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Jonson
—Jonsonian /jon soh"nee euhn/, adj. /jon"seuhn/, n. Ben, 1573?-1637, English dramatist and poet. * * *
Jonson, Ben
▪ English writer Introduction byname of  Benjamin Jonson   born June 11?, 1572, London, Eng. died Aug. 6, 1637, London       English Stuart dramatist, lyric poet, and ...
Jonson, Ben(jamin)
born June 11?, 1572, London, Eng. died Aug. 6, 1637, London British playwright, poet, and critic. After learning stagecraft as a strolling player, he wrote plays for Philip ...
Jonson,Benjamin
Jon·son (jŏnʹsən), Benjamin. Known as “Ben.” 1572-1637. English actor and writer. His plays include Volpone (1606) and Epicene (1609). * * *
Jónsson, Arngrímur
▪ Icelandic writer also called  Arngrímur Jónsson Vídalín,  byname  Arngrímur The Learned  born 1568, Vídidalur, Iceland died 1648, Hólar       scholar and ...
Jónsson, Hjálmar
▪ Icelandic poet in full  Hjálmar Jónsson Frá Bólu , also called  Bólu-Hjálmar  born 1796, Eyjafjördur, Iceland died July 25, 1875, ...
Jonsson, John Erik
▪ American manufacturer born Sept. 6, 1901, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 31, 1995, Dallas, Texas       American corporate executive under whose management Texas ...
jook
jook1 /joohk, jook/, n. Slang. See juke joint. Also called jook joint. jook2 /joohk/, n., v.t., v.i. Scot. jouk. * * *
Jools Holland
➡ Holland * * *
Joos Van Cleve
▪ Flemish painter Cleve also spelled  Cleef,  also called  Joos Van Der Beke  born c. 1480 died 1540, Antwerp, Flanders [now in Belgium]  Flemish painter known for his ...
Jooss
/yohs/, n. Kurt /koorddt/, 1901-79, German ballet dancer and choreographer. * * *
Jooss, Kurt
born Jan. 12, 1901, Wasseralfingen, Ger. died May 22, 1979, Heilbronn, W.Ger. German dancer, teacher, and choreographer. After studying dance with Rudolf Laban (1920–24), he ...
Joplin
/jop"lin/, n. 1. Scott, 1868-1917, U.S. ragtime pianist and composer. 2. a city in SW Missouri. 38,893. * * * ▪ Missouri, United States       city, Jasper and Newton ...
Joplin, Janis
▪ American singer Introduction born Jan. 19, 1943, Port Arthur, Texas, U.S. died Oct. 4, 1970, Los Angeles, Calif.       American singer, the premier white female ...
Joplin, Janis (Lyn)
born Jan. 19, 1943, Port Arthur, Texas, U.S. died Oct. 4, 1970, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. rock and blues singer. Born to a middle-class family, she ran away from home at age 17 ...
Joplin, Scott
born Nov. 24, 1868, Bowie county, Texas, U.S. died April 1, 1917, New York, N.Y. U.S. pianist and composer, the outstanding exponent of ragtime music. Joplin was a classically ...
Joplin,Scott
Joplin, Scott. 1868-1917. American pianist and composer known for his ragtime works, including “Maple Leaf Rag” (1899) and the opera Treemonisha (1911). * * *
Joppa
/jop"euh/, n. ancient name of Jaffa. * * *
Jörd
▪ Norse mythology (Old Norse: “Earth”),also called  Fjörgyn, or Hlódyn,         in Norse mythology, a giantess, mother of the deity Thor and mistress of the ...
Jordaens
/yawrdd"dahns/, n. Jacob /yah"kawp/, 1593-1678, Flemish painter. * * *
Jordaens, Jacob
born May 19, 1593, Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands died Oct. 18, 1678, Antwerp Flemish painter active in Antwerp. He was admitted to the painters' guild in 1615 and by the 1620s ...
jordan
/jawr"dn/, n. Brit. Dial. See chamber pot. [1350-1400; ME jurdan urinal, perh. after JORDAN, the river, by coarse jesting] * * * Jordan Introduction Jordan - ...
Jordan
—Jordanian /jawr day"nee euhn/, n., adj. /jawr"dn/; for 3 also Fr. /zhawrdd dahonn"/, n. 1. David Starr /stahr/, 1851-1931, U.S. biologist and educator. 2. June, born 1936, ...
Jordan almond
1. a large, hard-shelled, Spanish almond used esp. in confectionery. 2. an almond with a hard, colored coating of sugar. [1400-50; alter. of late ME jardyne almaund garden ...
Jordan arc
Math. See simple arc. [named after M. E. C. JORDAN] * * *
Jordan curve
Math. See simple closed curve. [1895-1900; named after M. E. C. JORDAN] * * *
Jordan curve theorem
Math. the theorem that the complement of a simple closed curve can be expressed as the union of two disjoint sets, each having as boundary the given curve. Cf. simple closed ...
Jordan engine
a machine for beating and refining pulp, used in manufacturing certain grades of paper. [named after Joseph Jordan, American inventor, who developed it] * * *
Jordan River
River, Middle East. It rises in Syria, flows through the Lake Tiberias (Sea of Galilee), and then receives its main tributary, the Yarmūk River. It drains into the Dead Sea at ...
Jordan, A.C.
▪ South African author in full  Archibald Campbell Jordan   born Oct. 30, 1906, Mbokothwana Mission, Cape Colony [now in South Africa] died Oct. 20, 1968, Madison, Wis., ...
Jordan, Barbara C(harline)
born Feb. 21, 1936, Houston, Texas, U.S. died Jan. 17, 1996, Austin, Texas U.S. lawyer and politician. She earned a law degree from Boston University in 1959, served in the ...
Jordan, Barbara C.
▪ American politician and educator in full  Barbara Charline Jordan  born Feb. 21, 1936, Houston, Texas, U.S. died Jan. 17, 1996, Austin, Texas  American lawyer, educator, ...
Jordan, Barbara Charline
▪ 1997       U.S. lawyer, politician, and teacher (b. Feb. 21, 1936, Houston, Texas—d. Jan. 17, 1996, Austin, Texas), was the first African-American woman to serve in ...
Jordan, Camille
▪ French mathematician in full  Marie-Ennemond-Camille Jordan  born January 5, 1838, Lyon, France died January 20, 1922, Milan, Italy       French mathematician whose ...
Jordan, David Starr
born Jan. 19, 1851, near Gainesville, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 19, 1931, Stanford, Calif. U.S. educator and ichthyologist. He studied at Cornell University and taught at ...
Jordan, Dorothea
▪ Irish actress also called  Dorothy Jordan   born Nov. 22, 1761, near Waterford, Ire. died July 3, 1816, Saint-Cloud, France  actress especially famed for her ...
Jordan, Duke
▪ 2007 Irving Sidney Jordan        American jazz pianist (b. April 1, 1922, New York, N.Y.— d. Aug. 8, 2006, Valby, Den.), first became noted during the heyday of ...
Jordan, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped black-white-green national flag with a red hoist triangle bearing a white star. The flag has a width-to-length ratio of 1 to ...
Jordan, Hamilton
▪ 2009 William Hamilton McWhorter Jordan        American political strategist and government official born Sept. 21, 1944, Charlotte, N.C. died May 20, 2008, Atlanta, ...
Jordan, James J., Jr.
▪ 2005       American advertiser (b. Aug. 3, 1930, Germantown, Pa.—d. Feb. 4, 2004, Virgin Islands), wrote popular advertising slogans that became indelibly identified ...
Jordan, Jim; and Jordan, Marian
▪ American entertainers in full  respectively James Edward Jordan and Marian Jordan, née Driscoll   Respectively,   born Nov. 16, 1896, near Peoria, Ill., U.S.–d. April ...
Jordan, June
▪ 2003       American writer, political activist, and scholar (b. July 9, 1936, Harlem, N.Y.—d. June 14, 2002, Berkeley, Calif.), tirelessly spoke out against the ...
Jordan, Louis
▪ American musician Introduction in full  Louis Thomas Jordan   born July 8, 1908, Brinkley, Ark., U.S. died Feb. 4, 1975, Los Angeles, Calif.       American ...
Jordan, Michael
▪ 1994       Leaping to unbelievable heights as usual, Michael Jordan jumped clear out of professional basketball when he retired on Oct. 6, 1993. "I don't have anything ...
Jordan, Michael (Jeffrey)
born Feb. 17, 1963, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. basketball player. As a freshman in 1982, he helped the University of North Carolina win the collegiate national championship. ...
Jordan, Pascual
▪ German physicist in full  Ernst Pascual Jordan   born Oct. 18, 1902, Hannover, Ger. died July 31, 1980, Hamburg       German theoretical physicist who was one of ...
Jordan, Vernon E., Jr.
▪ American lawyer and administrator in full  Vernon Eulion Jordan, Jr.  born Aug. 15, 1935, Atlanta, Ga., U.S.       American attorney, civil rights leader, business ...
Jordan, Winthrop Donaldson
▪ 2008       American historian, educator, and author born Nov. 11, 1931 , Worcester, Mass. died Feb. 23, 2007 , Oxford, Miss. explored the nature of race in ...
Jordan,Barbara Charline
Jordan, Barbara Charline. 1936-1996. American politician. An eloquent spokesperson for the rights of poor people and minority groups, she served as a U.S. representative for ...
Jordan,Michael Jeffrey
Jordan, Michael Jeffrey. Born 1963. American basketball player. A guard with the Chicago Bulls (1985-1993, 1995-1999) he holds a National Basketball Association record for most ...
Jordan-Hölder theorem
/jawr"dn hel"deuhr/, Math. the theorem that for any two composition series of a group, an isomorphism exists between the corresponding quotient groups of each series, taken in ...
Jordanalmond
Jordan almond n. 1. A large variety of almond from Málaga, Spain, used widely in confections. 2. An almond with a hard, colored, flavored sugar coating.   [By folk etymology ...
Jordancurve
Jordan curve n. See simple closed curve.   [After Camille Jordan (1838-1922), French mathematician.] * * *
Jordancurve theorem
Jordan curve theorem n. The theorem that states that every simple closed curve divides a plane into two parts and is the common boundary between them. * * *
Jordanes
▪ Gothic historian flourished 6th century AD       historian notable for his valuable work on the Germanic tribes.       Jordanes was a Goth who, although not ...
Jordanian
See Jordan. * * *
JordanRiver
Jordan River A river of southwest Asia rising in Syria and flowing about 322 km (200 mi) south through the Sea of Galilee to the northern end of the Dead Sea. * * *
Jorge
(as used in expressions) Amado Jorge Borges Jorge Luis Fray Jorge National Park Jorge Augustín Nicolás Ruiz de Santillana Vargas Llosa Jorge Mario Pedro * * *
Jorgensen, Christine
▪ American entertainer and author original name  George William Jorgensen, Jr.  born May 30, 1926, New York, N.Y., U.S. died May 3, 1989, San Clemente, ...
Jorhat
▪ India       town, northeastern Assam state, northeastern India. Jorhat lies along a tributary of the Brahmaputra River. A road and rail junction, it is the ...
Joris, David
▪ Belgian religious leader born 1501/02, Ghent or Bruges, Flanders [now in Belgium] died August 25, 1556, Basel, Switzerland       religious Reformer, a controversial ...
Jormungand
/yawr"moon gahnd'/, n. Scand. Myth. See Midgard serpent. [ < ON Jormungandr, equiv. to jormun- mighty, great + gandr wand, magical staff, magic] * * * ▪ ...
Jormunrek
/yawr"moon rek'/, n. Scand. Myth. (in the Poetic Edda and the Volsunga Saga) king of the Goths, murderer of Svanhild, the daughter of Sigurd: killed by the Gjukungs; probably ...
Jorn, Asger
▪ Danish artist born March 3, 1914, Jutland, Den. died May 1/2, 1973, Århus  Danish painter whose style, influenced by the Expressionist painters James Ensor of Belgium and ...
jornada
/hawr nah"deuh/; Sp. /hawrdd nah"dhah/, n., pl. jornadas /-deuhz/; Sp. /-dhahs/. Southwestern U.S. a full day's travel across a desert without a stop for taking on ...
Jornal do Brasil, O
▪ Brazilian newspaper       daily newspaper published in Rio de Janeiro, regarded as one of the eminent newspapers of South America.       It was founded in 1891 ...
joropo
/heuh roh"poh/; Sp. /haw rddaw"paw/, n., pl. joropos /-pohz/; Sp. /-paws/. a Venezuelan ballroom dance in quick triple meter. [ < AmerSp] * * *
jorum
/jawr"euhm, johr"-/, n. 1. a large bowl or container for holding drink. 2. the contents of such a container: a jorum of punch. 3. a great quantity. [1720-30; said to be named ...
jōruri
▪ Japanese puppet theatre script       in Japanese literature and music, a type of chanted recitative that came to be used as a script in Bunraku puppet drama. Its name ...
Jos
/jaws/, n. a city in central Nigeria. 105,000. * * * ▪ Nigeria       town, capital of Plateau state, on the Jos Plateau (altitude 4,250 feet [1,295 metres]) of central ...
Jos Plateau
▪ plateau, Nigeria formerly  Bauchi Plateau,         tableland in Plateau State, central Nigeria, distinguished by its high bounding scarp and by bare grassland and ...
José
(as used in expressions) Andrada e Silva José Bonifácio de José Bonifácio Arévalo Bermejo Juan José Artigas José Gervasio Batlle y Ordóñez José Capablanca José ...
Josef
(as used in expressions) Albers Josef Bruckner Josef Anton Karl Franz Josef Conrad von Hötzendorf Franz Xaver Josef Count Cuno Wilhelm Carl Josef Dobrovský Josef Franz ...
Joseffy, Rafael
▪ Hungarian pianist born July 3, 1852, Hunfalu, Hung. died June 25, 1915, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Hungarian pianist and teacher and one of the great performers of ...
Josel Of Rosheim
▪ German Jewish advocate also called Joselmann, or Joselin, Of Rosheim, or Joseph Ben Gershon Loans born c. 1478, Alsace? died March 1554, Rosheim, Alsace [now in ...
Joselito
▪ Spanish bullfighter byname of  José Gómez Ortega,  also called  Joselito el Gallo , or  Gallito (English: Little Joe the Rooster, or Little Rooster)  born May 8, ...
Joselyn
/jos"euh lin, jos"lin/, n. a female given name. * * *
Josep
/joh"zeuhp, -seuhp/, n. a male given name, form of Joseph. * * *
Joseph
/joh"zeuhf, -seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob's eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22-24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who ...
Joseph Addison
➡ Addison * * *
Joseph Banks
➡ Banks * * *
Joseph Bonaparte Gulf
Inlet of the Timor Sea, northern Australia. It spans 225 mi (360 km) east to west, and it indents the Australian coast for 100 mi (160 km). Entered by a Dutch navigator in 1644, ...
Joseph Chamberlain
➡ Chamberlain (II) * * *
Joseph Grimaldi
➡ Grimaldi * * *
Joseph Haydn
➡ Haydn * * *
Joseph Heller
➡ Heller * * *
Joseph I
1678-1711, king of Hungary 1687-1711; king of Germany 1690-1711; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1705-11 (son of Leopold I). * * * ▪ Holy Roman emperor born July 26, 1678, ...
Joseph II
1741-90, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1765-90 (son of Francis I; brother of Leopold II and Marie Antoinette). * * * born March 13, 1741, Vienna died Feb. 20, 1790, ...
Joseph John Thomson
➡ Thomson (I) * * *
Joseph Kennedy
➡ Kennedy (VI) * * *
Joseph Lister
➡ Lister * * *
Joseph Mallord William Turner
➡ Turner (II) * * *
Joseph McCarthy
➡ McCarthy (II) * * *
Joseph of Arimathaea
/ar'euh meuh thee"euh/ a member of the Sanhedrin who placed the body of Jesus in the tomb. Matt. 27:57-60; Mark 15:43. * * *
Joseph of Arimathea
Joseph of Arimathea n. Bible a wealthy disciple who provided a tomb for Jesus' body: Matt. 27:57-60 * * * (1st century AD) a rich supporter of Jesus who appears in the Bible. He ...
Joseph of Arimathea, Saint
▪ biblical figure flourished c. AD 30, ; Western feast day March 17, Eastern feast day July 31       according to all four Gospels, a secret disciple of Jesus (Jesus ...
Joseph of Portsoken, Keith Sinjohn Joseph
▪ 1995       BARON, British politician (b. Jan. 17, 1918, London, England—d. Dec. 10, 1994, London), converted (during the 1980s) the British Conservative Party under ...
Joseph of Volokolamsk, Saint
▪ Russian Orthodox abbot and theologian also called  Joseph Of Volotsk , Russian  Svyatoy Iosef Volokolamsky , or  Volotsky , original name  Ivan Sanin  born 1439, ...
Joseph Priestley
➡ Priestley (II) * * *
Joseph Smith
➡ Smith (VIII) * * *
Joseph Warren Stilwell
➡ Stilwell * * *
Joseph's coat
☆ Joseph's coat n. an ornamental species of pigweed (Amaranthus tricolor) having red, yellow, and green upper leaves * * *
Joseph's-coat
/joh"zeuhfs koht", -seuhfs-/, n. a cultivated form of Amaranthus tricolor, having headlike clusters of small flowers and blotched and colored leaves. Cf. tampala. [1865-70, ...
Joseph, Chief
born с 1840, Wallowa Valley, Ore.Terr. died Sept. 21, 1904, Colville Reservation, Wash., U.S. Nez Percé chief. In 1877 the U.S. attempted to force the Nez Percé to move to a ...
Joseph, Father
orig. François-Joseph le Clerc du Tremblay born Nov. 4, 1577, Paris, France died Dec. 18, 1638, Rueil French mystic and religious reformer. He joined the Capuchins in 1599. ...
Joseph, Saint
flourished 1st century AD, Nazareth, Galilee region of Palestine; principle feast day March 19; Feast of St. Joseph the Worker May 1 In the New Testament, the husband of Mary ...
Joseph,Saint
Joseph,Saint. fl. first century A.D. In the New Testament, the husband of Mary, mother of Jesus. * * *
Josepha
(as used in expressions) Hale Sarah Josepha Sarah Josepha Buell Orczy Emmuska Magdalena Rosalia Marie Josepha Barbara Baroness * * *
JosephII
Joseph II, 1741-1790. Holy Roman emperor (1765-1790) and king of Bohemia and Hungary (1780-1790). He instituted a number of social reforms aimed at curbing hereditary ...
Josephine
/joh"zeuh feen', -seuh-/, n. 1. Empress (Marie Joséphine Rose Tascher de la Pagerie). See Beauharnais, Joséphine de. 2. a female given name: derived from Joseph. * * * (as ...
Josephof Arimathea
Joseph of Ar·i·ma·the·a (ăr'ə-mə-thēʹə), fl.first century A.D. In the New Testament, the disciple who buried the body of Jesus. * * *
Josephson
/joh"zeuhf seuhn, -seuhf-/, n. Brian David, born 1940, British physicist: Nobel prize 1973. * * *
Josephson effect
Flow of electric current between two pieces of superconducting material (see superconductivity) separated by a thin layer of insulating material. This flow was predicted by the ...
Josephson junction
/joh"zeuhf seuhn, -seuhf-/, Electronics. a high-speed switch, used in experimental computers, that operates on the basis of a radiative phenomenon (Josephson effect) exhibited by ...
Josephson sisters
▪ American swimmers byname  The J's   American synchronized duet swimmers who won 16 consecutive championships in 1991 and 1992.       Karen Josephson (b. Jan. 10, ...
Josephson, Brian D(avid)
born Jan. 4, 1940, Cardiff, Wales British physicist. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge and began building on earlier work done by Leo Esaki of IBM and Ivar ...
Josephson, Brian D.
▪ British physicist in full  Brian David Josephson  born Jan. 4, 1940, Cardiff, Glamorgan, Wales       British physicist whose discovery of the Josephson effect while ...
Josephson, Matthew
▪ American author born Feb. 15, 1899, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died March 13, 1978, Santa Cruz, Calif.       U.S. biographer whose clear writing was based on sound and ...
Josephsoneffect
Jo·seph·son effect (jōʹzəf-sən, -səf-) n. The effect associated with the tunneling of electron pairs across an insulating barrier separating two ...
Josephsonjunction
Josephson junction n. An insulating barrier separating two superconducting materials and producing the Josephson effect. * * *
Josephus
/joh see"feuhs/, n. Flavius /flay"vee euhs/, (Joseph ben Matthias), A.D. 37?-c100, Jewish historian and general. * * * (as used in expressions) Daniels Josephus Petrus Josephus ...
Josephus, Flavius
orig. Joseph Ben Matthias born AD 37/38, Jerusalem died с 100, Rome Jewish priest, scholar, and historian. Born of a priestly family, Josephus joined the Pharisees. While on ...
Josephus,Flavius
Jo·se·phus (jō-sēʹfəs), Flavius. A.D. 37-100?. Jewish general and historian who took part in the Jewish revolt against the Romans. His History of the Jewish War is the ...
josh
—josher, n. /josh/, v.t., v.i. 1. to chaff; banter in a teasing way. n. 2. good-natured banter. [1835-45, Amer.; of obscure orig.] * * *
Josh
/josh/, n. a male given name, form of Joshua. * * *
Josh.
Joshua. * * *
Joshaqan rug
 floor covering handmade in the village of Joshaqan (Jowsheqān), north of Eṣfahān in central Iran. An astonishing mélange of rugs has been attributed by various writers to ...
josher
See josh. * * *
joshingly
See josher. * * *
Joshua
/josh"ooh euh/, n. 1. the successor of Moses as leader of the Israelites. Deut. 31:14, 23; 34:9. 2. a book of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: Josh. 3. a male given name: from ...
Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho
an old African-American spiritual based on the story of Joshua in the Bible. ‘Fit’ represents a way of saying ‘fought’. The song tells how Joshua captured the city of ...
Joshua Reynolds
➡ Reynolds (III) * * *
Joshua the Stylite
▪ Christian monk flourished 6th century AD       monk of the convent of Zuknin and the reputed author of a chronicle covering mainly the period 495–506. Incorporated ...
Joshua tree
an evergreen tree, Yucca brevifolia, growing in arid or desert regions of the southwestern U.S., having long, twisted branches. Also called tree yucca. [1895-1900] * * *
Joshua Tree National Park
National park, southeastern California, U.S. Situated on the border between the Mojave and Colorado deserts, it has an area of 1,241 sq mi (3,214 sq km). It was designated a ...
Joshua, Book of
▪ Old Testament also spelled  Josue,         the sixth book of the Old Testament, which, along with Deuteronomy, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kings, belongs to ...
Joshuatree
Joshua tree n. A treelike plant (Yucca brevifolia) of the southwest United States, having sword-shaped leaves and greenish-white flowers grouped in large panicles.   [Probably ...
Josiah
/joh suy"euh/, n. 1. Also, Douay Bible, Josias /joh suy"euhs/. a king of Judah, reigned 640?-609? B.C. II Kings 22. 2. a male given name. [
Josie
/joh"zee, -see/, n. a female given name, form of Josephine. * * *
Josipovici, Gabriel
▪ British author in full  Gabriel David Josipovici  born Oct. 8, 1940, Nice, France       French-born British novelist, literary theorist (literary criticism), ...
joskin
/jos"kin/, n. Chiefly Brit. Slang. a bumpkin. [1805-15; perh. b. BUMPKIN and dial. joss to jostle, bump] * * *
Jospin, Lionel
born July 12, 1937, Meduon, France French Socialist Party politician who served as the country's prime minister (1997–2002). He was educated at the elite École Nationale ...
Josquin des Prés
/zhus"kan deuh pray"/; Fr. /zhaws kaonn day prdday"/. See Des Prés, Josquin. * * *
Josquin des Prez
Josquin des Prez or Josquin Desprez [zhō̂s kan′ dā prā′] 1440?-1521; Fr. composer * * * born с 1445, Condé-sur-l'Escaut?, Burgundian Hainaut died Aug. 27, 1521, ...
JosquinDesprez
Jos·quin Des·prez (zhōzʹkăɴ dā-prāʹ), 1440?-1521. Flemish composer considered the greatest of the Renaissance. He is noted for both his liturgical and secular ...
joss
joss1 /jos/, n. a Chinese house idol or cult image. [1705-15; < Chin Pidgin E < Pg deos < L deus god] joss2 /jos/, n. Brit., Australian Informal. a foreman or boss. [1855-60; ...
joss house
a Chinese temple for idol worship. [1765-75] * * *
joss stick
a slender stick of a dried, fragrant paste, burned by the Chinese as incense before a joss. [1880-85] * * *
josser
/jos"euhr/, n. Brit. Slang. fellow, esp. one who is or is made to appear foolish or simpleminded. [1885-90; orig. uncert.] * * *
josshouse
joss house n. A Chinese temple or shrine. * * *
jossstick
joss stick n. A stick of incense of the kind burned before a Chinese image, idol, or shrine. * * *
Jost Van Dyke Island
▪ island, British Virgin Islands       one of the British Virgin Islands, in the Lesser Antilles, separating the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. It lies 4 miles (6 ...
Jostedals Glacier
▪ glacier, Norway Norwegian  Jostedalsbreen,    ice field, Sogn og Fjordane fylke (county), western Norway. It lies north of the deeply indented Sogne Fjord. The largest ...
jostle
—jostlement, n. —jostler, n. /jos"euhl/, v., jostled, jostling, n. v.t. 1. to bump, push, shove, brush against, or elbow roughly or rudely. 2. to drive or force by, or as if ...
jostler
See jostle. * * *
Josue
/jos"yooh ee/, n. Douay Bible. Joshua (defs. 1, 2). * * *
jot
/jot/, v., jotted, jotting, n. v.t. 1. to write or mark down quickly or briefly (usually fol. by down): Jot down his license number. n. 2. the least part of something; a little ...
jota
/hoh"teuh/; Sp. /haw"tah/, n., pl. jotas /-teuhz/; Sp. /-tahs/. 1. a Spanish dance in triple meter, performed by a couple and marked by complex rhythms executed with the heels ...
jotter
/jot"euhr/, n. 1. a person who jots things down. 2. a small notebook. [1880-85; JOT + -ER1] * * *
jotting
—jotty, adj. /jot"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person who jots. 2. a quickly written or brief note; memorandum. [1800-10; JOT + -ING1] * * *
Jotun
/yaw"toon/, n. Scand. Myth. any of a race of giants frequently in conflict with the gods. Also, Jotunn, Jötunn /yue"toon/. [1835-45; < ON jotunn giant; c. OE eoten; akin to ...
Jotunheim
/yaw"toon haym'/, n. Scand. Myth. the outer world, or realm of giants; Utgard. Also, Jotunnheim, Jötunheim, Jötunnheim /yue"toon haym'/. [ < ON, equiv. to jotunn giant + heimr ...
Jotunheim Mountains
Mountain range, south-central Norway. It is the highest range in Scandinavia and extends 80 mi (130 km); its tallest peaks are Glitter Mountain (8,045 ft [2,452 m]) and Galdhø ...
Jotunn
Jotunn or Jotun [yô′toon΄] n. 〚ON jǫtunn, akin to OE eoten, a giant < IE base * ed-, to eat: hence, orig., glutton or ? man-eater〛 Norse Myth. any of the giants * * *
Jotunnheim
Jotunnheim or Jotunheim [yô′toonhām΄, yō′too hām΄] n. 〚ON jǫtunheimar, pl. < jǫtunn (see JOTUNN) + heimr,HOME〛 Norse Myth. the home of the giants * * *
joual
/zhooh al", -ahl"/, n. any of the nonstandard dialects of Canadian French, characterized by deviations from the standard phonology, morphology, syntax, and vocabulary, and often ...
Joubert
/zhooh berdd"/, n. Joseph /zhaw zef"/, 1754-1824, French moralist and essayist. * * *
Joubert, Barthélemy-Catherine
▪ French general born April 14, 1769, Pont-de-Vaux, Fr. died Aug. 15, 1799, Novi Ligure, Italy       French general during the Revolutionary era.       Joubert, ...
Joubert, Petrus Jacobus
▪ South African politician also called  Piet Joubert   born Jan. 20, 1831, near Prince Albert, Cape Colony [now in South Africa] died March 27, 1900, Pretoria, South African ...
Jouffroy d'Abbans, Claude-François-Dorothée, marquis de
▪ French engineer and inventor born 1751, Roches-sur-Rognon, Fr. died 1832, Paris       French engineer and inventor who in 1783 traveled upstream on the Saône River ...
Jouhaud, Gen. Edmond
▪ 1996       Algerian-born French air force chief of staff who, with three other French generals, staged an abortive coup in Algiers, 1961-62, in an attempt to prevent ...
Jouhaux
/zhooh oh"/, n. Léon /lay awonn"/, 1879-1954, French labor leader and politician: Nobel peace prize 1951. * * *
Jouhaux, Léon
▪ French labour leader born July 1, 1879, Paris, France died April 28, 1954, Paris  French Socialist and trade-union leader who was one of the founders of the International ...
jouk
/joohk/, Scot. n. 1. a sudden, elusive movement. v.t., v.i. 2. to dodge or duck. Also, jook. [1510-20; appar. var. of DUCK2] * * *
Joukahainen
/yoh"keuh huy'nen/, n. Finnish Legend. a Lapp magician who tried to kill Väinämöinen. * * *
joule
/joohl, jowl/, n. Physics. the SI unit of work or energy, equal to the work done by a force of one newton when its point of application moves through a distance of one meter in ...
Joule
/joohl, jowl/, n. James Prescott, 1818-89, English physicist. * * * ▪ unit of energy measurement       unit of work or energy in the International System of Units ...
Joule effect
Physics. the generation of heat by the passage of electricity through a resistance. [1875-80; named after J. P. JOULE] * * *
Joule's law
Physics. 1. the principle that the rate of production of heat by a constant direct current is directly proportional to the resistance of the circuit and to the square of the ...
Joule, James (Prescott)
born Dec. 24, 1818, Salford, Lancashire, Eng. died Oct. 11, 1889, Sale, Cheshire English physicist. After studying under John Dalton, in 1840 he described "Joule's law," which ...
Joule, James Prescott
▪ English physicist born December 24, 1818, Salford, Lancashire [now in Greater Manchester], England died October 11, 1889, Sale, Cheshire       English physicist who ...
Joule,James Prescott
Joule (jo͞ol, joul), James Prescott. 1818-1889. British physicist who established the mechanical theory of heat and discovered the first law of thermodynamics. * * *
Joule-Thomson effect
/joohl"tom"seuhn, jowl"-/, Thermodynam. the change of temperature that a gas exhibits during a throttling process, shown by passing the gas through a small aperture or porous ...
jounce
/jowns/, v., jounced, jouncing, n. v.t., v.i. 1. to move joltingly or roughly up and down; bounce. n. 2. a jouncing movement. [1400-50; late ME; appar. b. joll to bump (now obs.) ...
jour
jour abbrev. 1. journal 2. journeyman * * *
jour.
1. journal. 2. journeyman. * * *
Jourdan
/zhoohrdd dahonn"/, n. Jean Baptiste /zhahonn bann teest"/, Count, 1762-1833, French marshal. * * *
Jourdan, Jean-Baptiste, Count
▪ French military commander (Comte) born April 29, 1762, Limoges, Fr. died Nov. 23, 1833, Paris  military commander remembered as the sponsor of conscription during the ...
journ.
journalism. * * *
journal
—journalary, adj. —journalish, adj. /jerr"nl/, n. 1. a daily record, as of occurrences, experiences, or observations: She kept a journal during her European trip. 2. a ...
journal box
Mach. a box or housing for a journal and its bearing. [1870-75] * * *
journal bronze
an alloy of about 83 percent copper, 13 percent tin, 3 percent zinc, and 1 percent lead. * * *
Journal de Genève
▪ Swiss newspaper       daily newspaper published in Geneva, Switzerland. Among French-language newspapers it was generally regarded as the best in Switzerland and one ...
Journal des Débats, Le
▪ French newspaper       (French: “The Journal of Debates”), former Parisian daily newspaper that was one of the most influential organs of the French press in the ...
journal intime
/zhoohrdd nann laonn teem"/, pl. journaux intimes /zhoohrdd noh zaonn teem"/. French. a personal or private diary. * * *
journalbox
journal box n. A housing in a machine enclosing a journal and its bearings. * * *
journalese
/jerr'nl eez", -ees"/, n. 1. a manner of writing or speaking characterized by clichés, occasional neologism, archness, sensationalizing adjectives, unusual or faulty syntax, ...
journalism
/jerr"nl iz'euhm/, n. 1. the occupation of reporting, writing, editing, photographing, or broadcasting news or of conducting any news organization as a business. 2. press1 (def. ...
journalist
/jerr"nl ist/, n. 1. a person who practices the occupation or profession of journalism. 2. a person who keeps a journal, diary, or other record of daily events. [1685-95; JOURNAL ...
journalistic
—journalistically, adv. /jerr'nl is"tik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of journalists or journalism. [1825-35; JOURNALIST + -IC] * * *
journalistically
See journalistic. * * *
journalize
—journalization, n. —journalizer, n. /jerr"nl uyz'/, v., journalized, journalizing. v.t. 1. to tell or relate as one would in keeping a journal. 2. to enter or record in a ...
journalizer
See journalize. * * *
journey
—journeyer, n. /jerr"nee/, n., pl. journeys, v., journeyed, journeying. n. 1. a traveling from one place to another, usually taking a rather long time; trip: a six-day journey ...
journeycake
journey cake n. New England & Upper Midwest See johnnycake. See Regional Note at johnnycake.   [Perhaps by folk etymology from jonakin.] * * *
journeyer
See journey. * * *
journeyman
/jerr"nee meuhn/, n., pl. journeymen. 1. a person who has served an apprenticeship at a trade or handicraft and is certified to work at it assisting or under another person. 2. ...
journeywork
/jerr"nee werrk'/, n. 1. the work of a journeyman. 2. necessary, routine, or servile work. [1595-1605; JOURNEY a day's work (obs.) + WORK] * * *
joust
—jouster, n. /jowst, just, joohst/, n. 1. a combat in which two knights on horseback attempted to unhorse each other with blunted lances. 2. this type of combat fought in a ...
jouster
See joust. * * *
jousting
Medieval Western European mock battle between two horsemen who charged at each other with leveled lances in an attempt to unseat the other. It probably originated in France in ...
Jouve
/zhoohv/, n. Pierre Jean /pyerdd zhahonn/, 1887-1976, French writer. * * *
Jouve, Pierre-Jean
▪ French author born Oct. 11, 1887, Arras, Fr. died Jan. 8, 1976, Paris       French poet, novelist, and critic.       Early in his career, Jouve was influenced ...
Jouvenet, Jean
▪ French painter born May 1, 1649, Rouen, France died April 5, 1717, Paris       French Baroque painter remembered for his religious works—e.g., The Miraculous ...
Jouvet, Louis
▪ French actor and director born Dec. 24, 1887, Crozon, Fr. died Aug. 16, 1951, Paris  actor, director, designer, and technician, one of the most influential figures of the ...
Jouy print
/zhwee/. See toile de Jouy. * * *
Jovanović, Slobodan
▪ prime minister of Yugoslavia born Dec. 3, 1869, Neusatz, Austria-Hungary died Dec. 12, 1958, London       Serbian jurist, historian, and statesman, prime minister in ...
Jovanovich, William
▪ 2002 Vladimir Jovanovich        American publisher (b. Feb. 6, 1920, Louisville, Colo.—d. Dec. 4, 2001, San Diego, Calif.), joined the Harcourt Brace and Co. ...
Jove
/johv/, n. 1. Jupiter (def. 1). 2. Archaic. the planet Jupiter. 3. by Jove! (an exclamation used to emphasize an accompanying remark or to express surprise, approval, etc.): It ...
Jovellanos, Gaspar Melchor de
▪ Spanish statesman born January 5, 1744, Gijón, Spain died November 27, 1811, Veja       Spanish statesman and author, one of the most important figures of the ...
Joveynī, ʿAṭā Malek
▪ Persian historian more complete name ʿalāʾ Od-dīn ʿaṭā Malek Joveynī, also spelled ʿala Ad-dīn ʿaṭā Malek Juwaynī born 1226, Joveyn, Khorāsān died 1283, ...
jovial
—jovially, adv. —jovialness, n. /joh"vee euhl/, adj. 1. endowed with or characterized by a hearty, joyous humor or a spirit of good-fellowship: a wonderfully jovial host. 2. ...
joviality
/joh'vee al"i tee/, n. the state or quality of being jovial; merriment; jollity. [1620-30; JOVIAL + -ITY; cf. F jovialité] Syn. See mirth. * * *
jovially
See joviality. * * *
Jovian
—Jovianly, adv. /joh"vee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Roman god Jupiter. 2. of or pertaining to the planet Jupiter. [1520-30; < L Jov- (see JOVE) + -IAN] /joh"vee ...
Jovian planet
Astron. any of the four large outer planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. * * *
Jovianplanet
Jovian planet n. One of the four major planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, which have very large masses and are farther from the sun than the terrestrial planets. * * *
Jovius, Paulus
▪ Italian historian also called Paolo Giovio born April 19, 1483, Como, Milan died Dec. 10, 1552, Florence       Italian historian, author of vivid historical works in ...
jow
/jow, joh/, Scot. n. 1. the ringing, tolling, or sound of a bell. v.t. 2. to ring or toll (a bell). 3. to hit or strike (esp. the head). v.i. 4. to rock from side to ...
Jowett
/jow"it/, n. Benjamin, 1817-93, English educator and Greek scholar. * * *
Jowett, Benjamin
▪ English scholar born April 15, 1817, London died Oct. 1, 1893, Headley Park, Hampshire, Eng.  British classical scholar, considered to be one of the greatest teachers of ...
jowl
jowl1 —jowled, adj. /jowl, johl/, n. 1. a jaw, esp. the lower jaw. 2. the cheek. [bef. 1000; ME chawl, chavell, OE ceafl jaw; c. D kevel, G Kiefer, ON kjaptr] jowl2 /jowl, ...
jowliness
See jowly. * * *
jowly
/jow"lee, joh"-/, adj., jowlier, jowliest. having prominent jowls. [1870-75; JOWL1 + -Y1] * * *
joy
/joy/, n. 1. the emotion of great delight or happiness caused by something exceptionally good or satisfying; keen pleasure; elation: She felt the joy of seeing her son's ...
Joy
/joy/, n. a female given name. Also, Joye. * * * (as used in expressions) Adamson Joy Joy Friederike Victoria Gessner Cartwright Alexander Joy * * *
joy buzzer
a device used for a practical joke with a handshake, concealed in the palm of the hand and producing a buzzing sound and an unpleasant vibrating sensation when it is pressed ...
Joy Division
a British pop group formed in 1977. The group are known for their sad songs about loss and failure, including Love Will Tear Us Apart (1980). Its singer, Ian Curtis, killed ...
Joy Division/New Order
▪ British rock group Introduction       British rock group who, as Joy Division, refined the external chaos of 1970s punk into a disquieting inner turmoil, ushering in ...
joy ride
☆ joy ride n. Informal an automobile ride merely for pleasure, often at a reckless speed and sometimes, specif., in a stolen car joy rider n. joy riding n. * * *
joy-pop
joy-pop [joi′päp΄] Slang vi. joy-popped, joy-popping to inject a narcotic drug under the skin, esp. in small quantities and infrequently joy-poper n. * * *
joyance
/joy"euhns/, n. Archaic. joyous feeling; gladness. [1580-90; JOY + -ANCE (coined by Spenser)] * * *
Joyce
/joys/, n. 1. James (Augustine Aloysius), 1882-1941, Irish novelist. 2. William ("Lord Haw-Haw"), 1906-46, U.S. and English Nazi propagandist in Germany. 3. a female or male ...
Joyce Grenfell
➡ Grenfell * * *
Joyce, James
▪ Irish author Introduction in full  James Augustine Aloysius Joyce   born Feb. 2, 1882, Dublin, Ire. died Jan. 13, 1941, Zürich, Switz.  Irish novelist noted for his ...
Joyce, James (Augustine Aloysius)
born Feb. 2, 1882, Dublin, Ire. died Jan. 13, 1941, Zürich, Switz. Irish novelist. Educated at a Jesuit school (though he soon rejected Catholicism) and at University College, ...
Joyce, William
▪ English-language propagandist byname  Lord Haw-haw   born April 24, 1906, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 3, 1946, London, Eng.       English-language propaganda ...
Joyce,James
Joyce (jois), James. 1882-1941. Irish writer whose literary innovations have had a profound influence on modern fiction. His works include Ulysses (1922) and Finnegans Wake ...
Joycean
/joy"see euhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of James Joyce or his work. n. 2. a student of the life and work of James Joyce. 3. a person who favors or advocates ...
Joyeuse Entrée
▪ royal visitation       (French: “Joyous Entry”), during the European Middle Ages and the ancien régime, the ceremonial first visit of a prince to his country, ...
Joyeuse, Anne, Duke de
▪ French noble born 1561, Joyeuse, France died Oct. 20, 1587, Coutras       French nobleman who became a leader of the Roman Catholic extremists opposing the Protestant ...
joyful
—joyfully, adv. —joyfulness, n. /joy"feuhl/, adj. 1. full of joy, as a person or one's heart; glad; delighted. 2. showing or expressing joy, as looks, actions, or speech. 3. ...
joyfully
See joyful. * * *
joyfulness
See joyfully. * * *
joyless
—joylessly, adv. —joylessness, n. /joy"lis/, adj. 1. without joy or gladness; unhappy: the joyless days of the war. 2. causing no joy or pleasure. [1300-50; ME joyles. See ...
joylessly
See joyless. * * *
joylessness
See joylessly. * * *
Joyner
(1959–98) a US athlete, also known informally as ‘Flo-Jo’, who won three gold medals at the 1988 Olympic Games. She ran the fastest time ever in the 200 metres. Joyner was ...
Joyner,Florence Griffith
Joy·ner (joiʹnər), Florence Griffith. Known as “Flo Jo.” 1959-1998. American athlete. A sprinter, she won three gold medals in the 1988 Olympics in the 100-meter dash, ...
Joyner-Kersee
(1962– ) an American who won three Olympic gold medals. Two were for the heptathlon (= an event involving seven separate contests) in 1988 (when she scored more points than any ...
Joyner-Kersee, Jackie
orig. Jacqueline Joyner born March 3, 1962, East St. Louis, Ill., U.S. U.S. athlete. She won four consecutive National Junior Heptathlon championships and starred in ...
Joyner-Kersee,Jacqueline
Joy·ner-Ker·see (joiʹnər-kûrʹsē), Jacqueline. Known as “Jackie.” Born 1962. American athlete. Two-time world champion in both the heptathlon and long jump, she won ...
joyous
—joyously, adv. —joyousness, n. /joy"euhs/, adj. joyful; happy; jubilant: the joyous sounds of children at play. [1275-1325; ME < AF; OF joios. See JOY, -OUS] * * *
joyously
See joyous. * * *

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