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Jinnah,Mohammed Ali
Jin·nah (jĭnʹə), Mohammed Ali. 1876-1948. Founder and first governor-general (1947-1948) of Pakistan. When India's independence from Britain was imminent, he feared the ...
jinni [ji nē′, jin′ē] n. pl. jinn 〚Ar jinnī, pl. jinn〛 Muslim Folklore a supernatural being that can take human or animal form and influence human affairs * * ...
▪ Nicaragua       city, north-central Nicaragua. It lies in the central highlands just south of Lake Apanás. The city was a site of rebel incursions during the Contra ...
▪ Nicaragua       city, southwestern Nicaragua. It is situated in the Diriamba Highlands at an elevation of 1,867 feet (569 m) above sea level. Given city status in ...
▪ Chinese literature Chinese“Gold Plum Vase”Wade-Giles romanization  Chin-p'ing-mei        the first realistic social novel to appear in China. It is the work of ...
/jin rik"shaw, -shah/, n. a small, two-wheeled, cartlike passenger vehicle with a fold-down top, pulled by one person, formerly used widely in Japan and China. Also, jinricksha, ...
jin·rik·sha or jin·rick·sha also jin·riki·sha (jĭn-rĭkʹshô') n. A small, two-wheeled carriage drawn by one or two persons.   [Japanese jinrikisha: jin, person (from ...
Jinsha River
, or Kinsha River , or Chin-sha River River, China. The westernmost major headwater stream of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang), it rises in western Qinghai province south of the ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Chin-shih        market town, northern Hunan sheng (province), China. Administratively a county-level city under the city of ...
▪ Japanese history Japanese“War of the Year of the Monkey”, English  Civil War of AD 672        in Japanese history, war of imperial succession that brought an ...
/jingks/, n. 1. a person, thing, or influence supposed to bring bad luck. v.t. 2. to bring bad luck to; place a jinx on: The strike has jinxed my plans to go to Milwaukee for the ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Chin-chung , formerly  Yuci        city, central Shanxi (Shansi) sheng (province), northeast-central China. It is situated on the ...
/jin"joh"/, n. Pinyin. a city in S Liaoning province, in NE China. 750,000. Also, Chinchow. * * * ▪ southern Liaoning, China Wade-Giles romanization  Chin-chou , ...
/hee'pee hah"pah, -peuh/, n. 1. Also called Panama-hat plant. a tropical American, palmlike plant, Carludovica palmata. 2. a Panama hat made from the young leaves of this ...
▪ people also called  Jirara,         Indians of northwestern Venezuela who were extinct by the mid-17th century. The little known about them suggests that they were ...
Jirásek, Alois
▪ Czech writer born Aug. 23, 1851, Hronov, Bohemia, Austrian Empire [now in Czech Republic] died March 12, 1930, Prague, Czech.       the most important Czech novelist ...
/jeard/, n. 1. any of several species of small, burrowing rodents of the genus Meriones, subfamily Gerbillinae, inhabiting dry regions of Asia and northern Africa. 2. gerbil ...
▪ Egypt also spelled  Girga,         town, Sawhāj muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Upper Egypt. It is situated on the west bank of the Nile River, which encroached ...
jism [jiz′əm] n. [Vulgar Slang] SEMEN * * *
/jit"nee/, n., pl. jitneys, v., jitneyed, jitneying. n. 1. a small bus or car following a regular route along which it picks up and discharges passengers, originally charging ...
In feudal Japan, a land steward appointed by the central military government to each of the estates (shōen) into which the countryside was divided. The jitō collected taxes ...
/jit"euhr/, n. 1. jitters, nervousness; a feeling of fright or uneasiness (usually prec. by the): Every time I have to make a speech, I get the jitters. 2. fluctuations in the ...
—jitterbugger, n. /jit"euhr bug'/, n., v., jitterbugged, jitterbugging. n. 1. a strenuously acrobatic dance consisting of a few standardized steps augmented by twirls, splits, ...
See jittery. * * *
—jitteriness, n. /jit"euh ree/, adj., jitterier, jitteriest. extremely tense and nervous; jumpy: He's very jittery about the medical checkup. [1930-35, Amer.; JITTER + -Y1] * * ...
Jiu River
▪ river, Romania       river formed south of Petroșani, southwestern Romania, with the joining of two headstreams rising in the Vâlcan and Parâng mountains. It then ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Chiu-chiang        river port and city, northern Jiangxi (Kiangsi) sheng (province), southeastern China. It lies along the Yangtze ...
/jooh jit"sooh/, n. jujitsu. Also, jiujutsu /jooh jut"sooh, -jooht"-/. * * *
Jiuling Mountains
▪ mountains, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Jiuling Shan , or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Chiu-ling Shan        range in northern Jiangxi (Kiangsi) province, china. The ...
Chin. /jyyuu"lawng"/, n. Pinyin. Kowloon. * * *
Jiulong River
▪ river, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Jiulong Jiang , or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Chiu-lung Chiang        river in southeastern Fujian (Fukien) province, china. The ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Chiu-ch'üan , also spelled  Kiuchüan   city, western Gansu sheng (province), China. An important staging post on the ancient Silk ...
/jee"veuh/, n. 1. Hinduism. the individual soul, regarded as a particular manifestation of Atman. 2. Jainism. a. the individual soul or life monad, compared to a transparent ...
/hee"veuh roh'/, n., pl. Jívaros, (esp. collectively) Jívaro for 1. n. 1. a member of a group of American Indian peoples of eastern Ecuador and northern Peru, formerly renowned ...
—jiver, n. /juyv/, n., v., jived, jiving, adj. n. 1. swing music or early jazz. 2. the jargon associated with swing music and early jazz. 3. Slang. deceptive, exaggerated, or ...
See jive. * * *
/juy"vee/, adj., jivier, jiviest. Slang. resembling, suggesting, or characteristic of jive; lively. [1940-45; JIVE + -EY1] * * *
➡ Black English * * *
/juy"vee/, adj., jivier, jiviest. Slang. jivey. [JIVE + -Y1] * * *
Ji·xi (jēʹshēʹ) also Ki·si (kēʹsēʹ, -shēʹ) A city of northeast China near the Russian border east of Harbin. Population: 835,496. * * * ▪ China Wade Giles ...
Jīzah, Al-
or Giza City (pop., 1996: 2,221,868), Upper Egypt. Located on the western bank of the Nile River, it is a suburb of Cairo. A noted entertainment district, it is also the centre ...
▪ Saudi Arabia also called  Qīzān,  formerly  Al-Tihameh        town and port, southwestern Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea opposite the Farasān Islands. Defined by ...
Jizera Mountains
▪ mountains, Europe Czech  Jizerské Hory , German  Isergebirge        part of the Sudeten mountain ranges in northern Bohemia, Czech Republic, extending into ...
Jizera River
▪ river, Czech Republic German  Iser,         tributary of the Elbe (Labe) River in northern Czech Republic. It rises at the southern base of Smrk Mountain on the ...
or jizyah Poll tax that early Islamic rulers demanded from their non-Muslim subjects. This tax applied especially to followers of Judaism, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism, who ...
/jiz"yeuh/, n. Islam. the poll tax formerly paid by minority religious groups within the Muslim empire. Also, jizya. [ < Ar] * * *
▪ Uzbekistan also spelled  Dzhizak        city, eastern Uzbekistan. The city is located in a small oasis irrigated by the Sanzar River, northeast of Samarkand. One of ...
JJ abbr. Law 1. judges. 2. justices. * * *
1. Judges. 2. Justices. * * *
Jl abbrev. 1. Bible Joel 2. July * * * Jl abbr. Bible Joel2. * * *
July. * * *
Jewish male. * * *
Jn abbrev. Bible John * * * Jn abbr. Bible John2. * * *
/jeuh nah"neuh/, n. Hinduism. knowledge acquired through meditation and study as a means of reaching Brahman. Also called Brahmajnana. Cf. bhakti (def. 1), karma (def. ...
/jeuh nah"neuh mahr"geuh/, n. Hinduism. See under marga. [1875-80] * * *
▪ Indian poet also called  Jnaneshvara   born 1275, Alandi, Yadavas, India died 1296, Alandi       foremost among the mystical poets of Maharashtra and composer of ...
John. * * *
jnr. abbr. junior. * * *
joint. * * *
/joh/, n., pl. joes. Scot. beloved one; darling; sweetheart. Also, joe. [1520-30; var. of JOY] * * *
/joh/, n. 1. a female given name, form of Josephine. 2. a male given name, form of Joseph. * * *
Jo, Sumi
▪ 2002       In 2001 South Korean soprano Sumi Jo continued to grace the stages of major opera houses and concert halls throughout the world; she also released a ...
Jo. Bapt.
John the Baptist. * * *
Jo. Div.
John the Divine. * * *
Jo. Evang.
John the Evangelist. * * *
/joh"ab/, n. a commander of David's army and the slayer of Abner and Absalom. II Sam. 3:27; 18:14. * * * ▪ biblical figure flourished 1000 BC       in the Old ...
/yoh"ah khim, yoh ah"-/, n. 1. Joseph /yoh"zef/, 1831-1907, Hungarian violinist and composer. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Joachim of Fiore Joachim ...
Joachim Frederick
▪ elector of Brandenburg German  Joachim Friedrich   born Jan. 1, 1546, Kölln an der Spree, Brandenburg [Germany] died July 28, 1608, en route from Storkow to ...
Joachim I Nestor
▪ elector of Brandenburg born Feb. 24, 1484 died July 11, 1535, Kölln an der Spree, Brandenburg  elector of Brandenburg, an opponent of the Habsburg emperors, yet a devout ...
Joachim II Hektor
▪ elector of Brandenburg born January 13, 1505, Kölln an der Spree, Brandenburg died January 3, 1571, Jagdschloss Köpenick, Brandenburg  elector of Brandenburg who, while ...
Joachim of Fiore
born с 1130/35, Celico, Kingdom of Naples died 1201/02, Fiore Italian mystic, theologian, and philosopher of history. After a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, he became a ...
Joachim, Joseph
born June 28, 1831, Kittsee, near Pressburg, Austria-Hungary died Aug. 15, 1907, Berlin, German Empire Austro-Hungarian violinist. A prodigy, he began study as a child in Pest, ...
Jo·a·chim (yōʹä-KHĭm, yō-äʹ-), Joseph. 1831-1907. Hungarian violinist and composer. His compositions include violin concertos and an overture to Hamlet. * * *
Joad, C E M
▪ British philosopher born Aug. 12, 1891, Durham, Durham county, Eng. died April 9, 1953, London       British philosopher, author, teacher, and radio personality. He ...
/john/, n. 1. ("Fair Maid of Kent") 1328-85, wife of Edward, the Black Prince, and mother of Richard II. 2. a fictitious female pope about A.D. 855-858. 3. a female given name. * ...
Joan Baez
➡ Baez * * *
Joan Collins
➡ Collins (II) * * *
Joan Crawford
➡ Crawford (I) * * *
Joan I
or Joanna I Italian Giovanna born 1326 died May 22, 1382, Lucania, Kingdom of Naples Countess of Provence and queen of Naples (1343–82). She belonged to the house of Anjou, ...
Joan II
▪ queen of Naples also spelled  Joanna   born 1371, Naples, Kingdom of Naples [Italy] died Feb. 2, 1435, Naples       queen of Naples whose long reign (1414–35) was ...
Joan Littlewood
➡ Littlewood * * *
Joan of Arc
/ahrk/ Saint ("the Maid of Orléans"), 1412?-31, French national heroine and martyr who raised the siege of Orléans. French, Jeanne d'Arc. * * *
Joan of Arc, Saint
French Jeanne d'Arc born с 1412, Domrémy, Bar, Fr. died May 30, 1431, Rouen; canonized May 16, 1920; feast day May 30 French military heroine. She was a peasant girl who ...
Joan of Arc,Saint
Joan of Arc (jōn; ärk), Saint French name Jeanne d'Arc (zhän därkʹ) Known as “the Maid of Orléans” and “La Pucelle.” 1412?-1431. French military leader and ...
Joan of Navarre
▪ queen of England French  Jeanne de Navarre  born c. 1370 died July 9, 1437, Havering atte Bowe, Essex, Eng.       the wife of Henry IV of England and the daughter ...
Joan Plowright
➡ Plowright * * *
Joan Rivers
➡ Rivers * * *
Joan, Pope
Legendary female pontiff who supposedly reigned, as Pope John VIII, for about 25 months from 855 to 858. The tale held that she was an Englishwoman who fell in love with a ...
Joanna [jō an′ə] n. 〚ML, fem. of Joannes: see JOHN1〛 a feminine name: var. Joan, Jane, Jean, Joanne; equiv. L. & Ger. Johanna, Fr. Jeanne, It. Giovanna, Sp. Juana * * *
/joh an"/, n. a female given name. Also, Joann, Jo Ann, Joanna /joh an"euh/. * * *
/joh an"eez, -is/, n., pl. joannes. johannes. * * *
João Pessoa
/zhoo owonn" pe saw"euh/ a seaport in NE Brazil. 338,629. * * * ▪ Brazil  port city and capital, Paraíba estado (state), northeastern Brazil. It is situated at 148 feet ...
João Pes·so·a (zhwouɴʹ pə-sōʹə) A city of northeast Brazil near the Atlantic Ocean north of Recife. Founded in 1585, it has excellent examples of colonial ...
Joaquin, Nick
▪ Filipino author byname of  Nicomedes Joaquin  born May 4, 1917, Paco, Manila, Phil. died April 29, 2004, San Juan, Phil.       Filipino novelist, poet, playwright, ...
/joh"ash/, n. a king of Judah, reigned 837?-800? B.C., successor of Athaliah. II Kings 13:10-13. Also, Douay Bible, Joas /joh"as/. * * *
job1 /job/, n., v., jobbed, jobbing, adj. n. 1. a piece of work, esp. a specific task done as part of the routine of one's occupation or for an agreed price: She gave him the job ...
/johb/, n. 1. the central figure in an Old Testament parable of the righteous sufferer. 2. a book of the Bible bearing his name. 3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning ...
job action
any means, as a work slowdown, of organized protest or pressure by employees to win some goal or gain from their employers. [1965-70, Amer.] * * *
job analysis
a detailed study of the requirements necessary to complete a job, taking into consideration chiefly the order of operation, material and machinery needed, and the necessary ...
job bank
a data file or agency for matching persons seeking work with suitable job openings. [1970-75] * * *
job case
Print. any of various cases for holding type, esp. one of several that accommodate both uppercase and lowercase letters. Cf. California job case, case2 (def. 8). [1890-95] * * *
job classification
an arrangement of different types of employment within a company or industry, according to the skill, experience, or training required. * * *
job control language
Computers. a language used to construct statements that identify a particular job to be run and specify the job's requirements to the operating system under which it will run. ...
Job Corps
/job/, U.S. Govt. an organization within the Department of Labor that operates rural conservation camps and urban training centers for poor youths. * * *
job costing.
See job-order costing. * * *
job description
an abstract of a job analysis containing the classification of and requirements for a job, used in hiring and placing prospective employees. [1955-60] * * *
job lot
1. a large, often assorted quantity of goods sold or handled as a single transaction. 2. a miscellaneous quantity; a quantity of odds and ends. [1850-55] * * *
job market
1. the total number of vacant jobs open to those seeking employment. 2. the aggregate of those persons seeking employment: Thousands of June graduates entered the job market. * * ...
job order
a written order to a worker or group of workers to perform a certain job. * * *
job printer
—job printing. a printer who does letterheads, invoices, announcements, and other miscellaneous work, as distinguished from one who works solely on books, periodicals, ...
job printing
☆ job printing n. commercial printing of such items as letterheads, circulars, invitations, etc.: also job work job printer n. * * *
job setter
a worker who readies or adjusts machinery for tooling on the production line. * * *
job shop
—job shopper. an agency or plant that supplies technical personnel or performs a specific function in a manufacturing process, usually on short-term temporary contracts. * * *
job stick
Print. See composing stick. * * *
job ticket
1. a slip or card accompanying a job order and used for giving instructions or for recording time spent on the work. 2. See job order. * * *
job work
1. miscellaneous printing work, as distinguished from books, periodicals, etc. 2. work done by the job. [1795-1805] * * *
Job's comforter
/johbz/ a person who unwittingly or maliciously depresses or discourages someone while attempting to be consoling. [1730-40] * * *
Job's tears
▪ plant  (species Coix lacryma-jobi), leafy, jointed-stemmed annual grass of the family Poaceae, native to tropical Asia and naturalized in North America. It is 1 to 3 m (3 ...
/johbz"tearz"/, n. 1. (used with a pl. v.) the hard, nearly spherical bracts that surround the female flowers of an Asian grass, Coix lacryma-jobi, and which when ripe are used ...
Job's comforter (jōbz) n. One who is discouraging or saddening while seemingly offering sympathy or comfort.   [After Job1 whose friends pretended to comfort but actually found ...
Job's tears pl.n. 1. (used with a sing. or pl. verb)A tropical Asian grass (Coix lacryma-jobi) having white beadlike grains. 2. (used with a pl. verb) The grains of this plant, ...
Job, Saint
▪ Russian Orthodox patriarch Russian  Svyatoy Iov  died June 19 [June 29, New Style], 1607, Staritsa, Russia; canonized Oct. 9, 1989       first Russian Orthodox ...
Job, The Book of
▪ Old Testament       book of Hebrew scripture that is often counted among the masterpieces of world literature. It is found in the third section of the biblical canon ...
—job-hopper, n. /job"hop'/, v.i., job-hopped, job-hopping. to change jobs frequently. [1950-55] * * *
See job-hop. * * *
job-hop·ping (jŏbʹhŏp'ĭng) n. Informal The practice of changing jobs frequently, especially as a means of quick financial gain or career advancement. * * *
—job-hunter, n. /job"hunt'/, v.i. to seek employment; look for a job. [1945-50] * * *
job-order costing
/job"awr'deuhr/ a method of cost accounting by which the total cost of a given unit or quantity is determined by computing the costs that go into making a product as it moves ...
job-share (jŏbʹshâr') intr.v. job-·shared, job-·shar·ing, job-·shares To share the responsibility for one job in alternation with one or more part-time ...
job action n. A temporary action, such as a strike or slowdown, by workers to make demands or protest a company or managerial decision. * * *
/job"euhr/, n. 1. a wholesale merchant, esp. one selling to retailers. 2. a pieceworker. 3. (formerly) a merchant who deals in special, odd, or job lots. 4. a person who ...
/job"euh ree/, n. the conduct of public or official business for the sake of improper private gain. [1825-35; JOBBER + -Y3] * * *
Jobcentre Plus
n (in Britain) a government office found in the centre of most towns, where jobs are advertised, the Jobseeker’s Allowance is paid to people without work, and advice is given ...
/job"hohl'deuhr/, n. 1. a person who has a regular or steady job. 2. a government employee. [1900-05, Amer.; JOB1 + HOLDER] * * *
See job-hunt. * * *
Jobim, Antonio Carlos
born Jan. 25, 1927, Rio de Janeiro, Braz. died Dec. 8, 1994, New York, N.Y., U.S. Brazilian songwriter and composer. He performed on guitar and piano in Rio de Janeiro clubs ...
—joblessness, n. /job"lis/, adj. 1. without a job. 2. noting or pertaining to persons without jobs, esp. to those who are seeking employment. n. 3. (used with a pl. v.) ...
See jobless. * * *
job lot n. 1. Miscellaneous merchandise sold in one lot. 2. A collection of cheap items. * * *
job printer n. A printer that does miscellaneous work such as circulars and cards. * * *
Jobs (jŏbz), Steven Paul. Born 1955. American computer engineer who cofounded Apple Computers (1975) and served as its chairman (1975-1985). * * *
jobs section
➡ advertising * * *
Jobs, Steven P.
▪ American businessman in full  Steven Paul Jobs  born Feb. 24, 1955, California       cofounder of Apple Computer, Inc. (now Apple Inc.), and a charismatic pioneer ...
Jobs, Steven Paul
born Feb. 24, 1955, San Francisco, Cal., U.S. U.S. businessman. Adopted in infancy, he grew up in Los Altos. He dropped out of Reed College and went to work for Atari Corp. ...
job seeker also job·seek·er (jŏbʹsē'kər) n. One who seeks employment. * * *
Jobseeker’s Allowance
n [U] (in Britain) money paid by the government to unemployed people. To claim the money, people must be capable of work and must prove that they are trying to find work. * * *
See job-share. * * *
▪ king of Germany also called  Jost, or Jodocks   born 1351 died Jan. 17, 1411, Brno, Moravia [now in Czech Republic]       margrave of Moravia and Brandenburg and ...
job stick n. See composing stick. * * *
/joh kas"teuh/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a queen of Thebes, the wife of Laius and the mother, later the wife, of Oedipus, by whom she bore Eteocles, Polynices, and Antigone: called ...
/jos"euh lin, jos"lin/, n. a female given name, form of Joyce. Also, Jocelin, Joceline, Jocelynne. * * * (as used in expressions) Bell Burnell Susan Jocelyn Susan Jocelyn ...
/jok"euh bed'/, n. the mother of Aaron and Moses. Ex. 6:20. Also, Douay Bible, Jochabed. * * *
Jochelson, Vladimir Ilich
▪ Russian ethnologist born Jan. 14 [Jan. 26, New Style], 1855, Vilna, Russian Empire [now Vilnius, Lithuania] died Nov. 1, 1937, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Russian ...
▪ Mongol prince also spelled  Juchi   died February 1227       Mongol prince, the eldest of Genghis Khan's (Genghis Khan) four sons and, until the final years of his ...
died 1057, Japan Japanese Buddhist sculptor. The son and pupil of a sculptor, he worked primarily for the Fujiwara family. He was awarded unprecedented honours for sculptures ...
Jochumsson, Matthías
▪ Icelandic author born November 11, 1835, Skógar, Thorskafjördur, Iceland died December 18, 1920, Akureyri       Icelandic poet, translator, journalist, dramatist, ...
jock1 /jok/, n. Informal. 1. jockey. 2. See disc jockey. [1820-30; shortened form of JOCKEY] jock2 /jok/, n. 1. a jockstrap. 2. Informal. an athlete. 3. Informal. an enthusiast: ...
/jok/, n. 1. Scot. and Irish Eng. a. a nickname for John. b. an innocent lad; country boy. 2. Brit. Informal. a. a Scottish soldier or a soldier in a Scottish regiment. b. any ...
jock itch
Pathol. a fungal infection of the skin in the groin area, occurring most commonly in males, esp. in warm climates, characterized by itchy and often scaly lesions; tinea ...
Jock Scot
Angling. an artificial fly having a yellow floss body, black silk tag, scarlet and yellow tail, wings of scarlet and of jungle cock feathers spotted with yellow and gray, and ...
☆ jockette [jäk΄et′ ] n. Informal a woman JOCKEY (sense 1) * * *
—jockeylike, jockeyish, adj. —jockeyship, n. /jok"ee/, n., pl. jockeys, v., jockeyed, jockeying. n. 1. a person who rides horses professionally in races. 2. Informal. a ...
jockey box
Chiefly Northwestern U.S. a glove compartment, esp. in a truck. * * *
jockey cap
a cap with a long visor, worn by jockeys. [1740-50] * * *
jockey club
1. an association for the regulation and promotion of thoroughbred horse racing, usually composed of racing officials and thoroughbred owners at a specific racetrack or in a ...
Jockey shorts
Trademark. a brand of short, close-fitting underpants with an elastic band around the waist; briefs. * * *
jock itch n. A fungal infection of the skin of the groin area, occurring more commonly in warm weather and among males and characterized by red ringlike areas, sometimes with ...
/jok"oh/, n., pl. jockos. 1. a chimpanzee. 2. any monkey. [1840-50; < F, Buffon's shortening of enjocko (taking en- as an article) < a word in Mpongwe, Bantu language of Gabon] * ...
/jok"oh/, n. a male given name, form of Jock. * * *
/jok"strap'/, n. an elasticized belt, a men's undergarment, with a pouch for supporting and protecting the genitals, worn esp. while participating in athletics. Also called ...
/jok"teuh leg'/, n. Brit. Dial. a large clasp knife or pocketknife; jackknife. Also, joktaleg. [1665-75; orig. Scots; first attested as jackteleg, perh. with JACK, JOCK and LEG, ...
—jocosely, adv. —jocoseness, n. /joh kohs", jeuh-/, adj. given to or characterized by joking; jesting; humorous; playful: a jocose and amusing manner. [1665-75; < L jocosus, ...
See jocose. * * *
See jocosely. * * *
/joh kos"i tee, jeuh-/, n., pl. jocosities. 1. the state or quality of being jocose. 2. joking or jesting. 3. a joke or jest. [1640-50; JOCOSE + -ITY] * * *
—jocularly, adv. /jok"yeuh leuhr/, adj. given to, characterized by, intended for, or suited to joking or jesting; waggish; facetious: jocular remarks about opera ...
/jok'yeuh lar"i tee/, n., pl. jocularities. 1. the state or quality of being jocular. 2. jocular speech or behavior. 3. a jocular remark or act. [1640-50; JOCULAR + -ITY] * * *
See jocularity. * * *
—jocundly, adv. /jok"euhnd, joh"keuhnd/, adj. cheerful; merry; gay; blithe; glad: a witty and jocund group. [1350-1400; ME jocound < LL jocundus, alter. of L jucundus pleasant, ...
/joh kun"di tee/, n., pl. jocundities for 2. 1. the state or an instance of being jocund; gaiety. 2. a jocund remark or act. [1375-1425; late ME jocundite; see JOCUND, -ITY] * * *
See jocundity. * * *
Jodelle, Étienne
▪ French author born 1532, Paris, France died July 1573, Paris       French dramatist and poet, one of the seven members of the literary circle known as La Pléiade, ...
/jod"peuhr/, n. 1. jodhpurs, (used with a pl. v.) riding breeches cut very full over the hips and tapering at the knees to become tightfitting from the knees to the ankles. 2. ...
/jod"peuhr/; locally /johd"poordd/, n. 1. Also called Marwar. a former state in NW India, now in Rajasthan. 2. a city in central Rajasthan, in NW India. 318,894. * * * ▪ ...
jodh·purs (jŏdʹpərz) pl.n. Wide-hipped riding pants of heavy cloth, fitting tightly from knee to ankle.   [After Jodhpur.] * * *
/joh"dee/, n. a female given name. Also, Jodie. * * *
Jodie Foster
➡ Foster (I) * * *
/yohd"l/, n. Alfred /ahl"frddayt/, 1892?-1946, German general: signed the surrender of Germany on behalf of the German high command in World War II. * * *
Jodl, Alfred
▪ German general born May 10, 1890, Würzburg, Germany died October 16, 1946, Nürnberg  German general who, as head of the armed forces operations staff, helped plan and ...
/jaw"daw/, n. Japanese. See Pure Land. * * * ▪ Japanese Buddhist sect       (Japanese: Way to the Pure Land), devotional sect of Japanese Buddhism stressing faith in ...
Jodo Shinshu
/joh"doh shin"shooh/, Buddhism. the largest sect of Jodo, stressing simple trust rather than ritual as the means to salvation. [ < Japn Jodo Pure Land + shinshu true faith ( < ...
Jodrell Bank
/jod"reuhl/ site of a radio astronomy observatory (Nuffield Radio Astronomy Laboratories) in NE Cheshire, England, that operates a 250-ft. (76-m) radio telescope. * * *
Jodrell Bank Observatory
▪ research station, Cheshire, England, United Kingdom formerly  Nuffield Radio Astronomy Laboratories  or  Jodrell Bank Experimental Station   location of one of the ...
/joh"dee/, n. a male or female given name. * * *
joe1 /joh/, n. Scot. jo. joe2 /joh/, n. Slang. coffee. [1840-50; of uncert. orig.] * * * (as used in expressions) Bird Larry Joe DiMaggio Joe Hill Joe Jackson Joe Shoeless Joe ...
/joh/, n. 1. (sometimes l.c.) Informal. fellow; guy: the average Joe who works for a living. 2. Informal. a personification of a typical, often unprepossessing representative of ...
Joe Barbera
➡ Hanna and Barbera * * *
Joe Bloggs
(AmE Joe Blow, Joe Schmo) (infml) a name used to refer to an average or typical man: Joe Bloggs is generally more interested in sport than in politics Compare John Q Public. * * ...
Joe Blow
Slang. an average citizen; man in the street. Also called Joe Doakes. [1935-40, Amer.; rhyming phrase. See JOE, BLOW2] * * *
Joe Cocker
➡ Cocker * * *
Joe College
a personification of a typical male U.S. college student, esp. in the 1930s. [1935-40; modeled on JOE BLOW] * * *
Joe Davis
➡ Davis (IV) * * *
Joe DiMaggio
➡ DiMaggio * * *
Joe Doakes
/dohks/, pl. Joe Doakes. Slang. See Joe Blow. [1940-45] * * *
Joe Miller
1. a book of jokes. 2. an old, familiar joke; chestnut. [1780-90; after Joe Miller's Jestbook (1739) by John Mottley] * * *
Joe Montana
➡ Montana (II) * * *
Joe Orton
➡ Orton * * *
Joe Schmo
➡ Joe Bloggs * * *
Joe Sixpack
/siks"pak/ Slang. the average or typical blue-collar man. Also, Joe Six-pack. [1975-80, Amer.] * * *
joe-pye weed
/joh'puy"/ 1. Also called purple boneset. a tall composite weed, Eupatorium purpureum, of North America, having clusters of pinkish or purple flowers. 2. Also called spotted ...
joe-pye weed (jōʹpīʹ) n. Any of several tall North American plants of the genus Eupatorium, having whorled leaves and terminal clusters of small pinkish or purplish flower ...
Jōei Shikimoku
▪ Japanese administrative code       (1232), in Japanese history, administrative code of the Kamakura shogunate (central military government) by which it pledged just ...
/joh"euhl/, n. 1. a Minor Prophet of the postexilic period. 2. a book of the Bible bearing his name. 3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "the Lord is God." * * ...
Joel, Billy
▪ American musician in full  William Martin Joel  born May 9, 1949, Bronx, N.Y., U.S.       American singer, pianist, and songwriter in the pop ballad tradition. His ...
Joel, Book of
▪ Old Testament       second of 12 Old Testament books that bear the names of the Minor Prophets. The Jewish canon lumps all together as The Twelve and divides Joel into ...
/yaw"en sooh'/, n. a city in SE Finland. 44,318. * * * ▪ Finland       city, southeastern Finland, at the mouth of the Pielis River, southeast of Kuopio. Chartered in ...
joey1 /joh"ee/, n., pl. joeys. Australian. 1. any young animal, esp. a kangaroo. 2. a young child. [1830-40; orig. uncert.] joey2 /joh"ee/, n., pl. joeys. Brit. Slang. 1. a ...
/joh"ee/, n., pl. Joeys. a clown, esp. in the circus or pantomime and puppet theater. [1895-1900; dim. of Joseph, after Joseph Grimaldi] /joh"ee/, n. a male given name, form of ...
joey glass
a small tumbler of the 17th century; dram glass. * * *
/zhawf"rddeu/, n. Joseph Jacques Césaire /zhaw zef" zhahk say zerdd"/, 1852-1931, French general in World War I. * * *
Joffre, Joseph (-Jacques-Césaire)
born Jan. 12, 1852, Rivesaltes, France died Jan. 3, 1931, Paris French commander in chief on the Western Front in World War I. He was responsible for the calamitous campaign ...
Joffre, Joseph Jacques Césaire
Jof·fre (zhôfʹrə), Joseph Jacques Césaire. 1852-1931. French field marshal who commanded the Allied armies in France during World War I. * * *
Joffre, Joseph-Jacques-Césaire
▪ French general born Jan. 12, 1852, Rivesaltes, Fr. died Jan. 3, 1931, Paris  commander in chief (1914–16) of the French armies on the Western Front in World War I, who ...
/jof"ree/, n. Robert (Abdullah Jaffa Bey Khan), born 1930, U.S. ballet dancer, choreographer, and dance company director. * * *
Joffrey, Robert
orig. Abdullah Jaffa Bey Khan born Dec. 24, 1930, Seattle, Wash., U.S. died March 25, 1988, New York, N.Y. U.S. dancer and choreographer, founder-director of the Joffrey ...
Jof·frey (jôfʹrē, jŏfʹ-), Robert. Originally Abdullah Jaffa Bey Khan. 1930-1988. American dancer and choreographer who founded the Robert Joffrey Ballet (1956), a company ...
Jofre, Eder
▪ Brazilian boxer born March 26, 1936, São Paulo, Brazil       Brazilian professional boxer, world bantamweight and featherweight champion.       Jofre's family ...
jog1 —jogger, n. /jog/, v., jogged, jogging, n. v.t. 1. to move or shake with a push or jerk: The horseman jogged the reins lightly. 2. to cause to function with a jolt for a ...
Jog Falls
▪ cataract, India also called  Gersoppa Falls   cataract of the Sharavati River, western Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southwestern India. The Jog Falls are located 18 ...
jog trot
1. a slow, regular, jolting pace, as of a horse. 2. an uneventful, humdrum way of living, doing something, etc.: a sleepy little town where life proceeded at a jog ...
Jōgan style
Japanese sculptural style of the early Heian period, seen primarily but not exclusively in Buddhist sculptures. The massive figures, carved from single blocks of wood, are ...
See jog1. * * *
jogging [jäg′iŋ] n. the practice of trotting at a slow, steady pace for some distance as a form of exercise * * * ➡ sport and fitness * * * Aerobic exercise involving ...
jogging pants
sweat pants, esp. those used for jogging. [1970-75] * * *
jogging shoe
an athletic shoe designed to be worn while jogging. [1975-80] * * *
jogging suit
an outfit consisting of sweat pants and a sweatshirt, used while exercising or as sportswear. * * *
—joggler, n. /jog"euhl/, v., joggled, joggling, n. v.t. 1. to shake slightly; move to and fro, as by repeated jerks; jiggle: She joggled the key in the lock a couple of times ...
joggle post
1. a wooden king post having notches or raised areas for receiving and supporting the feet of struts. 2. a post formed of timbers joggled together. Also called joggle piece. * * *
/jog'yeuh kahr"teuh, johg'-/, n. a city in central Java, in S Indonesia. 342,267. Also, Jokjakarta. Dutch, Djokjakarta. * * *
jog trot n. 1. A slow, steady trot, as of a horse. 2. A regular, humdrum way of living or of doing. * * *
Jogues, Saint Isaac
▪ Jesuit missionary born Jan. 10, 1607, Orléans, France died Oct. 18, 1646, Ossernenon, near Fort Orange, New Netherland [now Auriesville, N.Y., U.S.]; canonized 1930; feast ...
(as used in expressions) Johan Jonaton Björling Karl Johan Huizinga Johan Ibsen Henrik Johan Johan Maurits van Nassau Oldenbarnevelt Johan van Runeberg Johan Ludvig Johan Julius ...
Johanan ben Zakkai
/joh han"euhn ben zak"ay uy'/; Seph. Heb. /yaw'khah nahn" ben zah kuy"/ died A.D. c80, Palestinian rabbi who was a leading Pharisaic teacher: disciple of Hillel. * * ...
/yoh"hahn/, n. a male given name, Germanic form of John. * * * (as used in expressions) Johann Jakob Astor Bach Johann Christian Bach Johann Sebastian Baeyer Johann Friedrich ...
/joh han"euh, -an"euh/, n. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Johanna Eckert Johanna Maria Lind Spyri Johanna Johanna Heusser * * *
/joh han"eez, -is/, n., pl. johannes. a gold coin formerly used as currency in Portugal, first issued in the early 18th century. Also, joannes. [1750-60, Amer.; after the name ...
/yoh hah"nis, -han"is/, n. a male given name, form of John. * * * (as used in expressions) Berg Alban Maria Johannes Brahms Johannes Brinkman Johannes Andreas Johannes Scotus ...
Johannes Damascenus
/dam'euh see"neuhs/. See John of Damascus. * * *
Johannes von Tepl
▪ Bohemian author also called  Johannes von Saaz   born c. 1350, Tepl or Schüttwa, Bohemia [now in Czech Republic] died c. 1415, Prague       Bohemian author of the ...
/joh han"is berrg', -hah"nis-/; Du. /yoh hahn"euhs buerddkh'/, n. a city in S Transvaal, in the NE Republic of South Africa. 1,441,000. * * * City (pop., 1996: metro. area, ...
Johannesen, Grant
▪ 2006       American pianist (b. July 30, 1921, Salt Lake City, Utah—d. March 27, 2005, near Munich, Ger.), championed American and French piano works by such ...
Johannesen, Knut
▪ Norwegian speed skater born November 6, 1933, Oslo, Norway       Norwegian speed skater who was one of the outstanding competitors in the sport in the late 1950s and ...
/joh han"in, -uyn/, adj. of or pertaining to the apostle John or to the books in the New Testament attributed to him. [1860-65; JOHANN(ES) + -INE1] * * *
Johannsen, Wilhelm Ludvig
born Feb. 3, 1857, Copenhagen, Den. died Nov. 11, 1927, Copenhagen Danish botanist and geneticist. He supported Hugo de Vries's discovery that variation in genotype can occur ...
▪ mineral        Pyroxenes silicate mineral in the pyroxene family. It has a molecular formula of Ca(Mn,Fe)Si2O6. A calcium-manganese-iron silicate mineral, johannsenite ...
Johansson, (Per) Christian
born May 20, 1817, Stockholm, Swed. died 1903, St. Petersburg, Russia Swedish-born ballet dancer and teacher. Johansson trained under August Bournonville. He was engaged at the ...
Johansson, Christian
▪ Swedish-Russian dancer in full  Per Christian Johansson   born May 20, 1817, Stockholm, Sweden died December 12 [December 25, New Style], 1903, St. Petersburg, ...
Johansson, Ingemar
▪ Swedish boxer in full  Jens Ingemar Johansson , byname  Hammer of Thor  born September 22, 1932, Göteborg, Sweden died January 30, 2009, ...
Johansson, Lars
▪ Swedish poet pseudonym  Lucidor   born Oct. 18, 1638, Stockholm, Sweden died Aug. 13, 1674, Stockholm  Swedish lyric poet, author of some of the most powerful poems of ...
/jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute's customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John ...
/jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167?-1216, ...
John (IV)
▪ duke of Brittany [died 1345] byname  John Of Montfort,  French  Jean De Montfort  died 1345       claimant to the duchy of Brittany upon the death of his ...
John (XVI)
▪ antipope [997-998] original name  Giovanni Filagato , Latin  Johannes Philagathus  born , Rossano, Calabria died Aug. 26, 1001       antipope from 997 to ...
John (XVII)
▪ pope [1003] original name  Giovanni Siccone  born , Rome died Dec. 6, 1003       pope from June to December 1003. Chosen by the patrician John Crescentius III, he ...
John (XX)
▪ nonexistent pope       nonexistent pope. A confusion in the numbering of popes named John after John XIV resulted because Marianus Scotus and other 11th-century ...

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