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Слова на букву hipp-john (15990)

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See horrify. * * *
—horrifiedly /hawr"euh fuyd'lee, -fuy'id-, hor"-/, adv. /hawr"euh fuyd', hor"-/, adj. 1. showing or indicating great shock or horror: a horrified gasp; a horrified ...
—horrification, n. —horrifyingly, adv. /hawr"euh fuy', hor"-/, v.t., horrified, horrifying. 1. to cause to feel horror; strike with horror: The accident horrified us all. 2. ...
See horrification. * * *
/haw rip"euh layt', ho-/, v.t., horripilated, horripilating. to produce horripilation on. [1615-25; < L horripilatus (ptp. of horripilare to become bristly). See HORRIFY, PILE3, ...
/haw rip'euh lay"sheuhn, ho-/, n. a bristling of the hair on the skin from cold, fear, etc.; goose flesh. [1615-25; < LL horripilation- (s. of horripilatio). See HORRIPILATE, ...
Horrocks, Jeremiah
▪ British astronomer Horrocks also spelled  Horrox   born c. 1617, , Toxteth Park, near Liverpool [now in Merseyside], Eng. died Jan. 3, 1641, Toxteth ...
/hawr"euhr, hor"-/, n. 1. an overwhelming and painful feeling caused by something frightfully shocking, terrifying, or revolting; a shuddering fear: to shrink back from a ...
horror film
      motion picture calculated to cause intense repugnance, fear, or dread. Horror films may incorporate incidents of physical violence and psychological terror; they may ...
horror story
1. a story, movie, etc., that entertains or fascinates by shocking or frightening, esp. by an emphasis on bloodshed or supernatural forces. 2. Informal. a distressing experience: ...
/hawr"euhr struk', hor"-/, adj. stricken with horror; horrified; aghast. Also, horror-stricken /hawr"euhr strik'euhn, hor"-/. [1805-15] * * *
horror show n. Informal 1. A situation or example of great horror. 2. Something provoking great dismay or disgust: The basement was a horror show after the sleepover party. * * *
▪ county, South Carolina, United States       county, extreme eastern South Carolina, U.S. It is a low-lying area on the Coastal Plain bordered to the southeast by the ...
hors concours
/awrdd kawonn koohrdd"/, French. 1. noting an artist, architect, or the like, not competing or not qualified to compete for the prizes in an exhibit or competition. 2. noting or ...
hors d'oeuvre
/awr derrv"/; Fr. /awrdd due"vrddeu/, pl. hors d'oeuvre, hors d'oeuvres /awr derrvz"/; Fr. /awrdd due"vrddeu/. 1. a small bit of appetizing food, as spicy meat, fish, cheese, or ...
hors de combat
/awrdd deuh kawonn bann"/, French. out of the fight; disabled; no longer able to fight. * * *
/hawr"seuh/, n. 1. died A.D. 455, Jutish chief (brother of Hengist). 2. Mil. a British glider of World War II designed to land troops or equipment in airborne operations. * * ...
hors d'oeuvre (ôr dûrvʹ) n. pl. hors d'oeuvres (ôr dûrvzʹ) or hors d'oeuvre An appetizer served before a meal.   [French hors d'œuvre: hors, outside + de, of + œuvre, ...
horsde combat
hors de com·bat (ôr' də kôɴ-bäʹ) adv. & adj. Out of action; disabled.   [French : hors, out + de, of + combat, combat.] * * *
—horseless, adj. —horselike, adj. /hawrs/, n., pl. horses, (esp. collectively) horse, v., horsed, horsing, adj. n. 1. a large, solid-hoofed, herbivorous quadruped, Equus ...
Horse and Hound
a British magazine containing news and information about sporting events involving horses, such as horse racing and hunting. It first appeared in 1884 and is published every ...
horse balm
a lemon-scented plant, Collinsonia canadensis, of eastern North America, having small yellow flowers. Also called horseweed, richweed. [1780-90, Amer.] * * *
horse bean.
See fava bean. [1675-85] * * *
horse block
a step or block of stone, wood, etc., for getting on or off a horse or in or out of a vehicle. [1745-55] * * *
horse brass
a brass ornament, originally intended for the harness of a horse. * * * ▪ decoration       decorative metal plaque fitted to the martingale, a set of straps attached to ...
horse chestnut
1. a tree, Aesculus hippocastanum, native to the Old World, having digitate leaves and upright clusters of white flowers. 2. the shiny, brown, nutlike seed of this tree or of ...
horse clam
gaper. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
horse collar
▪ harness       device of leather, or leather and metal, encircling a horse's neck, to which traces are attached, used to hitch the animal to a wagon or plow. A Dutch ...
horse conch
a marine gastropod, Pleuroploca gigantea, having a yellowish, spired shell that grows to a length of 2 ft. (0.6 m). [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
horse corn
Midland U.S. field corn. [1570-80] * * *
horse fly
any bloodsucking, usually large fly of the family Tabanidae, esp. of the genus Tabanus, a serious pest of horses, cattle, etc. [1350-1400; ME horsfleeye] * * * ▪ insect  any ...
horse gentian
any weedy North American plant of the genus Triosteum, of the honeysuckle family, esp. T. perfoliatum, having stalkless leaves and purplish-brown flowers and bearing orange ...
horse guard
a black and yellow sand wasp, Bembix carolina, of the southern U.S., preying on flies that gather around horses and cattle. [1790-1800] * * *
Horse Guards
1. a body of cavalry serving as a guard. 2. a cavalry brigade from the household troops of the British monarch. [1635-45] * * *
Horse Guards Parade
the open area behind the Horse Guards(2) building in London, England, where the ceremony of Trooping the Colour takes place every year on the Queen’s Official Birthday. * * *
horse latitude
▪ meteorology       either of two subtropical atmospheric high-pressure belts that encircle the Earth around latitudes 30°–35° N and 30°–35° S and that generate ...
horse latitudes
the latitudes, approximately 30° N and S, forming the edges of the trade-wind belt, characterized by high atmospheric pressure with calms and light variable winds. [1765-75; ...
horse mackerel
1. See bluefin tuna. 2. See jack mackerel. [1695-1705] * * *
horse marine
1. (formerly) a marine mounted on horseback or a cavalryman doing duty on shipboard. 2. a person out of his or her proper or natural place. [1810-20] * * *
horse mushroom
a smooth, edible, large white-capped mushroom, Agaricus arvensis, that has the odor of anise, common in North American meadows and fields. [1865-70] * * *
horse nettle
a large, prickly North American weed, Solanum carolinense, of the nightshade family, having violet to white flowers in a few clusters. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
Horse of the Year
➡ racing * * *
Horse of the Year Show
(abbr HOYS) (in Britain) a contest in showjumping (= the sport of riding horses over difficult barriers) which takes place every year in October at the NEC Arena in Birmingham. * ...
horse opera
a television or radio program or motion picture about the Wild West, often presented serially and usually dealing with adventures of cowboys, gunmen, gold prospectors, etc. Cf. ...
horse parlor
a gambling room where people can bet on horse races with a bookmaker. * * *
horse pistol
a large pistol formerly carried by horsemen. [1695-1705] * * *
horse race
—horse racing. 1. a contest of speed among horses that either are ridden by jockeys or pull sulkies and their drivers. 2. any formidable contest or competition: The primary ...
horse racing
Sport of running horses at speed. Typically, Thoroughbreds are raced with a rider astride and Standardbreds with the horse pulling a conveyance with a driver. Though racing has ...
Horse Racing's Revolutionary Running Surfaces
▪ 2008       The trend toward replacing traditional dirt tracks with synthetic surfaces at Thoroughbred race tracks in the United States grew significantly in 2007, ...
horse rake
a large-wheeled rake drawn by a horse. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
horse sense
common sense. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
horse show
a competitive display of the capabilities and qualities of horses and their riders or handlers, usually held as an annual event. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *       exhibition ...
horse stinger
Chiefly Brit. Dial. a dragonfly. [1765-75] * * *
horse sugar
▪ plant       either of two shrubs or small trees in the genus Symplocos, with 320 species, of the family Symplocaceae. S. paniculata, also known as sapphire berry, is a ...
horse tail
a ponytail. [1870-75] * * *
horse trade
1. a shrewdly conducted exchange, as of favors or objects, usually resulting from or accompanied by very close bargaining. 2. an exchanging or trading of horses. [1840-50, ...
horse trader
1. a person who is shrewd and clever at bargaining. 2. a person who trades in horses. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
horse trading
the act or fact of conducting a shrewd exchange or engaging in a horse trade; bargaining. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
horse's ass
Slang (vulgar). a stupid or foolish person. * * *
horse's mouth
Informal. See horse (def. 20). [1925-30] * * *
horse's neck
a drink of whiskey and ginger ale, served with ice and garnished with a spiral of lemon peel on the rim of the glass. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
horse's tail.
See burro's tail. [1870-75] * * *
/hawrs"euhn bug"ee/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the last few generations preceding the invention of the automobile: vivid recollections of horse-and-buggy days. 2. ...
horse-chestnut [hôrs′ches΄nut] adj. 〚transl. of obs. botanical L Castanea equina: reason for name uncert.〛 designating a family (Hippocastanaceae, order Sapindales) of ...
horse-chestnut family
Family Hippocastanaceae, composed of the buckeyes and the horse chestnuts (genus Aesculus), native to the northern temperate zone. The best-known species of horse chestnut is ...
/hawrs"kol'euhr/, Slang. n. 1. (esp. in baseball) a score of zero. v.t. 2. to prevent (an opposing baseball team or batter) from scoring or making a base hit. * * *
/hawrs"koh'peuhr/, n. Brit. coper. [1675-85] * * *
/hawrs"fayst'/, adj. having a large face with lantern jaws and large teeth. [1665-75] * * *
/hawrs"trayd'/, v.i., horse-traded, horse-trading. to bargain or trade shrewdly. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
horse-trad·ing (hôrsʹtrā'dĭng) n. Negotiation characterized by hard bargaining and shrewd exchange: political horse-trading.   horse trade n. horseʹ-trade' v. horse trader ...
/hawrs"bak'/, n. 1. the back of a horse. 2. Geol. a low, natural ridge of sand or gravel; an esker. Cf. hogback. adv. 3. on horseback: to ride horseback. adj. 4. made or given in ...
horse balm n. Any of several strongly aromatic, eastern North American plants of the genus Collinsonia, having opposite leaves, square stems, and axillary clusters of ...
horse bean n. See broad bean. * * *
/hawrs"bruy'euhr/, n. catbrier. [1830-40, Amer.; HORSE + BRIER1] * * *
/hawrs"kahr'/, n. 1. a streetcar drawn by a horse or horses. 2. a railroad car or a truck fitted with stalls for the transportation of horses. [1825-35, Amer.; HORSE + CAR1] * * ...
horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum Wendy Smith n. 1. Any of several trees of the genus Aesculus, especially the European species A. hippocastanum, having opposite, palmately ...
/hawrs"klawth', -kloth'/, n., pl. horsecloths /-klawdhz', -klodhz', -klawths', -kloths'/. a cloth used to cover a horse, or as part of its trappings. [1520-30; HORSE + CLOTH] * * ...
/hawrs"fedh'euhrz/, Slang. n. 1. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) something not worth considering. interj. 2. rubbish; nonsense; bunk (used to express contemptuous ...
/hawrs"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) horsefish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) horsefishes. moonfish (def. 1). [1635-45; HORSE + FISH] * * *
/hawrs"flesh'/, n. 1. the flesh of a horse. 2. horses collectively, esp. for riding, racing, etc. [1490-1500; HORSE + FLESH] * * *
horsefly [hôrs′flī΄] n. pl. horseflies 〚ME hors fleege〛 1. any of a number of large dipterous flies (family Tabanidae), the female of which sucks the blood of horses, ...
horse gentian n. Any of various plants of the genus Triosteum, having opposite leaves, small purplish-brown flowers, and leathery orange-yellow fruit. Also called feverwort. * * *
—horsehaired, adj. /hawrs"hair'/, n. 1. a hair or the hair of a horse, esp. from the mane or tail. 2. a sturdy, glossy fabric woven of this hair. adj. 3. of or pertaining to ...
horsehair fungus
an edible white, striated, umbrella-capped mushroom, Marasmius rotula, commonly found in eastern North America. * * *
horsehair worm
any long, slender worm of the phylum Nematomorpha, developing parasitically on insects and crustaceans, and free-living as adults in streams and ponds. Also called gordian worm, ...
horsehair-blight fungus
/hawrs"hair'bluyt'/ a fungal parasite, Marasmius equicrinis, that causes a disease of certain tropical plants, esp. tea. * * *
horsehair worm n. Any of various slender aquatic worms of the phylum Nematomorpha, the larvae of which are parasitic within insects. Also called hairworm. * * *
/hawrs"hed'/, n., pl. horseheads, (esp. collectively) horsehead. moonfish (def. 1). [1880-85; HORSE + HEAD] * * *
Horsehead Nebula
a dark nebula in the constellation Orion, composed of opaque cosmic dust and resembling the head of a horse. * * * ▪ astronomy  (catalog number IC 434), ionized-hydrogen ...
/hawrs"huyd'/, n. 1. the hide of a horse. 2. leather made from the hide of a horse. 3. Slang. a baseball. adj. 4. made of horsehide. [1375-1425; late ME. See HORSE, HIDE2] * * *
horse latitudes pl.n. Either of two belts of latitudes located over the oceans at about 30° to 35° north and south, having high barometric pressure, calms, and light, ...
—horselaughter, n. /hawrs"laf', -lahf'/, n. 1. a loud, coarse laugh, esp. of derision. v.i. 2. to utter a horselaugh. [1705-15; HORSE + LAUGH] * * *
/hawrs"leech'/, n. a large leech, as Haemopis marmoratis, that infests the mouth and nasal passages of horses. [1400-50; late ME horsleych. See HORSE, LEECH] * * *
horseless [hôrs′lis] adj. 1. without a horse 2. not requiring a horse; self-propelled [an automobile was formerly called a horseless carriage] * * *
horseless carriage
/hawrs"lis/ an automobile: The horse and buggy were eventually replaced by the horseless carriage. [1890-95] * * *
horse·less carriage (hôrsʹlĭs) n. An automobile. * * *
horse mackerel n. 1. See saurel. 2. Any of several tunas or related fishes. * * *
/hawrs"meuhn/, n., pl. horsemen. 1. a person who is skilled in riding a horse. 2. a person on horseback. 3. a person who owns, breeds, trains, or tends horses. [1175-1225; ME ...
/hawrs"meuhn ship'/, n. 1. the art, ability, skill, or manner of a horseman. 2. equitation. [1555-65; HORSEMAN + -SHIP] * * * Art of training, riding, and handling horses. Good ...
horse marine n. 1. a. A marine assigned to the cavalry. b. A cavalryman assigned to a ship. 2. Informal. One who is out of one's element; a misfit. * * *
/hawrs"mint'/, n. 1. a wild mint, Mentha longifolia, introduced into America from Europe, having spikes of lilac flowers. 2. any of various other wild mints as the New World ...
horse nettle n. A prickly-stemmed plant (Solanum carolinense) of eastern and central North America, having purplish or white star-shaped flowers and yellowish berries. * * *
Hor·sens (hôrʹsənz, -səns) A city of central Denmark on the eastern Jutland Peninsula at the head of Horsens Fjord, an inlet of the Kattegat. A fortified medieval town, ...
horse opera n. A film or other theatrical work about the American West; a western. * * *
—horseplayful, adj. /hawrs"play'/, n. rough or boisterous play or pranks. [1580-90; HORSE + PLAY] * * *
/hawrs"play'euhr/, n. a habitual bettor on horse races. [1945-50; HORSE + PLAYER] * * *
/hawrs"pow'euhr/, n. 1. a foot-pound-second unit of power, equivalent to 550 foot-pounds per second, or 745.7 watts. 2. Informal. the capacity to achieve or produce; strength or ...
/hawrs"pow'euhr oweur', -ow'euhr/, n. a foot-pound-second unit of energy or work, equal to the work done by a mechanism with a power output of one horsepower over a period of one ...
/hawrs"poks'/, n. Vet. Pathol. a disease in horses caused by a virus and characterized by eruptions in the mouth and on the skin. [1650-60; HORSE + POX] * * *
horse·race or horse race (hôrsʹrās') n. 1. A contest in which horses ridden by jockeys are raced against each other. 2. A closely fought contest or competition: “The ...
See horserace. * * *
/hawrs"rad'ish/, n. 1. a cultivated plant, Armoracia rusticana, of the mustard family, having small, white flowers. 2. the pungent root of this plant, ground and used as a ...
horseradish peroxidase
Histol. an enzyme, isolated from horseradish, that when microinjected can be detected by the colored products of the reaction it catalyzes, used as a tracer, as in tracing the ...
horseradish tree
a tropical tree, Moringa pterygosperma, having fragrant white flowers and seeds yielding a commercially useful oil. Cf. ben2. [1855-60] * * * ▪ plant also called  drumstick ...
horse sense n. Informal Common sense; gumption. * * *
/hawrs"shit', hawrsh"-/, Slang (vulgar). n. 1. nonsense, lies, or exaggeration. 2. tedious, annoying, or unreasonable chores, demands, regulations, or the like. interj. 3. (used ...
—horseshoer, n. /hawrs"shooh', hawrsh"-/, n., v., horseshoed, horseshoeing, adj. n. 1. a U-shaped metal plate, plain or with calks, nailed to a horse's hoof to protect it from ...
horseshoe arch
an arch with the intrados widening above the springing and then narrowing to a rounded crown. Also called Moorish arch. See illus. under arch. [1805-15] * * *
horseshoe back
Furniture. a bow back having a slight outward splay at its bottom. * * *
horseshoe bat
▪ mammal       any of almost 80 species of large-eared, insect-eating bats that make up the sole genus of family Rhinolophidae. Their taxonomic (taxonomy) name refers to ...
horseshoe crab
a large marine arthropod, Limulus polyphemus, of shallow coastal waters of eastern North America and eastern Asia, having both compound and simple eyes, book gills, a stiff tail, ...
Horseshoe Falls
▪ waterfall, Canada       Canadian section of Niagara Falls (q.v.) on the Niagara River. It is separated from the American Falls by Goat Island and derives its name ...
horseshoe magnet
a horseshoe-shaped permanent magnet. [1775-85] * * *
horseshoe pitching
Game for two or four players in which a horseshoe is thrown so as to encircle or land as close as possible to a stake. A horseshoe encircling the stake is called a ringer and ...
horseshoe shrimp
▪ crustacean       any member of the marine crustacean subclass Cephalocarida (class Crustacea), named because of the curving, horseshoelike shape of the body. Only nine ...
horseshoe worm
▪ marine invertebrate       phylum name Phoronida, a small group (about 12 species) of wormlike marine invertebrates that live in tubes secreted by special ...
horseshoe crab n. Any of various marine arthropods of the class Merostomata, especially Limulus polyphemus or Xiphosura polyphemus of eastern North America, having a large ...
Horse·shoe Falls (hôrsʹsho͞o', hôrshʹ-) See Canadian Falls. * * *
/hawrs"tayl'/, n. 1. Also called scouring rush. any nonflowering plant of the genus Equisetum, having hollow, jointed stems. 2. a horse's tail formerly used as a Turkish military ...
horsetail agaric
the shaggy-mane. Also called horsetail mushroom. * * *
horsetail tree
beefwood (def. 1). [1880-85] * * *
See horse-trading. * * *
/hawrs"weed'/, n. 1. a North American composite weed, Erigeron canadensis, having narrow, hairy leaves and clusters of very small greenish-white flowers. 2. See horse balm. 3. ...
—horsewhipper, n. /hawrs"hwip', -wip'/, n., v., horsewhipped, horsewhipping. n. 1. a whip for controlling horses. v.t. 2. to beat with a horsewhip. [1300-50; ME. See HORSE, ...
—horsewomanship, n. /hawrs"woom'euhn/, n., pl. horsewomen. 1. a woman who rides on horseback. 2. a woman who is skilled in managing or riding horses. [1555-65; HORSE + WOMAN] * ...
/hawr"see/, adj., horsier, horsiest. horsy. * * *
▪ England, United Kingdom       town and district, administrative county of West Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England. The town serves an extensive area of the ...
/hawr"seuh lee/, adv. in a horsy manner. [HORSY + -LY] * * *
See horsily. * * *
Horsley, John Callcott
▪ British painter born January 29, 1817, London, England died October 18, 1903, London       British narrative painter best known as the designer of the first ...
Horsley, Sir Victor
▪ British surgeon born April 14, 1857, London died July 16, 1916, Amārah, Iraq  British physiologist and neurosurgeon who was first to remove a spinal tumour (1887). He also ...
/hawrst/, n. a portion of the earth's crust, bounded on at least two sides by faults, that has risen in relation to adjacent portions. Cf. graben. [1890-95; < G: thicket; c. ...
horst and graben
▪ geology       elongate fault blocks of the Earth's crust that have been raised and lowered, respectively, relative to their surrounding areas as a direct effect of ...
Horst Wessel song
/hawrst" ves"euhl/ the official song of the Nazi party in Germany from 1933 to 1945. Also called Horst Wessel lied. * * *
Horst, Horst P.
▪ 2000 Horst Paul Albert Bohrmann        German-born photographer (b. Aug. 14, 1906, Weissenfels, Ger.—d. Nov. 18, 1999, Palm Beach Gardens, Fla.), produced ...
Horst, Louis
▪ American choreographer born Jan. 12, 1884, Kansas City, Mo., U.S. died Jan. 23, 1964, New York City  U.S. pianist, composer, and one of the first persons anywhere to teach ...
—horsiness, n. /hawr"see/, adj., horsier, horsiest. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a horse. 2. dealing with or interested in horses, horseback riding, fox hunting, ...
Horszowski, Mieczyslaw
▪ 1994       Polish-born U.S. pianist (b. June 23, 1892, Lwow, Poland [now Ukraine]—d. May 22, 1993, Philadelphia, Pa.), had a performing career that spanned more than ...
hort abbrev. 1. horticultural 2. horticulture * * *
Hort, Fenton J A
▪ British biblical scholar born April 23, 1828, Dublin died Nov. 30, 1892, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng.  English New Testament scholar who produced, with Brooke Foss ...
1. horticultural. 2. horticulture. * * *
/hawr"teuh/, n. Baron Victor, 1861?-1947, Belgian architect. * * *
Horta, Victor, Baron
born Jan. 6, 1861, Ghent, Belg. died Sept. 8, 1947, Brussels Belgian architect. From 1892 he designed numerous buildings in Brussels, becoming a leading exponent of the Art ...
—hortatively, adv. /hawr"teuh tiv/, adj. hortatory. [1600-10; < L hortativus, equiv. to hortat(us), ptp. of hortari to incite to action, freq. of horiri to encourage (akin to ...
See hortative. * * *
—hortatorily, adv. /hawr"teuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. urging to some course of conduct or action; exhorting; encouraging: a hortatory speech. [1580-90; < LL hortatorius ...
/hawr"tens/, n. a female given name. * * * ▪ queen of Holland original name  Eugénie-Hortense de Beauharnais  born April 10, 1783, Paris, France died October 5, 1837, ...
Hortense de Beauharnais
Fr. /awrdd tahonns"/. See Beauharnais, Eugénie Hortense de. * * *
▪ Roman heroine flourished 1st century BC       daughter of the Roman orator Quintus Hortensius, known for her speech against the taxation of women without ...
Hortensius Hortalus, Quintus
▪ Roman orator born 114 BC died 50 BC       Roman orator and politician, Cicero's opponent in the Verres trial. Delivering his first speech at age 19, Hortensius became ...
Hortensius, Quintus
▪ Roman dictator flourished 3rd century BC       dictator of Rome in 287 who ended two centuries of “struggle between the orders” (the plebeians' fight to gain ...
/hawrdd"tee/, n. Miklós von Nagybánya /mik"lohsh fawn nod"yeu bah'nyo/, 1863-1957, Hungarian admiral: regent of Hungary 1920-44. * * *
Horthy Miklós (Nagybányai)
born June 18, 1868, Kenderes, Hung., Austria-Hungary died Feb. 9, 1957, Estoril, Port. Hungarian naval officer and regent (1920–44). He served with distinction as a naval ...
Horthy, Miklós
▪ Hungarian statesman born June 18, 1868, Kenderes, Hung., Austria-Hungary died Feb. 9, 1957, Estoril, Port.  Hungarian naval officer and conservative leader who defeated ...
See horticulture. * * *
See horticultural. * * *
—horticultural, adj. —horticulturist, n. /hawr"ti kul'cheuhr/, n. 1. the cultivation of a garden, orchard, or nursery; the cultivation of flowers, fruits, vegetables, or ...
See horticultural. * * *
Horton, George Moses
▪ American poet born 1797?, Northampton county, N.C., U.S. died 1883?       African American poet who wrote sentimental love poems and antislavery protests. He was one ...
Horton, Robert E
▪ American engineer born May 18, 1875, Parma, Mich., U.S. died Apr. 22, 1945, Voorheesville, N.Y.       American hydraulic engineer and hydrologist who established a ...
Hor·ton River (hôrʹtn) A river, about 443 km (275 mi) long, of northern Northwest Territories, Canada, flowing northwest into Franklin Bay, an inlet of Amundsen Gulf. * * *
hortus siccus
/hawr"teuhs sik"euhs/ a collection of dried plants; herbarium. [1680-90; < L: dry garden; see GARDEN, SACK3] * * *
/hawr"euhs, hohr"-/, n. Egyptian Relig. a solar deity, regarded as either the son or the brother of Isis and Osiris, and usually represented as a falcon or as a man with the head ...
Horváth, Ödön Edmund Josef von
▪ Hungarian writer born December 9, 1901, Fiume, Hungary [now Rijeka, Croatia] died June 1, 1938, Paris, France       Hungarian novelist and playwright who was one of ...
Horvitz, H. Robert
▪ American biologist born May 8, 1947, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.       American biologist who, with Sydney Brenner (Brenner, Sydney) and John E. Sulston (Sulston, John ...
Horwich, Frances Rappaport
▪ 2002       American educator and television host (b. July 16, 1908, Ottawa, Ohio—d. July 25, 2001, Scottsdale, Ariz.), was host of the popular children's educational ...
Hōryū Temple
Japanese Hōryū-ji Buddhist complex near Nara, Japan, comprising the oldest known wood buildings in the world. The temple was founded by Prince Shōtoku in 607 during the ...
Hos abbrev. Bible Hosea * * *
Hosea. * * *
/hoh zan"euh/, interj., n., pl. hosannas, v., hosannaed, hosannaing. interj. 1. (an exclamation, originally an appeal to God for deliverance, used in praise of God or ...
—hoseless, adj. —hoselike, adj. /hohz/, n., pl. hose for 2, 3; hoses for 1, 4, 5; (Archaic) hosen /hoh"zeuhn/; v., hosed, hosing. n. 1. a flexible tube for conveying a ...
/hoh zee"euh, -zay"euh/, n. 1. a Minor Prophet of the 8th century B.C. 2. a book of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: Hos. [ < Heb hoshea', lit., salvation, help] * * ...
Hosea, Book of
▪ Old Testament also spelled  Osee,         the first of 12 Old Testament books that bear the names of the Minor Prophets, considered as one book, The Twelve, in the ...
/hohz"kok'/, n. a threaded exterior faucet, as for attaching a garden hose. Also called sillcock. [HOSE + COCK1] * * *
/hoo sayn"/, n. Hussein (def. 1). * * *
/hoh"zeuhl/, n. Golf. the socket in the club head of an iron that receives the shaft. Also called hose. [1895-1900; HOSE + -el dim. suffix] * * *
hosen [hō′zən] n. archaic pl. of HOSE (n. 1 & 2) * * *
hoser [hōz′ər] n. [Cdn. Slang] a boorish, unsophisticated man * * * ho·ser (hōzʹər) n. Canadian Slang A clumsy, boorish person, especially an uncouth, beer-drinking ...
ho·sey (hōʹzē) intr.v. New England ho·seyed, ho·sey·ing, ho·seys To choose sides for a children's game.   [Perhaps from French (je) choisis, (I) choose, first person ...
Hoshana Rabbah
Seph. Heb. /haw shah nah" rddah bah"/; Ashk. Heb. /hoh shah"naw rddah"baw/ the seventh day of the Jewish festival of Sukkoth, occurring on the twenty-first day of Tishri and ...
▪ India       town, central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. The town lies just south of the Narmada River. Founded by Sultan Hoshang Shah of Malwa in 1406, it ...
▪ king of Israel also spelled  Hosea, or Osee,  Assyrian  Ausi,         in the Old Testament (2 Kings 15:30; 17:1–6), son of Elah and last king of Israel (c. ...
▪ India  city, northeastern Punjab state, northwestern India. The city is a manufacturing and trade centre and a rail terminus; it also lies at a major road junction. Its ...
/hoh"zheuhr/, n. a person who makes or deals in hose or stockings or goods knitted or woven like hose. [1375-1425; late ME hosiare. See HOSE, -IER1] * * *
/hoh"zheuh ree/, n. 1. stockings or socks of any kind. 2. the business of a hosier. [1780-90; HOSIER + -Y3] * * * Knit or woven coverings for the feet and legs, worn inside ...
/hoh"zing/, n. Slang. 1. an act or instance of being taken advantage of or cheated. 2. an act or instance of being attacked or defeated decisively; drubbing: Small investors took ...
Hosius Of Córdoba
▪ Spanish bishop Hosius also spelled  Ossius   born c. 256, probably Córdoba, Spain died 357/358, Córdoba       Spanish bishop of Córdoba who, as ecclesiastical ...
Hosius, Stanislaus
▪ Polish cardinal Polish StanisŁaw Hozjusz born May 5, 1504, Kraków, Pol. died Aug. 5, 1579, Capranica, Papal States [Italy]       Polish cardinal, one of the most ...
Hoskyns, Sir Edwyn Clement, 13th Baronet
▪ British theologian born Aug. 9, 1884, London, Eng. died June 28, 1937, London       Anglican biblical scholar and theologian.       Educated at Jesus College, ...
Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue
▪ American sculptor born October 9, 1830, Watertown, Massachusetts, U.S. died February 21, 1908, Watertown       American sculptor, one of the leading female sculptors ...
Hosokawa Katsumoto
▪ kanrei of Japan born , 1430, Japan died June 6, 1473, Kyōto       leader of a powerful military faction in medieval Japan whose dispute with Yamana Mochitoyo, the ...
Hosokawa Morihiro
▪ prime minister of Japan born Jan. 14, 1938, Kyushu, Japan       founder of the reform political party Japan New Party (Nihon Shintō) and prime minister of Japan in ...
Hosokawa, Morihiro
▪ 1994       In his maiden speech before the Japanese Diet (parliament) in August, Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa advocated "responsible change" and promised to make ...
hosp abbrev. hospital * * *
hospital. * * *
/hos"pis/, n. 1. a house of shelter or rest for pilgrims, strangers, etc., esp. one kept by a religious order. 2. Med. a. a health-care facility for the terminally ill that ...
hospice movement
the idea of providing special places where people who are dying can be treated and cared for. The first modern hospice was started by Dame Cicely Saunders in London in 1967 and ...
—hospitableness, n. —hospitably, adv. /hos"pi teuh beuhl, ho spit"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. receiving or treating guests or strangers warmly and generously: a hospitable family. 2. ...
See hospitable. * * *
/hos"pi tl/, n. 1. an institution in which sick or injured persons are given medical or surgical treatment. 2. a similar establishment for the care of animals. 3. a repair shop ...
hospital bed
a bed having side rails that can be raised or lowered and a mattress base in three jointed sections so that the head, foot, or middle may be raised by a crank or motor, allowing ...
hospital corner
a fold on a bed sheet or blanket made by tucking the foot or head of the sheet straight under the mattress with the ends protruding and then making a diagonal fold at the side ...
hospital corners
hospital corners n. neat, secure corners made by tucking in bedclothes at the foot with a double fold * * *
Hospital for Sick Children
➡ Great Ormond Street. * * *
hospital gangrene
Pathol. a contagious, often fatal gangrene, esp. involving amputation stumps and war wounds, occurring usually in crowded, ill-kept hospitals, and caused by putrefactive ...
hospital light.
See hopper casement. Also called hospital window. * * *
hospital ship
a ship built to serve as a hospital, esp. used to treat the wounded in wartime and accorded safe passage by international law. [1675-85] * * *
hospital train
a military train equipped to transport wounded troops to a hospital. [1870-75] * * *
hospital trust
n an organization that runs a public hospital on behalf of the National Health Service in Britain. The first hospital trusts were created in 1990 when the British government ...
Hospital, Janette Turner
▪ Australian author pseudonym  Alex Juniper  born Nov. 12, 1942, Melbourne, Vic., Australia       Australian novelist and short-story writer who explored the ...
hospital corner n. A tight-fitting triangular fold made by tucking a sheet and blanket securely under a mattress on the end and on each side at the corners. * * *
/hos"pi tl euhr/, n. 1. a member of the religious and military order (Knights Hospitalers or Knights of St. John of Jerusalem) originating about the time of the first Crusade ...
/aws'pee tah let"/, n. a city in NE Spain, near Barcelona. 241,978. * * *
/hos"pi tl iz'euhm/, n. 1. hospital conditions having an adverse effect on patients. 2. the adverse mental and physical effects caused by such conditions. 3. the physiological ...
/hos"pi tl ist/, n. a physician who specializes in treating hospitalized patients; a specialist in inpatient medicine. [1990-95; HOSPITAL + -IST] * * *
/hos'pi tal"i tee/, n., pl. hospitalities. 1. the friendly reception and treatment of guests or strangers. 2. the quality or disposition of receiving and treating guests and ...
hospitality suite
a suite or room, as in a hotel or convention center, rented by a business firm, political candidate, or the like, to meet and entertain clients, potential customers, etc. Also ...
/hos'pi tl euh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act, process, or state of being hospitalized. 2. the period during which a person is hospitalized: to extend one's hospitalization. 3. See ...
hospitalization insurance
insurance to cover, in whole or in part, the hospital bills of a subscriber or of his or her dependents. * * *
/hos"pi tl uyz'/, v.t., hospitalized, hospitalizing. to place in a hospital for medical care or observation: The doctor hospitalized grandfather as soon as she checked his ...
Hos·pi·tal·ler (hŏsʹpĭt'l-ər) n. Variant of Hospitaler. * * *
▪ religious order also spelled  Hospitalers , also called  Order of Malta  or  Knights of Malta , formally (since 1961)  Sovereign Military and Hospitaller Order of St. ...
/hos"pi tl meuhn/, n., pl. hospitalmen. U.S. Navy. an enlisted person working as a hospital assistant; corpsman. [1820-30; HOSPITAL + MAN1] * * *
/ho spish"ee euhm/, n., pl. hospitia /ho spish"ee euh/. a hospice. [1640-50; < L: hospitable reception, entertainment, place of entertainment, equiv. to hospit- (s. of hospes) ...
/hos"peuh dahr'/, n. a former title of governors or princes of Wallachia and Moldavia. [1620-30; < Rumanian < Ukrainian gospodár' lit., lord; cf. Russ Church Slavonic gospodari ...
Hosseini, Khaled
▪ 2008 born March 4, 1965, Kabul, Afg.  In 2007 Khaled Hosseini published his second novel, A Thousand Splendid Suns, which quickly topped American and British best-seller ...
host1 —hostless, adj. —hostship, n. /hohst/, n. 1. a person who receives or entertains guests at home or elsewhere: the host at a theater party. 2. a master of ceremonies, ...
/hohst/, n. Eccles. the bread or wafer consecrated in the celebration of the Eucharist. [1275-1325; ME hoste < LL hostia Eucharistic wafer (L: victim, sacrifice); r. ME oyst < MF ...
host computer
the main computer in a network: controls or performs certain functions for other computers. * * *
/hohst"spi sif"ik/, adj. capable of living solely on or in one species of host, as a parasite that infests only chickens. [1965-70] * * *
/hoh"steuh, hos"teuh/, n. any of various plants belonging to the genus Hosta, of the lily family, which includes the plantain lily. [ < NL (1797), after Nicolaus Thomas Host ...
—hostageship, n. /hos"tij/, n., v., hostaged, hostaging. n. 1. a person given or held as security for the fulfillment of certain conditions or terms, promises, etc., by ...
hostage crisis
a dangerous international event in 1979–81, when Iranian students took 66 Americans from the US Embassy in Tehran and kept them as prisoners for more than 14 months. They ...
/hos"tl/, n., v. hosteled, hosteling or (esp. Brit.) hostelled, hostelling. n. 1. Also called youth hostel. an inexpensive, supervised lodging place for young people on bicycle ...
hostel school
(in Canada) one of a series of boarding schools operated by the federal government in the northern territories for Indian and Eskimo students. * * *
/hos"tl euhr/, n. 1. a person who operates a hostel. 2. a person who stays at a hostel or goes hosteling. Also, esp. Brit., hosteller. [1250-1300; ME; see HOSTEL, -ER2; akin to ...
/hos"tl ree/, n., pl. hostelries. an inn or hotel. [1350-1400; ME hostelrye, var. of hostelerie < MF. See HOSTEL, -RY] * * *
➡ homelessness * * *
—hostess-ship, n. /hoh"stis/, n. 1. a woman who receives and entertains guests in her own home or elsewhere. 2. a woman employed in a restaurant or place of amusement to ...
hostess gown
a robe or housecoat worn by women for informal entertaining at home. [1935-40] * * *
—hostilely, adv. /hos"tl/ or, esp. Brit., /-tuyl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an enemy: a hostile nation. 2. opposed in feeling, action, or character; ...
hostile fire
Insurance. an unintentional fire, from which any resulting loss can be claimed as an insurance liability (opposed to friendly fire). * * *
See hostile. * * *
hostile takeover n. An acquisition of a firm despite resistance by the target firm's management and board of directors. * * *
▪ Roman emperor Latin in full  Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius Quintus   died 251       Roman emperor in 251.       He was the younger son of the emperor ...
/ho stil"i tee/, n., pl. hostilities. 1. a hostile state, condition, or attitude; enmity; antagonism; unfriendliness. 2. a hostile act. 3. opposition or resistance to an idea, ...
—hostlership, n. /hos"leuhr, os"leuhr/, n. 1. a person who takes care of horses, esp. at an inn. 2. an employee who moves and services trains, buses, or other vehicles after ...
/hohst"lee/, adj. of or proper to a host: the hostly qualities of consideration and generosity. [1890-95; HOST + -LY] * * *
Hostos, Eugenio María de
▪ Puerto Rican author in full  Eugenio María de Hostos y Bonilla   born January 11, 1839, near Mayagüez, Puerto Rico died August 11, 1903, Santo Domingo, Dominican ...
—hotly, adv. —hotness, n. /hot/, adj., hotter, hottest, adv., v., hotted, hotting, n. adj. 1. having or giving off heat; having a high temperature: a hot fire; hot coffee. 2. ...
hot air
Informal. empty, exaggerated, or pretentious talk or writing: His report on the company's progress was just so much hot air. [1835-45 for literal sense] * * *
hot bed
Metalworking. an area having rails or rolls on which rolled pieces are laid to cool. [1620-30] * * *
hot buttered rum
a drink made with rum, hot water, and sugar, served with a lump of butter in a mug. * * *
hot button
☆ hot button n. Informal an idea, subject, issue, etc. that evokes strong feelings hot-button [hät′but΄'n] adj. * * *
hot cake
1. a pancake or griddlecake. 2. sell or go like hot cakes, to be disposed of very quickly and effortlessly, esp. in quantity: His record sold like hot cakes on the first day ...

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