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Lawrence, D(avid) H(erbert)
Lawrence, D(avid) H(erbert). 1885-1930. British writer whose fiction concerns the struggle for human fulfillment within a dehumanizing industrialized society. His novels include ...
Lawrence, D.H.
▪ English writer Introduction in full  David Herbert Lawrence  born September 11, 1885, Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, England died March 2, 1930, Vence, France  English author ...
Lawrence, Ernest O(rlando)
born Aug. 8, 1901, Canton, S.D., U.S. died Aug. 27, 1958, Palo Alto, Calif. U.S. physicist. He earned a Ph.D. at Yale University and taught physics at the University of ...
Lawrence, Ernest Orlando
▪ American physicist born Aug. 8, 1901, Canton, S.D., U.S. died Aug. 27, 1958, Palo Alto, Calif.  American physicist, winner of the 1939 Nobel Prize for Physics for his ...
Lawrence, Gertrude
orig. Gertrud Alexandra Dagmar Lawrence Klasen born July 4, 1898, London, Eng. died Sept. 6, 1952, New York, N.Y., U.S. British actress. She began appearing on stage as a ...
Lawrence, Jacob
born Sept. 7, 1917, Atlantic City, N.J., U.S. died June 9, 2000, Seattle, Wash. U.S. painter. He moved with his family at 13 to New York City's Harlem. Art classes sponsored by ...
Lawrence, James
born Oct. 1, 1781, Burlington, N.J., U.S. killed in action June 1, 1813, in a sea battle off Boston, Mass. U.S. naval officer. He served under Stephen Decatur in the Tripolitan ...
Lawrence, Jerome
▪ 2005       American playwright and director (b. July 14, 1915, Cleveland, Ohio—d. Feb. 29, 2004, Malibu, Calif.), had a writing partnership with Robert E. Lee for ...
Lawrence, John (Laird Mair)
later Baron Lawrence (of the Punjab and of Grately) born March 4, 1811, Richmond, Yorkshire, Eng. died June 27, 1879, London British viceroy and governor-general of India ...
Lawrence, John Laird Mair Lawrence, 1st Baron
▪ British colonial official born March 4, 1811, Richmond, Yorkshire, England died June 27, 1879, London       British viceroy and governor-general of India whose ...
Lawrence, Mary Wells
▪ American businesswoman née  Mary Georgene Berg   born May 25, 1928, Youngstown, Ohio, U.S.       American businesswoman whose successful work in advertising was ...
Lawrence, Saint
or Saint Laurence died 258, Rome; feast day August 10 Roman martyr. He was one of seven deacons in Rome during the papacy of Sixtus II. When the pope was executed during the ...
Lawrence, Sir Henry Montgomery
▪ British colonial official born June 28, 1806, Matura, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka] died July 4, 1857, Lucknow, India       English soldier and administrator who helped to ...
Lawrence, Sir Thomas
▪ British artist born April 13, 1769, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Jan. 7, 1830, London  painter and draftsman who was the most fashionable English portrait painter of ...
Lawrence, Stringer
▪ British officer born March 6, 1697, Hereford, Herefordshire, Eng. died Jan. 10, 1775, London  British army captain whose transformation of irregular troops into an ...
Lawrence, T E
▪ British scholar and military officer Introduction byname  Lawrence Of Arabia , also called (from 1927)  T.E. Shaw  born Aug. 15, 1888, Tremadoc, Caernarvonshire, ...
Lawrence, T(homas) E(dward)
Lawrence, T(homas) E(dward). Known as “Lawrence of Arabia.” 1888-1935. Welsh-born British soldier, adventurer, and writer who led the Arab revolt against the Turks ...
Lawrence,Ernest Orlando
Lawrence, Ernest Orlando. 1901-1958. American physicist. He won a 1939 Nobel Prize for the development of the cyclotron. * * *
Lawrence,Gertrude
Lawrence, Gertrude. 1898-1952. British actress remembered for her performances in the plays Private Lives (1930) and Lady in the Dark (1940) as well as the musical The King and I ...
Lawrence,Sir Thomas
Lawrence, Sir Thomas. 1769-1830. British painter remembered for his portrait series (1814-1818) of the leaders of the alliance against Napoleon. * * *
Lawrenceburg
/lawr"euhns berrg', lor"-/, n. a town in S Tennessee. 10,175. * * *
lawrencium
/law ren"see euhm/, n. Chem. a synthetic, radioactive, metallic element. Symbol: Lr; at. no.: 103. [1960-65; Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, Berkeley, California + -IUM] * * ...
Lawrentian
/law ren"sheuhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of D. H. Lawrence, his works, or his ideas. n. 2. a person who studies the works of D. H. Lawrence. 3. an advocate ...
laws, conflict of
Opposition or contradiction in the applicable laws of different states or jurisdictions regarding the rights of the parties in a case. Rules have been created to help determine ...
Lawson
/law"seuhn/, n. Robert, 1892-1957, U.S. illustrator and author, esp. of children's books. /law"seuhn/, adj. (sometimes l.c.) of or pertaining to a style of overstuffed sofa or ...
Lawson criterion
Physics. (in a hypothetical nuclear fusion reactor) the requirement that in order for the energy produced by fusion to exceed the energy expended in causing the fusion, the ...
Lawson cypress.
See Port Orford cedar. [1855-60; after Lawson and Son, a firm of Edinburgh nurserymen, who cultivated the tree from seeds collected in America in 1854] * * *
Lawson, Fremont
▪ American editor in full  Victor Fremont Lawson , Fremont also spelled  Freemont   born September 9, 1850, Chicago, Illinois, U.S. died August 19, 1925, ...
Lawson, Henry
▪ Australian writer in full  Henry Archibald Lawson  born June 17, 1867, near Grenfell, N.S.W., Australia died Sept. 22, 1922, Abbotsford, N.S.W.       Australian ...
Lawson, John Howard
▪ American playwright born Sept. 25, 1894, New York City died Aug. 11, 1977, San Francisco       U.S. playwright, screenwriter, and member of the “Hollywood Ten,” ...
Lawson, Yank
▪ 1996       (JOHN RHEA LAUSEN), U.S. jazz trumpeter (b. May 3, 1911—d. Feb. 18, 1995). * * *
lawsuit
/law"sooht'/, n. a case in a court of law involving a claim, complaint, etc., by one party against another; suit at law. [1615-25; LAW1 + SUIT] * * *
Lawton
/lawt"n/, n. a city in SW Oklahoma. 80,054. * * * ▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, seat (1907) of Comanche county, southwestern Oklahoma, U.S., on the Cache ...
Lawton, Thomas
▪ 1997       ("TOMMY"), British association football (soccer) player who was a commanding centre forward just before and after World War II, scoring 231 goals in 390 ...
lawyer
—lawyerlike, lawyerly, adj. /law"yeuhr, loy"euhr/, n. 1. a person whose profession is to represent clients in a court of law or to advise or act for clients in other legal ...
lawyering
/law"yeuhr ing, loy"euhr-/, n. Often Disparaging. the practice of law; the duties, functions, or skills of a lawyer. [1670-80; LAWYER + -ING1] * * *
lawyerly
See lawyer. * * *
lawyers
➡ legal system * * *
lax
—laxly, adv. —laxness, n. /laks/, adj., laxer, laxest. 1. not strict or severe; careless or negligent: lax morals; a lax attitude toward discipline. 2. loose or slack; not ...
Lax, Peter
▪ Hungarian-American mathematician born May 1, 1926, Budapest, Hung.    Hungarian-born American mathematician awarded the 2005 Abel Prize “for his groundbreaking ...
Laxalt
/lak"sawlt/, n. Paul, born 1922, U.S. politician: senator 1974-87. * * *
laxation
/lak say"sheuhn/, n. 1. a loosening or relaxing. 2. the state of being loosened or relaxed. 3. a bowel movement. [1350-1400; ME laxacion < L laxation- (s. of laxatio) a ...
laxative
—laxatively, adv. —laxativeness, n. /lak"seuh tiv/, n. 1. a medicine or agent for relieving constipation. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or constituting a laxative; purgative. 3. ...
Laxdæla saga
▪ Icelandic literature Icelandic“Saga of [the Men of] Laxárdal”       one of the Icelanders' sagas. The tale, written about 1245 by an anonymous author (possibly ...
laxity
/lak"si tee/, n. the state or quality of being lax; looseness. [1520-30; < L laxitas wideness, openness. See LAX, -ITY] * * *
laxly
See laxation. * * *
Laxness
/lahks"nes/, n. Halldór Kiljan /hahl"dohrdd kil"yahn/, 1902-98, Icelandic writer: Nobel prize 1955. * * *
Laxness, Halldór
orig. Halldór Kiljan Gudjónsson born April 23, 1902, Reykjavík, Ice. died Feb. 8, 1998, near Reykjavík Icelandic novelist. He converted to Roman Catholicism while ...
lay
lay1 /lay/, v., laid, laying, n. v.t. 1. to put or place in a horizontal position or position of rest; set down: to lay a book on a desk. 2. to knock or beat down, as from an ...
lay analyst
a psychoanalyst who does not have a medical degree. [1925-30] * * *
lay baptism
Eccles. baptism administered by a lay-person. [1720-30] * * *
lay brother
a man who has taken religious vows and habit but is employed by his order chiefly in manual labor. [1670-80] * * *
lay clerk.
See lay vicar. [1805-15] * * *
lay day
1. Com. one of a certain number of days allowed by a charter party for loading or unloading a vessel without demurrage. 2. Naut. a day in which a vessel is delayed in ...
lay figure
1. a jointed model of the human body, usually of wood, from which artists work in the absence of a living model. 2. a similar figure used in shops to display costumes. 3. a ...
lay intermediary
Law. a layperson who is interposed between a lawyer and client to prevent the existence of a direct relationship between them. * * *
lay justices
➡ legal system * * *
lay of the land
the general state or condition of affairs under consideration; the facts of a situation: We asked a few questions to get the lay of the land. Also, esp. Brit., lie of the land. * ...
lay reader
Anglican Ch. a layperson authorized by a bishop to conduct certain parts of a service. [1745-55] * * *
lay sister
a woman who has taken religious vows and habit but is employed in her order chiefly in manual labor. [1700-10] * * *
lay vicar
Ch. of Eng. a lay officer in a cathedral who performs those parts of a service not reserved to the priests. Also called clerk vicar, lay clerk, secular vicar. * * *
Lay, Elzy
▪ American outlaw byname of  William Ellsworth Lay   born Nov. 25, 1868, McArthur, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 10, 1934, Los Angeles, Calif.       western American outlaw, a ...
Lay, Horatio Nelson
▪ British diplomat Chinese name (Pinyin)  Li Taiguo  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Li T'ai-kuo  born 1832 died May 4, 1898, Forest Hill, Kent, ...
Lay, Kenneth
▪ 2007       American businessman (b. April 15, 1942, Tyrone, Mo.—d. July 5, 2006, Aspen, Colo.), rose from humble beginnings to become chairman and chief executive of ...
lay-by
/lay"buy'/, n. 1. Brit. (on a road or railroad) a place beside the main road or track where vehicles may wait. 2. Naut. a mooring place in a narrow river or canal, formed to one ...
Lay-Osborn flotilla
▪ Chinese history       fleet of ships bought for China in the mid-19th century by a British consular official, Horatio Nelson Lay (Lay, Horatio Nelson), which created a ...
lay-up
/lay"up'/, n. 1. Basketball. a shot with one hand from a point close to the basket, in which a player shoots the ball toward the basket, often off the backboard. 2. the operation ...
layabout
/lay"euh bowt'/, n. Chiefly Brit. a lazy or idle person; loafer. [1930-35; n. use of v. phrase lay about, nonstandard var. of LIE ABOUT] * * *
Layamon
/lay"euh meuhn, lah"yeuh-/, n. fl. c1200, English poet and chronicler. Also called Lawman. * * * or Lawamon flourished 12th century Middle English poet. A priest who lived in ...
Layard
/laird, lay"euhrd/, n. Sir Austen Henry /aw"steuhn/, 1817-94, English archaeologist, writer, and diplomat. * * *
Layard, Sir Austen Henry
▪ British archaeologist born March 5, 1817, Paris died July 5, 1894, London  English archaeologist whose excavations greatly increased knowledge of the ancient civilizations ...
layaway
/lay"euh way'/, n. 1. See layaway plan. 2. an article or item purchased through a layaway plan. [1880-85; n. use of v. phrase lay away] * * *
layaway plan
a method of purchasing by which the purchaser reserves an article with a down payment and claims it only after paying the full balance. Also called will-call. [1970-75] * * *
layback
lay·back (lāʹbăck') n. A spin in figure skating in which the skater's upper body is arched backward. * * *
laydown
/lay"down'/, n. Bridge. 1. a hand held by a declarer that is or can be played with all cards exposed because no action by the opponents can prevent the declarer from taking the ...
Laye, Camara
▪ Guinean author born Jan. 1, 1928, Kouroussa, French Guinea [now in Guinea] died Feb. 4, 1980, Senegal       one of the first African writers from south of the Sahara ...
Laye, Evelyn
▪ 1997       (ELSIE EVELYN LAY), British actress and singer who had a nearly 80-year career and between the two world wars was London's most successful star of stage ...
layer
—layerable, adj. /lay"euhr/, n. 1. a thickness of some material laid on or spread over a surface: a layer of soot on the window sill; two layers of paint. 2. bed; stratum: ...
layer board.
See lear board. [1835-45] * * *
layer cake
a cake made in layers, with a cream, jelly, or other filling between them. [1875-80] * * *
layerage
layerage [lā′ər ij] n. the growing of plants by layering * * *
layering
/lay"euhr ing/, n. 1. the wearing of lightweight or unconstructed garments one upon the other, as to create a fashionable ensemble or to provide warmth without undue bulkiness or ...
layette
/lay et"/, n. an outfit of clothing, bedding, etc., for a newborn baby. [1830-40; < F; MF laiete small coffer, equiv. to laie chest ( < MD laeye, var. of lade; akin to LADE) + ...
layfigure
lay figure n. 1. See mannequin. 2. A subservient or insignificant person.   [From obsolete layman, from Dutch leeman, variant of ledenman: obsolete Dutch led, limb (from Middle ...
laying house
▪ farm building       in animal husbandry, a building or enclosure for maintaining laying flocks of domestic fowl, usually chickens, containing nests, lighting, roosting ...
laying on of hands
1. Theol. a rite in which the cleric's hands are placed on the head of a person being confirmed, ordained, or the like. 2. (in divine healing) the placing of the hands of the ...
layman
/lay"meuhn/, n., pl. laymen. 1. a person who is not a member of the clergy; one of the laity. 2. a person who is not a member of a given profession, as law or ...
layoff
/lay"awf', -of'/, n. 1. the act of dismissing employees, esp. temporarily. 2. a period of enforced unemployment or inactivity. [1885-90, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase lay off] * * *
layout
/lay"owt'/, n. 1. an arrangement or plan: We objected to the layout of the house. 2. the act of laying or spreading out. 3. a plan or sketch, as of an advertisement or a page of ...
layover
/lay"oh'veuhr/, n. stopover. [1870-75, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase lay over] * * *
laypeople
lay·peo·ple or lay people (lāʹpē'pəl) pl.n. Laymen and laywomen. * * *
layperson
/lay"perr'seuhn/, n. 1. a person who is not a member of the clergy; one of the laity. 2. a person who is not a member of a given profession, as law or medicine. [1970-75; ...
layreader
lay reader n. A layperson in the Anglican or Roman Catholic church authorized by a bishop to read some parts of the service. * * *
Lays of Ancient Rome
a series of four long poems by Thomas Macaulay published in 1842. Each tells a story from early Roman history. The best-known of these is about how Horatius defended a bridge ...
Laysan
/luy"sahn/, n. an islet of Hawaii, in the Leeward Islands, NW of Niihau. * * *
LaysanIsland
Lay·san Island (līʹsän') An island of Hawaii in the Leeward Islands northwest of the main islands. * * *
Layton
/layt"n/, n. a town in N Utah. 22,826. * * *
Layton, Irving
▪ 2007 Israel Pincu Lazarovici        Romanian-born Canadian poet (b. March 12, 1912, Tirgu Neamt, Rom.—d. Jan. 4, 2006, Montreal, Que.), treated the Jewish Canadian ...
Layton, Jack
▪ Canadian politician in full  John Gilbert Layton  born July 18, 1950, Montreal, Que., Can.    Canadian politician who became leader of the New Democratic Party (NDP) in ...
layup
☆ layup [lā′up΄] n. Basketball a type of shot made from just under the basket and, typically, off the backboard * * *
laywoman
/lay"woom'euhn/, n., pl. laywomen. 1. a woman who is not a member of the clergy. 2. a woman who is not a member of a given profession, as law or medicine. [1520-30; LAY3 + ...
Laz language
Laz  lazuri nena , Georgian  čanuri ena , also called  Chan language        unwritten language spoken along the coast of the Black Sea in Georgia and in the ...
lazar
—lazarlike, adj. /laz"euhr, lay"zeuhr/, n. a person infected with a disease, esp. leprosy. [1300-50; ME < ML lazarus leper, special use of LL Lazarus LAZARUS] * * * (as used ...
lazaretto
/laz'euh ret"oh/, n., pl. lazarettos. 1. a hospital for those affected with contagious diseases, esp. leprosy. 2. a building or a ship set apart for quarantine purposes. 3. Also ...
Lazarev, Pyotr Petrovich
▪ Soviet physicist and biophysicist born April 13 [April 1, Old Style], 1878, Moscow died April 23, 1942, Alma-Ata, Kazakh S.S.R. [now Almaty, Kazakhstan]       Soviet ...
Lazarist
/laz"euhr ist/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. Vincentian (def. 1). [1740-50; named after the College of St. Lazare, Paris, a former Vincentian center] * * *
Lazarsfeld, Paul Felix
▪ American sociologist born Feb. 13, 1901, Vienna, Austria died Aug. 30, 1976, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Austrian-born American sociologist whose studies of the mass ...
Lazarus
/laz"euhr euhs/, n. 1. the diseased beggar in the parable of the rich man and the beggar. Luke 16:19-31. 2. a brother of Mary and Martha whom Jesus raised from the dead. John ...
Lazarus, Emma
born July 22, 1849, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 19, 1887, New York U.S. writer. She was born into a cultured Jewish family and learned languages and the classics at an early ...
Lazarus, Fred, Jr.
▪ American merchant born Oct. 29, 1884, Columbus, Ohio, U.S. died May 27, 1973, Cincinnati, Ohio       American merchandiser who parlayed his family's small but ...
Lazarus, Moritz
▪ Jewish philosopher and psychologist born Sept. 15, 1824, Filehne, Prussia [now Wieleń, Pol.] died April 13, 1903, Meran, Austria [now Merano, Italy]  Jewish philosopher ...
Lazarus,Emma
Lazarus, Emma. 1849-1887. American writer. Her poem “The New Colossus” is inscribed on the base of the Statue of Liberty in Upper New York Bay. * * *
laze
/layz/, v., lazed, lazing, n. v.i. 1. to idle or lounge lazily (often fol. by around): I was too tired to do anything but laze around this weekend. v.t. 2. to pass (time, life, ...
Lazear
/leuh zear"/, n. Jesse William, 1866-1900, U.S. physician and bacteriologist. * * *
Lazear, Jesse William
▪ American physician born May 2, 1866, Baltimore county, Md., U.S. died Sept. 26, 1900, Quemados, Cuba       American physician and member of the commission that proved ...
lazily
See lazy. * * *
laziness
See lazily. * * *
Lazio
Lazio [lä′tsē ō] It. name for LATIUM (the region) * * * Region (pop., 2001 prelim.: 4,976,184), west-central Italy, fronting the Tyrrhenian Sea. Established in 1948, it ...
lazuli
/laz"euh lee, -luy', lazh"euh-/, n. See lapis lazuli. [1780-90] * * *
lazuline
/laz"euh leen', -luyn', lazh"euh-/, adj. having the color of lapis lazuli. [1875-80; LAZUL(I) + -INE1] * * *
lazulite
—lazulitic /laz'euh lit"ik, lazh'euh-/, adj. /laz"euh luyt', lazh"euh-/, n. an azure-blue mineral, hydrous magnesium iron aluminum phosphate, (FeMg)Al2P2O8(OH)2. [1800-10; < ML ...
lazurite
/laz"euh ruyt', lazh"euh-/, n. a mineral, sodium aluminum silicate and sulfide, Na5Al3Si3O12S3, occurring in deep-blue crystals, used for ornamental purposes. [1890-95; < ML ...
lazy
—lazily, adv. —laziness, n. —lazyish, adj. /lay"zee/, adj., lazier, laziest, v., lazied, lazying. adj. 1. averse or disinclined to work, activity, or exertion; indolent. 2. ...
lazy eye
Informal. 1. the deviating eye in strabismus. 2. an amblyopic eye. 3. strabismus. 4. amblyopia. [1935-40] * * *
lazy guy
Naut. a rope or light tackle for keeping a boom from swinging. * * *
lazy Susan
1. a revolving tray for foods, condiments, etc., placed usually at the center of a dining table. 2. any similar structure, as a shelf or tabletop, designed to revolve so that ...
lazy tongs
extensible tongs for grasping objects at a distance, consisting of a series of pairs of crossing pieces, each pair pivoted together in the middle and connected with the next pair ...
lazybones
/lay"zee bohnz'/, n. (usually used with a sing. v.) Informal. a lazy person. [1580-90 LAZY + BONE + -S3] * * *
lazyeye
lazy eye n. See amblyopia. * * *
lazySusan
lazy Susan n. A revolving tray for condiments or food. * * *
lazytongs
lazy tongs pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) Tongs having a jointed extensible framework operated by scissorslike handles, used for grasping an object at a distance. * * *
lazzarone
lazzarone [laz΄ə rō′nā΄; ] It [ läd΄zä rō̂′ne] n. pl. lazzaroni [laz΄ə rō′nē; ] It [ läd΄zärō̂′nē] 〚It < lazzaro, leper < ML lazarus: see ...
lazzo
▪ theatre (Italian: “joke”),plural  Lazzi,         improvised comic dialogue or action in the commedia dell'arte. The word may have derived from lacci (Italian: ...
LB
LB abbrev. 1. 〚L Lit(t)erarum Baccalaureus〛 Bachelor of Letters; Bachelor of Literature: also L.B. 2. Football linebacker: sometimes written lb * * * LB abbr. linebacker. * ...
lb.
pl. lbs., lb. pound. [ < L libra, pl. librae] * * *
lb. ap.
Pharm. pound apothecary's. * * *
lb. av.
pound avoirdupois. * * *
lb. t.
pound troy. * * *
LBC
(in full London Broadcasting Company) one of the first two commercial radio stations in London, England, broadcasting from 1973 to 1994 and from 1996. The other was Capital ...
lbf
pound-force. * * *
LBJ
Lyndon Baines Johnson. * * *
LBK culture
▪ prehistory formerly  Danubian Culture,         Neolithic culture that expanded over large areas of Europe north and west of the Danube River (from Slovakia to the ...
lbn
Central Semitic, to be(come) white; West Semitic noun *lubān(at)-, frankincense. 1. Lebanon, from Hebrew ləbānôn, Lebanon, from lābān, white, from lābēn, to be(come) ...
LBO
leveraged buyout. * * *
lbʾ
Common Semitic noun *labʾ-, *labīʾ-, lion. Leo, leonine, lev, lion; chameleon, codling, dandelion, Leo Minor, leopard, from Greek leōn, from a Semitic source akin to Akkadian ...
LC
landing craft. * * *
LC-
LC- prefix U.S. Navy landing craft: additional letters indicate type, as LCV, Landing Craft Vehicle * * *
LCD
liquid-crystal display: a method of displaying readings continuously, as on digital watches, portable computers, and calculators, using a liquid-crystal film, sealed between ...
LCDR
LCDR abbr. lieutenant commander. * * *
LCI
a type of military landing craft used in World War II, designed principally for carrying personnel and landing them on beaches. [L(anding) C(raft) I(nfantry)] * * *
LCL
LCL abbr. less-than-carload lot. * * *
lcm
lcm or LCM abbrev. least (or lowest) common multiple * * * lcm abbr. least common multiple. * * *
LCM chair.
See Eames chair (def. 1). [appar. L(ounge) C(hair), M(etal)] * * *
LCpl
LCpl abbr. lance corporal. * * *
LCSW
LCSW abbrev. licensed clinical social worker * * *
LCT
a type of military landing craft used in World War II, designed for landing tanks and other vehicles on beaches. [L(anding) C(raft) T(ank)] * * *
LCY
➡ London City Airport. * * *
LD
1. praise (be) to God. [ < L laus Deo] 2. learning disability. 3. learning-disabled. 4. lethal dose. 5. long distance (telephone call). 6. Low Dutch. * * *
LD.
(in Libya) dinar; dinars. * * *
Ld.
1. limited. 2. Lord. * * *
ld.
load. * * *
LD50
median lethal dose. * * *
LDC
less developed country. Also, L.D.C. * * *
ldg.
1. landing. 2. loading. * * *
LDH
Biochem. lactate dehydrogenase. * * *
LDL
Biochem. low-density lipoprotein. * * *
Ldp.
1. ladyship. 2. lordship. * * *
LDPE
Chem. See low-density polyethylene. * * *
ldr.
leader. * * *
LDS
LDS abbrev. 1. Latter-day Saints 2. Licentiate in Dental Surgery * * *
Le
(as used in expressions) Albright Ivan Le Lorraine Alembert Jean Le Rond d' Bienville Jean Baptiste Le Moyne de Figaro Le Iberville Pierre Le Moyne d' François Joseph le Clerc ...
Le Bel, Joseph-Achille
▪ French chemist born Jan. 21, 1847, Péchelbronn, France died Aug. 6, 1930, Paris  French chemist whose explanation of why some organic compounds rotate the plane of ...
Le Blon, Jakob Christof
▪ painter and engraver French  Jacques-Christophe Le Blond,  Jakob Christof also spelled  Jacob Christoph  baptized May 23, 1667, Frankfurt am Main died May 15, 1741, ...
Le Blond, Alexandre-Jean-Baptiste
▪ French landscape designer also called  Jean-Baptiste-Alexandre Le Blond  born 1679, Paris died 1719, St. Petersburg, Russia       French landscape designer who ...
Le Bon, Gustave
born May 7, 1841, Nogent-le-Rotrou, France died Dec. 13, 1931, Marnes-la-Coquette French social psychologist. After receiving a doctorate in medicine, he traveled and wrote ...
Le Bourget
/leuh boor zhay"/; Fr. /leuh boohrdd zhe"/ a suburb of Paris: former airport, landing site for Charles A. Lindbergh, May 1927. * * *
Le Brun, Charles
born Feb. 24, 1619, Paris, France died Feb. 12, 1690, Paris French painter and designer. After study in Paris and Rome, he received large decorative and religious commissions ...
le Carré
/leuh ka ray"/ John (David John Moore Cornwell), born 1931, English author of spy novels. * * *
Le Carré, John
orig. David John Moore Cornwell born Oct. 19, 1931, Poole, Dorset, Eng. British novelist. As a member of the foreign service in West Germany from 1959, he acquired firsthand ...
le Carré,John
le Car·ré (lə kă-rāʹ), John. Pen name of David John Moore Cornwell. Born 1931. British writer of popular espionage novels, including The Spy Who Came in from the Cold ...
Le Chapelier, Jean
▪ French revolutionary leader also called Isaac Le Chapelier born June 12, 1754, Rennes, France died April 22, 1794, Paris       French Revolutionary leader who in ...
Le Châtelier principle
/leuh shaht"l yay'/, Physics. the law that if a constraint is applied to a system in equilibrium, the system adjusts to a new equilibrium that tends to counteract the ...
Le Châtelier, Henry-Louis
born Oct. 8, 1850, Paris, France died Sept. 17, 1936, Miribel-les-Échelles French chemist. A professor at the Collège de France and the Sorbonne, he is best known for the ...
Le Cid
Fr. /leuh seed"/ a drama (1636) by Corneille. * * *
Le Clézio, Jean-Marie Gustave
▪ French author born April 13, 1940, Nice, France       French author known for his richly poetic language and his ability to write across cultural divides. He received ...
Le Corbusier
Fr. /leuh kawrdd byuu zyay"/, (Charles Édouard Jeanneret) 1887-1965, Swiss architect in France. * * * orig. Charles-Édouard Jeanneret born Oct. 6, 1887, La Chaux-de-Fonds, ...
Le Crac
/leuh krahk"/ former name of Kerak. * * *
Le Creusot
/leuh krddue zoh"/ a city in E central France. 33,480. * * * ▪ France       industrial town, Saône-et-Loire département, Burgundy région, east-central France. It is ...
Le Duan
▪ Vietnamese politician also called  Le Dung   born April 7, 1908, Quang Tri province [now Binh Tri Thien province], Vietnam died July 10, 1986, ...
Le Duc Tho
/lay" duk" toh"/ (Phan Dinh Khai), 1911-90, Vietnamese politician and statesman: declined 1973 Nobel peace prize. * * * ▪ Vietnamese politician original name  Phan Dinh Khai ...
Le Fanu, Sheridan
▪ Irish writer in full  Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu   born , Aug. 28, 1814, Dublin, Ire. died Feb. 7, 1873, Dublin       Irish writer of ghost stories and mystery novels, ...
Le Gallienne
/leuh gal"yeuhn, -gal yen"/ 1. Eva, 1899-91, U.S. actress and producer, born in England. 2. her father, Richard, 1866-1947, English writer. * * *
Le Gallienne, Eva
born Jan. 11, 1899, London, Eng. died June 3, 1991, Weston, Conn., U.S. British-born U.S. actress and director. After moving to New York City in 1915, she appeared in minor ...
Le Gallienne,Eva
Le Gal·lienne (lə gălʹyən, găl-yĕnʹ), Eva. 1899-1991. British-born American actress who founded (1926) and directed (1926-1934) the Civic Repertory Theatre in New York ...
Le Gray, Gustave
▪ French photographer in full  Jean-Baptiste-Gustave Le Gray  born Aug. 30, 1820, Villiers-le-Bel, France died July 30, 1884, Cairo, Egypt       French artist noted ...
Le Guin, Ursula K(roeber)
orig. Ursula Kroeber born Oct. 21, 1929, Berkeley, Calif., U.S. U.S. writer of science fiction and fantasy. The daughter of Alfred L. Kroeber and educated at Radcliffe ...
Le Guin, Ursula K.
▪ American author original name in full  Ursula Kroeber   born Oct. 21, 1929, Berkeley, Calif., U.S.       American writer best known for tales of science fiction and ...
Le Guin,Ursula
Le Guin (lə gwĭnʹ), Ursula. Born 1929. American writer of science fiction. Her works include The Left Hand of Darkness (1979) and The Earthsea Trilogy (1968-1972), a series ...
Le Havre
/leuh hah"vreuh, -veuhr/; Fr. /leuh ann"vrddeu/ a seaport in N France, at the mouth of the Seine. 219,583. Also called Havre. * * * Seaport city (pop., 1999: 190,905), northern ...
Le Jeune
Fr. /leuh zhuen"/ Claude /klohd/ (Claudin), 1530?-1600?, Flemish composer. * * *
Le Jeune, Claude
▪ French composer born c. 1527, Valenciennes, Burgundian Hainaut [now in France] died c. 1600, , Paris       French composer known for his psalm settings and for his ...
Le Loi
or Binh Dinh Vuong or Thuan Thien born 1385, Lam Son, Viet. died 1433 Vietnamese general who won back independence for Vietnam from China and founded the Later Le dynasty ...
Le Maçon, Robert
▪ chancellor of France Le Maçon also spelled  Le Masson   born 1365?, Anjou, Fr. died Jan. 28, 1443, Anjou       chancellor of France, a leading adviser of Charles ...
Le Mai
▪ 1997       Vietnamese politician who held numerous diplomatic posts, including deputy foreign minister, and was instrumental in improving relations with the U.S. ...
Le Maistre de Sacy, Isaac-Louis
      important figure in the Jansenist religious movement in France, a member of the Arnauld Family (q.v.). * * *
Le Maistre, Antoine
      important figure in the Jansenist religious movement in France, a member of the Arnauld Family (q.v.). * * *
Le Mans
/leuh mahonn"/ a city in and the capital of Sarthe, in NW France: auto racing. 155,245. * * * ▪ France  city, capital of Sarthe département, Pays de la Loire région, ...
Le Mans (Grand Prix d'Endurance)
Automobile race. It is perhaps the best-known automobile race in the world, run annually (with few exceptions) since 1923 at the Sarthe road-racing circuit, near Le Mans, ...
Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance
▪ automobile race byname  Le Mans 24-Hour Race         Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance (also probably the world's best-known automobile race (automobile racing), run ...
Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance (also called Le Mans 24-Hour Race)
▪ Table Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance (also called Le Mans 24-Hour Race) year car drivers 1923 Chenard-Walcker A. Lagache, R. Léonard 1924 Bentley J. Duff, F.C. ...
Le Misanthrope
Fr. /leuh mee zahonn trddawp"/ a comedy (1666) by Molière. * * *
Le Morte d'Arthur
/leuh mawrt" dahr"theuhr/ a compilation and translation of French Arthurian romances by Sir Thomas Malory, printed by Caxton in 1485. Also, Le Morte Darthur. * * *
Le Morte d’Arthur
➡ Morte d’Arthur * * *
Le Moustier
▪ anthropological and archaeological site, France       paleoanthropological and archaeological site in the Dordogne region of southwestern France that has yielded ...
Le Nain
/leuh naonn"/ Antoine /ahonn twannn"/ ("the Elder"), 1588?-1648, and his two brothers Louis /lwee/ ("the Roman"), 1593?-1648, and Mathieu /mann tyue"/, 1607-77, French ...
Le Nain brothers
French painters. By 1630 the three brothers Antoine (с 1600–1648), Louis (с 1600–1648), and Mathieu (с 1607–1677) had established a workshop together in Paris. They are ...
Le Nôtre, André
born March 12, 1613, Paris, France died Sept. 15, 1700, Paris French landscape architect. In 1637 he succeeded his father as master gardener to Louis XIII at the Tuileries ...
Le Pautre, Antoine
▪ French architect Le Pautre also spelled  Lepautre   born Jan. 15, 1621, Paris, Fr. died 1691, Paris       French Baroque architect.       Born into a family ...
Le Pen, Jean-Marie
born June 20, 1928, La Trinité, France French nationalist politician. He was elected in 1956 to the National Assembly as its youngest member. Le Pen helped to found the ...
Le Petit-Quevilly
▪ France       southwestern, inner-city suburb of Rouen, Seine-Maritime département, Haute-Normandie région, northwestern France, on the Seine River. The name ...
Le Play, Frédéric
▪ French sociologist in full  Pierre-Guillaume-Frédéric Le Play  born April 11, 1806, La Rivière-Saint-Sauveur, France died April 5, 1882, Paris       French ...
Le Port
▪ Réunion in full  Le Port des Galets        town, major port of the French overseas département of Réunion in the western Indian Ocean. Situated on the northwest ...
Le Poulain, Jean
▪ French actor born Sept. 12, 1924, Marseille, France died March 1, 1988, Paris       French actor and administrator who was celebrated primarily for his comedic ...
Le Puy
/leuh pwee"/ a city in and the capital of Haute-Loire, in central France: cathedral. 29,024. * * *
Le Puy-en-Velay
▪ France formerly (until 1988)  Le Puy,        town, capital of Haute-Loire département, Auvergne région, south-central France. Le Puy-en-Velay is situated in the ...
Le Sage
/leuh sannzh"/ Alain René /ann laonn" rddeuh nay"/, 1668-1747, French novelist and dramatist. Also, Lesage. * * *
Le Sueur, Eustache
▪ French painter Le Sueur also spelled  Lesueur  baptized Nov. 19, 1617, Paris, Fr. died April 30, 1655, Paris       painter known for his religious pictures in the ...
Le Sueur, Meridel
▪ American author born Feb. 22, 1900, Murray, Iowa, U.S. died Nov. 14, 1996, Hudson, Wis.       American author who espoused feminism and social reform in her fiction, ...
Le Tellier, Michel
▪ French statesman born April 19, 1603, Paris, Fr. died Oct. 30, 1685, Paris  secretary of state for war (1643–77) and then chancellor who created the royal army that ...
Le Thanh Tong
▪ emperor of Vietnam also called  Le Thanh Ton, or Thuan Hoang De   died 1497, Dong Kinh [now Hanoi, Vietnam]       the greatest ruler of the Later Le Dynasty (q.v.; ...
Le Touquet
/leuh tooh kay"/ a town in N France, on the English Channel, near Boulogne: seaside summer resort; airport. 4000. * * *
Le Touquet-Paris-Plage
▪ France       town, Pas-de-Calais département, Nord-Pas-de-Calais région, northern France, at the mouth of the Canche River. Situated on the English Channel 20 miles ...
Le Van Duyet
born 1763, Quang Ngai province, Viet. died July 30, 1832, Saigon Vietnamese military strategist and government official. From his youth he was attached to the Vietnamese court. ...
Le Vau
/leuh voh"/ Louis /lwee/, 1612-70, French architect. * * *
Le Verrier, Urbain-Jean-Joseph
▪ French astronomer born March 11, 1811, Saint-Lô, Fr. died Sept. 23, 1877, Paris       French astronomer who predicted by mathematical means the existence of the ...
le vice anglais
➡ vice anglais * * *
lē-
To let go, slacken. Contracted from *leə₁-. I. Extended form *lēd-. 1. a. let1, from Old English lǣtan, to allow, leave undone, from Germanic *lētan; b. liege; allegiance, ...
lea
lea1 /lee, lay/, n. 1. a tract of open ground, esp. grassland; meadow. 2. land used for a few years for pasture or for growing hay, then plowed over and replaced by another ...
Lea
/lee/ for 1; /lee"euh/ for 2, n. 1. Homer, 1876-1912, U.S. soldier and author: adviser 1911-12 to Sun Yat-sen in China. 2. a female given name, form of Leah or Lee. * * *
Lea and Perrins{™}
the British company that makes Worcester sauce. * * *
Lea, Homer
▪ American soldier and author born Nov. 17, 1876, Denver, Colo., U.S. died Nov. 1, 1912, Ocean Park, Calif.       U.S. soldier and author whose knowledge of Japanese ...
Lea, River
▪ river, England, United Kingdom       river rising north of Luton in the county of Bedfordshire, England. It flows for 46 miles (74 km) east and then south to enter ...
lea.
1. league. 2. leather. * * *
leach
leach1 —leachable, adj. —leachability, n. —leacher, n. /leech/, v.t. 1. to dissolve out soluble constituents from (ashes, soil, etc.) by percolation. 2. to cause (water or ...
Leach, Bernard
▪ British potter in full Bernard Howell Leach  born Jan. 5, 1887, Hong Kong died May 6, 1979, St. Ives, Cornwall, Eng.       one of the foremost modern British ...
Leach, Janet Darnell
▪ 1998       American-born British potter who ran Leach Pottery, the business of her more famous husband, Bernard Leach, but who also was successful with her own ...
leachability
See leach. * * *
leachable
See leachability. * * *
leachate
/lee"chayt/, n. a solution resulting from leaching, as of soluble constituents from soil, landfill, etc., by downward percolating ground water: Leachates in the town's water ...
leacher
See leachability. * * *
leaching
Loss of soluble substances and colloids from the top layer of soil by percolating precipitation. The materials are carried downward and are generally redeposited in a lower ...
leachy
/lee"chee/, adj., leachier, leachiest. allowing water to percolate through, as sandy or rocky soil; porous. [1840-50, Amer.; LEACH1 + -Y1] * * *
Leacock
/lee"kok/, n. Stephen (Butler), 1869-1944, Canadian humorist and economist. * * *
Leacock, Stephen
▪ Canadian author in full  Stephen Butler Leacock  born Dec. 30, 1869, Swanmore, Hampshire, Eng. died March 28, 1944, Toronto, Ont., Can.  internationally popular Canadian ...
Leacock, Stephen (Butler)
born Dec. 30, 1869, Swanmore, Hampshire, Eng. died March 28, 1944, Toronto, Ont., Can. British-born Canadian writer and lecturer. He immigrated to Canada with his parents at ...
Leacock,Stephen Butler
Lea·cock (lēʹkŏk'), Stephen Butler. 1869-1944. Canadian economist who is best remembered for his humorous writing, contained in volumes such as Literary Lapses (1910) and ...
lead
lead1 /leed/, v., led, leading, n., adj. v.t. 1. to go before or with to show the way; conduct or escort: to lead a group on a cross-country hike. 2. to conduct by holding and ...
lead acetate
/led/, Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous solid, Pb(C2H3O2)2·3H2O, used chiefly as a mordant in dyeing and printing textiles and as a drier in paints and ...
lead arsenate
/led/, Chem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble, highly poisonous powder, PbHAsO4, used as an insecticide. [1900-05] * * *
lead azide
/led/, Chem. a highly toxic, colorless crystalline compound, Pb(N3)2, that detonates at 660°F (350°C) and is used as a detonator for explosives. [1910-15] * * *
lead block
/leed/, Naut. any block that alters the direction of a rope; fairlead. Also called leading block. [1855-60] * * *
lead carbonate
/led/, Chem. a white crystalline compound, PbCO3, toxic when inhaled, insoluble in water and alcohol: used as an exterior paint pigment. [1870-75] * * *
lead chromate
/led/, Chem. a yellow crystalline compound, PbCrO4, toxic, insoluble in water: used as an industrial paint pigment. [1900-05] * * *
lead colic
/led/, Pathol. See painter's colic. * * *
lead dioxide
/led/, Chem. a brown crystalline compound, PbO2, toxic, insoluble in water and alcohol, soluble in glacial acetic acid: used as an oxidizing agent, in lead-acid batteries, and in ...


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