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See hopeless. * * *
See hope. * * *
/hohp"wel, -weuhl/, n. a city in E Virginia, on the James River. 23,397. /hohp"wel, -weuhl/, adj. Archaeol. of or pertaining to an advanced mound-building and agricultural ...
Hopewell culture
formerly Mound Builders Most notable ancient Indian culture of east-central North America. It flourished с 200 BC–AD 500, chiefly in the Illinois and Ohio river valleys. ...
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
▪ park, Ohio, United States formerly  (until 1992) Mound City Group National Monument,        group of 24 cone-shaped ceremonial burial mounds (burial mound) of the ...
/hop"hed'/, n. Older Slang. a narcotics addict, esp. an opium addict. [1910-15; HOP2 + HEAD] * * *
hop hornbeam n. Any of several deciduous trees of the genus Ostrya, especially O. virginiana of eastern North America, having unisexual flowers grouped in catkins and fruit ...
/hoh"pee/, n., pl. Hopis, (esp. collectively) Hopi for 1. 1. a member of a Pueblo Indian people of northern Arizona. 2. a Uto-Aztecan language, the language of the Hopi ...
Hopi language
      a North American Indian language of the Uto-Aztecan family, spoken by the Hopi people of northeastern Arizona. Hopi is of particular interest because of the way in ...
/hop"kinz/, n. 1. Anthony, born 1937, English actor, born in Wales. 2. Sir Frederick Gowland /gow"leuhnd/, 1861-1947, English physician and biochemist: Nobel prize for medicine ...
Hopkins, Bernard
▪ 2005       When Bernard Hopkins's hand was raised in victory following his ninth-round knockout of Oscar de la Hoya on Sept. 18, 2004, in Las Vegas, Nev., it was a ...
Hopkins, Esek
born April 26, 1718, Providence, R.I. died Feb. 26, 1802, Providence, R.I., U.S. American naval officer. He went to sea at age 20, proving his ability as a seaman and a trader. ...
Hopkins, Gerard Manley
born July 28, 1844, Stratford, Essex, Eng. died June 8, 1889, Dublin, Ire. British poet. After studies at Oxford, he converted to Roman Catholicism and eventually became a ...
Hopkins, Harry L
▪ United States government official born Aug. 17, 1890, Sioux City, Iowa, U.S. died Jan. 29, 1946, New York City  U.S. New Deal Democratic administrator who personified the ...
Hopkins, Harry L(loyd)
born Aug. 17, 1890, Sioux City, Iowa, U.S. died Jan. 29, 1946, New York, N.Y. U.S. New Deal official. He was a social worker in New York City through the 1920s. From 1931 to ...
Hopkins, Johns
born May 19, 1795, Anne Arundel county, Md., U.S. died Dec. 24, 1873, Baltimore, Md. U.S. merchant and financier. He worked with an uncle as a wholesale grocer before ...
Hopkins, Mark
born Sept. 3, 1814, Richmond County, Va., U.S. died March 29, 1878, Yuma, Arizona Territory U.S. businessman who helped build the Central Pacific (later the Southern Pacific) ...
Hopkins, Matthew
▪ English witch-hunter born , Wenham, Suffolk, Eng. died Aug. 12, 1647       English witch-hunter during a witchcraft craze of the English Civil ...
Hopkins, Pauline
▪ American writer and editor in full  Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins   born 1859, Portland, Maine, U.S. died Aug. 13, 1930, Cambridge, Mass.       African-American ...
Hopkins, Pauline (Elizabeth)
born 1859, Portland, Maine, U.S. died Aug. 13, 1930, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. novelist and playwright. She performed with her family's singing group before writing her first ...
Hopkins, Samuel
▪ American theologian born Sept. 17, 1721, Waterbury, Conn. [U.S.] died Dec. 20, 1803, Newport, R.I.       American theologian and writer who was one of the first ...
Hopkins, Sarah Winnemucca
or Sarah Hopkins Winnemucca or Thocmectony born с 1844, Humboldt Sink, Mex. died Oct. 16, 1891, Monida, Mont., U.S. U.S. educator, lecturer, tribal leader, and writer. Born ...
Hopkins, Sir Anthony
born Dec. 31, 1937, Port Talbot, West Glamorgan, Wales British actor. He joined London's National Theatre in 1965, where he starred in Shakespearean roles. A subtle actor able ...
Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland
born June 20, 1861, Eastbourne, East Sussex, Eng. died May 16, 1947, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire British biochemist. He discovered the amino acid tryptophan (1901) and showed ...
Hopkins,Gerard Manley
Hop·kins (hŏpʹkĭnz), Gerard Manley. 1844-1889. British poet known for a number of works published posthumously, including “The Wreck of the Deutschland” and “The ...
Hopkins, Johns. 1795-1873. American financier and philanthropist who left $7 million to found the hospital and university in Baltimore that bear his name. * * *
—Hopkinsian, Hopkinsonian /hop'kin soh"nee euhn/, adj., n. /hop kin"zee euh niz'euhm/, n. a modified Calvinism taught by Samuel Hopkins (1721-1803), that emphasized the ...
/hop"kin seuhn/, n. Francis, 1737-91, American statesman and satirist. * * *
Hopkinson, Francis
born Oct. 2, 1737, Philadelphia, Pa. died May 9, 1791, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. U.S. political leader and writer. After a brief business career, he launched a successful legal ...
Hopkinson, John
▪ British physicist born July 27, 1849, Manchester, Eng. died Aug. 27, 1898, Mount Petite Dent de Veisivi, Switz.       British engineer and physicist who invented the ...
Hopkinson, Sir Thomas
▪ British editor in full  Henry Thomas Hopkinson   born April 19, 1905, Manchester, Eng. died June 20, 1990, Oxford, Oxfordshire       British editor and a leader in ...
Hop·kin·son (hŏpʹkĭn-sən), Francis. 1737-1791. American writer and Revolutionary leader. A member of the Continental Congress and a signer of the Declaration of ...
/hop"kinz vil'/, n. a city in S Kentucky. 27,318. * * * ▪ Kentucky, United States       city, seat of Christian county, southwestern Kentucky, U.S. It originated as ...
/hop"leez/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Ion. * * *
—hoplitic /hop lit"ik/, adj. /hop"luyt/, n. a heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece. [1720-30; < Gk hoplítes, equiv. to hópl(on) piece of armor, particularly the large ...
See hoplite. * * *
/hop"ee/, n. Willie (William Frederick), 1887-1959, U.S. billiards player. * * *
Hoppe, Willie
in full William Frederick Hoppe born Oct. 11, 1887, Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 1, 1959, Miami, Fla. U.S. billiards player. Hoppe was taught billiards by his ...
Hoppe-Seyler, Ernst Felix
▪ German physician born December 26, 1825, Freyburg an der Unstrut, Halle died August 10, 1895, Wasserburg am Bodensee       German physician, known for his work toward ...
/hopt"up"/, adj. Slang. 1. excited; enthusiastic; exuberant, esp. overexuberant. 2. having an engine with added power: a hopped-up jalopy. 3. stimulated by narcotics; drugged; ...
/hop"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that hops. 2. Informal. a person who travels or moves frequently from one place or situation to another (usually used in combination): a ...
/hop"euhr/, n. 1. Edward, 1882-1967, U.S. painter and etcher. 2. Grace Murray, 1906-92, U.S. naval officer and computer scientist. 3. (William) De Wolf /deuh woolf/, 1858-1935, ...
hopper barge
a barge for disposing of garbage, dredged material, etc., having hoppers in the bottom through which such cargo can be dumped. Also called dump scow. [1890-95] * * *
hopper car
Railroads. a freight car, usually open at the top and containing one or more hoppers so that bulk cargo can be quickly discharged through its bottom. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
hopper casement
a casement with a sash hinged at the bottom. Also called hopper light, hopper vent, hopper window, hospital light, hospital window. [1835-45] * * *
hopper dredge
a self-propelled dredge having compartments in which the dredged material can be carried and dumped through hoppers. [1895-1900] * * *
hopper frame
a window frame having one or more upper sashes hinged at the bottoms and opening inward. * * *
Hopper, Edward
(b. July 22, 1882, Nyack, N.Y., U.S. d. May 15, 1967, New York, N.Y.) U.S. painter. He was initially trained as an illustrator but later studied painting with Robert Henri. In ...
Hopper, Grace Murray
orig. Grace Brewster Murray born Dec. 9, 1906, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 1, 1992, Arlington, Va. U.S. mathematician and rear admiral. She received a Ph.D. from Yale ...
Hop·per (hŏpʹər), Edward. 1882-1967. American painter famous for his stark, realist style. Among his best-known works are Early Sunday Morning (1930) and Nighthawks ...
Hopper,Grace Murray
Hopper, Grace Murray. 1906-1992. American mathematician and computer programmer. Noted for her development of programming languages, especially COBOL, she is credited with ...
hop·per·grass (hŏpʹər-grăs') n. Chiefly Southern U.S. See grasshopper. See Regional Note at everwhere. * * *
/hop"ing/, adj. 1. working energetically; busily engaged: He kept the staff hopping in order to get the report finished. 2. going from one place or situation to another of a ...
hopping John
/hop"in, -ing/, (sometimes l.c.) Southern U.S. a dish of black-eyed peas, rice, bacon or ham, and red pepper or other seasoning: traditionally served on New Year's Day because of ...
hop·ping mad (hŏpʹĭng) adj. Extremely angry. * * *
/hop"euhl/, v.t., hoppled, hoppling. to hobble; tether. [1580-90; HOP1 + -LE] * * *
Hoppner, John
▪ British painter born April 4, 1758, London died Jan. 23, 1810, London  painter of the English portrait school during the late 18th and early 19th centuries who emulated ...
/hop"sak'ing/, n. 1. bagging made chiefly of hemp and jute. 2. Also, hopsack /hop"sak'/. a coarse fabric made of cotton, wool, or other fibers and similar to burlap, used in the ...
/hop"skoch'/, n. 1. a children's game in which a player tosses or kicks a small flat stone, beanbag, or other object into one of several numbered sections of a diagram marked on ...
/hop"tohd'/, n. Chiefly Northeastern U.S. a toad. [1820-30, Amer.; HOP1 + TOAD] * * *
Hopton, Ralph Hopton, Baron
▪ English commander born 1596, Witham, Somerset, Eng. died September 1652, Bruges  Royalist commander in the first phase of the English Civil Wars between King Charles I and ...
/hop"tree'/, n. any of several North American shrubs or small trees belonging to the genus Ptelea, of the citrus family, esp. P. trifoliata, having trifoliate leaves and ...
/hop"vuyn'/, n. 1. the twining stem of the hop plant. 2. the plant itself. [1700-10; HOP2 + VINE] * * *
▪ Washington, United States       city, Grays Harbor county, western Washington, U.S., on Grays Harbor at the mouth of the Hoquiam River, a deepwater port 12 miles (19 ...
hor abbrev. 1. horizon 2. horizontal * * *
1. horizon. 2. horizontal. 3. horology. * * *
hor. interm.
(in prescriptions) at intermediate hours. [ < L hora intermediis] * * *
hor. som.
(in prescriptions) at bedtime. [ < L hora somni at the hour of sleep] * * *
hor. un. spatio
(in prescriptions) at the end of one hour. [ < L horae unius spatio] * * *
/hawr"euh, hohr"euh/, n. a traditional Rumanian and Israeli round dance. [1875-80; < ModHeb horah < Rumanian hora < Turk hora] * * * ▪ Greek mythology plural  Horae, ...
/hawr"is, hor"-/, n. 1. (Quintus Horatius Flaccus) 65-8 B.C., Roman poet and satirist. 2. a male given name. * * * I orig. Quintus Horatius Flaccus born December 65, ...
Horace Mann School
▪ school, New York City, New York, United States       private elementary and secondary school in New York (New York City), New York, U.S. It was founded in 1887 as a ...
Horace Walpole
➡ Walpole (I) * * *
/hawr"ee, hohr"ee/, n.pl. Class. Myth. goddesses of the seasons, of cyclical death and rebirth, and sometimes of social order, usually given as three in number, with the names ...
/hawr"euhl, hohr"-/, adj. of or pertaining to an hour or hours; hourly. [1615-25; < LL horalis, equiv. to L hor(a) HOUR + -alis -AL1] * * *
/hawr"euh ree, hohr"-/, adj. Archaic. 1. pertaining to an hour; indicating the hours: the horary circle. 2. occurring every hour; hourly. [1610-20; < ML horarius, equiv. to ...
horary astrology
a method through which the answer to a question is sought by casting and interpreting a horoscope for the precise moment one learns of an event, problem, career opportunity, ...
/heuh ray"sheuhn, haw-, hoh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Horace. 2. Pros. a. of, pertaining to, or resembling the poetic style or diction of Horace. b. of, pertaining to, or ...
Horatian ode
Pros. an ode consisting of several stanzas all of the same form. Also called Lesbian ode, Sapphic ode. Cf. Pindaric ode. * * * ▪ poetic form       short lyric poem ...
Horatian ode n. An ode in which a fixed stanzaic pattern is followed. * * *
Horatii and Curiatii
▪ Roman legend       in Roman legend, two sets of triplet brothers whose story was probably fashioned to explain existing legal or ritual practices. The Horatii were ...
/heuh ray"shee oh', haw-, hoh-/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Alger Horatio Jr. Gates Horatio Humphrey Hubert Horatio Nelson Horatio Nelson ...
Horatio Alger
of or characteristic of the heroes in the novels of Horatio Alger, who begin life in poverty and achieve success and wealth through honesty, hard work, and virtuous behavior: the ...
Horatio Herbert Kitchener
➡ Kitchener * * *
Horatio Hornblower
➡ Hornblower * * *
Horatio Nelson
➡ Nelson (II) * * *
/heuh ray"sheuhs, haw-, hoh-/, n. (Publius Horatius Cocles) Rom. Legend. a hero celebrated for his defense of the bridge over the Tiber against the Etruscans. * * *
Horatius Cocles
▪ Roman legendary hero       Roman hero traditionally of the late 6th century BC but perhaps legendary, who first with two companions and finally alone defended the ...
/hawrd, hohrd/, n., v., horded, hording. n. 1. a large group, multitude, number, etc.; a mass or crowd: a horde of tourists. 2. a tribe or troop of Asian nomads. 3. any nomadic ...
/hawr"dee in/, n. Biochem. a simple protein of the prolamin class, found in barley grain. [1820-30; < F hordéine < L horde(um) barley + F -ine -IN2] * * *
/hawr dee"euh leuhm/, n., pl. hordeola /-leuh/. Pathol. sty2. [1800-10; < NL, alter. of LL hordeolus, equiv. to L horde(um) barley + -olus, -olum -OLE1] * * *
Hordern, Sir Michael Murray
▪ 1996       British actor (b. Oct. 3, 1911, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England—d. May 2, 1995, Oxford, England), as a stage, screen, and television actor for more ...
Hore-Belisha, Leslie Hore-Belisha, Baron
▪ British statesman born September 7, 1893, London died February 16, 1957, Reims, France  British secretary of state for war (1937–40) who instituted military conscription ...
/hawr"eb, hohr"-/, n. Bible. a mountain sometimes identified with Mount Sinai. * * *
/hawr"hownd', hohr"-/, n. 1. an Old World plant, Marrubium vulgare, of the mint family, having downy leaves and small, whitish flowers, and containing a bitter, medicinal juice ...
▪ king of Egypt also spelled  Haremhab   flourished 13th century BCE       last king (reigned 1319–1292 BCE) of the 18th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) of ancient Egypt ...
/hawr"geuhn/, n. Paul, 1903-95, U.S. novelist and historian. * * *
Horgan, Paul
▪ 1996       U.S. novelist, historian, and biographer who won two Pulitzer Prizes for works about the American Southwest (b. Aug. 1, 1903—d. March 8, 1995). * * ...
Horiguchi Sutemi
▪ Japanese architect born January 6, 1895, Gifu prefecture, Japan died August 18, 1984       one of the first Japanese architects to introduce modern European ...
/hawr"uyt, hohr"-/, n. 1. an ancient people of Edom living in the region of the Dead Sea, possibly identical with the Hurrians. 2. a member of this people. * * *
/heuh ruy"zeuhn/, n. 1. the line or circle that forms the apparent boundary between earth and sky. 2. Astron. a. the small circle of the celestial sphere whose plane is tangent ...
Horizon Club
a division of Camp Fire, Inc., for members of high-school age. * * *
horizon distance
1. Television. the distance of the farthest point on the earth's surface visible from a transmitting antenna. 2. Radio. the distance on the earth's surface reached by a direct ...
/heuh ruy"zeuhn lis/, adj. 1. lacking or without a horizon. 2. without hope; hopeless. [HORIZON + -LESS] * * *
—horizontality /hawr'i zon tal"i tee, hor'-/, horizontalness, n. —horizontally, adv. /hawr'euh zon"tl, hor'-/, adj. 1. at right angles to the vertical; parallel to level ...
horizontal bar
Gymnastics. 1. a bar fixed in a position parallel to the floor or ground, for use in chinning and other exercises. 2. an event in gymnastic competitions, judged on strength and ...
horizontal mobility
Sociol. 1. movement from one position to another within the same social level, as changing jobs without altering occupational status, or moving between social groups having the ...
horizontal stabilizer
Aeron. the horizontal surface, usually fixed, of an aircraft empennage, to which the elevator is hinged. Also called, esp. Brit., tail plane. * * *
horizontal tasting
a tasting of wines from the same year but from different vineyards, producers, etc. * * *
horizontal union
a labor union organized by skills or trades of its members rather than by industries. [1945-50] * * *
horizontal bar n. A gymnastics apparatus consisting of a single bar mounted approximately eight feet above the ground and used for swinging maneuvers. Also called high bar. * * *
See horizontal. * * *
See horizontality. * * *
See horizontality. * * *
horizontal union n. See craft union. * * *
Horkheimer, Max
born Feb. 14, 1895, Stuttgart, Ger. died July 7, 1973, Nürnberg German philosopher and social theorist. He received his Ph.D. in philosophy at the University of Frankfurt in ...
n [U] a make of hot drink, usually taken before going to bed to help you sleep better. It is sold as a powder, which is mixed with hot milk or water, and was first made in the ...
Hor·liv·ka (hôrʹləv-kə, -lēw-) or Gor·lov·ka (gôrʹləf-) A city of southeast Ukraine in the Donets Basin north of Donets'k. It is a major coal-mining and industrial ...
Hörmander, Lars V.
▪ Swedish mathematician born Jan. 24, 1931, Mjällby, Sweden       Swedish mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1962 for his work on partial differential ...
—hormic, adj. /hawr"mee/, n. Psychol. activity directed toward a goal; purposive effort. [1910-15; < Gk hormé impetus, impulse] * * *
hormic theory
Psychol. a theory that holds all behavior to be purposive, whether conscious or unconscious. [1955-60; HORM(E) + -IC] * * *
/awrdd'mee ge"rddaws/, n. a city in W Puerto Rico, S of Mayagüez. 12,031. * * *
/hawr miz"deuhs/, n. Saint, died A.D. 523, pope 514-523. * * *
Hormisdas, Saint
▪ pope born , Roman Campania [Italy] died Aug. 6, 523, Rome; feast day August 6       pope from 514 to 523. He reunited the Eastern and Western churches, which had been ...
Hormizd I
▪ Sāsānian king byname  Hormizd The Brave   flourished 3rd century       king of the Sāsānian empire (reigned AD 272–273); he was the son and successor of ...
Hormizd II
▪ Sāsānian king died 309       king of the Sāsānian empire (reigned AD 302–309); he was the son and successor of Narses.       Little is known of ...
Hormizd IV
▪ Sāsānian king died 590  king of the Sāsānian empire (reigned 578/579–590); he was the son and successor of Khosrow I.       According to one ancient source, ...
hor·mo·go·ni·um (hôr'mə-gōʹnē-əm) n. pl. hor·mo·go·ni·a (-nē-ə) A part of a filament of a cyanobacterium that detaches and grows by cell division into a new ...
See hormone. * * *
See hormonal. * * *
—hormonal, hormonic /hawr mon"ik, -moh"nik/, adj. /hawr"mohn/, n. 1. Biochem. any of various internally secreted compounds, as insulin or thyroxine, formed in endocrine glands, ...
hormone replacement therapy
the administration of estrogen and progestin to alleviate symptoms of menopause and, in postmenopausal women, esp. to protect against cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. Cf. ...
hormonereplacement therapy
hormone replacement therapy n. Abbr. HRT The administration of estrogen and progestin to women to relieve the symptoms of menopause, prevent osteoporosis, and reduce the risk of ...
See hormonal. * * *
or Hormuz formerly Ormuz Island and town, Iran. Situated in the Strait of Hormuz, the island is 5 mi (8 km) off the coast of Iran. Hormoz village is its only permanent ...
▪ province, Iran       ostān (province), southern Iran, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman on the south and bounded by the ostāns of Būshehr and Fārs ...
/hawr moohz", hawr"muz/, n. Strait of, a strait between Iran and the United Arab Emirates, connecting the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. Also, Ormuz. * * * ▪ island, ...
Hormuz, Strait of
formerly Strait of Ormuz Channel linking the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. It is 35–60 mi (55–95 km) wide and separates Iran from the Arabian ...
Hormuz,Strait of
Hor·muz (hôr-mo͞ozʹ, hôrʹmŭz'), Strait of also Strait of Or·muz (ôr-mo͞ozʹ, ôrʹmŭz') A strategic waterway linking the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Oman. The ...
—hornish, adj. —hornless, adj. —hornlessness, n. —hornlike, adj. /hawrn/, n. 1. one of the bony, permanent, hollow paired growths, often curved and pointed, that project ...
/hawrn/, n. Cape. See Cape Horn. * * * (as used in expressions) English horn French horn Horn of Africa Horn Cape * * * ▪ musical instrument group French  Cor,  German ...
horn chair
a chair, esp. of the late 19th-century U.S., having a frame made from steer, elk, buffalo, or other animal horns. * * *
horn coral
▪ fossil order       any coral of the order Rugosa, which first appeared in the geologic record during the Ordovician Period, which began 488 million years ago; the ...
horn dance
      English ritual dance of Abbots Bromley, Staffordshire; it is related to Morris dancing. See Morris dance. * * *
horn fly
a small bloodsucking fly, Haematobia irritans, that is a pest, esp. of cattle. [1700-10, Amer.] * * * ▪ insect  (Haematobia irritans), insect of the family Muscidae (order ...
Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa easternmost part of NE Africa, on the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean: it includes Somalia and SE Ethiopia * * * Region of eastern Africa. The easternmost ...
horn of plenty
1. cornucopia. 2. Mycol. an edible trumpet-shaped chanterelle, Craterellus cornucopiodes, commonly found under certain trees of eastern North America and the Pacific ...
horn poppy
a European plant, Glaucium flavum, of the poppy family, having yellow flowers, naturalized along sandy shores in eastern North America. Also, horned poppy. Also called sea ...
horn silver
Mineral. cerargyrite. [1760-70; trans. of G Hornsilber] * * *
horn timber
Naut. a timber, often one of several, rising from the sternpost of a wooden vessel to support the overhang of the stern. * * *
Horn, Arvid Bernhard, Greve
▪ Swedish statesman born April 6, 1664, Åbo, Fin. died April 17, 1742, Ekebyholm, Swed.  Swedish soldier and statesman who played a key role in beginning Sweden's ...
Horn, Cape
Southern extremity of South America. Located on Horn Island in the southern Tierra del Fuego archipelago, it projects south into Drake Passage. It was named Hoorn for the ...
Horn, Shirley
▪ American musician in full  Shirley Valerie Horn  born May 1, 1934, Washington, D.C., U.S. died Oct. 20, 2005, Cheverly, Md.  American jazz artist whose ballads, sung in ...
Horn, Shirley Valerie
▪ 2006  American jazz artist (b. May 1, 1934, Washington, D.C.—d. Oct. 20, 2005, Cheverly, Md.), sang ballads in a breathy contralto voice and unforced style with a subtle ...
Horn (hôrn), Cape A headland of extreme southern Chile in the Tierra del Fuego archipelago. The southernmost point of South America, it was first rounded in 1616 by the Dutch ...
—horn-madness, n. /hawrn"mad"/, adj. furiously enraged; intensely angry. [1570-80] * * *
/hawrn"rimd"/, adj. having the frames or rims made of horn or tortoise shell, or plastic that simulates either of these: horn-rimmed glasses. [1890-95] * * *
/hawrn"rimz", -rimz'/, n.pl. horn-rimmed eyeglasses. [1925-30] * * *
/hawrn"spred'/, n. (of a horned creature) the distance between the outermost tips of the horns. * * *
horn-tooth moss
▪ plant       any plant of the genus Ceratodon (about 5 species) in the subclass Bryidae. The most abundant of the species, C. purpureus, has a worldwide distribution ...
/hawrn"beem'/, n. any North American shrub or tree belonging to the genus Carpinus, of the birch family, yielding a hard, heavy wood, as C. caroliniana (American ...
/hawrn"bil'/, n. any large bird of the family Bucerotidae, of the Old World tropics, characterized by a very large bill usually surmounted by a horny protuberance. [1765-75; HORN ...
—hornblendic, adj. /hawrn"blend'/, n. a dark-green to black mineral of the amphibole group, calcium magnesium iron and hydroxyl aluminosilicate. [1760-70; < G; see HORN, ...
hornblende schist
Petrog. a variety of schist containing needles of hornblende that lie in parallel planes. [1815-25] * * *
the main character in a series of novels by the English writer C S Forester. Hornblower is an officer in the British Navy during the wars against Napoleon in the early 19th ...
Hornblower, Jonathan
▪ British inventor born July 5, 1753, Chacewater, Cornwall, Eng. died Feb. 23, 1815, Penryn, Cornwall       British inventor of the double-beat valve, the first ...
Hornblower, Jonathan Carter
born July 5, 1753, Chacewater, Cornwall, Eng. died March 1815, Penryn, Cornwall British inventor. He and his father, Jonathan (1717–80), worked for James Watt. Seeking to ...
/hawrn"book'/, n. 1. a leaf or page containing the alphabet, religious materials, etc., covered with a sheet of transparent horn and fixed in a frame with a handle, formerly used ...
Hornbostel, Erich (Moritz) von
born Feb. 25, 1877, Vienna, Austria died Nov. 28, 1935, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Austrian ethnomusicologist. Born into a musical family in Vienna, he was by his teens a ...
Hornbostel, Erich Moritz von
▪ Austrian musicologist born Feb. 25, 1877, Vienna, Austria died Nov. 28, 1935, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng.       Austrian musicologist and ...
I. A S Hornby (Albert Sidney Hornby 1898–1978) an English teacher and writer of books for foreign learners of English. He is best known for the Oxford Advanced Learner’s ...
/hawrn/, n. Marilyn, born 1934, U.S. mezzo-soprano. * * *
Horne Islands
▪ islands, Wallis and Futuna also called  Futuna Islands , French  Îles de Horne or Iles Futuna        pair of volcanic islands (Futuna and Alofi) forming the ...
Horne, Filips van Montmorency, count van
▪ Dutch statesman Dutch in full  Filips van Montmorency, graaf van Horne , Horne also spelled  Hoorne  born 1524?, Nevele, Flanders [now in Belgium] died June 5, 1568, ...
Horne, Herman Harrell
▪ American educational philosopher born Nov. 22, 1874, Clayton, N.C., U.S. died Aug. 16, 1946, Leonia, N.J.       American educational philosopher who represented the ...
Horne, Lena
▪ American singer and actress in full  Lena Calhoun Horne   born June 30, 1917, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.       American singer and actress who first came to fame in the ...
Horne, Lena (Calhoun)
born June 30, 1917, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. singer and actress. In her youth she was a dancer at Harlem's Cotton Club, and by age 18 she was singing with popular bands. She ...
Horne, Marilyn
born Jan. 16, 1934, Bradford, Pa., U.S. U.S. mezzo-soprano. Horne studied voice at the University of Southern California and with the soprano Lotte Lehmann (1888–1976). In ...
Horne (hôrn), Lena. Born 1917. American singer and actress. She has performed in Broadway musicals, television productions, and films, including Stormy Weather (1943). * * *
Horne, Marilyn. Born 1934. American mezzo-soprano who became a principal performer at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City after her debut there as Adalgisa in Norma (1970). * ...
—hornedness /hawr"nid nis/, n. /hawrnd/, adj. 1. having horns (often used in combination): a horned beast; blunt-horned. 2. having or wearing a horn-shaped protuberance, ...
horned dinosaur
ceratopsian. * * *
horned frog
1. any of various frogs having a marked protuberance on the head, cheek, or upper eyelid. 2. Also called horny frog. Chiefly Southwestern U.S. a horned lizard. [1825-35] * * *
horned lark
a lark, Eremophila alpestris, of the Northern Hemisphere, having a tuft of feathers on each side of the crown of the head. [1835-45] * * *
horned lizard
an insectivorous iguanid lizard of the genus Phrynosoma, of western North America, having hornlike spines on the head and a flattened body covered with spiny scales. Also called ...
horned oak gall
a small, round tumor, formed around wasp eggs laid in the branches of a pin oak tree, that disrupts the flow of nutrients to the tree, with consequent defoliation and death. Also ...
horned owl
horned owl n. any of several owls having two projecting tufts of feathers on the head * * * Any owl of the genus Bubo (family Strigidae), with hornlike tufts of feathers, ...
horned poppy
▪ plant also called  sea poppy   any of approximately 25 species of plants that constitute the genus Glaucium of the poppy family (Papaveraceae). All species are weedy ...
horned poppy.
See horn poppy. [1540-50] * * *
horned pout
a bullhead, esp. the brown bullhead. Also called hornpout. [1830-40] * * *
horned screamer
a screamer, Anhima cornuta, of tropical South America, having a long, slender hornlike process projecting from the forehead. [1775-85] * * *
horned scully
/skul"ee/, Mil. a tapered block of concrete with projecting steel rails, placed under water to tear holes in the bottoms of boats. * * *
horned toad
☆ horned toad n. any of a genus (Phrynosoma) of small, scaly, insect-eating iguanas with a flattened body, short tail, and hornlike spines: also called horned lizard * * * or ...
horned viper
a highly venomous viper, Cerastes cerastes, of northern Africa and extreme southwestern Asia, having a process resembling a horn just above each eye. [1760-70] * * *
horned whiff.
See under whiff2. * * *
horned cucumber n. 1. A tropical and southern African plant (Cucumis metuliferus) having heart-shaped to three-lobed leaves and oblong, spiny, orange to red fruits. 2. The fruit ...
horned lizard n. Any of several lizards of the genus Phrynosoma of western North America and Central America, having hornlike projections on the head, a spiny flattened body, and ...
horned owl n. Any of various owls with characteristic ear tufts that resemble horns. * * *
horned pout n. See hornpout. * * *
horned toad n. See horned lizard. * * *
horned viper n. A venomous African snake (Cerastes cornutus) having a hornlike projection above each eye. Also called sand viper. * * *
/hawr nel"/, n. a city in S New York. 10,234. * * *
Hornemann, Friederich Konrad
▪ German explorer born , September 1772, Hildesheim, Hanover [Germany] died February 1801, Bokane, Nupe [Nigeria]       the first modern European to make the dangerous ...
Horner's method
/hawr"neuhrz/, Math. a technique, involving successive substitutions, for approximating the real roots of an equation with real coefficients. [1835-45; named after William G. ...
Horner, Red
▪ 2006 Reginald Horner        Canadian ice hockey player (b. May 28, 1909, Lynden, Ont.—d. April 27, 2005, Toronto, Ont.), had a reputation as the toughest and most ...
Horner, William George
▪ British mathematician born 1786, near Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Sept. 22, 1837, Grosvenor Place, Bath, Somerset       mathematician whose name is attached ...
/hawr"nit/, n. any large, stinging paper wasp of the family Vespidae, as Vespa crabro (giant hornet), introduced into the U.S. from Europe, or Vespula maculata (bald-faced hornet ...
hornet's nest
a large amount of activity, trouble, hostility, or animosity: His investigation stirred up a hornet's nest, resulting in major shifts in personnel. [1730-40] * * *
hor·nets' nest (hôrʹnĭts) n. A violent or highly contentious situation: “such diplomatic hornets' nests as [the] expulsion of Asians from Uganda” (Christian Science ...
/hawr"nuy/, n. Karen, 1885-1952, U.S. psychiatrist and author, born in Germany. * * *
Horney, Karen
orig. Karen Danielsen born Sept. 16, 1885, Blankenese, near Hamburg, Ger. died Dec. 4, 1952, New York, N.Y., U.S. German-U.S. psychoanalyst. After receiving her M.D. degree, ...
Horney,Karen Danielsen
Hor·ney (hôrʹnī), Karen Danielsen. 1885-1952. German-born American psychoanalyst who emphasized the role of environmental and cultural factors in the development of ...
/hawrn"felz/, n. a dark, fine-grained metamorphic rock, the result of recrystallization of siliceous or argillaceous sediments by contact metamorphism. [1850-55; < G, equiv. to ...
hornfels facies
▪ rocks       a major division of metamorphic rocks (rocks that form by contact metamorphism in the inner parts of the contact zone around igneous intrusions). All of ...
horn fly n. A small black European fly (Haematobia irritans), introduced into North America, that sucks blood from cattle, usually biting an animal at the base of the horn. * * *
/hawr"nee/, n. Scot. Satan. * * *
Horniman, Annie
▪ English theatre manager in full  Annie Elizabeth Fredericka Horniman  born Oct. 3, 1860, Forest Hill, London, Eng. died Aug. 6, 1937, Shere, Surrey       English ...
Hornindals Lake
▪ lake, Norway       lake, Sogn og Fjordane fylke (county), western Norway. Occupying the trough of a glacial valley, the long and narrow lake has a length of about 16 ...
See horny. * * *
horn·ing (hôrʹnĭng) n. Upstate New York, Northern Pennsylvania, & Western New England See shivaree. See Regional Note at shivaree.   [Probably because horns are blown at ...
hornist [hôr′nist] n. a person who plays the French horn * * * See horn. * * *
/hawr nee"toh/; Sp. /awrdd nee"taw/, n., pl. hornitos /-tohz/; Sp. /-taws/. Geol. a low oven-shaped mound of congealed lava, common in some volcanic districts, emitting hot smoke ...
hornof plenty
horn of plenty n. pl. horns of plenty See cornucopia.   [Translation of Late Latin cornūcōpia. See cornucopia.] * * *
/hawrn"puyp'/, n. 1. an English folk clarinet having one ox horn concealing the reed and another forming the bell. 2. a lively jiglike dance, originally to music played on a ...
➡ Scottish country dancing * * *
/hawrn"powt'/, n. See horned pout. [by shortening] * * *
➡ field sports * * *
/hawrnz"bee/, n. Rogers, 1896-1963, U.S. baseball player and manager. * * *
Hornsby, Rogers
born April 27, 1896, Winters, Texas, U.S. died Jan. 5, 1963, Chicago, Ill. U.S. baseball player. Playing second base for the St. Louis Cardinals (1915–26), Hornsby led the ...
Horns·by (hôrnzʹbē), Rogers. 1896-1963. American baseball player and manager. Known for his skill as a batter, he attained a batting average of.424 in 1924 and a lifetime ...
/hawrn"stohn'/, n. Archaic. a variety of quartz resembling flint. [1720-30; trans. of G Hornstein] * * *
/hawrn"swog'euhl/, v.t., hornswoggled, hornswoggling. Slang. to swindle, cheat, hoodwink, or hoax. [1815-25 orig. uncert.] * * *
/hawrn"tayl'/, n. any of various wasplike insects of the family Siricidae, the females of which have a hornlike ovipositor. [1880-85; HORN + TAIL1] * * * ▪ wasp  any of ...
/hawrn"werrm'/, n. the larva of any of several hawk moths, having a hornlike process at the rear of the abdomen. [1670-80, Amer.; HORN + WORM] * * *
/hawrn"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. any aquatic plant of the genus Ceratophyllum, found in ponds and slow streams. [1795-1805; HORN + WORT2] * * * Any member of four to six genera of ...
—hornily, adv. —horniness, n. /hawr"nee/, adj., hornier, horniest. 1. consisting of a horn or a hornlike substance; corneous. 2. having a horn or horns or hornlike ...
horny coral
a gorgonian. * * *
horny frog
Chiefly Southwestern U.S. See horned frog. * * *
horny sponge
      any sponge of the orders Dictyoceratida and Dendroceratida (class Demospongiae). It has a skeleton consisting exclusively of fibrous organic components. Most other ...
▪ dance       communal dance of Bulgaria. Performed for enjoyment at festive gatherings, it has many varieties, the moods of which range from solemn to exuberant. Horos ...
horology. * * *
/hawr"euh lohj', -loj', hor"-/, n. any instrument for indicating the time, esp. a sundial or an early form of clock. [1375-1425; late ME < L horologium HOROLOGIUM; r. ME orloge < ...
—horologically, adv. /hawr'euh loj"ik, hor'-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to horology. 2. of or pertaining to horologes. Also, horological. [1655-65; < LL horologicus < Gk ...
/haw rol"euh jist, hoh-/, n. 1. an expert in horology. 2. a person who makes clocks or watches. Also, horologer. [1790-1800; HOROLOGE + -IST] * * *
/hawr'euh loh"jee euhm, hor'-/, n., pl. horologia /-jee euh/. 1. a building supporting or containing a timepiece, as a clock tower. 2. (cap.) Astron. the Clock, a small southern ...
/haw rol"euh jee, hoh-/, n. the art or science of making timepieces or of measuring time. [1810-20; < Gk horo- (comb. form of hóra HOUR) + -LOGY] * * *
—horopteric /hawr'op ter"ik/, adj. /heuh rop"teuhr, haw-/, n. Ophthalm. a projection of the points in the visual field corresponding to the aggregate of points registering on ...
—horoscopic /hawr'euh skop"ik, -skoh"pik, hor'euh-/, adj. /hawr"euh skohp', hor"-/, n. 1. a diagram of the heavens, showing the relative position of planets and the signs of ...
—horoscoper /hawr"euh skoh'peuhr, hor"-/, horoscopist /haw ros"keuh pist, hoh-, hawr"euh skoh'pist, hor"-/, n. /haw ros"keuh pee, hoh-/, n. Archaic. the casting or taking of ...
—horotely, n. /hawr'euh tel"ik/, adj. Biol. of or pertaining to evolution at a rate standard for a given group of plants or animals. Cf. bradytelic, tachytelic. [ < Gk hóro(s) ...
/hawr"euh vits, hor"-/, n. Israel, born 1939, U.S. playwright. * * *
/hawr"euh wits, hor"/, n. Vladimir /vlad"euh mear', vla dee"mear/, 1904-89, U.S. pianist, born in Russia. * * *
Horowitz, Vladimir
born Oct. 1, 1903, Berdichev, Russia died Nov. 5, 1989, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian pianist. He attended the Kiev Conservatory and made his debut in 1921. His stunning ...
Ho·ro·witz (hôrʹə-wĭts, hŏrʹ-), Vladimir. 1904-1989. Russian-born American pianist noted for his interpretations of Chopin and Liszt. * * *
—horrendously, adv. /haw ren"deuhs, ho-/, adj. shockingly dreadful; horrible: a horrendous crime. [1650-60; < L horrendus dreadful, to be feared (ger. of horrere to bristle, ...
See horrendous. * * *
/hawr"euhnt, hor"-/, adj. bristling; standing erect like bristles. [1660-70; < L horrent- (s. of horrens, prp. of horrere to stand on end, bristle with fear), equiv. to horr- ...
—horribleness, n. —horribly, adv. /hawr"euh beuhl, hor"-/, adj. 1. causing or tending to cause horror; shockingly dreadful: a horrible sight. 2. extremely unpleasant; ...
See horrible. * * *
horribly [hôr′ə blē, här′ə blē] adv. 1. in a horrible manner 2. to a horrible degree 3. Informal very; extremely * * * See horribleness. * * *
—horridly, adv. —horridness, n. /hawr"id, hor"-/, adj. 1. such as to cause horror; shockingly dreadful; abominable. 2. extremely unpleasant or disagreeable: horrid weather; ...
See horrid. * * *
See horridly. * * *
—horrifically, adv. /haw rif"ik, ho-/, adj. causing horror. [1645-55; < L horrificus, equiv. to horri- (comb. form of horrere to bristle with fear) + -ficus -FIC] * * *
See horrific. * * *

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