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Kerguelen
/kerr"geuh len', -leuhn/, n. an archipelago in the S Indian Ocean: a possession of France. 2700 sq. mi. (7000 sq. km). French, Kerguélen /kerdd gay len"/. * * *
Kerguelen cabbage
▪ plant       (species Pringlea antiscorbutica), plant resembling the common cabbage and belonging to the same family (Brassicaceae). It was named for Kerguelen Island. ...
Kerguelen Islands
Kerguelen Islands [kʉr′gə lən] group of French islands in the S Indian Ocean, consisting of one large island & over 200 small ones: 2,786 sq mi (7,216 sq km) * * ...
KerguelenIslands
Ker·gue·len Islands (kûrʹgə-lən, -lĕn') A French-administered island group in the southern Indian Ocean southeast of South Africa. The largest island, Kerguelen, was ...
Kerimov, Kerim Aliyevich
▪ 2004       Soviet rocket scientist (b. Nov. 14/17, 1917, Baku, Azerbaijan, Russian Empire—d. March 29, 2003, Moscow, Russia), was for many years a central figure in ...
Kerki
/ker kee"/; Russ. /kyirdd kyee"/, n. a city in E Turkmenistan: trade center. 14,300. * * *
Kérkira
Kérkira [ker′kē rä] Gr. name for CORFU * * * Kér·ki·ra (kĕrʹkē-rä') See Corfu. * * *
Kerkrade
Kerkrade [kerk′rä΄də] city in SE Netherlands, on the German border: pop. 53,000 * * * ▪ The Netherlands       gemeente (municipality), southeastern Netherlands, ...
Kerkyra
/kerdd"kee rddah/, n. Greek name of Corfu. * * *
Kerll, Johann Caspar von
▪ German composer born April 9, 1627, Adorf, Saxony died Feb. 13, 1693, Munich       organist and leading master of the middle-Baroque generation of south-German ...
Kermadec Islands
Volcanic island group, South Pacific Ocean. Located northeast of Auckland, N.Z., it includes Raoul, Macauley, and Curtis islands and l'Esperance Rock, and it has a total land ...
Kermadec Trench
▪ trench, Pacific Ocean       submarine trench in the floor of the South Pacific Ocean, about 750 mi (1,200 km) in length, forming the eastern boundary of the Kermadec ...
Kerman
/keuhr mahn", ker-/, n. a city in SE Iran. 88,000. * * * ▪ Iran also spelled  Kirmān,        city, provincial capital, and ostān (province), southeastern Iran. ...
Kermān carpet
Kermān also spelled  Kirmān   floor covering handwoven in or about the city of Kermān in southern Iran, which has been the origin since the 16th century of highly ...
Kermanshah
/ker mahn'shah", -shaw", keuhr-, ker'mahn-, kerr'-/, n. 1. a city in W Iran. 190,000. 2. Kirman. * * * ▪ Iran formerly  Bākhtarān,         city, western Iran. The ...
kermes
/kerr"meez/, n. 1. a red dye formerly prepared from the dried bodies of the females of a scale insect, Kermes ilices, which lives on small, evergreen oaks of the Mediterranean ...
kermesite
/kerr"mee zuyt', -meuh suyt', kerr mes"uyt/, n. a mineral, antimony oxysulfide, Sb2S2O, occurring usually in tufts of red capillary crystals. [1835-45; KERMES + -ITE1] * * *
kermis
/kerr"mis/, n. 1. (in the Low Countries) a local, annual outdoor fair or festival. 2. a similar entertainment, usually for charitable purposes. Also, kermess, kirmess. [1570-80; ...
Kermit
/kerr"mit/, n. a male given name. * * *
Kermit the Frog
➡ Kermit * * * ▪ American puppet character       American television puppet character, a featured figure among a group of highly articulated hand puppets called ...
kern
kern1 /kerrn/, Print. n. 1. a part of the face of a type projecting beyond the body or shank, as in certain italic letters. v.t. 2. to form or furnish with a kern, as a type or ...
Kern
/kerrn/, n. Jerome (David), 1885-1945, U.S. composer. * * *
Kern, Jerome
▪ American composer born Jan. 27, 1885, New York City died Nov. 11, 1945, New York City  one of the major U.S. composers of musical comedy, whose Show Boat (with libretto by ...
Kern, Jerome (David)
born Jan. 27, 1885, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 11, 1945, New York City U.S. composer, one of the major U.S. creators of the musical. Kern studied music in his native New ...
Kern, Johann Conrad
▪ Swiss diplomat born June 11, 1808, Berlingen, Thurgau, Switz. died April 14, 1888, Zürich       longtime Swiss minister to France and one of the authors of the Swiss ...
Kern,Jerome David
Kern (kûrn), Jerome David. 1885-1945. American composer of numerous musicals, including Show Boat (1927), and more than a thousand songs, such as “Ol' Man River” and ...
Kernaghan, Lee
▪ 2009 Lee Raymond Kernaghan  born April 15, 1964, Corryong, Vic., Australia  On Jan. 25, 2008, Australian country music star Lee Kernaghan was named Australian of the Year ...
kerne
kerne (kûrn) n. Variant of kern1. * * *
kernel
—kernelless, adj. —kernelly, adj. /kerr"nl/, n., v., kerneled, kerneling or (esp. Brit.) kernelled, kernelling. n. 1. the softer, usually edible part contained in the shell ...
kernel sentence
a simple, active, declarative sentence containing no modifiers or connectives that may be used in making more elaborate sentences: The sentence "Good tests are short" is made ...
kernel smut
Plant Pathol. a disease of sorghum and other grasses in which the grains are replaced by the black spores of a smut fungus, esp. of the genera Tilletia and Ustilago. * * *
kerneled
See kernel. * * *
Kerner, Justinus Andreas Christian
▪ German writer born Sept. 18, 1786, Ludwigsburg, Württemberg died Feb. 21, 1862, Weinsberg  German poet and spiritualist writer. He and the poet Ludwig Uhland (Uhland, ...
kernicterus
▪ pathology       severe brain damage caused by an abnormal concentration of the bile pigment bilirubin in brain tissues at or shortly after birth. Kernicterus may ...
kerning
/kerr"ning/, n. Print. the setting of two letters closer together than is usual by removing space between them. [1675-85; KERN2 + -ING1] * * *
kernite
/kerr"nuyt/, n. a mineral, hydrated sodium borate, Na2B4O7·4H2O, occurring in transparent colorless crystals: the principal source of boron compounds in the U.S. [1925-30; named ...
kernos
/kerr"nos/, n., pl. kernoi /-noy/. Gk. Antiq. a Mycenaean ceramic piece, usually in the form of a ring, to which were attached a number of cups or vases. [1900-05; < Gk ...
Kernot, Cheryl
▪ 1995       As one of the foremost Australian role models for young women, Cheryl Kernot—senator from Queensland and leader of the Australian Democrats ...
KernRiver
Kern River A river rising in the Sierra Nevada of eastern California and flowing about 249 km (155 mi) south and southwest to the southern San Joaquin Valley. * * *
kero
/kair"oh/, n., pl. keros. a wooden container, as a beaker, made by the Incas. [ < Quechua qeru] * * *
kerogen
/ker"euh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. the bituminous matter in oil shale, from which shale oil is obtained by heating and distillation. [1905-10; < Gk keró(s) wax + -GEN] * * * or kerogen ...
kerosene
/ker"euh seen', kar"-, ker'euh seen", kar'-/, n. 1. a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained by distilling petroleum, bituminous shale, or the like, and widely used as a fuel, ...
kerosene lamp
▪ lighting       vessel containing kerosene with a wick for burning to provide light. Such lamps were widely used from the 1860s, when kerosene first became plentiful, ...
Kerouac
/ker"ooh ak'/, n. Jack (Jean-Louis Lefris de Kérouac), 1922-69, U.S. novelist. * * *
Kerouac, Jack
orig. Jean-Louis Lebris de Kerouac born March 12, 1922, Lowell, Mass., U.S. died Oct. 21, 1969, St. Petersburg, Fla. U.S. poet and novelist. Born to a French-Canadian family, ...
Kerouac,Jack
Ker·ou·ac (kĕrʹo͞o-ăk'), Jack. 1922-1969. American writer and a leading figure of the Beat Generation. His primarily autobiographical books include On the Road (1957) and ...
Kérouané
▪ Guinea       town, southeastern Guinea, West Africa, on the road from Beyla to Kankan. It is the chief trading town (rice, millet, cattle) for savanna lands inhabited ...
kerp-
To gather, pluck, harvest. Variant *karp-. 1. harvest, from Old English hærfest, harvest, from Germanic *harbistaz. 2. carpet; excerpt, scarce, from Latin carpere, to pluck. 3. ...
kerplunk
/keuhr plungk"/, adv. with or as if with a sudden muffled thud: The huge stone hit the water kerplunk. [1885-90; see KER-, PLUNK] * * *
Kerr
/kerr/ or, for 2, 4, /kahr/, n. 1. Clark, born 1911, U.S. educator: president of the University of California 1958-67. 2. Michael Crawford, 1827-76, U.S. politician: Speaker of ...
Kerr cell
/kahr, kerr/, Physics. a transparent cell filled with a fluid, usually nitrobenzene, and containing two electrodes placed between two polarizing light filters, suitable for ...
Kerr effect
Physics. the double refraction of light in certain substances, produced by an electric field. [1905-10; named after John Kerr (1824-1907), Scottish physicist] * * *
Kerr electro-optic effect
▪ physics       in physics, the inducement of double refraction of light in a transparent substance when a strong electric field is applied in a direction transverse to ...
Kerr, Clark
▪ 2004       American educator (b. May 17, 1911, Stony Creek, Pa.—d. Dec. 1, 2003, El Cerrito, Calif.), was chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley, from ...
Kerr, Deborah
orig. Deborah Jane Kerr-Trimmer born Sept. 30, 1921, Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire, Scot. Scottish actress. After performing in British films such as Major Barbara (1940) and ...
Kerr, Jean
▪ American author née  Jean Collins  born July 1923, Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S. died January 5, 2003, White Plains, New York       American writer, remembered for ...
Kerr, Jean Collins
▪ 2004       American playwright and author (b. July 10, 1922, Scranton, Pa.—d. Jan. 5, 2003, White Plains, N.Y.), collaborated with her husband, drama critic Walter ...
Kerr, Roy P
▪ New Zealander mathematician born May 16, 1934, Kurow, N.Z.       New Zealander mathematician who solved (1963) Einstein's field equations of general relativity to ...
Kerr, Sir John Graham
▪ British biologist born Sept. 18, 1869, Arkley, Hertfordshire, Eng. died April 21, 1957, Barley       English embryologist and pioneer in naval camouflage who greatly ...
Kerr, Walter Francis
▪ 1997       U.S. drama critic and playwright (b. July 8, 1913, Evanston, Ill.—d. Oct. 9, 1996, Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.), served for more than 30 years as one of the most ...
Kerr,Walter
Kerr (kûr), Walter. 1913-1996. American playwright, writer, and drama critic for the New York Herald-Tribune (1951-1966) and the New York Times (1983-1996). In 1978 he won a ...
kerria
/ker"ee euh/, n. a yellow-flowered shrub, Kerria japonica, of the rose family, native to eastern Asia and widely cultivated as an ornamental. Cf. jetbead. [1815-25; < NL, named ...
Kerrier
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Cornwall, southwestern England, near the western tip of England and including ...
Kerrville
/kerr"vil/, n. a town in SW Texas. 15,276. * * *
kerry
/ker"ee/, n., pl. kerries. one of an Irish breed of small, black dairy cattle. [1875-80; named after KERRY, home of the breed] * * * ▪ county, Ireland Irish ...
Kerry
/ker"ee/, n. 1. a county in W Munster province, in the SW Republic of Ireland. 122,734; 1815 sq. mi. (4700 sq. km). Co. seat: Tralee. 2. a male given name, form of Kerr. * * ...
Kerry blue terrier
one of an Irish breed of terriers having a soft, wavy, bluish-gray coat. [1920-25] * * * ▪ breed of dog  versatile breed of working terrier (dog) that is used as a hunter, ...
Kerry, John
▪ 2005       In the election held on Nov. 2, 2004, Democratic candidate John Kerry, senator from Massachusetts, lost his bid for the U.S. presidency to Republican ...
Kerryblue terrier
Kerry blue terrier n. Any of a breed of terriers of Irish origin, having a dense, wavy bluish-gray coat.   [After Kerry, a county of southwest Ireland.] * * *
kers-
To run. Oldest form *k̑ers-, becoming *kers- in centum languages. Zero-grade form *kr̥s-. 1. corral, corrida, corrido, corridor, corsair, courante, courier, course, current, ...
Kerschensteiner, Georg
▪ German educator in full  Georg Michael Kerschensteiner   born July 29, 1854, Munich, Bavaria [Germany] died Jan. 15, 1932, Munich, Ger.       German educational ...
kersey
/kerr"zee/, n., pl. kerseys. 1. a heavy overcoating of wool or wool and cotton, similar to beaver and melton. 2. a coarse twilled woolen cloth with a cotton warp, used esp. for ...
kerseymere
/kerr"zee mear'/, n. a heavily fulled woolen cloth constructed in twill weave and finished with a fine nap. [1775-85; KERSEY + (CASSI)MERE] * * *
Kershaw
▪ county, South Carolina, United States       county, central South Carolina, U.S., northeast of Columbia. The Lynches River forms the northeastern border. The county ...
Kerst
/kerrst/, n. Donald William, born 1911, U.S. physicist. * * *
Kertanagara
flourished 13th century, Java Last king (1268–92) of Tumapel (Singhasari) in Java. His birth reunited the two halves of the Javanese kingdom, and his name means "Order in the ...
Kertész, André
born July 2, 1894, Budapest, Austro-Hungarian Empire died Sept. 27, 1985, New York, N.Y., U.S. Hungarian-born U.S. photographer and photojournalist. He moved from Budapest to ...
Kertész, Imre
▪ Hungarian writer born November 9, 1929, Budapest, Hungary       Hungarian author best known for his semiautobiographical accounts of the Holocaust. In 2002 he ...
Kerulen
Ker·u·len (kĕrʹo͝o-lĕn) A river rising in northeast Mongolia and flowing about 1,263 km (785 mi) south then east to a lake in northeast China. * * *
Kerwin
/kerr"win/, n. a male given name. * * *
kerygma
—kerygmatic /ker'ig mat"ik/, adj. /ki rig"meuh/, n., pl. kerygmata /-meuh teuh/. 1. the preaching of the gospel of Christ, esp. in the manner of the early church. 2. the ...
kerygma and catechesis
In Christian theology, literally, preaching and teaching. Kerygma means the proclamation of the Gospel, especially by the Apostles as recorded in the New Testament. In the early ...
kēryx
▪ ancient Greek messenger       inviolable ancient Greek messenger. In Homer's time, the kēryx was simply a trusted attendant or retainer of a chieftain. The role of ...
kerə-
To mix, confuse, cook. Oldest form *k̑erə₂-, becoming *kerə- in centum languages. 1. Variant form *krā- (< *kraə-). a. uproar, from Middle Low German rōr, motion, from ...
kes-
To cut. Oldest form *k̑es-, becoming *kes- in centum languages. Variant *kas-. 1. Suffixed form *kas-tro-. a. castrate, from Latin castrāre, to castrate; b. alcazar, castellan, ...
Kesennuma
▪ Japan       city, northeastern Miyagi ken (prefecture), northern Honshu, Japan. It lies on the deeply indented Pacific Ocean coast at the head of Kesennuma Bay, ...
Kesey, Ken
▪ American author in full  Ken Elton Kesey   born September 17, 1935, La Junta, Colorado, U.S. died November 10, 2001, Eugene, Oregon       American writer who was a ...
Kesey, Ken (Elton)
born Sept. 17, 1935, La Junta, Colo., U.S. died Nov. 10. 2001, Eugene, Ore. U.S. writer. He attended Stanford University and later served as an experimental subject and aide in ...
Kesey, Ken Elton
▪ 2002       American writer (b. Sept. 17, 1935, La Junta, Colo.—d. Nov. 10, 2001, Eugene, Ore.), became an icon of the counterculture with both his first book, One ...
Kesha
/kesh"euh/, n. a female given name: from an African word meaning "favorite." * * *
Keshab Chunder Sen
▪ Hindu philosopher and social reformer also spelled  Keshub Chandra Sen   born Nov. 19, 1838, Calcutta died Jan. 8, 1884, Calcutta       Hindu philosopher and social ...
kesi
▪ Chinese tapestry Wade-Giles romanization  k'o-ssu        Chinese silk tapestry woven in a pictorial design. The designation kesi, which means “cut silk,” ...
Kesia
/kes"ee euh/, n. a female given name: from an African word meaning "favorite." * * *
Kessel, Barney
▪ 2005       American jazz musician (b. Oct. 17, 1923, Muskogee, Okla.—d. May 6, 2004, San Diego, Calif.), was a pioneer electric guitarist in 1940s swing and bebop ...
Kesselring
/kes"euhl ring/, n. Albert /al"beuhrt/; Ger. /ahl"berddt/, 1885-1960, German field marshal. * * *
Kesselring, Albert
born Nov. 20, 1885, Marktstedt, Bavaria, Ger. died July 16, 1960, Bad Nauheim, W.Ger. German field marshal. He became chief of the German air staff in 1936 and commanded early ...
Kesselring,Albert
Kes·sel·ring (kĕsʹəl-rĭng), Albert. 1885-1960. German general who was active on virtually all European and North African fronts during World War II. Appointed commander in ...
Kesteven, Parts of
▪ division, England, United Kingdom also called  Kesteven        formerly one of the three separately administered divisions of the historic county of Lincolnshire, ...
kestrel
/kes"treuhl/, n. 1. a common small falcon, Falco tinnunculus, of northern parts of the Eastern Hemisphere, notable for hovering in the air with its head to the wind. 2. any of ...
Kęstutis
▪ duke of Lithuania (Lithuanian), Polish  Kiejstut  born c. 1300 died Aug. 15, 1382, Kriavas, Lithuania?       grand duke of Lithuania (1381–82) who defended his ...
Keswick
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Allerdale district, administrative county of Cumbria, historic county of Cumberland, England. It lies at the north end ...
Ket
/ket/, n., pl. Kets, (esp. collectively) Ket for 1. 1. a member of an indigenous people of central Siberia, living in widely dispersed communities on tributaries of the Yenisei ...
Ket language
      one of two surviving members of the Yeniseian family of languages spoken by about 500 people living in central Siberia. (The other, a moribund close relative called ...
Ket, Robert
▪ English rebel Ket also spelled  Kett   died Dec. 7, 1549, Norwich, Norfolk, Eng.       English leader of the Norfolk rising of 1549, which was afterwards known as ...
ket-
var. of keto- before a vowel: ketene. * * *
keta
/kee"teuh/, n. See chum salmon. [1900-05; < Russ kéta, earlier ketá < Evenki (eastern dials.) keta, or < cognates in other Tungusic languages] * * * ▪ ...
ketamine
/kee"teuh meen', -min/, n. Pharm. a synthetic nonbarbiturate general anesthetic, C13H16ClNO, used to induce anesthesia, alone or in combination, in surgical or diagnostic ...
ketamine hydrochloride
ketamine hydrochloride [kēt′ə mēn΄] n. a powerful anesthetic, C13H16ClNO·HCl, used in surgery * * *
ketch
/kech/, n. Naut. a sailing vessel rigged fore and aft on two masts, the larger, forward one being the mainmast and the after one, stepped forward of the rudderpost, being the ...
Ketch, Jack
▪ English executioner byname of  John Ketch   died November 1686       English executioner notorious for his barbarous inefficiency; for nearly two centuries after ...
ketch-rigged
/kech"rigd'/, adj. rigged in the manner of a ketch. [1835-45] * * *
Ketcham, Henry King
▪ 2002 “Hank”        American cartoonist (b. March 14, 1920, Seattle, Wash.—d. June 1, 2001, Pebble Beach, Calif.), was the creator of the Dennis the Menace comic ...
Ketchel, Stanley
▪ American boxer original name  Stanislaus Kiecal , byname  Michigan Assassin  born September 14, 1886, Grand Rapids, Michigan, U.S. died October 15, 1910, Conway, ...
Ketchikan
/kech"i kan'/, n. a seaport in SE Alaska: transportation and communications center. 7198. * * * ▪ Alaska, United States       city, port of entry, southeastern Alaska, ...
ketchup
/kech"euhp, kach"-/, n. 1. a condiment consisting of puréed tomatoes, onions, vinegar, sugar, spices, etc. 2. any of various other condiments or sauces for meat, fish, etc.: ...
Keteleeria
▪ tree genus       genus in the family Pinaceae, containing three to seven species of coniferous evergreen trees, native to Southeast Asia. The trees resemble true firs ...
ketene
/kee"teen/, n. Chem. a colorless, poisonous gas, C2H2O, irritating to the lungs, prepared from acetone or acetic acid by pyrolysis: used chiefly in the manufacture of certain ...
keto
/kee"toh/, adj. Chem. of or derived from a ketone. [1910-15; independent use of KETO-] * * *
keto-
a combining form representing ketone in compound words: ketolysis. Also, esp. before a vowel, ket-. * * *
ketoconazole
/kee'toh koh"neuh zohl', -zawl'/, n. Pharm. a synthetic substance, C26H28Cl2N4O4, used to treat a variety of fungal infections. [KETO- + -con- of uncert. derivation + AZOLE] * * *
ketogenesis
—ketogenic, adj. /kee'toh jen"euh sis/, n. Med. the production of ketone bodies in the body, as in diabetes mellitus or low-carbohydrate weight-loss diets. [1910-15; KETO- + ...
ketogenic
See ketogenesis. * * *
ketohexose
/kee'toh hek"sohs/, n. Chem. any of a class of sugars composed of six carbon atoms and a ketone group, as fructose. [1895-1900; KETO- + HEXOSE] * * *
ketol
ketol [kē′tôl΄, kē′tōl΄] n. 〚 KET(O)- + -OL1〛 any of a group of organic compounds containing a ketone group and an alcohol group in the molecule * * *
ketolysis
—ketolytic /keet'l it"ik/, adj. /ki tol"euh sis/, n., pl. ketolyses /-seez'/. Chem. the breaking down of ketones. [1935-40; KETO- + -LYSIS] * * *
ketone
—ketonic /ki ton"ik/, adj. /kee"tohn/, n. Chem. 1. any of a class of organic compounds containing a carbonyl group, CO, attached to two alkyl groups, as CH3COCH3 or ...
ketone body
Biochem. any of three compounds, acetoacetic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, or acetone, that are intermediate in the metabolism of fatty acids and that are found in abnormal ...
ketone group
Chem. the characteristic group occurring in ketones that consists of the carbonyl group attached to two alkyl groups. Also called ketone radical. * * *
ketonebody
ketone body n. A ketone-containing substance, such as acetoacetic acid, that is an intermediate product of fatty acid metabolism. Ketone bodies tend to accumulate in the blood ...
ketonemia
/kee'toh nee"mee euh/, n. Med. the presence of ketone bodies in the blood. [KETONE + -EMIA] * * *
ketonic
See ketone. * * *
ketonuria
/kee'toh noor"ee euh, -nyoor"-/, n. Med. the presence of ketone bodies in the urine. [1910-15; KETONE + -URIA] * * *
ketose
/kee"tohs/, n. Biochem. a monosaccharide that contains a ketone group. [1900-05; KET- + -OSE2] * * *
ketosis
/ki toh"sis/, n. Pathol. the accumulation of excessive ketones in the body, as in diabetic acidosis. [1915-20; KET- + -OSIS] * * * ▪ pathology       metabolic disorder ...
ketosteroid
/ki tos"teuh royd'/, n. Biochem. any of a group of steroids containing a ketone group. [1935-40; KETO- + STEROID] * * *
ketotic
See ketosis. * * *
Ketteler, Wilhelm Emmanuel, Baron von
▪ Bavarian bishop born Dec. 25, 1811, Münster, Westphalia [Germany] died July 13, 1877, Burghausen, Bavaria  social reformer who was considered by some to have been ...
Kettering
/ket"euhr ing/, n. 1. Charles Franklin, 1876-1958, U.S. engineer and inventor. 2. a city in SW Ohio. 61,186. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town and borough ...
Kettering, Charles F(ranklin)
born Aug. 29, 1876, Loudonville, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 25, 1958, Dayton, Ohio U.S. engineer. In 1904 he developed the first electric cash register. With Edward Deeds he founded ...
Kettering, Charles F.
▪ American engineer in full  Charles Franklin Kettering   born Aug. 29, 1876, Loudonville, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 25, 1958, Dayton, Ohio       American engineer whose ...
Ketterle, Wolfgang
▪ German physicist born October 21, 1957, Heidelberg, West Germany       German-born physicist who, with Eric A. Cornell (Cornell, Eric A.) and Carl E. Wieman (Wieman, ...
kettle
/ket"l/, n. 1. a metal container in which to boil liquids, cook foods, etc.; pot. 2. a teakettle. 3. a kettledrum. 4. Geol. See kettle hole. [bef. 900; ME ketel < ON ketill
kettle base
a bombé base to a piece of furniture. * * *
kettle gong
▪ musical instrument       percussion instrument of the Bronze Age cultures of China, Southeast Asia, and Indonesia. It was used mainly in rainmaking rites. Some kettle ...
kettle hat
Armor. See chapel de fer. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
kettle hole
Geol. 1. a deep, kettle-shaped depression in glacial drift. 2. pothole (def. 3). Also called kettle. [1880-85] * * *
kettle of fish
1. an awkward, difficult, or bad situation; muddle; mess: He's managed to get himself into a fine kettle of fish! 2. a state of affairs; a matter under consideration: The new ...
kettle stitch
Bookbinding. (in handsewing) a knot tied in the thread that links one section to the next. [1810-20; part trans. of G Kettelstich, equiv. to Kettel little chain (dim. of Kette ...
kettle-bottom
/ket"l bot'euhm/, adj. Naut. noting a wide, flat-bottomed hull formerly used for merchant sailing vessels. * * *
kettledrum
—kettledrummer, n. /ket"l drum'/, n. a drum consisting of a hollow hemisphere of brass, copper, or fiberglass over which is stretched a skin, the tension of which can be ...
kettleof fish
kettle of fish n. pl. kettles of fish 1. A troublesomely awkward or embarrassing situation. 2. A matter to be reckoned with: Making money and keeping it are two quite different ...
KettleRiver
Ket·tle River (kĕtʹl) A river, about 257 km (160 mi) long, of southern British Columbia, Canada, and northeast Washington flowing generally southward to the Columbia ...
ketubah
Ashk., Eng. /keuh tooh"beuh/; Seph. /keuh tooh bah"/, n., pl. ketuboth, ketubot, ketubos Ashk. /-tooh"bohs/; Seph. /-tooh bawt"/, Eng. ketubahs. Hebrew. the formal contract in a ...
ketubba
▪ Judaism also spelled  Ketubah, or Kethubah (Hebrew: “marriage contract”),  plural  Ketubbot, Ketuboth, or Ketubbas,         formal Jewish marriage contract ...
Keturah
/ki toor"euh/, n. the second wife of Abraham. Gen. 25:1. * * *
Ketuvim
Seph. /keuh tooh veem"/; Ashk., Eng. /keuh tooh"vim/, n. Hebrew. the Hagiographa. Also, Ketubim. Cf. Tanach. [kathubhim lit., writings] * * * ▪ biblical literature (Hebrew), ...
Kety, Seymour Solomon
▪ 2001       American psychiatrist (b. Aug. 25, 1915, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. May 25, 2000, Westwood, Mass.), was the 1999 recipient of an Albert Lasker Special ...
keu-
See kous-. * * *
KeukaLake
Keu·ka Lake (kyo͞oʹkə, kā-yo͞oʹ-) A lake of west-central New York, one of the Finger Lakes west of Seneca Lake. It is the center of a resort and wine-making region. * * *
keuə-
To swell; vault, hole. Oldest form *k̑euə-, becoming *keuə- in centum languages. Derivatives include cave, excavate, and church. I. O-grade form *kouə-. 1. Basic form ...
keV
See kiloelectron volt. Also, kev. * * *
kevalin
/kay"veuh lin/, n. Jainism. a person who is free of karmic matter, detached, and omniscient; Tirthankara. [ < Skt] * * *
kevel
kevel1 /kev"euhl/, n. Naut. a sturdy bit, bollard, etc., on which the heavier hawsers of a ship may be secured. [1225-75; ME kevile < AF
Kevin
/kev"in/, n. a male given name, form of Kenneth. * * *
Kevin Costner
➡ Costner * * *
Kevin Spacey
➡ Spacey * * *
Kevin Spacey Fowler
➡ Spacey * * *
Kevin, Saint
▪ patron of Dublin Gaelic  Caemgen , Latin  Coemgenus  born , near Dublin died June 3, 618, Glendalough, County Wicklow, Ire.; feast day June 3       one of the ...
Kevlar
/kev"lahr/, Trademark. a brand of aramid fiber. * * * Trademarked name of poly-para-phenylene terephthalamide, a nylonlike polymer first produced by Du Pont in 1971. Kevlar can ...
Kevorkian
(1928– ) a US doctor who is famous for his support for people’s ‘right to die’. Between 1990 and 1998 he helped over 100 people to kill themselves, using one of his ...
Kevorkian, Jack
born May 26, 1928, Pontiac, Mich., U.S. U.S. pathologist, advocate and practitioner of physician-assisted suicide. He expressed early interest in experimentation on death-row ...
Kew
/kyooh/, n. a part of Richmond, in Greater London, England: famous botanical gardens (Kew Gardens). * * *
Kew Gardens
a park in west London, England, which contains a large collection of plants, trees, etc. from all over the world and is a major centre for the study of plants. Its official name ...
Kewanee
/ki won"ee/, n. a city in NW Illinois. 14,508. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, Henry county, northwestern Illinois, U.S. It lies about 45 miles (70 km) ...
Keweenaw Bay
▪ inlet, Michigan, United States       inlet of southern Lake Superior (Superior, Lake), indenting for 22 miles (35 km) the coast of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, ...
Keweenawan System
▪ geochronology       division of late Precambrian rocks and time in North America (the Precambrian began about 3.8 billion years ago and ended 540 million years ago). ...
KeweenawPeninsula
Ke·wee·naw Peninsula (kēʹwə-nô') A peninsula of northwest Michigan extending into Lake Superior and bordered on the south by Keweenaw Bay. * * *
Kewpie
/kyooh"pee/, Trademark. a brand name for a small, very plump doll with a topknot, usually made of plaster or celluloid. * * *
kewpie doll
kewpie doll n. 〚
Kewpie doll{™}
(also Kewpie) n a US make of child’s doll with a fat, happy face, big eyes and a curl of hair on the top of its head. The name comes from Cupid, the god of love. Kewpie dolls ...
kex
/keks/, n. Brit. Dial. the dry, usually hollow stem or stalk of various plants, esp. of large plants belonging to the parsley family, as cow parsnip or wild chervil. [1350-1400; ...
key
key1 /kee/, n., pl. keys, adj., v., keyed, keying. n. 1. a small metal instrument specially cut to fit into a lock and move its bolt. 2. any of various devices resembling or ...
Key
/kee/, n. Francis Scott, 1780-1843, U.S. lawyer: author of The Star-Spangled Banner. * * * I In music, system of pitches and harmonies generated from a scale of seven tones, one ...
key card
a plastic card, similar to a credit card, containing data on an embedded magnetized strip that can electronically unlock a door, activate a machine, etc. * * *
key case
a small case in which keys are carried. * * *
key club
a private nightclub admitting only members and their guests, the members often being given door keys to the club. [1885-90] * * *
Key deer
a race of miniature white-tailed deer, native to the Florida Keys, where the small remaining population is kept in preserves. [1945-50] * * *       subspecies of ...
key fruit
Bot. a samara. * * *
key grip
Motion Pictures. the chief stagehand on a movie set. [1975-80] * * *
Key Largo
/lahr"goh/ one of the islands in the Florida Keys. 30 mi. (48 km) long; 2 mi. (3.2 km) wide. * * *
key light
(in photography or motion pictures) the main light that illuminates the subject being photographed or filmed. [1935-40] * * *
Key lime
a yellow lime with a bitter rather than sour taste. [after the Florida Keys] * * *
Key lime pie
a custardlike pie made with lime juice, condensed milk, eggs, and flavorings and served in a pastry shell. * * *
Key Marco carvings
▪ Native American art       large group of carvings excavated at Key Marco in southern Florida that provide the finest extant examples of North American Indian wood ...
key money
1. advance rent or security required of a new tenant and given in exchange for the key to the house or apartment. 2. an amount of money paid, often secretly, to a landlord, ...
key plate
Print. (in color printing) the plate providing the greatest definition of detail, usually the black plate, on which the other plates are registered. [1905-10] * * *
key punch
key punch n. a machine, operated from a keyboard, used to record data by punching holes in cards that can then be fed into machines for sorting, accounting, etc. * * *
key ring
a ring, usually of metal, for holding keys. [1885-90] * * *
key scarf
Shipbuilding. any of various scarf joints in which the overlapping parts are keyed together. * * *
key signature
Music. (in notation) the group of sharps or flats placed after the clef to indicate the tonality of the music following. [1870-75] * * * ▪ musical notation  in musical ...
key stages
➡ National Curriculum * * *
key station
a radio or television station that originates most of a network's broadcasting. * * *
Key West
1. an island off S Florida, in the Gulf of Mexico. 4 mi. (6.4 km) long; 2 mi. (3.2 km) wide. 2. a seaport on this island: the southernmost city in the U.S.; naval base. 24,292. * ...
key, cryptographic
Secret value used by a computer together with a complex algorithm to encrypt and decrypt messages. Since confidential messages might be intercepted during transmission or travel ...
Key, David M(cKendree)
born Jan. 27, 1824, Greene county, Tenn., U.S. died Feb. 3, 1900, Chattanooga, Tenn. U.S. politician. Admitted to the bar in 1850, he practiced law in Chattanooga and became ...
Key, Ellen
▪ Swedish writer in full  Ellen Karolina Sofia Key  born December 11, 1849, Sundsholm, Sweden died April 25, 1926, Strand  Swedish feminist (women's movement) and writer ...
Key, Francis Scott
born Aug. 1, 1779, Frederick county, Md., U.S. died Jan. 11, 1843, Baltimore, Md. U.S. lawyer, author of "The Star Spangled Banner. " After the burning of Washington, D.C., in ...
Key, John
▪ prime minister of New Zealand in full  John Phillip Key  born Aug. 9, 1961, Auckland, N.Z.       New Zealand business executive and politician who was leader of the ...
Key, John Phillip
▪ 2009 born Aug. 9, 1961, Auckland, N.Z.       When John Phillip Key took the oath of office as New Zealand prime minister on Nov. 19, 2008, he was fulfilling the ...
Key, V O, Jr.
▪ American political scientist born March 13, 1908, Austin, Texas, U.S. died Oct. 4, 1963, Cambridge, Mass.       U.S. political scientist known for his studies of the ...
Key,Francis Scott
Key (kē), Francis Scott. 1779-1843. American lawyer and poet who wrote “Defense of Fort M'Henry” after witnessing the British attack on Fort McHenry at Baltimore on ...
keyboard
—keyboarder, keyboardist, n. /kee"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. the row or set of keys on a piano, organ, or the like. 2. a set of keys, usually arranged in tiers, for operating a ...
keyboard instrument
▪ music Introduction       any musical instrument on which different notes can be sounded by pressing a series of keys, push buttons, or parallel levers. In nearly all ...
keyboarder
See keyboard. * * *
keyboardist
keyboardist [kē′bôrd΄ist] n. a performer on a keyboard instrument * * * See keyboarder. * * *
keycard
key·card (kēʹkärd') n. A usually plastic card with a magnetically coded strip that is scanned in order to operate a mechanism such as a door or an automated teller ...
keyclub
key club n. A private club featuring liquor and entertainment.   [From the key to the premises given to each member.] * * *
keydeer
key deer n. A nearly extinct subspecies of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus clavium) native to the Florida Keys.   [After the Florida Keys.] * * *
keyed
/keed/, adj. 1. fitted with keys. 2. fastened or secured by a key. 3. Music. pitched in a specific key. 4. reinforced by a keystone. 5. coordinated, as with a basic color or ...
Keyes technique
/kuyz/ a system of treating periodontal diseases by eliminating specific disease-related microorganisms, primarily through nonsurgical therapy that is regulated and adjusted in ...
Keyes, Alan
▪ American diplomat, commentator, and politician in full  Alan Lee Keyes  born August 7, 1950, New York City, New York, U.S.    American diplomat, radio commentator, and ...
Keyes, Evelyn Louise
▪ 2009       American actress born Nov. 20, 1916, Port Arthur, Texas died July 4, 2008, Montecito, Calif. attained a level of stardom on the silver screen with her ...
Keyes, Roger John Brownlow Keyes, 1st Baron
▪ British admiral also called (1918–43)  Sir Roger Keyes, 1st Baronet  born October 4, 1872, Tundiani Fort, India died December 26, 1945, Buckingham, Buckinghamshire, ...
keyfruit
key fruit n. See samara.   [From the shape of its bunches.] * * *
keyhole
/kee"hohl'/, n. 1. a hole for inserting a key in a lock, esp. one in the shape of a circle with a rectangle having a width smaller than the diameter of the circle projecting from ...
keyhole saw
a compass saw for cutting keyholes, etc. [1770-80] * * *
keying sequence
Cryptography. a sequence made up of letters or numbers that can encode or decode a polyalphabetic substitution cipher one letter at a time. [1940-45] * * *
KeyLargo
Key Largo A narrow island off southern Florida. It is the largest of the Florida Keys. * * *
keyless
/kee"lis/, adj. 1. lacking a key or keys. 2. requiring no key or keys: a keyless lock operated by a series of push buttons. [1815-25; KEY1 + -LESS] * * *
Keylime
Key lime n. 1. A lime indigenous to the Florida Keys, having a yellow rind and yellowish-green fruit. 2. A yellowish green. * * *
keylock
/kee"lok'/, n. any lock unlocked with a key. [KEY1 + LOCK1] * * *
keyman
/kee"man'/, n., pl. keymen. a person highly important or essential to the functioning of an organization, as the head of a sales force or branch office. [1850-55; KEY1 + MAN1] * ...
keyman insurance
life insurance taken out by a business firm on an essential or very important employee, with the firm as beneficiary. * * *
keymoney
key money n. Payment made to a landlord as an inducement to assure a rental. * * *
Keynes
/kaynz/, n. John Maynard, 1st Baron, 1883-1946, English economist and writer. * * *
Keynes, John Maynard
▪ British economist Introduction born June 5, 1883, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England died April 21, 1946, Firle, Sussex  English economist, journalist, and financier, best ...
Keynes, John Maynard, Baron Keynes of Tilton
born June 5, 1883, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. died April 21, 1946, Firle, Sussex British economist, known for his revolutionary theories on the causes of prolonged ...
Keynes, John Neville
▪ British philosopher and economist born Aug. 31, 1852, Salisbury, Wiltshire, Eng. died Nov. 15, 1949, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire       British philosopher and economist ...
Keynes, Richard Darwin
▪ British physiologist born Aug. 14, 1919, London, Eng.       British physiologist who was the first to trace the movements of sodium and potassium during the ...
Keynes,John Maynard
Keynes (kānz), John Maynard. First Baron of Tilton. 1883-1946. British economist who proposed that high unemployment, being a result of insufficient consumer spending, could be ...
Keynesian
—Keynesianism, n. /kayn"zee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the economic theories, doctrines, or policies of Keynes or his followers, esp. the policy of maintaining high ...
Keynesian economics
      body of ideas set forth by John Maynard Keynes (Keynes, John Maynard) in his General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (1935–36) and other works, intended ...
Keynesianism
See Keynesian. * * *
keynote
/kee"noht'/, n., v., keynoted, keynoting. n. 1. Music. the note or tone on which a key or system of tones is founded; the tonic. 2. the main idea or central principle of a ...
keynote address
a speech, as at a political convention, that presents important issues, principles, policies, etc. Also called keynote, keynote speech. [1905-10] * * *
keynote speech
☆ keynote speech or keynote address n. a speech, as at a political convention, that sets forth the main line of a policy * * *
keynoteaddress
keynote address n. An opening address, as at a political convention, that outlines the issues to be considered. Also called keynote speech. * * *
keynoter
/kee"noh'teuhr/, n. a person who delivers a keynote address. Also called keynote speaker. [1925-30, Amer.; KEYNOTE + -ER1] * * *
keynotespeech
keynote speech n. See keynote address. * * *
keypad
/kee"pad'/, n. 1. a separate section on some computer keyboards, grouping together numeric keys and those for mathematical or other special functions in an arrangement like that ...
keypattern
key pattern n. See fret3. * * *
keypunch
—keypuncher, n. /kee"punch'/, n. 1. Also, key punch. Also called card punch. a machine, operated by a keyboard, for coding information by punching holes in cards or paper tape ...
keypuncher
See keypunch. * * *
Keys, Alicia
▪ 2006       On Feb. 13, 2005, 24-year-old rhythm-and-blues singer-songwriter Alicia Keys cemented her status as one of pop music's leading lights by winning four Grammy ...
Keys, Ancel
▪ 2005       American physiologist (b. Jan. 26, 1904, Colorado Springs, Colo.—d. Nov. 20, 2004, Minneapolis, Minn.), created the ready-to-eat portable meals known as K ...
Keyser
▪ West Virginia, United States       city, seat (1866) of Mineral county, eastern panhandle of West Virginia, U.S. It lies on the North Branch Potomac River, 22 miles ...
Keyser, Hendrick de
▪ Dutch sculptor born May 15, 1565, Utrecht, Spanish Habsburg domain [now in The Netherlands] died May 15, 1621, Amsterdam, Neth.  most important Dutch sculptor of his day ...
Keyser, Thomas de
▪ Dutch painter born c. 1596, Amsterdam, Neth.   buried June 7, 1667, Amsterdam       Dutch Baroque painter and architect, best known for his portraiture of leading ...
Keyserling
/kuy"zeuhrdd ling/, n. Hermann Alexander /herdd"mahn ah'le ksahn"deuhrdd/, Count, 1880-1946, German philosopher and writer. * * *
Keyserling, Hermann Alexander, Graf von
▪ German philosopher born July 20, 1880, Könno, Livonia, Russian Empire [now in Latvia] died April 26, 1946, Innsbruck, Austria  German social philosopher whose ideas ...
keysignature
key signature key signature for A major Precision Graphics n. Music The group of sharps or flats placed to the right of the clef on a staff to identify the key. * * *
keyslot
/kee"slot'/, n. a short, curved slot cut into a shaft for a Woodruff key. Cf. keyway (def. 1). [KEY1 + SLOT1] * * *
keystone
/kee"stohn'/, n. 1. the wedge-shaped piece at the summit of an arch, regarded as holding the other pieces in place. 2. something on which associated things depend: the keystone ...
Keystone comedy
1. a short film of the silent era, often featuring the Keystone Kops. 2. Slang. any situation or incident characterized by farcical bungling, misunderstandings, etc. [1910-15] * ...
keystone joist
a reinforced-concrete joist with sloping sides and the top wider than the bottom. * * *

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