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/khwahr"iz mee'/, n. al- /al/ (Muhammed ibn-Musa al-Khwarizmi), A.D. c780-c850, Arab mathematician and astronomer. * * *
Khwārizmī, al-
▪ Muslim mathematician in full  Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī  born c. 780, Baghdad, Iraq died c. 850       Muslim mathematician and astronomer whose major ...
Khwa·riz·mi (kwärʹĭz-mē, KHwärʹ-), al-. Full name Muhammad ibn-Musa al-Khwarizmi. 780?-850?. Arab mathematician and astronomer whose works introduced Arabic numerals and ...
▪ dance also spelled  Khayāl,         any of several Hindustani folk-dance dramas of Rājasthān, northwestern India. Khyāl dances date from the 16th century and ...
Khyber knife
/kuy"beuhr/ a long Indian knife having a triangular, single-edged blade with the handle set off center toward the back. * * *
Khyber Pass
the chief mountain pass between Pakistan and Afghanistan, W of Peshawar. 33 mi. (53 km) long; 6825 ft. (2080 m) high. Also, Khaibar Pass. * * * Pass in the Spīn Ghār (Safīd ...
Khy·ber Pass (kīʹbər) A narrow pass, about 53 km (33 mi) long, through mountains on the border between eastern Afghanistan and northern Pakistan. It has long been a ...
kilohertz. * * *
/kee/, n. the Sumerian goddess personifying earth: the counterpart of the Akkadian Aruru. * * *
Ki Seto ware
▪ pottery       yellow-toned ceramic ware made from fine, white clay covered with iron-ash glazes in the Mino area in central Honshu, Japan, from the late Muromachi ...
Ki Tse
/gee" dzu"/ 12th-century B.C., legendary Chinese founder of Korea. Also, Chi-tse, Chi-tzu. * * *
Ki Tsurayuki
▪ Japanese writer Ki also spelled  Kino   died c. 945       court noble, government official, and noted man of letters in Japan during the Heian period ...
Bible. Kings. * * *
1. Also, K.I.A. killed in action. 2. pl. KIA's, KIAs. a member of the military services who has been killed in action. * * *
/kuy'euh booh"keuh/, n. padouk. [1825-35; orig. uncert.] * * *
ki·ack (kīʹăk') n. Variant of kyack. * * *
Kia·ling (kyäʹlĭngʹ, jyäʹ-) See Jialing. * * *
Kiam, Victor Kermit, II
▪ 2002       American businessman (b. Dec. 7, 1926, New Orleans, La.—d. May 27, 2001, Stamford, Conn.), was the innovative owner of Remington Products, a company that ...
▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, Illawara district, eastern New South Wales, Australia. The town is situated near the Minamurra River. Its harbour was visited ...
Ki·a·mich·i (kī'ə-mĭshʹē) A river, about 161 km (100 mi) long, of southeast Oklahoma flowing southwest then southeast to the Red River on the Texas border. * * *
Kiamichi River
▪ river, Oklahoma, United States       river in Oklahoma, U.S., rising in Le Flore county, near the Arkansas state line in the Ouachita Mountains. It flows southwest, ...
Chin. /jyah"mooh"su"/, n. Older Spelling. Jiamusi. * * *
/kee ahng"/, n. a wild ass, Equus kiang, of Tibet and Mongolia. [1880-85; < Tibetan kyang (sp. rkyang)] * * *       in Tibet, the Asiatic wild ass. See ass. * * *
/kyang"ling"/; Chin. /gyahng"ling"/, n. Older Spelling. Jiangling. * * *
/kyang"see"/; Chin. /gyahng"see"/, n. Older Spelling. Jiangxi. * * * ▪ province, China Introduction Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Chiang-hsi,  (Pinyin)  Jiangxi, ...
/kyang"sooh"/; Chin. /gyahng"sooh"/, n. Older Spelling. Jiangsu. * * * ▪ province, China Introduction Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Chiang-su,  (Pinyin)  Jiangsu, ...
Kiangsu Provincial Museum
▪ museum, Nanking, China Chinese  (Wade–Giles romanization) Chiang-su Sheng Po-wu Kuan,  Pinyin  Jiangsusheng Bowuguan,         in Nanking, China, one of the ...
/kyow"chow"/; Chin. /gyow"joh"/, n. Older Spelling. Jiaozhou. * * *
Kiaochow Bay.
See Jiaozhou Bay. * * *
Kiarostami, Abbas
born June 22, 1940, Tehrān, Iran Iranian director. Kiarostami was hired in 1969 by the Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults to establish its ...
knot indicated airspeed. * * *
/kyahkh/, n. Scot. trouble or worry. Also, kauch. [1780-90; of uncert. orig.] * * *
/kee ah"vay/, n. a thorny tree, Prosopis juliflora, of the legume family, native to South America and widely naturalized in Hawaii. [ < Hawaiian] * * *
Kibaki, Mwai
▪ 2004       It took him three runs for the presidency, but on Dec. 30, 2002, following general elections earlier in the month, Mwai Kibaki finally became leader of ...
kibbe or kibbeh [kib′ē, kib′ə] n. 〚Ar kubba〛 a Near Eastern dish of finely ground lamb mixed with wheat and pine nuts and baked, or sometimes eaten raw * * *
kibble1 /kib"euhl/, v., kibbled, kibbling, n. v.t. 1. to grind or divide into particles or pellets, as coarse-ground meal or prepared dry dog food. n. 2. grains or pellets ...
/ki boots", -boohts"/, n., pl. kibbutzim /-boot seem"/. (in Israel) a community settlement, usually agricultural, organized under collectivist principles. [1930-35; < ModHeb ...
/ki boots"nik, -boohts"-/, n. a member of a kibbutz. [1945-50; < Yiddish kibutsnik, equiv. to kibuts KIBBUTZ + -nik -NIK] * * *
/kuyb/, n. Med. a chapped or ulcerated chilblain, esp. on the heel. [1350-1400; ME kybe, perh. < Welsh cibi] * * *
/kee"bay"/, n., pl. Kibei. a person of Japanese descent, born in the U.S. but educated in Japan. Also, kibei. Cf. Issei, Sansei, Nisei. [ < Japn] * * *
Kibi Makibi
▪ Japanese envoy original name  Shimotsumichi Makibi   born c. 693, , Bitchū, Province, Japan died Oct. 31, 775, Nara?       early envoy to China who did much to ...
/kib"its/, Informal. v.i. 1. to act as a kibitzer. v.t. 2. to offer advice or criticism to as a kibitzer: to kibitz the team from the bleachers. [1925-30, Amer.; < Yiddish ...
/kib"it seuhr/, n. Informal. 1. a spectator at a card game who looks at the players' cards over their shoulders, esp. one who gives unsolicited advice. 2. a giver of uninvited or ...
/kib"leuh/, n. Islam. qibla. Also, keblah, kibla. [1730-40; < Ar qiblah] * * *
/kuy"bosh, ki bosh"/, n. Informal. 1. nonsense. 2. put the kibosh on, to put an end to; squelch; check: Another such injury may put the kibosh on her athletic career. [1830-40; ...
▪ Japanese painter pseudonym of  Minchō   born 1352, Awaji-shima, Japan died Sept. 26, 1431, Japan  the last major professional painter of Buddhist iconography in ...
—kickable, adj. —kickless, adj. /kik/, v.t. 1. to strike with the foot or feet: to kick the ball; to kick someone in the shins. 2. to drive, force, make, etc., by or as if by ...
kick boxing
a form of boxing in which the gloved combatants may also kick with bare feet. * * *
kick plate
a metal plate fastened to the bottom of a door to resist blows and scratches. Also, kickplate. * * *
kick pleat
an inverted pleat extending upward 6 to 10 in. (15 to 25 cm) from the hemline at the back of a narrow skirt, to allow freedom in walking. [1930-35] * * *
kick serve
Tennis. See American twist. * * *
kick starter
a starter, as of a motorcycle, that operates by a downward kick on a pedal. Also called kick start. [1915-20] * * *
kick turn
Skiing. a turn from a stationary position in which a skier lifts one ski to a point where the heel is nearly at right angles to the snow, then faces the ski outward, sets it down ...
☆ kick-ass [kik′as΄ ] adj. Slang 1. having a strong effect on someone or something; forceful; powerful 2. exceptionally good; spectacular, impressive, etc. * * *
/kik"stahrt'/, v.t. to start by means of a kick starter: to kick-start a motorcycle. Also, kickstart. [1910-15] * * *
/kik"euh pooh'/, n. 1. a member of an Algonquian tribe of North American Indians that originally lived in the upper Midwest and now reside in Coahuila, Mexico, and in Kansas and ...
Kickapoo River A river, about 161 km (100 mi) long, of southwest Wisconsin flowing south-southwest to the Wisconsin River. * * *
/kik"bak'/, n. 1. a percentage of income given to a person in a position of power or influence as payment for having made the income possible: usually considered improper or ...
/kik"bawl'/, n. a children's game, similar to baseball, in which a large inflated ball, as a soccer ball, is kicked instead of being batted. [1970-75; KICK + BALL1] * * *
/kik"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. Swimming. a buoyant, usually small board that is used to support the arms of a swimmer, used chiefly in practicing kicking movements. [KICK + BOARD] * * ...
See kickboxing. * * *
kickboxing [kik′bäk΄siŋ] n. a martial art incorporating the techniques of karate and boxing: often written kick-boxing or kick boxing * * * kick·box·ing ...
/kik"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that kicks. 2. Informal. a. a disadvantageous point or circumstance, usually concealed or unnoticed: The tickets are free, but the kicker is ...
Kicking Horse Pass
▪ pass, Canada       pass in the Canadian Rockies at the Alberta–British Columbia border and the Banff–Yoho national parks boundary; it is the highest point on the ...
/kik"awf', -of'/, n. 1. Football. a place kick or a drop kick from the 40-yd. line of the team kicking at the beginning of the first and third periods or after the team kicking ...
kick plate n. A protective sheet of metal attached to the bottom of a door. * * *
➡ football – American style * * *
/kik"shaw'/, n. 1. a tidbit or delicacy, esp. one served as an appetizer or hors d'oeuvre. 2. something showy but without value; trinket; trifle. [1590-1600; back formation from ...
/kik"stand'/, n. a device for supporting a bicycle or motorcycle when not in use, pivoted to the rear axle in such a way that it can be kicked down below the rear ...
kick starter n. A starter that is operated by kicking downward on a pedal, as on a motorcycle. * * *
kick turn n. A stationary turn in skiing in which one ski is lifted so that its back end touches the ground and is then pivoted to point in the opposite direction, with the body ...
/kik"up'/, n. Informal. a fuss; commotion; row. [1785-95; n. use of v. phrase kick up] * * *
/kik"hweel', -weel'/, n. a potter's wheel rotated by kicking. [1890-95; KICK + WHEEL] * * *
/kik"ee/, adj., kickier, kickiest. Slang. pleasurably amusing or exciting: a kicky tune. [1780-90; KICK + -Y1] * * *
kid1 —kiddish, adj. —kiddishness, n. —kidlike, adj. /kid/, n., v., kidded, kidding, adj. n. 1. Informal. a child or young person. 2. (used as a familiar form of ...
/kid/, n. Thomas. See Kyd, Thomas. * * *
Kid Gavilan
▪ Cuban boxer byname of  Gerardo Gonzalez  born January 6, 1926, Camagüey, Cuba died February 13, 2003, Miami, Florida, U.S.       Cuban professional boxer and world ...
kid gloves
1. gloves made of kid leather. 2. handle with kid gloves, to treat with extreme tact or gentleness: He's upset, so handle him with kid gloves today. [1705-15] * * *
kid stuff
Informal. 1. something appropriate only for children. 2. something very easy or simple. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
Kid (kĭd), Thomas. See Kyd, Thomas. * * *
/kid/, n. 1. Michael, born 1919, U.S. dancer and choreographer. 2. William ("Captain Kidd"), 1645?-1701, Scottish navigator and privateer: hanged for piracy. * * * (as used in ...
Kidd blood group system
▪ physiology       classification of human blood based on the presence of glycoproteins known as Kidd (Jk) antigens (antigen) on the surfaces of red blood cells ...
Kidd, Michael
orig. Milton Gruenwald born Aug. 12, 1919, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. dancer, choreographer, and director. He studied at the School of American Ballet, dancing with that ...
Kidd, William
known as Captain Kidd born с 1645, Greenock, Renfrew, Scot. died May 23, 1701, London, Eng. British privateer and pirate. He was sailing as a legitimate privateer for Britain ...
Kidd (kĭd), William. Known as “Captain Kidd.” 1645?-1701. British sea captain who turned to piracy after being hired to protect British ships in the Indian Ocean (1696). ...
See kid. * * *
Kidder, Alfred V(incent)
born Oct. 29, 1885, Marquette, Mich., U.S. died June 11, 1963, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. archaeologist. Kidder received his Ph.D. from Harvard University (1914) for developing the ...
Kidder, Alfred V.
▪ American archaeologist in full  Alfred Vincent Kidder  born Oct. 29, 1885, Marquette, Mich., U.S. died June 11, 1963, Cambridge, Mass.       foremost American ...
/kid"euhr min'steuhr/, n. an ingrain carpet 36 in. (91 cm) wide. [1660-70; named after the town in Worcestershire, England, where it was first made] * * * ▪ England, United ...
kiddie or kiddy [kid′ē] n. pl. kiddies 〚dim. of KID, n. 5〛 Informal a child * * * kid·die or kid·dy (kĭdʹē) n. Slang pl. kid·dies A small child. * * *
kiddie car
/kid"ee/ 1. a toy vehicle for a small child, having three wheels and pushed with the feet. 2. a small tricycle. Also, kiddy car. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
kiddie porn
Informal. See child pornography. Also, kiddieporn, kiddy porn. [1975-80] * * *
See kidder. * * *
/kid"oh/, n., pl. kiddos, kiddoes. Informal. (used as a familiar form of address.) [1880-85; KID1 + -O] * * *
Seph. Heb. /kee doohsh"/; Ashk. Heb. /kid"euhsh/, n. Judaism. a blessing recited over a cup of wine or over bread on the Sabbath or on a festival. [ < Heb qiddush lit., ...
/kid"ee/, n., pl. kiddies. Informal. a child. Also, kiddie. [1570-80; KID1 + -Y2] * * *
kid·e·o (kĭdʹē-ō) n. Slang Kidvid.   [kid + video.] * * *
Kidepo Valley National Park
▪ park, Uganda       national park located in northeastern Uganda. The park occupies an area of 540 square miles (1,399 square km) in wooded grasslands and mountainous ...
Kiderlen-Wächter, Alfred von
born July 10, 1852, Stuttgart, Württemberg died Dec. 30, 1912, Stuttgart German diplomat. A career diplomat, he became foreign secretary in 1910 and pursued a belligerent ...
kid glove n. A glove made of fine, soft leather, especially kidskin. Idiom: with kid gloves Tactfully and cautiously: had to handle the temperamental artist with kid gloves. * * *
▪ Babylonian astronomer and mathematician also spelled  Kidenas, or Cidenas   flourished c. 379 BC, , Babylonia       astronomer and mathematician who may have ...
Kidjo, Angelique
▪ 2003       In early 2002 Beninese singer Angélique Kidjo enhanced her reputation as an international pop diva with the release of her sixth solo album—Black Ivory ...
(1967– ) a Hollywood actor, born in Australia. She received an Oscar for The Hours (2002) and her other films include Batman Forever (1995), Moulin Rouge (2001) and Cold ...
Kidman, Nicole
▪ Australian actress born June 20, 1967, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.       American-born Australian actress known for her considerable range and versatility as well as for ...
—kidnappee, kidnapee, n. —kidnapper, kidnaper, n. /kid"nap/, v.t., kidnapped or kidnaped, kidnapping or kidnaping. to steal, carry off, or abduct by force or fraud, esp. for ...
See kidnappee. * * *
See kidnappee. * * *
/kid"napt/, n. a novel (1886) by Robert Louis Stevenson. * * *
See kidnap. * * *
See kidnappee. * * *
Crime of seizing, confining, abducting, or carrying away a person by force or fraud, often to subject him or her to involuntary servitude, in an attempt to demand a ransom, or in ...
—kidneylike, adj. /kid"nee/, n., pl. kidneys. 1. Anat. either of a pair of bean-shaped organs in the back part of the abdominal cavity that form and excrete urine, regulate ...
kidney bean
1. a common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, cultivated in many varieties for its edible seeds and pods. 2. the mature kidney-shaped seed of this plant. [1540-50] * * *
kidney corpuscle.
See Malpighian corpuscle. * * *
kidney failure
or renal failure Partial or complete loss of kidney function. Acute failure causes reduced urine output and blood chemical imbalance, including uremia. Most patients recover ...
kidney function test
 any clinical and laboratory procedure designed to evaluate various aspects of renal (kidney) capacity and efficiency and to aid in the diagnosis of kidney disorders. Such ...
kidney machine.
See artificial kidney. [1965-70] * * *
kidney stone
Pathol. an abnormal stone, or concretion, composed primarily of oxalates and phosphates, found in the kidney. Also called renal calculus. [1970-75] * * * or renal calculus Mass ...
kidney transplant
or renal transplant Replacement of a diseased or damaged kidney with one from a living relative or a legally dead donor. The former's tissue type is more likely to match, ...
kidney vetch
an Old World plant, Anthyllis vulneraria, of the legume family, formerly used as a remedy for kidney diseases. Also called woundwort. [1700-10] * * * ▪ plant also called ...
kidney worm
any of various large nematodes parasitic in the kidneys, esp. Stephanurus dentatus, found in pigs. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
/kid"nee shaypt'/, adj. having the general shape of a long oval indented at one side; reniform: a kidney-shaped swimming pool. [1750-60] * * *
kidney bean n. 1. An annual plant (Phaseolus vulgaris) cultivated in many forms for its edible pods and seeds. 2. The pod or seed of this plant. * * *
kidney punch n. A punch to the lower back, illegal in boxing. * * *
kidney stone n. A small hard mass in the kidney that forms from deposits chiefly of phosphates and urates. * * *
/kid"nee werrt', -wawrt'/, n. the navelwort, Umbilicus rupestris, of the stonecrop family, having drooping yellowish-green flowers. [1630-40; KIDNEY + WORT2, from its use in ...
Kido Takayoshi
or Kido Kōin born Aug. 11, 1833, Chōshū, Nagato province, Japan died May 26, 1877, Tokyo With Saigō Takamori and Ōkubo Toshimichi, one of the three giants of the Meiji ...
/kid"pawrn'/, n. Informal. See child pornography. [KID1 + PORN] * * *
/kee"dreuhn, kid"reuhn/, n. a ravine E of Jerusalem, leading to the Mount of Olives: traditionally identified by Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religions as the Valley of ...
/kid"skin'/, n. 1. leather made from the skin of a young goat; kid. adj. 2. made of kidskin: kidskin gloves. [1635-45; KID1 + SKIN] * * *
/kid"stayks'/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) Australian Informal. 1. pretense or nonsense. 2. small stakes or a small amount, esp. of money. [1915-20; earlier Brit. slang kid ...
Kidston, Robert
▪ British paleobotanist born June 29, 1852, Bishopston House, Renfrewshire, Scot. died July 13, 1924, Gilfach Goch, Glamorganshire, Wales       English paleobotanist, ...
kid stuff n. Slang 1. Something suitable only for children. 2. Something very easy or uncomplicated. * * *
/kid"vid'/, n. Slang. television programs or programming for children. Also, kid-vid. [1970-75; KID1 + VID(EO)] * * *
/keef/, n. kef. * * *
Kiefer, Anselm
born March 8, 1945, Donaueschingen, Ger. German painter. In 1970 he studied under the conceptual artist Joseph Beuys. In such huge paintings as Germany's Spiritual Heroes ...
/kee"feuhr/, n. a large, brownish-red, hybrid variety of pear. [1875-80; named after Peter Kieffer (1812-90), American botanist] * * *
/keel/, n. the capital of Schleswig-Holstein in N Germany, at the Baltic end of the Kiel Canal. 260,900. * * * City (pop., 2002 est.: 232,242), capital of Schleswig-Holstein ...
Kiel Canal
a canal connecting the North and Baltic seas. 61 mi. (98 km) long. German, Nord-Ostsee Kanal. * * * ▪ canal, Germany German  Nord-Ostsee-Kanal,  English  North ...
Kiel Sun-chu
▪ Korean minister also spelled  Kil Son-ju  born 1869, Korea died 1935, Korea       Presbyterian minister who was one of the most prominent leaders of the early ...
Kiel, Treaty of
▪ Denmark-Sweden [1814]       (Jan. 14, 1814), the peace treaty ending the hostilities between Denmark and Sweden during the Napoleonic Wars. By the treaty, Denmark ...
/kil bah"seuh, keel-/, n., pl. kielbasas, kielbasy /-see/. a smoked sausage of coarsely chopped beef and pork, flavored with garlic and spices. Also called Polish ...
Kiel Canal also Nord-Ost·see Ka·nal (nört-ôstʹzā kä-nälʹ) A canal, 98.1 km (61 mi) long, of northern Germany connecting the North Sea with the Baltic Sea. Built ...
/kyel"tse/, n. a city in S Poland. 151,000. * * * ▪ Poland       city, capital of Świętokrzyskie województwo (province), southeastern Poland. It lies in the ...
Kielland, Alexander Lange
▪ Norwegian writer born February 18, 1849, Stavanger, Norway died April 6, 1906, Bergen       novelist, short-story writer, and dramatist, one of the “big four” ...
Kielmansegg, Johann-Adolf, Count von
▪ 2007       German military officer (b. Dec. 30, 1906, Hofgeismar, Ger.—d. May 26, 2006, Bonn, Ger.), was the first German commander in chief of NATO forces in ...
Kiely, Benedict
▪ 2008       Irish novelist and short-story writer born Aug. 15, 1919 , near Dromore, County Tyrone, Ire. [now in Northern Ireland] died Feb. 9, 2007 , Dublin, ...
Kien Lung
/kyen" loong"/. See Ch'ien Lung. * * *
Kienholz, Edward
born Oct. 23, 1927, Fairfield, Wash., U.S. died June 10, 1994, Hope, Idaho U.S. sculptor. He pursued painting until he moved to Los Angeles and began producing large wooden ...
/kee poor"euh/, n. Jan (Wiktor) /yahn vik"tawrdd/, 1904?-66, Polish tenor. * * *
/kear/, n. a large vat in which fibers, yarns, or fabrics are boiled, bleached, or dyed. Also, keir. [1565-75; < ON ker vessel, vat] * * *
/kear"ki gahrd'/; Dan. /keerdd"keuh gawrdd'/, n. Sören Aabye /sue"rddeuhn aw"byuu/, 1813-55, Danish philosopher and theologian. * * *
Kierkegaard, Søren
▪ Danish philosopher Introduction in full  Søren Aabye Kierkegaard  born May 5, 1813, Copenhagen, Den. died Nov. 11, 1855, Copenhagen  Danish philosopher, theologian, and ...
Kierkegaard, Søren (Aabye)
born May 5, 1813, Copenhagen, Den. died Nov. 11, 1855, Copenhagen Danish religious philosopher, regarded as the founder of existentialism. He studied theology at the University ...
Kierkegaard, SørenAaby
Kier·ke·gaard (kîrʹkĭ-gärd', -gôr'), Søren Aaby. 1813-1855. Danish religious philosopher. A precursor of modern existentialism, he insisted on the need for individual ...
—Kierkegaardianism, n. /kear'ki gahr"dee euhn, kear"ki gahr'-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling the philosophy or religious views of Kierkegaard. n. 2. an adherent of ...
/kee"zeuhl goor'/, n. See diatomaceous earth. [1870-75; < G, equiv. to Kiesel flint + Gu(h)r earthy deposit] * * *
Kieser, Ellwood Eugene
▪ 2001 “Bud”        American clergyman and film producer (b. March 27, 1929, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. Sept. 16, 2000, Los Angeles, Calif.), was the Roman Catholic ...
/kee"zeuh ruyt'/, n. a mineral, hydrous magnesium sulfate, MgSO4·H2O, having a white or yellowish color and found with salt deposits. [1860-65; < G Kieserit, named after D. G. ...
Kiesinger, Kurt Georg
▪ German statesman born April 6, 1904, Ebingen, Germany died March 9, 1988, Tübingen, West Germany  conservative politician and chancellor (1966–69) of the Federal ...
Kiesler, Frederick John
▪ American architect born Sept. 22, 1892, Vienna, Austria died Dec. 27, 1965, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Austrian-born American architect, sculptor, and stage designer, ...
Kieslowski, Krzysztof
▪ 1997       Polish film director (b. June 27, 1941, Warsaw, Pol.—d. March 13, 1996, Warsaw), crafted psychological dramas that examined moral issues with intellect ...
▪ Papua New Guinea       town, southeast coast of Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. The former administrative centre of Bougainville ...
/kee"ef, -ev/; Russ. /kyee"yif/, n. a city in and the capital of Ukraine, on the Dnieper River. 2,144,000. * * * Ukrainian Kyyiv City (pop., 2001: 2,611,000), capital of ...
/kee"ef euhn, -ev euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Kiev. 2. of or pertaining to the period in Russian history (11th and 12th centuries) when Kiev was the political center of a ...
Kievan Rus
First eastern Slavic state. It was founded by the Viking Oleg, ruler of Novgorod from с 879, who seized Smolensk and Kiev (882), which became the capital of Kievan Rus. ...
Ki·ev·an Russia (kē-ĕvʹən) A medieval Slavic state that was the forerunner of modern Russia. Centered around the city of Kiev, it included most of present-day Ukraine and ...
/kif/, n. kef. * * *
/kee gah"lee/, n. a town in and the capital of Rwanda, in the central part. 40,000. * * * City (pop., 1996 est.: 356,000), capital of Rwanda. Located in the middle of the ...
/ki goh"meuh ooh jee"jee/, n. a city composed of two merged towns in W Tanzania, on Lake Tanganyika: Stanley found Livingstone in Ujiji 1871. 21,369. * * *
Kii Peninsula
▪ peninsula, Japan Japanese  Kii-hantō,         peninsula of southern Honshu, Japan, facing the Pacific Ocean (east and south) and the Kii Strait and the Inland Sea ...
▪ legendary king of Korea       legendary Korean king of Chinese origin whose arrival in Korea with 5,000 rice- and barley-bearing refugees reputedly introduced Chinese ...
/kuyk/, n. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a person of Jewish religion or descent. [1900-05; of obscure orig.; the popular belief that it derives from a Yiddish word for ...
Ki·klá·dhes (kē-kläʹthĕs) See Cyclades. * * *
/kee kong"goh/, n. Kongo (def. 2). * * *
▪ language also called  Kikongo ya Leta or Kileta (“the state's Kikongo”),  Kikongo ya bula-matari or Kibula-matari (“the stone-breaker's speech”),  Ikele ve (“be ...
Kikuchi Kan
▪ Japanese author also called  Kikuchi Hiroshi   born Dec. 26, 1888, Takamatsu, Japan died March 6, 1948, Tokyo       playwright, novelist, and founder of one of the ...
Kikutake Kiyonori
▪ Japanese architect born April 1, 1928, Kurume City, Japan       post-World War II Japanese architect particularly concerned with the problems of a changing ...
/ki kooh"yooh/, n., pl. Kikuyus, (esp. collectively) Kikuyu. 1. a member of an indigenous people of Kenya having an agricultural economy and notable as being the originators of ...
/kee"kweet/, n. a city in W Zaire. 150,253. * * * ▪ Democratic Republic of the Congo       town and river port, southwestern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo). ...
kilometer; kilometers. * * *
/kee'low ay"ah, -ay"euh, kil'oh-/, n. a crater on Mauna Loa volcano, on SE Hawaii island, in Hawaii. 2 mi. (3.2 km) wide; 4040 ft. (1231 m) high. * * * Crater, eastern side of ...
Kilburn, Tom
born Aug. 11, 1921, Dewsbury, Yorkshire, Eng. died Jan. 17, 2001, Manchester British computer scientist. His book A Storage System for Use with Binary Digital Computing ...
Kilby, Jack
▪ American engineer Introduction in full  Jack St. Clair Kilby  born November 8, 1923, Jefferson City, Missouri, U.S. died June 20, 2005, Dallas, Texas       American ...
Kilby, Jack (St. Clair)
born Nov. 8, 1923, Jefferson City, Mo., U.S. U.S. inventor. He studied at the University of Wisconsin. In 1958 he joined Texas Instruments; there he built the first integrated ...
Kilby, Jack St. Clair
▪ 2006       American electronics engineer (b. Nov. 8, 1923, Jefferson City, Mo.—d. June 20, 2005, Dallas, Texas), invented the integrated circuit (IC), which allowed ...
/kil dair"/, n. a county in Leinster, in the E Republic of Ireland. 104,097; 654 sq. mi. (1695 sq. km). Co. seat: Naas. * * * ▪ Ireland Irish  Cill ...
Kildare, Thomas Fitzgerald, 10th Earl of
▪ Irish leader byname  Silken Thomas   born 1513, London, Eng. died Feb. 3, 1537, London       leader of a major Irish rebellion against King Henry VIII of England. ...
/kil"deuhr kin/, n. 1. a unit of capacity, usually equal to half a barrel or two firkins. 2. an English unit of capacity, equal to 18 imperial gallons (82 liters). [1350-1400; ...
kill1 —killable, adj. /kil/, v.t. 1. to deprive of life in any manner; cause the death of; slay. 2. to destroy; do away with; extinguish: His response killed our hopes. 3. to ...
kill fee
☆ kill fee n. a fee paid to a freelance writer for material written on assignment but not used * * *
kill shot
Sports. a decisive smashing or punching of a ball with the hand or a racquet such that it is virtually unreturnable, as in volleyball, handball, or badminton. Also called kill. * ...
/kil"joy'/, n. a person who spoils the joy or pleasure of others; spoilsport. [1770-80] * * *
▪ Ireland Irish  Cill Dalua        town, County Clare, Ireland. It lies on the west bank of the River Shannon (Shannon, River), between Mount Bernagh and the Arra ...
Killanin, Michael Morris, 3rd Baron
▪ 2000       British-born Irish journalist, film producer, author, and sports administrator (b. July 30, 1914, London, Eng.—d. April 25, 1999, Dublin, Ire.), served as ...
/ki lahr"nee/, n. 1. a town in the SW Republic of Ireland. 7,678. 2. Lakes of, three lakes in SW Ireland. * * * ▪ Ireland Irish  Cill Airne        market town in ...
Killarney Provincial Park
▪ park, Ontario, Canada       wilderness park, southeastern Ontario, Canada, on the northern shore of Georgian Bay of Lake Huron. Established in 1964, it has an area of ...
Killarney,Lakes of
Kil·lar·ney (kĭ-lärʹnē), Lakes of Three small lakes of southwest Ireland near the market town of Killarney (population, 7,693). Studded with islands, the lakes are a ...
/kil"dee/, n. Dial. killdeer. * * *
/kil"dear'/, n. an American plover, Charadrius vociferus, having two black bands around the upper breast. Also called killdeer plover. [1725-35, Amer.; imit.] * * * Bird ...
killed (kĭld) adj. 1. Put to death; destroyed. Often used in combination: fresh-killed meat. 2. Of, relating to, or containing microorganisms that have been inactivated so as ...
/ki leen"/, n. a city in central Texas. 46,296. * * * ▪ Texas, United States       city, Bell county, central Texas, U.S., west of Temple, 65 miles (105 km) north of ...
/kil"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that kills. 2. See killer whale. 3. a device used by a post office for printing cancellations on postage stamps. 4. a mark of cancellation ...
killer app
a computer application that surpasses its competitors. [1990-95] * * *
killer bars
an imprint consisting of a series of wavy lines used to cancel postage stamps. * * *
killer bee
1. a honeybee, Apis mellifera adansonii, native to Africa, that is extremely aggressive and attacks in swarms when disturbed: brought to Brazil and accidentally released there in ...
killer boat
a boat used for hunting whales and towing them to a factory ship. * * *
killer cell
Immunol. any of several types of lymphocyte or leukocyte capable of destroying cells that have acquired foreign characteristics, as a tumor cell or virus-infected cell. * * *
killer satellite
killer satellite n. an orbiting satellite that can be maneuvered to approach a target satellite and destroy it by exploding * * *
killer T cell
a killer cell that destroys target cells only when specifically activated by helper T cells. Cf. natural killer cell. * * *
killer whale
any of several predatory dolphins, esp. the black-and-white Orcinus orca, found in all seas. [1880-85] * * * or orca A species (Orcinus orca) of toothed whale found in all seas ...
/kil"euhr dil"euhr/, n. Older Slang. killer (def. 5). [1935-40, Amer.; rhyming compound] * * *
killer bee n. See Africanized bee. * * *
killer cell n. Any of various large differentiated T cells that recognize and lyse target cells bearing a specific foreign antigen, usually by infection with a virus, and that ...
killerT cell
killer T cell n. See killer cell. * * *
killer whale n. A black and white predatory whale (Orcinus orca) that feeds on large fish, squid, and sometimes dolphins and seals. Also called orca. * * *
Killian, James Rhyne, Jr.
▪ United States statesman born July 24, 1904, Blacksburg, S.C., U.S. died Jan. 29, 1988, Cambridge, Mass.       American statesman and academic administrator who was ...
/kil"ik/, n. 1. a small anchor or weight for mooring a boat, sometimes consisting of a stone secured by pieces of wood. 2. any anchor. [1620-30; orig. uncert.] * * *
/kil'i keuh nik"/, n. kinnikinnick. Also, killikinic, killickinnick. * * *
kil·lie (kĭlʹē) n. A killifish. * * *
/kil'ee krang"kee/, n. a mountain pass in central Scotland, in the Grampians. * * *
/kil"ee fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) killifish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) killifishes. 1. any of several small, oviparous cyprinodont fishes, esp. ...
Killigrew, Thomas
▪ English dramatist born Feb. 7, 1612, London, Eng. died March 19, 1683, London       English dramatist and playhouse manager who was better known for his wit than for ...
—killingly, adv. /kil"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that kills. 2. the total game killed on a hunt. 3. a quick and unusually large profit or financial gain: a ...
killing frost
the occurrence of temperatures cold enough to kill all but the hardiest vegetation, esp. the last such occurrence in spring and the first in fall, events that limit the ...
/kil"ing lee/, n. a town in NE Connecticut. 14,519. * * *
Killingsworth, Edward Abel
▪ 2005       American architect (b. Nov. 4, 1917, Taft, Calif.—d. July 6, 2004, Long Beach, Calif.), designed elegant modernist houses in southern California and ...
killjoy [kil′joi΄] n. a person who destroys or lessens other people's enjoyment: also kill-joy * * * kill·joy (kĭlʹjoi') n. One who spoils the enthusiasm or fun of ...
kil·lock (kĭlʹĭk) n. Variant of killick. * * *
kill shot n. A shot in various games, especially racquet games, that is so forcefully hit or perfectly placed that it cannot be returned. * * *
/kee lee"/, n. Jean-Claude /zhahonn klohd"/, born 1943, French skier. * * *
Killy, Jean-Claude
born Aug. 30, 1943, Saint-Cloud, near Paris, France French skier. Killy was reared in an Alpine ski resort. He became the European champion in 1965, and in 1966 he won the ...
Kil·ly (kē-lēʹ), Jean-Claude. Born 1943. French alpine skier who won three gold medals at the 1968 Olympic games. Skiing with the skis further apart to increase stability ...
/kil mahr"neuhk/, n. 1. Official name, Kilmarnock and Loudon. an administrative district in the Strathclyde region, in SW Scotland. 82,520. 2. a city in this district, SW of ...
/kil"meuhr/, n. (Alfred) Joyce, 1886-1918, U.S. poet and journalist. * * *
Kilmer, (Alfred)Joyce
Kil·mer (kĭlʹmər), (Alfred) Joyce. 1886-1918. American poet whose best known work is “Trees” (1913). He was killed in World War I. * * *
Kilmer, Joyce
▪ American poet born Dec. 6, 1886, New Brunswick, N.J., U.S. died July 30, 1918, near Seringes, Fr.  American poet known chiefly for his 12-line verse entitled ...
/kil, kiln/, n. 1. a furnace or oven for burning, baking, or drying something, esp. one for firing pottery, calcining limestone, or baking bricks. v.t. 2. to burn, bake, or treat ...
kiln run brick
any of various bricks of sufficient hardness to be exposed to the weather. * * *
/kil"druyd', kiln"-/, adj. of or pertaining to the reduction of the moisture content in wood by means of artificially controlling the heat, air circulation, and ...
/kil"druy', kiln"-/, v.t., kiln-dried, kiln-drying. to dry in a kiln. [1530-40] * * *
Kilner jar{™}
n (BrE) a type of large jar which can be sealed with a rubber ring and is used for preserving fruit, etc. Compare Mason jar. * * *
/kee"loh, kil"oh/, n., pl. kilos. 1. kilogram. 2. kilometer. 3. (a word used in communications to represent the letter K.) [1865-70; shortened form] * * *
a Greek combining form meaning "thousand," introduced from French in the nomenclature of the metric system (kiloliter); on this model, used in the formation of compound words in ...
/kil"euh bahr'/, n. a unit of pressure, equal to 1000 bars (14,500 pounds per square inch; equivalent to 100 megapascals). Abbr.: kb [1925-30; KILO- + BAR3] * * *
kilobase [kil′ə bās΄] n. a unit of length equal to the length of 1000 base pairs of a nucleic acid * * *
/kil"euh bit'/, n. Computers. 1. 1024 (210) bits. 2. (loosely) 1000 bits. Symbol: Kb [1960-65; KILO- + BIT3] * * *
/kil"euh buyt'/, n. Computers. 1. 1024 (210) bytes. 2. (loosely) 1000 bytes. Symbol: K, KB [1965-70; KILO- + BYTE] * * *
/kil"euh kal'euh ree/, n. Thermodynam. one thousand small calories. Abbr.: kcal Also called Calorie, kilogram calorie, large calorie. Cf. calorie (def. 1a). [1890-95; KILO- + ...
/kil"euh kyoor'ee, -kyoo ree'/, n. a unit of radioactivity, equal to 1000 curies. Abbr.: kCi, kc [1945-50; KILO- + CURIE] * * *
/kil"euh suy'keuhl/, n. a unit equal to 1000 cycles: used esp. in radio as 1000 cycles per second for expressing the frequency of electromagnetic waves; kilohertz. The term ...
kiloelectron volt
/kil"oh i lek"tron, -i lek'-/ 1000 electron-volts. Abbr.: keV, kev [1945-50; KILO- + ELECTRON] * * *
/kil"euh gows'/, n. Elect. a unit of magnetic induction, equal to 1000 gauss. Abbr.: kG [1890-95; KILO- + GAUSS] * * *
/kil"euh gram'/, n. 1. a unit of mass equal to 1000 grams: the base SI unit of mass, equal to the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram, a platinum-iridium cylinder ...
kilogram calorie
Thermodynam. kilocalorie. [1895-1900] * * *
/kil"euh gram'fawrs", -fohrs"/, n. Physics. a meter-kilogram-second unit of force, equal to the force that produces an acceleration equal to the acceleration of gravity, when ...
/kil"euh gram'mee"teuhr/, n. Physics. a meter-kilogram-second unit of work or energy, equal to the work done by a force of one kilogram when its point of application moves ...
kilogram calorie n. See calorie. * * *
kilogram force n. Abbr. kgf A force equal to a kilogram weight or a one-kilogram mass times the acceleration of gravity. * * *
/kil"euh herrts'/, n., pl. kilohertz, kilohertzes. Physics. a unit of frequency, equal to 1000 cycles per second. Abbr.: kHz Cf. kilocycle. [1925-30; KILO- + HERTZ] * * *
/kil"euh lee'teuhr/, n. a unit of volume, equal to 1000 liters; a cubic meter. Abbr.: kl Also, esp. Brit., kilolitre. [1800-10; < F kilolitre. See KILO-, LITER] * * *
/kil'euh meg"euh suy'keuhl/, n. a unit of frequency, equal to 109 cycles per second. Abbr.: kMc [KILO- + MEGACYCLE] * * *
—kilometric /kil'euh me"trik/, kilometrical, adj. /ki lom"i teuhr, kil"euh mee'-/, n. a unit of length, the common measure of distances equal to 1000 meters, and equivalent to ...
also spelled  kilometer        unit of length equal to 1,000 metres (metre) and the equivalent of 0.6214 mile (see metric system). * * *
See kilometer. * * *

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