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Leptis Magna
modern Labdah Largest city of ancient Tripolis, located near modern Al-Khums, Libya. Founded by the Phoenicians in the 6th century BC, it passed to Numidia in 202 BC but broke ...
Leptis Minor
▪ ancient city, Tunisia also called  Leptiminus , or  Lepti Minus , modern  Lamṭah,        small Carthaginian (North Africa) city located 10 miles (16 km) from ...
LeptisMagna
Lep·tis Mag·na (lĕpʹtĭs măgʹnə) An ancient city of northern Africa in present-day Libya east of Tripoli. Founded by Phoenicians, it flourished as a port during Roman ...
lepto
/lep"toh/, n. Informal. leptospirosis. [by shortening] * * *
lepto-
a combining form meaning "thin," "fine," "slight," used in the formation of compound words: leptophyllous. [ < Gk lepto-, comb. form of leptós thin, slight, fine, lit., ...
leptocephalus
/lep'teuh sef"euh leuhs/, n., pl. leptocephali /-luy'/. a colorless, transparent, flattened larva, esp. of certain eels and ocean fishes. [1760-70; < NL; see LEPTO-, ...
leptochlorite
      subgroup of chlorite minerals. See chlorite. * * *
Leptodactylidae
▪ frog family       family of frogs (order Anura), including more than 900 species, most of which are found in South and Central America. Leptodactylid frogs live in ...
leptodactylous
/lep'teuh dak"teuh leuhs/, adj. having slender toes or fingers. [1860-65; LEPTO- + -DACTYLOUS] * * *
Leptodesma
▪ paleontology       extinct genus of pelecypods (clams) found as fossils in Silurian to Lower Carboniferous rocks (between 438 and 320 million years old). Its distinct ...
Leptodus
▪ paleontology       extinct genus of articulate brachiopods, or lamp shells, of the Permian period (286 to 245 million years ago). Leptodus, a very specialized form ...
leptokurtic
/lep'teuh kerr"tik/, adj. Statistics. 1. (of a frequency distribution) being more concentrated about the mean than the corresponding normal distribution. 2. (of a frequency ...
leptokurtosis
/lep'toh kerr toh"sis/, n. Statistics. the state of being leptokurtic. [1905-10; < NL; see LEPTOKURTIC, -OSIS] * * *
Leptolepis
▪ paleontology       genus of marine fishes very closely related to the first teleosts, the dominant group of fishes in the world today. Leptolepis was abundant in the ...
lepton
lepton1 /lep"ton/, n., pl. lepta /-teuh/. 1. an aluminum coin of modern Greece, the 100th part of a drachma. 2. a small copper or bronze coin of ancient Greece. [1715-25; < Gk ...
lepton number
Physics. in a process involving elementary particles, the total number of leptons minus the total number of antileptons. [1955-60] * * *
leptonic
See lepton2. * * *
leptophos
/lep"teuh fos'/, n. Chem. a solid compound, C13H10BrCl2O2PS, used as a nonsystemic insecticide for food crops and lawn grass. [appar. LEPTO- + (phenyl)phos(phonothionate) a ...
Leptosol
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Leptosols are soils with a very shallow ...
leptosomatic
See leptosome. * * *
leptosome
—leptosomic, leptosomatic /lep'toh seuh mat"ik/, adj. /lep"teuh sohm'/, n. a person of asthenic build. [1930-35; LEPTO- + -SOME3] * * *
leptospermum
/lep'teuh sperr"meuhm/, n. any of various shrubs or trees of the genus Leptospermum, of the myrtle family, native to Australia and adjacent areas and often cultivated as ...
leptospira
—leptospiral, adj. /lep'teuh spuy"reuh/, n., pl. leptospirae /-ree/, leptospiras. Bacteriol. any of several spirally shaped, aerobic bacteria of the genus Leptospira, certain ...
leptospirosis
/lep'toh spuy roh"sis/, n. Pathol., Vet. Pathol. an infectious disease of humans and of horses, dogs, swine, and other animals, caused by the spirochete Leptospira interrogans ...
leptotene
/lep"teuh teen'/, n. Cell Biol. a stage of cell division during the prophase of meiosis, in which the chromosomes are not distinct but appear as a mass of entangled threads. [ < ...
Lepus
/lep"euhs, lee"peuhs/, n., gen. Leporis /lep"euhr is/. Astron. the Hare, a small southern constellation south of Orion. [ < L] * * *
Ler
/ler/, n. Irish Myth. the personification of the sea and the father of Manannan: corresponds to the Welsh Llyr. Also, Lir. * * *
Lerdo de Tejada, Sebastián
▪ president of Mexico born April 25, 1827, Jalapa, Veracruz, Mex. died April 1889, New York, N.Y., U.S.  president of Mexico from 1872 to 1876.       Lerdo, orphaned ...
Lérida
/le"rddee dhah/, n. a city in NE Spain. 90,884. * * * ▪ province, Spain       provincia, in the comunidad autónoma (“autonomous community”) of Catalonia, ...
Lérins, Abbey of
▪ monastery, France        Cistercian monastery, originally founded about 410 by St. Honoratus of Arles on a Mediterranean island opposite Cannes (now in France). It ...
Lerma River
River, west-central Mexico. It rises southeast of Toluca and flows northwest and then south for 350 mi (560 km) to empty into Lake Chapala. The Río Grande de Santiago, which ...
Lerma, Francisco Gómez de Sandoval y Rojas, duque de
▪ Spanish statesman born 1553, Sevilla, Spain died May 17, 1625, Valladolid       Spanish statesman who died a cardinal, having been the first of the validos—strong ...
Lermontov
/lair"meuhn tawf', -tof'/; Russ. /lyerdd"meuhn teuhf/, n. Mikhail Yurievich /myi khu yeel" yooh"rddyi vyich/, 1814-41, Russian poet and novelist. * * *
Lermontov, Mikhail
▪ Russian writer Introduction born Oct. 15 [Oct. 3, Old Style], 1814, Moscow, Russia died July 27 [July 15], 1841, Pyatigorsk       the leading Russian Romantic poet ...
Lermontov, Mikhail (Yuryevich)
born Oct. 15, 1814, Moscow, Russia died July 27, 1841, Pyatigorsk Russian poet and novelist. His first volume of verse, Spring, was published in 1830, the year he entered ...
Lermontov,Mikhail Yurievich
Ler·mon·tov (lĕrʹmən-tôf', lyĕrʹmən-təf), Mikhail Yurievich. 1814-1841. Russian writer who is remembered for the novel A Hero of Our Time (1840) and his many poems. He ...
Lerna
—Lernaean, Lernean /leuhr nee"euhn/, adj. /lerr"neuh/, n. a marshy region near Argos, Greece: the legendary abode of the Hydra slain by Hercules. Also, Lerne /lerr"nee/. * * *
Lerner
/lerr"neuhr/, n. Alan Jay, 1918-86, U.S. lyricist and librettist. * * *
Lerner and Loewe
two Americans who wrote several successful Broadway musical shows together. Alan Jay Lerner (1918–86) wrote the words and stories, and Frederick Loewe (1901–88), born in ...
Lerner, Aaron Bunsen
▪ 2008       American dermatologist born Sept. 21, 1920 , Minneapolis, Minn. died Feb. 3, 2007 , New Haven, Conn. headed a team of researchers at Yale University who ...
Lerner, Abba P.
▪ Russian economist in full  Abba Ptachya Lerner  born October 28, 1903, Bessarabia, Russian Empire died October 27, 1982, Tallahassee, Florida, ...
Lerner, Alan Jay
born Aug. 31, 1918, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 14, 1986, New York City U.S. librettist and lyricist. Born to a prosperous retailing family, he studied at Juilliard and ...
Lerner, Alexander Yakob
▪ 2005 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Lerner        Soviet mathematician (b. Sept. 7, 1913, Vinnytsya, Ukraine—d. April 5, 2004, Rehovot, Israel), was a pioneer in ...
Lerner, Max
▪ American educator and author in full  Maxwell Alan Lerner,  original name  Mikhail Lerner   born Dec. 20, 1902, Minsk, Russia died June 5, 1992, New York, N.Y., ...
Lerner,Alan Jay
Ler·ner (lûrʹnər), Alan Jay. 1918-1986. American playwright and lyricist. He wrote a number of musicals with the composer Frederick Loewe, including Brigadoon (1947) and My ...
Lernet-Holenia, Alexander
▪ German writer born Oct. 21, 1897, Vienna, Austria died July 3, 1976, Vienna       prolific and popular dramatist, poet, and novelist, many of whose works exhibit ...
Leros
/lee"ros, -rohs/, n. one of the Dodecanese Islands of Greece, off the SW coast of Turkey. 21 sq. mi. (54 sq. km). * * * ▪ island, Greece       island, one of the ...
Leroux, Gaston
▪ French writer born May 6, 1868, Paris, Fr. died April 15/16, 1927, Nice       French novelist, best known for his Le Fantôme de l'opéra (1910; The Phantom of the ...
Leroux, Pierre
▪ French philosopher born April 17, 1797, near Paris died April 11, 1871, Paris       French pantheistic philosopher, economist, pacifist, government official, and ...
Leroy
/leuh roy", lee"roy/, n. a male given name: from Old French, meaning "the king." Also, LeRoy. * * * (as used in expressions) Anderson Leroy Robert Leroy Parker LeRoy Ellsworth ...
LeRoy, Mervyn
▪ American director born Oct. 15, 1900, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Sept. 13, 1987, Beverly Hills, Calif.       American motion-picture director whose wide variety ...
Lerroux, Alejandro
▪ prime minister of Spain born March 4, 1864, Córdoba, Spain died June 27, 1949, Madrid       leader of the Spanish Radical Party who headed four governments during ...
Lerwick
/lerr"wik, ler"-, ler"ik/, n. a city in and the administrative center of the Shetland Islands, N of Scotland. 6107. * * * Town (pop., 1991: 7,336), administrative centre of the ...
les
les [lez] n. [Slang] short for LESBIAN: a mild term of contempt * * * (as used in expressions) Paul Les Six Les Vingt Les Les XX * * *
Les Baux-en-Provence
▪ France also called  Les Baux         village, Bouches-du-Rhône département, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région, southeastern France, on a spur of the Alpilles ...
Les Cayes
/lay kay"/; Fr. /lay kann"yeu/ a seaport on the SW coast of Haiti. 14,000. Also called Cayes. Formerly, Aux Cayes. * * * ▪ Haiti also called  Cayes  or  Aux ...
Les Combarelles
▪ cave, Dordogne, France       long, narrow cave near Les Eyzies in Dordogne, France, famous for its prehistoric engravings (engraving).       The cave's hundreds ...
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
/lay deuh mwah zel" dann vee nyawonn"/ a painting (1907) by Pablo Picasso. * * *
Les Gueux
/lay gue"/ 1. a league of Dutch and Flemish patriots, composed chiefly of nobles and formed in 1566 to resist the introduction of the Spanish Inquisition into the Netherlands. 2. ...
Les Halles
/lay annl"/ (formerly) the large, central, wholesale food market area of Paris, France. * * *
Les Misérables
Fr. /lay mee zay rddann"bleu/ a novel (1862) by Victor Hugo. * * *
Lesage
Lesage [lə säzh′] Alain René [ȧ lan rə nā′] 1668-1747; Fr. novelist & dramatist: also Le Sage * * *
Lesage, Alain René
Le·sage (lə-säzhʹ), Alain René. 1668-1747. French writer. His novel Gil Blas (1715-1735) had a major influence on modern realistic fiction. * * *
Lesage, Alain-René
or Le Sage born May 6, 1668, Sarzeau, France died Nov. 17, 1747, Boulogne French novelist and playwright. He studied law in Paris but later abandoned his clerkship to devote ...
Lesage, Jean
born June 10, 1912, Montreal, Que., Can. died Dec. 12, 1980, near Quebec, Que. Canadian politician. He served as Canadian minister of resources and development from 1953 to ...
Lesbian
/lez"bee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Lesbos. 2. (usually l.c.) of, pertaining to, or characteristic of female homosexuality. 3. (usually l.c.) erotic; sensual. n. 4. an ...
Lesbian cymatium.
See cyma reversa. Also, Lesbian cyma. [1720-30] * * *
Lesbian leaf.
See water leaf (def. 2). * * *
Lesbian ode
Pros. See Horatian ode. * * *
lesbianism
/lez"bee euh niz'euhm/, n. homosexual relations between women. [1865-70; LESBIAN + -ISM] * * * also called sapphism or female homosexuality, the quality or state of intense ...
lesbo
/lez"boh/, n., pl. lesbos. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a lesbian. [1935-40, Amer.; LESB(IAN) + -O] * * *
Lesbos
/lez"bos, -bohs/; Gk. /lez"vaws/, n. Mytilene (def. 1). * * * or Mytilene or Mitilíni Third largest island (pop., 1991: 87,151) in the Aegean Sea. It occupies an area of 630 ...
Lescaze, William
▪ American architect born March 27, 1896, Geneva, Switz. died Feb. 9, 1969, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Swiss-born American architect best known for conceiving, in ...
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
▪ pathology       hereditary metabolic disorder affecting the central nervous system and characterized by incoordination, mental retardation, aggressive behaviour, and ...
lesche
/les"kee/, n. an arcade or other public place in ancient Greece. [ < Gk lésche orig., couch, lounging place, place for conversation] * * *
Leschetizky
/lesh'euh tit"skee/, n. Theodor /tay"euh dawr', -dohr', thee"-/, 1830-1915, Polish pianist and composer. * * *
Leschetizky, Theodor
orig. Teodor Leszetycki born June 22, 1830, Łańcut, Pol., Austrian Empire died Nov. 14, 1915, Dresden, Ger. Polish pianist and teacher. A prodigy, he studied in Vienna with ...
Lescol
Les·col (lĕsʹkōl') A trademark used for the drug fluvastatin. * * *
Lescot, Pierre
▪ French architect born c. 1515, , Paris, Fr. died 1578, Paris  one of the great French architects of the mid-16th century who contributed a decorative style that provided ...
Lesdiguières, François de Bonne, duc de
▪ French constable (duke of) born April 1, 1543, Saint-Bonnet-en-Champsaur, Fr. died Sept. 21, 1626, Valence       constable of France and Protestant leader who late ...
lese majesty
/leez/ 1. Law. a. a crime, esp. high treason, committed against the sovereign power. b. an offense that violates the dignity of a ruler. 2. an attack on any custom, institution, ...
lèse-majesté
lèse-majesté [lez΄maj′is tēlez΄ma΄zhes tā′, lez΄maj′is tē] n. 〚Fr < L laesa majestas < laesa, fem. of laesus (see LESION) + majestas, MAJESTY〛 1. a crime ...
lesemajesty
lese maj·es·ty also lèse ma·jes·té (lēzʹ măjʹĭ-stē) n. pl. lese maj·es·ties or lèse ma·jes·tés 1. An offense or crime committed against the ruler or supreme ...
Lesghian
/lez"gee euhn, les"-/, n. Lezghian. * * *
leshy
In Slavic mythology, a forest spirit. The leshy is an antic spirit who enjoys playing tricks on people, though when angered he can be treacherous. He is seldom seen, but his ...
lesion
/lee"zheuhn/, n. 1. an injury; hurt; wound. 2. Pathol. any localized, abnormal structural change in the body. 3. Plant Pathol. any localized, defined area of diseased tissue, as ...
Leskien, August
▪ German linguist born July 8, 1840, Kiel, Holstein died Sept. 20, 1916, Leipzig       German linguist noted for wide-ranging contributions to comparative Indo-European ...
Leskov, Nikolay Semyonovich
▪ Russian writer pseudonym  Stebnitsky   born Feb. 16 [Feb. 4, Old Style], 1831, Gorokhovo, Russia died March 5 [Feb. 21], 1895, St. Petersburg  novelist and short-story ...
Leslie
/les"lee, lez"-/, n. a male or female given name. Also, Lesley. * * * (as used in expressions) Flynn Errol Leslie Thomson Leslie Townes Hope Howard Leslie Leslie Howard ...
Leslie, Frank
orig. Henry Carter born March 29, 1821, Ipswich, Suffolk, Eng. died Jan. 10, 1880, New York, N.Y., U.S. British-U.S. illustrator and journalist. The Illustrated London News ...
Leslie, John
▪ Scottish bishop Leslie also spelled  Lesley   born Sept. 29, 1527, Scotland died May 31, 1596, near Brussels  Scottish Roman Catholic bishop and historian and an adviser ...
Leslie, Sir John
▪ Scottish physicist and mathematician born April 10, 1766, Largo, Fife, Scot. died Nov. 3, 1832, Coates       Scottish physicist and mathematician who first created ...
Leśmian, Bolesław
▪ Polish poet original name  Bolesław Lesman   born January 12, 1877 or 1878, Warsaw, Poland, Russian Empire [now in Poland] died November 5, 1937, ...
Leśniewski, Stanisław
or Stanisław Leshniewski born March 30, 1886, Serpukhov, Russia died May 13, 1939, Warsaw Polish logician and mathematician. As a professor at the University of Warsaw ...
Lesosibirsk
▪ Russia       city, Krasnoyarsk kray (territory), Russia. The city extends for 19 miles (30 km) along the Yenisey River. It is a wood-processing centre and an ...
Lesotho
/leuh sooh"tooh, -soh"toh/, n. a monarchy in S Africa: formerly a British protectorate; gained independence 1966; member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 2,007,814; 11,716 sq. mi. ...
Lesotho, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of three unequal horizontal stripes of blue, white, and green with a black emblem in the centre. The flag has a ...
lespedeza
/les'pi dee"zeuh/, n. any shrub or herb belonging to the genus Lespedeza, of the legume family, having trifoliolate leaves and lavender flowers, grown for forage, soil ...
Lespinasse, Julie de
▪ French writer in full  Julie-Jeanne-Éléanore de Lespinasse   born 1732, Lyon, France died May 23, 1776, Paris       French hostess of one of the most brilliant ...
lesquerella
/les'keuh rel"euh, lay'keuh-/, n. any of various plants of the genus Lesquerella, of the mustard family, having rosettes of simple, hairy leaves, small yellow flowers, and ...
less
/les/, adv., a compar. of little with least as superl. 1. to a smaller extent, amount, or degree: less exact. 2. most certainly not (often prec. by much or still): He could ...
Lesse River
River, southeastern Belgium. It rises in the Ardennes and meanders northwest for 52 mi (84 km), emptying into the Meuse River. It flows underground for about a mile at ...
lessee
—lesseeship, n. /le see"/, n. a person, group, etc., to whom a lease is granted. [1485-95; < AF. See LEASE1, -EE] * * *
lessen
/les"euhn/, v.i. 1. to become less. v.t. 2. to make less; reduce. 3. Archaic. to represent as less; depreciate; disparage. [1300-50; late ME lessenen, lasnen (see LESS, -EN1); r. ...
Lesseps
/les"euhps/; Fr. /le seps"/, n. Ferdinand Marie, Vicomte de /ferdd dee nahonn" mann rddee", vee kawonnt deuh/, 1805-94, French engineer and diplomat: promoter of the Suez ...
Lesseps, Ferdinand (-Marie), viscount de
born Nov. 19, 1805, Versailles, France died Dec. 7, 1894, La Chenaie, near Guilly French diplomat, builder of the Suez Canal. A career diplomat, he held posts in Egypt and ...
Lesseps, Ferdinand, vicomte de
▪ French diplomat in full  Ferdinand-marie, Vicomte De Lesseps   born Nov. 19, 1805, Versailles, France died Dec. 7, 1894, La Chenaie, near Guilly  French diplomat famous ...
Lesseps,Vicomte Ferdinand Marie de
Les·seps (lĕsʹəps, lĕ-sĕpsʹ), Vicomte Ferdinand Marie de. 1805-1894. French diplomat and engineer who supervised the construction of the Suez Canal (1859-1869). He ...
lesser
/les"euhr/, adj., a compar. of little with least as superl. 1. smaller, as in size or importance; inferior: a lesser evil. adv., a compar. of little with least as superl. 2. ...
lesser amakihi
anianiau. * * *
Lesser Antilles
Lesser Antilles group of islands in the West Indies, southeast of Puerto Rico, including the Leeward Islands, the Windward Islands, & the islands off the N coast of Venezuela * * ...
Lesser Antilles.
See under Antilles. * * *
lesser ape.
See under ape. * * *
Lesser Bear
Astron. the constellation Ursa Minor. * * *
Lesser Caucasus
▪ mountain range, Eurasia also called  Little Caucasus,  Russian  Maly Kavkaz,         range of folded mountains in the southern part of the Caucasus region, ...
lesser celandine
a Eurasian plant, Ranunculus ficaria, of the buttercup family, having heart-shaped leaves and glossy yellow flowers, naturalized in North America. Also called ...
lesser cornstalk borer
the larva of a widely distributed pyralid moth, Elasmopalpus lignosellus, that damages corn and some other crops by boring into the part of the stalk close to the ...
Lesser Dionysia
(in ancient Attica) the wine feasts, processions, and dramatic performances composing one of the festivals honoring Dionysus, held in the middle of December. Also called Rural ...
Lesser Dog
Astron. the constellation Canis Minor. * * *
lesser doxology.
See Gloria Patri. * * *
Lesser Himalayas
▪ mountains, Asia also called  Inner Himalayas, Lower Himalayas, or Middle Himalayas,         middle section of the Himalayan mountain ranges, extending southeastward ...
lesser Ionic.
See under Ionic (def. 2). * * *
lesser omentum
Anat. an omentum attached to the stomach, part of the duodenum, and part of the liver and supporting the hepatic vessels. Also called gastrohepatic omentum. Cf. greater ...
lesser panda
panda (def. 2). * * *
lesser peach tree borer
the larva of a clearwing moth, Synanthedon pictipes, distributed throughout the eastern U.S. and Canada but most prevalent in the South, that burrows into the injured trunks and ...
lesser pilgrimage
Islam. 'umrah. * * *
lesser prairie chicken.
See under prairie chicken (def. 1). * * *
lesser rorqual
minke. * * *
Lesser Sanhedrin
Sanhedrin (def. 2). * * *
Lesser Slave Lake
Lake, central Alberta, Canada. Located northwest of Edmonton and south of Great Slave Lake, it occupies an area of 451 sq mi (1,168 sq km) and drains into the Athabasca River ...
Lesser Sunda Islands.
See under Sunda Islands. * * *
lesser weever.
See under weever (def. 1). * * *
lesser yellowlegs
lesser yellowlegs n. YELLOWLEGS * * *
lesser yellowlegs.
See under yellowlegs. [1900-05] * * *
LesserAntilles
Less·er Antilles (lĕsʹər) An island group of the eastern West Indies extending in an arc from Curaçao to the Virgin Islands. * * *
lessercelandine
lesser celandine n. A Eurasian plant (Ranunculus ficaria) having heart-shaped leaves, solitary yellow flowers, and tuberous roots. * * *
lesseromentum
lesser omentum n. A fold of the peritoneum joining parts of the stomach and duodenum to the liver. * * *
lesserpanda
lesser panda n. See panda. * * *
LesserSlave Lake
Lesser Slave Lake A lake of central Alberta, Canada, drained by the Lesser Slave River, a tributary of the Athabasca River. * * *
LesserSunda Islands
Lesser Sunda Islands See Sunda Islands. * * *
Lessing
/les"ing/, n. 1. Doris (May), born 1919, British novelist. 2. Gotthold Ephraim /gawt"hawlt ay"frddah im/, 1729-81, German critic and dramatist. * * *
Lessing, Doris
▪ British writer in full  Doris May Lessing , original name  Doris May Tayler  born Oct. 22, 1919, Kermānshāh, Persia [now Iran]    British writer whose novels and ...
Lessing, Doris (May)
orig. Doris May Tayler born Oct. 22, 1919, Kermānshāh, Iran British novelist and short-story writer. She lived on a farm in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) 1924–49 before ...
Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim
born Jan. 22, 1729, Kamenz, Upper Lusatia, Saxony died Feb. 15, 1781, Braunschweig, Brunswick German playwright and critic. After writing several light comedies, he became a ...
Lessing,Doris
Les·sing (lĕsʹĭng), Doris. Born 1919. British writer known for her five-volume series Children of Violence (1952-1969) and for The Golden Notebook (1962). * * *
Lessing,Gotthold Ephraim
Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim. 1729-1781. German playwright and critic. A leader of the Enlightenment, he wrote the plays Minna von Barnheim (1763) and Nathan the Wise (1779). * * *
lesson
/les"euhn/, n. 1. a section into which a course of study is divided, esp. a single, continuous session of formal instruction in a subject: The manual was broken down into 50 ...
lessor
/les"awr, le sawr"/, n. a person, group, etc., who grants a lease. [1350-1400; ME lesso(u)r < AF. See LEASE1, -OR2] * * *
lest
/lest/, conj. 1. for fear that; so that (one) should not (used negatively to introduce a clause expressive of an action or occurrence requiring caution): He kept his notes by his ...
Lester
/les"teuhr/, n. a male given name: from the English placename "Leicester." * * * (as used in expressions) Bennett Lester Carter Flatt Lester Raymond Lester Polfus Pearson Lester ...
Lester Piggott
➡ Piggott * * *
Lester, Richard
▪ American filmmaker born January 19, 1932, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       American filmmaker who successfully transferred the fast-cut stream-of-consciousness style of ...
lestobiosis
—lestobiotic /les'toh buy ot"ik/, adj. /les'toh buy oh"sis/, n., pl. lestobioses /-seez/. cleptobiosis characterized by furtive thievery. [ < NL < Gk leist(és) robber + -o- ...
Lestor of Eccles, Joan Lestor, Baroness
▪ 1999       Canadian-born British politician who was a Labour MP in 1966-83 and 1987-97, serving in the 1970s as a junior minister and as party chairperson; she was an ...
Lesueur, Jean-François
▪ French composer Lesueur also spelled  Le Sueur  born Feb. 15, 1760, Drucat-Plessiel, near Abbeville, France died Oct. 6, 1837, Paris  composer of religious and dramatic ...
Lésvos
Lés·vos (lĕzʹvôs) See Lesbos. * * *
lesya
/lesh"yah/, n. Jainism. any of six possible colors given to the monad, or individual soul, by its karma and being lighter or darker according to the proportion of good or evil ...
Leszno
▪ Poland German  Lissa        city, Wielkopolskie województwo (province), west-central Poland. It is a rail junction and an agricultural and manufacturing ...
let
let1 /let/, v., let, letting, n. v.t. 1. to allow or permit: to let him escape. 2. to allow to pass, go, or come: to let us through. 3. to grant the occupancy or use of (land, ...
let it all out
➡ feelings * * *
let's
/lets/ contraction of let us. Usage. See contraction, let1. * * *
let-out
adj. /let"owt"/; n. /let"owt'/, adj. 1. (of fur) processed by cutting parallel diagonal slashes into the pelt and sewing the slashed edges together to lengthen the pelt and to ...
Leta
/lee"teuh/, n. a female given name, form of Latona. * * *
letch
/lech/, Slang. n. 1. a lecherous desire or craving. 2. a lecher. 3. any strong desire or liking. v.i. 4. to behave like a lecher (often fol. by for or after). Also, ...
Letchworth
➡ garden city * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), North Hertfordshire district, administrative and historic county of Hertfordshire, England, ...
letdown
/let"down'/, n. 1. a decrease in volume, force, energy, etc.: a letdown in sales; a general letdown of social barriers. 2. disillusionment, discouragement, or disappointment: The ...
Letha
/lee"theuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
lethal
—lethality, lethalness, n. —lethally, adv. /lee"theuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or causing death; deadly; fatal: a lethal weapon; a lethal dose. 2. made to cause death: a ...
lethal chamber
a room or enclosure where animals may be killed by exposure to a poison gas. [1880-85] * * *
lethal gene
Genetics. a gene that under certain conditions causes the death of an organism. Also called lethal factor, lethal mutation. [1935-40] * * *
lethal injection
lethal injection n. a hypodermic injection that causes or is capable of causing death, esp., such an injection used to administer the death penalty * * * ➡ capital ...
lethalgene
lethal gene n. A gene whose expression results in the death of the organism, usually during embryogenesis. * * *
lethality
See lethal. * * *
lethally
See lethality. * * *
lethargic
—lethargically, adv. /leuh thahr"jik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or affected with lethargy; drowsy; sluggish. 2. producing lethargy. Also, lethargical. [1350-1400; < L ...
lethargic encephalitis
Pathol. See sleeping sickness (def. 2). * * *
lethargically
See lethargic. * * *
lethargize
/leth"euhr juyz'/, v.t., lethargized, lethargizing. to make lethargic; stupefy. Also, esp. Brit., lethargise. [1605-15; LETHARG(Y) + -IZE] * * *
lethargy
/leth"euhr jee/, n., pl. lethargies. 1. the quality or state of being drowsy and dull, listless and unenergetic, or indifferent and lazy; apathetic or sluggish inactivity. 2. ...
Lethbridge
/leth"brij'/, n. a city in S Alberta, in SW Canada. 46,752. * * * ▪ Alberta, Canada       city, southern Alberta, Canada, lying on the Oldman River near its junction ...
Lethe
—Lethean /li thee"euhn, lee"thee euhn/, Lethied, adj. /lee"thee/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a river in Hades whose water caused forgetfulness of the past in those who drank of it. 2. ...
lethean
See lethe. * * *
lethiferous
/li thif"euhr euhs/, adj. Archaic. lethal. [1645-55; < L letifer (leti-, comb. form of letum death (see LETHAL) + -fer bearing) + -OUS; see -FEROUS] * * *
Leticia
▪ Colombia       town, southeastern Colombia, lying on the Amazon River at the point where the borders of Colombia, Brazil, and Peru meet.       Founded as a ...
Letitia
/li tish"euh, -tee"sheuh/, n. a female given name: from a Latin word meaning "gladness." * * *
Leto
/lee"toh/, n. Class. Myth. the mother by Zeus of Apollo and Artemis, called Latona by the Romans. * * * In classical mythology, the mother of Apollo and Artemis. She was made ...
Letronne
/li trohn"/, n. a walled plain in the third quadrant of the face of the moon: about 60 miles (100 km) in diameter. * * *
Lett
/let/, n. 1. a member of a people, the chief inhabitants of Latvia, living on or near the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea; Latvian. 2. Latvian (def. 3). * * *
Lett.
Lettish. * * *
letted
/let"id/, v. a pt. and pp. of let2. * * *
letter
letter1 —letterer, n. —letterless, adj. /let"euhr/, n. 1. a written or printed communication addressed to a person or organization and usually transmitted by mail. 2. a ...
letter bomb
an envelope containing an explosive device designed to detonate when the envelope is opened by the recipient. Also called mail bomb. [1945-50] * * *
letter box
Chiefly Brit. a public or private mailbox. [1765-75] * * *
letter boxes
➡ postal services * * *
letter carrier
letter carrier n. a postal employee who delivers mail * * *
letter carrier.
See mail carrier. [1545-55] * * *
letter drop
(in a door or partition) a slot through which letters can be pushed. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
Letter frequency distribution for a sample English text
▪ Table Letter frequency distribution for a sample English text letter number of occurrences frequency letter number of ...
Letter from America
a British radio programme, presented every week from 1946 to 2004 on BBC Radio 4 by Alistair Cooke. * * *
letter missive
pl. letters missive. a letter from an official source expressing a command, permission, invitation, etc. [1400-50; late ME < MF lettre missive or ML littera missiva; see ...
letter of advice
1. a notification from a consignor to a consignee giving specific information as to a shipment, the name of the carrier, the date shipped, etc. 2. Com. a document from the drawer ...
letter of comfort.
See comfort letter. * * *
letter of credit
1. an order issued by a banker allowing a person named to draw money to a specified amount from correspondents of the issuer. 2. an instrument issued by a banker authorizing a ...
letter of marque
license or commission granted by a state to a private citizen to capture and confiscate the merchant ships of another nation. Also, letters of marque. Also called letter of ...
letter of provenance
➡ antiques * * *
letter opener
letter opener n. a knifelike tool for slitting open sealed envelopes * * *
letter ruling
a written ruling sent by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service in response to a query concerning the application of the tax laws to a specific situation. * * *
letter stock
unregistered stock sold privately by a company so as not to have a negative effect on the price of its publicly traded stock. * * *
letter-card
/let"euhr kahrd'/, n. Brit. a large postal card, with gummed edges, that can be folded lengthwise and sealed with the message inside. [1890-95] * * *
letter-perfect
/let"euhr perr"fikt/, adj. 1. knowing one's part, lesson, or the like, perfectly. 2. precise or exact in every detail; verbatim. [1880-85] * * *
letter-quality
/let"euhr kwol'i tee/, adj. (of computer printers and their output) pertaining to an appearance equal in legibility and resolution to copy typed on an electric typewriter: A ...
letter-size
/let"euhr suyz'/, adj. 1. (of paper) measuring approximately 81/2 × 11 in. (22 × 28 cm). 2. (of office supplies and equipment) made for holding letter-size sheets of paper. Cf. ...
letterbomb
letter bomb n. An explosive mailed in an envelope rigged to cause detonation upon being opened. * * *
letterbox
letterbox [let′ər bäks΄] n. a format for presenting films in video form, that preserves the widescreen image by means of dark bands above and below the image adj. telecast ...
lettercarrier
letter carrier n. A person, especially a postal worker, who delivers mail. Also called mail carrier. * * *
lettered
/let"euhrd/, adj. 1. educated or learned. 2. of, pertaining to, or characterized by learning or literary culture. 3. marked with or as if with letters. [1275-1325; ME; see ...
letterer
See letter. * * *
letterform
/let"euhr fawrm'/, n. 1. a sheet of stationery used for letters. 2. the shape of a letter of the alphabet with regard to its design or historical development. [1905-10; LETTER1 + ...
letterhead
/let"euhr hed'/, n. 1. a printed heading on stationery, esp. one giving the name and address of a business concern, an institution, etc. 2. a sheet of paper with such a ...
lettering
/let"euhr ing/, n. 1. the act or process of inscribing with or making letters. 2. the letters in an inscription; calligraphy. [1635-45; LETTER1 + -ING1] * * *
letterman
/let"euhr man', -meuhn/, n., pl. lettermen /-men', -meuhn/. a person who has earned a letter in an interscholastic or intercollegiate activity, esp. a sport. [1715-25; LETTER1 + ...
Letterman, David
born April 12, 1947, Indianapolis, Ind., U.S. U.S. television talk-show host. He began his career as a stand-up comedian and was a guest host of Johnny Carson's Tonight Show ...
letterof credence
letter of credence n. An official document conveying the credentials of a diplomatic envoy to a foreign government. Also called letters of credence. * * *
letterof credit
letter of credit n. pl. letters of credit Abbr. L/C A letter issued by a bank authorizing the bearer to draw a stated amount of money from the issuing bank, its branches, or ...
letterof intent
letter of intent n. pl. letters of intent A written statement expressing the intention of the undersigned to enter into a formal agreement, especially a business arrangement or ...
letterpress
/let"euhr pres'/, n. 1. the process of printing from letters or type in relief, rather than from intaglio plates or planographically. 2. matter printed in such a manner. 3. ...
letterpress printing
or relief printing or typographic printing In commercial printing, process by which many copies are produced by repeated direct impression of an inked, raised surface against ...
letters of administration
Law. an instrument issued by a court or public official authorizing an administrator to take control of and dispose of the estate of a deceased person. [1490-1500] * * *
letters of credence
credentials issued to a diplomat or other governmental representative for presentation to the country to which he or she is sent. Also, letter of credence. Also called letters ...
letters of marque
letters of marque n. a former government document authorizing an individual to make reprisals on the subjects of an enemy nation, specif. to arm a ship and capture enemy merchant ...
letters patent
Law. a written or printed instrument issued by a sovereign power, conferring upon a patentee some right, as the exclusive right to land or the exclusive right to make, use, and ...
letters testamentary
Law. an instrument issued by a court or public official authorizing an executor to take control of and dispose of the estate of a deceased person. * * *
letterset
/let"euhr set'/, n. a process of printing that transfers the image from a letterpress-type relief plate to a roller or blanket from which it is offset. [1960-65; LETTER1 + SET] * ...
lettersof administration
letters of administration pl.n. A legal document entrusting an individual with the administration of the estate of a deceased person. * * *
lettersof credence
letters of credence pl.n. See letter of credence. * * *
lettersof marque
letters of marque pl.n. 1. A document issued by a nation allowing a private citizen to seize citizens or goods of another nation. 2. A document issued by a nation allowing a ...
letterspace
/let"euhr spays'/, v.t., letterspaced, letterspacing. Print. to space out (the letters of a word or line) for balance or emphasis. [1930-35; LETTER1 + SPACE] * * *
letterspatent
letters patent pl.n. A document issued by a government to a patentee granting an exclusive right to the enjoyment or possession of an invention. * * *
letterstestamentary
letters testamentary pl.n. A document issued by a probate court or officer informing an executor of a will of his or her appointment and empowering the executor to discharge the ...
letterwood
/let"euhr wood'/, n. snakewood. [1690-1700, designating another tree; LETTER1 + WOOD1, so called from the wood's letterlike markings] * * *
Lettic
/let"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to the Letts or their language. [1870-75; LETT + -IC] * * *
Lettie
/let"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Laetitia. Also, Letty. * * *
Lettish
/let"ish/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Letts or their language. n. 2. Latvian (def. 3). [1825-35; LETT + -ISH1] * * *
Lettow-Vorbeck, Paul von
▪ German officer born March 20, 1870, Saarlouis, Rhine Province, Prussia [now in Germany] died March 9, 1964, Hamburg       lieutenant colonel commanding Germany's ...
lettre de cachet
/le trddeu deuh kann she"/, pl. lettres de cachet /le trddeu deuh kann she"/. French. a letter under the seal of the sovereign, esp. one ordering imprisonment, frequently without ...
lettre de change
/le trddeu deuh shahonnzh"/, pl. lettres de change /le trddeu deuh shahonnzh"/. French. bill of exchange. * * *
lettre de créance
/le trddeu deuh krdday ahonns"/, pl. lettres de créance /le trddeu deuh krdday ahonns"/. French. letter of credit. * * *
Letts, Tracy
▪ 2009 Tracy Shane Letts  born July 4, 1965, Tulsa, Okla.   The 2008 Pulitzer Prize for drama—as well as the 2008 Tony Award for best play—was awarded to Tracy Letts ...
lettuce
/let"is/, n. 1. a cultivated plant, Lactuca sativa, occurring in many varieties and having succulent leaves used for salads. 2. any species of Lactuca. 3. Slang. U.S. dollar ...
letup
/let"up'/, n. Informal. cessation; pause; relief. [1835-45, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase let up] * * *
Letzeburgesch
/let"se boohr'geuhsh/, n. a Germanic dialect that is the native language of most of the people of Luxembourg. Also called Luxembourgian, Luxembourgish. [the local name for the ...
leu
/le"oo/, n., pl. lei /lay/. a coin and monetary unit of Rumania, equal to 100 bani. Abbr.: L. Also, ley. [1875-80; < Rumanian: lit., LION, a designation based on Turk arslanli ...
Leu
Biochem. leucine. * * *
Leu enkephalin
/looh/, (sometimes l.c.) See under enkephalin. Also, Leu-enkephalin. [1975-80] * * *
leu(ə)-
To wash. Oldest form *leu(ə₃)-. 1. Suffixed form *lou-kā-. lye, from Old English lēag, lye, from Germanic *laugō. 2. Suffixed form *lou-tro-. a. lather, from Old English ...
leu-
To loosen, divide, cut apart. Derivatives include forlorn, analysis, and solve. I. Extended Germanic root *leus-. 1. a. lorn, losel, from Old English -lēosan, to lose; b. (i) ...
leubh-
To care, desire; love. Derivatives include livelong, belief, and libido. I. Suffixed form *leubh-o-. lief; leman, livelong, from Old English lēof, dear, beloved, from Germanic ...
leuc-
var. of leuco- before a vowel: leucemia. * * *
leucaena
/looh see"neuh/, n. any of various tropical trees belonging to the genus Leucaena, of the legume family, which includes the lead tree. Cf. ipil-ipil. [ < NL (1842), appar. < Gk ...
Leucas
/looh"keuhs/, n. Levkas. * * * ▪ island, Greece Modern Greek  Levkás,  also called  Levkádhia,         Greek island in the Ionian Sea, forming with the island of ...
leucemia
—leucemic, adj. /looh see"mee euh/, n. Pathol. leukemia. * * *
leucine
/looh"seen, -sin/, n. Biochem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble amino acid, C6H13NO2, obtained by the decomposition of proteins and made synthetically: essential in the ...
Leucippus
▪ Greek philosopher flourished 5th century BC, , probably at Miletus, on the west coast of Asia Minor       Greek philosopher credited by Aristotle and by Theophrastus ...
leucite
—leucitic /looh sit"ik/, adj. /looh"suyt/, n. a whitish or grayish mineral, potassium aluminum silicate, KAlSi2O6, found in alkali volcanic rocks. [1790-1800; < G Leukit. See ...
leucitic
See leucite. * * *


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