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Liouville, Joseph
▪ French mathematician born March 24, 1809, Saint-Omer, France died September 8, 1882, Paris       French mathematician known for his work in analysis, differential ...
lip
—lipless, adj. —liplike, adj. /lip/, n., adj., v., lipped, lipping. n. 1. either of the two fleshy parts or folds forming the margins of the mouth and functioning in ...
lip fern
▪ plant       any of about 150 species of ferns of the genus Cheilanthes (family Pteridaceae), found in tropical and temperate regions, often in dry or seasonally dry ...
lip gloss
a cosmetic used to give shine, and often a tint, to the lips. Also, lipgloss. [1935-40] * * *
lip molding
Furniture. a bead surrounding the opening of a drawer. * * *
lip reading
lip reading n. the act or skill of recognizing a speaker's words by watching the lip movements: it is taught esp. to the deaf * * *
lip ring, lip plug, and lip plate
▪ ornament       objects, usually ring-shaped, inserted into the lips to alter their shape, used as decoration by certain primitive peoples. The lip plug is also known ...
lip service
—lip server. insincere expression of friendship, admiration, support, etc.; service by words only: He paid only lip service to the dictator. [1635-45] * * *
lip-
var. of lipo-1 before a vowel: lipectomy, libase, lipemia. * * *
lip-gloss
lip-gloss (lĭpʹglôs', -glŏs') n. A cosmetic that gives shine or gloss to the lips. * * *
lip-read
lip-read [lip′rēd΄] vt., vi. lip-read [lip′red΄] lip-reading to recognize (a speaker's words) by lip reading lip reader n. * * * lip-read (lĭpʹrēd') v. lip-·read, ...
lip-sync
/lip"singk'/, Motion Pictures, Television. v.t., v.i. 1. to synchronize (recorded sound) with lip movements, as of an actor in a film. 2. to match lip movements with (recorded ...
lip-synch
lip-synch also lip-sync (lĭpʹsĭngk') v. lip-·synched, also lip-·synced lip-·synch·ing, lip-·sync·ing lip-·synchs, lip-·syncs v. intr. To move the lips in ...
lipa
/lee"peuh/, n., pl. lipa. a monetary unit of Croatia. * * * ▪ Philippines       chartered city, southwestern Luzon, Philippines. Formerly a Spanish military ...
Lipalian interval
▪ geology       in geology, time span suggested in an attempt to explain the sudden appearance of abundant life forms in the earliest known Cambrian rocks (approximately ...
Lipan
/li pahn"/, n., pl. Lipans, (esp. collectively) Lipan for 1. 1. a member of a group of Apache Indians who lived in the U.S. east of the Rio Grande. 2. the Athabaskan language of ...
Lipari Islands
/lip"euh ree/; It. /lee"pah rddee/ a group of volcanic islands N of Sicily, belonging to Italy. 10,043; 44 sq. mi. (114 sq. km). * * *
LipariIslands
Lip·a·ri Islands (lĭpʹə-rē, lēʹpä-) Formerly Ae·o·li·an Islands (ē-ōʹlē-ən). A group of volcanic islands of Italy off the northeast coast of Sicily in the ...
lipase
/luy"pays, lip"ays/, n. Biochem. any of a class of enzymes that break down fats, produced by the liver, pancreas, and other digestive organs or by certain plants. [1895-1900; ...
Lipchitz
/lip"shits/, n. Jacques /zhahk/, 1891-1973, U.S. sculptor, born in Lithuania. * * *
Lipchitz, Jacques
orig. Chaim Jacob Lipchitz born Aug. 10, 1891, Druskininkai, Lithuania, Russian Empire died May 26, 1973, Capri, Italy Lithuanian-born French sculptor, he was also active in ...
Lipchitz,Jacques
Lip·chitz (lĭpʹshĭts), Jacques. 1891-1973. Russian-born French sculptor who was associated with the cubists. His works include Rape of Europa (1941) and Prayer (1943). * * *
lipectomy
/li pek"teuh mee, luy-/, n., pl. lipectomies. Surg. the surgical removal of fatty tissue. Cf. suction lipectomy. [LIP- + -ECTOMY] * * *
lipemia
—lipemic, lipaemic, adj. /li pee"mee euh, luy-/, n. Med. excessive amounts of fat and fatty substances in the blood; hyperlipemia. Also, lipaemia. [1745-55; < NL lipaemia. See ...
Lipetsk
/lee"petsk/; Russ. /lyee"pyitsk/, n. a city in the W Russian Federation, SSE of Moscow. 465,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city and administrative centre of Lipetsk oblast ...
lipid
/lip"id, luy"pid/, n. Biochem. any of a group of organic compounds that are greasy to the touch, insoluble in water, and soluble in alcohol and ether: lipids comprise the fats ...
lipid bilayer
Cell Biol. See phospholipid bilayer. * * *
lipid storage disease
Any of a group of relatively rare hereditary disorders of fat metabolism in which enzyme defects cause distinctive types of lipids to accumulate. They include Tay-Sachs disease, ...
lipidic
See lipid. * * *
Lipinski, Tara Kristen
▪ 1999       The tiniest American competitor at the 1998 Winter Olympic Games in Nagano, Japan, was a powerhouse when it came to both competing and breaking records. In ...
Lipitor
Lip·i·tor (lĭpʹĭ-tər, -tôr') A trademark used for the drug atorvastatin. * * *
Lipizzan
Lip·iz·zan also Lip·pi·zan (lĭpʹĭt-sän', -ə-zən) or Lip·iz·zan·er or Lip·pi·zan·er (lĭp'ĭt-säʹnər, -ə-zäʹnər) n. Any of a breed of sturdy, compact ...
Lipizzaner
/lip'it sah"neuhr/, n. Lippizaner. * * * or Lippizaner Breed of light horse named for the Austrian imperial stud at Lipizza, near Trieste, formerly part of ...
lipless
See lip. * * *
Lipmann
/lip"meuhn/, n. Fritz Albert, 1899-1986, U.S. biochemist, born in Germany: Nobel prize for medicine 1953. * * *
Lipmann, Fritz Albert
▪ American scientist born June 12, 1899, Königsberg, Ger. [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died July 24, 1986, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., U.S.  German-born American biochemist, who ...
Lipmann,Fritz Albert
Lip·mann (lĭpʹmən), Fritz Albert. 1899-1986. German-born American biochemist. He shared a 1953 Nobel Prize for studies of metabolic processes. * * *
LiPo
Li Po (lēʹ pōʹ, bōʹ) or Li Bo (bōʹ), Died c. 762. Chinese poet whose verse reflects his interest in early folk songs and often has colorful and romantic subject ...
lipo-
lipo-1 a combining form meaning "fat," used in the formation of compound words: lipolysis. Also, esp. before a vowel, lip-. [comb. form repr. Gk lípos fat] lipo-2 a combining ...
lipochrome
—lipochromic, adj. /lip"euh krohm', luy"peuh-/, n. Biochem. any of the naturally occurring pigments that contain a lipid, as carotene. [1885-90; LIPO-1 + -CHROME] * * *
lipocyte
/lip"euh suyt', luy"peuh-/, n. Anat. See fat cell. [LIPO-1 + -CYTE] * * *
lipofilling
/lip"euh fil'ing, luy"peuh-/, n. the surgical transfer of fat removed by liposuction to areas of the body that need filling out. [1985-90] * * *
lipofuscin
/lip'euh fus"in, luy'peuh-/, n. Biochem. any of several brown pigments similar to melanin that accumulate in animal cells with age and are products of oxidation of lipids and ...
lipogram
—lipogrammatic /lip'oh greuh mat"ik, luy'poh-/, adj. /lip"euh gram', luy"peuh-/, n. a written work composed of words chosen so as to avoid the use of one or more specific ...
lipography
—lipographic /lip'euh graf"ik, luy'peuh-/, adj. /li pog"reuh fee, luy-/, n. unintentional omission in writing, as of a specific letter or syllable. [1885-90; LIPO-2 + ...
lipoid
/lip"oyd, luy"poyd/, adj. 1. Also, lipoidal. fatty; resembling fat. n. 2. a fat or fatlike substance, as lecithin or wax. 3. lipid. [1875-80; LIP- + -OID] * * *
lipolysis
—lipolitic /lip'euh lit"ik, luy'peuh-/, adj. /li pol"euh sis, luy-/, n. Chem. the hydrolysis of fats into fatty acids and glycerol, as by lipase. [1900-05; < NL; see LIPO-1, ...
lipolytic
See lipolysis. * * *
lipoma
—lipomatous /li pom"euh teuhs, -poh"meuh-, luy-/, adj. /li poh"meuh, luy-/, n., pl. lipomas, lipomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a benign tumor consisting of fat tissue. Also called ...
lipomatous
See lipoma. * * *
lipopexia
—lipopectic /lip'euh pek"tik, luy'peuh-/, adj. /lip'euh pek"see euh, luy'peuh-/, n. Biochem. the storage of fat in the body. Also called adipopexia, adipopexis. [ < NL; see ...
lipophilic
/lip'euh fil"ik, luy'peuh/, adj. Physical Chem. 1. having a strong affinity for lipids. 2. promoting the dissolvability or absorbability of lipids. [1945-50; LIPO-1 + -PHILIC] * ...
lipopolysaccharide
/luyp"oh pol'ee sak"euh ruyd', -rid, luy"poh-/, n. Biochem. any of a class of polysaccharides to which lipids are attached. [1950-55; LIPO-1 + POLYSACCHARIDE] * * *
lipoprotein
/lip'euh proh"teen, -tee in, luy'peuh-/, n. Biochem. any of the class of proteins that contain a lipid combined with a simple protein. [1905-10; LIPO-1 + PROTEIN] * * * Any of a ...
lipoprotein(a)
/lip'euh proh'teen a", -tee in ay", luy'peuh-/, n. a plasma lipoprotein containing protein and cholesterol, high levels of which are associated with atherosclerosis. * * *
liposculpture
lip·o·sculp·ture (lĭpʹō-skŭlp'chər, līʹpō-) n. Liposuction that uses ultrasound to break fat into small sections before removal. * * *
liposomal
See liposome. * * *
liposome
—liposomal, adj. /lip"euh sohm', luy"peuh-/, n. Cell. Biol. a microscopic artificial sac composed of fatty substances and used in experimental research of the cell. [1905-10; ...
liposuction
/lip"euh suk'sheuhn, luy"peuh-/, n. the surgical withdrawal of excess fat from local areas under the skin by means of a small incision and vacuum suctioning. [1985-90] * * *
lipotropic
—lipotropism /li po"treuh piz'euhm, luy-/, n. /lip'euh trop"ik, -troh"pik, luy'peuh-/, adj. Chem., Biochem. having an affinity for lipids and thus preventing or correcting ...
lipotropin
/lip'euh troh"pin, luy'peuh-/, n. Biochem. a large polypeptide of the pituitary gland from which endorphins and other endogenous opiates are thought to derive. [1960-65; ...
lipotropism
See lipotropy. * * *
lipotropy
See lipotropic. * * *
Lippe
/lip"euh/, n. a former state in NW Germany: now part of North Rhine-Westphalia. * * * Former German state. It lay between the Teutoburg Forest and the Weser River, and its ...
Lippe River
River, western Germany. Rising on the western edge of the Teutoburg Forest, it follows a westerly course of 155 mi (250 km) and enters the Rhine River near Wesel. Once used for ...
lipped
/lipt/, adj. 1. having lips or a lip. 2. Bot. labiate. [1350-1400; ME; see LIP, -ED3] * * *
lippen
/lip"euhn/, Chiefly Scot. v.t. 1. to trust (a person). 2. to entrust (something) to a person. v.i. 3. to have confidence, faith, or trust. [1125-75; ME lipnen, earlier lipnien] * ...
lipper
/lip"euhr/, n. Naut. 1. a slightly rough or ripply surface on a body of water. 2. spray from small waves. [1505-15; n. use of dial. lipper to ripple. See LAP3, -ER6] * * *
Lippershey, Hans
▪ Dutch inventor also called  Jan Lippersheim, or Hans Lippersheim  baptized c. 1570, Wesel, Ger. died c. 1619, Middelburg, Neth.       spectacle maker from the ...
Lippert, Felice Marks
▪ 2004       American businesswoman (b. 1929, New York, N.Y.—d. Feb. 22, 2003, Manhasset, N.Y.), with her husband and Jean Nidetch, cofounded Weight Watchers, one of ...
Lippes loop
☆ Lippes loop [lip′is ] n. 〚after Jack Lippes, U.S. physician (1961)〛 a polyethylene intrauterine contraceptive device, shaped like a double S * * *
Lippi
/lip"ee/; It. /leep"pee/, n. Filippino /fil'euh pee"noh/; It. /fee'leep pee"naw/, 1457-1504, and his father, Fra Filippo /frah fi lip"oh/; It. /frddah fee leep"paw/ or Fra Lippo ...
Lippi, Filippino
born с 1457, Prato, Republic of Florence died April 18, 1504, Florence Italian painter. After the death of his father, Fra Filippo Lippi, when Filippino was 12, he entered the ...
Lippi, Fra Filippo
born с 1406, Florence died Oct. 8/10, 1469, Spoleto, Papal States Italian painter. In 1421 he became a Carmelite monk at Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence, where Masaccio ...
Lippi,Filippino
Lip·pi (lĭpʹē), Filippino. 1457?-1504?. Italian painter who completed Masaccio's frescoes in the Brancacci Chapel, Florence. * * *
Lippi,Fra Filippo
Lippi, Fra Filippo. 1406?-1469?. Italian Renaissance painter whose works, including Madonna Enthroned (1437), display a bold three-dimensional style. * * *
Lippincott, J Gordon
▪ 1999       American engineer who helped create such designs as the labels for Campbell's soup and the logos for Coca-Cola, Betty Crocker, and FTD florists (b. ...
Lippisch, Alexander M
▪ German-American aerodynamicist born Nov. 2, 1894, Munich died Feb. 11, 1976, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, U.S.       German-American aerodynamicist whose designs of tailless ...
Lippizan
Lip·pi·zan (lĭpʹĭt-sän', -ə-zən) n. Variant of Lipizzan. * * *
Lippizaner
/lip'it sah"neuhr/, n. one of a breed of compact, finely shaped, usually gray or white horses developed at the Austrian Imperial Stud and used generally in dressage ...
Lippmann
/lip"meuhn/; also Fr. /leep mannn"/ for 1, n. 1. Gabriel /gann brddee el"/, 1845-1921, French physicist: Nobel prize 1908. 2. Walter, 1889-1974, U.S. journalist. * * *
Lippmann, Gabriel
▪ French physicist born Aug. 16, 1845, Hollerich, Luxembourg died July 13, 1921, at sea, en route from Canada to France  French physicist who received the Nobel Prize for ...
Lippmann, Walter
born Sept. 23, 1889, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 14, 1974, New York U.S. newspaper commentator and author. Educated at Harvard, he became an editor at the fledgling New ...
Lippmann,Gabriel
Lipp·mann (lēp-mänʹ), Gabriel. 1845-1921. French physicist. He won a 1908 Nobel Prize for developing a method of reproducing colors by photography. * * *
Lippmann,Walter
Lipp·mann (lĭpʹmən), Walter. 1889-1974. American journalist. He cofounded (1914) the weekly New Republic and won a Pulitzer Prize in 1958 and 1962. * * *
Lippold
/lip"ohld/, n. Richard, born 1915, U.S. sculptor. * * *
Lippold, Richard
▪ American sculptor born May 3, 1915, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S. died August 22, 2002, Roslyn, New York       American sculptor of intricate, abstract wire ...
Lipps, Theodor
▪ German psychologist born July 28, 1851, Wallhalben, Bavaria [Germany] died Oct. 17, 1914, Munich       German psychologist best known for his theory of aesthetics, ...
lippy
—lippiness, n. /lip"ee/, adj., lippier, lippiest. 1. having large or prominent lips. 2. Slang. impudent; fresh. [1870-75; LIP + -Y1] * * *
lipread
—lipreader, n. /lip"reed'/, v., lipread /-red'/, lipreading. v.t. 1. to understand spoken words by interpreting the movements of a speaker's lips without hearing the sounds ...
lipreader
See lip reading. * * *
lipreading
/lip"ree'ding/, n. the reading or understanding, as by a deaf person, of spoken words from the movements of another's lips without hearing the sounds made. Cf. ...
lips
▪ anatomy       soft pliable anatomical structures that form the mouth margin of most vertebrates, composed of a surface epidermis (skin), connective tissue, and (in ...
Lipschitz condition
/lip"shits/, Math. the property of a function on a closed interval such that the absolute value of the difference in functional values at any two points in the interval is less ...
Lipscomb
/lip"skeuhm/, n. William Nunn /nun/, Jr., born 1919, U.S. chemist: Nobel prize 1976. * * *
Lipscomb, Gene
▪ American football player byname of  Eugene Allen Lipscomb  born August 9, 1931, Detroit, Michigan, U.S. died May 10, 1963, Baltimore, Maryland       American ...
Lipscomb, William Nunn, Jr.
▪ American chemist born Dec. 9, 1919, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.       American physical chemist who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1976 for his research on the ...
Lipscomb, William Nunn,Jr.
Lip·scomb (lĭpʹskəm), William Nunn, Jr. Born 1919. American chemist. He won a 1976 Nobel Prize for his contributions to the theory of molecular structure. * * *
lipservice
lip service n. Verbal expression of agreement or allegiance, unsupported by real conviction or action; hypocritical respect: “Lip service continues to be paid to resolving ...
Lipset, Seymour Martin
born March 18, 1922, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. sociologist and political scientist. He received his bachelor's degree from the City College of New York and his Ph.D. from ...
Lipsius, Justus
▪ Belgian scholar (Latin), Flemish  Joest Lips  born Oct. 18, 1547, Overijse, near Brussels died March 23/24, 1606, Leuven, Brabant [now in Belgium]  Flemish humanist, ...
Lipsius, Richard Adelbert
▪ German theologian born Feb. 14, 1830, Gera, Prussia died Aug. 19, 1892, Jena, Ger.       German Protestant theologian who clarified the origin and authorship of early ...
Lipson, Paul
▪ 1997       U.S. actor who performed the role of Tevye in Fiddler on the Roof more times (over 2,000) than any other actor (b. Dec. 23, 1913—d. Jan. 3, 1996). * * *
lipstick
/lip"stik'/, n. a crayonlike oil-based cosmetic used in coloring the lips, usually in a tubular container. [1875-80, Amer.; LIP + STICK1] * * *
lipstick plant
any of several trailing, epiphytic vines of the genus Aeschynanthus, of the gesneria family, esp. A. pulcher or A. radicans, native to southeast Asia, having tubular red or ...
lipsticktree
lipstick tree n. See annatto. * * *
Liptauer
Lip·tau·er (lĭpʹtou'ər) n. 1. A soft cheese originating in Hungary. 2. A cheese spread made of Liptauer or a cream cheese substitute and seasonings.   [German, after ...
Lipton
/lip"teuhn/, n. 1. Seymour, born 1903, U.S. sculptor. 2. Sir Thomas Johnstone /jon"steuhn, -seuhn/, 1850-1931, Scottish merchant and yacht racer. * * *
Lipton, Seymour
▪ American sculptor born Nov. 6, 1903, New York City died Dec. 5, 1986, Glen Cove, N.Y., U.S.       American sculptor known for his forceful metal sculptures of ...
Lipton, Sir Thomas J(ohnstone)
born May 10, 1850, Glasgow, Scot. died Oct. 2, 1931, London, Eng. British merchant who built the Lipton tea empire. He opened a small grocery in Glasgow that grew into a chain ...
Lipton, Sir Thomas Johnstone, 1st Baronet
▪ British merchant born May 10, 1850, Glasgow died Oct. 2, 1931, London       British merchant who built the Lipton tea empire and also won fame as a ...
liq
liq abbrev. 1. liquid 2. liquor * * *
liq.
1. liquid. 2. liquor. 3. (in prescriptions) solution. [ < L liquor] * * *
liquate
—liquation /luy kway"sheuhn, -zheuhn/, n. /luy"kwayt/, v., liquated, liquating. Metall. v.t. 1. to heat (an alloy or mixture) sufficiently to melt the more fusible matter and ...
liquation
See liquate. * * * Technique for separating constituents of an ore, metal, or alloy by partial melting. When the material is heated to a temperature where one of the ...
liquefacient
/lik'weuh fay"sheuhnt/, n. something that liquefies or promotes liquefaction. [1850-55; < L liquefacient- (s. of liquefaciens, prp. of liquefacere to LIQUEFY), equiv. to lique- ...
liquefaction
—liquefactive, adj. /lik'weuh fak"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of liquefying or making liquid. 2. the state of being liquefied. [1375-1425; late ME < LL liquefaction- (s. ...
liquefied natural gas
▪ chemical compound       natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied for ease of storing and transporting. LNG takes up about 1/600 the space that natural ...
liquefied petroleum gas
a gas liquefied by compression, consisting of flammable hydrocarbons, as propane and butane, obtained as a by-product from the refining of petroleum or from natural gas: used ...
liquefier
See liquefy. * * *
liquefy
—liquefiable, adj. —liquefier, n. /lik"weuh fuy'/, v.t., v.i., liquefied, liquefying. to make or become liquid. [1375-1425; late ME lyquefyen < OF liquefier, trans. of L ...
liquescence
See liquescent. * * *
liquescency
See liquescence. * * *
liquescent
—liquescence, n. /li kwes"euhnt/, adj. 1. becoming liquid; melting. 2. tending toward a liquid state. [1720-30; < L liquescent- (s. of liquescens), prp. of liquescere to melt. ...
liqueur
/li kerr"/ or, esp. Brit., /-kyoor"/; Fr. /lee kuerdd"/, n. any of a class of alcoholic liquors, usually strong, sweet, and highly flavored, as Chartreuse or curaçao, generally ...
liquid
—liquidly, adv. —liquidness, n. /lik"wid/, adj. 1. composed of molecules that move freely among themselves but do not tend to separate like those of gases; neither gaseous ...
liquid air
a pale blue, intensely cold liquid, obtained by the compression and cooling of air: used as a source of oxygen, nitrogen, and inert gases, and as a refrigerant. [1895-1900] * * *
liquid compass
Navig. See wet compass. [1860-65] * * *
liquid crystal
a liquid having certain crystalline characteristics, esp. different optical properties in different directions when exposed to an electric field. [1890-95] * * * Substance that ...
liquid crystal display
liquid crystal display n. LCD * * * ▪ electronics Introduction       electronic display device that operates by applying a varying electric voltage to a layer of ...
liquid crystal display (LCD)
Optoelectronic device used in displays for watches, calculators, notebook computers, and other electronic devices. Current passed through specific portions of the liquid crystal ...
liquid diet
liquid diet n. a diet restricted to liquids and, sometimes, certain semisolid foods, as custards, gelatin, etc. * * *
liquid fire
flaming petroleum or the like, as employed against an enemy in warfare. [1860-65] * * *
liquid glass.
See sodium silicate. * * *
liquid gold
a suspension of finely divided gold in a vegetable oil, used chiefly for gilding ceramic ware. [1835-45] * * *
liquid measure
the system of units of capacity ordinarily used in measuring liquid commodities, as milk or oil. English system: 4 gills = 1 pint; 2 pints = 1 quart; 4 quarts = 1 gallon. Metric ...
liquid oxygen
a clear, pale blue liquid obtained by compressing oxygen and then cooling it below its boiling point: used chiefly as an oxidizer in liquid rocket propellants. Also called lox, ...
Liquid Paper{™}
n [U] a US make of liquid used for painting over written or typed mistakes on paper. It dries quickly and the correction can then be written or typed over it. It is sold in small ...
liquid petrolatum.
See mineral oil. [1900-05] * * *
liquid propellant
a rocket propellant in liquid form. Cf. solid propellant. * * *
Liquid Propellants in Various Flight Vehicles, Table
▪ Table rocket oxidizer fuel German V-2 liquid oxygen ethyl alcohol-water (75%-25%) Atlas ICBM ...
liquid protein
Nutrition. an amino acid hydrosol used in weight-reduction programs as a substitute for all or some meals: generally regarded as hazardous to health because of low nutritional ...
liquid storax.
See under storax (def. 2). * * *
liquid-crystaldisplay
liq·uid-crys·tal display (lĭkʹwĭd-krĭsʹtəl) top: When turned off, polarized light reflects off a mirror, passes through the liquid crystal layer,and leaves the display ...
liquid-drop model
▪ nuclear physics       in nuclear physics, description of atomic nuclei formulated (1936) by Niels Bohr and used (1939) by him and John A. Wheeler to explain nuclear ...
liquidair
liquid air n. Air in its liquid state, intensely cold and bluish, obtained by cooling and compression. * * *
liquidambar
/lik"wid am'beuhr, lik'wid am"-/, n. 1. any tree of the genus Liquidambar, including the sweet gum. 2. the fragrant, yellowish, balsamic liquid exuded by this tree, used in ...
liquidate
/lik"wi dayt'/, v., liquidated, liquidating. v.t. 1. to settle or pay (a debt): to liquidate a claim. 2. to reduce (accounts) to order; determine the amount of (indebtedness or ...
liquidation
/lik'wi day"sheuhn/, n. 1. the process of realizing upon assets and of discharging liabilities in concluding the affairs of a business, estate, etc. 2. the process of converting ...
liquidator
/lik"wi day'teuhr/, n. 1. a person who liquidates assets, esp. one authorized to do so by a court of law. 2. an official appointed by a court of law to direct the liquidation of ...
liquidcrystal
liquid crystal n. Any of various liquids in which the atoms or molecules are regularly arrayed in either one dimension or two dimensions, the order giving rise to optical ...
liquidity
/li kwid"i tee/, n. 1. a liquid state or quality. 2. the ability or ease with which assets can be converted into cash. [1610-20; < L liquiditas. See LIQUID, -ITY] * * *
liquidity preference
(in Keynesian economics) the degree of individual preference for cash over less liquid assets. [1935-40] * * * In economics, the premium that holders of wealth demand for ...
liquidize
/lik"wi duyz'/, v.t., liquidized, liquidizing. 1. to make liquid; liquefy. 2. to stimulate; give facility to: a thought that liquidizes the imagination. 3. to cause (a sound) to ...
liquidly
See liquid. * * *
liquidmeasure
liquid measure n. 1. The measurement of liquid capacity. 2. A unit or system of units of liquid capacity. * * *
liquidness
See liquidly. * * *
liquidus
/lik"wi deuhs/, n. Physical Chem. (on a graph of temperature versus composition) the curve connecting the temperatures at which a liquid solution is in equilibrium with its vapor ...
liquify
liquify [lik′wi fī΄] vt., vi. liquified, liquifying alt. sp. of LIQUEFY * * * liq·ui·fy (lĭkʹwə-fī') v. Variant of liquefy. * * *
liquor
—liquory, adj. /lik"euhr/ or, for 3, /lik"wawr/, n. 1. a distilled or spirituous beverage, as brandy or whiskey, as distinguished from a fermented beverage, as wine or beer. 2. ...
liquor stores
➡ beer * * *
liquorice
/lik"euh rish, lik"rish, lik"euhr is/, n. licorice. * * *
liquorice allsorts
/awl"sawrts'/, Chiefly Brit. variously shaped licorice or licorice-centered, sugarcoated candies. [1925-30] * * *
liquorish
/lik"euhr ish/, adj. Archaic. lickerish. * * *
Lir
/lear/, n. Ler. * * *
lira
/lear"euh/; It. /lee"rddah/, n., pl. lire /lear"ay/; It. /lee"rdde/, liras. 1. a coin and monetary unit of Italy, equal to 100 centesimi. Abbr.: L., Lit. 2. a silver, bronze, or ...
lira da braccio
/lear"euh deuh brah"choh, -chee oh'/; It. /lee'rddah dah brddaht"chaw/, pl. liras da braccio, It. lire da braccio /lee'rdde dah brddaht"chaw/. a many-stringed musical instrument ...
lirella
/li rel"euh, luy-/, n. Bot., Mycol. the elongated, narrow apothecium of certain lichens. [1830-40; < NL, dim. of L lira a ridge, furrow] * * *
lirellate
/li rel"ayt, luy-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a lirella. [1885-90; LIRELL(A) + -ATE1] * * *
Liri River
River, central Italy. It rises near Cappadocia and flows south and southeast through the Apennines. Joined by other rivers, it turns southwest to empty into the Tyrrhenian Sea ...
liriope
/leuh ruy"euh pee/, n. any of several plants belonging to the genus Liriope, of the lily family, having tufted, grasslike leaves and clusters of small bluish or white flowers. ...
liripipe
/lir"ee puyp'/, n. 1. a hood with a long, hanging peak, worn originally by medieval academics and later adopted for general wear in the 14th and 15th centuries. 2. a long strip ...
lis pendens
/lis pen"denz/, Law. 1. a pending suit listed on the court docket. 2. the rule placing property involved in litigation under the court's jurisdiction. 3. the principle that the ...
Lisa
/lee"seuh, -zeuh/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
Lisa, Manuel
▪ American fur trader born Sept. 8, 1772, New Orleans died Aug. 12, 1820, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.       U.S. fur trader who helped to open up the Missouri River area to ...
Lisbon
/liz"beuhn/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Portugal, in the SW part, on the Tagus estuary. 760,150. Portuguese, Lisboa /leezh baw"euh/. * * * Portuguese Lisboa City (pop., ...
Lisbon earthquake of 1755
      series of earthquakes that occurred on the morning of Nov. 1, 1755, causing serious damage to the port city of Lisbon, Port., and killing an estimated 60,000 people ...
Lisbon, University of
▪ university, Lisbon, Portugal Portuguese  Universidade De Lisboa,         coeducational state institution of higher learning at Lisbon. The modern university, ...
Lisburn
Town (pop., 1991: 42,110), seat of Lisburn district (pop., 2001: 108,694), Northern Ireland. Located on the River Lagan southwest of Belfast, it was a small village known as ...
Lise
/lee"seuh, -zeuh/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
lisente
/li sen"tee/, n. pl. of sente. * * *
Lisgar
/lis"gahr/, n. Sir John Young, 1807-76, Canadian political leader: governor general 1869-72. * * *
lishu
▪ Chinese script Chinese“clerical script,” or “chancery script”Wade-Giles romanization  li-shu   in Chinese calligraphy, a style that may have originated in the ...
Lisichansk
/lis'i chahnsk"/; Russ. /lyi syi chyahnsk"/, n. a city in E Ukraine, on the Donets River, NE of Donetsk. 120,000. * * *
Lisieux
▪ France  town, formerly capital of the district known as the Pays d'Auge, Calvados département, Basse-Normandie région, northwestern France. Lisieux has become a world ...
Liski
▪ Russia also spelled  Lisky , formerly (until 1943)  Svoboda,  or (1965–90)  Georgiu-Dezh        city and administrative centre of Liski rayon (sector), ...
lisle
/luyl/, n. 1. knit goods, as gloves or hose, made of lisle thread. 2. See lisle thread. adj. 3. made of lisle thread. [1850-55; named after LISLE, France, where first made] * * ...
Lisle
/leel/ for 1-3; /luyl/ for 4, n. 1. See Leconte de Lisle. 2. See Rouget de Lisle. 3. former name of Lille. 4. a town in NE Illinois. 13,625. * * * ▪ Illinois, United ...
lisle thread
a fine, high-twisted and hard-twisted cotton thread, at least two-ply, used for hosiery, gloves, etc. Also called lisle. [1850-55] * * *
Lismore
▪ Ireland Irish  Lios Mor        market town, County Waterford, Ireland. It lies in the Blackwater valley, at the southern foot of the Knockmealdown Mountains. A ...
Lismore, The Book of the Dean of
▪ Gaelic literature       miscellany of Scottish and Irish poetry, the oldest collection of Gaelic poetry extant in Scotland. It was compiled between 1512 and 1526, ...
lisp
—lisper, n. —lispingly, adv. /lisp/, n. 1. a speech defect consisting in pronouncing s and z like or nearly like the th-sounds of thin and this, respectively. 2. Phonet. any ...
LISP
/lisp/, n. Computers. a high-level programming language that processes data in the form of lists: widely used in artificial intelligence applications. [lis(t) p(rocessing)] * * ...
Lispector, Clarice
▪ Brazilian author born Dec. 10, 1920?, Chechlnik, Ukraine, U.S.S.R. died Dec. 9, 1977, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.       novelist and short-story writer, one of Brazil's ...
lisper
See lisp. * * *
Lissajous figure
/lee"seuh zhooh', lee'seuh zhooh"/, Physics. the series of plane curves traced by an object executing two mutually perpendicular harmonic motions. [1875-80; named after Jules A. ...
lisse
/lees/, n. a fine, filmy, lightly crinkled gauze fabric used in strips for making ruching or for finishing garments. [1850-55; < F (crêpe) lisse smooth (crepe), deriv. of lisser ...
Lissitzky, El
or El Lisitsky orig. Lazar Markovich Lisitskii born Nov. 10, 1890, Pochinok, near Smolensk, Russia died Dec. 30, 1941, Moscow Russian painter, typographer, and designer. As a ...
lissome
—lissomely, adv. —lissomeness, n. /lis"euhm/, adj. 1. lithesome or lithe, esp. of body; supple; flexible. 2. agile, nimble, or active. Also, lissom. [1790-1800; var. of ...
lissomely
See lissome. * * *
lissomeness
See lissomely. * * *
lissotrichous
—lissotrichy, n. /li so"tri keuhs/, adj. having straight hair. [1875-80; < Gk lissó(s) smooth + trich- (s. of thríx) hair + -OUS] * * *
list
list1 /list/, n. 1. a series of names or other items written or printed together in a meaningful grouping or sequence so as to constitute a record: a list of members. 2. See list ...
List
/list/, n. Friedrich /free"drik/, 1789-1846, U.S. political economist and journalist, born in Germany. * * *
list price
the price at which a product is usually sold to the public and from which a trade discount is computed by a wholesaler. [1870-75] * * *
list server
Computers. any program that distributes messages to a mailing list. [1990-95] * * *
list system
▪ voting       a method of voting for several electoral candidates, usually members of the same political party, with one mark of the ballot. It is used to elect the ...
List, (Georg) Friedrich
born Aug. 6, 1789, Reutlingen, Württemberg, Ger. died Nov. 30, 1846, Kufstein, Austria German-born U.S. economist. He first gained prominence as the founder of an association ...
List, Friedrich
▪ German-American economist in full  Georg Friedrich List  born August 6, 1789, Reutlingen, Württemberg, Germany died Nov. 30, 1846, Kufstein, ...
Lista, Alberto
▪ Spanish writer in full  Alberto Lista y Aragón  born October 15, 1775, Triana, Spain died October 5, 1848, Sevilla       Spanish poet and critic considered to be ...
listed
/lis"tid/, adj. 1. (of a security) admitted to trading privileges on a stock exchange. 2. (of a telephone number or telephone subscriber) represented in a telephone ...
listed building
n (in Britain) a building that is protected by law because it is very old or has some other important feature. It appears on an official list and must not be pulled down or ...
listee
/lis tee"/, n. a person, business, etc., that is included in a list or directory. [LIST1 + -EE] * * *
listel
/lis"tl/, n. Archit. a narrow list or fillet. [1590-1600; < F < It listello, dim. of lista band, LIST2] * * *
listen
—listener, n. /lis"euhn/, v.i. 1. to give attention with the ear; attend closely for the purpose of hearing; give ear. 2. to pay attention; heed; obey (often fol. by to): ...
Listen with Mother
a BBC radio programme (1950–82) of songs, rhymes and stories for small children. The programme always began with these words: ‘Are you sitting comfortably? Then I’ll ...
listenability
See listenable. * * *
listenable
—listenability, n. /lis"euh neuh beuhl/, adj. pleasant to listen to: soft, listenable music. [1915-20; LISTEN + -ABLE] * * *
listener
See listen. * * *
listenership
/lis"euh neuhr ship', lis"neuhr-/, n. the people or number of people who listen to a radio station, record, type of music, etc.: The station has a listenership of ...
listening post
1. Mil. a post or position, as in advance of a defensive line, established for the purpose of listening to detect the enemy's movements. 2. any foreign country or city viewed as ...
Listening to the Music of the World
▪ 1998 Introduction by Chris Heim "World Music"—What Is It?       The dawning of a new musical "global village" or an unfocused, unsuccessful marketing ploy? The ...
lister
lister1 /lis"teuhr/, n. 1. Also called lister plow. a plow with a double moldboard, used to prepare the ground for planting by producing furrows and ridges. 2. Also called lister ...
Lister
/lis"teuhr/, n. Joseph, 1st Baron Lister of Lyme Regis /luym ree"jis/, 1827-1912, English surgeon: founder of modern antiseptic surgery. * * * (as used in expressions) Lister ...
Lister bag
a canvas container used esp. for supplying troops in the field with pure water. * * *
Lister, Joseph
later Baron Lister (of Lyme Regis) born April 5, 1827, Upton, Essex, Eng. died Feb. 10, 1912, Walmer, Kent British surgeon and medical scientist. He received a medical degree ...
Lister, Joseph Jackson
▪ British opticist born January 11, 1786, London, England died October 24, 1869, West Ham, Essex       English amateur opticist whose discoveries played an important ...
Lister, Joseph, Baron Lister, Of Lyme Regis
▪ British surgeon Introduction also called  (1883–97) Sir Joseph Lister, Baronet   born April 5, 1827, Upton, Essex, Eng. died Feb. 10, 1912, Walmer, Kent  British ...
Lister, Samuel Cunliffe, Baron Masham (of Swinton)
born Jan. 1, 1815, Calverley Hall, near Bradford, Yorkshire, Eng. died Feb. 2, 1906, Swinton Park, Yorkshire British inventor. His wool-combing machine (1845) helped lower the ...
Lister,Joseph
Lis·ter (lĭsʹtər), Joseph. First Baron Lister. 1827-1912. British surgeon. He demonstrated in 1865 that carbolic acid was an effective antiseptic agent, decreasing ...
listerellosis
/lis'teuhr euh loh"sis/, n., pl. listerelloses /-seez/. Vet. Pathol. listeriosis. [1935-40; < NL listerell(a) (named after J. LISTER) + -OSIS] * * *
listeria
/li stear"ee euh/, n. Bacteriol. any of several rod-shaped, aerobic, parasitic bacteria of the genus Listeria, pathogenic for humans and animals. [1960-65; < NL, named after J. ...
Listerine{™}
n [U] a product name for a liquid for cleaning inside the mouth, sold in bottles. It was first sold in 1895 in the US and is available in different flavours. * * *
listeriosis
/li stear'ee oh"sis/, n., pl. listerioses /-seez/. Vet. Pathol. a disease of wild and domestic mammals, birds, and occasionally of humans, caused by a bacterium, Listeria ...
Listerism
/lis"teuh riz'euhm/, n. an antiseptic method introduced by Joseph Lister, involving the spraying of the parts under operation with a carbolic acid solution. [1875-80; LISTER + ...
Listerize
/lis"teuh ruyz'/, v.t., Listerized, Listerizing. to treat (a patient, disease, etc.) using the methods of Joseph Lister. Also, esp. Brit., Listerise. [1900-05; LISTER + -IZE] * * ...
listing
listing1 /lis"ting/, n. 1. a list; record; catalog. 2. the act of compiling a list. 3. something listed or included in a list: a listing in the telephone directory. [1635-45; ...
listless
—listlessly, adv. —listlessness, n. /list"lis/, adj. having or showing little or no interest in anything; languid; spiritless; indifferent: a listless mood; a listless ...
listlessly
See listless. * * *
listlessness
See listlessly. * * *
Liston, Sonny
▪ American boxer byname of  Charles Liston , also called  the Bear  born May 8, 1917?, St. Francis county, Ark., U.S. died Dec. 31?, 1970, Las Vegas, Nev.  American boxer ...
listprice
list price n. A basic published or advertised price, often subject to discount. * * *
lists
/lists/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) 1. an enclosed arena for a tilting contest. 2. the barriers enclosing this arena. 3. any place or scene of combat, competition, ...
Listserv
/list"serrv'/, n. a specific list server: one of the most common list servers on the Internet. * * *
listserver
list·serv·er (lĭstʹsûr'vər) n. A file server that is used in the management of e-mail for members of a discussion group. * * *
Listyev, Vladislav Nikolayevich
▪ 1996       Russian journalist and television personality (b. 1956—d. March 1, 1995, Moscow, Russia), as an investigative journalist, a popular game-show host, and a ...
Lisu
▪ people   ethnic group who numbered more than 630,000 in China in the early 21st century. They are an official minority of China. The Lisu have spread southward from Yunnan ...
LISW
LISW abbrev. licensed independent social worker * * *
Liszt
—Lisztian, adj. /list/, n. Franz /frahnts/, 1811-86, Hungarian composer and pianist. * * *
Liszt, Franz
Hungarian Ferenc Liszt born Oct. 22, 1811, Raiding, Hung. died July 31, 1886, Bayreuth, Ger. Hungarian composer and pianist. Encouraged by his father, who was a talented ...
Liszt,Franz
Liszt (lĭst), Franz. 1811-1886. Hungarian composer and piano virtuoso. His best-known compositions include the Dante Symphony (1856) and the Faust Symphony (1853-1861). * * *
lit
lit1 /lit/, v. 1. a pt. and pp. of light1. adj. 2. Slang. under the influence of liquor or narcotics; intoxicated (usually fol. by up). [1910-15 for def. 2] lit2 /lit/, ...
lit crit
lit crit [lit′krit′] n. Informal literary criticism * * *
lit de justice
/lee deuh zhyuus tees"/, French. 1. the sofa upon which the king of France sat when holding formal sessions of the parliament. 2. the session itself. [lit., bed of justice] * * *
lit-crit
/lit"krit'/, n. Informal. literary criticism. [by shortening] * * *
Lit.
(in Italy) lira; lire. * * *
lit.
1. liter; liters. 2. literal. 3. literally. 4. literary. 5. literature. * * *
Lit.B.
Bachelor of Letters; Bachelor of Literature. [ < L Lit(t)erarum Baccalaureus] * * *
Lit.D.
Doctor of Letters; Doctor of Literature. [ < NL Lit(t)erarum Doctor] * * *
Litani River
River, southern Lebanon. Rising west of Baalbek, it flows southwest between the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon mountains to enter the Mediterranean Sea south of Sidon. Its lower ...
litany
/lit"n ee/, n., pl. litanies. 1. a ceremonial or liturgical form of prayer consisting of a series of invocations or supplications with responses that are the same for a number in ...
litas
/lee"tahs/, n., pl. litai /-tay/, litu /-tooh/. a former silver coin and monetary unit of Lithuania, equal to 100 centai. Also, lit. [ < Lith] * * *
LitB
LitB or Lit.B. see LITTB * * * LitB abbr. Latin. Litterarum Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Letters; Bachelor of Literature). * * *
Litchfield
▪ Connecticut, United States       town (township), Litchfield county, northwestern Connecticut, U.S. It includes the boroughs of Litchfield and Bantam. The lands that ...
Litchfield, Paul W
▪ American industrialist born July 26, 1875, Boston, Mass., U.S. died March 18, 1959, Akron, Ohio       American industrialist who was president (1926–40) and ...


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