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La Mancha
/lah mahn"chah/ a plateau region in central Spain: famous as the birthplace of Don Quixote, the hero of Cervantes' novel Don Quixote de la Mancha. * * * ▪ plateau, ...
La Mano Nera
/lah mah"naw ne"rddah/, Italian. See Black Hand (def. 1a). * * *
La Marche, Olivier de
▪ Burgundian author born c. 1425, , Villegaudin, Burgundy died Feb. 1, 1502, Brussels  Burgundian chronicler and poet who, as historian of the ducal court, was an eloquent ...
La Marmora, Alfonso Ferrero
▪ Italian general and statesman born Nov. 18, 1804, Turin, Piedmont died Jan. 5, 1878, Florence  Italian general and statesman who, while in the service of ...
La Marque
/leuh mahrk"/ a city in SE coastal Texas. 15,372. * * *
La Matanza
▪ partido, Argentina       partido (county) of Gran (Greater) Buenos Aires, eastern Argentina, directly southwest of the city of Buenos Aires, in Buenos Aires provincia ...
La Mesa
/lah may"seuh/ a city in SW California. 50,342. * * *
La Mettrie, Julien Offroy de
▪ French physician and philosopher born Dec. 25, 1709, Saint-Malo, Fr. died Nov. 11, 1751, Berlin       French physician and philosopher whose Materialistic ...
La Mirada
/lah' mi rah"deuh/ a city in SW California. 40,986. * * *
La Mothe Le Vayer, François de
▪ French philosopher pseudonym  Orosius Tubero   born 1588, Paris died 1672, Paris  independent French thinker and writer who developed a philosophy of Skepticism more ...
La Motta, Jake
▪ American boxer byname of  Giacobe La Motta  born July 10, 1922, New York, N.Y., U.S.    American boxer and world middleweight boxing champion (1949–51) whose stamina ...
La Niña
La Niña [lä nē′nyä] n. 〚Sp, fem. of EL NIÑO〛 periodic, significant cooling of the surface waters of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, which causes abnormal weather ...
La Noue, François de
▪ Huguenot leader born 1531, Nantes, Fr. died Aug. 4, 1591, Moncontour       Huguenot captain in the French Wars of Religion (1562–98), known for his exploits as a ...
La Orotava
▪ Spain       town, northern Tenerife island, Santa Cruz de Tenerife provincia (province), in the Canary Islands comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), Spain, ...
La Oroya
▪ Peru also called  Oroya        city, central Peru. It is situated at the junction of the Mantaro and Yauli rivers on a central plateau of the Andes Mountains, at ...
La Palma
/leuh pahl"meuh/ a city in SW California. 15,663. * * * ▪ Panama       town, eastern Panama, on the estuary of the Tuira River near the Gulf of San Miguel. It is the ...
La Pampa
▪ province, Argentina       provincia (province), central Argentina. It lies immediately west of Buenos Aires province and straddles drier sections of the Pampa ...
La Paz
/lah pahs"/; Eng. /leuh pahz"/ 1. a city in and the administrative capital of Bolivia, in the W part; Sucre is the official capital. 660,700; ab. 12,000 ft. (3660 m) above sea ...
La Pérouse
/lann pay rddoohz"/ Jean François de Galaup /zhahonn frddahonn swann" deuh gann loh"/, 1741-88, French naval officer and explorer. * * *
La Perouse Strait
Japanese Sōya-kaikyō Russian Proliv Laperuza International waterway between the Russian island of Sakhalin and the Japanese island of Hokkaido. The strait, named for the ...
La Pérouse, Jean-François de Galaup, comte de
▪ French navigator born Aug. 22, 1741, near Albi, Fr. died c. 1788  French navigator who conducted wide-ranging explorations in the Pacific Ocean.       Commanding ...
La PérouseStrait
La Pé·rouse Strait (lä pā-ro͞ozʹ) A channel of the western Pacific Ocean between Sakhalin Island and northern Hokkaido, Japan, connecting the Sea of Okhotsk with the Sea ...
La Piedad Cavadas
▪ Mexico       city, northwestern Michoacán estado (state), west-central Mexico. On the Lerma River, which forms the Michoacán-Guanajuato border, it is 314 miles (505 ...
La Plata
/lah plah"tah/ 1. a seaport in E Argentina. 560,341. 2. See Plata, Río de la. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: 556,308), eastern Argentina. After Buenos Aires became the national ...
La Plata River
River, eastern central Puerto Rico. It flows about 45 mi (70 km) northwest and north, to empty into the Atlantic Ocean. Part of it is dammed to create a lake which provides ...
La Porte
/leuh pawrt", pohrt"/ 1. a city in NW Indiana. 21,796. 2. a town in S Texas. 14,062. * * *
La Puente
/lah pwen"tee, -tay/ a city in SW California, E of Los Angeles. 30,882. * * *
la raza
/lah rddah"sah/, (sometimes caps.) Spanish. 1. (used with a pl. v.) Mexican Americans collectively. 2. (used with a sing. v.) Mexican-American culture. * * *
La Révellière-Lépeaux, Louis-Marie de
▪ French politician born Aug. 25, 1753, Montaigu, Fr. died March 27, 1824, Paris       member of the French Revolutionary regime known as the Directory.       In ...
La Rioja
/lah rddyaw"hah/ a city in W Argentina. 66,826. * * * Autonomous community (pop., 2001: 276,702), province, and historical region, north-central Spain. Covering 1,944 sq mi ...
La Rive, Auguste-Arthur de
▪ French physicist born Oct. 9, 1801, Geneva, Switz. died Nov. 27, 1873, Marseille, Fr.       Swiss physicist who was one of the founders of the electrochemical theory ...
La Roche, Sophie von
▪ German writer née Gutermann born Dec. 6, 1731, Kaufbeuern, Bavaria [Germany] died Feb. 18, 1807, Offenbach, Hesse  German writer whose first and most important work, ...
La Roche-sur-Yon
▪ France       town, capital of Vendée département, Pays de la Loire région, western France, south of Nantes. The Vendée region had been pacified at the time of the ...
La Rochefoucauld
/lann rddawsh fooh koh"/ François /frddahonn swann"/, 6th Duc de, 1613-80, French moralist and composer of epigrams and maxims. * * *
La Rochefoucauld Family
▪ French noble family       one of France's noblest families, traceable in Angoumois to the year 1019. Ducal titles belonging to it are: duke (duc) de La Rochefoucauld ...
La Rochefoucauld, Duc Françoisde
La Roche·fou·cauld (lä rōsh-fo͞o-kōʹ, -rôsh-), Duc François de. 1613-1680. French writer of moralistic aphorisms, published as Maxims (1665). * * *
La Rochefoucauld, François VI, duke de
born Sept. 15, 1613, Paris, France died March 16/17, 1680, Paris French writer. Of a noble family, he joined the army at an early age and was wounded several times. He later ...
La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, François-Alexandre-Frédéric, Duke de
▪ French educator born Jan. 11, 1747, La Roche-Guyon, Fr. died March 27, 1827, Paris  educator and social reformer who founded the École Nationale Supérieure des Arts et ...
La Rochelle
/lann rddaw shel"/ a seaport in and the capital of Charente Maritime, in W France; besieged while a Huguenot stronghold 1627-29. 77,494. * * * ▪ fortress, france  city, ...
La Romana
▪ Dominican Republic       city and port, southeastern Dominican Republic, on the Caribbean Sea opposite Catalina Island. Founded near the end of the 19th century, La ...
La Rue, Pierre de
▪ Flemish composer German  Peter Van Straten,  also called  Pierchon, Perchon, or Pierson De La Rue  born c. 1460, Tournai, Flanders [now in Belgium] died Nov. 20, 1518, ...
La Sale, Antoine de
▪ French writer La Sale also spelled  La Salle   born c. 1386, near Arles, Provence [France] died c. 1460       French writer chiefly remembered for his Petit Jehan ...
La Salle
/leuh sal"/; for 1, 2 also Fr. /lann sannl"/ 1. (René) Robert Cavelier /rddeuh nay" rddaw berdd" kann veuh lyay"/, Sieur de, 1643-87, French explorer of North America. 2. a city ...
La Salle University
▪ university, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. It is operated ...
La Salle, René-Robert Cavelier, sieur (lord) de
▪ French explorer Introduction born Nov. 22, 1643, Rouen, France died March 19, 1687, near Brazos River [now in Texas, U.S.]   French explorer in North America, who led an ...
La Salle, René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de
born Nov. 22, 1643, Rouen, France died March 19, 1687, near Brazos River [now in Texas, U.S.] French explorer. In 1666 he left France for North America and was granted land ...
La Salle, Saint Jean-Baptiste de
▪ French educator born April 30, 1651, Reims, France died April 7, 1719, Rouen; canonized 1900; feast day April 7       French educator and founder of the Brothers of ...
La Salle,Sieur de
La Salle, Sieur de Title of Robert Cavelier. 1643-1687. French explorer in North America who claimed Louisiana for France (1682). * * *
La Scala
Opera house in Milan, Italy. Built in 1776 by Empress Maria Theresa of Austria (which country then ruled Milan), it replaced an earlier theatre that had burned. With the works ...
La Serena
/lah se rdde"nah/ a seaport in central Chile. 71,898. * * * ▪ Chile       city, northern Chile, lying on a marine terrace overlooking Bahía (bay) de Coquimbo, just ...
La Spezia
/lah spe"tsyah/ a seaport in NW Italy, on the Ligurian Sea: naval base. 120,717. * * * ▪ Italy formerly  Spezia        city, Liguria region, northern Italy. The ...
La Taille, Jean de
▪ French author born c. 1540, Bondaroy, Fr. died c. 1607, Bondaroy       poet and dramatist who, through his plays and his influential treatise on the art of tragedy, ...
La Tène
Fr. /lann ten"/ 1. Archaeol. designating the period or culture of the late Iron Age typified by the structural remains, swords, tools, utensils, etc., found at La Tène. Cf. ...
La Tortue
/lann tawrdd tyuu"/. French name of Tortuga. * * *
La Tour
/lah toor"/; Fr. /lann toohrdd"/ Georges de /zhawrddzh deuh/, 1593-1652, French painter. * * *
La Tour, Charles
▪ French colonial governor and trader in full  Charles Turgis de Saint-Étienne de La Tour  born 1593, Champagne, France died 1666, Fort St. John, Nova ...
La Tour, Georges de
born , March 19, 1593, Vic-sur-Seille, Lorraine, Fr. died Jan. 30, 1652, Lunéville French painter. He was well known in his lifetime, especially for his depictions of ...
La Tour, Maurice-Quentin de
▪ French artist also spelled  Maurice Quentin de Latour   born Sept. 5, 1704, Saint-Quentin, France died Feb. 17, 1788, Saint-Quentin  pastelist whose animated and sharply ...
La Tour,Georges de
La Tour (lə to͝orʹ, lä to͞orʹ), Georges de. 1593-1652. French painter of religious subjects and genre scenes. Many of his works, including The Newborn (c. 1630), are ...
La Trappe
/lann trddannp"/ an abbey in Normandy, France, at which the Trappist order was founded. * * *
La Traviata
/lah trah'vee ah"teuh/; It. /lah trddah vyah"tah/ an opera (1853) by Giuseppe Verdi. * * *
La Trémoille Family
▪ French family       noble family that contributed numerous generals to France. The family's name was taken from a village in Poitou (modern La Trimouille). A Pierre de ...
La Trémoille, Georges de
▪ French noble born c. 1382 died May 6, 1446       powerful lord who exercised considerable influence over Charles VII of France.       At first allied with the ...
La Trinité
▪ town, Martinique       town and port on the Caribbean island of Martinique, in the West Indies. Situated on the east coast 11 miles (18 km) northeast of ...
La Tuque
/leuh toohk", tyoohk"/; Fr. /lann tyuuk"/ a town in S Quebec, in E Canada. 11,556. * * * ▪ Quebec, Canada       city, Mauricie–Bois-Francs region, southern Quebec ...
La Unión
▪ El Salvador       city, eastern El Salvador. It is located at the northern foot of Conchagua Volcano (about 4,100 feet [1,250 m]), on La Unión Bay, an inlet of the ...
La Vallière, Louise-Françoise de La Baume le Blanc, Duchess de
▪ French mistress born Aug. 6, 1644, Tours, France died June 6, 1710, Paris       mistress of King Louis XIV (reigned 1643–1715) from 1661 to 1667.       La ...
La Vallière,Duchesse de
La Val·lière (lä vəl-yĕrʹ, vä-lyârʹ), Duchesse de Title of Françoise Louise de la Baume Le Blanc. 1644-1710. French noblewoman. The lover of Louis XIV, she had four ...
La Vega
▪ Dominican Republic in full  Concepción de la Vega        city, west-central Dominican Republic. It was founded in 1495 by Bartolomeo Colombo (Columbus, ...
La Venta
▪ archaeological site, Mexico       ancient Olmec settlement, located near the border of modern Tabasco and Veracruz states, on the gulf coast of Mexico. La Venta was ...
La Vérendrye
Fr. /lann vay rddahonn drddee"/ Pierre Gaultier de Varenne Fr. /pyerdd goh tyay" deuh vann rdden"/, Sieur de, 1685-1749, Canadian explorer of North America. * * *
La Vérendrye, Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de
born Nov. 17, 1685, Trois-Rivières, New France died Dec. 5, 1749, Montreal French-Canadian explorer. He served in the French army before becoming a fur trader in the region ...
La Vérendrye, Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, et de
▪ French-Canadian soldier and explorer born Nov. 17, 1685, Trois-Rivières, New France [now Canada] died Dec. 5, 1749, Montreal       French-Canadian soldier, fur ...
La Vérendrye,Sieur de
La Vé·ren·drye (lä vā-räɴ-drēʹ), Sieur de Title of Pierre Gaultier de Varennes. 1685-1749. French-Canadian explorer who established a chain of trading posts in New ...
La Victoria
▪ district, Peru       distrito (district) of the Lima-Callao metropolitan area of Peru, south of downtown Lima. It is mainly residential, with slums in the north, ...
la-di-da
/lah"dee dah"/, Informal. interj. 1. (used as an expression of derision directed at affected gentility or pretentious refinement.) adj. 2. affected; pretentious; foppish: a ...
la-la land
/lah"lah'/, n. Slang. 1. a state of being out-of-touch with reality. 2. (usually caps.) Los Angeles. [1980-85] * * *
la-laland
la-la land (läʹlä) n. 1. A place renowned for its frivolous activity. 2. A state of mind characterized by unrealistic expectations or a lack of seriousness.   [After Los ...
La.
Louisiana. * * *
laager
/lah"geuhr/, South African. n. 1. a camp or encampment, esp. within a protective circle of wagons. v.t., v.i. 2. to arrange or encamp in a laager. Also, lager. [1840-50; < Afrik ...
Laaland
/lol"euhnd/; Dan. /law"lahn/, n. an island in SE Denmark, S of Zealand. 81,760; 495 sq. mi. (1280 sq. km). Also, Lolland. * * *
laari
laari [lä′rē] n. pl. laari a monetary unit of the Maldives, equal to 1/ 100 of a rufiyaa * * * laa·ri (läʹrē) n. pl. laari See table at currency.   [Ultimately from ...
Laatste Nieuws, Het
▪ newspaper, Brussels Flemish“The Latest News”       daily newspaper published in Brussels. The largest daily in Belgium, it was founded in 1888 to serve ...
Laayoune
or El Aaiún City (pop., 1998 est.: 164,000), North Africa. The capital (1940–76) of the overseas Spanish province of Western Sahara and since 1976 of the Laayoune province ...
lab
/lab/, n. laboratory. [by shortening] * * *
Lab
/lab/, n. Informal. See Labrador retriever. [by shortening] * * *
lab sessions
➡ higher education * * *
Lab.
1. Laborite. 2. Labrador. * * *
lab.
1. labor. 2. laboratory. 3. laborer. * * *
Labadie, Jean de
▪ French theologian born Feb. 13, 1610, Bourg, near Bordeaux, France died Feb. 13, 1674, Altona, near Hamburg  French theologian, a Protestant convert from Roman Catholicism ...
Laban
/lay"beuhn/, n. the father of Leah and Rachel and the father-in-law of Jacob. Gen. 24:29; 29:16-30. * * *
Laban Centre
a dance centre in South London which was started by Rudolph Laban (1879–1958) in 1938 and teaches different styles of contemporary dance. * * *
Laban dance notation system
/lah"beuhn, lay"-/ a system of movement notation, using symbols on a staff, that records the parts of a dancer's body, direction inspace, dynamics, and tempo for all kinds of ...
Laban, Rudolf
▪ European dance theorist also called  Rudolf Von Laban   born Dec. 15, 1879, Bratislava, Austria-Hungary [now in Slovakia] died July 1, 1958, Weybridge, Surrey, ...
Laban, Rudolf (von)
born Dec. 15, 1879, Bratislava, Austria-Hungary died July 1, 1958, Weybridge, Surrey, Eng. Hungarian modern-dance teacher, inventor of the Labanotation system of dance ...
Labanotation
Labanotation [lä΄bə nō tā′shən] n. a system using symbols to write down the movements of dancers, especially in a ballet * * * La·ba·no·ta·tion ...
Labarnas I
▪ Hittite king also spelled  Labernash   flourished 17th century BC       early king of the Hittite Old Kingdom in Anatolia (reigned c. 1680–c. 1650 BC). Though ...
labarum
/lab"euhr euhm/, n., pl. labara /-euhr euh/. 1. an ecclesiastical standard or banner, as for carrying in procession. 2. the military standard of Constantine the Great and later ...
labdanum
/lab"deuh neuhm/, n. a resinous juice that exudes from various rockroses of the genus Cistus: used in perfumery, fumigating substances, etc. Also, ladanum. [1350-1400; ME ...
Labe
/lah"be/, n. Czech name of the Elbe. * * * ▪ Guinea       town, west-central Guinea. Located on the Fouta Djallon plateau (at 3,445 feet [1,050 m]) near the source of ...
Labé, Louise
▪ French poet original name  Louise Charly , byname  La Belle Cordière (French: “The Beautiful Rope Maker”)   born c. 1524, Lyon, France died 1566, ...
labefaction
/lab'euh fak"sheuhn/, n. a shaking or weakening; overthrow or downfall. [1610-20; < LL labefaction- (s. of labefactio), equiv. to labefact(us) (ptp. of labefacere to loosen) + ...
label
—labeler, n. /lay"beuhl/, n., v., labeled, labeling or (esp. Brit.) labelled, labelling. n. 1. a slip of paper, cloth, or other material, marked or inscribed, for attachment to ...
labeled bracketing
Ling. a representation of the constituent structure of a string, as a word or sentence, comparable to a tree diagram, in which each constituent is shown in brackets and given a ...
labeler
See label. * * *
labellate
See labellum. * * *
labeller
See labeler. * * *
labellum
—labelloid, adj. /leuh bel"euhm/, n., pl. labella /-bel"euh/. Bot. the petal of an orchid that differs more or less markedly from the other petals, often forming the most ...
labeo
▪ fish  any of numerous species of African and Asian river fishes belonging to the genus Labeo in the carp family, Cyprinidae. Labeos have a thick-lipped, sucking mouth on ...
Labeo, Marcus Antistius
▪ Roman jurist born c. 54 BC died c. 10/11 AD       Roman jurist who was the greatest figure in imperial jurisprudence before the time of the emperor Hadrian (reigned ...
Laberius, Decimus
▪ Roman author and knight born c. 105 BC died 43 BC       Roman knight with a caustic wit who was one of the two leading writers of mimes (mime and pantomime). In 46 or ...
labetalol
/leuh bet"euh lawl', -lol'/, n. Pharm. an alpha- and beta-adrenergic blocking agent, C19H24N2O3, used in the treatment of hypertension. [prob. la-, inversion of al(pha) + beta + ...
labia
/lay"bee euh/, n. pl. of labium. * * *
labia majora
/lay"bee euh meuh jawr"euh, -johr"euh/, sing. labium majus /lay"bee euhm may"jeuhs/. Anat. the outer folds of skin of the external female genitalia. [1870-75; < NL: greater ...
labia minora
/lay"bee euh mi nawr"euh, -nohr"euh/, sing. labium minus /lay"bee euhm muy"neuhs/. Anat. the inner folds of skin of the external female genitalia. [1830-40; < NL: lesser lips] * ...
labial
—labiality, n. —labially, adv. /lay"bee euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a labium. 2. of or pertaining to the lips. 3. Phonet. involving lip articulation, as ...
labialism
/lay"bee euh liz'euhm/, n. a tendency, sometimes habitual, to make sounds labial, as in pronouncing the l in love as a w-like sound. [1880-85; LABIAL + -ISM] * * *
labialization
See labialize. * * *
labialize
—labialization, n. /lay"bee euh luyz'/, v.t., labialized, labializing. Phonet. to give a labial character to (a sound), for example, to round (a vowel). Also, esp. Brit., ...
labialized
/lay"bee euh luyzd'/, adj. Phonet. pronounced with secondary labial articulation. [1865-70; LABIALIZE + -ED2] * * *
labially
See labial. * * *
labiamajora
labia ma·jo·ra (mə-jôrʹə, -jōrʹə) pl.n. The two outer rounded folds of adipose tissue that lie on either side of the vaginal opening and form the external lateral ...
labiaminora
labia mi·no·ra (mə-nôrʹə, -nōrʹə) pl.n. The two thin inner folds of skin within the vestibule of the vagina enclosed within the cleft of the labia majora; ...
labiate
/lay"bee it, -ayt'/, adj. 1. having parts that are shaped or arranged like lips; lipped. 2. Bot. a. belonging to the plant family Labiatae (or Lamiaceae). Cf. mint family. b. ...
Labiche
/lann beesh"/, n. Eugène Marin /ue zhen" mann rddaonn"/, 1815-88, French dramatist. * * *
Labiche, Eugène-Marin
▪ French dramatist born May 5, 1815, Paris, France died Jan. 23, 1888, Paris  comic playwright who wrote many of the most popular and amusing light comedies of the ...
labile
—lability /leuh bil"i tee, lay-/, n. /lay"beuhl, -buyl/, adj. 1. apt or likely to change. 2. Chem. (of a compound) capable of changing state or becoming inactive when subjected ...
lability
See labile. * * *
labilize
—labilization, n. /lay"beuh luyz'/, v.t., labilized, labilizing. to cause to become labile. Also, esp. Brit., labilise. [1900-05; LABILE + -IZE] * * *
Labinsk
▪ Russia       city and administrative centre of Labinsk rayon (sector), Krasnodar kray (territory), western Russia. Labinsk lies along the Laba River where it flows ...
labio-
a combining form meaning "lip," used in the formation of compound words: labiodental. [comb. form repr. L labium] * * *
labiodental
/lay'bee oh den"tl/, Phonet. adj. 1. articulated with the lower lip touching the upper front teeth, as f or v, or, rarely, with the upper lip touching the lower front ...
labiogression
/lay'bee oh gresh"euhn/, n. Dentistry. location of the anterior teeth forward of their natural position. [LABIO- + L gress(us) (ptp. of gradi to step, walk, go) + -ION] * * *
labionasal
/lay'bee oh nay"zeuhl/, Phonet. adj. 1. articulated with the lips and given resonance in the nasal cavity, as m. n. 2. a labionasal sound. [LABIO- + NASAL1] * * *
labiovelar
/lay'bee oh vee"leuhr/, Phonet. adj. 1. pronounced with simultaneous bilabial and velar articulations, as w. n. 2. a labiovelar speech sound. [1890-95; LABIO- + VELAR] * * *
labiovelarize
—labiovelarization, n. /lay'bee oh vee"leuh ruyz'/, v.t., v.i., labiovelarized, labiovelarizing. Phonet. to make or become labiovelar. Also, esp. Brit., ...
labium
/lay"bee euhm/, n., pl. labia /-bee euh/. 1. a lip or liplike part. 2. Anat. a. a lip or lip-shaped structure or part. b. any of the folds of skin bordering the vulva. 3. Bot. ...
lablab
/lab"lab'/, n. See hyacinth bean. [1815-25; < Ar lablab] * * *
Lablache, Luigi
▪ Italian singer born Dec. 6, 1794, Naples [Italy] died Jan. 23, 1858, Naples       Italian operatic bass admired for his musicianship and acting.       Lablache ...
labor
—laboringly, adv. —laborless, adj. /lay"beuhr/, n. 1. productive activity, esp. for the sake of economic gain. 2. the body of persons engaged in such activity, esp. those ...
Labor and Socialist International
a socialist association, formed in Hamburg in 1923, uniting the Second International and the Vienna International. Cf. international (def. 6). * * *
labor camp
1. Also called slave labor camp. a penal colony where inmates are forced to work. 2. a camp for the shelter of migratory farm workers. [1895-1900] * * *
Labor Day
(in the U.S.) a legal holiday, commonly the first Monday in September, in honor of labor. Cf. Labour Day. [1885-90] * * * Annual holiday devoted to the recognition of working ...
Labor Department
labor (def. 8). * * *
labor force
1. See work force. 2. (in the U.S.) the body of people who are at least 14 years old and are either employed or available for employment. [1880-85] * * *
labor market
the available supply of labor considered with reference to the demand for it. [1825-35] * * *
labor movement
1. labor unions collectively: The labor movement supported the bill. 2. the complex of organizations and individuals supporting and advocating improved conditions for labor. 3. ...
labor of love
work done for the sake of one's own enjoyment or of benefit to others rather than for material rewards: He coached amateur baseball teams as a labor of love. [1665-75] * * *
labor omnia vincit
/lah"bohrdd ohm"nee ah' wing"kit/; Eng. /lay"beuhr om"nee euh vin"sit/, Latin. work conquers all: motto of Oklahoma. * * *
labor pains
1. pain encountered during the uterine contractions of childbirth. 2. difficulties, problems, or setbacks encountered during the initial phase of a business or ...
labor party
labor party n. 1. a political party organized to protect and further the rights of workers, or one dominated by organized labor 2. [L- P-] such a party in Great BritainBrit ...
labor relations
the relations between management and labor, esp. with respect to the maintenance of agreements, collective bargaining, etc.: The firm had excellent labor relations and therefore ...
labor spy
an employee who is used by management to spy on union activities. * * *
labor union
an organization of wage earners or salaried employees for mutual aid and protection and for dealing collectively with employers; trade union. [1865-70] * * *
labor unionist
unionist (def. 2). * * *
labor unions
➡ pressure groups * * *
labor-intensive
/lay"beuhr in ten"siv/, adj. requiring or using a large supply of labor, relative to capital. [1950-55] * * *
Labor-Management Relations Act
/lay"beuhr man"ij meuhnt/. See Taft-Hartley Act. * * *
labor-saving
labor-saving [lā′bər sāv΄iŋ] adj. eliminating or lessening physical labor [labor-saving appliances] * * *
laborare est orare
/lah'boh rddah"rdde est oh rddah"rdde/; Eng. /lab'euh rair"ee est euh rair"ee/. Latin. to work is to pray. * * *
laboratory
—laboratorial, adj. —laboratorially, adv. —laboratorian, n. /lab"reuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, lab"euhr euh-/; Brit. /leuh bor"euh teuh ree, -euh tree/, n., pl. laboratories, ...
Laboratory diagnosis of coagulation disorders
▪ Table Laboratory diagnosis of coagulation disorders test factor evaluated prothrombin time extrinsic pathway partial thromboplastin time intrinsic pathway thrombin ...
laboratory school
a school maintained by a college or university for the training of student teachers. * * *
Laboratory Schools of the University of Iowa
▪ schools, Iowa City, Iowa, United States       elementary and secondary schools founded in Iowa City in 1916 to experiment with curriculum development and to serve as ...
LaborDay
Labor Day n. The first Monday in September, observed as a holiday in the United States and Canada in honor of working people. * * *
labored
—laboredly, adv. —laboredness, n. /lay"beuhrd/, adj. 1. done or made with difficulty; heavy: labored breathing. 2. exhibiting a great deal of effort; lacking grace, fluency, ...
laborer
/lay"beuhr euhr/, n. 1. a person engaged in work that requires bodily strength rather than skill or training: a laborer in the field. 2. any worker. [1275-1325; ME; see LABOR, ...
Labori, Fernand-Gustave-Gaston
▪ French lawyer born April 18, 1860, Reims, France died March 14, 1917, Paris  French lawyer who served as defense counsel in the prosecution of Alfred Dreyfus (Dreyfus, ...
laborious
—laboriously, adv. —laboriousness, n. /leuh bawr"ee euhs, -bohr"-/, adj. 1. requiring much work, exertion, or perseverance: a laborious undertaking. 2. characterized by or ...
laboriously
See laborious. * * *
laboriousness
See laboriously. * * *
Laborism
—laboristic, adj. /lay"beuh riz'euhm/, n. 1. a political theory favoring the dominance of labor in the economic and political life of a country. 2. the doctrines and programs ...
Laborit, Henri Marie
▪ 1996       French neurologist and discoverer of some of the earliest known tranquilizing drugs, including chlorpromazine (b. Nov. 21, 1914—d. May 18, 1995). * * *
Laborite
/lay"beuh ruyt'/, n. 1. a member of a political party promoting the interests of labor. 2. (l.c.) an advocate or member of a labor union or movement. [1885-90, Amer.; LABOR + ...
labors of Hercules
Class. Myth. the 12 extraordinary feats performed by Hercules for Eurystheus in order to gain immortality. * * *
laborsaving
/lay"beuhr say'ving/, adj. designed or intended to reduce or replace human labor: The dishwasher is a laborsaving device. Also, labor-saving. [1765-75; LABOR + SAVING] * * *
laborunion
labor union n. An organization of wage earners formed for the purpose of serving the members' interests with respect to wages and working conditions. * * *
Labouchere, Henry Du Pré
▪ British journalist byname  Labby   born November 9, 1831, London, England died January 15, 1912, near Florence, Italy       British politician, publicist, and noted ...
Laboulbeniales
▪ fungal order       an order of fungi in the class Laboulbeniomycetes (phylum Ascomycota, kingdom Fungi) that includes more than 1,800 species, which live off the ...
labour
/lay"beuhr/, n., v.i., v.t., adj. Chiefly Brit. labor. Usage. See -or1. * * * I In economics, the general body of wage earners. In classical economics, labour is one of the ...
Labour and Socialist International
      organization in existence from 1923 until the advent of World War II that defined itself in its constitution as “a union of such parties as accept the principles ...
Labour Day
Brit. a holiday in honor of labor, celebrated on May 1 in Britain and some parts of the Commonwealth, but on the first Monday in September in Canada, on the fourth Monday in ...
Labour Distribution in the United States, 1880-2000, Table
▪ Table 1880 1920 1955 1975 2000 (est.) Agriculture and extractive 50 28 14 4 ...
labour economics
Study of how workers are allocated among jobs, how their rates of pay are determined, and how their efficiency is affected by various factors. The labour force of a country ...
labour law
Body of law that applies to matters such as employment, wages, conditions of work, labour unions, and labour-management relations. Laws intended to protect workers, including ...
Labour party
a political party in Great Britain, formed in 1900 from various socialist and labor groups and taking its present name in 1906. * * * British political party whose historic ...
labour union
Association of workers in a particular trade, industry, or plant, formed to obtain improvements in pay, benefits, and working conditions through collective action. The first ...
Labour's Return to Power
▪ 1998       On May 1, 1997, the voters of the U.K. dispatched the Conservative Party into opposition after 18 years in power and replaced it with the Labour Party and ...
labour, division of
      the separation of a work process into a number of tasks, with each task performed by a separate person or group of persons. It is most often applied to systems of ...
labour, hours of
      the proportion of a person's time spent at work. Hours of labour have declined significantly since the middle of the 19th century, with workers in advanced ...
Labour, Liberation of
▪ Russian Marxist organization also called  Emancipation of Labour , Russian  Osvobozhdenye Truda        first Russian Marxist organization, founded in September ...
Labour-Management Relations
▪ 1995 Introduction International Developments.       For most of the industrialized market economies, the outlook brightened as 1994 progressed, and inflationary ...
Labourite
/lay"beuh ruyt'/, n. a member or supporter of the Labour party. Also, Labourist. [1900-05; see LABOUR PARTY, -ITE1] * * *
Labov, William
born Dec. 4, 1927, Rutherford, N.J., U.S. U.S. linguist. After working for many years as an industrial chemist, Labov began graduate work in 1961, focusing on regional and ...
Labov,William
La·bov (lə-bōvʹ), William. Born 1927. American linguist who greatly advanced the study of sociolinguistics with his text The Social Stratification of English in New York ...
labra
labra [lā′brə, lab′rə] n. pl. of LABRUM * * * la·bra (lāʹbrə) n. Plural of labrum. * * *
Labrador
/lab"reuh dawr'/, n. 1. a peninsula in NE North America surrounded by Hudson Bay, the Atlantic, and the Gulf of St. Lawrence, containing the Canadian provinces of Newfoundland ...
Labrador City
▪ Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada       town, southwestern Labrador, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, near the Quebec border. It was developed in the 1950s as a ...
Labrador Current
a cold ocean current flowing S along the Labrador coast through Davis Strait to the Grand Banks where it divides, the E branch joining the North Atlantic Current and the W branch ...
Labrador duck
an extinct sea duck, Camptorhynchus labradorius, of northern North America, having black and white plumage. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
Labrador retriever
one of a breed of retrievers having a short, thick, oily, solid black or yellow coat, raised originally in Newfoundland. See illus. under retriever. [1905-10] * * * ▪ breed ...
Labrador Sea
▪ sea, North America  northwestern arm of the North Atlantic Ocean, between Labrador, Canada (southwest), and Greenland (northeast). It is connected with Baffin Bay (north) ...
Labrador tea
a North American bog shrub, Ledum groenlandicum, of the heath family, having evergreen leaves and rounded clusters of white flowers. [1760-70, Amer.] * * * ▪ plant  common ...
LabradorCurrent
Labrador Current n. A cold ocean current flowing southward from Baffin Bay along the coast of Labrador and turning east after intersecting with the Gulf Stream. * * *
Labradorean
/lab'reuh dawr"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Labrador. 2. noting or pertaining to the Pleistocene ice located mainly E of Hudson Bay. Also, Labradorian. [1860-65; ...
Labradorian
See Labradorean. * * *
labradorite
—labradoritic /lab'reuh daw rit"ik/, adj. /lab"reuh daw ruyt', lab'reuh dawr"uyt/, n. a feldspar mineral of the plagioclase group, often characterized by a brilliant change of ...
LabradorPeninsula
Labrador Peninsula A peninsula of eastern Canada between Hudson Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. It is divided between Quebec and Newfoundland provinces. * * *
Labradorretriever
Labrador retriever n. Any of a breed of dog originating in Newfoundland, having a short, yellow, black, or brown coat and a tapering tail and used in hunting to retrieve felled ...
LabradorSea
Labrador Sea An arm of the northern Atlantic Ocean between eastern Canada and southwest Greenland. * * *
labret
/lay"bret/, n. an ornament worn in a pierced hole in the lip. [1855-60; < L labr(um) lip + -ET] * * *
labrid
/lay"brid, lab"rid/, n. 1. any of numerous fishes of the family Labridae, including the wrasses, the tautog, and the cunner, and characterized chiefly by well-developed teeth ...
Labriola, Antonio
▪ Italian philosopher born July 2, 1843, Cassino, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies [Italy] died Feb. 12, 1904, Rome, Italy       philosopher who systematized the study of ...
Labrouste, Henri
▪ French architect born May 11, 1801, Paris, France died June 24, 1875, Fontainebleau       French architect important for his early use of iron frame ...
labrum
labrum1 /lay"breuhm, lab"reuhm/, n., pl. labra /lay"breuh, lab"reuh/. 1. a lip or liplike part. 2. Zool. a. the anterior, unpaired member of the mouthparts of an arthropod, ...
labrusca
/leuh brus"keuh/, adj. of or derived from the North American fox grape, Vitis labrusca. [ < NL: the specific epithet, L: a kind of wild grape] * * *
Labuan
/lah'booh ahn"/, n. an island off the W coast of Sabah: part of Sabah state, E Malaysia: a free port. 14,904; 35 sq. mi. (90.65 sq. km). * * * ▪ island, ...
laburnum
/leuh berr"neuhm/, n. any of several small trees belonging to the genus Laburnum, of the legume family, having elongated clusters of pendulous yellow flowers, esp. L. alpinum, ...
labyrinth
/lab"euh rinth/, n. 1. an intricate combination of paths or passages in which it is difficult to find one's way or to reach the exit. 2. a maze of paths bordered by high hedges, ...
labyrinth fish
any of several freshwater fishes of the order Labyrinthi, found in southeastern Asia and Africa, having a labyrinthine structure above each gill chamber enabling them to breathe ...
labyrinthine
—labyrinthically, adv. /lab'euh rin"thin, -theen/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a labyrinth. 2. complicated; tortuous: the labyrinthine byways of modern ...
labyrinthinefluid
labyrinthine fluid n. The fluid separating the osseous and the membranous labyrinths of the inner ear. * * *
labyrinthitis
/lab'euh rin thuy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the inner ear, or labyrinth, characterized by dizziness, nausea, and visual disturbances. Also called otitis interna. [1910-15; ...
labyrinthodont
/lab'euh rin"theuh dont'/, n. 1. any member of several orders of small to large lizardlike terrestrial and freshwater amphibians, some ancestral to land vertebrates, forming the ...
lac
lac1 /lak/, n. a resinous substance deposited on the twigs of various trees in southern Asia by the female of the lac insect: used in the manufacture of varnishes, sealing wax, ...
LAC
leading aircraftsman. * * * (as used in expressions) Lac Léman Lac Moero Saint Jean Lac * * * ▪ resinous secretion also spelled  Lack,         sticky, resinous ...
lac insect
/lak/ a scale insect, Laccifer lacca, of southeast Asia, the female of which secretes lac, a substance used in the preparation of shellac, wax, etc. * * *
Lacaille, Nicolas Louis de
▪ French astronomer born May 15, 1713, Rumigny, France died March 21, 1762, Paris  French astronomer who mapped the constellations visible from the Southern Hemisphere and ...
Lacaita, Sir James
▪ Italian politician and diplomat original name  Giacomo Filippo Lacaita   born Oct. 4, 1814, Manduria, Puglia, Kingdom of Naples [Italy] died Jan. 4, 1895, Posillipo, ...
Lacan
/leuh kahonn", -kahn"/, n. Jacques, 1901-81, French philosopher and psychoanalyst. * * *
Lacan, Jacques
▪ French psychologist in full  Jacques Marie Émile Lacan  born April 13, 1901, Paris, France died Sept. 9, 1981, Paris       French psychoanalyst who gained an ...
Lacan, Jacques (-Marie-Émile)
born April 13, 1901, Paris, France died Sept. 9, 1981, Paris French psychoanalyst. A practicing psychiatrist in Paris for much of his career, Lacan emphasized the primacy of ...
Lacandón
Mayan Indians who live in a rich tropical rainforest on the border of Mexico and Guatemala. Largely isolated, they maintained a traditional way of life until modern times, ...
Laccadive Islands
/lah"keuh deev', lak"euh-/ a group of islands and coral reefs in the Arabian Sea, off the SW coast of India. ab. 7 sq. mi. (18 sq. km). * * *
Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands
former name of Lakshadweep. * * *
LaccadiveIslands
Lac·ca·dive Islands (lăkʹə-dīv', läʹkə-dēv') A group of islands and coral reefs in the Arabian Sea off the southwest coast of India. The islands are now part of the ...
laccolith
—laccolithic, laccolitic /lak'euh lit"ik/, adj. /lak"euh lith/, n. Geol. a mass of igneous rock formed from magma that did not find its way to the surface but spread laterally ...
lace
—lacelike, adj. —lacer, n. /lays/, n., v., laced, lacing. n. 1. a netlike ornamental fabric made of threads by hand or machine. 2. a cord or string for holding or drawing ...
lace bug
any of several bugs of the family Tingidae, characterized by a lacy pattern of ridges on the head, thorax, and wings, and feeding on the leaves of oak, birch, sycamore, ...
lace glass
glass in a filigree pattern. [1880-85] * * *
lace pattern book
      collection of decorative lace patterns produced in the 16th and 17th centuries. The earliest known printed pattern books, beginning with those published in 1527 by ...
lace pillow
pillow (def. 3). [1785-95] * * *
lace stay
that part of an Oxford shoe into which eyelets and laces are inserted. * * *
lace-curtain
/lays"kerr'tn/, adj. Sometimes Offensive. characteristic of or aspiring to the standards and attributes of the middle class: Her latest novel traces the rise of a lace-curtain ...
lace-fern
/lays"ferrn'/, n. a small, tufted fern, Cheilanthes gracillima, having dark-brown stalks and fronds about 4 in. (10.2 cm) long. [1880-85] * * *
lace-up
/lays"up'/, n. 1. anything that laces up, esp. a boot with shoelaces that lace up from the vamp to the top of the boot. adj. 2. having a lace that is laced up as a closure: a ...
lacebug
lace bug n. Any of several insects of the family Tingidae, predominantly grayish and rectangular, with a lacelike pattern of ridges on the thorax, head, and wings. * * *
Lacedaemon
/las'i dee"meuhn/, n. 1. Sparta. 2. Class. Myth. the son of Zeus and Taÿgete and the founder of the city of Sparta. * * *
Lacedaemonian
/las'i di moh"nee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to ancient Sparta; Spartan. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of ancient Sparta; a Spartan. [1770-80; LACEDAEMON + -IAN] * * *
laceleaf
/lays"leef'/, n., pl. laceleaves. a submerged aquatic plant, Aponogeton madagascariensis, of Madagascar, having tiny white flowers and broad leaves consisting only of veins that ...
laceless
See lace. * * *
lacemaking
/lays"may'king/, n. the art, act, or process of making lace. [1825-35; LACE + MAKING] * * * Methods of producing lace. The popularity of handmade laces led to the invention of ...
Lacépède, Étienne de La Ville-sur-Illon, comte de
▪ French naturalist and politician (count of) born Dec. 26, 1756, Agen, Fr. died Oct. 6, 1825, Épinay-sur-Seine       French naturalist and politician who made ...
lacer
See laceless. * * *
lacerate
—lacerable, adj. —lacerability /las'euhr euh bil"i tee/, n. —lacerative /las"euh ray'tiv, -euhr euh tiv/, adj. v. /las"euh rayt'/; adj. /las"euh rayt', -euhr it/, v., ...
lacerated
/las"euh ray'tid/, adj. 1. mangled; jagged; torn. 2. pained; wounded; tortured: lacerated sensibilities. 3. Bot., Zool. having the edge variously cut as if torn into irregular ...
laceration
/las'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the result of lacerating; a rough, jagged tear. 2. the act of lacerating. [1590-1600; < L laceration- (s. of laceratio). See LACERATE, -ION] * * *
Lacerta
/leuh serr"teuh/, n., gen. Lacertae /-tee/. Astron. the Lizard, a northern constellation between Cepheus and Pegasus. [ < L: LIZARD] * * * ▪ reptile       genus of ...
lacertid
/leuh serr"tid/, n. 1. any of numerous Old World lizards of the family Lacertidae. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the Lacertidae family of lizards. [ < NL Lacertidae. See ...
lacertilian
/las'euhr til"ee euhn, -til"yeuhn/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the reptilian suborder Lacertilia, comprising the lizards. n. 2. a lacertilian reptile. Also, lacertian ...
lacewing
/lays"wing'/, n. any of several insects of the family Chrysopidae, having delicate, lacelike wings and golden or copper-colored eyes, the larvae of which are predaceous on aphids ...
lacewood
/lays"wood'/, n. the quartersawed wood of the sycamore tree. [1895-1900; LACE + WOOD1] * * *
lacework
/lays"werrk'/, n. lace (def. 1). [1840-50; LACE + WORK] * * *
Lacey
/lay"see/, n. a town in W Washington. 13,940. * * *


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