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Liepa, Maris-Rudolf Eduardovich
▪ Soviet dancer born July 27, 1936, Riga, Latvia died March 25, 1989, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Soviet ballet dancer who performed with the Bolshoi Ballet for ...
Liepaja
/lye"pah yah/; Eng. /lee ep"euh yeuh/, n. a seaport in W Latvia, on the Baltic. 114,900. Also, Liepaja. German, Libau. Russian, Libava. * * * ▪ Latvia German  Libau, ...
lier
/luy"euhr/, n. a person or thing that lies, as in wait or in ambush. [1575-85; LIE2 + -ER1] * * * ▪ Belgium (Flemish),French  Lierre,         commune, Antwerp ...
lierne
/lee errn"/, n. Archit. an ornamental vaulting rib other than one springing from a pier or a ridge rib. [1835-45; < F: binding timber, equiv. to li(er) to bind ( < L ligare) + ...
Liesegang ring
▪ chemistry       in physical chemistry, any of a series of usually concentric bands of a precipitate (an insoluble substance formed from a solution) appearing in gels ...
Liestal
/lees"tahl/, n. a town in and the capital of Basel-Land, in NW Switzerland. 12,200. * * * ▪ Switzerland       capital (since 1833) of the Halbkanton (demicanton) of ...
Lietuva
/lye"tooh vah/, n. Lithuanian name of Lithuania. * * *
Lietz, Hermann
▪ German educational reformer born April 28, 1868, Dumgenewitz, Rügen, Prussia died June 12, 1919, Haubinda, Ger.       German educational reformer.       In ...
Lietzmann, Hans
▪ German scholar born March 2, 1875, Düsseldorf, Ger. died June 25, 1942, Locarno, Switz.       German scholar and Lutheran church historian noted for his ...
lieu
/looh/, n. 1. place; stead. 2. in lieu of, in place of; instead of: He gave us an IOU in lieu of cash. [1250-1300; < MF < L locus place; r. ME liue < OF liu < L; see LOCUS] * * *
Lieut
Lieut abbrev. Lieutenant * * *
Lieut.
lieutenant. * * *
Lieut. Col.
lieutenant colonel. * * *
Lieut. Comdr.
lieutenant commander. * * *
lieutenancy
/looh ten"euhn see/, n., pl. lieutenancies. 1. the office, authority, incumbency, or jurisdiction of a lieutenant. 2. lieutenants collectively. [1400-50; late ME lieutenauncie. ...
lieutenant
/looh ten"euhnt/; in Brit. use, except in the navy, /lef ten"euhnt/, n. 1. Mil. a. See first lieutenant. b. See second lieutenant. 2. U.S. Navy. a commissioned officer ranking ...
lieutenant colonel
U.S. Mil. a commissioned officer ranking next below a colonel and next above a major. [1590-1600] * * *
lieutenant commander
U.S. Navy. a commissioned officer ranking next below a commander and next above a lieutenant. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
lieutenant general
U.S. Mil. a commissioned officer ranking next below a general and next above a major general. [1480-90] * * *
lieutenant governor
—lieutenant governorship. 1. a state officer next in rank to a governor, who takes the governor's place in case of the latter's absence, disability, or death. 2. Brit. a deputy ...
lieutenant junior grade
U.S. Navy. a commissioned officer ranking above an ensign and below a lieutenant. [1905-10] * * *
lieutenantcolonel
lieutenant colonel n. 1. Abbr. LTC or Lt Col or LtCol A commissioned rank in the U.S. Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps that is above major and below colonel. 2. One who holds ...
lieutenantcommander
lieutenant commander n. 1. Abbr. LCDR A commissioned rank in the U.S. Navy or Coast Guard that is above lieutenant and below commander. 2. One who holds this rank. * * *
lieutenantgeneral
lieutenant general n. 1. Abbr. LTG or Lt Gen or LtGen A commissioned rank in the U.S. Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps that is above major general and below general. 2. One who ...
lieutenantgovernor
lieutenant governor n. Abbr. Lt. Gov. 1. An elected official ranking just below the governor of a state in the United States. 2. The nonelective chief of government of a Canadian ...
lieutenantgovernorship
See lieutenant governor. * * *
lieutenantjunior grade
lieutenant junior grade n. pl. lieutenants junior grade 1. Abbr. LTJG A commissioned rank in the U.S. Navy or Coast Guard that is above ensign and below lieutenant. 2. One who ...
lieve
/leev/, adv. Dial. lief. * * *
Lievens, Jan
▪ Dutch painter also called  Lievens de Oude,  Livius Johanis le Vieux , or  Johannis Livens , Lievens also spelled  Lieversz(oon),  Lyrins , or  Leyrens  born Oct. ...
Liévin
▪ France       town, Pas-de-Calais département, Nord-Pas-de-Calais région, northern France, near the source of the Deûle River, southwest of Lille. Mentioned as ...
Lièvre
Liè·vre (lē-ĕvʹrə, lyĕvʹ-) A river, about 322 km (200 mi) long, of southern Quebec, Canada, flowing generally southwest to the Ottawa River. * * *
Liezi
I or Lieh-tzu Chinese Daoist classic. Though Liezi is traditionally named as its author, in its present form it probably dates from the 3rd or 4th century AD. Like earlier ...
LIF
Lifetime (a cable television channel). * * *
Lifan Yuan
▪ Chinese government bureau Wade-Giles romanization  Li-fan Yüan        government bureau established in the 17th century by China's Qing (Manchu) dynasty (Qing ...
Lifar
/lyi fahrdd"/, n. Serge /syirdd gyay"/; Fr. /serddzh/, 1905-86, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer, in Paris after 1923. * * *
Lifar, Serge
born April 2, 1905, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Dec. 15, 1986, Lausanne, Switz. Russian-born French dancer, choreographer, and ballet master. In 1923 he joined the ...
life
/luyf/, n., pl. lives /luyvz/, adj. n. 1. the condition that distinguishes organisms from inorganic objects and dead organisms, being manifested by growth through metabolism, ...
life annuity
Insurance. any annuity that is contingent upon the survival of the annuitant or annuitants, esp. an annuity that terminates with the death of a single annuitant. * * *
life arrow
Naut. an arrowlike projectile for carrying a line for use in maritime rescue operations. * * *
life belt
a beltlike life preserver. [1855-60] * * *
life buoy
any of variously formed buoyant devices for supporting a person fallen into the water. * * *
life car
a watertight container used in marine rescue operations, suspended from a hawser and hauled back and forth between a stranded or wrecked vessel and the shore. Also called ark, ...
life cycle
1. Biol. the continuous sequence of changes undergone by an organism from one primary form, as a gamete, to the development of the same form again. 2. a series of stages, as ...
life expectancy
the probable number of years remaining in the life of an individual or class of persons determined statistically, affected by such factors as heredity, physical condition, ...
life float
a ring-shaped float of balsa wood or metal tubing, having a grating or network at the center, for rescuing a number of survivors from a foundered vessel. * * *
life force
life force n. ÉLAN VITAL * * *
life force.
See élan vital. [1895-1900] * * *
Life Guards
(in Britain) a cavalry regiment forming part of the ceremonial guard of the monarch. Cf. household cavalry. [1640-50] * * *
life history
Biol. 1. the series of living phenomena exhibited by an organism in the course of its development from inception to death. 2. See life cycle (def. 1). [1865-70] * * *
life instinct.
See under death instinct. [1905-10] * * *
life insurance
insurance providing for payment of a sum of money to a named beneficiary upon the death of the policyholder or to the policyholder if still living after reaching a specified ...
life interest
interest on property that is payable during the owner's lifetime but cannot be passed on to another or others after his or her death. * * *
life jacket
a sleeveless jacket of buoyant or inflatable construction, for supporting the wearer in deep water and preventing drowning. Also called life vest; Brit., air jacket. [1865-70] * ...
life list
life list n. a listing of all the different species of birds sighted by a birder * * *
life mask
a cast of the face of a living person. Cf. death mask. * * *
life net
a strong net or the like held by firefighters or others to catch persons jumping from a burning building. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
life of Riley
Informal. a carefree, comfortable, and thoroughly enjoyable way of living: Since winning the lottery, he's led the life of Riley. [1920-25; perh. after the Reilly mentioned in ...
Life of Samuel Johnson, The
a biography (1791) by James Boswell. * * *
Life on Earth
a very successful British television series about the development of life on this planet, written and presented by David Attenborough and broadcast on the BBC in 1979. More ...
Life on the Mississippi
an autobiographical narrative (1883) by Mark Twain. * * *
life partner
one member of a monogamous relationship. * * *
life peer
Brit. a peer whose title ceases at death; nonhereditary peer. [1865-70] * * *
Life peerages
➡ life peer * * *
life plant.
See air plant (def. 2). [1850-55] * * *
life pool
also called  life pool        British billiards game in which each player uses a cue ball of a different colour and tries to pocket the ball of a particular opponent, ...
life preserver
1. a buoyant jacket, belt, or other like device for keeping a person afloat. 2. Brit. Slang. a weapon, esp. a short stick with a weighted head; blackjack. [1630-40] * * *
life raft
a raft, often inflatable, for use in emergencies, as when a ship must be abandoned or when a plane is downed at sea. [1810-20] * * *
Life Savers{™}
small, hard US sweets/candies which are round and have a hole in the middle. They are available in 25 different flavours and sold in tubes. They were invented in 1912 by Clarence ...
life science
—life scientist. any science that deals with living organisms, their life processes, and their interrelationships, as biology, medicine, or ecology. [1940-45] * * *
Life Sciences
▪ 2009 Introduction Zoology       In 2008 several zoological studies provided new insights into how species' life-history traits (such as the timing of reproduction or ...
life sentence
a sentence condemning a convicted felon to spend the rest of his or her life in prison. Cf. death sentence. * * *
life signs.
See vital signs. * * *
life span
1. the longest period over which the life of any organism or species may extend, according to the available biological knowledge concerning it. 2. the longevity of an ...
life table
Insurance. See mortality table. [1860-65] * * *
life vest.
See life jacket. [1910-15, Amer.] * * *
life zone
life zone n. any of a series of biogeographic zones into which a continent, region, etc. is divided both by latitude and altitude on the basis of the characteristic animal and ...
life-and-death
/luyf"euhn deth"/, adj. ending with the death or possible death of one of the participants; crucially important: The cobra was engaged in a life-and-death struggle with the ...
life-care
/luyf"kair'/, adj. designed to provide for the basic needs of elderly residents, usu. in return for an initial fee and monthly service payments: a life-care facility; life-care ...
life-form
life-form [līf′ôrm΄] n. a particular type of organism, often one that is unusual, alien, or newly discovered: often written life form * * *
life-giving
—life-giver, n. /luyf"giv'ing/, adj. imparting, or having the ability to impart, life or vitality; invigorating; vitalizing: life-giving love and praise. [1555-65] * * *
life-or-death
/luyf"euhr deth"/, adj. life-and-death. [1680-90] * * *
life-size
/luyf"suyz"/, adj. of the natural size of an object, person, etc., in life; of the actual size of a living original: a life-size statue. Also, life-sized. [1835-45] * * *
life-support
/luyf"seuh pawrt', -pohrt'/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to equipment or measures that sustain or artificially substitute for essential body functions, as breathing or disposal of ...
life-support system
▪ environmental       any mechanical device that enables a person to live and usually work in an environment such as outer space or underwater in which he could not ...
life-supportsystem
life-support system n. 1. Equipment that creates a viable environment under conditions otherwise incompatible with life. 2. Medical equipment that augments or substitutes for an ...
life-threatening
/luyf"thret'ning, -thret'n ing/, adj. endangering life: a life-threatening illness. * * *
life-world
▪ philosophy German  Lebenswelt,         in Phenomenology, the world as immediately or directly experienced in the subjectivity of everyday life, as sharply ...
lifebelt
life belt n. A life preserver worn like a belt. * * *
lifeblood
/luyf"blud'/, n. 1. the blood, considered as essential to maintain life: to spill one's lifeblood in war. 2. a life-giving, vital, or animating element: Agriculture is the ...
lifeboat
/luyf"boht'/, n. 1. a double-ended ship's boat, constructed, mounted, and provisioned so as to be readily able to rescue and maintain persons from a sinking vessel. 2. a ...
lifeboatman
/luyf"boht'meuhn/, n., pl. lifeboatmen. a sailor qualified to take charge of a lifeboat or life raft. [1855-60; LIFEBOAT + -MAN] * * *
lifebuoy
life buoy n. A buoyant device, such as a cork or polystyrene ring, for keeping a person afloat in water. * * *
lifecare
life care also life·care (līfʹkâr') n. The provision of services for elderly people, including housing, health care, and social activities. adj. also life-care (līfʹkâr') ...
lifecycle
life cycle n. 1. The course of developmental changes through which an organism passes from its inception as a fertilized zygote to the mature state in which another zygote may be ...
lifeexpectancy
life expectancy n. The number of years that an individual is expected to live as determined by statistics. * * *
lifeforce
life force n. See élan vital. * * *
lifeform
life form n. The characteristic morphology of a mature organism. * * *
lifeful
/luyf"feuhl/, adj. full of life; lively; animated. [1175-1225; ME lifful. See LIFE, -FUL] * * *
lifeguard
/luyf"gahrd'/, n. 1. an expert swimmer employed, as at a beach or pool, to protect bathers from drowning or other accidents and dangers. v.i. 2. to work as a lifeguard. [1640-50; ...
lifehistory
life history n. 1. The history of changes undergone by an organism from inception or conception to death. 2. The developmental history of an individual or a group in society. * * ...
lifeinsurance
life insurance n. Insurance that guarantees a specific sum of money to a designated beneficiary upon the death of the insured or to the insured if he or she lives beyond a ...
lifejacket
life jacket n. A life preserver in the form of a sleeveless jacket or vest. * * *
lifeless
—lifelessly, adv. —lifelessness, n. /luyf"lis/, adj. 1. not endowed with life; having no life; inanimate: lifeless matter. 2. destitute of living things: a lifeless ...
lifelessly
See lifeless. * * *
lifelessness
See lifelessly. * * *
lifelike
—lifelikeness, n. /luyf"luyk'/, adj. resembling or simulating real life: a lifelike portrait. [1605-15; LIFE + -LIKE] * * *
lifelikeness
See lifelike. * * *
lifeline
/luyf"luyn'/, n. 1. a line, fired across a ship or boat, by means of which a hawser for a breeches buoy may be hauled aboard. 2. a line or rope for saving life, as one attached ...
lifelist
life list n. A cumulative record of the species seen and identified by a naturalist, especially a bird watcher. * * *
lifelong
/luyf"lawng', -long'/, adj. lasting or continuing through all or much of one's life: lifelong regret. [1750-60; LIFE + LONG1 (adv.)] * * *
lifemanship
/luyf"meuhn ship'/, n. 1. the ability to conduct one's life, career, personal relationships, etc., in a successful manner. 2. the skill or practice of conveying to others a real ...
lifemask
life mask n. A cast of a person's face taken while the subject is alive. * * *
lifepreserver
life preserver n. 1. A buoyant device, usually in the shape of a ring, belt, or jacket, designed to keep a person afloat in the water. 2. Chiefly British. A weapon, such as a ...
lifer
/luy"feuhr/, n. Slang. 1. a person sentenced to or serving a term of life imprisonment. 2. a person committed to a professional lifetime career in the military. 3. a person who ...
liferaft
life raft n. A raft usually made of inflatable material or wood and used in an emergency on large bodies of water. * * *
lifesaver
—lifesaving, adj., n. /luyf"say'veuhr/, n. 1. a person who rescues another from danger of death, esp. from drowning. 2. a person or thing that saves a person, as from a ...
lifesaving
☆ lifesaving [līf′sāv΄iŋ ] adj. designed for or connected with the saving of human life n. the saving of human life, esp. through the prevention of drowning * * * See ...
Lifesaving Service
a private organization or government agency for general marine rescue operations. * * *
lifescience
life science n. Any of several branches of science, such as biology, medicine, anthropology, or ecology, that deal with living organisms and their organization, life processes, ...
lifespan
life span or life·span (līfʹspăn') n. 1. A lifetime. 2. The average or maximum length of time an organism, material, or object can be expected to survive or last. * * *
lifestyle
/luyf"stuyl'/, n. the habits, attitudes, tastes, moral standards, economic level, etc., that together constitute the mode of living of an individual or group. Also, life style, ...
lifesupport
life support n. A life-support system: a patient on life support. * * *
lifetime
/luyf"tuym'/, n. 1. the time that the life of someone or something continues; the term of a life: peace within our lifetime. 2. Physics. See mean life. adj. 3. for the duration ...
lifeway
life·way (līfʹwā') n. 1. A customary manner of living; a way of life. 2. A custom, practice, or art: the traditional lifeways of a tribal society. * * *
lifework
/luyf"werrk"/, n. the complete or principal work, labor, or task of a lifetime. [1870-75; LIFE + WORK] * * *
lifezone
life zone n. A geographic region or area defined by its characteristic life forms. * * *
Liffey
/lif"ee/, n. a river in the E Republic of Ireland, flowing NW and NE from County Wicklow into Dublin Bay. 50 mi. (81 km) long. * * *
Liffey, River
River, Ireland. Rising southwest of Dublin, it flows northwest, then runs west in the Kildare lowland. It crosses east through Dublin, where it is channeled into canals, and ...
LIFO
/luy"foh/, n. 1. See last-in, first-out (def. 1). 2. Computers. a data storage and retrieval technique, usually implemented using a queue, in which the last item stored is the ...
Lifou Island
▪ island, New Caledonia also spelled  Lifu Island , also called (locally)  Drehu   largest and most populous of the Loyalty Islands in the French overseas country of ...
lift
—liftable, adj. —lifter, n. /lift/, v.t. 1. to move or bring (something) upward from the ground or other support to a higher position; hoist. 2. to raise or direct upward: He ...
lift bolt
Naut. an eyebolt, as on a yardarm, to which a topping lift is secured. * * *
lift bridge
a bridge having a section that can be lifted vertically to permit passage of boats beneath it. Also called vertical lift bridge. [1840-50] * * *
Lift Every Voice and Sing
a popular song that is often called the ‘African-American National Anthem’. It was written in 1900 for Lincoln’s Birthday celebrations by James Weldon Johnson, a writer who ...
lift pump
a pump in which a liquid is lifted rather than forced up from below. Cf. force pump. [1855-60] * * *
lift truck
a dolly or truck for lifting and moving, esp. palletized loads. [1960-65] * * *
lift-drag ratio
/lift"drag"/, Aeron. the ratio of the lift to the drag of an airfoil. [1915-20] * * *
lift-slab
/lift"slab'/, adj. noting or pertaining to a technique of constructing multistory buildings in which all horizontal slabs are cast at ground level and, when ready, are raised ...
lift-slab construction
Technique whereby concrete floor slabs are poured on the ground, one on top of the other, and then lifted into place on top of columns by hydraulic jacks. Used for very tall ...
liftable
See lift. * * *
liftback
/lift"bak'/, n. Auto. hatchback. [1975-80; LIFT + (HATCH)BACK] * * *
lifter
/lif"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that lifts. 2. Mach. a device or machine part used for lifting another part, as a cam used for lifting a valve in an engine. [1525-35; LIFT + ...
liftgate
/lift"gayt'/, n. Auto. hatch2 (def. 9b). [1945-50; LIFT + (TAIL)GATE1] * * *
lifting body
☆ lifting body n. a vehicle combining features of aircraft and spacecraft, designed for reentry into the atmosphere, flight at high altitudes, and the ability to land itself * ...
lifting sail
Naut. a sail that when filled tends to raise the hull of a ship or boat (opposed to driving sail). [1880-85] * * *
liftingbody
lift·ing body (lĭfʹtĭng) n. An aircraft or a spacecraft that has no wings and gains lift by the action of aerodynamic forces on its body. * * *
liftoff
/lift"awf', -of'/, n. 1. Aeron., Rocketry. a. the action of an aircraft in becoming airborne or of a rocket in rising from its launching site under its own power. b. the instant ...
liftoff hinge.
See loose-joint hinge. * * *
Lifuka
▪ island, Tonga       uplifted crescent-shaped coral island in the Haʿapai Group of Tonga, southwestern Pacific Ocean. Lifuka was once the seat of the Tongan kings. ...
lig snail
/lig/. See banded Florida tree snail. * * *
ligament
/lig"euh meuhnt/, n. 1. Anat., Zool. a band of tissue, usually white and fibrous, serving to connect bones, hold organs in place, etc. 2. a tie or bond: The desire for personal ...
ligamental
See ligament. * * *
ligamentary
See ligamental. * * *
ligamentous
—ligamentously, adv. /lig'euh men"teuhs/, adj. pertaining to, of the nature of, or forming a ligament. Also, ligamental, ligamentary. [1675-85; LIGAMENT + -OUS] * * *
ligamentum
/lig'euh men"teuhm/, n., pl. ligamenta /-teuh/. Anat. ligament. [ < ML; see LIGAMENT] * * *
ligan
/luy"geuhn/, n. Law. lagan. * * *
ligand
/luy"geuhnd, lig"euhnd/, n. 1. Biochem. a molecule, as an antibody, hormone, or drug, that binds to a receptor. 2. Chem. a molecule, ion, or atom that is bonded to the central ...
ligand field theory
▪ chemistry       in chemistry, one of several theories that describe the electronic structure of coordination or complex compounds, notably transition metal complexes, ...
ligase
/luy"gays, -gayz/, n. Biochem. any of a class of enzymes that catalyze the joining of two molecules by formation of a covalent bond accompanied by the hydrolysis of ATP. [1961; < ...
ligate
/luy"gayt/, v.t., ligated, ligating. to bind with or as if with a ligature; tie up (a bleeding artery or the like). [1590-1600; < L ligatus (ptp. of ligare to tie, bind); see ...
ligation
—ligative /lig"euh tiv/, adj. /luy gay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of ligating, esp. of surgically tying up a bleeding artery. 2. anything that binds or ties up; ...
ligature
/lig"euh cheuhr, -choor'/, n., v., ligatured, ligaturing. n. 1. the act of binding or tying up: The ligature of the artery was done with skill. 2. anything that serves for ...
Ligdan
▪ khan of Mongolia also spelled  Lingdan, Legdan, or Likdan   died 1634, Tibet       last of the paramount Mongol khans (ruled 1604–34).       Ligdan was a ...
ligeance
/luy"jeuhns, lee"-/, n. 1. Chiefly Law. the territory subject to a sovereign or liege lord. 2. Archaic. allegiance. [1350-1400; ME < MF; see LIEGE, -ANCE] * * *
liger
/luy"geuhr/, n. the offspring of a male lion and a female tiger. Cf. tiglon. [1935-40; LI(ON) + (TI)GER] * * * ▪ mammal       offspring of a lion and a tigress. The ...
Ligeti, György
▪ Austrian composer in full  György Sándor Ligeti  born May 28, 1923, Diciosânmartin [now Tîrnăveni], Transylvania, Rom. died June 12, 2006, Vienna, ...
Ligeti, György (Sándor)
born May 28, 1923, Diciosânmartin, Transylvania, Rom. Hungarian (Transylvanian) composer. By 1950 he was teaching at the Budapest Academy, but not until he met Karlheinz ...
Ligeti, György Sándor
Lig·e·ti (lĭgʹə-tē), György Sándor. Born 1923. Hungarian-born Austrian composer whose experimental works include orchestral, chamber, and choral music. * * * ▪ ...
Liggett Group Inc.
▪ American company       former U.S. conglomerate that once held major interests in tobacco products, spirits and wines, and pet foods.       In 1849 J.E. Liggett ...
Liggett, Hunter
▪ United States general born March 21, 1857, Reading, Pa., U.S. died Dec. 30, 1935, San Francisco, Calif.       American general, corps and army commander in World War ...
light
light1 —lightful, adj. —lightfully, adv. /luyt/, n., adj., lighter, lightest, v., lighted or lit, lighting. n. 1. something that makes things visible or affords illumination: ...
light adaptation
—light-adapted, adj. Ophthalm. the reflex adaptation of the eye to bright light, consisting of an increase in the number of functioning cones, accompanied by a decrease in the ...
light air
Meteorol. a wind of 1-3 mph (0.5-1.3 m/sec). [1795-1805] * * *
light ale
n [U, C] (BrE) a type of bitter beer which is light in colour and usually sold in bottles. ➡ note at beer. Compare pale ale. * * *
light and shade surface.
See surface of light and shade. * * *
Light Armored Vehicle
an eight-wheeled armored reconnaissance car with a 25mm cannon, in service with the U.S. Army and Marine Corps in the 1980s. * * *
light artillery
Mil. 1. guns and howitzers of small caliber. 2. (in the U.S.) guns and howitzers of a caliber up to and including 105 mm. Cf. heavy artillery (def. 2), medium artillery. * * *
light bomber
Mil. a small airplane designed to carry light bomb loads relatively short distances, esp. one having a gross loaded weight of less than 100,000 lb. (45,000 kg). Cf. heavy bomber, ...
light box
a boxlike object having a uniformly lighted surface, as of ground glass, against which films or transparencies can be held for examination. [1840-50] * * *
light bread
Midland and Southern U.S. 1. See white bread. 2. any bread leavened with yeast. [1815-25] * * *
light breeze
Meteorol. a wind of 4-7 mph (2-3 m/sec). Cf. breeze1 (def. 2). [1795-1805] * * *
light bridge
Theat. See under bridge1 (def. 16a). * * *
light bulb
an electric light. [1880-85] * * *       electric incandescent lamp based on a glowing metallic filament enclosed within a glass shell filled with an inert gas such as ...
light chain
Immunol. either of an identical pair of polypeptides in the antibody molecule that lie parallel to the upper parts of the heavy chain pair and are half the molecular weight. Also ...
light colonel
U.S. Mil. Slang. a lieutenant colonel. * * *
light cream
sweet cream with less butterfat than heavy cream. * * *
light cruiser
a naval cruiser having 6-in. (15-cm) guns as its main armament. Cf. heavy cruiser. * * *
light curve
Astron. a graph showing variations in brightness of celestial objects over time. [1885-90] * * * ▪ astronomy       in astronomy, graph of the changes in brightness with ...
light displacement
Naut. the weight of a ship with all its permanent equipment, excluding the weight of cargo, persons, ballast, dunnage, and fuel, but usually including the weight of permanent ...
light draft
Naut. the draft of a vessel at its light displacement. [1865-70] * * *
light guide
light guide n. a hair-thin, fiber-optic cable: also lightguide * * *
light guide.
See optical fiber. [1950-55] * * *
light heavyweight
a boxer or other contestant intermediate in weight between a middleweight and a heavyweight, esp. a professional boxer weighing up to 175 lb. (80 kg). [1900-05] * * *
light horse
cavalry carrying light arms and equipment. [1525-35] * * *
Light in August
a novel (1932) by William Faulkner. * * *
light infantry
1. foot soldiers with lightweight weapons and minimal field equipment. 2. infantry units with a minimal number of crew-served weapons and other supporting equipment. [1840-50] * ...
light line
Naut. the line or level to which a ship or boat sinks when fully supplied with fuel and ballast but without cargo. Also called light load line. [1890-95] * * *
light machine gun
Mil. any air-cooled machine gun having a caliber not greater than 0.30 in. (7.6 mm). [1920-25] * * *
light meat.
See white meat (defs. 1, 2). * * *
light meter
light meter n. EXPOSURE METER * * *
light meter.
See exposure meter. [1920-25] * * *
light microscope
microscope (def. 1). [1940-45] * * *
light mineral
Geol. any rock-forming mineral that has a specific gravity of less than 2.8 and is generally light in color. Cf. dark mineral. * * *
light mineral oil
Chem. See under mineral oil. * * *
Light of the World
a very popular painting (1851–3) by Holman Hunt, who did several versions of it. It shows Jesus Christ holding a lamp and knocking on the door of a house. * * *
light opera
operetta. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
light pen
Computers. a hand-held light-sensitive device used for pointing at characters or objects on a CRT in order to make or modify drawings or to indicate functions to be performed. ...
light pipe
Optics. an elongated transparent medium, such as an optical fiber, for transmitting light. [1945-50] * * *
light pollution
1. unwanted or harmful light, as from bright street lights or neon signs. 2. Astron. artificial illumination of the sky that sets a limit on the faintness of stars that can be ...
light quantum
Physics. photon. [1920-25] * * *
light rail transit
      system of railways usually powered by overhead electrical wires and used for medium-capacity local transportation in metropolitan areas. Light rail vehicles (LRVs) ...
light reaction
light reaction n. the photochemical phase of photosynthesis in which light energy is converted and stored biochemically in the form of ATP: cf. DARK REACTION * * *
light show
a form of entertainment consisting chiefly of constantly changing patterns of light and color, usually accompanied by music and sound effects. [1965-70] * * *
light table
a table that has a translucent top illuminated from below and is used typically for making tracings or examining color transparencies. * * *
light therapy
Med. therapeutic exposure to full-spectrum artificial light that simulates sunlight, used to treat various conditions, as seasonal affective disorder. Also called phototherapy. * ...
light valve
Elect. a light-transmitting device having transmissions that vary in accordance with an electric input, as voltage, current, or an electron beam, used chiefly for recording sound ...
light verse
verse that is written to entertain, amuse, or please, often by the subtlety of its form rather than by its literary quality. * * *       poetry on trivial or playful ...
light weight
Naut. See light displacement. [1765-75] * * *
light whiskey
☆ light whiskey n. a light-colored, mild whiskey aged in new or used casks for not less than four years * * *
Light, Francis
▪ British military officer born c. 1740, , Suffolk, Eng. died Oct. 21, 1794, Penang Island [now in Malaysia]       British naval officer who was responsible for ...
light-adapted
See light adaptation. * * *
light-armed
/luyt"ahrmd"/, adj. carrying light weapons: light-armed troops. [1610-20] * * *
light-duty
/luyt"dooh"tee, -dyooh"-/, adj. made or designed to withstand comparatively moderate loads, use, or stress: light-duty trucks. Cf. heavy-duty. * * *
light-emitting diode
/luyt"i mit'ing/. See LED. [1965-70] * * * ▪ electronics       in electronics, a semiconductor device that emits infrared or visible light when charged with an electric ...
light-emitting diode (LED)
Semiconductor diode that produces visible or infrared light when subjected to an electric current, as a result of electroluminescence. Visible-light LEDs are used in many ...
light-emittingdiode
light-e·mit·ting diode (lītʹĭ-mĭt'ĭng) n. LED. * * *
light-fingered
—light-fingeredness, n. /luyt"fing"geuhrd/, adj. 1. skillful at or given to pilfering, esp. by picking pockets; thievish. 2. having light and nimble fingers. [1540-50] * * *
light-fingeredness
See light-fingered. * * *
light-footed
—light-footedly, adv. —light-footedness, n. /luyt"foot"id/, adj. stepping lightly or nimbly; light of foot; nimble. [1375-1425; late ME] * * *
light-footedly
See light-footed. * * *
light-footedness
See light-footedly. * * *
light-frame construction
System of construction using many small and closely spaced members that can be assembled by nailing. It is the standard for U.S. suburban housing. The balloon-frame house with ...
light-handed
—light-handedly, adv. —light-handedness, n. /luyt"han"did/, adj. 1. short-handed. 2. having the hands lightly or only slightly encumbered, as with parcels or bundles. 3. ...
light-handedly
See light-handed. * * *
light-handedness
See light-handedly. * * *
light-horseman
/luyt"hawrs'meuhn/, n., pl. light-horsemen. a light-armed cavalry soldier. [1540-50; LIGHT HORSE + MAN1] * * *
light-minded
—lightmindedly, adv. —light-mindedness, n. /luyt"muyn"did/, adj. having or showing a lack of serious purpose, attitude, etc.; frivolous; trifling: to be in a light-minded ...
light-mindedly
See light-minded. * * *
light-mindedness
See light-mindedly. * * *
light-o'-love
/luyt"euh luv"/, n. 1. a lover. 2. a prostitute. Also, light-of-love /luyt"euhv luv"/. [1570-80] * * *
light-rail
/luyt"rayl'/, adj. of or pertaining to a local rail rapid-transit system using large, single passenger cars, railroad-type signals, and, usually, private ...
light-struck
/luyt"struk'/, adj. Photog. (of a film or the like) damaged by accidental exposure to light. [1880-85] * * *
light-year
/luyt"year', -year"/, n. 1. Astron. the distance traversed by light in one mean solar year, about 5.88 trillion mi. (9.46 trillion km): used as a unit in measuring stellar ...
lightadaptation
light adaptation n. The process, chiefly involving constriction of the pupil, by which the eye adapts to an increase in illumination.   lightʹ-a·dapt'ed (lītʹə-dăp'tĭd) ...
lightair
light air n. A wind with a speed of from 1 to 3 miles (2 to 5 kilometers) per hour, according to the Beaufort scale. * * *
lightboard
/luyt"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. switchboard (def. 2). [LIGHT1 + BOARD] * * *
lightboat
/luyt"boht'/, n. a small lightship. [1825-35, Amer.; LIGHT1 + BOAT] * * *
Lightbody, Jim
▪ American athlete byname of  James Davies Lightbody   born March 15, 1882, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died March 2, 1953, Charleston, S.C.       American athlete, a ...
lightbread
light bread n. Chiefly Southern & Southwestern U.S. Leavened bread made with wheat flour. Also called loaf bread.   Regional Note: Where the rest of the country simply says ...
lightbreeze
light breeze n. A wind with a speed of from 4 to 7 miles (6 to 11 kilometers) per hour, according to the Beaufort scale. * * *
lightbulb
light bulb n. An electric light in which a filament is heated to incandescence by an electric current. * * *  electric incandescent lamp based on a glowing metallic filament ...
lightchain
light chain n. The smaller of the two types of polypeptide chains in immunoglobulins, consisting of an antigen-binding portion with a variable amino acid sequence, and a constant ...
lighten
lighten1 —lightener, n. /luyt"n/, v.i. 1. to become lighter or less dark; brighten: The sky lightened after the storm. 2. to brighten or light up, as the eyes or features: Her ...
lightening
/luyt"n ing/, n. Med. the descent of the uterus into the pelvic cavity, occurring toward the end of pregnancy, changing the contour of the abdomen and facilitating breathing by ...
lighter
lighter1 /luy"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that lights or ignites. 2. a mechanical device used in lighting cigarettes, cigars, or pipes for smoking. [1545-55; LIGHT1 + ...
lighter fluid
a combustible fluid used in cigarette, cigar, and pipe lighters. [1950-55] * * *
lighter-than-air
/luy"teuhr dheuhn air"/, adj. Aeron. 1. (of an aircraft) weighing less than the air it displaces, hence obtaining lift from aerostatic buoyancy. 2. of or pertaining to ...
lighterage
/luy"teuhr ij/, n. 1. the use of lighters in loading and unloading ships and in transporting goods for short distances. 2. a fee paid for lighter service. [1475-85; LIGHTER2 + ...
lighterman
/luy"teuhr meuhn/, n., pl. lightermen. a person who navigates a lighter. [1550-60; LIGHTER2 + -MAN] * * *
lightface
/luyt"fays'/, Print. n. 1. a type characterized by thin, light lines. adj. 2. Also, light-faced. (of printed matter) set in lightface. Cf. boldface. [1870-75; LIGHT2 + FACE] * * *
lightfaced
See lightface. * * *
lightfast
—lightfastness, n. /luyt"fast', -fahst'/, adj. not affected or faded by light, esp. sunlight; colorfast when exposed to light. [1955-60; LIGHT1 + FAST1] * * *
Lightfoot, Gordon
born Nov. 17, 1938, Orillia, Ont., Can. Canadian singer and songwriter. He began writing folk-oriented pop singles in the mid-1960s, including "Early Morning Rain" and "Ribbon ...
lightheaded
—lightheadedly, adv. —lightheadedness, n. /luyt"hed"id/, adj. 1. giddy, dizzy, or delirious: After two drinks Pat began to feel lightheaded. 2. having or showing a frivolous ...
lightheadedly
See lightheaded. * * *


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