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ladylove
/lay"dee luv'/, n. a beloved woman; sweetheart or mistress. [1725-35; LADY + LOVE] * * *
ladysfinger
la·dys·fin·ger (lāʹdēz-fĭng'gər) n. Variant of ladyfinger. * * *
ladyship
/lay"dee ship'/, n. 1. (often cap.) the form used in speaking of or to a woman having the title of Lady (usually prec. by her or your). 2. the rank of a lady. [1175-1225; ME; see ...
Ladysmith
/lay"dee smith'/, n. a city in W Natal, in the E Republic of South Africa: besieged by Boers 1889-1900. 27,000. * * * ▪ South Africa       town, northwestern ...
Ladysmith Black Mambazo
▪ 2000       The South African vocal group Ladysmith Black Mambazo were once again present in full force in 1999, spreading their message of unity and harmony through ...
ladytulip
lady tulip n. A central Asian tulip (Tulipa clusiana) having red outer perianth segments with white margins. * * *
Lae
/lah"ay, lay"ee/, n. a seaport in E Papua New Guinea: used as a major supply base by the Japanese in World War II. 38,707. * * * ▪ Papua New Guinea       port city, on ...
laelia
/lee"lee euh/, n. any of several epiphytic tropical American orchids of the genus Laelia, having fleshy leaves and showy flowers. [ < NL (1763), perh. after Caius Laelius, Roman ...
Laelius Sapiens, Gaius, the Younger
▪ Roman politician flourished 2nd century BC       Roman soldier and politician known chiefly as an orator and a friend of Scipio Aemilianus (Scipio Africanus the ...
Laelius, Gaius
▪ Roman general born c. 235 BC died c. 160 BC       Roman general and politician who contributed to Roman victory during the Second Punic War (Punic War, Second) ...
Laemmle
/lem"lee/, n. Carl 1867-1939, U.S. producer of motion pictures, born in Germany. * * *
Laemmle, Carl
born Jan. 17, 1867, Laupheim, Ger. died Sept. 24, 1939, Beverly Hills, Calif., U.S. German-born U.S. film producer. After immigrating to the U.S. in 1884, he worked at various ...
Laënnec
/lay nek"/, n. René Théophile Hyacinthe /rddeuh nay" tay aw feel" yann saonnt"/, 1781-1826, French physician who invented the stethoscope. * * *
Laënnec, René-Théophile-Hyacinthe
▪ French physician born Feb. 17, 1781, Quimper, Brittany, France died Aug. 13, 1826, Kerlouanec  French physician who invented the stethoscope and perfected the art of ...
laeotropic
/lee'euh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. oriented or coiled in a leftward direction, as a left-spiraling snail shell. Cf. dexiotropic. [1880-85; < Gk lai(ós) left, left side + -O- + ...
Laertes
/lay err"teez, -air"-/, n. Class. Myth. the father of Odysseus. * * *
Laestrygones
/les trig"euh neez'/, n.pl., sing. Laestrygon /les"tri gon'/. Class. Myth. giant cannibals encountered by Odysseus on his return to Ithaca. Also, Laestrygonians /les'tri goh"nee ...
Laetare Sunday
/lay tahr"ee/ the fourth Sunday of Lent when the introit begins with "Laetare Jerusalem" (Rejoice ye, Jerusalem). Also called Mid-Lent Sunday. * * * ▪ ...
Laetitia
/leuh tish"euh, -tee"sheuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Laetoli
▪ anthropological and archaeological site, Tanzania also spelled  Laetolil        site of paleoanthropological excavations in northern Tanzania about 40 km (25 ...
Laetoli footprints
Several trails of bipedal footprints, possibly those of Australopithecus afarensis (see Australopithecus), preserved in volcanic ash at Laetoli in northern Tanzania and dated to ...
laetrile
/lay"i tril/, n. a controversial drug, purported to cure cancer, prepared from the pits of apricots or peaches and containing about 6 percent cyanide by weight: banned by the ...
Laetus, Julius Pomponius
or Giulio Pomponio Leto born 1428, Diano, Kingdom of Naples died 1497, Rome Italian humanist. As a youth he decided to dedicate his life to the study of the ancient world. In ...
laevo-
var. of levo-. * * *
LaF
Louisiana French. * * *
Lafayette
/laf'ee et", laf'ay-, lah'fee-, -fay-/; for 1 also Fr. /lann fann yet"/, n. 1. Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier /mann rddee" zhaw zef" pawl eev rddawk zheel berdd" ...
Lafayette College
▪ college, Easton, Pennsylvania, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Easton, Pennsylvania, U.S. It is affiliated with the ...
Lafayette Escadrille
a contingent of American aviators who in 1916 served as volunteers (Escadrille Américaine) in the French air force and in 1918 became the 103rd Pursuit Squadron of the U.S. ...
Lafayette Ronald Hubbard
➡ Hubbard * * *
Lafayette, Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert du Motier, marquis de
born Sept. 6, 1757, Chavaniac, France died May 20, 1834, Paris French military leader. Born to an ancient noble family of great wealth, he was a courtier at the court of Louis ...
Lafayette,Marquis Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier de
Lafayette, Marquis Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier de. 1757-1834. French soldier and politician who served on George Washington's staff in the American Revolution. ...
Lafcadio's Adventures
/lahf kah"dee ohz'/ (French, Les Caves du Vatican), a novel (1914) by André Gide. Also called The Vatican Swindle. * * *
Laffer curve
/laf"euhr/, Econ. a relationship postulated between tax rates and tax receipts indicating that rates above a certain level actually produce less revenue because they discourage ...
Laffer, Arthur B.
▪ American economist in full  Arthur Betz Laffer  born August 14, 1940, Youngstown, Ohio, U.S.       American economist who propounded the idea that lowering tax ...
Laffercurve
Laf·fer curve or Laf·fer Curve (lăfʹər) n. A curved graph that illustrates the theory that, if tax rates rise beyond a certain level, they discourage economic growth, ...
Lafferty, R A
▪ 2003       American writer (b. Nov. 7, 1914, Neola, Iowa—d. March 18, 2002, Broken Arrow, Okla.), was a prolific award-winning author of science-fiction and ...
Laffite, Jean
born 1780?, France died 1825? French pirate. He led a band of privateers that preyed on Spanish ships and smuggled goods and slaves through New Orleans, where the group lived ...
Laffite,Jean
Laf·fite or La·fitte (lə-fētʹ, lä-), Jean. 1780?-1826?. French pirate leader who aided U.S. troops in the War of 1812 in return for an official pardon for his crimes. * * *
Laffitte, Jacques
born Oct. 24, 1767, Bayonne, France died May 26, 1844, Maisons-sur-Seine French banker and politician. He became a partner in a Perregaux banking house in 1800 and head of the ...
Laffitte, Pierre
▪ French philosopher born Feb. 21, 1823, Béguey, Fr. died Jan. 4, 1903, Paris       French philosopher, the closest disciple of the philosopher Auguste Comte, who ...
Lafforgue, Laurent
▪ French mathematician born November 6, 1966, Antony, France       French mathematician who won the Fields Medal in 2002 for his work connecting number theory and ...
Lafia
▪ Nigeria formerly  Lafia Beri-Beri,         town, Nassarawa state, central Nigeria. Originally the site of Anane, a small town of the Arago people, Lafia became the ...
Lafiagi
▪ Nigeria       town, Kwara state, west central Nigeria, on the south bank of the Niger River. It was founded in 1810 by Malam Maliki and his brother Manzuma, two ...
Lafitte
/lah feet"/, n. Jean /zhahonn/, c1780-c1825, French privateer in the Americas. Also, Laffite. * * *
Lafontaine, Henri-Marie
▪ Belgian lawyer born April 22, 1854, Brussels, Belg. died May 14, 1943, Brussels  Belgian international lawyer and president of the International Peace Bureau (1907–43) ...
LaFontaine, Sir Louis Hippolyte, Baronet
born Oct. 4, 1807, Boucherville, Lower Canada died Feb. 26, 1864, Montreal Canadian statesman. Called to the bar in Lower Canada in 1829, he began his political career the ...
LaFontaine, Sir Louis-Hippolyte, Baronet
▪ prime minister of Canada born Oct. 4, 1807, Boucherville, Lower Canada died Feb. 26, 1864, Montreal  Canadian statesman, joint prime minister with Robert Baldwin (Baldwin, ...
Laforet, Carmen
▪ 2005       Catalan writer (b. Sept. 6, 1921, Barcelona, Spain—d. Feb. 28, 2004, Madrid, Spain), helped to revitalize Spanish literature by introducing modernism and ...
Laforgue, Jules
▪ French poet born Aug. 16, 1860, Montevideo, Uruguay died Aug. 20, 1887, Paris       French Symbolist poet, a master of lyrical irony and one of the inventors of vers ...
lag
lag1 /lag/, v., lagged, lagging, n. v.i. 1. to fail to maintain a desired pace or to keep up; fall or stay behind: After five minutes of hard running, some of them began to ...
Lag b'Omer
/lahg boh"meuhr, beuh oh"mer/ a Jewish festival celebrated on the 18th day of Iyar, being the 33rd day of the Omer, traditionally in commemoration of the end of the plague that ...
Lag ba-ʿOmer
▪ Jewish holiday also spelled  Lag Bʾomer, or Lag Be-omer,         a minor Jewish observance falling on the 33rd day in the period of the counting of the ʿomer ...
lag bolt
lag bolt n. LAG SCREW * * *
lag bolt.
See lag screw. * * *
lag line.
See under lag1 (def. 6). * * *
lag screw
a heavy wood screw having a square or hexagonal head driven by a wrench. Also called coach screw, lag bolt. See illus. under screw. [1870-75] * * *
lag-screw
/lag"skrooh'/, v.t. to fasten with a lag screw. * * *
lagan
/lag"euhn/, n. Law. anything sunk in the sea, but attached to a buoy or the like so that it may be recovered. Also, ligan. [1525-35; < MF ( > ML laganum); prob. < Gmc; cf. ON ...
Lagar Velho
▪ anthropological and archaeological site, Portugal       site near Leiria, central Portugal, where the buried skeleton of a four-year-old child, dating to 25,000 years ...
Lagarde, Christine
▪ 2008 born Jan. 1, 1956, Paris, France  In June 2007 Christine Lagarde, one of France's most talented and eminent lawyers, was appointed finance minister by newly elected ...
Lagardere, Jean-Luc
▪ 2004       French entrepreneur (b. Feb. 10, 1928, Aubiet, France—d. March 14, 2003, Paris, France), created one of France's largest industrial empires and was ...
Lagash
/lay"gash/, n. an ancient Sumerian city between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, at the modern village of Telloh in SE Iraq: a palace, statuary, and inscribed clay tablets ...
Lagasse, Emeril
▪ 2004       By 2003 Emeril Lagasse was perhaps the most famous chef in the United States. His name was associated with nine restaurants in five U.S. cities, seven ...
Lagb'Omer
Lag b'O·mer (lägʹ bōʹmər, läg' bə-ōʹmĕr) n. A Jewish feast celebrated on the 33rd day of the Omer (the 18th day of Iyar).   [Mishnaic Hebrew lag bā-‘ōmer: lag, ...
lagen
/lag"euhn/, n. Scot. and North Eng. laggin. * * * ▪ river, south-central Norway also called  Gudbrandsdalslågen,         river, south-central Norway. The name ...
Lågen River
River, southeastern Norway. Rising in the Hardanger Plateau, it flows south to empty into the Skagerrak, an arm of the North Sea. With a length of 209 mi (337 km), it is the ...
lagena
/leuh jee"neuh/, n., pl. lagenae /-nee/. Zool. an outpocketing of the saccule of birds, reptiles, and bony fishes corresponding to the cochlear duct of mammals. [ < NL, special ...
lagend
lag·end (lăgʹənd) n. Variant of lagan. * * *
lageniform
/leuh jen"euh fawrm'/, adj. Bot., Zool. shaped like a flask; having an enlarged base tapering to a narrow neck. [1820-30; LAGEN(A) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
lager
lager1 /lah"geuhr, law"-/, n. 1. Also called lager beer. a beer stored from six weeks to six months for aging before use. v.t. 2. to age (beer) usually by storing in tanks at ...
lager (beer)
☆ lager (beer) or lager [lä′gər ] n. 〚Ger lagerbier, lit., store beer < lager, storehouse (akin to OE leger: see LAIR) + bier, BEER〛 a type of beer which is stored at a ...
lager beer
      light-coloured, highly carbonated type of beer. * * *
Lagerfeld, Karl
born Sept. 10, 1938, Hamburg, Ger. German fashion designer. After moving to Paris at age 14, he went on to create designs for such established labels as Pierre Balmain, Chloe, ...
Lagerkvist
/lah"geuhrdd kvist'/, n. Pär /pardd/, 1891-1974, Swedish novelist, poet, and essayist: Nobel prize 1951. * * *
Lagerkvist, Pär
▪ Swedish author in full  Pär Fabian Lagerkvist  born May 23, 1891, Växjö, Sweden died July 11, 1974, Stockholm  novelist, poet, dramatist, and one of the major Swedish ...
Lagerkvist, Pär (Fabian)
born May 23, 1891, Växjö, Swed. died July 11, 1974, Stockholm Swedish novelist, poet, and dramatist. He was involved early in life with socialism and soon began to support ...
Lagerkvist, PärFabian
La·ger·kvist (läʹgər-kfĭst'), Pär Fabian. 1891-1974. Swedish writer whose novels, including The Hangman (1933) and The Dwarf (1944), explore morality and the search for ...
Lagerlöf
/lah"geuhrdd luef'/, n. Selma (Ottiliana Lovisa) /sel"mah awt'ti lee ah"nah looh"vi sah'/, 1858-1940, Swedish novelist and poet: Nobel prize 1909. * * *
Lagerlöf, Selma
▪ Swedish author in full  Selma Ottiliana Lovisa Lagerlöf  born Nov. 20, 1858, Mårbacka, Sweden died March 16, 1940, Mårbacka  novelist who in 1909 became the first ...
Lagerlöf, Selma (Ottiliana Lovisa)
born Nov. 20, 1858, Mårbacka, Swed. died March 16, 1940, Mårbacka Swedish novelist. She was working as a schoolmistress when she wrote her first novel, Gösta Berlings saga ...
Lagerlöf,Selma Ottiliana Lovisa
La·ger·löf (läʹgər-ləv, -lœf), Selma Ottiliana Lovisa. 1858-1940. Swedish writer whose novels include Gösta Berlings Saga (1891). In 1909 she became the first woman to ...
laggard
—laggardness, n. /lag"euhrd/, n. 1. a person or thing that lags; lingerer; loiterer. adj. 2. moving, developing, or responding slowly; sluggish; dilatory; backward. [1695-1705; ...
laggardly
/lag"euhrd lee/, adv. 1. in the manner of a laggard. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or being a laggard: He behaved in a laggardly fashion. [1825-35; LAGGARD + ...
laggardness
See laggardly. * * *
laggen
/lag"euhn/, n. Scot. and North Eng. laggin. * * *
laggen-gird
/lag"euhn gerrd'/; Scot. /lag"euhn girddd'/, n. Scot. and North Eng. 1. the bottom hoop securing the staves of a tub or barrel. 2. cast a laggen-gird, to sire an illegitimate ...
lagger
lagger1 /lag"euhr/, n. a laggard. [LAG1 + -ER1] lagger2 /lag"euhr/, n. Chiefly Brit. Slang. a convict or ex-convict. [1810-20; LAG2 + -ER1] * * *
laggin
/lag"euhn/, n. Scot. and North Eng. 1. Usually, laggins. the staves at the bottom of a barrel, cask, or other hooped vessel. 2. the inner angle of a wooden dish, formed by the ...
lagging
lagging1 —laggingly, adv. /lag"ing/, n. 1. the act of falling or staying behind. adj. 2. lingering; loitering; slow and dragging: lagging steps. [1590-1600; LAG1 + -ING1, ...
Laghouat
/lah gwaht"/, n. a city in N Algeria. 26,553. * * * Town (pop., 1998 prelim.: 96,342) and oasis, north-central Algeria. At the southern edge of the Atlas Mountains, it was ...
lagniappe
/lan yap", lan"yap/, n. 1. Chiefly Southern Louisiana and Southeast Texas. a small gift given with a purchase to a customer, by way of compliment or for good measure; bonus. 2. a ...
Lago de Nicaragua
/lah"gaw dhe nee'kah rddah"gwah/ Spanish name of Lake Nicaragua. * * *
lagomorph
—lagomorphic, lagomorphous, adj. /lag"euh mawrf'/, n. any member of the order Lagomorpha, comprising the hares, rabbits, and pikas, resembling the rodents but having two pairs ...
lagomorphic
See lagomorph. * * *
lagomorphous
See lagomorphic. * * *
lagoon
—lagoonal, adj. /leuh goohn"/, n. 1. an area of shallow water separated from the sea by low sandy dunes. Cf. laguna. 2. Also, lagune. any small, pondlike body of water, esp. ...
Lagoon Islands
a former name of Tuvalu. * * *
Lagoon Nebula
▪ astronomy  (catalog numbers NGC 6523 and M8), ionized-hydrogen region located in the constellation Sagittarius at 1,250 parsecs (4,080 light-years) from the solar system. ...
Lagos
/lah"gohs, lay"gos/, n. a seaport in SW Nigeria: former capital. 1,097,000. * * * City (pop., 1999: urban agglomeration, 12,763,000) and chief port, Nigeria. It is Nigeria's ...
Lagos Escobar, Ricardo
▪ 2001       On March 11, 2000, economist and political leader Ricardo Lagos Escobar was inaugurated as president of Chile. The first socialist to hold the office since ...
Lagos, Ricardo
▪ president of Chile in full  Ricardo Lagos Escobar  born March 2, 1938, Santiago, Chile       Chilean economist and politician who served as president of Chile ...
Lagrange
/leuh graynj"/; Fr. /lann grddahonnzh"/, n. Joseph Louis /zhaw zef" lwee/, Comte, 1736-1813, French mathematician and astronomer. * * * ▪ Georgia, United ...
Lagrange's method
Math. a procedure for finding maximum and minimum values of a function of several variables when the variables are restricted by additional conditions. [named after J. L. ...
Lagrange's theorem
Math. the theorem that the order of each subgroup of a finite group is a factor of the order of the group. [named after J. L. LAGRANGE] * * *
Lagrange, Joseph-Louis
later count de L'Empire born Jan. 25, 1736, Turin, Sardinia-Piedmont died April 10, 1813, Paris, France Italian-born French mathematician who made important contributions to ...
Lagrange, Joseph-Louis, comte de l'Empire
▪ French mathematician original Italian  Giuseppe Luigi Lagrangia   born January 25, 1736, Turin, Sardinia-Piedmont [Italy] died April 10, 1813, Paris, ...
Lagrange, Marie-Joseph
▪ French theologian born March 7, 1855, Bourg-en-Bresse, Fr. died March 10, 1938, Marseille       French theologian and outstanding Roman Catholic biblical ...
Lagrange,Comte Joseph Louis
La·grange (lə-grānjʹ, -gränjʹ, lä-gräɴzhʹ), Comte Joseph Louis. 1736-1813. French mathematician and astronomer. He developed the calculus of variations (1755) and made ...
Lagrangian function
/leuh grayn"jee euhn/, Physics. See kinetic potential. [1900-05; named after J. L. LAGRANGE; see -IAN] * * * ▪ physics also called  Lagrangian        quantity that ...
Lagrangian point
Astron. one of five points in the orbital plane of two bodies orbiting about their common center of gravity at which another body of small mass can be in equilibrium. [1960-65; ...
Lagrangianpoint
La·gran·gi·an point (lə-grānʹjē-ən) n. Astronomy. Any of five points, stable with respect to gravitational forces and in the orbital plane of two bodies, one of which is ...
lagscrew
lag screw hexagonal head lag screw Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. A heavy wood screw having a square bolt head.   [From lag2(from its original use in securing barrel staves).] * ...
Lagting
/lahg"ting'/, n. See under Storting. Also, Lagthing. [1830-40; < Norw; cf. ON lagthing. See LAW1, THING2] * * *
Laguerre
/lah gair"/; Fr. /lann gerdd"/, n. Edmond-Nicolas /ed mawonn nee kaw lah"/, 1834-86, French mathematician. * * *
laguna
/leuh gooh"neuh/, n. a bay, inlet, or other narrow or shallow body of water (often used in placenames). Cf. lagoon. [ < Sp or It; see LAGOON] * * * (as used in expressions) Bay ...
Laguna
/leuh gooh"neuh/, n., pl. Lagunas, (esp. collectively) Laguna for 1. 1. a Pueblo Indian people of west-central New Mexico. 2. the Keresan dialect spoken by the Laguna. * * * (as ...
Laguna Beach
a town in S California. 17,860. * * * ▪ California, United States  city, Orange county, southwestern California, U.S. Lying along the Pacific Ocean, Laguna Beach is about ...
Laguna District
▪ district, Mexico       agricultural area comprising adjoining portions of western Coahuila and eastern Durango states, northern Mexico. The district, which contains ...
Laguna Hills
a city in SW California. 33,600. * * *
LagunaHills
La·gu·na Hills (lə-go͞oʹnə) A city of southern California southeast of Santa Ana. Population: 46,731. * * *
lagune
/leuh goohn"/, n. lagoon (def. 2). * * *
Lagutin, Boris Nikolayevich
▪ Soviet athlete born June 24, 1938, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Soviet boxer who won medals in three consecutive Olympic Games, including gold medals in 1964 and ...
lah-di-dah
/lah"dee dah"/, interj., adj., n. la-di-da. * * *
LaHabra
La Ha·bra (lə häʹbrə) A city of southern California, a processing and manufacturing suburb of Los Angeles. Population: 51,266. * * *
Lahaina
▪ Hawaii, United States  city, Maui county, on the northwest coast of Maui island, Hawaii, U.S. Extending for 2 miles (3 km) along the leeward (southern) shore, the city is ...
lahar
/lah"hahr/, n. Geol. 1. a landslide of wet volcanic debris on the side of a volcano. 2. the deposit left by such a landslide. [1925-30; < Javanese: lahar, lava] * * * ▪ ...
Lahbabi, Mohammed Aziz
▪ 1994       Moroccan writer and philosopher (b. Dec. 25, 1922, Fès, Morocco—d. Aug. 23, 1993, Rabat, Morocco), had influence in the Arab world through his many ...
Laḥij
▪ Yemen also spelled  Lahej,         town, southwestern Yemen. Situated on the Wadi Tibban in the coastal plain, some 30 miles (45 km) north of Aden, it is the ...
Lahiri, Jhumpa
▪ American author byname of  Nilanjana Sudheshna Lahiri  born July 1967, London, Eng.       English-born American novelist and short-story writer whose works ...
Lahmu and Lahamu
▪ Mesopotamian mythology       in Mesopotamian mythology, twin deities, the first gods to be born from the chaos that was created by the merging of Apsu (the watery deep ...
Lahn River
River, western Germany. A tributary of the Rhine River, it rises in western Germany and after a southerly course reaches the Rhine at Lahnstein. It is 152 mi (245 km) long. ...
Lahnda language
▪ Indo-Aryan language also called  Jatki, or Western Panjabi,         language belonging to the western group of Indo-Aryan languages and spoken mainly in the western ...
Lahontan, Louis-Armand de Lom d'Arce, baron de
▪ French soldier Lahontan also spelled  La Hontan  born June 9, 1666, Mont-de-Marsan, Fr. died 1715, Hannover, Hanover [Germany]       French soldier and writer who ...
Lahontan,Lake
La·hon·tan (lə-hŏnʹtən), Lake An extinct lake with surviving remnants in western Nevada and northeast California. It was formed by heavy precipitation caused by ...
LaHood, Ray
▪ American politician in full  Raymond H. LaHood  born Dec. 6, 1945, Peoria, Ill., U.S.       American politician who served as a Republican (Republican Party) in the ...
Lahore
/leuh hawr", -hohr"/, n. a city in NE Pakistan: the capital of Punjab province. 2,922,000. * * * City (pop., 1998: 5,063,499), capital of Punjab province, northeastern ...
Lahore Museum
▪ museum, Lahore, Pakistan also called  Central Museum,         in Lahore, Pak., archaeological museum opened in 1894 and containing examples of the arts and crafts ...
Lahore party
Islam. See under Ahmadiya. * * *
Lahoud, Émile
▪ president of Lebanon in full  Émile Jamil Lahoud  born Jan. 12, 1936, Baabdate, Leb.       Lebanese military commander who served as president of Lebanon ...
Lahr,Bert
Lahr (lär), Bert. Originally Irving Lahrheim. 1895-1967. American entertainer who appeared in many dramas, musicals, and films, most notably as the Cowardly Lion in The Wizard ...
Lahti
/lahkh"tee/, n. a city in S Finland, NNE of Helsinki. 94,948. * * * ▪ Finland       city, southern Finland. It lies at the southern end of Lake Vesi, northeast of ...
Lahu
▪ people also known as  Muhso,  Musso,  or  Mussuh        peoples living in upland areas of Yunnan, China, eastern Myanmar (Burma), northern Thailand, northern ...
Lāhūn, Al-
▪ ancient site, Egypt also spelled  El Lahun  or  Illahun        ancient Egyptian (Egypt, ancient) site, located southwest of Al-Fayyūm (Fayyūm, Al-) near the ...
lai
/lay/, n. 1. (in medieval French literature) 2. a narrative poem written in octosyllabic couplets and dealing with tales of adventure and romance. 3. a lyric poem, often a love ...
Laibach
/luy"bahkh/, n. German name of Ljubljana. * * *
Laibach, Congress of
(Jan. 26–May 12, 1821) Meeting of the Holy Alliance powers that set the conditions for Austrian intervention in and occupation of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in action ...
laic
—laically, adv. /lay"ik/, adj. 1. Also, laical. lay; secular. n. 2. one of the laity. [1555-65; < LL laicus < Gk laikós of the people, equiv. to la(ós) people + -ikos -IC] * ...
laically
See laic. * * *
laicism
/lay"euh siz'euhm/, n. the nonclerical, or secular, control of political and social institutions in a society (distinguished from clericalism). [1930-35; LAIC + -ISM] * * *
laicization
See laicize. * * *
laicize
—laicization /lay'euh seuh zay"sheuhn/, n. /lay"euh suyz'/, v.t., laicized, laicizing. to remove the clerical character or nature of; secularize: to laicize a school; to ...
laid
/layd/, v. pt. and pp. of lay1. * * *
laid deck
Shipbuilding. a wooden deck having planking laid parallel to the sides of the hull so as to follow the curves toward the ends of the vessel. * * *
laid paper
paper with fine parallel and cross lines produced in manufacturing. Cf. wove paper. [1830-40] * * *
laid-back
/layd"bak"/, adj. Slang. 1. relaxed or unhurried: laid-back music rhythms. 2. free from stress; easygoing; carefree: a laid-back way of living. Also laidback. [1905-10, for an ...
laid-backness
See laid-back. * * *
Laidoner, Johan
▪ Estonian patriot born Feb. 12, 1884, Viiratsi, near Viljandi, Estonia, Russian Empire died March 13, 1953, Penza, Russian S.F.S.R.       Estonian soldier and patriot ...
laidpaper
laid paper n. A paper made on wire molds that give it a characteristic watermark of close thin lines. * * *
Laie
▪ Hawaii, United States Hawaiian  Lā‘ie   town, Honolulu county, on Laie Bay, northeastern Oahu island, Hawaii, U.S. The land was acquired by Mormon missionaries in ...
laigh
/laykh/, Scot. adj., adv. 1. low1. n. 2. a small valley or hollow. [1325-75; ME (Scots). See LOW1] * * *
Laima
▪ Baltic deity also called  Laima-dalia        (from Lithuanian laimė, “happiness,” “luck”), in Baltic religion, the goddess of fate, generally associated ...
lain
/layn/, v. pp. of lie2. * * *
Laine
I. Cleo Laine (1927– ) a British singer and actor who has appeared on stage, television and in films. She is married to the jazz musician John Dankworth and began her career ...
Laine, Dame Cleo
▪ British singer original name in full  Clementina Dinah Campbell  born October 28, 1927, Southall, Middlesex, England    British singer and actress who mastered a variety ...
Laine, Frankie
▪ 2008 Francesco Paolo LoVecchio        American singer born March 30, 1913, Chicago, Ill. died Feb. 6, 2007 , San Diego, Calif. had a string of hit songs in the 1950s ...
Laing
/lang/, n. R(onald) D(avid), born 1927, British psychiatrist and author, born in Scotland. * * *
Laing, Alexander Gordon
▪ Scottish explorer born Dec. 27, 1793, Edinburgh, Scot. died Sept. 26, 1826, near Tombouctou, Fulani empire [now Timbuktu, Mali]  Scottish explorer of western Africa and the ...
Laing, R(onald) D(avid)
Laing (lăng), R(onald) D(avid). 1927-1989. British writer and psychiatrist. His works, including The Politics of Experience (1967) and The Facts of Life (1976), explore ...
Laing, R.D.
▪ British psychiatrist in full  Ronald David Laing  born October 7, 1927, Glasgow, Scotland died August 23, 1989, Saint-Tropez, France       British psychiatrist ...
lair
lair1 /lair/, n. 1. a den or resting place of a wild animal: The cougar retired to its lair. 2. a secluded or hidden place, esp. a secret retreat or base of operations; a hideout ...
laird
—lairdly, adj. —lairdship, n. /laird/; Scot. /layrddd/, n. Scot. a landed proprietor. [1400-50; late ME laverd, northern and Scots form of loverd LORD] * * * (as used in ...
Laird, Macgregor
▪ British explorer born 1808, Greenock, Renfrewshire, Scot. died Jan. 9, 1861, London, Eng.       Scottish explorer, shipbuilder, and merchant who contributed to the ...
lairy
/lair"ee/, adj., lairier, lairiest. Australian Informal. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a lair. [1905-10; appar. to be identified with Brit., esp. Cockney slang lairy ...
laisser-aller
/le say ann lay"/, n. French. unchecked freedom or ease; unrestraint; looseness. Also, laissez-aller /le say ann lay"/. [lit., to allow to go] * * *
laissez faire
/les'ay fair"/; Fr. /le say ferdd"/ 1. the theory or system of government that upholds the autonomous character of the economic order, believing that government should intervene ...
laissez-faire
—laissez-faireism, n. /les'ay fair"/; Fr. /le say ferdd"/, adj. of, pertaining to, or conforming to the principles or practices of laissez faire. Also, ...
laissez-passer
/les"ay pa say"/; Fr. /le say pah say"/, n., pl. laissez-passers, Fr. laissez-passer. a permit; pass, esp. one issued in lieu of a passport. [ < F: lit., allow to pass] * * *
laissezfaire
lais·sez faire also lais·ser faire (lĕs'ā fârʹ, lā'zā) n. 1. An economic doctrine that opposes governmental regulation of or interference in commerce beyond the minimum ...
lait d'amandes
/le dann mahonnd"/, French. See almond milk. * * *
laitance
/layt"ns/, n. a milky deposit on the surface of new cement or concrete, usually caused by too much water. [1905-10; special use of F laitance milt, equiv. to lait milk ( < L ...
laith
/layth/, Scot. adj. 1. loath. v.t. 2. loathe. * * *
laity
/lay"i tee/, n. 1. the body of religious worshipers, as distinguished from the clergy. 2. the people outside of a particular profession, as distinguished from those belonging to ...
Laius
/lay"euhs, lay"ee euhs/, n. Class. Myth. a king of Thebes, the husband of Jocasta and father of Oedipus: unwittingly killed by Oedipus. * * *
Laja River
▪ river, Mexico Spanish  Río Laja , in full  Río de la Laja        river in Guanajuato estado (state), north-central Mexico. After rising in the Sierra Madre ...
Lajes
▪ Brazil also spelled  Lages        city, east-central Santa Catarina estado (state), southern Brazil, lying north of the Caveiras River in the Paraná Mountains, at ...
Lajoie
/lash"euh way'/, n. Napoleon ("Nap"), 1875-1959, U.S. baseball player. * * *
Lajoie, Nap
▪ American athlete in full  Napoleon Lajoie  born Sept. 5, 1874, Woonsocket, R.I., U.S. died Feb. 7, 1959, Daytona Beach, Fla.  American professional baseball player who ...
LaJolla
La Jol·la (lə hoiʹə) An unincorporated resort district of San Diego, California, on the Pacific Ocean. Scripps Institute of Oceanography and the Salk Institute are located ...
Lajpat Rai, Lala
▪ Indian writer and politician born 1865, Jagraon, India died Nov. 17, 1928, Lahore [now in Pakistan]       Indian writer and politician, outspoken in his advocacy of a ...
Lājvard ware
▪ pottery also called  Lajvardina Ware,        type of vase from Kāshān, Iran, mentioned in Abū al-Qāsim's treatise on ceramics (1301). Vases were executed in ...
LAK cell
Immunol. lymphokine-activated killer cell: one of a number of white blood cells removed from a patient's whole blood and cultured with interleukin-2: used experimentally for ...
lakabi ware
▪ pottery lakabi also spelled  Laqabi,  also called  Kāshān Ware,         in Islāmic (Islamic arts) ceramics, a style of pottery associated with Kāshān, ...
Lakanal, Joseph
▪ French educator born July 14, 1762, Serres, France died Feb. 14, 1845, Paris  educator who reformed the French educational system during the French ...
LAKcell
LAK cell (lăk) n. A white blood cell produced by cultivation of peripheral lymphocytes with interleukin-2 and used experimentally to shrink malignant ...
lake
lake1 /layk/, n. 1. a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land. 2. any similar body or pool of other liquid, as oil. 3. (go) jump in the lake, (used ...
Lake
/layk/, n. Simon, 1866-1945, U.S. engineer and naval architect. * * * I Relatively large body of slow-moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin. Lakes are most ...
Lake Aral.
See Aral Sea. * * *
lake breeze
a thermally produced wind blowing during the day from the surface of a large lake to the shore, caused by the difference in the rates of heating of the surfaces of the lake and ...
Lake Charles
a city in SW Louisiana. 75,051. * * * ▪ Louisiana, United States       city, seat (1852) of Calcasieu parish, southwestern Louisiana, U.S., on the Calcasieu River ...
Lake City
▪ Florida, United States       city, seat (1832) of Columbia county, northern Florida, U.S., near Osceola National Forest, about 60 miles (100 km) west of ...
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve
National park, southern Alaska, U.S. Located on the western shore of Cook Inlet, it was proclaimed a national monument in 1978 and a national park in 1980. Its total area is ...
Lake District
a mountainous region in NW England containing many lakes: tourist center. Also called Lake Country. Cf. Lake Poets. * * * Mountainous region, administrative county of Cumbria, ...
lake dweller
an inhabitant of a lake dwelling. [1860-65] * * *
lake dwelling
a house, esp. of prehistoric times, built on piles or other support over the water of a lake. [1860-65] * * *
Lake Dwellings
Remains of various pre-and post-Bronze Age settlements within the margins of lakes in southern Germany, Switzerland, France, and Italy. The dwellings appear to have been built ...
Lake Erie
➡ Erie * * *
Lake Erie, Battle of
▪ United States history       (Sept. 10, 1813), major U.S. naval victory in the War of 1812, ensuring U.S. control over Lake Erie and precluding any territorial cession ...
Lake Forest
a city in NE Illinois, N of Chicago, on Lake Michigan. 15,245. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, Lake county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. A suburb of ...
Lake Geneva
▪ Wisconsin, United States       resort city, Walworth county, southeastern Wisconsin, U.S. It lies on the northeastern shore of Lake Geneva (Geneva Lake) at its ...
Lake Havasu City
/hav"euh sooh'/ a city in W central Arizona. 15,737. * * * ▪ Arizona, United States       city, Mohave county, western Arizona, U.S., in the Chemhuevi Valley along the ...
lake herring
a cisco or whitefish, esp. Coregonus artedii, of the Great Lakes. [1835-45, Amer.] * * * also called  Cisco,         any of several whitefish (q.v.) species. * * *
Lake Huron
➡ Huron * * *
Lake Isle of Innisfree, The
/in"is free'/ a poem (1893) by W. B. Yeats. * * *
Lake Jackson
a town in S Texas. 19,102. * * *
Lake Louise
▪ Alberta, Canada  unincorporated place, southwestern Alberta, Canada, on the Bow River, in Banff National Park, immediately northeast of the icy, blue-green lake of the ...
Lake Michigan
➡ Michigan (II) * * *
Lake of the Woods
a lake in S Canada and the N United States, between N Minnesota and Ontario and Manitoba provinces. 1485 sq. mi. (3845 sq. km). * * *
Lake Ontario
➡ Ontario * * *
Lake Oswego
▪ Oregon, United States       city, Clackamas county, northwestern Oregon, U.S., on the Willamette River (and its western extension, 405-acre [164-hectare] Oswego ...
Lake Placid
a town in NE New York, in the Adirondack Mountains: resort. 2490. * * * Village (pop., 2000: 2,638), northeastern New York, U.S., on Mirror Lake and Lake Placid, in the ...
Lake poet
▪ English literary circle       any of the English poets William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Robert Southey, who lived in the English Lake District of ...
Lake Poets
the poets Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Southey: so called from their residence in the Lake District. Also called Lake School. [1810-20] * * *
Lake Pontchartrain Causeway
a US freeway in south-eastern Louisiana which is the world’s longest road built over water. It is 25 miles (40 kilometres) long and opened in 1957. New Orleans is at its ...
lake salmon.
See landlocked salmon. [1815-25] * * *
Lake School
➡ Lake Poets * * *
Lake School.
See Lake Poets. [1810-20] * * *
Lake Station
a town in NW Indiana. 14,294. * * *
lake sturgeon
a sturgeon, Acipenser fulvescens, of the Great Lakes and Mississippi and St. Lawrence rivers. * * *
Lake Success
a town on Long Island, in SE New York: temporary United Nations headquarters 1946-51. 2396. * * *
Lake Superior
➡ Superior * * *
Lake Superior Provincial Park
▪ park, Ontario, Canada       park, central Ontario, Canada, on the eastern shore of Lake Superior. Established in 1944 to preserve the rugged shoreline and surrounding ...
lake trout
a large, fork-tailed trout, Salvelinus namaycush, of the lakes of Canada and the northern U.S., valued as a food and game fish. [1660-70] * * * or Mackinaw trout or Great Lakes ...
Lake Turkana remains
Collection of hominid fossils found along the shores of Lake Turkana in northwestern Kenya. The Koobi Fora site, excavated by the Leakey family and others, has proved to be the ...
Lake Wales
▪ Florida, United States       city, Polk county, central Florida, U.S., 55 miles (90 km) east of Tampa. The site was surveyed in 1879 by Sidney Wailes, and the lake ...
Lake Washington Ship Canal
▪ waterway, United States       waterway, Seattle, Washington, U.S., 8 miles (13 km) long, with a minimum depth of 28.5 feet (8.7 metres), connecting Shilshole Bay ...
lake whitefish
a whitefish, Coregonus clupeaformis, found in the Great Lakes and north to Alaska, used for food. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
Lake Wobegon
➡ Keillor. * * *
Lake Worth
a city in SE Florida. 27,048. * * *
Lake, Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount
▪ British general born July 27, 1744, Harrow, Middlesex, Eng. died Feb. 20, 1808, London       British general, most prominent for his role in suppressing the Irish ...
Lake, Simon
▪ American inventor born Sept. 4, 1866, Pleasantville, N.J., U.S. died June 23, 1945, Bridgeport, Conn.       U.S. inventor who built the “Argonaut,” the first ...
lake-effect
☆ lake-effect [lāk′ə fekt΄ ] adj. caused or greatly influenced by the moist air above a large lake [lake-effect storms near the Great Lakes] * * *
Lakeba Island
▪ island, Fiji also spelled  Lakemba        volcanic Pacific island in the Lau Group of Fiji, South Pacific Ocean. It is 22 square miles (57 square km) in area, ...
lakebed
lake·bed (lākʹbĕd') n. The floor of a lake. * * *
LakeCharles
Lake Charles A city of southwest Louisiana east of Beaumont, Texas. It is a deep-water port and a center of the petrochemical industry. Population: 70,580. * * *
LakeDistrict
Lake District A scenic area of northwest England including the Cumbrian Mountains and some 15 lakes. It is a popular tourist attraction for its associations with the ...
lakedwelling
lake dwelling n. A dwelling, especially a prehistoric dwelling, built on piles in a shallow lake. * * *
lakeeffect
lake effect n. The effect of any lake, especially the Great Lakes, in modifying the weather in nearby areas. * * *
lakefront
/layk"frunt'/, n. the land along the edge of a lake: Property along the lakefront is more expensive every year. Also called lakeshore. [1875-80, Amer.; LAKE1 + FRONT] * * *
Lakehead
/layk"hed'/, n. See Thunder Bay. * * *
lakeherring
lake herring n. A food fish, especially the trout Coregonus artedii of the Great Lakes region, related to the cisco and whitefishes. * * *
Lakehurst
/layk"herrst/, n. a borough in E New Jersey: naval air station; dirigible hangar. 2908. * * * ▪ New Jersey, United States       borough (town), Ocean county, eastern ...
Lakeland
/layk"leuhnd/, n. a city in central Florida. 47,406. * * * ▪ Florida, United States       city, Polk county, central Florida, U.S., about 30 miles (50 km) northeast of ...
Lakeland terrier
one of a breed of small, slender terriers, raised originally in northwestern England for hunting foxes. [1925-30] * * * ▪ breed of dog       breed of dog originally ...
Lakelandterrier
Lakeland terrier n. Any of a breed of small, straight-legged, slender dogs, originally bred in England for hunting foxes.   [After Lakeland, a region of northwest England.] * * *
LakeOswego
Lake Os·we·go (ŏs-wēʹgō) A city of northwest Oregon, a residential suburb of Portland. Population: 30,576. * * *
LakePlacid
Lake Placid A village of northeast New York in the Adirondack Mountains southwest of Plattsburg. A popular year-round resort, it was the site of the Winter Olympics in 1932 and ...
lakeport
/layk"pawrt', -pohrt'/, n. a port city located on the shore of a lake, esp. one of the Great Lakes. [1870-75, Amer.; LAKE1 + PORT1] * * *
laker
/lay"keuhr/, n. 1. a person associated with a lake, as a resident, visitor, or worker. 2. a ship designed for navigating on lakes, esp. the Great Lakes. 3. a fish found in lakes ...
Laker, Sir Freddie
▪ 2007 Frederick Alfred Laker  British entrepreneur (b. Aug. 6, 1922, Canterbury, Kent, Eng.—d. Feb. 9, 2006, Hollywood, Fla.), as the brash, ebullient founder and chairman ...
Lakes
➡ Lake District. * * *
Lakes Entrance
▪ Victoria, Australia  port city, at the entrance of a channel cut in 1889 to the Gippsland Lakes in southeastern Victoria, Australia. It is a resort centre for the lakes ...
lakeshore
/layk"shawr', -shohr'/, n. lakefront. [1790-1800; LAKE1 + SHORE1] * * *
lakeside
/layk"suyd'/, adj. 1. located on the side of a lake: a lakeside resort. n. 2. land bordering a lake: a summer cottage on the lakeside. [1550-60; LAKE1 + SIDE1] * * *
Lakeside
/layk"suyd'/, n. a town in SW California, near San Diego. 23,921. * * *
LakeSuccess
Lake Success An unincorporated village of southeast New York on northwest Long Island northwest of Mineola. It was the temporary headquarters of the United Nations from 1946 to ...


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