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least sandpiper
a small, American sandpiper, Calidris minutilla, related to the stints of Europe. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
least shrew
a small, brownish shrew, Cryptotis parva, of grassy regions of the eastern U.S. * * *
least significant digit
the digit farthest to the right in a number. Abbr.: LSD Cf. most significant digit. * * *
least squares
Statistics. a method of estimating values from a set of observations by minimizing the sum of the squares of the differences between the observations and the values to be ...
least squares approximation
▪ statistics       in statistics, a method for estimating the true value of some quantity based on a consideration of errors (error) in observations or measurements. In ...
least squares method
Statistical method for finding a line or curve the line of best fit that best represents a correspondence between two measured quantities (e.g., height and weight of a group of ...
least upper bound
Math. an upper bound that is less than or equal to all the upper bounds of a particular set. 3 is the least upper bound of the set consisting of 1, 2, 3. Abbr.: lub Also called ...
least weasel
a weasel, Mustela nivalis, of northern regions, that grows to a length of about 6 in. (15 cm). Also called pygmy weasel. * * *
leastcommon denominator
least common denominator n. Abbr. lcd The least common multiple of the denominators of a set of fractions: The least common denominator of 1/3 and 1/4 is 12. Also called lowest ...
leastcommon multiple
least common multiple n. Abbr. lcm The smallest quantity that is divisible by two or more given quantities without a remainder: 12 is the least common multiple of 2, 3, 4, and ...
leastflycatcher
least flycatcher n. A small grayish bird (Empidonax minimus) commonly inhabiting fields and groves of eastern North America. Also called chebec. * * *
leastsquares
least squares pl.n. Statistics A method of determining the curve that best describes the relationship between expected and observed sets of data by minimizing the sums of the ...
leastways
/leest"wayz'/, adv. Dial. at least; at any rate; leastwise. [1350-1400; ME leest weye. See LEAST, -WAYS] * * *
leastwise
/leest"wuyz/, adv. Informal. at least; at any rate. [1525-35; LEAST + -WISE] * * *
leather
/ledh"euhr/, n. 1. the skin of an animal, with the hair removed, prepared for use by tanning or a similar process designed to preserve it against decay and make it pliable or ...
leather bar
leather bar n. 〚see LEATHER, adj. 2〛 a bar frequented by gays, often sadomasochists, dressed typically in leather garments * * *
leather star
a starfish, Dermasterias imbricata, of the western coast of North America, having the body covered by a thick, leathery skin. * * *
leather-hard
/ledh"euhr hahrd"/, adj. (of ceramic clay) moist but not sufficiently so to be plastic. [1955-60] * * *
leather-lunged
/ledh"euhr lungd"/, adj. speaking or capable of speaking in a loud, resonant voice, esp. for prolonged periods: The leather-lunged senator carried on the filibuster for 18 ...
Leather-Stocking Tales
/ledh"euhr stok'ing/ a series of historical novels by James Fenimore Cooper, comprising The Pioneers, The Last of the Mohicans, The Prairie, The Pathfinder, and The Deerslayer. * ...
leatherback
leatherback [leth′ərbak΄] n. the only species (Dermochelys coriacea) of a family (Dermochelyidae) of tropical sea turtles, covered with a tough, leathery upper shell: it is ...
leatherback turtle
/ledh"euhr bak'/ a sea turtle, Dermochelys coriacea, having the shell embedded in a leathery skin, reaching a length of more than 7 ft. (2.1 m) and a weight of more than 1000 lb. ...
leatherette
/ledh'euh ret"/, n. a material constructed of paper or cloth and finished to simulate the grain, color, and texture of leather. [1875-80; formerly a trademark; see LEATHER, ...
leatherfish
/ledh"euhr fish'/, n., pl. leatherfishes, (esp. collectively) leatherfish. a filefish. [LEATHER + FISH] * * *
leatherhead
leath·er·head (lĕthʹər-hĕd') n. See friarbird. * * *
leatheriness
See leathery. * * *
leatherjacket
/ledh"euhr jak'it/, n. 1. Also called leather jack. any of several carangid fishes having narrow, linear scales embedded in the skin at various angles, esp. Oligoplites saurus, ...
leatherleaf
/ledh"euhr leef'/, n., pl. leatherleaves. an evergreen shrub, Chamaedaphne calyculata, of the heath family, having leathery leaves and one-sided clusters of white, bell-shaped ...
leathern
/ledh"euhrn/, adj. 1. made of leather. 2. resembling leather. [bef. 1000; ME, OE lether(e) n. See LEATHER, -EN2] * * *
leatherneck
/ledh"euhr nek'/, n. Slang. a U.S. marine. [1910-15; from the leather-lined collar which was formerly part of the uniform] * * *
Leatheroid
/ledh"euh royd'/, Trademark. a brand name for an imitation leather product consisting of chemically treated and vulcanized paper or other vegetable fiber. * * *
Leatherstocking Tales
a series of five novels by the US writer James Fenimore Cooper. They follow the life of Natty Bumppo, an 18th-century frontiersman. He first appears in The Pioneers (1823) and ...
leatherwear
leath·er·wear (lĕthʹər-wâr') n. Clothing made of leather. * * *
leatherwood
/ledh"euhr wood'/, n. an American shrub, Dirca palustris, having a tough bark. Also called moosewood. [1735-45, Amer.; LEATHER + WOOD1] * * *
leatherwork
—leatherworker, n. /ledh"euhr werrk'/, n. 1. work or decoration done in leather. 2. an article or articles made of leather. [1855-60; LEATHER + WORK] * * *
leatherworker
See leatherwork. * * *
leatherworking
See leatherworker. * * *
leathery
—leatheriness, n. /ledh"euh ree/, adj. like leather in appearance or texture; tough and flexible. [1545-55; LEATHER + -Y1] * * *
Léaud, Jean-Pierre
▪ French actor born May 5, 1944, Paris, France       French screen actor who played leading roles in some of the most important French New Wave films of the 1960s and ...
leave
leave1 —leaver, n. /leev/, v., left, leaving. v.t. 1. to go out of or away from, as a place: to leave the house. 2. to depart from permanently; quit: to leave a job. 3. to let ...
leave of absence
1. permission to be absent from duty, employment, service, etc.; leave. 2. the length of time granted in such permission: a two-year leave of absence. [1765-75] * * *
leave-taking
/leev"tay'king/, n. a saying farewell; a parting or good-bye; departure: His leave-taking was brief. [1325-75; ME] * * *
leaved
/leevd/, adj. having leaves; leafed. [1200-50; ME leved. See LEAVE3, -ED2] * * *
leaven
/lev"euhn/, n. 1. a substance, as yeast or baking powder, that causes fermentation and expansion of dough or batter. 2. fermented dough reserved for producing fermentation in a ...
leavening
/lev"euh ning/, n. 1. Also called leavening agent. a substance used to produce fermentation in dough or batter; leaven. 2. the act or process of causing to ferment by leaven. 3. ...
leavening agent
▪ baking       substance causing expansion of doughs and batters by the release of gases within such mixtures, producing baked products with porous structure. Such ...
Leavenworth
/lev"euhn werrth', -weuhrth/, n. 1. a city in NE Kansas. 33,656. 2. a federal and military prison there. * * * ▪ Kansas, United States       city, seat (1855) of ...
leaveof absence
leave of absence n. pl. leaves of absence See leave2. * * *
leaver
See leave1. * * *
leaves
/leevz/, n. pl. of leaf. * * *
Leaves of Grass
a book of poems (first edition, 1855; final edition, 1891-92) by Walt Whitman. * * *
leaving
/lee"ving/, n. 1. something that is left; residue. 2. leavings, leftovers or remains; refuse. [1300-50; ME leving. See LEAVE1, -ING1] * * *
leavings
leavings [lēv′iŋz] pl.n. 〚
Leavis
/lee"vis/, n. F(rank) R(aymond), 1895-1978, English critic and teacher. * * *
Leavis, F(rank) R(aymond)
born July 14, 1895, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. died April 14, 1978, Cambridge British literary critic. He attended and later taught at Cambridge University. He brought a ...
Leavis, F.R.
▪ British critic in full  Frank Raymond Leavis  born July 14, 1895, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. died April 14, 1978, Cambridge       English literary critic who ...
Leavitt
/lev"it/, n. Henrietta, 1868-1921, U.S. astronomer. * * *
Leavitt, Henrietta Swan
▪ American astronomer born July 4, 1868, Lancaster, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 12, 1921, Cambridge, Mass.       American astronomer known for her discovery of the ...
leavy
/lee"vee/, adj., leavier, leaviest. Archaic. leafy. [1400-50; late ME levy. See LEAF, -Y1] * * *
Leawood
/lee"wood'/, n. a town in E Kansas. 13,360. * * *
Leb
Leb abbrev. Lebanon * * *
leb-
To lick; lip. 1. lip, from Old English lippa, lip, from Germanic *lep-. 2. Variant form *lab-. a. Suffixed form *lab-yo-. labial, labium, from Latin labium, lip; b. suffixed form ...
Lebachia
▪ fossil plant genus       a genus of extinct cone-bearing plants known from fossils of the Late Carboniferous and Early Permian epochs (from about 320 to 258 million ...
Lebanese
/leb'euh neez", -nees"/, adj., n., pl. Lebanese. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Lebanon or its natives or inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Lebanon. [1915-20; LEBAN(ON) + ...
Lebanese Civil War
(1975–91) Civil conflict resulting from tensions among Lebanon's Christian and Muslim populations and exacerbated by the presence in Lebanon in the 1970s of fighters from the ...
Lebanese National Pact
Power-sharing arrangement established in 1943 between Lebanese Christians and Muslims whereby the president is always a Christian and the prime minister a Sunnite Muslim. The ...
Lebanon
/leb"euh neuhn/ or, esp. for 1, /-non'/, n. 1. a republic at the E end of the Mediterranean, N of Israel. 3,858,736; 3927 sq. mi. (10,170 sq. km). Cap.: Beirut. 2. a city in SE ...
Lebanon Mountains
a mountain range extending the length of Lebanon, in the central part. Highest peak, 10,049 ft. (3063 m). * * * Arabic Jabal Lubnān ancient Libanus Mountain range, ...
Lebanon, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped red-white-red national flag with a central green cedar tree. The width-to-length ratio of the flag is 2 to 3.       On ...
LebanonMountains
Lebanon Mountains A range of Lebanon extending about 161 km (100 mi) parallel to the Mediterranean coast and rising to 3,090 m (10,131 ft). * * *
lebbek
/leb"ek/, n. 1. Also called lebbek tree. a tropical Asian and Australian tree, Albizzia lebbeck, of the legume family, having pinnate leaves and greenish-yellow flowers. 2. Also ...
Lebed, Aleksandr Ivanovich
▪ 2003       Soviet general and politician (b. April 20, 1950, Novocherkassk, near Rostov, Russian S.F.S.R., U.S.S.R.—d. April 28, 2002, Abakan, Russia), was a ...
Lebedev, Pyotr Nikolayevich
▪ Russian physicist born Feb. 24 [March 8, New Style], 1866, Moscow, Russian Empire died March 1 [March 14, New Style], 1912, Moscow  Russian physicist who experimentally ...
Lebedev, Sergey Vasilyevich
▪ Russian chemist born July 25 [July 13, old style], 1874, Lublin, Pol. died May 2, 1934, Leningrad       Russian chemist who developed a method for industrial ...
Lebensraum
/lay"beuhns rowm', -beuhnz-/, n. (often l.c.) 1. additional territory considered by a nation, esp. Nazi Germany, to be necessary for national survival or for the expansion of ...
lebes
/lee"beez/, n., pl. lebes. Gk. and Rom. Antiq. a wine bowl having an oval body without handles and a rounded base. [1850-55; < L < Gk lébes kettle, cauldron] * * *
Lebesgue
/leuh beg"/, n. Henri Léon /ahonn rddee" lay awonn"/, 1875-1941, French mathematician. * * *
Lebesgue integral
Math. an integral obtained by application of the theory of measure and more general than the Riemann integral. [named after H. L. LEBESGUE] * * * ▪ ...
Lebesgue, Henri-Léon
▪ French mathematician born June 28, 1875, Beauvais, France died July 26, 1941, Paris  French mathematician whose generalization of the Riemann integral (analysis) ...
lebkuchen
/layb"kooh keuhn/; Ger. /layp"kooh'kheuhn/, n., pl. lebkuchen. a hard, chewy or brittle Christmas cookie, usually flavored with honey and spices and containing nuts and ...
Leblanc, Maurice
▪ French author in full  Maurice-Marie-Émile Leblanc   born Dec. 11, 1864, Rouen, France died Nov. 6, 1941, Paris       French author and journalist, known as the ...
Leblanc, Nicolas
▪ French chemist born 1742?, Issoudun, France died Jan. 16, 1806, Saint-Denis       French surgeon and chemist who in 1790 developed the process for making soda ash ...
Leboeuf, Edmond
▪ French general born Dec. 5, 1809, Paris, France died June 7, 1888, Moncel-en-Trun       French general who was marshal of the Second Empire and minister of war in the ...
Lebombo Mountains
▪ mountains, Africa also called  Lubombo Mountains,         long, narrow mountain range in South Africa, Swaziland, and Mozambique, southeastern Africa. It is about ...
Lebon, Philippe
▪ French scientist born May 29, 1767, Brachay, France died Dec. 2, 1804, Paris       French engineer and chemist, inventor of illuminating gas.       While ...
LeBow, Bennett S.
▪ 1998       On March 20, 1997, the Liggett Group, the fifth largest tobacco company in the United States, took an unprecedented step in the controversy over the dangers ...
Lebow, Fred
▪ 1995       (FISCHL LEBOWITZ), Romanian-born sports figure (b. June 3, 1932, Arad, Rom.—d. Oct. 9, 1994, New York, N.Y.), was a visionary and ambitious organizer who ...
Lebowa
Former nonindependent black state, northern Transvaal, South Africa. It was designated by the South African government as the national territory for northern Sotho people, ...
Lebowakgomo
▪ South Africa       town, Limpopo province, South Africa. It was the capital of Lebowa, a former nonindependent Bantustan. Lebowakgomo lies southeast of Polokwane. The ...
Lebrija
▪ Spain       city, Sevilla provincia (province), in the Andalusia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), southwestern Spain. It is located south of the city of ...
Lebrun
/leuh brddueonn"/, n. 1. Albert /annl berdd"/, 1871-1950, president of France 1932-40. 2. Also, Le Brun. Charles /shannrddl/, 1619-90, French painter. 3. Mme. Vigée-. See ...
Lebrun, Albert
born Aug. 29, 1871, Mercy-le-Haut, France died March 6, 1950, Paris French statesman and last president (1932–40) of France's Third Republic. Trained as a mining engineer, he ...
Lebrun, Charles-François, Duke De Plaisance, Prince De L'empire
▪ French politician born March 19, 1739, Saint-Sauveur-Lendelin, France died June 16, 1824, Saint-Mesmes       French politician who served as third consul from 1799 to ...
Lebrun,Albert
Le·brun (lə-brœɴʹ), Albert. 1871-1950. French politician who was the last president of the Third Republic (1932-1940). * * *
Lebrun,Charles
Lebrun, Charles. 1619-1690. French painter, designer, and courtier. As head of the French Royal Academy and principal painter to the king, he had a major influence on the ...
Lebu
▪ Chile       city, south-central Chile. It lies on the Pacific coast at the mouth of the Lebu River. Founded in 1739 but destroyed several times by Araucanian Indians, ...
Leburton, Edmond Jules Isidore
▪ 1998       Belgian politician who served as prime minister for a year, January 1973-January 1974, during which the government was scandal-ridden; he was the last ...
Lecanuet, Jean-Adrien-Francois
▪ 1994       French politician (b. March 4, 1920, Rouen, France—d. Feb. 22, 1993, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France), challenged Pres. Charles de Gaulle in France's first ...
Lecce
/let"che/; Eng. /lech"ay/, n. a city in SE Italy: ancient Greek and Roman city; noted for its baroque architecture. 88,693. * * * ▪ Italy       city, Puglia (Apulia) ...
Lecco
▪ Italy       town, Lombardia ( Lombardy) regione, northern Italy. It lies at the southern end of the eastern arm of Lake Como, at the outflow of the Adda River. Earlier ...
lech
/lech/, n., v.i. letch. * * *
lechatelierite
/leuh shaht'l ear"uyt/, n. a mineral, an amorphous form of silica formed by the fusion by heat of silica and found in fulgurites. [1915-20; < F, after H.-L. Le Châtelier ...
lechayim
Ashk. /leuh khah"yim/; Seph. /leuh khah yeem"/, n. Hebrew. l'chaim. * * *
lecher
/lech"euhr/, n. 1. a man given to excessive sexual indulgence; a lascivious or licentious man. v.i. 2. to engage in lechery. [1125-75; ME lech(o)ur < AF; OF lecheor glutton, ...
lecher wires
/lekh"euhr/, Elect. parallel wires of such length and terminations that the system will resonate, producing standing waves, if the frequency of the excitation is ...
lecherous
—lecherously, adv. —lecherousness, n. /lech"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. given to or characterized by lechery; lustful. 2. erotically suggestive; inciting to lust: lecherous ...
lecherously
See lecherous. * * *
lecherousness
See lecherously. * * *
lechery
/lech"euh ree/, n., pl. lecheries. 1. unrestrained or excessive indulgence of sexual desire. 2. a lecherous act. [1200-50; ME lecherie < OF. See LECHER, -Y3] Syn. 1. carnality, ...
Lechfeld, Battle of
(955) Battle in which the German king Otto I decisively defeated an invasion by the Magyars. Fought on the Lechfeld, a plain near present-day Augsburg, Germany, it marked the ...
Lechin Oquendo, Juan
▪ 2002       Bolivian trade union leader and revolutionary politician (b. May 19, 1914, Corocoro, Bol.—d. Aug. 27, 2001, La Paz, Bol.), was the key founder (1946) and ...
Lechoń, Jan
▪ Polish writer and diplomat pseudonym of  Leszek Serafinowicz   born June 13, 1899, Warsaw, Poland, Russian Empire [now in Poland] died June 8, 1956, New York, New York, ...
lechosos opal
/lek"euh sohs'/ a variety of opal having a deep-green play of color. [lechosos < Sp lechoso milky, equiv. to lech(e) milk ( < L lact-; see LACT-) + -oso ( < L -osus -OUS)] * * *
lechuguilla
/lech'euh gee"euh/; Sp. /le'chooh gee"yah/, n., pl. lechuguillas /-gee"euhz/; Sp. /-gee"yahs/. a semidesert plant, Agave lecheguilla, of Mexico, having a basal rosette of sharply ...
lechwe
/leech"wee/, n. an African antelope, Kobus leche, related to the waterbuck, inhabiting wet, grassy plains: a threatened species. [1855-60; prob. < Sesotho lets'a] * * * ▪ ...
lecithal
—lecithality, n. /les"euh theuhl/, adj. Embryol. having a yolk, as certain eggs or ova. Also, lecithic /les"euh thik/. [1890-95; < Gk lékith(os) egg yolk + -AL1] * * *
lecithin
/les"euh thin/, n. 1. Biochem. any of a group of phospholipids, occurring in animal and plant tissues and egg yolk, composed of units of choline, phosphoric acid, fatty acids, ...
lecithinase
lecithinase [les′əthin ās΄] n. 〚 LECITHIN + -ASE〛 any of a group of enzymes that hydrolyze lecithin * * * lec·i·thin·ase (lĕsʹə-thə-nās', -nāz') n. Any of ...
Lecky
/lek"ee/, n. William Edward Hartpole /hahrt"pohl/, 1838-1903, Irish essayist and historian. * * *
Lecky, William Edward Hartpole
▪ Irish historian born March 26, 1838, Newtown Park, near Dublin, Ire. died Oct. 22, 1903, London, Eng.       Irish historian of rationalism and European morals whose ...
Leclair
/leuh klerdd"/, n. Jean Marie /zhahonn mann rddee"/, 1697-1764, French violinist and composer. * * *
Leclair, Jean-Marie, the Elder
▪ French musician born May 10, 1697, Lyon died Oct. 22, 1764, Paris  French violinist, composer, and dancing master who established the French school of violin ...
Leclanché, Georges
▪ French engineer born , 1839, Paris died Sept. 14, 1882, Paris       French engineer who in about 1866 invented the battery that bears his name. In slightly modified ...
Leclerc, Charles
▪ French general in full  Charles-Victor-Emmanuel Leclerc  born , March 17, 1772, Pontoise, France died Nov. 2, 1802, Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue       French ...
Leclerc, Jacques-Philippe
orig. Philippe-Marie, viscount de Hauteclocque born Nov. 22, 1902, Belloy-Saint-Leonard, France died Nov. 28, 1947, Colomb-Bechar, Alg. French general in World War II. He was ...
Leclerc, Jean
▪ encyclopaedist and biblical scholar Latin  Johannes Clericus   born March 19, 1657, Geneva died Jan. 8, 1736, Amsterdam       encyclopaedist and biblical scholar ...
LeClercq, Tanaquil
▪ 2001       French-born American ballet dancer (b. Oct. 2, 1929, Paris, France—d. Dec. 31, 2000, New York, N.Y.), was one of the original members of Ballet Society, ...
Lecocq, Charles
▪ French composer born June 3, 1832, Paris died October 24, 1918, Paris       one of the principal French composers of operettas after Offenbach (Offenbach, Jacques), ...
Lecompton Constitution
▪ United States history       (1857), instrument framed in Lecompton, Kan., by Southern pro- slavery advocates of Kansas statehood. It contained clauses protecting ...
Leconte de Lisle
/leuh kawonnt deuh leel"/ Charles Marie /shannrddl mann rddee"/, 1818-94, French poet. * * *
Leconte de Lisle, Charles-Marie-René
▪ French poet born Oct. 22, 1818, Saint-Paul, Réunion died July 17, 1894, Louveciennes, near Paris       poet, leader of the Parnassians, who from 1865 to 1895 was ...
Leconte de Lisle,Charles Marie
Le·conte de Lisle (lə-kôɴt' də lēlʹ), Charles Marie. 1818-1894. French poet and a leading Parnassian. His works include Poèmes Antiques (1852) and Poèmes Barbares ...
Lecoq de Boisbaudran, Paul-Émile
▪ French chemist born April 18, 1838, Cognac, Fr. died May 28, 1912, Paris       French chemist who developed improved spectroscopic techniques for chemical analysis ...
LeCorbusier
Le Cor·bu·sier (lə kôr-bo͞o-zyāʹ, -bü-), Pseudonym of Charles Édouard Jeanneret. 1887-1965. Swiss-born French architect and writer. The most powerful advocate of the ...
Lecouvreur, Adrienne
▪ French actor born April 5, 1692, Damery, Fr. died March 20, 1730, Paris  leading French actress whose life inspired a tragic drama a century after her ...
lect
lect abbrev. 1. lecture 2. lecturer * * * lect (lĕkt) n. A social or regional variety of speech having a sociolinguistic or functional identity within a speech ...
lect.
1. lecture. 2. lecturer. * * *
lectern
/lek"teuhrn/, n. 1. a reading desk in a church on which the Bible rests and from which the lessons are read during the church service. 2. a stand with a slanted top, used to hold ...
lectin
/lek"tin/, n. Biochem. any of a group of proteins that bind to particular carbohydrates in the manner of an antibody and are commonly extracted from plants for use as an ...
lection
/lek"sheuhn/, n. 1. a version of a passage in a particular copy or edition of a text; a variant reading. 2. a portion of sacred writing read in a divine service; lesson; ...
lectionary
/lek"sheuh ner'ee/, n., pl. lectionaries. a book or a list of lections for reading in a divine service. [1770-80; < ML (liber) lectionarius. See LECTION, -ARY] * * * ▪ ...
lectisternium
(from Latin lectum sternere, "to spread a couch") Ancient Greek and Roman rite in which a meal was offered to gods and goddesses whose images were laid on a couch placed in the ...
lector
—lectorate /lek"teuhr it, -teuh rayt'/, lectorship, n. /lek"teuhr/, n. 1. a lecturer in a college or university. 2. Rom. Cath. Ch. a. a member of the next to lowest-ranking of ...
lectotype
lec·to·type (lĕkʹtə-tīp') n. The specimen or illustration selected as the type of a species or subspecies when the original author of the name did not designate a ...
lectotypic
See lectotype. * * *
lecture
/lek"cheuhr/, n., v., lectured, lecturing. n. 1. a speech read or delivered before an audience or class, esp. for instruction or to set forth some subject: a lecture on Picasso's ...
lecturer
/lek"cheuhr euhr/, n. 1. a person who lectures. 2. an academic rank given in colleges and universities to a teacher ranking below assistant professor. [1560-70; LECTURE + -ER1] * ...
lecturers
➡ higher education * * *
lectures
➡ higher education * * *
lectureship
/lek"cheuhr ship'/, n. the office of lecturer. [1625-35; LECTURE + -SHIP] * * *
Lecuona
/leuh kwoh"neuh/; Sp. /le kwaw"nah/, n. Ernesto /erdd nes"taw/, 1896-1963, Cuban composer. * * *
lecythis
lecythis [les′i this] adj. designating a family (Lecythidaceae, order Lecythidales) of dicotyledonous tropical shrubs and trees, including the Brazil nut and anchovy pear * * *
led
/led/, v. pt. and pp. of lead1. * * *
LED
light-emitting diode: a semiconductor diode that emits light when conducting current and is used in electronic equipment, esp. for displaying readings on digital watches, ...
Led Zeppelin
a British pop group (1968–80). Their heavy metal style was an important influence on later groups, and they were very popular in both Britain and the US. Their most famous song ...
Leda
/lee"deuh, lay"-/, n. 1. Class. Myth. the mother, by her husband Tyndareus, of Castor and Clytemnestra and, by Zeus in the form of a swan, of Pollux and Helen. 2. Astron. a small ...
Ledbetter
/led"bet euhr/, n. Huddie /hud"ee/, ("Leadbelly"), 1885?-1949, U.S. folk singer. * * *
Ledbetter,Huddie
Led·bet·ter (lĕdʹbĕt'ər), Huddie. Known as “Leadbelly.” 1885?-1949. American folk and blues musician and composer. A traveling musician and laborer, Ledbetter was ...
Ledebour, Georg
▪ German politician born March 7, 1850, Hannover, Hanover [Germany] died March 31, 1947, Bern, Switzerland  German socialist politician who was radicalized by the outbreak of ...
Lederberg
/led"euhr berrg'/, n. Joshua, born 1925, U.S. geneticist: Nobel prize for medicine 1958. * * *
Lederberg, Joshua
born May 23, 1925, Montclair, N.J., U.S. U.S. geneticist. He earned his Ph.D. at Yale University. With his student Norton Zinder, Lederberg discovered that certain viruses were ...
Lederberg,Joshua
Led·er·berg (lĕdʹər-bûrg', lāʹdər-), Joshua. Born 1925. American geneticist. He shared a 1958 Nobel Prize for work with genetic mechanisms. * * *
lederhosen
/lay"deuhr hoh'zeuhn/, n.pl. leather shorts, usually with suspenders, worn esp. in Bavaria. [1935-40; < G, equiv. to Leder LEATHER + Hosen trousers, shorts] * * *
Lederman, Leon Max
▪ American physicist born July 15, 1922, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American physicist who, along with Melvin Schwartz (Schwartz, Melvin) and Jack Steinberger ...
ledge
—ledgeless, adj. /lej/, n., v., ledged, ledging. n. 1. a relatively narrow, projecting part, as a horizontal, shelflike projection on a wall or a raised edge on a tray. 2. a ...
ledger
/lej"er/, n. 1. Bookkeeping. an account book of final entry, in which business transactions are recorded. 2. Building Trades. a. a horizontal timber fastened to the vertical ...
ledger beam
a reinforced-concrete beam having projecting ledges for receiving the ends of joists or the like. * * *
ledger board
1. a horizontal board, as in a fence. 2. Carpentry. ribbon (def. 8). [1905-10] * * *
ledger line
1. Also, leger line. Also called added line. Music. a short line added when necessary above or below the staff to increase the range of the staff. 2. Angling. a line so set that ...
ledger paper
a foldable paper with a smooth finish. * * *
ledger plate
Carpentry. a strip of wood laid flat across the tops of studding as a support for joists. * * *
ledger strip
Carpentry. a piece attached to the face of a beam at the bottom as a support for the ends of joists. * * *
Ledger, Heath
▪ 2009 Heathcliff Andrew Ledger        Australian actor born April 4, 1979, Perth, Australia died Jan. 22, 2008, New York, N.Y. was renowned for his moving and intense ...
ledgerboard
ledger board n. 1. The top railing of a fence or balustrade. 2. A narrow horizontal board attached to a row of studs to support the ends of floor or ceiling joists. Also called ...
ledgerline
ledger line Notes above and below a staff are placed on ledger lines. Notes F (left) and B (right) are shown on ledger lines. Precision Graphics n. Music A short line placed ...
ledgy
/lej"ee/, adj., ledgier, ledgiest. having ledges. [1770-80, Amer.; LEDGE + -Y1] * * *
Ledoux
/leuh dooh"/, n. Claude-Nicolas /klohd nee kaw lah"/, 1736-1806, French architect. * * *
Ledoux, Claude-Nicolas
born March 21, 1736, Dormans-sur-Marne, France died Nov. 19, 1806, Paris French architect. In the 1760s and early 1770s he designed private houses in an innovative Neoclassical ...
Ledru-Rollin, Alexandre-Auguste
born Feb. 2, 1807, Paris, France died Dec. 31, 1874, Fontenay-aux-Roses French radical politician. He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1839, but his insistence on the ...
LeDuc Tho
Le Duc Tho (lāʹ dŭkʹ tōʹ), 1911-1990. Vietnamese political leader who negotiated the North Vietnamese-U.S. cease-fire (1973) with Henry Kissinger. Both were awarded the ...
Ledyard
/led"yeuhrd/ n. a town in SE Connecticut. 13,735. * * *
Ledyard, John
▪ American explorer born 1751, Groton, Conn. [U.S.] died Jan. 10, 1789, Cairo, Egypt       American adventurer and explorer who accompanied Captain James Cook on his ...
lee
lee1 /lee/, n. 1. protective shelter: The lee of the rock gave us some protection against the storm. 2. the side or part that is sheltered or turned away from the wind: We ...
Lee
/lee/, n. 1. Ann, 1736-84, British mystic: founder of Shaker sect in U.S. 2. Charles, 1731-82, American Revolutionary general, born in England. 3. Doris Emrick /em"rik/, born ...
Lee Commission
▪ Indian history       body appointed by the British government in 1923 to consider the ethnic composition of the superior Indian public services of the government of ...
lee gauge
Naut. See under gauge (def. 17). * * *
Lee Harvey Oswald
➡ Oswald * * *
Lee Hsien Loong
▪ 2005       On Aug. 12, 2004, Lee Hsien Loong formally assumed office as the new prime minister of Singapore, replacing the outgoing Goh Chok Tong in a ceremony that ...
Lee Jong Wook
▪ 2007  South Korean epidemiologist and public health expert (b. April 12, 1945, Seoul, Korea [now in South Korea]—d. May 22, 2006, Geneva, Switz.), became director general ...
Lee Kuan Yew
born Sept. 16, 1923, Singapore Prime minister of Singapore (1959–90). Born to a wealthy Chinese family, Lee studied at the University of Cambridge and became a lawyer and a ...
Lee Kun Hee
▪ 1997       For South Korean businessman Lee Kun Hee, 1996 was a year of noteworthy events—both good and bad. As chairman of the Samsung Group of South Korea, he had ...
Lee Marvin
➡ Marvin * * *
Lee Myung-bak
▪ 2008 born Dec. 19, 1941, Osaka, Japan       On Dec. 19, 2007, Lee Myung-bak completed an improbable rise from the depths of poverty to become president of South ...
lee shore
1. a shore toward which the wind blows. 2. on a lee shore, in difficulty or danger. [1570-80] * * *
Lee Strasberg
➡ Strasberg * * *
Lee Teng-hui
born Jan. 15, 1923, near Tan-shui, Taiwan First Taiwan-born president (1988–2000) of Taiwan (Republic of China). He became president in 1988 after the death of Chiang ...
lee tide
a tidal current running in the direction toward which the wind is blowing. Also, leeward tide. * * *
lee wave
▪ air current       vertical undulation of airstreams on the lee side of a mountain. (The lee side is the side that is downstream from the wind.) The first wave occurs ...
lee wave.
See mountain wave. * * *
Lee's Birthday
Lee's Birthday n. Jan. 19, Robert E. Lee's birthday, a legal holiday in several Southern states * * *
Lee'sSummit
Lee's Summit (lēz) A city of western Missouri southeast of Kansas City. It is a manufacturing center within the Kansas City metropolitan area. Population: 46,418. * * *
Lee, (Nelle)Harper
Lee, (Nelle) Harper. Born 1926. American writer. Her novel To Kill a Mockingbird (1960), dealing with racial injustice in the South, won a Pulitzer Prize. * * *
Lee, Ang
▪ 1999       During 1998 Taiwanese-born film director Ang Lee, the creative hand behind such masterfully made films as Sense and Sensibility (1995) and The Ice Storm ...
Lee, Ann
born Feb. 29, 1736, Manchester, Eng. died Sept. 8, 1784, Watervliet, N.Y., U.S. British-American religious leader. A factory worker in her youth in Manchester, she joined the ...
Lee, Arthur
▪ 2007       American singer-songwriter (b. March/May 7, 1945, Memphis, Tenn.—d. Aug. 3, 2006, Memphis), formed the influential interracial rock band Love, which ...
Lee, Bruce
orig. Lee Yuen Kam born Nov. 27, 1940, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died July 20, 1973, Hong Kong U.S. film actor. The son of a touring Chinese opera star, he spent his ...
Lee, Byron
▪ 2009 “The Dragon”        Jamaican bandleader born June 27, 1935, Jamaica died Nov. 4, 2008, Kingston, Jam. helped take ska and soca music to a global audience ...
Lee, David M.
▪ American physicist in full  David Morris Lee   born Jan. 20, 1931, Rye, N.Y., U.S.       American physicist who, with Robert C. Richardson (Richardson, Robert C.) ...
Lee, Gypsy Rose
orig. Rose Louise Hovick born Jan. 9, 1914, Seattle, Wash., U.S. died April 26, 1970, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. striptease artist. She appeared in a vaudeville act with her ...
Lee, Harper
born April 28, 1926, Monroeville, Ala., U.S. U.S. novelist. The daughter of a lawyer, Lee attended the University of Alabama but left for New York City before obtaining a law ...
Lee, Henry
born Jan. 29, 1756, Prince William county, Va. died March 25, 1818, Cumberland Island, Ga., U.S. American army officer and politician. In the American Revolution he rose to ...
Lee, Ivy Ledbetter
born July 16, 1877, Cedartown, Ga., U.S. died Nov. 9, 1934, New York, N.Y. U.S. public relations pioneer. He worked as a newspaper reporter before becoming press representative ...
Lee, Jennie, Baroness of Asheridge
▪ British pol in full  Janet Lee , married name  Janet Bevan  born Nov. 3, 1904, Lochgelly, Fife, Scot. died Nov. 16, 1988, London, Eng.       British politician, ...
Lee, John Clifford Hodges
▪ United States Army officer born August 1, 1887, Junction City, Kansas, U.S. died August 30, 1958, York, Pennsylvania       U.S. Army logistics officer who oversaw the ...
Lee, Laurie
▪ 1998       British poet and prose writer (b. June 26, 1914, Slad, near Stroud, Gloucestershire, Eng.—d. May 13, 1997, Slad), was best known for his book Cider with ...
Lee, Mary Ann
▪ American dancer born 1823, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died 1899       one of the first American ballet dancers. Her 10-year career included the first American ...
Lee, Nathaniel
▪ English dramatist born 1649?, —buried May 6, 1692, London, Eng.       English playwright whose heroic plays were popular but marred by ...
Lee, Peggy
orig. Norma Deloris Egstrom born May 26, 1920, Jamestown, N.D., U.S. died Jan. 21, 2002, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. popular singer. She endured a difficult childhood after her ...
Lee, Richard Henry
born Jan. 20, 1732, Stratford, Va. died June 19, 1794, Chantilly, Va., U.S. U.S. statesman. As a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses (1758–75), he opposed the Stamp Act ...
Lee, Robert E(dward)
born Jan. 19, 1807, Stratford, Westmoreland county, Va., U.S. died Oct. 12, 1870, Lexington, Va. U.S. and Confederate military leader. He was the son of Henry Lee. After ...
Lee, Robert E.
▪ Confederate general Introduction in full  Robert Edward Lee   born Jan. 19, 1807, Stratford, Westmoreland county, Va., U.S. died Oct. 12, 1870, Lexington, ...
Lee, Sammy
▪ American athlete in full  Samuel Lee   born Aug. 1, 1920, Fresno, Calif., U.S.       American diver, the first male athlete to win two Olympic gold medals in the ...
Lee, Sherman Emery
▪ 2009       American museum director born April 19, 1918, Seattle, Wash. died July 9, 2008, Chapel Hill, N.C. elevated the Cleveland Museum of Art from a relatively ...
Lee, Spike
orig. Shelton Jackson Lee born March 20, 1957, Atlanta, Ga., U.S. U.S. film director. He grew up in Brooklyn, N.Y., and earned a master's degree in film at New York ...
Lee, Stan
▪ 2003       On May 3, 2002, the motion picture Spider-Man opened on 3,600 screens in the U.S. By the end of May 5, the movie—about a shy teenager given superhero ...
Lee, Tsung-Dao
▪ Chinese-American physicist born Nov. 24, 1926, Shanghai, China    Chinese-born American physicist who, with Chen Ning Yang (Yang, Chen Ning), received the Nobel Prize for ...
Lee, Vernon
▪ English essayist pseudonym of  Violet Paget  born Oct. 14, 1856, Boulogne-sur-Mer, France died Feb. 13, 1935, San Gervasio Bresciano, Italy       English essayist ...
Lee, William
born 1550?, Calverton, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died 1610?, Paris, France British inventor of the first knitting machine. Lee's model (1589) was the only one employed for ...
Lee, Yuan T.
▪ Taiwanese-American chemist in full  Yuan Tseh Lee   born Nov. 29, 1936, Hsin-chu, Taiwan       Taiwanese-American chemist who, with Dudley R. Herschbach ...
Lee,Ann
Lee (lē), Ann. Known as “Mother Ann.” 1736-1784. British religious leader and founder (1776) of the Shakers in America. * * *
Lee,Charles
Lee, Charles. 1731-1782. British-born American Revolutionary general whose performance at the Battle of Monmouth (1778), when he ordered a retreat instead of attacking, brought ...
Lee,Gypsy Rose
Lee, Gypsy Rose. 1914-1970. American burlesque entertainer who also wrote best-selling mystery novels, including The G-String Murders (1941). * * *
Lee,Henry
Lee, Henry. Known as “Lighthorse Harry.” 1756-1818. American Revolutionary politician and soldier. He served in the Virginia legislature (1785-1788 and 1789-1791) and as ...
Lee,Kwan Yew
Lee, Kwan Yew. Born 1923. Singaporean lawyer. Upon negotiating Singapore's independence from Great Britain, he became the republic's first prime minister (1959-1990). * * *
Lee,Richard Henry
Lee, Richard Henry. 1732-1794. American Revolutionary leader who proposed the resolution calling for the independence of the American colonies from England (1776). * * *
Lee,Robert Edward
Lee, Robert Edward. 1807-1870. American Confederate general in the Civil War. He won victories at Bull Run (1862), Fredericksburg (1862), and Chancellorsville (1863) before ...
Lee,Shelton Jackson
Lee, Shelton Jackson. Known as “Spike.” Born 1957. American director, screenwriter, and actor whose films, including Do the Right Thing (1989) and Malcom X (1992), explore ...
Lee-Enfield rifle
▪ weapon       rifle adopted by the British army as its basic infantry weapon in 1902. The short, magazine-loaded Lee-Enfield (Mark I, or SMLE) superseded the longer ...
Lee-Potter, Lynda
▪ 2005 Lynda Higginson        British journalist (b. May 2, 1935, Leigh, Lancashire, Eng.—d. Oct. 20, 2004, Stoborough, Dorset, Eng.), was admired for her sharp wit, ...
leeboard
/lee"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. Naut. either of two broad, flat objects attached to the sides of a sailing ship amidships, the one on the lee side being lowered into the water to ...
leech
leech1 —leechlike, adj. /leech/, n. 1. any bloodsucking or carnivorous aquatic or terrestrial worm of the class Hirudinea, certain freshwater species of which were formerly ...
Leech
/leech/, n. Margaret, 1893-1974, U.S. historian, novelist, and biographer. * * * Any annelid worm of the class Hirudinea (about 300 known species), with a small sucker ...
leech line
Naut. a line for hauling the middle of a leech of a square sail up to the yard. Cf. leech rope. [1620-30] * * *
leech rope
Naut. a boltrope along a leech. [1760-70] * * *
Leech, John
born Aug. 29, 1817, London, Eng. died Oct. 29, 1864, London British caricaturist. He gave up the study of medicine to produce comic sketches and etchings for magazines, notably ...
leechee
/lee"chee/, n. litchi. * * *
leeching
▪ medical procedure  the application of a living leech to the skin in order to initiate blood flow or deplete blood from a localized area of the body. Through the 19th ...
Leeds
/leedz/, n. a city in West Yorkshire, in N England. 749,000. * * * City and metropolitan borough (pop., 2001: 715,404), metropolitan county of West Yorkshire, historic county of ...
Leeds, Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of, Marquess of Carmarthen, Earl of Danby, Viscount Latimer of Danby, Viscount Osborne of Dunblane, Baron Osborne of Kiveton
▪ English statesman also called (1647–73)  Sir Thomas Osborne, 2nd Baronet  born Feb. 20, 1632 died July 26, 1712, Easton Neston, Northamptonshire, ...
LEED® standards
▪ architecture in full  Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design standards        a certification program devised in 1994 by the U.S. Green Building Council ...
leek
/leek/, n. 1. a plant, Allium ampeloprasum, of the amaryllis family, allied to the onion, having a cylindrical bulb and leaves used in cookery. 2. any of various allied ...
leek-green
/leek"green"/, adj. dull bluish green. [1655-65] * * *
leer
leer1 —leeringly, adv. /lear/, v.i. 1. to look with a sideways or oblique glance, esp. suggestive of lascivious interest or sly and malicious intention: I can't concentrate ...
leerily
See leery. * * *
leeriness
See leerily. * * *
leeringly
See leer. * * *
leery
leery1 —leerily, adv. —leeriness, n. /lear"ee/, adj., leerier, leeriest. 1. wary; suspicious (usually fol. by of): I'm leery of his financial advice. 2. Archaic. knowing; ...
lees
/leez/, n. pl. of lee2. * * *
Lees Summit
/leez/ a town in W Missouri. 28,741. * * *
Leesburg
/leez"berrg/, n. a city in central Florida. 13,191. * * *
leeshore
lee shore n. A shore toward which the wind blows and toward which a ship is likely to be driven. * * *
leet
/leet/, n. Brit. Obs. 1. a special annual or semiannual court in which the lords of certain manors had jurisdiction over local disputes. 2. the area over which this jurisdiction ...
Leeuw, Gerardus van der
▪ Dutch theologian born March 18, 1890, The Hague died Nov. 18, 1950, Utrecht, Neth.       Dutch Reformed theologian and historian of religions, who contributed ...
Leeuwarden
/lay"yuu wahrdd'deuhn/, n. a city in N Netherlands. 85,435. * * * ▪ The Netherlands Frisian  Ljouwert        gemeente (municipality), northern Netherlands ...
Leeuwenhoek
/lay"veuhn hoohk'/; Du. /lay"yuu weuhn hoohk'/, n. Anton van /ahn"tawn vahn/, 1632-1723, Dutch naturalist and microscopist. * * *


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