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lateral bud n. A bud located on the side of the stem, usually in a leaf axil. * * *
/lat'euh ral"i tee/, n. 1. the use of one hand in preference to the other. Cf. handedness. 2. the dominance or superior development of one side of the body or brain. [1640-50; ...
/lat'euhr euh leuh zay"sheuhn/, n. functional specialization of the brain, with some skills, as language, occurring primarily in the left hemisphere and others, as the perception ...
See lateralization. * * *
lateral line n. A series of sensory pores along the head and sides of fish and some amphibians by which water currents, vibrations, and pressure changes are detected. * * *
See lateral. * * *
lateral meristem n. A meristem in vascular plants, such as the cambium, in which secondary growth occurs. * * *
lateral pass n. Football A usually underhand pass that is thrown sideways or somewhat backward with respect to downfield. * * *
/lat"euhr euhn/, n. the church of St. John Lateran, the cathedral church of the city of Rome; the church of the pope as bishop of Rome. * * * (as used in expressions) Lateran ...
Lateran Council
Rom. Cath. Ch. any of the five ecumenical councils (1123, 1139, 1179, 1215, 1512-17) held in the Lateran Palace. * * * Any of five ecumenical councils of the Roman Catholic ...
Lateran Palace
a palace in Rome used as the papal residence from the 4th century A.D. to the removal of the papal court to Avignon, rebuilt in 1586, and now a museum for classical and Christian ...
Lateran Treaty
or Lateran Pact (1929) Pact of mutual recognition between Italy and the Vatican, signed in the Lateran Palace, Rome. The Vatican agreed to recognize the state of Italy, with ...
Lat·er·an Council (lătʹər-ən) n. Any of a series of councils held in the Lateran Palace, a former papal residence, in Rome between the seventh and the 18th century, five ...
/lat"euhr i grayd'/, adj. having a sideways manner of moving, as a crab. [1750-60; lateri- (comb. form of L latus, s. later-) side, flank (see -I-) + -GRADE] * * *
—lateritic /lat'euh rit"ik/, adj. /lat"euh ruyt'/, n. Geol. 1. a reddish ferruginous soil formed in tropical regions by the decomposition of the underlying rocks. 2. a similar ...
See laterite. * * *
/lat'euh rish"euhs/, adj. of the color of brick; brick-red. Also, latericeous. [1650-60; < L latericius of brick, equiv. to later brick + -icius adj. suffix denoting materials; ...
laterization [lat΄ər i zā′shən] n. the process by which rock is converted into laterite laterize [lat′ər īz΄] vt. laterized, laterizing * * *
/lay"tist/, adj. a superl. of late with later as compar. 1. most recent; current: latest fashions. 2. last. adv. 3. at the latest, not any later than (a specified time): Be at ...
/lay"teks/, n., pl. latices /lat"euh seez'/, latexes. 1. a milky liquid in certain plants, as milkweeds, euphorbias, poppies, or the plants yielding India rubber, that coagulates ...
latex paint
paint that has a latex binder and can be removed while it is wet by applying water. Also called rubber-base paint, water-base paint. [1950-55] * * *
latex paint n. A paint having a latex binder. Also called rubber-base paint. * * *
—lathlike, adj. /lath, lahth/, n., pl. laths /ladhz, laths, lahdhz, lahths/, v. n. 1. a thin, narrow strip of wood, used with other strips to form latticework, a backing for ...
Latham, Mark
▪ 2005       The opposition Labor Party (ALP) emerged from the October 2004 election in Australia weaker than it had entered it, as Labor's outspoken leader, Mark ...
/laydh/, n., v., lathed, lathing. n. 1. a machine for use in working wood, metal, etc., that holds the material and rotates it about a horizontal axis against a tool that shapes ...
lather1 —latherer, n. /ladh"euhr/, n. 1. foam or froth made by a detergent, esp. soap, when stirred or rubbed in water, as by a brush used in shaving or by hands in washing. 2. ...
See lather. * * *
/ladh"euh ree/, adj. consisting of, covered with, or capable of producing lather. [1795-1805; LATHER1 + -Y1] * * *
/lah"tee/, n. Anglo-Indian. a heavy pole or stick, esp. one used as a club by police. Also, lathee. [1840-50; < Hindi lathi] * * *
/lath"ing, lah"thing/, n. 1. the act or process of applying lath. 2. a quantity of lath in place. 3. material used as lath. Also called lathwork /lath"werrk', lahth"-/ for defs. ...
lathing hammer
a hatchet having a small hammer face for trimming and nailing wooden lath. Also called lathing hatchet. [1695-1705] * * *
Lathrop, Julia Clifford
▪ American social worker born June 29, 1858, Rockford, Ill., U.S. died April 15, 1932, Rockford       American social welfare worker who was the first director of the ...
Lathrop, Mother Alphonsa
▪ Roman Catholic nun original name  Rose Hawthorne   born May 20, 1851, Lenox, Mass., U.S. died July 9, 1926, Hawthorne, N.Y.       U.S. author, nun, and founder of ...
/lath"ee, lah"thee/, adj., lathier, lathiest. lathlike; long and thin. [1665-75; LATH + -Y1] * * *
/lath"euh riz'euhm/, n. Pathol. a disorder of humans and domestic animals caused by ingestion of the seeds of some legumes of the genus Lathyrus and marked by spastic paralysis ...
/lah"tee/, n. a pl. of lat1. * * *
/lat"euh seez'/, n. a pl. of latex. * * *
/lay tis"euh feuhr/, n. Bot. a tubular structure through which latex circulates in a plant. [1925-30; < L latici- (s. of latex; see LATEX) + -FER] * * *
/lat'euh sif"euhr euhs/, adj. Bot. bearing or containing latex. [1825-35; < L latici- (s. of latex; see LATEX) + -FEROUS] * * *
/lat'euh fun"dee oh', -foon"-/; Sp. /lah'tee foohn"dyaw/, n., pl. latifundios /-dee ohz'/; Sp. /-dyaws/. a great estate of Latin America or Spain. [1920-25; < Sp < L latifundium ...
la·ti·fun·dis·ta (lä'tə-fo͞on-dēsʹtə) n. The owner of a latifundio.   [Spanish, from latifundio, latifundio. See latifundio.] * * *
/lat'euh fun"dee euhm/, n., pl. latifundia /-dee euh/. Rom. Hist. a great estate. [1620-30; < L, equiv. to lat(us) wide, broad + -i- -I- + fund(us) a piece of land, farm, estate ...
/lat"i goh'/, n., pl. latigos, latigoes. n. a leather strap on the saddletree of a Western saddle used to tighten and secure the cinch. [1870-75, Amer.; < Sp látigo whip, cinch ...
la·til·la (lä-tēʹyə) n. Southwestern U.S. A usually peeled limb or stick used as a ceiling material, as between beams or vigas.   [American Spanish, diminutive of Spanish ...
/lat"euh meuhr/, n. Hugh, c1470-1555, English Protestant Reformation bishop, reformer, and martyr. * * *
Latimer, Hugh
born с 1485, Thurcaston, Leicestershire, Eng. died Oct. 16, 1555, Oxford English Protestant martyr. The son of a prosperous yeoman farmer, he was educated at the University of ...
Lat·i·mer (lătʹə-mər), Hugh. 1485?-1555. English prelate who refused to recant his Protestantism after the accession of Mary I, a Catholic, and was executed for heresy. * ...
latimeria [lat΄ə mir′ē ə] n. 〚ModL, after M. E. D. Courtenay-Latimer (1907-2004), director of South African museum + -IA〛 a deep-sea coelacanth fish (Latimeria ...
/lat"n/, n. 1. an Italic language spoken in ancient Rome, fixed in the 2nd or 1st century B.C., and established as the official language of the Roman Empire. Abbr.: L 2. one of ...
Latin alphabet
the alphabetical script derived from the Greek alphabet through Etruscan, used from about the 6th century B.C. for the writing of Latin, and since adopted, with modifications and ...
Latin America
—Latin American. —Latin-American, n., adj. the part of the American continents south of the United States in which Spanish, Portuguese, or French is officially spoken. * * ...
Latin America, history of
Introduction       history of the region from the pre-Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the ...
Latin American architecture
Introduction       history of architecture in Mesoamerica, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean beginning after contact with the Spanish and Portuguese in ...
Latin American art
Introduction       artistic traditions that developed in Mesoamerica, Central America, and South America after contact with the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in 1492 ...
Latin American arts
Visual, performing, and literary arts that developed in Mesoamerica, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean after contact with the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in ...
Latin American Central of Workers
▪ Latin American labour organization Spanish  Central Latinoamericana de Trabajadores        (CLAT), regional Christian Democrat trade union federation linked to the ...
Latin American dance
Introduction  dance traditions of Mexico, Central America, and the portions of South America and the Caribbean colonized by the Spanish and the Portuguese. These traditions ...
Latin American Economic System
Spanish  Sistema Económico Latinoamericano         association formed to promote economic cooperation and development throughout the region of Latin America. ...
Latin American Integration Association
▪ international organization Spanish  Asociación Latinoamericana de Integración (ALADI)        organization that was established by the Treaty of Montevideo (August ...
Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
formerly (until 1980) Latin American Free Trade Association (LAFTA) International association of Latin American countries originally dedicated to improving its members' economic ...
Latin American literature
Introduction       the national literatures of the Spanish-speaking countries of the Western Hemisphere. Historically, it also includes the literary expression of the ...
Latin American music
Introduction       musical traditions of Mexico, Central America, and the portions of South America and the Caribbean colonized by the Spanish and the Portuguese. These ...
Latin Averroism
▪ philosophy       the teachings of a number of Western Christian philosophers who, in the later Middle Ages and during the Renaissance, drew inspiration from the ...
Latin Church
the Roman Catholic Church. * * *
Latin cross
an upright or vertical bar crossed near the top by a shorter horizontal bar. See illus. under cross. [1790-1800] * * *
Latin language
Indo-European language of the Italic group; ancestor of the modern Romance languages. Originally spoken by small groups of people living along the lower Tiber River, Latin ...
Latin League
▪ Roman history       an alliance of Latin communities that formed in opposition to Etruscan Rome (ancient Rome) at the end of the 6th century BC. By that time the ...
Latin literature
Introduction       the body of writings in Latin, primarily produced during the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, when Latin was a spoken language. When Rome fell, ...
Latin Quarter
the quarter of Paris on the south side of the Seine, especially frequented for centuries by students, writers, and artists. * * *
Latin Rite
1. Also called Roman liturgy, Roman rite. the forms of worship and liturgy expressed in Liturgical Latin in the Roman Catholic Church in the West. 2. See Latin Church. * * *
Latin school
a secondary school emphasizing instruction in Latin and Greek. [1645-55] * * *
Latin square
Math. a square array of numbers, letters, etc., in which each item appears exactly once in each row and column: used in statistical analysis. [1885-90] * * *
See Latin American. * * *
▪ 1994 Introduction Developments.       The year 1993 was a mixed one for Latin America and the Caribbean. On February 24, for the first time since the 1959 revolution, ...
Latin-Faliscan languages
      language group proposed by some scholars to be included in the Italic branch of Indo-European languages. The group includes Latin, which emanated from Rome, and ...
/leuh tee"neuh, la-/, n. a woman of Latin-American or Spanish-speaking descent. Also, latina. [ < Amer Sp, fem. of latino LATINO] * * * ▪ Italy       city, Lazio ...
Latin alphabet n. The Roman alphabet adopted from the Greek by way of the Etruscan alphabet, consisting of 23 letters and forming the basis of numerous alphabets around the ...
Latin America The countries of the Western Hemisphere south of the United States, especially those speaking Spanish, Portuguese, or French. * * *
Latin American n. 1. A native or inhabitant of Latin America. 2. A person of Latin-American descent.   Lat'in-A·merʹi·can (lăt'n-ə-mĕrʹĭ-kən) adj. * * *
/lat"n ayt'/, adj. of, like, pertaining to, or derived from Latin. [1900-05; LATIN + -ATE1] * * *
Latin Church n. The Roman Catholic Church. * * *
Latin cross n. A cross with a shorter horizontal bar intersecting a longer vertical bar above the midpoint. * * *
Latini, Brunetto
▪ Italian author born c. 1220, , Florence? [Italy] died 1294, Florence  Florentine scholar who helped disseminate ideas that were fundamental to the development of early ...
/la tin"ee euhn/, n. Latino-Faliscan. * * *
/leuh tin"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Latin language or the ancient Latin-speaking peoples. 2. of or pertaining to the modern Latin peoples or nations. [1870-75; LATIN + ...
/lat"n iz'euhm/, n. a mode of expression derived from or imitative of Latin. [1560-70; < ML latinismus. See LATIN, -ISM] * * *
/lat"n ist/, n. a specialist in Latin. [1530-40; < ML latinista. See LATIN, -IST] * * *
/leuh tin"i tee/, n. 1. knowledge or use of the Latin language: He bemoaned the lack of Latinity among today's scholars. 2. Latin style or idiom. [1610-20; < L latinitas Latin ...
See Latinize. * * *
—Latinization, n. /lat"n uyz'/, v., Latinized, Latinizing. v.t. 1. to cause to conform to the customs, traditions, beliefs, etc., of the Latins or the Latin Church. 2. to ...
See Latinization. * * *
/leuh tee"noh, la-/, n., pl. Latinos. a person of Latin-American or Spanish-speaking descent. Also, latino. [1945-50, Amer.; < Amer Sp, special use of Sp latino LATIN, perh. by ...
Latino Voters
▪ Primary Source       During the 1990s the size of the Latino population in the United States soared. Most of the increase was the result of immigration, particularly ...
/leuh tee'noh feuh lis"keuhn/, n. a group of early Italic languages, including Latin and Faliscan. Also, Latin-Faliscan /lat'n feuh lis"keuhn/. Also called Latinian. [LATIN + ...
Latin Quarter A section of Paris on the southern bank of the Seine River. Centered around the Sorbonne, it has attracted students for many centuries. * * *
/leuh tuy"neuhs, -tee"-/, n. Rom. Legend. the father of Lavinia and king of Latium at the time of the arrival of Aeneas. * * * ▪ Roman mythology       in Roman legend, ...
/lay"tish/, adj. somewhat or rather late. [1605-15; LATE + -ISH1] * * *
latissimus dorsi
/leuh tis"euh meuhs dawr"suy/, pl. latissimi dorsi /leuh tis"euh muy' dawr"suy/. Anat. a broad, flat muscle on each side of the midback, the action of which draws the arm ...
la·tis·si·mus dor·si (lə-tĭsʹə-məs dôrʹsī) n. pl. la·tis·si·mi dorsi (-mī') Either of two broad, flat, triangular muscles running from the vertebral column to ...
or trachyandesite Type of igneous rock that is abundant in western North America. Usually white, yellowish, pinkish, or gray, it is the volcanic equivalent of monzonite. ...
/leuh tish"euh, -tee"sheuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
/lat"i toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. 1. Geog. a. the angular distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth's surface, measured on the meridian of the point. b. a place ...
latitude and longitude
Coordinate system by which the position or location of any place on the Earth's surface can be determined and described. Latitude is a measurement of location north or south of ...
—latitudinally, adv. /lat'i toohd"n l, -tyoohd"-/, adj. of or pertaining to latitude. [1535-45; < L latitudin- (s. of latitudo) LATITUDE + -AL1] * * *
See latitudinal. * * *
—latitudinarianism, n. /lat'i toohd'n air"ee euhn, -tyoohd'-/, adj. 1. allowing or characterized by latitude in opinion or conduct, esp. in religious views. n. 2. a person who ...
See latitudinarian. * * *
/lat'i toohd"n euhs, -tyoohd"-/, adj. having latitude, scope, range, breadth, etc., esp. of ideas, interests, interpretations, or the like: a Renaissance man of latitudinous ...
/lay"shee euhm/, n. a country in ancient Italy, SE of Rome. * * * Ancient area, west-central Italy, on the Tyrrhenian Sea. The Latins (or Latini) came from Indo-European tribes ...
/laht"keuh/, n. Jewish Cookery. a pancake, esp. one made of grated potato. [1925-30; < Yiddish < East Slavic; cf. Byelorussian (g)latka, dial. form of aladka kind of pancake, ...
/leuh toh"neuh/, n. the goddess Leto as identified in Roman mythology. * * *
/lat"euh sawl', -sol'/, n. a reddish lateritic soil of the tropics, deeply weathered and infertile, characterized by hydroxides of iron and aluminum. [1945-50; lat- (irreg. ...
Latreille, Pierre-André
born Nov. 29, 1762, Brive-la-Gaillarde, Fr. died Feb. 6, 1833, Paris French zoologist, regarded as the father of entomology. An ordained priest, in 1796 he published his ...
/la trooh"tik/, adj. of or pertaining to latria. Also, latreutical. [1835-45; < Gk latreutikós of divine service, equiv. to latreú(ein) to serve (see LATRIA) + -tikos -TIC] * * ...
/leuh truy"euh/, n. Rom. Cath. Theol. the supreme worship, which may be offered to God only. Cf. dulia, hyperdulia. [1350-1400; ME < ML < Gk latreía service, worship, akin to ...
/leuh treen"/, n. a toilet or something used as a toilet, as a trench in the earth in a camp, or bivouac area. [1635-45; < F < L latrina, short for lavatrina place for washing, ...
/leuh trohb"/, n. 1. Benjamin Henry, 1764-1820, U.S. architect and engineer, born in England. 2. a city in SW Pennsylvania. 10,799. * * *
Latrobe Valley
▪ valley, Victoria, Australia Latrobe also spelled  La Trobe,         river valley in southeastern Victoria, Australia. It is one of the most important economic ...
Latrobe, Benjamin
▪ American architect born May 1, 1764, Fulneck, near Leeds, Yorkshire, Eng. died Sept. 3, 1820, New Orleans, La., U.S.  British-born architect and civil engineer who ...
Latrobe, Benjamin Henry
born May 1, 1764, Fulneck, Yorkshire, Eng. died Sept. 3, 1820, New Orleans, La., U.S. British-U.S. architect and civil engineer. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1795. His first ...
Latrobe,Benjamin Henry
La·trobe (lə-trōbʹ), Benjamin Henry. 1764-1820. British-born American engineer and the first professional American architect. His works include the Baltimore Cathedral ...
/lats/, n.pl. Informal. latissimus dorsi muscles. [by shortening] * * *
Latsis, John
▪ 2004 Ioannis Spyridon Latsis        Greek shipping and oil magnate (b. Sept. 14, 1910, Katakolo, Greece—d. April 17, 2003, Athens, Greece), was a bold and surefooted ...
Latsis, Mary Jane
▪ 1998       American crime-fiction writer who, with collaborator Martha Henissart, wrote under the pseudonym Emma Lathen; the two turned out over two dozen mysteries, ...
/lah"tay/, n. hot espresso served mixed with hot milk. [1990-95; < It (caffè) latte (coffee with) milk] * * *
/lat"n/, n. 1. a brasslike alloy commonly made in thin sheets and formerly much used for church utensils. 2. tin plate. 3. any metal in thin sheets. [1300-50; ME lato(u)n < MF ...
/lat"euhr/, adj. 1. being the second mentioned of two (distinguished from former): I prefer the latter offer to the former one. 2. more advanced in time; later: in these latter ...
Latter Rain revival
▪ Pentecostalism       early name for the Pentecostal movement within U.S. Protestantism; it began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Tennessee and North ...
/lat"euhr day'/, adj. 1. of a later or following period: latter-day pioneers. 2. of the present period or time; modern: the latter-day problems of our society. [1835-45; LATTER + ...
Latter-day Saint
a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
Lat·ter-day Saint (lătʹər-dā') n. See Mormon. * * *
/lat"euhr lee/, adv. 1. of late; lately: He has been latterly finding much to keep himself busy. 2. in a later or subsequent part of a period: Latterly he became a patron of the ...
/lat"euhr mohst', -meuhst/, adj. latest; last. [1815-25; LATTER + -MOST] * * *
Lattes, C.M.G.
▪ Brazilian physicist in full  Césare Mansueto Giulio Lattes   born July 11, 1924, Curitiba, Brazil       Brazilian physicist who, with American physicist Eugene ...
—latticelike, adj. /lat"is/, n., v., latticed, latticing. n. 1. a structure of crossed wooden or metal strips usually arranged to form a diagonal pattern of open spaces between ...
lattice constant
Crystall. a parameter, either a measure of length or angle, that defines the size and shape of the unit cell of a crystal lattice. Also called lattice parameter. [1920-25] * * *
lattice defect
Crystall. defect (def. 3). [1935-40] * * *
lattice energy
▪ crystals       the energy needed to completely separate an ionic solid, such as common table salt, into gaseous ions (ion) (also the energy released in the reverse ...
lattice girder
a trusslike girder having the upper and lower chords connected by latticing. [1850-55] * * *
/lat"ist/, adj. 1. having a lattice or latticework. 2. Biol. clathrate. [1555-65; LATTICE + -ED3] * * *
/lat"is leef'/, n., pl. latticeleaves. laceleaf. [1865-70] * * *
/lat"is werrk'/, n. 1. work consisting of crossed strips usually arranged in a diagonal pattern of open spaces. 2. a lattice. [1480-90; LATTICE + WORK] * * *
/lat"euh sing/, n. 1. the act or process of furnishing with or making latticework. 2. latticework. 3. (in a composite column, girder, or strut) lacing consisting of crisscross ...
/lat'i cheen"yoh/, n., pl. latticini /-chee"nee/. an opaque, white glass first produced in Venice during the Renaissance, often used in thread form to decorate clear glass ...
/lat"euh mawr', -mohr'/, n. Richmond Alexander, 1906-84, U.S. poet, translator, and critic, born in China. * * *
Lattimore, Owen
▪ American sinologist born July 29, 1900, Washington, D.C., U.S. died May 31, 1989, Providence, R.I.  American sinologist, a victim of McCarthyism in the ...
Lattimore, Richmond
▪ American poet and translator in full  Richmond Alexander Lattimore   born May 6, 1906, Paotingfu, China died Feb. 26, 1984, Rosemont, Pa., U.S.       American poet ...
Lattre de Tassigny, Jean (-Marie-Gabriel) de
born Feb. 2, 1889, Mouilleron-en-Pareds, France died Jan. 11, 1952, Paris French military leader. After service in World War I and later in Morocco, he was promoted to general ...
Lattre de Tassigny, Jean de
▪ French military officer in full  Jean-marie-gabriel De Lattre De Tassigny   born Feb. 2, 1889, Mouilleron-en-Pareds, Fr. died Jan. 11, 1952, Paris  French army officer ...
latus rectum
/lay"teuhs rek"teuhm/, pl. latera recta /lay"teuhr euh rek"teuh/. Geom. the chord perpendicular to the principal axis and passing through a focus of an ellipse, parabola, or ...
Latv abbrev. 1. Latvia 2. Latvian * * *
/lat"vee euh, laht"-/, n. a republic in N Europe, on the Baltic, S of Estonia, an independent state 1918-40; annexed by the Soviet Union 1940; regained independence 1991. ...
Latvia, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a crimson field (background) divided horizontally by a narrow white stripe. The flag's width-to-length ratio is 1 to ...
/lat"vee euhn, laht"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Latvia, its inhabitants, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Latvia. 3. Also, Lettish, Lett. the Baltic ...
Latvian language
or Lettish language East Baltic language spoken by some two million people in the Republic of Latvia and in diaspora communities, including about 85,000 speakers in North ...
Latvian literature
      body of writings in the Latvian language. Latvia's loss of political independence in the 13th century prevented a natural evolution of its literature out of folk ...
Latynina, Larisa Semyonovna
▪ Soviet athlete born December 27, 1934, Kherson, Ukraine, U.S.S.R.    Soviet gymnast who was the first woman athlete to win nine Olympic gold medals.       At the ...
Lau Group
▪ islands, Fiji also called  Eastern Group        island cluster of Fiji in the South Pacific Ocean, east of the Koro Sea. Mainly composed of limestone, the 57 ...
lau lau
/low" low'/, Polynesian Cookery. meat and fish wrapped in or covered with leaves and steamed or roasted. Also, laulau. [1935-40; < Hawaiian] * * *
Gain, profit. Oldest form *leə₂u-, colored to *laə₂u-. 1. Suffixed form *lau-no-. guerdon, from Old High German lōn, reward from Germanic *launam. 2. Suffixed zero-grade ...
/looh"ahn, looh ahn", low-/, n. See Philippine mahogany. [said to be < Tagalog] * * *
—lauder, laudator /law"day teuhr/, n. /lawd/, v.t. 1. to praise; extol. n. 2. a song or hymn of praise. 3. lauds, (used with a sing. or pl. v.) Eccles. a canonical hour, marked ...
/lawd/, n. William, 1573-1645, archbishop of Canterbury and opponent of Puritanism: executed for treason. * * *
Laud, William
born Oct. 7, 1573, Reading, Berkshire, Eng. died Jan. 10, 1645, London Archbishop of Canterbury (1633–45) and religious adviser to Charles I. He became a privy councillor in ...
Laud (lôd), William. 1573-1645. English prelate who as archbishop of Canterbury (1633-1645) supported Charles I and absolutism in church and state. His attempts to impose High ...
▪ Italian poetry also spelled  Laude (Italian: “canticle, hymn of praise”),  plural  Laude, or Laudi,         a type of Italian poetry or a nonliturgical ...
See laudable. * * *
—laudability, laudableness, n. —laudably, adv. /law"deuh beuhl/, adj. 1. deserving praise; praiseworthy; commendable: Reorganizing the files was a laudable idea. 2. Med. Obs. ...
See laudability. * * *
See laudability. * * *
/lawd"n euhm, lawd"neuhm/, n. 1. a tincture of opium. 2. Obs. any preparation in which opium is the chief ingredient. [1595-1605; orig. ML var. of LADANUM; arbitrarily used by ...
/law day"sheuhn/, n. an act or instance of lauding; encomium; tribute. [1425-75; late ME laudacion < L laudation- (s. of laudatio) a praising, equiv. to laudat(us) (ptp. of ...
laud·a·tive (lôʹdə-tĭv) adj. Laudatory. * * *
—laudatorily, adv. /law"deuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. containing or expressing praise: overwhelmed by the speaker's laudatory remarks. Also, laudative. [1545-55; < LL ...
/law"deuhr/, n. Sir Harry (MacLennan) /meuh klen"euhn/, 1870-1950, Scottish balladeer and composer. * * *
Lauder, Estée
orig. Josephine Esther Mentzer born July 1, 1908?, New York, N.Y., U.S. died April 24, 2004, New York U.S. entrepreneur. She founded Estée Lauder, Inc., with her husband, ...
Lauder, Sir Harry
▪ Scottish entertainer in full  Sir Harry MacLennan Lauder  born , Aug. 4, 1870, Portobello, Edinburgh died Feb. 26, 1950, near Strathaven, Lanarkshire, Scot.  Scottish ...
Lauder, William
▪ Scottish literary forger died 1771, Barbados, West Indies       Scottish literary forger, known for his fraudulent attempt to prove Milton (Milton, John) a ...
Lauderdale Lakes
/law"deuhr dayl'/ a city in SE Florida: suburb of Fort Lauderdale. 25,426. * * *
Lauderdale, James Maitland, 8th earl of
▪ Scottish politician Baron Lauderdale Of Thirlestane born Jan. 26, 1759, Hatton (Haulton) House, Ratho parish, Midlothian, Scot. died Sept. 13, 1839, Thirlestane Castle, ...
Lauderdale, John Maitland, duke of
▪ Scottish politician born May 24, 1616, Lethington [now Lennoxlove], East Lothian, Scotland died August 20/24, 1682, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England       one of the ...
/law"deuhr hil'/, n. a city in SE Florida: suburb of Fort Lauderdale. 37,271. * * *
/law"dee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Archbishop Laud or his beliefs, esp. that the Church of England preserves more fully than the Roman Catholic Church the faith and ...
/law"dee euh niz'euhm/, n. the policies and practices of Archbishop Laud or his supporters. [1870-75; LAUDIAN + -ISM] * * *
Laudon, Gideon Ernest, Freiherr von
▪ Austrian field marshal (baron of), Laudon also spelled  Loudon   born Feb. 2, 1717, Tootzen, Swedish Livonia died July 14, 1790, Neutitschein       Austrian field ...
/low"euh/, n. Max Theodor Felix von /mahks tay"oh dohrdd' fay"liks feuhn/, 1879-1960, German physicist: Nobel prize 1914. * * *
Laue diagram
Crystall. a diffraction pattern used to study crystal structure, consisting of symmetrically arranged spots obtained when a beam of x-rays, electrons, or neutrons is passed ...
Laue diffraction pattern
▪ physics       in X rays, a regular array of spots on a photographic emulsion resulting from X rays scattered by certain groups of parallel atomic planes within a ...
Laue, Max (Theodor Felix) von
born Oct. 9, 1879, Pfaffendorf, near Koblenz, Ger. died April 23, 1960, Berlin, W.Ger. German physicist. He taught at the University of Berlin (1919–43). He was the first to ...
Laue, Max von
▪ German physicist in full  Max Theodor Felix von Laue  born Oct. 9, 1879, Pfaffendorf, near Koblenz, Ger. died April 23, 1960, Berlin, W.Ger.       German recipient ...
/low"euhn berrg'/, n. a region in Schleswig-Holstein, in NW Germany: duchy under German rulers 1260-1689; later part of Prussia. * * * Region and former duchy, northern ...
Laufer, Berthold
▪ American anthropologist born Oct. 11, 1874, Cologne died Sept. 13, 1934, Chicago       U.S. scholar who, for 35 years, was virtually the only sinologist working in ...
Laugerud García, Kjell Eugenio
▪ president of Guatemala born Jan. 24, 1930, Guatemala City       president of Guatemala (1974–78), minister of defense and chief of the armed forces ...
/laf, lahf/, v.i. 1. to express mirth, pleasure, derision, or nervousness with an audible, vocal expulsion of air from the lungs that can range from a loud burst of sound to a ...
laugh line
Informal. crow's-foot (def. 1). [1925-30] * * *
laugh track
a separate sound track of prerecorded laughter added to the sound track of a radio or television program to enhance or feign audience responses. [1960-65] * * *
➡ Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-In * * *
—laughableness, n. —laughably, adv. /laf"euh beuhl, lah"feuh-/, adj. such as to cause laughter; funny; amusing; ludicrous. [1590-1600; LAUGH + -ABLE] Syn. humorous, droll, ...
See laughable. * * *
See laughableness. * * *
/laf"euhr, lah"feuhr/, n. 1. a person who laughs. 2. Informal. a contest or competition in which one person or team easily overwhelms another; easy victory. [1375-1425; late ME: ...
—laughingly, adv. /laf"ing, lah"fing/, adj. 1. that laughs or is given to laughter: a laughing child. 2. uttering sounds like human laughter, as some birds. 3. suggesting ...
Laughing Cavalier
a well-known painting by the Dutch painter Frans Hals (c. 1580–1666) showing a smiling young man. It was painted in 1624 and became one of the most popular pictures in ...
laughing dove
▪ bird also called  Senegal Dove        (Streptopelia senegalensis), bird of the pigeon family, Columbidae (order Columbiformes), a native of African and southwest ...
laughing gas
laughing gas n. nitrous oxide used as an anesthetic: so called from the laughter and exhilaration that inhaling it may produce * * *
laughing gas.
See nitrous oxide. [1835-45] * * *
laughing gull
a North American gull, Larus atricilla, having a high, laughlike call. [1780-90, Amer.] * * *       common name for the bird species Larus atricilla. See gull. * * *
laughing hyena
      African species of hyena (q.v.). * * *
laughing hyena.
See spotted hyena. * * *
laughing jackass
kookaburra. [1780-90; so called because of its loud braying sound] * * *
laughing owl
▪ bird       an extinct bird of the family Strigidae (order Strigiformes) that was native to New Zealand. It was last seen in the early 1900s. Laughing owls nested on ...
laugh·ing gas (lăfʹĭng, läʹfĭng) n. Nitrous oxide, especially as used as an anesthetic. * * *
laughing jackass n. See kookaburra. * * *
See laugher. * * *
/laf"ing stok', lah"fing-/, n. an object of ridicule; the butt of a joke or the like: His ineptness as a public official made him the laughingstock of the whole town. [1525-35; ...
/lawf"lin, lawk"-/, n. James, IV, 1914-97, U.S. editor, publisher, and poet. * * *
Laughlin Air Force Base
/lahf"lin/ U.S. Air Force installation in SW Texas, SE of Del Rio. * * *
Laughlin, James
born Oct. 30, 1914, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died Nov. 12, 1997, Norfolk, Conn. U.S. publisher and poet. Born to a wealthy family, Laughlin founded New Directions press in 1936 ...
Laughlin, Robert B.
▪ American physicist born Nov. 1, 1950, Visalia, Calif., U.S.       American physicist who, with Daniel C. Tsui (Tsui, Daniel C.) and Horst Störmer (Störmer, Horst ...
laugh·line (lăfʹlīn', läfʹ-) n. 1. A line of dialogue intended to cause laughter: “actors who are directed... to cutely underline every nuance and laughline” (Laurie ...
—laughterless, adj. /laf"teuhr, lahf"-/, n. 1. the action or sound of laughing. 2. an inner quality, mood, disposition, etc., suggestive of laughter; mirthfulness: a man of ...
/lawt"n/, n. Charles, 1899-1962, U.S. actor, born in England. * * *
Laughton, Charles
born July 1, 1899, Scarborough, Yorkshire, Eng. died Dec. 15, 1962, Hollywood, Calif., U.S. British actor. He made his London stage debut in 1926 and acted in plays such as The ...
Laugh·ton (lôtʹn), Charles. 1899-1962. British-born American actor whose many motion-picture roles include that of Captain Bligh in Mutiny on the Bounty (1935). * * *
laugh track n. Recorded laughter added to a soundtrack, as of a television or radio show. * * *
In Baltic folklore, a fairy who appeared as a beautiful naked maiden with long blond hair. Laumas lived in the forest near water or stones. They yearned for children, and as ...
/loh mon"tuyt/, n. a white zeolite mineral, chiefly hydrated silicate of aluminum and calcium. [1795-1805; named after F. P. N. G. de Laumont (1747-1834), French mineralogist who ...
/lans, lahns/, n. See sand lance. [1615-25; var. of LANCE2] * * *
/lan"seuh leuht, -lot', lahn"-/, n. Arthurian Romance. Lancelot. * * *
/lawn"ses'teuhn, lahn"-/, n. a city on N Tasmania. 38,000, with suburbs 60,000. * * * formerly Patersonia City (pop., 2001: 57,685) and port, northeastern Tasmania, ...
launch1 —launchable, adj. /lawnch, lahnch/, v.t. 1. to set (a boat or ship) in the water. 2. to float (a newly constructed boat or ship) usually by allowing to slide down ...
launch control center
any of a number of underground U.S. command facilities prepared to launch land-based missiles in event of war. * * *
launch pad
1. the platform on which a missile or launch vehicle undergoes final prelaunch checkout and countdown and from which it is launched from the surface of the earth. 2. something ...
launch vehicle
Aerospace. a rocket used to launch a spacecraft or satellite into orbit or a space probe into space. [1955-1960] * * * Rocket system that boosts a spacecraft into Earth orbit or ...
Launch vehicles
▪ Table Launch vehicles country name weight (kg) height (m) stages payload (kg) dates in ...
launch window
a precise time period during which a spacecraft can be launched from a particular site in order to achieve a desired mission, as a rendezvous with another spacecraft. Also called ...
/lawn"cheuhr, lahn"-/, n. 1. a person or thing that launches. 2. a structural device designed to support and hold a missile in position for firing. [1815-25; LAUNCH1 + -ER1] * * *
Launches in Support of Human Space Flight, 2000
▪ 2001 Launches in Support of Human Space Flight, 2000 Country Flight Crew1 Dates Mission/payload Russia Progress   February 1 Mir supplies U.S. STS-99, Endeavour Kevin R. ...
Launches in Support of Human Spaceflight, 2001
▪ Table Launches in Support of Human Spaceflight, 2001 Country Flight Crew1 Dates Mission/payload China Shenzhou 2 — January 9 second test flight of manned ...
Launches in support of human spaceflight, 2002
▪ Table Country Flight Crew1 Dates2 Mission/payload U.S. STS-109, Columbia Scott Altma Duane Carey John Grunsfeld Nancy Currie James Newman Richard Linnehan Michael ...
launching pad
launching pad n. 1. LAUNCHPAD (sense 1) 2. Informal a place, thing, situation, etc. serving as the starting point or providing the impetus for something else * * *
launch·ing pad (lônʹchĭng, länʹ-) n. A launch pad. * * *
launchpad or launch pad [lônch′pad΄] n. 1. the platform from which a rocket, guided missile, etc. is launched 2. Informal LAUNCHING PAD (sense 2) * * * launch pad n. 1. The ...
launch vehicle n. A rocket used to launch a spacecraft or satellite into an orbit or a trajectory. * * *
launch window n. A brief, specific period of time during which a spacecraft or projectile must be launched so that a desired mission or effect can be achieved. * * *
—launderable, adj. —launderability, n. —launderer, n. /lawn"deuhr, lahn"-/, v.t. 1. to wash (clothes, linens, etc.). 2. to wash and iron (clothes). 3. Informal. a. to ...
Launder, Frank
▪ 1998       British motion picture director and screenwriter who was best known for his long collaboration with Sidney Gilliat on the screenplays for such films as The ...
See launder. * * *
/lawn'deuh ret", lahn'-, lawn"deuh ret', lahn"-/, n. a self-service laundry having coin-operated washers, driers, etc. Also laundrette /lawn dret", lahn-/. [1945-50; formerly a ...
/lawn"dris, lahn"-/, n. a woman whose work is the washing and ironing of clothes, linens, etc. [1540-50; obs. launder launderer (see LAUNDER) + -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
/lawn"dreuh mat', lahn"-/, Trademark. a type of launderette. * * *
/lawn"dree, lahn"-/, n., pl. laundries. 1. articles of clothing, linens, etc., that have been or are to be washed. 2. a business establishment where clothes, linens, etc., are ...
laundry list
Informal. a lengthy, esp. random list of items: a laundry list of hoped-for presents; a laundry list of someone's crimes. [1955-60] * * *
laundry list n. Informal An item-by-item enumeration. * * *
/lawn"dree man', lahn"-/, n., pl. laundrymen. 1. a person who works in or operates a laundry. 2. a person who collects and delivers laundry. [1700-10; LAUNDRY + MAN1] Usage. See ...
/lawn"dree woom'euhn, lahn"-/, n., pl. laundrywomen. 1. laundress. 2. a woman who works in or operates a laundry. 3. a woman who collects and delivers laundry. [1860-65; LAUNDRY ...
/lahv"rddah/; Eng. /lah"vreuh/, n. Gk. Orth. Ch. a monastery consisting formerly of a group of cells or huts for monks who met together for meals and worship. [1720-30; < MGk ...
/lawr"euh/, n. a female given name: from a Latin word meaning "laurel." * * * ▪ literary subject       the beloved of the Italian poet Petrarch and the subject of his ...
Laura Ashley{™}
a company started in 1953 by the Welsh designer Laura Ashley (1925–85) and her husband Bernard, which owns shops in Britain and abroad. Its products are well known for their ...
/law ray"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the plant family Lauraceae. Cf. laurel family. [ < NL Laurace(ae) (Laur(us) the laurel genus (L: LAUREL) + -aceae -ACEAE) + -OUS] * * *
/law ral"deuh huyd', lo-/, n. Chem. See lauric aldehyde. [LAUR(IC) + ALDEHYDE] * * *
▪ plant order Introduction  the Laurel order of flowering plants, containing 7 families, 91 genera, and about 2,900 species. Members of Laurales are trees, shrubs, or woody ...
Laurana, Francesco
born с 1430, Vrana, Dalmatia, republic of Venice died before March 12, 1502, Avignon, Fr. Italian sculptor and medalist. His early life is obscure. In 1453 he was commissioned ...
Laurana, Luciano
▪ Italian architect born c. 1420, , Zadar, Dalmatia [now in Croatia] died 1479, Pesaro, Papal States [Italy]       principal designer of the Palazzo Ducale at Urbino ...
/law ray"zheuh, -sheuh/, n. Geol. a hypothetical landmass in the Northern Hemisphere near the end of the Paleozoic Era: split apart to form North America and Eurasia. Cf. ...

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