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Kundt tube
/koont/, Physics. a gas-filled tube used to measure the speed of sound: when a membrane at one end is vibrated at a frequency that produces standing waves, a layer of powder ...
Kundt, August
▪ German physicist born November 18, 1839, Schwerin, duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin [Germany] died May 21, 1894, Israelsdorf, near Lübeck, Germany       German ...
Kunene
Ku·ne·ne (ko͞o-nāʹnə) See Cunene. * * *
Kunene, Mazisi
▪ 2007 Mazisi Raymond Fakazi Mngoni Kunene        South African poet and educator (b. May 12, 1930, Durban, S.Af.—d. Aug. 11, 2006, Durban), explored the culture and ...
Kung
/koong/, n., pl. Kungs, (esp. collectively) Kung. a member of a San people of the Kalahari desert basin of southern Africa. Also, !Kung. /koong, goong/, n. 1. H. H. (K'ung ...
kung fu
/kung" fooh", koong"/ an ancient Chinese method of self-defense by striking blows at vulnerable areas of an attacker's body using fluid movements of the hands and legs. [ < Chin ...
Küng, Hans
▪ Swiss theologian born March 19, 1928, Sursee, Switz.       Swiss Roman Catholic theologian whose controversial liberal views led to his censorship by the Vatican in ...
Kung, Ignatius Cardinal
▪ 2001 Gong Pinmei        Chinese prelate (b. Aug. 2, 1901, Shanghai, China—d. March 12, 2000, Stamford, Conn.), spent 30 years in Chinese prisons for his opposition ...
Küng,Hans
Küng (ko͝ong, küng), Hans. Born 1928. Swiss Roman Catholic theologian. An adviser (1962-1965) during the Second Vatican Council, he was later censored by the Vatican (1979) ...
kungfu
kung fu (kŭngʹ fo͞oʹ, ko͝ongʹ, go͝ongʹ) n. Any of various Chinese martial arts, especially those forms in which sharp blows and kicks are applied to pressure points on ...
Kungur
▪ Russia       city, Perm oblast (province), western Russia. It lies at the confluence of the Sylva, Iren, and Shakva rivers, 45 miles (72 km) south of Perm city. ...
Kungurian Stage
▪ geology       last of the four stages of the Lower Permian (Cisuralian) Series, encompassing all rocks deposited during the Kungurian Age (275.6 million to 270.6 ...
Kunikida Doppo
▪ Japanese author also called  Kunikida Kamekichi  born Aug. 30, 1871, Chōshi, Chiba prefecture, Japan died June 23, 1908, Chigasaki, Kanagawa prefecture  writer whose ...
Kunitz
/kyooh"nits/, n. Stanley, born 1905, U.S. poet and translator: U.S. poet laureate since 2000. * * *
Kunitz, Stanley
▪ American poet in full  Stanley Jasspon Kunitz  born July 29, 1905, Worcester, Mass., U.S. died May 14, 2006, New York, N.Y.  American Pulitzer Prize-winning poet noted ...
Kunitz, Stanley (Jasspon)
born July 29, 1905, Worcester, Mass., U.S. U.S. poet. He worked as an editor while contributing verse to magazines; much of it was collected in volumes such as Selected Poems ...
Kunitz, Stanley Jasspon
▪ 2007       American poet (b. July 29, 1905, Worcester, Mass.—d. May 14, 2006, New York, N.Y.), was noted for his subtle craftsmanship and his treatment of complex ...
Kuniyoshi
/kooh'nee yoh"shee/; Japn. /kooh"nee yaw"shee/, n. Yasuo /yah sooh"aw/, 1893-1953, U.S. painter, born in Japan. * * *
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo
▪ American painter born , September 1, 1893, Okayama, Japan died May 14, 1953, Woodstock, New York, U.S.       Japanese-born American painter who was an influential ...
Kunlun
/koon"loon"/, n. a mountain range in China, bordering on the N edge of the Tibetan plateau and extending W across central China: highest peak, 25,000 ft. (7620 m). Also, Kuenlun. ...
Kunlun Mountains
Kunlun Mountains [koon′loon′] mountain system in W China, between Tibet & Xinjiang: highest peak, c. 25,300 ft (7,711 m) * * * or K'un-lun Mountains Mountain system, ...
Kunming
/koon"ming"/, n. Pinyin, Wade-Giles. a city in and the capital of Yunnan province, in S China: an important transshipment point on the Burma Road in World War II. 1,100,000. ...
kunqu
▪ Chinese theatre Wade-Giles romanization  k'un-ch'ü , also called  kunju  or  kunshan qiang        form of Chinese drama that developed in the 16th ...
Kunsan
/koon"sahn"/ n. a seaport in W South Korea. 110,140. * * * ▪ South Korea       city, Chŏlla-puk do (province), western South Korea. Kunsan is situated 25 miles (40 km) ...
Kunst, Jaap
▪ Dutch musicologist born Aug. 12, 1891, Groningen, Neth. died Dec. 7, 1960, Amsterdam       Dutch ethnomusicologist who was one of the founders of modern ...
Kunsthaus Zürich
▪ museum, Zürich, Switzerland       (German: “Zurich Art House”), museum of art in Zürich, established in 1787 and, since 1910, occupying a building designed by ...
Kunsthistorisches Museum
▪ museum, Vienna, Austria German“Museum of Art History”  art museum in Vienna. In addition to its many famous paintings, the museum contains important collections of ...
Kunstler, William (Moses)
born July 7, 1919, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 4, 1995, New York City U.S. lawyer who defended a number of controversial clients in high-profile cases. After graduating ...
Kunstler, William Moses
▪ 1996       U.S. lawyer (b. July 7, 1919, New York, N.Y.—d. Sept. 4, 1995, New York), was a flamboyant radical who defended a number of controversial clients in ...
Künstlerroman
▪ literary genre       (German: “artist's novel”), class of Bildungsroman, or apprenticeship novel, that deals with the youth and development of an individual who ...
Kunstlied
Ger. /koonst"leet'/, n., pl. Kunstlieder Ger. /-lee'deuhrdd/. an art song, esp. as distinguished from a folk song. [ < G, equiv. to Kunst art (OHG: skill, ability) + Lied song] * ...
Kunstmuseum-Öffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel
▪ museum, Basel, Switzerland       (German: “Basel Art Museum-Public Art Collection”), museum of art in Basel, Switz., established in 1662 by the city and its ...
Kuntaur
▪ The Gambia       town, port on the Gambia River, MacCarthy Island division, central Gambia (Gambia, The). Oceangoing vessels of 17-ft (5-m) draft navigate 150 mi ...
Kuntsevo
/koon"seuh voh'/; Russ. /koohn"tsi veuh/, n. a former city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, incorporated into Moscow 1962. * * *
kunzite
/koonts"uyt/, n. Mineral. a transparent lilac-colored variety of spodumene, used as a gem. [1900-05, Amer.; named after G. F. Kunz (1856-1932), American expert in precious ...
kuo
(as used in expressions) Chiang Ching kuo Kuo Mo jo Kuo Hsiang Tseng Kuo fan * * *
Kuo Hsiang
▪ Chinese philosopher Pinyin  Guo Xiang   died AD 312, , China       Chinese philosopher, a Neo-Taoist thinker to whom is attributed a celebrated commentary on the ...
Kuo Mo-jo
Chin. /gwaw" maw"chaw"/, Wade-Giles. See Guo Moruo. * * *
Kuo-yü
/gwaw"yyuu"/, n. Putonghua. * * *
Kuomintang
/kwoh"min'tang", -tahng"/; Chin. /gwaw"min"dahng"/, n. the dominant political party of China from 1928 to 1949, founded chiefly by Sun Yat-sen in 1912 and led from 1925 to 1975 ...
Kuopio
/kwaw"pyaw/, n. a city in central Finland. 73,747. * * * ▪ Finland   city, south central Finland, on the Kallavesi (lake). Originally founded in 1653, Kuopio existed as ...
Kuoyu
Kuo·yu (kwôʹyo͞oʹ) n. Variant of Guoyu. * * *
Kupang
▪ Indonesia also spelled  Koepang        city and capital of East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur) propinsi (province), Timor island, Indonesia. It is located near ...
Kupcinet, Irving
▪ 2004 “Irv”        American newspaper columnist (b. July 31, 1912, Chicago, Ill.—d. Nov. 10, 2003, Chicago), became a Chicago institution by way of the ...
Kupffer cell
▪ anatomy       any of the stellate (star-shaped) cells in the linings of the liver sinusoids. The sinusoids are microscopic blood channels. The Kupffer cells are ...
Kupka, František
▪ Czech artist also called  Frank Kupka , or  François Kupka  born September 23, 1871, Opočno, Bohemia [now Czech Republic] died June 24, 1957, Puteaux, ...
Kuprin
/kooh"prin/; Russ. /kooh prddyeen"/, n. Alexander Ivanovich /al'ig zan"deuhr i vah"neuh vich, -zahn"-/; Russ. /u lyi ksahndrdd" ee vah"neuh vyich/, 1870-1938, Russian novelist ...
Kuprin, Aleksandr Ivanovich
▪ Russian author born Sept. 7 [Aug. 26, old style], 1870, Narovchat, Russia died Aug. 25, 1938, Leningrad  Russian novelist and short-story writer, one of the last exponents ...
Kur
/koor/, n. (in Sumerian mythology) the world of the dead. * * *
Kura
/koo rah"/, n. a river flowing from NE Turkey, through the Georgian Republic and Azerbaijan SE to the Caspian Sea. 950 mi. (1530 km) long. * * *
Kura River
Azerbaijani Kür Georgian Mtkvari River in Turkey, Georgia, and Azerbaijan. The largest river in Transcaucasia, it rises in eastern Turkey and flows north. After entering ...
Kurakin, Boris Ivanovich, Prince
▪ Russian diplomat (Knyaz) born July 20 [July 30, New Style], 1676, Moscow, Russia died Oct. 17 [Oct. 28], 1727, Paris, France       one of the first professional ...
Kuralt, Charles
▪ 1998       American broadcast journalist and author (b. Sept. 10, 1934, Wilmington, N.C.—d. July 4, 1997, New York, N.Y.), chronicled everyday life in the "On the ...
Kurashiki
/koo rddah"shee kee/; Eng. /koo rah"shi kee/, n. a city on SW Honshu, in Japan. 403,785. * * * ▪ Japan  city, Okayama ken (prefecture), western Honshu, Japan. It is ...
Kurath, Hans
born Dec. 13, 1891, Villach, Austria died Jan. 2, 1992, Ann Arbor, Mich., U.S. Austrian-born U.S. linguist. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1907. He is best known as the chief ...
Kuratsukuri Tori
▪ Japanese sculptor flourished 7th century, , Japan       the first great Japanese sculptor of the Asuka period (552–645).       Tori belonged to the ...
Kurayoshi
▪ Japan       city, Tottori ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies along a tributary of the Tenjin River and occupies a strategic position on a plain bounded (south) ...
kurbash
/koor"bash/, n. 1. a whip with leather thongs, formerly used in Turkey, Egypt, etc. v.t. 2. to whip with a kurbash. Also, kourbash. [1805-15; < Ar kurbaj
Kurbsky, Andrey Mikhaylovich, Prince
▪ Russian military commander born 1528, Russia died 1583, Poland-Lithuania       Russian military commander who was a close associate and adviser to Tsar Ivan IV the ...
Kurchatov
/koor chah"tawf, -tof/; Russ. /koohrdd chah"teuhf/, n. Igor Vasilievich /ee"geuhrdd vu syee"lyi vyich/, 1903-60, Soviet nuclear physicist. * * *
Kurchatov, Igor Vasilyevich
▪ Soviet physicist born Jan. 12, 1903, Sim, Russia died Feb. 7, 1960, Moscow       Soviet nuclear (nuclear weapon) physicist who guided the development of his country's ...
kurchatovium
kurchatovium [kʉr΄chə tō′vē əm] n. RUTHERFORDIUM: symbol, Ku: the name for this element originally proposed by Russian scientists * * * kur·cha·tov·i·um ...
Kurd
/kerrd, koord/; Pers. /koohrddd/, n. a member of an Islamic people speaking Kurdish and dwelling chiefly in Kurdistan. [1610-20] * * * Member of an ethnic and linguistic group ...
Kurdish
/kerr"dish, koor"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Kurds or their language. 2. of or pertaining to Kurdistan, its people, or their language. n. 3. the language of the Kurds, an ...
Kurdish language
      West Iranian language spoken in Kurdistan; it ranks as the third largest Iranian language group, after Persian and Pashto, and has numerous dialects. There are two ...
Kurdish rug
 floor covering handcrafted by people of Kurdish stock in Iran, eastern Anatolia, perhaps to a limited extent in Iraq, and in the southernmost Caucasus. These rugs are stout ...
Kurdistan
/kerr"deuh stan'/; Pers. /koohrdd'di stahn"/, n. 1. a mountain and plateau region in SE Turkey, NW Iran, and N Iraq: inhabited largely by Kurds. 74,000 sq. mi. (191,660 sq. ...
Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)
Kurdish nationalist party. It was founded in Turkish Kurdistan in 1978 and sought to establish an independent Kurdish state in southeastern Turkey. It attacked Turkish interests ...
Kŭrdzhali
▪ Bulgaria also spelled  Kŭrdžali , or  Kărdzhali        town, south-central Bulgaria, in a broad valley on the Arda River between the Kŭrdzhali and Studen ...
Kure
/kooh"rdde"/, n. a seaport on SW Honshu, in SW Japan. 234,550. * * * ▪ Japan  city, Hiroshima ken (prefecture), southwestern Honshu, Japan, on the Inland Sea. Its excellent ...
Kürenberger, Der
▪ Austrian minnesinger also called  Der von Kürenberg   flourished 1160       the earliest of the German poet-musicians called minnesingers (minnesinger) known by ...
Kurg
/koorg/, n. Coorg. * * *
kurgan
/koor gahn", -gan"/, n. a circular burial mound constructed over a pit grave and often containing grave vessels, weapons, and the bodies of horses as well as a single human body; ...
Kurgan
/koor gahn"/; Russ. /koohrdd gahn"/, n. a city in the S Russian Federation in Asia, near the Ural Mountains. 310,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city and administrative ...
Kurgan culture
▪ prehistoric Asian culture seminomadic pastoralist culture that spread from the Russian  steppes to Danubian Europe about 3500 Bc        . By about 2300 BC the ...
Kurgan-Tyube
▪ Tajikistan also spelled  Kurgan-tiube,         city, southwestern Tajikistan. It lies in the Vakhsh River valley, 62 miles (100 km) south of Dushanbe. Kurgan-Tyube ...
Kurihara, Harumi
▪ 2007       Japanese celebrity homemaker, chef, and lifestyle expert Harumi Kurihara, who had already stirred up a fervent following in Japan, expanded the realm of her ...
Kuril Islands
Kuril Islands or Kurile Islands [ko͞o′ril, ko͞o rēl′] chain of islands belonging to Russia, between N Hokkaido, Japan, and Kamchatka Peninsula: formerly Japanese ...
Kuril Trench
▪ submarine feature, Pacific Ocean       deep submarine depression in the western Pacific Ocean, situated on the east side of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Kuril ...
Kurile Islands
/koor"il, koo reel"/ a chain of small islands off the NE coast of Asia, extending from N Japan to the S tip of Kamchatka: renounced by Japan in 1945; under Russian ...
Kurilian
See Kuril Islands. * * *
KurilIslands
Ku·ril Islands also Ku·rile Islands (ko͝orʹĭl, ko͞o-rēlʹ) An island chain of extreme eastern Russia extending about 1,207 km (750 mi) in the Pacific Ocean between ...
Kurland
/koor"leuhnd/, n. Courland. * * *
Kūrma
▪ Hindu mythology       (Sanskrit: “Tortoise”), second of the 10 avatars (incarnations) of the Hindu god Vishnu. In this incarnation Vishnu is associated with the ...
kurmi
/koor"mee/, n. a member of a major agricultural caste widespread in northern and central India. [ < eastern Hindi kurmi or Bengali kurmi, kurmi; cf. Skt kutumbin- householder] * ...
kurn
/kerrn/, n. Scot. and North Eng. kirn2. * * *
Kürnberger, Ferdinand
▪ Austrian writer born July 3, 1821, Vienna, Austria died Oct. 14, 1879, Munich, Ger.       Austrian writer known for his participation in the Austrian revolution of ...
Kurnell
▪ historical site, New South Wales, Australia       historic site on the southern side of the entrance to Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Kurnell was the first ...
Kurnool
Kur·nool (kər-no͞olʹ) A city of south-central India northwest of Chennai (Madras). A market town, Kurnool was overrun by Muslims in 1565 and ceded to the British in 1800. ...
Kuroda Kiyotaka, Count
▪ prime minister of Japan born Nov. 21, 1840, Satsuma province, Japan died Aug. 25, 1900, Tokyo  Japanese statesman who played a leading role in the Meiji Restoration, the ...
Kuroda Nagamasa
▪ Japanese warrior born 1568, Himeji, Japan died Aug. 29, 1623, Kyōto       noted Japanese warrior who rendered important service to two leaders, Toyotomi Hideyoshi ...
Kurokawa Kishō
▪ Japanese architect original name  Kurokawa Noriaki  born April 8, 1934, Nagoya, Japan died Oct. 12, 2007, Tokyo       Japanese architect, who was one of the leading ...
Kurokawa, Kisho
▪ 2008 Noriaki Kurokawa  Japanese architect born April 8, 1934, Nagoya, Japan died Oct. 12, 2007, Tokyo, Japan was a cofounder (1960) of the Metabolist movement, a ...
Kuroki
/kooh"rddaw kee"/, n. Tamemoto /tah"me maw"taw/, Count, 1844-1923, Japanese general. * * *
Kuron, Jacek Jan
▪ 2005       Polish dissident (b. March 3, 1934, Lvov, Pol. [now Lviv, Ukraine]—d. June 17, 2004, Warsaw, Pol.), was the intellectual leader of the Solidarity labour ...
Kuropatkin
/koor'euh pat"kin/; Russ. /kooh rddu paht"kyin/, n. Aleksei Nikolaevich /u lyi ksyay" nyi ku lah"yi vyich/, 1848-1925, Russian general. * * *
Kuropatkin, Aleksey (Nikolayevich)
born March 29, 1848, Shemchurino, Pskov province, Russia died March 23, 1925 Russian general. He was chief of staff during the Russo-Turkish War, commander in chief in Caucasia ...
Kurosawa
/koor'euh sah"weuh/; Japn. /kooh"rddaw sah"wah/, n. Akira /ah kee"rddah/, born 1910, Japanese film director. * * *
Kurosawa Akira
born March 23, 1910, Tokyo, Japan died Sept. 6, 1998, Tokyo Japanese film director. He studied painting before becoming an assistant director and scenarist at PCL (later ...
Kurosawa, Akira
▪ 1999       Japanese film director (b. March 23, 1910, Tokyo, Japan—d. Sept. 6, 1998, Tokyo), became one of the giants of world cinema after introducing such Japanese ...
Kurosawa,Akira
Ku·ro·sa·wa (ko͝or'ə-säʹwə, ko͞o'rô-säʹwä), Akira. 1910-1998. Japanese filmmaker whose internationally acclaimed works, including Rashomon (1950), The Seven Samurai ...
Kuroshio
/koo roh"shee oh'/; Japn. /koo rddaw"shee aw"/, n. See Japan Current. [ < Japn, equiv. to kuro black + shio (earlier shifo) tide] * * * ▪ oceanic current, Pacific Ocean ...
KuroshioCurrent
Ku·ro·shi·o Current (ko͝o-rōʹshē-ō') n. See Japan Current. * * *
Kurozumi-kyō
▪ Japanese religion       prototype of the contemporary “new religions” of Japan, named for its founder, Kurozumi Munetada (1780–1850), a Shintō priest of the ...
kurrajong
/kerr"euh jong'/, n. an Australian bottle tree, Brachychiton populneus, having showy yellowish-white, bell-shaped flowers, grown as an ornamental. Also, koorajong, currajong, ...
Kurri Kurri
▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, now part of Greater Cessnock, eastern New South Wales, Australia. It was laid out in 1902 as a centre for the surrounding ...
Kursk
/koorsk/; Russ. /koohrddsk/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe. 413,000. * * * ▪ Russia  city and administrative centre of Kursk oblast (region), western ...
Kursk, Battle of
(July 5–Aug. 23, 1943) Unsuccessful German assault on the Soviet salient around Kursk, in western Russia, in World War II. The salient was a bulge in the Soviet lines that ...
Kurt
/kerrt/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Cobain Kurt Eisner Kurt Gödel Kurt Jooss Kurt Lewin Kurt Schleicher Kurt von Schuschnigg Kurt von Schwitters ...
Kurt Cobain
➡ Cobain * * *
Kurt Vonnegut Jr
➡ Vonnegut * * *
Kurt Weill
➡ Weill * * *
kurta
/kerr"teuh/, n. 1. a long-sleeved, hip-length shirt worn by men in India. 2. a sleeveless shirt worn over or under the angiya by Muslim women in India. Also, khurta. [1910-15; < ...
Kürten, Peter
▪ German serial killer byname  Düsseldorf Vampire  born May 26, 1883, Cologne-Mulheim, Ger. died July 2, 1931, Cologne       German serial killer whose widely ...
kurtosis
/kerr toh"sis/, n. Statistics. the state or quality of flatness or peakedness of the curve describing a frequency distribution in the region about its mode. [1900-05; irreg. ...
Kurtzman, Harvey
▪ 1994       U.S. cartoonist and editor (b. Oct. 3, 1924, New York, N.Y.—d. Feb. 21, 1993, Mount Vernon, N.Y.), cleverly lampooned the sacred institutions of American ...
kuru
/koor"ooh/, n. Pathol. a fatal degenerative disease of the central nervous system characterized by progressive lack of coordination and dementia, known only among certain ...
Kurukh
/koor"euhk/, n. a Dravidian language spoken in central India. * * *
Kurukh language
      member of the North Dravidian subfamily of Dravidian languages. In the early 21st century, Kurukh was spoken by some 1.75 million people, predominantly in the ...
Kurukshetra
▪ India also spelled  Kuruksetra , also called  Thanesar        city, northeastern Haryana (Haryāna) state, northwestern India. It is connected by road and rail ...
Kuruman
▪ South Africa       town, Northern Cape province, South Africa. It is located in the northeastern corner of the province and is distantly southwest of Johannesburg. ...
Kurumba
▪ people       a people living in the Cardamom and Nīlgiri hills, west-central Tamil Nadu state, southern India. Originally pastoralists, the Kurumba were probably ...
Kurume
Ku·ru·me (ko͞o-ro͞oʹmĕ) A city of northwest Kyushu, Japan, northeast of Nagasaki. Textiles, especially a blue-figured cotton fabric, are important to its economy. ...
Kurunegala
/koor'ooh neg"euh leuh, -nay"geuh-/, n. a city in W central Sri Lanka. 28,000. * * * ▪ Sri Lanka       town, west-central Sri Lanka (Ceylon). It is situated 25 miles ...
kurus
/koo roohsh"/, n., pl. kurus. a monetary unit of Turkey, the 100th part of a lira; piaster. [1880-85; < Turk kurus] * * *
Kurus
/koor"oohz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Kauravas. * * *
Kurusu
/koo rddooh"soo/, n. Saburo /sah booh"rddaw/, 1888-1954, Japanese diplomat. * * *
Kuryłowicz, Jerzy
born Aug. 26, 1895, Stanislav, Galicia, Austria-Hungary died Jan. 28, 1978, Kraków, Pol. Polish historical linguist. His identification of the Hittite medial h in 1927 ...
Kurz, Hermann
▪ German writer born Nov. 30, 1813, Reutlingen, kingdom of Württemberg [Germany] died Oct. 10, 1873, Tübingen, Ger.  German writer chiefly known for two powerful historical ...
Kurzeme
Kurzeme [koor′ze mə] state of Latvia: it occupies the historical region of KURLAND * * * ▪ geographical region, Latvia       moraine region of western Latvia, ...
Kurzweil, Raymond
▪ 2001       In March 2000 American computer scientist Raymond Kurzweil was awarded the U.S. National Medal of Technology in recognition of his many innovations. Already ...
Kusaie
/kooh suy"/, n. Kosrae. * * *
Kusanagi
▪ Japanese mythology       (Japanese: “Grass-Mower”), in Japanese mythology, the miraculous sword that the sun goddess Amaterasu gave to her grandson Ninigi when ...
Kusch
/koosh/, n. Polykarp /pol"i kahrp'/; Ger. /poh'lyuu kahrddp"/, born 1911, U.S. physicist, born in Germany: Nobel prize 1955. * * *
Kusch, Polykarp
▪ 1994       U.S. physicist (b. Jan. 26, 1911, Blankenburg, Germany—d. March 20, 1993, Dallas, Texas), was awarded the 1955 Nobel Prize for Physics for his precise ...
Kush
/koosh, kush/, n. Cush. * * * or Cush Ancient country, Nubia region of the Nile River valley. In the 2nd millennium BC it was subject to Egypt. In the 8th century BC Kushite ...
Kusha
▪ Buddhism Chinese  Chü-she,         Buddhist school of philosophy introduced into Japan from China during the Nara period (710–784). The school takes its name ...
Kushan art
or Kusana art Art produced during the Kushan dynasty (late 1st–3rd century AD), in an area that now includes parts of Central Asia, northern India, Pakistan, and ...
Kushan dynasty
▪ Asian dynasty Kushan also spelled  Kusana        ruling line descended from the Yuezhi, a people that ruled over most of the northern Indian subcontinent, ...
Kushida, Fuki
▪ 2002       Japanese peace and women's rights activist (b. Feb. 17, 1899, Yamaguchi prefecture, Japan—d. Feb. 5, 2001, Tokyo, Japan), was a noted campaigner for world ...
Kushiro
Ku·shi·ro (ko͝oshʹə-rō', ko͞o-shēʹrô) A city of southeast Hokkaido, Japan, on the Pacific Ocean. It is the island's only ice-free trading port. Population: 202,297. * ...
Kushitic
/keuh shit"ik/, n. Cushitic. * * *
Kushk River
▪ river, Asia Pashto  Koshk , Turkmen  Gushgy , formerly  Kushka        river in Afghanistan and Turkmenistan, formed by the confluence of two headstreams, the ...
Kushner, Tony
born July 16, 1956, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. dramatist. He grew up in Lake Charles, La., and attended Columbia University and New York University. His early plays include Yes, ...
Kushner,Tony
Kush·ner (ko͝oshʹnər), Tony. Born 1956. American playwright who was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for Millennium Approaches (1992), the first part of his trilogy Angels in ...
Kushtia
▪ Bangladesh       city, west-central Bangladesh, lying just south of the upper Padma (Padma River) River (Ganges [Ganga] River (Ganges River)). The city is connected ...
Kushukh
▪ god also spelled  Kushuh,         the Hurrian moon god. In the Hurrian pantheon, Kushukh was regularly placed above the sun god, Shimegi; his consort was Niggal ...
Kushva
▪ Russia also spelled  Kušva        city, Sverdlovsk oblast (region), western Russia, at the foot of Mount Blagodat. Founded in 1735 after the discovery of ...
Kuskokwim
Kuskokwim [kus′kə kwim΄] 〚< Esk〛 river in SW Alas., flowing from the Alaska Range southwest into the Bering Sea: 550 mi (885 km) * * * Kus·ko·kwim (kŭsʹkə-kwĭm') ...
Kuskova, Yekaterina Dmitriyevna
▪ Russian politician born 1869, Russia died Dec. 22, 1958, Geneva, Switz.       Russian political figure and publicist who opposed the Bolshevik ...
kuspuk
/kus"puk/, n. Alaska, Northern Canada. 1. a cloth garment worn by Eskimos over the parka. 2. a parka of lightweight cloth, worn esp. by Eskimo women and children in summer. [ < ...
Kustanai
/kooh stu nuy"/, n. a city in N Kazakhstan, on the Tobol river. 164,000. * * *
Kūstī
▪ The Sudan also spelled  Kosti        city, central Sudan. It lies on the west bank of the White Nile River, about 65 miles (105 km) south of Al-Duwaym. Its basic ...
Kusumi Morikage
▪ Japanese painter born 1610?, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan died 1700       Japanese painter of the early Tokugawa period (1603–1867) who excelled in painting farmers and ...
Kusunoki Masashige
▪ Japanese warrior born 1294?, Japan died July 4, 1336, Minato-gawa, Settsu province, Japan       one of the greatest military strategists in Japanese history. ...
kut
      trance ritual in Korean religion. See mudang. * * *
Kūt, Al-
▪ Iraq also called  Kūt al-ʿAmārah         city, eastern Iraq, capital of Wāsiṭ muḥāfaẓah (governorate). It lies along the Tigris River about 100 miles ...
Kütahya
▪ Turkey  city, western Turkey. It lies along the Porsuk River, at the foot of a hill crowned by a ruined medieval castle. Kütahya, known as Cotyaeum in antiquity, lay on ...
Kutaisi
/kooh tuy"see/; Russ. /kooh tu yee"syi/, n. a city in the W Georgian Republic in Europe. 194,000. Also, Kutais /koo tuys"/; Russ. /kooh tu yees"/. * * * ▪ ...
Kutani
/kooh tah"nee/, n. Japanese porcelain made in Kaga province in the late 17th century, often with both underglaze and overglaze enamel decoration; imitated in the 19th ...
Kutani ware
▪ Japanese porcelain       Japanese porcelain made in Kaga province (now in Ishikawa prefecture). The name “Old Kutani” refers to porcelain decorated with heavily ...
Kutch
/kuch/, n. 1. a former state in W India, now part of Gujarat state. 2. Rann of /run/, a salt marsh NE of this area. 9000 sq. mi. (23,310 sq. km). Also, Cutch. * * *
Kutch,Gulf of
Kutch, Gulf of An inlet of the Arabian Sea in western India adjoining the Rann of Kutch. * * *
kutcha
/kuch"euh/, adj. Anglo-Indian. crude, imperfect, or temporary. Also, cutcha, kacha, kachcha. [ < Hindi kacca] * * *
Kutchin
/kooch"in/, n., pl. Kutchins, (esp. collectively) Kutchin for 1. 1. a member of a group of North American Indians who live in the region of the lower Mackenzie River in ...
Kutenai
/kooht"n ay', -n ee'/, n. 1. a member of a North American Indian people of British Columbia, Montana, and Idaho. 2. the language of the Kutenai Indians. 3. Kootenay. Also, ...
Kutná Hora
▪ Czech Republic German  Kuttenberg,    city, north-central Czech Republic. It lies on the high tableland above the Vrchlice River, 44 miles (71 km) east of ...
Kutner, Luis
▪ 1994       U.S. human rights activist (b. June 9, 1908, Chicago, Ill.—d. March 1, 1993, Chicago), achieved international prominence as a cofounder (1961), with Peter ...
Kuts, Vladimir
▪ Soviet athlete born Feb. 7, 1927, Aleksino, Ukraine, U.S.S.R. died Aug. 16, 1975, Moscow, Russia  Soviet distance runner who held the world record in the 5,000-metre race ...
Kutuzov
/koo tooh"zawf, -zof/; Russ. /kooh tooh"zeuhf/, n. Mikhail Ilarionovich /myi khu yeel" ee leuh rddyi aw"neuh vyich/, Prince of Smolensk, 1745-1813, Russian field marshal and ...
Kutuzov, Mikhail (Illarionovich), Prince
orig. Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov born Sept. 16, 1745, St. Petersburg, Russia died April 28, 1813, Bunzlau, Silesia Russian army commander. In 1805 Kutuzov, an ...
Kutuzov, Mikhail Illarionovich, Prince
▪ Russian military commander original name  Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov   born Sept. 5 [Sept. 16, New Style], 1745, St. Petersburg, Russia died April 16 ...
Kutuzov,Mikhail Ilarionovich
Ku·tu·zov (ko͞o-to͞oʹzôf, -zəf), Mikhail Ilarionovich. Prince of Smolensk. 1745-1813. Russian field marshal who distinguished himself in the wars against Turkey ...
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
▪ university, Kutztown, Pennsylvania, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Kutztown, Pennsylvania, U.S. It is part of ...
Kuujjuaq
▪ Quebec, Canada formerly  Fort-Chimo,         Inuit (Eskimo) village in Nord-du-Québec region, northeastern Quebec province, Canada. It lies along the Koksoak ...
Kuusinen, Otto V(ilhelm)
born Oct. 4, 1881, Laukaa, Fin. died May 17, 1964, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Finnish-born Soviet politician. He joined the Social Democratic Party in Finland in 1905 and held ...
Kuusinen, Otto V.
▪ Finnish politician in full  Otto Vilhelm Kuusinen   born Oct. 4, 1881, Laukaa, Fin. died May 17, 1964, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       a founder of the Finnish ...
kuvasz
/koov"ahs, kooh"vahs/, n., pl. kuvaszok /koov"ah sawk', kooh"vah-/. one of a Hungarian breed of large dogs having a short, slightly wavy, white coat, used for herding sheep and ...
Kuwa Mekki, Yousif
▪ 2002       Sudanese resistance leader (b. August 1945, Al-Akhwal, The Sudan—d. March 31, 2001, Norwich, Eng.), as the charismatic commander of the Sudan People's ...
Kuwait
/koo wayt"/, n. 1. a sovereign monarchy in NE Arabia, on the NW coast of the Persian Gulf: formerly a British protectorate. 2,076,805; ab. 8000 sq. mi. (20,720 sq. km). 2. a ...
Kuwait, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped green-white-red national flag with a black truncated triangle at the hoist. The width-to-length ratio of the flag is 1 to ...
Kuwaiti
/koo way"tee/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Kuwait. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Kuwait or its inhabitants. [1925-30; < Ar Kuwayti, equiv. to Kuwayt KUWAIT ...
Kuwana
▪ Japan       city, Mie ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It is situated on the delta of the Ibi, Nagara, and Kiso rivers. Mentioned as a hamlet as early as the 10th ...
Kuyp
Du. /kueip/, n. Aelbert Du. /ahl"beuhrddt/. See Cuyp, Aelbert. * * *
Kuyper, Abraham
born Oct. 29, 1837, Maassluis, Neth. died Nov. 8, 1920, The Hague Dutch theologian and politician. After serving as a pastor (1863–74), he founded a Calvinist-oriented ...
Kuznets
/kooz"nits, koohz"-/, n. Simon (Smith), 1901-85, U.S. economist, born in Russia: Nobel prize 1971. * * *
Kuznets, Simon
▪ American economist and statistician in full  Simon Smith Kuznets  born April 30 [April 17, Old Style], 1901, Kharkov, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kharkiv, Ukraine] died ...
Kuznets, Simon (Smith)
born April 30, 1901, Kharkov, Ukraine, Russian Empire died July 8, 1985, Cambridge, Mass., U.S. Russian-U.S. economist and statistician. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1922 and ...
Kuznets,Simon
Kuz·nets (ko͝ozʹnĕts', ko͞ozʹnĭts), Simon. 1901-1985. Russian-born American economist. He won a 1971 Nobel Prize for developing a method of using a country's gross ...
Kuznetsk
/kooz netsk"/; Russ. /kooh znyetsk"/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe. 97,000. * * *
Kuznetsk Basin
an industrial region in the S Russian Federation in Asia: coal fields. * * *
Kuznetsk Coal Basin
▪ region, Russia byname  Kuzbass,  Russian  Kuznetsky Ugolny Basseyn,         one of the largest producing coalfields of (coal mining) Russia, in Kemerovo oblast ...
KuznetskBasin
Kuz·netsk Basin (ko͝oz-nĕtskʹ, -nyĕtskʹ) A coal-producing region of south-central Russia extending from Tomsk southward to Novokuznetsk. * * *
Kuznetsov, Anatoly Vasilyevich
▪ Soviet author pseudonym  A. Anatoli   born Aug. 18, 1929, Kiev, Ukraine, U.S.S.R. died June 13, 1979, London, Eng.       Soviet writer noted for the ...
Kuznetsov, Vasily Vasilyevich
▪ Soviet official born Feb. 13 [Jan. 31, Old Style], 1901, Sofilovka, Russia died June 5, 1990, Moscow       Soviet official and diplomat.       Kuznetsov ...
Kuzwayo, Ellen
▪ 2007 Nnoseng Ellen Kate Merafe        South African antiapartheid activist, feminist, and writer (b. June 29, 1914, Thaba Nchu, Orange Free State, S.Af.—d. April 19, ...
kV
kilovolt; kilovolts. Also, kv. * * *
kVA
kilovolt-ampere; kilovolt-amperes. Also, kva. * * *
Kvaran, Einar Hjörleifsson
▪ Icelandic author born December 6, 1859, Vallanes, Iceland died May 21, 1938, Reykjavík       Icelandic journalist, novelist, short-story writer, playwright, and ...
Kvasir
In Norse mythology, the wisest of all men. He was born from the saliva from two rival groups of gods, the Aesir and the Vanir. As a teacher, he never failed to answer a question ...
kvass
/kvahs, kwahs/, n. a Russian beer made from fermenting rye or barley and having a dark color and sour taste. Also, quass. [1545-55; < Russ kvas] * * *
kvell
/kvel/, v.i. Slang. to be extraordinarily pleased; esp., to be bursting with pride, as over one's family. [1965-70, Amer.; < Yiddish kveln be delighted; cf. MHG, G quellen well ...
kvetch
/kvech/, Slang. v.i. 1. to complain, esp. chronically. n. 2. Also, kvetcher. a person who kvetches. [1960-65, Amer.; < Yiddish kvetshn lit., to squeeze, pinch; cf. MHG, G ...
kW
kilowatt; kilowatts. Also, kw. * * *
Kwa
/kwah/, adj. 1. of, belonging to, or constituting Kwa. n. 2. a branch of the Niger-Congo subfamily of languages, including Ewe, Ibo, Yoruba, and other languages of coastal West ...
Kwa languages
Branch of the Niger-Congo language family. Forty-five Kwa languages are spoken by approximately 20 million people in the southern areas of Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, and Benin ...
kwacha
/kwah"cheuh/, n. 1. a cupronickel coin, paper money, and monetary unit of Malawi, equal to 100 tambala. Abbr.: K. 2. a cupronickel coin, paper money, and monetary unit of Zambia, ...
Kwahu Plateau
▪ plateau, Ghana       plateau, southern Ghana. It comprises the uplifted southern edge of the Volta River basin and extends for 160 miles (260 km) northwest-southeast ...
kwaiken
/kwuy ken", kuy-/, n., pl. kwaiken. a curved knife formerly used by Japanese women to commit suicide. [ < Japn k(w)aiken < MChin, equiv. to Chin huái bosom + jiàn sword] * * *
Kwajalein
/kwah"jeuh layn', -leuhn/, n. an atoll in the Marshall Islands, in E Micronesia. 5064. ab. 78 mi. (126 km) long. * * *
Kwajalein Atoll
▪ island, Marshall Islands also called  Kwajalong,         coral formation in the Ralik (western) chain of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, in the western ...
Kwakiutl
/kwah'kee ooht"l/, n. 1. a member of a North American Indian people of Vancouver Island and the adjacent British Columbian coast. 2. the language of the Kwakiutl, a Wakashan ...
Kwan, Michelle
▪ 2001       At the 2000 world championships on April 1 in Nice, France, American figure skater Michelle Kwan proved to the world what determination was all about. ...
Kwan-yin
/kwahn"yin"/, n. Buddhism. one of the Chinese female Boddhisattvas, noted for her kindness: often considered an aspect of Avalokitesvara. * * *
KwaNdebele
Former black enclave, central Transvaal province, South Africa. It was a self-governing "national state" for Transvaal Ndebele people, although it was never internationally ...
Kwando
Kwan·do (kwänʹdō) See Cuando. * * *
Kwando River
River, southern Africa. Rising in central Angola, it flows southeast, forming part of the boundary between Angola and Zambia. It continues east along the northeastern border of ...
Kwangchow
/kwahng"choh", kwang"-/; Chin. /gwahng"joh"/, n. Older Spelling. Canton. * * *
Kwangchowan
/kwahng"choh"wahn", kwang"-/; Chin. /gwahng"joh"wahn"/, n. Older Spelling. Guangzhouwan. * * *
Kwangju
/gwahng"jooh"/, n. a city in SW South Korea. 502,753. * * * formerly Koshu City (pop., 2000: 1,350,948), southwestern South Korea, capital of South Chŏlla province. It ...
Kwangsi
Kwangsi [gwäŋ′sē′] a former transliteration of GUANGXI * * * ▪ autonomous area, China Introduction in full  Chuang Autonomous Region of Kwangsi,  Chinese ...
Kwangsi Chuang
/kwahng"see" chwahng", kwang"see chwang"/; Chin. /gwahng"see" chwahng"/, Older Spelling. See Guangxi Zhuang. * * *
KwangsiChuang
Kwang·si Chuang (kwängʹsēʹ chwängʹ) See Guangxi Zhuangzu. * * *
Kwangtung
/kwahng"toong", kwang"-/; Chin. /gwahng"doong"/, n. Older Spelling. Guangdong. * * * ▪ province, China Introduction Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Kuang-tung,  (Pinyin)  Guangdong, ...
Kwantung
/kwahn"toong", kwan"-/; Chin. /gwahn"doong"/, n. Older Spelling. Guandong. * * *
kwanza
/kwahn"zeuh/, n., pl. kwanza, kwanzas. a paper money, cupronickel coin, and monetary unit of Angola, equal to 100 lwei: replaced the escudo in 1977. * * *
Kwanzaa
/kwahn"zeuh/, n., pl. Kwanzaas. a harvest festival celebrated from Dec. 26th until Jan. 1st in some African-American communities. Also, Kwanza. [1965-70; < Swahili kwanza ...
Kwara
▪ state, Nigeria       state, west-central Nigeria. It is bounded by Benin to the west and by the Nigerian states of Niger to the north, Kogi to the east, and Ekiti, ...
kwartje
/kwahr"cheuh, -tyeuh/, n. a silver 25-cent piece of the Netherlands. [ < D < L quartarius; see QUARTER] * * *
kwashiorkor
/kwah'shee awr"kawr, -keuhr/, n. Pathol. a malnutrition disease, chiefly of children, caused by severe protein and vitamin deficiency and characterized by retarded growth, ...
Kwasniewski, Aleksander
Kwaś·niew·ski (kväsh-nyĕfʹskē), Aleksander. Born 1954. Polish journalist and politician who was elected president in 1995. * * * ▪ 1996       On Dec. 23, 1995, ...
Kwaśniewski,Aleksander
Kwaś·niew·ski (kväsh-nyĕfʹskē), Aleksander. Born 1954. Polish journalist and politician who was elected president in 1995. * * *
KwaZulu
▪ former state, South Africa       former nonindependent Bantustan, Natal, South Africa, that was the legal home of all of the nation's Zulus. Its area was scattered ...
KwaZulu-Natal
KwaZulu-Natal [kwä zo͞o′lo͞o nə tal′] province of W South Africa: 35,591 sq mi (92,180 sq km); pop. 8,505,000; cap. Pietermaritzburg * * * ▪ province, South ...
Kweichow
/kway"chow", -choh"/; Chin. /gway"joh"/, n. Older Spelling. Guizhou. * * * ▪ province, China Introduction Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Kuei-chou,  (Pinyin)  Guizhou, ...
kweid-
See kweit-. * * *
Kweilin
/kway"lin"/; Chin. /gway"lin"/, n. Older Spelling. Guilin. * * *
Kweisui
/kway"sway"/; Chin. /gway"sway"/, n. Older Spelling. former name of Hohhot. Also, Kweihwa /gway"hwah"/. * * *
kweit-
Also kweid-. White; to shine. Oldest form *k̑weit-, becoming *kweit- in centum languages. 1. Suffixed variant form *kweid-o-. a. white; Whitsunday, from Old English hwīt, ...
Kweiyang
/kway"yahng", -yang"/; Chin. /gway"yahng"/, n. Older Spelling. Guiyang. * * *
Kwekwe
▪ Zimbabwe formerly  Que Que        city, central Zimbabwe. Ancient gold-mine workings were discovered in the area in 1894. A settlement was established in 1902 and ...
kwen-
Holy. Oldest form *k̑wen-, becoming *kwen- in centum languages. Suffixed zero-grade form *kwn̥-s-lo-. housel, from Old English hūsl, hūsel, sacrifice, Eucharist, from ...
kwes-
To pant, wheeze. Oldest form *k̑wes-, becoming *kwes- in centum languages. 1. wheeze, from Old Norse hvæsa, to hiss, from Germanic *hwēsjan. 2. quarrel1, querulous, from Latin ...
kWh
kilowatt-hour. Also, kwhr, K.W.H. * * *
KWIC
/kwik/, adj. of or designating an alphabetical concordance of the principal terms in a text showing every occurrence of each term surrounded by a few words of the ...
Kwik Save{™}
a British chain of supermarkets selling food and household goods at low prices. * * *
Kwik-Fit{™}
a British company which owns garages where motor vehicles can be repaired or have parts replaced (especially tyres or exhausts). * * *
Kwinana
▪ Western Australia, Australia       town, southwestern Western Australia. It lies along Cockburn Sound, just south of Perth. The name was taken from a freighter ...
kwl
To contain, hold, measure. Variant (Arabic) root form kyl. maquiladora, from Arabic makīla, measured, a measure of capacity, feminine passive participle of kāla, to measure. * ...
kwn
To be, be(come) firm, true. Sargon, from Hebrew sargôn, from Akkardian šarru-kīn, the king is true, legitimate, from kīn, predicate form of kīnu, verbal adjective of kânu, ...
Kwolek, Stephanie
▪ American chemist in full  Stephanie Louise Kwolek  born July 23, 1923, New Kensington, Pa., U.S.       American chemist, a pioneer in polymer research whose work ...
kwon-
Dog. Oldest form *k̑won-, becoming *kwon- in centum languages. 1. cynic; cynosure, Procyon, quinsy, from Greek kuōn, dog. 2. Suffixed zero-grade form *kwn̥-to-. a. hound, from ...
kwš
see kšš. * * *
KY
Kentucky (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * *
KY jelly{™}
n [U] a make of soft jelly used to lubricate parts of the body, especially the vagina, before having sex. * * *
Ky.
Kentucky. * * *
Kyabram
▪ Victoria, Australia       town, central Victoria, Australia. It is situated approximately 124 miles (200 km) north of Melbourne. The name Kyabram comes from an ...
kyack
kyack1 /kuy"ak/, n. kayak. kyack2 /kuy"ak/, n. a type of packsack that consists of two connected sacks and is hung on either side of a packsaddle. [1900-05, Amer.; orig. ...
Kyaikkami
▪ Myanmar formerly  Amherst,         resort town, southeastern Myanmar (Burma). It is situated on a peninsula about 30 miles (48 km) south of the town of Moulmein. ...
kyak
/kuy"ak/, n. kayak. * * *
Kyakhta
▪ Russia also spelled  K'achta,  formerly  (until 1934) Troitskosavsk        town, Buryatia, south-central Russia. It lies in the basin of the Selenga River, on ...
kyanite
/kuy"euh nuyt'/, n. a mineral, aluminum silicate, Al2SiO5, occurring in blue or greenish bladed triclinic crystals, used as a refractory. Also, cyanite. [1785-95; irreg. < Gk ...
kyanize
/kuy"euh nuyz'/, v.t., kyanized, kyanizing. to treat (wood) against decay with a solution of mercuric chloride. Also, esp. Brit., kyanise. [1830-40; named after J. H. Kyan ...


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