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Jules
/joohlz/; Fr. /zhyuul/, n. a male given name, French form of Julius. * * * (as used in expressions) Ayer Sir Alfred Jules Bordet Jules Jean Baptiste–Vincent Dubos René ...
Juli, El
▪ Spanish bullfighter byname of  Julián López Escobar  born Oct. 3, 1982, Madrid, Spain    Spanish matador, who created a sensation in the bullfighting world at the ...
Julia
/joohl"yeuh/, n. a female given name: derived from Julius. * * * I born 39 BC died AD 14, Rhegium Only child of Augustus. She wed Marcellus, who died in 23 BC, then Agrippa ...
Julia Domna
▪ Roman emperor died 217  second wife of the Roman emperor Septimius Severus (Severus, Septimius) (reigned 193–211) and a powerful figure in the regime of his successor, ...
Julia Maesa
▪ Roman aristocrat died c. 224  sister-in-law of the Roman emperor Septimius Severus (Severus, Septimius) and an influential power in the government of the empire who ...
Julia Mamaea
▪ Roman aristocrat died 235  mother of the Roman emperor Severus Alexander and the dominant power in his regime. Mamaea was the daughter of Julia Maesa and niece of the ...
Julia Roberts
➡ Roberts (I) * * *
Julia Ward Howe
➡ Howe * * *
Julia, Gaston Maurice
▪ French mathematician born February 3, 1893, Sidi Bel Abbès, Algeria died March 19, 1978, Paris, France  one of the two main inventors of iteration theory and the modern ...
Julia, Raul
▪ 1995       (RAÚL RAFAEL CARLOS JULIA Y ARCELAY), Puerto Rican-born U.S. actor (b. March 9, 1940, San Juan, P.R.—d. Oct. 24, 1994, New York, N.Y.), was a dashing and ...
Julian
/joohl"yeuhn/, n. 1. (Flavius Claudius Julianus) ("the Apostate") A.D. 331-363, Roman emperor 361-363. 2. a male given name, form of Julius. /joohl"yeuhn/, adj. of, pertaining ...
Julian Alps
a range of the Alps in NW Slovenia. Highest peak, Mt. Triglav, 9394 ft. (2863 m). * * * Range of the eastern Alps. It extends southeast from the Carnic Alps in northeastern ...
Julian Bream
➡ Bream * * *
Julian calendar
the calendar established by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C., fixing the length of the year at 365 days and at 366 days every fourth year. There are 12 months of 30 or 31 days, except ...
Julian Day
Astron. a serial number equal to the number of days elapsed since January 1, 4713 B.C., proposed by Joseph Scaliger in 1582 and used in astronomical calculations: January 1, ...
Julian Huxley
➡ Huxley * * *
Julian Of Eclanum
▪ bishop of Eclanum born 380, Eclanum, Italy died c. 455, , Sicily       bishop of Eclanum who is considered to be the most intellectual leader of the Pelagians (see ...
Julian of Norwich
or Juliana of Norwich born 1342, probably Norwich, Norfolk, Eng. died after 1416 English mystic. After being healed of a serious illness (1373), she wrote two accounts of her ...
Julian period
▪ chronology       chronological system now used chiefly by astronomers and based on the consecutive numbering of days from Jan. 1, 4713 BC. Not to be confused with the ...
Julian, George W(ashington)
born May 5, 1817, Wayne county, Ind., U.S. died July 7, 1899, Irvington, Ind. U.S. politician. He was admitted to the bar in 1840 and practiced law in several Indiana towns. By ...
Julian, George W.
▪ American politician in full  George Washington Julian   born May 5, 1817, Wayne County, Indiana, U.S. died July 7, 1899, Irvington, Indiana  American reform politician ...
Julian, Percy L.
▪ American chemist in full  Percy Lavon Julian   born April 11, 1899, Montgomery, Ala., U.S. died April 19, 1975, Waukegan, Ill.       American chemist, synthesist of ...
Juliana
/jooh'lee an"euh/; for 1 also Du. /yyuu'lee ah"nah/, n. 1. (Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina) born 1909, queen of the Netherlands 1948-80 (daughter of Wilhelmina I). 2. Also, ...
Juliana (Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina)
born April 30, 1909, The Hague, Netherlands died March 20, 2004, Baarn Queen of The Netherlands (1948–80). During World War II she took refuge in Ottawa while her husband, ...
Juliana, Princess
▪ 2005 Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina, princess of Orange-Nassau        Dutch former monarch (b. April 30, 1909, Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Neth.—d. March 20, ...
JulianAlps
Julian Alps A range of the eastern Alps in Slovenia and northeast Italy. The heavily forested range rises to 2,864 m (9,390 ft). * * *
Juliancalendar
Julian calendar n. The solar calendar introduced by Julius Caesar in Rome in 46 B.C., having a year of 12 months and 365 days and a leap year of 366 days every fourth year. It ...
Julianne Moore
➡ Moore (V) * * *
Jülich
▪ town and historical duchy, Germany French  Juliers,         former duchy of the Holy Roman Empire, centred on the town of Jülich, located now in the Aachen ...
Julie
/jooh"lee/, n. a female given name, form of Julia. * * * (as used in expressions) Andrews Dame Julie Jeanne Françoise Julie Adélaïde dame de Récamier Jeanne Françoise Julie ...
Julie Andrews
➡ Andrews * * *
Julie Burchill
➡ Burchill * * *
Julie Walters
➡ Walters (II) * * *
Julien, Pauline
▪ 1999       Canadian singer, actress, songwriter, and feminist activist who specialized in songs that championed the cause of Quebec separatism and independence (b. May ...
julienne
/jooh'lee en"/; Fr. /zhyuu lyen"/, adj. 1. (of food, esp. vegetables) cut into thin strips or small, matchlike pieces. n. 2. a clear soup garnished, before serving, with julienne ...
Juliet
/jooh"lee euht, -et', jooh'lee et"/; esp. for 1 /joohl"yeuht/, n. 1. the heroine of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. 2. (used in communications to represent the letter J). 3. ...
Juliet cap
a skullcap, often set with pearls or other gems, worn by women for semiformal or bridal wear. [1905-10; named after JULIET (def. 1)] * * *
Julio-Claudian dynasty
(AD 14–68) Successors of Augustus, the first Roman emperor: Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero. It was a loosely defined set of kin relations rather than a direct ...
Julius
/joohl"yeuhs/, n. a male given name: a Roman family name. * * * (as used in expressions) Agricola Gnaeus Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Cohn Ferdinand Julius Cohnheim Julius ...
Julius Caesar
1. See Caesar, Gaius Julius. 2. (italics) a tragedy (1600?) by Shakespeare. 3. a walled plain in the first quadrant of the face of the moon: about 55 miles (88 km) in diameter. * ...
Julius I
died A.D. 352, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 337-352. * * *
Julius I, Saint
▪ pope born , Rome died April 12, 352, feast day April 12       pope from 337 to 352. The papacy had been vacant four months when he was elected as St. Mark's successor ...
Julius II
(Giuliano della Rovere) 1443-1513, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1503-13. * * * orig. Giuliano della Rovere born Dec. 5, 1443, Albisola, republic of Genoa died Feb. 21, 1513, ...
Julius III
(Giammaria Ciocchi del Monte or Giovanni Maria del Monte) 1487-1555, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1550-55. * * * ▪ pope original name Giovanni Maria Ciocchi Del Monte born ...
Julius Robert Oppenheimer
➡ Oppenheimer * * *
Julius Rosenberg
➡ Rosenberg (I) * * *
JuliusII
Ju·lius II (jo͞olʹyəs), Originally Giuliano della Rovere. 1443-1513. Pope (1503-1513) who enlarged the temporal power of the papacy and was active in military campaigns in ...
Jullundur
/jul"euhn deuhr/, n. a city in N Punjab, in NW India. 296,103. * * * ▪ India       city, administrative headquarters of Jullundur district, Punjab state, northwestern ...
July
/jooh luy", jeuh luy"/, n., pl. Julies. the seventh month of the year, containing 31 days. Abbr.: Jul. [bef. 1050; ME julie < AF < L Julius (CAESAR), after whom it was named; r. ...
July Days
(1917) Period in the Russian Revolution of 1917 during which Petrograd workers and soldiers staged armed demonstrations against the provisional government that resulted in a ...
July Plot
or Rastenburg Assassination Plot Abortive attempt on July 20, 1944, by German military leaders to assassinate Adolf Hitler, seize control of the government, and seek more ...
July Revolution
(1830) Insurrection that brought Louis-Philippe to the throne of France. It was precipitated on July 26 by Charles X's publication of restrictive ordinances contrary to the ...
Jumada
/joo mah"dah/, n. either of two successive months of the Muslim year, the fifth (Jumada I) or the sixth (Jumada II). Cf. Muslim calendar. [1760-70; < Ar jumada] * * *
jumble
—jumblement, n. —jumbler, n. —jumblingly, adv. /jum"beuhl/, v., jumbled, jumbling, n. v.t. 1. to mix in a confused mass; put or throw together without order: You've jumbled ...
jumble sale
Brit. See rummage sale. [1895-1900] * * *
jumbo
/jum"boh/, n., pl. jumbos, adj. Informal. n. 1. a very large person, animal, or thing. 2. See jumbo jet. 3. U.S. Naut. a. a forestaysail having a boom (jumbo boom) along its ...
jumbo jet
a widebody jet airliner. Also, jumbo. [1960-65] * * *
jumbuck
/jum"buk/, n. Australian. a sheep. [1815-25; perh. ult. < Kamilaroi dimba (meaning unknown), altered by assoc. with BUCK1; borrowed into Australian Pidgin E and thence into other ...
Jumièges
▪ France       town, northwestern France, Seine-Maritime département, Haute-Normandie région, west of Rouen. It is famous for the imposing ruins of its abbey. ...
Jumilla
▪ Spain       city, Murcia provincia (province) and comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), southeastern Spain. It lies at the foot of Mount Castillo (near Mount ...
Jumna
/jum"neuh/, n. a river in N India, flowing SE from the Himalayas to the Ganges at Allahabad. 860 mi. (1385 m) long. * * *
jump
—jumpable, adj. —jumpingly, adv. /jump/, v.i. 1. to spring clear of the ground or other support by a sudden muscular effort; leap: to jump into the air; to jump out a ...
jump ball
Basketball. a ball tossed into the air above and between two opposing players by the referee in putting the ball into play. [1920-25] * * *
jump bid
Bridge. a bid higher than necessary to reach the next bidding level, usually to indicate exceptional strength. * * *
jump boot
a heavy leather boot originally designed for wear by paratroopers. [1945-50] * * *
jump cut
Motion Pictures. an abrupt break in the continuity of a scene created by editing out part of a shot or scene. [1950-55] * * *
jump dial
a timepiece dial in which the numbers are seen through apertures. * * *
jump discontinuity
Math. a discontinuity of a function at a point where the function has finite, but unequal, limits as the independent variable approaches the point from the left and from the ...
jump head
Journalism. the headline printed over the continued portion of a story in a newspaper, magazine, etc., usually condensed from the main headline. * * *
jump jet
a jet airplane capable of taking off and landing vertically or on an extremely short runway or flight deck. Also, jump-jet. Cf. STOL, VTOL. [1960-65] * * *
jump line
Journalism. a line of type identifying the page on or from which a newspaper story is continued. * * *
jump pass
Football, Basketball. a pass in which a player leaps into the air and throws the ball to a teammate before returning to the ground. [1945-50] * * *
jump rope
1. Also, jump roping. a children's game or an exercise for children and adults in which a rope is swung over and under the standing jumper, who must leap over it each time it ...
jump seat
a movable or folding seat, as in a carriage, taxicab, or limousine, used as an extra seat. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
jump shot
Basketball. a shot with one or both hands in which a player leaps into the air and shoots the ball at the basket at the moment of reaching the highest point of the ...
jump spark
Elect. spark1 (def. 2). [1905-10] * * *
jump turn
Skiing. a turn in which a skier plants one or both poles in the snow in advance of the forward ski, bends close to the ground, and pivots in the air around the pole or ...
jump wire
Elect. jumper1 (def. 6). * * *
jump-cut
jump-cut [jump′kut΄] n. Film an abrupt change from one shot, scene, or sequence to another, caused by the absence of transitional action, effects, etc. vi. jump-cut, ...
jump-off
/jump"awf', -of'/, n. 1. a place for jumping off. 2. a point of departure, as of a race or a military attack. 3. the start of such a departure. 4. a supplementary contest among ...
jump-rope
☆ jump-rope [jump′rōp΄ ] n. 1. a length of rope, usually with handles on each end, that is swung over the head and then under the feet as one jumps 2. a child's game or an ...
jump-shift
/jump"shift'/, n. Bridge. a jump bid in a suit different from the suit just bid by one's partner. * * *
jump-start
/jump"stahrt'/, n. 1. Also, jump. Auto. the starting of an internal-combustion engine that has a discharged or weak battery by means of booster cables. v.t. 2. to give a ...
jumpball
jump ball n. Basketball A method of starting play or determining possession in which an official tosses the ball up between two opposing players who jump and try to tap the ball ...
jumpbid
jump bid n. Games A bridge bid that skips at least one level of bidding. * * *
jumpcut
jump cut n. A cut to later action from one filmed scene to the next, creating an effect of discontinuity or acceleration. * * *
jumped-up
/jumpt"up"/, adj. Chiefly Brit. having recently gained prominence or fame and appearing arrogant. [1825-35] * * *
jumper
jumper1 /jum"peuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that jumps. 2. Basketball. See jump shot. 3. Sports. a participant in a jumping event, as in track or skiing. 4. Manège. a horse ...
jumper ant.
See bulldog ant. [1905-10] * * *
jumper cables
jumper cables n. a pair of long, thick, insulated electrical wires with large, clamplike terminals: used to start a motor vehicle's engine by connecting its dead battery to a ...
jumpercable
jumper cable n. See booster cable. * * *
jumpiness
See jumpy. * * *
jumping
(as used in expressions) bungee jumping show jumping ski jumping * * *
jumping bean
the seed of any of certain Mexican plants of the genera Sebastiania and Sapium, of the spurge family: the movements of a moth larva inside the seed cause it to move about or ...
jumping bristletail
any of several thysanuran insects that live in dark, warm, moist places, as under leaves, bark, and dead tree trunks and along rocky seacoasts, and are active jumpers, making ...
jumping gene
Informal. transposon. * * *
jumping hare
n. springhare. [1830-40] * * *
jumping jack
1. a toy consisting of a jointed figure that is made to jump, move, or dance by pulling a string or stick attached to it. 2. a conditioning exercise performed by starting from a ...
jumping mouse
any of several primitive, mouselike rodents of the family Zapodidae, having long hind legs, common in the woodlands of Europe, Asia, and North America. [1820-30] * * * ▪ ...
jumping plant louse
any of numerous lice, of the family Psyllidae, that feed on plant juices and are sometimes pests of fruits and vegetables. Also called psylla, psyllid. [1900-05] * * * ▪ ...
jumping spider
any of several small, hairy spiders, of the family Salticidae, that stalk and jump upon their prey instead of snaring it in a web. [1805-15] * * * ▪ arachnid  any of about ...
jumping-off place
/jum"ping awf", -of"/ 1. a place for use as a starting point: Paris was the jumping-off place for our tour of Europe. 2. an out-of-the-way place; the farthest limit of anything ...
jumping-offplace
jump·ing-off place (jŭmʹpĭng-ôfʹ, -ŏfʹ) n. 1. A beginning point for a journey or venture. 2. A very remote spot. * * *
jumpingbean
jump·ing bean (jŭmʹpĭng) n. A seed, as of certain Mexican plants of the genera Sebastiana and Sapium, containing the larva of the moth Laspeyresia saltitans, whose movements ...
jumpingjack
jumping jack © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. 1. A toy figure with jointed limbs that can be made to dance by pulling an attached string. 2. Sports. A physical ...
jumpingmouse
jumping mouse n. Any of various small Eurasian and North American rodents of the family Zapodidae, having a very long tail and long hind legs. * * *
jumpjet
jump jet n. A jet aircraft capable of vertical takeoffs and landings. * * *
jumpmaster
/jump"mas'teuhr, -mah'steuhr/, n. a person who supervises the jumping of paratroopers or other parachutists. [1940-45; JUMP + MASTER] * * *
jumpoff
jumpoff [jump′ôf΄] n. Sports an extra round of competitive jumping added at the end of regular competition to break a tie, as in certain equestrian events: also written ...
jumprock
/jump"rok'/, n. any of several freshwater suckers of the genus Moxostoma, of the southeastern U.S. [1885-90, Amer.; perh. JUMP + ROCK1] * * *
jumprope
jump rope n. A rope that is twirled and jumped over in children's games or in conditioning exercises. * * *
jumpseat
jump seat n. 1. A small folding seat, as in an automobile between the front and rear seats. 2. A small rear seat in a sports car. * * *
jumpshooter
jump shooter n. Basketball A player who makes jump shots. * * *
jumpshot
jump shot n. Basketball A shot made by a player at the highest point of a jump. Also called jumper1. * * *
jumpsuit
/jump"sooht'/, n. 1. a one-piece suit worn by parachutists for jumping. 2. a garment fashioned after this, usually combining a shirt or bodice with shorts or trousers in one ...
jumpy
—jumpily, adv. —jumpiness, n. /jum"pee/, adj., jumpier, jumpiest. 1. subject to sudden, involuntary starts, esp. from nervousness, fear, excitement, etc. 2. characterized by ...
jumʿah
▪ Islam       Friday of the Muslim week and the special noon service on Friday that all adult, male, free Muslims are obliged to attend. The jumʿah, which replaces the ...
jun
/chun/, n., pl. jun. chon (def. 1). * * *
Jun kiln
▪ pottery Pin-Yin  Jun yao,  or  Wade-Giles  Chün yao   Chinese kiln known for the stoneware it created during the Northern Song period (960–1126) in Junzhou (now ...
Jun.
1. June. 2. Junior. * * *
Junagadh
▪ India  city, southwestern Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India. It lies near the Girnar Hills of the Kathiawar Peninsula. The many temples and mosques in the ...
Junayd
▪ Islamic painter flourished 14th century, , Iraq    painter of miniatures and leading illustrator of the Jalāyirid school. His style, using richly dressed figures in ...
Junayd, Shaykh
born 1430, Iranian Azerbaijan? died March 4, 1460, near the Kura River Fourth head of the Safavid order of Sufi mystics. He became head of the order on his father's death in ...
Junaynah, al-
▪ The Sudan also called  Geneina Fort,         town in the Darfur region of western Sudan (Sudan, The). It lies about 15 miles (24 km) east of the Chad border and ...
junc
junc abbrev. junction * * *
Junc.
Junction. * * *
juncaceous
/jung kay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the plant family Juncaceae. Cf. rush family. [1850-55; < NL Juncace(ae) rush family (Junc(us) the type genus (L: rush) + -aceae -ACEAE) + ...
junco
/jung"koh/, n., pl. juncos. any of several small North American finches of the genus Junco. Also called snowbird. Cf. dark-eyed junco, slate-colored junco. [1700-10; < Sp: rush, ...
junction
—junctional, adj. /jungk"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act of joining; combining. 2. the state of being joined; union. 3. a place or point where two or more things are joined, as a seam or ...
junction box
Elect. an enclosure that houses electric wires or cables that are joined together and protects the connections. [1895-1900] * * *
Junction City
a city in NE Kansas. 19,305. * * * ▪ Kansas, United States       city, seat (1860) of Geary county (until 1889 designated as Davis county), northeastern Kansas, U.S. ...
junctional
See junction. * * *
junctionbox
junction box n. An enclosure within which electric circuits are connected. * * *
junctural
—juncturally, adv. /jungk"cheuhr euhl/, adj. of or pertaining to phonological juncture. [1940-45; JUNCTURE + -AL1] * * *
juncture
/jungk"cheuhr/, n. 1. a point of time, esp. one made critical or important by a concurrence of circumstances: At this juncture, we must decide whether to stay or to walk out. 2. ...
Jundiaí
/zhoon"dyah ee"/, n. a city in SE Brazil, NW of São Paulo. 145,785. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, in the highlands of southern São Paulo estado (state), Brazil. It lies ...
June
/joohn/, n. 1. the sixth month of the year, containing 30 days. Abbr.: Jun. 2. a female given name. [bef. 1050; ME jun(e), OE iunius < L (mensis) Junius, after the name of a ...
June beetle
or May beetle or June bug Any insect of the genus Phyllophaga, belonging to a widely distributed, plant-feeding scarab beetle subfamily (Melolonthinae). These red-brown beetles ...
June bug
1. Also called May beetle. any of several large, brown beetles of the genus Phyllophaga, of the scarab family, appearing in late spring and early summer. 2. See green June ...
June Days
(June 23–26, 1848) In French history, a brief and bloody civil uprising in Paris in the early days of the Second Republic. The new government instituted numerous radical ...
June grass.
See Kentucky bluegrass. [1850-55, Amer.] * * *
June Offensive
▪ Russian military operation also called  July Offensive (New Style),  Summer Offensive,  Kerensky Offensive , or  Galician Offensive        (June [July, New ...
Juneau
/jooh"noh/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Alaska, in the SE part. 19,528. * * * City (pop., 2000: 30,711), capital of Alaska, U.S. Located in southeastern Alaska, it was ...
Junebeetle
June beetle n. Any of various large North American scarabaeid beetles of the subfamily Melolonthinae, appearing in late spring and having larvae that are destructive to ...
Juneberry
/joohn"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. Juneberries. the American serviceberry, Amelanchier canadensis. [1800-10, Amer.; JUNE + BERRY] * * *
Junebug
June bug n. See June beetle. * * *
Junee
▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, south-central New South Wales, Australia, just north of Wagga Wagga in the fertile Riverina district. Founded in 1863 as ...
Juneteenth
/joohn"teenth"/, n. June 19, celebrated by African-Americans as the anniversary of the emancipation of slaves in Texas on June 19, 1865. [1935-40; b. JUNE + NINETEENTH] * * ...
Jung
/yoong/, n. Carl Gustav /kahrl goos"tahf/, 1875-1961, Swiss psychiatrist and psychologist. * * *
Jung Bahadur
▪ prime minister of Nepal also spelled  Jang Bahadur   born June 18, 1817, Kāthmāndu, Nepal died Feb. 25, 1877, Kāthmāndu       prime minister and virtual ruler ...
Jung, Andrea
▪ 2002       Though Avon Products, Inc., the world's largest direct-selling company, had built its reputation selling women's cosmetics door-to-door, its 115-year-old ...
Jung, Carl
▪ Swiss psychologist Introduction in full  Carl Gustav Jung  born July 26, 1875, Kesswil, Switz. died June 6, 1961, Küsnacht       Swiss psychologist and ...
Jung, Carl Gustav
born July 26, 1875, Kesswil, Switz. died June 6, 1961, Küsnacht Swiss psychiatrist. As a youth he read widely in philosophy and theology. After taking his medical degree ...
Jung,Carl Gustav
Jung (yo͝ong), Carl Gustav. 1875-1961. Swiss psychiatrist who founded analytical psychology. Among his contributions to the understanding of the human mind are the concepts of ...
Jung-Stilling, Johann Heinrich
▪ German author original name  Johann Heinrich Jung , also called  Heinrich Stilling  born Sept. 12, 1740, Grund, Westphalia [Germany] died April 2, 1817, ...
Junge, Alfred
▪ German motion-picture set designer born Jan. 29, 1886, Görlitz, Ger. died 1964, London       German motion-picture set designer who worked in England for more than ...
Junge, Traudl
▪ 2003 Gertraud Humps Junge        German secretary (b. March 16, 1920, Munich, Ger.—d. Feb. 10/11, 2002, Munich), was Adolf Hitler's private secretary from December ...
Jünger
/yoong"euhr/; Ger. /yyuung"euhrdd/, n. Ernst /errnst/; Ger. /erddnst/, 1895-98, German author. * * *
Junger, Ernst
▪ 1999       German novelist and essayist (b. March 29, 1895, Heidelberg, Ger.—d. Feb. 17, 1998, Wilflingen, Ger.), wrote works early in his career that were marked by ...
Jungfrau
/yoong"frow'/, n. a mountain in S Switzerland, in the Bernese Alps. 13,668 ft. (4166 m). * * * ▪ mountain, Switzerland       well-known Swiss peak (13,642 feet [4,158 ...
Jungfrauenbecher
▪ metalwork       (German: “maiden's cup”), silver cup shaped like a girl with a wide-spreading skirt (forming a large cup when inverted) holding a pivoted bowl ...
Junggar Basin
▪ basin, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Zhunga'er Pendi  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Chun-ko-erh P'en-ti,  conventional  Dzungarian Basin        extensive basin in ...
Junggar Pendi
Junggar Pendi [zhooŋ′gär΄ pen′dē] region in N Xinjiang, China, between the Tian Shan & the Altai Mountains * * *
Junggrammatiker
/yoong"grddah mah'tee keuhrdd/, n. Ling., German. a group of linguists of the late 19th century who held that phonetic laws are universally valid and allow of no exceptions; ...
Jungian
/yoong"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Carl G. Jung or his theories, esp. of archetypes and the collective unconscious. n. 2. an advocate or follower of Jung's ...
jungle
—jungled, adj. /jung"geuhl/, n. 1. a wild land overgrown with dense vegetation, often nearly impenetrable, esp. tropical vegetation or a tropical rain forest. 2. a tract of ...
jungle babbler
▪ bird       any of about 32 species of songbirds constituting the tribe Pellorneini of the babbler family Timaliidae. Found from Africa to Malaysia and the Philippines, ...
Jungle Book
a collection of short stories for children by Rudyard Kipling, published in 1894 and still popular today. They are about Mowgli, a young boy who grows up in the jungle and is ...
Jungle Books, The
a series of jungle stories in two volumes (1894, 1895) by Rudyard Kipling. * * *
jungle bunny
Slang (disparaging and offensive). a black person. [1965-70, Amer.] * * *
jungle cock
the male of the jungle fowl. * * *
jungle fever
Pathol. a severe variety of malarial fever occurring in the East Indies and the tropics. [1795-1805] * * *
jungle fowl
any of several East Indian, gallinaceous birds of the genus Gallus, as G. gallus (red jungle fowl) believed to be the ancestor of the domestic fowl. [1815-25] * * * Any of four ...
jungle geranium
flame-of-the-woods. * * *
jungle gym
☆ jungle gym n. an apparatus for playgrounds, consisting of bars, ladders, etc. for children to climb on * * *
jungle rot
Pathol. any cutaneous disease or condition caused or induced by a tropical climate. [1940-45] * * *
Jungle, The
a novel (1906) by Upton Sinclair. * * *
junglefever
jungle fever n. 1. Malaria, especially a severe form occurring in the East Indies and other tropical regions. 2. Any of various diseases native to the tropics. * * *
junglefowl
jungle fowl n. Any of several game birds of the genus Gallus of southeast Asia, especially G. gallus, considered to be the ancestor of the common domestic fowl. * * *
junglegym
/jung"geuhl jim'/ a playground apparatus consisting of a framework of horizontal and vertical bars on which children can climb. [formerly a trademark] * * *
jungly
/jung"glee/, adj. resembling or suggesting a jungle. [1790-1800; JUNGLE + -Y1] * * *
Juniata
Ju·ni·at·a (jo͞o'nē-ătʹə) A river, about 241 km (150 mi) long, of south-central Pennsylvania flowing eastward to the Susquehanna River. * * * ▪ county, ...
Junín
▪ Argentina       city, northern Buenos Aires provincia (province), east-central Argentina, in the Pampa on the Salado River. The town grew up around Fuerte (fort) ...
junior
/joohn"yeuhr/, adj. 1. younger (usually designating the younger of two men bearing the same full name, as a son named after his father; often written as Jr. or jr. following the ...
Junior Achievement
▪ educational organization       an educational organization of the United States and Canada that offers young people of high-school age the opportunity to gain business ...
junior college
1. a collegiate institution offering courses only through the first one or two years of college instruction and granting a certificate of title instead of a degree. 2. a division ...
junior counsel
Eng. Law. 1. a body of barristers who are lower in rank than the King's Counsel or Queen's Counsel, and who plead outside the bar in the court. 2. a member of this body of ...
junior featherweight
junior featherweight n. a boxer between a bantamweight and a featherweight, with a maximum weight of 122 pounds (55.34 kg) * * *
junior flyweight
junior flyweight n. a boxer with the maximum weight of 108 pounds (48.99 kg) * * *
junior high
➡ junior high school * * *
junior high school
a school attended after elementary school and usually consisting of grades seven through nine. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *       in some school systems in the United States, ...
Junior League
—Junior Leaguer. any local branch of a women's organization, the Association of the Junior Leagues of America, Inc., the members of which are engaged in volunteer welfare work, ...
junior lightweight
junior lightweight n. a boxer between a featherweight and a lightweight, with a maximum weight of 130 pounds (58.99 kg) * * *
junior middleweight
junior middleweight n. a boxer between a welterweight and a middleweight, with a maximum weight of 154 pounds (69.85 kg) * * *
junior ministers
➡ departments of government * * *
junior miss
1. a teenage girl, esp. a subdebutante. 2. See junior (def. 13). [1925-30] * * *
junior school
Brit. a school for children aged seven to eleven, similar to a U.S. elementary school. [1870-75] * * *
junior varsity
Sports. a university, college, or school team that consists of players who lack the qualifications or skill necessary for the varsity and compete against other teams of similar ...
junior welterweight
junior welterweight n. a boxer between a lightweight and a welterweight, with a maximum weight of 140 pounds (63.50 kg) * * *
juniorate
/joohn"yeuh rayt', -yeuhr it/, n. 1. a two-year course of study for a Jesuit novice in preparation for the course in philosophy. 2. a seminary for this course. [1835-45; JUNIOR + ...
juniorbantamweight
junior bantamweight n. In both senses also called super flyweight. 1. A weight division in professional boxing having an upper limit of 115 pounds (51.7 kilograms), between ...
juniorcollege
junior college n. An educational institution offering a two-year course that is generally the equivalent of the first two years of a four-year undergraduate course. * * *
juniorfeatherweight
junior featherweight n. In both senses also called super bantamweight. 1. A weight division in professional boxing having an upper limit of 122 pounds (54.9 kilograms), between ...
juniorflyweight
junior flyweight n. 1. A weight division in professional boxing having an upper limit of 108 pounds (48.6 kilograms), between minimumweight and flyweight. 2. A boxer competing in ...
juniorheavyweight
junior heavyweight n. See cruiserweight. * * *
juniorhigh school
junior high school n. A school in the U.S. system generally including the seventh, eighth, and sometimes ninth grades. * * *
juniority
/joohn yawr"i tee, -yor"-/, n. the state or fact of being junior in age, rank, standing, etc. [1590-1600; JUNIOR + -ITY] * * *
juniorlightweight
junior lightweight n. In both senses also called super featherweight. 1. A weight division in professional boxing having an upper limit of 130 pounds (58.5 kilograms), between ...
juniormiddleweight
junior middleweight n. In both senses also called super welterweight. 1. A weight division in professional boxing having an upper limit of 154 pounds (69.3 kilograms), between ...
juniormiss
junior miss n. 1. A teenage girl. 2. See junior. * * *
juniorvarsity
junior varsity n. Abbr. JV A high-school or college team that competes in interschool sports on the level below varsity. * * *
juniorwelterweight
junior welterweight n. In both senses also called super lightweight. 1. A weight division in professional boxing having an upper limit of 140 pounds (63 kilograms), between ...
juniper
/jooh"neuh peuhr/, n. 1. any evergreen, coniferous shrub or tree of the genus Juniperus, esp. J. communis, having cones that resemble dark-blue or blackish berries used in ...
juniper berry
the berrylike cone of a juniper. [1715-25] * * *
juniper oil
an oil obtained from the berries or wood of the common juniper, Juniperus communis. [1540-50] * * *
juniper tar
Pharm. a medicinal tar derived from the European juniper Juniperus oxycedrus: used topically in the treatment of certain skin diseases. Cf. cade. [1880-85] * * *
juniperoil
juniper oil n. An essential oil obtained from the seed-bearing cones of the common juniper, most often used to flavor gin and liqueurs. * * *
junipertar
juniper tar n. A tarry substance obtained from the wood of the European juniper Juniperus oxycedrus and used topically to treat various skin ailments. Also called cade oil. * * *
Junius
/joohn"yeuhs/, n. 1. the pen name of the unknown author of a series of letters published in a London newspaper (1769-72), attacking the British king and his ministers' abuse of ...
Junius, Franciscus, The Younger
▪ European scholar French  François Du Jon   born 1589, Heidelberg, Palatinate [Germany] died Nov. 19, 1677, Windsor, Berkshire, Eng.       language and literary ...
junk
junk1 /jungk/, n. 1. any old or discarded material, as metal, paper, or rags. 2. anything that is regarded as worthless, meaningless, or contemptible; trash. 3. old cable or ...
junk art
—junk artist. sculptural assemblage constructed from discarded materials, as glass, scrap metal, plastic, and wood. [1965-70] * * *
junk bond
Finance. any corporate bond with a low rating and a high yield, often involving high risk. [1975-80] * * * Bond paying a high yield but also presenting greater risk than ...
junk call
a telephone call soliciting a donation or selling a product or service by a caller making many such calls to a list of prospects. [by analogy with JUNK MAIL] * * *
junk DNA
segments of DNA that have no apparent genetic function. [1990-95] * * *
junk food
—junk-food, adj. 1. food, as potato chips or candy, that is high in calories but of little nutritional value. 2. anything that is attractive and diverting but of negligible ...
junk jewelry
cheap costume jewelry. [1935-40] * * *
junk mail
unsolicited commercial mail. [1950-55] * * *
junk mailer
1. an organization that sends junk mail in bulk, esp. to solicit business or charitable contributions. 2. a business that specializes in preparing and distributing junk mail for ...
junk shops
➡ antiques * * *
junkart
junk art n. Three-dimensional art made from junked materials, such as metal, glass, or wood. * * *
junkbond
junk bond n. A corporate bond having a high yield and high risk. * * *
junkDNA
junk DNA n. DNA that does not code for proteins or their regulation but constitutes approximately 95 percent of the human genome. It is postulated to be involved in the evolution ...
junker
/jung"keuhr/, n. Slang. a car that is old, worn out, or in bad enough repair to be scrapped. [1880-85, Amer., for an earlier sense; JUNK1 + -ER1] * * * ▪ Prussian and German ...
Junker
/yoong"keuhr/, n. 1. a member of a class of aristocratic landholders, esp. in East Prussia, strongly devoted to militarism and authoritarianism, from among whom the German ...
Junker, Wilhelm
▪ Russian explorer in full  Johann Wilhelm Junker   born April 6, 1840, Moscow, Russia died February 13, 1892, St. Petersburg       Russian explorer of the southern ...
Junkerdom
/yoong"keuhr deuhm/, n. 1. the Junkers as a group. 2. (sometimes l.c.) the condition or character of a Junker. 3. (sometimes l.c.) the spirit or policy of the Junkers; ...
Junkerism
/yoong"keuh riz'euhm/, n. (sometimes l.c.) the spirit or policy of the Junkers. [1865-70; JUNKER + -ISM] * * *
Junkers
/yoong"keuhrdds/, n. Hugo /hooh"gaw/, 1859-1935, German aircraft designer and builder. * * *
Junkers, Hugo
▪ German aircraft designer born Feb. 3, 1859, Rheydt, Prussia [Germany] died Feb. 3, 1935, Gauting, near Munich, Ger.       German aircraft designer and early proponent ...
Junkers,Hugo
Jun·kers (yo͝ongʹkərz, -kərs), Hugo. 1859-1935. German aircraft engineer who designed the first successful all-metal airplane (1915) and helped establish early mail and ...
junket
—junketer, n. /jung"kit/, n. 1. a sweet, custardlike food of flavored milk curdled with rennet. 2. a pleasure excursion, as a picnic or outing. 3. a trip, as by an official or ...
junketeer
/jung'ki tear"/, n. 1. a person who goes on junkets, esp. regularly or habitually: weekend junketeers to Las Vegas. v.i. 2. to go on a junket, esp. at government or another's ...
junketer
See junket. * * *
junkfood
junk food n. A high-calorie food that is low in nutritional value. * * *
junkie
/jung"kee/, n. Informal. 1. a drug addict, esp. one addicted to heroin. 2. a person with an insatiable craving for something: a chocolate junkie. 3. an enthusiastic follower; ...
junkmail
junk mail n. Third-class mail, such as advertisements, mailed indiscriminately in large quantities. * * *
junkman
junkman1 /jungk"man'/, n., pl. junkmen. a dealer in resalable used metal, paper, rags, and other junk. [1870-75, Amer.; JUNK1 + MAN1] junkman2 /jungk"meuhn, -man'/, n., pl. ...
junky
junky1 /jung"kee/, adj., junkier, junkiest. of the nature of junk; trashy. [1945-50; JUNK1 + -Y2] junky2 /jung"kee/, n., pl. junkies. junkie. [JUNK3 + -Y2] * * *
junkyard
/jungk"yahrd'/, n. a yard for the collection, storage, and resale of junk. [1875-80, Amer.; JUNK1 + YARD2] * * *
Juno
/jooh"noh/, n., pl. Junos for 3. 1. the ancient Roman queen of heaven, a daughter of Saturn and the wife and sister of Jupiter: the protector of women and marriage. Cf. Hera. 2. ...
Juno and the Paycock
/pay"kok/ a play (1924) by Sean O'Casey. * * *
Juno Beach
▪ World War II       The second beach from the east among the five landing areas of the Normandy Invasion of World War II. It was assaulted on June 6, 1944 (D-Day of ...
Junod, Henri Alexandre
▪ Swiss anthropologist born 1863, Neuchâtel canton, Switz. died 1934, Geneva       Swiss Protestant missionary and anthropologist noted for his ethnography of the ...
Junoesque
/jooh'noh esk"/, adj. (of a woman) stately; regal. [1885-90; JUNO + -ESQUE] * * *
Junot
/zhyuu noh"/, n. Andoche /ahonn dawsh"/, (Duc d'Abrantès), 1771-1813, French marshal. * * *
Junot, Andoche, duc d'Abrantès
▪ French general born Oct. 23, 1771, Bussy-le-Grand, France died July 29, 1813, Montbard       one of Napoleon Bonaparte's generals and his first ...
Junot, Laure, Duchess D'abrantès
▪ French author née Permon born Nov. 6, 1784, Montpellier, France died June 7, 1838, Paris  French author of a volume of famous memoirs.       After her father died ...
Junqueiro, Abílio Manuel Guerra
▪ Portuguese poet born Sept. 17, 1850, Freixo de Espada à Cinta, Trás-os-Montes, Port. died July 7, 1923, Lisbon  poet whose themes of social protest and reform, expressed ...
junta
/hoon"teuh, jun"-, hun"-/, n. 1. a small group ruling a country, esp. immediately after a coup d'état and before a legally constituted government has been instituted. 2. a ...
junto
/jun"toh/, n., pl. juntos. a self-appointed committee, esp. with political aims; cabal. [1635-45; alter. of JUNTA] * * *
Jupiter
/jooh"pi teuhr/, n. 1. Also called Jove. the supreme deity of the ancient Romans: the god of the heavens and of weather. Cf. Zeus. 2. Astron. the planet fifth in order from the ...
Jupiter Dolichenus
God of a Roman mystery cult. He was originally a Hittite-Hurrian god of fertility and thunder worshiped at Doliche in Anatolia. He also became identified with the Zoroastrian ...
Jupiter Pluvius
Jupiter Pluvius [plo͞o′vē əs] n. 〚L, lit., Jupiter who brings rain: pluvius, rainy < pluere, to rain: see PLUVIAL〛 Jupiter regarded as the giver of rain * * *
Jupiter's-beard
/jooh"pi teuhrz beard"/, n. See red valerian. [1560-70] * * *

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