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Leninism
/len"euh niz'euhm/, n. the form of Communism as taught by Lenin, with emphasis on the dictatorship of the proletariat. [1915-20; LENIN + -ISM] * * * Principles expounded by ...
Leninist
/len"euh nist/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Lenin or to Leninism. n. 2. an advocate or supporter of Lenin or Leninism. Also, Leninite /len"euh nuyt'/. [1915-20; LENIN + -IST] * * ...
Leninite
See Leninist. * * *
Leninogorsk
▪ Kazakstan Kazak  Lenīnogor , formerly (until 1941)  Ridder        city, northeastern Kazakhstan. The city is situated in the southwestern Altai Mountains along ...
LeninPeak
Lenin Peak A mountain, 7,138.5 m (23,405 ft) high, in the Trans Alai on the Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan border. It is the highest peak in the range. * * *
Leninsk-Kuznetski
/len"insk kooz nets"kee/; Russ. /lye"nyinsk kooh znyets"kyee/, n. a city in the S Russian Federation in Asia. 132,000. Also, Leninsk-Kuznetskiy. * * *
Leninsk-Kuznetsky
▪ Russia formerly  (until 1925) Kolchugino        city, in Kemerovo oblast (region), central Russia. It lies along the Inya River, a tributary of the Ob. In 1912 a ...
lenis
/lee"nis, lay"-/, adj., n., pl. lenes /lee"neez, lay"-/. Phonet. adj. 1. pronounced with relatively weak muscular tension and breath pressure, resulting in weak sound effect: in ...
lenite
le·nite (lə-nītʹ) v. le·nit·ed, le·nit·ing, le·nites v. intr. To undergo an increase in sonority or become lenis. Said of consonant sounds, as when (p) changes to (b), ...
lenitic
/li nit"ik/, adj. lentic. [1915-20; lenit- (as in LENITION, LENITIVE, etc.) + -IC] * * *
lenition
/li nish"euhn/, n. 1. Phonet. a phonological process that weakens consonant articulation at the ends of syllables or between vowels, causing the consonant to become voiced, ...
lenitive
—lenitively, adv. —lenitiveness, n. /len"i tiv/, adj. 1. softening, soothing, or mitigating, as medicines or applications. 2. mildly laxative. n. 3. a lenitive medicine or ...
lenitively
See lenitive. * * *
lenity
/len"i tee/, n., pl. lenities. 1. the quality or state of being mild or gentle, as toward others. 2. a lenient act. [1540-50; < L lenitas. See LENIS, -TY2] * * *
Lennep, Emile van
▪ 1997       Dutch public official who was secretary-general of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1969-84, and helped build its effectiveness ...
Lennep, Jacob van
▪ Dutch writer born March 24, 1802, Amsterdam, Neth. died Aug. 25, 1868, Oosterbeek  Dutch novelist, poet, and leading man of letters in the mid-19th ...
Lenngren, Anna Maria
▪ Swedish poet née  Malmstedt   born June 18, 1754, Uppsala, Sweden died March 8, 1817, Stockholm       Swedish poet whose Neoclassical satires and pastoral idylls ...
Lenni Lenape
/len"ee/ Delaware (defs. 5, 6). Also called Lenape. * * *
LenniLenape
Len·ni Len·a·pe or Len·i Len·a·pe (lĕn'ē lĕnʹə-pē) n. See Delaware1. * * *
Lennoaceae
▪ plant family       the sand food family, very close to, or possibly embedded in, the family Boraginaceae, composed of two genera and four species of curious, parasitic ...
Lennon
(1940–80) an English singer and guitar player with The Beatles pop group, who with Paul McCartney wrote most of the group’s songs. After the group broke up in 1970 Lennon ...
Lennon, John
▪ British musician in full  John Winston Ono Lennon  born Oct. 9, 1940, Liverpool, Eng. died Dec. 8, 1980, New York, N.Y., U.S.  leader or coleader of British rock group ...
Lennon, John (Winston)
born Oct. 9, 1940, Liverpool, Merseyside, Eng. died Dec. 8, 1980, New York, N.Y., U.S. British singer and songwriter. He wanted to be a sailor like his father but became a ...
Lennon,John
Len·non (lĕnʹən), John. 1940-1980. British musician and composer who was a member of the Beatles. With Paul McCartney he wrote many of the group's songs, including “I Want ...
Lennox
/len"euhks/, n. a town in SW California, near Los Angeles. 18,445. * * *
Lennox Berkeley
➡ Berkeley (III) * * *
Lennox Lewis
➡ Lewis (V) * * *
Lennox, Charlotte
▪ British author née  Charlotte Ramsay  born 1729/30, probably Gibraltar died Jan. 4, 1804, London, Eng.  English novelist whose work, especially The Female Quixote, was ...
Lennox, Margaret Douglas, Countess of
▪ English noble born , Oct. 8, 1515, Harbottle Castle, Northumberland, Eng. died March 7, 1578       prominent intriguer in England during the early reign of Queen ...
Lenny
/len"ee/, n. a male given name, form of Leonard. Also, Lennie. * * *
Lenny Bruce
➡ Bruce (I) * * *
Lenny Henry
➡ Henry (II) * * *
leno
/lee"noh/, n., pl. lenos, adj. n. 1. Also called leno weave, gauze weave. a weave structure in which paired warp yarns are intertwined in a series of figure eights and filling ...
Leno, Dan
▪ British entertainer original name  George Galvin   born Dec. 20, 1860, London, Eng. died Oct. 31, 1904, London       popular English entertainer who is considered ...
Leno, Jay
▪ 2009 James Douglas Muir Leno  born April 28, 1950, New Rochelle, N.Y.       In 2008 American comedian Jay Leno continued to rule as the king of late-night television ...
Lenoir
/leuh nwannrdd"/ for 1; /leuh nawr", -nohr"/ for 2, n. 1. Jean Joseph Étienne /zhahonn zhoh zef" ay tyen"/, 1822-1900, French inventor. 2. a town in W North Carolina. 13,748. * ...
Lenoir, Étienne
▪ Belgian inventor born Jan. 12, 1822, Mussy-la-Ville, Belg. died Aug. 4, 1900, La Varenne-Saint-Hilaire, Fr.       Belgian inventor who devised the first commercially ...
Lenore
/leuh nawr", -nohr"/, n. a female given name, form of Eleanor. Also, Lenora /leuh nawr"euh, -nohr"euh/. * * *
Lenormand, Henri-René
▪ French dramatist born May 3, 1882, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 16, 1951, Paris       French dramatist, the most important of those playwrights concerned with subconscious ...
Lenormand, Louis-Sebastien
▪ French aeronaut born 1757, France died 1839, France       French aeronaut, generally recognized as the first person to make a parachute descent. He was not the ...
Lenormant, François
▪ French Assyriologist born Jan. 17, 1837, Paris, Fr. died Dec. 9, 1883, Paris       French Assyriologist and numismatist who recognized, from cuneiform inscriptions, a ...
Lenôtre
/leuh noh"trddeu/, n. André /ahonn drdday"/, 1613-1700, French architect and landscape designer. * * *
Lenox
/len"euhks/, n. a town in W Massachusetts, in the Berkshire Hills: a former estate (Tanglewood) in the area is the site of annual summer music festivals. 6523. * * * ▪ ...
Lenox, James
▪ American philanthropist and book collector born Aug. 19, 1800, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 17, 1880, New York City       American philanthropist and pioneer book ...
lens
—lensless, adj. —lenslike, adj. /lenz/, n., pl. lenses, v. n. 1. a piece of transparent substance, usually glass, having two opposite surfaces either both curved or one ...
lens dislocation
▪ physiology       abnormal position of the crystalline lens of the eye (eye, human). The dislocation, which may be congenital, developmental, or acquired (typically ...
lens turret
Photog. a rotating device on a camera for bringing any of several lenses in front of the shutter. [1950-55] * * *
lensboard
/lenz"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. Photog. the usually removable front panel of a view camera or enlarger on which the lens is mounted. Also, lens board. [1890-95; LENS + BOARD] * * *
lensed
See lens. * * *
lensman
/lenz"meuhn/, n., pl. lensmen. Informal. a photographer. [1950-55; LENS + -MAN] * * *
lent
/lent/, v. pt. and pp. of lend. * * * In the Christian church, a period of penitential preparation for Easter, observed since apostolic times. Western churches once provided ...
Lent
/lent/, n. (in the Christian religion) an annual season of fasting and penitence in preparation for Easter, beginning on Ash Wednesday and lasting 40 weekdays to Easter, observed ...
lentamente
/len'teuh men"tay/; It. /len'tah men"te/, adv. Music. slowly. [1755-65; < It, equiv. to lenta- (see LENTO) + -mente adv. suffix < L: abl. of mens mind, purpose, intention (see ...
lentando
/len tahn"doh/; It. /len tahn"daw/, adj. Music. becoming slower. [1850-55; < It, prp. of lentare to make slow; see LENTO] * * *
Lenten
/len"tn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or suitable for Lent. 2. suggesting Lent, as in austerity, frugality, or rigorousness; meager. Also, lenten. [ME, orig. attributive use of ...
Lenthall, William
▪ English politician born June 1591, Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, Eng. died Sept. 3, 1662, Burford, Oxfordshire  English Parliamentarian who, as speaker of the House of ...
lentic
/len"tik/, adj. pertaining to or living in still water. Also, lenitic. [1930-35; < L lent(us) slow, motionless + -IC] * * *
lenticel
—lenticellate /len'teuh sel"it/, adj. /len"teuh sel'/, n. Bot. a body of cells formed on the periderm of a stem, appearing on the surface of the plant as a lens-shaped spot, ...
lenticellate
See lenticel. * * *
lenticle
/len"ti keuhl/, n. a window in a clock case revealing the motion of the pendulum bob. [ < L lenticula lentil, equiv. to lenti- (s. of lens; see LENS) + -cula -CLE1] * * *
lenticular
—lenticularly, adv. /len tik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a lens. 2. biconvex; convexo-convex. 3. resembling the seed of a lentil in form; ...
lenticular cloud
a very smooth, round or oval, lens-shaped cloud that is often seen, singly or stacked in groups, near a mountain ridge. * * *
lenticular process
Photog. a method for producing images with a three-dimensional effect by photographing on lenticulated film. [1940-45] * * *
lenticulate
/len tik"yeuh layt'/, v.t., lenticulated, lenticulating. Photog. to impress lenticules on the surface of (film). [1920-25; < L lenticul(a) (see LENTICLE) + -ATE1] * * *
lenticule
/len"ti kyoohl'/, n. Photog. one of many tiny cylindrical or spherical lens segments embossed on the surface of a film used in stereoscopic and color photography. [1880-85; < L ...
lentiform
/len"teuh fawrm'/, adj. lenticular. [1700-10] * * *
lentiginose
See lentiginous. * * *
lentiginous
/len tij"euh neuhs/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a lentigo. 2. Bot., Zool. covered with minute dots; freckled; speckled. Also, lentiginose /len tij"euh nohs'/. [1590-1600; < L ...
lentigo
/len tuy"goh/, n., pl. lentigines /-tij"euh neez'/. a freckle or other pigmented spot. [1375-1425; late ME (in pl.) < L, equiv. to lenti- (var. of lenti-, s. of lens LENTIL) + ...
lentil
/len"til, -tl/, n. 1. a plant, Lens culinaris, of the legume family, having flattened, biconvex seeds used as food. 2. the seed itself. [1200-50; ME < OF lentille < VL *lenticula ...
lentil cut
Jewelry. a cabochon cut in which the upper and lower portions of the stone are identical. * * *
lentisk
/len"tisk/, n. mastic (def. 1). [1375-1425; late ME lentiske < L lentiscus] * * *
lentissimo
/len tis"euh moh'/; It. /len tees"see maw'/, Music. adj. 1. very slow. adv. 2. very slowly. [1900-05; < It, superl. of lento LENTO] * * *
lentivirus
/len"teuh vuy'reuhs/, n., pl. lentiviruses. any slow virus of the genus Lentivirus, of the retrovirus family, causing brain disease in sheep and other animals. [LENTI(CULAR) + ...
lento
/len"toh/; It. /len"taw/, Music. adj. 1. slow. adv. 2. slowly. [1715-25; < It < L lentus slow] * * *
lentoid
/len"toyd/, adj. 1. having the shape of a biconvex lens. n. 2. a lentoid body. [1875-80; < L lent- (s. of lens) lentil (see LENS) + -OID] * * *
Lenton, Lisbeth
▪ 2008 born Jan. 28, 1985, Townsville, Queens., Australia       A charter member of Australia's aquatic “Golden Girls,” Lisbeth (Libby) Lenton was already among the ...
Lentulus Crus, Lucius Cornelius
▪ Roman politician died Sept. 29, 48 BC, Egypt       Roman politician, a leading member of the senatorial party that vigorously opposed Julius Caesar (Caesar, ...
Lentulus Spinther, Publius Cornelius
▪ Roman politician died c. 48 BC       a leading supporter of the Roman general Pompey the Great during the Civil War (49–45 BC) between Pompey and Julius Caesar; he ...
Lentulus, Publius Cornelius
▪ Roman politician byname  Sura (Latin: “Calf of the Leg”)   died Dec. 5, 63 BC, Rome       a leading figure in Catiline's conspiracy (63 BC) to seize control of ...
Lenya
/len"yeuh, layn"-/, n. Lotte /lot"ee/; Ger. /law"teuh/, (Karoline Blamauer), 1900-81, Austrian actress and singer, in the U.S. after 1935 (wife of Kurt Weill). * * *
Lenya, Lotte
orig. Karoline Blamauer born Oct. 18, 1900, Penzing, Austria died Nov. 27, 1981, New York, N.Y., U.S. Austrian-born U.S. actress-singer. Born into poverty, Lenya worked as a ...
Lenya,Lotte
Len·ya (lānʹyə, lĕnʹ-), Lotte. 1898-1981. Austrian singer and actress who popularized the music of her husband, Kurt Weill, and appeared in a number of plays by Bertolt ...
Lenz's law
▪ physics       in electromagnetism, statement that an induced electric current flows in a direction such that the current opposes the change that induced it. This law ...
Lenz, Hermann
▪ 1999       German writer whose greatest success came in the 1970s with his seven-part Schwäbische Chronik whose main character, based on Lenz, chronicled German life ...
Lenz, Jakob Michael Reinhold
▪ German writer born Jan. 12, 1751, Sesswegen, Livonia, Russia   found dead May 24, 1792, Moscow       Russian-born German poet and dramatist of the Sturm und Drang ...
Leo
/lee"oh/, n., gen. Leonis /lee oh"nis/ for 1. 1. Astron. the Lion, a zodiacal constellation between Virgo and Cancer, containing the bright star Regulus. 2. Astrol. a. the fifth ...
Leo Africanus
▪ Islamic scholar Italian  Giovanni Leone, original  Arabic  Al-ḥasan Ibn Muḥammad Al-wazzān Az-zayyātī, or Al-fāsī  born c. 1485, Granada, Kingdom of ...
Leo I
/lee"oh/; It. /le"aw/, Saint, ("Leo the Great") A.D. c390-461, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 440-461. * * * ▪ Roman emperor in full  Leo Thrax Magnus  died Feb. 3, ...
Leo I, Saint
known as Leo the Great born 4th century, Tuscany? died Nov. 10, 461, Rome; Western feast day November 10, Eastern feast day February 18 Pope (440–461). He was a champion of ...
Leo I,Saint
Leo I, Saint Known as “Leo the Great.” A.D. 400?-461. Pope (440-461). His negotiations with Attila (452) and Genseric the Vandal (455) saved Rome from barbarian invasion. * * ...
Leo II
died A.D. 683, Sicilian ecclesiastic: pope 682-683. * * * ▪ Roman emperor died Nov. 10, 474       Roman emperor of the East, grandson of Leo I, and son of Zeno. His ...
Leo II, Saint
▪ pope born , Sicily died July 3, 683, Rome [Italy]; feast day July 3, formerly June 28       pope from 682 to 683. He promoted church music (he was an accomplished ...
Leo III
1. Saint, A.D. c750-816, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 795-816. 2. ("the Isaurian"), A.D. c680-741, Eastern Roman emperor 717-741. * * * known as Leo the Isaurian born с 675, ...
Leo III, Saint
▪ pope born , Rome died June 12, 816, ; canonized 1673; feast day June 12  pope from 795 to 816.       Leo was a cardinal when elected to succeed Pope Adrian I on Dec. ...
Leo III,Saint
Leo III, Saint. Died 816. Pope (795-816) who crowned Charlemagne emperor (800). * * *
Leo IV
died A.D. 855, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 847-855. * * * ▪ Byzantine emperor byname  Leo The Khazar   born Jan. 25, 749 died Sept. 8, 780       Byzantine emperor ...
Leo IV, Saint
▪ pope born , Rome died July 17, 855, Rome; feast day July 17       pope from 847 to 855.       A Benedictine monk, Leo served in the Curia under Pope Gregory IV ...
Leo IX
Saint (Bruno), 1002-54, German ecclesiastic: pope 1049-54. * * *
Leo IX, Saint
orig. Bruno, count von Egisheim und Dagsburg born 1002, Egisheim, Alsace, Upper Lorraine died April 19, 1054, Rome; feast day April 19 Pope (1049–54). He was consecrated ...
Leo Minor
/lee"oh muy"neuhr/, gen. Leonis Minoris /lee oh"nis muy nawr"is, -nohr"-/. Astron. the Little Lion, a northern constellation between Leo and Ursa Major. [1790-1800] * * *
Leo V
fl. 10th century A.D., Italian ecclesiastic: pope 903. * * * ▪ Byzantine emperor byname  Leo the Armenian  died Dec. 25, 820, Constantinople       Byzantine emperor ...
Leo VI
pope A.D. 928. * * * ▪ Byzantine emperor byname  Leo The Wise, or The Philosopher   born Sept. 19, 866 died May 11, 912, Constantinople       Byzantine coemperor ...
Leo VII
died A.D. 939, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 936-939. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died July 13, 939, Rome       pope from 936 to 939. Leo was probably a Benedictine monk ...
Leo VIII
died A.D. 965, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 963-965. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died March 1?, 965       pope, or antipope, from 963 to 965. The legitimacy of his election ...
Leo X
(Giovanni de'Medici) 1475-1521, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1513-21 (son of Lorenzo de'Medici). * * * orig. Giovanni de' Medici born Dec. 1, 1475, Florence died Dec. 1, 1521, ...
Leo XI
(Alessandro de'Medici) 1535-1605, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1605. * * * ▪ pope original name Alessandro Ottaviano De' Medici born June 2, 1535, Florence died April 27, ...
Leo XII
(Annibale Francesco della Genga) 1760-1829, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1823-29. * * * ▪ pope original name Annibale Sermattei Della Genga born Aug. 22, 1760, near Spoleto, ...
Leo XIII
(Giovanni Vincenzo Pecci) 1810-1903, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1878-1903. * * * orig. Vincenzo Gioacchino Pecci born March 2, 1810, Carpineto Romano, Papal States died July ...
Leo, Heinrich
▪ Prussian historian born March 17, 1799, Rudolstadt, Thuringia died April 24, 1878, Halle, Ger.       Prussian conservative historian.       As a student at the ...
Leo, Leonardo
▪ Italian composer in full  Leonardo Ortensio Salvatore de Leo , also spelled  Lionardo Ortensio Salvatore di Leo , Ortensio sometimes given as  Oronzo  born August 5, ...
Leoben
▪ Austria       town, southeast-central Austria, on the Mur River, northwest of Graz. An ancient settlement, it was reestablished as a town by Ottokar II of Bohemia ...
Leochares
flourished 4th century BC, Greece Greek sculptor to whom the Apollo Belvedere is often attributed. He worked for Philip II of Macedonia and his son, Alexander the Great, and ...
Leofric
/lee of"rik/, n. died 1057, earl of Mercia c1030-57 (husband of Lady Godiva). Latin, Leuricus. * * * ▪ earl of Mercia died Aug. 31, 1057, Bromley, ...
LeoMinor
Leo Minor n. A constellation in the Northern Hemisphere near Leo and Ursa Major.   [New Latin Leō Minor: Latin leō, lion; see lion + Latin minor, lesser; see minor.] * * *
Leominster
/lem"in steuhr/, n. a city in N Massachusetts. 34,508. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), unitary authority and historic county of ...
Leon
/lee"on/, n. a male given name, form of Leo. * * * I Medieval kingdom, northwestern Spain. Leon proper included the cities of León, Salamanca, and Zamora the adjacent areas of ...
León
/lay ohn"/; Sp. /le awn"/, n. 1. a province in NW Spain: formerly a kingdom. 598,721; 5936 sq. mi. (15,375 sq. km). 2. the capital of this province. 105,235. 3. a city in W ...
León, Luis de
▪ Spanish poet born 1527, Belmonte, Cuenca Province, Spain died Aug. 23, 1591, Madrigal de las Altas  mystic and poet who contributed greatly to Spanish Renaissance ...
Leona
/lee oh"neuh/, n. a female given name. Also, Leonie /lee"euh nee, lee oh"nee/. * * *
Leonard
/len"euhrd/, n. 1. William Ellery (Channing) /el"euh ree/, 1876-1944, U.S. poet, essayist, and teacher. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "lion" and "hardy." * * ...
Leonard Bernstein
➡ Bernstein (II) * * *
Leonard Cheshire
➡ Cheshire (II) * * *
Leonard Huxley
➡ Huxley * * *
Leonard, Benny
▪ American athlete byname of  Benjamin Leiner   born April 7, 1896, New York, N.Y., U.S. died April 18, 1947, New York       American world lightweight (135-lb ...
Leonard, Buck
orig. Walter Fenner Leonard born Sept. 8, 1907, Rocky Mount, N.C., U.S. died Nov. 27, 1997, Rocky Mount U.S. baseball player. Leonard began his professional baseball career in ...
Leonard, Elmore
▪ American author in full  Elmore John Leonard, Jr.  born Oct. 11, 1925, New Orleans, La., U.S.       American author of popular crime novels known for his use of ...
Leonard, John
▪ 2009       American literary critic born Feb. 25, 1939, Washington, D.C. died Nov. 5, 2008, New York, N.Y. with his stylistically ornate and humorous prose, was ...
Leonard, Samuel Leeson
▪ 2008       American zoologist born Nov. 16, 1905, Elizabeth, N.J. died Nov. 11/12, 2007, Ithaca, N.Y. conducted pioneering hormone research in animals. In the late ...
Leonard, Sheldon
▪ 1998       , American performer, producer, and director whose career ranged from playing roles as rogues on Jack Benny's radio show and in such films as Guys and Dolls ...
Leonard, Sugar Ray
orig. Ray Charles Leonard born May 17, 1956, Rocky Mount, N.C., U.S. U.S. welterweight and middleweight boxer. Leonard was an outstanding amateur, winning 145 of 150 bouts, ...
Leonard,Ray Charles
Leon·ard (lĕnʹərd), Ray Charles. Known as “Sugar Ray.” Born 1956. American boxer who won the 1976 Olympic light welterweight title. He held five world titles as both a ...
Leonardesque
/lee'euh nahr desk", lay'-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or suggesting Leonardo da Vinci or the style of his paintings. [1860-65; LEONARD(O) + -ESQUE] * * *
Leonardo da Vinci
/lee'euh nahr"doh deuh vin"chee, lay'-/; It. /le'aw nahrdd"daw dah veen"chee/. 1452-1519, Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, mathematician, and ...
Leonardo da Vinci Museum of Science and Technology
▪ museum, Milan, Italy Italian  Museo Nazionale della Scienza e della Tecnica “Leonardo da Vinci"        in Milan, museum devoted to the evolution of science since ...
Leonardo DiCaprio
➡ DiCaprio * * *
Leonardo Pisano
▪ Italian mathematician Introduction English  Leonardo of Pisa , original name  Leonardo Fibonacci  born c. 1170, , Pisa? died after 1240       medieval Italian ...
Leonardoda Vinci
Le·o·nar·do da Vin·ci (lē'ə-närʹdō də vĭnʹchē, dä, lā'-), 1452-1519. Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist. The most versatile genius of the ...
Leoncavallo
/le awn'kah vahl"law/, n. Ruggiero /rddoohd je"rddaw/, 1858-1919, Italian operatic composer and librettist. * * *
Leoncavallo, Ruggero
born March 8, 1857/58, Naples, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies died Aug. 9, 1919, Montecatini Terme, near Florence, Italy Italian composer. After attending Naples Conservatory and ...
Leoncavallo,Ruggiero
Le·on·ca·val·lo (lā'ōn-kə-väʹlō, -kä-välʹ-), Ruggiero. 1858-1919. Italian composer who wrote the opera Pagliacci (1892). * * *
leone
/lee ohn"/, n. a paper money, cupronickel or silver coin, and monetary unit of Sierra Leone, equal to 100 cents. [1960-65; (SIERRA) LEONE] * * * (as used in expressions) Leone ...
Leone
/le aw"ne/, n. Giovanni /jaw vahn"nee/, born 1908, Italian political leader: prime minister 1963, 1968; president 1971-78. * * * (as used in expressions) Leone Sergio Sierra ...
Leone, Giovanni
▪ 2002       Italian politician (b. Nov. 3, 1908, Pomigliano d'Arco, Italy—d. Nov. 9, 2001, Rome, Italy), was a respected member of the Christian Democratic Party, a ...
Leone, Sergio
born Jan. 3, 1929?, Rome, Italy died April 30, 1989, Rome Italian film director. After working as an assistant to Italian and U.S. directors, he made his directing debut with ...
Leone,Monte
Le·o·ne (lā-ōʹnā), Monte A peak, 3,563.3 m (11,683 ft) high, of the Lepontine Alps on the Swiss-Italian border near the Simplon Pass. It is the highest elevation in the ...
Leoni
/le aw"nee/; Eng. /lay oh"nee/, n. Raúl /rddah oohl"/, 1905-72, Venezuelan statesman: president 1964-69. * * *
Leoni, Leone
▪ Italian sculptor born 1509, Arezzo, republic of Florence [Italy] died 1590, Milan       Florentine sculptor, goldsmith, and medalist who had significant influence on ...
Leoni, Pompeo
▪ Italian sculptor born 1533, Milan [Italy] died October 13, 1608, Madrid, Spain       Italian late Renaissance sculptor and medalist who, like his father, Leone ...
Leonid
/lee"euh nid/, n., pl. Leonids, Leonides /lee on"i deez'/. Astron. any of a shower of meteors occurring around November 15 and appearing to radiate from a point in the ...
Leonidas
/lee on"i deuhs/, n. died 480 B.C., Greek hero: king of Sparta 489?-480. * * * died 480 BC, Thermopylae, Locris [Greece] King of Sparta (с 490–480 BC). He is noted for his ...
Leonidas of Tarentum
▪ Greek poet flourished 3rd century BC       Greek poet more important for his influence on the later Greek epigram than for his own poems. About 100 epigrams ...
LeonidasI
Le·on·i·das I (lē-ŏnʹĭ-dəs), Died 480B.C. Spartan king (490-480) who led a small force against a huge Persian army at the pass of Thermopylae (480). All of the Spartans, ...
Leonidov, Leonid Mironovich
▪ Russian actor pseudonym of  L.m. Vol'fenzon   born May 22, 1873, Odessa, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Aug. 6, 1941, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Russian actor, ...
Leonids
Leonids [lē än′i dēz΄lē′ə nidz΄] pl.n. 〚Fr < L Leo (gen. Leonis): see LEO1 & -ID〛 the meteor showers visible annually about November 16: they appear to radiate ...
Léonin
▪ French composer Latin  Leoninus   flourished 12th century       leading liturgical composer of his generation, associated with the Notre Dame, or Parisian, school ...
leonine
/lee"euh nuyn'/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the lion. 2. resembling or suggestive of a lion. 3. (usually cap.) of or pertaining to Leo, esp. Leo IV or Leo XIII. [1350-1400; ME ...
leonine verse
a form of verse, based upon an earlier Latin form, with a rhyme scheme that requires the last word in a line to rhyme with the word just before a caesura or with a word near the ...
leoninerhyme
leonine rhyme n. A form of internal rhyme in which the word preceding the caesura rhymes with the final word in the line, as in: “For the moon never beams without bringing me ...
Leonora
/lee'euh nawr"euh, -nohr"euh/, n. a female given name, form of Eleanor. Also, Leonore /lee"euh nawr', -nohr'/. * * *
Leonore
Leonore [lē′ə nôr΄] n. a feminine name: see LEONORA * * *
Leonov
/lee oh"nawf, -nof/; Russ. /lyi aw"neuhf/, n. 1. Aleksey Arkhipovich /u lyi ksyay" urdd khyee"peuh vyich/, born 1934, Soviet cosmonaut: first man to walk in space 1965. 2. Leonid ...
Leonov, Aleksey (Arkhipovich)
born May 30, 1934, near Kemerovo, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet cosmonaut. He joined the Soviet air force in 1953 and was selected for cosmonaut training in 1959. In 1965 he became ...
Leonov, Aleksey Arkhipovich
▪ Soviet cosmonaut born May 30, 1934, near Kemerovo, Russia, U.S.S.R.    Soviet cosmonaut, the first man to climb out of a spacecraft in space.       After early ...
Leonov, Leonid Maksimovich
▪ 1995       Russian novelist and playwright (b. May 31 [May 19, Old Style], 1899, Moscow, Russia—d. Aug. 8, 1994, Moscow), was admired for the intricate structure of ...
Leonowens, Anna Harriette
▪ British writer née  Anna Harriette Edwards  born Nov. 6, 1831, Ahmadnagar, India died Jan. 19, 1915, Montreal, Que., Can.       British writer and governess ...
leontiasis
/lee'euhn tuy"euh sis/, n. Pathol. 1. a lionlike facial distortion. 2. Also called leontiasis ossea /os"ee euh/. an overgrowth of the cranial and facial bones resulting in a ...
Leontief
/lee on"tee ef', -euhf/, n. Wassily /vah see"lee/, born 1906, U.S. economist, born in Russia: Nobel prize 1973. * * *
Leontief, Wassily
born Aug. 5, 1906, St. Petersburg, Russia died Feb. 5, 1999, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian-born U.S. economist. After studying at the universities of Leningrad (1921–25) and ...
Leontief, Wassily W.
▪ 2000       Russian-born American economist (b. Aug. 5, 1906, St. Petersburg, Russia—d. Feb. 5, 1999, New York, N.Y.), won the 1973 Nobel Prize for Economics for his ...
Leontief,Wassily
Le·on·tief (lē-ônʹtyĕf, -ŏnʹ-), Wassily. 1906-1999. Russian-born American economist. He won a 1973 Nobel Prize for devising the input-output technique of economic ...
Leontini
▪ ancient town, Sicily       ancient Greek town of southeastern Sicily, 22 miles northwest of Syracuse. Originally held by the Sicels (Siculi), its command of the ...
Leontius Of Byzantium
▪ Byzantine monk and theologian born c. 485, probably Constantinople died c. 543, Constantinople       Byzantine monk and theologian who provided a breakthrough of ...
Leontovich
/lee on"teuh vich/, n. Eugenie Konstantin /kon"steuhn teen'/, born 1900, U.S. actress, director, and playwright, born in Russia. * * *
Leontyev, Konstantin Nikolayevich
▪ Russian author Leontyev also spelled  Leontiev   born Jan. 25 [Jan. 13, old style], 1831, Kudinovo, near Kaluga, Russia died Nov. 24 [Nov. 12, O.S.], 1891, near ...
Leontyne Price
➡ Price * * *
leopard
/lep"euhrd/, n. 1. a large, spotted Asian or African carnivore, Panthera pardus, of the cat family, usually tawny with black markings; the Old World panther: all leopard ...
leopard cat
▪ mammal       (Felis bengalensis), forest-dwelling cat, family Felidae, found in India and Southeast Asia and noted for its leopard-like colouring. The coat of the ...
leopard frog
1. a common North American green frog, Rana pipiens, having white-edged, dark oval spots on its back. 2. any of several similar North American frogs. [1830-40, Amer.] * * * ▪ ...
leopard lily
a tall lily, Lilium pardalinum, of California, having drooping, orange-red flowers with purple speckles, a yellow base, and recurved petal tips. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
leopard lizard
any long-tailed lizard of the genus Gambelia, of the western U.S. and northern Mexico, having the body marked with spots and bars of dark or light brown or black. * * * ▪ ...
leopard moth
a moth, Zeuzera pyrina, having white wings spotted with black and larvae that bore into the wood of various trees and shrubs. [1810-20] * * * ▪ insect       (Zeuzera ...
leopard seal
a yellowish-gray, spotted seal, Hydrurga leptonyx, of the Antarctic. [1890-95] * * * or sea leopard Species (Hydrurga leptonyx) of generally solitary earless seal (family ...
leopard shark
a small, inshore shark, Triakis semifasciata, having distinctive black markings across the back, inhabiting Pacific coastal waters from Oregon through California. * * ...
leopard's bane
▪ plant       any plant of the genus Doronicum of the family Asteraceae, consisting of about 40 species of perennial herbs native to Eurasia. They have large flower ...
leopard's-bane
/lep"euhrdz bayn'/, n. any composite plant of the genus Doronicum, of Europe and Asia, having alternate, usually clasping leaves and heads of yellow flowers. [1540-50] * * *
leopard'sbane
leop·ard's bane (lĕpʹərdz) n. 1. Any of several widely cultivated ornamental plants of the genus Doronicum native to Eurasia, having rayed, yellow flower heads borne on long ...
leopardess
/lep"euhr dis/, n. a female leopard. [1560-70; LEOPARD + -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
leopardflower
leopard flower n. See blackberry lily. * * *
Leopardi
/lee'euh pahr"dee, lay'-/; It. /le'aw pahrdd"dee/, n. Count Giacomo /jah"keuh moh'/; It. /jah"kaw maw/, 1798-1837, Italian poet. * * *
Leopardi, Giacomo
born June 29, 1798, Recanati, Papal States died June 14, 1837, Naples Italian poet, scholar, and philosopher. Congenitally deformed, he suffered throughout his life from ...
leopardlily
leopard lily n. A tall plant (Lilium pardalinum) native to California and southwest Oregon, having nodding, dark-spotted, orange-red flowers. * * *
leopardmoth
leopard moth n. A large moth (Zeuzera pyrina) having white wings with black spots and larvae that damage trees by boring into the wood. * * *
Leopold
/lee"euh pohld'/, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "people" and "bold." * * * (as used in expressions) Friedrich Leopold Baron von Hardenberg Berchtold Leopold ...
Leopold and Loeb
two young Americans, Nathan Leopold Junior (1904–71) and Richard Loeb (1905–31), who killed 14-year-old Bobby Franks in 1924. They were from rich Chicago families and wanted ...
Leopold I
1. 1640-1705, king of Hungary 1655-1705; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1658-1705. 2. 1790-1865, king of Belgium 1831-65. * * * I born June 9, 1640 Vienna, Austria died May 5, ...
Leopold II
1. 1747-92, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1790-92 (son of Francis I; brother of Joseph II and Marie Antoinette). 2. 1835-1909, king of Belgium 1865-1909 (son of Leopold I of ...
Leopold III
1901-83, king of Belgium 1934-51 (son of Albert I). * * * orig. Léopold-Philippe-Charles-Albert-Meinrad-Hubertus-Marie-Miguel born Nov. 3, 1901, Brussels, Belg. died Sept. 25, ...
Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Prince
born Sept. 22, 1835, Krauchenweis, Prussia died June 8, 1905, Berlin, Ger. Prussian candidate for the Spanish throne. He was a member of the Swabian line of the Hohenzollern ...
Leopold Stokowski
➡ Stokowski * * *
Leopold, (Rand) Aldo
born Jan. 11, 1887, Burlington, Iowa, U.S. died April 24, 1948, near Madison, Wis. U.S. environmentalist. After attending Yale University, he worked for the U.S. Forest Service ...
Leopold, Carl Gustaf af
▪ Swedish poet born March 26 (?), 1756, Stockholm, Sweden died November 9, 1829, Stockholm  Swedish court poet in the service of the enlightened monarch Gustav ...
Leopold, Jan Hendrik
▪ Dutch poet born May 11, 1865, 's Hertogenbosch, Neth. died June 21, 1925, Rotterdam       poet whose unique expression and masterly technique set him apart from other ...
LeopoldI
Le·o·pold I (lēʹə-pōld'), 1640-1705. King of Hungary (1655-1705) and Bohemia (1656-1705) and Holy Roman emperor (1658-1705). He fought with the Turks and the French for ...
LeopoldII
Leopold II, 1835-1909. King of Belgium (1865-1909) who also reigned in the Congo Free State (later Zaire, now Congo) from 1876 to 1904, when he was forced to abdicate because of ...
Léopoldville
/lee"euh pohld vil', lay"-/; Fr. /lay aw pawld veel"/, n. former name of Kinshasa. Also, Leopoldville /lee"euh pohld vil', lay"-/. * * *
leotard
/lee"euh tahrd'/, n. a skintight, one-piece garment for the torso, having a high or low neck, long or short sleeves, and a lower portion resembling either briefs or tights, worn ...
Leotard, Philippe
▪ 2002       French actor, poet, and chansonnier (b. Aug. 28, 1940, Nice, France—d. Aug. 25, 2001, Paris, France), appeared in more than 70 French- and ...
leotarded
See leotard. * * *
Leotine
/lee"euh tuyn'/, n. a female given name. Also, Leotyne. * * *
Leotychides
▪ king of Sparta also spelled  Leotychidas   born c. 545 BC died c. 469       Spartan king of the Eurypontid family and a successful military commander during the ...
Leovigild
▪ king of the Visigoths also spelled  Liuvigild , Spanish  Leovigildo  died , April/May 586, Toledo, Spain       the last Arian ruler in Visigothic Spain, who did ...
LeoX
Leo X, Originally Giovanni de Medici. 1475-1521. Pope (1513-1521) who concluded a concordat with France (1516) and excommunicated Martin Luther (1521). * * *
LEP
1. large electron-positron collider. 2. limited English proficiency. * * *
Lepage, Robert
▪ 1995       Quebec's Renaissance man—author, director, designer, and actor—Robert Lepage continued in 1994 to surprise and amaze audiences as the theatrical wizard ...
Lepanto
/li pan"toh/; It. /le"pahn taw/, n. 1. Greek, Návpaktos. a seaport in W Greece, on the Lepanto Strait: Turkish sea power destroyed here 1571. 8170. 2. Gulf of. See Corinth, Gulf ...
Lepanto, Battle of
(Oct. 7, 1571) Naval engagement between allied Christian forces (Venice, the pope, and Spain) and the Ottoman Turks during an Ottoman campaign to acquire the Venetian island of ...
Lepanto,Gulf of
Le·pan·to (lĭ-pănʹtō, lĕʹpän-), Gulf of See Gulf of Corinth. * * *
Lepcha
/lep"cheuh/, n., pl. Lepchas, (esp. collectively) Lepcha for 1. 1. a member of a people of Sikkim and adjacent areas of Nepal, Bhutan, and India. 2. the Tibeto-Burman language of ...
Lepenski Vir
/lep"euhn skee vear"/; Serbo-Croatian. /le"pen skee veerdd"/ the site of an advanced Mesolithic fishing culture on the banks of the Danube in Yugoslavia, characterized by ...
leper
/lep"euhr/, n. 1. a person who has leprosy. 2. a person who has been rejected or ostracized for unacceptable behavior, opinions, character, or the like; anathema; ...
leper house
a hospital for lepers; leprosarium. [1850-55] * * *
Lepeshinskaya, Olga Vasiliyevna
▪ 2009       Russian ballerina born Sept. 15 [Sept. 28, New Style], 1916, Kiev, Russia died Dec. 20, 2008, Moscow, Russia was one of the most popular stars of the ...
lepido-
a combining form meaning "scale," used in the formation of compound words: lepidopteron. [ < Gk, comb. form repr. lepís (s. lepid-) scale. See LEPER] * * *
lepidocrocite
/lep'i doh kroh"suyt/, n. a ruby-red to reddish-brown orthorhombic mineral, iron oxyhydroxide, FeO(OH), dimorphous with goethite: an ore of iron, used as a pigment. [1815-25; < G ...
Lepidodendron
▪ fossil plant genus  extinct genus of tree-sized lycopsid plants (plant) that lived during the Carboniferous Period (360 to 300 million years ago). Lepidodendron and its ...
lepidolite
/li pid"l uyt', lep"i dl-/, n. a mineral of the mica group, potassium lithium aluminum silicate, commonly occurring in lilac, rose-colored, or whitish scaly masses: an ore of ...
Lepidoptera
/lep'i dop"teuhr euh/, n. the order comprising the lepidopterous insects. [1725-35; < NL; pl. of LEPIDOPTERON] * * *
lepidopteran
/lep'i dop"teuhr euhn/, adj. 1. lepidopterous. n. 2. a lepidopterous insect. [1850-55; LEPIDOPTER(A) + -AN] * * * Any of the more than 100,000 species constituting the order ...
lepidopterist
lepidopterist [lep΄ə däp′tərist] n. a specialist in the study of lepidopteran insects lepidopterology n. * * * See lepidoptery. * * *
lepidopterology
—lepidopterological /lep'i dop'teuhr euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —lepidopterist, n. /lep'i dop'teuh rol"euh jee/, n. the branch of zoology dealing with butterflies and ...
lepidopteron
/lep'i dop"teuhr euhn/, n., pl. lepidoptera /-teuhr euh/. any lepidopterous insect. [ < NL, equiv. to lepido- LEPIDO- + Gk -pteron, neut. of -pteros -PTEROUS] * * *
lepidopterous
/lep'i dop"teuhr euhs/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the Lepidoptera, an order of insects comprising the butterflies, moths, and skippers, that in the adult state have four ...
lepidoptery
lep·i·dop·ter·y (lĕp'ĭ-dŏpʹtə-rē) also lep·i·dop·ter·ol·o·gy (-tə-rŏlʹə-jē) n. The branch of entomology that deals with ...
lepidosiren
/lep'i doh suy"reuhn/, n. a lungfish, Lepidosiren paradoxa, of the Amazon, having an eel-shaped body. [1850-55; < NL; see LEPIDO-, SIREN] * * *
lepidote
/lep"i doht'/, adj. Bot. covered with scurfy scales or scaly spots. [1830-40; < NL lepidotus < Gk lepidotós scaly, equiv. to lepido- (verbid s. of lepidoûn to make scaly; see ...
Lepidozamia
▪ plant genus       genus of cycads (cycad) in the family Zamiaceae. The two species in the genus are restricted to the eastern coast of Australia. They can form ...
Lepidus
/lep"i deuhs/, n. Marcus Aemilius /ee mil"ee euhs/, died 13 B.C., Roman politician: member of the second triumvirate. * * *
Lepidus, Marcus Aemilius
died 13/12 BC Roman consul (46, 42 BC) and triumvir (43–36). After the death of Julius Caesar, Lepidus controlled parts of Gaul, Spain, and Africa and wielded great ...
Lepidus,Marcus Aemilius
Lep·i·dus (lĕpʹĭ-dəs), Marcus Aemilius. Died 13B.C. Roman leader. He was a member of the triumvirate with Augustus and Mark Antony (43-36 B.C.). * * *
Lepontic
Le·pon·tic (lĭ-pŏnʹtĭk) n. An ancient Celtic language of northeast Italy and southern Switzerland, perhaps a dialect of Gaulish, known from inscriptions dated from the ...
Lepontine Alps
/li pon"tin/ a central range of the Alps in S Switzerland and N Italy. Highest peak, Mt. Leone, 11,684 ft. (3561 m). * * * Segment of the central Alps along the Italian-Swiss ...
LepontineAlps
Le·pon·tine Alps (lĭ-pŏnʹtĭn') A range of the central Alps in southern Switzerland and along the Swiss-Italian border. The highest point is Monte Leone, rising to 3,563.3 ...
leporid
/lep"euh rid/, n., pl. leporidae /li pawr"i dee', -por"-/, adj. n. 1. an animal of the family Leporidae, comprising the rabbits and hares. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the ...
leporide
/lep"euh rid, -ruyd', -reed'/, n. a Belgian hare formerly believed to be a hybrid of the European rabbit and hare. [1875-80; < F; see LEPORID] * * *
leporine
/lep"euh ruyn', -rin/, adj. Zool. of, pertaining to, or resembling a rabbit or hare. [1650-60; < L leporinus, equiv. to lepor- (s. of lepus) hare + -inus -INE1] * * *
leppy
/lep"ee/, n., pl. leppies. Western U.S. an unbranded or motherless calf; maverick. [1935-40; of uncert. orig.] * * *
leprechaun
/lep"reuh kawn', -kon'/, n. Irish Folklore. 1. a dwarf or sprite. 2. a conventionalized literary representation of this figure as a little old man who will reveal the location of ...
leprechaunish
See leprechaun. * * *
leproma
—lepromatous /le prom"euh teuhs, -proh"meuh-/, adj. /le proh"meuh/, n., pl. lepromas, lepromata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. the swollen lesion of leprosy. [1890-95; < NL, L lepr(a) ...
leprosarium
/lep'reuh sair"ee euhm/, n., pl. leprosaria /-sair"ee euh/. a hospital for the treatment of lepers. [1840-50; < ML; see LEPROUS, -ARY] * * *
leprose
/lep"rohs/, adj. leprous. [ < LL leprosus LEPROUS] * * *
leprosy
—leprotic /le prot"ik/, adj. /lep"reuh see/, n. Pathol. a chronic, mildly infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, affecting the peripheral nervous system, skin, and ...
leprotic
See leprosy. * * *
leprous
—leprously, adv. —leprousness, n. /lep"reuhs/, adj. 1. Pathol. affected with leprosy. 2. of or resembling leprosy. 3. Bot., Zool. covered with scales. [1175-1225; ME < LL ...
leprously
See leprous. * * *
leprousness
See leprously. * * *
Lepsius
/lep"see oos'/, n. Karl Richard /kahrddl rddikh"ahrddt/, 1810-84, German philologist and Egyptologist. * * *
Lepsius, Richard
▪ German Egyptologist in full  Karl Richard Lepsius  born December 23, 1810, Naumburg an der Saale, Saxony [now in Germany] died July 10, 1884, Berlin  German Egyptologist ...
lept
lept [lept] vi., vt. alt. pt. of LEAP * * *
lept-
lept- pref. Variant of lepto-. * * *
lepta
lep·ta (lĕpʹtə) n. Plural of lepton1. * * *
Leptaena
▪ fossil genus       genus of extinct brachiopods (lamp shells) commonly found as fossils in Ordovician to Lower Carboniferous sedimentary rocks (between 488 million and ...
leptin
/lep"tin/, n. a hormone that is thought to suppress appetite and speed up metabolism. [1995; < Gk leptós small, thin + -IN2] * * *
Leptines, Law of
▪ ancient Athens       (354 BC), ancient Athenian tax measure, subject of an early speech of the orator Demosthenes. The law, named for the man who proposed it, was ...


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