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Kléber
/klay berdd"/, n. Jean Baptiste /zhahonn bann teest"/, 1753-1800, French general. * * *
Kléber, Jean-Baptiste
▪ French general born March 9, 1753, Strasbourg, France died June 14, 1800, Cairo, Egypt  French general of the Revolutionary wars who suppressed the counterrevolutionary ...
Klebs
/klebz/; Ger. /klayps/, n. Edwin /ed"win/; Ger. /et"veen/, 1834-1913, German pathologist and bacteriologist. * * *
Klebs, Edwin
▪ German physician and bacteriologist born Feb. 6, 1834, Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died Oct. 23, 1913, Bern, Switz.       German physician and ...
Klebs-Löffler bacillus
/klebz"lef"leuhr/; Ger. /klayps"luef"leuhrdd/ a bacterium, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which causes diphtheria. [1890-95; named after E. KLEBS and F. A. J. LÖFFLER] * * *
klebsiella
/kleb'zee el"euh, klep'see-/, n. Bacteriol. any of several rod-shaped, aerobic bacteria of the genus Klebsiella, certain species of which, as K. pneumoniae, are found in the ...
Klee
/klay/, n. Paul /powl/; Eng. /pawl/, 1879-1940, Swiss painter and etcher. * * *
Klee, Paul
born Dec. 18, 1879, Münchenbuchsee, Switz. died June 29, 1940, Muralto Swiss painter. After studies in Germany and Italy, he settled in Munich, where he became associated with ...
Klee,Paul
Klee (klā), Paul. 1879-1940. Swiss artist who combined his expert use of line and color and his theories of abstract art to produce works of whimsy and innocence. * * *
Kleene, Stephen Cole
▪ American mathematician born Jan. 5, 1909, Hartford, Conn., U.S. died Jan. 25, 1994, Madison, Wis.       American mathematician and logician whose work on recursion ...
Kleenex
/klee"neks/, Trademark. a brand name for a soft, disposable paper tissue, used esp. as a handkerchief. * * *
Kleenex{™}
n [U, C] (pl Kleenex or Kleenexes) a type of soft paper tissue used for wiping the nose, face, etc. or cleaning things. In American English the word is often used to mean any ...
klei-
To lean. Oldest form *k̑lei-, becoming *klei- in centum languages. Derivatives include decline, lid, climax, climate, and ladder. I. Full-grade form *klei-. 1. Suffixed form ...
Kleiber
/kluy"beuhrdd/, n. Erich /ay"rddikh/, 1890-1956, Austrian orchestra conductor. * * *
Kleiber, Carlos
▪ 2005       German-born conductor (b. July 3, 1930, Berlin, Ger.—d. July 13, 2004, Slovenia), was widely regarded as one of the most important opera and symphony ...
Kleiber, Erich
born Aug. 5, 1890, Vienna, Austria died Jan. 27, 1956, Zürich, Switz. Austro-Hungarian conductor. After his Prague debut in 1911, he held a series of posts that led him to the ...
Klein
/kluyn/, n. Felix /fee"liks/; Ger. /fay"liks/, 1849-1925, German mathematician. * * * (as used in expressions) Klein Calvin Richard Klein Melanie Klein Yves * * *
Klein bottle
Geom. a one-sided figure consisting of a tapered tube the narrow end of which is bent back, run through the side of the tube, and flared to join the wide end, thereby allowing ...
Klein, A.M.
▪ Canadian poet in full  Abraham Moses Klein  born 1909, Ratno, Volhynia, Russian Empire [now Ratne, Ukraine] died Aug. 21, 1972, Montreal, Que., Can.       Canadian ...
Klein, Calvin
▪ American designer in full  Calvin Richard Klein   born Nov. 19, 1942, Bronx, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American fashion designer noted for his womenswear, ...
Klein, Calvin (Richard)
born Nov. 19, 1942, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. fashion designer. He attended the Fashion Institute of Technology. He opened his own company in 1968, when casual, hippie-style ...
Klein, Felix
▪ German mathematician in full  Christian Felix Klein  born April 25, 1849, Düsseldorf, Prussia [Germany] died June 22, 1925, Göttingen, Germany       German ...
Klein, Lawrence Robert
▪ American economist born September 14, 1920, Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.       American economist whose work in developing macroeconometric models for national, regional, ...
Klein, Melanie
orig. Melanie Reizes born March 30, 1882, Vienna, Austria died Sept. 22, 1960, London, Eng. Austrian-British psychoanalyst. She married at age 21 and had three children before ...
Klein, Yves
born April 28, 1928, Nice, Fr. died June 6, 1962, Paris French painter, sculptor, and performance artist. With no formal artistic training, he began in the mid 1950s to exhibit ...
Klein,Melanie
Klein (klīn), Melanie. 1882-1960. Austrian-born British psychoanalyst who specialized in child development. Her works include The Psychoanalysis of Children (1932) and Envy and ...
Kleinbottle
Klein bottle Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. A one-sided topological surface having no inside or outside. It is depicted in ordinary space by inserting the small open end of a ...
Kleindienst, Richard Gordon
▪ 2001       American government official and attorney (b. Aug. 5, 1923, Winslow, Ariz.—d. Feb. 3, 2000, Prescott, Ariz.), served as U.S. attorney general under Pres. ...
Kleine-Levin syndrome
/kluyn"leuh vin"/, Pathol. prolonged episodes of excessive sleepiness often accompanied by overeating, hallucinations, and electroencephalogram changes, usually beginning in ...
Kleinian
/kluy"nee euhn/, adj. referring to the theories formulated by Austrian child psychiatrist Melanie Klein (1882-1960). [1950-55; Klein + -IAN] * * *
Kleinmeister
▪ engravers also called  Nürnberg Kleinmeister,    group of engravers, working mostly in Nürnberg in the second quarter of the 16th century, whose forms and subjects were ...
Kleinow, Pete
▪ 2008 “Sneaky”        American pedal-steel guitarist born Aug. 20, 1934 , South Bend, Ind. died Jan. 6, 2007 , Petaluma, Calif. was an original member—with ...
Kleist
—Kleistian, adj. /kluyst/, n. (Bernd) Heinrich (Wilhelm) von /berddnt huyn"rddikh vil"helm feuhn/, 1777-1811, German poet, dramatist, and story writer. * * *
Kleist, (Bernd) Heinrich (Wilhelm von)
born Oct. 18, 1777, Frankfurt an der Oder, Brandenburg died Nov. 21, 1811, Wannsee, near Berlin German writer. He served seven years in the Prussian army, and his work first ...
Kleist, E Georg von
▪ German clergyman born c. 1700, , Prussian Pomerania? died Dec. 11, 1748, Köslin, Pomerania?       German administrator and cleric who discovered (1745) the Leyden ...
Kleist, Ewald Christian von
▪ German poet born March 7, 1715, Zeblin, Pomerania died Aug. 24, 1759, Frankfurt an der Oder, Brandenburg  German lyric poet best known for his long poem Der Frühling, ...
Kleist, Heinrich von
▪ German author in full  Bernd Heinrich Wilhelm von Kleist   born October 18, 1777, Frankfurt an der Oder, Brandenburg [now in Germany] died November 21, 1811, Wannsee, near ...
Kleist, Paul Ludwig von
▪ German general born Aug. 8, 1881, Braunfels an der Lahn, Ger. died , October? 1954, Vladimirovka Camp, Russian S.F.S.R.       German general during World War ...
Kleist,Heinrich von
Kleist (klīst), Heinrich von. 1777-1811. German writer whose novellas and dramas, including The Broken Pitcher (1811), concern characters torn between reason and emotion and ...
Kleitias
▪ Greek artist also spelled  Cleitias  flourished c. 580–c. 550 BC       Athenian vase painter and potter, one of the most outstanding masters of the Archaic ...
Kleitman, Nathaniel
▪ 2000       Russian-born American physiologist who with one of his students, Eugene Aserinsky, first reported on rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Kleitman's and ...
Klem, Bill
▪ American baseball umpire in full  William Joseph Klem , original surname  Klimm , also called  The Old Arbitrator  born February 22, 1874, Rochester, New York, ...
Klemm, Gustav Friedrich
▪ German anthropologist born Nov. 12, 1802, Chemnitz, Saxony [Germany] died Aug. 25/26, 1867, Dresden, Saxony       German anthropologist who developed the concept of ...
Klemperer
/klem"peuhr euhr/, n. Otto, 1885-1973, German orchestra conductor. * * *
Klemperer, Otto
born May 14, 1885, Breslau, Ger. died July 6, 1973, Zürich, Switz. German conductor. After studying composition with Hans Pfitzner (1869–1949), in 1905 he met Gustav Mahler, ...
Klemperer, Werner
▪ 2001       German-born American actor (b. March 22, 1920, Cologne, Ger.—d. Dec. 6, 2000, New York, N.Y.), earned fame for his portrayal of Nazi Colonel Klink, a ...
Klemperer,Otto
Klem·per·er (klĕmʹpər-ər), Otto. 1885-1973. German conductor noted for his interpretations of Beethoven, Mahler, and Richard Strauss. * * *
Klenze, Leo von
▪ German architect in full  Franz Leopold Karl von Klenze  born Feb. 28, 1784, Schladen, near Brunswick [Germany] died Jan. 27, 1864, Munich       German architect ...
Kleopatra
/klee'euh pa"treuh, -pah"-, -pay"-/, n. Cleopatra (def. 2). * * *
Kleophrades Painter
▪ Greek artist flourished c. 505–c. 475 BC    Attic (Greek pottery) vase painter, among the finest of the late Archaic period, son of the Amasis Potter and probably a ...
klepht
—klephtic, adj. /kleft/, n. a Greek or Albanian brigand, exalted in the war of Greek independence as a patriotic robber; guerrilla. [1810-20; < ModGk kléphtes, var. of ModGk, ...
klepto
/klep"toh/, n., pl. kleptos, adj. Slang. kleptomaniac. [1955-60; by shortening] * * *
kleptocracy
—kleptocratic /klep'teuh krat"ik/, adj. /klep tok"reuh see/, n., pl. kleptocracies. a government or state in which those in power exploit national resources and steal; rule by ...
kleptocrat
/klep"teuh krat'/, n. a government official who is a thief or exploiter. * * *
kleptocratic
See kleptocrat. * * *
kleptomania
/klep'teuh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. Psychol. an irresistible impulse to steal, stemming from emotional disturbance rather than economic need. Also, cleptomania. [1820-30; ...
kleptomaniac
/klep'teuh may"nee ak'/, n. Psychol. 1. a person who has kleptomania. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of kleptomania or a kleptomaniac. Also, cleptomaniac. [1860-65; ...
kleptomaniacal
See kleptomaniac. * * *
Klerk, Michel de
▪ Dutch architect born Nov. 24, 1884, Amsterdam died Nov. 24, 1923, Amsterdam       architect and leader of the school of Amsterdam, which stressed individualism, ...
Klerksdorp
▪ South Africa       town and principal centre of the Klerksdorp-area goldfields, North-West province, South Africa. It lies approximately 80 miles (130 km) southwest ...
klesha
/klesh"euh/, n. Yoga. any of the five hindrances to enlightenment, which are ignorance or avidya, egocentricity, attachments, aversions, and the instinctive will to live. [ < Skt ...
Klesl, Melchior
▪ Austrian cardinal Klesl also spelled  Khlesl   born Feb. 19, 1552, Vienna [Austria] died Sept. 18, 1630, Vienna       Austrian statesman, bishop of Vienna and ...
Klestil, Thomas
▪ 2005       Austrian diplomat and politician (b. Nov. 4, 1932, Vienna, Austria—d. July 6, 2004, Vienna), worked to earn international respect for Austria, serving as ...
kleu-
To hear. Oldest form *k̑leu-, becoming *kleu- in centum languages. Derivatives include leer, loud, and Hercules. I. Extended form *kleus-. leer, from Old English hlēor, cheek ...
Kleve
/klay"veuh/, n. German name of Cleves. * * * ▪ Germany also spelled  Cleve , English  Cleves , Dutch  Kleef   city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), western ...
klezmer
/klez"meuhr/, n., pl. klezmorim /klez'meuh reem"/. 1. a Jewish folk musician traditionally performing in a small band. 2. Also, klezmer music. the type of music performed by such ...
klezmer music
(Yiddish; "vessel of song") Traditional music played by professional musicians (klezmorim) in the Jewish ghettos of eastern Europe, especially for weddings and other ...
Klič, Karl
▪ Bohemian artist and printer German:  Karl Klietsch  born March 31, 1841, Arnau, Bohemia [now in the Czech Republic] died Nov. 16, 1926, Vienna       Czech graphic ...
klick
/klik/, n. Slang. click2. Also, klik. * * *
klieg light
a powerful type of arc light once widely used in motion-picture studios. [1925-30, Amer.; named after the brothers J. H. Kliegl (1869-1959) and Anton Kliegl (1872-1927), ...
klieglight
klieg light (klēg) n. A powerful carbon-arc lamp producing an intense light and used especially in making movies.   [After John H. Kliegl (1869-1959) and his brother Anton ...
Klíma, Ivan
▪ Czech author born September 14, 1931, Prague, Czechoslovakia [now Czech Republic]       Czech author whose fiction and plays were long banned by his country's ...
Klimt
/klimt/, n. Gustav /goos"tahf/, 1862-1918, Austrian painter. * * *
Klimt, Gustav
born July 14, 1862, Vienna, Austria died Feb. 6, 1918, Vienna Austrian painter. In 1897, after a period as an academic muralist, his mature style emerged. Revolting against ...
Klimt,Gustav
Klimt (klĭmt), Gustav. 1862-1918. Austrian painter whose works, executed in the art nouveau style, include The Three Ages of Woman (1905) and The Kiss (1908). * * *
Klimuk, Pyotr Ilyich
▪ Soviet cosmonaut born July 10, 1942, Komarovka, Belorussia, U.S.S.R. [now Belarus]       Soviet cosmonaut who flew three times in space and was head of the Yury ...
Klin
▪ Russia       city, Moscow oblast (region), western Russia. First documented in 1234, it was for long a fort between the principalities of Moscow and Tver. In the ...
Kline
/kluyn/, n. Franz (Josef) /joh"zeuhf, -seuhf/, 1910-62, U.S. painter. * * *
Kline test
Med. a test for syphilis in which the formation of a microscopic precipitate in a mixture of the patient's serum and an antigen indicates a syphilitic condition. Cf. Kahn ...
Kline, Franz
born 1910, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., U.S. died May 13, 1962, New York, N.Y. U.S. painter. He studied art in London before settling in New York City. He became one of the leading ...
Kline,Franz Joseph
Kline (klīn), Franz Joseph. 1910-1962. American abstract expressionist painter many of whose works are characterized by bold, controlled black strokes on a white field. * * *
Klinefelter syndrome
Chromosomal disorder that occurs in one out of 500 males. With an extra X chromosome in each cell (XXY), patients look male, with firm, small testes, but they produce no sperm ...
Klinefelter's syndrome
/kluyn"fel teuhrz/, Pathol. an abnormal condition in which at least one extra X chromosome is present in a male: characterized by reduced or absent sperm production, small ...
Klinger, Friedrich Maximilian von
▪ German writer born Feb. 17, 1752, Frankfurt am Main died March 9, 1831, Dorpat, Estonia       dramatist and novelist, a representative of the German literary revolt ...
Klinger, Georgette
▪ 2005 Georgette Eckstein        Czech-born American skin-care innovator (b. 1915, Brno, Czechoslovakia [now in the Czech Republic]—d. Jan. 9, 2004, New York, N.Y.), ...
Klinger, Max
born Feb. 18, 1857, Leipzig, Ger. died July 5, 1920, near Naumburg German painter, sculptor, and printmaker. He is known for his use of symbol, fantasy, and dreamlike ...
klinotaxis
/kluy'neuh tak"sis/, n. Biol. a wavering side-to-side motion of the head occurring as an organism moves forward in response to a source of stimulation, caused by the alternating ...
Klint, Kaare
▪ Danish architect born Dec. 15, 1888, Copenhagen died March 28, 1954  Danish architect and celebrated furniture designer who originated the highly influential modern ...
klippe
/klip"euh/, n. 1. Numis. a square or lozenge-shaped coin. 2. Geol. an erosional outlier of a nappe. [ < G < Sw klippa to cut; see CLIP1] * * *
klipspringer
/klip"spring'euhr/, n. a small, agile African antelope, Oreotragus oreotragus, of mountainous regions from the Cape of Good Hope to Ethiopia. [1775-85; < Afrik: lit., ...
klismos
/kliz"mos/, n., pl. klismoi /-moy/. an ancient Greek chair, having a deep top rail curving forward from the back, and having legs curving upward and inward: imitated during ...
klister
/klis"teuhr/, n. a sticky wax for use on skis, as for slopes where the snow is excessively wet. [1935-40; < Norw < MLG; c. G Kleister paste] * * *
Klitzing, Klaus von
▪ German physicist born June 28, 1943, Schroda [Sroda], German-occupied Poland       German physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1985 for his ...
kll
Also kly. To complete. 1. Common Semitic *kull-, whole, all. 1. Kol Nidre, from Aramaic kol, all. 2. klezmer, from Mishnaic Hebrew kəlê, plural bound form of kəlî, utensil, ...
KLM
▪ Dutch airline abbreviation of  Koninklijke Luchtvaartmaatschappij Nv (Dutch: Royal Air Transportation Company) , English  Royal Dutch Airlines        Dutch ...
Klochkova, Yana
▪ 2005       At the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, swimmer Yana Klochkova staked her claim as one of the most dominant and versatile athletes in the history of her sport. ...
Klondike
/klon"duyk/, n. 1. a region of the Yukon territory in NW Canada: gold rush 1897-98. 2. a river in this region, flowing into the Yukon. 90 mi. (145 km) long. 3. (l.c.) Cards. a ...
Klondike gold rush
➡ Klondike * * * Canadian gold rush of the late 1890s. Gold was discovered on Aug. 17, 1896, near the confluence of the Klondike and Yukon rivers in western Yukon Territory. ...
Klondike River
▪ river, Yukon Territory, Canada       tributary of the Yukon River, in western Yukon Territory, Canada. With its major tributary, the North Klondike, it rises in the ...
klong
/klawng, klong/, n. (in Thailand) a canal. [1895-1900; < Thai khlo:ng canal, watercourse] * * *
Klonowic, Sebastian
▪ Polish poet in full  Sebastian Fabian Klonowic , pseudonym  Acernus   born c. 1545, Sulmierzyce, Poland died August 29, 1602, Lublin       Polish poet whose work ...
kloof
/kloohf/, n. (in South Africa) a deep glen; ravine. [1725-35; < Afrik; akin to CLEAVE] * * *
Kloos, Willem
▪ Dutch author born May 6, 1859, Amsterdam, Neth. died March 31, 1938, The Hague       Dutch poet and critic who was the driving intellectual force of the 1880 Dutch ...
Klopstock
/klawp"shtawk'/, n. Friedrich Gottlieb /frddee"drddikh gawt"leep/, 1724-1803, German poet. * * *
Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb
▪ German poet born July 2, 1724, Quedlinburg, Saxony [Germany] died March 14, 1803, Hamburg       German epic and lyric poet whose subjective vision marked a break with ...
Klopstock,Friedrich Gottlieb
Klop·stock (klŏpʹstŏk', klôpʹshtôk'), Friedrich Gottlieb. 1724-1803. German poet whose unrhymed classically structured works, notably the epic The Messiah (1748-1773), ...
Klos, Elmar
▪ 1994       Czech filmmaker (b. Jan. 26, 1910, Brno, Moravia, Austria-Hungary—d. July 19, 1993, Prague, Czech Republic), collaborated with the Hungarian-born director ...
klösse
/klay"seuh, klays/; Ger. /klue"seuh/, n.pl. German Cookery. dumplings. Also, kloesse. [ < G, pl. of Kloss ball of dough, dumpling] * * *
Klosterneuburg
▪ Austria       town, northeastern Austria. It lies on the west bank of the Danube River at the foot of the Leopoldsberg (1,394 feet [425 metres]) and at the north edge ...
Kluane National Park
National park, southwestern Yukon, Canada. Located on the Alaskan border and established in 1972, it encompasses some 5,440,000 acres (2,201,500 hectares). Its focal point is ...
Kluane National Park and Reserve
▪ national park, Yukon Territory, Canada national park in southwestern Yukon Territory (Yukon), Canada. The park is a vast mountain wilderness area with extensive ice ...
kluck
/kluk/, v.i., v.t., n. cluck1. * * *
Kluck
/klook/, n. Alexander von /ah'le ksahn"deuhrdd feuhn/, 1846-1934, German general. * * *
Kluck, Alexander von
▪ German general born May 20, 1846, Münster, Prussian Westphalia [Germany] died Oct. 19, 1934, Berlin  German general who, in World War I, commanded the 1st Army in the ...
Kluckhohn
/kluk"hohn/, n. Clyde (Kay Maben) /may"beuhn/, 1905-60, American anthropologist. * * *
Kluckhohn, Clyde K.M.
▪ American anthropologist in full  Clyde Kay Maben Kluckhohn  born Jan. 11, 1905, Le Mars, Iowa, U.S. died July 29, 1960, Santa Fe, N.M.       American professor of ...
kludge
/kloohj/, n. Computers Slang. a software or hardware configuration that, while inelegant, inefficient, clumsy, or patched together, succeeds in solving a specific problem or ...
kludgy
See kludge. * * *
Kluft, Carolina Evelyn
▪ 2008 born Feb. 2, 1983, Sandhult, Swed.  Swedish track and field athlete Carolina Klüft in 2007 won a record third consecutive International Association of Athletics ...
Klug, Aaron
▪ British chemist born Aug. 11, 1926, Lithuania       British chemist who was awarded the 1982 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his investigations of the three-dimensional ...
Kluge, Günther von
▪ German general in full  Hans Günther von Kluge  born October 30, 1882, Posen, Germany [now Poznań, Poland] died August 18, 1944, near Metz, France  German field marshal ...
klunker
/klung"keuhr/, n. Slang. clunker (def. 2). * * *
klutz
/kluts/, n. Slang. 1. a clumsy, awkward person. 2. a stupid or foolish person; blockhead. [1965-70, Amer.; < Yiddish klots lit., wooden beam < MHG kloc (G Klotz)] * * *
klutziness
See klutz. * * *
klutzy
—klutziness, n. /klut"see/, adj., klutzier, klutziest. Slang. 1. clumsy; awkward: If you weren't so klutzy you wouldn't have dropped it. 2. unwieldy; bulky or awkward: a klutzy ...
Klüver, Heinrich
▪ American psychologist and neurologist born May 25, 1897, Holstein, Ger. died Feb. 8, 1979, Oak Lawn, Ill., U.S.       German-born U.S. experimental psychologist ...
Klüver-Bucy syndrome
/klooh"veuhr byooh"see/, Psychiatry. a syndrome caused by bilateral injury to the temporal lobes and characterized by memory defect, hypersexuality, excessive oral behavior, and ...
kly
kll. * * *
Klydonograph
/kluy don"euh graf', -grahf'/, Trademark. a brand name for an instrument that photographically records a surge of voltage, as in a power line. * * *
Klystron
/klis"tron, kluy"stron, -streuhn/, Trademark. a brand name for a vacuum tube containing an electron gun, a resonator that changes the velocity of the electron beam in accordance ...
Klyuchevskaya Volcano
▪ volcano, Russia Russian  Klyuchevskaya Sopka,  also spelled  Kl'učevskaja, or Kliuchevskaya,         active volcano of the Kamchatka Peninsula, far eastern ...
Klyuchevsky, Vasily Osipovich
▪ Russian historian Klyuchevsky also spelled  Kliuchevsky   born Jan. 16 [Jan. 28, New Style], 1841, Voznesenskoye, Penza province, Russia died May 12 [May 25], 1911, ...
km
kilometer; kilometers. * * *
km.
1. kilometer; kilometers. 2. kingdom. * * *
km/sec
kilometers per second. * * *
Kmart
any of a group of large US shops that sell a variety of products at reduced prices. The company began in 1899 as the S S Kresge Company and is based in Troy, Michigan. * * ...
Kmart Corp.
formerly (until 1977) S.S. Kresge Co. Major U.S. retail chain, marketing general merchandise primarily through discount and variety stores. It originated with a pair of 5-and ...
kMc
kilomegacycle; kilomegacycles. * * *
kmn
Common Semitic noun *kammūn-, cumin, perhaps from Sumerian gamun, cumin, unless this itself is of Semitic origin. cumin, cymene, from Greek kuminon, probably from a Semitic ...
kmph
kmph abbr. kilometers per hour. * * *
kmps
kmps abbr. kilometers per second. * * *
kms
Also kns, knš. To gather, collect, assemble. Knesset, from Modern Hebrew kneset, from Mishnaic Hebrew kəneset, assembly, from Aramaic kəništā, assembly, from kənaš, to ...
KN
Chess. king's knight. * * *
kn
knot; knots. * * *
kn.
kronen. * * *
Knaben Wunderhorn, Des
▪ work by Arnim and Brentano       (1805–08; German: “The Boy's Magic Horn”), anthology of German folk songs, subtitled Alte deutsche Lieder (“Old German ...
knack
/nak/, n. 1. a special skill, talent, or aptitude: He had a knack for saying the right thing. 2. a clever or adroit way of doing something. 3. a trick or ruse. 4. a sharp, ...
knäckebröd
/nek"euh brood', -bred', knek"-/; Sw. /knek"euh brddued'/, n. flat, thin, brittle unleavened rye bread. [ < Sw, equiv. to knäcke to break + bröd BREAD] * * *
knacker
/nak"euhr/, n. Brit. 1. a person who buys animal carcasses or slaughters useless livestock for a knackery or rendering works. 2. a person who buys and dismembers old houses, ...
knackered
/nak"euhrd/, adj. Brit. Slang. exhausted; very tired: He is really knackered after work. [1885-90; knacker to tire (attenuation of earlier sense "to kill"; cf. KNACKER def. 1) + ...
knackery
/nak"euh ree/, n. Brit. See rendering works. [1865-70; KNACK(ER) + -ERY] * * *
knackwurst
/nahk"werrst, -woorst/, n. a short, thick, highly seasoned sausage. Also, knockwurst. [1935-40; < G, equiv. to knack(en) to crack, break + Wurst sausage. Cf. KNACK] * * *
knaggy
/nag"ee/, adj., knaggier, knaggiest. knotty; rough with knots. [1350-1400; ME knag spur, projection, peg (c. G Knagge knot, peg) + -Y1] * * *
knaidel
/knayd"l/, n., pl. knaidlach /knayd"leuhkh, -lahkh/. Jewish Cookery. a dumpling, esp. a small ball of matzo meal, eggs, and salt, often mixed with another foodstuff, as ground ...
knap
knap1 /nap/, n. Brit. Dial. a crest or summit of a small hill. [bef. 1000; ME; OE cnaepp top, summit; c. ON knappr knob] knap2 —knapper, n. /nap/, v.i., v.t., knapped, ...
Knapp, James
▪ 2002 “Jimmy”        British labour leader (b. Sept. 29, 1940, Hurlford, Ayrshire, Scot.—d. Aug. 13, 2001), was, from 1983, general secretary of the U.K.'s ...
Knapp, Seaman Asahel
▪ American agriculturalist born Dec. 16, 1833, Schroon Lake, N.Y., U.S. died April 1, 1911, Washington, D.C.       American agriculturist who originated the method in ...
knapper
See knap. * * *
Knappertsbusch, Hans
▪ German opera director born March 12, 1888, Elberfeld, Ger. died Oct. 25, 1965, Munich, W.Ger.       German orchestral and opera director best remembered for his ...
knapsack
—knapsacked, adj. /nap"sak'/, n. a canvas, nylon, or leather bag for clothes, food, and other supplies, carried on the back by soldiers, hikers, etc. [1595-1605; < LG ...
knapsack problem
Math. the problem of determining which numbers from a given collection of numbers have been added together to yield a specific sum: used in cryptography to encipher (and ...
knapweed
/nap"weed'/, n. any composite plant of the genus Centaurea, esp. the weedy C. nigra, having rose-purple flowers set on a dark-colored, knoblike bract. Also called hardheads, ...
knar
—knarred, knarry, adj. /nahr/, n. a knot on a tree or in wood. [1200-50; ME knarre; c. D knar, LG knarre] * * *
Knaresborough
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), Harrogate borough, administrative county of North Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, northern England. It ...
knave
/nayv/, n. 1. an unprincipled, untrustworthy, or dishonest person. 2. Cards. jack1 (def. 2). 3. Archaic. a. a male servant. b. a man of humble position. [bef. 1000; ME; OE cnafa; ...
knavery
/nay"veuh ree/, n., pl. knaveries. 1. action or practice characteristic of a knave. 2. unprincipled, untrustworthy, or dishonest dealing; trickery. 3. a knavish act or ...
knavish
—knavishly, adv. —knavishness, n. /nay"vish/, adj. 1. like or befitting a knave; untrustworthy; dishonest. 2. Archaic. waggish; roguish; mischievous. [1350-1400; ME knavyssh. ...
knavishly
See knavish. * * *
knavishness
See knavish. * * *
knawel
/nawl/, n. any of several plants belonging to the genus Scleranthus, of the pink family, native to Eurasia, esp. S. annuus, a common, low-growing weed that forms dense ...
knead
—kneadable, adj. —kneadability, n. —kneader, n. —kneadingly, adv. /need/, v.t. 1. to work (dough, clay, etc.) into a uniform mixture by pressing, folding, and ...
kneaded butter.
See beurre manié. * * *
kneader
See knead. * * *
Kneale, Nigel
▪ 2007       British scriptwriter (b. April 28, 1922, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, Eng.—d. Oct. 29, 2006, London, Eng.), introduced science fiction to British ...
Knebel, Karl Ludwig von
▪ German poet born Nov. 30, 1744, Castle Wallerstein, near Nordlingen, Franconia [Germany] died Feb. 23, 1834, Jena, Saxony [Germany]  German poet who was a close friend of ...
knee
/nee/, n., v., kneed, kneeing. n. 1. Anat. the joint of the leg that allows for movement between the femur and tibia and is protected by the patella; the central area of the leg ...
knee action
1. Auto. a form of suspension for the front wheels of a vehicle permitting each wheel to rise and fall independently of the other. 2. limited and temporary bending at a joint ...
knee bend
a physical exercise in which a person starts from an erect position, moves to a squatting position, and returns to the original position without using the hands to support the ...
knee brace
Building Trades. a diagonal member for bracing the angle between two joined members, as a stud or column and a joist or rafter, being joined to each partway along its ...
knee breeches
breeches (def. 1). [1825-35] * * *
knee cop
Armor. poleyn. * * *
knee injuries
      the common afflictions of the knee, a relatively fragile joint, as it is exposed to stress in daily activities and sports.       Tearing of cartilages or ...
knee jerk
a reflex extension of the leg, caused by contraction of the quadriceps, resulting from a sharp tap on the patellar tendon; patellar reflex. [1875-80] * * *
knee pants
knee-length pants, esp. those formerly worn by boys considered too young to wear full-length trousers (often used as a term symbolizing youth): I haven't felt this way since I ...
knee rafter
1. a rafter for maintaining the angle between a principal rafter and a tie or collar beam. 2. a rafter bent downward at the lower end. Also called crook rafter. [1670-80] * * *
knee-deep
/nee"deep"/, adj. 1. reaching the knees: knee-deep mud. 2. submerged or covered up to the knees: knee-deep in water. 3. deeply embroiled; enmeshed; involved: knee-deep in ...
knee-high
adj. /nee"huy"/; n. /nee"huy'/, adj. 1. as high as the knees. n. 2. knee-highs. Also, knee highs, knee-hi's, knee his. socks, stockings, or boots that cover the lower legs to ...
knee-jerk
/nee"jerrk'/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a knee-jerk. 2. Informal. reacting according to a certain habitual manner; unthinking: a knee-jerk liberal. [1895-1900] * * *
knee-jerk reflex
▪ medical test also called  patellar reflex        sudden kicking movement of the lower leg in response to a sharp tap on the patellar tendon, which lies just below ...
knee-slapper
/nee"slap'euhr/, n. Informal. a joke evoking boisterous hilarity. [1965-70, Amer.] * * *
knee-socks
/nee"soks'/, n.pl. socks reaching to just below the knees. Also, knee socks, kneesocks. [1960-65] * * *
knee-sprung
/nee"sprung'/, adj. Vet. Pathol. (of a horse, mule, etc.) having a forward bowing of the knee caused by shortening of the flexor tendons. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
kneeaction
knee action n. An automotive front-wheel suspension that permits independent vertical motion of each wheel. * * *
kneeboard
knee·board (nēʹbôrd', -bōrd') n. 1. Sports. A short surfboard ridden in a kneeling position. 2. A clipboard used especially by pilots during flights for holding maps and ...
kneebreeches
knee breeches pl.n. Trousers extending down to or just below the knee. * * *
kneecap
—kneecapper, n. /nee"kap'/, n., v., kneecapped, kneecapping. n. 1. the patella. 2. a protective covering, usually knitted, for the knee. v.t. 3. to cripple (a person) by ...
kneehole
/nee"hohl'/, n. an open space for the knees and legs, as under a desk. [1860-65; KNEE + HOLE] * * *
kneejerk
knee jerk n. A reflex contraction of the quadriceps muscle resulting in a sudden involuntary extension of the leg, produced by a sharp tap to the tendon below the patella; ...
kneel
—kneelingly, adv. /neel/, v., knelt or kneeled, kneeling, n. v.i. 1. to go down or rest on the knees or a knee. n. 2. the action or position of kneeling. [bef. 1000; ME knelen, ...
kneeler
/nee"leuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that kneels. 2. a bench, pad, or the like, to kneel on. 3. a stone for supporting inclined masonry, as coping stones. 4. knee (def. ...
kneeling bus
a bus that can lower its body or entrance door to facilitate boarding by the handicapped or elderly. [1975-80] * * *
kneepad
/nee"pad'/, n. a pad of leather, foam rubber, etc., as one worn by football or basketball players to protect the knee. [KNEE + PAD1] * * *
kneepan
/nee"pan'/, n. the kneecap or patella. [1400-50; late ME. See KNEE, PAN1] * * *
kneepiece
/nee"pees'/, n. a piece of armor for protecting the knee, as a poleyn. [1660-70; KNEE + PIECE] * * *
knees-up
/neez"up'/, n. Brit. Informal. a party or lively gathering, usually including dancing. [by ellipsis from Knees up, Mother Brown a popular dance, orig. a song with the same title ...
kneesies
/nee"zeez/, n.pl. play kneesies, Informal. to rub knees with another person, esp. surreptitiously and in an amorous or sexually provocative manner, as while seated at a ...
kneesock
knee sock n. A sock that reaches just below the knee. * * *
Knef, Hildegard Frieda Albertine
▪ 2003       German actress and singer (b. Dec. 28, 1925, Ulm, Ger.—d. Feb. 1, 2002, Berlin, Ger.), had a versatile stage and screen career that took her back and ...
knell
/nel/, n. 1. the sound made by a bell rung slowly, esp. for a death or a funeral. 2. a sound or sign announcing the death of a person or the end, extinction, failure, etc., of ...
Kneller
/nel"euhr/, n. Sir Godfrey, 1646-1723, English painter, born in Germany. * * *
Kneller, Sir Godfrey, Baronet
▪ British painter original name  Gottfried Kniller   born Aug. 8, 1646, Lübeck [Germany] died Oct. 19, 1723, London, Eng.       painter who became the leading ...
knelt
/nelt/, v. a pt. and pp. of kneel. * * *
Knerr, Richard
▪ 2009       American entrepreneur born June 30, 1925, San Gabriel, Calif. died Jan. 14, 2008, Arcadia, Calif. cofounded (with Arthur Melin) Wham-O, the company that ...
Kneset ha-Gedola
▪ ancient Jewish assembly also spelled  Keneset Ha-gedolah (Hebrew: “Great Assembly,” or “Great Synagogue”),  also called  Anshe Kneset ...
Knesset
/knes"et/, n. the unicameral parliament of Israel. [1945-50; < ModHeb kneset, post-Biblical Heb kaneseth gathering] * * * (Hebrew: "Assembly") Unicameral national legislature of ...
knew
/nooh, nyooh/, v. pt. of know. * * *
Kngwarreye, Emily Kame
▪ 1997       Australian artist (b. c. 1910, Utopia, Soakage Bore, N.Terr., Australia—d. Sept. 2, 1996, Alice Springs, N.Terr.), took Aboriginal art to a new audience ...
Knickerbocker
/nik"euhr bok'euhr/, n. 1. a descendant of the Dutch settlers of New York. 2. any New Yorker. [1800-10, Amer.; generalized from Diedrich Knickerbocker, fictitious author of ...
Knickerbocker Glory
n (BrE) a dish of ice cream served in a tall glass with other ingredients such as fruit, nuts and cream. * * *
Knickerbocker school
▪ American literature       group of writers active in and around New York City during the first half of the 19th century. Taking its name from Washington Irving's ...
knickerbockers
See Knickerbocker. * * * ➡ Knickerbocker * * *
knickered
/nik"euhrd/, adj. wearing knickers. Also, knickerbockered /nik"euhr bok'euhrd/. [1895-1900; KNICKER(S) + -ED3] * * *
knickers
/nik"euhrz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. Also, knickerbockers /nik"euhr bok'euhrz/. loose-fitting short trousers gathered in at the knees. 2. Chiefly Brit. a. a bloomerslike ...
knickknack
—knickknacked, adj. —knickknacky, adj. /nik"nak'/, n. an ornamental trinket or gimcrack; a bit of bric-a-brac. Also, nicknack. [1610-20; gradational compound based on KNACK ...
Knie, Rodolphe
▪ 1998       Swiss elephant trainer who was director of the highly respected family-owned Swiss National Circus for 50 years (b. Nov. 23, 1921—d. Aug. 18, 1997). * * *
Knies
/knees/, n. Karl Gustav Adolf /kahrddl goos"tahf ah"dawlf/ 1821-98, German statistician and historical economist. * * *
Knievel, Evel
▪ 2008 Robert Craig Knievel  American motorcycle daredevil born Oct. 17, 1938, Butte, Mont. died Nov. 30, 2007, Clearwater, Fla. captivated audiences with his death-defying ...
knife
—knifelike, adj. —knifer, n. /nuyf/, n., pl. knives /nuyvz/, v., knifed, knifing. n. 1. an instrument for cutting, consisting essentially of a thin, sharp-edged, metal blade ...
knife box
a box, often ornamental and sometimes closed with a lid, for containing table knives. [1770-80] * * *
knife case
▪ decorative art       leather or wooden container for cutlery, placed in pairs on a sideboard or buffet in the dining room. The knife case first appeared in the 17th ...
knife edge
1. the cutting edge of a knife. 2. anything very sharp. 3. a wedge on the fine edge of which a scale beam, pendulum, or the like, balances or oscillates. [1810-20] * * *
knife pleat
a sharply creased narrow pleat, usually one of a series folded in the same direction. [1890-95] * * *
knife rest
1. something upon which to rest a knife when it is not being used. 2. Mil. a metal or wood frame strung with barbed wire for use as a movable road barrier or underwater beach ...
knife switch
Elect. a form of air switch in which a moving element, usually a hinged blade, is placed between two contact clips. [1905-10] * * *
knife-edge
knife-edge [nīf′ej΄] n. 1. the edge of a knife 2. any very sharp edge 3. a metal wedge whose fine edge serves as the fulcrum for a scale beam, pendulum, etc. * * ...
knife-edged
/nuyf"ejd'/, adj. having a thin, sharp edge. [1860-65] * * *
knifefish
▪ suborder Gymnotoidei       any of certain New World fishes of the suborder Gymnotoidei, order Gymnotiformes. Knifefishes comprise, at most, about 50 species of Central ...
knifepoint
knife·point (nīfʹpoint') n. The sharp end of a knife. Idiom: at knifepoint Under threat of being stabbed or cut with a knife: was mugged at knifepoint. * * *
knifer
See knife. * * *
KnifeRiver
Knife River (nīf) A river, about 265 km (165 mi) long, of west-central North Dakota flowing east to the Missouri River. * * *
Knigge, Adolf Franz Friedrich, Freiherr von
▪ German writer (baron of) born Oct. 16, 1752, Bredenbeck, Hanover, Ger. died May 6, 1796, Bremen       German writer, best-known for his work Über den Umgang mit ...
knight
—knightless, adj. /nuyt/, n. 1. a mounted soldier serving under a feudal superior in the Middle Ages. 2. (in Europe in the Middle Ages) a man, usually of noble birth, who after ...
Knight
/nuyt/, n. 1. Eric, 1897-1943, U.S. novelist, born in England. 2. Frank Hyneman /huy"neuh meuhn/, 1885-1972, U.S. economist. * * * I French chevalier German Ritter In the ...
knight bachelor
pl. knights bachelors, knight bachelors. bachelor (def. 3). [1600-10] * * * ▪ British peerage       most ancient, albeit lower ranking, form of English knighthood, with ...
knight banneret
pl. knights bannerets. banneret1 (def. 2). [1875-80] * * *
Knight Commander
a knight who belongs to one of the higher orders of chivalry. The equivalent title for women is Dame Commander. * * *
Knight Grand Commander
a knight who belongs to one of the higher orders of chivalry. There is no equivalent title for women. * * *
Knight Grand Cross
a knight who belongs to one of the higher orders of chivalry. The equivalent title for women is Dame Grand Cross. * * *
Knight of the Bath
a member of a knightly order founded by George I of England in 1725. [so called because of the bath new knights took before initiation into the order] * * *
knight service
▪ feudal law       in the European feudal system, military duties performed in return for tenures of land. The military service might be required for wars or expeditions ...
Knight Templar
pl. Knights Templars, Knights Templar. Templar. * * *
Knight, Bob
▪ American coach in full  Robert Montgomery Knight , also called  Bobby Knight  and  the General  born Oct. 25, 1940, Massillon, Ohio, U.S.       American ...
Knight, Damon Francis
▪ 2003       American science-fiction writer, editor, and critic (b. Sept. 19, 1922, Baker City, Ore.—d. April 15, 2002, Eugene, Ore.), wrote more than a dozen novels ...
Knight, Death and the Devil
an engraving (1513) by Albrecht Dürer. * * *
Knight, Etheridge
▪ American poet born April 19, 1931, Corinth, Miss., U.S. died March 10, 1991, Indianapolis, Ind.       African-American poet who emerged as a robust voice of the ...
Knight, Frank H(yneman)
born Nov. 7, 1885, White Oak township, McLean county, Ill., U.S. died April 15, 1972, Chicago, Ill. U.S. economist. He received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1916. He ...
Knight, Frank Hyneman
▪ American economist born November 7, 1885, White Oak township, McLean county, Illinois, U.S. died April 15, 1972, Chicago, Illinois       American economist who is ...
Knight, Gladys, and the Pips
▪ American singing group       American vocal group that was among the most popular rhythm-and-blues (rhythm and blues) and soul (soul music) groups of the 1960s and ...
Knight, Gowin
▪ English scientist baptized Sept. 10, 1713, Corringham, Lincolnshire, Eng. died June 8, 1772, London       English scientist and inventor whose work in the field of ...
Knight, John S.
▪ American journalist and publisher in full  John Shively Knight  born October 26, 1894, Bluefield, West Virginia, U.S. died June 16, 1981, Akron, Ohio       widely ...
Knight, Margaret E.
▪ American inventor born Feb. 14, 1838, York, Maine, U.S. died Oct. 12, 1914, Framingham, Mass.       prolific American inventor of machines and mechanisms for a ...
Knight, Sarah Kemble
▪ American diarist née  Sarah Kemble , byname  Madame Knight  or  Widow Knight  born April 19, 1666, Boston, Mass. [U.S.] died Sept. 25, 1727, New London, ...
Knight, Thomas Andrew
▪ British horticulturalist born Aug. 12, 1759, Ludlow, Herefordshire, Eng. died May 11, 1838, London       British horticulturalist and botanist whose experiments on ...
knight-errant
/nuyt"er"euhnt/, n., pl. knights-errant. a wandering knight; a knight who traveled widely in search of adventures, to exhibit military skill, to engage in chivalric deeds, ...
knight-errantry
/nuyt"er"euhn tree/, n., pl. knight-errantries. 1. the behavior, vocation, or character of a knight-errant. 2. quixotic conduct or action. [1645-55; KNIGHT-ERRANT + -RY] * * *


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