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laurate
/lawr"ayt, lahr"-/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of lauric acid. [1870-75; LAUR(IC) + -ATE2] * * *
laureate
—laureateship, n. /lawr"ee it, lor"-/, n. 1. a person who has been honored for achieving distinction in a particular field or with a particular award: a Nobel laureate. 2. See ...
laureateship
See laureate. * * *
Laureen
/law reen"/, n. a female given name, form of Laura. Also, Laurena /law ree"neuh/, Laurene. * * *
laurel
/lawr"euhl, lor"-/, n., v., laureled, laureling or (esp. Brit.) laurelled, laurelling. n. 1. Also called bay, sweet bay. a small European evergreen tree, Laurus nobilis, of the ...
Laurel
/lawr"euhl, lor"-/, n. 1. Stan (Arthur Stanley Jefferson), 1890-1965, U.S. motion-picture actor and comedian, born in England. 2. a city in SE Mississippi. 21,897. 3. a town in ...
Laurel and Hardy
a pair of comedy film actors, Stan Laurel (1890–1965) and Oliver Hardy (1892–1957), who made over 100 long and short films together between 1926 and 1940 and formed the most ...
laurel cherry
a tree, Prunus caroliniana, of the rose family, of the southeastern U.S., having small, milky-white flowers and black, shiny fruit. Also called cherry laurel, mock orange, wild ...
laurel family
the plant family Lauraceae, characterized by evergreen or deciduous trees having simple, leathery leaves, aromatic bark and foliage, clusters of small green or yellow flowers, ...
laurel oak
1. an oak, Quercus laurifolia, of the southeastern U.S., found in moist areas and having shiny dark green leaves. 2. See shingle oak. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
Laurel, José Paciano
▪ president of the Philippines born March 9, 1891, Tanauan, Luzon, Phil. died Nov. 6, 1959, Manila  president of the Philippines (1943–45), during the Japanese occupation ...
Laurel, Stan; and Hardy, Oliver
original names, respectively, Arthur Stanley Jefferson and Oliver Norvell Hardy, Jr. known as Laurel and Hardy born June 16, 1890, Lancashire, Eng. died Feb. 23, 1965, Santa ...
Laurel,Arthur Stanley Jefferson
Lau·rel (lôrʹəl, lŏrʹ-), Arthur Stanley Jefferson. Known as “Stan.” 1890-1965. British-born American comedian who with Oliver Hardy formed the first great comedy team ...
Lauren
/lawr"euhn, lor"-/, n. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Bacall Lauren Burns Kenneth Lauren Lauren Ralph * * *
Lauren Bacall
➡ Bacall * * *
Lauren, Ralph
orig. Ralph Lifshitz born Oct. 14, 1939, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. fashion designer. Lauren grew up in the Bronx, in New York City. While working for a tie company, he was ...
laurence
/lawr"euhns, lor"-/, n. Physics. a shimmering effect seen over a hot surface, such as a pavement or roadway, on a clear and calm day, caused by the irregular refraction of light. ...
Laurence
/lawr"euhns, lor"-/, n. a male given name, form of Lawrence. * * * (as used in expressions) Doctorow Edgar Laurence Dunbar Paul Laurence Laurence Margaret Saint Laurence Olivier ...
Laurence Olivier
➡ Olivier * * *
Laurence Stephen Lowry
➡ Lowry * * *
Laurence Sterne
➡ Sterne * * *
Laurence, Margaret
orig. Jean Margaret Wemyss born July 18, 1926, Neepawa, Man., Can. died Jan. 5, 1987, Lakefield, Ont. Canadian writer. She lived in Africa with her engineer husband in the ...
Laurencin
/law rddahonn saonn"/, n. Marie /mann rddee"/, 1885-1956, French painter, lithographer, and stage designer. * * *
Laurencin, Marie
▪ French painter born October 31, 1883, Paris, France died June 8, 1956, Paris       French painter, printmaker, and stage designer known for her delicate portraits of ...
Laurencin,Marie
Lau·ren·cin (lô-räɴ-săɴʹ), Marie. 1885-1956. French artist noted for her soft, pastel technique in portraiture. * * *
Laurens
/lawr"euhnz, lor"-/, n. a town in central South Carolina. 10,587. * * * ▪ county, South Carolina, United States       county, northern South Carolina, U.S. It is ...
Laurens, Henri
▪ French sculptor born February 18, 1885, Paris, France died May 5, 1954, Paris       French sculptor known for his Cubist (Cubism) works and his later massive studies, ...
Laurens, Henry
▪ American statesman born March 6, 1724, Charleston, S.C. [U.S.] died Dec. 8, 1792, near Charleston, S.C., U.S.       early American statesman who served as president ...
Laurens,Henry
Lau·rens (lôrʹənz, lŏrʹ-), Henry. 1724-1792. American Revolutionary leader. A member (1777-1779) and president (1777-1778) of the Continental Congress, he was captured by ...
Laurent
(as used in expressions) Kabila Laurent Désiré Lavoisier Antoine Laurent Saint Laurent Louis Stephen Saint Laurent Yves Henri Donat Mathieu * * *
Laurent series
/law rent"/; Fr. /law rddahonn"/, Math. a power series in which the negative as well as the positive powers appear. [named after Hermann Laurent (1841-1908), French ...
Laurent's theorem
Math. the theorem that a function that is analytic on an annulus can be represented by a Laurent series on the annulus. [see LAURENT SERIES] * * *
Laurent, Auguste
▪ French chemist Introduction born Sept. 14, 1808, near Langres, Haute-Marne, France died April 15, 1853, Paris       French chemist who helped lay the foundations of ...
Laurent, François
▪ Belgian historian born July 8, 1810, Luxembourg died Feb. 11, 1887, Ghent, Belg.       Belgian administrator, legal scholar, and historian noted as the author of a ...
Laurentian
/law ren"sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the St. Lawrence River. 2. Geol. noting or pertaining to the granite intrusions and orogeny in Canada around the Great Lakes during ...
Laurentian Hills
▪ Ontario, Canada formerly  Chalk River        town, Renfrew county, southeastern Ontario, Canada. It lies along the Chalk River near its mouth on the Ottawa ...
Laurentian Mountains
a range of low mountains in E Canada, between the St. Lawrence River and Hudson Bay. Also called Laurentians. * * * Range forming the Quebec portion of the Canadian Shield, ...
Laurentian Plateau
Laurentian Plateau CANADIAN SHIELD * * *
Laurentian Trough
▪ submarine trough, North America       submarine glacial trough in the eastern continental shelf of North America, the most impressive such feature on Earth. It extends ...
LaurentianMountains
Laurentian Mountains A range of southern Quebec, Canada, north of the St. Lawrence and Ottawa rivers. Rising to 960.8 m (3,150 ft), the mountains are a year-round recreational ...
LaurentianPlateau
Laurentian Plateau or Laurentian Highlands also Canadian Shield A plateau region of eastern Canada extending from the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River northward to the ...
Laurentide Ice Sheet
Principal glacial cover of North America during the Pleistocene epoch (1.8 million–10,000 years ago). At its maximum extent it spread as far south as latitude 37° N and ...
Laurentides Park
/lawr"euhn tuydz', -teedz', lor"-/; Fr. /law rddahonn teed"/ a national park in SE Canada, in Quebec province between the St. Lawrence and Lake St. John. * * *
Laurentius
/law ren"shee euhs, -sheuhs/, n. Saint. See Lawrence, Saint. * * * ▪ antipope English Lawrence flourished 6th century, , Italy       antipope in 498 and from 501 to ...
Laurentius of Canterbury, Saint
▪ archbishop of Canterbury also called  Lawrence, or Laurence   died Feb. 2, 619, Canterbury, Kent, Eng.; feast day February 3       second archbishop of Canterbury, ...
Lauretta
/leuh ret"euh, law-/, n. a female given name, form of Laura. Also, Laurette /law ret"/. * * *
Lauria, Ruggiero di
▪ Italian admiral Lauria also spelled  Loria , or  Luria , English  Roger of Lauria  born c. 1250, , Lauria, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies [Italy] died 1304/05, Valencia, ...
lauric
/lawr"ik, lor"-/, adj. Chem. of or derived from lauric acid. [1870-75; < L laur(us) laurel + -IC] * * *
lauric acid
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble powder, C12H24O2, a fatty acid occurring as the glyceride in many vegetable fats, esp. coconut oil and laurel oil: used chiefly in the ...
lauric aldehyde
Chem. a colorless, extremely alcohol-soluble liquid having a strong floral odor, C12H24O, used chiefly in perfumery. Also, lauryl aldehyde. Also called lauraldehyde, dodecanal, ...
lauricacid
lau·ric acid (lôrʹĭk, lŏrʹ-) n. A fatty acid, CH3(CH2)10COOH, obtained chiefly from coconut and laurel oils and used in making soaps, cosmetics, esters, and lauryl ...
Lauricocha, Lake
▪ lake, Peru Spanish  Lago Lauricocha,         northernmost of a chain of glacier-fed lakes in the Andes Mountains, central Peru, about 100 miles (160 km) ...
Laurie
/lawr'ee/, n. 1. a female given name, form of Laura. 2. a male given name, form of Lawrence. * * *
Laurie Lee
➡ Lee (III) * * *
Laurie, Hugh
▪ 2008 James Hugh Calum Laurie  born June 11, 1959, Oxford, Eng.       When in 2007 it became apparent that the number of British actors filling major roles—mostly as ...
Laurier
/lawr"ee ay'/; Fr. /law rddyay"/, n. Sir Wilfrid /wil"frid/; Fr. /weel frddeed"/, 1841-1919, Canadian statesman: prime minister 1896-1911. * * *
Laurier, Sir Wilfrid
born Nov. 20, 1841, Saint-Lin, Canada East died Feb. 17, 1919, Ottawa, Ont., Can. Prime minister of Canada (1896–1911). He studied law at McGill University, where he was a ...
Laurier,Sir Wilfrid
Lau·ri·er (lôrʹē-ā', lŏrʹ-), Sir Wilfrid. 1841-1919. Canadian politician who served as prime minister (1896-1911) and sought unrestricted trade between Canada and the ...
Laurin, Camille
▪ 2000       Canadian psychiatrist-turned-politician who was the guiding force behind Quebec's Bill 101, which required that French be the official language of the ...
Laurin, Lucien
▪ 2001       Canadian-born American horse trainer (b. Jan. 11, 1912, Joliette, Que.—d. June 26, 2000, Key Largo, Fla.), was one of horse racing's foremost trainers. ...
Laurinburg
/lawr"in berrg', lor"in-/, n. a town in S North Carolina. 11,480. * * *
Lauritz
(as used in expressions) Lie Jonas Lauritz Idemil Melchior Lauritz Lebrecht Hommel Quisling Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonsson * * *
Laurium
▪ Greece Modern Greek  Lávrion,         industrial town of the nomós (department) of Attica, on the Aegean Sea, famous in antiquity for its silver mines. Its port, ...
lauroyl
/lawr"oh il, lor"-/, adj. Chem. containing the lauroyl group. Also, lauryl. [LAUR(IC) + -O- + -YL] * * *
lauroyl group
Chem. the monovalent organic group C12H23O-, derived from lauric acid. Also called lauroyl radical. * * *
Laurus, Metropolitan
▪ 2009 Vassily Mikhailovich Skurla        Czech religious leader born Jan. 1, 1928, Ladomirovo, Czechoslovakia [now in Slovakia] died March 16, 2008, Jordanville, ...
laurustinus
/lawr'euh stuy"neuhs/, n. a southern European evergreen shrub, Viburnum tinus, of the honeysuckle family, having large clusters of white or pinkish flowers. [1655-65; < NL, ...
lauryl alcohol
/lawr"il, lor"-/, Chem. a compound that, depending upon purity, is either a crystalline solid or colorless liquid, C12H26O, obtained by the reduction of fatty acids of coconut ...
laurylalcohol
lau·ryl alcohol (lôrʹəl, lŏrʹ-) n. A colorless solid alcohol, CH3(CH2)11OH, used in synthetic detergents and pharmaceuticals.   [laurel + -yl.] * * *
Lausanne
/loh zan"/; Fr. /loh zannn"/, n. a city in and the capital of Vaud, in W Switzerland, on the Lake of Geneva. 134,300. * * * ▪ Switzerland       capital of Vaud canton, ...
Lausanne Conference
▪ 1932       (June–July 1932), conference that was held to liquidate the payment of reparations by Germany to the former Allied and Associated powers of World War I. ...
Lausanne, Treaty of
(1923) Final treaty concluding World War I, between Turkey (successor to the Ottoman Empire) and the Allies. Signed in Lausanne, Switz., it replaced the Treaty of Sèvres ...
Laut Island
▪ island, Indonesia Indonesian  Pulau Laut , Laut also spelled  Laoet        island off the southeastern coast of Borneo, Kalimantan Selatan provinsi ...
Lautaro
▪ Mapuche leader born before 1535 died April 29, 1557, Mataquito, Chile       Mapuche Indian who led the native uprising against the Spanish conquerors in south-central ...
lautenclavicymbal
/lowt"n klah'vee tseem'beuhl/, n. a harpsichord with strings of gut rather than metal. [ < G: lit., lute-clavichord. See LUTE, CLAVICHORD, CYMBAL] * * *
lauter tub
/low"teuhr/, Brewing. a tank for draining off and filtering the wort from grain mash. [ < G lauter clear, unmixed] * * *
Lauterbur, Paul
▪ American chemist in full  Paul Christian Lauterbur  born May 6, 1929, Sidney, Ohio, U.S. died March 27, 2007, Urbana, Ill.       American chemist who, with English ...
Lauterbur, Paul Christian
▪ 2008       American chemist born May 6, 1929 , Sidney, Ohio died March 27, 2007 , Urbana, Ill. won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 2003, together with ...
Lautoka
▪ Fiji       city on the northwest coast of the island of Viti Levu, Fiji, South Pacific Ocean. Situated on the dry side of the island, Lautoka (originally called ...
Lautréamont
/loh trdday ann mawonn"/, n. Comte de (Isidore Lucien Ducasse), 1846-70, French poet, born in Uruguay. * * *
Lautréamont, comte de
▪ French author pseudonym of  Isidore Lucien Ducasse   born April 4, 1846, Montevideo, Uruguay died November 24, 1870, Paris, France       poet, a strange and ...
Lautrec
/loh trek"/, n. See Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri. * * *
Lauzon
Fr. /loh zawonn"/, n. a town in S Quebec, in E Canada, across from Quebec City on the St. Lawrence. 13,362. * * *
Lauzun, Antonin-Nompar de Caumont, Count and Duke de
▪ French military officer also called  Marquis De Puyguilhem   born May 1633, Lauzun, Fr. died Nov. 19, 1723, Paris  French military officer who was imprisoned by King ...
lav
/lav/, n. Informal. lavatory. [by shortening] * * *
LAV
lymphadenopathy-associated virus. See under AIDS virus. [1980-85] * * *
lava
/lah"veuh, lav"euh/, n. 1. the molten, fluid rock that issues from a volcano or volcanic vent. 2. the rock formed when this solidifies, occurring in many varieties differing ...
Lava Beds National Monument
Region, northern California, U.S. It features recent lava flows and related volcanic formations, including deep chasms, chimneys, and cinder cones that rise to 300 ft (90 m) in ...
lava cave
▪ geology       cave or cavity formed as a result of surface solidification of a lava flow during the last stages of its activity. A frozen crust may form over still ...
lava-lava
lava-lava [lä′və lä′və] n. 〚Samoan〛 a loincloth or skirt of printed cloth, worn by men and women on the South Sea islands * * * la·va-la·va ...
lavabo
/leuh vay"boh, -vah"-/, n., pl. lavaboes. 1. Eccles. a. the ritual washing of the celebrant's hands after the offertory in the Mass, accompanied in the Roman rite by the ...
lavage
/leuh vahzh", lav"ij/, n. 1. a washing. 2. Med. a. cleansing by irrigation or the like. b. the washing out of the stomach. [1890-95; < F: lit., a washing, equiv. to lav(er) to ...
Laval
/leuh val"/; Fr. /lann vannl"/, n. 1. Pierre /pyerdd/, 1883-1945, French lawyer and politician: premier 1931-32, 1935-36; premier of the Vichy government 1942-44; executed for ...
Laval University
French-language university in Quebec city, Quebec, Canada. Its predecessor institution, the Seminary of Quebec (founded 1663), is considered Canada's first institution of higher ...
Laval, Carl Gustaf Patrik de
born May 9, 1845, Blasenborg, Swed. died Feb. 2, 1913, Stockholm Swedish scientist, engineer, and inventor. Laval built his first impulse steam turbine in 1882. Further ...
Laval, François de Montmorency
▪ French bishop born April 30, 1623, Montigny-sur-Avre, Fr. died May 6, 1708, Quebec  the first Roman Catholic bishop in Canada, who laid the foundations of church ...
Laval, Pierre
born June 28, 1883, Châteldon, France died Oct. 15, 1945, Paris French politician. A member of the Chamber of Deputies (1914–19, 1924–27) and later the Senate (from 1927), ...
Laval,Pierre
Laval, Pierre. 1883-1945. French politician who twice served as prime minister (1931-1932 and 1935-1936) and became head of the Vichy government (1942) after the surrender of ...
lavalava
/lah'veuh lah"veuh/, n. the principal garment for both sexes in Polynesia, esp. in Samoa, consisting of a piece of printed cloth worn as a loincloth or skirt. Also, lava-lava. ...
lavaliere
/lav'euh lear", lah'veuh-/, n. 1. an ornamental pendant, usually jeweled, worn on a chain around the neck. 2. See lavaliere microphone. Also, lavalier, lavallière Fr. /lann vann ...
lavaliere microphone
a small microphone that hangs around the neck of a performer or speaker. Also called lavaliere. [1960-65] * * *
Lavalleja
/lah'vah ye"hah/, n. Juan Antonio /hwahn ahn taw"nyaw/, 1784-1853, Uruguayan revolutionary: leader in war of independence against Brazil 1825. * * *
lavaret
/lav"euh ret', -euhr it/, n. a whitefish, Coregonus lavaretus, found in the lakes of central Europe. [ < F < Franco-Provençal
lavash
la·vash (lə-văshʹ) n. A thin leavened flatbread of Armenian origin.   [Armenian, from Turkish lavaş.] * * *
Lavater
/lah"vah teuhr, lah vah"teuhr/, n. Johann Kaspar /yoh"hahn kahs"pahr/, 1741-1801, Swiss poet, theologian, and physiognomist. * * *
Lavater, Johann Kaspar
▪ Swiss writer born Nov. 15, 1741, Zürich died Jan. 2, 1801, Zürich       Swiss writer, Protestant pastor, and founder of physiognomics, an antirational, religious, ...
lavation
—lavational, adj. /lay vay"sheuhn/, n. the process of washing. [1620-30; < L lavation- (s. of lavatio) a washing, equiv. to lavat(us) (ptp. of lavare to wash) + -ion- -ION] * * ...
lavatory
/lav"euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, n., pl. lavatories. 1. a room fitted with equipment for washing the hands and face and usually with flush toilet facilities. 2. a flush toilet; water ...
lave
lave1 /layv/, v., laved, laving. v.t. 1. to wash; bathe. 2. (of a river, sea, etc.) to flow along, against, or past; wash. 3. Obs. to ladle; pour or dip with a ladle. v.i. 4. ...
Lavelle, Louis
▪ French philosopher born July 15, 1883, Saint-Martin-de-Villeréal, Fr. died Sept. 1, 1951, Saint-Martin-de-Villeréal       French philosopher recognized as a ...
lavender
/lav"euhn deuhr/, n. 1. a pale bluish purple. 2. any Old World plant or shrub belonging to the genus Lavandula, of the mint family, esp. L. angustifolia, having spikes of ...
lavender cotton
a silvery-gray, evergreen, woody composite plant, Santolina chamaecyparissus, of southern Europe, having yellow flower heads. [1520-30] * * *
lavender water
lavender water n. a perfume or toilet water made from flowers of the lavender plant * * *
laver
laver1 /lay"veuhr/, n. 1. Old Testament. a large basin upon a foot or pedestal in the court of the Hebrew tabernacle and subsequently in the temple, containing water for the ...
Laver
/lay"veuhr/, n. Rod(ney George), born 1938, Australian tennis player. * * * ▪ algae Japanese  nori        any member of the genus Porphyra, a group of marine red ...
laver bread
n [U] a dish that is eaten mainly in Wales. It is made from laver, a type of seaweed, which is boiled, mixed with oatmeal (= a type of rough flour) and fried in flat cakes. * * *
Laver, Rod
▪ Australian tennis player byname of  Rodney George Laver  born Aug. 9, 1938, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia    outstanding Australian tennis player, the second male ...
Laver, Rod(ney George)
born Aug. 9, 1938, Rockhampton, Queen., Austl. Australian tennis player. He joined Australia's Davis Cup team when he was 18 years old and remained on the squad until 1962. ...
Laver,Rod
La·ver (lāʹvər), Rod. Born 1938. Australian tennis player who won the Grand Slam (Wimbledon, French, U.S., and Australian titles) twice, in 1962 and 1969. * * *
Laveran
/lannveu rddahonn"/, n. Charles Louis Alphonse /shannrddl lwee annl fawonns"/, 1845-1922, French physician and bacteriologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1907. * * *
Laveran, Alphonse
▪ French physician and pathologist in full  Charles-Louis-Alphonse Laveran  born June 18, 1845, Paris, France died May 18, 1922, Paris  French physician, pathologist, and ...
Lavern
/leuh verrn"/, n. 1. Also, Laverna /leuh verr"neuh/. a female given name, form of Verna. 2. a male given name, form of Vernon. Also, LaVern, Laverne. * * *
laverock
/lav"euhr euhk, layv"reuhk/, n. Chiefly Scot. a lark, esp. a skylark. Also, lavrock. /lav"reuhk/. [1275-1325; ME laverok, OE lawerce LARK1] * * *
Lavigerie, Charles
▪ Roman Catholic archbishop born Oct. 31, 1825, near Bayonne, Fr. died Nov. 25?, 1892, Algiers  cardinal and archbishop of Algiers and Carthage (now Tunis, Tunisia) whose ...
Lavin, Mary
▪ 1997       U.S.-born Irish writer who was best known for her short stories that revealed the complexities and remarkableness of seemingly ordinary small-town Irish ...
Lavinia
/leuh vin"ee euh/, n. 1. Rom. Legend. the daughter of Latinus and second wife of Aeneas. 2. a female given name. * * *
Lavinium
▪ Italy       an ancient town of Latium (modern Pratica di Mare, Italy), 19 miles (30 kilometres) south of Rome, regarded as the religious centre of the early Latin ...
lavish
—lavisher, n. —lavishly, adv. —lavishness, n. /lav"ish/, adj. 1. expended, bestowed, or occurring in profusion: lavish spending. 2. using or giving in great amounts; ...
lavisher
See lavish. * * *
lavishly
See lavisher. * * *
lavishness
See lavisher. * * *
Lavoisier
/lann vwann zyay"/, n. Antoine Laurent /ahonn twannn" loh rddahonn"/, 1743-94, French scientist: pioneer in the field of chemistry. * * *
Lavoisier, Antoine (-Laurent)
born Aug. 26, 1743, Paris, France died May 8, 1794, Paris French chemist, regarded as the father of modern chemistry. His work on combustion, oxidation (see ...
Lavoisier, Antoine-Laurent
▪ French chemist Introduction born August 26, 1743, Paris, France died May 8, 1794, Paris  prominent French chemist and leading figure in the 18th-century chemical revolution ...
Lavoisier,Antoine Laurent
La·voi·sier (lə-vwäʹzē-ā', lä-vwä-zyāʹ), Antoine Laurent. 1743-1794. French chemist who is regarded as the founder of modern chemistry. He isolated the major ...
Lavon, Pinhas
▪ Israeli politician born  Pinhas Lubianiker , Pinhas also spelled  Pinchas  born July 12, 1904, Kopyczynce, Eastern Galicia, Austria-Hungary [now Kopychintsy, ...
Lavrov, Pyotr
▪ Russian philosopher original name  Pyotr Lavrovich Mirtov   born June 14 [June 2, old style], 1823, Melekhovo, Russia died Feb. 6 [Jan. 25, old style], 1900, ...
Lavrovsky, Leonid (Mikhaylovich)
born June 18, 1905, St. Petersburg, Russia died Nov. 26, 1967, Paris, Fr. Russian dancer, choreographer, teacher, and Bolshoi Ballet director. He studied ballet in St. ...
law
law1 —lawlike, adj. /law/, n. 1. the principles and regulations established in a community by some authority and applicable to its people, whether in the form of legislation or ...
Law
/law/, n. 1. Andrew Bonar /bon"euhr/, 1858-1923, English statesman, born in Canada: prime minister 1922-23. 2. John, 1671-1729, Scottish financier. 3. William, 1686-1761, English ...
Law & Order
▪ American television program       longest-running law enforcement series and the second longest-running drama in American television. Airing on the National ...
law and order
strict control of crime and repression of violence, sometimes involving the possible restriction of civil rights. [1590-1600] * * *
law code
Systematic compilation of law or legal principles. The oldest extant fragments of a law code are tablets from the ancient city of Ebla dating to с 2400 BC. The best-known ...
Law Commission
a British government organization formed in 1965 to examine the nation’s laws and publish proposals for changing them. There is a separate Law Commission for Scotland. * * *
law court
law court n. a court for administering justice under the law * * *
law court.
See court of law. [1610-20] * * *
Law Courts
(also the Royal Courts of Justice) the building in central London, England, where most High Court trials are held. * * *
law enforcement
Britain has 52 regional police forces, which are responsible for maintaining law and order in their own area. London has two police forces, the Metropolitan Police, often ...
law enforcement agencies
➡ law enforcement * * *
law French
Anglo-French as used in legal proceedings and lawbooks in England from the Norman Conquest to the 17th century, some terms of which are still in use. [1635-45] * * *
Law Lords
the eleven members of the House of Lords in Britain who, together with the Lord Chancellor, act as the highest Court of Appeal in England and Wales. A Law Lord must have been a ...
law merchant
the principles and rules, drawn chiefly from custom, determining the rights and obligations of commercial transactions; commercial law. [1615-25] * * * ▪ medieval European ...
law of action and reaction
Physics. See under law of motion. * * *
law of areas
Astron. See under Kepler's laws. * * *
law of averages
1. a statistical principle formulated by Jakob Bernoulli to show a more or less predictable ratio between the number of random trials of an event and its occurrences. 2. ...
law of conservation of angular momentum
Physics. See conservation of angular momentum. * * *
law of conservation of charge
Physics. See conservation of charge. * * *
law of conservation of energy
Physics. See conservation of energy. * * *
law of conservation of linear momentum
Physics. See conservation of linear momentum. * * *
law of conservation of mass
Physics. See conservation of mass. * * *
law of contradiction
Logic. the law that a proposition cannot be both true and false or that a thing cannot both have and not have a given property. * * *
law of cosines
Trigonom. 1. a law stating that the square of a side of a plane triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides minus twice the product of the other sides ...
law of definite composition
1. Chem. the statement that in a pure compound the elements are always combined in fixed proportions by weight. 2. Logic. the law that either a proposition or its denial must be ...
law of diminishing marginal utility
Econ. the law that for a single consumer the marginal utility of a commodity diminishes for each additional unit of the commodity consumed. * * *
law of diminishing returns
Econ. See diminishing returns (def. 2). * * *
law of excluded middle
Logic. the principle that any proposition must be either true or false. * * *
law of exponents
Math. the theorem stating the elementary properties of exponents, as the property that the product of the same bases, each raised to an exponent, is equal to the base raised to ...
law of gravitation
Physics. a law stating that any two masses attract each other with a force equal to a constant (constant of gravitation) multiplied by the product of the two masses and divided ...
law of identity
Logic. the law that any proposition implies itself. * * *
law of independent assortment
Genetics. the principle, originated by Gregor Mendel, stating that when two or more characteristics are inherited, individual hereditary factors assort independently during ...
law of large numbers
Math. the theorem in probability theory that the number of successes increases as the number of experiments increases and approximates the probability times the number of ...
law of Malus
Optics. See Malus' law. * * *
law of mass action
Chem. the statement that the rate of a chemical reaction is proportional to the concentrations of the reacting substances. Also called mass action law. * * *
Law of Moses
the Pentateuch, containing the Mosaic dispensations, or system of rules and ordinances, and forming the first of the three Jewish divisions of the Old Testament. Cf. Hagiographa, ...
law of motion
Physics. any of three laws of classical mechanics, either the law that a body remains at rest or in motion with a constant velocity unless an external force acts on the body ...
law of multiple proportion
Chem. the statement that where two elements can combine to form more than one compound, the ratio by weight of one element to a given weight of the second is usually a small ...
law of nations
law of nations n. INTERNATIONAL LAW * * *
law of nations.
See international law. [1540-50] * * *
law of parsimony
Philos. a principle according to which an explanation of a thing or event is made with the fewest possible assumptions. Cf. Occam's razor. [1830-40] * * *
law of partial pressures
Physics, Chem. See Dalton's law. * * *
law of reflection
the principle that when a ray of light, radar pulse, or the like, is reflected from a smooth surface the angle of reflection is equal to the angle of incidence, and the incident ...
law of refraction
the principle that for a ray, radar pulse, or the like, that is incident on the interface of two media, the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle ...
law of segregation
Genetics. the principle, originated by Gregor Mendel, stating that during the production of gametes the two copies of each hereditary factor segregate so that offspring acquire ...
law of sines
Trigonom. 1. a law stating that the ratio of a side of a plane triangle to the sine of the opposite angle is the same for all three sides. 2. a law stating that the ratio of the ...
law of superposition
Geol. a basic law of geochronology, stating that in any undisturbed sequence of rocks deposited in layers, the youngest layer is on top and the oldest on bottom, each layer being ...
law of the jungle
a system or mode of action in which the strongest survive, presumably as animals in nature or as human beings whose activity is not regulated by the laws or ethics of ...
law of the mean
Math. See mean value theorem. * * *
Law of the Medes and the Persians
unalterable law. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
law of thermodynamics
1. any of three principles variously stated in equivalent forms, being the principle that the change of energy of a thermodynamic system is equal to the heat transferred minus ...
law of thought
any of the three basic laws of traditional logic: the law of contradiction, the law of excluded middle, and the law of identity. * * *
law of trichotomy
Math. See trichotomy property. * * *
law of universal gravitation
Physics. See law of gravitation. * * *
law of war
rules or a code of rules governing the rights and duties of belligerents in an international war. Cf. Geneva Convention. [1945-50] * * *
law report
In common law, a published record of a judicial decision that is cited by lawyers and judges as legal precedent in arguing and deciding cases. The report contains the title of ...
law school
n a US college at which people study to become lawyers. It is usually part of a university, and students enter it after they have their first degree: She’s at Harvard Law ...
Law Society
the professional organization to which all solicitors in England and Wales belong. It holds examinations for those wishing to enter the profession, establishes rules for ...
Law, (Andrew) Bonar
born Sept. 16, 1858, Kingston, N.B., Can. died Oct. 30, 1923, London, Eng. Prime minister of Britain (1922–23), the first born in a British overseas possession. Reared in ...
Law, (Andrew)Bonar
Law, (Andrew) Bonar. 1858-1923. Canadian-born British politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer (1916-1918) and prime minister (1922-1923). * * *
Law, Bernard Cardinal
▪ 2003       When 2002 began, Boston's Bernard Cardinal Law was the senior Roman Catholic cardinal in the U.S. and the chairman of the bishops' Committee on ...
Law, Bonar
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom born Sept. 16, 1858, Kingston, N.B., Can. died Oct. 30, 1923, London  prime minister of Great Britain from Oct. 23, 1922, to May 20, 1923, ...
Law, Crime, and Law Enforcement
▪ 2006 Introduction Trials of former heads of state, U.S. Supreme Court rulings on eminent domain and the death penalty, and high-profile cases against former executives of ...
Law, John
(baptized April 21, 1671, Edinburgh, Scot. died March 21, 1729, Venice) Scottish monetary reformer. In 1705 he published the banking reform plan Money and Trade Considered, in ...
law, philosophy of
Introduction       the formulation of concepts and theories to aid in understanding the nature of law, the sources of its authority, and its role in society. In ...
Law, William
▪ British author born 1686, King's Cliffe, Northamptonshire, Eng. died April 9, 1761, King's Cliffe       English author of influential works on Christian ethics and ...
Law,John
Law, John. 1671-1729. Scottish financier active in France, where he engaged in highly profitable speculation on the development of Louisiana. The investment scheme ultimately ...
law-abiding
—law-abidingness, n. /law"euh buy'ding/, adj. obeying or keeping the law; obedient to law: law-abiding citizens. [1830-40] * * *
law-and-order
law-and-or·der (lôʹən-ôrʹdər) adj. Advocating and following the established social order and the statutes written to enforce such order: running for election as the ...
law-hand
/law"hand'/, n. a style of handwriting used in old legal documents, esp. in England. [1725-35; LAW1 + HAND] * * *
Lawamon
▪ English poet also spelled  Layamon  or  Laghamon  flourished 12th century       early Middle English poet, author of the romance-chronicle the Brut (c. 1200), one ...
lawbook
/law"book'/, n. a book consisting or treating of laws, legal issues, or cases that have been adjudicated. [1150-1200; ME lagheboc. See LAW1, BOOK] * * *
lawbreaker
—lawbreaking, n., adj. /law"bray'keuhr/, n. a person who breaks or violates the law. [bef. 1050; ME lawbreker; r. OE lahbreca. See LAW1, BREAKER1] Syn. transgressor, criminal ...
lawclerk
law clerk n. A person, typically an attorney, employed as an assistant to a judge or another attorney, especially in order to gain legal experience. * * *
Lawes
/lawz/, n. 1. Henry ("Harry"), 1596-1662, English composer. 2. Lewis E(dward), 1883-1947, U.S. penologist. * * *
Lawes, Henry
▪ English composer baptized January 5, 1596, Dinton, Wiltshire, England died October 21, 1662, London  English composer noted for his continuo songs.       Henry Lawes ...
Lawes, Henry and William
(baptized Jan. 5, 1596, Dinton, Wiltshire, Eng. died Oct. 21, 1662, London) (baptized May 1, 1602, Salisbury, Wiltshire, Eng. died Sept. 24, 1645, Chester, Cheshire) English ...
Lawes, Lewis Edward
▪ American penologist born Sept. 13, 1883, Elmira, N.Y., U.S. died April 23, 1947, Garrison, N.Y.       U.S. penologist whose introduction of novel penal administrative ...
Lawes, Sir John Bennet, 1st Baronet
▪ English agronomist born Dec. 28, 1814, Rothamsted, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, Eng. died Aug. 31, 1900, Rothamsted       English agronomist who founded the artificial ...
Lawes, William
▪ English composer baptized May 1, 1602, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England died Sept. 24, 1645, Chester, Cheshire       English composer, prominent during the early Baroque ...
lawful
—lawfully, adv. —lawfulness, n. /law"feuhl/, adj. 1. allowed or permitted by law; not contrary to law: a lawful enterprise. 2. recognized or sanctioned by law; legitimate: a ...
lawfully
See lawful. * * *
lawfulness
See lawfully. * * *
lawgiver
—lawgiving, n., adj. /law"giv'euhr/, n. a person who promulgates a law or a code of laws. [1350-1400; ME lawe givere. See LAW1, GIVER] * * *
lawing
/law"ing/, n. Scot. a bill, esp. for food or drink in a tavern. [1525-35; obs. Scots law bill, ME (dial.) lagh < ON lag price, tax, proper place (cf. LAW1) + -ING1] * * *
Lawler, Ray
▪ Australian dramatist in full  Raymond Evenor Lawler   born 1921?, Footscray, Melbourne, Vic., Australia       actor, producer, and playwright whose Summer of the ...
lawless
—lawlessly, adv. —lawlessness, n. /law"lis/, adj. 1. contrary to or without regard for the law: lawless violence. 2. being without law; uncontrolled by a law; unbridled; ...
Lawless, Lucy, and Sorbo, Kevin
▪ 1998       Playing ancient warriors on the television shows "Hercules: The Legendary Journeys" and its spin-off, "Xena: Warrior Princess," actors Kevin Sorbo and Lucy ...
lawlessly
See lawless. * * *
lawlessness
See lawlessly. * * *
Lawley
(1946– ) a British television and radio broadcaster. She has presented current affairs programmes for television, including Nationwide (1972–83) and Here and Now (1994–7), ...
lawmaker
—lawmaking, n., adj. /law"may'keuhr/, n. a person who makes or enacts law; legislator. [1350-1400; ME lawe maker. See LAW1, MAKER] * * *
lawmaking
See lawmaker. * * *
lawman
/law"man', -meuhn/, n., pl. lawmen /-men', -meuhn/. an officer of the law, as a sheriff or police officer. [bef. 1000; ME laweman, earlier lageman, OE lahmann. See LAW1, -MAN] * ...
Lawman
/law"meuhn/, n. Layamon. * * *
lawmerchant
law merchant n. pl. laws merchant A body of principles and regulations applied to commercial transactions and deriving from the established customs of merchants and traders ...
lawn
lawn1 —lawny, adj. /lawn/, n. 1. a stretch of open, grass-covered land, esp. one closely mowed, as near a house, on an estate, or in a park. 2. Archaic. a glade. [1250-1300; ME ...
lawn bowling
a game played with wooden balls on a level, closely mowed green having a slight bias, the object being to roll one's ball as near as possible to a smaller white ball at the other ...
Lawn Bowls
▪ 1998       In the 1980s and '90s, the traditional game of lawn bowls was boosted in the British Isles by a switch in the winter months to carpeted indoor stadiums (by ...
lawn chair
a chair or chaise longue designed for use out of doors. * * *
lawn mower
a hand-operated or motor-driven machine for cutting the grass of a lawn. Also called mower. [1865-70] * * *
lawn party.
See garden party. [1850-55] * * *
lawn sleeves
1. the sleeves of lawn forming part of the dress of an Anglican bishop. 2. the office of an Anglican bishop. 3. an Anglican bishop or bishops. [1630-40] * * *
lawn tennis
tennis, esp. when played on a grass court. [1870-75] * * *
lawnbowling
lawn bowling n. A game played on a level lawn in which players roll biased wooden balls as close as possible to a smaller target ball. Also called bowls2. * * *
Lawndale
/lawn"dayl'/, n. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 23,460. * * *
lawnmower
lawn mower also lawn·mow·er (lônʹmō'ər) n. A machine with a rotating blade for cutting grass. * * *
lawns
➡ parks * * *
lawntennis
lawn tennis n. See tennis. * * *
lawof averages
law of averages n. The principle holding that probability will influence all occurrences in the long term. * * *
lawof diminishing returns
law of diminishing returns n. The tendency for a continuing application of effort or skill toward a particular project or goal to decline in effectiveness after a certain level ...
lawof independent assortment
law of independent assortment n. See Mendel’s law. * * *
lawof large numbers
law of large numbers n. Statistics The rule or theorem that the average of a large number of independent measurements of a random quantity tends toward the theoretical average of ...
Lawof Moses
Law of Moses n. See Mosaic Law. * * *
lawof nations
law of nations n. See international law. * * *
lawof parsimony
law of parsimony n. See Ockham's razor. * * *
lawof segregation
law of segregation n. See Mendel’s law. * * *
Lawrance, Charles Lanier
▪ American aeronautical engineer born Sept. 30, 1882, Lenox, Mass., U.S. died June 24, 1950, East Islip, N.Y.       American aeronautical engineer who designed the ...
Lawrence
/lawr"euhns, lor"-/, n. 1. D(avid) H(erbert), 1885-1930, English novelist. 2. Ernest O(rlando), 1901-58, U.S. physicist: inventor of the cyclotron; Nobel prize 1939. 3. Gertrude, ...
Lawrence Durrell
➡ Durrell (II) * * *
Lawrence frame
a gilded frame for a circular or oval painting, having a rectangular exterior form. [after Sir Thomas LAWRENCE, who alledgedly favored such frames] * * *
Lawrence Oates
➡ Oates (I) * * *
Lawrence of Arabia
➡ Lawrence (II) * * *
Lawrence of Brindisi, Saint
▪ Christian saint Lawrence also spelled  Laurence,  Italian  San Lorenzo Da Brindisi,  original name  Cesare De Rossi  born July 22, 1559, Brindisi, Kingdom of Naples ...
Lawrence, Abbott
▪ American merchant born Dec. 16, 1792, Groton, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 18, 1855, Boston, Mass.       American merchant and philanthropist who was a major developer of ...
Lawrence, Carmen Mary
▪ 1996       When Carmen Lawrence joined the Australian Cabinet as minister of health on March 25, 1994, less than two weeks after she entered the federal Parliament, it ...


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