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Слова на букву john-lowe (15990)

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lei
lei1 /lay, lay"ee/, n., pl. leis. (in the Hawaiian Islands) a wreath of flowers, leaves, etc., for the neck or head. [1835-45; < Hawaiian] lei2 /lay/, n. pl. of leu. * * * ▪ ...
Lei Kung
▪ Chinese Taoist deity Pinyin  Lei Gong (Chinese: “Duke of Thunder”),  also called  Lei Shen        (“Thunder God”), Chinese Taoist deity who, when so ...
lei-
Also slei-. Slimy. Derivatives include slime, slick, and oblivion. 1. a. slime, from Old English slīm, slime; b. slippery, from Old English slipor, slippery; c. slick, from Old ...
Leiber and Stoller
▪ American songwriters and record producers       American songwriters and record producers. Jerry Leiber (in full Jerome Leiber; b. April 25, 1933, Baltimore, Md., ...
Leiber, Fritz
▪ American author in full  Fritz Reuter Leiber, Jr.   born Dec. 24, 1910, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 5, 1992, San Francisco, Calif.       American writer noted ...
Leiber, Jerry
born April 25, 1933, Baltimore, Md., U.S. U.S. songwriter and producer. His family settled in Los Angeles, where he met Mike Stoller (b. 1933), who had moved there from New ...
Leibl, Wilhelm
▪ German painter in full  Maria Hubertus Leibl  born October 23, 1844, Cologne [Germany] died December 4, 1900, Würzburg       painter of portraits and genre scenes ...
Leibniz
—Leibnizian, Leibnitzian /luyb nit"see euhn/, adj., n. —Leibnizianism, Leibnitzianism, n. /luyb"nits/; Ger. /luyp"nits/, n. Gottfried Wilhelm von Ger. /gawt"frddeet vil"helm ...
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm
▪ German philosopher and mathematician Introduction born July 1 [June 21, old style], 1646, Leipzig died November 14, 1716, Hannover, Hanover  German philosopher, ...
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Freiherr (baron) von Leibniz
born July 1, 1646, Leipzig, Saxony died Nov. 14, 1716, Hannover, Hanover German philosopher, mathematician, inventor, jurist, historian, diplomat, and political adviser. He ...
Leibniz,Baron Gottfried Wilhelm von
Leib·niz or Leib·nitz (lībʹnĭts, līpʹ-), Baron Gottfried Wilhelm von. 1646-1716. German philosopher and mathematician. He invented differential and integral calculus ...
Leibovitz, Annie
orig. Anna-Lou Leibovitz born Oct. 2, 1949, Westbury, Conn., U.S. U.S. photographer. She enrolled in the San Francisco Art Institute in 1967. In 1970, while still a student, ...
Leibowitz
/lee"beuh wits/, n. René /reuh nay"/, born 1913, French conductor and composer, born in Poland. * * *
Leicester
/les"teuhr/, n. 1. 1st Earl of. See Dudley, Robert. 2. a city in Leicestershire, in central England. 290,600. 3. Leicestershire. 4. one of an English breed of large sheep, noted ...
Leicester Square
a square in central London which is popular with tourists, and best known for its large cinemas. It became a public garden in 1874 and motor vehicles are not allowed in it. In ...
Leicester, Robert Dudley, earl of
born June 24, 1532/33 died Sept. 4, 1588, Cornbury, Oxfordshire, Eng. English courtier and favourite of Elizabeth I. Imprisoned in 1553 for aiding the attempt by his father, ...
Leicester, Robert Dudley, earl of, Baron Denbigh
▪ English noble also called  (1550–64) Sir Robert Dudley   born June 24, 1532/33 died Sept. 4, 1588, Cornbury, Oxfordshire, Eng.       favourite and possible lover ...
Leicester, Robert Sidney, 1st earl of
▪ British soldier and politician born Nov. 19, 1563, Penshurst, Kent, Eng. died July 13, 1626, Penshurst       soldier, diplomatist, and patron of literature, younger ...
Leicester,First Earl of
Leicester,First Earl of. See Dudley, Robert. * * *
Leicestershire
/les"teuhr shear', -sheuhr/, n. a county in central England. 836,500; 986 sq. mi. (2555 sq. km). Also called Leicester. * * * Administrative (pop., 2001: 609,579), historic, and ...
Leichhardt, Ludwig
▪ German explorer born Oct. 23, 1813, Trebatsch, Prussia died after April 4, 1848, Australia       explorer and naturalist who became one of Australia's earliest heroes ...
Leichou
/lay"joh"/, n. Wade-Giles. Leizhou. * * *
leid-
To play, jest. Suffixed o-grade form *loid-o-. ludic, ludicrous; allude, collude, delude, elude, illusion, interlude, prelude, prolusion, from Latin lūdus, game, play, and ...
Leiden
/luyd"n/, n. a city in W Netherlands. 103,246. Also, Leyden. * * * or Leyden Commune (pop., 1999: 117,389), western Netherlands. First mentioned in 922 as a possession of ...
Leiden, State University of
▪ university, Leiden, The Netherlands Dutch  Rijksuniversiteit Te Leiden,         university in Leiden, Neth., founded in 1575 by William of Orange. It was originally ...
Leidy
/luy"dee/, n. Joseph, 1823-91, U.S. paleontologist, parasitologist, and anatomist. * * *
Leidy, Joseph
▪ American zoologist born Sept. 9, 1823, Philadelphia died April 30, 1891, Philadelphia  zoologist, one of the most distinguished and versatile scientists in the United ...
Leif
/leef, layf/, n. a male given name. * * *
Leif Ericson
Leif Ericson see ERICSON Leif * * *
Leif Ericson.
See Ericson, Leif. * * *
Leif Eriksson
or Leif Eriksson the Lucky Norwegian Leiv Eriksson den Hepne flourished 11th century Icelandic explorer, possibly the first European to reach North America. The second son of ...
Leif Eriksson the Lucky
▪ Norse explorer Eriksson also spelled  Ericson,  Eiríksson,  or  Erikson , Norwegian  Leiv Eriksson den Hepne , Icelandic  Leifur Eiríksson  flourished 11th ...
leig-
To bind. Oldest form *leig̑-, becoming *leig- in centum languages. 1. leech2, from Middle Low German līk, leech line, from Germanic *līk-. 2. Suffixed agent noun *l(e)ig-tor-. ...
Leigh
/lee/, n. a male or female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Leigh Mike Michael Leigh Leigh Vivien Matthews Leigh Sayers Dorothy Leigh * * *
Leigh Creek
▪ South Australia, Australia       town and coalfield, east-central South Australia, 350 miles (563 km) by rail north of Adelaide. The original town was named for Harry ...
Leigh Hunt
➡ Hunt (II) * * *
Leigh, Dorian
▪ 2009 Dorian Elizabeth Leigh Parker        American fashion model born April 23, 1917, San Antonio, Texas died July 7, 2008, Falls Church, Va. dominated the 1940s and ...
Leigh, Janet
▪ 2005 Jeanette Helen Morrison        American actress (b. July 6, 1927, Merced, Calif.—d. Oct. 3, 2004, Beverly Hills, Calif.), had a half-century-long career that ...
Leigh, Mike
in full Michael Leigh born Feb. 20, 1943, Salford, Lancashire, Eng. British film director and playwright. His first play, The Box Play (1965), began the process of ...
Leigh, Vivien
orig. Vivian Mary Hartley born Nov. 5, 1913, Darjeeling, India died July 8, 1967, London, Eng. British actress. She made her film debut in 1934 and her London stage debut in ...
Leigh,Vivien
Leigh (lē), Vivien. Originally Vivian Mary Hartley. 1913-1967. British actress who won the Academy Award as best actress for her roles in Gone With the Wind (1939) and A ...
leigh-
To lick. Oldest form *leig̑h-, becoming *leigh- in centum languages. 1. electuary, lekvar, lichen, from Greek leikhein, to lick. 2. Zero-grade form *ligh-. a. lick, from Old ...
Leigh-Mallory
/lee"mal"euh ree/, n. Sir Trafford Leigh /traf"euhrd lee/ 1892-1944, British Air Force officer. * * *
Leigh-Mallory, Trafford
▪ British air marshal born July 11, 1892, Mobberley, Cheshire, England   killed in action November 14, 1944, in flight over France  British air marshal who commanded the ...
Leighton
/layt"n/, n. Frederick (Baron Leighton of Stretton), 1830-96, English painter and sculptor. * * *
Leighton, Frederic Leighton, Baron
▪ British painter also called (1886–96)  Sir Frederic Leighton, Baronet   born Dec. 3, 1830, Scarborough, Yorkshire, Eng. died Jan. 25, 1896, London       academic ...
Leighton, Margaret
born Feb. 26, 1922, Barnt Green, near Birmingham, Worcestershire, Eng. died Jan. 13, 1976, Chichester, West Sussex British actress. A member of the Old Vic company, she made ...
Leighton, Robert
▪ Scottish minister born 1611, England, probably in London died June 25, 1684, London       Scottish Presbyterian minister and devotional writer who accepted two ...
leikʷ-
To leave. Derivatives include eclipse, loan, and derelict. 1. Basic form *leikʷ-. eclipse, ellipsis, from Greek leipein, to leave. 2. O-grade form *loikʷ-. a. Suffixed form ...
Leila
/lee"leuh, lay"-/, n. a female given name. * * *
Leino, Eino
▪ Finnish author pseudonym of  Armas Eino Leopold Lönnbohm   born July 6, 1878, Paltamo, Russian Finland died Jan. 10, 1926, Tuusula, Fin.  prolific and versatile poet, a ...
Leinsdorf
/luynz"dawrf/; Ger. /luyns"dawrddf/, n. Erich /er"ik/; Ger. /ay"rddikh/, born 1912, U.S. orchestra conductor, born in Austria. * * *
Leinsdorf, Erich
▪ 1994       Austrian-born U.S. conductor (b. Feb. 4, 1912, Vienna, Austria-Hungary—d. Sept. 11, 1993, Zürich, Switz.), had some of his first successes in opera but ...
Leinsdorf,Erich
Leins·dorf (līnzʹdôrf', līnsʹ-), Erich. 1912-1993. Austrian-born American conductor who led the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra, the New York City Opera Company, and the ...
Leinster
/len"steuhr/, n. a province in the E Republic of Ireland. 1,788,844; 7576 sq. mi. (19,620 sq. km). * * * Province (pop., 2002 prelim.: 2,105,449), eastern Ireland. It covers an ...
Leinster, The Book of
▪ ancient Irish literature Irish  Leabhar Laighneach        compilation of Irish verse and prose from older manuscripts and oral tradition and from 12th- and ...
leiomyoma
—leiomyomatous /luy'oh muy om"euh teuhs, -oh"meuh teuhs/, adj. /luy'oh muy oh"meuh/, n., pl. leiomyomas, leiomyomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a benign tumor composed of ...
Leiopelma
▪ amphibian genus       a genus of small New Zealand frogs (frog) belonging to family Leiopelmatidae (order Anura). There are three known species, and all are 30 to 40 ...
Leiothrix
▪ bird genus       genus of birds of the babbler family Timaliidae (order Passeriformes), with two species: the silver-eared mesia, or silver-ear (L. argentauris), and ...
leip-
To stick, adhere; fat. Derivatives include life and liver1. 1. life, lively, from Old English līf, life (< “continuance”), from Germanic *lībam. 2. a. live1, from Old ...
leipoa
/luy poh"euh/, n. See mallee fowl. [ < NL (1840), the genus name, equiv. to Gk leíp(ein) to leave + oi(ón) egg (see OO-) + NL -a -A2; alluding to the bird's habit of leaving ...
Leipoldt, C. Louis
▪ South African writer in full  Christiaan Frederik Louis Leipoldt   born Dec. 28, 1880, Worcester, Cape Colony [now in South Africa] died April 12, 1947, Cape Town, ...
Leipzig
/luyp"sig, -sik/; Ger. /luyp"tsik/, n. a city in E central Germany. 563,980. Also, Leipsic /luyp"sik/. * * * City (pop., 2002 est.: 493,052), east-central Germany. Situated in ...
Leipzig Zoological Garden
▪ zoo, Leipzig, Germany also called  Leipzig Zoo,  German  Zoologischer Garten Leipzig,         zoological garden in Leipzig, Ger., noted for its carnivore ...
Leipzig, Battle of
or Battle of the Nations (Oct. 16–19, 1813) Decisive defeat for Napoleon at Leipzig, resulting in the destruction of what was left of French power in Germany and ...
Leipzig, University of
State-supported university in Leipzig, Germany, founded in 1409. In the 1500s it was a centre of Reformation thought, and in the 18th and 19th centuries it became one of ...
Leiria
▪ Portugal       town, west-central Portugal. The town is located 70 miles (115 km) north of Lisbon, a few miles inland from the Atlantic Ocean. It originated as the ...
Leiris, Michel
▪ French writer born April 20, 1901, Paris, France died Sept. 30, 1990, Saint-Hilaire       French writer who was a pioneer in modern confessional literature and was ...
leis-
I. leis-1 Track, furrow. 1. O-grade form *lois-. a. last3, from Old English lāst, lǣst, sole, footprint, from Germanic *laist-; b. last2, from Old English lǣstan, to continue, ...
Leisewitz, Johann Anton
▪ German dramatist born May 9, 1752, Hannover, Hanover [Germany] died Sept. 10, 1806, Braunschweig, Brunswick  German dramatist whose most important work, Julius von Tarent ...
leishmania
—leishmanial, leishmanic /leesh man"ik, luysh-/, leishmanioid, adj. /leesh man"ee euh, -may"nee euh, luysh-/, n. any parasitic flagellate protozoan of the genus Leishmania, ...
leishmaniasis
/leesh'meuh nuy"euh sis, luysh'-/, n. Pathol. any infection caused by a protozoan of the genus Leishmania. Also, leishmaniosis /leesh man'ee oh"sis, -may'nee-, luysh-/. Cf. ...
Leisler, Jacob
born 1640, Frankfurt am Main died May 16, 1691, New York, N.Y. German-born colonial insurrectionist. He immigrated to New Netherland (New York) in 1660 and became a wealthy ...
leister
/lee"steuhr/, n. 1. a spearlike implement having three or more prongs, for use in spearing fish. v.t. 2. to spear (fish) with a leister. [1525-35; < ON ljostr salmon-spear, akin ...
leisure
—leisurable, adj. —leisureless, adj. /lee"zheuhr, lezh"euhr/, n. 1. freedom from the demands of work or duty: She looked forward to retirement and a life of leisure. 2. time ...
leisure centre
➡ sport and fitness * * *
leisure home
—leisure-home, adj. a house for use on weekends, vacations, or the like. * * *
leisure suit
a man's casual suit, consisting of trousers and a matching jacket styled like a shirt, often made in pastel colors. [1970-75, Amer.] * * *
leisured
/lee"zheuhrd, lezh"euhrd/, adj. 1. having leisure: the leisured classes. 2. characterized by leisure; leisurely; unhurried: the leisured manner of his walk. [1625-35; LEISURE + ...
leisurely
—leisureliness, leisureness, n. /lee"zheuhr lee, lezh"euhr-/, adj. 1. acting, proceeding, or done without haste; unhurried; deliberate: a leisurely conversation. 2. showing or ...
leisuresuit
leisure suit n. A man's suit for informal wear, consisting of a shirtlike jacket and matching slacks. * * *
leisurewear
/lee"zheuhr wair', lezh"euhr-/, n. casual clothes that are designed for wear during leisure time. Also, leisure wear. [1960-65; LEISURE + WEAR] * * *
leit-
To go forth, die. 1. Suffixed o-grade form *loit-eyo-. a. lead1, from Old English lǣdan, to lead; b. leitmotif, from Old High German leitan, to lead. Both a and b from Germanic ...
Leith
/leeth/, n. a seaport in SE Scotland, on the Firth of Forth: now part of Edinburgh. * * * ▪ port, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom       port of Edinburgh, lying ...
Leith, Emmett Norman
▪ 2006       American scientist (b. March 12, 1927, Detroit, Mich.—d. Dec. 23, 2005, Ann Arbor, Mich.), revolutionized the field of holography by using continuous-wave ...
Leithold, Louis
▪ 2006       American mathematician and teacher (b. Nov. 16, 1924, San Francisco, Calif.—found dead April 29, 2005, Los Angeles, Calif.), authored The Calculus, a ...
leitmotif
/luyt"moh teef'/, n. a motif or theme associated throughout a music drama with a particular person, situation, or idea. [1875-80; < G: leading motive] * * *
leitmotiv
In music, a melodic idea associated with a character or an important dramatic element. It is associated particularly with the operas of Richard Wagner, most of which rely on a ...
Leitrim
Leitrim [lē′trəm] county in Connacht province, in the N part of the Republic of Ireland: 589 sq mi (1,526 sq km); pop. 25,000 * * * ▪ county, Ireland Irish  Liatroim ...
Leix
/layks/, n. Laoighis. * * *
Leixões, Port of
▪ port, Portugal Portuguese  Porto De Leixões,         principal port serving the city of Porto and northern Portugal. It is an artificial harbour on the Atlantic ...
Leizhou
/lay"joh"/, n. Pinyin. a peninsula of SW Guangdong province, in SE China, between the South China Sea and the Gulf of Tonkin. ab. 75 mi. (120 km) long; ab. 30 mi. (48 km) ...
Leizhou Peninsula
or Lei-chou Peninsula conventional Luichow Peninsula Peninsula off the southwestern coast of Guangdong province, southeastern China. Separated from Hainan Island by the Hainan ...
LeizhouPeninsula
Lei·zhou Peninsula (lāʹjōʹ) also Lui·chow Peninsula (lwēʹjōʹ) A peninsula of southern China between the Gulf of Tonkin and the South China Sea. A narrow strait ...
Lejeune
/leuh joohn", -zhuen"/, n. John Archer /ahr"cheuhr/, 1867-1942, U.S. Marine Corps general. * * *
Lejeune, Jerome-Jean-Louis-Marie
▪ 1995       French geneticist (b. June 13, 1926, Montrouge, France—d. April 3, 1994, Paris, France), identified (1959) the human chromosomal abnormality linked to ...
Lejeune, Louis-François, Baron
▪ French general and lithographer born February 3, 1775, probably at Strasbourg, France died February 29, 1848, Toulouse  military general, painter, and lithographer who was ...
lek
lek1 /lek/, n., v. lekked, lekking. Animal Behav. n. 1. a traditional place where males assemble during the mating season and engage in competitive displays that attract ...
Lek
/lek/, n. a river in the central Netherlands, flowing W to the Meuse River; the N branch of the lower Rhine. 40 mi. (64 km) long. * * * ▪ biology       in animal ...
Lekain
▪ French actor original name Henri-louis Cain born March 31, 1729, Paris died Feb. 8, 1778, Paris  French actor whom Voltaire regarded as the greatest tragedian of his ...
Lekhitic languages
also spelled  Lechitic         group of West Slavic languages composed of Polish (Polish language), Kashubian and its archaic variant Slovincian, and the extinct ...
lekvar
/lek"vahr/, n. Hungarian Cookery. a soft, jamlike spread made of sweetened prunes or apricots. [1955-60; < Hungarian lekvár jam, marmalade < Slovak, by-form of Czech lektvar ...
lekythos
/lek"euh thos'/, n., pl. lekythoi /-thoy'/. Gk. and Rom. Antiq. an oil jar having an ellipsoidal body, narrow neck, flanged mouth, curved handle extending from below the lip to ...
lekythus
/lek"euh theuhs/, n., pl. lekythi /-thuy'/. lekythos. * * *
Lela
/lee"leuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Leland
/lee"leuhnd/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Cronkite Walter Leland Jr. Hartwell Leland H. Leland Henry Martyn Stanford Amasa Leland * * *
Leland, Charles Godfrey
▪ American author born Aug. 15, 1824, Philadelphia died March 20, 1903, Florence  American poet and writer of miscellany, best-known for the “Hans Breitmann Ballads,” ...
Leland, Henry Martyn
born Feb. 16, 1843, Danville, Vt., U.S. died March 26, 1932, Detroit, Mich. U.S. engineer and manufacturer. Trained as a machinist, he founded Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing ...
Leland, John
▪ English antiquarian Leland also spelled  Leyland  born c. 1506, London died April 18, 1552, London       chaplain and librarian to King Henry VIII. He was the ...
Lelantine War
▪ Greek history       conflict arising during the late 8th century BC from colonial disputes and trade rivalry between the Greek cities of Chalcis and ...
Lelewel, Joachim
▪ Polish historian born March 22, 1786, Warsaw died May 29, 1861, Paris       prominent Polish historian, regarded as one of the founders of modern Polish historical ...
Leloir
/leuh lwahr"/; Sp. /le lwahrdd"/, n. Luis Federico /lwees fe'dhe rddee"kaw/, born 1906, Argentine biochemist, born in France: Nobel prize for chemistry 1970. * * *
Leloir, Luis Federico
▪ Argentine biochemist born Sept. 6, 1906, Paris, France died Dec. 2, 1987, Buenos Aires, Arg.       Argentine biochemist who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1970 ...
Lelouch, Claude
▪ French director born Oct. 30, 1937, Paris       motion-picture director, noted chiefly for his lush visual style, who achieved prominence in 1966 with his film Un ...
Lely
/lee"lee/; Du. /lay"lee/, n. Sir Peter /pee"teuhr/; Du. /pay"teuhrdd/, (Pieter van der Faes), 1618-80, Dutch painter in England. * * *
Lely, Sir Peter
▪ Dutch painter original name  Pieter van der Faes   born Sept. 14, 1618, Soest, Westphalia [Germany] died Dec. 7, 1680, London, Eng.       Baroque portrait painter ...
Lelystad
▪ The Netherlands       gemeente (municipality), north-central Netherlands (Netherlands, The), on the IJsselmeer (Lake IJssel). After the East Flevoland Polder was ...
Lelyveld, Arthur
▪ 1997       U.S. rabbi and Reform Judaism leader whose social activism embraced support for recognition of Israel two years before that country's birth, the fostering ...
LEM
/lem/, n., pl. LEMs, LEM's. lunar excursion module. * * *
Lem, Stanislaw
▪ 2007       Polish science-fiction author (b. Sept. 12, 1921, Lwow, Pol. [now Lviv, Ukraine]—d. March 27, 2006, Krakow, Pol.), wrote both traditional science fiction ...
Lem, Stanisław
▪ Polish author born September 12, 1921, Lwów, Poland [now Lviv, Ukraine] died March 27, 2006, Kraków, Poland       Polish author of science fiction that veers ...
Lemaire de Belges, Jean
▪ Belgian poet born c. 1473, Bavai, Hainaut [now in Belgium] died c. 1525       Walloon poet, historian, and pamphleteer who, writing in French, was the last and one of ...
Lemaître
/leuh me"trddeu/, n. 1. Francois Élie Jules /frddahonn swann" ay lee" zhyuul/, 1835-1915, French critic and dramatist. 2. Abbé Georges Édouard Fr. /zhawrddzh ay dwannrdd"/, ...
Lemaître, Georges
born July 17, 1894, Charleroi, Belg. died June 20, 1966, Louvain Belgian astronomer and cosmologist. He served in the Belgian army during World War I, then entered a seminary ...
Lemaître, Jules
▪ French critic and dramatist born April 27, 1853, Vennecy, Fr. died Aug. 4, 1914, Tavers       French critic, storyteller, and dramatist, now remembered for his ...
Lemaître,Georges Henri
Le·maî·tre (lə-mĕtʹrə), Georges Henri or Édouard 1894-1966. Belgian astrophysicist who proposed the big bang theory of the origin of the universe (1927). * * *
leman
/lem"euhn, lee"meuhn/, n. Archaic. 1. a sweetheart; lover; beloved. 2. a mistress. [1175-1225; ME lemman, earlier leofman. See LIEF, MAN1] * * *
Leman
/lee"meuhn/, n. Lake. See Geneva, Lake of. * * *
Leman,Lake
Le·man (lēʹmən, lə-măɴʹ), Lake See Lake Geneva. * * *
LeMans
Le Mans (lə mäɴʹ) A city of northwest France west-southwest of Paris. Settled in pre-Roman times, it is famous for its annual (since 1906) 24-hour sports car races. ...
Lemarque, Francis
▪ 2003 Nathan Korb        French singer and songwriter (b. Nov. 25, 1917, Paris, France—d. April 20, 2002, La Varenne-Saint-Hilaire, France), during a nearly 70-year ...
Lemass
/leuh mas"/, n. Seán Francis /shawn/, 1899-1971, prime minister of Ireland 1959-66. * * *
Lemass, Sean F
▪ prime minister of Ireland born July 15, 1899, Dublin died May 11, 1971, Dublin       Irish patriot, politician, and prime minister from 1959 to 1966.       As ...
LeMay
/leuh may"/, n. Curtis (Emerson), 1906-90, U.S. Air Force officer: chief of the Strategic Air Command 1948-61; Chief of Staff of the Air Force 1961-65. * * *
LeMay, Curtis E
▪ United States general born Nov. 15, 1906, Columbus, Ohio, U.S. died Oct. 1, 1990, March Air Force Base, Calif.       U.S. Air Force officer whose expertise in ...
LeMay, Curtis E(merson)
born Nov. 15, 1906, Columbus, Ohio, U.S. died Oct. 1, 1990, March Air Force Base, Calif. U.S. Air Force officer. He joined the Army Air Corps in 1928. In World War II he ...
Lemberg
/lem"berddk'/; Eng. /lem"berrg/, n. German name of Lvov. * * *
Lemercier, Jacques
▪ French architect Lemercier also spelled  Le Mercier   born 1585, Pontoise, France died June 4, 1654, Paris       French architect who, along with François Mansart ...
Lemercier, Népomucène
▪ French author born April 21, 1771, Paris, Fr. died June 7, 1840, Paris       poet and dramatist, a late proponent of classical tragedy over Romanticism, and the ...
Lemessus
/leuh mes"euhs/, n. ancient name of Limassol. * * *
Lemieux, Mario
born Oct. 5, 1965, Montreal, Que., Can. Canadian ice-hockey player. In 1984 he made his professional debut as a member of the Pittsburgh Penguins and quickly became one of the ...
Lemieux,Mario
Le·mieux (lə-myo͞oʹ, -myœʹ), Mario. Born 1965. Canadian hockey player. A center for the Pittsburgh Penguins (1984-1997), he led his team to two consecutive Stanley Cup ...
lemma
lemma1 /lem"euh/, n., pl. lemmas, lemmata /lem"euh teuh/. 1. a subsidiary proposition introduced in proving some other proposition; a helping theorem. 2. an argument, theme, or ...
lemmatize
—lemmatization, n. /lem"euh tuyz'/, v.t., lemmatized, lemmatizing. to sort (the words in a list or text) in order to determine the headword, under which other words are then ...
lemme
/lem"ee/, Pron. Spelling. let me. [reduced form] * * *
lemming
/lem"ing/, n. any of various small, mouselike rodents of the genera Lemmus, Myopus, and Dicrostonyx, of far northern regions, as L. lemmus, of Norway, Sweden, etc., noted for ...
Lemming, Eric
▪ Swedish athlete in full  Eric Otto Valdemar Lemming,  Eric also spelled  Erik   born Feb. 22, 1880, Göteborg, Sweden died June 5, 1930, Göteborg  Swedish ...
Lemminkäinen
/lem"in kai'nen/, n. (in the Kalevala) a young, jovial hero who has many adventures in which he is sometimes helped by his mother. * * *
Lemmon
(1925–2001) a US actor, mainly in comic roles. His best-known films include Some Like It Hot (1959), The Apartment (1960), The Days of Wine and Roses (1962) and The Odd Couple ...
Lemmon, Jack
orig. John Uhler Lemmon III born Feb. 8, 1925, Boston, Mass., U.S. died June 27, 2001, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. actor. He attended Harvard University and acted in radio and ...
lemniscate
/lem nis"kit, lem"nis kayt', -kit/, n. Analyt. Geom. a plane curve generated by the locus of the point at which a variable tangent to a rectangular hyperbola intersects a ...
lemniscus
/lem nis"keuhs/, n., pl. lemnisci /-nis"uy, -nis"kee/. Anat. a band of fibers, esp. of white nerve fibers in the brain. Also called fillet, laqueus. [1840-50; < NL, special use ...
Lemnitzer
/lem"nit seuhr/, n. Lyman Louis /luy"meuhn/, 1899-1988, U.S. army officer; chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff 1960-63; supreme allied commander NATO 1963-69. * * *
Lemnitzer, Lyman (Louis)
▪ United States general born Aug. 29, 1899, Honesdale, Pa., U.S. died Nov. 12, 1988, Washington, D.C.  U.S. Army general, commander of the United Nations forces in the Korean ...
Lemnos
—Lemnian /lem"nee euhn/, adj., n. /lem"nos, -nohs/; Gk. /leem"naws/, n. a Greek island in the NE Aegean. 20,000; 186 sq. mi. (480 sq. km). Cap.: Kastro. * * * ▪ island, ...
lemon
—lemonish, adj. —lemonlike, lemony, adj. /lem"euhn/, n. 1. the yellowish, acid fruit of a subtropical citrus tree, Citrus limon. 2. the tree itself. 3. See lemon yellow. 4. ...
lemon balm
lemon balm n. a perennial mint (Melissa officinalis) with white or yellowish flowers and aromatic leaves: used in flavoring food, liqueurs, and medicines * * *
lemon balm.
See under balm (def. 5). [1885-90] * * *
lemon butter
☆ lemon butter n. 1. a spread made of butter flavored with lemon 2. a sauce of melted butter, lemon juice, and seasoning, used on fish, vegetables, etc.: also lemon butter ...
lemon drop
a lemon-flavored lozenge. [1800-10] * * *
lemon geranium
a garden geranium, Pelargonium crispum, having lemon-scented leaves. * * *
lemon grass
any of several lemon-scented grasses of the genus Cymbopogon, esp. C. citratus, of tropical regions, yielding lemon-grass oil. [1830-40] * * *
Lemon Grove
a town in SW California, near San Diego. 20,780. * * *
lemon kali
/kal"ee, kay"lee/, Brit. an artificially flavored carbonated lemon drink; lemon soda pop. [1855-60; kali, obs. for kalium; see ALKALI] * * *
lemon law
a law that requires manufacturers to replace, repair, or refund the cost of automobiles that prove to be defective. [1980-85] * * *
lemon mint
a plant, Mentha piperita, of the central U.S., having white or pinkish flowers and lemon-scented leaves when crushed. * * *
lemon oil
a fragrant yellow essential oil obtained from the rinds of lemons or manufactured synthetically, used as a flavoring and in perfumery, furniture polishes, etc. [1895-1900] * * *
lemon shark
a common shallow-water shark, Negaprion brevirostris, having a yellowish body and inhabiting inshore regions of the Atlantic from North Carolina to Brazil. * * ...
lemon sole
any of various popular food flatfishes, as Parophrys vetulus of the Pacific (English sole) and Pseudopleuronectes americanus of the Atlantic (winter flounder or blackback ...
lemon squash
Brit. lemon soda; a soft drink of lemon juice and soda water. [1875-80] * * *
lemon verbena
a plant, Aloysia triphylla, having long, slender leaves with a lemonlike fragrance. Also called citronalis. [1865-70] * * * ▪ plant       (Aloysia citriodora or Lippia ...
lemon vine.
See Barbados gooseberry (def. 1). * * *
lemon yellow
—lemon-yellow, adj. a clear, yellowish-green color. [1800-10] * * *
Lemon, Robert Granville
▪ 2001 “Bob”        American baseball player (b. Sept. 22, 1920, San Bernardino, Calif.—d. Jan. 11, 2000, Long Beach, Calif.), was one of the most successful ...
lemon-grass oil
/lem"euhn gras', -grahs'/ a yellowish to brownish oil distilled from the leaves of certain lemon grasses, esp. Cymbopogon citratus, used chiefly in perfumery. [1885-90] * * *
lemon-yellow
See lemon yellow. * * *
lemonade
/lem'euh nayd", lem"euh nayd'/, n. a beverage consisting of lemon juice, sweetener, and water, sometimes carbonated. [1655-65; LEMON + -ADE1, modeled on F limonade or Sp ...
lemonade berry
a sumac, Rhus integrifolia, of southern California, having hairy, dark-red fruits used to make a beverage resembling lemonade. Also called lemonade sumac, sourberry. [1905-10, ...
lemonadeberry
lemonade berry n. An evergreen shrub or tree (Rhus integrifolia) native to southern California and Baja California, having opposite leaves, dark red fruit, and white flowers ...
lemonbalm
lemon balm n. See balm. * * *
LeMond, Greg
▪ American athlete in full  Gregory James LeMond  born June 26, 1961, Lakewood, California, U.S.       American bicycle racer who was the first non-European rider to ...
LeMond,Gregory James
Le·Mond (lə-mŏndʹ), Gregory James. Known as “Greg.” Born 1961. American cyclist who won the Tour de France three times (1986, 1989, 1990), the only non-European ever to ...
lemondrop
lemon drop n. A small, hard, lemon-flavored candy. * * *
lemonfish
/lem"euhn fish'/, n., pl. lemonfishes, (esp. collectively) lemonfish. Southern U.S. the cobia. [LEMON + FISH] * * *
lemongrass
lem·on·grass also lemon grass (lĕmʹən-grăs') n. A tropical grass (Cymbopogon citratus) native to southern India and Sri Lanka, yielding an aromatic oil used as flavoring ...
lemonlaw
lemon law n. A law obligating manufacturers or sellers to repair, replace, or refund the price of motor vehicles that prove to be defective. * * *
Lemonnier, Camille
▪ Belgian writer in full  Antoine-Louis-Camille Lemonnier  born March 24, 1844, Ixelles, near Brussels, Belg. died June 13, 1913, Ixelles       novelist, short-story ...
lemonstick
lemon stick n. Baltimore A lemon half garnished with a peppermint stick through which the lemon juice is sucked: “Who but a Baltimorean would know how to eat a lemon stick?” ...
lemonverbena
lemon verbena n. An aromatic shrub (Aloysia triphylla) native to Argentina and Chile, cultivated for its fragrant foliage and flowers. * * *
lemonwood
/lem"euhn wood'/, n. 1. a tropical American tree, Calycophyllum candidissimum, of the madder family, having flowers with conspicuous white calyx lobes. 2. the hard, tough wood of ...
lemony
See lemon. * * *
lemonyellow
lemon yellow n. A moderate to brilliant vivid yellow.   lemʹon-yelʹlow (lĕmʹən-yĕlʹō) adj. * * *
Lemoyne, Jean-Baptiste
▪ French sculptor born Feb. 15, 1704, Paris, Fr. died May 25, 1778, Paris       French sculptor chiefly important for his portrait busts.       The pupil of his ...
Lempa
/lem"pah/, n. a river rising in NW El Salvador, flowing E and then S to the Pacific Ocean. ab. 200 mi. (320 km) long. * * *
Lempa River
▪ river, Central America Spanish  Río Lempa,         river in Central America. It rises in Guatemala near Esquipulas, crosses a corner of Honduras, and enters El ...
Lemper, Ute
▪ 1998       With the release in 1997 of the recording Berlin Cabaret Songs, Ute Lemper confirmed her standing as the foremost modern interpreter of the music of 1920s ...
Lempert operation
/lem"peuhrt/, Surg. fenestration (def. 3c). [after Julius Lempert (1890-1968), U.S. otologist, who devised it] * * *
lempira
/lem pear"euh/, n. a paper money and monetary unit of Honduras, equal to 100 centavos. Abbr.: L. [1930-35; < AmerSp, after Lempira, Indian chief] * * *
Lemuel
/lem"yooh euhl/, n. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "devoted to God." * * *
lemur
—lemurlike, adj. /lee"meuhr/, n. any of various small, arboreal, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the family Lemuridae, of Madagascar and the Comoro Islands, esp. of the genus ...
Lemuralia
/lem'yeuh ray"lee euh, -rayl"yeuh/, n. (sometimes used with a pl. v.) the annual festival in ancient Rome in which the lemures were exorcised from houses. Also, Lemuria /le ...
lemures
/lem"yeuh reez'/; Lat. /lem"oo rddes'/, n.pl. Rom. Relig. the ghosts of the dead of a family, considered as troublesome unless exorcised or propitiated; larvae. [1545-55; < L; ...
lemuroid
/lem"yeuh royd'/, adj. 1. lemurlike; of the lemur kind. n. 2. a lemur. [1870-75; < NL Lemuroidea. See LEMUR, -OID] * * *
Len
/len/, n. a male given name, form of Leonard. * * *
Len Deighton
➡ Deighton * * *
Lena
/lee"neuh/; Russ. /lye"neuh/, n. 1. a river in the Russian Federation in Asia, flowing NE from Lake Baikal through the Yakutsk Republic into the Laptev Sea. 2800 mi. (4500 km) ...
Lena River
River, east-central Russia, one of the longest rivers in the world. From its source in a Siberian mountain lake west of Lake Baikal, it flows 2,734 mi (4,400 km) north across ...
Lenaea
/leuh nee"euh/, n. (sometimes used with a pl. v.) a festival in ancient Athens in honor of Dionysus, celebrated at the beginning of February and comprising a public banquet ...
Lenape
/len"euh pee, leuh nah"pee/, n., pl. Lenapes, (esp. collectively) Lenape. Delaware (defs. 5, 6). Also called Lenni Lenape. [1720-30, Amer.; < Unami Delaware laná·p·e (equiv. ...
Lenard
/lay"nahrddt/; Eng. /lay"nahrd/, n. Philipp /fee"lip/, 1862-1947, German physicist, born in Czechoslovakia: Nobel prize 1905. * * *
Lenard tube
Electronics. an early cathode-ray tube having at the end opposite the cathode a window of thin glass or metal allowing cathode rays (Lenard rays) to pass out into the ...
Lenard, Philipp
▪ German physicist in full  Philipp Eduard Anton Lenard  born June 7, 1862, Pressburg, Hung. [now Bratislava, Slovakia] died May 20, 1947, Messelhausen, Ger.  German ...
Lenart, Jozef
▪ 2005       Czechoslovak politician (b. April 3, 1923, Liptovska Porubka, Czechoslovakia [now in Slovakia]—d. Feb. 11, 2004, Prague, Czech Rep.), through a studied ...
Lenau, Nikolaus
▪ German poet pseudonym of  Nikolaus Franz Niembsch, Lord (edler) von Strehlenau  born Aug. 13, 1802, Csatád, Hung. died Aug. 22, 1850, Oberdöbling, near Vienna, ...
Lenbach, Franz von
▪ German painter born December 13, 1836, Schrobenhausen, Bavaria [Germany] died May 6, 1904, Munich, Germany       painter whose powerful characterizations made him the ...
Lenca
/leng"keuh/, n., pl. Lencas, (esp. collectively) Lenca. 1. a member of an Indian people of El Salvador and central Honduras. 2. the language of the Lenca. * * * ▪ ...
Lenclos
/lahonn kloh"/, n. Anne /ahn, annn/, (Ninon de Lenclos), 1620-1705?, French courtesan and wit. * * *
Lenclos, Ninon de
▪ French courtesan byname of  Anne De Lenclos, Lenclos  also spelled  Lanclos  born 1620, Paris, Fr. died Oct. 17, 1705, Paris       celebrated French ...
lend
—lender, n. /lend/, v., lent, lending. v.t. 1. to grant the use of (something) on condition that it or its equivalent will be returned. 2. to give (money) on condition that it ...
lend-lease
/lend"lees"/, n., v., lend-leased, lend-leasing. n. 1. the matériel and services supplied by the U.S. to its allies during World War II under an act of Congress (Lend-Lease Act) ...
lendable
/len"deuh beuhl/, adj. reserved or at hand for purposes of lending: lendable stock; lendable money. [1605-15; LEND + -ABLE] * * *
lender
See lend. * * *
lendh-
Open land. a. land; island, from Old English land, land; b. bilander, landscape, uitlander, from Middle Dutch land, land; c. auslander, geländesprung>>, hinterland, landsleit, ...
lending library
1. Also called circulating library, rental library. a small library that is maintained by a commercial establishment, as a drugstore, and is composed largely of current books ...
lending section
➡ libraries * * *
lendinglibrary
lend·ing library (lĕnʹdĭng) n. A library from which books may be borrowed or rented for a minimal fee. Also called circulating library. * * *
Lendl,Ivan
Lendl (lĕnʹdl), Ivan. Born 1960. Czechoslovakian-born tennis player who was the number one ranked male player in the world four times (1985-1987 and 1989). * * *
Lenexa
/leuh nek"seuh/, n. a city in NE Kansas. 18,639. * * *
Lenghu
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Leng-hu        town, northwestern Qinghai (Tsinghai) sheng (province), western China. It is situated in the northwestern part of the ...
Lenglen
/leng"gleuhn, -leuhn/; Fr. /lahonn glen"/, n. Suzanne /sooh zan"/; Fr. /syuu zannn"/, 1899-1938, French tennis player. * * *
Lenglen, Suzanne
▪ French tennis player born May 24, 1899, Compiègne, France died July 4, 1938, Paris  French tennis player and six-time Wimbledon (Wimbledon Championships) champion in both ...
length
/lengkth, length, lenth/, n. 1. the longest extent of anything as measured from end to end: the length of a river. 2. the measure of the greatest dimension of a plane or solid ...
length between perpendiculars
Naut. the length of a hull between the forward and after perpendicular. Cf. perpendicular (def. 11). * * *
length of a curve
Geometrical concept addressed by integral calculus. Methods for calculating exact lengths of line segments and arcs of circles have been known since ancient times. Analytic ...
length over all
Naut. the entire length of a vessel, measured from the foremost point of the bow to the aftermost point of the stern. * * *
length, area, and volume
Dimensional measures of one-, two-, and three-dimensional geometric objects. All three are magnitudes, representing the "size" of an object. Length is the size of a line segment ...
lengthcontraction
length contraction n. See Lorentz-FitzGerald contraction. * * *
lengthen
—lengthener, n. /lengk"theuhn, leng"-, len"-/, v.t. 1. to make longer; make greater in length. v.i. 2. to become greater in length; grow long or longer. [1490-1500; LENGTH + ...
lengthener
See lengthen. * * *
lengthily
See lengthy. * * *
lengthiness
See lengthily. * * *
lengthways
/lengkth"wayz', length"-, lenth"-/, adv., adj. lengthwise. [1590-1600; LENGTH + -WAYS] * * *
lengthwise
/lengkth"wuyz', length"-, lenth"-/, adv., adj. in the direction of the length. [1570-80; LENGTH + -WISE] * * *
lengthy
—lengthily, adv. —lengthiness, n. /lengk"thee, leng"-, len"-/, adj., lengthier, lengthiest. 1. having or being of great length; very long: a lengthy journey. 2. tediously ...
Lengua
/leng"gweuh/, n. 1. a member of a group of Indian peoples living in the Gran Chaco area of Paraguay. 2. any of several languages spoken by these peoples. [1820-25; < Sp; lit., ...
Leni-Lenape
Leni-Lenape [len΄ē len′ə pē΄] n. var. of LENAPE * * *
lenience
le·ni·ence (lēʹnē-əns, lēnʹyəns) n. Leniency. * * *
leniency
/lee"nee euhn see, leen"yeuhn-/, n., pl. leniencies. 1. the quality or state of being lenient. 2. a lenient act. Also, lenience. [1770-80; LENI(ENT) + -ENCY] * * *
lenient
—leniently, adv. /lee"nee euhnt, leen"yeuhnt/, adj. 1. agreeably tolerant; permissive; indulgent: He tended to be lenient toward the children. More lenient laws encouraged ...
leniently
See lenient. * * *
Lenihan, Brian Joseph
▪ 1996       Irish politician (b. Nov. 17, 1930, Dundalk, County Louth, Ireland—d. Nov. 1, 1995, Dublin, Ireland), was a leading member of the Fianna Fail party for ...
LeniLenape
Len·i Len·a·pe (lĕn'ē lĕnʹə-pē) n. Variant of Lenni Lenape. * * *
Lenin
/len"in/; Russ. /lye"nyin/, n. V(ladimir) I(lyich) /vlad"euh mear' il"yich/; Russ. /vlu dyee"myirdd ee lyeech"/, (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) ("N. Lenin"), 1870-1924, Russian ...
Lenin Peak
a peak in the Trans Alai range, in central Asia, between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. 23,382 ft. (7127 m). Formerly, Kaufmann Peak. * * * ▪ mountain, Central Asia Kyrgyz ...
Lenin's Testament
▪ document by Lenin formally  Letter to the Congress , Russian  Pismo K Syezdu        two-part document dictated by Vladimir I. Lenin on Dec. 23–26, 1922, and ...
Lenin, Order of
▪ Soviet award       highest civilian award of the U.S.S.R. It was established in 1930 by the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union and awarded to individuals, ...
Lenin, Vladimir (Ilich)
orig. Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov born April 22, 1870, Simbirsk, Russia died Jan. 21, 1924, Gorki, near Moscow Founder of the Russian Communist Party, leader of the Russian ...
Lenin, Vladimir Ilich
▪ prime minister of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Introduction original name  Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov  born April 10 [April 22, New Style], 1870, Simbirsk, Russia died ...
Lenin,Vladimir Ilich
Le·nin (lĕnʹĭn), Vladimir Ilich. 1870-1924. Russian founder of the Bolsheviks, leader of the Russian Revolution (1917), and first head of the USSR (1917-1924). As a ...
Leninabad
/len"i neuh bahd'/; Russ. /lyi nyi nu baht"/, n. former (1936-91) name of Khodzhent. * * *
Leninakan
/len'i neuh kahn"/; Russ. /lyi nyi nu kahn"/, n. former name of Gumri. * * *
Leningrad
/len"in grad'/; Russ. /lyi nyin grddaht"/, n. a former name (1924-91) of St. Petersburg (def. 1) * * * ▪ oblast, Russia  oblast (province), northwestern Russia. It comprises ...
Leningrad Affair
▪ Soviet history       (1948–50), in the history of the Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), a sudden and sweeping purge of Communist Party and ...
Leningrad, Siege of
(Sept. 8, 1941–Jan. 27, 1944) Prolonged siege of the city of Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) by German forces in World War II. German forces invaded the Soviet Union in June ...


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