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Lewis, C.I.
▪ American philosopher and logician in full  Clarence Irving Lewis   born April 12, 1883, Stoneham, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 3, 1964, Cambridge, Mass.       American ...
Lewis, C.S.
▪ British author in full  Clive Staples Lewis   born Nov. 29, 1898, Belfast, Ire. [now in Northern Ireland] died Nov. 22, 1963, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng.  British scholar, ...
Lewis, Carl
▪ American athlete in full  Frederick Carlton Lewis  born July 1, 1961, Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.    American track-and-field athlete, who won nine Olympic gold medals ...
Lewis, David Kellogg
▪ 2002       American philosopher (b. Sept. 28, 1941, Oberlin, Ohio—d. Oct. 14, 2001, Princeton, N.J.), created the theory of “modal realism,” which considered ...
Lewis, Edmonia
▪ American sculptor in full  Mary Edmonia Lewis  born July 4, 1845, Greenbush, New York, U.S. died after 1909       American sculptor whose Neoclassical works ...
Lewis, Edna
▪ American author and chef in full  Edna Regina Lewis  born April 13, 1916, Freetown, Va., U.S. died Feb. 13, 2006, Decatur, Ga.       African American author and ...
Lewis, Edna Regina
▪ 2007       American author and chef (b. April 13, 1916, Freetown, Va.—d. Feb. 13, 2006, Decatur, Ga.), was renowned for her traditional Southern recipes, which she ...
Lewis, Edward B.
born May 20, 1918, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., U.S. died July 21, 2004, Pasadena, Calif. U.S. geneticist. He received a Ph.D. (1942) in genetics from the California Institute of ...
Lewis, Flora
▪ 2003       American journalist (b. July 29, 1922, Los Angeles, Calif.—d. June 2, 2002, Paris, France), was a top-notch reporter and columnist who specialized in ...
Lewis, Gilbert N.
▪ American chemist Introduction in full  Gilbert Newton Lewis  born Oct. 23, 1875, Weymouth, Mass., U.S. died March 23, 1946, Berkeley, Calif.       American physical ...
Lewis, Henry Jay
▪ 1997       U.S. orchestra conductor who was the first African-American conductor and music director of a major American orchestra and the first black to conduct at the ...
Lewis, Isaac Newton
▪ United States Army officer and inventor born Oct. 12, 1858, New Salem, Pa., U.S. died Nov. 9, 1931, Hoboken, N.J.       U.S. Army officer and inventor best known for ...
Lewis, Janet
▪ 1999       American writer and poet who produced short stories, children's books, such novels as The Wife of Martin Guerre (1941) and the libretto of the opera based ...
Lewis, Jerry
orig. Joseph Levitch born March 16, 1926, Newark, N.J., U.S. U.S. actor, director, and producer. In 1946 he developed a nightclub comedy routine with Dean Martin (1917–95), ...
Lewis, Jerry Lee
born Sept. 29, 1935, Ferriday, La., U.S. U.S. rock-and-roll musician. He began playing piano in his childhood, influenced by blues and gospel musicians. He attended Bible ...
Lewis, John
▪ American musician in full  John Aaron Lewis  born May 3, 1920, La Grange, Illinois, U.S. died March 29, 2001, New York, New York  American jazz pianist and ...
Lewis, John Aaron
▪ 2002       American composer and pianist (b. May 3, 1920, La Grange, Ill.—d. March 29, 2001, New York, N.Y.), brought elegance and charm to jazz while leading the ...
Lewis, John L(lewellyn)
born Feb. 12, 1880, near Lucas, Iowa, U.S. died June 11, 1969, Washington, D.C. U.S. labour leader. The son of Welsh immigrants, he became a coal miner at age 15. He rose ...
Lewis, John L.
▪ American labour leader in full  John Llewellyn Lewis  born February 12, 1880, near Lucas, Iowa, U.S. died June 11, 1969, Washington, D.C.       American labour ...
Lewis, Lennox
in full Lennox Claudius Lewis born Sept. 2, 1965, London, Eng. British boxer. His professional career began in 1989 in England. He won the World Boxing Council (WBC) ...
Lewis, Matthew Gregory
born July 9, 1775, London, Eng. died May 4, 1818, at sea English novelist and dramatist. The sensational success of his gothic novel The Monk (1796) earned him the nickname ...
Lewis, Meade
▪ American musician byname  Lux   born Sept. 4, 1905, Louisville, Ky., U.S. died June 7, 1964, Minneapolis, Minn.  American musician, one of the leading exponents of ...
Lewis, Meriwether
born Aug. 18, 1774, near Charlottesville, Va. died Oct. 11, 1809, near Nashville, Tenn., U.S. U.S. explorer. After serving in the militia during the Whiskey Rebellion (1794) in ...
Lewis, R W B
▪ 2003       American literary critic (b. Nov. 1, 1917, Chicago, Ill.—d. June 13, 2002, Bethany, Conn.), helped originate the field of American studies and over his ...
Lewis, Ray Anthony
▪ 2002       A year that began with two weeks in jail on a charge of murder ended in triumph for Baltimore Ravens middle linebacker Ray Lewis, who on Jan. 28, 2001, led ...
Lewis, Reginald F.
▪ 1994       U.S. lawyer and financier (b. Dec. 7, 1942, Baltimore, Md.—d. Jan. 19, 1993, New York, N.Y.), was a partner (1970-73) in Murphy, Thorpe & Lewis, the first ...
Lewis, Robert
▪ 1998       American actor, drama teacher, and theatre director who cofounded, directed, and performed in the 1930s with the Group Theatre in such plays as Waiting for ...
Lewis, Shari
▪ 1999       American puppeteer and author (b. Jan. 17, 1933, New York, N.Y—d. Aug. 2, 1998, Los Angeles, Calif.), entertained children for some 40 years as the ...
Lewis, Sinclair
▪ American writer in full  Harry Sinclair Lewis  born Feb. 7, 1885, Sauk Centre, Minn., U.S. died Jan. 10, 1951, near Rome, Italy  American novelist and social critic who ...
Lewis, Sir Arthur
▪ British economist in full  Sir William Arthur Lewis   born Jan. 23, 1915, Castries, St. Lucia, British West Indies died June 15, 1991, Bridgetown, ...
Lewis, Wyndham
▪ British artist and writer in full  Percy Wyndham Lewis  born November 18, 1882, on a yacht near Amherst, Nova Scotia, Canada died March 7, 1957, London, England  English ...
Lewis,Carl
Lew·is (lo͞oʹĭs), Carl. Born 1961. American athlete. Winner of nine Olympic gold medals, including four in the long jump, he duplicated in the 1984 Olympics Jesse Owens's ...
Lewis,Cecil Day
Lewis, Cecil Day. See Day Lewis, Cecil. * * *
Lewis,Edward
Lewis, Edward. Born 1918. American biologist who shared a 1995 Nobel Prize in medicine. His research showed how a family of genes controls the embryonic development of the body ...
Lewis,Henry
Lewis, Henry. 1932-1996. American conductor who, with the Los Angeles Philharmonic, became the first African American to conduct a major symphony orchestra (1961). * * *
Lewis,Jerry Lee
Lewis, Jerry Lee. Born 1935. American musician and singer. Noted for his lively performing style and driving piano rhythms, he created such hit songs as “Great Balls of Fire” ...
Lewis,John Llewellyn
Lewis, John Llewellyn. 1880-1969. American labor leader who was president of the United Mine Workers of America (1920-1960) and the Congress of Industrial Organizations ...
Lewis,Matthew Gregory
Lewis, Matthew Gregory. 1775-1818. British gothic writer who is remembered for the novel The Monk (1796), for which he was known as “Monk Lewis.” * * *
Lewis,Meriwether
Lewis, Meriwether. 1774-1809. American soldier and explorer who led the Lewis and Clark expedition (1803-1806) from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River and served as ...
Lewisburg
▪ West Virginia, United States       city, seat (1778) of Greenbrier county, southeastern West Virginia, U.S. It is located near the Greenbrier River and the Greenbrier ...
Lewisham
/looh"euh sheuhm/, n. a borough of Greater London, England. 246,600. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       inner borough of London. Most of Lewisham belongs ...
Lewisian Complex
▪ geology also called  Lewisian Gneiss,         major division of Precambrian rocks in northwestern Scotland (the Precambrian began with the formation of the Earth's ...
lewisite
/looh"euh suyt'/, n. a pale yellow, odorless compound, C2H2AsCl3, used as a blister gas in World War I. [1920-25; named after Winford Lee Lewis (1878-1943), American chemist who ...
Lewisohn
/looh"euh seuhn, -zeuhn, -sohn'/, n. Ludwig /lud"wig/, 1882?-1955, U.S. novelist and critic, born in Germany. * * *
LewisRange
Lewis Range A section of the Rocky Mountains in northwest Montana rising to 3,192.1 m (10,466 ft) at Mount Cleveland. * * *
lewisson
lew·is·son (lo͞oʹĭ-sən) n. See lewis.   [From lewis.] * * *
Lewiston
/looh"euh steuhn/, n. 1. a city in SW Maine. 40,481. 2. a city in W Idaho. 27,986. * * * ▪ Idaho, United States       city, seat (1861) of Nez Perce county, ...
Lewistown
▪ Montana, United States       city, seat (1899) of Fergus county, central Montana, U.S. Situated on Big Spring Creek in the dead centre of the state, Lewistown began ...
Lewisville
/looh"is vil'/, n. a town in N Texas. 24,273. * * *
Lewiswith Harris
Lewis with Harris An island of northwest Scotland. The largest and northernmost of the Outer Hebrides, it is noted for its tweeds. * * *
LeWitt, Sol
▪ 2008 Solomon LeWitt        American sculptor, printmaker, and draftsman born Sept. 9, 1928 , Hartford, Conn. died April 8, 2007 , New York, N.Y. was credited with ...
Lewitzky, Bella
▪ 2005       American dancer and choreographer (b. Jan. 13, 1916, Los Angeles, Calif.—d. July 16, 2004, Pasadena, Calif.), began her performing career with Lester ...
lex
/leks/, n., pl. leges /lee"jeez/; Lat. /le"ges/. law1. [1490-1500; < L lex] * * *
lex loci
/leks loh"suy, -kee, -kuy/, Law. the law of a place. [1825-35; < L lex loci] * * *
Lex Luthor
▪ fictional character       cartoon character, an evil genius of the fictional city of Metropolis, who is a scientist and business mogul and the archnemesis of ...
lex non scripta
/leks"non skrip"teuh, nohn/, Law. unwritten law; common law. [ < L lex non scripta] * * *
lex scripta
/leks skrip"teuh/, Law. written law; statute law. [ < L lex scripta] * * *
lex talionis
/leks" tal'ee oh"nis/ the principle or law of retaliation that a punishment inflicted should correspond in degree and kind to the offense of the wrongdoer, as an eye for an eye, ...
lex.
1. lexical. 2. lexicon. * * *
Lexan
/lek"san/, Chem., Trademark. a brand of hard, practically unbreakable polycarbonate resin, used for shatterproof windows and the like. * * *
Lexcen, Ben
▪ Australian yachtsman original name  Robert Miller   born 1936, New Castle, New South Wales, Australia died May 1, 1988, Sydney, New South Wales       Australian ...
Lexell
/lek"seuhl/, n. Astron. a comet that passed closer to the earth than any other comet (1770), but now has an orbit that is too distant from the earth for it to be observed. [after ...
lexeme
/lek"seem/, n. Ling. a lexical unit in a language, as a word or base; vocabulary item. [1935-40; LEX(ICAL) or LEX(ICON) + -EME] * * *
lexica
lex·i·ca (lĕkʹsĭ-kə) n. A plural of lexicon. * * *
lexical
—lexicality, n. —lexically, adv. /lek"si keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the words or vocabulary of a language, esp. as distinguished from its grammatical and syntactical ...
lexical meaning
the meaning of a base morpheme. Cf. grammatical meaning. [1930-35] * * *
lexicality
See lexical. * * *
lexicalize
—lexicalization, n. /lek"si keuh luyz'/, v.t., lexicalized, lexicalizing. Ling. 1. to convert (an affix, a phrase, etc.) into a lexical item, as in using the suffix -ism as the ...
lexically
See lexicality. * * *
lexicog
lexicog abbrev. 1. lexicographer 2. lexicographic 3. lexicography * * *
lexicog.
1. lexicographer. 2. lexicographical. 3. lexicography. * * *
lexicographer
/lek'si kog"reuh feuhr/, n. a writer, editor, or compiler of a dictionary. [1650-60; < LGk lexikográph(os) (see LEXICON, -GRAPH) + -ER1] * * *
lexicographic
See lexicography. * * *
lexicographical
See lexicographic. * * *
lexicographically
See lexicographic. * * *
lexicography
—lexicographic /lek'si koh graf"ik, -si keuh-/, lexicographical, adj. —lexicographically, adv. /lek'si kog"reuh fee/, n. 1. the writing, editing, or compiling of ...
lexicological
See lexicology. * * *
lexicologically
See lexicological. * * *
lexicologist
See lexicological. * * *
lexicology
—lexicological /lek'si keuh loj"i keuhl/, lexicologic, adj. —lexicologist, n. /lek'si kol"euh jee/, n. the study of the formation, meaning, and use of words and of idiomatic ...
lexicon
/lek"si kon', -keuhn/, n., pl. lexica /lek"si keuh/, lexicons. 1. a wordbook or dictionary, esp. of Greek, Latin, or Hebrew. 2. the vocabulary of a particular language, field, ...
lexicostatistics
—lexicostatistic, lexicostatistical, adj. /lek'si koh steuh tis"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Ling. the statistical study of the vocabulary of a language or languages for ...
Lexington
/lek"sing teuhn/, n. 1. a town in E Massachusetts, NW of Boston: first battle of American Revolution fought here April 19, 1775. 29,479. 2. a city in N Kentucky. 204,165. 3. a ...
Lexington and Concord
the first battles of the American Revolution. On 19 April 1775, a British armed force of about 700 men marched from Boston to destroy American military weapons at the town of ...
Lexington and Concord, Battles of
(April 19, 1775) Initial skirmishes between British soldiers and American colonists that marked the beginning of the American Revolution. En route from Boston to seize the ...
Lexington Park
a town in S Maryland. 10,361. * * *
lexis
/lek"sis/, n. Ling. the vocabulary of a language, as distinct from its grammar; the total stock of words and idiomatic combinations of them in a language; lexicon. [1955-60; < Gk ...
ley
ley1 /lay, lee/, n., adj. lea1. ley2 /lay/, n. leu. ley3 /lay/, n. a pewter containing about 80 percent tin and 20 percent lead. [aph. var. of obs. aley ALLOY] * * *
Ley, Robert
▪ German politician born Feb. 15, 1890, Niederbreidenbach, Ger. died Oct. 25, 1945, Nürnberg       Nazi (Nazi Party) politician and head of German labour, who helped ...
ley-line
ley-line [lā′līn΄, lē′līn΄] n. any of various imaginary lines along which certain ancient, man-made structures are thought by some to have been aligned * * *
Leyden
/luyd"n/, n. 1. See Lucas van Leyden. 2. John of. See John of Leyden. 3. Leiden. 4. a Dutch cheese similar to Edam, often flavored with caraway seeds, cumin, cinnamon, or ...
Leyden jar
Elect. a device for storing electric charge, consisting essentially of a glass jar lined inside and outside, for about two-thirds of its height, with tinfoil. [1815-25; so called ...
Leydenjar
Leyden jar n. An early form of capacitor consisting of a glass jar lined inside and out with tinfoil and having a conducting rod connected to the inner foil lining and passing ...
Leydig cell
/luy"dig/, Anat. any of the interstitial cells of the testes that produce androgens. Also, Leydig's cell. [1900-05; named after F. von Leydig (1821-1908), German physiologist] * ...
Leyland
Ley·land (lāʹlənd) An urban district of northwest England north-northeast of Liverpool. It is an industrial center. Population: 97,700. * * *
Leypoldt
/luy"pohlt/, n. Frederick, 1835-84, U.S. editor and publisher, born in Germany. * * *
Leyster, Judith
born July 28, 1609, Haarlem, Neth. died Feb. 10, 1660, Heemstede Dutch painter. A brewer's daughter, she had gained membership in the Haarlem painters' guild by age 24. Many of ...
Leyster,Judith
Ley·ster (līʹstər), Judith. 1609-1660. Dutch painter known for her portraits and genre paintings. Much of Leyster's work has been mistaken until recently as that of her ...
Leyte
/lay"tee/; Sp. /lay"te/, n. an island in the E central Philippines: focal point of the U.S. invasion of the Philippines 1944. 1,302,648; 3085 sq. mi. (7990 sq. km). * * * Island ...
Leyte Gulf, Battle of
(Oct. 23–26, 1944) Decisive air and sea battle of World War II that gave the Allies control of the Pacific. After the U.S. amphibious landing on the Philippine island of Leyte ...
LeyteGulf
Leyte Gulf An inlet of the western Pacific Ocean in the Philippines south of Samar and east of Leyte. An invasion force led by Gen. Douglas MacArthur decisively defeated the ...
Leyton
/layt"n/, n. a former borough in SE England, near London: now part of Waltham Forest. * * *
lez
/lez/, n., pl. lezzes. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a lesbian. Also, lezzie. [by shortening and resp.] * * *
Lezama Lima, José
born Dec. 19, 1910, Havana, Cuba died Aug. 9, 1976, Havana Cuban poet, novelist, and essayist. After studying law in Havana, Lezama was associated with several literary reviews ...
leze majesty
/leez/, Law. See lese majesty (def. 1). * * *
Lezghian
/lez"gee euhn/, n. 1. a member of a people living mainly in the Dagestan Autonomous Republic in the Russian Federation. 2. a group of Caucasian languages spoken by several ...
lezginka
▪ dance also spelled  Lezghinka,         folk dance originating among the Lezgian people of the Caucasus. It is a male solo dance (often with a sword) and also a ...
LF
See low frequency. * * *
lf
1. Baseball. left field. 2. Baseball. left fielder. 3. Print. lightface. * * *
lf.
1. Baseball. left field. 2. Baseball. left fielder. * * *
lfb
Soccer, Field Hockey. left fullback. * * *
LG
Low German. Also, L.G. * * *
lg.
1. large. 2. long. * * *
lg. tn.
long ton. * * *
lge.
large. * * *
LGk
Late Greek. Also, LGk, L.Gk. * * *
LGr
LGr abbrev. Late Greek * * *
lgth
lgth abbrev. length * * *
lgth.
length. * * *
LH
Biochem. Physiol. luteinizing hormone: a hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that, in the female, stimulates maturation of the ovarian follicle and ...
lh
Sports. left halfback. * * *
Lha-mo
      in Tibetan Buddhism, the only goddess among the “Eight Terrible Ones,” who are defenders of the faith. See dharmapāla. * * *
Lhasa
/lah"seuh, -sah, las"euh/, n. a city in and the capital of Tibet, in the SE part: sacred city of Lamaism. 175,000; ab. 12,000 ft. (3650 m) above sea level. Also, Lasa, Lassa. * * ...
Lhasa apso
/ap"soh/, pl. Lhasa apsos. one of a breed of small terriers having a long, heavy coat, raised in Tibet as watchdogs. [1930-35; apso < Tibetan, written ab sog] * * * Breed of dog ...
Lhasaapso
Lhasa ap·so (ăpʹsō) n. pl. Lhasa ap·sos Any of a breed of small dog originating in Tibet and having a long, straight coat.   [Lhasa + Tibetan apso, Lhasa apso.] * * *
LHD
LHD or L.H.D. abbrev. 〚L Litterarum Humaniorum Doctor〛 Doctor of Human Letters; Doctor of the Humanities: an honorary degree * * * LHD abbr. Latin. Litterarum Humaniorum ...
LHeb
LHeb abbrev. Late Hebrew * * *
Lhevinne
/lay veen"/, n. Josef /joh"zeuhf/, 1874-1944, Russian pianist. * * *
Lhévinne, Josef
▪ Russian pianist born Dec. 13, 1874, Oryol, Russia died Dec. 2, 1944, New York, N.Y., U.S.  piano virtuoso in the Romantic tradition, noted for his masterly technique, ...
lḥm
To eat. Bethlehem, from Hebrew bêt-leḥem, house of bread, from leḥem, bread, from lāḥam, to eat (bêt, house; see byt). * * *
Lhote, André
▪ French artist born July 5, 1885, Bordeaux, France died January 24, 1962, Paris       French painter, sculptor, writer, and educator who was a prominent critic and ...
Lhotse
/loht say", hloht-/, n. a mountain peak in the Himalayas, on the Nepal-Tibet border: fourth highest peak in the world. 27,890 ft. (8501 m). * * * Peak in the Himalayas. Located ...
lḫr
Also rḫl. Common Semitic noun *laḫir- and metathesized variant *raḫil-, ewe. Rachel, from Hebrew rāḥēl, ewe. * * *
LHRH
Physiol. luteinizing hormone releasing hormone: a hormone, produced in the hypothalamus, that regulates the release of luteinizing hormone by the pituitary gland. * * *
li
li1 /lee/, n. Music. the solmization syllable used for the semitone between the sixth and seventh degrees of a scale. [alter. of LA1] li2 /lee/, n., pl. li. a Chinese unit of ...
Li
/lee/, n. 1. a member of an aboriginal people of the island of Hainan in Southeastern China. 2. the Kadai language of the Li. Symbol, Chem. lithium. * * * (as used in ...
Li Ao
died с 844, China Chinese scholar and high official of the Tang dynasty, who helped reinvigorate Confucianism at a time when it was severely challenged by Buddhism and ...
Li Bai
or Li Bo or Li Pai or Li Po or Taibai born 701, Jiangyou, Sichuan province, China died 762, Dangtu, Anhui province Chinese poet. A student of Daoism, he spent long periods ...
Li Bo
/lee" baw"/, Pinyin. See Li Po. * * *
Li Chi
▪ Chinese archaeologist Pinyin  Li Ji , courtesy name (zi)  Jizhi  born July 12, 1896, Zhongxiang, Hubei province, China died August 1, 1979, Taipei, ...
Li Chunfeng
born 602, Qizhou, Yong county, China died 670, Chang'an Chinese mathematician and astronomer. He was given a position in the Imperial Astronomical Bureau in 627 following his ...
Li Dazhao
or Li Ta-chao born Oct. 6, 1888, Hebei province, China died April 28, 1927, Beijing Cofounder with Chen Duxiu of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Chief librarian and ...
Li Gonglin
▪ Chinese painter Wade-Giles romanization  Li Kung-lin,  literary name (hao)  Longmian jushi  born 1049, Shucheng, Anhui province, China died 1106       one of the ...
Li He
▪ Chinese poet Wade-Giles romanization  Li Ho , courtesy name (zi)  Changji  born 790, Fuchang [now Yiyang], Henan province, China died 816, Chang'an [now Xi'an], Shaanxi ...
Li Hongzhang
or Li Hung-chang born Feb. 15, 1823, Hefei, Anhui province, China died Nov. 7, 1901, Beijing Chinese statesman who represented China in the series of humiliating negotiations ...
Li Hongzhi
▪ 2000       In July 1999 Li Hongzhi became known to the world when the Chinese government condemned the practice of his Falun Dafa system, a cultivation of five ...
Li Hsien-nien
Chin. /lee" shyun"nyun"/, Wade-Giles. See Li Xiannian. * * *
Li Hsüeh
/lee" shyuue"/, Chinese. See School of Law. * * *
Li Hung-chang
/lee" hoohng"jahng"/ 1823-1901, Chinese statesman. Also, Pinyin, Li Hongzhang /lee" hawng"zhahng"/. * * * ▪ Chinese statesman Introduction Pinyin  Li Hongzhang   born Feb. ...
Li Ka-shing
▪ 2001       Topping Asiaweek magazine's 2000 list of Asia's 50 most powerful people was Li Ka-shing, a billionaire who took “old economy” money and parlayed it into ...
Li Keran
or Li K'o-jan orig. Li Yongshun alias Sanqi born March 26, 1907, Xuzhou, Jiangsu province, China died Dec. 5, 1989, Beijing Chinese painter and art educator. While studying at ...
Li Keyong
▪ Turkish-Chinese general Wade-Giles romanization  Li K'o-yung  born 856, Yingxian, Shanxi province, China died 908, Shanxi       Tang general of Turkish origin who ...
Li Kwoh-ting
▪ 2002       Chinese-born Taiwanese economist and government official (b. Jan. 28, 1910, Nanjing, China—d. May 31, 2001, Taipei, Taiwan), helped spearhead the effort ...
Li Lisan
▪ Chinese revolutionary Wade-Giles romanization  Li Li-san , original name  Li Longzhi  born Nov. 18, 1899, Liling, Hunan province, China died Jun. 22, 1967, ...
Li Ning
▪ Chinese gymnast and entrepreneur born September 8, 1963, Liuzhou, Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi, China    Chinese gymnast and entrepreneur, who amassed six medals at ...
Li Peng
Li Peng [lē′peŋ′] 1928- ; premier of China (1988-98) * * * ▪ prime minister of China Wade-Giles romanization  Li P'eng  born Oct. 20, 1928, Chengdu, Sichuan province, ...
Li Po
/lee" poh"/; Chin: /lee" baw"/ A.D. 701?-762, Chinese poet of the Tang dynasty. Also called Li Tai Po. * * *
Li Qingzhao
▪ Chinese poet Wade-Giles romanization  Li Ch'ing-chao , literary name (hao)  Yi'an Jushi , also called  Li Yi'an  born 1084, Jinan, Shandong province, China died after ...
Li Rui
born Jan. 15, 1769, Yuanhe, China died Aug. 12, 1817, Yuanhe Chinese mathematician and astronomer who made notable contributions to the revival of traditional Chinese ...
Li Ruigang
▪ 2007       Sitting at the helm of one of China's largest media companies in 2006 was Li Ruigang, president of Shanghai Media Group (SMG), a state-owned conglomerate ...
Li Shangyin
▪ Chinese poet Wade-Giles romanization  Li Shang-yin , courtesy name (zi)  Yishan  born 813, Henei [now Qinyang], Henan province, China died 858, Zhengzhou, Henan ...
Li Shanlan
also known as Li Renshu or Li Qiuren born Jan. 2, 1811, Haining, Zhejiang province, China died Dec. 9, 1882, China Chinese mathematician. He mastered both traditional Chinese ...
Li Shaojun
▪ Chinese Daoist Wade-Giles romanization  Li Shao-Chün  flourished 2nd century BCE, China       noted Chinese Daoist who was responsible for much of the mystical ...
Li Shaozhun
flourished 2nd century BC, China Chinese alchemist. He was the first person to assert that the Daoist's ultimate goal was to achieve the status of xian, immortal sage, and he ...
Li Shih-chen
▪ Chinese scholar flourished 16th century, , China       Chinese scholar of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) who compiled a giant materia medica, the Pen-ts'ao kang-mu ...
Li Shih-min
Chin. /lee" shue"meen"/. See T'ai Tsung. Also, Li Shimin. * * *
Li Si
or Li Ssu born 280 BC?, Chu state, central China died 208 BC, Xianyang, Shaanxi province Minister of the Qin dynasty in China who utilized the ideas of Hanfeizi to make the Qin ...
Li Sixun
or Li Ssu-hsün born 651 died 716 Chinese painter. Li, who was related to the Tang imperial family, led an active political life and was given the honorary rank of general. ...
Li T'ieh-kuai
▪ Chinese mythological creature Pinyin  Li Tieguai,    in Chinese mythology, one of the Pa Hsien, the Eight Immortals. He was an ascetic for 40 years, often foregoing food ...
Li Tai Po
Chin. /lee" tuy" baw"/. See Li Po. Also, Li Taibo. * * *
Li Tang
or Li T'ang born с 1050 died с 1130 Chinese painter. He earned the highest rank in the academy of painting of Emperor Huizong, and after the North fell to the Mongols he ...
Li Xiannian
/lee" shyahn"nyahn"/ 1909-92, Chinese Communist leader: president 1983-88. * * * ▪ president of China Wade-Giles romanization  Li Hsien-nien  born June 23, 1909, Huang'an ...
Li Ximing
▪ 2009       Chinese government official born 1926 died Nov. 8, 2008, Beijing, China as the Communist Party of China (CPC) boss in Beijing during the 1989 Tiananmen ...
Li Xiucheng
▪ Chinese general Wade-Giles romanization  Li Hsiu-ch'eng  born 1823, Tengxian, Guangxi province, China died Aug. 7, 1864, Nanjing       Chinese general and leader of ...
Li Xue
/lee" shwue"/, Pinyin. See Li Hsüeh. * * *
Li Ye
literary name Jingzhai born 1192, Luangcheng, Hebei province, China died 1279, Yuanshi Chinese mathematician and scholar-official who contributed to the solution of polynomial ...
Li Yu
▪ Chinese poet and ruler Wade-Giles romanization  Li Yü , also known as  Li Houzhu , courtesy name (zi)  Chongguang  born 937, Jinling [now Nanjing, Jiangsu province], ...
Li Yüan
/lee" yyuuahn"/, (Kao Tsu or Gao Zu) A.D. 565-635, Chinese emperor 618-27: founder of the Tang dynasty. Also, Pinyin, Li Yuan. * * *
Li Yuanhao
▪ emperor of Xi Xia Wade-Giles romanization  Li Yüan-hao , also called  Li Nangxiao , posthumous name (shi)  Wuliedi , temple name (miaohao)  (Xi Xia) Jingzong  born ...
Li Yuanhong
▪ Chinese leader Wade-Giles romanization  Li Yüan-hung  born Oct. 19, 1864, Huangpi, Hubei province, China died June 3, 1928, Tianjin  the only president of the Republic ...
Li Zhisui
▪ 1996       (LI CHIH-SUI), Chinese physician (b. 1919, Beijing, China—d. Feb. 13, 1995, Carol Stream, Ill.), was the personal physician and confidant of Chairman Mao ...
Li Zhizao
born 1565, Hangzhou, China died Nov. 1, 1630, Beijing Chinese mathematician, astronomer, and geographer whose translations of European scientific books greatly contributed to ...
Li Zicheng
or Li Tzu-ch'eng born Oct. 3, 1605?, Mizhi, Shaanxi province, China died 1645, Hubei province Rebel leader who brought about the fall of China's Ming dynasty (1368–1644). A ...
Li'l Abner
▪ comic strip by Capp       American newspaper comic strip that ran from 1934 until 1977, chronicling the absurdities of daily life in the fictional Appalachian town of ...
Li-Lo
Li-Lo [lī′lō] trademark for a kind of inflatable mattress or raft used to lie on at the beach n. [li-lo] such a mattress: also lilo * * *
Li-sao
Chin. /lee"sow"/, n. Wade-Giles, Pinyin. a poem (c320 B.C.) by Ch'ü Yüan. * * *
Lia
/luy"euh/, n. Douay Bible. Leah (def. 1). * * *
liability
/luy'euh bil"i tee/, n., pl. liabilities. 1. liabilities, a. moneys owed; debts or pecuniary obligations (opposed to assets). b. Accounting. liabilities as detailed on a balance ...
liability insurance
insurance covering the insured against losses arising from injury or damage to another person or property. * * * Insurance against claims of loss or damage for which a ...
liability limit
the highest amount that a liability insurer will pay on a single claim. * * *
liable
/luy"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. legally responsible: You are liable for the damage caused by your action. 2. subject or susceptible: to be liable to heart disease. 3. likely or apt: ...
liaise
/lee ayz"/, v.i., liaised, liaising. to form a liaison. [1925-30; back formation from LIAISON] * * *
liaison
/lee'ay zawonn", lee"euh zon', -zeuhn/ or, often, /lay"-; lee ay"zeuhn, -zon/; Fr. /lye zawonn"/, n., pl. liaisons /-zawonnz", -zonz', -zeuhnz, -zonz/; Fr. /-zawonn"/. 1. the ...
Liakoura
Gk. /lyah"kooh rddah/, n. modern name of Parnassus (def. 1). * * *
Liam Donaldson
➡ Donaldson * * *
liana
—lianoid, adj. /lee ah"neuh, -an"euh/, n. any of various usually woody vines that may climb as high as the tree canopy in a tropical forest. Also, liane /lee ahn"/. [1790-1800; ...
liang
/lyahng/, n., pl. liang, liangs. a Chinese unit of weight, equal to 1/16 catty, and equivalent to about 11/3 ounce (37 grams). Also called tael, haikwan tael. [1820-30; < Chin ...
Liang
/lyahng/, n. Wade-Giles, Pinyin. one of two dynasties that ruled in China, A.D. 502-57, 907-23. * * *
Liang Ch'i-ch'ao
/lyahng" chee"chow"/ 1873-1929, Chinese scholar, journalist, and reformer. Also, Pinyin, Liang Qichao /lyahng" chee"chow"/. * * * ▪ Chinese scholar Pinyin  Liang Qichao ...
Liang Chenyu
▪ Chinese dramatist Wade-Giles romanization  Liang Ch'en-yü , literary name (hao)  Shaobai , courtesy name (zi)  Bolong  born c. 1519, Kunshan, Jiangsu province, ...
Liang Kai
▪ Chinese painter Wade-Giles romanization Liang K'ai   born c. 1140, Dongping, Shandong province, China died c. 1210       Chinese painter known primarily for ...
Liang Qichao
▪ Chinese scholar Wade-Giles romanization  Liang Ch'i-ch'ao  born Feb. 23, 1873, Xinhui, Guangdong province, China died Jan. 19, 1929, Beijing       the foremost ...
Liang Shiqiu
▪ Chinese author Wade-Giles romanization  Liang Shih-ch'iu , original name  Liang Zhihua , courtesy name (zi)  Shiqiu  born December 8, 1902, Beijing, China died ...
Liang Shuming
▪ Chinese philosopher Wade-Giles romanization  Liang Shu-ming   born Oct. 18, 1893, Guilin, Guangxi province, China died June 23, 1988, Beijing       neo-Confucian ...
Lianyungang
/lyahn"yuen"gahng"/, n. Pinyin. a city in NE Jiangsu province, in E China. 207,600. Also, Lienyünkang. Formerly, Xinhailian. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization ...
Liao
/lyow/, Wade-Giles, Pinyin. 1. a dynasty that ruled in China A.D. 907-1125. 2. a river in NE China, flowing through S Manchuria into the Gulf of Liaotung. 700 mi. (1125 km) ...
Liao dynasty
(907–1125) Dynasty formed by the nomadic Khitan tribes in much of present-day Manchuria, Mongolia, and the northeastern corner of China proper. The Chinese portion of the ...
Liao He
Liao He [lē ou′hu′] river in NE China, flowing from Inner Mongolia west & south into the Yellow Sea: c. 900 mi (1,448 km) * * *
Liao River
River, Liaoning province and Inner Mongolia autonomous region, China. The East Liao rises in the mountains of Jilin province and the West Liao in southeastern Inner Mongolia. ...
Liaodong
/lyow"dawng"/, n. Pinyin. 1. a peninsula in NE China, extending S into the Yellow Sea. 2. Gulf of, a gulf W of this peninsula. Also, Wade-Giles, Liaotung. * * *
Liaodong Peninsula
or Liao-tung Peninsula Peninsula, extending from the southern coastline of Liaoning province, northeastern China. It partly separates the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli) on the west ...
Liaodong,Gulf of
Liao·dong (lyouʹdŭngʹ) also Liao·tung (-to͝ongʹ), Gulf of The northern part of the Bo Hai in northeast China. It borders on the Liaodong Peninsula, a land area ...
LiaoHe
Liao He (hŭʹ) A river of northeast China flowing about 1,448 km (900 mi) northeast and southwest to the Gulf of Liaodong. * * *
Liaoning
/lyow"ning"/, n. Pinyin, Wade-Giles. a province in NE China. 29,500,000; 58,301 sq. mi. (151,000 sq. km). Cap.: Shenyang. Formerly, Fengtien. * * * formerly (1903–28) Fengtian ...
Liaotung,Gulf of
Liao·tung (lyouʹto͝ongʹ), Gulf of See Liaodong, Gulf of. * * *
Liaoyang
/lyow"yahng"/, n. Pinyin, Wade-Giles. a city in central Liaoning province, in NE China. 250,000. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Liao-yang        city, ...
Liaoyuan
/lyow"ywahn"/, n. Pinyin. a city in SE Jilin province, in NE China. 250,000. Also, Wade-Giles, Liaoyüan. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization ...
Liapchev, Andrei
▪ prime minister of Bulgaria born Nov. 30, 1866, Resen, Macedonia, Ottoman Empire died Nov. 6, 1933, Sofia, Bulg.       statesman, prime minister of Bulgaria through ...
Liaquat Ali Khan
▪ prime minister of Pakistan born Oct. 1, 1895, Karnal, India died Oct. 16, 1951, Rawalpindi, Pak.  first prime minister of Pakistan (1947–51). Born the son of a ...
liar
/luy"euhr/, n. a person who tells lies. [bef. 950; ME lier, OE leogere. See LIE1, -AR1] Syn. falsifier, perjurer, prevaricator. * * *
liar dice
liar dice n. a gambling game in which the throw of five dice by each player is concealed from the opponent and bluffing is permitted: also liar's dice * * *
liar paradox
a logical paradox that results from consideration of statements of the form "This statement is false." If the statement is true, then it is false, whereas if it is false, then it ...
liard
/lee ahr"/; Fr. /lee annrdd"/, n., pl. liards /lee ahrz"/; Fr. /lee annrdd"/. a former silver coin of France, the fourth part of a sol, issued from the 15th century to 1793 and ...
Liard
/lee"ahrd, lee ahrd", -ahr"/, n. a river in W Canada, flowing from S Yukon through N British Columbia and the Northwest Territories into the Mackenzie River. 550 mi. (885 km) ...
Liard River
River, northwestern Canada. Rising in the Yukon Territory, it flows southeast through British Columbia. It then turns northeast and empties into the Mackenzie River in the ...
Lias
Lias [lī′əs] n. 〚ME lyas < OFr liois (Fr liais), kind of limestone < ? Gmc, as in MHG leie, stone〛 a series of rocks, the oldest or lowest part of the Jurassic System, ...
Liassic
Liassic [lī as′ik, lēas′ik] adj. of or pertaining to the Lias series * * *
liatris
/luy a"tris, luy"euh-/, n. any of various composite plants of the genus Liatris, native to North America, having long spikes of purplish flowers. [ < NL (1791), of unexplained ...
lib
/lib/, n. Informal. 1. liberation (def. 2): women's lib; gay lib. 2. a libber. [1965-70; by shortening] * * *
Lib Dem
➡ Liberal Democratic Party * * *
Lib Dems
➡ Liberal Democratic Party * * *
Lib-Lab
adj of any agreement between the Liberal Party (or Liberal Democratic Party) and the Labour Party in Britain. The Lib-Lab pact (1977–8) was an agreement between David Steel of ...
Lib-Lab pact
➡ Lib-Lab * * *
Lib.
Liberal. * * *
lib.
1. book. [ < L liber] 2. librarian. 3. library. * * *
Libanius
▪ Greek rhetorician born AD 314, Antioch, Syria died 393       Greek Sophist and rhetorician whose orations and letters are a major source of information on the ...
libation
—libational, libationary, adj. /luy bay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a pouring out of wine or other liquid in honor of a deity. 2. the liquid poured out. 3. Often Facetious. a. an ...
Libation-bearers, The
/luy bay"sheuhn bair"euhrz/ Choëphori. * * *
libationary
See libation. * * *
Libau
/lee"bow/, n. German name of Liepaja. * * *
Libava
/lyi bah"veuh/, n. Russian name of Liepaja. * * *
Libavius, Andreas
▪ German chemist and physician (Latin),German  Andreas Libau   born c. 1540, , Halle [Germany] died July 25, 1616, Coburg       German chemist, physician, and ...
libber
/lib"euhr/, n. Informal. an advocate, follower, or member of a social-reform liberation movement: a women's libber; a gay libber. [1970-75, Amer.; LIB(ERATION) + -ER1] * * *
Libby
/lib"ee/, n. 1. Willard Frank, 1908-80, U.S. chemist: Nobel prize 1960. 2. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
Libby, Willard (Frank)
born Dec. 17, 1908, Grand Valley, Colo., U.S. died Sept. 8, 1980, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. chemist. He studied at the University of California at Berkeley and later taught ...
Libby, Willard Frank
▪ American chemist born Dec. 17, 1908, Grand Valley, Colo., U.S. died Sept. 8, 1980, Los Angeles, Calif.       American chemist whose technique of carbon-14 (or ...
Libby,Willard Frank
Lib·by (lĭbʹē), Willard Frank. 1908-1980. American chemist. He won a 1960 Nobel Prize for developing the method of radiocarbon dating. * * *
libel
/luy"beuhl/, n., v., libeled, libeling or (esp. Brit.) libelled, libelling. n. 1. Law. a. defamation by written or printed words, pictures, or in any form other than by spoken ...
libelant
/luy"beuh leuhnt/, n. Law. a person who libels, or institutes suit. Also, esp. Brit., libellant. [1720-30; LIBEL + -ANT] * * *
libelee
/luy'beuh lee"/, n. Law. a person against whom a libel has been filed in a court; the respondent. Also, esp. Brit., libellee. [1855-60; LIBEL + -EE] * * *
libeler
/luy"beuh leuhr/, n. a person who libels; a person who publishes a libel assailing another. Also, esp. Brit., libeller. [1580-90; LIBEL + -ER1] * * *
libelist
See libeler. * * *
libelous
—libelously; esp. Brit., libellously, adv. /luy"beuh leuhs/, adj. containing, constituting, or involving a libel; maliciously defamatory. Also, esp. Brit., libellous. [1610-20; ...
libelously
See libelous. * * *
liber
liber1 /luy"beuhr/, n. Bot. phloem. [1745-55; < L: bark; akin to LEAF] liber2 /luy"beuhr/; Lat. /li"berdd/, n., pl. libri /luy"bruy, -bree/; Lat. /li"brddee/, libers. a book of ...
Liber
/luy"beuhr/, n. an ancient Italian god of wine and vineyards, in later times identified with Bacchus. * * *
Liber and Libera
▪ Roman deities       in Roman religion, a pair of fertility and cultivation deities of uncertain origin. Liber, though an old and native Italian deity, came to be ...
Liber Judiciorum
▪ legal code Castilian  Fuero Juzgo , English  Book of Laws        Visigothic (Visigoth) law code that formed the basis of medieval Spanish law. It was promulgated ...
Libera
/lib"euhr euh/, n. an ancient Italian goddess of wine, vineyards, and fertility and the wife of Liber, in later times identified with Persephone. * * *
Liberace
(1919–87) a US piano player who wore expensive and colourful clothes and performed in a very exaggerated style. He won an Emmy for his popular television show (1952–7) and ...
Liberace, (Wladziu)
Lib·er·a·ce (lĭb'ə-räʹchē), (Wladziu). 1919-1987. American pianist and entertainer who was noted for his virtuosity and flamboyant style. * * *
liberal
—liberally, adv. —liberalness, n. /lib"euhr euhl, lib"reuhl/, adj. 1. favorable to progress or reform, as in political or religious affairs. 2. (often cap.) noting or ...
Liberal
/lib"euhr euhl, lib"reuhl/, n. a city in SW Kansas. 14,911. * * * (as used in expressions) Italian Liberal Party liberal arts Liberal Party Liberal Party of Canada Liberal ...
liberal arts
1. the academic course of instruction at a college intended to provide general knowledge and comprising the arts, humanities, natural sciences, and social sciences, as opposed to ...


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