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See joyously. * * *
—joypopper, n. /joy"pop'/, v.i., joypopped, joypopping. Slang. to take a narcotic drug occasionally, but without being an addict. [1950-55, Amer.; JOY + POP1] * * *
See joypop. * * *
—joyrider, n. /joy"ruyd'/, n., v., joyrode, joyridden, joyriding. n. 1. a pleasure ride in an automobile, esp. when the vehicle is driven recklessly or used without the owner's ...
See joy ride. * * *
/joy"stik'/, n. 1. Informal. the control stick of an airplane, tank, or other vehicle. 2. Computers. a lever resembling this, used to control movement of a cursor or other ...
József, Attila
▪ Hungarian poet born April 11, 1905, Budapest, Hung. died Dec. 3, 1937, Balatonszárszó       one of the greatest Hungarian poets of the 20th century. Although his ...
1. jet propulsion. 2. Justice of the Peace. * * *
J particle n. See J/psi particle. * * *
JPEG (jāʹpĕg') n. Computer Science 1. The standard algorithm for the compression of digital images. 2. A digital image stored as a file so compressed: e-mailed me a JPEG of ...
JPMorgan Chase & Co.
U.S. financial services corporation. Formed in 2000 by the merger of investment bank J.P. Morgan and consumer bank Chase Manhattan Corp., the resulting firm ranked as one of the ...
Jpn abbrev. 1. Japan 2. Japanese * * *
1. Japan. 2. Japanese. Also, Jpn. * * *
Jr abbrev. 1. Bible Jeremiah 2. junior: also jr * * * Jr abbr. Bible Jeremiah2. * * * (as used in expressions) Ailey Alvin Jr. Aldrin Edwin Eugene Jr. Alger Horatio Jr. Ashe ...
1. Journal. 2. Junior. * * *
junior. * * *
Junior Red Cross. * * *
Js abbrev. Bible Joshua * * *
Js. abbr. Bible James. * * *
➡ Lyndon B Johnson Space Center. * * *
JSD or J.S.D abbrev. Doctor of the Science of Laws * * * JSD abbr. Latin Juris Scientiae Doctor (Doctor of Juristic Science). * * *
Jth abbrev. Bible Judith * * *
/rddooh, zhooh/, n. 1. Confucian (def. 2). 2. one of the tutors of aristocratic origin working during the Chou dynasty. * * *
June. * * *
/wahn/; Sp. /hwahn/, n. a male given name, Spanish form of John. * * * (as used in expressions) Arévalo Bermejo Juan José Bosch Gaviño Juan Cabrillo Juan Rodríguez Don ...
Juan Carlos
▪ king of Spain in full  Juan Carlos Alfonso Victor María de Borbón y Borbón   born Jan. 5, 1938, Rome, Italy    king of Spain from Nov. 22, 1975. He acceded to the ...
Juan Carlos I
/hwahn kahrdd"laws/ King (Juan Carlos Alfonso Victor María de Borbón y Borbón), born 1938, Spanish monarch, born in Italy: king since 1975. * * * born Jan. 5, 1938, Rome, ...
Juan de Austria
born Feb. 24, 1547, Regensburg died Oct. 1, 1578, Bouges, near Namur, Spanish Netherlands Illegitimate son of Emperor Charles V and half brother of Philip II. After Charles's ...
Juan de Borbon
▪ 1994       (JUAN CARLOS TERESA SILVERIO ALFONSO DE BORBÓN Y BATTENBERG, CONDE DE BARCELONA), Spanish royal (b. June 20, 1913, Segovia, Spain—d. April 1, 1993, ...
Juan de Fuca
/wahn" di fyooh"keuh, fooh"-, jooh"euhn/ a strait between Vancouver Island and NW Washington. 100 mi. (160 km) long; 15-20 mi. (24-32 km) wide. Also called Juan de Fuca Strait. * ...
Juan de Fuca Strait
Juan de Fuca Strait [wän də fo͞ok′ə, wän΄dəfyo͞ok′ə] 〚after Juan de Fuca, a sailor, who reputedly discovered it for Spain (1592)〛 strait between Vancouver Island ...
Juan de Fuca,Strait of
Juan de Fu·ca (də fo͞oʹkə, fyo͞oʹ-), Strait of A strait between northwest Washington State and Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada, linking Puget Sound and the ...
Juan de la Cruz
Sp. /hwahn" de lah krddoohth", krddoohs"/ San /sahn/. See John of the Cross, Saint. * * *
Juan De Nova Island
Juan de Nova Island Introduction Juan de Nova Island Background: Named after a famous 15th century Spanish navigator and explorer, the ...
Juan Diego, Saint
▪ Mexican saint original name  Cuauhtlatoatzin  born 1474, Cuautitlán [near Mexico City], Mexico died May 30, 1548, Tepeyac Hill [Mexico City]; canonized July 31, 2002; ...
Juan Fernández
/wahn feuhr nan"dez, jooh"euhn/; Sp. /hwahn" ferdd nahn"des/ a group of three islands in the S Pacific, 400 mi. (645 km) W of and belonging to Chile: Alexander Selkirk, the ...
Juan Fernández Islands
Juan Fernández Islands [hwän΄ fer nan′dez] group of three islands in the South Pacific, c. 400 mi (644 km) west of, & belonging to, Chile: c. 69 sq mi (179 sq km) * * ...
Juan FernándezIslands
Juan Fer·nán·dez Islands (fər-nănʹdəs, fĕr-nänʹdĕs) An island group belonging to Chile, in the southeast Pacific Ocean west of Valparaíso, Chile. Alexander Selkirk, ...
Juan José de Austria
born April 7, 1629, Madrid, Spain died Sept. 17, 1679, Madrid Spanish nobleman, the most famous of the illegitimate children of Philip IV. He served as a military commander ...
Juan Manuel, Don
▪ Spanish author born May 5, 1282, Escalona, New Castile died 1348, Córdoba       nobleman and man of letters who has been called the most important prose writer of ...
Juan Ponce de León
➡ Ponce de León * * *
▪ people also spelled  Jwen-jwen, Jou-jan, Jeu-jen, or Geougen,         Central Asian people of historical importance. Because of the titles of their rulers, khan and ...
/wah"neuh/; Sp. /hwah"nah/, n. a female given name. * * *
Juana Díaz
/wah"neuh dee"ahs/; Sp. /hwah"nah dhee"ahs/ a city in S Puerto Rico, NE of Ponce. 10,469. * * *
Juana Inésde la Cruz
Jua·na I·nés de la Cruz (wäʹnä ē-nĕsʹ dĕ lä kro͞osʹ, hwäʹ-) See Cruz, Juana Inés de la. * * *
Juan Car·los (wän kärʹləs, -lōs, hwän), Born 1938. King of Spain (since 1975) who acceded to the throne on the death of Francisco Franco and helped restore parliamentary ...
▪ 2006  When Time named Colombian singer-songwriter Juanes one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2005, the magazine was only ratifying what had become obvious ...
/wah nee"teuh/; Sp. /hwah nee"tah/, n. a female given name. * * *
Juantorena, Alberto
▪ Cuban athlete in full  Alberto Juantorena Danger  born December 3, 1950, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba    Cuban runner who won gold medals in both the 400- and 800-metre races ...
/wahr"ez/; Sp. /hwah"rddes/, n. 1. Benito (Pablo) /be nee"taw pah"vlaw/, 1806-72, president of Mexico 1857-72. 2. Ciudad. See Ciudad Juárez. * * * I or Ciudad Juárez City ...
Juárez, Benito
▪ president of Mexico Introduction born March 21, 1806, San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca, Mex. died July 18, 1872, Mexico City  national hero of Mexico, president of Mexico ...
Juárez, Benito (Pablo)
born March 21, 1806, San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca, Mex. died July 18, 1872, Mexico City National hero and president (1861–72) of Mexico. A Zapotec Indian, Juárez initially ...
Juárez,Benito Pablo
Juárez, Benito Pablo. 1806-1872. Mexican politician who took part in the overthrow of Santa Anna, served as president (1858-1865 and 1867-1872), and defeated France's attempt to ...
▪ Brazil       city, northern Bahia estado (state), northeastern Brazil. It lies along the São Francisco River, at 1,224 feet (373 metres) above sea level. Juazeiro ...
Juazeiro do Norte
▪ Brazil  city, southern Ceará estado (state), northeastern Brazil. It lies in the interior uplands, at the foot of the 2,953-foot (900-metre) Chapada do Araripe. Juazeiro ...
Juazeirodo Norte
Jua·zei·ro do Nor·te (zhwä-zāʹro͝o do͝o nôrʹtĭ) A city of northeast Brazil south of Fortaleza. It is the center of a fertile agricultural region. Population: ...
/jooh"beuh/, n. a lively dance accompanied by rhythmic hand clapping, developed by plantation slaves of the U.S. [1825-35, Amer.; of obscure orig.] * * * ▪ The ...
/jooh"bah/, n. 1. a river in E Africa, flowing S from S Ethiopia through Somalia to the Indian Ocean. 1000 mi. (1609 km) long. Italian, Giuba. 2. a city in S Sudan, on the White ...
Juba I
▪ king of Numidia Juba also spelled  Iuba   born c. 85 BC died 46 BC, near Thapsus       king of Numidia who sided with the followers of Pompey and the Roman Senate ...
Juba II
▪ king of Numidia and Mauretania born c. 50 BC died AD 24       son of Juba I and king of the North African states of Numidia (29–25 BC) and Mauretania (25 BC–AD ...
/jooh"beuhl/, n. son of Lamech and Adah: the progenitor of musicians and those who produce musical instruments. Gen. 4:21. * * *
/jooh"bayt/, adj. Zool. covered with long hairs resembling a mane. [1820-30; < NL jubatus maned, equiv. to L jub(a) mane + -atus -ATE1] * * *
Jubayl, al-
▪ Saudi Arabia also spelled  Jubail,  also called  Jubail Industrial City,         port city, eastern Saudi Arabia, on the Persian Gulf north of aẓ-Ẓahrān, ...
Jubba River
River, Somalia. Originating in southern Ethiopia, it flows south 545 mi (875 km) to the Indian Ocean just north of Kismaayo, one of Somalia's three main ports. It is the only ...
/joob"euh/, n. a long outer garment with long sleeves, worn in Muslim countries. [1540-50; < Ar] * * *
/jub"euhl pawr', -pohr', -poor'/, n. Jabalpur. * * *
/jooh"bee, yooh"bay/, n. Archit. 1. a screen with an upper platform, separating the choir of a church from the nave and often supporting a rood. 2. a rood loft. [1715-25; < L ...
See jubilant. * * *
—jubilance, jubilancy, n. —jubilantly, adv. /jooh"beuh leuhnt/, adj. showing great joy, satisfaction, or triumph; rejoicing; exultant: the cheers of the jubilant victors; the ...
See jubilance. * * *
/jooh'beuh lair"ee euhn/, n. a person who celebrates or has celebrated a jubilee, as a nun observing 25 or more years of religious life. [1775-85; < ML jubilari(us) (equiv. to ...
—jubilatory /jooh"beuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /jooh"beuh layt'/, v.i., jubilated, jubilating. 1. to show or feel great joy; rejoice; exult. 2. to celebrate a jubilee or ...
/jooh'beuh lay"tee; yooh'beuh lah"tay, -tee, jooh'-/, n. 1. Also called Jubilate Sunday. the third Sunday after Easter: so called from the first word of the 65th Psalm in the ...
/jooh'beuh lay"shee oh', yooh'beuh lah"-/, n. jubilus. [ < L: JUBILATION] * * *
/jooh'beuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a feeling of or the expression of joy or exultation: Their jubilation subsided when they lost the second game. 2. a joyful or festive ...
/jooh"beuh lee', jooh'beuh lee"/, n. 1. the celebration of any of certain anniversaries, as the twenty-fifth (silver jubilee), fiftieth (golden jubilee), or sixtieth or ...
Jubilee diamond
▪ gem       flawless, clear white diamond weighing almost 651 carats in rough form, as it was found in the Jaegersfontein mine in South Africa in 1895. It was faceted ...
jubilee year
jubilee (def. 5a). [1350-1400; ME] * * *
Jubilee, Year of
▪ religious celebration also called  Holy Year,         in the Roman Catholic church, a celebration that is observed on certain special occasions and for 1 year every ...
Jubilees, Book of
▪ pseudepigraphal work also called  the Little Genesis,         pseudepigraphal work (not included in any canon of scripture), most notable for its chronological ...
/jooh"beuh leuhs/, n., pl. jubili /-luy'/. Liturgy. (in Roman Catholic music) a rejoicing, melodic group of tones to which is chanted the last "a" of the second and third ...
Jú·car (ho͞oʹkär) A river, about 483 km (300 mi) long, flowing from eastern Spain to the Mediterranean Sea south of Valencia. * * *
Júcar River
▪ river, Spain Spanish  Río Júcar   river in eastern Spain, rising in the Universales Mountains north of Cuenca city. It flows in a southerly and then easterly direction ...
Juchen dynasty
or Jin dynasty (1115–1234) Dynasty that ruled an empire formed by the Tungus Juchen tribes of Manchuria. It covered much of Inner Asia and all of northern China. Like the ...
▪ Mexico in full  Juchitán de Zaragoza         city, southeastern Oaxaca estado (state), southern Mexico. It is on the Juchitán River (or De los Perros River), near ...
Jud abbrev. Judaism * * *
Jud, Jakob
▪ Swiss linguist born Jan. 12, 1882, Wängi, Switz. died June 15, 1952, Rütli       Swiss linguist who used comparative linguistics to reconstruct cultural history. ...
Jud, Leo
▪ Swiss religious reformer born 1482, Germar, Alsace [now in France] died June 19, 1542, Zürich, Switzerland  Swiss religious Reformer, biblical scholar, and translator and ...
1. Judges. 2. Judith (Apocrypha). * * *
1. judge. 2. judgment. 3. judicial. 4. judiciary. * * *
—Judaean, adj., n. /jooh dee"euh/, n. Judea. * * * or Judea Southern division of ancient Palestine successively under Persian, Greek, and Roman rule. It was bounded on the ...
var. of Judeo-. * * *
/jooh day"oh kris"cheuhn, -dee"-/, adj. Judeo-Christian. * * *
/jooh"deuh/, n. 1. the fourth son of Jacob and Leah. Gen. 29:35. 2. one of the 12 tribes of Israel traditionally descended from him. 3. the Biblical kingdom of the Hebrews in S ...
Judah ben Samuel
died 1217 Jewish mystic and scholar. He was a member of the Kalonymos family, which provided medieval Germany with many Jewish mystics and spiritual leaders. Around 1195 he ...
Judah ha-Levi
/hah lee"vuy, -lay"vee/, (Judah ben Samuel Halevi) 1085-1140, Spanish rabbi, physician, poet, and philosopher. Also, Judah Halevi. * * * ▪ Hebrew poet Introduction Hebrew in ...
Judah ha-Nasi
/hah nah see"/ A.D. c135-c210, Jewish rabbi and scholar. Also, Judah Hanasi. Also called Judah I. * * * born AD 135 died с 220 Palestinian Jewish scholar. A descendant of the ...
/jooh"deuh uyt'/, n. 1. a member of the tribe of Judah or of the kingdom of Judah. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the tribe or kingdom of Judah. [1895-1900; JUDAH + -ITE1] * * *
—Judaically, adv. /jooh day"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Judaism: the Judaic idea of justice. 2. of or pertaining to the Jews; Jewish. Also, Judaical. [1605-15; < L ...
/jooh day"i keuh/, n.pl. things pertaining to Jewish life and customs, esp. when of a historical, literary, or artistic nature, as books or ritual objects. [1920-25; < L, n. use ...
See Judaic. * * *
/jooh"dee iz'euhm, -day-, -deuh-/, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in ...
—Judaistic, adj. —Judaistically, adv. /jooh"dee ist, -day-, -deuh-, jooh day"-/, n. 1. an adherent or supporter of Judaism. 2. (in the early Christian church) a convert from ...
See Judaize. * * *
—Judaization, n. —Judaizer, n. /jooh"dee uyz', -day-, -deuh-/, v., Judaized, Judaizing. v.i. 1. to conform to the spirit, character, principles, or practices of ...
See Judaization. * * *
—Judaslike, adj. /jooh"deuhs/, n. 1. Also called Judas Iscariot. the disciple who betrayed Jesus. Mark 3:19. 2. a person treacherous enough to betray a friend; traitor. 3. Also ...
Judas Iscariot
died с AD 30 Disciple who betrayed Jesus. He was one of the original 12 disciples. Judas made a deal with the Jewish authorities to betray Jesus into their custody; in return ...
Judas Maccabaeus
Judas Maccabaeus see MACCABAEUS Judas * * * died 161/160 BC Leader of a Jewish rebellion against the Syrians. The son of an aged priest who took to the mountains in rebellion ...
Judas Maccabaeus.
See Maccabaeus, Judas. * * *
Judas Priest
(an exclamation of exasperation or disgust.) [1910-15; euphemism for Jesus Christ] * * *
Judas tree
1. a purple-flowered Eurasian tree, Cercis siliquastrum, of the legume family, supposed to be the kind upon which Judas hanged himself. 2. any of various other trees of the same ...
Judas, Gospel of
      apocryphal Christian scripture from the 2nd century AD attributed to the apostle Judas Iscariot. The gospel advances a Gnostic cosmology and portrays Judas in a ...
Judas, Saint
▪ Apostle also called  Jude, Thaddaeus , and  Lebbaeus  flourished 1st century AD, ; Western feast day October 28, Eastern feast days June 19 and August 21    one of the ...
Judas Is·car·i·ot (ĭ-skărʹē-ət), Died c. A.D. 30. One of the 12 Apostles and the betrayer of Jesus in the New Testament. * * *
Judas tree n. See redbud.   [From the belief that Judas Iscariot hanged himself on such a tree.] * * *
/jud/, n. a male given name. * * *
Judd, Charles Hubbard
▪ American psychologist born Feb. 20, 1873, Bareilly, India died July 18, 1946, Santa Barbara, Calif., U.S.       U.S. psychologist and exponent of the use of ...
Judd, Donald
born June 3, 1928, Excelsior Springs, Mo., U.S. died Feb. 12, 1994, New York, N.Y. U.S. sculptor. He studied at Columbia University and the Art Students League. He had his ...
Judd, Gerrit P
▪ American missionary born April 23, 1803, Paris, N.Y., U.S. died July 12, 1873, Honolulu       U.S. missionary to Hawaii who played a crucial role in governing the ...
/jud"euhr/, Chiefly Brit. v.i. 1. to vibrate violently: an old automobile with a clutch that judders. n. 2. a state or instance of juddering. [1930-35; perh. J(OLT) + ...
/joohd/, n. 1. a book of the New Testament. 2. the author of this book, sometimes identified with Judas, the brother of James. 3. See Judas (def. 3). 4. a male given name, form ...
Jude Law
➡ Law (II) * * *
Jude the Obscure
a novel (1895) by Thomas Hardy. * * *
Jude, Letter of
      brief New Testament letter written to a general Christian audience by one who called himself “Jude, a servant of Jesus Christ and brother of James”; the author's ...
Jude,Saint. fl. first century A.D. One of the 12 Apostles. He is invoked in prayer when a situation seems hopeless. * * *
/jooh dee"euh/, n. the S region of ancient Palestine: existed under Persian, Greek, and Roman rule; divided between Israel and Jordan in 1948; since 1967 completely occupied by ...
/jooh dee"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Judea. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Judea. Also, Judaean. [1645-55; JUDE(A) + -AN] * * *
▪ German hist GermanJewish Councils       Jewish councils established in German-occupied Poland and eastern Europe during World War II to implement German policies and ...
a combining form representing Judaic or Judaism in compound words: Judeo-Christian. Also, Judaeo-. * * *
/jooh day"oh kris"cheuhn, -dee"-/, adj. of or pertaining to the religious writings, beliefs, values, or traditions held in common by Judaism and Christianity. Also, ...
/jooh day"oh span"ish, -dee"-/, n. Ladino (def. 1). [1850-55] * * *
/jooh dez"moh/, n. Ladino (def. 1). * * *
Judg abbrev. Bible Judges * * *
Judges. * * *
—judgeable, adj. —judger, n. —judgeless, adj. —judgelike, adj. —judgeship, n. —judgingly, adv. /juj/, n., v., judged, judging. n. 1. a public officer authorized to ...
judge advocate
pl. judge advocates. Mil. a staff officer designated as legal adviser to a commander and charged with the administration of military justice. [1740-50] * * *
judge advocate general
pl. judge advocates general, judge advocate generals. Mil. the chief legal officer of an army, navy, or air force. [1860-65] * * *
Judge Dredd{™}
the main character in 2000 AD, a British comic first published in 1977. The stories are set in the future in Mega City One, and Judge Dredd is a member of the police who is also ...
Judge Jeffreys
➡ Jeffreys * * *
Judge Lynch
the personification of lynch law. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
Judge Roy Bean
➡ Bean * * *
/juj"mayd'/, adj. established by a court, as by an application or interpretation of a law that is allegedly contrary to the intentions of the enacting body or by a decision that ...
judge advocate n. pl. judge advocates Abbr. JA 1. A commissioned officer in the U.S. Army, Air Force, or Navy assigned to the Judge Advocate General's Corps. 2. A staff officer ...
judgeadvocate general
judge advocate general n. pl. judge advocates general or judge advocate generals Abbr. JAG The chief legal officer of a branch of the U.S. armed forces. * * *
judge·ment (jŭjʹmənt) n. Variant of judgment. * * *
/juj"iz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) a book of the Bible containing the history of Israel under the judges and covering the period between the death of Joshua and the accession to ...
Judges, Book of
▪ Bible       an Old Testament book that, along with Deuteronomy, Joshua, I and II Samuel, and I and II Kings, belongs to a specific historical tradition (Deuteronomic ...
judgeship [juj′ship΄] n. the position, functions, or term of office of a judge * * * judge·ship (jŭjʹshĭp') n. Law The office or jurisdiction of a judge. * * *
—judgmatically, adv. /juj mat"ik/, adj. judicious. Also, judgmatical. [1820-30; JUDG(MENT) + (DOG)MATIC] * * *
See judgmatic. * * *
/juj"meuhnt/, n. 1. an act or instance of judging. 2. the ability to judge, make a decision, or form an opinion objectively, authoritatively, and wisely, esp. in matters ...
Judgment Book
Theol. the book from which all persons will be judged at the Last Judgment, containing a full record of their acts. * * *
judgment call
1. Sports. an observational ruling by a referee or umpire that is necessarily subjective because of the disputable nature of the play in question, and one that may be appealed ...
Judgment Day
the day of the Last Judgment; doomsday. [1585-95] * * *
judgment debt
Law. a debt established or confirmed by decree of a court of law. [1830-40] * * *
judgment note
Law. a note that expressly authorizes a creditor, in case of default, to seek a judgment in court without notifying the debtor. * * *
Judgment of Paris
Class. Myth. the decision by Paris to award Aphrodite the golden apple of discord competed for by Aphrodite, Athena, and Hera. * * *
Judgment, Day of
In Christianity, the final judgment of God on all people at the end of history. It will occur at the second coming of Christ, when the dead are resurrected. It is especially ...
/juj men"tl/, adj. 1. involving the use or exercise of judgment. 2. tending to make moral judgments: to avoid a judgmental approach in dealing with divorced couples. [1905-10; ...
See judgmental. * * *
Judgment Day n. 1. In Judeo-Christian and Muslim traditions, the day at the end of the world when God judges the moral worth of individual humans or the whole human race. Also ...
Judi Dench
➡ Dench * * *
/jooh"di keuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being or liable to be judged or tried. [1640-50; < LL judicabilis, equiv. to judic(are) to JUDGE + -abilis -ABLE] * * *
/jooh"di kair'/, n. (often cap.) a federally funded program providing free or low-cost legal services to the poor. [1965-70; JUDI(CIAL) + CARE, on the model of MEDICARE] * * *
/jooh"di kay'tiv/, adj. having ability to judge; judging: the judicative faculty. [1635-45; < ML judicativus, equiv. to L judic- (see JUDGE) + -ativus -ATIVE] * * *
—judicatorial /jooh'di keuh tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, adj. /jooh"di kay'teuhr/, n. a person who acts as judge or sits in judgment. [1750-60; < LL, equiv. to L judica(re) to JUDGE ...
/jooh"di keuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj., n., pl. judicatories. adj. 1. of or pertaining to judgment or the administration of justice; judiciary: judicatory power. n. 2. a court of ...
/jooh"di kay'cheuhr, -keuh choor'/, n. 1. the administration of justice, as by judges or courts. 2. the office, function, or authority of a judge. 3. the jurisdiction of a judge ...
Judicature Act of 1873
▪ United Kingdom       in England, the act of Parliament that created the Supreme Court of Judicature (q.v.) and also, inter alia, enhanced the role of the House of ...
/jooh dish"ee euh beuhl/, adj. Archaic. judicable. [ < L judici(um) judgment (see JUDGE, -IUM) + -ABLE] * * *
—judicially, adv. —judicialness, n. /jooh dish"euhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to judgment in courts of justice or to the administration of justice: judicial proceedings; the ...
judicial activism
n [U] (in the US legal system) the idea that the Supreme Court or other courts can approve new laws which do not follow the exact words of the American Constitution but are based ...
Judicial Committee
a committee of the British Privy Council which acts as the highest court of appeal for the review of cases referred from courts in certain Commonwealth countries and British ...
Judicial Committee of the Privy Council
▪ British tribunal       a British tribunal composed of certain members of the Privy Council that, on petition, hears various appeals from the United Kingdom, the ...
judicial conference
Law. a conference of judges held to discuss improvements in methods or judicial procedure through court rules or otherwise. * * *
Judicial Conference of the United States
▪ administrative body       the national administrative governing body of the U.S. federal court system. It is composed of 26 federal judges and the chief justice of the ...
judicial restraint
n [U] (in the US legal system) the idea that judges of the Supreme Court or other courts should not try to change laws if they are consistent with the words of the American ...
judicial review
the power of a court to adjudicate the constitutionality of the laws of a government or the acts of a government official. [1920-25] * * * Examination by a country's courts of ...
judicial separation
Law. a decree of legal separation of husband and wife that does not dissolve the marriage bond. Also called limited divorce. * * *
See judicial. * * *
judicial separation n. See legal separation. * * *
—judiciarily, adv. /jooh dish"ee er'ee, -dish"euh ree/, n., pl. judiciaries, adj. n. 1. the judicial branch of government. 2. the system of courts of justice in a country. 3. ...
—judiciously, adv. —judiciousness, n. /jooh dish"euhs/, adj. 1. using or showing judgment as to action or practical expediency; discreet, prudent, or politic: judicious use ...
See judicious. * * *
/jooh"dith/, n. 1. a devoutly religious woman of the ancient Jews who saved her town from conquest by entering the camp of the besieging Assyrian army and cutting off the head of ...
Judith Krantz
➡ Krantz * * *
Judith, Book of
▪ biblical literature       apocryphal work excluded from the Hebrew and Protestant biblical canons but included in the Septuagint (Greek version of the Hebrew Bible) ...
Judith River A river, about 200 km (124 mi) long, flowing from central Montana northward to the Missouri River. * * *
—judoist, n. /jooh"doh/, n. 1. a method of defending oneself or fighting without the use of weapons, based on jujitsu but differing from it in banning dangerous throws and ...
See judo. * * *
/jooh"doh kah', jooh'doh kah"/, n., pl. judokas, judoka. 1. a contestant in a judo match. 2. a judo expert. [ < Japn, equiv. to judo JUDO + ka person ( < MChin, equiv. to Chin ...
Judson, Adoniram
▪ American missionary born Aug. 9, 1788, Malden, Mass., U.S. died April 12, 1850, at sea, Indian Ocean  American linguist and Baptist missionary in Myanmar (Burma), who ...
Judson, E.Z.C.
▪ American writer in full  Edward Zane Carroll Judson,  pseudonym  Ned Buntline  born March 20, 1823, Stamford, N.Y., U.S. died July 16, 1886, ...
Judson,Edward Zane Carroll
Jud·son (jŭdʹsən), Edward Zane Carroll. Pen name Ned Bunt·line (bŭntʹlĭn, -līn') 1823-1886. American writer who is remembered for his dime novels and his magazine Ned ...
/jooh"dee/, n. 1. the wife of Punch in the puppet show called Punch and Judy. 2. Also, Judie. a female given name, form of Judith. * * * (as used in expressions) Chicago ...
Judy Collins
➡ Collins (III) * * *
Judy Finnigan
➡ Richard and Judy * * *
Judy Garland
➡ Garland * * *
▪ Chinese art Wade-Giles romanization  chüeh         type of ancient Chinese pitcherlike container used for wine and characterized by an elegant and dynamic ...
Juel, Niels
▪ Danish admiral born May 8, 1629, Christiania, Nor. died April 8, 1697, Copenhagen, Den.  naval officer who guided the development of the Danish Navy in the late 17th ...
jug1 /jug/, n., v., jugged, jugging. n. 1. a large container usually made of earthenware, metal, or glass, commonly having a handle, a narrow neck, and sometimes a cap or ...
jug band
a small group of performers who play chiefly blues or folk music on makeshift or very simple instruments, as washboards, harmonicas, kazoos, and empty jugs, the latter being ...
jug wine
any inexpensive wine sold in large bottles, esp. a bottle containing 1.5 liters (1.6 qt.) or more. [1970-75] * * *
jug-eared [jug′ird΄] adj. having ears (jug ears) that stick out from the head resembling the way that a handle sticks out from a jug * * *
ju·ga (jo͞oʹgə) n. A plural of jugum. * * *
/jooh"geuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the cheek or the cheekbone. 2. Entomol. pertaining to, involving, or situated near the jugum. [1590-1600; < L jugalis, equiv. to jug(um) ...
jugal bone
1. (in humans) cheekbone (def. 1). 2. the corresponding bone in other animals. [1760-70] * * *
jugal furrow
(in certain insects) the crease, between the anal and jugal veins, along which the wing folds. * * *
/jooh"gayt, -git/, adj. 1. Bot. having the leaflets in pairs, as a pinnate leaf. 2. Entomol. having a jugum. 3. (of two or more portraits on a coin, medal, or escutcheon) ...
jug band n. Music A group that uses unconventional or improvised instruments, such as jugs, kazoos, and washboards. * * *
juge d'instruction
(French; "judge of inquiry") In France, a magistrate responsible for conducting the investigative hearing that precedes a criminal trial. In this hearing the major evidence is ...
/yooh"geuhnt shteel'/, n. (sometimes l.c.) art nouveau as practiced in German-speaking countries. [1925-30; < G, equiv. to Jugend youth + Stil style] * * * Artistic style that ...
/jug"fool/, n., pl. jugfuls. enough to fill a jug. [1825-35; JUG1 + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
jugged hare
a stew made of wild rabbit, usually cooked in an earthenware jug or stone pot. * * *
—Juggernautish, adj. /jug"euhr nawt', -not'/, n. 1. (often l.c.) any large, overpowering, destructive force or object, as war, a giant battleship, or a powerful football ...
/jug"inz/, n., pl. jugginses. Chiefly Brit. a simpleton. [1835-45; orig. uncert.] * * *
—jugglingly, adv. /jug"euhl/, v., juggled, juggling, n. v.t. 1. to keep (several objects, as balls, plates, tenpins, or knives) in continuous motion in the air simultaneously ...
/jug"leuhr/, n. 1. a person who performs juggling feats, as with balls or knives. 2. a person who deceives by trickery; trickster. [bef. 1100; ME jogelour, jogeler, jugelour < AF ...
/jug"leuh ree/, n., pl. juggleries. 1. the art or practice of a juggler, esp. sleight of hand. 2. the performance of juggling feats. 3. any trickery or deception. [1250-1300; ME ...
/jug"hed'/, n. Slang. a stupid or foolish person. [1925-30; JUG1 + HEAD] * * *
/jooh'glan day"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the plant family Juglandaceae. Cf. walnut family. [ < NL Juglandace(ae) walnut family (Jugland-, s. of Juglans the type genus (L (nux) ...
Juglar, Clément
▪ French economist and physician born Oct. 15, 1819, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 28, 1905, Paris       French physician and economist who made detailed studies of cycles in ...
—Jugoslavic, adj. /yooh"goh slahv', -slav'/, n., adj. Yugoslav. * * *
—Jugoslavian, adj., n. /yooh'goh slah"vee euh/, n. Yugoslavia. * * *
/jug"yeuh leuhr, jooh"gyeuh-/, adj. 1. Anat. a. of or pertaining to the throat or neck. b. noting or pertaining to any of certain large veins of the neck, esp. one (external ...
jugular vein
jugular vein n. either of two large veins in the neck carrying blood back from the head to the heart * * * ▪ anatomy       any of several veins of the neck: (1) the ...
jugular vein n. Any of several large veins of the neck that drain blood from the head. * * *
—jugulation, n. /jooh"gyeuh layt', jug"yeuh-/, v.t., jugulated, jugulating. 1. to check or suppress (disease) by extreme measures. 2. to cut the throat of; kill. [1615-25; < L ...
/jooh"geuhm/, n. Entomol. the posterior basal area or lobe in the forewing of certain insects, sometimes serving to couple the forewings and hind wings in flight. [1855-60; < NL, ...
—Jugurthine /jooh gerr"thin, -thuyn/, adj. /jooh gerr"theuh/, n. died 104 B.C., king of Numidia 113-104. * * * born с 160 BC died 104, Rome Ruler of the North African ...
jug wine n. Inexpensive table wine sold in large bottles. * * *
—juiceless, adj. /joohs/, n., v., juiced, juicing. n. 1. the natural fluid, fluid content, or liquid part that can be extracted from a plant or one of its parts, esp. of a ...
juice man
Slang. 1. an extortionist. 2. See loan shark. [1960-65, Amer.] * * *
/joohst/, adj. Slang. intoxicated from alcohol; drunk: When arrested he was definitely juiced. Also, juiced-up. [1945-50; JUICE (def. 7) + -ED3] * * *
/joohs"hed'/, n. Slang. a heavy drinker of alcoholic liquor. Also, juice-head. [1950-55; JUICE (def. 7) + HEAD (def. 21)] * * *
/jooh"seuhr/, n. 1. a kitchen appliance for extracting juice from fruits and vegetables. 2. Theat. Slang. a stage electrician who works on the lighting of motion-picture, ...
See juicy. * * *
See juicily. * * *
—juicily, adv. —juiciness, n. /jooh"see/, adj., juicier, juiciest. 1. full of juice; succulent: a juicy pear. 2. very profitable, appealing, interesting, satisfying, or ...
▪ Nicaragua       city, central Nicaragua. It is situated on the flanks of the Sierras de Amerrique, in the rift valley in which Lakes Nicaragua and Managua are ...
Juilliard School
Internationally renowned school of the performing arts in New York, New York, U.S. It has its roots in the Institute of Musical Art (founded 1905) and a graduate school (1924) ...
Juilliard School of Music
a US college established in 1905 for the study of classical music. It is now based at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, New York. * * *
Juilliard, Augustus D.
▪ American banker and industrialist born April 19, 1836, at sea died April 25, 1919, New York City       banker and industrialist who bequeathed the bulk of his ...
Juin, Alphonse
▪ French general in full  Alphonse-Pierre Juin  born Dec. 16, 1888, Bône, Algeria died Jan. 27, 1967, Paris, France       officer of the French army who became a ...
Juiz de Fora
/zhweez" di faw"rddah/ a city in SE Brazil, N of Rio de Janeiro. 284,069. * * * ▪ Brazil  city, southeastern Minas Gerais estado (state), Brazil. It is situated in the deep ...
Juizde Fora
Juiz de Fo·ra (zhwēzhʹ də fôrʹə) A city of southeast Brazil north of Rio de Janeiro. It is an industrial and commercial center. Population: 385,734. * * *
/jooh jit"sooh/, n. a method developed in Japan of defending oneself without the use of weapons by using the strength and weight of an adversary to disable him. Also, jiujitsu, ...
—jujuism, n. —jujuist, n. /jooh"jooh/, n. 1. an object venerated superstitiously and used as a fetish or amulet by tribal peoples of West Africa. 2. the magical power ...
/jooh"joohb/, n. 1. a small candy or lozenge of gum arabic, gelatin, or the like and fruit flavoring. 2. See Chinese date. [1350-1400; ME < ML jujuba < L ziziphum < Gk zízyphon ...
See juju. * * *
/jooh jut"sooh, -joo"-/, n. jujitsu. * * *
/hooh hwee"/, n. a city in NW Argentina. 124,487. * * * ▪ province, Argentina       provincia (province), extreme northwestern Argentina, bordering Chile (west) and ...
juke1 /joohk/, v., juked, juking, n. Football. v.t. 1. to make a move intended to deceive (an opponent). n. 2. a fake or feint, usually intended to deceive a defensive ...
juke house
Southern U.S. 1. a cheap roadhouse. 2. a brothel. [1940-45; cf. Gullah juke house brothel, Bambara dzugu wicked] * * *
juke joint
an establishment where one can eat, drink, and, usually, dance to music provided by a jukebox. Also, jook joint. Also called jook. [1935-40; see JUKE HOUSE] * * *
/joohk"boks'/, n. a coin-operated phonograph, typically in a gaudy, illuminated cabinet, having a variety of records that can be selected by push button. Also called ...
juke house (jo͞ok, jo͝ok) n. See juke1. * * *
juke joint (jo͞ok, jo͝ok) n. Informal 1. A bar, tavern, or roadhouse featuring music played on a jukebox. 2. See juke1. See Regional Note at juke1. * * *
/joohks/, n. the fictitious name of an actual family that was the focus of a 19th-century sociological study of the inheritance of feeble-mindedness and its correlation with ...
/jooh"kooh/, n., pl. juku. (in Japan) a school, attended in addition to one's normal school, where students prepare for college entrance examinations. [1980-85; < Japn] * * ...
▪ people       a people living on the upper Benue River in Nigeria, commonly believed to be descendants of the people of Kororofa, one of the most powerful Sudanic ...
Jul abbrev. July * * *
July. * * *
/jooh"lip/, n. 1. See mint julep. 2. a sweet drink, variously prepared and sometimes medicated. [1350-1400; ME < MF < Ar julab < Pers gulab, equiv. to gul rose + ab water] * * *

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