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Hongwu emperor
or Hung-wu emperor orig. Zhu Yuanzhang born Oct. 21, 1328, Haozhou, China died June 24, 1398 Founder of China's Ming dynasty. A poor peasant orphaned at 16, he entered a ...
Hongze Lake
Chinese Hongze Hu or Hung-tse Hu Lake, eastern China. Located in the Huai River valley between Jiangsu and Anhui provinces, it was smaller in the 7th–10th centuries AD than ...
honi soit qui mal y pense
/aw nee swann" kee mannl ee pahonns"/, French. shamed be the person who thinks evil of it: motto of the Order of the Garter. * * *
/hoh'nee ahr"euh/, n. a city in and the capital of the Solomon Islands, N Guadalcanal. 11,191. * * * Town (pop., 1999 est.: 49,107), capital of the Solomon Islands, South ...
/hun"eed/, adj. honeyed. * * *
Honiton lace
      bobbin lace made in England at Honiton, Devonshire, from the 17th century. By Honiton most people, however, mean the lace made there in the 19th century in which ...
/hongk, hawngk/, n. 1. the cry of a goose. 2. any similar sound, as of an automobile horn. v.i. 3. to emit a honk. 4. to cause an automobile horn to sound: He drove up in front ...
honker1 /hong"keuhr, hawng"-/, n. 1. a person or thing that honks. 2. Informal. a goose. [1835-45, Amer.; HONK + -ER1] honker2 /hong"keuhr, hawng"-/, n. Slang (disparaging and ...
/hong"kee, hawng"-/, n., pl. honkeys. Slang (disparaging and offensive). honky. * * *
honkie or honky [hôŋ′kē] n. pl. honkies Slang a white person: a term of hostility and contempt: also honkey * * *
/hong"kee, hawng"-/, n., pl. honkies. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a white person. Also, honkie, honkey, honker. [1945-50, Amer.; perh. alter of HUNKY2] * * *
—honky-tonker, n. /hong"kee tongk', hawng"kee tawngk'/, n. 1. a cheap, noisy, and garish nightclub or dance hall. adj. 2. Also, honky-tonky /hong"kee tong'kee, hawng"kee ...
/hon'euh looh"looh/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Hawaii, on S Oahu. 365,048. * * * City (pop., 2000: 371,657), capital, and principal port of Hawaii, U.S. Located on Oahu ...
—honorer, n. —honorless, adj. /on"euhr/, n. 1. honesty, fairness, or integrity in one's beliefs and actions: a man of honor. 2. a source of credit or distinction: to be an ...
honor bright
Informal. upon my honor; really and truly: I did sweep the floor, honor bright. [1810-20] * * *
honor camp
a prison work camp operating on an honor system. * * *
honor card
honor (def. 11). * * *
honor guard
honor guard n. a ceremonial guard assigned to escort a distinguished person or to accompany a casket at a funeral: also guard of honor * * *
honor guard.
See guard of honor. [1920-25] * * *
honor point
Heraldry. a point midway between the heart point and top of an escutcheon. Also called collar point, color point. [1600-10] * * *
honor roll
1. a list of students who have earned grades above a specific average during a semester or school year. Cf. dean's list. 2. a list of names, usually on a plaque in a public ...
honor society
(in a college, university, or secondary school) a student society that admits members on the basis of academic merit and, sometimes, worthwhile contributions in extracurricular ...
honor system
a system whereby the students at a school, the inmates in a prison, etc., are put on their honor to observe certain rules in order to minimize administrative supervision or to ...
honor trick
Bridge. (in certain bidding systems) a high card or set of high cards that can reasonably be expected to take a trick, the total worth of such cards in a hand being the basis for ...
Honor, Medal of
▪ United States military decoration byname  Congressional Medal Of Honor,    the foremost U.S. military decoration, instituted by Congress in 1861 for the navy and in 1862 ...
/on"euhr bownd"/, adj. bound by or placed under the obligation of honor: She felt honor-bound to defend her friend. * * *
—honorableness, n. —honorably, adv. /on"euhr euh beuhl/, adj. 1. in accordance with or characterized by principles of honor; upright: They were all honorable men. 2. of high ...
honorable discharge
Mil. 1. a discharge from military service of a person who has fulfilled obligations efficiently, honorably, and faithfully. 2. a certificate of such a discharge. * * *
honorable mention
a citation conferred on a contestant, exhibit, etc., having exceptional merit though not winning a top honor or prize. [1865-70] * * *
honorable ordinary
Heraldry. any of the ordinaries believed to be among those that are oldest or that were the source of the other ordinaries, as the chief, pale, fess, bend, chevron, cross, and ...
honorable discharge n. Discharge from the armed forces with a commendable record. * * *
honorable mention n. A citation to one who has performed well in a competition but has not been awarded a prize. * * *
See honorable. * * *
See honorableness. * * *
/on"euh rand'/, n. the recipient of an honor, esp. an honorary university degree. [1945-50; < L honorandus, ger. of honorare to HONOR] * * *
/on'euh rair"ee euhm/, n., pl. honorariums, honoraria /-rair"ee euh/. 1. a payment in recognition of acts or professional services for which custom or propriety forbids a price ...
—honorarily /on'euh rair"euh lee/, adv. /on"euh rer'ee/, adj. 1. given for honor only, without the usual requirements, duties, privileges, emoluments, etc.: The university ...
honorary canon
a priest attached to a cathedral but not entitled to receive a stipend or to vote in the chapter. Cf. minor canon. * * *
(as used in expressions) Balzac Honoré de Honoré Balssa Daumier Honoré Victorin Fragonard Jean Honoré Giraud Henri Honoré Marcel Gabriel Honoré Mirabeau Honoré Gabriel ...
/on'euh ree"/, n. a person who receives an honor, award, or special recognition. [HONOR + -EE] * * *
See honor. * * *
honor guard n. A group of people serving as an escort or performing drill exhibitions on ceremonial occasions. Also called guard of honor. * * *
—honorifically, adv. /on'euh rif"ik/, adj. 1. Also, honorifical. doing or conferring honor. 2. conveying honor, as a title or a grammatical form used in speaking to or about a ...
See honorific. * * *
honoris causa
/oh noh"rddis kow"sah/; Eng. /o nawr"is kaw"zeuh, o nohr"-/, Latin. as a sign of respect (usually describing an honorary college or university degree). [lit., for the sake of ...
/hoh nawr"ee euhs, -nohr"-/, n. Flavius /flay"vee euhs/, A.D. 384-423, Roman emperor of the West 395-423. * * * ▪ Roman emperor in full  Flavius Honorius   born Sept. 9, ...
Honorius (II)
▪ antipope original name  Peter Cadelo,  Latin  Cadalus  born 1009/10, Verona?, March of Verona and Aquileia [Italy] died 1072, Parma?, Lombardy       antipope from ...
Honorius I
died A.D. 638, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 625-638. * * * ▪ pope born , Roman Campania [Italy] died Oct. 12, 638  pope from 625 to 638 whose posthumous condemnation as a ...
Honorius II
(Lamberto Scannabecchi) died 1130, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1124-30. * * * ▪ pope original name  Lamberto Scannabecchi   born , Fagnano, near Imola, Romagna [Italy] died ...
Honorius III
(Cencio Savelli) died 1227, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1216-27. * * * orig. Cencio Savelli born Rome died March 18, 1227, Rome Pope (1216–27). He extended Innocent III's ...
Honorius IV
(Giacomo Savelli) 1210-87, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1285-87. * * * ▪ pope original name Giacomo Savelli born 1210?, Rome [Italy] died April 3, 1287, Rome  pope from 1285 ...
Ho·no·ri·us (hō-nôrʹē-əs, -nōrʹ-), Flavius. A.D. 384-423. Roman emperor of the West (395-423). During his reign the decline of the empire became irreversible. * * *
honor roll n. A list of names of people worthy of honor, especially: a. A list of students who have earned high grades during a specified period. b. A list of people who have ...
honors course
a course in a university or college consisting largely of independent research terminating in a dissertation or a comprehensive examination, and earning for the student who ...
honors of war
privileges granted to a surrendering force, as of marching out of their camp or entrenchments with all their arms and with their colors flying. [1805-15] * * *
honor society n. An organization to which students are admitted in recognition of academic achievement. * * *
honor system n. A set of procedures under which persons, especially students or prisoners, are trusted to act without direct supervision in situations that might allow for ...
▪ Roman deity       ancient Roman deified abstraction of honour, particularly as a military virtue. The earliest shrine of this deity in Rome was perhaps built not ...
/on"euhr/, n., v.t., adj. Chiefly Brit. honor. Usage. See -or1. * * *
(AmE Honorable) 1. the Honourable (written abbr the Hon) (in Britain) a title placed before the names of various members of the peerage, including the children of barons and ...
Honourable Artillery Company
the oldest regiment in the British Army, started by King Henry VIII in 1537. It is now part of the Territorial Army. * * *
Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers
▪ British sports organization originally  Gentlemen Golfers of Leith        one of the world's oldest golfing societies, founded in 1744 by a group of gentlemen who ...
Twice a year several hundred British people who have distinguished themselves in some way receive a variety of honours. A few are given life peerages, some are made knights, and ...
honours degree
➡ exams * * *
honours lists
➡ honours * * *
/hon"shooh/; Japn. /hawn"shooh/, n. an island in central Japan: chief island of the country. 95,580,000; 88,851 sq. mi. (230,124 sq. km). Also called Hondo. * * * Island (pop., ...
Hontheim, Johann Nikolaus von
▪ German theologian pseudonym  Justinus Febronius   born Jan. 27, 1701, Trier [Germany] died Sept. 2, 1790, Montequentin, Luxembourg       historian and theologian ...
Honthorst, Gerrit van
known as Gherardo delle Notti (Italian: "Gerard of the Night Scenes") born Nov. 4, 1590, Utrecht, Neth. died April 27, 1656, Utrecht Dutch painter. During 10 years in Italy ...
Honwana, Luís Bernardo
▪ Mozambican author born November 1942, Lourenço Marques, Mozambique       journalist and one of Africa's outstanding short-story writers, who has been praised for ...
n. /hooh"hah'/; interj. /hooh'hah"/, Informal. n. 1. an uproarious commotion. interj. 2. (used to express mock surprise or excitement.) Also, hoo-hah. [1930-35; prob. < Yiddish ...
hooch1 /hoohch/, n. Slang. 1. alcoholic liquor. 2. liquor illicitly distilled and distributed. Also, hootch. [1895-1900; shortening of HOOCHINOO] hooch2 /hoohch/, n. Mil. ...
/hoohch/; Du. /hohkh/, n. Pieter de /pee"teuhr deuh/; Du. /pee"teuhrdd deuh/, 1629?-88?, Dutch painter. Also, Hoogh. * * *
Hooch, Pieter de
or Pieter de Hoogh (baptized Dec. 20, 1629, Rotterdam, Neth. died с 1684, Amsterdam?) Dutch genre painter. He trained in Haarlem and was a member of the painters' guild of ...
Hooch,Pieter de
Hooch (hōKH), Pieter de. 1629-1684. Dutch genre painter known for his depictions of domestic life and interiors. His works include Courtyard of a House in Delft (1658). * * *
☆ hoochie-coochie [ho͞och′ē ko͞och′ē ] n. alt. sp. of HOOTCHY-KOOTCHY * * *
/hooh"cheuh nooh', hooh'cheuh nooh"/, n., pl. hoochinoos. a type of distilled liquor made by Alaskan Indians. Also, hootchinoo. [1875-80, Amer.; orig. the name of a Tlingit ...
hood1 —hoodless, adj. —hoodlike, adj. /hood/, n. 1. a soft or flexible covering for the head and neck, either separate or attached to a cloak, coat, or the like. 2. something ...
/hood/, n. 1. John Bell, 1831-79, Confederate general in the U.S. Civil War. 2. Raymond Mathewson /math"yooh seuhn/, 1881-1934, U.S. architect. 3. Robin. See Robin Hood. 4. ...
hood molding
a molding or dripstone over a door or window. Also, hood mold. [1835-45] * * *
Hood River
▪ Oregon, United States       city, seat (1908) of Hood River county, northern Oregon, U.S., on the Columbia River, there bridged to White Salmon, Washington, 60 miles ...
Hood, John B
▪ Confederate general born June 1, 1831, Owingsville, Ky., U.S. died Aug. 30, 1879, New Orleans  Confederate officer known as a fighting general during the American Civil ...
Hood, Mount
Peak, northwestern Oregon, U.S. Located in the Cascade Range at 11,235 ft (3,424 m), it is an extinct volcano that last erupted с 1865. The snowcapped peak, the highest ...
Hood, Raymond M
▪ American architect born March 29, 1881, Pawtucket, R.I., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1934, Stamford, Conn.       U.S. architect noted for his designs of skyscrapers in Chicago ...
Hood, Raymond M(athewson)
born March 29, 1881, Pawtucket, R.I., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1934, Stamford, Conn. U.S. architect. He studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge and the ...
Hood, Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount
▪ British admiral also called  (1782–96) Baron Hood Of Catherington   born Dec. 12, 1724, died Jan. 27, 1816       British admiral who served during the Seven ...
Hood, Thomas
▪ British poet born May 23, 1799, London died May 3, 1845, London  English poet, journalist, and humorist whose humanitarian verses, such as “The Song of the Shirt” ...
Hood,John Bell
Hood (ho͝od), John Bell. 1831-1879. American Confederate army officer who conducted the defense of Atlanta against Union troops led by General William T. Sherman (1864) and was ...
Hood, Mount A volcanic peak, 3,426.7 m (11,235 ft) high, in the Cascade Range of northwest Oregon. It is the highest elevation in the state. * * *
Hood, Thomas. 1799-1845. British poet and editor who wrote comic and topical verse, including “The Dream of Eugene Aram” (1829) and “The Song of the Shirt” (1843). * * *
—hoodedness, n. /hood"id/, adj. 1. having, or covered with, a hood: a hooded jacket. 2. hood-shaped. 3. Zool. having on the head a hoodlike formation, crest, arrangement of ...
hooded crow
a European crow, Corvus corone cornix, having a gray body and black head, wings, and tail. [1490-1500] * * *
hooded seal
a large seal, Cystophora cristata, the male of which has a large, distensible, hoodlike sac on the head. Also called bladdernose. [1860-65] * * * ▪ mammal also called ...
hooded shrimp
▪ malacostracan       any member of the order Cumacea (superorder Peracarida), a group of small, predominantly marine crustaceans immediately recognizable by their ...
hooded top
Eng. Furniture. a top to a secretary, chest, etc., following in outline a single- or double-curved pediment on the front of the piece. Cf. bonnet top, dome top. * * *
hooded warbler
a wood warbler, Wilsonia citrina, of the U.S., olive-green above, yellow below, and having a black head and throat with a yellow face. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
hooded seal n. A seal (Cystophora cristata) of northern seas, having a grayish, spotted coat and an inflatable hoodlike or bladderlike pouch in the region of the nose. Also ...
/hood"ee/; Scot. /hooh"dee/, n. Scot. the hooded crow. Also called hoodie crow. [1780-90; HOOD1 + -IE] * * *
—hoodlumish, adj. —hoodlumism, n. /hoohd"leuhm, hood"-/, n. 1. a thug or gangster. 2. a young street ruffian, esp. one belonging to a gang. [1870-75, Amer.; prob. < dial. G; ...
See hoodlum. * * *
/hood"meuhn bluynd"/, n. Archaic. See blindman's buff. [1555-65] * * *
hood·mold (ho͝odʹmōld') n. See dripstone. * * * ▪ architecture also called  dripstone , or  label   molding projecting from the face of the wall, immediately above ...
/hooh"dooh/, n., pl. hoodoos, v., hoodooed, hoodooing. n. 1. voodoo. 2. bad luck. 3. a person or thing that brings bad luck. 4. Geol. a pillar of rock, usually of fantastic ...
/hooh"dooh iz'euhm/, n. the practice of or belief in voodoo. [1880-85, Amer.; HOODOO + -ISM] * * *
—hoodwinkable, adj. —hoodwinker, n. /hood"wingk'/, v.t. 1. to deceive or trick. 2. Archaic. to blindfold. 3. Obs. to cover or hide. [1555-65; HOOD1 + WINK] Syn. 1. dupe, ...
See hoodwink. * * *
/hooh"ee/, Informal. interj. 1. (used to express disapproval or disbelief): Hooey! You know that's not true. n. 2. silly or worthless talk, writing, ideas, etc.; nonsense; bunk: ...
—hoofiness, n. —hoofless, adj. —hooflike, adj. /hoof, hoohf/, n., pl. hoofs or hooves for 1, 2, 4; hoof for 3, 5; v. n. 1. the horny covering protecting the ends of the ...
hoof foot
Furniture. pied-de-biche. * * *
hoof-and-mouth disease
/hoof"euhn mowth", hoohf"-/. See foot-and-mouth disease. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
hoof-and-mouth disease (ho͝of'ən-mouthʹ, ho͞of'-) n. See foot-and-mouth disease. * * *
/hoof"beet', hoohf"-/, n. the sound made by an animal's hoof in walking, running, etc. [1840-50; HOOF + BEAT] * * *
/hoof"bownd', hoohf"-/, adj. (of horses and other hoofed animals) having the heels of the hoofs dry and contracted, causing lameness. [1590-1600; HOOF + -BOUND1] * * *
/hooft, hoohft/, adj. having hoofs; ungulate. [1505-15; HOOF + -ED3] * * *
/hoof"euhr, hooh"feuhr/, n. Slang. a professional dancer, esp. a tap dancer. [1920-25, Amer.; HOOF + -ER1] * * *
/hoof"print', hoohf"-/, n. the impression made by an animal's hoof. [1795-1805; HOOF + PRINT] * * *
Hooft, Gerardus 't
▪ Dutch physicist born July 5, 1946, Den Helder, Neth.       Dutch physicist, corecipient with Martinus J.G. Veltman (Veltman, Martinus J.G.) of the 1999 Nobel Prize ...
Hooft, Pieter Corneliszoon
▪ Dutch author born March 16, 1581, Amsterdam died May 21, 1647, The Hague  Dutch dramatist and poet, regarded by many as the most brilliant representative of Dutch ...
Du. /hohkh/, n. Pieter de Du. /pee"teuhr deuh/. See Hooch, Pieter de. * * *
/hoohg"lee/, n. a river in NE India, in W Bengal: the westernmost channel by which the Ganges enters the Bay of Bengal. 120 mi. (195 km) long. Also, Hugli. * * *
hook1 —hookless, adj. —hooklike, adj. /hook/, n. 1. a curved or angular piece of metal or other hard substance for catching, pulling, holding, or suspending something. 2. a ...
hook and eye
1. a two-piece clothes fastener, usually of metal, consisting of a hook that catches onto a loop or bar. 2. a three-piece latching device consisting of a hook attached to a screw ...
hook and ladder
a fire engine, usually a tractor-trailer, fitted with long, extensible ladders and other equipment. Also called hook-and-ladder truck, ladder truck. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
hook bolt
a bolt bent in a hooklike form at one end and threaded for a nut at the other. [1920-25] * * *
hook check
Ice Hockey. a maneuver for depriving an opponent of the puck by seizing it in the crook of one's stick. Cf. check1 (def. 42). [1935-40] * * *
Hook of Holland
a cape and the harbor it forms in the SW Netherlands. Dutch, Hoek van Holland. [1785-95] * * *
hook shot
Basketball. a shot with one hand in which a player extends the shooting arm to the side and brings it back over the head toward the basket while releasing the ball. [1940-45] * * ...
Hook, Sidney
▪ American educator and philosopher born Dec. 20, 1902, New York City died July 12, 1989, Stanford, Calif., U.S.       American educator and social philosopher who ...
Hook, Theodore Edward
▪ English writer born Sept. 22, 1788, London died Aug. 24, 1841, London  prolific English playwright and novelist, best remembered as a founder of the “silver-fork” ...
hook-and-ladder company
/hook"euhn lad"euhr/ a company of firefighters equipped with a hook-and-ladder truck. Also called ladder company. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
hook-and-lad·der truck (ho͝okʹən-lădʹər) n. A fire engine equipped with extension ladders and hooked poles. * * *
See hook check. * * *
/hook"euh/, n. a tobacco pipe of Near Eastern origin with a long, flexible tube by which the smoke is drawn through a jar of water and thus cooled. Also, hooka. Also called ...
hookand eye
hook and eye n. 1. A clothes fastener consisting of a small blunt metal hook that is inserted in a corresponding loop or eyelet. 2. A latch consisting of a hook that is inserted ...
hook check n. A check in ice hockey in which a defender uses the crook of the stick to pull the puck away from an opponent.   hookʹ-check' (ho͝okʹchĕk') v. * * *
/hook/, n. Robert, 1635-1703, English philosopher, microscopist, and physicist. * * *
Hooke's law
Physics. the law stating that the stress on a solid substance is directly proportional to the strain produced, provided the stress is less than the elastic limit of the ...
Hooke, Robert
born July 18, 1635, Freshwater, Isle of Wight, Eng. died March 3, 1703, London English physicist. From 1665 he taught at Oxford University. His achievements and theories were ...
Hooke (ho͝ok), Robert. 1635-1703. English physicist, inventor, and mathematician who formulated the theory of planetary movement. * * *
—hookedness /hoohk"id nis/, n. /hookt/, adj. 1. bent like a hook; hook-shaped. 2. having a hook or hooks. 3. made with a hook or by hooking. 4. Informal. a. addicted to ...
hooked rug
a rug made by drawing loops of yarn or cloth through a foundation of burlap or the like, to form a pattern. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
See hooked. * * *
hooker1 /hook"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that hooks. 2. Slang. prostitute. 3. Slang. a large drink of liquor. 4. Slang. a concealed problem, flaw, or drawback; a catch. 5. ...
/hook"euhr/, n. 1. Joseph, 1814-79, Union general in the U.S. Civil War. 2. Richard, 1554?-1600, English author and clergyman. 3. Thomas, 1586?-1647, English Puritan clergyman: ...
Hooker's green
1. a medium green to strong yellowish green. 2. a nonpermanent pigment consisting of Prussian blue mixed with gamboge, characterized chiefly by its green color. [1850-55; named ...
Hooker, Isabella Beecher
▪ American suffragist née  Isabella Beecher  born Feb. 22, 1822, Litchfield, Conn., U.S. died Jan. 25, 1907, Hartford, Conn.  American suffragist prominent in the fight ...
Hooker, John Lee
▪ 2002       American blues artist (b. Aug. 22, 1917, Clarksdale, Miss.—d. June 21, 2001, Los Altos, Calif.), sang and played guitar with a passionately intense ...
Hooker, Joseph
born Nov. 13, 1814, Hadley, Mass., U.S. died Oct. 31, 1879, Garden City, N.Y. U.S. Army officer. He attended West Point and served in the Mexican War. Appointed brigadier ...
Hooker, Richard
born March 1554?, Heavitree, Exeter, Devon, Eng. died Nov. 2, 1600, Bishopsbourne, near Canterbury, Kent English clergyman and theologian. He attended the University of Oxford, ...
Hooker, Sir Joseph Dalton
▪ British botanist born June 30, 1817, Halesworth, Suffolk, Eng. died Dec. 10, 1911, Sunningdale, Berkshire  English botanist noted for his botanical travels and studies and ...
Hooker, Sir William Jackson
▪ British botanist born July 6, 1785, Norwich, Norfolk, Eng. died Aug. 12, 1865, Kew, Surrey  English botanist who was the first director of the Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew ...
Hooker, Thomas
born probably July 7, 1586, Markfield, Leicestershire, Eng. died July 7, 1647, Hartford, Conn. Anglo-American colonial clergyman. He held pastorates in England (1620–30), ...
Hook·er (ho͝okʹər), Joseph. Known as “Fighting Joe.” 1814-1879. American Union army officer who was defeated by Robert E. Lee at Chancellorsville (1863). * * *
Hooker, Richard. 1554?-1600. English writer and theologian. His Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity (1594) was central to the formation of Anglican theology. * * *
Hooker, Thomas. 1586?-1647. English-born American colonizer and cleric who founded Hartford, Connecticut (1636). * * *
Hookes, David William
▪ 2005       Australian cricketer (b. May 3, 1955, Adelaide, Australia—d. Jan. 19, 2004, Melbourne, Australia), played 23 Test matches for Australia between 1977 and ...
/hook"ee/, n. hooky1. * * *
—hooknosed, adj. /hook"nohz'/, n. a curved nose; aquiline nose. [1680-90; HOOK1 + NOSE] * * *
See hooknose. * * *
Hookof Holland
Hook of Hol·land (ho͝ok; hŏlʹənd) also Hoek van Hol·land (ho͞ok' vän hôʹlänt) A cape and harbor of southwest Netherlands on the North Sea west of Rotterdam, for ...
/hooks/, n. Benjamin Lawson, born 1925, U.S. lawyer, clergyman, and civil-rights advocate: executive director of the NAACP 1977-93. * * *
hooks, bell
▪ American scholar pseudonym of  Gloria Jean Watkins  born September 25, 1952, Hopkinsville, Kentucky, U.S.       American scholar whose work examined the varied ...
Hooks, Benjamin L.
▪ American jurist, minister and government official in full  Benjamin Lawson Hooks   born Jan. 31, 1925, Memphis, Tenn., U.S.    American jurist, minister, and government ...
hook shot n. Basketball A shot made by arcing the far hand upward while being positioned or moving sideways to the basket. * * *
/hook"swing'ing/, n. a ritualistic torture, practiced among the Mandan Indians, in which a voluntary victim was suspended from hooks attached to the flesh of the back. [1890-95; ...
/hook"ten'deuhr/, n. (in lumbering) the supervisor of a rigging crew. [1905-10; HOOK1 + TENDER3] * * *
/hook"up'/, n. 1. an act or instance of hooking up. 2. an assembly and connection of parts, components, or apparatus into a circuit, network, machine, or system. 3. the circuit, ...
—hookwormy, adj. /hook"werrm'/, n. 1. any of certain bloodsucking nematode worms, as Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus, parasitic in the intestine of humans and ...
hookworm disease
☆ hookworm disease n. a disease caused by hookworms, characterized by anemia, weakness, and abdominal pain: the larvae enter the body through the skin, usually of the bare ...
hookworm disease n. See ancylostomiasis. * * *
hooky1 /hook"ee/, n. unjustifiable absence from school, work, etc. (usually used in the phrase play hooky): On the first warm spring day the boys played hooky to go ...
—hooliganism, n. /hooh"li geuhn/, n. 1. a ruffian or hoodlum. adj. 2. of or like hooligans. [1895-1900; perh. after the Irish surname Hooligan, but corroborating evidence is ...
See hooligan. * * *
/hooh"lee, hyuu"lee/, Scot. adj. 1. cautious; gentle. adv. 2. cautiously; gently. Also, huly. [1300-50; ME holy, appar. < Scand; cf. ON hofligr moderate] * * *
—hoopless, adj. —hooplike, adj. /hoohp, hoop/, n. 1. a circular band or ring of metal, wood, or other stiff material. 2. such a band for holding together the staves of a ...
hoop back
Furniture. 1. a chair back having the uprights and crest rail in a continuous arched form. 2. See bow back. [1900-05] * * *
hoop iron
iron in the form of thin strips for bonding masonry, holding barrels together, etc. [1810-20] * * *
hoop pine.
See Moreton Bay pine. [1880-85] * * *
hoop skirt
1. a woman's skirt made to stand out and drape in a stiff bell-like shape from the waist by an undergarment framework of flexible hoops connected by tapes. 2. the framework for ...
hoop snake
any of several harmless snakes, as the mud snake and rainbow snake, fabled to take its tail in its mouth and roll along like a hoop. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
/hoohp"dee dooh', -dooh", hoop"-/, n. Informal. whoop-de-do. * * *
hoop-petticoat narcissus
/hoohp"pet'ee koht', hoop"-/. See petticoat narcissus. [1885-90] * * *
/hooh"peuhr, hoop"euhr/, n. a person who makes or puts hoops on barrels, tubs, etc.; a cooper. [1375-1425; late ME. See HOOP, -ER1] * * *
Hooper, Franklin Henry
born Jan. 28, 1862, Worcester, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1940, near Saranac Lake, N.Y. U.S. editor. He was the brother of Horace Everett Hooper, publisher of Encyclopædia ...
Hooper, Fred William
▪ 2001       American thoroughbred horse owner and breeder (b. Oct. 6, 1897, Cleveland, Ga.—d. Aug. 4, 2000, Ocala, Fla.), was the indomitable head for 38 years of the ...
Hooper, Horace Everett
born Dec. 8, 1859, Worcester, Mass., U.S. died June 13, 1922, Bedford Hills, N.Y. U.S. publisher. Hooper left school at age 16 and became involved in bookselling. With the ...
/hoohp"lah/, n. Informal. 1. bustling excitement or activity; commotion; hullabaloo; to-do. 2. sensational publicity; ballyhoo. 3. speech or writing intended to mislead or to ...
/hoohp"meuhn, hoop"-/, n., pl. hoopmen. Sports Slang. a basketball player. [1680-90 for sense "acrobat"; HOOP + -MAN] * * *
/hooh"pooh/, n. any Old World bird of the family Upupidae, esp. Upupa epops, of Europe, having an erectile, fanlike crest. [1660-70; var. of obs. hoopoop (imit.); c. LG huppup; ...
hoop skirt n. A long full skirt belled out with a series of connected circular supports. * * *
hoop snake n. Any of several snakes, such as the mud snake, said to grasp the tail in the mouth and move with a rolling, hooplike motion. * * *
/hoohp"steuhr, hoop"-/, n. Sports Slang. a basketball player. [HOOP + -STER] * * *
/hoo ray"/, interj., v.i., n. hurrah. Also, hoorah /hoo rah"/. * * *
Hooray Henrietta
➡ Hooray Henry * * *
Hooray Henry
n (BrE infml disapprov) a young upper-class man with a loud voice and cheerful manner who is regarded as rather stupid. The female equivalent is a Hooray Henrietta. Compare ...
Hoorn (hôrn, hōrn) A city of western Netherlands on an inlet of the Ijsselmeer north-northeast of Amsterdam. Founded in 1311, it is a commercial and processing center for an ...
Hoorn Islands See Futuna Islands. * * *
Hoosac Tunnel
▪ tunnel, Massachusetts, United States       the first major rock tunnel built in the United States. The tunnel runs through Hoosac Mountain of the Berkshire Hills, east ...
/hoohs"gow/, n. Slang. a jail. Also, hoosgow. [1860-65, Amer.; < MexSp jusgado jail (Sp: court of justice, orig. ptp. of juzgar to judge) < L judicatum, equiv. to judic- (s. of ...
—Hoosierdom, n. /hooh"zheuhr/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Indiana (used as a nickname). 2. (usually l.c.) any awkward, unsophisticated person, esp. a rustic. [1920-30, ...
Hoosier cabinet
a tall kitchen cabinet mass-produced during the early part of the 20th century, usually of oak, featuring an enameled work surface, storage bins, a flour sifter, etc. * * *
Hoosier State
Indiana (used as a nickname). * * *
hoot1 —hootingly, adv. /hooht/, v.i. 1. to cry out or shout, esp. in disapproval or derision. 2. to utter the cry characteristic of an owl. 3. to utter a similar sound. 4. ...
hoot owl
any of various owls that hoot. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
/hoohch/, n. hooch. * * *
/hooh"cheuh nooh', hooh'cheuh nooh"/, n., pl. hootchinoos. hoochinoo. * * *
/hooh"chee kooh"chee/, n., pl. hootchy-kootchies. cooch. Also, hootchie-kootchie, hootchy-kootch. [1895-1900; orig. uncert.] * * *
/hooht"n an'ee, hooht"nan'-/, n., pl. hootenannies. 1. a social gathering or informal concert featuring folk singing and, sometimes, dancing. 2. an informal session at which folk ...
/hooh"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that hoots. 2. Brit. a car horn. 3. Brit. Slang. the nose. [1665-75; HOOT1 + -ER1] * * *
/hooht"n/, n. Earnest Albert /err"nist/, 1887-1954, U.S. anthropologist and writer. * * *
Hooton, Earnest A.
▪ American anthropologist in full  Earnest Albert Hooton  born November 20, 1887, Clemansville, Wisconsin, U.S. died May 3, 1954, Cambridge, ...
hoot owl (ho͞ot) n. Any of various owls having a hooting cry. * * *
hoots (ho͞ots, o͞ots) interj. Variant of hoot2. * * *
/hooh"veuhr/, v.t. (often cap.) Chiefly Brit. to clean with a vacuum cleaner. [1925-30; after the trademark of a vacuum cleaner manufacturer] * * * (as used in ...
/hooh"veuhr/, n. 1. Herbert (Clark), 1874-1964, 31st president of the U.S. 1929-33. 2. J(ohn) Edgar, 1895-1972, U.S. government official: director of the FBI 1924-72. 3. a town ...
hoover apron
/hooh"veuhr/ a dresslike coverall for women that ties at the waist. [1945-50, Amer.; named after H. HOOVER, so called from its popularity during his term as food administrator] * ...
Hoover Commission
(1947–49, 1953–55) Advisory body headed by former Pres. Herbert Hoover to examine the organization of the U.S. executive branch. The first commission, officially titled the ...
Hoover Dam
official name of Boulder Dam. * * * formerly Boulder Dam Highest concrete arch dam in the U.S., built on the Colorado River at the Arizona-Nevada border. It impounds Lake ...
Hoover, Herbert
▪ president of United States in full  Herbert Clark Hoover  born August 10, 1874, West Branch, Iowa, U.S. died October 20, 1964, New York, New York       31st ...
Hoover, Herbert (Clark)
born Aug. 10, 1874, West Branch, Iowa, U.S. died Oct. 20, 1964, New York, N.Y. 31st president of the U.S. (1929–33). After graduating from Stanford University (1895), he ...
Hoover, J(ohn) Edgar
born Jan. 1, 1895, Washington, D.C., U.S. died May 2, 1972, Washington, D.C. U.S. director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). He entered the Department of Justice as ...
Hoover, J(ohn)Edgar
Hoover, J(ohn) Edgar. 1895-1972. American director of the FBI (1924-1972). He is remembered for fighting gangsterism during the Prohibition era (1919-1933) and for a vigorous ...
Hoover, J. Edgar
▪ United States government official in full  John Edgar Hoover   born January 1, 1895, Washington, D.C., U.S. died May 2, 1972, Washington, D.C.  U.S. public official who, ...
Hoover, Lou
▪ American first lady née  Lou Henry  born March 29, 1874, Waterloo, Iowa, U.S. died January 7, 1944, New York, New York  American first lady (1929–33), the wife of ...
Hoover,Herbert Clark
Hoo·ver (ho͞oʹvər), Herbert Clark. 1874-1964. The 31st President of the United States (1929-1933). After the stock market crash of 1929 he was unwilling to finance ...
Hoover,Lou Henry
Hoover, Lou Henry. 1874-1944. First Lady of the United States (1929-1933) as the wife of Herbert Hoover. She urged women to pursue careers and gave a series of radio talks for ...
/hooh"veuhr vil'/, n. a collection of huts and shacks, as at the edge of a city, housing the unemployed during the 1930s. [H. HOOVER + -ville, suffix in place names ( < F: city < ...
/hoovz, hoohvz/, n. a pl. of hoof. * * *
hop1 —hoppingly, adv. /hop/, v., hopped, hopping, n. v.i. 1. to make a short, bouncing leap; move by leaping with all feet off the ground. 2. to spring or leap on one foot. 3. ...
hop clover
a trefoil, Trifolium campestre, having withered, yellow flowers that resemble the strobiles of a hop. [1670-80] * * *
hop hornbeam
any of several Eurasian and North American trees of the genus Ostrya, of the birch family, esp. O. virginiana, bearing hoplike fruiting clusters. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
hop tree
▪ tree also called  Wafer Ash   (species Ptelea trifoliata), tree, of the rue family (Rutaceae), native to eastern North America. It has small, greenish white flowers; ...
hop, skip, and a jump
a short distance: The laundry is just a hop, skip, and a jump away. Also, hop, skip, and jump. [1750-60] * * *
hop, step, and jump
Track. See triple jump. [1710-20] * * *
▪ plant genus  any of about seven species of ornamental trees constituting the genus Ostrya of the birch family (Betulaceae), native to Eurasia and North America. A ...
/hop"euh muy thum"/, n. a very small person, as a midget or dwarf. [1520-30; n. use of impv. phrase hop on my thumb] * * *
/hoh"pak/, n. gopak. * * * ▪ dance Russian  gopak   Ukrainian folk dance originating as a male dance among the Zaporozhian Cossacks (Cossack) but later danced by couples, ...
Hopalong Cassidy
➡ Cassidy. * * *
/heuh pat"kawng, -kong/, n. a town in N New Jersey. 15,531. * * *
▪ shrub       common name for certain tropical and subtropical bushes and trees of the genus Dodonaea, within the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), in particular D. ...
hop clover n. A Eurasian clover (Trifolium agrarium) or one of its relatives, having small yellow flower heads that resemble hops when withered. * * *
—hoper, n. —hopingly, adv. /hohp/, n., v., hoped, hoping. n. 1. the feeling that what is wanted can be had or that events will turn out for the best: to give up hope. 2. a ...
/hohp/, n. 1. Anthony, pen name of Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 2. Bob (Leslie Townes Hope), born 1903, U.S. comedian, born in England. 3. John, 1868-1936, U.S. educator. 4. a town ...
hope chest
(esp. formerly) a chest or the like in which a young woman collected clothing, linens, and other articles in anticipation of marriage. [1910-15] * * *
Hope diamond
a sapphire-blue Indian diamond, the largest blue diamond in the world, weighing 44.5 carats and supposedly cut from a bigger diamond that was once part of the French crown ...
Hope Theatre
▪ theatre, London, United Kingdom       London playhouse that served as both a theatre and an arena for bearbaiting and bullbaiting (bearbaiting), located on the ...
Hope, A D
▪ 2001       Australian poet, writer, and teacher (b. July 21, 1907, Cooma, N.S.W., Australia—d. July 13, 2000, Canberra, Australia), was considered by many to have ...
Hope, A.D.
▪ Australian poet in full  Alec Derwent Hope  born July 21, 1907, Cooma, New South Wales, Australia died July 13, 2000, Canberra, Australian Capital ...
Hope, Anthony
▪ English author in full  Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins   born Feb. 9, 1863, London, Eng. died July 8, 1933, Walton-on-the-Hill, Surrey  English author of cloak-and-sword ...
Hope, Bob
orig. Leslie Townes Hope born May 29, 1903, Eltham, Eng. died July 27, 2003, Toluca Lake, Calif., U.S. British-born U.S. actor. His family immigrated to Ohio when he was four ...
Hope, Claude
▪ 2001       American horticulturist (b. May 10, 1907, Sweetwater, Texas—d. July 14, 2000, Dulce Nombre de Jesús, Costa Rica), transformed North American gardens with ...
Hope, John
▪ American educator born June 2, 1868, Augusta, Ga., U.S. died Feb. 20, 1936, Atlanta, Ga.  American educator and advocate of advanced liberal-arts instruction for blacks at ...
Hope, Lugenia Burns
▪ American social reformer née  Lugenia D. Burns   born Feb. 19, 1871, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1947, Nashville, Tenn.       American social reformer whose ...
Hope, Thomas
▪ English author and furniture designer born 1769, Amsterdam, Neth. died Feb. 3, 1831, London, Eng.       English author and furniture designer who was a major exponent ...
Hope, Bob. Originally Leslie Towne Hope. Born 1903. British-born American entertainer. He costarred with Bing Crosby in the popular “Road” films, beginning with the Road to ...
Hope-Jones, Robert
▪ British-American organ maker born Feb. 9, 1859, Hooton Grange, Cheshire, Eng. died Sept. 13, 1914, Rochester, N.Y., U.S.       British-American organ builder who ...
hope chest n. A chest used by a young woman for clothing and household goods, such as linens and silver, in anticipation of marriage. * * *
▪ South Africa       town, Western Cape province, South Africa, north of Cape Town. The town was laid out in 1852 and was named for the two Cape Colony government ...
—hopefulness, n. /hohp"feuhl/, adj. 1. full of hope; expressing hope: His hopeful words stimulated optimism. 2. exciting hope; promising advantage or success: a hopeful ...
hopeful monster
Biol. a hypothetical individual organism that, by means of a fortuitous macromutation permitting an adaptive shift to a new mode of life, becomes the founder of a new type of ...
/hohp"feuh lee/, adv. 1. in a hopeful manner: We worked hopefully and energetically, thinking we might finish first. 2. it is hoped; if all goes well: Hopefully, we will get to ...
See hopeful. * * *
/hoh"pay"/; Chin. /hu"bay"/, n. Older Spelling. Hebei. Also, Wade-Giles, Hopei. * * * ▪ province, China Introduction Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Ho-pei,  (Pinyin)  Hebei, ...
Hopei or Hopeh [hō′pā′] a former transliteration of HEBEI * * * Ho·pei or Ho·peh (hōʹpāʹ, hŭʹbāʹ) See Hebei. * * *
—hopelessly, adv. —hopelessness, n. /hohp"lis/, adj. 1. providing no hope; beyond optimism or hope; desperate: a hopeless case of cancer. 2. without hope; despairing: ...
See hopelessness. * * *

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