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jeunesse
jeunesse [zhë nes′] n. 〚Fr〛 1. the time of one's youth 2. young people * * *
jeunesse dorée
/zhue nes daw rdday"/, French. wealthy, stylish, sophisticated young people. [lit., gilded youth] * * *
Jevons
/jev"euhnz/, n. William Stanley, 1835-82, English economist and logician. * * *
Jevons, William Stanley
▪ English economist and logician born September 1, 1835, Liverpool, England died August 13, 1882, near Hastings, Sussex  English logician and economist whose book The Theory ...
Jew
/jooh/, n. 1. one of a scattered group of people that traces its descent from the Biblical Hebrews or from postexilic adherents of Judaism; Israelite. 2. a person whose religion ...
Jew's harp
(sometimes l.c.) a small, simple musical instrument consisting of a lyre-shaped metal frame containing a metal tongue, which is plucked while the frame is held in the teeth, the ...
jew's-harp
jew's-harp or jews'-harp [jo͞oz′härp΄] n. 〚earlier Jew's trump, altered (by assoc. with JEW) < Du jeugdtromp, child's trumpet < jeugd,YOUTH (confused in Eng with ME Judeu, ...
Jew'sharp
Jew's harp or jew's harp (jo͞oz) n. A small musical instrument consisting of a lyre-shaped metal frame that is held between the teeth and a projecting steel tongue that is ...
Jew-baiting
—Jew-baiter, n. /jooh"bay'ting/, n. active anti-Semitism. [1890-95] * * *
Jew.
Jewish. * * *
jewel
—jewellike, adj. /jooh"euhl/, n., v., jeweled, jeweling or (esp. Brit.) jewelled, jewelling. n. 1. a cut and polished precious stone; gem. 2. a fashioned ornament for personal ...
Jewel
/jooh"euhl/, n. a female given name. * * *
jewel block
Naut. a block at the end of a yard or gaff for supporting a signal or ensign halyard. Also called dasher block. [1760-70] * * *
jewel box
1. See jewel case. 2. a hinged plastic case for the storage of a compact disc. [1825-35] * * *
jewel case
a small box or chest, often lined in a soft fabric and fitted with compartments, designed to hold jewelry. Also called jewel box. [1855-60] * * *
Jewel Cave National Monument
National monument, southwestern South Dakota, U.S. Established in 1908, it occupies an area of 2 sq mi (5 sq km). It is noted for its limestone caverns, a series of chambers ...
Jewel in the Crown
a popular British television series, first broadcast in 1983, about the British in India just before it became an independent country. The series was adapted from the Raj Quartet ...
jewel neckline
jewel neckline n. a plain, slightly rounded neckline without a collar, as on a dress or sweater: also jewel neck * * *
jewel orchid
▪ plant  any member of several closely related genera of orchids (family Orchidaceae) that are cultivated as ornamentals because of their striking leaf ...
Jewel, John
▪ English bishop born May 24, 1522, Buden, Devon, England died September 23, 1571, Monkton Farleigh, Wiltshire  Anglican bishop of Salisbury and controversialist who defended ...
Jewel-Osco
▪ American company       American retail grocery and pharmacy chain acquired by Albertson's, Inc., of Boise, Idaho, in 1999. The company originated in 1899, when Frank ...
jewelbox
jewel box © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. In both senses also called jewel case. 1. A usually lined box or case for holding jewelry. 2. A hinged plastic case ...
jeweler
/jooh"euh leuhr/, n. a person who designs, makes, sells, or repairs jewelry, watches, etc.; a person who deals in jewels. Also, esp. Brit., jeweller. [1300-50; ME jueler < AF ...
jeweler's saw frame
a U-shaped steel frame with a handle and clamps that hold a piercing saw. * * *
jewelers' putty.
See putty powder. * * *
jewelers' rouge
colcothar. * * *
jewelfish
/jooh"euhl fish'/, n., pl. jewelfishes, (esp. collectively) jewelfish. a brightly colored cichlid fish, Hemichromis bimaculatus, native to Africa: popular in home ...
jewellery
jewellery [jo͞o′əl rē, jo͞ol′rē] n. chiefly Brit. sp. of JEWELRY * * *
jewelry
/jooh"euhl ree/, n. 1. articles of gold, silver, precious stones, etc., for personal adornment. 2. any ornaments for personal adornment, as necklaces or cuff links, including ...
jewelweed
/jooh"euhl weed'/, n. any of several plants of the genus Impatiens, esp. I. capensis, having orange-yellow flowers spotted with reddish brown, or I. pallida, having yellow ...
Jewess
/jooh"is/, n. Usually Offensive. a Jewish girl or woman. [1350-1400; ME jewesse. See JEW, -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
Jewett
/jooh"it/, n. Sarah Orne /awrn/, 1849-1909, U.S. short-story writer and novelist. * * *
Jewett, (Theodora) Sarah Orne
born Sept. 3, 1849, South Berwick, Maine, U.S. died June 24, 1909, South Berwick U.S. writer. Concerned to capture the folkways of a vanishing culture, she wrote realistic ...
Jewett, Frank Baldwin
▪ American engineer and executive born Sept. 5, 1879, Pasadena, Calif., U.S. died Nov. 18, 1949, Summit, N.J.       U.S. electrical engineer and first president of the ...
Jewett, Sarah Orne
▪ American writer in full  Theodora Sarah Orne Jewett  born Sept. 3, 1849, South Berwick, Maine, U.S. died June 24, 1909, South Berwick       American writer of ...
Jewett,Sarah Orne
Jew·ett (jo͞oʹĭt), Sarah Orne. 1849-1909. American writer noted for novels and stories concerning her native Maine. The Country of the Pointed Firs (1896) is considered her ...
jewfish
/jooh"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) jewfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) jewfishes. any of several very large fishes, esp. of the family Serranidae, as ...
Jewish
—Jewishly, adv. /jooh"ish/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Jews or Judaism: Jewish customs. 2. Informal. Yiddish. n. 3. Informal. Yiddish. [1540-50; JEW + ...
Jewish Agency
▪ Israeli history in full  Jewish Agency Of Israel,  Hebrew  Ha-sokhnut Ha-yehudit El-eretz Yisraʾel,         international body representing the World Zionist ...
Jewish Autonomous Region
an autonomous region in the Khabarovsk territory of the Russian Federation in E Siberia. 216,000; 13,900 sq. mi. (36,000 sq. km). Cap.: Birobidzhan. * * *
Jewish calendar
the lunisolar calendar used by Jews, as for determining religious holidays, that is reckoned from 3761 B.C. and was established by Hillel II in the 4th century A.D., the calendar ...
Jewish Daily Forward
▪ American newspaper Yiddish  Forverts         Yiddish-language newspaper published in New York City and in regional centres in the United States.       The ...
Jewish Defense League
an organization of militant Jewish activists, founded in 1968 in the U.S. to combat anti-Semitism and defend Jewish interests worldwide. Abbr.: JDL * * *
Jewish Historical Museum
▪ museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Dutch  Joods Historisch Museum        museum in Amsterdam that displays artifacts, artwork, and other items associated with ...
Jewish Museum
▪ museum, New York City, New York, United States       museum in New York City, displaying art and objects of Jewish culture (Judaism) from the past 4,000 ...
Jewish Museum Berlin
▪ museum, Berlin, Germany German  Jüdisches Museum Berlin        museum in Berlin showcasing German Jewish cultural history and works of art. The Jewish Museum is ...
Jewish philosophy
Any of various kinds of reflective thought engaged in by those identified as being Jews. In the Middle Ages, this meant any methodical and disciplined thought pursued by Jews, ...
Jewish Princess.
See JAP. [1970-75, Amer.] * * *
Jewish religious year
Introduction       the cycle of Sabbaths and holidays that are commonly observed by the Jewish religious community—and officially in Israel by the Jewish secular ...
Jewish Revolt, First
▪ AD 66-70       (AD 66–70), Jewish rebellion against Roman rule in Judaea. The First Jewish Revolt was the result of a long series of clashes in which small groups of ...
Jewish Revolt, Second
▪ AD 132-135       (AD 132–135), Jewish rebellion against Roman rule in Judaea. The revolt was preceded by years of clashes between Jews and Romans in the area. ...
Jewish Theological Seminary of America
▪ seminary, New York City, New York, United States       the academic and spiritual centre of Conservative Judaism in the United States. Founded in New York City in 1886 ...
Jewishcalendar
Jewish calendar n. The lunisolar calendar used to mark the events of the Jewish year, dating the creation of the world at 3761 B.C. See table at calendar. * * *
Jewishly
See Jewish. * * *
Jewishness
/jooh"ish nis/, n. the state or quality of being Jewish. [1540-50; JEWISH + -NESS] * * *
Jewry
/jooh"ree/, n., pl. Jewries. 1. the Jewish people collectively. 2. a district inhabited mainly by Jews; ghetto. 3. Archaic. Judea. [1175-1225; ME jewerie < AF juerie (OF ...
Jex-Blake, Sophia Louisa
▪ British physician born Jan. 21, 1840, Hastings, Sussex, Eng. died Jan. 7, 1912, Mark Cross       British physician who successfully sought legislation (1876) ...
Jeyaretnam, J(oshua) B(enjamin)
▪ 2009       Singaporean lawyer and politician born Jan. 5, 1926, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka] died Sept. 30, 2008, Singapore was a longtime critic of Singapore's ...
Jezebel
—Jezebelian /jez'euh bee"lee euhn, -beel"yeuhn/, Jezebelish /jez"euh bel'ish/, adj. /jez"euh bel', -beuhl/, n. 1. Also, Douay Bible, Jezabel. the wife of Ahab, king of Israel. ...
Jezreel
—Jezreelite, n. /jez"ree euhl, -el', jez reel"/, n. Plain of, Esdraelon. * * * ▪ ancient city, Israel Hebrew  Yizreʿel        (May God Give Seed), ancient city of ...
JF
Jewish female. * * *
JFK
John Fitzgerald Kennedy. * * *
jg
junior grade. Also, j.g. * * *
Jgs
Jgs abbrev. Bible Judges * * *
Jhabua
▪ India       town, Madhya Pradesh state, central India. Located on Bahadur Lake, it was founded in the 16th century by a Banjari freebooter and served as the capital ...
Jhabvala
(1924– ) a novelist and screenwriter who was born in Germany, educated in England and then moved to India. Her novel about India, Heat and Dust (1975), won the Booker Prize and ...
Jhabvala, Ruth Prawer
orig. Ruth Prawer born May 7, 1927, Cologne, Ger. German-born British-U.S. novelist and screenwriter. Born to a family of Polish Jews, she immigrated to England with her ...
Jhalawar
▪ India also called  Jhalrapatan  or  Brijnagar        town, Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. The town is a major road junction and an ...
jhana
/jah"neuh/, n. Buddhism. any of four elevated states of mind possible as a result of meditation. [ < Pali] * * *
Jhang Maghiāna
▪ Pakistan       city consisting of twin towns, headquarters of Jhang Maghiāna District, Sargodha Division, Punjab Province, Pakistan, just east of the Chenāb River. ...
Jhansi
/jahn"see/, n. a city in SW Uttar Pradesh, in central India. 198,101. * * * ▪ India       city, southwestern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. The city, which is ...
Jharia
▪ India also spelled  Jherria        city and coalfield in southern Bihār state, eastern India. The coalfield lies in the Dāmodar Valley, covers about 110 square ...
Jharkhand
State (pop., 2001 prelim.: 26,909,428), northeastern India. It is bordered by Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, and Uttar Pradesh states and occupies 28,833 sq mi ...
Jhelum
/jay"leuhm/, n. a river in S Asia, flowing from S Kashmir into the Chenab River in Pakistan. 450 mi. (725 km) long. * * * ▪ Pakistan       town, Punjab province, ...
Jhelum River
River, India and Pakistan. The westernmost of the "Five Rivers" of the Punjab region, it rises in the Himalayas in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It meanders northwest ...
Jhering, Rudolf von
born Aug. 22, 1818, Aurich, Hanover died Sept. 17, 1892, Göttingen, Ger. German legal scholar. He taught Roman law at Giessen (1852–68), at Göttingen (from 1872), and at ...
JHS
IHS (defs. 1, 2). * * *
Jhunjhunu
▪ India       city, northeastern Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. It is a local trade centre for wool, cattle, hides, and gram (chickpeas). The city's ...
JHVH
YHVH. Also, JHWH * * *
Ji
(as used in expressions) Zhao Ji Horyu ji Ryoan ji She Ji Todai ji * * *
Ji Kang
▪ Chinese philosopher Wade-Giles romanization  Chi K'ang,  also called  Xi Kang , courtesy name (zi)  Shuye  born 224, Qiao state [now in Anhui province], China died ...
Ji Pengfei
▪ 2001       Chinese diplomat (b. 1910, Linyi, Shanxi province, China—d. Feb. 10, 2000, Beijing, China), served from 1982 to 1990 as director of Hong Kong and Macau ...
Ji'an
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Chi-an , conventional  Kian , formerly (until 1914)  Luling        city, west-central Jiangxi (Kiangsi) sheng (province), ...
jia
▪ bronze work Wade-Giles romanization  chia    type of ancient Chinese vessel used for holding or heating wine and for pouring wine into the ground during a memorial ...
Jia Lanpo
▪ 2002       Chinese archaeologist (b. Nov. 25, 1908, Hebei province, China—d. July 8, 2001, Beijing, China), was internationally known for his work as director of the ...
Jia Xian
flourished с 1050, China Mathematician and astronomer active at the beginning of the greatest period of traditional Chinese mathematics. He held a relatively low military ...
jiaguwen
▪ pictographic script Chinese“bone-and-shell script”Wade-Giles romanization  chia-ku-wen        pictographic script found on oracle bones, it was widely used in ...
Jiajing
▪ emperor of Ming dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Chia-ching , personal name (xingming)  Zhu Houcong , posthumous name (shi)  Sudi,  temple name (miaohao)  (Ming) ...
Jialing
Jia·ling also Chia-ling (jyäʹlĭngʹ) or Kia·ling (kyäʹ-, jyäʹ-) A river, about 965 km (600 mi) long, of central China flowing east and south to the Chang Jiang ...
Jialing River
▪ river, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Jialing Jiang , or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Chia-ling Chiang        river in central china. A tributary of the Yangtze River ...
Jiamusi
/jyah"myuu"see"/, n. Pinyin. a city in E Heilongjiang province, in NE China. 275,000. Also, Chiamussu, Kiamusze. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization ...
jian
▪ Chinese bronze vessel Wade-Giles romanization  chien         type of ancient Chinese bronze vessel having a large, deep bowl with a heavy rim that is meant to ...
Jian ware
▪ Chinese pottery Wade-Giles romanization  Chien ware , Japanese name  temmoku ware , Temmoku also spelled  Tenmoku   dark brown or blackish Chinese stoneware made for ...
Jiang
(as used in expressions) Heilong Jiang Jiang Jingguo Jiang Jieshi Jiang Wei Jiang Qing Jiang Zemin Lancang Jiang Nu Jiang Songhua Jiang Wusuli Jiang Xi Jiang Yalu Jiang Chang ...
Jiang Hua
▪ 2000       Chinese judge who, as president of a special tribunal of the Supreme People's Court—China's highest judicial body—presided over the sensational 1980 ...
Jiang Kanghu
▪ Chinese scholar Wade-Giles romanization  Chiang K'ang-hu  born July 18, 1883, Shangrao, Jiangxi province, China died Dec. 7, 1954, Shanghai       Chinese scholar, ...
Jiang Qing
Chin. /jyahng" ching"/ 1914-91, wife of Mao Zedong: leader of the Gang of Four, arrested 1976, convicted and jailed 1981. * * * or Chiang Ch'ing orig. Li Jinhai born 1914?, ...
Jiang Zemin
/jyahng" zue" min"/, n. born 1926, Chinese Communist leader: general secretary of the Communist Party since 1989, president of China since 1993. * * * born Aug. 17, 1926, ...
Jiangling
/jyahng"ling"/, n. Pinyin. a city in S Hubei province, in central China, on the Chang Jiang. 15,000. Also, Chiangling, Kiangling. Formerly, Kingchow. * * *
Jiangmen
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Chiang-men , also called  Kongmoon        city in central Guangdong sheng (province), China. The city is situated on the west bank ...
Jiangnan Arsenal
▪ Chinese history Chinese (Pinyin)  Jiangnan Binggongchang  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Chiang-nan Ping-kung-ch'ang , also called  Kiangnan Arsenal        in ...
Jiangsu
/jyahng"syuu"/, n. Pinyin. a maritime province in E China. 44,500,000; 40,927 sq. mi. (106,001 sq. km). Cap.: Nanjing. Also, Kiangsu. * * * or Chiang-su conventional ...
Jiangxi
/jyahng"shee"/, n. Pinyin. a province in SE China. 21,070,000; 63,629 sq. mi. (164,799 sq. km). Cap.: Nanchang. Also, Kiangsi. * * * or Chiang-hsi conventional Kiangsi Province ...
Jiangxi Soviet
▪ Chinese history Wade-Giles romanization  Chiang-hsi Soviet , also called  Kiangsi Soviet  or  Chinese Soviet Republic        (1931–34), independent government ...
Jianwen
▪ emperor of Ming dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Chien-wen , personal name (xingming)  Zhu Yunwen , posthumous name (shi)  Huidi  born Dec. 5, 1377, China died July ...
jiao
/jyow/, n., pl. jiao. a copper-zinc coin and monetary unit of the People's Republic of China, the 10th part of a yuan, equal to 10 fen. Also, chiao. [1970-75; < Chin jiao] * * *
Jiaozhou
/jyow"joh"/, n. Pinyin. a former German-leased territory (1898-1914) on the Shandong peninsula, in E China, around Jiaozhou Bay. 200 sq. mi. (518 sq. km). Chief city, ...
Jiaozhou Bay
an inlet of the Yellow Sea, in E China, in Shandong province. 20 mi. (32 km) long; 15 mi. (24 km) wide. Also, Chiaochou Bay, Kiaochow Bay. * * *
Jiaozuo
Jiao·zuo (jyouʹdzwōʹ) also Tsiao·tso (-jōʹ) A city of east-central China north-northwest of Zhengzhou. It is a coal-mining center. Population: 1,578,461. * * * ▪ ...
Jiaqing
▪ emperor of Qing dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Chia-ch'ing , personal name (xingming)  Yongyan , posthumous name (shi)  Ruidi,  temple name (miaohao)  (Qing) ...
Jiaxing
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Chia-hsing        city, northern Zhejiang (Chekiang) sheng (province), eastern China. Jiaxing is a communications centre in the ...
Jiayi
/jyah"ee"/, n. Pinyin. Chiai. * * *
jib
jib1 /jib/, n. Naut. 1. any of various triangular sails set forward of a forestaysail or fore-topmast staysail. Cf. flying jib, inner jib. See diag. under ship. 2. the inner one ...
jib boom
Naut. a spar forming a continuation of a bowsprit. Also, jibboom. [1740-50] * * *
jib crane
a crane having an arm guyed at a fixed angle to the head of a rotating mast. [1875-80] * * *
jíbaro
/hee"vah rddaw'/; Eng. /hee"beuh roh'/, n., pl. jíbaros /-rddaws'/; Eng. /-rohz'/. Spanish. a worker from the rural regions of Puerto Rico. * * *
jibba
/jib"euh/, n. a long, collarless coat or smock worn by Muslims. Also, djibbah, jibbah. [1840-50; < Ar jibbah, var. of jubbah] * * *
jibber
See jib2. * * *
jibboom
jib boom n. Nautical A spar forming a continuation of the bowsprit. * * *
jibe
jibe1 /juyb/, v., jibed, jibing, n. Naut. v.i. 1. to shift from one side to the other when running before the wind, as a fore-and-aft sail or its boom. 2. to alter course so that ...
Jibrīl
or Jabrail In Islam, the archangel who acts as intermediary between God and humankind and who bore divine revelations to Muhammad and previous prophets. His biblical ...
Jibuti
/ji booh"tee/, n. Djibouti. * * *
jicama
/hee"keuh meuh, hik"euh-/, n. the large, edible, tuberous root of a tropical American plant, Pachyrhizus erosus, of the legume family, eaten as a vegetable either raw or ...
Jicaque
▪ people       Indians of the northwest coast of Honduras. Their culture is similar to that of the Sumo and Miskito of northeastern Nicaragua. The Jicaque are an ...
Jicarilla
/hee'keuh ree"euh/, n., pl. Jicarillas, (esp. collectively) Jicarilla for 1. 1. a member of a group of North American Indians who once inhabited primarily northern New Mexico and ...
Jicarilla Apache
▪ people       North American Indian tribe living in the southwestern United States, one of several loosely organized autonomous bands of the Eastern Apache. Their ...
Jidda
/jid"deuh/, n. the seaport of Mecca, in W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea. 561,000. Also, Jedda. * * *
Jiddah
or Jeddah City (pop., 1992: 2,046,251), western Saudi Arabia. Located on the Red Sea, it is a major port and the country's diplomatic capital. It takes its name (which means ...
Jien
▪ Buddhist monk posthumous name Jichen born May 17, 1155, Kyōto, Japan died Oct. 28, 1225, Ōmi province [now Shiga prefecture], near Kyōto       learned Buddhist ...
Jifārah, al-
▪ plain, Africa also called  Jeffara, Djeffara, or Gefara,         coastal plain of northern Africa, on the Mediterranean coast of extreme northwestern Libya and of ...
jiff
jiff (jĭf) n. Informal A jiffy. * * *
jiffy
/jif"ee/, n., pl. jiffies. Informal. a very short time; moment: to get dressed in a jiffy. Also, jiff /jif/. [1770-80; orig. uncert.] Syn. instant, flash, second, trice. * * *
Jiffy bag{™}
n a British make of padded envelope for protecting things that are being sent by post. * * *
jig
jig1 /jig/, n., v., jigged, jigging. n. 1. Mach. a plate, box, or open frame for holding work and for guiding a machine tool to the work, used esp. for locating and spacing ...
jig back
—jig-back, adj. an inclined cable tramway with two cars that are connected in such a way that as one goes up the other comes down. * * *
jigaboo
/jig"euh booh'/, n., pl. jigaboos. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a black person. [1905-10, Amer.; perh. b. jijiboo (with same sense, orig. uncert.) or JIG4 and BUGABOO] * * *
Jigawa
▪ state, Nigeria       state, northern Nigeria. It was created from the northeastern half of Kano state in 1991. Jigawa borders the Republic of Niger to the north and ...
jigger
jigger1 /jig"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that jigs. 2. Naut. a. the lowermost sail set on a jiggermast. b. jiggermast. c. a light tackle, as a gun tackle. 3. any of various ...
jiggered
/jig"euhrd/, adj. Informal. confounded; damned: I'm jiggered if I know what that sign means. [1830-40; perh. JIGGER3 + -ED2] * * *
jiggermast
/jig"euhr mast', -mahst'/; Naut. /jig"euhr meuhst/, n. Naut. 1. a small mast set well aft in a boat or ship; mizzenmast. 2. the fourth mast from forward in a ship having five or ...
jiggers
/jig"euhrz/, interj. Slang. watch out: Jiggers! the cops are coming! [perh. jigger, as in JIGGERED + -S3] * * *
jiggery-pokery
/jig"euh ree poh"keuh ree/, n. Chiefly Brit. 1. trickery, hocus-pocus; fraud; humbug. 2. sly, underhanded action. 3. manipulation: After a little jiggery-pokery, the engine ...
jiggle
—jiggler, n. /jig"euhl/, v., jiggled, jiggling, n. v.t., v.i. 1. to move up and down or to and fro with short, quick jerks. n. 2. a jiggling movement. [1835-40; JIG2 + -LE] * * ...
jiggly
/jig"lee/, adj., jigglier, jiggliest. 1. tending to jiggle or marked by a jiggling movement. 2. Informal. featuring women in clothing designed to be sexually suggestive by ...
jiggy
/jig"ee/, adj., jiggier, jiggiest. Slang. 1. nervous; active; excitedly energetic. 2. wonderful and exciting, esp. because stylish. [1930-35, Amer.; of uncert. orig., perh. fr. ...
Jigoku
▪ Japanese Buddhism       in Japanese Buddhism, hell, a region popularly believed to be composed of a number of hot and cold regions located under the Earth. Jigoku is ...
jigs
➡ Scottish country dancing * * *
jigs and fixtures
Components of machine-tool installations, specially designed in each case to position the workpiece, hold it firmly in place, and guide the motion of the power tool (e.g., a ...
jigsaw
/jig"saw'/, n., v., jigsawed, jigsawed or jigsawn, jigsawing, adj. n. 1. Also, jig saw. an electric machine saw with a narrow blade mounted vertically in a frame, for cutting ...
jigsaw puzzle
1. Also called picture puzzle. a set of irregularly cut pieces of pasteboard, wood, or the like that form a picture or design when fitted together. 2. any complex, confusing ...
jigsawpuzzle
jigsaw puzzle n. A puzzle consisting of a mass of irregularly shaped pieces of cardboard, plastic, or wood that form a picture when fitted together. Also called picture puzzle. * ...
jihad
/ji hahd"/, n. 1. a holy war undertaken as a sacred duty by Muslims. 2. any vigorous, emotional crusade for an idea or principle. Also, jehad. [1865-70; < Ar jihad struggle, ...
Jihlava
/yi"hlah vah/, n. a city in W Moravia, in the S central Czech Republic: former silver-mining center. 51,144. German, Iglau. * * * ▪ Czech Republic German  Iglau, ...
Jihočeský
▪ region, Czech Republic also called  Jižní Čechy , English  Southern Bohemia        kraj (region), southern Czech Republic. It is bordered on the north by ...
Jihomoravský
▪ region, Czech Republic also called  Jižní Morava , English  Southern Moravia        kraj (region), southeastern Czech Republic. Bordered by Jihočeský kraj to ...
Jijel
▪ Algeria formerly  Djidjelli,         town and roadstead port, northeastern Algeria, on the Mediterranean seacoast and the western edge of the Collo Kabylie region. ...
Jīlī, al-
born 1365 died с 1424 Islamic mystic. Little is known of his life, though he is believed to have visited India in 1387 and to have studied in Yemen (1393–1403). Influenced ...
Jilin
/jee"lin"/, n. Pinyin. 1. a province in NE China, N of the Yalu River. 17,890,000; 72,201 sq. mi. (187,001 sq. km). Cap.: Changchun. 2. a port city in this province, on the ...
jill
/jil/, n. (sometimes cap.) Slang. 1. a girl or young woman. 2. a sweetheart. [generic use of JILL] * * *
Jill
/jil/, n. a female given name, form of Juliana. * * *
jillet
/jil"it/, n. Scot. a giddy or flirtatious girl or young woman. [1745-55; earlier gillot, equiv. to Gill JILL + -ot ( < F -otte as in Charlotte)] * * *
jillion
—jillionth, n., adj. /jil"yeuhn/, Informal. n. 1. an indefinitely vast number; zillion. adj. 2. of or noting such a quantity: a jillion problems. [1940-45; expressive formation ...
jillionaire
See jillion. * * *
jillionth
See jillionaire. * * *
Jilolo
/juy loh"loh/, n. Halmahera. * * *
Jilong
/jee"lawng"/, n. Pinyin. Chilung. * * *
jilt
—jilter, n. /jilt/, v.t. 1. to reject or cast aside (a lover or sweetheart), esp. abruptly or unfeelingly. n. 2. a woman who jilts a lover. [1650-60; earlier jilt harlot, ...
jim
/jeem/, n. the fifth letter of the Arabic alphabet. [ < Ar] * * * (as used in expressions) Beckwourth Jim Bowie Jim Bridger Jim Brown Jim Henson Jim Wong Tung Jim Jim Crow ...
Jim
/jim/, n. a male given name, form of James. * * * (as used in expressions) Beckwourth Jim Bowie Jim Bridger Jim Brown Jim Henson Jim Wong Tung Jim Jim Crow Law Jones ...
Jim Bakker
➡ Bakker * * *
Jim Bridger
➡ Bridger * * *
Jim Brown
➡ Brown (VIII) * * *
Jim Carrey
➡ Carrey * * *
Jim Crow
1. a practice or policy of segregating or discriminating against blacks, as in public places, public vehicles, or employment. 2. Disparaging and Offensive. a black person. Also, ...
Jim Crow law
U.S. Hist. any state law discriminating against black persons. Cf. Black Code. [1890-95, Amer.] * * * Law that enforced racial segregation in the U.S. South between 1877 and the ...
Jim Crowism
/kroh"iz euhm/ 1. See Jim Crow (def. 1). 2. any policy of racial segregation. 3. advocacy of such a policy. Also, jim crowism. [1830-40, Amer.; JIM CROW + -ISM] * * *
jim dash
/jim/, Print., Journalism. a dash, often three ems long, used within a headline, between the headline and the main body of printed matter, between items in a single column, or ...
Jim Dine
➡ Dine * * *
Jim Henson
➡ Henson * * *
Jim Jones
➡ Jones (V) * * *
Jim Morrison
➡ Morrison (II) * * *
Jim Reeves
➡ Reeves (I) * * *
Jim Thorpe
➡ Thorpe (II) * * * ▪ Pennsylvania, United States       borough (town), seat of Carbon county, eastern Pennsylvania, U.S., on the Lehigh River, in a valley of the ...
Jim Younger
➡ Younger brothers * * *
Jim-Crow
/jim"kroh"/, adj. 1. favoring or supporting Jim Crow. 2. for blacks only: a Jim-Crow school. Also, jim-crow. * * *
Jim-Crowism
See Jim Crow. * * *
jim-dandy
/jim"dan"dee/, adj., n., pl. jim-dandies. Informal. adj. 1. of superior quality; excellent: a jim-dandy sports car. n. 2. something of superior quality or that is an excellent ...
jim-jams
jim-jams (jĭmʹjămz') pl.n. Slang 1. The jitters. 2. Delirium tremens.   [Expressive of the trembling associated with delirium tremens.] * * *
Jima
▪ Ethiopia also spelled  Jimma,         town, southwestern Ethiopia, 220 miles (353 km) by road southwest of Addis Ababa. It lies at an elevation of 5,740 feet (1,750 ...
Jimaní
▪ Dominican Republic       city, southwestern Dominican Republic. It is situated in a hilly region between the western shore of Lake Enriquillo and the Haitian border. ...
JimCrow
Jim Crow or jim crow (jĭmʹ krōʹ) n. The systematic practice of discriminating against and segregating Black people, especially as practiced in the American South from the ...
Jiménez
/hee me"neth/, n. Juan Ramón /hwahn rddah mawn"/, 1881-1958, Spanish poet: Nobel prize 1956. * * * (as used in expressions) Jiménez de Quesada Gonzalo Jiménez Juan ...
Jiménez de Cisneros
/hee me"neth dhe thees ne"rddaws/ Francisco /frddahn thees"kaw/, 1436-1517, Spanish cardinal and statesman. Also called Ximenes. * * *
Jiménez de Cisneros, Francisco, Cardenal
▪ Spanish cardinal (Cardinal) born 1436, Torrelaguna, Castile [now in Spain] died Nov. 8, 1517, Roa, Spain  prelate, religious reformer, and twice regent of Spain (1506, ...
Jiménez de Cisneros,Francisco
Jiménez de Cis·ne·ros (dĕ sēs-nĕʹrōs, thĕ thēs-), Francisco. 1436-1517. Spanish prelate and political leader. The confessor of Isabella I, he imposed conversion to ...
Jiménez de Quesada
/hee me"neth dhe ke sah"dhah, -me"nes/ Gonzalo /gawn thah"law, -sah"-/, 1497?-1579, Spanish explorer and conqueror in South America. * * *
Jiménez de Quesada, Gonzalo
born с 1495, Córdoba or Granada, Spain died Feb. 16, 1579, Mariquita, New Granada Spanish conquistador. He went to the New World as a colonial chief magistrate, then in 1536 ...
Jiménez, Juan Ramón
Ji·mé·nez (hē-mĕʹnĕs, -nĕth), Juan Ramón. 1881-1958. Spanish poet who introduced modernism to Spanish verse. Platero y Yo (1914) is his most popular work. He won the ...
Jimenez, Luis Alfonso, Jr.
▪ 2007       American Chicano sculptor (b. July 30, 1940, El Paso, Texas—d. June 13, 2006, Hondo, N.M.), created large-scale works in metal and fibreglass that he ...
Jimeta
▪ Nigeria       town, Adamawa state, eastern Nigeria. It lies on the south bank of the Benue River, and on the highway between Zing and Girei. Merged with Yola in 1935 ...
Jimi Hendrix
➡ Hendrix * * *
jiminy
/jim"euh nee/, interj. (a mild exclamation of surprise, emotion, or awe.) Also, jimminy. [1810-20; perh. alter. of L Jesu Domine Lord Jesus!] * * *
jimjams
/jim"jamz'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Slang. 1. extreme nervousness; jitters. 2. See delirium tremens. [1540-50; gradational compound based on JAM1. Cf. FLIM-FLAM, jingle-jangle, ...
jimmie
/jim"ee/, n. Usually, jimmies. sprinkle (def. 10). [orig. uncert.] * * * (as used in expressions) Foxx Jimmie Lunceford Jimmie Rodgers Jimmie * * *
Jimmie Rodgers
➡ Rodgers (I) * * *
jimmies
jimmies [jim′ēz] pl.n. Informal particles for sprinkling on something, as in decorating it; specif., particles of chocolate for sprinkling on ice-cream cones * * * jim·mies ...
Jimmu
Legendary first emperor of Japan and founder of the imperial dynasty. He is credited with establishing his state in 660 BC on the plains of Yamato. (An actual state on the ...
jimmy
jimmy1 /jim"ee/, n., pl. jimmies, v., jimmied, jimmying. n. 1. a short crowbar. 2. a large male crab, esp. of Chesapeake Bay. v.t. 3. to force open (a door, window, etc.) with a ...
Jimmy
/jim"ee/, n. a male given name, form of James. Also, Jimmie. * * * (as used in expressions) Blanton Jimmy Breslin Jimmy Carter Jimmy Connors Jimmy Doolittle Jimmy Durante ...
Jimmy Carter
➡ Carter (II) * * *
Jimmy Carter: A National Malaise
▪ Primary Source              The second half of Jimmy Carter's presidency was a time of troubles for him, for his administration, and for the country. Inflation ...
Jimmy Carter: Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Thursday, January 20, 1977       For myself and for our Nation, I want to thank my predecessor for all he has done to heal our ...
Jimmy Connors
➡ Connors * * *
Jimmy Durante
➡ Durante * * *
Jimmy Hoffa
➡ Hoffa * * *
Jimmy Savile
➡ Savile * * *
Jimmy Swaggert
➡ Swaggert * * *
Jimmy Young
➡ Young (IV) * * *
jimp
—jimply, adv. —jimpness, n. /jimp/, adj. Scot. and North Eng. 1. slender; trim; delicate. 2. scant; barely sufficient. Also, gimp. [1500-10; orig. uncert.] * * *
jimson weed
/jim"seuhn/ a coarse, rank-smelling weed, Datura stramonium, of the nightshade family, having oaklike, poisonous leaves and tubular white or lavender flowers. Also, jimpson weed ...
jimsonweed
jim·son·weed (jĭmʹsən-wēd') n. A coarse poisonous plant (Datura stramonium) having large, trumpet-shaped white or purplish flowers and prickly capsules. Also called ...
jin
jin1 /jin/, n., pl. jins, (esp. collectively) jin. Islamic Myth. jinn. jin2 /jin/ Australian Informal. gin6. * * *
Jin
/jin/, n. Pinyin. Chin. * * *
Jin dynasty
or Chin dynasty First of two major Chinese dynasties to bear the name Jin. The dynasty had two distinct phases: the Western Jin (AD 265–317) and the Eastern Jin (AD ...
Jin, Ha
▪ 2001       Chinese American writer Ha Jin won the PEN/Faulkner Award for fiction in 2000 for his novel Waiting. When, a year earlier, the novel had won the 1999 ...
Jinan
/jee"nahn"/, n. Pinyin. a city in and the capital of Shandong province, in E China. 1,100,000. Also, Chinan, Tsinan. * * * or Chi-nan conventional Tsinan City (pop., 1999 est.: ...
jinbi shanshui
▪ Chinese art Chinese“gold-bluegreen landscape”Wade-Giles romanization  chin-pi shan-shui,  also called  qinglübai  or  qinglü shanshui         style of ...
Jind
▪ India also spelled  Jhind        city, central Haryana (Haryāna) state, northwestern India, located on road and rail routes to Delhi, 70 miles (110 km) ...
Jindyworobak movement
▪ Australian literature       brief nationalistic Australian literary movement of the 1930s to mid-1940s that sought to promote native ideas and traditions, especially ...
Jing Hao
▪ Chinese artist Wade-Giles romanization  Ching Hao , also called  Hongguzi  flourished 910–950, Qinshui, Shanxi province, China       important landscape painter ...
Jing River
▪ river, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Jing He , or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Ching Ho         river in north-central china, the largest tributary of the Wei River. ...
jingal
/jin"gawl/, n. a large musket fired from a rest, often mounted on a carriage: formerly used in India, China, etc. Also, gingal, gingall. [1810-20; < Hindi janjal, var. of ...
Jingdezhen
/jing"due"juen"/, n. Pinyin. a city in E Jiangxi province, in E China: known for its fine porcelain. Also, Chingtechen, Kingtehchen. Formerly, Fowliang. * * * ▪ ...
Jingdi
▪ emperor of Han dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Ching-ti , personal name (xingming)  Liu Qi  died 141 BC, China       posthumous name (shi) of the fifth emperor ...
Jinghong
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Ching-hung , also called (locally)  Yunjinghong        city, southern Yunnan sheng (province), southwestern China. It is situated ...
jinghu
▪ musical instrument Wade-Giles romanization  ching-hu         Chinese two-stringed fiddle that is the principal melodic instrument in jingxi (Peking opera) ...
jingle
—jingler, n. —jinglingly, adv. —jingly, adj. /jing"geuhl/, v., jingled, jingling, n. v.i. 1. to make clinking or tinkling sounds, as do coins, keys, or other light, ...
jingle bell
a sleigh bell. [1885-90] * * *
Jingle Bells
a popular Christmas song. It is sung by carol singers or at Christmas celebrations but not usually in church. ➡ note at carols and carol singing. * * *
jingle shell
1. any of several marine, bivalve mollusks of the genus Anomia, having a thin, pearly shell with a conspicuous hole or notch near the hinge of the lower valve. 2. the shell ...
jingleshell
jingle shell n. The thin, translucent, rounded, yellowish or grayish shell of any of several marine bivalve mollusks of the genus Anomia. * * *
jingling Johnny
Music. crescent (def. 6). [1900-05] * * * ▪ musical instrument also called  Turkish Crescent,  French  Chapeau Chinois, or Pavillon Chinois,         musical ...
jingo
/jing"goh/, n., pl. jingoes, adj. n. 1. a person who professes his or her patriotism loudly and excessively, favoring vigilant preparedness for war and an aggressive foreign ...
jingoish
See jingo. * * *
jingoism
—jingoish, adj. —jingoist, n., adj. —jingoistic, adj. —jingoistically, adv. /jing"goh iz'euhm/, n. the spirit, policy, or practice of jingoes; bellicose ...
jingoist
See jingoism. * * *
jingoistic
See jingoist. * * *
jingoistically
See jingoist. * * *
Jingtai
▪ emperor of Ming dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Ching-t'ai , personal name (xingming)  Zhu Qiyu , posthumous name (shi)  Chengliwang  born 1428, China died 1457, ...
Jingū
▪ empress of Japan also spelled  Jingō , in full  Jingū Kōgō , also called  Okinagatarashi-hime No Mikoto  born AD 170, ?, Japan died 269?, ...
jingxi
or ching-hsi, also called Beijing opera or Peking opera (Chinese; "opera of the capital") Traditional Chinese theatre, originally devised in 1790 as part of the Qianlong ...
Jingzhou
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Ching-chou , formerly  Shashi        city and river port, southern Hubei (Hupeh) sheng (province), south-central China. It is ...
Jinhua
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Chin-hua , also spelled  Kinhwa        city, central Zhejiang (Chekiang) sheng (province), China. Jinhua is the natural centre of ...
Jining
▪ Shandong, China Wade-Giles romanization  Chi-ning , conventional  Tsining        city, southwestern Shandong (Shantung) sheng (province), China. In early times ...
Jinja
/jin"jah/, n. a city in SE Uganda, on Lake Victoria. 47,300. * * * In the Shintō religion, a place where a god is enshrined or to which it is summoned. Originally rural sites ...
Jinji
▪ fortress, India also spelled  Gingi        site of an almost inaccessible fortress constructed by the Hindu rulers of the Vijayanagar empire (c. 1347–1642). It ...
Jinju
/jin"jooh"/, n. a city in S central South Korea, W of Pusan. 119,371. Also, Chinju. * * *
jink
/jingk/, n. 1. jinks, prankish or frolicsome activities. 2. Brit. Dial. chink. [1690-1700; var. of dial. chink to gasp violently; cf. OE cincung boisterous laughter] * * *
jinker
/jing"keuhr/, n. Australian. 1. a sulky. 2. any of various carts or trailers used to transport logs and timber. [1870-75; var. of janker (Scots), of uncert. orig.] * * *
Jinmen
Chin. /jin"muen"/, n. Pinyin. Quemoy. * * *
jinn
/jin/, n., pl. jinns, (esp. collectively) jinn. Islamic Myth. any of a class of spirits, lower than the angels, capable of appearing in human and animal forms and influencing ...
Jinnah
/jin"euh/, n. Mohammed Ali ("Quaid-i-Azam"), 1876-1948, Muslim leader in India: first governor general of Pakistan 1947-48. * * *
Jinnah, Mohammed Ali
born Dec. 25, 1876, Karachi, India died Sept. 11, 1948, Karachi, Pak. Indian Muslim politician, founder and first governor-general of Pakistan (1947–48). He was educated in ...


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