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LittleWabash River
Little Wabash River A river, about 322 km (200 mi) long, of eastern Illinois flowing southeast to the Wabash River. * * *
Littlewood
(1914–2002) an English theatre director. She began her career in the 1930s directing plays for working-class audiences. She formed a group called Theatre Workshop and developed ...
Littlewood, Joan
▪ British theatrical director in full  Joan Maud Littlewood   born October 6?, 1914, London, England died September 20, 2002, London       influential British ...
Littlewood, Joan Maud
▪ 2003       British theatre director and writer (b. Oct. 5/6, 1914, London, Eng.—d. Sept. 20, 2002, London), was a pioneer of radical theatre whose experimental ...
Littlewoods
a company that owns department stores with many branches around Britain and a mail order business, selling clothes and household goods. * * *
Littlewoods Pools
a form of gambling on the results of football games run by Littlewoods Gaming. Littlewoods Pools first started in 1923 and there have been many ‘pools millionaires’. * * *
Litton Industries, Inc.
▪ American company       diversified U.S. multinational corporation founded in 1953 by Charles Bates “Tex” Thornton (1913–81). Its more than 80 divisions provide ...
littoral
/lit"euhr euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the shore of a lake, sea, or ocean. 2. (on ocean shores) of or pertaining to the biogeographic region between the sublittoral zone ...
littoral drift.
See beach drift. * * *
littoral zone
▪ marine ecology       marine ecological realm that experiences the effects of tidal and longshore currents and breaking waves to a depth of 5 to 10 metres (16 to 33 ...
littoralwarfare
littoral warfare n. Military combat in and near shallow water depths. * * *
Littré
/lee trdday"/, n. Maximilien Paul Émile /mannk see mee lyaonn" pawl ay meel"/, 1801-88, French lexicographer and philosopher. * * *
Littré, Maximilien Paul Émile
Lit·tré (lĭ-trāʹ, lē-), Maximilien Paul Émile. 1801-1881. French philosopher and lexicographer whose chief work is the Dictionnaire de la Langue Française (1863-1872). * ...
Littré, Paul-Émile
▪ French lexicographer born Feb. 1, 1801, Paris died June 2, 1881, Paris       French language scholar, lexicographer, and philosopher whose monumental Dictionnaire de ...
litu
/lee"tooh/, n. a pl. of litas. * * *
Lituites
▪ paleontology       genus of extinct cephalopods (primitive animals related to the modern pearly nautilus) found as fossils in marine rocks of the Ordovician Period ...
liturgical
—liturgically, adv. /li terr"ji keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to formal public worship or liturgies. 2. of or pertaining to the liturgy or Eucharistic service. 3. of or ...
liturgical drama
medieval drama, based on incidents in the Bible and performed in churches on holy days, usually in Latin and often chanted. * * * Play acted in or near the church in the Middle ...
Liturgical Latin
the Latin characteristic of the liturgies of the Western Church. * * *
Liturgical movement
19th-and 20th-century effort to encourage the active participation of the laity in the liturgy of the Christian churches by creating simpler rites more attuned to early Christian ...
liturgical music
also called  Church Music,         music written for performance in a religious rite of worship; the term is most commonly associated with the Christian tradition. ...
liturgically
See liturgical. * * *
liturgics
/li terr"jiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. the science or art of conducting public worship. 2. the study of liturgies. [1670-80; pl. of liturgic < ML liturgicus liturgical; see ...
liturgiologist
See liturgiology. * * *
liturgiology
—liturgiological /li terr'jee euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —liturgiologist, n. /li terr'jee ol"euh jee/, n. liturgics. [1860-65; LITURGY + -OLOGY] * * *
liturgist
—liturgism, n. —liturgistic, adj. /lit"euhr jist/, n. 1. an authority on liturgies. 2. a compiler of a liturgy or liturgies. 3. a person who uses or favors the use of a ...
liturgy
/lit"euhr jee/, n., pl. liturgies. 1. a form of public worship; ritual. 2. a collection of formularies for public worship. 3. a particular arrangement of services. 4. a ...
Liturgy of the Hours
Liturgy of the Hours n. R.C.Ch. a revision (promulgated in 1970) of the arrangement and texts of the Divine Office * * *
lituus
/lit"yooh euhs/, n., pl. litui /lit"yooh uy'/. 1. Geom. a polar curve generated by the locus of a point moving so that the square of its radius vector varies inversely as the ...
Litvak
/lit"vahk/, n. a Jew from Lithuania or a neighboring country or region. [1890-95; < Yiddish litvak < Pol litwak Lithuanian person (now obs. in this sense), deriv. of Litwa ...
Litvinenko, Alexander Valterovich
▪ 2007       Russian security agent (b. Dec. 4, 1962, Voronezh, near Moscow, U.S.S.R.—d. Nov. 23, 2006, London, Eng.), investigated domestic organized crime in his ...
Litvinov
/lit vee"nawf, -nof/; Russ. /lyi tvyee"neuhf/, n. Maksim Maksimovich /mu ksyeem" mu ksyee"meuh vyich/, 1876-1951, Russian Communist leader and diplomat. * * * ▪ industrial ...
Litvinov, Maksim (Maksimovich)
orig. Meir Walach born July 17, 1876, Białystok, Pol. died Dec. 31, 1951, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet diplomat and commissar of foreign affairs (1930–39). He joined the ...
Litvinov, Maksim Maksimovich
▪ Soviet diplomat original name Meir Walach born July 17 [July 5, Old Style], 1876, Białystok, Pol. died Dec. 31, 1951, Moscow, Russian S.F.S.R.  Soviet diplomat and ...
litz wire
/lits/, Elect. a wire used as a conductor of alternating current, composed of a number of insulated strands woven together to reduce skin effect. [1925-30; partial trans. of G ...
Liu
(as used in expressions) Liu Pang Liu Bang Liu Xiu Liu Heng Liu Che Liu Shaoqi Liu Shao ch'i Liu Songnian Liu Sung nien * * *
Liu An
▪ Chinese scholar also called  Huainanzi , Wade-Giles romanization  Huai-nan-tzu (Chinese: “Master Huainan”)  born 179?, Peixian, Jiangsu province, China died 122 ...
Liu Bei
▪ emperor of Shu-Han dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Liu Pei , posthumous name (shi)  Zhaoliedi,  temple name (miaohao)  Xianzu  born AD 162, Zhu Xian [now in Hebei ...
Liu Binyan
▪ 2006       Chinese investigative journalist (b. Jan. 15, 1925, Chanchun, Jilin province, China—d. Dec. 5, 2005, East Windsor, N.J.), was a persistent critic of ...
Liu E
▪ Chinese writer Wade-Giles romanization  Liu O , courtesy name (zi)  Tieyun   born October 18, 1857, Dantu [now Zhenjiang], Jiangsu province, China died August 23, 1909, ...
Liu Haisu
▪ 1995       Chinese painter and teacher (b. 1895?, Wujin [Wu-chin], Jiangsu [Chiang-su] province, China—d. Aug. 7, 1994, Shanghai, China), combined traditional ...
Liu Hui
▪ Chinese mathematician flourished c. 263 CE, China       Chinese mathematician.       All that is known about the life of Liu Hui is that he lived in the ...
Liu Jin
▪ Chinese eunuch Wade-Giles romanization  Liu Chin  died 1510, Beijing, China       eunuch who dominated the Chinese government during the early rule of the Zhengde ...
Liu Kunyi
▪ Chinese official Wade-Giles romanization  Liu K'un-i  born Jan. 21, 1830, Xinning, Hunan province, China died Oct. 6, 1902, Beijing       official and modernizer in ...
Liu Pang
/lyooh" bahng"/ 247-195 B.C., Chinese emperor: founder of the Han dynasty 202 B.C. Also, Pinyin, Liu Bang. * * *
Liu Shaoqi
/lyooh" show"chee"/ 1898-1973, Chinese Communist leader: head of state 1959-66. Also, Wade-Giles, Liu Shao-ch'i. * * * or Liu Shao-ch'i born Nov. 24, 1898, Ningxiang district, ...
Liu Songnian
or Liu Sung-nien born 1174 died 1224, Qiantang, Zhejiang province, China Chinese figure and landscape painter. Liu entered the Southern Song Painting Academy as a student in ...
Liu Xiang
▪ 2005  On Aug. 27, 2004, Chinese track athlete Liu Xiang won the 110-m hurdles at the Olympic Games in Athens, equaling the world record of 12.91 sec. The ecstatic Liu at ...
Liu Yuan
▪ ruler of China Wade-Giles romanization  Liu Yüan   died 310, China        Xiongnu invader who took the title of king of Han in 304. Liu's invasion is seen as the ...
Liu Zongyuan
▪ Chinese author Wade-Giles romanization  Liu Tsung-yüan , courtesy name (zi)  Zihou  born 773, Hedong [now Yongji], Shanxi province, China died 819, Liuzhou, Guangxi ...
Liuchow
Liu·chow (lyo͞oʹchōʹ) See Liuzhou. * * *
Liudolf
▪ duke of Swabia also spelled  Ludolf   born 930 died Sept. 6, 957, Pombia, near Novara, Italy       duke of Swabia and son of the Holy Roman emperor Otto I, against ...
Liukin, Nastia
▪ 2009 Anastasia Liukin; Anastasiya Valeryevna Lyukina  born Oct. 30, 1989, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       At the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, American gymnast Nastia ...
Liupan Mountains
▪ mountains, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Liupan Shan  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Liu-p'an Shan        mountain range in northern China extending southward from ...
Liutprand
▪ Lombard king also spelled  Liudprand,  Italian  Liutprando  died 744       Lombard king of Italy whose long and prosperous reign was a period of expansion and ...
Liutprand of Cremona
▪ Lombard bishop also spelled  Liudprand   born c. 920 died c. 972       Lombard diplomat, historian, and bishop of Cremona whose chronicles are a major source for ...
Liuzhou
/lyooh"joh"/, n. Pinyin. a city in central Guangxi Zhuang region, in S China. 158,800. Also, Liuchou, Liuchow. Formerly, Maping. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization ...
livable
—livableness, livability, n. /liv"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. suitable for living in; habitable; comfortable: It took a lot of work to make the old house livable. 2. worth living; ...
livableness
See livable. * * *
live
live1 /liv/, v., lived /livd/, living. v.i. 1. to have life, as an organism; be alive; be capable of vital functions: all things that live. 2. to continue to have life; remain ...
Live Aid
two very large pop concerts held at the same time in London, England, and Philadelphia, US, in 1985. The aim of the concerts was to encourage people to give money to help people ...
live center
/luyv/. Mach. See under center (def. 19). * * *
live in a squat
➡ homelessness * * *
live load
/luyv/. Engin. See under load (def. 11). [1865-70] * * *
live oak
/luyv/ 1. an evergreen oak, Quercus virginiana, of the southern U.S., having a short, broad trunk and shiny, oblong leaves: the state tree of Georgia. 2. any of various related ...
live spindle
/luyv/. See under spindle (def. 6). * * *
live steam
/luyv/ 1. steam direct from the boiler and at full pressure, ready for use in work. 2. steam that has performed no work or only part of its work. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
live wire
/luyv/, Informal. an energetic, keenly alert person. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
live-action
/luyv"ak"sheuhn/, adj. 1. Informal. live2 (def. 11). 2. animated, as distinguished from a single drawing or sketch: Disney perfected the live-action cartoon. [1955-60] * * *
live-bearer
▪ fish       any of the numerous live-bearing topminnows of the family Poeciliidae (order Atheriniformes), found only in the New World and most abundantly in Mexico and ...
live-bearing
See livebearer. * * *
live-forever
/liv"feuhr ev'euhr/, n. a widely cultivated succulent plant, Sedum telephium, of the stonecrop family, having fleshy, coarsely toothed leaves and flat clusters of purplish ...
live-in
/liv"in'/, adj. 1. Also, sleep-in. residing at the place of one's employment: a live-in maid. 2. living in a cohabitant relationship. n. 3. a live-in person. [1950-55; adj., n. ...
live-out
/liv"owt'/, adj. residing away from the place of one's employment: a live-out cook. [1965-70; by analogy with LIVE-IN] * * *
liveable
/liv"euh beuhl/, adj. livable. * * *
livebearer
—livebearing, adj. /luyv"bair'euhr/, n. any viviparous fish of the family Poeciliidae, often kept in home aquariums. [1930-35; LIVE2 + BEARER] * * *
lived
/luyvd, livd/, adj. having life, a life, or lives, as specified (usually used in combination): a many-lived cat. [1350-1400; ME; see LIFE, -ED3] Pronunciation. LIVED, meaning ...
livelihood
/luyv"lee hood'/, n. a means of supporting one's existence, esp. financially or vocationally; living: to earn a livelihood as a tenant farmer. [bef. 1000; earlier liveliod, ...
livelily
See lively. * * *
liveliness
See livelily. * * *
liveload
live load (līv) n. A moving, variable weight added to the dead load or intrinsic weight of a structure or vehicle. * * *
livelong
/liv"lawng', -long'/, adj. (of time) whole or entire, esp. when tediously long, slow in passing, etc.: We picked apples the livelong day. [1350-1400; alter. (by assoc. with ...
lively
—livelily, adv. —liveliness, n. /luyv"lee/, adj., livelier, liveliest, adv. adj. 1. full or suggestive of life or vital energy; active, vigorous, or brisk: a lively ...
Lively, Penelope
▪ British author in full  Penelope Margaret Lively,  original name  Penelope Margaret Low   born March 17, 1933, Cairo, Egypt       British writer of well-plotted ...
liven
—livener, n. /luy"veuhn/, v.t. 1. to put life into; rouse; enliven; cheer (often fol. by up): What can we do to liven up the party? v.i. 2. to become more lively; brighten ...
liveness
See live2. * * *
Livenza
/lee ven"tsah/, n. a river in NE Italy, flowing SE to the Adriatic. 70 mi. (113 km) long. * * *
liveoak
live oak (līv) n. Any of several American evergreen oaks, such as Quercus virginiana of Mexico and the southeast United States or Q. agrifolia of California. Also called ...
liver
liver1 —liverless, adj. /liv"euhr/, n. 1. Anat. a large, reddish-brown, glandular organ located in the upper right side of the abdominal cavity, divided by fissures into five ...
liver bird
n the name of an imaginary bird, from which the name ‘Liverpool’ is supposed to come. The liver bird is the symbol of Liverpool and can be seen on top of the two towers of ...
liver cancer
▪ pathology Introduction       any of several forms of disease characterized by tumours in the liver; benign liver tumours remain in the liver, whereas malignant ...
liver chestnut
/liv"euhr/ chestnut (def. 9). * * *
liver extract
/liv"euhr/ an extract of mammalian liver, esp. hog or beef, for treating pernicious anemia. [1905-10] * * *
liver fluke
/liv"euhr/ any of various trematodes, as Fasciola hepatica, parasitic in the liver and bile ducts of domestic animals and humans. [1785-95] * * *       any of certain ...
liver function test
▪ medicine       any laboratory procedure that measures and assesses various aspects of liver function.       Because of the diversity of liver function and the ...
liver of sulfur
/liv"euhr/. See sulfurated potash. * * *
liver sausage
/liv"euhr/ liverwurst. [1850-55] * * *
liver spot
liver spot n. a yellowish-brown, red, or black spot or patch on the skin, formerly attributed to faulty functioning of the liver * * *
liver spots
/liv"euhr/, Pathol. a form of chloasma in which irregularly shaped light-brown spots occur on the skin. [1880-85] * * *
liver-rot
/liv"euhr rot'/, n. Vet. Pathol. a disease chiefly of sheep and cattle, characterized by sluggishness, weight loss, and local damage to the liver, caused by infection from the ...
liverextract
liver extract n. A dry brownish powder containing the soluble thermolabile fraction of mammalian livers that is capable of stimulating the production of red blood cells. * * *
liverfluke
liver fluke n. 1. Any of several parasitic trematode worms, especially Clonorchis sinensis, that infest the liver of various animals, including humans. 2. Infestation with such ...
liveried
/liv"euh reed, liv"reed/, adj. clad in livery, as servants: a liveried footman. [1625-35; LIVERY + -ED3] * * *
liverish
—liverishness, n. /liv"euhr ish/, adj. 1. resembling liver, esp. in color. 2. having a liver disorder; bilious. 3. disagreeable; crabbed; melancholy: to have a liverish ...
liverishness
See liverish. * * *
liverleaf
/liv"euhr leef'/, n., pl. liverleaves. hepatica. [1810-20, Amer.; LIVER1 + LEAF] * * *
Livermore
/liv"euhr mawr', -mohr'/, n. a city in W California. 48,349. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Alameda county, western California, U.S. It is situated on ...
Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice
▪ American activist née  Mary Ashton Rice  born Dec. 19, 1820, Boston, Mass., U.S. died May 23, 1905, Melrose, Mass.  American suffragist and reformer who saw the vote for ...
Liverpool
—Liverpudlian /liv'euhr pud"lee euhn/, n., adj. /liv"euhr poohl'/, n. a seaport in Merseyside, in W England, on the Mersey estuary. 548,800. * * * City (pop., 2001: 439,476), ...
Liverpool and Manchester Railway
a railway between Liverpool and Manchester in north-west England, opened in 1830. It was the first public railway in the world using steam trains for its whole length, and was ...
Liverpool delft
▪ pottery       tin-glazed earthenware made from about 1710 to about 1760 in Liverpool, Eng., which, along with Bristol and London (Southwark and Lambeth), was one of ...
Liverpool porcelain
      soft-paste porcelain, rather heavy and opaque, produced between 1756 and 1800 in various factories of Liverpool, Eng., largely for export to America and the West ...
Liverpool Street
a train station in London, England, for trains to and from East Anglia. It also has a station on the London Underground. * * *
Liverpool Street Station
▪ railroad station, London, United Kingdom       railway station in the northeastern part of the City of London (London, City of). Lying beside Bishopsgate (street) and ...
Liverpool, Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of, Baron Hawkesbury Of Hawkesbury
▪ British politician born April 26, 1727, Winchester, Hampshire, England died December 17, 1808, London       politician who held numerous offices in the British ...
Liverpool, Nicholas
▪ president of Dominica in full  Nicholas Joseph Orville Liverpool  born Sept. 9, 1934, Dominica       Dominican lawyer and politician who served as president of ...
Liverpool, Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd earl of
born June 7, 1770, London, Eng. died Dec. 4, 1828, Fife House, Whitehall, London British prime minister (1812–27). He entered the House of Commons in 1790 and became a ...
Liverpool, Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of, Baron Hawkesbury Of Hawkesbury
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom born June 7, 1770, London died Dec. 4, 1828, Fife House, Whitehall, London  British prime minister from June 8, 1812, to Feb. 17, 1827, ...
Liverpudlian
Liverpudlian [liv΄ər pud′lē ən] adj. 〚< Liverpuddle, jocular alteration of LIVERPOOL + -IAN〛 of Liverpool or its people n. a person born or living in Liverpool * * ...
liverspot
liver spot n. A benign, localized brownish patch on the skin, often occurring in old age and usually in fair-skinned people with sun-damaged skin. Also called age spot. * * *
liverwort
/liv"euhr werrt', -wawrt'/, n. any mosslike plant of the class Hepaticae, growing chiefly on damp ground, rocks, or on tree trunks and helping the decay of logs and the ...
liverwurst
/liv"euhr werrst', -woorst', -woosht'/, n. a sausage made with a large percentage of liver, esp. one made with pork liver and pork meat. Also called liver sausage. [1865-70, ...
livery
livery1 /liv"euh ree, liv"ree/, n., pl. liveries. 1. a distinctive uniform, badge, or device formerly provided by someone of rank or title for his retainers, as in time of ...
livery colors
Heraldry. the principal tinctures of a coat of arms, usually one color and one metal, used for liveries, standards, etc. * * *
livery company
livery company n. any of the London city companies that grew out of earlier trade guilds, characterized by distinctive ceremonial dress * * * n any of the ancient City of London ...
livery cupboard
a cupboard with pierced doors, formerly used as a storage place for food. Also called almoner's cupboard. [1565-75] * * *
livery stable
a stable where horses and vehicles are cared for or rented out for pay. [1695-1705] * * *
liveryman
/liv"euh ree meuhn, liv"ree-/, n., pl. liverymen. 1. an owner of or an employee in a livery stable. 2. Brit. a freeman of the City of London, entitled to wear the livery of the ...
liverystable
livery stable n. A stable that boards horses and keeps horses and carriages for hire. * * *
lives
/luyvz/, n. pl. of life. * * *
Lives of the Poets, The
a collection (1779-81), by Samuel Johnson, of biographical and critical essays on 52 English poets. * * *
Livesay, Dorothy
▪ Canadian poet in full  Dorothy Kathleen May Livesay  born October 12, 1909, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada died December 29, 1996, Victoria, British ...
Livesay, Dorothy Kathleen May
▪ 1997       Canadian feminist and poet whose sensitive and reflective verse spanned six decades and dealt with women's and political issues; she won Governor General's ...
livesteam
live steam (līv) n. Steam coming from a boiler at full pressure. * * *
livestock
/luyv"stok'/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) the horses, cattle, sheep, and other useful animals kept or raised on a farm or ranch. [1650-60; LIVE2 + STOCK] * * * Farm ...
livestock farming
Introduction       raising of animals for use or for pleasure. In this article, the discussion of livestock includes both beef and dairy cattle, pigs (pig), sheep, ...
Livestock Inventories and Meat Production in Major Producing Countries, Table
▪ 1999 Table V. Livestock Inventories and Meat Production in Major Producing Countries In 000,000 head and 000,000 metric tons (carcass weight) Region and ...
Livestock Inventories and Meat Production in Major Producing Countries, Table 1
▪ Table Table V. Livestock Inventories and Meat Production in Major Producing Countries                          In 000,000 head and 000,000 metric ...
Livestock Inventories and Meat Production in Major Producing Countries, Table 2
▪ Table In 000,000 head and 000,000 metric tons (carcass weight) Region and country 1993{1} 1994{2} 1993{1} 1994{2} ...
Livestock Numbers and Meat Production in Major Producing Countries, Table
▪ Table In 000,000 head and 000,000 metric tons (carcass weight) Region and country 1992{1} 1993{2} 1992{1} 1993{2} ...
livetrap
/luyv"trap'/, n., v., livetrapped, livetrapping. n. 1. a trap for capturing a wild animal alive and without injury. v.t. 2. to capture (a wild animal) in a livetrap. [1870-75; ...
livewire
live wire (līv) n. 1. A wire carrying electric current. 2. Informal. A vivacious, alert, or energetic person. * * *
liveyer
/liv"yeuhr/, n. Canadian (chiefly Newfoundland). a native or resident of Newfoundland or Labrador. Also, liveyere, livier. [1900-05; cf. dial. (SW England) livier resident, ME; ...
Livia Drusilla
▪ Roman patrician also called (from AD 14)  Julia Augusta  born January 30, 58 BC died AD 29  Caesar Augustus (Augustus)'s devoted and influential wife who counseled him on ...
livid
—lividly, adv. —lividness, lividity, n. /liv"id/, adj. 1. having a discolored, bluish appearance caused by a bruise, congestion of blood vessels, strangulation, etc., as the ...
lividity
See livid. * * *
lividly
See lividity. * * *
lividness
See lividity. * * *
living
—livingly, adv. —livingness, n. /liv"ing/, adj. 1. having life; being alive; not dead: living persons. 2. in actual existence or use; extant: living languages. 3. active or ...
living bank
a facility in which donated human organs or tissues are preserved for subsequent transplantation. * * *
living death
a completely miserable, joyless existence, experience, situation, etc.; ordeal: He found the steaming jungle a living death. [1665-75] * * *
living fossil
an organism that is a living example of an otherwise extinct group and that has remained virtually unchanged in structure and function over a long period of time, as the ...
Living Newspaper
▪ theatrical production       theatrical production consisting of dramatizations of current events, social problems, and controversial issues, with appropriate ...
living picture.
tableau (def. 3). [1870-75] * * *
living room
1. a room in a home used, esp. by a family, for leisure activities, entertaining guests, etc.; parlor. 2. lebensraum. [1815-25] * * *
living standard.
See standard of living. [1940-45] * * *
living stones
any of various succulent plants of the genus Lithops, native to Africa, having solitary yellow or white flowers and thick leaves that resemble stones. Also called lithops, ...
Living Theatre, The
Theatrical avant-garde repertory company. It was formed in New York City in 1947 by Julian Beck (1925–85) and Judith Malina (b. 1926) to produce experimental plays, often on ...
living trust
a trust that takes effect during the lifetime of the settlor. Also called trust inter vivos. Cf. testamentary trust. * * *
living unit
a dwelling intended for use by one household. [1935-40] * * *
living wage
a wage on which it is possible for a wage earner or an individual and his or her family to live at least according to minimum customary standards. [1885-90] * * *
living will
a document instructing physicians, relatives, or others to refrain from the use of extraordinary measures, as life-support equipment, to prolong one's life in the event of a ...
living-rock cactus
▪ plant       any of the six species composing the genus Ariocarpus, family Cactaceae, and especially A. fissuratus. The members of the genus almost entirely lack spines ...
livingdeath
living death n. A situation or period of time characterized by unremitting pain and suffering. * * *
livingfossil
living fossil n. An organism, such as a coelacanth or the ginkgo, that is the sole surviving member of an otherwise extinct taxonomic group. * * *
livingroom
living room n. A room in a private residence intended for general social and leisure activities. Also called front room. * * *
Livings, Henry
▪ British author born Sept. 20, 1929, Prestwich, Lancashire, Eng. died Feb. 20, 1998, Delph?       British working-class playwright whose farces convey serious truths. ...
Livingston
/liv"ing steuhn/, n. 1. Robert R., 1746-1813, U.S. political figure and jurist. 2. a township in NE New Jersey. 28,040. * * * (as used in expressions) Livingston Robert ...
Livingston, Edward
▪ American politician born May 28, 1764, Columbia county, N.Y. [U.S.] died May 23, 1836, Dutchess county, N.Y.       American lawyer, legislator, and statesman, who ...
Livingston, Henry Brockholst
▪ United States jurist born Nov. 25, 1757, New York, N.Y. [U.S.] died March 18, 1823, Washington, D.C.       associate justice of the United States Supreme Court from ...
Livingston, Jay Harold
▪ 2002       American songwriter (b. March 28, 1915, McDonald, Pa.—d. Oct. 17, 2001, Los Angeles, Calif.), in collaboration with Ray Evans, created songs for some 80 ...
Livingston, Robert
▪ American politician and merchant born Dec. 13, 1654, Ancrum, Roxburghshire, Scot. died Oct. 1, 1728, Clermont, N.Y. [U.S.]       early American landowner, politician, ...
Livingston, Robert R.
born Nov. 27, 1746, New York, N.Y. died Feb. 26, 1813, Clermont, N.Y. U.S. lawyer and diplomat. He served in the Continental Congress and helped draft the Declaration of ...
Livingston, William
born Nov. 30, 1723, Albany, N.Y. died July 25, 1790, Elizabeth, N.J. American politician. He served in the New York legislature (1759–60), wrote political pamphlets and ...
Livingston,Robert R.
Liv·ing·ston (lĭvʹĭng-stən), Robert R. 1746-1813. American Revolutionary leader and diplomat who served in the Continental Congress (1775-1781) and as minister to France ...
Livingstone
/liv"ing steuhn/, n. 1. David, 1813-73, Scottish missionary and explorer in Africa. 2. a town in and headquarters of Southern Province, SW Zambia, on the Zambesi River, near ...
Livingstone Falls
▪ waterfalls, Africa French  Chutes de Livingstone,         series of 32 rapids and cataracts on the Congo River, extending for about 220 miles (354 km) between ...
Livingstone, David
born March 19, 1813, Lanarkshire, Scot. died May 1, 1873, Chitambo, Barotseland Scottish missionary and explorer in Africa. Of working-class origins, Livingstone studied ...
Livingstone, Ken
▪ 2001       Constitutional history was made on May 4, 2000, when Londoners voted for British politician Ken Livingstone to be their mayor—it was the first time that a ...
Livingstone, Sir Richard Winn
▪ British scholar born Jan. 23, 1880, Liverpool died Dec. 26, 1960, Oxford       classical scholar and university administrator who championed the classical liberal ...
Livingstone,David
Liv·ing·stone (lĭvʹĭng-stən), David. 1813-1873. Scottish missionary and African explorer. He discovered the Zambezi River (1851) and Victoria Falls (1855). Henry M. ...
livingunit
living unit n. A dwelling for use by one family. * * *
livingwage
living wage n. A wage sufficient to provide minimally satisfactory living conditions. Also called minimum wage. * * *
livingwill
living will n. A will in which the signer requests not to be kept alive by medical life-support systems in the event of a terminal illness. * * *
Livius Andronicus, Lucius
▪ Roman author born c. 284 BC, Tarentum, Magna Graecia [now Taranto, Italy] died c. 204 BC, Rome?       founder of Roman epic poetry and drama.       He was a ...
Livni, Tzipi
▪ 2009 born July 8, 1958, Tel Aviv, Israel  Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni, who became Kadima (“Forward”) party leader in September 2008, was tapped soon after to ...
Livonia
—Livonian, adj., n. /li voh"nee euh/, n. 1. a former Russian province on the Baltic: now part of Latvia and Estonia. 2. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 104,814. * * ...
Livonian
Li·vo·ni·an (lĭ-vōʹnē-ən) adj. Of or relating to the region of Livonia or its people or culture. n. A native or inhabitant of the region of Livonia. * * *
Livonian War
▪ Russian history       (1558–83), prolonged military conflict, during which Russia unsuccessfully fought Poland, Lithuania, and Sweden for control of greater ...
Livorno
/lee vawrdd"naw/, n. a seaport in W Italy on the Ligurian Sea. 177,526. English, Leghorn. * * * English Leghorn City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 148,143), Tuscany region, central ...
livre
/lee"veuhr/; Fr. /lee"vrddeu/, n., pl. livres /-veuhrz/; Fr. /-vrddeu/. a former money of account and group of coins of France, issued in coin form first in gold, then in silver, ...
Livy
/liv"ee/, n. (Titus Livius) 59 B.C.-A.D. 17, Roman historian. * * * orig. Titus Livius born 59/64 BC, Patavium, Venetia died AD 17, Patavium Roman historian. Little is known ...
liwan
/lee"wahn/, n. iwan. [ < Ar liwan < Pers; see IWAN] * * *
Lixisol
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Lixisols develop on old landscapes in a ...
lixiviate
—lixiviation, n. /lik siv"ee ayt'/, v.t., lixiviated, lixiviating. to treat with a solvent; leach. [1640-50; LIXIVI(UM) + -ATE1] * * *
lixiviation
See lixiviate. * * *
lixivium
/lik siv"ee euhm/, n., pl. lixiviums, lixivia /lik siv"ee euh/. 1. the solution, containing alkaline salts, obtained by leaching wood ashes with water; lye. 2. any solution ...
Lixus
▪ ancient city, Morocco       ancient site located north of the modern seaport of Larache, Morocco, on the right bank of the Oued Loukkos (Lucus River). Originally ...
Liyong, Taban lo
▪ Ugandan writer born 1938, Gulu, Acholi, Uganda       Ugandan author whose experimental works and provocative opinions stimulated literary controversy in East ...
Liz
/liz/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
Liz McColgan
➡ McColgan * * *
liza
/luy"zeuh/, n. a mullet, Mugil liza, found chiefly in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. [1830-40, Amer.; < Sp] * * *
Liza
/luy"zeuh/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
Liza Minnelli
➡ Minnelli * * *
lizard
/liz"euhrd/, n. 1. any of numerous scaly reptiles of the suborder Sauria, order Squamata, typically having a moderately elongate body, a tapering tail, and two pairs of legs held ...
lizard beetle
▪ insect also called  Languriid Beetle,         any of some 400 species of long, narrow beetles (insect order Coleoptera), most of which are found in Asia and North ...
Lizard Head
a promontory in SW Cornwall, in SW England: the southernmost point in England. Also called The Lizard. * * *
lizard orchid
▪ plant       (Himantoglossum hircinum), unusual-looking plant of the family Orchidaceae, occurring sporadically in a variety of dry European habitats. Each ...
Lizard Peninsula
▪ peninsula, England, United Kingdom also called  the Lizard        peninsula in Kerrier district, administrative and historic county of Cornwall, England, the ...
Lizard Point
➡ Lizard * * *
lizard's tail
▪ plant also called  water dragon (Saururus cernuus)   member of the lizard's-tail family (Saururaceae), found in marshy areas of eastern North America. The plant has ...
lizard's-tail
/liz"euhrdz tayl'/, n. either of two marsh herbs of the genus Saururus, esp. S. cernuus, of North America, having drooping spikes of fragrant, white flowers. [1745-55] * * *
lizardfish
/liz"euhrd fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) lizardfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) lizardfishes. any of several large-mouthed fishes of the family ...
LizardPoint
Liz·ard Point or Liz·ard Head (lĭzʹərd) A cape of southwest England at the southern tip of The Lizard, a peninsula extending southward into the English Channel. It is the ...
Lizbeth
/liz"beth', -beuhth/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
lizzie
/liz"ee/, n. See tin lizzie. [1910-15] * * *
Lizzy
/liz"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. Also, Lizzie. * * *
Lizzy Borden
➡ Borden * * *
lī̆no-
Flax. 1. Form *lino-. linoleic acid, from Greek linon, flax. 2. Form *līno-. leno, line1, line2, lineage, linen, lingerie, linnet, lint; align, crinoline, linseed, from Latin ...
Li’l Abner
a popular US newspaper comic strip (1934–77), drawn by Al Capp (1909–79). The stories were about hillbillies who lived in Dogpatch, and the main characters were Li’l ...
Ljubljana
/looh'blee ah"neuh/; Slovene. /lyooh"blyah nah/, n. a city in and the capital of Slovenia, in the central part. 305,211. German, Laibach. * * * City (pop., 2002 prelim.: ...
Ljusnan River
▪ river, Sweden       river in central Sweden. After rising in the Norwegian border mountains it flows for 270 miles (430 km) in a generally southeasterly direction ...
Lk
Lk abbrev. 1. Lake 2. Bible Luke * * * Lk abbr. Bible Luke. * * *
Lk.
Bible. Luke. * * *
LL
1. Late Latin. 2. Low Latin. Also, L.L. * * *
LL Cool J
▪ American rapper and actor original name  James Todd Smith  born Aug. 16, 1968, New York, N.Y., U.S.    American rapper and actor, a leading exponent of mid-1980s new ...
ll.
lines. * * *
LL.B.
Bachelor of Laws. [ < L Legum Baccalaureus] * * *
LL.D.
Doctor of Laws. [ < L Legum Doctor] * * *
LL.M.
Master of Laws. [ < L Legum Magister] * * *
llama
/lah"meuh/, n. 1. a woolly-haired South American ruminant of the genus Lama, believed to be a domesticated variety of the guanaco: often used as a beast of burden. 2. the fine, ...
Llandaff
▪ former town, Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Llandaf        part of the city and county of Cardiff, historic county of Glamorgan (Morgannwg), Wales. Formerly a ...
Llandovery Series
▪ geology       lowermost of four main divisions in the Silurian (Silurian Period) System, representing those rocks deposited worldwide during the Llandovery Epoch ...
Llandrindod Wells
Town (pop., 1991: 4,362), administrative centre of Powys county, historic county of Radnorshire, eastern Wales. Its medicinal waters were first discovered с 1696, and in the ...
Llandudno
▪ Wales, United Kingdom       seaside resort, Conwy county borough, historic county of Denbighshire, Wales, on the Irish Sea. It fronts Llandudno Bay between the ...
Llanelli
Llanelli [lä nel′ē] seaport in Dyfed, SW Wales: district pop. 74,000 * * * ▪ Wales, United Kingdom       town, historic and present county of Carmarthenshire, ...
Llanelly
/la nel"ee/; Welsh. /hla ne"hlee/, n. a seaport in Dyfed, in S Wales. 76,800. * * *
Llangefni
▪ Wales, United Kingdom       town, Isle of Anglesey (Anglesey, Isle of) county, historic county of Anglesey (Sir Fon), Wales. Situated on the River Cefni almost in the ...
Llangollen
a town in north Wales where the International Music Eisteddfod is held every year. * * * ▪ Wales, United Kingdom       market town, historic and present county of ...
llano
/lah"noh/; Sp. /yah"naw/, n., pl. llanos /-nohz/; Sp. /-naws/. (in the southwestern U.S. and Spanish America) an extensive grassy plain with few trees. [1605-15; < Sp: a plain < ...
Llano Estacado
/lah"noh es'teuh kah"doh, lan"oh/ a large plateau in the SW United States, in W Texas and SE New Mexico: cattle-grazing region. 1000-5000 ft. (300-1500 m) above sea level. Also ...
LlanoEstacado
Lla·no Es·ta·ca·do (lănʹō ĕs'tə-käʹdō, läʹnō) An extensive, semiarid plateau region of the southern Great Plains in southeast New Mexico, western Texas, and ...
Llanos
▪ grasslands, South America Spanish“Plains”   wide grasslands stretching across northern South America and occupying western Venezuela and northeastern Colombia. The ...
Llanquihue, Lake
Lake, south-central Chile. The country's largest lake, it has an area of about 330 sq mi (860 sq km); it is 22 mi (35 km) long and 25 mi (40 km) wide. In the distance stand ...
Llantrisant
▪ Wales, United Kingdom       town, Rhondda Cynon Taff (Rhondda) county borough, historic county of Glamorgan (Morgannwg), Wales, situated on a ridge between two steep ...
Llantwit Major
▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Llanilltud Fawr        town, Vale of Glamorgan county, historic county of Glamorgan (Morgannwg), Wales. Prehistoric and Roman remains ...
LLB
Little League Baseball. * * *
LLD
LLD or LL.D. abbrev. 〚L Legum Doctor〛 Doctor of Laws * * * LLD abbr. Latin. Legum Doctor (Doctor of Laws). * * *
Lleida
▪ Spain Spanish  Lérida        city, capital of Lleida provincia (province) in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Catalonia, northeastern Spain. It ...
Lleras Camargo
/ye"rddahs kah mahrdd"gaw/ Alberto /ahl verdd"taw/, 1906-89, Colombian journalist, writer, and political leader: president 1945-46, 1958-62. * * *
Lleras Restrepo, Carlos
▪ 1995       Colombian politician (b. April 12, 1908, Bogotá, Colombia—d. Sept. 27, 1994, Bogotá), served as president of Colombia 1966-70 and fostered economic ...
Lleu Llaw Gyffes
/hluy" hlow" gu"fes/, Welsh Legend. the son of Gwydion and Arianhrod, provided with a name, weapons, and a wife through the magic and trickery of Gwydion in spite of the curses ...
Llewellyn
/looh el"in/, n. 1. Richard (Richard David Vivian Llewellyn Lloyd), 1907?-83, Welsh novelist. 2. a male given name: associated, by folk etymology, with Welsh llew lion or llyw ...
Llewellyn, Richard
▪ Welsh author byname of  Richard Dafydd Vivian Llewellyn Lloyd   born Dec. 8, 1906, St. David's, Pembrokeshire, Wales died Nov. 30, 1983, Dublin, Ire.       Welsh ...
Llewellyn,Richard
Llew·el·lyn (lo͞o-ĕlʹĭn), Richard. 1906-1983. Welsh-born British writer noted for his novel How Green Was My Valley (1940), a portrait of life in a Welsh mining village. * ...
Llewelyn, Desmond Wilkinson
▪ 2000       Welsh-born British actor who specialized in character roles for some 50 years and achieved near cult popularity for his role as Q, the exasperated provider ...
Llívia
▪ Spain       town and enclave of Spanish territory in the French département (department) of Pyrénées-Orientales, administratively part of the provincia (province) ...
LLM
LLM or LL.M. abbrev. 〚L Legum Magister〛 Master of Laws * * * LLM abbr. Latin. Legum Magister (Master of Laws). * * *
Lloyd
/loyd/, n. 1. Welsh Legend. Llwyd. 2. Harold (Clayton) /klayt"n/, 1894-1971, U.S. actor. 3. (John) Selwyn (Brooke) /sel"win/, 1904-78, British statesman. 4. a male given name: ...
Lloyd George
David, 1st Earl of Dwyfor /dooh"vawr/, 1863-1945, British statesman: prime minister 1916-22. * * *
Lloyd George of Dwyfor, David Lloyd George, Earl
born Jan. 17, 1863, Manchester, Eng. died March 26, 1945, Ty-newydd, near Llanystumdwy, Caernarvonshire, Wales British prime minister (1916–22). He entered Parliament in 1890 ...
Lloyd George, David
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom Introduction also called (1945)  1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, Viscount Gwynedd of Dwyfor   born Jan. 17, 1863, Manchester died March ...
Lloyd George,David
Lloyd George, David. First Earl of Dwyfor. 1863-1945. British politician who served as prime minister from 1916 to 1922. He introduced (1911) Great Britain's National Health ...
Lloyd GeorgeDavid
Lloyd GeorgeDavid 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor 1863-1945; Brit. statesman: prime minister (1916-22) * * *
Lloyd Webber
(1948– ) a very successful English writer of musicals. His early shows were ‘rock operas’ written with Tim Rice, including Joseph and the Amazing Technicolour Dreamcoat ...


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