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▪ rock       extrusive igneous rock, coloured ash gray to nearly black, that contains leucite and augite as large, single crystals (phenocrysts) in a fine-grained matrix ...
Leuckart, Rudolf
▪ German zoologist born October 7, 1822, Helmstedt, Germany died February 6, 1898, Leipzig       German zoologist and teacher who initiated the modern science of ...
leuco base
/looh"koh/, Chem. a noncolored or slightly colored compound that is produced by reducing a dye and is readily oxidized to regenerate the dye. [1885-90; independent use of ...
var. of leuko-. Also, esp. before a vowel, leuc-. * * *
/looh"keuh blast'/, n. leukoblast. * * *
/looh'keuh krat"ik/, adj. Geol. (of a rock) composed mainly of light-colored minerals. [LEUCO- + -CRAT + -IC] * * *
—leucocytic, adj. /looh"keuh suyt'/, n. Immunol. leukocyte. * * *
—leucocytotic /looh'koh suy tot"ik/, adj. /looh'koh suy toh"sis/, n. Physiol., Pathol. leukocytosis. * * *
/looh'keuh derr"meuh/, n. Pathol. vitiligo. [1880-85; < NL; see LEUCO-, DERMA] * * *
/looh"keuh leen', -lin/, n. Chem. quinoline. [1850-55; LEUC- + -OL1 + -INE2] * * *
/looh koh"meuh/, n. Pathol. leukoma. * * *
/looh"kon/, n. Zool. a type of sponge having a thick body wall with a highly branched canal system leading into the spongocoel. Cf. ascon, sycon. [ < NL < Gk leukón, n. use of ...
/looh'keuh pee"nee euh/, n. Med. leukopenia. * * *
/looh'keuh play"kee euh/, n. Pathol. leukoplakia. Also called leucoplasia /looh'keuh play"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/. * * *
/looh'keuh plast'/, n. Bot. a colorless plastid in the cells of roots, storage organs, and underground stems, serving as a point around which starch forms. [1885-90; LEUCO- + ...
—leucopoietic /looh'koh poy et"ik/, adj. /looh'koh poy ee"sis/, n. leukopoiesis. * * *
—leucotic /looh kot"ik/, adj. /looh koh"sis/, n. Vet. Pathol. leukosis. * * *
▪ sponge genus also spelled  Leucoselenia        genus of tubular branched sponges of the class Calcispongiae (phylum Porifera). Found in tide pools and on wharves ...
/looh koth"ee euh/, n. Class. Myth. a sea goddess, the deified Ino, who gave Odysseus a veil as a float after a storm had destroyed his raft. Also, Leukothea. [ < Gk: lit., the ...
/looh koth"oh ee'/, n. any of various shrubs of the genus Leucothoe, of the heath family, having clusters of white or pinkish flowers. [ < NL (1834), after L Leucothoe a ...
/looh"keuh tohm'/, n. Surg. an instrument for dissecting the white matter of the brain, consisting of a cannula containing a slender rotating blade. [1935-40; LEUCO- + -TOME] * * ...
/looh kot"euh mee/, n., pl. leucotomies. Chiefly Brit. Surg. See prefrontal lobotomy. [1935-40; LEUCO- + -TOMY] * * *
/loohk"treuh/, n. a town in ancient Greece, in Boeotia: Thebans defeated Spartans here 371 B.C. * * *
Leuctra, Battle of
▪ Greek history [371 BC]       (371 BC), battle fought on the plain of Leuctra (near modern Levktra) in southern Boeotia, in which a Boeotian army under Epaminondas ...
/loohd/, n., pl. leuds, leudes /looh"deez/. a vassal or tenant in the early Middle Ages. [1750-60; < ML leudes (pl.) < Gmc; cf. OE leode, G Leute people] * * *
To mount up, grow. Oldest form *ə₁leudh-. 1. Basic form *leudh-. landsleit, from Old High German liut, person, people, from Germanic *liud-i-. 2. Suffixed form *leudh-ero-. ...
Leuenberger, Niklaus
▪ Swiss hero born c. 1611 died Sept. 6, 1653, Schönholz bei Rüderswil, Bern       Swiss peasant hero, spokesman for rural discontent, and leader of the peasant ...
To tell a lie. 1. a. warlock, from Old English lēogan, to lie; b. belie, from Old English belēogan, to deceive (be-, about; see ambhi). Both a and b from Germanic *leugan. 2. ...
var. of leuko- before a vowel. * * *
leukapheresis [lo͞o΄kə fe rē′sis] n. a medical procedure that separates certain leukocytes from the blood, used to collect leukocytes for donation or to remove excessive ...
/looh"keuhs/, n. Levkas. * * *
—leukemic, adj. /looh kee"mee euh/, n. Pathol. any of several cancers of the bone marrow that prevent the normal manufacture of red and white blood cells and platelets, ...
See leukemia. * * *
leukemic reticuloendotheliosis
/ri tik"yeuh loh en'doh thee'lee oh"sis/, Pathol. See hairy cell leukemia. [RETICUL(UM) + -O- + ENDOTHELI(UM) + -OSIS] * * *
/looh kee"mid/, n. any cutaneous lesion that occurs in leukemia. [LEUKEM(IA) + -ID1] * * *
a combining form with the meanings "white," "white blood cell," used in the formation of compound words: leukopoiesis; leukotomy. Also, leuco-; esp. before a vowel, leuk-. [ < Gk ...
—leukoblastic, adj. /looh"keuh blast'/, n. Cell Biol. an immature leukocyte. Also, leucoblast. [1900-05; LEUKO- + -BLAST] * * *
—leukocytic /looh'keuh sit"ik/, adj. /looh"keuh sit'/, n. Immunol. See white blood cell. Also, leucocyte. [1865-70; LEUKO- + -CYTE] * * * or white blood cell or white ...
See leukocyte. * * *
leukocytoblast [lo͞o΄kō sīt′ō blast΄, lo͞o΄kəsīt′ə blast΄; lo͞o΄kōsīt′əblast΄, lo͞o΄kəsīt′əblast΄] n. 〚see LEUCO- & CYTO- & BLAST〛 the ...
See leukocytic. * * *
—leukocytotic /looh'koh suy tot"ik/, adj. /looh'koh suy toh"sis/, n. Physiol., Pathol. an increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood. Also, ...
See leukocytosis. * * *
/looh'keuh derr"meuh/, n. Pathol. vitiligo. [1880-85; < NL; see LEUKO-, DERMA] * * *
See leukoderma. * * *
See leukodermal. * * *
/looh koh"meuh/, n. Pathol. a dense, white opacity of the cornea. Also, leucoma. [1700-10; < NL leucoma. See LEUKO-, -OMA] * * *
/looh'koh pi dee"sis/, n. an outward flow of white blood cells through a blood-vessel wall. [ < NL; see LEUKO-, DIAPEDESIS] * * *
—leukopenic, adj. /looh'keuh pee"nee euh/, n. Med. a decrease in the number of white blood cells in the blood. Also, leucopenia. Also called leukocytopenia /looh'keuh suy'teuh ...
See leukopenia. * * *
/looh'keuh play"kee euh/, n. Pathol. a disorder of a mucous membrane characterized by one or more white patches, occurring most commonly on the cheek, tongue, vulva, or penis: ...
leuk·o·pla·sia (lo͞o'kə-plāʹzhə, -zhē-ə, -zē-ə) n. See leukoplakia. * * *
—leukopoietic /looh'koh poy et"ik/, adj. /looh'koh poy ee"sis/, n. the formation and development of white blood cells. Also, leucopoiesis. [1910-15; < NL leucopoiesis. See ...
See leukopoiesis. * * *
leukorrhea [lo͞o΄kə rē′ə] n. 〚ModL: see LEUCO- + -RRHEA〛 an abnormal, whitish discharge from the vagina leukorrheal adj. * * * leu·kor·rhe·a also leu·cor·rhe·a ...
See leukorrhea. * * *
—leukotic /looh kot"ik/, adj. /looh koh"sis/, n. Vet. Pathol. any of several diseases occurring chiefly in chickens, involving proliferation of the leukocytes and characterized ...
/looh koth"ee euh/, n. Leucothea. * * *
/looh kot"euh mee/, n., pl. leukotomies. Chiefly Brit. Surg. See prefrontal lobotomy. [1935-40; LEUKO- + -TOMY] * * *
/looh'keuh truy"een/, n. Biochem. a lipid, C20H30O3, produced by white blood cells in an immune response to antigens, that contributes to allergic asthma and inflammatory ...
/loo ruy"keuhs, -ree"-/, n. Leofric. * * *
/loyt"seuh/, n. Emanuel Gottlieb /i man"yooh euhl got"leeb/; Ger. /ay mah"nooh el' gawt"leep/, 1816-68, German painter in the U.S. * * *
Leutze, Emanuel Gottlieb
▪ German-American painter born May 24, 1816, Schwäbisch-Gmünd, Württemberg [Germany] died July 18, 1868, Washington, D.C., U.S.       German-born American historical ...
Leuven [lö′vən] city in central Belgium: pop. 87,000 * * * Leu·ven (lœʹvən) See Louvain. * * * ▪ Belgium French  Louvain   municipality, Flanders Region, ...
Leuven, Catholic University of
▪ university, Leuven, Belgium Flemish  Katholieke Universiteit Leuven , French  Université Catholique de Louvain   renowned institution of higher learning founded in ...
Leuwenhoek,Anton van
Leu·wen·hoek (lāʹvən-ho͝ok', lāʹü-wən-ho͞ok'), Anton van. See Leeuwenhoek, Anton van. * * *
/lef/, n., pl. leva /lev"euh/. a coin and monetary unit of Bulgaria, equal to 100 stotinki. Abbr.: L., LV. [1900-05; < Bulg: lit., lion, OCS livu, prob. < OHG lewo < L leo; see ...
var. of levo- before a vowel: levulose. * * *
Leviticus. * * *
/leuh vahd"/, n. Dressage. a movement in which the horse first lowers its body on increasingly bent hocks, then sits on its hind hooves while keeping its forelegs raised and ...
/leuh vannl wann pe rdde"/, n. a suburb of Paris, in N France, on the Seine. 52,731. * * * ▪ France       city, Hauts-de-Seine département, Paris région, France. ...
/lev'euh loy"zee euhn, -zheuhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a distinctive late Lower and Middle Paleolithic method of preparing a stone core so that preformed ...
Levalloisian stone-flaking technique
▪ anthropology       toolmaking technique of prehistoric Europe and Africa, characterized by the production of large flakes (flake tool) from a tortoise core (prepared ...
▪ drug        drug derived from morphine that can activate certain receptors (receptor) and inhibit others. Levallorphan's mixed actions are a result of its ability to ...
—levanter, n. /li vant"/, v.i. Brit. Slang. to leave secretly or hurriedly to avoid paying debts. [1750-60; perh. < Sp levantar to lift (Compare LEVANTAR EL CAMPO to break ...
/li vant"/, n. 1. the lands bordering the E shores of the Mediterranean Sea. 2. Also called Levant morocco. a superior grade of morocco having a large and prominent grain, ...
Levant dollar
a silver coin, either a Maria Theresa thaler or an imitation of one, formerly used for trade with Abyssinia, Eritrea, Aden, etc. Imitations bear the date 1780 regardless of the ...
Levant morocco
Levant morocco n. a fine morocco leather with a large, irregular grain, used esp. in bookbinding * * *
Levant red.
See Adrianople red. * * *
Levant storax.
See under storax (def. 2). [1935-40] * * *
Levant wormseed.
See under wormseed (def. 1). * * *
/li van"teuhr/, n. a strong easterly wind in the Mediterranean. [1620-30; LEVANT + -ER1] * * * ▪ wind also spelled  levante        strong wind of the western ...
—Levantinism, n. /lev"euhn tuyn', -teen', li van"tin, -tuyn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Levant. n. 2. a native of the Levant. [1640-50; LEVANT + -INE1] * * *
Levant morocco n. See Levant2. * * *
Levassor, Émile
▪ French inventor born 1844? died 1897, France       French businessman and inventor who developed the basic configuration of the automobile.       Levassor ...
/li vay"teuhr, -tawr/, n., pl. levatores /lev'euh tawr"eez, -tohr"-/. 1. Anat. a muscle that raises a part of the body. Cf. depressor. 2. Surg. an instrument used to raise a ...
levator muscle
▪ anatomy       any of the muscles that raise a body part. In humans these include the levator anguli oris, which raises the corner of the mouth; the levator ani, ...
levee1 /lev"ee/, n., v., leveed, leveeing. n. 1. an embankment designed to prevent the flooding of a river. 2. Geol. See natural levee. 3. Agric. one of the small continuous ...
—levelly, adv. —levelness, n. /lev"euhl/, adj., n., v., leveled, leveling or (esp. Brit.) levelled, levelling, adv. adj. 1. having no part higher than another; having a flat ...
level crossing
Brit. See grade crossing. [1835-45] * * *
level curve.
See contour line. * * *
level line.
See contour line. [1660-70] * * *
level of significance
Statistics. See significance level. [1920-25] * * *
level playing field
a state of equality; an equal opportunity. [1980-85] * * *
/lev"euhl awf", -of"/, n. Aeron. the maneuver of bringing an aircraft into a horizontal flying position after an ascent or descent. [1925-30; n. use of v. phrase level off] * * *
level compensator n. Electronics An automatic gain control device used in the receiving equipment of telegraphic circuits. * * *
level crossing n. Chiefly British A grade crossing. * * *
/lev"euh leuhr/, n. a person or thing that levels. Also, esp. Brit., leveller. [1590-1600; LEVEL + -ER1] * * * Member of a republican faction in England during the English Civil ...
—levelheadedly, adv. —levelheadedness, n. /lev"euhl hed"id/, adj. having common sense and sound judgment; sensible. [1875-80, Amer.; LEVEL + HEAD + -ED3] * * *
See levelheaded. * * *
leveling instrument
Survey. an instrument used to establish a horizontal line of sight, usually by means of a spirit level. * * *
leveling rod
Survey. rod (def. 19). [1900-05] * * *
lev·el·ing rod (lĕvʹə-lĭng) n. A graduated pole or stick with a movable marker, used with a surveyor's level to measure differences in elevation. Also called leveling pole, ...
/lev"euh land'/, n. a city in NW Texas. 13,809. * * *
/lev"euh leuhr/, n. 1. (usually cap.) (during the British Civil War) a member of the Parliamentary army advocating constitutional reforms, equal rights, and religious ...
See level. * * *
See levelly. * * *
levelof significance
level of significance n. pl. levels of significance The probability of a false rejection of the null hypothesis in a statistical test. Also called significance level. * * *
/lee"veuhn/, n. Loch, a lake in E Scotland: ruins of a castle in which Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned. * * *
Leven, Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of, Lord Balgonie
▪ Scottish army commander born c. 1580 died April 4, 1661, Balgonie, Fife, Scot.       commander of the Scottish army that from 1644 to 1646 fought on the side of ...
Leven, Loch
Lake, east-central Scotland. Roughly 3 mi (5 km) in diameter, it is one of the shallowest of the Scottish lochs, having an average depth of 15 ft (4.5 m). It contains a ...
Le·ven (lēʹvən), Loch A lake of eastern Scotland north-northwest of Edinburgh. Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned on an island in the lake from 1567 to 1568. * * *
Levene, Phoebus
▪ American chemist original name  Fishel Aaronovich Levin   born Feb. 25, 1869, Sagor, Russia died Sept. 6, 1940, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Russian-born American ...
/lev"euhr, lee"veuhr/, n. 1. Mech. a rigid bar that pivots about one point and that is used to move an object at a second point by a force applied at a third. Cf. machine (def. ...
/lee"veuhr/, n. Charles James ("Cornelius O'Dowd"), 1806-72, Irish novelist and essayist. * * * Simple machine used to amplify physical force. All early people used the lever ...
lever action
a rifle action in which the extracting and ejecting of the shell case and the recocking of the weapon are accomplished by a hand-operated lever arm in front of the trigger ...
Lever Art Gallery
▪ museum, Bebington, England, United Kingdom in full  Lady Lever Art Gallery,         in Port Sunlight, a model village founded for workers in Bebington, Cheshire ...
Lever Bros.
British soap and detergent manufacturer. Lever Bros. was founded in 1885 by William Hesketh Lever, later Viscount Leverhulme (1851–1925), and his brother, James Darcy Lever, ...
Lever Brothers
      predecessor company of Unilever (q.v.). * * *
lever escapement
Horol. an escapement in which a pivoted lever, made to oscillate by the escape wheel, engages a balance staff and causes it to oscillate. [1830-40] * * *
Lever of Manchester, Harold Lever
▪ 1996       BARON, British millionaire, Labour Party politician, and economic adviser to Labour Prime Ministers Harold Wilson and James Callaghan (b. Jan. 15, ...
lever tumbler
a flat metal tumbler in a lock. * * *
Lever, Charles James
▪ British author born Aug. 31, 1806, Dublin, Ire. died June 1, 1872, Trieste, Austria-Hungary [now in Italy]       Irish editor and writer whose novels, set in ...
/lev"euhr ak'sheuhn, lee"veuhr-/, adj. (of a rifle) having a lever action. * * *
/lev"euhr ij, lee"veuhr-/, n., v., leveraged, leveraging. n. 1. the action of a lever. 2. the mechanical advantage or power gained by using a lever. 3. power or ability to act or ...
leveraged buyout
the purchase of a company with borrowed money, using the company's assets as collateral, and often discharging the debt and realizing a profit by liquidating the company. Abbr.: ...
lev·er·aged buyout (lĕvʹər-ĭjd, lēʹvər-ĭjd) n. Abbr. LBO The use of a target company's asset value to finance the debt incurred in acquiring the company. * * *
/lev"euhr it/, n. a young hare. [1400-50; late ME < AF, dim. of levre, OF lievre < L leporem, acc. of lepus hare; see -ET] * * *
/lee"veuhr hyoohm'/ or, often, /-yoohm'/, n. Viscount (William Hesketh Lever), 1851-1925, English soap manufacturer, originator of an employee profit-sharing plan, and founder of ...
Leverhulme, William Hesketh Lever, 1st Viscount, Baron Leverhulme of Bolton-le-moors
▪ British entrepreneur born Sept. 19, 1851, Bolton, Lancashire, Eng. died May 7, 1925, Hampstead, London       British soap and detergent entrepreneur who built the ...
/lay"veuhrdd kooh'zeuhn/, n. a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, in W Germany, on the Rhine. 154,700. * * * ▪ Germany       city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), ...
/leuh ver"ee ay'/; Fr. /leuh ve rddyay"/, n. Urbain Jean Joseph /yuurdd baonn" zhahonn zhaw zef"/, 1811-77, French astronomer. * * *
Levert, Gerald
▪ 2007       American singer (b. July 13, 1966, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. Nov. 10, 2006, Cleveland, Ohio), was a powerful and soulful vocalist whose string of R&B hits ...
Levertin, Oscar Ivar
▪ Swedish poet and scholar born July 17, 1862, near Stockholm, Swed. died Sept. 22, 1906, Stockholm  Swedish poet and scholar, a leader of the Swedish Romantic movement of ...
/lev"euhr tawf', -tof'/, n. Denise, 1923-97, U.S. poet, born in England. * * *
Levertov, Denise
born Oct. 24, 1923, Ilford, Essex, Eng. died Dec. 20, 1997, Seattle, Wash., U.S. English-born U.S. poet, essayist, and political activist. Levertov became a civilian nurse ...
/leuh vek"/; Fr. /lay vek"/, n. René /reuh nay"/; Fr. /rddeuh nay"/, born 1922, Canadian political leader: premier of Quebec 1976-85. * * *
Levesque, Georges-Henri
▪ 2001       Canadian cleric and educator (b. Feb. 16, 1903, Roberval, Que.—d. Jan. 15, 2000, Quebec, Que.), was instrumental in bringing about Quebec's “Quiet ...
Lévesque, René
Lé·vesque (lə-vĕkʹ), René. 1922-1987. Canadian politician who cofounded (1967) the Parti Québecois to further the cause of French-Canadian separatism. He served as ...
/lee"vuy, lay"vee/; for 5 also /lee"vee/, n. 1. a son of Jacob and Leah. Gen. 29:34. 2. one of the 12 tribes of Israel, traditionally descended from him. 3. original name of ...
Levi ben Gershom
▪ French scholar also called  Gersonides,  Leo De Bagnols,  Leo Hebraeus , or (by acronym)  Ralbag  born 1288, Bagnols-sur-Cèze, Fr. died 1344       French ...
Levi Strauss & Co.
World's largest maker of pants, noted especially for its blue-denim jeans. The company traces its origin to Levi Strauss (1829–1902), a Bavarian immigrant who sold dry goods ...
/lee"vuyz/, (used with a pl. v.) Trademark. a brand of clothing, esp. blue jeans. Cf. blue jeans. * * *
Levi, Carlo
▪ Italian author born Nov. 29, 1902, Turin, Italy died Jan. 4, 1975, Rome       Italian writer, painter, and political journalist whose first documentary novel became ...
Levi, Edward Hirsch
▪ 2001       American lawyer and educator (b. June 16, 1911, Chicago, Ill.—d. March 7, 2000, Chicago), as U.S. attorney general under Pres. Gerald Ford from 1975 to ...
Levi, Primo
born July 31, 1919, Turin, Italy died April 11, 1987, Turin Italian writer and chemist. Two years after obtaining a degree in chemistry, Levi, who was Jewish, was captured by ...
Lévi, Sylvain
born March 26, 1863, Paris, France died Oct. 30, 1935, France French scholar of Eastern religion, literature, and history. He taught at the Sorbonne (1889–94) and later for ...
Levi-Civita, Tullio
▪ Italian mathematician born March 29, 1873, Padua, Italy died December 29, 1941, Rome       Italian mathematician known for his work in differential calculus and ...
Levi-Montalcini, Rita
▪ Italian-American neurologist born April 22, 1909, Turin, Italy       neurologist who, with biochemist Stanley Cohen (Cohen, Stanley), shared the Nobel Prize for ...
Le·vi-Mon·tal·ci·ni (lēʹvē-mŏn'tl-chēʹnē, lĕʹvē-mōn'täl-), Rita. Born 1909. Italian-born developmental biologist. She shared a 1986 Nobel Prize for the discovery ...
/lay"vee strows"/, n. Claude, born 1908, French anthropologist and educator, born in Belgium: founder of structural anthropology. * * *
Lévi-Strauss, Claude
born Nov. 28, 1908, Brussels, Belg. Belgian-French social anthropologist and leading exponent of structuralism. Lévi-Strauss originally studied philosophy at the University of ...
Lé·vi-Strauss (lāʹvē-strousʹ), Claude. Born 1908. French social anthropologist and leading exponent of the theory of structuralism. His works include Structural ...
/lev"ee euh beuhl/, adj. 1. that may be levied. 2. liable or subject to a levy. [1475-85; See LEVY, -ABLE] * * *
/li vuy"euh theuhn/, n. 1. (often cap.) Bible. a sea monster. 2. any huge marine animal, as the whale. 3. anything of immense size and power, as a huge, oceangoing ship. 4. ...
/lev"ee euhr/, n. a person who levies. [1485-95 LEVY + -ER1] * * *
—levigation, n. —levigator, n. v. /lev"i gayt'/; adj. /lev"i git, -gayt'/, v., levigated, levigating, adj. v.t. 1. to rub, grind, or reduce to a fine powder, as in a mortar, ...
See levigate. * * *
/lev"in/, n. Archaic. lightning. [1200-50; ME levene, obscurely akin to Goth lauhmuni (akin to L lumen light)] * * *
Levin, Bernard
▪ 2005       British journalist (b. Aug. 19, 1928, London, Eng.—d. Aug. 7, 2004, London), applied his acerbic wit for almost 40 years as a political columnist and ...
Levin, Ira Marvin
▪ 2008       American author born Aug. 27, 1929, New York, N.Y. died Nov. 12, 2007, New York City thrilled readers with his best-selling Gothic and suspense novels, ...
Levin, Meyer
▪ American author born October 8, 1905, Chicago, Illinois, U.S. died July 9, 1981, Jerusalem       American author of novels and nonfiction about the Jewish people and ...
Levinas, Emmanuel
▪ 1996       Lithuanian-born French philosopher who combined the ideas of the German Phenomenologists Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger; after World War II he was ...
/leuh veen"/, n. Jack, born 1915, U.S. painter. * * *
Levine, Jack
▪ American artist born January 3, 1915, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.       painter who was prominent in the American Social Realist (Social Realism) school of the ...
Levine, James
▪ American conductor and pianist born June 23, 1943, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.    American conductor and pianist, especially noted for his work with the Metropolitan Opera ...
Levine, James (Lawrence)
born June 23, 1943, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. U.S. conductor. He debuted as a pianist at age 10 with the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra. At Juilliard he studied piano with Rosina ...
Levine, Lawrence William
▪ 2007       American historian (b. Feb. 27, 1933, New York, N.Y.—d. Oct. 23, 2006, Berkeley, Calif.), spent more than 30 years (1962–94) as a professor of history ...
Levine, Philip
▪ American poet born Jan. 10, 1928, Detroit, Mich., U.S.       American poet of urban working-class life.       Levine studied at Wayne State University, ...
Levine, Sherrie
▪ American artist born April 17, 1947, Hazelton, Pa., U.S.       American conceptual artist known for remaking famous 20th-century works of art either through ...
Levine,James Lawrence
Le·vine (lə-vīnʹ), James Lawrence. Born 1943. American pianist and conductor. He began his career with the Metropolitan Opera as principal conductor in 1973 and has since ...
Levinson, Barry
born April 6, 1942, Baltimore, Md., U.S. U.S. film director. He worked as a comedy writer for Carol Burnett and Mel Brooks in the 1970s, then made his directorial debut with ...
Levinson, Salmon Oliver
▪ American lawyer born Dec. 29, 1865, Noblesville, Ind., U.S. died Feb. 2, 1941, Chicago, Ill.       lawyer who originated and publicized the “outlawry of war” ...
—leviratic /lev'euh rat"ik, lee'veuh-/, leviratical, adj. /lev"euhr it, -euh rayt', lee"veuhr it, -veuh rayt'/, n. the custom of marriage by a man with his brother's widow, ...
levirate and sororate
Customs or laws regulating marriage following the death of a spouse, or in some cases during the lifetime of the spouse. The levirate decrees a dead man's brother to be the ...
See levirate. * * *
See leviratic. * * *
/lee"vis/; Fr. /lay vee"/, n. a city in S Quebec, in E Canada, across from Montreal, on the St. Lawrence. 17,895. * * * ▪ Quebec, Canada formerly ...
Levit. abbr. Bible Leviticus. * * *
Levita, Elijah Bokher
▪ Italian grammarian Hebrew in full  Eliyahu ben Asher ha-Levi Ashkenazi  born February 13, 1469, Neustadt an der Aisch, Nürnberg [Germany] died January 28, 1549, Venice ...
—levitator, n. /lev"i tayt'/, v., levitated, levitating. v.i. 1. to rise or float in the air, esp. as a result of a supernatural power that overcomes gravity. v.t. 2. to cause ...
—levitational, adj. —levitative, adj. /lev'i tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or phenomenon of levitating. 2. the raising or rising of a body in air by supernatural ...
See levitation. * * *
See levitation. * * *
/lee"vuyt/, n. 1. a member of the tribe of Levi. 2. a descendant of Levi, esp. one appointed to assist the priests in the temple or tabernacle. [1250-1300; ME < LL Levita < Gk ...
/lev"i teuhr/, adv. (in prescriptions) lightly. [ < L] * * *
—Levitically, adv. /li vit"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Levites. 2. of or pertaining to Leviticus or the law (Levitical law) contained in Leviticus. [1525-35; < LL ...
/li vit"i keuhs/, n. the third book of the Bible, containing laws relating to the priests and Levites and to the forms of Jewish ceremonial observance. Abbr.: Lev. [ < LL ...
Leviticus Rabbah
(с AD 450) Compilation of 37 compositions on topics suggested by the Old Testament Book of Leviticus. Their message is that the laws of history focus on the holy life of Israel ...
Levitsky, Ivan
▪ Ukrainian author pseudonym of  Ivan Nechuy-levitsky,  also spelled  Nechúi-levýtsky, or Nečuj-levycʾkyj  born Nov. 25 [Nov. 13, old style], 1838, Steblev, Kiev ...
Levitt, Helen
born Aug. 31, 1913, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. photographer. She began her career in photography at age 18. Her first show, "Photographs of Children," was held at the Museum of ...
Levitt, Theodore
▪ 2007       German-born American economist (b. March 1, 1925, Vollmerz, Ger.—d. June 28, 2006, Belmont, Mass.), popularized the term globalization with the widely ...
Levitt, William Jaird
▪ 1995       U.S. builder and developer (b. Feb. 11, 1907, New York, N.Y.—d. Jan. 28, 1994, Manhasset, N.Y.), as the pioneering president of Levitt & Sons, Inc., ...
/lev"it town'/, n. a town on W Long Island, in SE New York. 57,045. * * * Extensive suburban housing development in Hempstead, Long Island, N.Y. Developed 1946–51 by the firm ...
/lev"i tee/, n., pl. levities. 1. lightness of mind, character, or behavior; lack of appropriate seriousness or earnestness. 2. an instance or exhibition of this. 3. ...
a type of jeans produced by Levi Strauss Associates in San Francisco. They were first made during the Gold Rush by Levi Strauss (1829–1902) who was born in Germany. He had ...
Lévka Mountains
▪ mountains, Greece Modern Greek  Lévka Óri,  also called  Madháres Óri,    highest and most precipitous massif in western Crete, located a few miles south of the ...
/lef kahs"/, n. an island in the Ionian group, off the W coast of Greece. 24,581; 114 sq. mi. (295 sq. km). Also, Leucas, Leukas. Italian, Santa Maura. * * *
Levnî, Abdülcelil
▪ Ottoman painter born 17th century, , probably Edirne, Rumelia died 1732, Constantinople       the most accomplished and famous Ottoman painter of the early ...
/lee"voh/, adj. levorotatory. [by shortening] * * *
a combining form meaning "left," "levorotatory," used in the formation of compound words: levoglucose; levorotation. Also, laevo-; esp. before a vowel, lev-. [repr. L laevus ...
/lee'veuh doh"peuh/, n. Pharm. a synthetic substance, C9H11NO4, that is converted in the brain to dopamine: used chiefly in the treatment of parkinsonism. Also called ...
/lee'veuh glooh"kohs/, n. Chem. See under glucose (def. 1). [LEVO- + GLUCOSE] * * *
levogyrate [lē΄vō jī′rəslē΄vō jī′rāt΄] adj. 〚 LEVO- + GYRATE, adj.〛 LEVOROTATORY: also levogyrous [lē΄vō jī′rəs] * * *
Levon I
▪ king of Armenia byname  Levon The Great   flourished 13th century       king of Armenia (reigned 1199–1219), who rallied the Armenians after their dispersion by ...
le·vo·nor·ges·trel (lē'və-nôr-jĕsʹtrəl) n. The levorotatory form of norgestrel, used in oral contraceptives and in contraceptives implanted subdermally. In implant ...
levorotation [lē΄vōrō tā′shən] n. 〚 LEVO- + ROTATION〛 rotation to the left; counterclockwise rotation: usually said of the plane of polarization of light * * ...
/lee'veuh roh"teuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. Optics, Chem., Biochem. turning to the left, as the rotation to the left of the plane of polarization of light in certain crystals and ...
/leuh vawr"feuh nawl', -nol'/, n. Pharm. a potent synthetic narcotic analgesic, C21H29NO7, as the tartrate, used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain. [LEV- + ...
Levski, Vasil
▪ Bulgarian revolutionary byname of  Vasil Ivanov Kunchev   born July 6, 1837, Karlovo, Rumelia died Feb. 6, 1873, near Sofia       Bulgarian revolutionary leader in ...
▪ Fiji       town on the east coast of Ovalau island, central Fiji, South Pacific, and capital of Lomaiviti province. Settled by a U.S. adventurer in 1822, the area was ...
levulin [lev′yo͞o lin] n. 〚 LEVUL( + -IN1〛 a colorless, starchlike carbohydrate (C6H10O5) which hydrolyzes to form levulose * * *
levulinic acid
/lev"yeuh lin"ik, lev'-/, Chem. a white or colorless, water-soluble solid, C5H8O3, produced by the hydrolysis of cane sugar, starch, or cellulose; used chiefly in the organic ...
/lev"yeuh lohs'/, n. Chem. fructose. [1870-75; LEV- + -ULE + -OSE2] * * *
/lev"ee/, n., pl. levies, v., levied, levying. n. 1. an imposing or collecting, as of a tax, by authority or force. 2. the amount owed or collected. 3. the conscription of ...
/lee"vee, lev"ee/ for 1; /lee"vee, -vuy/ for 2, n. 1. Uriah Phillips, 1792-1862, U.S. naval commander. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) capital levy Burton ...
levy en masse
levy en masse [lev΄ē en mas′] n. 〚partial transl. of Fr levée en masse〛 an armed rising by civilians in a territory in order to resist an approaching invader: also levy ...
Levy, David
▪ Israeli politician born December 21, 1937, Rabat, Morocco       Israeli politician, who was a leader of Israel's Sephardic (Sephardi) Jews and who held numerous ...
Levy, David H.
▪ amateur astronomer born May 22, 1948, Montreal, Que., Can.       amateur astronomer who discovered—along with Carolyn Shoemaker (Shoemaker, Carolyn) and Eugene ...
Levy, Joseph Moses
▪ British journalist born December 15, 1812, London, England died October 12, 1888, Ramsgate, Kent       English newspaperman, founder of the London newspaper Daily ...
Lévy, Paul
▪ French mathematician in full  Paul-pierre Lévy   born Sept. 15, 1886, Paris, France died Dec. 15, 1971       French mining engineer and mathematician noted for his ...
Lévy-Bruhl, Lucien
▪ French philosopher born April 19, 1857, Paris, France died March 13, 1939, Paris       French philosopher whose study of the psychology of primitive peoples gave ...
also called  Levynite,         mineral in the zeolite family, similar in composition and structure to chabazite (q.v.). * * *
/looh/, n. a male given name, form of Lewis, Llewellyn, or Louis. * * *
Lew Wallace
➡ Wallace (IV) * * *
Lewald, Fanny
▪ German writer born March 24, 1811, Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died Aug. 5, 1889, Dresden, Ger.       popular German novelist and feminist who ...
Lewandowski, Louis
▪ Polish composer born April 3, 1821, Września, Pol. died Feb. 4, 1894, Berlin       Jewish cantor, chorus conductor, and composer of synagogue music.       By ...
▪ South African king born c. 1842, , near Nyengo Swamp, Barotseland [now in Zambia] died Feb. 4, 1916, Lealui, Barotseland Protectorate       southern African king who ...
—lewdly, adv. —lewdness, n. /loohd/, adj. lewder, lewdest. 1. inclined to, characterized by, or inciting to lust or lechery; lascivious. 2. obscene or indecent, as language ...
See lewd. * * *
See lewdly. * * *
Lewenstein, Oscar
▪ 1998       British theatre impresario and film producer who was a central figure in London's Royal Court Theatre for over 20 years, formed the English Stage Company, ...
/looh"is/, n. 1. George Henry, 1817-78, English writer and critic. 2. a city in East Sussex, in SE England: battle 1264. 76,400. * * * Town (pop., 1998 est.: 14,900), Lewes ...
Lewes, George Henry
▪ English philosopher, actor, and scientist born April 18, 1817, London, Eng. died Nov. 28, 1878, London  English biographer, literary critic, dramatist, novelist, ...
Lewes,George Henry
Lew·es (lo͞oʹĭs), George Henry. 1817-1878. British philosopher and critic who was the first editor (1865-1866) of the Fortnightly Review. * * *
Lewes River The upper course of the Yukon River above its junction with the Pelly River in southern Yukon Territory, Canada. It is about 544 km (338 mi) long. * * *
Lewin of Greenwich in Greater London, Terence Thornton Lewin, Baron
▪ 2000       British admiral of the fleet who was the leader of Great Britain's successful campaign to regain control of the Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas when ...
Lewin, Kurt
born Sept. 9, 1890, Mogilno, Ger. died Feb. 12, 1947, Newtonville, Mass., U.S. German-U.S. social psychologist. After training and teaching in Berlin, he immigrated to the ...
/looh"is/, n. a device for lifting a dressed stone, consisting of a number of pieces fitting together to fill a dovetailed recess cut into the stone. [1730-40; perh. after the ...
/looh"is/, n. 1. C(ecil) Day, 1904-72, British poet: poet laureate after 1968. 2. C(live) S(taples) /stay"peuhlz/, ("Clive Hamilton"), 1898-1963, English novelist and ...
Lewis acid
Chem. any substance capable of forming a covalent bond with a base by accepting a pair of electrons from it. [1940-45; named after G. N. LEWIS] * * *
Lewis and Clark
two US explorers who made the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1804–5. President Thomas Jefferson sent Meriwether Lewis (1774–1809) and William Clark (1770–1838) to lead an ...
Lewis and Clark Caverns
▪ cave, Montana, United States       limestone cave in Jefferson county, southwestern Montana, U.S. It lies 47 miles (76 km) east of Butte, near the confluence of the ...
Lewis and Clark Expedition
➡ Lewis and Clark * * * (1804–06) First overland expedition to the U.S. Pacific coast and back, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Initiated by Pres. Thomas ...
Lewis and Harris
the northernmost island of the Hebrides, in NW Scotland. 825 sq. mi. (2135 sq. km). Also, Lewis with Harris. * * * ▪ island, Outer Hebrides, Scotland, United ...
Lewis base
Chem. any substance capable of forming a covalent bond with an acid by transferring a pair of electrons to it. [1960-65; named after G. N. LEWIS] * * *
Lewis blood group system
▪ physiology       classification of human blood based on the expression of glycoproteins called Lewis (Le) antigens (antigen) on the surfaces of red blood cells ...
lewis bolt
Building Trades. an anchor bolt having a conical base around which concrete or lead is poured to hold it. [1870-75] * * *
Lewis Carroll
➡ Carroll * * *
Lewis Glyn Cothi
▪ Welsh poet also called  Llywelyn y Glyn  flourished 1447–86       Welsh bard whose work reflects an awakening of national consciousness among the ...
Lewis gun
a light, air-cooled, gas-operated machine gun with a circular magazine, first used in World War I. Also called Lewis automatic, Lewis machine gun. [1910-15; named after I. N. ...
Lewis Mountains
a mountain range in the NW United States and W Canada, in W Montana and Alberta province: part of the Rocky Mountains. * * *
Lewis Range
▪ mountain range, North America       segment of the northern Rockies, extending south-southeastward for 160 miles (260 km) from the Alberta, Can., border, near Waterton ...
Lewis theory
▪ chemistry       generalization concerning acids and bases introduced in 1923 by the U.S. chemist Gilbert N. Lewis, in which an acid is regarded as any compound which, ...
Lewis University
▪ university, Romeoville, Illinois, United States       private, coeducational university in Romeoville, Illinois, U.S., 30 miles (50 km) southwest of Chicago. Lewis ...
Lewis with
Lewis with northernmost island of the Outer Hebrides, Scotland, consisting of a larger N part (Lewis) & a S part (Harris): part of the Western Isles administrative division: c. ...
Lewis, (Frederick) Carl(ton)
born July 1, 1961, Birmingham, Ala., U.S. U.S. track-and-field athlete. He qualified for the 1980 Olympics but did not participate, because of the U.S. boycott of the Moscow ...
Lewis, (Harry) Sinclair
born Feb. 7, 1885, Sauk Center, Minn., U.S. died Jan. 10, 1951, near Rome, Italy U.S. novelist and social critic. He worked as a reporter and magazine writer before making his ...
Lewis, (Harry)Sinclair
Lewis, (Harry) Sinclair. 1885-1951. American novelist who satirized middle-class America in his 22 works, including Babbitt (1922) and Elmer Gantry (1927). He was the first ...
Lewis, (Percy) Wyndham
born Nov. 18, 1882, on a yacht near Amherst, Nova Scotia, Can. died March 7, 1957, London, Eng. English artist and writer. The founder and principal exponent of Vorticism, ...
Lewis, (Percy)Wyndham
Lewis, (Percy) Wyndham. 1884-1957. British writer and artist. He wrote the novels The Apes of God (1930) and Revenge for Love (1937) and painted portraits of T.S. Eliot and Ezra ...
Lewis, Al
▪ 2007 Alexander [or Albert] Meister  American actor (b. April 30, 1923, New York, N.Y.—d. Feb. 3, 2006, New York City), was most noted for his role as Grandpa, a ...
Lewis, Alun
▪ Welsh poet born July 1, 1915, Aberdare, Glamorganshire, Wales died March 5, 1944, Goppe Pass, Arakan, Burma [Myanmar]       at his early death one of the most ...
Lewis, C(larence) I(rving)
born April 12, 1883, Stoneham, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 3, 1964, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. philosopher. He taught primarily at Harvard University (1920–53). His best-known works are ...
Lewis, C(live) S(taples)
Lewis, C(live) S(taples). 1898-1963. British writer and critic. His works include The Allegory of Love (1936) and a series of fictional books for children collectively known as ...

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