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logicize
/loj"euh suyz'/, v., logicized, logicizing. v.t. 1. to make logical; give logical form to: to logicize a sequence of events. v.i. 2. to employ logic: One could not logicize about ...
logicoperation
logic operation n. Variant of logical operation. * * *
logicoperator
logic operator n. Variant of logical operator. * * *
login
log·in (lôgʹĭn', lŏgʹ-) also log·on (-ŏn', -ôn') n. The process of identifying oneself to a computer, usually by entering one's username and password. * * *
logion
/loh"gee on', -jee-, log"ee-/, n., pl. logia /loh"gee euh, -jee euh, log"ee euh/, logions. 1. a traditional saying or maxim, as of a religious teacher. 2. (sometimes cap.) ...
logistic
logistic1 —logistically, adv. /loh jis"tik, leuh-/, adj. of or pertaining to logistics. Also, logistical. [1930-35; back formation from LOGISTICS] logistic2 /loh jis"tik, ...
logistic curve
Math. a curve, shaped like a letter S, defined as an exponential function and used to model various forms of growth. [1900-05] * * *
logistically
See logistic. * * *
logistician
logistician1 /loh'ji stish"euhn/, n. an expert in logistics. [1930-35; LOGISTIC(S) + -IAN] logistician2 /loh'ji stish"euhn/, n. a person who is skilled in symbolic ...
logistics
/loh jis"tiks, leuh-/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) 1. the branch of military science and operations dealing with the procurement, supply, and maintenance of equipment, with ...
logjam
/lawg"jam', log"-/, n. 1. an immovable pileup or tangle of logs, as in a river, causing a blockage. 2. any blockage or massive accumulation: a logjam of bills before ...
logline
log line n. Nautical The line by which the log is trailed from a ship to determine its speed. * * *
lognormal
log·nor·mal (lôg-nôrʹməl, lŏg-) adj. Mathematics Of, relating to, or being a logarithmic function with a normal distribution.   log'nor·malʹi·ty (-mălʹĭ-tē) ...
lognormal distribution
/lawg nawr"meuhl, log-/, Math. a distribution of a random variable for which the logarithm of the variable has a normal distribution. [LOG(ARITHM) + NORMAL] * * *
lognormality
See lognormal. * * *
lognormally
See lognormality. * * *
logo
/loh"goh/, n., pl. logos. 1. Also called logotype. a graphic representation or symbol of a company name, trademark, abbreviation, etc., often uniquely designed for ready ...
LOGO
/loh"goh/, n. Computers. a high-level programming language widely used to teach children how to use computers. [ < Gk lógos word (see LOGOS), sp. as if an acronym] * * * ▪ ...
logo-
a combining form appearing in loanwords from Greek, where it meant "word," "speech" (logography); on this model, used in the formation of new compound words (logotype). Also, ...
logocentric
See logocentrism. * * *
logocentrism
lo·go·cen·trism (lō'gə-sĕnʹtrĭz'əm) n. 1. A structuralist method of analysis, especially of literary works, that focuses upon words and language to the exclusion of ...
logocentrist
See logocentric. * * *
logogram
—logogrammatic /law'geuh greuh mat"ik, log'euh-/, adj. —logogrammatically, adv. /law"geuh gram', log"euh-/, n. a conventional, abbreviated symbol for a frequently recurring ...
logogrammatic
See logogram. * * *
logogrammatically
See logogrammatic. * * *
logograph
log·o·graph (lôʹgə-grăf', lŏgʹə-) n. See logogram.   log'o·graphʹic adj. log'o·graphʹi·cal·ly adv. * * *
logographic
—logographically, adv. /law'geuh graf"ik, log'euh-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or using logograms. 2. of or pertaining to logography. [1775-85; < Gk logographikós. See LOGO-, ...
logographically
See logographic. * * *
logography
—logographer, n. /loh gog"reuh fee/, n. 1. printing with logotypes. 2. a method of longhand reporting, each of several reporters in succession taking down a few ...
logogriph
—logogriphic, adj. /law"geuh grif, log"euh-/, n. 1. an anagram, or a puzzle involving anagrams. 2. a puzzle in which a certain word, and other words formed from any or all of ...
logomachy
—logomachic /law'geuh mak"ik, log'euh-/, logomachical, adj. —logomachist, logomach, n. /loh gom"euh kee/, n., pl. logomachies. 1. a dispute about or concerning words. 2. an ...
logon
log·on (lôgʹŏn', -ôn', lŏgʹ-) n. Variant of login. * * *
Logone River
River, north-central Africa. The chief tributary of the Chari River of the Lake Chad basin in equatorial Africa, it drains northeastern Cameroon and Chad. It flows 240 mi (390 ...
logopedics
—logopedic, adj. /law'geuh pee"diks, log'euh-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Med. the study and treatment of speech defects. Also, logopedia /law'geuh pee"dee euh, ...
logophile
/law"geuh fuyl', log"euh-/, n. a lover of words. [LOGO- + -PHILE] * * *
logophobia
/law'geuh foh"bee euh, log'euh-/, n. an obsessive fear of words. [1920-25; LOGO- + -PHOBIA] * * *
logorrhea
—logorrheic, adj. /law'geuh ree"euh, log'euh-/, n. 1. pathologically incoherent, repetitious speech. 2. incessant or compulsive talkativeness; wearisome volubility. [1900-05; ...
logorrheic
See logorrhea. * * *
logos
/loh"gos, -gohs, log"os/, n. 1. (often cap.) Philos. the rational principle that governs and develops the universe. 2. Theol. the divine word or reason incarnate in Jesus Christ. ...
logothete
▪ Byzantine official       in Byzantine government from the 6th to the 14th century, any of several officials who shared a variety of responsibilities ranging from the ...
logotype
—logotypy, n. /law"geuh tuyp', log"euh-/, n. 1. Also called logo. a single piece of type bearing two or more uncombined letters, a syllable, or a word. 2. logo (def. ...
logperch
/lawg"perrch', log"-/, n., pl. logperches, (esp. collectively) logperch. a darter, Percina caprodes, of eastern North American lakes and streams, having a piglike ...
logroll
—logroller, n. /lawg"rohl', log"-/, U.S. Politics. v.t. 1. to procure the passage of (a bill) by logrolling. v.i. 2. to engage in political logrolling. [1825-35, Amer.; back ...
logroller
See logroll. * * *
logrolling
/lawg"roh'ling, log"-/, n. 1. U.S. Politics. the exchange of support or favors, esp. by legislators for mutual political gain as by voting for each other's bills. 2. cronyism or ...
Logroño
/law grddaw"nyaw/, n. a city in N Spain. 84,456. * * * City (2001: 133,058), capital of La Rioja autonomous community, Spain. Originating in Roman times, it owed its growth ...
Logue, Christopher
▪ British poet born Nov. 23, 1926, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng.       English poet, playwright, journalist, and actor, who was one of the leaders in the movement to ...
logway
/lawg"way', log"-/, n. gangway (def. 7). [1770-80, Amer.; LOG1 + WAY] * * *
logwood
/lawg"wood', log"-/, n. 1. the heavy, brownish-red heartwood of a West Indian and Central American tree, Haematoxylon campechianum, of the legume family, used in dyeing. 2. the ...
logy
—logily, adv. —loginess, n. /loh"gee/, adj., logier, logiest. lacking physical or mental energy or vitality; sluggish; dull; lethargic. [1840-50, Amer.; perh. < D log heavy, ...
Lohengrin
/loh"euhn grin, -green'/, n. 1. the son of Parzival, and a knight of the Holy Grail. 2. (italics) an opera (composed 1846-48; premiere 1850) by Richard Wagner. * * * Hero-knight ...
Loi-kaw
▪ Myanmar       town, east-central Myanmar (Burma), on the Pilu River, a tributary of the Salween River. Situated in hilly forested country, Loi-kaw has timber and ...
loiasis
/loh uy"euh sis/, n. Pathol. infestation with the parasitic eye worm, Loa loa, of the subcutaneous tissues and orbit: endemic in West Africa. Also, loaiasis. [1910-15; < NL, ...
loid
/loyd/, Slang. v.t. 1. to open (a locked door) by sliding a thin piece of celluloid or plastic between the door edge and doorframe to force open a spring lock. n. 2. a thin piece ...
loin
/loyn/, n. 1. Usually, loins. the part or parts of the human body or of a quadruped animal on either side of the spinal column, between the false ribs and hipbone. 2. a cut of ...
loincloth
/loyn"klawth', -kloth'/, n., pl. loincloths /-klawdhz', -klodhz', -klawths', -kloths'/. a piece of cloth worn around the loins or hips, esp. in tropical regions as the only item ...
Loir
Loir (lwär) A river, about 311 km (193 mi) long, of northwest France flowing generally westward to the Sarthe River. * * *
Loir River
▪ river, France       river of northwest-central France, an affluent of the Sarthe River, that rises north of Illiers in Eure-et-Loir département. The Loir flows ...
Loir-et-Cher
/lwann rdday sherdd"/, n. a department in central France. 267,896; 2479 sq. mi. (6420 sq. km). Cap.: Blois. * * *
Loire
/lwannrdd/, n. 1. a river in France, flowing NW and W into the Atlantic: the longest river in France. 625 mi. (1005 km) long. 2. a department in central France. 742,396; 1853 sq. ...
Loire River
River, southeastern France. The longest river in France, it flows north and west for 634 mi (1,020 km) to the Bay of Biscay, which it enters through a wide estuary below ...
Loire-Atlantique
/lwannrdd annt lahonn teek"/, n. a department in NW France. 934,499; 2695 sq. mi. (6980 sq. km). Cap.: Nantes. Formerly, Loire-Inférieure /lwannrdd aonn fay rddyuerdd"/. * * *
Loiret
/lwann rdde"/, n. a department in central France. 490,189; 2630 sq. mi. (6810 sq. km). Cap.: Orléans. * * *
Lois
/loh"is/, n. a female given name. * * *
Lois Lane
➡ Lane * * *
Loiseau, Bernard Daniel Jacques
▪ 2004       French master chef (b. Jan. 13, 1951, Chamalières, France—d. Feb. 24, 2003, Saulieu, France), created a light, flavourful cuisine that was regarded as ...
Loisy, Alfred Firmin
▪ French theologian born Feb. 28, 1857, Ambrières, Fr. died June 1, 1940, Ceffonds       French biblical scholar, linguist, and philosopher of religion, generally ...
loiter
—loiterer, n. —loiteringly, adv. /loy"teuhr/, v.i. 1. to linger aimlessly or as if aimless in or about a place: to loiter around the bus terminal. 2. to move in a slow, idle ...
loiterer
See loiter. * * *
Loíza River
▪ river, Puerto Rico Spanish  Río Grande De Loíza,         river in eastern Puerto Rico, rising in the Sierra de Cayey south of San Lorenzo. Flowing about 40 miles ...
Loja
/law"hah/, n. a city in S Ecuador. 46,697. * * * ▪ Ecuador       principal city of far southern Ecuador, on a small plain at the northwestern foot of the Cordillera de ...
Lok Sabha
/lawk" sub"hah/ the lower house of parliament in India. * * * ▪ Indian parliament Hindi“House of the People”       the lower chamber of India's bicameral ...
loka
I In Hinduism, the universe or any particular division of it. The most common division of the universe is the tri-loka, or three worlds (heaven, earth, and atmosphere, or ...
lokacara
/loh'kah kah"reuh/, n. Hinduism. an action in accordance with socially accepted rules. Cf. shastracara. [ < Skt lokacara world custom] * * *
lokapāla
▪ Hindu and Buddhist mythology       in Hindu and Buddhist mythology, any of the guardians of the four cardinal directions. They are known in Tibetan as 'jig-rtenskyong, ...
Lokayata
/loh kah"yeuh teuh/, n. a materialistic school of philosophers in India that opposed Hinduism by regarding only matter as real, sense data as the only source of knowledge, and ...
Lokayatika
/loh'keuh yah"ti keuh/, n. a member of the Lokayata school. Also called Charvaka. [ < Skt, equiv. to lokayat(a) LOKAYATA + -ika agent suffix] * * *
Loki
/loh"kee/, n. Scand. Myth. a trickster god, born of Jotun ancestry but accepted among the Aesir as Odin's adopted brother: father of the monsters Fenrir, Hel, and the Midgard ...
Lokoja
▪ Nigeria       town and river port, capital of Kogi state, south-central Nigeria, on the west bank of the Niger River opposite the mouth of the Benue River. British ...
LOL
LOL abbr. laughing out loud. * * *
Lola
/loh"leuh/, n. a female given name, form of Charlotte or Dolores. * * *
loliginid
/lol'i jin"id/, n. any member of the squid family Loliginidae, having an elongated conical body and partially retractable tentacles. [ < NL Loliginidae family name, equiv. to ...
Lolita
/loh lee"teuh/, n. 1. (italics) a novel (1955) by Vladimir Nabokov. 2. nymphet (def. 2). 3. Also, Loleta. a female given name, form of Charlotte or Dolores. [sense "nymphet" ...
loll
—loller, n. —lollingly, adv. /lol/, v.i. 1. to recline or lean in a relaxed, lazy, or indolent manner; lounge: to loll on a sofa. 2. to hang loosely; droop; dangle: The dog ...
Lolland
/lol"euhnd/; Dan. /law"lahn/, n. Laaland. * * * ▪ island, Denmark       island of Denmark, in the Baltic Sea. It is separated from southern Zealand by ...
lollapalooza
/lol'euh peuh looh"zeuh/, n. Slang. an extraordinary or unusual thing, person, or event; an exceptional example or instance. Also, lollapaloosa, lalapalooza, ...
Lollard
—Lollardy, Lollardry, Lollardism, n. /lol"euhrd/, n. an English or Scottish follower of the religious teachings of John Wycliffe from the 14th to the 16th ...
Lollards
Followers of John Wycliffe in late medieval England. The pejorative name (from Middle Dutch lollaert, "mumbler") had been applied earlier to European groups suspected of heresy. ...
loller
See loll. * * *
löllingite
/lel"ing uyt'/, n. a mineral, iron arsenide, FeAs2, occurring in steel-gray prismatic crystals. Also, loellingite, lollingite. [1840-50; named after Lölling, town in Austria ...
lollingly
See loller. * * *
lollipop
/lol"ee pop'/, n. a piece of hard candy attached to the end of a small stick that is held in the hand while the candy is licked. Also, lollypop. [1785-95; dial. lolly tongue + ...
lollop
/lol"euhp/, v.i. 1. Brit. Dial. to loll; lounge. 2. to move forward with a bounding or leaping motion. [1735-45; extended var. of LOLL] * * *
lollopy
See lollop. * * *
lolly
/lol"ee/, n., pl. lollies. 1. lollipop. 2. Brit. Informal. a. a piece of candy, esp. hard candy. b. a treat. c. a small bribe or gratuity. d. money. 3. do one's lolly, Australian ...
lollygag
/lol"ee gag'/, v.i., lollygagged, lollygagging. lallygag. * * *
lollypop
lol·ly·pop (lŏlʹē-pŏp') n. Variant of lollipop. * * *
lollywater
/lol"ee waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. Australian Slang. a sweet soft drink, esp. one brightly colored. [1945-50; LOLLY + WATER] * * *
Lolo
/loh"loh/, n., pl. Lolos, (esp. collectively) Lolo for 1. 1. Also called Yi. a member of a people inhabiting the mountainous regions of southwestern China near the eastern ...
loma
/loh"meuh/, n. Chiefly Southwestern U.S. a hill or ridge having a broad top. [1840-50, Amer.; < Sp, akin to lomo back, ridge, LOIN] * * *
Loma Linda
a town in SW California. 10,694. * * *
Loma Mountains
▪ mountains, Sierra Leone       mountain range in northeastern Sierra Leone, extending for about 20 miles (32 km) in a north-south direction, west of the source of the ...
Lomami
Lo·ma·mi (lō-mäʹmē) A river of central Congo (formerly Zaire) flowing about 1,448 km (900 mi) northward to join the Congo River. * * *
Lomami River
▪ river, Democratic Republic of the Congo       river in Congo (Kinshasa), a major tributary of the Congo River. It rises in the Katanga highlands of southern Congo and ...
Lomariopsidaceae
▪ plant family       family of ferns (fern), containing 4 genera and 70 species, in the division Pteridophyta (the lower vascular plants (plant)). Members of ...
Lomas
Lomas [lō′mäz΄ də zə mōr′ə, lomôrəlō′mäs΄] city in E Argentina: suburb of Buenos Aires: pop. 573,000: in full Lomas de Zamora [lō′mäz΄ də zə mōr′ə, ...
Lomas de Zamora
▪ Argentina       cabecera (county seat) and partido (county) of Gran (Greater) Buenos Aires, eastern Argentina. It lies immediately south of the city of Buenos Aires, ...
Lomasde Zamora
Lo·mas de Za·mo·ra (lōʹmäs də zə-môrʹə, sä-mōʹrä) A city of eastern Argentina, an industrial suburb of Buenos Aires. Population: 572,769. * * *
Lomaum Dam
▪ dam, Angola       dam on the upper Catumbela River in western Angola. The Lomaum hydroelectric plant provides power for the cities of Lobito and Benguela on the ...
Lomax
/loh"maks/, n. John Avery, 1867-1948, and his son, Alan, born 1915, U.S. folklorists. * * *
Lomax, Alan
▪ 2003       American ethnomusicologist (b. Jan. 15, 1915, Austin, Texas—d. July 19, 2002, Safety Harbor, Fla.), spent a lifetime crisscrossing the American ...
Lomax, John
born Sept. 23, 1867, Goodman, Miss., U.S. died Jan. 26, 1948, Greenville, Miss. U.S. ethnomusicologist. He attended Harvard University and soon thereafter began publishing ...
Lomax,John Avery
Lo·max (lōʹmăks'), John Avery. 1867-1948. American folklorist and musicologist. With his son Alan Lomax (born 1915) he toured the country recording blues and folk musicians ...
Lombard
/lom"bahrd, -beuhrd, lum"-/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Lombardy. 2. a member of an ancient Germanic tribe that settled in N Italy. 3. a banker or moneylender. adj. 4. Also, ...
Lombard League
Italian league that resisted attempts by the Holy Roman emperors to curtail the liberties of the communes of Lombardy in northern Italy in the 12th–13th century. Founded in ...
Lombard Street
a street in London, England: a financial center. * * *
Lombard, Carole
orig. Jane Alice Peters born Oct. 6, 1908, Fort Wayne, Ind., U.S. died Jan. 16, 1942, near Las Vegas, Nev. U.S. film actress. She made her screen debut in A Perfect Crime ...
Lombard,Peter
Lombard, Peter. 1100?-1160?. Italian theologian whose four-volume Sentences (1148-1151) served as the standard textbook in theology for several centuries. * * *
Lombardi
/lom bahr"dee, lum-/, n. Vince(nt Thomas), 1913-70, U.S. football coach. * * *
Lombardi, Vince
▪ American football coach byname of  Vincent Thomas Lombardi   born June 11, 1913, Brooklyn, New York, U.S. died September 3, 1970, Washington, D.C.       coach in ...
Lombardi, Vince(nt Thomas)
born June 11, 1913, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 3, 1970, Washington, D.C. U.S. football coach. He attended Fordham University, where he played on the famous line known as ...
Lombardi,Vincent Thomas
Lom·bar·di (lŏm-bärʹdē, lŭm-), Vincent Thomas. Known as “Vince.” 1913-1970. American football coach who led the Green Bay Packers to six conference titles and five ...
Lombardic
See Lombard. * * *
Lombardo
/lom bahr"doh, lum-/, n. Guy (Albert), 1902-77, U.S. bandleader, born in Canada. * * *
Lombardo, Guy
▪ American bandleader in full  Guy Albert Lombardo   born June 19, 1902, London, Ont., Can. died Nov. 5, 1977, Houston, Texas, U.S.  Canadian-born American dance-band ...
Lombardo, Guy (Albert)
born June 19, 1902, London, Ont., Can. died Nov. 5, 1977, Houston, Texas, U.S. Canadian-born U.S. bandleader. He trained as a violinist and in 1917 formed his band, the Royal ...
Lombardo, Pietro
▪ Italian sculptor born c. 1435, , Carona, duchy of Milan [Italy] died June 1515, Venice       leading sculptor and architect of Venice in the late 15th century, known ...
Lombardo,Guy Albert
Lom·bar·do (lŏm-bärʹdō, lŭm-), Guy Albert. 1902-1977. Canadian-born American bandleader remembered for his New Year's Eve performances in New York City. * * *
Lombardy
/lom"beuhr dee, lum"-/, n. a region and former kingdom in N Italy. 8,882,366; 9190 sq. mi. (23,800 sq. km). * * * Region (pop., 2001 prelim. 8,922,463), northern Italy. Bounded ...
Lombardy poplar
a poplar, Populus nigra italica, having a columnar manner of growth, with branches erect and parallel. [1760-70] * * *
Lombardypoplar
Lombardy poplar n. A deciduous tree (Populus nigra var. italica) having upward-pointing branches that form a slender, columnar outline.   [After Lombardy.] * * *
Lomblen Island
▪ island, Indonesia Indonesian  Pulau Lomblen , also called  Kawula , or  Kawoela        largest of the Solor Islands, in the Lesser Sundas, Nusa Tenggara Timur ...
Lombok
/lom bok"/, n. an island in Indonesia, E of Bali. 1,300,234; 1826 sq. mi. (4729 sq. km). * * * Island, Indonesia. It is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, separated from Bali by ...
Lomborg, Bjorn
▪ 2004       A long-running environmental controversy reached fever pitch in January 2003 when the Danish Committee on Scientific Dishonesty ruled that a book ...
Lombrosian
Lombrosian [läm brō′zhən, läm brōzē ən] adj. designating or of the theories and methods of Lombroso, who regarded the criminal as a distinct and atavistic type of ...
Lombrosian school
/lom broh"zee euhn, -zheuhn/ a school of criminology, promulgating the theories and employing the methods developed by Lombroso. [LOMBROS(O) + -IAN] * * *
Lombroso
/lom broh"soh/; It. /lawm brddaw"saw/, n. Cesare /che"zah rdde'/, 1836-1909, Italian physician and criminologist. * * *
Lombroso, Cesare
▪ Italian criminologist born Nov. 6, 1835, Verona, Austrian Empire [now in Italy] died Oct. 19, 1909, Turin, Italy       Italian criminologist whose views, though now ...
Lomé
/law may"/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Togo, on the Gulf of Guinea. 135,000. * * * City (pop., 1999: metro. area, 790,000), capital of Togo. Located on the Gulf of ...
lomein
lo mein (lōʹ mānʹ) n. A Chinese dish of boiled wheat noodles stir-fried with vegetables, seasonings, and other ingredients, such as chicken. * * *
Loménie de Brienne, Étienne Charles de
born Oct. 9, 1727, Paris, France died Feb. 19, 1794, Sens French ecclesiastic and minister of finance (1787–88) before the French Revolution. Unable to cope with the ...
Loménie de Brienne, Étienne-Charles de
▪ French cardinal and statesman born Oct. 9, 1727, Paris died Feb. 19, 1794, Sens, Fr.       French ecclesiastic and minister of finance on the eve of the French ...
loment
—lomentlike, adj. /loh"ment/, n. Bot. a pod that is contracted in the spaces between the seeds and that breaks at maturity into one-seeded indehiscent joints. [1375-1425; late ...
Lomita
/loh mee"teuh/, n. a town in SW California. 17,191. * * *
Lomond
/loh"meuhnd/, n. Loch, a lake in W Scotland. 23 mi. (37 km) long; 27 sq. mi. (70 sq. km). * * *
Lomond, Loch
Lake, Scotland. Located at the southern edge of the Highlands, it is the country's largest lake 24 mi (39 km) long and 0.75 to 5 mi (1.2 to 8 km) wide, with an area of 27 sq mi ...
Lomond,Loch
Lo·mond (lōʹmənd), Loch A lake in south-central Scotland. Surrounded by mountains, it is the largest lake in Scotland and a popular tourist region for its associations with ...
Lomonosov
/lom'euh naw"sawf, -sof/; Russ. /lu mu naw"seuhf/, n. Mikhail Vasilevich /myi khu yeel" vu syee"lyi vyich/, 1711-65, Russian philosopher, poet, scientist, and grammarian. * * ...
Lomonosov Ridge
▪ geographical feature, Arctic Ocean       major submarine ridge of the Arctic Ocean. The ridge is 1,100 miles (1,800 km) long. From Ellesmere Island on the continental ...
Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilyevich
born Nov. 19, 1711, near Kholmogory, Russia died April 15, 1765, St. Petersburg Russian scientist, poet, and grammarian, considered the first great Russian linguistic ...
Lomotil
/loh moht"l/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of diphenoxylate with atropine in its sulfate form, used in the management of diarrhea. * * *
Lompoc
/lom"pok/, n. a city in SW California. 26,267. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Santa Barbara county, southwestern California, U.S. It lies along the ...
Lomu, Jonah
▪ 1996       South Africa may have won the 1995 Rugby Union World Cup final, but the man of the year was undoubtedly Jonah Lomu. The giant New Zealand wing dominated the ...
Lomu, Jonah Tali
▪ New Zealand athlete born May 12, 1975, Auckland, N.Z.       New Zealand rugby union football player who was perhaps rugby's first global icon and a remarkable ...
Lon Chaney
➡ Chaney * * *
Lon Nol
born Nov. 13, 1913, Prey Vêng, Camb. died Nov. 17, 1985, Fullerton, Calif., U.S. Cambodian military and political leader. A magistrate in the French colonial service, he ...
lon.
longitude. * * *
Lond.
London. * * *
London
/lun"deuhn/, n. 1. Jack, 1876-1916, U.S. short-story writer and novelist. 2. a metropolis in SE England, on the Thames: capital of the United Kingdom. 3. City of, an old city in ...
London Assembly
a group of people forming part of the local government of London, elected by the people of London every four years, at the same time as the Mayor of London. The Assembly is made ...
London Bridge
a bridge across the River Thames in London, England, connecting the ancient centre of the city to the district of Southwark. Until 1750 it was the only bridge crossing the Thames ...
London Bridge is Falling Down
the title and first line of an old children’s song. In the song various materials are suggested for rebuilding the bridge, beginning with ‘wood and clay’ and ending with ...
London Bridge Station
▪ railroad station, London, United Kingdom       railway station in the Bermondsey district of Southwark, London. It lies southeast of London Bridge and northeast of ...
London Broadcasting Company
➡ LBC. ➡ note at radio. * * *
London broil
a steak, typically served broiled and crosscut into thin slices. [1965-70, Amer.] * * *
London brown
carbuncle (def. 3). * * *
London Central Mosque
a large mosque (= place of worship for Muslims) in Regent’s Park, London, England, completed in 1976 as part of the Islamic Cultural Centre. * * *
London City Airport
(abbr LCY) an airport near Canary Wharf in east London. It opened in 1987 and is used mainly for flights to British and European cities. Compare Heathrow. * * *
London Clay
▪ geology       major division of Eocene rocks in the London Basin of England (the Eocene Epoch lasted from 57.8 to 36.6 million years ago); it immediately underlies ...
London Company
a company, chartered in England in 1606 to establish colonies in America, that founded Jamestown, Va., in 1607. * * * British trading company chartered by James I in 1606 to ...
London Dock Strike
▪ British history       (1889), influential strike by workers in the Port of London that won them the famous “dockers' tanner” (a pay rate of sixpence per hour) and ...
London Docklands
▪ area, London, United Kingdom also (formerly) called  Port of London   area along the River Thames (Thames, River) in London. It covers nearly 9 square miles (22 square ...
London Eye
a 135-metre high wheel next to the Thames in London built in 2000. The wheel has glass containers which people can go inside and travel slowly around the wheel to get a view ...
London Film Festival
a festival held in London every year in the autumn organized by the BFI at which new films from around the world are shown to the public. * * *
London forces
Physics, Chem. forces between atoms or molecules that are related to the physical rather than the chemical properties of the molecules and that are attractive when the particles ...
London Gazette
a newspaper that gives British government announcements, including information of interest to people in government departments and the legal profession, as well as lists of ...
London Group
▪ art       English artists' association founded in November 1913 for the purpose of joint exhibition.  The London Group was formed in opposition to the conservative ...
London Library
a large private library in London, England, which members must pay to join. It was established in 1841 and contains over one million books in all European languages. Compare ...
London Lighthouse
a British charity formed in 1986 to provide advice, information and medical care for people with the disease AIDS. See also Terrence Higgins Trust. * * *
London marathon
a race for runners held every year in London, England, since 1981. The race is 26 miles (42 kilometres) long, starting at Greenwich and ending at Westminster Bridge. Thousands of ...
London Naval Conference
(Jan. 21–April 22, 1930) Conference held in London to discuss naval disarmament and review the treaties of the Washington Conference. Representatives of Britain, the U.S., ...
London Palladium
a large theatre in London, England, opened in 1910 and now used mainly for performances of musicals. * * *
London Philharmonic Orchestra
(abbr the LPO) a leading British orchestra established in London in 1932 by Thomas Beecham. Its main conductor since 2000 is Kurt Masur and past conductors have included Adrian ...
London plane
a tall, hardy, widely spreading plane tree, Platanus acerifolia, of North America, having clusters of round, bristly fruit. [1855-60] * * *
London Prize Ring rules
▪ boxing  set of rules governing bareknuckle boxing, which were adopted in 1838 and revised in 1853. They superseded those drawn up by Jack Broughton (Broughton, Jack), known ...
London Review of Books
a British newspaper containing reviews of new books, as well as essays on politics, literature and the arts. It was established in 1979 and appears every two weeks. * * *
London School of Economics
(abbr the LSE) a famous college in London, England, offering courses in economics, politics, law and many other subjects. It was established in 1895 by Sidney Webb and other ...
London School of Economics and Political Science
▪ university, London, United Kingdom       institution of higher learning in the City of Westminster (Westminster, City of), London, England. It is one of the world's ...
London Stock Exchange
an institution in London, England, established in the 18th century, which allows trading in stocks and shares (= parts of the total value of a company). Since the Big Bang in ...
London Symphony Orchestra
(abbr the LSO) a leading British orchestra established in London in 1904. Famous conductors of the orchestra have included André Previn (1968–79) and Claudio Abbado ...
London to Brighton Veteran Car Run
a British race for old cars held in November every year. The race starts at Hyde Park, London, and finishes at Brighton, East Sussex, and is for cars built before 1905. It is a ...
London Underground
London’s underground train services, which are run by Transport for London. The first underground railways in London were begun in the 19th century, and were the first of their ...
London University
(also the University of London) a university in London, England, established in 1836. It consists of a large number of colleges in different parts of the city, including Imperial ...
London Zoo
a zoo in Regent’s Park, London, England. It was established in 1826 by the Zoological Society of London. Today the zoo is an important centre for the study of animals, and ...
London, Artur
▪ Czechoslovak official in full  Artur Gerard London   born Feb. 1, 1915, Ostrava, Moravia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic] died Nov. 8, 1986, Paris, ...
London, City of
▪ borough, London, United Kingdom  municipal corporation and borough, London. Sometimes called the “Square Mile,” it is one of the 33 boroughs that make up Greater ...
London, Fritz Wolfgang
▪ American physicist born March 7, 1900, Breslau, Ger. [now Wrocław, Pol.] died March 30, 1954, Durham, N.C., U.S.       German American physicist who did pioneering ...
London, Jack
orig. John Griffith Chaney born Jan. 12, 1876, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Nov. 22, 1916, Glen Ellen, Calif. U.S. novelist and short-story writer. Born to poverty, the ...
London, Julie
▪ 2001 Julie Peck        American singer and actress (b. Sept. 26, 1926, Santa Rosa, Calif.—d. Oct. 18, 2000, Los Angeles, Calif.), had a sultry, sophisticated look ...
London, Tower of
▪ tower, London, United Kingdom byname  the Tower    royal fortress and London landmark. Its buildings and grounds served historically as a royal palace, a political ...
London, Treaty of
(April 1915) Secret treaty between neutral Italy and the Allied forces of France, Britain, and Russia to bring Italy into World War I. The Allies wanted Italy's participation ...
London, University of
Federation of more than 50 British institutions of higher learning, located primarily in London, England. It was established by liberals and religious dissenters in 1828, and it ...
London,John Griffith
London, John Griffith. Pen name Jack London. 1876-1916. American writer of rugged adventure novels, including The Call of the Wild (1903) and The Sea Wolf (1904). * * *
Londonbroil
London broil n. Broiled flank steak cut into thin slices.   [After London, England.] * * *
Londonderry
/lun"deuhn der'ee/, n. 1. a county in N Northern Ireland. 130,889; 804 sq. mi. (2082 sq. km). 2. its county seat: a seaport. 54,000. 3. a town in SE New Hampshire. 13,598. Also ...
Londonderry Air
a traditional tune from Northern Ireland, first published in 1855. Many different words have been set to it, the most famous being those of the Irish song Danny Boy. * * *
Londoner
/lun"deuh neuhr/, n. a native or inhabitant of London. [1350-1400; ME; see LONDON, -ER1] * * *
Londonesque
/lun'deuh nesk"/, adj. 1. resembling or characteristic of London, England. 2. resembling or characteristic of the writings of Jack London. [1860-65; LONDON + -ESQUE] * * *
Londres
/lon"dres/, n. a cylindrically shaped cigar of medium to large size. [ < Sp londrés Havana cigar, special use of Londres London (cigars for the British market)] * * *
Londrina
/lawonn drddee"neuh/, n. a city in E Brazil. 156,670. * * * ▪ Brazil  city, northern Paraná estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It is located west of the Tibagi River at ...
lone
—loneness, n. /lohn/, adj. 1. being alone; without company or accompaniment; solitary; unaccompanied: a lone traveler. 2. standing by itself or apart; isolated: a lone house in ...
lone hand
1. Cards. a. a person who holds a hand so strong that he or she can play a deal without the hand of his or her partner. b. the hand played by such a person. 2. a person who by ...
Lone Ranger
a character in stories about the American Wild West who spends his life preserving justice and fighting those who do wrong. He wears a mask and rides a white horse called Silver. ...
Lone Star State
Texas (used as a nickname). * * *
lone wolf
Informal. a person who prefers to live, act, or work alone or independent of others. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
lonehand
lone hand n. 1. Games. a. A hand played without help from a partner's hand. b. A card player without a partner. 2. See lone wolf. * * *
lonelily
See lonely. * * *
loneliness
See lonelily. * * *
lonely
—lonelily, adv. —loneliness, lonelihood, n. /lohn"lee/, adj., lonelier, loneliest. 1. affected with, characterized by, or causing a depressing feeling of being alone; ...
lonely-hearts
/lohn"lee hahrts'/, adj. of or for people seeking counseling or companionship to bring love or romance into their lives: a lonely-hearts column in the newspaper. [1930-35] * * *
loner
/loh"neuhr/, n. a person who is or prefers to be alone, esp. one who avoids the company of others: He was always a loner - no one knew him well. [1945-50; LONE + -ER1] * * *
lonesome
—lonesomely, adv. —lonesomeness, n. /lohn"seuhm/, adj. 1. depressed or sad because of the lack of friends, companionship, etc.; lonely: to feel lonesome. 2. attended with or ...
lonesomely
See lonesome. * * *
lonesomeness
See lonesomely. * * *
lonewolf
lone wolf n. One who prefers to go without the company or assistance of others. Also called lone hand. * * *
long
long1 —longly, adv. —longness, n. /lawng, long/, adj. longer /lawng"geuhr, long"-/, longest /lawng"gist, long"-/, n., adv. adj. 1. having considerable linear extent in space: ...
Long
/lawng, long/, n. 1. Crawford Williamson /wil"yeuhm seuhn/, 1815-78, U.S. surgeon. 2. Huey Pierce /hyooh"ee/, 1893-1935. U.S. politician: governor of Louisiana 1928-31; U.S. ...
long
long1 —longly, adv. —longness, n. /lawng, long/, adj. longer /lawng"geuhr, long"-/, longest /lawng"gist, long"-/, n., adv. adj. 1. having considerable linear extent in space: ...
Long
/lawng, long/, n. 1. Crawford Williamson /wil"yeuhm seuhn/, 1815-78, U.S. surgeon. 2. Huey Pierce /hyooh"ee/, 1893-1935. U.S. politician: governor of Louisiana 1928-31; U.S. ...
long account
Finance. the account of a customer who buys securities or commodities on margin. [1810-20] * * *
long arm
a long pole fitted with any of various devices, as a hook or clamp, for performing tasks otherwise out of reach. * * *
long barrow
Archaeol. a funerary barrow having an elongate shape, sometimes constructed over a megalithic chamber tomb and usually containing one or more inhumed corpses along with ...
Long Beach
1. a city in SW California, S of Los Angeles: a seaside resort. 361,334. 2. a city on SW Long Island, in SE New York. 34,073. 3. (ital.) Mil. the U.S. Navy's first ...
long bone
Anat. (in vertebrate animals) any of the long, cylindrical, marrow-containing bones of the limbs: the long bone of the arm. [1855-60] * * *
Long Branch
a city in E New Jersey: seaside resort. 29,819. * * * ▪ New Jersey, United States       city, Monmouth county, eastern New Jersey, U.S. It lies along the Atlantic ...
long card
Chiefly Bridge. a card remaining in a hand after all the opponents' cards in that particular suit have been drawn. [1860-65] * * *
long clam.
See soft-shell clam. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
Long Day's Journey Into Night
a play (1956) by Eugene O'Neill. * * *
Long Day’s Journey into Night
a play by the US writer Eugene O’Neill, written between 1939 and 1941. It was first performed in 1956 after O’Neill died, and won the Pulitzer Prize. It is a sad story about ...
long distance
telephone service between distant places. [1900-05] * * *
long division
Math. division, usually by a number of two or more digits, in which each step of the process is written down. [1820-30] * * *
long dozen
a dozen plus one; thirteen; baker's dozen. [1860-65] * * *
long ess
/es/. See long s. * * *
long face
an unhappy or gloomy expression: He's been walking around with a long face ever since he failed the examination. [1780-90] * * *
long gallery
a large gallery, found esp. in the uppermost stories of Elizabethan and Jacobean manor houses, used as a family room and as a promenade. * * *
long game
1. the aspect of golf considered in relation to the ability of a player to hit shots, esp. drives, for distance. Cf. short game (def. 1). 2. a card game in which all cards in the ...
long green
Slang. paper money; cash. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
long haul.
See haul (def. 21). [1925-30] * * *
long horn
a moist Cheddar of cylindrical shape, weighing about 12 lb. (5.4 kg). [1825-35] * * *
long horse
Gymnastics. See vaulting horse. [1930-35] * * *
long house
a communal dwelling, esp. of the Iroquois and various other North American Indian peoples, consisting of a wooden, bark-covered framework often as much as 100 ft. (30.5 m) in ...
long hundredweight
a hundredweight of 112 lb. (50.8 kg), the usual hundredweight in Great Britain, but now rare in the U.S. [1930-35] * * *
long iron
Golf. a club, as a driving iron, midiron, or mid-mashie, with a long shaft and an iron head the face of which has little slope, for hitting long, low shots. Cf. short ...
Long Island
an island in SE New York: the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens of New York City are located at its W end. 118 mi. (190 km) long; 12-20 mi. (19-32 km) wide; 1682 sq. mi. (4356 sq. ...
Long Island iced tea
a mixed drink of tequila, rum, vodka, gin, curaçao, cola, lemon juice, and sugar. * * *
Long Island Rail Road Company
▪ American railway       American railroad on Long Island, N.Y., and one of the few in the world still operating under its original name. Incorporated in 1834, it opened ...
Long Island Sound
an arm of the Atlantic between Connecticut and Long Island. 90 mi. (145 km) long. * * * Body of water between the southern shore of Connecticut and the northern shore of Long ...
Long Island, Battle of
▪ United States history       (August 27, 1776), in the American Revolution, successful British action in Brooklyn, New York, against the American Continental Army. The ...
Long John Silver
a character in Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson. Long John Silver is a pirate (= a person on a ship who attacks and robs other ships) with one leg and a parrot (= a ...
long johns
(used with a pl. v.) Informal. long underwear, esp. for winter use. [1940-45] * * *
long jump
Track and Field. 1. a jump for distance from a running start. 2. a field event featuring competition in the long jump. Also called broad jump, running broad jump. [1880-85] * * ...
long jumper
Track and Field. a participant in the long jump. Also called broad jumper. [1885-90] * * *
Long March
the 6000-mi. (9654-km) retreat of the Chinese Communist party and Red Army from southeastern China (Jiangxi province) to the northwest (Yanan in Shaanxi province) in 1934-35, ...
long measure
1. Also called long meter. Pros. a four-line stanza in iambic tetrameter, often used in hymns, with the second and fourth lines rhyming and sometimes the first and third lines ...


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