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Слова на букву john-lowe (15990)

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jupon
/jooh"pon, jooh pon"/; Fr. /zhyuu pawonn"/, n., pl. jupons /-ponz, -ponz"/; Fr. /-pawonn"/. a close-fitting tunic, usually padded and bearing heraldic arms, worn over ...
Jur. D.
Doctor of Law. [ < L Juris Doctor] * * *
Jur. M.
Master of Jurisprudence. * * *
jura
/joor"euh/; Lat. /yooh"rddah/, n. pl. of jus. * * * ▪ canton, Switzerland       canton, northwestern Switzerland, comprising the folded Jura Mountains in the south and ...
Jura
/joor"euh/; Fr. /zhyuu rddann"/, n. 1. a department in E France. 238,856; 1952 sq. mi. (5055 sq. km). Cap.: Lons-le-Saunier. 2. See Jura Mountains. * * * ▪ canton, ...
Jura Mountains
/joor"euh/; Fr. /zhyuu rddann"/ a mountain range in W central Europe, between France and Switzerland, extending from the Rhine to the Rhone. Highest peak, Crêt de la Neige, 5654 ...
Jurado, Katy
▪ 2003 María Cristina Estella Marcella Jurado García        Mexican actress (b. Jan. 16, 1924, Guadalajara, Mex.—d. July 5, 2002, Cuernavaca, Mex.), projected a ...
Jurado, Rocio
▪ 2007 María del Rocío Trinidad Mohedano Jurado        Spanish singer and actress (Sept. 18, 1944, Chipiona, Spain—June 1, 2006, Madrid, Spain), recorded more than ...
jural
—jurally, adv. /joor"euhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to law; legal. 2. of or pertaining to rights and obligations. [1625-35; < L jur- (s. of jus) law + -AL1] * * *
jurally
See jural. * * *
juramentado
Sp. /hooh'rddah men tah"dhaw/, n., pl. juramentados /-dhaws/. (formerly) a Muslim, esp. a Moro, bound by an oath to be killed fighting against Christians and other infidels. [ < ...
JuraMountains
Ju·ra Mountains (jo͝orʹə, zhü-räʹ) A range extending about 241 km (150 mi) along the French-Swiss border and rising to 1,723.9 m (5,652 ft). The area is a popular ...
Juran
▪ Chinese painter Wade-Giles romanization  Chü-jan   flourished 10th century, Zhonglin, near present Nanchang, Jiangxi province, China    Chinese painter of the Five ...
Juran, Joseph Moses
▪ 2009       American quality-control authority born Dec. 24, 1904, Braila, Rom. died Feb. 28, 2008, Rye, N.Y. established the involvement of top management as a ...
Jurassic
/joo ras"ik/, Geol. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a period of the Mesozoic Epoch, occurring from 190 to 140 million years ago and characterized by an abundance of dinosaurs and ...
Jurassic Period
Interval of geologic time, 206–144 million years ago, that is one of the three major divisions of the Mesozoic Era, preceded by the Triassic Period and followed by the ...
jurat
/joor"at/, n. 1. Law. a certificate on an affidavit, by the officer, showing by whom, when, and before whom it was sworn to. 2. a sworn officer; a magistrate; a member of a ...
juration
/joo ray"sheuhn/, n. an act of taking or administering an oath. [1650-60; < LL juration- (s. of juratio), equiv. to jurat(us) (see JURAT) + -ion- -ION] * * *
juratory
/joor"euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. pertaining to, constituting, or expressed in an oath. [1545-55; < LL juratorius on oath, equiv. to L jura(re) to swear + -torius -TORY1] * * *
jure divino
/yooh"rdde di wee"noh/; Eng. /joor"ee di vuy"noh, -vee"-/, Latin. by divine law. * * *
jure humano
/yooh"rdde ooh mah"noh/; Eng. /joor"ee hyooh may"noh, -mah"-/, Latin. by human law. * * *
jurel
/hooh rel"/, n. any of several carangid food fishes, esp. of the genus Caranx, found in warm seas. [1750-60; < Sp < Catalan sorell, prob. < L saurus < Gk saûros lizard] * * *
Jurgens, Curt
▪ German actor German  Curd Jürgens  born Dec. 13, 1915, Munich died June 18, 1982, Vienna       German stage and motion-picture actor.       He was a ...
juridical
—juridically, adv. /joo rid"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the administration of justice. 2. of or pertaining to law or jurisprudence; legal. Also, juridic. [1495-1505; ...
juridical days
days in court on which law is administered; days on which the court can lawfully sit. * * *
juridically
See juridical. * * *
juried
/joor"eed/, adj. having the contents selected for exhibition by a jury: a juried art show. [JURY1 + -ED3] * * *
juries
Under the legal systems of England and Wales, and also of Scotland, a person accused of a serious crime who pleads ‘not guilty’ to the crime will be tried by a jury. Juries ...
jurisconsult
/joor'is keuhn sult", -kon"sult/, n. 1. Roman and Civil Law. a person authorized to give legal advice. 2. Civil Law. a master of the civil law. Abbr.: J.C. [1595-1605; < L juris ...
jurisdiction
—jurisdictional, adj. —jurisdictive, adj. —jurisdictionally, adv. /joor'is dik"sheuhn/, n. 1. the right, power, or authority to administer justice by hearing and ...
jurisdictional
See jurisdiction. * * *
jurisdictionally
See jurisdictional. * * *
jurisp.
jurisprudence. * * *
jurisprudence
—jurisprudential /joor'is prooh den"sheuhl/, adj. —jurisprudentially, adv. /joor'is proohd"ns, joor"is proohd'-/, n. 1. the science or philosophy of law. 2. a body or system ...
jurisprudent
/joor'is proohd"nt/, adj. 1. versed in jurisprudence. n. 2. a person versed in jurisprudence. [1620-30; JURISPRUD(ENCE) + -ENT] * * *
jurisprudential
See jurisprudence. * * *
jurisprudentially
See jurisprudential. * * *
jurist
/joor"ist/, n. a person versed in the law, as a judge, lawyer, or scholar. [1475-85; < F juriste < ML jurist(a). See JUS, -IST] * * *
juristic
—juristically, adv. /joo ris"tik/, adj. of or pertaining to a jurist or to jurisprudence; juridical. Also, juristical. [1825-35; JURIST + -IC] * * *
juristic person
Law. See under person (def. 11). [1870-75] * * *
juristically
See juristic. * * *
Jurjānī, al-
▪ Iranian theologian in full ʿalī Ibn Muḥammad Al-jurjānī, also called As-sayyid Ash-sharīf born 1339, Tājū, near Astarābād, Iran died 1413, ...
Jurōjin
▪ Japanese mythology       in Japanese mythology, one of the Shichi-fuku-jin (“Seven Gods of Luck”), particularly associated with longevity. He is supposed, like ...
Jurong
▪ Singapore       district and industrial complex of southwestern Singapore. Jurong estate, one of the largest industrial sites (9,600 acres [3,900 hectares]) in ...
Jurong Bird Park
▪ aviary, Singapore       specialty zoo in Singapore noted for its extensive aviaries. The park, managed by a government-owned company, opened in 1971. It occupies a ...
juror
/joor"euhr, -awr/, n. 1. one of a group of persons sworn to deliver a verdict in a case submitted to them; member of a jury. 2. one of the panel from which a jury is selected. 3. ...
jurors
➡ juries * * *
Juruá
Port. /zhooh'rddooh ah"/, n. a river in E and W South America, flowing NE from E Peru through W Brazil to the Amazon. 1200 mi. (1930 km) long. * * *
Juruá River
▪ river, South America Portuguese  Rio Juruá,  Spanish  Río Yuruá         river that rises in the highlands east of the Ucayali River in east-central Peru. It ...
Juruena River
▪ river, Brazil Portuguese  Rio Juruena,         river, west-central Brazil, rising in the Serra dos Parecis and descending northward from the Mato Grosso Plateau for ...
jury
jury1 —juryless, adj. /joor"ee/, n., pl. juries., v., juried, jurying. n. 1. a group of persons sworn to render a verdict or true answer on a question or questions officially ...
jury duty
➡ juries * * *
jury room
a private room, adjacent to a courtroom, where a trial jury discusses a case and reaches its verdict. [1760-70] * * *
jury wheel
Law. a device, containing slips with the names of prospective jurors, that when spun mixes the names for random selection. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
jury-packing
/joor"ee pak'ing/, n. the practice of contriving that the majority of those chosen for a jury will be persons likely to have partialities affecting a particular case. [1865-70] * ...
jury-rig
/joor"ee rig'/, n., v., jury-rigged, jury-rigging. n. 1. Naut. a temporary rig to replace a permanent rig that has been disabled, lost overboard, etc. 2. any makeshift ...
jury-rigged
jury-rigged [joor′ērigd΄] adj. 〚see JURY2〛 rigged for temporary or emergency use * * *
juryman
/joor"ee meuhn/, n., pl. jurymen. a juror. [1570-80; JURY1 + MAN1] Usage. See -man. * * *
jurywoman
/joor"ee woom'euhn/, n., pl. jurywomen. a female juror. [1795-1805; JURY1 + WOMAN] Usage. See -woman. * * *
jus
/jus/; Lat. /yoohs/, n., pl. jura /joor"euh/; Lat. /yooh"rddah/. Law. 1. a right. 2. law as a system or in the abstract. [ < L jus law, right] /zhyuu/; Eng. /zhoohs, joohs/, n. ...
jus canonicum
/yoohs" kah noh"ni koom'/; Eng. /jus" keuh non"i keuhm/, Latin. See canon law. * * *
jus civile
/jus" si vuy"lee, -vee"-/, Roman Law. the rules and principles of law derived from the customs and legislation of Rome, as opposed to those derived from the customs of all ...
jus divinum
/yoohs" di wee"noom/; Eng. /jus" di vuy"neuhm/, Latin. divine law. * * *
jus gentium
/jus" jen"shee euhm/, Roman Law. See under jus civile. [1540-50; < L: law of the nations] * * * ▪ Roman law       (Latin: “law of nations”), in legal theory, that ...
jus Latii
▪ Roman law Latin“right of Latium”English  Latin Rights        in the Roman Republic and the Empire, certain rights and privileges, amounting to qualified ...
jus naturae
jus naturae [na΄to͞o rā′lēnə toor′ē] n. 〚L, law of nature〛 law of nature; natural law: also jus naturale [na΄to͞o rā′lē] * * *
jus naturale
/jus" nach'euh ray"lee, nat'yoo-/, Roman Law. See under jus civile. Also, jus naturae /jus" nach"euh ree', nat"yoo-/. [ < L: natural law] * * *
jus postliminii
/jus" pohst'leuh min"ee uy'/, Internat. Law. postliminy. [ < L: right of postliminy] * * *
jus primae noctis
/jus" pruy"mee nok"tis/. See droit du seigneur. [1885-90] * * *
jus sanguinis
/jus" sang"gweuh nis/, Law. the principle that the country of nationality of a child is that of the country of nationality of the parents. [1900-05; < L: right of blood] * * *
jus soli
/jus" soh"luy, -lee/, Law. the principle that the country of citizenship of a child is determined by its country of birth. Cf. jus sanguinis. [1900-05; < L: right of soil ...
jusgentium
jus gen·ti·um (yo͞os gĕnʹtē-əm, jŭs jĕnʹshē-əm) n. The law of nations; international law.   [Latin iūs gentium: iūs, law + gentium, genitive pl. of gēns, ...
Jusserand
/zhyuuseu rddahonn"/, n. Jean (Adrien Antoine) Jules /zhahonn ann drddee ahonn" ahn twannn" zhyuul/, 1855-1932, French diplomat, historian, and essayist. * * *
Jusserand, JeanJules
▪ French scholar born Feb. 18, 1855, Lyon died July 18, 1932, Paris       French scholar and diplomat who, as French ambassador to Washington, D.C. (1902–25), helped ...
Jussieu, Antoine de
▪ French botanist and physician born July 6, 1686, Lyon died April 12, 1758, Paris       French physician and botanist who wrote many papers on human anatomy, zoology, ...
Jussieu, Antoine-Laurent de
▪ French botanist born April 12, 1748, Lyon died Sept. 17, 1836, Paris       French botanist who developed the principles that served as the foundation of a natural ...
Jussieu, Bernard de
▪ French botanist born Aug. 17, 1699, Lyon died Nov. 6, 1777, Paris  French botanist who founded a method of plant classification based on the anatomical characters of the ...
Jussieu, Joseph de
▪ French botanist born Sept. 3, 1704, Lyon died April 11, 1779, Paris       French botanist who accompanied the French physicist Charles-Marie de la Condamine's ...
jussive
/jus"iv/, Gram. adj. 1. (esp. in Semitic languages) expressing a mild command. n. 2. a jussive form, mood, case, construction, or word. [1840-50; < L juss(us) (ptp. of jubere to ...
just
just1 /just/, adj. 1. guided by truth, reason, justice, and fairness: We hope to be just in our understanding of such difficult situations. 2. done or made according to ...
just intonation
Music. a system of tuning based on the pure perfect fifth and major third. [1840-50] * * * ▪ music       in music, system of tuning (tuning and temperament) in which ...
Just Say No
a slogan first used in health campaigns against illegal drugs in Britain and the US in the 1980s, which is now common in campaigns against many different things. See also War on ...
Just So Stories
a collection of stories and poems for children by Rudyard Kipling, published in 1902. They give funny explanations for the features of different animals, and have titles such as ...
just war
▪ international law       notion that the resort to armed force (jus ad bellum) is justified under certain conditions; also, the notion that the use of such force (jus ...
just war theory
Set of conditions under which a resort to war is morally legitimate (jus ad bellum); also, rules for the moral conduct of war (jus in bello). Among the proposed conditions for ...
just-folks
just-folks (jŭstʹfōks') adj. Unpretentious and friendly: “the essence of this small-town state is a friendly, trusting, just-folks way of dealing with one another” (T.R. ...
just-in-time manufacturing (JIT)
Production-control system, developed by Toyota Motor Corp. and imported to the West, that has revolutionized manufacturing methods in some industries. By relying on daily ...
justaucorps
/zhooh"steuh kawr', -kohr'/; Fr. /zhyuust oh kawrdd"/, n., pl. justaucorps /-kawr', -kohr'/; Fr. /-kawrdd"/. a fitted, knee-length coat, characterized by wide turned-back cuffs ...
juste-milieu
/zhyuust mee lyue"/, n., pl. juste-milieux /zhyuust mee lyue"/. French. a point between two extremes; the golden mean. [lit., exact middle] * * *
justice
—justiceless, adj. /jus"tis/, n. 1. the quality of being just; righteousness, equitableness, or moral rightness: to uphold the justice of a cause. 2. rightfulness or ...
Justice
/jus"tis/, n. 1. Donald, born 1925, U.S. poet. 2. a town in NE Illinois. 10,552. * * * I In philosophy, the concept of a proper proportion between a person's deserts (what is ...
justice in eyre
Old Eng. Law. See under eyre (def. 2a). [1480-90] * * *
justice of the peace
a local public officer, usually having jurisdiction to try and determine minor civil and criminal cases and to hold preliminary examinations of persons accused of more serious ...
justice's court
Law. an inferior tribunal, not of record, having limited jurisdiction, both civil and criminal, and presided over by a justice of the peace. Also, justice court. [1520-30] * * *
Justice, Donald
▪ American poet and editor in full  Donald Rodney Justice  born August 12, 1925, Miami, Florida, U.S. died August 6, 2004, Iowa City, Iowa       American poet and ...
Justice, Donald Rodney
▪ 2005       American poet (b. Aug. 12, 1925, Miami, Fla.—d. Aug. 6, 2004, Iowa City, Iowa), was admired for his mastery of a wide range of poetic forms as well as his ...
justiceof the peace
justice of the peace n. pl. justices of the peace Abbr. JP A magistrate of the lowest level of certain state court systems, having authority to act upon minor offenses, commit ...
justicer
/jus"teuh seuhr/, n. Archaic. a judge or magistrate. [1300-50; ME < AF (cf. OF justicier); see JUSTICE, -ER2] * * *
justices
➡ federal government * * *
justiceship
/jus"tis ship'/, n. the office of a justice. [1535-45; JUSTICE + -SHIP] * * *
justicia
/ju stish"ee euh/, n. any of numerous plants and shrubs of the genus Justicia, which includes the shrimp plant and water willow. [ < NL, after James Justice (1698-1763), Scottish ...
justiciability
See justiciable. * * *
justiciable
—justiciability, n. /ju stish"ee euh beuhl, -stish"euh beuhl/, adj. Law. capable of being settled by law or by the action of a court: a justiciable dispute. [1400-50; late ME < ...
justiciar
—justiciarship, n. /ju stish"ee euhr/, n. 1. a high judicial officer in medieval England. 2. the chief political and judicial officer in England from the reign of William I to ...
justiciary
/ju stish"ee er'ee/, adj., n., pl. justiciaries. adj. 1. of or pertaining to the administration of justice. n. 2. the office or jurisdiction of a justiciar. 3. justiciar (defs. 1 ...
justicoat
/jus"ti koht'/, n. justaucorps. [alter. by folk etym.] * * *
justifiability
See justifiable. * * *
justifiable
—justifiability, justifiableness, n. —justifiably, adv. /jus"teuh fuy'euh beuhl, jus'teuh fuy"-/, adj. capable of being justified; that can be shown to be or can be defended ...
justifiably
See justifiability. * * *
justification
/jus'teuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a reason, fact, circumstance, or explanation that justifies or defends: His insulting you was ample justification for you to leave the party. 2. ...
justification by works
Theol. the belief that a person becomes just before God by the performance of good works: the doctrine against which Luther protested in inaugurating the Protestant ...
justificative
jus·ti·fi·ca·tive (jŭsʹtə-fĭ-kā'tĭv) also jus·tif·i·ca·to·ry (jŭ-stĭfʹĭ-kə-tôr'ē, -tōr'ē) adj. Serving as justification. * * *
justificatory
/ju stif"i keuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, jus"teuh fi kay'teuh ree/, adj. serving to justify; providing justification. Also, justificative /jus"teuh fi kay'tiv/. [1570-80; < LL ...
justify
—justifier, n. —justifyingly, adv. /jus"teuh fuy'/, v., justified, justifying. v.t. 1. to show (an act, claim, statement, etc.) to be just or right: The end does not always ...
Justin
/jus"tin/; Fr. /zhyuus taonn"/; Ger. /yoos teen"/, n. a male given name: from a Latin word meaning "just." * * * (as used in expressions) Combes Justin Louis Émile Heaney ...
Justin I
▪ Byzantine emperor born c. 450, , Bederiana, Macedonia Salurtaris died Aug. 1, 527       Byzantine emperor (from 518) who was a champion of Christian orthodoxy; he was ...
Justin II
died Oct. 4, 578 Byzantine emperor (565–78). He tolerated the Monophysite heresy until 571, then began to persecute its followers. Despite an alliance with the Franks, Justin ...
Justin Martyr
/jus"tin mahr"teuhr/ Saint, A.D. c100-163?, early church historian and philosopher. * * *
Justin Martyr, Saint
born с 100, Flavia Neapolis, Palestine died с 165, Rome; feast day June 1 Early Christian Apologist and theologian. A pagan born in Palestine, he studied philosophy before ...
Justin,Saint
Jus·tin (jŭsʹtĭn), Saint. A.D. 100?-165. Greek theologian who founded a school of Christian philosophy at Rome and wrote the Apology and the Dialogue. * * *
Justina
Justina [jus tē′nə, justī′nə] n. 〚L, fem. of Justinus: see JUSTIN1〛 a feminine name: dim. Tina; var. Justine * * *
Justine
/ju steen"/; Fr. /zhyuus teen"/, n. a female given name: derived from Justin. * * *
Justinian
▪ Romanian Orthodox patriarch original name  Ioan Marina  born Feb. 22, 1901, Romania died March 26, 1977, Bucharest       patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church ...
Justinian Code
the body of Roman law that was codified and promulgated under Justinian I. * * *
Justinian I
/ju stin"ee euhn/, (Flavius Anicius Justinianus) ("Justinian the Great") A.D. 483-565, Byzantine emperor 527-565. * * * orig. Petrus Sabbatius born 483, Tauresium, ...
Justinian II
▪ Byzantine emperor byname  Rhinotmetus   born c. 669 died December 711, Asia Minor [now in Turkey]  last Byzantine emperor of the Heraclian dynasty. Although possessed of ...
Justinian, Code of
Collections of laws and legal interpretations developed under the sponsorship of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I from 529 to 565. Strictly speaking, they did not constitute a ...
JustinianI
Jus·tin·i·an I (jŭ-stĭnʹē-ən), Originally Flavius Anicius Justinianus. A.D. 483-565. Byzantine emperor (527-565) who held the eastern frontier of his empire against the ...
Justinianian
/ju stin'ee ay"nee euhn/, adj. of or pertaining to Justinian I or the Byzantine dynasty (A.D. 518-610) named after him. Also, Justinianean. [1820-30; JUSTINIAN + -IAN] * * *
justintonation
just intonation n. Music A tuning system having intervals that are acoustically pure.   [just1 harmonically pure.] * * *
Justitia
/ju stish"ee euh/, n. the ancient Roman personification of justice. * * *
justitia omnibus
/yooh stit"ee ah' ohm"ni boos'/; Eng. /ju stish"ee euh om"neuh beuhs/, Latin. justice to all: motto of the District of Columbia. * * *
justle
/jus"euhl/, v.t., v.i., justled, justling, n. jostle. * * *
justly
/just"lee/, adv. 1. in a just manner; honestly; fairly: Deal justly with the prisoners. 2. in conformity to fact or rule; accurately. 3. deservedly; as deserved. [1300-50; ME; ...
justness
/just"nis/, n. 1. the quality or state of being just, equitable, or right: His justness was never doubted. 2. conformity to fact or rule; correctness; exactness. [1400-50; late ...
Justo, Agustín Pedro
▪ president of Argentina born Feb. 26, 1876, Concepción del Uruguay, Arg. died Jan. 10, 1943, Buenos Aires       army officer and president (1932–38) of ...
Justus of Ghent
▪ Flemish painter Flemish  Joos van Gent , Italian  Giusto da Guanto , also called  Joos van Wassenhove , original name  Jodocus  born c. 1435/40 died c. 1480, , ...
Justus, Saint
▪ archbishop of Canterbury born , Rome [Italy] died , probably Nov. 10, 627, Canterbury, Kent, Eng.; feast day November 10       first bishop of Rochester and fourth ...
jut
—juttingly, adv. /jut/, v., jutted, jutting, n. v.i. 1. to extend beyond the main body or line; project; protrude (often fol. by out): The narrow strip of land juts out into ...
jute
—jutelike, adj. /jooht/, n. 1. a strong, coarse fiber used for making burlap, gunny, cordage, etc., obtained from two East Indian plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, ...
Jute
—Jutish, adj. /jooht/, n. a member of a continental Germanic tribe, probably from Jutland, that invaded Britain in the 5th century A.D. and settled in Kent. * * * Either of ...
jute board
a strong, bendable cardboard made from rags and sulfite, used chiefly in the manufacture of shipping cartons. * * *
Jutiapa
▪ El Salvador formerly  Tepeahua        city, north-central El Salvador, at the foot of Mt. Platinar (1,200 ft [370 m]). The original name, Tepeahua, was derived ...
Juticalpa
▪ Honduras       city, eastern Honduras. It lies at 2,700 feet (823 m) above sea level along the Juticalpa River, which is a tributary of the Guayape. Founded about ...
Jutland
—Jutlander, n. —Jutlandish, adj. /jut"leuhnd/, n. a peninsula comprising the continental portion of Denmark: naval battle between the British and German fleets was fought ...
Jutland, Battle of
(May 31–June 1, 1916) Only major encounter between the British and German fleets in World War I, fought in the Skagerrak, an arm of the North Sea off the coast of Jutland ...
jutty
/jut"ee/, n., pl. jutties, v., juttied, juttying. n. 1. Archit. jetty1 (def. 4). v.i., v.t. 2. Obs. to project beyond. [var. of JETTY] * * *
juv
juv abbrev. juvenile * * *
juv.
juvenile. * * *
Juvarra
/yooh vahrdd"rddah/, n. Filippo /fee leep"paw/, 1678-1736, Italian architect. Also, Juvara /yooh vah"rddah/. * * *
Juvarra, Filippo
▪ Italian architect Juvarra also spelled  Juvara   born March 7, 1678, Messina, Sicily died Jan. 31, 1736, Madrid, Spain       architect and stage designer who ...
Juvenal
—Juvenalian /jooh'veuh nay"lee euhn/, adj. /jooh"veuh nl/, n. (Decimus Junius Juvenalis) A.D. c60-140, Roman poet. * * * orig. Decimus Junius Juvenalis born с AD 55 died ...
juvenal plumage
/jooh"veuh nl/, Ornith. the first plumage of birds, composed of contour feathers, which in certain species follows the naked nestling stage and in other species follows the molt ...
Juvenal, Saint
▪ bishop of Jerusalem died 458, Jerusalem; feast day July 2       bishop of Jerusalem from 422 to 458 who elevated the see of Jerusalem—previously under the rule of ...
Juvenalian satire
▪ literature       in literature, any bitter and ironic criticism of contemporary persons and institutions that is filled with personal invective, angry moral ...
juvenescence
See juvenescent. * * *
juvenescent
—juvenescence, n. /jooh'veuh nes"euhnt/, adj. 1. being or becoming youthful; young. 2. young in appearance. 3. having the power to make young or youthful: a juvenescent ...
juvenile
—juvenilely, adv. /jooh"veuh nl, -nuyl'/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or suitable or intended for young persons: juvenile books. 2. young; youthful: juvenile ...
juvenile court
a law court having jurisdiction over youths, generally of less than 18 years. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * * Special court handling problems of delinquent, neglected, or abused ...
juvenile delinquency
behavior of a child or youth that is so marked by violation of law, persistent mischievousness, antisocial behavior, disobedience, or intractability as to thwart correction by ...
juvenile delinquent
1. a minor who cannot be controlled by parental authority and commits antisocial or criminal acts, as vandalism or violence. 2. a child or youth characterized by juvenile ...
juvenile hormone
Biochem. any of a class of insect and plant hormones acting to inhibit the molting of a juvenile insect into its adult form. [1935-40] * * * ▪ biochemistry also called ...
juvenile justice
Introduction       system of laws, policies, and procedures intended to regulate the processing and treatment of nonadult offenders for violations of law and to provide ...
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Pathol. rheumatoid arthritis that begins before puberty, often preceded by such symptoms as fever, patchy rash, and weight loss. [1965-70] * * *
juvenile-onset diabetes
/jooh"veuh nl on"set', -awn"-, -nuyl'-/, Pathol. diabetes (def. 3). [1975-80] * * *
juvenilecourt
juvenile court n. Law A court with jurisdiction over all cases involving children under a specified age, usually 18 years. * * *
juveniledelinquency
juvenile delinquency n. Antisocial or criminal behavior by children or adolescents. * * *
juveniledelinquent
juvenile delinquent n. A juvenile guilty of antisocial or criminal behavior. * * *
juvenilediabetes
juvenile diabetes n. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. * * *
juvenilehormone
juvenile hormone n. A hormone in arthropod larvae that inhibits ecdysone, thereby preventing molting and the development of larvae into adults until its level drops. * * *
juvenilely
See juvenile. * * *
juvenileness
See juvenilely. * * *
juvenilia
/jooh'veuh nil"ee euh, -nil"yeuh/, n.pl. 1. works, esp. writings, produced in one's youth: His juvenilia were more successful than his mature writings. 2. literary or artistic ...
juvenility
/jooh'veuh nil"i tee/, n., pl. juvenilities. 1. juvenile state, character, or manner. 2. juvenilities, youthful qualities or acts. 3. an instance of being juvenile. [1615-25; ...
juvenilize
—juvenilization, n. /jooh"veuh nl uyz'/, v.t., juvenilized, juvenilizing. 1. to make juvenile or immature: to juvenilize the classics for quick reading. 2. to make suitable for ...
Juventa Fons
/yooh ven"tah fons"/ an area in the southern hemisphere of Mars, appearing as a dark region when viewed through a telescope. * * *
Juventud, Isla de la
▪ island and municipality, Cuba English  Isle of Youth , formerly (until 1978)  Isla de Pinos , English  Isle of Pines        island and municipio especial ...
Juventud,Isla de la
Ju·ven·tud (ho͞o-vĕn-to͞odʹ), Isla de la See Youth, Isle of. * * *
juvie
ju·vie (jo͞oʹvē) adj. Slang Juvenile: juvie court.   [Shortening and alteration of juvenile.] * * *
Juxon, William
▪ archbishop of Canterbury born 1582, probably Chichester, Sussex, Eng. died June 4, 1663, London       archbishop of Canterbury and minister to King Charles I on the ...
juxta-
juxta- [juks′tə] 〚Fr < L juxta, near, beside < IE * yugistos, superl. of base * yug-, closely connected, var. of * yeug- > YOKE〛 combining form near, beside, close by ...
juxtapose
/juk"steuh pohz', juk'steuh pohz"/, v.t., juxtaposed, juxtaposing. to place close together or side by side, esp. for comparison or contrast. [1850-55; back formation from ...
juxtaposition
—juxtapositional, adj. /juk'steuh peuh zish"euhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of placing close together or side by side, esp. for comparison or contrast. 2. the state of being ...
juxtapositional
See juxtaposition. * * *
JV
1. See joint venture. 2. junior varsity. Also, J.V. * * *
JWB
JWB abbrev. Jewish Welfare Board * * *
jwlr.
jeweler. * * *
JWV
JWV abbrev. Jewish War Veterans * * *
Jy
jansky; janskies. * * *
Jy.
July. * * *
Jylland
/yyuul"lahn/, n. Danish name of Jutland. * * *
Jyoetsu
▪ Japan       city, Niigata ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies on the lower reaches and mouth of the Ara River. The city was formed for reasons of industrial ...
Jyväskylä
/yyuu"vas kyuu'la/, n. a city in S central Finland. 64,500. * * * ▪ Finland       city, south-central Finland. It lies at the north end of Lake Päijänne, southwest ...
Jæger, Hans Henrik
▪ Norwegian author born September 2, 1854, Drammen, Norway died February 8, 1910, Kristiania [now Oslo]       novelist, ultranaturalist, and leader of the Norwegian ...
Jæren
▪ geographical region, Norway       lowland plain area, southwestern Norway. Extending approximately 25 miles (40 km) northward from Eigersund and 10 to 15 miles (16 to ...
Jørgensen, Johannes
▪ Danish author in full  Jens Johannes JØrgensen  born , Nov. 6, 1866, Svendborg, Den. died May 29, 1956, Svendborg       writer known in Denmark mainly for his ...
K
1. Chess. king. 2. Physics. Kelvin. 3. the number 1000: The salary offered is $20K. [abbr. of KILO-] 4. Music. See Köchel listing. 5. kindergarten: a K-12 boarding school. 6. ...
k
Symbol. 1. Math. a vector on the z-axis, having length 1 unit. 2. See Boltzmann constant. * * *
K meson
Physics. kaon. Also, K-meson /kay"mee"zon, -son, -mez"on, -mes"on/. [1950-55] * * *
K of C
K of C abbrev. Knight (or Knights) of Columbus * * *
K of P
K of P abbrev. Knight (or Knights) of Pythias * * *
K ration
an emergency field ration for U.S. armed forces when other food or rations are not available, consisting of three separate packaged meals of concentrated or dehydrated food. Cf. ...
K rations
n [pl] (AmE) special meals given to US soldiers during World War II. They were named after Dr Ancel Keys, the leader of the group that created them. The food was supplied in ...
K selection
—K-selected /kay"si lek'tid/, adj. Ecol. selection occurring when a population is at or near the carrying capacity of the environment, which is usually stable: tends to favor ...
K star
Astron. a relatively cool, orange-to-red star, as Aldebaran or Arcturus, having a surface temperature between 3500 and 5000 K and an absorption spectrum with strong lines of ...
k'ai shu
/kuy" shooh"/ a variety of Chinese script developed in the 4th century A.D. and considered standard since that time. Also, Pinyin, kaishu. [ < Chin kaishu formal (i.e., ...
K'ang Hsi
/kahng" shee"/, (Shêng-tsu) 1654?-1722, Chinese emperor of the Ch'ing dynasty 1662-1722. Also, Pinyin, Kang Xi /kahng" shee"/. * * *
K'ang Tê
/kahng" du"/. See Pu-yi, Henry. Also, Kang Teh; Pinyin, Kang De. * * *
K'ang Yu-wei
/kahng" yooh"way"/ 1858-1927, Chinese scholar and reformer. Also, Pinyin, Kang Youwei /kahng" yoh"way"/. * * * ▪ Chinese scholar Pinyin  Kang Youwei  born March 19, 1858, ...
K'o
(as used in expressions) Meng K'o Li K'o jan T'a k'o la ma kan Sha mo * * *
k'ou
(as used in expressions) Chou k'ou tien Ta wen k'ou culture K'ou Ch'ien chih * * *
K'ou Ch'ien-chih
▪ Chinese Daoist Pinyin  Kou Qianzhi   died AD 448, , Northern Wei Empire, China       Taoist who organized many of the ceremonies and rites of the Taoist cult and ...
K'uei Hsing
▪ Chinese deity Pinyin  Kui Xing,         in Chinese mythology, a brilliant but ugly dwarf who as the god of examinations became the deity of scholars who took ...
K'ung Ch'iu
/koong" chyooh"/ personal name of Confucius. * * *
K'ung Fu-tzu
/koong" fooh"dzu"/ Chinese name of Confucius. Also, K'ung Fu-tse. Also called K'ung-tzu /koong"ju"/. * * *
K'ung, H.H.
▪ Chinese businessman and statesman Chinese (Pinyin)  Kong Xiangxi  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)   K'ung Hsiang-hsi  born Sept. 11, 1880, Taigu, Shanxi province, ...
K, k
/kay/, n., pl. K's or Ks, k's or ks. 1. the eleventh letter of the English alphabet, a consonant. 2. any sound represented by the letter K or k, as in bilk, kit, or sick. 3. ...
K-12
adj (AmE) (in the US education system) relating to the years from kindergarten (= school for very young children) to 12th grade: The state pays for a K-12 education. * * *
K-capture
also called  Electron Capture,         one of three beta decay processes that affect atomic nuclei. See beta decay. * * *
K-line
/kay"luyn'/, n. Physics. one of a series of lines (K-series) in the x-ray spectrum of an atom corresponding to radiation (K-radiation) produced by the transition of an electron ...
K-meson
K-me·son (kāʹmĕzʹŏn, -mēʹzŏn, -mĕsʹŏn, -mēʹsŏn) n. See kaon. * * *
K-radiation
/kay"ray'dee ay'sheuhn/, n. Physics. See under K-line. * * *
K-series
/kay"sear'eez/, n. Physics. See under K-line. [1920-25] * * *
K-shell
/kay"shel'/, n. Physics. the first shell of electrons surrounding the nucleus of an atom and containing, when filled, two electrons having principal quantum number 1. Cf. ...
K-truss
/kay"trus'/, n. Archit. a truss having in each panel two diagonals running from the ends of one post to the center of the adjacent post, the arrangement being symmetrical about ...
K.
1. kip; kips. 2. Knight. 3. kwacha. * * *
k.
1. Elect. capacity. 2. karat. 3. kilogram; kilograms. 4. Chess. king. 5. knight. 6. knot. 7. kopeck. * * *
K. of C.
Knights of Columbus. * * *
K. of P.
Knights of Pythias. * * *
K.B.
1. King's Bench. 2. Knight Bachelor. * * *
K.B.E.
Knight Commander of the British Empire. * * *       knight commander of the British Empire, member of the second highest class of a British order of knighthood. See ...
K.C.
1. Kansas City. 2. King's Counsel. 3. Knight Commander. 4. Knights of Columbus. * * *
K.C.B.
Knight Commander of the Bath. * * *       knight commander of the Bath, member of the second highest rank of knightly class in a British order of knighthood. See Bath, ...
K.C.M.G.
Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. * * *       knight commander of St. Michael and St. George, member of the second highest rank of a British ...
K.C.S.I.
Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India. * * *
K.C.V.O.
Knight Commander of the (Royal) Victorian Order. * * *       knight commander of the Royal Victorian Order, member of the second highest rank of a British order of ...
K.G.
1. Knight of the Garter. 2. (in police use) known gambler. * * *       knight of the Garter, member of one of the most exclusive orders of knighthood in the world. See ...
K.J.V.
King James Version. * * *
K.K.K.
See Ku Klux Klan. Also, KKK. * * *
K.P.
1. Mil. See kitchen police. 2. Knight of the Order of St. Patrick. 3. Knights of Pythias. * * *
K.T.
1. Knights Templars. 2. Knight of the Order of the Thistle. * * *       knight of the Thistle, member of a Scottish order of knighthood. See Thistle, The Most Ancient ...
K.V.
Music. Köchel-Verzeichnis the chronological listing of Mozart's works (used with a number to identify a specific work). * * *
K2
/kay"tooh"/, n. a mountain in N Kashmir, in the Karakoram range: second highest peak in the world. 28,250 ft. (8611 m). Also called Godwin Austen, Dapsang. * * * or ...
kA
kiloampere; kiloamperes. * * * ▪ Egyptian religion       in ancient Egyptian religion, with the ba and the akh, a principal aspect of the soul of a human being or of ...
ka
/kah/, n. Egyptian Relig. a spiritual entity, an aspect of the individual, believed to live within the body during life and to survive it after death. [1890-95; < Egyptian k'] * ...
Ka'ba
/kah"beuh, kah"euh beuh/, n. 1. a small, cubical building in the courtyard of the Great Mosque at Mecca containing a sacred black stone: regarded by Muslims as the House of God ...
ka-
var. of ker-. * * *
ka-boom
/keuh boohm"/, interj. (used to represent a sudden and loud sound, as of an explosion or a bass drum). [see KA-, BOOM1] * * *
Kaaba
Kaaba [kä′bə, kä′ə bə] n. 〚Ar kaʿ ba, lit., square building < kaʿ b, a cube〛 the sacred Muslim shrine at Mecca, toward which believers turn when praying: it ...
Kaahumanu
▪ queen of Hawaii born c. 1772, Maui, Hawaii [U.S.] died June 5, 1832, Manoa Valley, Honolulu, Hawaii       favourite queen of Kamehameha I and acting regent of Hawaii ...
Kaali järv Craters
▪ craters, Baltic Sea       group of eight meteorite craters on Saaremaa Island in the Baltic Sea, 12 miles (20 km) northeast of Kingisepp, Estonia. The largest is 333 ...
Kaapstad
/kahp"staht/, n. Afrikaans name of Cape Town. * * *
kab
/kab/, n. cab2. * * *
kabab
/keuh bob"/, n. kabob. * * *
Kabābīsh
▪ people       nomadic people of the desert scrub of northern Kordofan region, Sudan, numbering about 70,000. Of mixed origins, including some Arab ancestry, they have ...
kabaka
/keuh bah"keuh/, n. the traditional king of Buganda, a region and former kingdom of southern Uganda. [1875-80; < Luganda] * * *
kabala
/kab"euh leuh, keuh bah"-/, n. cabala. Also, kabbala. * * *
Kabalega National Park
National park, northwestern Uganda. Established in 1952, it occupies 1,483 sq mi (3,840 sq km) of rolling grassland. Its central feature is the Kabalega Falls on the lower ...
Kabalevsky
/kah'beuh lef"skee/; Russ. /keuh bu lyef"skyee/, n. Dmitri /deuh mee"tree/; Russ. /dmyee"trddyee/, born 1904, Russian composer. * * *
Kabalevsky, Dmitry
▪ Russian composer in full  Dmitry Borisovich Kabalevsky  born Dec. 17 [Dec. 30, New Style], 1904, St. Petersburg, Russia died Feb. 14, 1987, Moscow       Soviet ...
kabalistic
/kab'euh lis"tik/, adj. cabalistic. Also, kabbalistic. * * *
kabane
▪ Japanese society       (Japanese: “family name”), hereditary title that denoted the duty and social rank of an individual within the Japanese sociopolitical ...
Kabardian
/keuh bahr"dee euhn/, n. a Circassian language of the Kabardino-Balkar Autonomous Republic. * * *
Kabardian language
also called  East Circassian , or  Upper Circassian        language spoken in Kabardino-Balkaria republic, in southwestern Russia, in the northern Caucasus. It is ...

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