. 13, 1860, Dybbøl, Den. died Oct. 1, 1951, Ellison Bay, Wis., U.S.       highly original landscape architect whose public and ...
Jensen, Johannes V(ilhelm)
born Jan. 20, 1873, Farsø, Den. died Nov. 25, 1950, Copenhagen Danish novelist, poet, and essayist. He initially studied medicine but later turned to writing. He first made an ...
Jensen, Johannes V.
▪ Danish author in full  Johannes Vilhelm Jensen  born Jan. 20, 1873, Farsø, Den. died Nov. 25, 1950, Copenhagen       Danish novelist, poet, essayist, and writer of ...
Jensenism
—Jensenist, Jensenite, n., adj. /jen"seuh niz'euhm/, n. the theory that an individual's IQ is largely due to heredity, including racial heritage. [1965-70; after Arthur R. ...
Jenson, Nicolas
▪ French printer born c. 1420, , Sommevoire, Champagne died 1480, Rome       publisher and printer who developed the roman-style typeface.       Apprenticed as a ...
jeon
/chun/, n., pl. jeon. chon (def. 2). * * *
jeopard
/jep"euhrd/, v.t. to jeopardize. [1325-75; ME juparten, back formation from jupartie JEOPARDY, repr. MF jeu partir to divide play, play, hence, take a chance] * * *
jeopardize
/jep"euhr duyz'/, v.t., jeopardized, jeopardizing. to put in jeopardy; hazard; risk; imperil: He jeopardized his life every time he dived from the tower. Also, esp. Brit., ...
jeopardous
/jep"euhr deuhs/, adj. perilous; dangerous; hazardous; risky. [1425-75; late ME j(e)upartous, equiv. to j(e)upart(i) JEOPARDY + -ous -OUS] * * *
jeopardy
/jep"euhr dee/, n., pl. jeopardies. 1. hazard or risk of or exposure to loss, harm, death, or injury: For a moment his life was in jeopardy. 2. peril or danger: The spy was in ...
Jephtha
One of the judges in ancient Israel. According to the Book of Judges, he was the son of a Gileadite and a prostitute. After being cast out by his father's legitimate sons, he ...
Jephthah
/jef"theuh/, n. a judge of Israel. Judges 11, 12. * * * ▪ Hebrew leader       a judge or regent (often a hero figure) of Israel who dominates a narrative in the Book of ...
Jeppesen, Elrey B.
▪ 1997       U.S. mail pilot, barnstormer with a flying circus, and expert navigator who used his detailed terrain notes to chart the skies and create a ...
Jepson, Helen
▪ 1998       American singer and stunning blond beauty whose career as a lyric soprano at the Metropolitan Opera and other companies in the 1930s and '40s was launched ...
Jequié
/zheuh kye"/, n. a city in E Brazil. 84,430. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, southeastern Bahia estado (state), northeastern Brazil, on the Contas River, at 653 feet (199 ...
jequirity
/jeuh kwir"i tee/, n., pl. jequirities. 1. the Indian licorice, Abrus precatorius, of the legume family. 2. Also called jequirity beans. the poisonous scarlet seeds of this ...
jequirity bean
▪ plant also called  Rosary Pea, or Indian Licorice   (Abrus precatorius), plant of the pea family (Fabaceae), found in tropical regions. The hard, red and black seeds are ...
Jequitinhonha
Je·qui·tin·hon·ha (zhə-kēt'n-yōnʹyə, zhĭ-kwē'tĭ-nyôʹnyä) A river, about 805 km (500 mi) long, of eastern Brazil flowing northeast and east to the Atlantic ...
Jequitinhonha River
▪ river, Brazil Portuguese  Rio Jequitinhonha        river, eastern Brazil, rising in the Serra do Espinhaço, south of Diamantina, Minas Gerais estado (state), and ...
jer
/yer/, n. 1. Slavic Ling. either of two letters of the Cyrillic alphabet used, as in Old Church Slavonic, to indicate two short vowels, or, as in Russian, to indicate that the ...
Jer.
1. Bible. Jeremiah. 2. Jersey. * * *
Jerash
/jer"ahsh/, n. a town in N Jordan, N of Amman: Roman ruins. 29,000. Also, Jarash. * * *
Jerba
/jer"beuh/, n. Djerba. * * * ▪ island, Tunisia also spelled  Jarbah  or  Djerba        island situated in the Gulf of Gabes (Gabes, Gulf of) on the Mediterranean ...
jerboa
/jeuhr boh"euh, jer-/, n. any of various mouselike rodents of North Africa and Asia, as of the genera Jaculus and Dipus, with long hind legs used for jumping. [1655-65; < NL < Ar ...
jereed
/jeuh reed"/, n. a blunt wooden javelin used in games played on horseback in certain Muslim countries in the Middle East. Also, jerid, jerreed, jerrid. [1655-65; < Ar jarid] * * *
jeremiad
/jer'euh muy"euhd, -ad/, n. a prolonged lamentation or mournful complaint. [1770-80; JEREMI(AH) + -AD, in reference to Jeremiah's Lamentations] * * *
Jeremiah
—Jeremian, Jeremianic /jer'euh muy an"ik/, adj. /jer'euh muy"euh/, n. 1. a Major Prophet of the 6th and 7th centuries B.C. 2. a book of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: ...
Jeremiah, The Book of
▪ Old Testament also called  The Prophecy Of Jeremias,         one of the major prophetical writings of the Old Testament. Jeremiah, a Judaean prophet whose activity ...
Jeremiah, The Letter of
▪ Old Testament also called  The Epistle Of Jeremias,         apocryphal book of the Old Testament, in the Roman canon appended as a sixth chapter to the book of ...
Jeremias II
▪ patriarch of Constantinople born c. 1530, Anchialos, Ottoman Empire [now Pomorie, Bulg.] died 1595, Constantinople [now Istanbul]       patriarch of Constantinople ...
Jérémie
/zhay rdday mee"/, n. a seaport in SW Haiti. 12,000. * * * ▪ Haiti       town, southwestern Haiti, on the northern shore of Pointe de (Cape) Tiburon, on the Gulf of ...
Jeremy
/jer"euh mee/, n. a male given name, form of Jeremiah. * * *
Jeremy Beadle
➡ Beadle * * *
Jeremy Bentham
➡ Bentham * * *
Jeremy Irons
➡ Irons * * *
Jeremy Paxman
➡ Paxman * * *
Jeremy Thorpe
➡ Thorpe (I) * * *
Jerez
/he rddeth", -rddes"/, n. 1. Also called Jerez de la Frontera /dhe lah frddawn te"rddah/. Formerly, Xeres. a city in SW Spain: noted for its sherry. 149,867. adj. 2. pertaining ...
Jerez de García Salinas
▪ Mexico       city, south-central Zacatecas estado (state), north-central Mexico. Formerly known simply as Jerez, the city is on the Jerez River, 6,650 feet (2,027 m) ...
Jerez de la Frontera
Jerez de la Frontera [he reth′ the lä frō̂n te′rä] city in SW Spain, near Cadiz: noted for the sherry made there: pop. 191,000: also Jerez * * * ▪ ...
Jeri
/jer"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Geraldine. * * *
Jericho
/jer"i koh'/, n. 1. an ancient city of Palestine, N of the Dead Sea, formerly in W Jordan; occupied by Israel 1967-94; since 1994 under Palestinian self-rule. 2. a town on W Long ...
Jeritza
/ye"rddee tsah'/, n. Maria /mah rddee"ah/, 1887-1982, Austrian operatic soprano. * * *
jerk
jerk1 —jerker, n. —jerkingly, adv. /jerrk/, n. 1. a quick, sharp pull, thrust, twist, throw, or the like; a sudden movement: The train started with a jerk. 2. a spasmodic, ...
jerk-off
/jerrk"awf', -of'/, n. Slang (vulgar). 1. a stupid, bumbling, foolish, or lazy person; jerk. 2. an act of masturbating. [1965-70; n. use of v. phrase jerk off] * * *
jerker
See jerk1. * * *
jerkily
See jerky1. * * *
jerkin
/jerr"kin/, n. a close-fitting jacket or short coat, usually sleeveless, as one of leather worn in the 16th and 17th centuries. [1510-20; orig. uncert.] * * *
jerkiness
See jerkily. * * *
jerkingly
See jerker. * * *
jerkinhead
/jerr"kin hed'/, n. a roof having a hipped end truncating a gable. Also called shreadhead. [1835-45; orig. uncert.] * * *
jerkwater
/jerrk"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, adj. 1. Informal. insignificant and out-of-the-way: a jerkwater town. 2. (formerly) off the main line: a jerkwater train. n. 3. (formerly) a train ...
jerky
jerky1 —jerkily, adv. —jerkiness, n. /jerr"kee/, adj., jerkier, jerkiest. 1. characterized by jerks or sudden starts; spasmodic. 2. Slang. silly; foolish; stupid; ...
Jernberg, Sixten
▪ Swedish skier born Feb. 6, 1929, Lima, Swed.       Swedish Nordic skier who won nine Olympic medals in cross-country skiing competition.       Originally a ...
Jerne, Niels K.
▪ Danish immunologist in full  Niels Kaj Jerne   born Dec. 23, 1911, London, Eng. died Oct. 7, 1994, Castillon-du-Gard, France       Danish immunologist (immunology) ...
Jerne, Niels Kaj
▪ 1995       British-Danish immunologist (b. Dec. 23, 1911, London, England—d. Oct. 7, 1994, Castillon-du-Gard, France), was a corecipient—with César Milstein and ...
Jeroboam
/jer'euh boh"euhm/, n. 1. the first king of the Biblical kingdom of the Hebrews in N Palestine. 2. (l.c.) a large wine bottle having a capacity of about four ordinary bottles or ...
Jerold
/jer"euhld/, n. a male given name, form of Gerald. Also, Jerrold. * * *
Jerome
/jeuh rohm"/; for 2, 3 also Brit. /jer"euhm/, n. 1. Saint (Eusebius Hieronymus), A.D. c340-420, Christian ascetic and Biblical scholar: chief preparer of the Vulgate version of ...
Jerome David Salinger
➡ Salinger * * *
Jerome K Jerome
➡ Jerome * * *
Jerome Kern
➡ Kern * * *
Jerome Klapka Jerome
➡ Jerome * * *
Jerome Of Prague
▪ Czech philosopher born c. 1365, , Prague died May 30, 1416, Constance       Czech philosopher and theologian whose advocacy of sweeping religious reform in the ...
Jerome Robbins
➡ Robbins (II) * * *
Jerome, Chauncey
born June 10, 1793, Canaan, Conn., U.S. died April 20, 1868, New Haven, Conn. U.S. inventor and clockmaker. In 1824 he designed a popular bronze looking-glass clock, and he ...
Jerome, Jerome K.
▪ English writer in full  Jerome Klapka Jerome  born May 2, 1859, Walsall, Staffordshire, Eng. died June 14, 1927, Northampton, Northamptonshire  English novelist and ...
Jerome, Saint
born с 347, Stridon, Dalmatia died 419/420, Bethlehem, Palestine Church Father and biblical translator. Born into a wealthy Christian family in Dalmatia, he was educated there ...
Jerome,Saint
Je·rome (jə-rōmʹ), Saint Originally Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus. 340?-420?. Latin scholar who produced the Vulgate, the first scholarly Latin translation of the Bible ...
jerreed
/jeuh reed"/, n. jereed. Also, jerrid. * * *
jerrican
jer·ri·can (jĕrʹĭ-kăn') n. Variant of jerry can. * * *
Jerrold, Douglas William
▪ English playwright, journalist, and humorist born Jan. 3, 1803, London died June 8, 1857, London  English playwright, journalist, and humorist.       Jerrold ...
jerry
jerry1 /jer"ee/, adj. Building Trades Slang. of inferior materials or workmanship. [1875-80; short for JERRY-BUILT] jerry2 /jer"ee/, n., pl. jerries. Chiefly Brit. Slang. a ...
Jerry
/jer"ee/, n., pl. Jerries. Chiefly Brit. Informal. 1. a German. 2. Germans collectively. [1910-15; GER(MAN) + -Y1] /jer"ee/, n. 1. a male given name, form of Gerald, Gerard, ...
jerry can
1. Also called blitz can. Mil. a narrow, flat-sided, five-gallon (19-liter) container for fluids, as fuel. 2. Brit. a can with a capacity of 41/2 imperial gallons (5.4 U.S. ...
Jerry Falwell
➡ Falwell * * *
Jerry Greenfield
➡ Ben & Jerry’s * * *
Jerry Lee Lewis
➡ Lewis (III) * * *
Jerry Lewis
➡ Lewis (IV) * * *
Jerry Springer
➡ Springer * * *
jerry-build
—jerry-builder, n. /jer"ee bild'/, v.t., jerry-built, jerry-building. to build cheaply and flimsily. [1880-85; back formation from jerry-builder. See JERRY2, BUILD] * * *
jerry-builder
See jerry-build. * * *
jerry-built
/jer"ee bilt'/, adj. 1. built cheaply and flimsily. 2. contrived or developed in a haphazard, unsubstantial fashion, as a project or organization. [1865-70; jerry (as in ...
jerry-rig
jer·ry-rig (jĕrʹē-rĭg') tr.v. jer·ry-·rigged, jer·ry-·rig·ging, jer·ry-·rigs To jury-rig.   [Alteration (influenced by jerry-build), of jury-rig.] * * *
jerrycan
jerrycan [jer′ē kan΄] n. 〚< jerry, short for jeroboam + CAN2〛 a large, flat can for holding liquids, esp. gasoline: also jerry can or jerrican * * * jer·ry can ...
jersey
—jerseyed, adj. /jerr"zee/, n., pl. jerseys. 1. a close-fitting, knitted sweater or shirt. 2. a plain-knit, machine-made fabric of wool, silk, nylon, rayon, etc., ...
Jersey
—Jerseyan, n., adj. —Jerseyite, n. /jerr"zee/, n. 1. a British island in the English Channel: the largest of the Channel Islands. 79,342; 44 sq. mi. (116 sq. km). Cap.: St. ...
Jersey Act
▪ British history also called  Jersey Law,         resolution passed in 1913 by the English Jockey Club and named after its sponsor, Victor Albert George, 7th Earl of ...
Jersey City
a seaport in NE New Jersey, opposite New York City. 223,532. * * * City (pop., 2000: 240,055), northeastern New Jersey, U.S. It lies opposite New York City. First settled by ...
Jersey cow
➡ Jersey * * *
Jersey Giant
one of a breed of large domestic chickens raised primarily for their meat, originally black but now with a white variety, developed in New Jersey by interbreeding Langshans and ...
Jersey pine.
See Virginia pine. [1735-45, Amer.] * * *
Jersey Zoological Park
▪ zoo, Jersey, Channel Islands       zoo on the island of Jersey, in the British Isles, primarily devoted to keeping and breeding endangered species, especially island ...
Jersey, flag of
▪ Flag History       flag of a British crown possession, flown subordinate to the Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the), that has a white field (background) bearing ...
Jerseybarrier
Jersey barrier n. A protective concrete barrier used as a highway divider and a means of preventing access to a prohibited area.   [From the fact that they were first used on ...
JerseyCity
Jersey City A city of northeast New Jersey on the Hudson River opposite lower Manhattan. Settled before 1650 by the Dutch, it came under English control in 1664 and is today a ...
Jerseyman
/jerr"zee meuhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of the island of Jersey. 2. a native or inhabitant of New Jersey. [1815-25; (NEW) JERSEY + -MAN] * * *
Jerubbaal
/jer"euh bayl', jer'euh bay"euhl, -bayl"/, n. Gideon (def. 1). * * *
Jerusalem
—Jerusalemite, adj., n. /ji rooh"seuh leuhm, -zeuh-/, n. a city in and the capital of Israel: an ancient holy city and a center of pilgrimage for Jews, Christians, and Muslims; ...
Jerusalem artichoke
1. Also called girasol. a sunflower, Helianthus tuberosus, having edible, tuberous, underground stems or rootstocks. 2. Also called sunchoke. the tuber itself. [1635-45; alter. ...
Jerusalem Bible
Jerusalem Bible n. a Roman Catholic version of the Bible published in 1966, translated from the French La Bible de Jérusalem, produced by Dominican scholars in Jerusalem (1956): ...
Jerusalem cherry
an Old World plant, Solanum pseudocapsicum, of the nightshade family, having white flowers and bearing cherrylike scarlet or yellow fruits, cultivated as an ornamental. [1780-90, ...
Jerusalem cricket
a large, nocturnal, wingless, long-horned grasshopper, Stenopelmatus fuscus, occuring chiefly in loose soil and sand along the Pacific coast of the U.S. Also called sand ...
Jerusalem cross
1. a cross whose four arms are each capped with a crossbar and often with a small Greek cross centered in each quadrant. 2. See scarlet lychnis. [1605-15] * * *
Jerusalem date.
See butterfly flower. * * *
Jerusalem oak
Jerusalem oak n. an aromatic Eurasian goosefoot (Chenopodium botrys) occurring as a weed in N U.S. and Canada * * *
Jerusalem oak.
See feather geranium. [1750-60] * * *
Jerusalem Post, The
▪ Israeli newspaper       Israeli (Israel) English-language daily newspaper established in 1932 as the Palestine Post. It adopted its current name in 1950 and is the ...
Jerusalem thorn
1. See under Christ's-thorn. 2. a spiny tropical American tree, Parkinsonia aculeata, of the legume family, having long clusters of large yellow flowers. [1865-70] * * *
Jerusalem, Assizes of
▪ feudal law French  Assises De Jérusalem,         a law code based on a series of customs and practices that developed in the Latin crusader kingdom of Jerusalem in ...
Jerusalem, Council of
Conference of the Christian Apostles at Jerusalem с AD 50, which decreed that Gentile Christians did not have to observe the Mosaic law of the Jews. It was occasioned by the ...
Jerusalem, kingdom of
▪ historical state, Middle East       a state formed in 1099 from territory in Palestine wrested from the Muslims by European Christians during the First Crusade ...
Jerusalem, Siegfried
▪ 1996       Siegfried Jerusalem's name and voice were both well suited to a Wagnerian heldentenor. Strong, clear, and expressive, with a slight vibrato to give it ...
Jerusalem, Synod of
▪ Eastern Orthodox church council       (1672), council of the Eastern Orthodox church convened by Dosítheos, patriarch of Jerusalem, in order to reject the Confession ...
Jerusalem, Temple of
Either of two temples that were at the centre of worship and national identity in ancient Israel. When David captured Jerusalem, he moved the Ark of the Covenant there. As the ...
Jerusalemartichoke
Jerusalem artichoke n. In both senses also called girasol. 1. A North American sunflower (Helianthus tuberosus) having yellow, rayed flower heads and edible tubers. 2. The tuber ...
Jerusalemite
See Jerusalem. * * *
Jerusalemoak
Jerusalem oak n. 1. A sticky Old World weed (Chenopodium botrys) naturalized in North America and having lobed leaves and an odor suggestive of turpentine. 2. See wormseed. * * *
Jerusalemthorn
Jerusalem thorn n. A spiny tropical American tree (Parkinsonia aculeata) having clusters of yellow flowers, green branches, and bipinnately compound leaves. * * *
Jervas, Charles
▪ Irish painter Jervas also spelled  Jarvis   born c. 1675, Dublin, Ire. died Nov. 2, 1739, London, Eng.       Irish portrait painter who lived most of his adult life ...
Jervis Bay
Jervis Bay [jär′vis] inlet of the Pacific, on the SE coast of New South Wales, Australia: peninsula on its S shore is a detached part of Australian Capital Territory * * ...
Jervis, John Bloomfield
▪ American engineer born Dec. 14, 1795, Huntington, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 12, 1885, Rome, N.Y.       American civil engineer who made outstanding contributions in the ...
Jerzy
(as used in expressions) Grotowski Jerzy Kosinski Jerzy Nikodem Kurylowicz Jerzy * * *
Jeseník Mountains
▪ mountain range, Czech Republic German  Altvatergebirge,         mountain range that forms the eastern section of the Sudeten mountain system in the northern Czech ...
Jesi
▪ Italy also spelled  Iesi , Latin  Aesis        town and episcopal see, Marche regione, east-central Italy. Jesi lies along the Esino River, just southwest of ...
Jespersen
/yes"peuhr seuhn, jes"-/, n. (Jens) Otto (Harry) /yens ot"oh hahr"ee/, 1860-1943, Danish philologist. * * *
Jespersen, (Jens) Otto (Harry)
Jes·per·sen (yĕsʹpər-sən), (Jens) Otto (Harry). 1860-1943. Danish philologist noted for his contributions to phonetics and the teaching of languages. Among his most ...
Jespersen, Otto
▪ Danish linguist in full  Jens Otto Harry Jespersen   born July 16, 1860, Randers, Den. died April 30, 1943, Roskilde  Danish linguist and a foremost authority on English ...
jess
/jes/, Falconry. n. 1. a short strap fastened around the leg of a hawk and attached to the leash. v.t. 2. to put jesses on (a hawk). [1300-50; ME ges < OF ges, gez, getz (nom.) ...
Jess
/jes/, n. a male or female given name, form of Jesse, Jessie, or Jessica. * * *
jessamine
/jes"euh min/, n. jasmine. * * *
Jessamyn
/jes"euh min/, n. a female given name, form of Jasmine. Also, Jessamine. * * *
jessant
/jes"euhnt/, adj. Heraldry. 1. shooting up, as a plant. 2. coming forth; issuant. [1600-10; perh. alter. of obs. issant ISSUANT, by assoc. with obs. jessant (of a charge) lying ...
Jesse
/jes"ee/, n. 1. the father of David. I Sam. 16. 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "God exists." * * * (as used in expressions) Jackson Jesse Louis Jesse Louis ...
Jesse Jackson
➡ Jackson (IV) * * *
Jesse Jackson, Jr.: Speech to the Democratic National Convention (1992)
▪ Primary Source       Between the Civil War and the Great Depression, the overwhelming majority of African American voters cast their ballots for the Republican Party. ...
Jesse James
➡ James (III) * * *
Jesse Owens
➡ Owens * * *
Jesse tree.
See tree of Jesse. * * *
Jesse window
a church window having a representation of the tree of Jesse. [1840-50] * * *
Jessel, George
▪ American comedian born , April 3, 1898, New York City died May 24, 1981, Los Angeles       American comedian, actor, writer, composer, and producer, whose skill as a ...
Jessel, Sir George
▪ British jurist born Feb. 13, 1824, London, Eng. died March 21, 1883, London  jurist considered one of the greatest English trial judges in equity. It is said that Jessel, ...
Jesselton
/jes"euhl teuhn/, n. former name of Kota Kinabalu. * * *
Jessica
/jes"i keuh/, n. a female given name, form of Jesse. * * *
Jessica Lange
➡ Lange * * *
Jessica Mitford
➡ Mitford * * *
Jessie
/jes"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Jessica. * * *
Jessner, Leopold
▪ German director and producer born March 3, 1878, Königsberg, Germany [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died October 30, 1945, Los Angeles, California, U.S.       theatrical ...
Jessore
▪ Bangladesh       city, southwestern Bangladesh, on the Bhairab River. According to tradition its name is a corruption of yaśohara (“glory depriving”), as the town ...
Jessye Norman
➡ Norman (II) * * *
jest
—jestful, adj. —jestingly, adv. /jest/, n. 1. a joke or witty remark; witticism. 2. a bantering remark; a piece of good-natured ridicule; taunt. 3. sport or fun: to speak ...
jestbook
/jest"book'/, n. a book of jests or jokes. [1740-50] * * *
jester
/jes"teuhr/, n. 1. a person who is given to witticisms, jokes, and pranks. 2. a professional fool or clown, esp. at a medieval court. [1325-75; ME gester. See GEST, -ER1] * * *
jestingly
See jest. * * *
Jesu
/jee"zooh, -sooh, jay"-, yay"-/, n. Literary. Jesus. [1150-1200; ME < LL Iesu, obl. (orig. voc.) form of Iesus < Gk Iesoû; see JESUS] * * *
Jesuit
/jezh"ooh it, jez"ooh-, jez"yooh-/, n. 1. a member of a Roman Catholic religious order (Society of Jesus) founded by Ignatius of Loyola in 1534. 2. (often l.c.) a crafty, ...
Jesuit drama
▪ theatre       program of theatre developed for educational and propagandist purposes in the colleges of the Society of Jesus during the 16th, 17th, and 18th ...
Jesuit Estates Controversy
Canadian dispute between Protestants and Roman Catholics after reestablishment of the Jesuit order. After the pope suppressed the Jesuits in 1773, their landholdings in Canada ...
Jesuit ware
Chinese porcelain of the early 18th century, decorated with Christian motifs, usually in black and gold on a white background. * * * ▪ Chinese pottery       Chinese ...
Jesuit's bark
cinchona (def. 2). [1685-95; introduced into Europe from the Jesuit missions in South America] * * *
Jesuit'sbark
Jes·u·it's bark (jĕzhʹo͞o-ĭts, jĕzʹo͞o-, -yo͞o-) n. See cinchona.   [So called because it was first known to Europeans through Jesuit missions in Peru.] * * *
Jesuitical
—Jesuitically, adv. /jezh'ooh it"i keuhl, jez'ooh-, jez'yooh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Jesuits or Jesuitism. 2. (often l.c.) practicing casuistry or equivocation; using ...
Jesuitically
See Jesuitical. * * *
Jesuitism
/jezh"ooh i tiz'euhm, jez"ooh-, jez"yooh-/, n. 1. the system, principles, or practices of the Jesuits. 2. (often l.c.) a principle or practice, as casuistry, equivocation, or ...
Jesuitize
—Jesuitization, n. /jezh"ooh i tuyz', jez"ooh-, jez"yooh-/, v.t., v.i., Jesuitized, Jesuitizing. to make Jesuit or to become a Jesuit. Also, esp. Brit., Jesuitise. [1635-45; ...
Jesuits' resin
copaiba. * * *
Jesus
/jee"zeuhs, -zeuhz/, n. 1. Also called Jesus Christ, Christ Jesus, Jesus of Nazareth. born 4? B.C., crucified A.D. 29?, the source of the Christian religion. 2. ("the Son of ...
Jesus and Mary Chain, the
▪ British rock group       British alternative rock band whose landmark debut album, Psychocandy (1985), mixed cheery power-pop melodies with feedback-distorted guitar ...
Jesus Christ
1. Jesus (def. 1). 2. Jesus (def. 5). * * * Introduction also called  Jesus of Galilee  or  Jesus of Nazareth   born c. 6–4 BC, Bethlehem died c. AD 30, ...
Jesus Christ Superstar
a musical stage show about the life and death of Jesus Christ by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice. It was very successful in Britain and the US in the 1970s and returned to the ...
Jesus freak
Informal. a member of any of several fundamentalist groups of chiefly young people (Jesus people) originating in the early 1970's and emphasizing intense personal devotion to and ...
Jesus H. Christ
interj. Sometimes Offensive. (used as an expression of surprise, disappointment, astonishment, etc.) [1890-95, Amer.; the H prob. < IHS or IHC, Gk abbrev. for Jesus, in which the ...
Jesús María
▪ Peru       distrito (district), south of central Lima city in the Lima–Callao metropolitan area in Peru. Given district status in 1963, Jesús María is mainly a ...
Jesus Only
▪ religious movement, United States       movement of believers within Pentecostalism who hold that true Baptism can only be “in the name of Jesus” rather than in ...
Jesus prayer
▪ Eastern Orthodoxy       in Eastern Christianity, a mental invocation of the name of Jesus Christ, considered most efficacious when repeated continuously. The most ...
Jesusfreak
Jesus freak n. Slang A member of a movement among young Christians adapting traditional evangelicalism to pop culture. * * *
jet
jet1 /jet/, n., v., jetted, jetting, adj. n. 1. a stream of a liquid, gas, or small solid particles forcefully shooting forth from a nozzle, orifice, etc. 2. something that ...
jet airplane.
See jet plane. [1940-45] * * *
jet boat
—jet boating. a small, propellerless boat powered by an engine that ejects water for its thrust. Also, jetboat. [1960-65] * * *
jet condenser
a steam condenser in which a jet of water is sprayed into the condenser chamber. * * *
jet engine
an engine, as an aircraft engine, that produces forward motion by the rearward exhaust of a jet of fluid or heated air and gases. Also called jet, jet motor. [1940-45] * * * Any ...
jet gun
a small, pressurized device that injects a drug at sufficient velocity to penetrate the skin, used esp. for immunizations. Also called jet injector. * * *
jet lag
—jet-lagged, adj. a temporary disruption of the body's normal biological rhythms after high-speed air travel through several time zones. Also, jetlag. [1965-70] * * * Period ...
jet plane
an airplane moved by jet propulsion. Also called jet, jet airplane. [1940-45] * * *
jet printing.
See ink-jet printing. * * *
jet propulsion
the propulsion of a body by its reaction to a force ejecting a gas or a liquid from it. * * *
jet set
—jet-setter, n. a fashionable social set composed of wealthy people who travel frequently by jetliner to parties and resorts. [1950-55] * * *
jet setter
See jet-set. * * *
Jet Ski
Trademark. a brand of personal watercraft. * * *
jet stream
1. strong, generally westerly winds concentrated in a relatively narrow and shallow stream in the upper troposphere of the earth. 2. similar strong winds in the atmosphere of ...
jet wash
Aeron. the backwash caused by a jet engine. * * *
jet-black
/jet"blak"/, adj. deep-black: jet-black hair. [1475-85] * * *
jet-enamelled ware
/jet"i nam'euhld/ English Worcester porcelain ware of the 18th century, transfer-printed in black. * * *
jet-hop
/jet"hop'/, v.i., jet-hopped, jet-hopping. to travel by jet plane, esp. to travel to a series of destinations on one trip. [1965-70] * * *
jet-lagged
See jet lag. * * *
jet-propelled
/jet"preuh peld"/, adj. 1. propelled by a jet engine or engines. 2. Informal. having a force or speed suggesting something propelled by a jet engine; fast or ...
jet-set
See jet set. * * *
jet-setting
See jet-set. * * *
jetavator
/jet"euh vay'teuhr/, n. Rocketry. an extension of the exhaust nozzle of a rocket, for controlling the direction of the exhaust gases. [1955-60; JET1 + (EL)EVATOR] * * *
jetbead
/jet"beed'/, n. a shrub, Rhodotypos scandens, of the rose family, having white flowers and glossy black fruit, cultivated as an ornamental. Also called white kerria. [1925-30; ...
jetboat
jet boat n. A boat propelled by a powerful jet of water created by a specially designed engine. * * *
jetborne
/jet"bawrn', -bohrn'/, adj. 1. carried by jet aircraft. 2. carried by the westerly jet stream. [1965-70; JET1 + (AIR)BORNE] * * *
jeté
/zheuh tay"/, n., pl. jetés /-tayz"/; Fr. /-tay"/. Ballet. a jump forward, backward, or to the side, from one foot to the other. [1820-30; < F: lit., thrown, ptp. of jeter to ...
jetengine
jet engine liquid propellant ramjet engine Precision Graphics n. 1. An engine that develops thrust by ejecting a jet, especially a jet of gaseous combustion products. 2. An ...
Jeter, Derek
▪ American baseball player in full  Derek Sanderson Jeter  born June 26, 1974, Pequannock, N.J., U.S.    American professional baseball player who, as a shortstop for the ...
jetfighter
jet·fight·er or jet fighter (jĕtʹfī'tər) n. A jet-propelled fighter aircraft. * * *
jetfoil
jet·foil (jĕtʹfoil') n. A passenger-carrying hydrofoil that is propelled by a jet engine.   [jet2 + hydrofoil.] * * *
Jethro
/jeth"roh/, n. 1. the father-in-law of Moses. Ex. 3:1. 2. a male given name. * * * ▪ biblical figure also called  Reuel, or Hobab,         in the Old Testament, ...
Jethro Tull
➡ Tull * * *
jetlag
jet lag also jet·lag (jĕtʹlăg') n. A temporary disruption of bodily rhythms caused by high-speed travel across several time zones typically in a jet ...
jetliner
/jet"luy'neuhr/, n. a commercial jet plane for carrying passengers. [1945-50; JET1 + (AIR)LINER] * * *
jeton
jeton [zhə tōn′] n. 〚Fr < MFr < OFr jeter, to calculate, lit., to throw: see JET1〛 a metal disk or counter, used as for operating a pay telephone * * *
jetpack
jet·pack (jĕtʹpăk') n. A backpack that is maneuvered by jets and permits an astronaut to move about alone in space away from a spacecraft. * * *
jetport
/jet"pawrt', -pohrt'/, n. an airport designed to handle commercial jet planes. [1960-65; JET1 + PORT1] * * *
jetpropulsion
jet propulsion n. Propulsion derived from the rearward expulsion of matter in a jet stream, especially propulsion by jet engines. * * *
jetsam
/jet"seuhm/, n. goods cast overboard deliberately, as to lighten a vessel or improve its stability in an emergency, which sink where jettisoned or are washed ashore. Also, ...
jetset
jet set n. An international social set made up of wealthy people who travel from one fashionable place to another.   jetʹ-set' (jĕtʹsĕt') or jetʹ-set'ting (-sĕt'ĭng) ...
JetSki
Jet Ski (jĕt) A trademark used for a personal watercraft. * * *
jetstream
jet stream n. 1. A high-speed, meandering wind current, generally moving from a westerly direction at speeds often exceeding 400 kilometers (250 miles) per hour at altitudes of ...
jettiness
See jetty2. * * *
jettison
—jettisonable, adj. /jet"euh seuhn, -zeuhn/, v.t. 1. to cast (goods) overboard in order to lighten a vessel or aircraft or to improve its stability in an emergency. 2. to throw ...
jetton
/jet"n/, n. an inscribed counter or token. [1755-65; < F jeton, equiv. to jet(er) to throw, cast up (accounts), reckon (see JET1) + -on n. suffix] * * *
jetty
jetty1 /jet"ee/, n., pl. jetties, v., jettied, jettying. n. 1. a pier or structure of stones, piles, or the like, projecting into the sea or other body of water to protect a ...
Jetway
/jet"way'/, Trademark. a movable passageway in an airport connecting the terminal building to an airplane. * * *
jeu
/zhue/, n., pl. jeux /zhue/. French. a game. * * *
jeu d'esprit
/zhue des prddee"/, pl. jeux d'esprit /zhue des prddee"/. French. 1. a witticism. 2. a literary work showing keen wit or intelligence rather than profundity. [lit., play of ...
jeu de mots
/zhuedeu moh"/, pl. jeux de mots /zhuedeu moh"/. French. a pun. [lit., play of words] * * *
Jeu de Paume
▪ museum, Paris, France French“Palm Game”also known as  Galerie Nationale de l'Image  or  Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume        museum in Paris built as a ...
Jeune Afrique L'intelligent
▪ news magazine FrenchYoung Africa       weekly newsmagazine in the French language that presents news and interpretative and editorial commentary on Africa, ...
Jeune Belgique, La
▪ journal       (“Young Belgium”), influential review (1881–97), edited by poet and novelist Max Waller; (Waller, Max) it gave its name to a literary movement ...
jeune fille
/zhuen fee"yeu/, pl. jeunes filles /zhuen fee"yeu/. French. a girl or young woman. * * *
jeune premier
Fr. /zhuen prddeuh myay"/, pl. jeunes premiers Fr. /zhuen prddeuh myay"/. 1. the male juvenile lead in a play or movie. 2. a young actor who plays such a role. [1850-55; < F: ...
jeune première
Fr. /zhuen prddeuh myerdd"/, pl. jeunes premières Fr. /zhuen prddeuh myerdd"/. 1. the female juvenile lead in a play or movie. 2. a young actress who plays such a ...


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