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linear graph
Math. graph (def. 2b). * * *
linear induction motor
Elect., Railroads. an electric motor in which a movable part moves in a straight line, with power being supplied by a varying magnetic field set up by a fixed part of the system, ...
linear manifold
Math. subspace (def. 2b). * * *
linear measure
1. any system for measuring length. 2. any unit used in linear measurement, as the inch, foot, meter, etc. [1885-90] * * *
linear motor
      power source providing electric traction in a straight line, rather than rotary, as in a conventional motor; it is useful in such applications as high-speed ground ...
linear operator
Math. a mathematical operator with the property that applying it to a linear combination of two objects yields the same linear combination as the result of applying it to the ...
linear perspective
a mathematical system for representing three-dimensional objects and space on a two-dimensional surface by means of intersecting lines that are drawn vertically and horizontally ...
linear polarization
Optics. See plane polarization. * * *
linear programming
Math. any of several methods for finding where a given linear function of several nonnegative variables assumes an extreme value and for determining the extreme value, the ...
linear regression analysis
Statistics. regression analysis in which the dependent variable is assumed to be linearly related to the independent variable or variables. Also called linear regression. * * *
linear space
Math. See vector space. [1890-95] * * *
linear transformation
Math. a map from one vector space to a vector space having the same field of scalars, with the properties that the map of the sum of two vectors is the sum of the maps of the ...
linear-tracking
/lin"ee euhr trak"ing/, adj. (of a tone arm) designed to move across a phonograph record in a straight line, instead of an arc, so that as the needle tracks the groove, its ...
LinearA
Lin·e·ar A (lĭnʹē-ər) n. An undeciphered writing system used in Crete from the 18th to the 15th century B.C. * * *
linearaccelerator
linear accelerator n. An electron, a proton, or a heavy-ion accelerator in which the paths of the particles accelerated are essentially straight lines rather than circles or ...
linearalgebra
linear algebra n. 1. The branch of mathematics that deals with the theory of systems of linear equations, matrices, vector spaces, determinants, and linear transformations. 2. A ...
LinearB
Linear B n. A syllabic script used in Mycenaean Greek documents chiefly from Crete and Pylos, mostly from the 14th to the 12th century B.C. * * *
linearcombination
linear combination n. An expression of first order, composed of the sums and differences of elements with coefficients in a field, such as the field of real numbers. * * *
lineardependence
linear dependence n. The property of a set of vectors having at least one linear combination equal to zero when at least one of the coefficients is not equal to zero. * * *
linearequation
linear equation n. An algebraic equation, such as y = 2x + 7 or 3x + 2y - z = 4, in which the highest degree term in the variable or variables is of the first degree. The graph ...
linearindependence
linear independence n. The property of a set of vectors of having no linear combinations equal to zero unless all of the coefficients are equal to zero. * * *
linearity
/lin'ee ar"i tee/, n., pl. linearities. 1. the property, quality, or state of being linear. 2. Television. the accuracy with which the shapes in a televised image are reproduced ...
linearization
See linearize. * * *
linearize
—linearization, n. /lin"ee euh ruyz'/, v.t., linearized, linearizing. to make linear; give linear form to. Also, esp. Brit., linearise. [1890-95; LINEAR + -IZE] * * *
linearly
See linear. * * *
linearly ordered set
Math. See totally ordered set. * * *
linearmeasure
linear measure n. In both senses also called long measure. 1. The measurement of length. 2. A unit or system of units for measuring length. * * *
linearmomentum
linear momentum n. See momentum. * * *
linearperspective
linear perspective n. A form of perspective in drawing and painting in which parallel lines are represented as converging so as to give the illusion of depth and distance. * * *
lineate
/lin"ee it, -ayt'/, adj. marked with lines, esp. parallel lengthwise lines; striped. Also, lineated. [1635-45; < L lineatus ptp. of lineare to make straight, mark with lines. See ...
lineation
/lin'ee ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of marking with or tracing by lines. 2. a division into lines. 3. an outline or delineation. 4. an arrangement or group of ...
linebacker
/luyn"bak'euhr/, n. Football. 1. a player on defense who takes a position close behind the linemen. 2. the position played by this player. [1960-65; LINE1 + BACKER] * * *
linebacking
See linebacker. * * *
linebred
/luyn"bred'/, adj. produced by linebreeding. [1890-95; LINE1 + BRED] * * *
linebreeding
/luyn"bree'ding/, n. Genetics. a form of inbreeding directed toward keeping the offspring closely related to a superior ancestor. [1875-80, Amer.; LINE1 + BREEDING] * * *
linecaster
line·cast·er (līnʹkăs'tər) n. Printing A machine for casting metal type in lines.   lineʹcast'ing n. * * *
linecasting
See linecaster. * * *
linecut
line cut n. A letterpress printing plate made from a line drawing by a photoengraving process. Also called line engraving. * * *
linedance
line dance n. A dance in which individuals line up without partners and follow a choreographed pattern of steps to country music.   line dance v. line dancer n. * * *
linedancer
See line dance. * * *
linedrawing
line drawing n. A drawing made with lines only, especially one used as copy for a line cut. * * *
linedrive
line drive n. Baseball A batted ball hit sharply so that it flies low and fast, usually in a straight line. * * *
lineengraving
line engraving n. 1. a. A metal plate, used in intaglio printing, on the surface of which design lines have been engraved by hand. b. The process of making such an engraving. c. ...
LineIslands
Line Islands (līn) A group of islands in the central Pacific Ocean south of Hawaii and astride the equator. First visited by American sailors in 1798, they were formerly part ...
lineitem
line item n. A single item, especially of a legislative appropriations bill: Most governors have the power to veto line items of the proposed state budget. * * *
Lineker
(1960– ) an English football player. He began his career with Leicester City (1978–85) and then played for Everton and Barcelona before moving to Tottenham Hotspur ...
lineman
/luyn"meuhn/, n., pl. linemen. 1. Also, linesman. a person who installs or repairs telephone, telegraph, or other wires. 2. Football. one of the players in the line, as a center, ...
lineman's pliers
pliers with reinforced pincers and insulated handles, used by electricians in working with cable and other heavy wires. See illus. under plier. * * *
linemen
➡ football – American style * * *
linen
—lineny, adj. /lin"euhn/, n. 1. fabric woven from flax yarns. 2. Often, linens. bedding, tablecloths, shirts, etc., made of linen cloth or a more common substitute, as ...
linen closet
a closet in which sheets, towels, table linens, etc., are kept. [1880-85] * * *
linen draper
Brit. a dry-goods merchant. [1540-50] * * *
linen panel
a panel carved with a linenfold. [1885-90] * * *
linen paper
paper, usually superior in quality, made from pure linen or from substitutes that produce a similar paper finish. [1720-30] * * *
linenfold
/lin"euhn fohld'/, n. an ornamental motif resembling folded linen, carved on paneling. Also called linen pattern. [1890-95; LINEN + FOLD1] * * *
linenized
/lin"euh nuyzd'/, adj. made or finished to resemble the texture of linen cloth. [LINEN + -IZE + -ED2] * * *
lineof credit
line of credit n. pl. lines of credit See credit line. * * *
lineof force
line of force n. pl. lines of force A theoretical line in a field of force, such that a tangent at any point gives the direction of the field at that point. * * *
lineof scrimmage
line of scrimmage n. Football pl. lines of scrimmage Either of two imaginary lines extending across the field parallel to the goal line at the ends of the ball as it rests prior ...
lineof sight
line of sight n. pl. lines of sight 1. An imaginary line from the eye to a perceived object. 2. An unobstructed path between sending and receiving antennas. * * *
lineolate
/lin"ee euh layt'/, adj. Zool., Bot. marked with minute lines; finely lineate. Also, lineolated. [1810-20; < L lineol(a) (dim. of linea LINE1) + -ATE1] * * *
lineprinter
line printer n. A high-speed printing device, primarily used in data processing, that prints an entire line of type as a unit instead of printing each character individually. * * ...
liner
liner1 /luy"neuhr/, n. 1. a ship or airplane operated by a transportation or conveyance company. 2. eyeliner. 3. Baseball. See line drive. 4. a person or thing that traces by or ...
liner note
Usually, liner notes. explanatory or interpretative notes about a record, cassette, etc., printed on the cover or case or included in the package. [1950-55, Amer.] * * *
liner notes
☆ liner notes n. information about a recording, as on the back of a long-playing record JACKET (n. 2b) or in a booklet in a CD case * * *
linerboard
/luy"neuhr bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. a type of paperboard used esp. for containers, as corrugated boxes. Also, liner board. [1945-50; LINER2 + BOARD] * * *
linernotes
liner notes pl.n. Explanatory notes about a record album, cassette, or compact disk included on the jacket or in the packaging. * * *
lines
➡ railways and railroads * * *
linescore
line score n. A summary of the scoring by period in a game displayed in the form of a horizontal table, especially an inning-by-inning record of the runs scored in a baseball ...
linesman
/luynz"meuhn/, n., pl. linesmen. 1. Sports. a. an official, as in tennis and soccer, who assists the referee. b. Football. an official who marks the distances gained and lost in ...
linespectrum
line spectrum n. A spectrum produced by a luminous gas or vapor and appearing as distinct lines characteristic of the various elements constituting the gas. * * *
linesquall
line squall n. A squall or a series of squalls occurring along a narrow band of thunderstorms. * * *
linestorm
line storm n. A violent storm or a series of storms of rain and wind believed to take place during the equinoxes. * * *
lineswoman
lineswoman [līnz′woom΄ən] n. pl. lineswomen [līnz′wim΄in] Tennis Soccer etc. a female official who has the responsibility to make decisions along a sideline, goal line, ...
lineup
/luyn"up'/, n. 1. a particular order or disposition of persons or things as arranged or drawn up for action, inspection, etc. 2. the persons or things themselves. 3. (in police ...
liney
/luy"nee/, adj., linier, liniest. liny. * * *
Linfen
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Lin-fen        city, southern Shanxi (Shansi) sheng (province), China. It is situated on the east bank of the Fen River about 140 ...
Linford Christie
➡ Christie (II) * * *
ling
ling1 /ling/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) ling, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) lings. 1. an elongated, marine, gadid food fish, Molva molva, of Greenland and ...
Ling Canal
▪ canal, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Ling Qu  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Ling Ch'ü        canal in the northern part of the Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi ...
ling.
linguistics. * * *
linga
lin·ga (lĭnʹgə) n. Variant of lingam. * * * or lingam In Hinduism, the symbol of the god Shiva and of generative power. Fashioned from wood, gems, metal, or stone, lingas ...
Lingala
/ling gah"leuh/, n. a Bantu language used as a lingua franca in the N Democratic Republic of the Congo. * * *
Lingala language
      according to some linguists, a Bantu (Bantu languages)-based creole (creole languages) of Central Africa. Lingala is spoken by more than 10 million people in a ...
lingam
/ling"geuhm/, n. 1. Sanskrit Gram. the masculine gender. 2. (in popular Hinduism) a phallus, symbol of Siva. Also, linga /ling"geuh/. Cf. yoni. [ < Skt linga mark, gender, ...
Lingayat
/ling gah"yit/, n. Hinduism. a member of the Lingayata cult. [1665-75; < Kannada lingayata; see LINGA] * * * Member of a Hindu sect that worships Shiva as the only deity. It ...
Lingayata
/ling gah"yeuh teuh/, n. Hinduism. a Saiva cult emphasizing devotion and faith. Also called Vira Saiva. [ < Kannada; see LINGAYAT] * * *
Lingayen Gulf
/ling"gah yen"/ a gulf in the Philippines, on the NW coast of Luzon. * * * Inlet, South China Sea, northwestern coast of Luzon, Philippines. It is 26 mi (42 km) wide at its ...
LingayenGulf
Lin·ga·yen Gulf (lĭng'gä-yĕnʹ) An inlet of the South China Sea on the western coast of Luzon, Philippines. It was captured by the Japanese in December 1941 and retaken by ...
lingberry
ling·ber·ry (lĭngʹbĕr'ē) n. See cowberry.   [Variant of lingonberry.] * * *
lingcod
/ling"kod'/, n., pl. lingcods, (esp. collectively) lingcod. a large-mouthed game fish, Ophiodon elongatus, of the North Pacific, related to the greenling. Also, ling cod. Also ...
linger
—lingerer, n. —lingeringly, adv. /ling"geuhr/, v.i. 1. to remain or stay on in a place longer than is usual or expected, as if from reluctance to leave: We lingered awhile ...
lingerer
See linger. * * *
lingerie
/lahn'zheuh ray", lan"zheuh ree', -jeuh-/; Fr. /laonnzheu rddee"/, n. 1. underwear, sleepwear, and other items of intimate apparel worn by women. 2. Archaic. linen goods in ...
lingeringly
See lingerer. * * *
Linggadjati Agreement
▪ Netherlands-Indonesia [1946] also called  Cheribon Agreement        (drafted Nov. 15, 1946), treaty between the Dutch and the Republic of Indonesia, concluded on ...
linglong ware
▪ pottery Pinyin  linglongci,  or  Wade-Giles  ling-lung-tz'u        Chinese porcelain made in the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911/12) dynasties and ...
lingo
lingo1 /ling"goh/, n., pl. lingoes. 1. the language and speech, esp. the jargon, slang, or argot, of a particular field, group, or individual: gamblers' lingo. 2. language or ...
lingoe
/ling"goh/, n. 1. a metal weight attached to the cords of a Jacquard harness, for lowering the warp threads after they have been raised and for keeping the harness cords taut. 2. ...
lingonberry
/ling"euhn ber'ee/, n., pl. lingonberries. See mountain cranberry (def. 1). [1950-55; < Sw lingon mountain cranberry + BERRY] * * * Fruit of a small creeping plant (Vaccinium ...
Lingones
▪ Celtic tribe       Celtic tribe that originally lived in Gaul in the area of the Seine and Marne rivers. Some of the Lingones migrated across the Alps and settled near ...
lingua
/ling"gweuh/, n., pl. linguae /-gwee/. the tongue or a part like a tongue. [1665-75; < L; akin to TONGUE] * * *
lingua franca
/frang"keuh/, pl. lingua francas, linguae francae /ling"gwee fran"see/. 1. any language that is widely used as a means of communication among speakers of other languages. 2. ...
lingua geral
/zheuh rahl"/, (often caps.) a lingua franca based on Tupi and spoken in the Amazon basin of South America. [1855-60; < Pg: general language] * * *
língua-geral
▪ language       lingua franca developed in Brazil under Portuguese influence in the 16th and 17th centuries as a medium of communication between Europeans and Indians ...
linguafranca
lingua fran·ca (frăngʹkə) n. pl. lingua fran·cas (-kəz) also linguae fran·cae (frăngʹkē, frănʹsē) 1. A medium of communication between peoples of different ...
lingual
—lingually, adv. /ling"gweuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the tongue or some tonguelike part. 2. pertaining to languages. 3. Phonet. articulated with the aid of the tongue, ...
lingual brace
Orthodontics. a specialized dental brace that fits behind the teeth so that it is not visible when the wearer speaks or smiles. * * *
lingual protrusion lisp
Phonet. See under lisp (def. 2). * * *
lingually
See lingual. * * *
linguaphile
lin·gua·phile (lĭngʹgwə-fīl') n. A lover of languages and words.   [Latin lingua, tongue, language; see lingua + -phile.] * * *
Linguet, Simon-Nicolas-Henri
▪ French journalist and lawyer born July 14, 1736, Reims, France died June 27, 1794, Paris       French journalist and lawyer whose delight in taking views opposing ...
linguiça
/ling gwee"seuh/; Port. /lionn gwee"sah, -seuh/, n. a highly spiced Portuguese garlic sausage. [ < Pg; ulterior orig. uncert.] * * *
linguiform
/ling"gweuh fawrm'/, adj. tongue-shaped. [1745-55; < L lingu(a) LINGUA + -I- + -FORM] * * *
linguine
/ling gwee"nee/, n. Italian Cookery. a type of pasta in long, slender, flat strips. Also, linguini. [1945-50; < It, pl. of linguina, dim. of lingua tongue; see -INE1] * * *
linguist
/ling"gwist/, n. 1. a specialist in linguistics. 2. a person who is skilled in several languages; polyglot. [1580-90; < L lingu(a) tongue, speech + -IST] * * *
linguistic
—linguistically, adv. /ling gwis"tik/, adj. 1. of or belonging to language: linguistic change. 2. of or pertaining to linguistics. [1830-40; LINGUIST + -IC] * * *
linguistic analysis
a 20th-century philosophical movement inspired by Ludwig Wittgenstein and marked by close attention paid to the way words are used in order to clarify concepts and to eliminate ...
linguistic area
Ling. a geographical area in which several languages sharing common features are spoken. * * *
linguistic atlas
linguistic atlas n. a bound collection of maps charting the geographical distribution of linguistic forms and usages * * *
linguistic atlas.
See dialect atlas. [1920-25] * * *
linguistic form
any meaningful unit of speech, as a sentence, phrase, word, morpheme, or suffix. [1920-25] * * *
linguistic geography
linguistic geography n. the branch of linguistics studying the geographical distribution of linguistic forms and usages linguistic geographer n. * * *
linguistic geography.
—linguistic geographer. See dialect geography. [1925-30] * * *
linguistic philosophy
an approach to philosophical problems used esp. by certain British and American philosophers, inspired by G. E. Moore, and marked by the elucidation of difficult and ...
linguistic stock
1. a parent language and all its derived dialects and languages. 2. the people speaking any of these dialects or languages. [1920-25] * * *
linguistic universal.
See language universal. [1970-75] * * *
linguistical
/ling gwis"ti keuhl/, adj. (not in technical use) linguistic. [1815-25; LINGUISTIC + -AL1] * * *
linguistically
See linguistic. * * *
linguisticatlas
linguistic atlas n. A set of maps recording the geographic distribution of variations in speech. Also called dialect atlas. * * *
linguisticform
linguistic form n. A meaningful unit of language, such as an affix, a word, a phrase, or a sentence. * * *
linguisticgeographer
See linguistic geography. * * *
linguisticgeography
linguistic geography n. The branch of linguistics that involves the study of regional variations of speech forms. Also called dialect geography.   linguistic geographer n. * * *
linguistician
/ling'gwi stish"euhn/, n. linguist (def. 1). [1890-95; LINGUISTIC + -IAN] * * *
linguistics
/ling gwis"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical ...
linguistics, historical
Branch of linguistics concerned with examining changes in phonology, grammar, and semantics during a language's evolution, reconstructing earlier stages, and uncovering evidence ...
lingula
—lingular, adj. /ling"gyeuh leuh/, n., pl. lingulae /-lee'/. a tongue-shaped organ, process, or tissue. [1655-65; < NL, L lingula, dim of lingua tongue; cf. LIGULA] * * *
lingulate
/ling"gyeuh layt'/, adj. formed like a tongue; ligulate. Also, lingulated. [1790-1800; < L lingulatus tongue-shaped; see LINGULA, -ATE1] * * *
lingulid
▪ brachiopod       any member of a group of brachiopods, or lamp shells, that includes very ancient extinct forms as well as surviving representatives. First known from ...
linhay
/lin"ee/, n. Newfoundland. a storage shed or other attachment to the back of a house. [cf. dial. (SW England, Ireland) linhay shed, open building; of uncert. orig.] * * *
Lini, the Rev. Walter Hayde
▪ 2000       Vanuatuan politician (b. 1942, Pentecost Island, New Hebrides [now Vanuatu]—d. Feb. 21, 1999, Vanuatu?), served as prime minister of his South Pacific ...
liniment
/lin"euh meuhnt/, n. a liquid or semiliquid preparation for rubbing on or applying to the skin, as for sprains or bruises, usually soothing or counterirritating. [1375-1425; late ...
linin
linin [lī′nin] n. 〚< L linum, flax + -IN1〛 the achromatic substance constituting the netlike structure that connects the granules of chromatin in the nucleus of a cell * * ...
lining
lining1 /luy"ning/, n. 1. something that is used to line another thing; a layer of material on the inner side or surface of something. 2. Bookbinding. the material used to ...
link
link1 —linker, n. /lingk/, n. 1. one of the rings or separate pieces of which a chain is composed. 2. anything serving to connect one part or thing with another; a bond or tie: ...
link motion
link motion n. a valve gear that reverses the motion in steam engines: it operates by a slotted bar linked with the eccentric rods * * *
Link trainer
Aeron., Trademark. a ground training device used in instrument-flight training. * * * ▪ flight simulator       airplane cockpit replicated, with full instruments and ...
linkage
/ling"kij/, n. 1. the act of linking; state or manner of being linked. 2. a system of links. 3. Genetics. an association between two or more genes on a chromosome that tends to ...
linkage editor
Computers. a system program that combines independently compiled object modules or load modules into a single load module. * * *
linkage group
Genetics. a group of genes in a chromosome that tends to be inherited as a unit. [1935-40] * * * All the genes on a single chromosome. They are inherited as a group; during ...
linkage map
Genetics. See genetic map. [1935-40] * * *
linkagegroup
linkage group n. A pair or set of genes on a chromosome that tend to be transmitted together. * * *
linkboy
linkboy [liŋ′mən] n. pl. linkmen [liŋ′mənliŋk′boi΄] n. a boy or man formerly hired to carry a link, or torch, to light a person's way at night: also linkman ...
linked
/lingkt/, adj. Genetics. (of a gene) exhibiting linkage. [1400-50 for literal sense; late ME; see LINK1, -ED2] * * *
linked rhyme
Pros. a rhyme in which the end of one line together with the first sound of the next line forms a rhyme with the end of another line. * * *
Linked Ring
▪ English association of photographers in full  Brotherhood of the Linked Ring        association of English photographers formed in 1892 that was one of the first ...
linked verse
Pros. a Japanese verse form in which stanzas of three lines alternating with stanzas of two lines are composed by two or more poets in alternation. Also called renga. * * *
linker
See link1. * * *
linking r
Phonet. 1. the r-sound as reintroduced into an utterance where there is an r in the spelling by speakers of an r-dropping dialect when a postvocalic r they would normally drop, ...
linking verb
copula (def. 2). [1930-35] * * *
linkingverb
link·ing verb (lĭngʹkĭng) n. See copula. * * *
Linklater, Eric
▪ Scottish novelist born March 8, 1899, Dounby, Orkney Islands, Scot. died Nov. 7, 1974, Aberdeen       British novelist, poet, and historical writer noted for his ...
Linkletter, Art(hur Gordon)
born July 17, 1912, Moose Jaw, Sask., Can. Canadian-born U.S. broadcasting host. He served as emcee for the variety show House Party (1943–67), which involved the audience in ...
Linköping
/leen"chue'peeng/, n. a city in S Sweden. 112,600. * * * ▪ Sweden       city and capital of Östergötland län (county), southeastern Sweden, on the Stång River near ...
links
/lingks/, n. (used with a pl. v.) See golf course. [bef. 1100; ME lynkys slopes, OE hlincas, pl. of hlinc rising ground, equiv. to hlin(ian) to LEAN1, bend (akin to Gk klínein ...
linksman
/lingks"meuhn/, n., pl. linksmen. a person who plays golf; golfer. [1935-40; LINKS + -MAN] * * *
linkup
/lingk"up'/, n. 1. a contact or linkage established, as between military units or two spacecraft. 2. something serving as a linking element or system; a connection or ...
linkwork
/lingk"werrk'/, n. 1. something composed of links, as a chain. 2. a linkage. 3. Mach. a mechanism or device in which motion is transmitted by links. [1520-30; LINK1 + WORK] * * *
Linlithgow
/lin lith"goh/, n. former name of West Lothian. * * * ▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       royal burgh (town), West Lothian council area and historic county, southeastern ...
Linlithgow, Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd Marquess of, Earl Of Hopetoun, Viscount Of Aithrie, Lord Hope, Baron Hopetoun Of Hopetoun, Baron Niddry Of Niddry
▪ British statesman born Sept. 24, 1887, Abercorn, West Lothian, Scot. died Jan. 5, 1952, Abercorn       British statesman and longest serving viceroy of India ...
linn
/lin/, n. Chiefly Scot. 1. a waterfall or torrent of rushing water in a river or stream. 2. a pool of water, esp. at the foot of a waterfall. 3. a steep ravine or ...
Linnaean
/li nee"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Linnaeus, who established the binomial system of scientific nomenclature. 2. noting or pertaining to a system of botanical ...
linnaeite
▪ mineral       a cobalt sulfide mineral (Co3S4) or any member of a series of similar substances with the general formula (Co,Ni)2(Co, Ni, Fe, Cu)S4. The other known ...
Linnaeus
/li nee"euhs/, n. Carolus /kar"euh leuhs/, (Carl von Linné), 1707-78, Swedish botanist. * * *
Linnaeus, Carolus
Swedish Carl von Linné born May 23, 1707, Råshult, Smâland, Swed. died Jan. 10, 1778, Uppsala Swedish botanist and explorer. He studied botany at Uppsala university and ...
Linnaeus,Carolus
Lin·nae·us (lĭ-nēʹəs, -nāʹ-), Carolus. Originally Karl Linné. 1707-1778. Swedish botanist and founder of the modern classification system for plants and animals. * * *
Linnankoski, Johannes
▪ Finnish author pseudonym of  Vihtori Peltonen   born Oct. 18, 1869, Askola, Russian Finland died Aug. 10, 1913, Helsinki  novelist, orator, and champion of Finnish ...
Linnean Society
an organization established in 1788 at Burlington House, London, England, for the scientific study of plants and animals. It was named after Carolus Linnaeus (1707–78), a ...
Linnebach lantern
also called  Linnebach projector        theatrical lighting device by which silhouettes, colour, and broad outlines can be projected as part of the background scenery. ...
linnet
/lin"it/, n. 1. a small Old World finch, Carduelis cannabina. 2. any of various related birds, as the house finch. [1520-30; earlier linet < MF (Walloon, Picard) linette (F ...
linnet hole
a small hole joining a glassmaking furnace to the arch. [1655-65; linnet, prob. < F lunette; see LUNETTE] * * *
Linney, Laura
▪ American actress in full  Laura Leggett Linney  born Feb. 5, 1964, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American actress best known for playing strong yet vulnerable ...
Linnhe,Loch
Linn·he (lĭnʹē), Loch An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean on the western coast of Scotland. It is part of the Caledonian Canal waterway. * * *
lino
/luy"noh/, n., pl. linos. Chiefly Brit. Informal. linoleum. [by shortening] * * *
linocut
/luy"neuh kut'/, n. 1. a cut made from a design cut into linoleum mounted on a block of wood. 2. a print made from such a cut. [1905-10; LINO(LEUM) + CUT] * * * ▪ print also ...
linoleate
linoleate [li nō′lē āt΄] n. 〚
linoleic
/lin'l ee"ik, li noh"lee ik/, adj. Chem. of or derived from linoleic acid. [1855-60; < Gk lín(on) flax + OLEIC] * * *
linoleic acid
Chem. an unsaturated fatty acid, C18H32O2, occurring as a glyceride in drying oils, as in linseed oil. Also, linolic acid /leuh noh"lik/. [1855-60] * * *
linoleicacid
lin·o·le·ic acid (lĭn'ə-lēʹĭk) n. An unsaturated fatty acid, C17H31COOH, considered essential to the human diet, that is an important component of drying oils, such as ...
linolenate
linolenate [lin΄ō lē′nat΄, lin΄ōlen′āt΄] n. 〚
linolenic acid
linolenic acid [lin΄ō lē′nik, lin΄ōlen′ik] n. 〚
linolenicacid
lin·o·len·ic acid (lĭn'ə-lĕnʹĭk) n. An unsaturated fatty acid, C17H29COOH, considered essential to the human diet, that is an important component of natural drying ...
linoleum
/li noh"lee euhm/, n. 1. a hard, washable floor covering formed by coating burlap or canvas with linseed oil, powdered cork, and rosin, and adding pigments to create the desired ...
linoleum block
a piece of thick, soft, cork linoleum often mounted on a block of wood, incised or carved in relief with a design, pattern, or pictorial motif, and used in making prints. * * *
Linoproductus
▪ paleontology       genus of extinct articulate brachiopods (lamp shells) found throughout the midcontinent region of North America as fossils in Early Carboniferous to ...
Linosa Island
▪ island, Italy Italian  Isola di Linosa        one of the Pelagie Islands, which are part of Italy. The islands lie in the Mediterranean Sea between Malta and ...
linotype
—linotyper, linotypist, n. /luy"neuh tuyp'/, v., linotyped, linotyping. Print. to typeset on a Linotype machine. [see LINOTYPE] * * * Trademark name for a typesetting machine ...
Linotype
/luy"neuh tuyp'/ Trademark. a brand of typesetting machine that casts solid lines of type from brass dies, or matrices, selected automatically by actuating a keyboard. * * ...
Linowitz, Sol Myron
▪ 2006       American diplomat, attorney, and businessman (b. Dec. 7, 1913, Trenton, N.J.—d. March 18, 2005, Washington, D.C.), served as a highly influential adviser ...
LinPiao
Lin Piao (lĭnʹ pyouʹ, byouʹ) See Lin Biao. * * *
Lins
/leeonns/, n. a city in E Brazil. 56,601. * * *
Lins do Rego, José
▪ Brazilian novelist in full  José Lins do Rego Cavalcanti  born June 3, 1901, Pilar, Paraíba, Braz. died Sept. 13, 1957, Rio de Janeiro       novelist of Brazil's ...
Lins, Osman
▪ Brazilian writer born July 5, 1924, Vitória de Santo Antão, Braz. died July 8, 1978, São Paulo       novelist and short-story writer, one of the leading innovators ...
linsang
/lin"sang/, n. any of several civetlike carnivores of the genera Prionodon, of the East Indies, and Poiana, of Africa, having retractile claws and a long tail: some East Indies ...
Linschoten, Jan Huyghen van
▪ Dutch explorer and propagandist born 1563, Haarlem, Holland [now in The Netherlands] died Feb. 8, 1611, Enkhuizen, Neth.       Dutch traveler and propagandist who ...
linseed
/lin"seed'/, n. flaxseed. [bef. 1000; ME linsed, OE linsaed. See LINE1, SEED] * * * ▪ botany also called  flaxseed (flax)        seed of a variety of the common ...
linseed cake
a cake or a mass made by expressing the oil from linseed, used chiefly as feed for cattle. [1795-1805] * * *
linseed meal
ground linseed cake. [1590-1600] * * *
linseed oil
a drying oil obtained by pressing flaxseed, used in making paints, printing inks, linoleum, etc. [1540-50] * * *
linseedoil
linseed oil n. A yellowish oil extracted from the seeds of flax and used as a drying oil in paints and varnishes and in linoleum, printing inks, and synthetic resins. * * *
linsey
/lin"zee/, n., pl. linseys. linsey-woolsey. * * *
linsey-woolsey
/lin"zee wool"zee/, n., pl. linsey-woolseys. 1. a coarse fabric woven from linen warp, or sometimes cotton, and coarse wool filling. 2. a garment made from this. 3. Archaic. any ...
linstock
/lin"stok'/, n. a staff with one end forked to hold a match, formerly used in firing cannon. [1565-75; earlier lyntstock < D lontstock match-stick, with LINT r. lont by assoc. ...
lint
—lintless, adj. /lint/, n. 1. minute shreds or ravelings of yarn; bits of thread. 2. staple cotton fiber used to make yarn. 3. cotton waste produced by the ginning process. 4. ...
lintel
/lin"tl/, n. a horizontal architectural member supporting the weight above an opening, as a window or a door. Also, Brit., lintol. [1350-1400; ME lyntel < MF lintel, dissimilated ...
linter
/lin"teuhr/, n. 1. linters, short cotton fibers that stick to seeds after a first ginning. 2. a machine for removing lint from cloth. [1730-40, Amer.; LINT + -ER1] * * *
lintless
See lint. * * *
Linton
/lin"tn/, n. 1. Ralph, 1893-1953, U.S. anthropologist. 2. a male given name. * * *
Linton, Ralph
▪ American anthropologist born Feb. 27, 1893, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Dec. 24, 1953, New Haven, Conn.  American anthropologist who had a marked influence on the ...
Linton, William James
▪ American engraver and author born , Dec. 7, 1812, London died Dec. 29, 1897, New Haven, Conn., U.S.       wood (wood engraving) engraver, author, and active member of ...
lintwhite
/lint"hwuyt', -wuyt'/, n. Chiefly Scot. the linnet, Carduelis cannabina. [bef. 900; lint (syncopated var. of LINNET) + WHITE; r. ME lynkwhytte, alter. (perh. by assoc. with link ...
linty
/lin"tee/, adj., lintier, lintiest. 1. full of or covered with lint: This blue suit gets linty quickly. 2. like lint: linty bits on his coat. [1600-10; LINT + -Y1] * * *
linum
/luy"neuhm/, n. any of numerous plants of the genus Linum, including flax, L. usitatissimum, and various other species grown as ornamentals. [ < NL (Linnaeus); L linum flax] * * *
linuron
lin·u·ron (lĭnʹyə-rŏn') n. A herbicide, C9H10Cl2N2O2, used to kill weeds selectively.   [Probably lindane + urea + -on3.] * * *
Linus
/luy"neuhs/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a. a musician and poet, the inventor of melody and rhythm, of whom various stories are told: often identified, through his untimely death, with ...
Linus blanket
➡ Linus * * *
Linus Pauling
➡ Pauling * * *
Linus, Saint
▪ pope born , Tuscany? died AD 76/79, ; feast day September 23       pope from about 67 to 76 or 79, who may have been the immediate successor to St. Peter. St. ...
Linux
Lin·ux (lĭnʹŭks) A trademark for an open-source version of the UNIX operating system. * * * Nonproprietary operating system (OS) for digital computers. In 1991 Linus ...
Linville, Lawrence Labon
▪ 2001 “Larry”        American actor (b. Sept. 29, 1939, Ojai, Calif.—d. April 10, 2000, New York, N.Y.), was best known for his portrayal of the hapless, neurotic ...
liny
/luy"nee/, adj., linier, liniest. 1. full of or marked with lines. 2. resembling lines; linelike. Also, liney. [1800-10; LINE1 + -Y1] * * *
Linyu
/lin"yooh"/, n. Pinyin. former name of Shanhaiguan. Also, Linyü. * * *
Linz
/lints/, n. a port in N Austria, on the Danube River. 197,962. * * * ancient Lentia City (pop., 2001: 183,504), north-central Austria. Located on the Danube River west of ...
Linz program
▪ Austria-Hungary [1882]       expression of German nationalist radicalism within Austria-Hungary, named after its town of origin in Upper Austria (Oberösterreich). It ...
Linzer torte
/lin"zeuhr tawrt'/, pl. Linzer tortes. (sometimes l.c.) a sweet pastry, often made with powdered nuts, having a filling of red jam and a lattice crust. [1905-10; < G: lit., Linz ...
Linzi
▪ former town, Zibo, China Wade Giles romanization  Lin-tzu , also called  Xindian        former town, central Shandong (Shantung) sheng (province), eastern China. ...
lion
—lionesque, adj. —lionlike, lionly, adj. /luy"euhn/, n. 1. a large, usually tawny-yellow cat, Panthera leo, native to Africa and southern Asia, having a tufted tail and, in ...
lion and the unicorn
two animals that appear on the British royal arms (= a special royal symbol). The lion represents England, and the unicorn, an imaginary animal like a horse with a long horn on ...
Lion of Fo
▪ Chinese art also called  Lion of Buddha , Dog of Fo , or  Shishi (Chinese: “stone lion”)        in Chinese art, stylized figure of a snarling lion. Its ...
lion's share
the largest part or share, esp. a disproportionate portion: The eldest son received the lion's share of the estate. [1780-90; prob. after Aesop's fable in which the lion claimed ...
Lion, Gulf of
Gulf of the Mediterranean Sea, extending along the coast of southern France from the Spanish border to Toulon. Major ports along the gulf are Marseille and Sète. * * * ▪ ...
lion-fish
▪ fish also called  Turkey Fish, or Fire-fish        (Pterois), any of several species of showy Indo-Pacific fish of the scorpion fish family, Scorpaenidae (order ...
lioncel
/luy"euhn sel'/, n. Heraldry. a lion: so called when three or more are displayed on an escutcheon. [1600-10; < MF, dim. of lion LION] * * *
Lionel
/luy"euh nl/, n. a male given name, form of Leon. * * * (as used in expressions) Hampton Lionel Ismay of Wormington Hastings Lionel Ismay Baron James Cyril Lionel Robert Jospin ...
Lionel Nathan Rothschild
➡ Rothschild * * *
Lionel Richie
➡ Richie * * *
lioness
/luy"euh nis/, n. a female lion. [1250-1300; ME liones, leonesse < MF lion(n)esse. See LION, -ESS] * * *
lionet
/luy"euh net'/, n. a young or small lion. [1580-90; < MF; see LION, -ET] * * *
lionfish
/luy"euhn fish'/, n., pl. lionfishes, (esp. collectively) lionfish. 1. a brightly striped scorpionfish of the genus Pterois, esp. P. volitans, of the Indo-Pacific region, having ...
lionheart
/luy"euhn hahrt'/, n. a person of exceptional courage and bravery. [1655-65; LION + HEART] * * *
lionhearted
—lionheartedly, adv. —lionheartedness, n. /luy"euhn hahr'tid/, adj. exceptionally courageous or brave. [1700-10; LION + HEARTED] * * *
lionization
See lionize. * * *
lionize
—lionization, n. —lionizer, n. /luy"euh nuyz'/, v., lionized, lionizing. v.t. 1. to treat (a person) as a celebrity: to lionize the visiting poet. 2. Brit. to visit or ...
lionizer
See lionization. * * *
Lionne, Hugues de
▪ French statesman born Oct. 11, 1611, Grenoble, France died Sept. 1, 1671, Paris  French secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1663 to 1671 who laid the diplomatic ...
Lions
/luy"euhnz/, n. Gulf of, a wide bay of the Mediterranean off the coast of S France. French, Golfe du Lion. * * *
Lions Club
Lions Club n. any of the local branches of The International Association of Lions Clubs, an organization of community-service clubs primarily dedicated to serving the blind or ...
Lions Clubs, International Association of
Civilian service club. The largest such organization in the world, it was founded in Dallas, Texas, U.S. in 1917 to foster a spirit of "generous consideration" among peoples of ...
Lions, Jacques-Louis
▪ 2002       French mathematician (b. May 2, 1928, Grasse, France—d. May 17, 2001, Paris, France), as a leading figure in the field of applied mathematics, was ...
Lions, Pierre-Louis
▪ French mathematician born Aug. 11, 1956, Grasse, France       French mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1994 for his work on partial differential ...
Lions,Gulf of
Li·ons (līʹənz), Gulf of A wide inlet of the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France. * * *
Liotard, Jean-Étienne
▪ Swiss painter born Dec. 22, 1702, Geneva died June 12, 1789, Geneva  Swiss painter noted for his pastel portraits.       After studying in Paris, Liotard was taken ...
Liouville
/lyooh veel"/; Eng. /lee'ooh vil"/, n. Joseph /zhaw zef"/; Eng. /joh"zeuhf, -seuhf/, 1809-82, French mathematician. * * *
Liouville's theorem
Math. the theorem that every function of a complex variable, bounded and differentiable for all finite values of the variable, is a constant function. [named after J. ...


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