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Karl Popper
➡ Popper * * *
Karl-Marx-Stadt
/kahrl"mahrks"shtaht'/, n. former name (1953-90) of Chemnitz. * * *
Karla
/kahr"leuh/, n. a female given name, form of Caroline. * * *
Karle, Jerome
▪ American crystallographer born June 18, 1918, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American crystallographer who, along with Herbert A. Hauptman (Hauptman, Herbert A.), was ...
Karlfeldt
/kahrddl"felt/, n. Erik Axel /ay"rddik ahk"seuhl/, 1864-1931, Swedish poet: Nobel prize posthumously 1931. * * *
Karlfeldt, Erik Axel
born July 20, 1864, Folkärna, Swed. died April 8, 1931, Stockholm Swedish poet. His strong ties to the peasant culture of his rural homeland remained a dominant influence on ...
Karli
▪ India       village, western Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, west-central India. It is situated about 30 miles (50 km) northwest of Pune and is noted for its ...
Karloff
/kahr"lawf, -lof/, n. Boris (William Henry Pratt), 1887-1969, British actor in the U.S. * * *
Karloff, Boris
orig. William Henry Pratt born Nov. 23, 1887, London, Eng. died Feb. 2, 1969, Midhurst, West Sussex British-U.S. actor. He immigrated to Canada from England in 1909 and acted ...
Karloff,Boris
Kar·loff (kärʹlôf', -lŏf'), Boris. 1887-1969. British-born American actor noted for his portrayals of monsters and other evil characters in a number of films, including ...
Karlovac
▪ Croatia German  Karlstadt,  Hungarian  Károlyváros,         city in Croatia, southwest of Zagreb at the confluence of the Korana and Kupa rivers. It has ...
Karlovy Vary
/kahr"leuh vee vahr"ee/; Czech. /kahrdd"law vi vah"rddi/ a city in W Czech Republic: mineral springs; Carlsbad Decrees (1819). 60,950. German, Karlsbad. Formerly, Carlsbad. * * ...
KarlovyVary
Kar·lo·vy Va·ry (kärʹlə-vē värʹē) also Carls·bad or Karls·bad (kärlzʹbăd', kärlsʹbät') A city of northwest Czech Republic west of Prague. Chartered in the ...
Karlsbad
/kahrddls"baht'/; Eng. /kahrlz"bad/, n. German name of Karlovy Vary. * * *
Karlskrona
▪ Sweden       town and port, capital of the län (county) of Blekinge, southern Sweden, on the Baltic coast. Founded by Charles XI in 1680 as a Baltic base, it has ...
Karlsruhe
/kahrddls"rddooh'euh/; Eng. /kahrlz"rooh'euh/, n. a city in SW Germany: capital of the former state of Baden. 278,200. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Baden-Württemberg ...
Karlstad
/kahrl"stahd, -stah/, n. a city in S Sweden. 74,068. * * * ▪ Sweden       city and capital of Värmland län (county), southwest-central Sweden, on the island of ...
Karm Island
▪ island, Norway       island, southwestern Norway. It lies in the North Sea just north of the mouth of Bokna Fjord. With its principal axis running north–south, Karm ...
Karm, Dun
▪ Maltese poet pseudonym  of Carmelo Psaila   born Oct. 18, 1871, Zebbug, Gozo, Malta died Oct. 13, 1961, Valletta       Malta's national poet, sometimes called ...
karma
—karmic, adj. /kahr"meuh/, n. 1. Hinduism, Buddhism. action, seen as bringing upon oneself inevitable results, good or bad, either in this life or in a reincarnation: in ...
karma-marga
/kahr"meuh mahr"geuh/, n. Hinduism. See under marga. [1875-80] * * *
karmadharaya
/kahr'meuh dahr"ee euh/, n. Ling. a compound of two words in which the first is an adjective and the second a substantive, as blackbird, gentleman, or grandson. [1840-50; < Skt ...
Karmah
▪ archaeological site, The Sudan also spelled  Kerma        archaeological site, northern Sudan. It is located near the town of Karmah al-Nuzul, about 30 miles (50 ...
Karmal
/kahr mahl"/, n. Babrak /bah brahk"/, born 1929, Afghan political leader: president 1979-86. * * *
Karmal, Babrak
▪ 1997       Afghan politician (b. Jan. 6, 1929, near Kabul, Afg.—d. Dec. 3, 1996, Moscow, Russia), was the U.S.S.R.-backed president of Afghanistan from 1979, when ...
Kármán
/kahr"mahn, -meuhn/, n. Theodore von. See Von Kármán, Theodore. * * *
Kármán, Theodore von
born , May 11, 1881, Budapest died May 6, 1963, Aachen, W.Ger. Hungarian-born U.S. engineer. After directing the Aeronautical Institute at Aachen, Germany (1912–30), he ...
karmic
See karma. * * *
Karmiʾel
▪ Israel also spelled  Carmiel        (Hebrew: “Vineyard of God”), town, northern Israel, in the Valley of Bet Kerem, on the boundary of Upper and Lower Galilee, ...
Karnak
/kahr"nak/, n. a village in E Egypt, on the Nile: the northern part of the ruins of ancient Thebes. * * * Village in Upper Egypt, which has given its name to the northern half ...
Karnal
▪ India       city, east-central Haryana (Haryāna) state, northwestern India. It lies along the west bank of the Yamuna River and is just east of the Western Yamuna ...
Karnal, Battle of
▪ Persian-Mughal history       (Feb. 24, 1739), battle between the forces of Nādir Shah (Nādir Shāh), an Iranian adventurer, and Muḥammad Shah (Muḥammad Shāh), ...
Karnaphuli River
▪ river, Bangladesh       major watercourse of the Chittagong region, Bangladesh. Rising in the Mizo Hills of Mizoram state, northeastern India, it flows about 170 ...
Karnataka
/kahr naht"euh keuh/, n. a state in S India. 29,224,046; 74,326 sq. mi. (192,504 sq. km). Cap.: Bangalore. Formerly, Mysore. * * * formerly Mysore State (pop., 2001 prelim.: ...
Karnataka Coast
▪ lowlands, India       coastal lowlands in western Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southwestern India. Constituting an area of about 4,000 square miles (10,000 square ...
Karnataka Plateau
▪ plateau, India       plateau in Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southern India. The name of the plateau is derived from Karnad (“Land of Black Soil”). The plateau ...
Karnatic temple architecture
▪ Indian architecture  style of architecture employed largely in the Karnātaka (formerly Mysore) area of southern India. Closely (South Asian arts) allied to the South ...
Kärnten
Kärnten [kern′tən] Ger. name for CARINTHIA * * * ▪ state, Austria also called  Carinthia,         Bundesland (federal state), southern Austria, bordered by ...
karo
/kahr"oh/, n., pl. karos. a shrub or small tree, Pittosporum crassifolium, of New Zealand, having shiny leaves with a white, felty underside, red flowers, and densely hairy ...
Karo, Joseph ben Ephraim
born 1488, Spain died March 24, 1575, Safed, Palestine Spanish-born Jewish scholar. When the Jews were expelled from Spain in 1492, he and his parents settled in Turkey. Around ...
Karok
Kar·ok (kə-rŏkʹ) n. pl. Karok or Kar·oks 1. a. A Native American people inhabiting northwest California, closely related in culture to the Yurok. b. A member of this ...
Karol
/kar"euhl/, n. a female given name. * * *
Karoline
/kar"euh luyn', -lin/, n. a female given name. * * *
Karolinska Institute
▪ Swedish organization in full  The Royal Caroline Medico-chirurgical Institute,  Swedish  Karolinska Mediko-kirurgiska Institutet,         a Swedish institute for ...
Károlyi, Mihály, Count
born March 4, 1875, Fót, Hung., Austria-Hungary died March 20, 1955, Vence, France Hungarian statesman. A member of one of the wealthiest families of the Hungarian ...
Karonga
▪ Malawi       town, northern Malawi (Malaŵi), situated on the western shore of Lake Nyasa. By 1877 Karonga had become the stronghold of the notorious Arab slaver ...
karoo
ka·roo also kar·roo (kə-ro͞oʹ) n. pl. ka·roos An arid plateau of southern Africa.   [Afrikaans, from Nama !garo-b, desert.] * * * ▪ region, South Africa also spelled ...
Karoo
Ka·roo (kə-ro͞oʹ) See Karroo. * * * ▪ region, South Africa also spelled  Karroo    arid to semiarid geographic region of Eastern Cape, Western Cape, and Northern ...
Karoo System
▪ geological system, Africa also spelled  Karroo        geologic system of rocks outcropping over a 1,560,000-square-kilometre (600,000-square-mile) area of Africa ...
kaross
/keuh ros"/, n. a cloak or rug of animal skins used in southern Africa. [1725-35; < Afrik karos, prob. < Khoikhoi] * * *
Karp, Natalia
▪ 2008 Natalia Weissman        Polish-born concert pianist born Feb. 27, 1911, Krakow, Austria-Hungary [now in Poland] died July 9, 2007, London, Eng. survived a Nazi ...
karpas
Seph. /kahrdd pahs"/; Ashk. /kahrdd"pahs/, n. Hebrew. a piece of parsley, celery, or similar green vegetable that is dipped in salt water and eaten at the Seder meal on ...
Kárpathos
Kár·pa·thos (kärʹpə-thŏs', -pä-thôs') An island of southeast Greece in the Dodecanese Islands of the Aegean Sea between Crete and Rhodes. It was controlled at various ...
Karpov
/kahr"pawf, -pof/; Russ. /kahrdd"peuhf/, n. Anatoly /an'euh toh"lee/; Russ. /u nu taw"lyee/, born 1951, Russian chess player. * * *
Karpov, Anatoly (Yevgenyevich)
born May 23, 1951, Zlatoust, U.S.S.R. Russian chess master. His first great success was winning the 1969 World Junior (under 20) Championship. Karpov was declared world ...
Karpov, Anatoly Yevgenyevich
▪ Russian chess player born May 23, 1951, Zlatoust, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Russian chess master who dominated world competition from the mid-1970s to the ...
Karpov,Anatoly Yevgenyevich
Kar·pov (kärʹpôf'), Anatoly Yevgenyevich. Born 1951. Russian chess master who was world champion from 1975 to 1985. * * *
Karppinen, Pertti
▪ Finnish athlete born February 17, 1953, Vehmaa, Finland    Finnish sculler who won gold medals in three consecutive Olympic single sculls events (1976, 1980, 1984). His ...
Karre Mountains
▪ mountains, Central African Republic French  Monts Karre        mountain range, western Central African Republic. The range rises to 4,625 feet (1,410 m) at Mount ...
Karrer
/kahr"euhr/, n. Paul, 1889-1971, Swiss chemist, born in Russia: Nobel prize 1937. * * *
Karrer, Paul
▪ Swiss chemist born April 21, 1889, Moscow, Russia died June 18, 1971, Zürich, Switz.       Swiss chemist who investigated the constitution of carotenoids ...
Karrer,Paul
Kar·rer (kärʹər), Paul. 1889-1971. Russian-born Swiss chemist. He shared a 1937 Nobel Prize for his research on carotenoids and flavins. * * *
karri
/kar"ee/, n. 1. an Australian gum tree, Eucalyptus diversicolor. 2. the heavy, tough wood of this tree. Also called karri gum. [1865-70; of obscure orig.] * * *
karri-tree
/kar"ee tree'/, n. See princess tree. [orig. uncert.] * * *
Karroo
/keuh rooh"/, n., pl. Karroos for 2. 1. a vast plateau in the S Republic of South Africa, in Cape of Good Hope province. 100,000 sq. mi. (260,000 sq. km); 3000-4000 ft. (900-1200 ...
karrusel
/kar'euh sel", kar"euh sel'/, n. Horol. a revolving escapement for minimizing positional error. [1890-95; prob. alter. of CARROUSEL] * * *
Kars
/kahrs/, n. a city in NE Turkey. 53,473. * * * ▪ Turkey  city, northeastern Turkey. Kars is situated on a plateau 5,740 feet (1,750 metres) above sea level on the Kars ...
Karsavina, Tamara (Platonovna)
born March 9/10, 1885, St. Petersburg, Russia died May 26, 1978, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, Eng. Russian-born British dancer. She trained at the Imperial Ballet School in ...
Karsavina, Tamara Platonovna
▪ Russian ballerina born March 9/10, 1885, St. Petersburg, Russia died May 26, 1978, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, Eng.  Anglo-Russian ballerina whose partnership with ...
Karsavina,Tamara
Kar·sa·vi·na (kär-säʹvə-nə), Tamara. 1885-1978. Russian ballerina noted for her partnership (1909-1913) with Vaslav Nijinsky. She was a founder of London's Royal Academy ...
Karsh
/kahrsh/, n. Yousuf /yoh"seuhf, yooh"-/, born 1908, Canadian photographer, born in Turkey. * * *
Karsh, Yousuf
born Dec. 23, 1908, Mardin, Tur. died July 13, 2002, Boston, Mass., U.S. Turkish-born Canadian photographer. As an Armenian in Turkey, he endured persecution before emigrating ...
Karshi
▪ Uzbekistan also spelled  Karši , or  Qarshi,        city, southern Uzbekistan, in the Karshi oasis, on the Kashka River. At least 1,000 years old, it lay on the ...
Karşiyaka
▪ Turkey       former town, west-central Turkey. It is located on the north shore of the Gulf of İzmir, and it constitutes a northwestern district of İzmir city. ...
Karski, Jan
▪ 2001 Jan Kozielewski        Polish-born Resistance hero (b. April 24, 1914, Lodz, Pol.—d. July 13, 2000, Washington, D.C.), as a member of the Polish Resistance ...
karst
—karstic, adj. /kahrst/, n. Geol. an area of limestone terrane characterized by sinks, ravines, and underground streams. [1900-05; < G, generic use of Karst, name of limestone ...
karstic
See karst. * * *
kart
/kahrt/, n. a small, light, low-slung, four-wheeled vehicle, usually powered by a gasoline engine, capable of speeds up to 60 mph (96 km/h), and used for racing or recreation. ...
Karter
or Kartir flourished 3rd century AD, Iran Persian high priest of Zoroastrianism. Under the protection of a series of Persian kings, he restored the purity of Zoroastrianism ...
karting
See kart. * * * Driving and racing miniature, skeleton-frame, rear-engine automobiles called karts or GoKarts. The sport originated in the U.S. in the 1950s after the first ...
Kartini, Raden Adjeng
▪ Javanese noble born April 21, 1879, Majong, Java [Indonesia] died Sept. 17, 1904, Rembang Regency, Java       Javanese noblewoman whose letters made her an important ...
Karttikeya
/kahr'ti kay"yeuh/, n. the Hindu god of bravery. Also, Kartikeya. Cf. Skanda. * * *
Kartvelian
Kart·ve·li·an (kärt-vēʹlē-ən) n. A family of languages spoken in the Caucasus mountains that includes Georgian. Also called South Caucasian.   [From Georgian kartvel-, ...
Kartvelian languages
also called  South Caucasian languages , or  Iberian languages        family of languages including Georgian, Svan, Mingrelian, and Laz that are spoken south of the ...
Karun
/keuh roohn", kah-/, n. a river in SW Iran, flowing SW to the Shatt-al-Arab. ab. 515 mi. (830 km) long. * * *
Kārūn River
River, southwestern Iran. A tributary of the Shatt al-Arab, it rises in the Bakhtīārī Mountains and flows through mountains for 515 mi (829 km). The Ḥaffār Channel, dug in ...
karuna
/ku"roo nah'/, n. Buddhism. the universal compassion of a Bodhisattva. [1840-50; < Skt karuna] * * *       in Buddhism, the perfect virtue of compassion. See ...
Karuzi
▪ Burundi       town, central Burundi. The town, located on the Ndurumu River (a tributary to the Ruvubu), is a market centre with a government dispensary and a place of ...
Karve, Dhondo Keshav
▪ Indian social reformer born April 18, 1858, Sheravali, India died November 9, 1962, Poona [Pune]       Indian social reformer and educator, noted for supporting the ...
Karviná
Kar·vi·ná (kärʹvē-nä) A city of northeast Czech Republic east of Ostrava. It was held by Poland from 1938 to 1945. Population: 76,428. * * * ▪ Czech ...
Karyn
/kar"euhn, kahr"-/, n. a female given name. Also, Karynne. * * *
karyo-
a combining form meaning "nucleus of a cell," used in the formation of compound words: karyotin. Also, caryo-. [ < Gk, comb. form of káryon nut, kernel] * * *
karyogamy
—karyogamic /kar'ee euh gam"ik/, adj. /kar'ee og"euh mee/, n. Cell Biol. the fusion of the nuclei of cells, as in fertilization. Cf. plasmogamy. [1890-95; KARYO- + -GAMY] * * *
karyokinesis
—karyokinetic /kar'ee oh ki net"ik, -kuy-/, adj. /kar'ee oh ki nee"sis, -kuy-/, n. Cell Biol. 1. mitosis. 2. the series of active changes that take place in the nucleus of a ...
karyology
/kar'ee ol"euh jee/, n. Cell Biol. the study of the structure and function of cell nuclei. [1890-95; KARYO- + -LOGY] * * *
karyolymph
karyolymph [kar′ē ō limf΄] n. 〚 KARYO- + LYMPH〛 a colorless, watery liquid found inside the nucleus of a cell * * * kar·y·o·lymph (kărʹē-ə-lĭmf') n. The ...
karyolysis
—karyolitic /kar'ee euh lit"ik/, adj. /kar'ee ol"euh sis/, n. Cell Biol. the dissolution of a cell nucleus. [1885-90; KARYO- + -LYSIS] * * *
karyoplasm
—karyoplasmic, karyoplasmatic /kar'ee oh plaz mat"ik/, adj. /kar"ee euh plaz'euhm/, n. Cell Biol. nucleoplasm. [KARYO- + -PLASM] * * *
karyosome
/kar"ee euh sohm'/, n. Cell Biol. 1. Also called chromocenter. any of several masses of chromatin in the reticulum of a cell nucleus. 2. a chromosome. [1885-90; KARYO- + ...
karyotin
karyotin [kar΄ē ō′tin] n. 〚 KARYO- + (〛 CHROMATIN * * *
karyotype
—karyotypic /kar'ee euh tip"ik/, karyotypical, adj. /kar"ee euh tuyp'/, n. Genetics. the chromosomes of a cell, usually displayed as a systematized arrangement of chromosome ...
karyotypic
See karyotype. * * *
karyotypical
See karyotypic. * * *
karyotyping
/kar"ee euh tuy'ping/, n. the analysis of chromosomes. [1960-65; KARYOTYPE + -ING1] * * *
Karzai, Hamid
▪ 2002       The U.S. bombing of Afghanistan, launched in October 2001, produced dramatic military results before a political framework for reconstructing the country ...
kas
/kahs/, n. (in the Netherlands and in Dutch colonies) a large cabinet of the 17th and 18th centuries, having two doors and often a number of drawers at the bottom, and usually ...
kas-
Gray. Oldest form *k̑as-, becoming *kas- in centum languages. 1. a. hare, from Old English hara, hare; b. hasenpfeffer, from Old High German haso, rabbit. Both a and b from ...
Kas.
Kansas. * * *
Kasai
/keuh suy", kah-/, n. a river in S central Africa, flowing from central Angola to and then NW along the Angola-Democratic Republic of the Congo border and through the Democratic ...
Kasai River
River, central Africa. It is the chief southern tributary of the Congo River, measuring 1,338 mi (2,153 km) from its source in Angola to its confluence with the Congo. It runs ...
Kasama
▪ town, Zambia       town located in northeastern Zambia. Situated in a high plateau area, it is about 4,360 feet (1,330 metres) above sea level. The town is primarily ...
Kasanje
Historical African kingdom, on the upper Kwango River in what is now Angola. Founded in 1620 by a group from Lunda, its people became known as the Imbangala. By the mid-17th ...
Kasaoka
▪ Japan       city, southwestern Okayama ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, facing the Inland Sea. It was an old temple town until its port flourished during the Tokugawa ...
Kasavubu
/kas'euh vooh"booh, kah'sah-/, n. Joseph, 1917?-69, African political leader: first president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (now Zaire) 1960-65. * * *
Kasavubu, Joseph
born 1910?, Tshela, Belgian Congo died March 24, 1969, Boma First president (1960–65) of independent Congo (Kinshasa). He held a variety of administrative posts before ...
kasb
▪ Islam       (Arabic: “acquisition”), a doctrine in Islām adopted by the theologian al-Ashʿarī (d. 935) as a mean between predestination and free will. According ...
Kasbah
/kaz"beuh, -bah, kahz"-/, n. the older, native Arab quarter of a North African city, esp. Algiers. Also, Casbah. [ < Ar qasabah citadel] * * *
Kasbek
/kahz bek"/; Russ. /kuz byek"/, n. Kazbek. * * *
Kaschnitz, Marie Luise
▪ German author in full  Marie Luise von Kaschnitz-Weinberg , née  Marie Luise von Holzing-Berstett  born Jan. 31, 1901, Karlsruhe, Ger. died Oct. 10, 1974, Rome, ...
Kase, Toshikazu
▪ 2005       Japanese diplomat (b. Jan. 12, 1903, Chiba, Japan—d. May 21, 2004, Kamakura, Japan), in 1955 became Japan's first ambassador to the United Nations. A ...
Käsebier, Gertrude
▪ American photographer original name  Gertrude Stanton  born May 18, 1852, Des Moines, Iowa, U.S. died October 13, 1934, New York, New York       American portrait ...
Kasem
(1932– ) a US broadcaster who has presented a popular music programme, Casey’s Top 40, on national radio every week since 1971. He also presents other shows, including ...
kasha
/kah"sheuh/, n. 1. a soft food prepared from hulled and crushed grain, esp. buckwheat. 2. such grain before cooking. [1800-10; < Russ kásha] * * *
Kasha
/kash"euh/, Trademark. a brand name for a soft fabric of wool and goat's hair, having a napped surface and a slight crosswise streak. * * *
Kāshān
▪ Iran also spelled  Kashan,    city, west-central Iran. It lies in a desert at the eastern foot of the Central Iranian Range, on a once-important caravan route. It is ...
Kāshān carpet
 floor covering of wool or silk handwoven in or near the Iranian city of Kāshān, long known for its excellent textiles.       Three classes of all-silk carpets of the ...
kasher
adj., n. /kah shair"/; v. /kah"sheuhr/, adj., n., v.t. kosher. * * *
kashf
▪ Ṣūfism       (Arabic: “uncovering,” “revelation”), in Sufism (i.e., Islamic mysticism), the privileged inner knowledge that mystics acquire through personal ...
Kashgar
▪ China Chinese (Pinyin)  Kashi  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  K'a-shih , also spelled  Kaxgar        oasis city, western Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang ...
Kashgar rug
      floor covering handwoven at Kashgar (Kashi) in Chinese Turkistan (now the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang). The Kashgar rugs are difficult to distinguish from ...
Kashi
/kah"shee", kash"ee/, n. Pinyin. a city in W Xinjiang Uygur, in extreme W China. 256,890. Also called Kashgar /kash"gahr, kahsh"-/. Formerly, Shufu. * * *
Kāshī, al-
▪ Muslim astronomer and mathematician Introduction or al-Kāshānī,  in full,  Ghiyāth al-Dīn Jamshīd Mas'ūd al-Kāshī  born c. 1380, Kāshān, Persia died June 22, ...
Kashihara
▪ Japan       city, Nara ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, in the southern corner of Nara-bonchi (Nara Basin). Of cultural importance since prehistoric times, the city ...
kashim
/kash"im, kah"shim/, n. Alaska. a building used by Eskimos as a community gathering place or as a place where men congregate and socialize. [1850-55; < Yupik qasgiq] * * *
Kashiwa
Ka·shi·wa (kä'shē-wäʹ) A city of east-central Honshu, Japan, an industrial suburb of Tokyo. Population: 316,725. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Chiba ken ...
Kashiwazaki
▪ Japan       city, Niigata ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, in the Kashiwazaki plain, facing the Sea of Japan. During the Tokugawa era (1603–1867), it was a post ...
Kashkadarya
▪ oblast, Uzbekistan also spelled  Kashkadaria, or Kašadarja,         oblast (province), southern Uzbekistan. Created in 1964, it consists largely of the Karshi ...
kashmir
/kazh"mear, kash"-/, n. cashmere. * * * Region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent. It is bounded to the northeast and east by China, to the south by India, to the west by ...
Kashmir
/kash"mear, kazh"-, kash mear", kazh-/, n. 1. Also, Cashmere. a former princely state in SW Asia, adjacent to India, Pakistan, Sinkiang, and Tibet: sovereignty in dispute between ...
Kashmir earthquake
▪ 2005       (Oct. 8, 2005), disastrous earthquake centred in the Pakistan-administered portion of the Kashmir region and the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of ...
Kashmir goat
one of a long-haired breed of goat raised in Tibet and the higher elevations of China, the Indian subcontinent, Afghanistan, and Turkey for its meat, milk, and cashmere ...
Kashmir rug
a handmade Oriental rug that is woven flat without pile and covered entirely with embroidered patterns of colored yarns. [1895-1900] * * *
Kashmir Śaivism
▪ Indian philosophy also called  Pratyabhijñā        (Sanskrit: Recognition), an important religio-philosophical system of India that worships Lord Śiva (Shiva) as ...
kashmir shawl
▪ textile also spelled  Cashmere,    type of woolen shawl woven in Kashmir. According to tradition, the founder of the industry was Zayn-ul-ʿĀbidīn, a 15th-century ruler ...
Kashmir, Vale of
▪ valley, India  intermontane valley, western Jammu and Kashmir state, northern India. Lying wholly within the Indian-administered portion of the Kashmir region, it is ...
Kashmirgoat
Kashmir goat n. Variant of Cashmere goat. * * *
Kashmiri
/kash mear"ee, kazh-/, n., pl. Kashmiris, (esp. collectively) Kashmiri, adj. n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Kashmir. 2. the Indo-Iranian language of the Kashmiri. adj. 3. of or ...
Kashmiri language
      language spoken in the Vale of Kashmir and the surrounding hills. By origin it is a Dardic language, but it has become predominantly Indo-Aryan in character. ...
Kashmirian
/kash mear"ee euhn, kazh-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Kashmir or the Kashmiri. n. 2. a Kashmiri. [1875-80; KASHMIR + -IAN] * * *
kashrut
kashrut or kashruth [käsh ro͞ot′, käsh′ro͞ot΄] n. 1. the dietary regulations of Judaism: see KOSHER 2. the state of being in compliance with such regulations * * ...
kashruth
Seph. Heb. /kahsh rddooht"/; Ashk. Heb. /kahsh"rddoot, -rddeuhs/; Eng. /kahsh"reuhth/, n. 1. the body of dietary laws prescribed for Jews: an observer of kashruth. 2. fitness for ...
Kashta
▪ Cushite king of Egypt flourished c. 750 BCE       Kushite king who Egyptianized Nubia and conquered Upper Egypt. He was the brother and successor of Alara and the ...
Kashubian
/keuh shooh"bee euhn/, n. a West Slavic language closely related to Polish and spoken in northern Poland near the mouth of the Vistula. * * *
Kasi
/kah"see/, n. Kingdom of, an ancient kingdom of N India, the capital at present-day Varanasi; flourished in the 8th-6th centuries B.C. * * *
Kasimovian Stage
▪ geology       third of four internationally defined stages of the Pennsylvanian Subsystem (Pennsylvanian Subperiod), Carboniferous System (Carboniferous Period), ...
Kaska
/kas"keuh/, n., pl. Kaskas, (esp. collectively) Kaska for 1. 1. a member of a group of North American Indians of northern British Columbia and southern Yukon Territory. 2. the ...
Kaskaskia
Kas·kas·ki·a (kəs-kăsʹkē-ə) n. pl. Kaskaskia or Kas·kas·ki·as 1. A Native American people forming part of the Illinois confederacy. 2. A member of this people. * * ...
Kaskaskia River
River, Illinois, U.S. Rising near Urbana, it flows southwest to enter the Mississippi River after a course of 320 mi (515 km). The village of Kaskaskia, located near the ...
KaskaskiaRiver
Kaskaskia River A river, about 483 km (300 mi) long, rising in east-central Illinois and flowing southwestward to the Mississippi River. * * *
Kašlík, Václav
▪ Czechoslovakian composer and conductor born Sept. 28, 1917, Poličná, Czechoslovakia [now in Czech Republic] died June 4, 1989, Prague       Czech composer and ...
Kasparov
/keuh spahr"awf, -of/; Russ. /ku spahrdd"euhf/, n. Gary (Garry), born 1963, Armenian chess player. * * *
Kasparov, Garry
born April 13, 1963, Baku, Azerbaijan, U.S.S.R. Russian chess master. He became an international grandmaster following his victory in the 1980 World Junior (under 20) ...
Kasparov,Garry
Kas·pa·rov (käsʹpə-rôf'), Garry. Born 1963. Azerbaijani chess player who became the youngest world champion ever in 1985 after defeating Anatoly Karpov. He beat the IBM ...
Kasper
/kas"peuhr/, n. a male given name, form of Caspar. * * *
Kasperle
▪ German puppet  most prominent puppet character in Germany and Austria, where Kasperltheater became synonymous with puppet theatre. The character developed in late ...
Kasprowicz, Jan
▪ Polish writer born December 12, 1860, Szymborze, Prussia [now in Poland] died August 1, 1926, Poronin, Poland       Polish poet and translator who made an enormous ...
Kassa
/kosh"sho/, n. Hungarian name of Košice. * * *
Kassák, Lajos
▪ Hungarian writer born March 21, 1887, Érsekújvár, Hung., Austria-Hungary died July 22, 1967, Budapest, Hung.       poet and novelist, the first important Hungarian ...
Kassala
/kah"sah lah', kas"euh leuh/, n. a city in the E Sudan, near Eritrea. 99,652. * * * ▪ The Sudan  town, northeastern Sudan (Sudan, The), near the Ethiopian border. Founded in ...
Kassándra
▪ peninsula, Greece       promontory, westernmost of the three prongs of the Chalcidice Peninsula, Macedonia, Greece, projecting into the Aegean Sea. It is a part of the ...
Kassapa
/kah shup"euh/, n. Kasyapa. * * *
Kassebaum, Nancy Landon
▪ United States senator née  Nancy Landon,  also called (from 1996)  Nancy Kassebaum Baker  born July 29, 1932, Topeka, Kan., U.S.       U.S. senator, the first ...
Kassel
/kas"euhl/; Ger. /kah"seuhl/, n. a city in central Germany. 203,500. Also, Cassel. * * * ▪ Germany also spelled  Cassel        city, Hessen Land (state), central ...
Kasserine
▪ Tunisia also spelled  Al-Qaṣrayn   town in west-central Tunisia. The town is an important market, road, and rail junction and is the centre of an irrigated ...
Kassite
/kas"uyt/, n. a member of an ancient people related to the Elamites, who ruled Babylonia from c1650 to c1100 B.C. Also, Cassite. * * * ▪ people  member of an ancient people ...
Kastamonu
▪ Turkey historically  Castamon        city, north-central Turkey. It is situated near the Gök (ancient Amnias) River. It lies in a sparsely populated high basin ...
Kastanozem
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Kastanozems are humus-rich soils that were ...
Kastellórizon
▪ island, Greece Italian  Castelrosso , officially  Megiste        easternmost of the Dodecanese (q.v.) group of islands in the Aegean Sea, Greece, just off the ...
Kastler
/kannst lerdd"/, n. Alfred /annl frdded"/, 1902-84, French physicist, born in Germany: Nobel prize 1966. * * *
Kastler, Alfred
▪ French physicist born May 3, 1902, Guebwiller, Ger. [now in France] died Jan. 7, 1984, Bandol, France  French physicist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1966 for his ...
Kästner
/kast"neuhr/; Ger. /kest"neuhrdd/, n. Erich /ay"rddikh/, 1899-1974, German writer. * * *
Kästner, Erich
▪ German author born Feb. 23, 1899, Dresden, Ger. died July 29, 1974, Munich  German satirist, poet, and novelist who is especially known for his children's books. He was ...
Kastor and Pollux
/kas"teuhr, kah"steuhr/, Class. Myth. Castor and Pollux. * * *
Kastoría
▪ Greece  town, capital of the nomós (department) of Kastoría, Macedonia, northern Greece. The town stands on a promontory reaching out from the western shore of Lake ...
Kastro
Gk. /kahs"trddaw/, n. Mytilene (def. 2). * * *
Kastrop-Rauxel
Ger. /kahs"trddawp rddowk"seuhl/, n. Castrop-Rauxel. * * *
Kasugai
Ka·su·gai (kä-so͞oʹgī) A city of central Honshu, Japan, an industrial suburb of Nagoya. Population: 273,116. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Aichi ken (prefecture), ...
Kasungu
▪ Malaŵi       town, central Malawi. The economy of Kasungu depends mainly on tobacco production, and tourism in the city has developed with the opening of the nearly ...
Kasuo Ishiguro
➡ Ishiguro * * *
Kasur
▪ Pakistan       city, eastern Punjab province, Pakistan. It lies on the border of India about 30 miles (50 km) south of Lahore. Traditionally it is said to have been ...
Kasyapa
/kahsh yup"euh/, n. an important disciple of the Buddha who called together a council of Arhats after the death of the Buddha to compose the Pali Canon. Also, Kassapa. * * *
kat
/kaht/, n. an evergreen shrub, Catha edulis, of Arabia and Africa, the leaves of which are used as a narcotic when chewed or made into a beverage. Also, khat, qat. [1855-60; < Ar ...
kat-
Down. 1. Possibly Greek kata, down: cata-. 2. Suffixed form *kat-olo-. cadelle, from Latin catulus, young puppy, young of animals (“dropped”).   [Pokorny 2. kat- 534.] * * *
kata
/kah"teuh/, n. an exercise consisting of several of the specific movements of a martial art, esp. a pattern prescribed for defending oneself against several attackers, used in ...
kata-
var. of cata-. Also, esp. before a vowel, kat-. * * *
katabasis
/keuh tab"euh sis/, n., pl. katabases /-seez'/. 1. a march from the interior of a country to the coast, as that of the 10,000 Greeks after their defeat and the death of Cyrus the ...
katabatic
/kat'euh bat"ik/, adj. Meteorol. (of a wind or air current) moving downward or down a slope. Cf. anabatic (def. 1). [1915-20; < Gk katabatikós pertaining to going down, equiv. ...
katabatic wind
▪ meteorology also called  downslope wind , or  gravity wind        wind that blows down a slope because of gravity. It occurs at night, when the highlands radiate ...
Katagum
Traditional emirate, northern Nigeria. The emirate became part of Katagum province under British rule in 1903. Its seat, also named Katagum, was transferred to Azare in 1916. ...
Katahdin
/keuh tah"dn/, n. Mount, the highest peak in Maine, in the central part. 5273 ft. (1607 m). * * *
Katahdin, Mount
▪ mountain, Maine, United States       highest point (5,268 feet [1,606 metres]) in Maine, U.S. It lies in Baxter State Park, 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Millinocket, ...
Katahdin,Mount
Ka·tah·din (kə-tädʹn), Mount A mountain, 1,606.7 m (5,268 ft) high, of north-central Maine. It is the highest elevation in the state and the northern terminus of the ...
katakana
/kah'teuh kah"neuh/; Japn. /kah"tah kah"nah/, n. the more angular, less commonly used of the two Japanese syllabaries. Cf. hiragana. [1720-30; < Japn, equiv. to kata part (of ...
katalase
/kat"l ays', -ayz'/, n. Biochem. 1. catalase. 2. peroxidase. * * *
katalysis
/keuh tal"euh sis/, n., pl. katalyses /-seez'/. Chem. catalysis. * * *
katalyst
/kat"l ist/, n. Chem. catalyst. * * *
katalyze
—katalyzer, n. /kat"l uyz'/, v.t., katalyzed, katalyzing. Chem. catalyze. Also, esp. Brit., katalyse. * * *
katamorphism
—katamorphic, adj. /kat'euh mawr"fiz euhm/, n. Geol. metamorphism at or near the earth's surface: breaks down complex minerals into simpler ones. Cf. anamorphism. [1900-05; ...
Katanga
/keuh tahng"geuh, -tang"-/, n. former name of Shaba. * * * ▪ historical state, Africa formerly (1972–97)  Shaba         historical region in southeastern ...
Katangan Complex
▪ geology       major division of late Precambrian rocks (the Precambrian era began about 3.8 billion years ago and ended 540 million years ago) in central Africa, ...
Katangese
/kat"ahng geez", -gees", -ang-/, n., pl. Katangese, adj. n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Katanga. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Katanga or its people. Also, Katangan /keuh ...
Katanning
▪ Western Australia, Australia       town, southwestern Western Australia. Laid out in 1898, it probably derives its name from the Aboriginal term kartannin (“meeting ...
Katar
/kah"tahr, keuh tahr"/, n. Qatar. * * *
katauta
▪ poetic form       a Japanese poetic form that consists of 17 or 19 syllables arranged in three lines of either 5, 7, and 5 or 5, 7, and 7 syllables. The form was used ...
Katay Don Sasorith
▪ prime minister of Laos byname  William Rabbit   born July 12, 1904 died Dec. 29, 1959, Vientiane, Laos       Lao nationalist and author of eloquent resistance ...
Katayev
/ku tah"yif/, n. Valentin Petrovich /veuh lyin tyeen" pyi trddaw"vyich/, 1897-1986, Russian writer. * * *
Katayev, Valentin
▪ Soviet writer in full  Valentin Petrovich Katayev , Katayev also spelled  Kataev   born Jan. 28 [Jan. 16, Old Style], 1897, Odessa, Ukraine, Russian Empire died April ...
katcina
/keuh chee"neuh/, n. kachina. Also, katchina. * * *
Kate
/kayt/, n. a female given name, form of Katherine or Catherine. * * * (as used in expressions) Chopin Kate Greenaway Kate Smith Kate Wiggin Kate Douglas Kate Douglas Smith * * *
Kate Greenaway
➡ Greenaway (I) * * *
Kate Greenaway Medal
➡ Greenaway (I) * * *
Kate Millett
➡ Millett * * *
Kate Smith
➡ Smith (IX) * * *
Kateb Yacine
▪ Algerian author born Aug. 6, 1929, Constantine, Algeria died Oct. 28, 1989, Grenoble, France       Algerian poet, novelist, and playwright, one of North Africa's ...
kathak
▪ dance       one of the main forms of classical dance-drama of India, other major ones being bhārata-nāṭya, kathākali, manipuri, kuchipudi, and oṛissī. Kathak ...
kathākali
▪ dance       one of the main forms of classical dance-drama of India, other major ones being bhārata-nāṭya, kathak, manipuri, kuchipudi, and oṛissī. It is ...
katharevousa
katharevousa [kä΄thä rev′o͞o sä΄] n. 〚ModGr, lit., being pure〛 the form of Modern Greek that conforms to classical Greek usage * * *
Katharevusa
/kah'theuh rev"euh sah', -seuh, kath'euh-/; Gk. /kah'thah rdde"vooh sah/, n. the puristic Modern Greek literary language (distinguished from Demotic). Also called Hellenic. * * *
Katharevusa Greek language
Greek  Katharevousa,         a “purist” variety of modern Greek, which until 1976 was the official written language of Greece. Katharevusa was used in government and ...
Katharine
(as used in expressions) Cornell Katharine Graham Katharine Katharine Meyer Hepburn Katharine Houghton * * *
Katharine Hepburn
➡ Hepburn (II) * * *
katharsis
katharsis [kə thär′sis] n. alt. sp. of CATHARSIS * * *
Katherine
/kath"euhr in, kath"rin/, n. a female given name: from the Greek word meaning "pure." Also, Katharine, Kathryn, Kathrynne /kath"rin/. * * * (as used in expressions) Katherine ...
Katherine Graham
➡ Graham (II) * * *
Katherine Mansfield
➡ Mansfield * * *
Kathiawar
/kah'tee euh wahr"/, n. a peninsula on the W coast of India. * * *
Kathiawar Peninsula
Peninsula, southwestern Gujarat state, west-central India. Occupying an area of 23,000 sq mi (60,000 sq km), it is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the southwest. It was first ...
Kathiri sultanate
▪ historical state, Yemen  former semi-independent state in the southern Arabian Peninsula, in the inland Hadhramaut region now included in Yemen. The sultanate, with its ...
kathisma
Gk. /kah"theez mah/; Eng. /ka thiz"meuh/, n., pl. kathismata Gk. /kah theez"mah tah/; Eng. /ka thiz"meuh teuh/. one of the 20 divisions of the Psalter in the Greek rite. Also, ...
Kathleen
/kath leen", kath"leen/, n. a female given name, form of Katherine. Also, Kathlene, Kathlyn, Kathlynne /kath"lin/. * * * (as used in expressions) Lonsdale Dame Kathleen Kathleen ...
Kathleen Ferrier
➡ Ferrier * * *
Kathmandu
Kath·man·du also Kat·man·du (kăt'măn-do͞oʹ, kät'män-) The capital and largest city of Nepal, in the central part of the country in the eastern Himalaya Mountains. It ...
katholikos
/keuh thol"i keuhs, -kos'/, n., pl. katholikoses, katholikoi /-koy'/. catholicos. * * *
Kathryn
Kathryn [kath′rin] n. a feminine name * * *
Kathy
/kath"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Katherine and Kathleen. Also, Kathie. * * *
Katie
/kay"tee/, n. a female given name, form of Katherine or Catherine. Also, Katey. * * *
Katihar
▪ India formerly  Saifganj        city, northeastern Bihar state, northeastern India. Katihar is situated east of the Saura River, a tributary of the Ganges (Ganga) ...
kation
/kat"uy'euhn, -on/, n. Physical Chem. cation. * * *
Kâtip Çelebi
▪ Turkish historian byname  Haci Halife,  Arabic  Khaṭīb Shalabī, or Ḥajjī Khalīfa,  original name  Muṣṭafa Ibn ʿabd Allāh  born February 1609, ...
Katipunan
▪ Filipino nationalist organization in full  Kataastaasan Kagalang-galang Na Katipunan Nang Manga Anak Nang Bayan        (“Supreme Worshipful Association of the ...
Katkov, Mikhail Nikiforovich
▪ Russian journalist born Nov. 13 [Nov. 1, Old Style], 1818, Moscow died Aug. 1 [July 20], 1887, Znamenskoye, near Moscow       Russian journalist who exercised a high ...
Katmai
/kat"muy/, n. 1. Mount, an active volcano in SW Alaska. 7500 ft. (2286 m). 2. a national monument including Mt. Katmai and the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes. 4215 sq. mi. (10,915 ...
Katmai National Park and Preserve
National park, southwestern Alaska, U.S., at the head of the Alaska Peninsula. Occupying an area of 4,090,000 acres (1,655,000 hectares), it was proclaimed a national monument ...
Katmai,Mount
Kat·mai (kătʹmī'), Mount A volcano, about 2,048 m (6,715 ft) high, in the Aleutian Range of southern Alaska at the eastern end of the Alaska Peninsula. It erupted ...
Katmandu
/kaht'mahn dooh", kat'man-/, n. a city in and the capital of Nepal, in the central part. 150,000. Also, Kathmandu. * * *
Katna
▪ ancient city, Syria also spelled  Qatna , modern  Al-Mashrafah        ancient Syrian city, Syria. It prospered especially during the 2nd millennium BC and was ...
Katō Hiroyuki, Danshaku
▪ Japanese political theorist and author born Aug. 5, 1836, Izushi, Tajima province, Japan died Feb. 9, 1916, Tokyo  Japanese writer, educator, and political theorist who was ...
Katō Kiyomasa
▪ Japanese military leader born 1562, Nakamura, Owari province, Japan died Aug. 2, 1611, Kumamoto, Higo province       Japanese military leader who helped both ...
Katō Sawao
▪ Japanese gymnast born Oct. 11, 1946, Niigata prefecture, Japan    Japanese gymnast, who won eight Olympic gold medals as a member of the Japanese team that dominated men's ...
Katō Takaaki
▪ prime minister of Japan also called  Katō Kōmei   born Jan. 25, 1860, Nagoya, Japan died Jan. 28, 1926, Tokyo  Japanese prime minister in the mid-1920s whose government ...
Kato, Shizue Hirota
▪ 2002       Japanese feminist and political leader (b. March 2, 1897, Tokyo, Japan—d. Dec. 22, 2001, Tokyo), began in the 1920s to campaign for women's rights and was ...
Katona, József
▪ Hungarian author born Nov. 11, 1791, Kecskemét, Hung., Austrian Habsburg domain [now in Hungary] died April 16, 1830, Kecskemét       Hungarian lawyer and ...
Katoomba
▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, east-central New South Wales, Australia. It lies in the Blue Mountains at an elevation of 3,337 feet (1,017 ...
Katowice
/kah'taw vee"tse/, n. a city in S Poland. 344,000. German, Kattowitz /kah"toh vits/. * * * City (pop., 2000 est.: 340,539), south-central Poland. Located in the midst of the ...
Katrina
/keuh tree"neuh/, n. a female given name, form of Katherine. Also, Katryna. * * *

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