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Landseer,Sir Edwin Henry
Land·seer (lăndʹsîr'), Sir Edwin Henry. 1802-1873. British painter known for his sentimental paintings of animals. * * *
Landshut
▪ Germany  city, Bavaria Land (state), southeastern Germany. It lies on the Isar River northeast of Munich. Named for its early position as the protector (Hut) of the ...
landside
/land"suyd'/, n. the part of a plow consisting of a sidepiece opposite the moldboard, for guiding the plow and resisting the side pressure caused by the turning of the ...
landskap
▪ traditional subdivision, Sweden       traditional subdivision (province) of Sweden. The 25 landskap (provinces) developed during the pre-Viking and Viking eras and ...
landskip
/land"skip'/, n. Archaic. landscape. * * *
landsknecht
Ger. /lahnts"knekht'/, n. a European mercenary foot soldier of the 16th century, armed with a pike or halberd. Also, lansquenet. [ < G; see LAND, 'S1, KNIGHT] * * *
Landskrona
▪ Sweden       town and port, Skåne län (county), southern Sweden, on The Sound (Sound, The) (Öresund), north-northwest of the city of Malmö. It has the only ...
landsleit
landsleit [länts′līt΄] pl.n. sing. landsman [länts′mən] 〚Yiddish〛 fellow Jews; sometimes, specif., those from the same town or village in Europe as oneself * * ...
landslide
/land"sluyd'/, n., v., landslid, landslid or landslidden, landsliding. n. 1. the downward falling or sliding of a mass of soil, detritus, or rock on or from a steep slope. 2. the ...
landsliding
See landslide. * * *
landslip
landslip [land′slip΄] n. Chiefly Brit. LANDSLIDE (senses 1 & 2) * * * land·slip (lăndʹslĭp') n. See landslide. * * *
Landsmål
/lahnts"mawl/, n. Nynorsk. Formerly, Landsmaal. Also, landsmaal. * * *
landsman
/landz"meuhn/, n., pl. landsmen. 1. Also, landman. a person who lives or works on land. 2. an inexperienced sailor or one who has not been to sea before. [bef. 1000 for sense ...
landsmanshaft
/lahnts"meuhn shahft'/, n., pl. landsmanshaften /-shahf'teuhn/. Yiddish. a fraternal organization made up of immigrants from the same region. * * *
Landstad, Magnus Brostrup
▪ Norwegian poet born October 7, 1802, Måsøy, Norway died October 8, 1880, Kristiania [now Oslo]       pastor and poet who published the first collection of authentic ...
Landsteiner
/land"stuy'neuhr/; Ger. /lahnt"shtuy'neuhrdd/, n. Karl /kahrl/; Ger. /kahrddl/, 1868-1943, Austrian pathologist in the U.S.: Nobel prize 1930. * * *
Landsteiner, Karl
▪ Austrian immunologist and pathologist born June 14, 1868, Vienna, Austrian Empire [Austria] died June 26, 1943, New York, N.Y., U.S.  Austrian American immunologist and ...
Landsteiner,Karl
Land·stei·ner (lăndʹstī'nər, läntʹshtī'-), Karl. 1868-1943. Austrian-born American pathologist. He won a 1930 Nobel Prize for the discovery of human blood groups. * * *
Landsting
/lahns"ting'/, n. (formerly) the upper house of the Danish parliament. Also, Landsthing /lahns"ting'/. Cf. Rigsdag. [ < Dan, equiv. to lands, poss. of land LAND + t(h)ing THING2. ...
landsturm
Ger. /lahnt"shtoorddm'/, n. (in certain European countries). 1. a general draft of people in time of war. 2. the force so drafted or subject to such draft, consisting of all who ...
Landtag
Ger. /lahnt"tahkh'/, n. Hist. the legislature of certain states in Germany. [ < G: lit., land parliament. See DAY, DIET2] * * *
Landuma
▪ people also spelled  Landoma        group of some 20,000 people located principally in Guinea, 30 to 60 miles (50 to 100 km) inland along the border of ...
Landus
/lan"deuhs/, n. Lando. * * *
landwaiter
/land"way'teuhr/, n. a British customs officer who enforces import-export regulations, collects import duties, etc. [1705-15; LAND + WAITER] * * *
landward
/land"weuhrd/, adv. 1. Also, landwards. toward the land or interior. adj. 2. lying, facing, or tending toward the land or away from the coast. 3. being in the direction of the ...
landwards
See landward. * * *
landwash
/land"wosh', -wawsh'/, n. Newfoundland. the foreshore, esp. that part between high and low tidemarks. [LAND + WASH] * * *
Landwehr
/lahnt"vayrdd'/, n. (in Germany, Austria, etc.) the part of the organized military forces of a nation that has completed a certain amount of compulsory training, and whose ...
Landy
/lan"dee/, n. John Michael, born 1930, Australian track-and-field athlete. * * *
Land’s End
the place in England that is furthest to the west, on the coast of Cornwall. The point furthest to the south is the Lizard. John o’Groats is the point furthest to the north in ...
lane
lane1 /layn/, n. 1. a narrow way or passage between hedges, fences, walls, or houses. 2. any narrow or well-defined passage, track, channel, or course. 3. a longitudinally marked ...
Lane
/layn/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Carrie Lane Drury Lane Theatre Kirkland Joseph Lane Lane Burton Arthel Lane Watson * * *
Lane, Burton
orig. Burton Levy born Feb. 2, 1912, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 5, 1997, New York City U.S. songwriter. Lane worked in Tin Pan Alley, where he came to the attention of ...
Lane, Dick
▪ 2003 “Night Train”        American professional football player (b. April 16, 1928, Austin, Texas—d. Jan. 29, 2002, Austin), was one of the leading defensive ...
Lane, Franklin K(night)
▪ American politician born July 15, 1864, near Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Can. died May 18, 1921, Rochester, Minn., U.S.  U.S. lawyer and politician who, as ...
Lane, Harriet
▪ American first lady in full  Harriet Rebecca Lane , also called  Harriet Lane Johnston  born May 9, 1830, Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, U.S. died July 3, 1903, Narragansett ...
Lane, Jonathan Homer
▪ American astrophysicist born Aug. 9, 1819, Geneseo, N.Y., U.S. died May 3, 1880, Washington, D.C.       U.S. astrophysicist who was the first to investigate ...
Lane, Nathan
▪ 2002       American actor Nathan Lane, no stranger to plaudits for his abilities as a performer, reaped new praise in 2001 for his masterfully hilarious turn as con ...
Lane, Ronald
▪ 1998       ), British rock bass guitarist, singer, and songwriter who was cofounder of the influential 1960s band the Small Faces (later the Faces), which gave a boost ...
Lane, Sir Allen
▪ British publisher original name  Allen Lane Williams   born Sept. 21, 1902, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died July 7, 1970, Northwood, ...
Lane, Sir Hugh Percy
▪ Irish art dealer born Nov. 9, 1875, Ballybrack, County Cork, Ire. died May 7, 1915, at sea       Irish art dealer known for his collection of Impressionist ...
lanes
➡ roads and road signs * * *
Lanfranc
/lan"frangk/, n. 1005?-89, Italian Roman Catholic prelate and scholar in England: archbishop of Canterbury 1070-89. * * * born с 1010, Pavia, Lombardy died May 28, 1089, ...
Lanfranco, Giovanni
born Jan. 26, 1582, Parma died Nov. 30, 1647, Rome Italian painter. He studied with Agostino Carracci. In 1602 he went to Rome to work with Annibale Carracci in the Farnese ...
lang
/lang/, adj., n., adv. Scot. and North Eng. long1. * * *
Lang
/lang/, n. 1. Andrew, 1844-1912, Scottish poet, prose writer, and scholar. 2. Cosmo Gordon /koz"moh/, 1864-1945, English clergyman: archbishop of Canterbury 1928-42. 3. Fritz, ...
Lang Lang
▪ 2005       By 2004 Chinese-born pianist Lang Lang had firmly established himself as one of the most promising young musical talents on the international scene. Only 22 ...
lang lay
/lang/ a wire rope in which the lays of the strands and of their component wires are the same. [1885-90; lang (var. of ALONG) + LAY1] * * *
Lang Mountains
▪ mountains, Norway Norwegian  Langfjella  or  Langfjellene , English  Long Mountains        mountainous area lying south and west of the Dovre Mountains in ...
Lang Ping
▪ Chinese athlete and coach born December 10, 1960, Beijing, China       volleyball player and coach, who was the lead spiker on the Chinese national teams that ...
Lang, Andrew
▪ British scholar born March 31, 1844, Selkirk, Selkirkshire, Scot. died July 20, 1912, Banchory, Aberdeenshire       Scottish scholar and man of letters noted for his ...
Lang, Charles Bryant, Jr.
▪ 1999       American cinematographer whose stunning mastery of both black-and-white and colour photography and imaginative, flattering lighting graced such films as A ...
Lang, Cosmo Gordon Lang, Baron
▪ archbishop of Canterbury born Oct. 31, 1864, Fyvie Manse, Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Scot. died Dec. 5, 1945, Kew Gardens, Surrey, Eng.       influential and versatile ...
Lang, Eddie
▪ American musician byname  Blind Willie Dunn,  original name  Salvatore Massaro  born Oct. 25, 1902, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died March 26, 1933, New York, ...
Lang, Fritz
born Dec. 5, 1890, Vienna, Austria-Hungary died Aug. 2, 1976, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. Austrian-born U.S. film director. He studied architecture in Vienna and served in the ...
Lang, Jack
▪ prime minister of Australia in full  John Thomas Lang   born Dec. 21, 1876, Sydney died Sept. 27, 1975, Sydney  Australian statesman and Labor premier of New South Wales ...
Lang, John Dunmore
▪ Australian clergyman born Aug. 25, 1799, Greenock, Scot. died Aug. 8, 1878, Sydney       Australian churchman and writer, founder of the Australian Presbyterian ...
Lang, Matheson
▪ Canadian actor born May 15, 1879, Montreal died April 11, 1948, Bridgetown, Barbados       English romantic actor and dramatist whose imposing presence, commanding ...
Lang, Matthäus
▪ German statesman and cardinal born 1468, Augsburg, Ger. died March 30, 1540, Salzburg, Austria       German statesman and cardinal, counsellor of the emperor ...
Lang,Andrew
Lang (lăng), Andrew. 1844-1912. British writer and anthropologist who is best known for his fairy tales, including The Blue Fairy Book (1889). * * *
Lang,Fritz
Lang, Fritz. 1890-1976. Austrian-born American filmmaker. He made Metropolis (1927), M (1931), and a number of other expressionist films before fleeing to Hollywood from Nazi ...
lang.
language. * * *
langbeinite
/lang"buy nuyt', lahng"-/, n. a mineral, K2Mg2(SO4)3, occurring in marine salt deposits, used as a fertilizer because of its potassium content. [ < G Langbeinit (1891), after A. ...
Langdell, Christopher Columbus
born May 22, 1826, New Boston, N.H., U.S. died July 6, 1906, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. legal educator. He studied law at Harvard (1851–54) and practiced in New York City until ...
Langdon, John
▪ American politician born June 26, 1741, Portsmouth, N.H. died Sept. 18, 1819, Portsmouth, N.H., U.S.       state legislator, governor, and U.S. senator during the ...
Lange
/lahng"euh/ for 1; /lang/ for 2, 3, n. 1. Christian Louis /krddis"tyahn looh"ee, -is/, 1869-1938, Norwegian historian: Nobel peace prize 1921. 2. David (Russell), born 1942, New ...
Lange, Andre
▪ 2009 born June 28, 1973, Ilmenau, E.Ger.       By collecting gold medals throughout the 2007–08 season, German bobsleigh driver André Lange confirmed that he was a ...
Lange, Antoni
▪ Polish writer and translator born c. 1861, Warsaw, Poland, Russian Empire [now in Poland] died March 17, 1929, Warsaw       Polish poet, literary critic, and ...
Lange, Christian Lous
▪ Norwegian political scientist born Sept. 17, 1869, Stavanger, Nor. died Dec. 11, 1938, Oslo  Norwegian peace advocate, secretary-general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union ...
Lange, David
▪ prime minister of New Zealand in full  David Russell Lange  born August 4, 1942, Otahuhu, New Zealand died August 13, 2005, Auckland  New Zealand lawyer and politician, ...
Lange, David Russell
▪ 2006  New Zealand lawyer and politician (b. Aug. 4, 1942, Otahuhu, N.Z.—d. Aug. 13, 2005, Auckland, N.Z.), during his years as prime minister (1984–89), radically ...
Lange, Dorothea
born May 26, 1895, Hoboken, N.J., U.S. died Oct. 11, 1965, San Francisco, Calif. U.S. documentary photographer. She studied photography and opened a portrait studio in San ...
Lange, Friedrich Albert
▪ German philosopher born Sept. 28, 1828, Wald, near Solingen, Prussia died Nov. 21, 1875, Marburg, Ger.       German philosopher and Socialist, important for his ...
Lange, Hope Elise Ross
▪ 2004       American actress (b. Nov. 28, 1931/33, Redding Ridge, Conn.—d. Dec. 19, 2003, Santa Monica, Calif.), was already a veteran of stage and television when ...
Lange, Jessica
born April 20, 1949, Cloquet, Minn., U.S. U.S. film actress. She studied mime in Paris and worked as a model in New York before making her movie debut in King Kong (1976). She ...
Lange, Oskar Ryszard
▪ Polish economist born July 27, 1904, Tomaszów Mazowiecki (near Lódz), Poland died October 2, 1965, London, England       Polish-born economist who taught in the ...
Lange,Dorothea
Lange (lăng), Dorothea. 1895-1965. American photographer remembered for her documentary portraits of rural workers during the Depression. * * *
Langeais
▪ France  town, west-central France, Indre-et-Loire département, Centre région, on the right bank of Loire River. It has a 15th-century château, notable as a fine ...
langeel
/lang"geel/, n. Australian. leangle. Also, langiel. * * *
Langeland
▪ island, Denmark       island belonging to Denmark, in the Baltic Sea between Funen and Lolland islands. Langeland's castle of Tranekær has been a royal residence ...
Langen, Eugen
▪ German engineer born Oct. 9, 1833, Cologne died Oct. 2, 1895, Cologne       German engineer who pioneered in building internal-combustion engines.       In ...
Langer
/lang"euhr/, n. Susanne (Knauth) /knowt/, 1895-1985, U.S. philosopher. * * *
Langer, František
▪ Czech writer born March 3, 1888, Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic] died Aug. 2, 1965, Prague, Czech.       physician and writer, one of the ...
Langer, Susanne K(nauth)
born Dec. 20, 1895, New York, N.Y., U.S. died July 17, 1985, Old Lyme, Conn. U.S. philosopher. After receiving her Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1926, she taught at Harvard ...
Langer, Susanne K.
▪ American philosopher and educator née  Susanne Katherina Knauth  born Dec. 20, 1895, New York, N.Y., U.S. died July 17, 1985, Old Lyme, Conn.       American ...
Langerhans islets
Langerhans islets or Langerhans islands n. ISLETS OF LANGERHANS * * *
Langerhans, islets of
or islands of Langerhans Irregularly shaped patches of endocrine tissue in the pancreas. The normal human pancreas has about one million of them. Beta cells, the most common ...
Langford, Frances
▪ 2006 Frances Newbern  American singer and actress (b. April 4, 1914, Lakeland, Fla.—d. July 11, 2005, Jensen Beach, Fla.), acted in some 30 motion pictures and, with Don ...
Langhian Stage
▪ paleontology       third of six divisions (in ascending order) of Miocene (Miocene Epoch) rocks, representing all rocks deposited worldwide during the Langhian Age (16 ...
Langhorne, John
▪ English poet born , March 1735, Winton, Somerset, Eng. died April 1, 1779, Blagdon, Somerset       poet and English translator of the 1st-century Greek biographer ...
Langiewicz, Marian (Melchior)
▪ Polish patriot born Aug. 5, 1827, Krotoszyn, near Poznań, Pol., Prussia died May 11, 1887, Constantinople  Polish soldier and patriot who played a key role in the Polish ...
Langjökull
▪ glacier, Iceland       (Icelandic: “Long Glacier”), large ice field, west-central Iceland. Langjökull is 40 miles (64 km) long and 15 miles (24 km) wide and ...
Langkawi Island
▪ island, Malaysia Malaysian  Pulau Langkawi        main island of the Langkawi group, in the Strait of Malacca, Peninsular (West) Malaysia. It lies just south of the ...
Langland
/lang"leuhnd/, n. William, 1332?-c1400, English poet. Also, Langley. * * *
Langland, William
born с 1330 died с 1400 Presumed author of the poem known as "Piers Plowman. " Little is known of his life, though he clearly had a deep knowledge of theology and was ...
Langland,William
Lang·land (lăngʹlənd), William. 1332?-1400. English poet who is credited with the authorship of The Vision of William Concerning Piers the Plowman, a medieval religious ...
langlauf
/lahng"lowf'/, n. 1. the sport of cross-country skiing. 2. a cross-country ski run or race. [1925-30; < G: lit., long run. See LONG, LOPE, LEAP] * * *
langläufer
/lahng"loy'feuhr/, n., pl. langläufer, langläufers. a participant in cross-country skiing. [1925-30; < G; see LANGLAUF, -ER1] * * *
Langley
/lang"lee/, n. 1. Edmund of. See York, Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of. 2. Samuel Pierpont /pear"pont/, 1834-1906, U.S. astronomer, physicist, and pioneer in aeronautics. 3. ...
langley
/lang"lee/, n. Physics. for electromagnetic radiation incident upon a surface, a value of energy per unit area equal to one calorie per square centimeter. [1945-50; after S. P. ...
Langley aerodrome No. 5
▪ aircraft       aircraft designed and built by Samuel Pierpont Langley (Langley, Samuel Pierpont) in 1896, the first powered heavier-than-air machine to attain ...
Langley, Samuel (Pierpont)
born Aug. 22, 1834, Roxbury, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 27, 1906, Aiken, S.C. U.S. astronomer and aeronautics pioneer. He taught for many years at the future University of ...
Langley, Samuel Pierpont
▪ American engineer born Aug. 22, 1834, Roxbury, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 27, 1906, Aiken, S.C.  American astrophysicist and aeronautical pioneer who developed new instruments ...
Langley,Mount
Lang·ley (lăngʹlē), Mount A peak, 4,227.9 m (14,026 ft) high, in the Sierra Nevada of southern California. * * *
Langley,Samuel Pierpoint
Langley, Samuel Pierpoint. 1834-1906. American astronomer and aviation pioneer who built the first successful heavier-than-air flying machines. He directed the Smithsonian ...
Langlois, Charles-Victor
▪ French scholar born May 26, 1863, Rouen, France died June 25, 1929, Paris       one of the leading French scholars of the late 19th century, who is best known for his ...
Langmuir
/lang"myoor/, n. Irving, 1881-1957, U.S. chemist: Nobel prize 1932. * * *
Langmuir, Alexander
▪ 1994       U.S. epidemiologist (b. Sept. 12, 1910, Santa Monica, Calif.—d. Nov. 22, 1993, Baltimore, Md.), created and led the Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) ...
Langmuir, Irving
born Jan. 31, 1881, Brooklyn, N.Y., N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 16, 1957, Falmouth, Mass. U.S. physical chemist. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Göttingen, Ger. As a ...
Langmuir,Irving
Lang·muir (lăngʹmyo͝or'), Irving. 1881-1957. American chemist. He won a 1932 Nobel Prize for his work in surface chemistry. * * *
Lango
▪ people       people inhabiting the marshy lowlands northeast of Lakes Kwania and Kyoga in northern Uganda and speaking an Eastern Sudanic language (Eastern Sudanic ...
Langobard
/lang"geuh bahrd'/, n. Lombard (def. 2). [ < L Langobardi (pl.), Latinized form of Germanic tribal name; c. OE Longbeardan] * * *
Langobardic
/lang'geuh bahr"dik/, adj. 1. Lombard (def. 4). n. 2. a West Germanic language, the language of the ancient Lombards. [1715-25; LANGOBARD + -IC] * * *
langosta
/lahng gaws"tah/; Eng. /lang gos"teuh/, n., pl. langostas /-tahs/; Eng. /-teuhz/. Spanish. See spiny lobster. * * *
langostino
/lang'geuh stee"noh/, n., pl. langostinos. Spanish and Creole Cookery. langoustine. [ < Sp; see LANGOUSTINE] * * *
langouste
/lahonn goohst"/; Eng. /lahng goohst"/, n., pl. langoustes /-goohst"/; Eng. /goohsts"/. French. See spiny lobster. * * *
langoustine
/lang'geuh steen"/, n. a large prawn, Nephrops norvegicus, used for food. [1910-15; < F < Sp langostino, equiv. to langost(a) crayfish ( < VL, for L locusta kind of crustacean, ...
Langport
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), South Somerset district, administrative and historic county of Somerset, England, at the head of the Somerset marshes ...
langrage
/lang"grij/, n. a kind of shot consisting of bolts, nails, etc., fastened together or enclosed in a case, formerly used for damaging sails and rigging in sea battles. Also, ...
Langrenus
/lan gree"neuhs/, n. a walled plain in the fourth quadrant of the face of the moon: about 85 miles (135 km) in diameter. * * *
Langreo
/lahng grdde"aw/, n. a city in N Spain. 58,864. * * *
Langres
▪ France       town, eastern France, Haute-Marne département, Champagne-Ardenne région, north-northeast of Dijon. A medieval fortified city, it is situated 1,529 feet ...
langsat
/lahng"saht/, n. 1. an East Indian tree, Lansium domesticum, of the mahogany family. 2. the yellowish, tart, edible fruit of this tree. Also, langset /lahng"set/, lansa, lansat, ...
Langshan
/lang"shan/, n. one of a breed of large, black or white, white-skinned Asiatic domestic chickens, having a single comb and feathered shanks and producing dark-brown ...
Langston
/lang"steuhn/, n. 1. John Mercer, 1829-97, U.S. public official, diplomat, and educator. 2. a male given name. * * *
Langston Hughes
➡ Hughes (II) * * *
Langston Hughes: The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain (1926)
▪ Primary Source       A novelist, short-story writer, and poet, Langston Hughes was one of the most prolific writers of the Harlem Renaissance. The ideas that he ...
Langston University
▪ university, Langston, Oklahoma, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Langston, Oklahoma, U.S. It is Oklahoma's only ...
Langston, John Mercer
▪ American politician born Dec. 14, 1829, Louisa county, Va., U.S. died Nov. 15, 1897, Washington, D.C.  black leader, educator, and diplomat, who is believed to have been ...
langsyne
/lang'zuyn", -suyn"/, Scot. adv. 1. long since; long ago. n. 2. time long past. Also, lang syne. [1490-1500; LANG + SYNE] * * *
Langtoft, Peter
▪ English historian died c. 1307       author of an Anglo-Norman chronicle in alexandrines, canon of the Augustinian priory at Bridlington. He took his name from the ...
Langton
/lang"teuhn/, n. Stephen, c1165-1228, English theologian, historian, and poet: archbishop of Canterbury. * * *
Langton, Stephen
died July 9, 1228, Slindon, Sussex, Eng. English cardinal and archbishop of Canterbury (1207–28). Langton was living in Rome when Innocent III nominated him as archbishop of ...
Langton, Walter
▪ English politician born , probably West Langton, Leicestershire, Eng. died Nov. 9/16, 1321, London       a leading adviser of King Edward I of England; he was ...
Langtry
/lang"tree/, n. Lillie /lil"ee/, (Emily Charlotte Le Breton) ("the Jersey Lily"), 1852-1929, English actress. * * *
Langtry, Lillie
orig. Emilie Charlotte Le Breton born Oct. 13, 1853, Isle of Jersey, Channel Islands died Feb. 12, 1929, Monte-Carlo, Monaco British actress. She married the socially ...
Langtry,Lillie
Lang·try (lăngʹtrē), Lillie. Known as “the Jersey Lily.” 1853-1929. British actress famous for her great beauty and her love affair with Edward VII. * * *
language
/lang"gwij/, n. 1. a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural ...
language acquisition device
Psycholinguistics. a hypothesized innate mental faculty present in infants that enables them to construct and internalize the grammar of their native language on the basis of the ...
language arts
the skills, including reading, composition, speech, spelling, and dramatics, taught in elementary and secondary schools to give students a thorough proficiency in using the ...
language death
Ling. the complete displacement of one language by another in a population of speakers. * * *
language laboratory
a special room or rooms with sound-recording and -reproducing equipment for use by students to practice speaking foreign languages, usually with an instructor monitoring the ...
language planning
the development of policies or programs designed to direct or change language use, as through the establishment of an official language, the standardization or modernization of a ...
language transfer
transfer (def. 20). * * *
language universal
Ling. a trait or property of language that exists, or has the potential to exist, in all languages. Also called linguistic universal. [1965-70] * * *
language, philosophy of
Philosophical study of the nature and use of natural languages and the relations between language, language users, and the world. It encompasses the philosophical study of ...
languagearts
language arts pl.n. The subjects, including reading, spelling, and composition, aimed at developing reading and writing skills, usually taught in elementary and secondary ...
languageisolate
language isolate n. A language that has no known linguistic affiliation with any other language, such as Basque or Tarascan. * * *
languagelaboratory
language laboratory n. A room designed for learning foreign languages and equipped with tape recorders, videocasette recorders, or computers connected to monitoring devices ...
langue
/lahonn-g/, n. French. the linguistic system shared by the members of a community (contrasted with parole). * * *
langue d'oc
/lahonn-g dawk"/ the Romance language of medieval southern France: developed into modern Provençal. [1700-10; < F: language of oc, yes < L hoc (ille fecit) this (he did); cf. ...
langue d'oïl
/lahonn-g daw eel", daw"ee, doyl"/ the Romance language of medieval northern France: developed into modern French. [1695-1705; < F: language of oïl (OF; cf. F oui), yes < L hoc ...
langue de boeuf
Fr. /lahonn-g deuh buef"/, pl. langues de boeuf Fr. /lahonn-g deuh buef"/. See ox-tongue partisan. [1400-50; < F: lit., ox tongue; r. late ME lange de bef < MF langue de boeuf] * ...
langued'oc
langue d'oc (dôkʹ) n. The Romance language formerly spoken in and around Provence and Roussillon, developing into Provençal.   [French, from Old French : langue, language; ...
Languedoc
—Languedocian /lang doh"sheuhn, lang'gweuh doh"sheuhn/, adj., n. /lahonn-g dawk"/, n. a former province in S France. Cap.: Toulouse. * * * Historical and cultural region, ...
Languedoc-Roussillon
Languedoc-Roussillon [läng dō̂k ro͞o sē yōn′] metropolitan region of France incorporating part of the Languedoc region and the Roussillon: 10,570 sq mi (27,376 sq km); ...
languet
/lang"gwet/, n. any of various small tongue-shaped parts, processes, or projections. [1375-1425; late ME < MF languete, dim. of langue tongue; see -ET] * * *
languette
/lang"gwet/, n. Music. a thin plate fastened to the mouth of certain organ pipes. [1375-1425; late ME; var. of LANGUET] * * *
languid
—languidly, adv. —languidness, n. /lang"gwid/, adj. 1. lacking in vigor or vitality; slack or slow: a languid manner. 2. lacking in spirit or interest; listless; ...
languidly
See languid. * * *
languidness
See languidly. * * *
languish
—languisher, n. /lang"gwish/, v.i. 1. to be or become weak or feeble; droop; fade. 2. to lose vigor and vitality. 3. to undergo neglect or experience prolonged inactivity; ...
languisher
See languish. * * *
languishing
—languishingly, adv. /lang"gwi shing/, adj. 1. becoming languid, in any way. 2. expressive of languor; indicating tender, sentimental melancholy: a languishing sigh. 3. ...
languishingly
See languisher. * * *
languishment
/lang"gwish meuhnt/, n. Archaic. 1. the act or state of languishing. 2. a languishing expression. [1535-45; LANGUISH + -MENT] * * *
languor
/lang"geuhr/, n. 1. lack of energy or vitality; sluggishness. 2. lack of spirit or interest; listlessness; stagnation. 3. physical weakness or faintness. 4. emotional softness or ...
languorous
—languorously, adv. —languorousness, n. /lang"geuhr euhs/, adj. 1. characterized by languor; languid. 2. inducing languor: languorous fragrance. [1480-90; LANGUOR + -OUS] * * ...
languorously
See languorous. * * *
languorousness
See languorous. * * *
langur
/lung goor"/, n. any of various slender, long-tailed monkeys of the genus Presbytis, of Asia, feeding on leaves, fruits, and seeds: several species are threatened or ...
lani-
a combining form meaning "wool," used in the formation of compound words: laniferous. [ < LL, comb. form of lana WOOL; akin to Gk lênos wool] * * *
laniard
/lan"yeuhrd/, n. lanyard. * * *
laniary
/lay"nee er'ee, lan"ee-/, adj. 1. (of teeth) adapted for tearing. n. 2. a laniary tooth; a canine of daggerlike shape. [1820-30; < L laniarius of a butcher, equiv. to lani(us) ...
Lanier
/leuh near"/, n. Sidney, 1842-81, U.S. poet and literary scholar. * * * (as used in expressions) Walter Lanier Barber Lanier Willie Edward Thomas Lanier Williams * * *
Lanier, Nicholas
▪ English composer Lanier also spelled  Laniere  baptized Sept. 10, 1588, London, Eng.   buried Feb. 24, 1666, London       English composer, singer, and painter, ...
Lanier, Sidney
▪ American poet born Feb. 3, 1842, Macon, Ga., U.S. died Sept. 7, 1881, Lynn, N.C.  American musician and poet whose verse often suggests the rhythms and thematic ...
Lanier, Willie
▪ American athlete in full  Willie Edward Lanier   born August 21, 1945, Clover, Virginia, U.S.       American professional gridiron football player who was an ...
Lanier, Willie (Edward)
born Aug. 21, 1945, Clover, Va., U.S. U.S. gridiron football player. He was selected to the Little All-America Team while at Morgan State University. An outstanding defensive ...
Lanier,Sidney
La·nier (lə-nîrʹ), Sidney. 1842-1881. American writer and musician noted for his melodic poems, including “The Marshes of Glynn” (1878). His novel Tiger Lilies (1867) is ...
laniferous
/leuh nif"euhr euhs/, adj. wool-bearing: sheep and other laniferous animals. [1650-60; < L lanifer wool-bearing; see LANI-, -FEROUS] * * *
Lanikai
/lah"nee kuy"/, n. a town adjoining Kailua, on SE Oahu, in Hawaii. With Kailua, 35,812. * * *
Lanin, Lester
▪ 2005       American bandleader (b. Aug. 26, 1907, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. Oct. 27, 2004, New York, N.Y.), provided the music for several decades' worth of high-society ...
lank
—lankly, adv. —lankness, n. /langk/, adj., lanker, lankest. 1. (of plants) unduly long and slender: lank grass; lank, leafless trees. 2. (of hair) straight and limp; without ...
Länkäran
▪ Azerbaijan formerly  Lenkoran,        city, southeastern Azerbaijan. It lies on the shore of the Caspian Sea, in the Länkäran Lowland. First mentioned in the 17th ...
Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra
▪ Buddhist text in full  Saddharma-laṅkāvatāra-sūtra        (Sanskrit: “Sūtra of the Appearance of the Good Doctrine in Laṅkā”), distinctive and ...
Lankester
/lang"keuh steuhr, -kes teuhr/, n. Sir Edwin Ray, 1847-1929, English zoologist and writer. * * *
Lankester, Sir Edwin Ray
▪ British zoologist born May 15, 1847, London, Eng. died Aug. 15, 1929, London       British authority on general zoology at the turn of the 19th century, who made ...
lankily
See lanky. * * *
lankiness
See lankily. * * *
lankly
See lank. * * *
lankness
See lankly. * * *
lanky
—lankily, adv. —lankiness, n. /lang"kee/, adj., lankier, lankiest. ungracefully thin and rawboned; bony; gaunt: a very tall and lanky man. [1660-70; LANK + -Y1] * * *
Lanman, Charles Rockwell
▪ American scholar born July 8, 1850, Norwich, Conn., U.S. died Feb. 20, 1941, Boston, Mass.       American scholar of Sanskrit who wrote the widely used Sanskrit ...
lanner
/lan"euhr/, n. 1. a falcon, Falco biarmicus, of southern Europe, northern Africa, and southern Asia. 2. Falconry. the female of this bird. [1250-1300; ME laner < MF lanier kind ...
lanneret
/lan"euh ret'/, n. Falconry. the male lanner, which is smaller than the female. [1400-50; late ME lanret < MF laneret. See LANNER, -ET] * * *
Lannes, Jean, duc de Montebello
▪ French general born April 11, 1769, Lectoure, France died May 31, 1809, Vienna, Austrian Empire  French general who, despite his humble origins, rose to the rank of marshal ...
Lanny
/lan"ee/, n. a male given name, form of Lenny. * * *
lanolin
—lanolated /lan"l ay'tid/, adj. /lan"l in/, n. a fatty substance, extracted from wool, used in ointments, cosmetics, waterproof coatings, etc. Also, lanoline /lan"l in, -l ...
lanose
—lanosity /lay nos"i tee/, n. /lay"nohs/, adj. lanate. [1850-55; < L lanosus. See LANI-, -OSE1] * * *
lanosity
See lanose. * * *
lanosterol
/leuh nos"teuh rawl', -rol'/, n. Biochem. a sterol, C30H50O, formed from squalene epoxide, that is a precursor in the biosynthesis of cholesterol and is a component of ...
Lanoxin
/leuh nok"sin/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of digoxin. * * *
Lanrezac, Charles
▪ French general born July 31, 1852, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe died Jan. 18, 1925, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Fr.       French army commander during the first part of World ...
lansa
/lan"seuh/, n. langsat. Also, lansat /lan"seuht/, lanseh /lan"seuh/. * * *
Lansberg
/lanz"bairg/, n. a walled plain in the third quadrant of the face of the moon: about 29 miles (46 km) in diameter. * * *
Lansbury, Angela
▪ American actress born October 16, 1925, London, Eng.       British-born American character actress who achieved success and acclaim for her stage, film, and ...
Lansbury, George
born Feb. 21, 1859, near Halesworth, Suffolk, Eng. died May 7, 1940, London British politician. As a member of the House of Commons (1910–12, 1922–40), he became known as a ...
Lansdale
/lanz"dayl/, n. a city in SE Pennsylvania. 16,526. * * *
Lansdowne
/lanz"down/, n. 1. Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, /pet"ee fits mawr"is, -mor"-/, 5th Marquis of, 1845-1927, British statesman: viceroy of India 1888-94, foreign secretary ...
Lansdowne, Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th marquess of
born Jan. 14, 1845, London, Eng. died June 3, 1927, Clonmel, County Tipperary, Ire. Irish nobleman and British diplomat. He inherited his father's title and wealth in 1866 and ...
Lansdowne, William Petty-Fitzmaurice, 1st marquess of
▪ prime minister of Great Britain also called (1761–84)  2nd Earl of Shelburne   born May 13, 1737, Dublin died May 7, 1805, London  British statesman and prime minister ...
Lansel, Peider
▪ Romansh poet born Aug. 15, 1863, Pisa died Dec. 9, 1943, Geneva       Romansh leader of the revival of Rhaeto-Romance (Rhaetian dialects) language and culture and one ...
Lansing
/lan"sing/, n. 1. Robert, 1864-1928, U.S. lawyer and statesman: Secretary of State 1915-20. 2. a city in and the capital of Michigan, in the S part. 130,414. 3. a city in NE ...
Lansing, Robert
▪ United States statesman born Oct. 17, 1864, Watertown, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 30, 1928, Washington, D.C.  international lawyer and U.S. secretary of state (1915–20), who ...
Lansing–Ishii Agreement
▪ United States-Japanese history       (Nov. 2, 1917), attempt to reconcile conflicting U.S. and Japanese policies in China during World War I by a public exchange of ...
Lansky, Meyer
orig. Maier Suchowljansky born July 4, 1902, Grodno, Russia died Jan. 15, 1983, Miami Beach, Fla., U.S. Russian-born U.S. gangster. His family immigrated to New York in 1911. ...
lansquenet
/lans"keuh net'/, n. landsknecht. [ < F < G Landsknecht] * * *
lantana
/lan tan"euh/, n. any of numerous chiefly tropical plants belonging to the genus Lantana, of the verbena family, certain species of which, as L. camara, are cultivated for their ...
Lantao Island
▪ island, Hong Kong, China also spelled  Lantau, or Lan Tau,         island located about 6 miles (10 km) west of Hong Kong Island, part of the New Territories of ...
lantern
/lan"teuhrn/, n. 1. a transparent or translucent, usually portable, case for enclosing a light and protecting it from the wind, rain, etc. 2. the chamber at the top of a ...
lantern clock
an English bracket clock of the late 16th and 17th centuries, having a brass case with corner columns supporting pierced crestings on the sides and front. Also called birdcage ...
Lantern Festival
▪ holiday also called  Yuan Xiao Festival        holiday celebrated in China and other Asian countries that honours deceased ancestors on the 15th day of the first ...
lantern fish
      any of the numerous species of small, abundant, deep-sea fish of the family Myctophidae. Some lantern fish live in the depths to 300 metres (about 1,000 feet) by ...
lantern fly
lantern fly n. any of various large, brightly colored South American homopteran insects (family Fulgoridae) having a long head with a hollow part formerly thought to emit light * ...
lantern gear
a gear mechanism including a lantern wheel. * * *
lantern jaw
1. a distinctly protruding, often wide lower jaw. 2. a long, thin jaw. [1690-1700; so called from the fancied resemblance of the face to the shape of a lantern] * * *
lantern of the dead
▪ architecture French  La Lanterne Des Morts,         small stone structure with windows in the upper part, in which lamps were placed to mark the position of a ...
lantern pinion
lantern pinion or lantern wheel n. an old type of gear consisting of two circular disks connected by projecting bars around their edges * * *
lantern ring
Mach. gland2 (def. 1). * * *
lantern slide
a slide or transparency for projection by a slide projector or magic lantern. [1870-75] * * *
lantern tree
lantern tree n. a Chilean tree (Crinodendron hookerianum) of a family (Elaeocarpaceae, order Malvales) of tropical dicotyledonous trees and shrubs having leathery, elliptical ...
lantern wheel
a wheel, used like a pinion, consisting essentially of two parallel disks or heads whose peripheries are connected by a series of bars that engage with the teeth of another ...
lantern-jawed
/lan"teuhrn jawd'/, adj. having a lantern jaw. [1690-1700] * * *
lanternfish
/lan"teuhrn fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) lanternfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds of species) lanternfishes. any of several small, deep-sea fishes of the family ...
lanternfly
/lan"teuhrn fluy'/, n., pl. lanternflies. any of several large tropical insects of the family Fulgoridae, formerly thought to be luminescent. [1745-55; LANTERN + FLY2] * * ...
lanternjaw
lantern jaw n. 1. A lower jaw that protrudes beyond the upper jaw. 2. A long, thin jaw that gives the face a gaunt appearance.   lanʹtern-jawed' (lănʹtərn-jôd') adj. * * *
lanternwheel
lantern wheel n. A small mechanical pinion consisting of circular disks connected by cylindrical bars that serve as teeth. Also called lantern pinion. * * *
lanthanide
/lan"theuh nuyd', -nid/, n. Chem. any element of the lanthanide series. Also called lanthanon /lan"theuh non'/. [1925-30; LANTHAN(UM) + -IDE] * * * Any of the series of 15 ...
lanthanide contraction
▪ chemistry also called  lanthanoid contraction        in chemistry, the steady decrease in the size of the atoms and ions of the rare-earth elements (rare-earth ...
lanthanide series
Chem. the series of rare-earth elements of atomic numbers 57 through 71 (lanthanum through lutetium). [1940-45] * * *
lanthanideseries
lanthanide series n. The set of chemically related elements with properties similar to those of lanthanum, with atomic numbers from 57 to 71; the rare-earth elements. * * *
lanthanum
/lan"theuh neuhm/, n. Chem. a rare-earth, trivalent, metallic element, allied to aluminum, found in certain minerals, as monazite. Symbol: La; at. wt.: 138.91; at. no.: 57; sp. ...
lanthorn
/lant"hawrn', lan"teuhrn/, n. Archaic. lantern. [1580-90; alter. by folk etym. (lanterns formerly had reflectors made of translucent sheets of horn)] * * *
Lantian man
▪ anthropology Wade-Giles  Lan-t'ien        fossils of hominins (members of the human lineage) found in 1963 and 1964 by Chinese archaeologists at two sites in ...
Lantsang
/lahn"tsahng"/, n. Chinese name of Mekong. * * *
Lantz, Walter
▪ 1995       U.S. animator (b. April 27, 1900, New Rochelle, N.Y.—d. March 22, 1994, Burbank, Calif.), created an unforgettable stable of cartoon characters, notably ...
lanuginose
—lanuginousness, n. /leuh nooh"jeuh nohs', -nyooh"-/, adj. 1. covered with lanugo, or soft, downy hairs. 2. of the nature of down; downy. Also, lanuginous /leuh nooh"jeuh ...
lanuginous
la·nu·gi·nous (lə-no͞oʹjə-nəs, -nyo͞oʹ-) also la·nu·gi·nose (-nōs') adj. Covered with soft, short hair; downy.   [From Latin lānūginōsus, from lānūgō, ...
lanugo
/leuh nooh"goh, -nyooh"-/, n., pl. lanugos. Biol. a coat of delicate, downy hairs, esp. that with which the human fetus or a newborn infant is covered. [1670-80; < L lanugo ...
Lanús
La·nús (lə-no͞osʹ, lä-) A city of eastern Argentina, an industrial suburb of Buenos Aires. Population: 466,755. * * * ▪ Argentina       cabecera (county seat) ...
Lanusse, Alejandro Agustin
▪ 1997       Argentine general and politician (b. Aug. 28, 1918, Buenos Aires, Arg.—d. Aug. 26, 1996, Buenos Aires), as president of Argentina from 1971 to 1973, ...
lanyard
/lan"yeuhrd/, n. 1. Naut. a short rope or wire rove through deadeyes to hold and tauten standing rigging. 2. any of various small cords or ropes for securing or suspending ...
Lanza, Giovanni
▪ Italian statesman born Feb. 15, 1810, Casale Monferrato, Piedmont, French empire [now in Italy] died March 9, 1882, Rome, Italy       Italian statesman and political ...
Lanza,Mario
Lan·za (lănʹzə, länʹ-), Mario. Originally Alfredo Arnold Cocozza. 1921-1957. American tenor and actor who recorded both popular music and opera. His films include That ...
Lanzarote
▪ Canary Islands, Spain  island, Las Palmas provincia (province), in the Canary Islands comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), Spain. It is the easternmost of the ...
Lanzhou
/lahn"joh"/, n. Pinyin. a city in and the capital of Gansu province, in N China, on the Huang He. 1,450,000. Also, Lanchou, Lanchow. * * * or Lan-chou City (pop., 1999 est.: ...
Lao
/low/, n., pl. Laos /lowz/, (esp. collectively) Lao for 1. 1. a member of a people of Laos and northern Thailand. 2. the language of these people, belonging to the Thai group of ...
Lao Cai
▪ Vietnam       town, northwestern Vietnam, on the China-Vietnam border. It lies at the junction of the Red River (Song Hong) and the Nam Ti River about 160 miles (260 ...
Lao Issara
▪ political movement, Laos English  Free Laos        Laotian political movement against French colonial control, founded in 1945. The departure of the Japanese from ...
Lao language
also called  Laotian,         one of the Tai languages of Southeast Asia, and the official language of Laos. Lao occurs in various dialects, which differ among ...
Lao literature
Introduction       body of literature written in Lao (Lao language), one of the Tai languages of Southeast Asia and the official language of Laos. Early Lao ...
Lao She
/low" shu"/, Pinyin, Wade-Giles. (Shu Qingchun, Shu Ch'ing-ch'un) 1899-1966, Chinese novelist. * * * orig. Shu Qingchun or Shu Sheyu born Feb. 3, 1899, Beijing, China died Aug. ...
Lao-tzu
/low"dzu"/, n. 1. (Li Erh, Li Er) 6th-century B.C. Chinese philosopher: reputed founder of Taoism. 2. (italics) See Tao Te Ching. Also, Lao-tse /low"dzu"/; Pinyin, Laozi ...
Laoag
/lah wahg"/, n. a seaport on NW Luzon, in the N Philippines. 69,648. * * * ▪ Philippines       city, northwestern Luzon, Philippines. It lies on the north bank of the ...


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